1301:7-7-32 Cryogenic fluids.

(A) Section 3201 General

(1) 3201.1 Scope. Storage, use and handling of cryogenic fluids shall comply with this rule. Cryogenic fluids classified as hazardous materials shall also comply with rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code for general requirements. Partially full containers containing residual cryogenic fluids shall be considered as full for the purposes of the controls required.

Exceptions:

1. Fluids used as refrigerants in refrigeration systems (see paragraph (F)(606) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code)

2. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) which shall comply with NFPA 59A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Oxidizing cryogenic fluids, including oxygen, shall comply with NFPA 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code, as applicable.

Flammable cryogenic fluids, including hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide, shall comply with NFPA 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and rules 1301:7-7-22 and 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code, as applicable.

Inert cryogenic fluids, including argon, helium and nitrogen, shall comply with CGA P-18 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 3201.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 3202 Definitions

(1) 3202.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule, and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Cryogenic container." A cryogenic vessel of any size used for the transportation, handling or storage of cryogenic fluids.

"Cryogenic fluid." A fluid having a boiling point lower than -130°F (- 89.9 °C) at 14.7 pounds per square inch atmosphere (psia) (an absolute pressure of 101.3 kPa).

"Cryogenic vessel." A pressure vessel, low-pressure tank or atmospheric tank designed to contain a cryogenic fluid on which venting, insulation, refrigeration or a combination of these is used in order to maintain the operating pressure within the design pressure and the contents in a liquid phase.

"Flammable cryogenic fluid." A cryogenic fluid that is flammable in its vapor state.

"Low-pressure tank." A storage tank designed to withstand an internal pressure greater than 0.5 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) ( 3.4 kPa) but not greater than 15 psig ( 103.4 kPa).

(C) Section 3203 General requirements

(1) 3203.1 Containers. Containers employed for storage or use of cryogenic fluids shall comply with paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(3203.1.1) to (C)(1)(c)(ii)(3203.1.3.2) of this rule and rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 3203.1.1 Nonstandard containers. Containers, equipment and devices which are not in compliance with recognized standards for design and construction shall be approved upon presentation of satisfactory evidence that they are designed and constructed for safe operation.

(i) 3203.1.1.1 Data submitted for approval. The following data shall be submitted to the fire code official with reference to the deviation from the recognized standard with the application for approval.

(a) Type and use of container, equipment or device.

(b) Material to be stored, used or transported.

(c) Description showing dimensions and materials used in construction.

(d) Design pressure, maximum operating pressure and test pressure.

(e) Type, size and setting of pressure relief devices.

(f) Other data requested by the fire code official.

(b) 3203.1.2 Concrete containers. Concrete containers shall be built in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Barrier materials and membranes used in connection with concrete, but not functioning structurally, shall be compatible with the materials contained.

(c) 3203.1.3 Foundations and supports. Containers shall be provided with substantial concrete or masonry foundations, or structural steel supports on firm concrete or masonry foundations. Containers shall be supported to prevent the concentration of excessive loads on the supporting portion of the shell. Foundations for horizontal containers shall be constructed to accommodate expansion and contraction of the container. Foundations shall be provided to support the weight of vaporizers or heat exchangers.

(i) 3203.1.3.1 Temperature effects. When container foundations or supports are subject to exposure to temperatures below -150°F (-101°C), the foundations or supports shall be constructed of materials to withstand the low-temperature effects of cryogenic fluid spillage.

(ii) 3203.1.3.2 Corrosion protection. Portions of containers in contact with foundations or saddles shall be painted to protect against corrosion.

(2) 3203.2 Pressure relief devices. Pressure relief devices shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (C)(2)(a)(3203.2.1) to (C)(2)(g)(3203.2.7) of this rule to protect containers and systems containing cryogenic fluids from rupture in the event of overpressure. Pressure relief devices shall be designed in accordance with CGA S- 1.1, CGA S- 1.2 and CGA S- 1.3 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 3203.2.1 Containers. Containers shall be provided with pressure relief devices.

(b) 3203.2.2 Vessels or equipment other than containers. Heat exchangers, vaporizers, insulation casings surrounding containers, vessels and coaxial piping systems in which liquefied cryogenic fluids could be trapped because of leakage from the primary container shall be provided with a pressure relief device.

(c) 3203.2.3 Sizing. Pressure relief devices shall be sized in accordance with the specifications to which the container was fabricated. The relief device shall have sufficient capacity to prevent the maximum design pressure of the container or system from being exceeded.

(d) 3203.2.4 Accessibility. Pressure relief devices shall be located such that they are provided with ready access for inspection and repair.

(e) 3203.2.5 Arrangement. Pressure relief devices shall be arranged to discharge unobstructed to the open air in such a manner as to prevent impingement of escaping gas on personnel, containers, equipment and adjacent structures or to enter enclosed spaces.

Exception: DOTn-specified containers with an internal volume of 2 cubic feet ( 0.057 m3) or less.

(f) 3203.2.6 Shutoffs between pressure relief devices and containers. Shutoff valves shall not be installed between pressure relief devices and containers.

Exception: A shutoff valve is allowed on containers equipped with multiple pressure-relief device installations where the arrangement of the valves provides the full required flow through the minimum number of required relief devices at all times.

(g) 3203.2.7 Temperature limits. Pressure relief devices shall not be subjected to cryogenic fluid temperatures except when operating.

(3) 3203.3 Pressure relief vent piping. Pressure relief vent-piping systems shall be constructed and arranged so as to remain functional and direct the flow of gas to a safe location in accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(3203.3.1) and (C)(3)(b)(3203.3.2) of this rule.

(a) 3203.3.1 Sizing. Pressure relief device vent piping shall have a cross-sectional area not less than that of the pressure relief device vent opening and shall be arranged so as not to restrict the flow of escaping gas.

(b) 3203.3.2 Arrangement. Pressure relief device vent piping and drains in vent lines shall be arranged so that escaping gas will discharge unobstructed to the open air and not impinge on personnel, containers, equipment and adjacent structures or enter enclosed spaces. Pressure relief device vent lines shall be installed in such a manner to exclude or remove moisture and condensation and prevent malfunction of the pressure relief device because of freezing or ice accumulation.

(4) 3203.4 Marking. Cryogenic containers and systems shall be marked in accordance with paragraphs (C)(4)(a)(3203.4.1) to (C)(4)(f)(3203.4.6) of this rule.

(a) 3203.4.1 Identification signs. Visible hazard identification signs in accordance with NFPA 704 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be provided at entrances to buildings or areas in which cryogenic fluids are stored, handled or used.

(b) 3203.4.2 Identification of contents. Stationary and portable containers shall be marked with the name of the gas contained. Stationary above-ground containers shall be placarded in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)( 2703.5 ) and (C)(6)( 2703.6 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. Portable containers shall be identified in accordance with CGA C-7 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 3203.4.3 Identification of containers. Stationary containers shall be identified with the manufacturing specification and maximum allowable working pressure with a permanent nameplate. The nameplate shall be installed on the container in an accessible location. The nameplate shall be marked in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code or DOTn 49 CFR Parts 100 - 185 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 3203.4.4 Identification of container connections. Container inlet and outlet connections, liquid-level limit controls, valves and pressure gauges shall be identified in accordance with one of the following: marked with a permanent tag or label identifying their function, or identified by a schematic drawing which portrays their function and designates whether they are connected to the vapor or liquid space of the container. Where a schematic drawing is provided, it shall be attached to the container and maintained in a legible condition.

(e) 3203.4.5 Identification of piping systems. Piping systems shall be identified in accordance with ASME A 13.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(f) 3203.4.6 Identification of emergency shutoff valves. Emergency shutoff valves shall be identified and the location shall be clearly visible and indicated by means of a signs.

(5) 3203.5 Security. Cryogenic containers and systems shall be secured against accidental dislodgment and against access by unauthorized personnel in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(3203.5.1) to (C)(5)(d)(3203.5.4) of this rule.

(a) 3203.5.1 Security of areas. Containers and systems shall be secured against unauthorized entry and safeguarded in an approved manner.

(b) 3203.5.2 Securing of containers. Stationary containers shall be secured to foundations in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Portable containers subject to shifting or upset shall be secured. Nesting shall be an acceptable means of securing containers.

(c) 3203.5.3 Securing of vaporizers. Vaporizers, heat exchangers and similar equipment shall be anchored to a suitable foundation and its connecting piping shall be sufficiently flexible to provide for the effects of expansion and contraction due to temperature changes.

(d) 3203.5.4 Physical protection. Containers, piping, valves, pressure relief devices, regulating equipment and other appurtenances shall be protected against physical damage and tampering.

(6) 3203.6 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical wiring and equipment shall comply with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and paragraphs (C)(6)(a)(3203.6.1) and (C)(6)(b)(3203.6.2) of this rule.

(a) 3203.6.1 Location. Containers and systems shall not be located where they could become part of an electrical circuit.

(b) 3203.6.2 Electrical grounding and bonding. Containers and systems shall not be used for electrical grounding. When electrical grounding and bonding is required, the system shall comply with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. The grounding system shall be protected against corrosion, including corrosion caused by stray electric currents.

(7) 3203.7 Service and repair. Service, repair, modification or removal of valves, pressure relief devices or other container appurtenances, shall comply withparagraphs (C)(7)(a)(3203.7.1) and (C)(7)(b)(3203.7.2) of this rule and the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII or DOTn 49 CFR Parts 100 - 185 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 3203.7.1 Containers. Containers that have been removed from service shall be handled in an approved manner.

(b) 3203.7.2 Systems. Service and repair of systems shall be performed by trained personnel.

(8) 3203.8 Unauthorized use. Containers shall not be used for any purpose other than to serve as a vessel for containing the product which it is designed to contain.

(9) 3203.9 Leaks, damage and corrosion. Leaking, damaged or corroded containers shall be removed from service. Leaking, damaged or corroded systems shall be replaced, repaired or removed in accordance with paragraph (C)(7)( 3203.7 ) of this rule.

(10) 3203.10 Lighting. When required, lighting, including emergency lighting, shall be provided for fire appliances and operating facilities such as walkways, control valves and gates ancillary to stationary containers.

(D) Section 3204 Storage

(1) 3204.1 General. Storage of containers shall comply with this paragraph.

(2) 3204.2 Indoor storage. Indoor storage of containers shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(3204.2.1) to (D)(2)(b)(iii)(3204.2.2.3) of this rule.

(a) 3204.2.1 Stationary containers. Stationary containers shall be installed in accordance with the provisions applicable to the type of fluid stored and this paragraph.

(i) 3204.2.1.1 Containers. Stationary containers shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)( 3203.1 ) of this rule.

(ii) 3204.2.1.2 Construction of indoor areas. Cryogenic fluids in stationary containers stored indoors shall be located in buildings, rooms or areas constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 3204.2.1.3 Ventilation. Storage areas for stationary containers shall be ventilated in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 3204.2.2 Portable containers. Indoor storage of portable containers shall comply with the provisions applicable to the type of fluid stored and paragraphs (D)(2)(b)(i)(3204.2.2.1) to (D)(2)(b)(iii)(3204.2.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 3204.2.2.1 Containers. Portable containers shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)( 3203.1 ) of this rule

(ii) 3204.2.2.2 Construction of indoor areas. Cryogenic fluids in portable containers stored indoors shall be stored in buildings, rooms or areas constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 3204.2.2.3 Ventilation. Storage areas shall be ventilated in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 3204.3 Outdoor storage. Outdoor storage of containers shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(3204.3.1) to (D)(3)(a)(ii)(c)(3204.3.1.2.3) of this rule.

(a) 3204.3.1 Separation from hazardous conditions. Cryogenic containers and systems in outdoor storage shall be separated from materials and conditions which pose exposure hazards to or from each other in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(i)(3204.3.1.1) to (D)(3)(a)(i)(e)(3204.3.1.1.5) of this rule

(i) 3204.3.1.1 Stationary containers. Stationary containers shall be separated from exposure hazards in accordance with theprovisions applicable to the type of fluid contained and the minimum separation distances indicated in Table 3204.3.1.1 of this rule.

Table 3204.3.1.1 Separation of stationary containers from exposure hazards

Exposure Minimum distance (feet)
Buildings, regardless of construction type 1
Wall openings 1
Air intakes 10
Lot lines 5
Places of public assembly 50
Nonambulatory patient areas 50
Combustible materials such as paper, leaves, weeds, dry grass or debris 15
Other hazardous materials In accordance with rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code

(a) 3204.3.1.1.1 Point-of-fill connections. Remote transfer points and fill connection points shall not be positioned closer to exposures than the minimum distances required for stationary containers.

(b) 3204.3.1.1.2 Surfaces beneath containers. Containers shall be placed on surfaces that are compatible with the fluid in the container.

(c) 3204.3.1.1.3 Location. Containers of cryogenic fluids shall not be located within diked areas containing other hazardous materials.

(d) 3204.3.1.1.4 Areas subject to flooding. Stationary containers located in areas subject to flooding shall be securely anchored or elevated to prevent the containers from separating from foundations or supports.

(e) 3204.3.1.1.5 Drainage. The area surrounding stationary containers shall be provided with a means to prevent accidental discharge of fluids from endangering personnel, containers, equipment and adjacent structures or to enter enclosed spaces. The stationary container shall not be placed where spilled or discharged fluids will be retained around the container.

Exception: These provisions shall not apply when it is determined by the fire code official that the container does not constitute a hazard, after consideration of special features such as crushed rock utilized as a heat sink, to pographical conditions, nature of occupancy, proximity to structures on the same or adjacent property, and the capacity and construction of containers and character of fluids to be stored.

(ii) 3204.3.1.2 Outdoor storage of portable containers. Outdoor storage of portable containers shall comply with paragraph (C)(3203) of this rule and paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(ii)(a)(3204.3.1.2.1) to (D)(3)(a)(ii)(c)(3204.3.1.2.3) of this rule.

(a) 3204.3.1.2.1 Exposure hazard separation. Portable containers in outdoor storage shall be separated from exposure hazards in accordance with Table 3204.3.1.2.1 of this rule.

Table 3204.3.1.2.1 Separation of portable containers from exposure hazards

Exposure Minimum distance (feet)
Building exits 10
Wall openings 1
Air intakes 10
Lot lines 5
Combustible materials such as paper, leaves, weeds, dry grass or debris 15
Other hazardous materials In accordance with rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8

(b) 3204.3.1.2.2 Surfaces beneath containers. The surface of the area on which stationary containers are placed, including the surface of the area located below the point where connections are made for the purpose of filling such containers, shall be compatible with the fluid in the container.

(c) 3204.3.1.2.3 Drainage. The area surrounding portable containers shall be provided with a means to prevent accidental discharge of fluids from endangering adjacent containers, buildings, equipment or adjoining property.

Exception: These provisions shall not apply when it is determined by the fire code official that the container does not constitute a hazard.

(E) Section 3205 Use and handling

(1) 3205.1 General. Use and handling of cryogenic fluid containers and systems shall comply with paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(3205.1.1) to (E)(5)(b)(3205.5.2) of this rule.

(a) 3205.1.1 Cryogenic fluid systems. Cryogenic fluid systems shall be suitable for the use intended and designed by persons competent in such design. Equipment, machinery and processes shall be listed or approved.

(b) 3205.1.2 Piping systems. Piping, tubing, valves and joints and fittings conveying cryogenic fluids shall be installed in accordance with the material-specific provisions of paragraphs (A)(1)( 3201.1 ) and (E)(1)(b)(i)(3205.1.2.1) to (E)(1)(b)(vi)(3205.1.2.6) of this rule.

(i) 3205.1.2.1 Design and construction. Piping systems shall be suitable for the use intended through the full range of pressure and temperature to which they will be subjected. Piping systems shall be designed and constructed to provide adequate allowance for expansion, contraction, vibration, settlement and fire exposure.

(ii) 3205.1.2.2 Joints. Joints on container piping and tubing shall be threaded, welded, silver brazed or flanged.

(iii) 3205.1.2.3 Valves and accessory equipment. Valves and accessory equipment shall be suitable for the intended use at the temperatures of the application and shall be designed and constructed to withstand the maximum pressure at the minimum temperature to which they will be subjected.

(a) 3205.1.2.3.1 Shutoff valves on containers. Shutoff valves shall be provided on all container connections except for pressure relief devices. Shutoff valves shall be provided with access thereto and located as close as practical to the container.

(b) 3205.1.2.3.2 Shutoff valves on piping. Shutoff valves shall be installed in piping containing cryogenic fluids where needed to limit the volume of liquid discharged in the event of piping or equipment failure. Pressure relief valves shall be installed where liquid is capable of being trapped between shutoff valves in the piping system (see paragraph (C)(2)( 3203.2 ) of this rule).

(iv) 3205.1.2.4 Physical protection and support. Piping systems shall be supported and protected from physical damage. Piping passing through walls shall be protected from mechanical damage.

(v) 3205.1.2.5 Corrosion protection. Above-ground piping that is subject to corrosion because of exposure to corrosive atmospheres, shall be constructed of materials to resist the corrosive environment or otherwise protect against corrosion. Below-ground piping shall be protected against corrosion.

(vi) 3205.1.2.6 Testing. Piping systems shall be tested and proven free of leaks after installation as required by the standards to which they were designed and constructed. Test pressures shall not be less than 150 per cent of the maximum allowable working pressure when hydraulic testing is conducted or 110 per cent when testing is conducted pneumatically.

(2) 3205.2 Indoor use. Indoor use of cryogenic fluids shall comply with the material specific provisions of paragraph (A)(1)( 3201.1 ) of this rule.

(3) 3205.3 Outdoor use. Outdoor use of cryogenic fluids shall comply with the material specific provisions of paragraphs (A)(1)( 3201.1 ), (E)(3)(a)(3205.3.1) and (E)(3)(b)(3205.3.2) of this rule.

(a) 3205.3.1 Separation. Distances from property lines, buildings and exposure hazards shall comply with paragraph (D)(3)( 3204.3 ) of this rule and the material specific provisions of paragraph (A)(1)( 3201.1 ) of this rule.

(b) 3205.3.2 Emergency shutoff valves. Manual or automatic emergency shutoff valves shall be provided to shut off the cryogenic fluid supply in case of emergency. An emergency shutoff valve shall be located at the source of supply and at the point where the system enters the building.

(4) 3205.4 Filling and dispensing. Filling and dispensing of cryogenic fluids shall comply with paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(3205.4.1) to (E)(4)(c)(3205.4.3) of this rule.

(a) 3205.4.1 Dispensing areas. Dispensing of cryogenic fluids with physical or health hazards shall be conducted in approved locations. Dispensing indoors shall be conducted in areas constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 3205.4.1.1 Ventilation. Indoor areas where cryogenic fluids are dispensed shall be ventilated in accordance with the requirements of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in a manner that captures any vapor at the point of generation.

Exception: Cryogenic fluids that can be demonstrated not to create harmful vapors.

(ii) 3205.4.1.2 Piping systems. Piping systems utilized for filling or dispensing of cryogenic fluids shall be designed and constructed in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(b)(3205.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 3205.4.2 Vehicle loading and unloading areas. Loading or unloading areas shall be conducted in an approved manner in accordance with the standards referenced in paragraph (A)(1)( 3201.1 ) of this rule.

(c) 3205.4.3 Limit controls. Limit controls shall be provided to prevent overfilling of stationary containers during filling operations.

(5) 3205.5 Handling. Handling of cryogenic containers shall comply with paragraphs (E)(5)(a)(3205.5.1) and (E)(5)(b)(3205.5.2) of this rule.

(a) 3205.5.1 Carts and trucks. Cryogenic containers shall be moved using an approved method. Where cryogenic containers are moved by hand cart, hand truck or other mobile device, such carts, trucks or devices shall be designed for the secure movement of the container.

Carts and trucks used to transport cryogenic containers shall be designed to provide a stable base for the commodities to be transported and shall have a means of restraining containers to prevent accidental dislodgment.

(b) 3205.5.2 Closed containers. Pressurized containers shall be transported in a closed condition. Containers designed for use at atmospheric conditions shall be transported with appropriate loose fitting covers in place to prevent spillage.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-32

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 3/30/98, 9/1/05, 7/1/07