Chapter 1301:7-7 Ohio Fire Code

1301:7-7-01 Administration.

(A) Section 101 General

(1) 101.1 Title. The rules as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-7- of the Administrative Code shall be known as the "Ohio Fire Code" abbreviated "OFC," and hereinafter may also be referred to as the "state fire code" or "this code."

(2) 101.2 Scope. This code establishes state fire marshal rules for the administration and enforcement of authorities granted to the fire marshal and fire code officials in Chapters 3701., 3731., 3737., 3741., 3743., 3781., and 3791. of the Revised Code including but not limited to, regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding:

1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices;

2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises;

3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation;

4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire protection systems; and

5. Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

(a) 101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices of any "International Fire Code" are not adopted as part of this code.

(b) 101.2.2 Unless specifically exempted or as limited by federal or state law or this code, the provisions of this code are intended to safeguard life and property from fire and explosion and shall apply to all aspects of fire safety at any structures, buildings, premises, vehicles or other locations within the territorial jurisdiction of the state of Ohio. The scope of this code includes, but is not limited to, property owned by the state of Ohio or other political subdivisions of the state, residential premises (one, two and three family dwellings), and agricultural premises. The scope of this code includes all aspects of fire safety for any occupancy of or any activities at the places subject to this code, including actions of or uses by any individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, associations, the state, a political subdivision of the state, and any other entity, public or private. This code does not apply to any of the following:

1. Property owned by the United States government in accordance with Chapter 159. of the Revised Code and any other structures owned by and used for a function of the United States government;

2. Structures controlled by the United States government used for a non-administrative military function of the United States government;

3. Structures owned or controlled by the state of Ohio that are used for a military function in accordance with 10 USC Chapter 1803.4;

4. The organization or structure of a municipal or township fire department;

5. Structural building requirements covered by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code;

6. Agricultural labor camps, to the extent required by Section 3733.42 of the Revised Code or rules adopted under that section;

7. Type B family daycare homes in accordance with Sections 3737.22(G) and 5104.051 of the Revised Code;

8. Manufactured homes, to the extent required by 24 CFR Part 3280, "Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards," and the rules adopted by the Ohio manufactured home commission.

This code shall not be construed to:

1. Cause an employer, in complying with it, to be in violation of the "Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970," 84 Stat. 1590, 29 U.S.C.2051 ;

2. Regulate manufacturers or manufacturing facilities with respect to occupational hazards where they are subject to regulation by the federal occupational safety and health administration;

3. Be inconsistent with, or in conflict with, regulations of the federal occupational safety and health administration or the hazardous materials regulations of the hazardous materials regulations board of the federal highway administration, United States department of transportation, or the public utilities commission;

4. Establish a minimum standard of flammability for consumer goods in any area where the "Flammable Fabrics Act," 81 Stat. 568 (1967), 15 USC 1191 authorizes the federal government or any department or agency of the federal government to establish national standards of flammability for consumer goods;

5. Establish health or safety standard for the use of explosives in mining, for which the federal government through its authorized agency sets health or safety standards pursuant to section 6 of the "Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act of 1966," 80 Stat. 772, 30 USC 725, or section 101 of the "Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969," 83 Stat. 745, 30 USC 811 .

(3) 101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

(4) 101.4 Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.

(5) 101.5 Validity. In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.

(6) 101.6 Minimum standard. This code shall constitute the minimum standards for safeguarding life and property from fire and explosion in this state. No political subdivision with the statutory authority to promulgate a local fire code may enact a local fire code, or parts thereof, or authorize a variance or waiver to such local fire code, that provide a lower threshold of such safeguards or violate accepted engineering practice involving public safety. Such political subdivision may promulgate fire code provisions that exceed the minimum safety requirements as set forth in this code.

(B) Section 102 Applicability

(1) 102.1 Construction and design provisions.

(a) 102.1.1 General applicability. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(1)(b)(102 1.2 ) of this rule, the construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:

(i) Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code;

(ii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code;

(iii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not in strict compliance with the requirements of this code where the conditions constitute a distinct hazard to life or property in the opinion of the fire code official, including existing structures subject to rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code. If a distinct hazard to life or property cannot be proven by the fire official by a preponderance of the evidence, the provisions of this code shall not apply to an existing building or condition. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code.

(b) 102.1.2 Agricultural uses and locations. The construction and design provisions of this code, including any construction permit requirements, shall not apply to structures:

(i) subject to section 3781.061 of the Revised Code, or

(ii) otherwise exempt from the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code because such structures are being used for agricultural purposes unless the conditions of the structure constitute a distinct hazard to life or property or the occupancy of a structure constitutes a change of use or occupancy of the structure from one of the exempt uses listed in this division to another occupancy classification subject to this code.

(2) 102.2 Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions. The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:

(a) Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.

(b) Existing conditions and operations.

(3) 102.3 Minimum conditions of occupancy. All structures subject to this code may be occupied only in accordance with the provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and, at a minimum, the following paragraphs:

1. New construction. Occupancy of a newly constructed structure must be in compliance with paragraph (E)(3 ( c)(105 3.3 ) and paragraph (I)(1)(1091) of this rule and paragraph (AX5)( 901.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Existing structures.

2.1 Alterations. Any alterations to an existing structure shall be done in accordance with paragraph (B)(4)( 102.4 ) of this rule.

2.2 Change of occupancy. Any changes of occupancy to an existing structure shall be done in accordance with paragraph (B)(3)(a)(102 31) of this rule.

2.3 General occupancy. An existing structure or premises may only be occupied in accordance with paragraph (E)(3)(c)(105 3.3 ) and paragraph (I)(1)( 109.1 ) of this rule. No existing structure or premises or part thereof that constitutes a distinct hazard to life or property or is not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code shall be occupied.

(a) 102.3.1 Certificate of occupancy. A responsible person shall maintain a copy of the current certificate of occupancy, for a structure regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and make it available to the fire code official upon request. This paragraph only applies to a certificate of occupancy in existence as of the effective day of this rule issued by a building official and/or a certificate of occupancy issued by a building official after the effective date of this rule.

(b) 102.3.2 Change of use or occupancy. No change shall be made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place the structure in a different division of the same group or occupancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such structure is made to comply with the requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official, the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for purposes in other groups without conforming to all the requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for those groups, provided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the existing use.

(4) 102.4 Application of building code. The planning, design and construction of new buildings and structures to provide the necessary egress facilities, fire protection, and built-in fire protection equipment shall be controlled by the building code of the jurisdiction; and any alterations, additions or changes of occupancy in buildings required by the provisions of this code which are within the scope of the building code shall be made in accordance therewith.

(5) 102.5 Application of residential code of Ohio. Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the residential code of Ohio as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:

(a) Construction and design provisions: To the extent consistent with Chapter 3781. of the Revised Code, the provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by this code shall also apply.

(b) Administrative, operational, and maintenance provisions: All such provisions of this code shall apply.

(6) 102.6 Historic buildings. The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings when such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic buildings and structures shall be provided in accordance with an approved fire protection plan.

(7) 102.7 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and such codes and standards shall be incorporated by reference into and considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the reference standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

(a) 102.7.1 Rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82 , Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032 , Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02 , Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17 , 3737.65 and 3737.73 , Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02 , 3743.03 , 3743.04 , 3743.05 , 3743.06 , 3743.15 , 3743.17 , 3743.18 , 3743.53 , 3743.56 , 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code, shall be incorporated by reference and considered part of this code.

(b) 102.7.2 Unless already addressed in and to the extent that such provisions do not conflict with the Revised Code or the rules listed in paragraph (B)(7)(a)(102.7.1) of this rule, the provisions of paragraphs (A)(101), (B)(102), (DX104), (E)(105), (F)(106), (G)(107), (I)(109), (J)(110), (K)(111), (L)(112), (Q)(117) and (V)(122) of this rule apply to the rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82 , Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032 , Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02 , Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17 , 3737.65 and 3737.73 , Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02 , 3743.03 , 3743.04 , 3743.05 , 3743.06 , 3743.15 , 3743.17 , 3743.18 , 3743.53 , 3743.56 , 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code.

(c) 102.7.3 To the extent not in conflict with the Revised Code, the applicable provisions of the "Ohio Fire Code" apply to and may be enforced against all persons, locations, things, structures, and activities regulated by Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82 , Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032 , Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02 , Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17 , 3737.65 and 3737.73 , Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02 , 3743.03 , 3743.04 , 3743.05 , 3743.06 , 3743.15 , 3743.17 , 3743.18 , 3743.53 , 3743.56 , 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code.

(d) 102.7.4 Enforcement of rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82 , Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032 , Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02 , Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17 , 3737.65 and 3737.73 , Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02 , 3743.03 , 3743.04 , 3743.05 , 3743.06 , 3743.15 , 3743.17 , 3743.1, 3743.53 , 3743.56 , 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code shall be as provided in those Revised Code sections or such rules. In addition to such rules, any applicable provisions of the "Ohio Fire Code" may be used as a basis for such enforcement actions.

(8) 102.8 Conflicting provisions. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in a specific case, different paragraphs of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.

(9) 102.9 Other laws. The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

(10) 102.10 Application of references. References to rule or paragraph numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such rule, paragraph or provision of this code.

(11) 102.11 Underground storage tanks regulated by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code. Underground storage tank systems subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code shall comply with the applicable regulations contained therein and the provisions of this code. If the provisions of this code address similar requirements or are in conflict with the requirements of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code, then the provisions of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code shall apply.

Underground storage tank systems not subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code that are determined by the fire code official to comply with the installation, abandonment or removal requirements as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code are deemed in compliance with the applicable provisions of paragraphs (D)(2)(k)(3404.2.11), (D)(2)(m)(3404.2.13) or (D)(2)(n)(3404.2.14) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. Such tanks are subject to all other applicable provisions of this code.

(C) Section 103 Fire code within a political subdivision

(1) 103.1 General. A political subdivision may adopt and enforce a fire code in accordance with the provisions of Ohio law. If a political subdivision adopts a local fire code, that local fire code constitutes an additional set of fire safety regulations in the applicable jurisdiction and such local fire codes shall not and do not modify, repeal, invalidate or otherwise nullify any provisions of this code. Such local fire codes shall not be called the "Ohio Fire Code." Regardless of whether a political subdivision adopts a local fire code, this code remains in effect and is enforceable at all locations in the state in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Revised Code and this code.

(D) Section 104 General authority and responsibilities

(1) 104.1 General. The fire code official is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code and shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

(a) 104.1.1 The state fire marshal or fire chief of municipal corporations having fire departments or the fire chief of townships having fire departments shall enforce all provisions of Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code, and any rules promulgated pursuant to those chapters, relating to fire prevention.

(2) 104.2 Applications and permits. The fire official is authorized to receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.

(a) 104.2.1 Plan review for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. For the purposes of this paragraph, a fire code official is authorized to conduct plan review of fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in accordance with section 106.1.2 of that code and the provisions of this paragraph. The fire code official is authorized to:

(i) 104.2.1.1 Receive and review construction documents when notice is provided to the building code official in accordance with section 106.1.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 104.2.1.2 Provide the building official written findings of the reviewed construction documents for compliance with the provisions of this code. For each element of the reviewed construction document that does not meet the requirements of this code, the fire code official shall, in that official's written findings, provide a specific reference to the relevant sections of this code that have not been fully satisfied. The fire code official shall provide the written findings to the building code official within a time frame appropriate for compliance with the building official's statutory requirements.

(iii) 104.2.1.3 As necessary to complete the plan review process, inspect the premises described in the construction documents.

(iv) 104.2.1.4 Pursuant to division (E) of section 3791.04 of the Revised Code, the approval of plans and specifications by the building code official is a "license" to construct the building or structure in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.

(b) 104.2.2. If a fire code official participates in the plan review process described in this paragraph and that fire code official determines that the proposed construction would result in the construction of a structure not in compliance with this code, the fire code official may, upon request of the responsible person, issue an order directing that all construction be done in accordance with this code. If the responsible person does not submit revised construction documents evidencing compliance with this code within a time period acceptable to the fire code official, the fire code official may issue a citation in accordance with section 3737.42 of the Revised Code requiring the submission of revised construction documents and construction of the structure in accordance with this code.

Construction of a structure subject to this paragraph must be in compliance with the provisions of this code.

(3) 104.3 Right of entry. In accordance with section 3737.14 of the Revised Code, the fire code official shall have the authority to enter all buildings or vehicles or upon all premises, within the fire code official's jurisdiction, at all reasonable hours to conduct an examination, inspect or investigate or to perform the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry, including obtaining a warrant in accordance with section 2933.21(F) of the Revised Code.

(a) 104.3.1 Warrant. When the fire code official has obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.

(4) 104.4 Identification. The fire code official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.

(5) 104.5 Notices and orders. The fire code official is authorized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect compliance with this code in accordance with paragraph (I)(109) of this rule.

(6) 104.6 Official records. The fire code official shall keep official records as required by paragraphs (D)(6)(a)(104.6.1) to (D)(6)(d)(104.6.4) of this rule. Such official records shall be retained in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 149. of the Revised Code.

(a) 104.6.1 Approvals. A record of approvals shall be maintained by the fire code official and shall be available for public inspection during business hours in accordance with applicable laws.

(b) 104.6.2 Inspections. The fire code official shall keep a record of each inspection made, including notices and orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each.

(c) 104.6.3 Fire records. The fire department shall keep a record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of facts concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with other information as required by the fire code official.

(i) 104.6.3.1 Fire reports. The fire department described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule and the political subdivision served by the fire department described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule shall report fire investigations required by sections 3737.23 and 3737.24 of the Revised Code using coding information and procedures prescribed by the "United State Fire Administration" in the "National Fire Incident Reporting Systems (NFIRS)" and shall send to the state fire marshal these reports in a manner approved by the state fire marshal. The reports shall include the "Incident Report," the "Civilian Casualty Report," and the "Fire Service Casualty Report." Electronic reporting of fire investigations to the state fire marshal must be in a format approved by both the "United States Fire Administration" and the state fire marshal as being compatible with the current version of the "National Fire Incident Reporting System." Any electronic reporting also must be in a format that is specifically compatible with the software used by the state fire marshal to process such reports and transmitted in a format that has been approved by the state fire marshal.

(d) 104.6.4 Administrative. Application for modification, alternative methods or materials and the final decision of the fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official.

(7) 104.7 Approved materials and equipment. All materials, equipment, devices and methods of construction within the scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, shall be approved in accordance with the provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Other materials, equipment and devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval. The fire code official's approval of materials, equipment and devices shall be consistent with the listing and labeling or authenticated research reports from authoritative sources as set forth in paragraph (O)(115) of this rule for such materials, equipment and devices.

(a) 104.7.1 Material and equipment reuse. Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.

(b) 104.7.2 Technical assistance. To determine the acceptability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, materials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code official, the fire code official is authorized to require the owner or agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdiction, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, laboratory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties of the design, operation or use of the building or premises and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to recommend necessary changes.

(8) 104.8 Variances (modifications) by state fire marshal. Whenever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of the state fire code, the state fire marshal, in the state fire marshal's discretion, may modify any provision of the state fire code or any other administrative rule promulgated by the state fire marshal by issuing a variance upon written application by an affected party and upon demonstration by that party of both of the following:

1. That the variance will not threaten the public health, safety or welfare; and

2. That the party will provide measures to protect the public health, safety and welfare that are substantially equivalent to the measures otherwise required under the state fire code or other applicable laws, rules and regulations.

(a) 104.8.1 A request for variance submitted pursuant to this rule shall only be considered upon production of any information or documentation requested by the state fire marshal. The particulars of such variance when granted shall be in writing, entered upon the records of the state fire marshal and furnished to the applicant and the authority having jurisdiction, if said authority is other than the state fire marshal.

(b) 104.8.2 Unless otherwise stipulated by the state fire marshal upon the granting of a variance, each variance granted pursuant to this paragraph shall automatically terminate one year from the date of its issuance.

(c) 104.8.3 There shall be no automatic renewals of any variance granted pursuant to this paragraph. Each variance shall be specifically applied for in writing by the requesting party and independently considered by the state fire marshal.

(9) 104.9 Alternative materials and methods. The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to approve an alternative material or method of construction where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. For the installation of any material or the use of any method of construction that is subject to the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, any approval of an alternative method or material must be done in accordance with that code.

(a) 104.9.1 Research reports. Supporting data, when necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.

(b) 104.9.2 Tests. Whenever there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the fire code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the fire code official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the fire code official for the period required for retention of public records.

(10) 104.10 Fire investigations. The state fire marshal, or an assistant state fire marshal as designated by the state fire marshal, and the chief of the fire department of each municipal corporation in which a fire department is established, the chief of the fire department in each township in which a fire department is established, the chief of the fire department of a joint fire district, or the fire prevention officer in each township or village where no fire department is established shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any major fire or explosion in accordance with Section 3737.24 of the Revised Code.

(a) 104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so in accordance with the laws of this state.

(b) 104.10.2 Major fire definition. For the purposes of section 3737.24 of the Revised Code, a "major fire or explosion" means:

(i) A fire or explosion that caused or had a substantial risk of causing death or serious physical harm to any persons or damage to or the destruction of any occupancy, property or vehicle; or

(ii) Any fire or explosion so designated by the state fire marshal as a major fire or explosion.

(11) 104.11 Authority at fires and other emergencies. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing which could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.

(a) 104.11.1 Barricades. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus.

(b) 104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.

(c) 104.11.3 Systems and devices. No person shall render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.

(d) 104.11.4 Evacuation. The fire department official in charge of an incident shall be authorized to order the immediate evacuation of any occupied building deemed unsafe when such building has hazardous conditions that present imminent danger to building occupants. Persons so notified shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire department official in charge of the incident.

(E) Section 105 Permits

(1) 105.1 General. Permits shall be in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 105.1.1 Permits. When required, permits shall be obtained from the fire code official for installations or operations regulated by this code. Permit fees, if any, shall be paid prior to issuance of the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

(i) 105.1.1.1 Mandatory permits. The following installations or operations require a permit. Such permits shall be obtained from the fire code official as follows:

(a) 105.1.1.1.1 Explosives. A permit is required for the manufacture, processing or storage of explosives and explosive materials. In addition to any discretionary permits for explosives required by the local fire code official, permits for explosives storage and explosive material storage shall be obtained from the state fire marshal.

"Exceptions:

1. Fireworks exhibition storage pursuant to paragraph (J)(3310) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

2. A manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks that has paid an original or a renewal application fee in accordance with paragraph (Q)(1)( 3317.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of theAdministrative Code.

(b) 105.1.1.1.2 Flammable and combustible liquid tanks. A permit is required to install, alter, place temporarily out of service, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or any line or dispensing device connected thereto. Permits to install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or any line or dispensing device connected thereto shall be obtained from the state fire marshal when such permits are not issued by the local fire code official.

(c) 105.1.1.1.3 LP-gas system. A permit is required for the stationary installation or modification to a stationary LP-gas system located on state property. Permits for the stationary installation or modification to a stationary LP-gas system located on state property shall be obtained from the state fire marshal when such permits are not issued by the local fire code official.

(d) 105.1.1.1.4 Standpipe systems. A permit is required for the removal of a standpipe system or appurtenances located on state property. Permits required for the removal of a standpipe system or appurtenances located on state owned property shall be obtained from the state fire marshal when such permits are not issued by the local fire code official.

(e) 105.1.1.1.5 Temporary membrane structures, tents and canopies. A permit is required for the construction of an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2) or a canopy in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2) when such structure, tent or canopy is erected on state property. Permits required for the construction of an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2) or a canopy in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2), when such structure, tent or canopy is erected on state owned property or on a licensed premises as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code shall be obtained from the state fire marshal when such permits are not issued by the local fire code official.

(f) 105.1.1.1.6 Exhibition of fireworks. A permit is required for the temporary storage and exhibition of fireworks as set forth in Revised Code Chapter 3743. and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. Permits required for the temporary storage and exhibition of fireworks shall be obtained from the local fire code official in accordance with the provisions of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 105.1.1.2 Discretionary permits. The local fire code official is authorized, but not required, to establish a permit program and issue a permit for the hazardous activities set forth in paragraphs (E)(6)( 105.6 ) and (E)(7)( 105.7 ) of this rule.

(iii) 105.1.1.3 Notification of hazardous activities. When a permit is not required to engage in any hazardous activity set forth in this rule, the person intending to engage in the hazardous activity shall first notify the local fire code official of that person's intent to engage in that hazardous activity.

(b) 105.1.2 Types of permits.

(i) Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is to be issued for either:

(a) A prescribed period.

(b) Until renewed or revoked.

(ii) Construction permit. A construction permit allows the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment for which a permit is to be issued.

(c) 105.1.3 Permits for the same location. When more than one permit is required for the same location, the fire code official is authorized to consolidate such permits into a single permit provided that each provision is listed in the permit.

(2) 105.2 Application. Application for a permit required by this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by the fire code official. The requirement for plan review for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph is subject to and does not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 105.2.1 Refusal to issue permit. If the application for a permit describes a use that does not conform to the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such permit. Such refusal shall, when requested, be in writing and shall contain the reasons for refusal.

(b) 105.2.2 Inspection authorized. Before a new operational permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.

(c) 105.2.3 Time limitation of application. An application for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be deemed to have been abandoned one hundred eighty days after the date of filing, unless such application has been diligently prosecuted or a permit shall have been issued; except that the fire code official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding ninety days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.

(d) 105.2.4 Action on application. The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the fire code official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefore. If the fire code official is satisfied that the proposed work or operation conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto, the fire code official shall issue a permit therefore as soon as practicable.

(3) 105.3 Conditions of a permit. A permit shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes which produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code where a permit is issued. When issued, such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or laws of the jurisdiction.

(a) 105.3.1 Expiration. An operational permit, when issued, shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed, or revoked or for such a period of time as specified in the permit. Construction permits, when issued, shall automatically become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is commenced within one hundred eighty days after its issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of one hundred eighty days after the time the work is commenced. Before such work recommences, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee to recommence work, if any shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit, when issued, for such work, provided no changes have been made or will be made in the original construction documents for such work, and provided further that such suspension or abandonment has not exceeded one year. When issued, permits are not transferable and any change in occupancy, operation, tenancy or ownership shall require that a new permit be issued.

(b) 105.3.2 Extensions. A permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit when work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this paragraph for good and satisfactory reasons. The fire code official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of the time period of a permit for periods of not more than one hundred eighty days each. Such extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.

(c) 105.3.3 Occupancy.

(i) 105.3.3.1 Acceptance testing of fire protection systems. Prior to the issuance by the building official of any certificate of occupancy for any building subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the responsible person shall notify the fire code official to be present to witness the acceptance testing of all fire protection systems.

(ii) 105.3.3.2 Final inspection. Prior to the issuance by the building official of any certificate of occupancy for any building subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the responsible person shall notify the fire code official to conduct a final inspection. The fire code official shall report any deficiencies of the fire protection systems to the building official.

(iii) 105.3.3.3 Minimum conditions for safe occupancy. No structure, premises or building, or any portion thereof, shall be occupied unless:

(a) 105.3.3.3.1 Such structures, premises or buildings or portions thereof are in substantial compliance with the applicable provisions of this code and the building code as referenced in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code; or

(b) 105.3.3.3.2 The structure, premises or building, or any portion thereof, does not constitute a distinct hazard to life or property in accordance with the provisions of this code.

(d) 105.3.4 Conditional approvals and permits. Where approval by the fire code official or permits are required and upon the request of the applicant, the fire code official is authorized to issue a conditional approval or permit to engage in the permitted activity or use provided that the permitted activity or use is safe and does not endanger life or public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the applicant of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the regulated activity or use safe. The holder of a conditional approval or permit shall proceed only to the point for which approval has been given, at the applicant's own risk and without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the utilization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will be granted.

(e) 105.3.5 Posting the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

(f) 105.3.6 Compliance with code. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration of approved construction documents shall be approved in advance by the fire code official, as evidenced by the issuance of a new or amended permit.

(i) 105.3.6.1 For structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. If a building official issues a permit, plan approval or certificate of occupancy for a structure in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for a structure regulated by this code, the responsible person is not exempted from compliance with this code, including provisions for fire safety functions. If a review of fire protection system plans in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule is not completed or a permit for construction is not issued pursuant to this code, the absence of such review or permit does not prohibit construction from occurring in accordance with the building official's approval.

(g) 105.3.7 Information on the permit. The fire code official shall issue all permits required by this code on an approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall contain a general description of the operation or occupancy and its location and any other information required by the fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of the fire code official or other approved legal authorization.

(h) 105.3.8 Validity of permit. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents, operational documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring correction of errors in the documents or other data.

(4) 105.4 Construction documents. Construction documents shall be in accordance with this paragraph. The requirement for plan review of fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph is subject to and does not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 105.4.1 Submittals. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the Revised Code.

Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.

(i) 105.4.1.1 Examination of documents. The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying construction documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the work indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code.

(b) 105.4.2 Information on construction documents. Construction documents shall be drawn to scale upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be submitted when approved by the fire code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as determined by the fire code official.

(i) 105.4.2.1 Fire protection system shop drawings. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate compliance with this code and the construction documents and shall be approved prior to the start of installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 105.4.3 Applicant responsibility. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction documents include all of the fire protection requirements and the shop drawing are complete and in compliance with the applicable codes and standards.

(d) 105.4.4 Approved documents. Construction documents reviewed by the fire code official in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule or construction documents approved by the fire code official are reviewed and approved with the intent that such construction documents comply in all respects with this code. Review and approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the applicant of the responsibility of compliance with this code.

(i) 105.4.4.1 Phased approval. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the fire code official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of part of a structure, system or operation before the construction documents for the whole structure, system or operation have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for parts of a structure, system or operation shall proceed at the holder's own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure, system or operation will be granted.

(e) 105.4.5 Corrected documents. Where field conditions necessitate any substantial change from the approved construction documents, the fire code official shall have the authority to require the corrected construction documents to be submitted for approval.

(i) 105.4.5.1 Where actual construction demonstrates substantial deviation from the construction documents approved by the building code official, the fire code official shall have the authority to require the responsible party to submit corrected construction documents to the building code official having jurisdiction for approval in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and to the fire code official for review in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)( 104.2 ) of this rule.

(f) 105.4.6 Retention of construction documents. One set of construction documents shall be retained by the fire code official for a period of not less than one hundred eighty days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws. One set of approved construction documents shall be returned to the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the building or work at all times during which the work authorized thereby is in process.

(5) 105.5 Revocation. The fire code official is authorized to revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code when it is found by inspection or otherwise that there has been a false statement or misrepresentation as to the material facts in the application or construction documents on which the permit or approval was based including, but not limited to, any one of the following:

(a) The permit is used for a location or establishment other than that for which it was issued.

(b) The permit is used for a condition or activity other than that listed in the permit.

(c) Conditions and limitations set forth in the permit have been violated.

(d) There have been any false statements or misrepresentations as to the material fact in the application for permit or plans submitted or a condition of the permit.

(e) The permit is used by a different person or firm than the name for which it was issued.

(f) The permittee failed, refused or neglected to comply with orders or notices duly served in accordance with the provisions of this code within the time provided therein.

(g) The permit was issued in error or in violation of an ordinance, regulation or this code.

(6) 105.6 Operational permits. The local fire code official and, when specified in this rule, the state fire marshal are authorized in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a)(ii)(105 1 1.2 ) of this rule to issue operational permits for the hazardous operations as provided for in this rule.

(a) 105.6.1 Aerosol products. An operational permit to manufacture, store or handle an aggregate quantity of Level 2 or Level 3 aerosol products in excess of 500 pounds (227 kg) net weight.

(b) 105.6.2 Amusement buildings. An operational permit to operate a special amusement building.

(c) 105.6.3 Aviation facilities. An operational permit to use a Group H or Group S occupancy for aircraft servicing or repair and aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles.

(d) 105.6.4 Carnivals and fairs. An operational permit to conduct a carnival or fair.

(e) 105.6.5 Cellulose nitrate film. An operational permit to store, handle or use cellulose nitrate film in a Group A occupancy.

(f) 105.6.6 Combustible dust-producing operations. An operational permit to operate a grain elevator, flour starch mill, feed mill, or a plant pulverizing aluminum, coal, cocoa, magnesium, spices or sugar, or other operations producing combustible dusts as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 105.6.7 Combustible fibers. An operational permit for the storage and handling of combustible fibers in quantities greater than 100 cubic feet ( 2.8 m3).

Exception: A permit for agricultural storage.

(h) 105.6.8 Compressed gases. An operational permit for the storage, use or handling at normal temperature and pressure (NTP) of compressed gases in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.8 of this rule.

Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using compressed gas as a fuel for propelling the vehicle.

Table 105.6.8

Permit amounts for compressed gases

Type of gas Amount (cubic feet at NTP)
Corrosive 200
Flammable (except cryogenic fluids and liquefied petroleum gases) 200
Highly toxic Any amount
Inert and simple asphyxiant 6,000
Oxidizinis (including oxygen) 504
Pyrophoric Any amount
Toxic Any amount

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.

(i) 105.6.9 Covered mall buildings. An operational permit for:

(i) The placement of retail fixtures and displays, concession equipment, displays of highly combustible goods and similar items in the mall.

(ii) The display of liquid- or gas-fired equipment in the mall.

(iii) The use of open-flame or flame-producing equipment in the mall.

(j) 105.6.10 Cryogenic fluids. An operational permit to produce, store, transport on site, use, handle or dispense cryogenic fluids in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.10 of this rule.

Exception: Permits for vehicles equipped for and using cryogenic fluids as a fuel for propelling the vehicle or for refrigerating the lading.

Tabic 105.6.10

Permit amounts for cryogenic fluids

Type of cryogenic fluid Inside building (gallons) Outside buildins (gallons)
Flammable More than 1 60
Inert 60 500
Oxidizing (includes oxygen) 10 50
Physical or health hazard not indicated above Any amount Any amount

For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

(k) 105.6.11 Cutting and welding. An operational permit to conduct cutting or welding operations within the jurisdiction.

(l) 105.6.12 Dry cleaning plants. An operational permit to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry cleaning equipment.

(m) 105.6.13 Exhibits and trade shows. An operational permit to operate exhibits and trade shows.

(n) 105.6.14 Explosives. An operational permit for the manufacture, storage, handling, sale or use of any quantity of explosives, explosive materials, fireworks, or pyrotechnic special effects within the scope of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Storage in Group R-3 occupancies of smokeless propellant, black powder and small arms primers for personal use, not for resale and in accordance with paragraph (F)(3306) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

(o) 105.6.15 Fire hydrants and valves. An operational permit to use or operate fire hydrants or valves intended for fire suppression purposes which are installed on water systems and accessible to a fire apparatus access road that is open to or generally used by the public.

Exception: A permit for authorized employees of the water company that supplies the system or the fire department to use or operate fire hydrants or valves.

(p) 105.6.16 Flammable and combustible liquids. An operational permit:

(i) To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation within facilities of flammable or combustible liquids. This requirement shall not apply to the off-site transportation in pipelines regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOTn) nor does it apply to piping systems.

(ii) To store, handle or use Class I liquids in excess of 5 gallons (19 L) in a building or in excess of 10 gallons ( 37.9 L) outside of a building, except for the following:

(a) The storage or use of Class I liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant, unless such storage, in the opinion of the local fire code official, would cause an unsafe condition.

(b) The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar flammable mixtures when such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than 30 days.

(iii) To store, handle or use Class II or Class IIIA liquids in excess of 25 gallons (95 L) in a building or in excess of 60 gallons (227 L) outside a building, except for fuel oil used in connection with oil-burning equipment.

(iv) To store, handle or use Class IIIB liquids in tanks or portable tanks for fueling motor vehicles at motor fuel-dispensing facilities or where connected to fuel-burning equipment.

Exception: Fuel oil and used motor oil used for space or water heating.

(v) To remove Class I or Class II liquids from an underground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by any means other than the approved, stationary on-site pumps normally used for dispensing purposes.

(vi) To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.

(vii) To place temporarily out of service (for more than ninety days) an underground, protected aboveground or aboveground flammable or combustible liquid tank.

(viii) To change the type of contents stored in a flammable or combustible liquid tank to a material that poses a greater hazard than that for which the tank was designed and constructed.

(ix) To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable or combustible liquids.

(x) To engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

(xi) To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

(q) 105.6.17 Floor finishing. An operational permit for floor finishing or surfacing operations exceeding 350 square feet (33 m2) using Class I or Class II liquids.

(r) 105.6.18 Fruit and crop ripening. An operational permit to operate a fruit-, or crop-ripening facility or conduct a fruit-ripening process using ethylene gas.

(s) 105.6.19 Fumigation and thermal insecticidal fogging. An operational permit to conduct a business of fumigation or thermal insecticidal fogging and to maintain a room, vault or chamber in which a toxic or flammable fumigant is used.

(t) 105.6.20 Hazardous materials. An operational permit to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle hazardous materials in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.20 of this rule.

Table .105.6.20

Permit amounts for hazardous materials

Type of material Amount
Combustible liquids See paragraph (E)(6)(p)(105.6.16) of this rule
Corrosive materials  
Gases See paragraph (E)(6)(h)(105.6.8) of this rule
Liquids 55 gallons
Solids 1000 pounds
Explosive materials See paragraph (E)(6)(n)(105.6.14) of this rule
Flammable materials  
Gases See paragraph (E)(6)(h)(105.6.8) of this rule
Liquids See paragraph (E)(6)(p)(105.6.16) of this rule
Solids 100 pounds
Highly toxic materials  
Gases See paragraph (E)(6)(h)(105.6.8) of this rule
Liquids Any amount
Solids Any amount
Oxidizing materials  
Gases See paragraph (E)(6)(h)(105.6.8) of this rule
Liquids  
Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 1 gallona
Class 2 10 gallons
Class 1 55 gallons
Solids  
Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 10 poundsb
Class 2 100 pounds
Class 1 500 pounds
Organic peroxides  
Liquids  
Class I Any amount
Class II Any amount
Class III 1 galIon
Class IV 2 galIons
Class V No permit required
Solids  
Class I Any amount
Class II Any amount
Class III 10 pounds
Class IV 20 pounds
Class V No permit required
Pyrophoric materials  
Gases Any amount
Liquids Any amount
Solids Any amount
Toxic materials  
Gases See paragraph (E)(6)(h)(105.6.8) of this rule
Liquids 10 galIons
Solids 100 pounds
Unstable (reactive) materials  
Liquids  
Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 5 gallons
Class 1 10 gallons
Solids  
Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 50 pounds
Class 1 100 pounds
Water-reactive materials  
Liquids  
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 5 gallons
Class 1 55 gallons
Solids  
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 50 pounds
Class 1 500 pounds

For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.

a. 20 gallons when Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)( 2703.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code are provided for quantities of 20 gallons or less.

b. 200 pounds when Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)( 2703.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(u) 105.6.21 HPM facilities. An operational permit to store, handle or use hazardous production materials.

(v) 105.6.22 High-piled storage. An operational permit to use a building or portion thereof as a high-piled storage area exceeding 500 square feet (46 m2).

(w) 105.6.23 Hot work operations. An operational permit for hot work including, but not limited to:

(i) Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot work is conducted.

(ii) Use of portable hot work equipment inside a structure.

Exception: Work that is conducted under a construction permit.

(iii) Fixed-site hot work equipment such as welding booths.

(iv) Hot work conducted within a wildfire risk area.

(v) Application for roof coverings with the use of an open-flame device.

(vi) When approved, the fire code official may issue a permit to carry out a hot work program. This program allows approved personnel to regulate their facility's hot work operations. The approved personnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects denoted in the state fire code and shall be responsible for issuing permits requiring compliance with the requirements found in rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. These permits shall be issued only to their employees or hot work operations under their supervision.

(x) 105.6.24 Industrial ovens. An operational permit for operation of industrial ovens regulated by rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

(y) 105.6.25 Lumber yards and woodworking plants. An operational permit for the storage or processing of lumber exceeding 100,000 board feet (8333 ft3) (236 m3).

(z) 105.6.26 Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings. An operational permit to display, operate or demonstrate liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings.

(aa) 105.6.27 LP-gas. An operational permit for:

(i) Storage and use of LP-gas

Exception: A permit for individual containers with a 500-gallon (1893 L) water capacity or less serving occupancies in Group R-3.

(ii) Operation of cargo tankers that transport LP-gas.

(bb) 105.6.28 Magnesium. An operational permit to melt, cast, heat treat or grind more than 10 pounds ( 4.54 kg) of magnesium.

(cc) 105.6.29 Miscellaneous combustible storage. An operational permit to store in any building or upon any premises in excess of 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) gross volume of combustible empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or similar containers, rubber tires, rubber, cork or similar combustible material.

(dd) 105.6.30 Open burning. An operational permit for the kindling or maintaining of an open fire or a fire on any public street, alley, road, or other public or private ground. Instructions and stipulations of the permit shall be adhered to.

Exception: Recreational fires.

(ee) 105.6.31 Open flames and torches. An operational permit to remove paint with a torch; or to use a torch or open-flame device in a wildfire risk area.

(ff) 105.6.32 Open flames and candles. An operational permit to use open flames or candles in connection with assembly areas, dining areas of restaurants or drinking establishments.

(gg) 105.6.33 Organic coatings. An operational permit for any organic-coating manufacturing operation producing more than 1 gallon (4 L) of an organic coating in one day.

(hh) 105.6.34 Places of assembly. An operational permit for a place of assembly.

(ii) 105.6.35 Private fire hydrants. An operational permit for the removal from service, use or operation of private fire hydrants.

Exception: A permit for private industry with trained maintenance personnel, private fire brigade or fire departments to maintain, test and use private hydrants.

(jj) 105.6.36 Pyrotechnic special effects material. An operational permit is required for use and handling of pyrotechnic special effects material.

(kk) 105.6.37 Pyroxylin plastics. An operational permit for storage or handling of more than 25 pounds (11 kg) of cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin) plastics and for the assembly or manufacture of articles involving pyroxylin plastics.

(ll) 105.6.38 Refrigeration equipment. An operational permit to operate a mechanical refrigeration unit or system regulated by rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

(mm) 105.6.39 Repair garages and motor fuel-dispensing facilities. An operational permit for operation of repair garages and automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dispensing facilities.

(nn) 105.6.40 Rooftop heliports. An operational permit for the operation of a rooftop heliport.

(oo) 105.6.41 Spraying or dipping. An operational permit to conduct a spraying or dipping operation utilizing flammable or combustible liquids or the application of combustible powders regulated by rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

(pp) 105.6.42 Storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts. An operational permit to establish, conduct or maintain storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts that exceeds 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) of total volume of scrap tires and for indoor storage of tires and tire byproducts.

(qq) 105.6.43 Temporary membrane structures and tents. An operational permit to operate an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Exceptions:

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.

2. Tents open on all sides, which comply with all of the following:

2.1 Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).

2.2 The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.

2.3 A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents is provided.

(rr) 105.6.44 Tire-rebuilding plants. An operational permit for the operation and maintenance of a tire-rebuilding plant.

(ss) 105.6.45 Waste handling. An operational permit for the operation of wrecking yards, junk yards and waste material-handling facilities.

(tt) 105.6.46 Wood products. An operational permit to store chips, hogged material, lumber or plywood in excess of 200 cubic feet (6 m3).

(7) 105.7 Construction permits. The local fire code official and, when specified in this rule, the state fire marshal are authorized in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a)(ii)(105 1 1.2 ) of this rule to issue construction permits for work as provided for in this rule.

(a) 105.7.1 Automatic fire-extinguishing systems. A construction permit for installation of or modification to an automatic fire-extinguishing system. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(b) 105.7.2 Battery systems. A permit to install stationary storage battery systems having a liquid capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L).

(c) 105.7.3 Compressed gases. When the compressed gases in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.8 of this rule, a construction permit to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a compressed gas system.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(d) 105.7.4 Cryogenic fluids. A construction permit for installation of or alteration to outdoor stationary cryogenic fluid storage systems where the system capacity exceeds the amounts listed in Table 105.6.20 of this rule. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered an alteration and does not require a construction permit.

(e) 105.7.5 Fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. A construction permit for installation of or modification to fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(f) 105.7.6 Fire pumps and related equipment. A construction permit for installation of or modification to fire pumps and related fuel tanks, jockey pumps, controllers, and generators. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(g) 105.7.7 Flammable and combustible liquids. A construction permit:

(i) To install, repair or modify a pipeline for the transportation of flammable or combustible liquids.

(ii) To install, construct or alter tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.

(iii) To install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank and any line or dispensing device connected thereto.

(h) 105.7.8 Hazardous materials. A construction permit to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a storage facility or other area regulated by rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code when the hazardous materials in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.20 of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(i) 105.7.9 Industrial ovens. A construction permit for installation of industrial ovens covered by rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(j) 105.7.10 LP-gas. A construction permit for installation of or modification to an LP-gas system.

(k) 105.6.11 Private fire hydrants. A construction permit for the installation or modification of private fire hydrants.

(l) 105.6.12 Spraying or dipping. A construction permit to install or modify a spray room, dip tank or booth.

(m) 105.6.13 Standpipe systems. A construction permit for the installation, modification, or removal from service of a standpipe system. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(n) 105.6.14 Temporary membrane structures and tents. A construction permit to erect an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Exceptions:

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.

2. Funeral tents and curtains or extensions attached thereto, when used for funeral services.

3. Tents and awnings open on all sides which comply with all of the following:

3.1 Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).

3.2 The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.

3.3 The minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents is maintained.

(8) 105.8 Local permit fees. when permits are issued by the local fire code official, the local fire code official is authorized, but not required to, establish and collect fees for such permits in accordance with the applicable law.

(F) Section 106 Inspections

(1) 106.1 Inspection authority. The fire code official is authorized to enter and examine any building, structure, marine vessel, vehicle or premises in accordance with paragraph (D)(3)( 104.3 ) of this rule for the purpose of enforcing this code.

(2) 106.2 Inspections. The fire code official is authorized to conduct such inspections in accordance with section 3737.14 of the Revised Code as are deemed necessary to determine the extent of compliance with the provisions of this code and to approve reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. All reports of such inspections shall be prepared and submitted in writing for review and approval. Inspection reports shall be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The fire code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual, detailed or complex technical issues subject to the approval of the governing body.

(a) 106.2.1 Inspection requests. It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the fire code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.

(b) 106.2.2 Approval required. When required by the fire code official, work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the fire code official. The fire code official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the fire code official.

(3) 106.3 Concealed work. When required by the fire code official, it shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Whenever any installation subject to an inspection as required by this code or Chapter 3731., 3737., or 3743. of the Revised Code prior to its use is covered or concealed without having first been inspected, the responsible party must uncover the work for fire code official inspection. Neither the fire code official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.

(4) 106.4 Approvals. Approval as the result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid.

(G) Section 107 Maintenance

(1) 107.1 Maintenance of safeguards. Whenever or wherever any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with this code and applicable referenced standards.

(2) 107.2 Testing and operation. Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified in this code.

(a) 107.2.1 Test and inspection records. Required test and inspection records shall be available to the fire code official at all times or such records as the fire code official designates shall be filed with the fire code official.

(b) 107.2.2 Reinspection and testing. Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the fire code official for inspection and testing.

(3) 107.3 Supervision. Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that such maintenance and testing are conducted at specified intervals in accordance with this code.

(4) 107.4 Rendering equipment inoperable. Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems or devices and fire-warning systems shall not be rendered inoperative or inaccessible except as necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alterations, drills or prescribed testing.

(5) 107.5 Owner/occupant responsibility. Correction and abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility of the owner. If an occupant creates, or allows to be created, hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant shall be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous conditions.

(6) 107.6 Overcrowding. Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

(H) Section 108 Appeal of orders

(1) 108.1 Appeals of orders. Citations and orders issued by the fire code official relative to the application of this code may be appealed by the responsible person to the state board of building appeals in accordance with the provisions of Chapters 3737. and 3781. of the Revised Code including sections 3737.43 and 3781.19 of the Revised Code.

(I) Section 109 Violations

(1) 109.1 Unlawful acts. It shall be unlawful for a person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demolish or utilize a building, occupancy, premises or system regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.

(a) 109.1.1 Fire code enforcement. If upon inspection or investigation, the state fire marshal, an assistant state fire marshal, or a certified fire safety inspector believes that the state fire code or associated order has been violated, the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation to the responsible person in accordance with section 3737.42(A) of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(3)( 109.3 ) of this rule.

(i) 109.1.1.1 If a violation of this code has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or the certified fire safety inspector may issue a notice in lieu of a citation with respect to such de minimis violation in accordance with section 3737.42(B) of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(2)( 109.2 ) of this rule. If such violations are not remedied within the time frame established by the fire code official, such official may issue a citation in accordance with section 3737.42(A) of the Revised Code.

(b) 109.1.2 Enforcement to remedy dangerous conditions. If the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector, upon examination or inspection, finds a building or other structure especially liable to fire or endangers life or other buildings or property, or finds a building or any premises with combustible, explosive or flammable materials which are dangerous to the safety of persons finds any structure, tank, container or vehicle used for the storage, handling or transportation of flammable or combustible materials to be dangerous to the safety of persons, the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation in accordance with section 3737.41 of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(3)( 109.3 ) of this rule.

(2) 109.2 Notice of de minimis violation. When the fire code official finds a building, premises, vehicle, storage facility or outdoor area that is in violation of this code, but such a violation has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, the fire code official is authorized to prepare a written notice of violation describing the conditions deemed unsafe and, when compliance is not immediate, specifying a time for reinspection.

(a) 109.2.1 Service. A notice of violation issued pursuant to this code shall be served upon the owner, operator, occupant, or other person responsible for the condition or violation, either by personal service, mail, or by delivering the same to, and leaving it with, some person of responsibility upon the premises. For unattended or abandoned locations, a copy of such notice of violation shall be posted on the premises in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to such premises and the notice of violation shall be mailed by certified mail with return receipt requested or a certificate of mailing, to the last known address of the owner, occupant or both.

(b) 109.2.2 Compliance with orders and notices. A notice of violation issued or served as provided by this code shall be complied with by the owner, operator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition or violation to which the notice of violation pertains.

(c) 109.2.3 Remedies for noncompliance. If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the fire code official is authorized to take further enforcement actions in accordance with paragraph (I)(3)( 109.3 ) of this rule or to request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate legal proceedings at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant hereto.

(d) 109.2.4 Unauthorized tampering. Signs, tags or seals posted or affixed by the fire code official shall not be mutilated, destroyed or tampered with or removed without authorization from the fire code official.

(3) 109.3 Citations and notices of hearing. Issuance and enforcement of citations and orders are regulated by sections 3737.41 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code. Citations, orders and notices of hearing shall be issued in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 109.3.1 Every citation and notice of hearing shall be in writing.

(b) 109.3.2 Every citation shall be issued in accordance with section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(c) 109.3.3 Every responsible person issued a citation under section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code shall be given notice of and the opportunity for a hearing, as provided by section 3737.43 of the Revised Code.

(d) 109.3.4 Every citation and notice of hearing shall be served on the responsible person either personally or by certified mail with return receipt requested. If such service is unable to be made by either personal delivery or certified mail, service shall then be made by regular mail or given by publication once in a newspaper in the county in which is located the building or premises.

(e) 109.3.5 Violation civil penalties. Penalties are specified in sections 3737.51 and 3737.99 of the Revised Code. The fire code official may propose a civil penalty for each violation of this code in accordance with section 3737.51(B) and (C) . The fire code official may propose a civil penalty for each day of violation for each violation of this code in accordance with section 3737.51(D) of the Revised Code.

(J) Section 110 Unsafe buildings

(1) 110.1 General. If during the inspection of a premises, the fire code official finds a building or structure or any building system, in whole or in part, constitutes a dangerous condition described in division (A), (B) or (C) of section 3737.41 of the Revised Code, the fire code official shall issue such citation or orders to remove or remedy the conditions as shall be deemed necessary in accordance with this rule and shall refer the building to the building department for any repairs, alterations, remodeling, removing or demolition required.

(a) 110.1.1 Unsafe conditions. Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe or deficient because of inadequate means of egress or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or which involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. A vacant structure which is not secured against unauthorized entry as required by paragraph (K)(311) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code shall be deemed unsafe.

(i) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as described in this paragraph that is especially liable to fire or endangers life or other buildings or property, such fire code official shall issue a citation and order that the responsible person take all necessary remedial actions as required by section 3737.41 of the Revised Code.

(ii) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as described in this paragraph that violates specific provisions of this code, such fire code official shall take such enforcement actions as provided for in this rule including but not limited to, the issuance of a citation pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(b) 110.1.2 Structural hazards. When an apparent structural hazard is caused by the faulty installation, operation or malfunction of any of the items or devices governed by this code, the fire code official shall immediately notify the building code official in accordance with paragraph (J)(1)(110 1) of this rule.

(K) Section 111 Stop work order

(1) 111.1 Order. Whenever the fire code official finds any work relating to the fire prevention provisions of Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code or work subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule contrary to the approved plans or work otherwise regulated by this code being performed in a manner contrary to the provisions of the Revised Code or this code, in a dangerous or unsafe manner, the fire code official is authorized to issue a stop work order in accordance with section 3781.031 of the Revised Code or this code.

(2) 111.2 Issuance. A stop work order shall be issued in accordance with section 3737.42 of the Revised Code, be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's agent, or to the person doing the work and a copy shall be provided to the building official having jurisdiction. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, the conditions under which the cited work is authorized to resume.

(3) 111.3 Emergencies. Where an emergency exists, meeting the definition of an imminent hazard as described in section 3737.44 of the Revised Code, the fire code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work, provided that the stop work order is issued in accordance with sections 3737.44 and 3737.46 of the Revised Code.

(4) 111.4 Failure to comply. Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be subject to penalties in accordance with paragraph (I)(3)( 109.3 ) of this rule or other applicable laws, rules and regulations.

(L) Section 112 State fire marshal permits and inspection fees

(1) 112.1 Permit fees. The fee for all permits issued by the state fire marshal shall be seventy-five dollars unless specifically indicated otherwise in this code.

Exceptions:

1. If a manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks has paid an original or a renewal licensure application fee in accordance with paragraph (Q)(1)( 3317.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code, then the manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks is not required to pay a fee for the Class 1 magazine storage permit required by paragraph (E)(1)(a)(i)(a)(105.1.1.1.1) of this rule.

2. A permit fee is not required for the construction of a temporary membrane structure or tent erected on state property.

(a) 112.1.1 Fees for multiple permits. When multiple permits are applied for to the state fire marshal for a specific event or approved construction at the same location, such permit application may be consolidated into a single permit application. The total fees otherwise required for such multiple permits may be consolidated into a single fee, which may be reduced at the discretion of the state fire marshal in an amount proportionate to the corresponding inspection activity.

(2) 112.2 Construction inspection fees. The state fire marshal shall require new construction inspection fees as follows:

(a) Initial inspection fee of two hundred dollars.

(b) Re-inspection fee of fifty dollars.

(c) First follow-up inspection fee of one hundred dollars.

(d) Second follow-up inspection fee of one hundred-fifty dollars.

(e) Third follow-up inspection fee of two hundred dollars.

(f) Fourth follow-up inspection fee of three hundred dollars.

(g) Subsequent follow-up inspection fees are increased in fifty dollar increments.

(3) 112.3 Fire safety inspection fees. The state fire marshal shall require fire safety inspection fees for all other inspections as follows:

(a) Inspection fee of one hundred dollars.

(b) First re-inspection fee of fifty dollars.

(c) Second re-inspection fee of seventy-five dollars.

(d) Subsequent re-inspection fees are increased in fifty-dollar increments.

Exceptions:

1. The inspection fee for the initial inspection conducted pursuant to the application of any license issued by the state fire marshal shall be included in the application fee.

2. Fire safety inspection fees for child daycare and child foster homes caring for eleven or fewer children shall be fifty dollars.

3. Fire safety inspection fees for the storage of explosives and explosive materials are waived for storage facilities located on a licensed premises pursuant to Chapter 3743. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

(M) Section 113 Amendments to the fire code

(1) 113.1 When any person desires to petition the state fire marshal to adopt, amend or rescind a provision of this code, such person shall file on a format prescribed by the state fire marshal the petition with the state fire marshal.

(2) 113.2 The petition shall include the following:

(a) The date the petition is submitted;

(b) The number of the section of this code which is proposed for amendment, adoption or rescission;

(c) The section numbers of all other sections of this code which will be affected by the matter proposed;

(d) The name and address of the petitioner and the name of the petitioner's representative if a representative is employed;

(e) The provisions of this code, which are proposed for adoption, amendment or rescission stated in full and in the form specified in this rule;

(f) The reasons for and purpose of the matter proposed;

(g) The adoption, amendment or rescission of any provision of this code shall be accomplished according to Chapter 119. and sections 3737.82 and 3737.86 of the Revised Code.

(3) 113.3 Changes. Petitions for adoption, amendment or rescission of this code, required under this rule, shall conform to the requirements of this rule including:

(a) 113.3.1 All matter proposed to be eliminated from this code shall be deleted by means of striking through the text.

(b) 113.3.2 All proposed new matter to be inserted into this code shall be inserted and be underlined.

(N) Section 114 Notice of public hearing

(1) 114.1 Procedures. The procedure of the state fire marshal for giving public notice for the adoption, amendment or recession of the rules shall be in accordance with Chapter 119. and section 3737.86 of the Revised Code, and this paragraph.

(2) 114.2 The state fire marshal shall cause:

(a) A statement of its intention to consider adopting, amending or rescinding a rule;

(b) A synopsis of the proposed rule, amendment, or rule to be rescinded or a general statement of the subject matter to which the proposed rule, amendment, or rescission relates;

(c) A statement of the reason or purpose for adopting, amending or rescinding the rule;

(d) Public notice to be filed with the "Legislative Service Commission" and the "Joint Commission on Agency Rule Review" on the "Register of Ohio."

(3) 114.3 The state fire marshal shall be authorized to give additional notice to such public hearing as the state fire marshal deems necessary; however, the giving of such additional notice shall not be mandatory and the failure to give notice by any means other than as specified in paragraph (N)(2)( 114.2 ) of this rule shall not in any way invalidate any action which may be taken by the state fire marshal.

(O) Section 115 Research reports and testing laboratories

(1) 115.1 In those cases in which a product is proposed for use in Ohio, but such product does not meet specific standards set by the "Ohio Fire Code," the state fire marshal may require authenticated research reports from approved authoritative sources to assist in determining the acceptability of that product.

(2) 115.2 Authoritative sources recognized by the state fire marshal include, but are not limited to:

"American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI)

25 West 43rd Street

New York, New York 10018"

"American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM)

100 Barr Harbor Drive

West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428-2959"

"Applied Research Laboratories of Florida, Inc.

650 Palm Avenue

P.O. Box 489

Hialeah, Florida 33011"

"Bowser-Morner Testing Lab, Inc.

4518 Taylorsville Road

P.O. Box 51

Dayton, Ohio 45424"

"Canadian Standards Association or CSA International

8501 East Pleasant Valley Road

Cleveland, Ohio 44131-5575"

"Engineering Experiment Station

The Ohio State University

2070 Neil Avenue

Columbus, Ohio 43210"

"Factory Mutual Research Corporation (FM)

1151 Boston-Providence Turnpike

Norwood, Massachusetts 02062"

"Guardian Fire Testing Laboratories, Inc.

399 Prospect Avenue

Buffalo, New York 14201"

"Intertek Testing Services

24 Groton Avenue

Cortland, New York 13045"

"National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Building and Fire Research Laboratory

100 Bureau Drive

Building 226, Room B216

Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8600"

"NSF International

789 Dixboro Road

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105"

"OMNI-Test Laboratories, Inc.

5465 SW Western Avenue

Suite G

P.O. Box 743

Beaverton, Oregon 97075"

"Resource International, Inc.

281 Enterprise Drive

Westerville, Ohio 43081"

"SGS U.S. Testing Laboratories, Inc.

Headquarters

5555 Telegraph Road

Los Angeles, California 90040"

"Southwest Research Institute

PO Drawer 28510

San Antonio, Texas 77228"

"TolTest, Inc.

P.O. Box 2186

1915 North 12th Street

Toledo, Ohio 43624"

"Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL)

333 Pfingsten Road

Northbrook, Illinois 60062"

"Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC)

7 Crouse Road

Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R 3A9"

(P) Section 116 Flammability of consumer goods

(1) 116.1 Unless otherwise provided by the Revised Code, the federal standards of flammability for consumer goods are adopted and incorporated in the state fire code as the minimum standards of flammability for consumer goods in Ohio. If such federal standards change subsequent to the effective day of this rule, only those rules or portions of those rules which are identical to the federal standards shall remain in effect.

(Q) Section 117 Procedure in the event of fire

(1) 117.1 Notification of fires in buildings. In the event of an unfriendly fire (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) in any building regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the responsible person(as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) shall, in accordance with section 3737.63 of the Revised Code, immediately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence, call or otherwise notify the fire department concerning the fire and shall spread an alarm immediately to all occupants of the building.

(2) 117.2 Notification of fires at a premises. In the event of an unfriendly fire (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) at any premises, the responsible person (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) shall immediately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence, call or otherwise notify the fire department concerning the fire and shall spread an alarm immediately to all occupants of the premises.

(3) 117.3 Reporting fires. Unfriendly fires shall be reported to the fire department having jurisdiction. The fire chef or designee shall make a report and forward a copy of said report to the state fire marshal of such unfriendly fires as required by section 3737.24 of the Revised Code.

(R) Section 118 Hotel and SRO facility license

(1) 118.1 License to operate a hotel or SRO facility. For those facilities defined as a hotel or SRO facility in section 3731.01 of the Revised Code, the issuance of a license shall be contingent upon compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of the Revised Code.

(2) 118.2 Definitions. The following words and terms shall for the purposes of this paragraph, have the meanings shown herein.

"Agricultural labor camp." Means camps as defined in section 3733.41 of the Revised Code.

"Apartment house." Means occupancies subject to Chapter 5321. of the Revised Code.

"Approved." Accepted by the fire code official as evidenced by documentation.

"Boarding, lodging, rooming house." A building arranged or used (for stays) where rooms are offered for compensation, with or without meals, and not occupied as a single family unit.

"Constantly attended location." As used in paragraph (R)(118) of this rule, a location within a licensed hotel/SRO facility that is manned/occupied by hotel/SRO facility staff on a 24-hour basis. An example of such a location would be the registration desk.

"Cooking devices." Any cooking appliance other than those listed as safe for residential use as defined below.

"Cooking device listed as safe for residential use." Microwave oven or coffee pot or similar item as established by the state fire marshal.

"Dwelling unit." A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.

"Dwelling unit features." Provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.

"Efficiency unit." A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.

"Emergency egress routes/Escape routes." As used in paragraph (R)(118) of this rule, a floor plan with arrows indicating the primary and secondary path to an exit.

"Extended stay hotel." Any structure consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, advertised, and held out to the public to be a place where temporary residence is offered for pay to persons, including, but not limited to, an extended stay hotel or extended stay motel that is specifically constructed and approved by the building official having jurisdiction over it and by the state fire marshal, for extended stay temporary residence by persons, and that contains six or more dwelling units with provision for living, eating, cooking, sanitation, and sleeping. The licensure category shall also include a hotel that contains both transient and extended stay rooms where the use of all such rooms is identified and approved in accordance with this rule.

"Guestroom." A room offered to the public for a fee that contains, at a minimum, provisions for sleeping.

"[Hospital/college] Dormitory." A space in a building where group sleeping accommodations are provided in one room, or in a series of closely associated rooms, for persons not members of the same family group, under joint occupancy and single management, as in college dormitories or fraternity houses.

"Hotel." Any structure consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that is kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the public to be a place where sleeping accommodations are offered for pay to transient guests for a period of thirty days or less, including but not limited to, such a structure denoted as a hotel, motel, motor hotel, lodge, motor lodge, bed and breakfast, or inn. The licensure category for such structures shall be transient hotel.

"Light hazard occupancy." Occupancies or portions of other occupancies where the quantity and/or combustibility of contents is low and fires with relatively low rates of heat release are expected as determined by the fire code official.

"Person/responsible person." The person responsible for compliance with the state fire code, including but not limited to, the owner, lessee, agent, operator, or occupant of a building, premises or vehicle. Responsible persons can include individuals, heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, business associations, partnerships or corporations, its or their successors or assigns or the agent of any of the aforesaid.

"Residential hotel." A structure or structures consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five dwelling units, that are specifically constructed and approved through a valid certificate of occupancy issued by the building official having jurisdiction, as having both dwelling unit features for non-transient residence purposes and all of the transient residential group R-1 use and occupancy classification adopted by the board of building standards pursuant to Chapter 3781. of the Revised Code, and that are kept, used, maintained, advertised, operated as, or held out to the public to be a place where non-transient dwelling units are offered for pay to persons for a minimum stay of more than thirty days.

"Residential premises." Has the same meaning as the term is defined in section 5321.01 of the Revised Code.

"Single room occupancy." One occupant per room.

"Sleeping room." A room that provides at a minimum adequate sleeping accommodations for each guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping and accompanying bedding, mattress, box spring, pillow(s), sheets and pillow cases.

"SRO facility." A facility with more than five sleeping rooms that is kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the public as a place where sleeping rooms are offered on a single room occupancy (SRO) basis and intended for use as a primary residence for residential guests for a period of more than thirty days.

"Temporary residence." Means six or more dwelling unit accommodations within a single structure, except apartment buildings and other structures or portions thereof that are either residential premises subject to Title LIII. of the Revised Code or a similar residential occupancy, offered for pay to persons for a period of one year or less.

"Transient." No more than 30 days.

"Transient hotel." Any structure consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the public to be a place where sleeping accommodations are offered for pay to transient guests for a period of thirty days or less, including, but not limited to, such a structure denoted as a hotel, motel, motor hotel, lodge, motor lodge, bed and breakfast, or inn.

"Transient 270 day stay hotel room." A specifically designated sleeping room, in a licensed transient hotel meeting all the requirements contained in section 3731.041 of the Revised Code.

(3) 118.3 Hotel and SRO facilities.

(a) 118.3.1 "Hotel" does not include agricultural labor camps, apartment houses, lodging houses, rooming houses, or hospital or college dormitories.

(b) 118.3.2 A SRO facility shall include at a minimum, a sleeping area with adequate sleeping accommodations for the guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping.

(c) 118.3.3 No person licensed to maintain and operate a hotel or SRO facility shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located the licensed hotel, unless the agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house or hospital or college dormitory has been constructed as, and been approved by the building official having jurisdiction over it as being a separate building within the hotel structure in accordance with approved building rated separation assemblies.

(i) 118.3.3.1 Upon initial application for licensure or upon request of the state fire marshal, a hotel or SRO facility seeking approval of separated uses as described in paragraph (R)(3)(c)(118 3.2 ) of this rule, must submit to the state fire marshal a valid certificate of occupancy that clearly indicates the separation of such uses as issued by the building official having jurisdiction and any other documentation requested by the state fire marshal.

(ii) 118.3.3.2 The state fire marshal shall not issue more than one hotel or SRO license for any structure.

(d) 118.3.4 The most current license issued to a hotel or SRO facility shall be kept in the office of such hotel or SRO facility and produced for review when requested by the fire code official or displayed in a conspicuous and public manner therein.

(e) 118.3.5 Each hotel or SRO facility shall maintain on the premises, a register or guest information records or written occupancy agreement for a period of two years and provide such information upon request, of the state fire marshal or fire code official. The register, guest information records or written occupancy agreements shall clearly indicate the dates of arrival and departure for occupants in such guestroom.

(f) 118.3.6 Each licensed hotel or SRO facility shall maintain a responsible person on duty on the premises or provide appropriate notification information posted in a conspicuous place visible from the exterior.

(g) 118.3.7 Every hotel and SRO facility shall have proper plumbing, lighting and ventilation installed and maintained in accordance with the building code, plumbing code and mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and this code.

(h) 118.3.8 The responsible person for the hotel or SRO facility must safely and properly maintain the building, structure, premises or lot at all times in accordance with this code, other jurisdictional codes and ordinances and the International Property Maintenance Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 118.3.9 The responsible person of a licensed hotel shall post in each guestroom the hotel room rate indicating the maximum actual rate and include the maximum rate per number of actual occupants.

(j) 118.3.10 The responsible person or licensee of a hotel or SRO facility shall post the arson laws, as set forth in sections 2909.02 and 2909.03 of the Revised Code, in a conspicuous place in each guestroom, sleeping room, or dwelling unit in the facility.

(k) 118.3.11 The responsible person or licensee of a hotel or SRO facility shall post emergency egress routes or escape routes in a conspicuous place in each guestroom, sleeping room, or dwelling unit in the facility.

(4) 118.4 Transient hotels.

(a) 118.4.1 The requirements of the paragraph are specific to licensed transient hotels but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed transient hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)( 118.3 ) of this rule.

(b) 118.4.2 No person licensed to operate a transient hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed transient hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118.3.3), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118.3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(118.3.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.4.3 The responsible person or licensee of a transient hotel licensed pursuant to division (A)(2) of section 3731.01 of the Revised Code shall not permit guests to stay in guestrooms or sleeping rooms for periods in excess of thirty (30) days.

Exception: Guests are permitted to stay up to 270 days in transient hotel guestrooms and sleeping rooms when all of the following conditions are met:

1. Not more than 40 per cent of the total transient guestrooms and sleeping rooms in the facility are transient 270 days stay hotel rooms.

2. The designation of specific guestrooms or sleeping rooms on the license application or change of status application as 270 day stay hotel rooms does not change to another category or type during the annual hotel license period.

3. The responsible person or licensee of the licensed transient hotel submits the list of 270 day stay hotel room numbers to the state fire marshal not less than 30 days prior to the first day any guest is allowed to stay in any 270 day stay hotel room.

4. The responsible person or licensee of the transient hotel designates each specific 270 day stay hotel room by room number.

5. The building official having jurisdiction and the state fire marshal have approved the existing fire alarm system.

6. 270 day stay hotel room guests do not accumulate combustible materials within the 270 day stay hotel rooms to the point that the hazard classification of the hotel room would no longer be light hazard in the opinion of the fire code official.

7. No cooking devices except for those listed as safe for residential use as the terms are defined in paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of this rule are stored or used within the 270 day stay hotel room.

8. Smoke detectors, which shall be properly installed in all guestrooms and sleeping rooms of a transient hotel that provides 270 day stay hotel rooms to guests, annunciate at a constantly attended location from which the structure's fire alarm system can be manually activated.

9. A means to manually activate the structure's fire alarm system is provided at the constantly attended location where the guestroom or sleeping room smoke detectors are annunciated.

(5) 118.5 Extended stay hotels.

(a) 118.5.1 The requirements of this paragraph are specific to licensed extended stay hotels but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed extended stay hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)( 118.3 ) of this rule.

(b) 118.5.2 No person licensed to operate an extended stay hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed extended stay hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118.3.3), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118.3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(118.3.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.5.3 No person shall operate an extended stay hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of this rule without first obtaining a license from the state fire marshal for the extended stay hotel licensure category pursuant to paragraph (R)(1)( 118.1 ) of this rule.

(d) 118.5.4 The responsible person or licensee of the licensed extended stay hotel may permit stays of less than thirty (30) days within dwelling units or other rooms within the structure only if such dwelling units or rooms are specifically constructed and approved as also being transient sleeping rooms.

(i) 118.5.4.1 The building official having jurisdiction shall approve through a valid certificate of occupancy and the state fire marshal shall approve any dwelling unit or other room that is to be used for stays of less than thirty (30) days. This certificate of occupancy shall indicate the specific rooms within the structure that are approved for use as transient sleeping rooms.

(e) 118.5.5 The state fire marshal shall not issue an extended stay hotel license for a facility and no person shall operate a facility as an extended stay hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of this rule unless a valid certificate of occupancy has been obtained for the facility.

(f) 118.5.6 Provisions for cooking, as approved by the building official having jurisdiction, shall be provided in each dwelling unit, and consist of, a space for food preparation, one cooking appliance, and a properly plumbed kitchen sink separate from the bathroom lavatory.

(g) 118.5.7 Provisions for eating within the dwelling unit shall be provided and shall consist of appropriate furnishings for the consumption of food.

(h) 118.5.8 Provisions for living within the dwelling unit shall be provided and shall consist of a bath area for personal hygiene that is separated from other areas in the dwelling unit and is equipped with a properly plumbed water closet, lavatory and tub/shower.

(i) 118.5.9 Provisions for sleeping within the dwelling unit shall be provided and at a minimum consist of a sleeping area with adequate sleeping accommodations for each guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping and accompanying bedding, mattress, box spring, pillow(s), sheets and pillow cases.

(6) 118.6 Residential hotel

(a) 118.6.1 The requirements of this paragraph are specific to licensed residential hotel but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed residential hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)( 118.3 ) of this rule.

(b) 118.6.2 No person licensed to operate a residential hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed residential hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118 3.3 ), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118 3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(1183.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.6.3 No person shall operate a residential hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of this rule without first obtaining a license from the state fire marshal for the residential hotel licensure category pursuant to paragraph (R)(1)( 118.1 ) of this rule.

(d) 118.6.4 Residential hotels shall only be kept, used, maintained, advertised, and held out to the public for minimum stays of more than thirty (30) days.

(e) 118.6.5 Responsible persons and licensee of licensed residential hotels shall, upon request of the dwelling unit guest, provide furniture adequate for living, eating, cooking, sanitation and sleeping within the dwelling unit. Furniture or furnishings provided for sleeping and sanitation shall include bed, blankets, sheets and pillow cases, towels and wash clothes. The residential hotel may charge appropriate additional fees for the provision of any furniture or provisions pursuant to this paragraph.

(7) 118.7 Licensure.

(a) 118.7.1 To obtain a new or renewal hotel or SRO facility license, the applicant shall submit to the state fire marshal an application with the appropriate fee payment as set forth in paragraph (R)(7)(c)(118.7.3) of this rule. The application shall be in a form as prescribed by the state fire marshal and shall include all information required by Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, by this paragraph and by the state fire marshal.

(b) 118.7.2 Each applicant for a hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal the appropriate licensure category, indicating whether the facility is a, transient stay hotel/motel, extended stay hotel/motel, or a residential hotel as those terms are defined in paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of this rule.

(i) 118.7.2.1 Each applicant for a transient hotel licensure category license shall provide documentation accompanying the license application as prescribed by the state fire marshal. Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal, such documentation shall include a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating approval of sleeping accommodations for transient guests for a period of thirty days or less.

(a) 118.7.2.1.1 Each applicant for a transient hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, meeting the requirements of section 3731.041 of the Revised Code, by room number, are offered for a period of 270 days or less.

(ii) 118.7.2.2 Each applicant for an extended stay hotel licensure category license shall provide documentation accompanying the license application as prescribed by the state fire marshal. Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal such documentation shall include a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating that each unit the licensee intends to use as an extended stay guestroom has been specifically approved as a dwelling unit or efficiency containing provisions for living, eating, cooking, sanitation and sleeping.

(a) 118.7.2.2.1 Each applicant for an extended stay hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, by room number, are offered for occupancy for periods exceeding 30 days.

(iii) 118.7.2.3 Each applicant for a SRO facility license shall complete the application provided by the state fire marshal.

(a) 118.7.2.3.1 Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal, each applicant for an SRO facility license shall provide a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating a use group classification for the SRO facility of R-2 as approved and issued by the building official having jurisdiction. Any facility operating prior to October 16, 1996, in the nature of a SRO facility, whether previously licensed as a hotel or not, shall be permitted to provide documentation of a use group classification of either R-1 or R-2 as approved and issued by the building official having jurisdiction.

(b) 118.7.2.3.2 Each applicant for an SRO facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, by room number, are offered for occupancy for periods of 30 days or less.

(iv) 118.7.2.4 Transfer and information changes. If the ownership of a hotel or SRO facility is transferred from one person to another person, upon the sale or disposition of the hotel or SRO facility or its removal to a new location, the new owner shall request a transfer of the license from the state fire marshal. No license shall be transferred without the consent of the state fire marshal. The transfer of a hotel license shall be contingent upon an inspection verifying compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.7.2.4.1 If the approval of a proposed transfer would be contrary to applicable law or this code, the state fire marshal may refuse to permit a license already issued to be transferred to a different owner. Pursuant to and in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the aggrieved party may request a hearing on the denial of transfer. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(c) 118.7.3 If the approval of a proposed transfer would be contrary to applicable law or this code, the state fire marshal may refuse to grant any license to operate a hotel or to permit a license already issued to be transferred. Pursuant to and in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the aggrieved party may request a hearing on the denial of transfer. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(d) 118.7.4 License fees.

(i) 118.7.4.1 License fees. The initial licensure fee for a newly constructed hotel or SRO facility shall be:

(a) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior corridor rooms only, two thousand dollars;

(b) For all hotels or SRO facilities with interior corridor rooms only, three thousand dollars;

(c) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior or interior corridor rooms and places of assembly, such as restaurant, lounge, banquet facility, etc., four thousand dollars.

Any existing facility that applies for a hotel or SRO facility license under this paragraph shall be assessed an initial licensure fee equivalent to the standard renewal fee.

(ii) 118.7.4.2 Renewal fees. On or before December first of each year a renewal application as prescribed by the state fire marshal shall be submitted with the appropriate renewal fee. Renewal applications accepted on or after the last day of December of each year shall be charged a 10 per cent late fee. The renewal fee for each hotel or SRO facility license shall be a minimum of one hundred ten dollars or one dollar per room whichever is greater.

(iii) 118.7.4.3 Change of license information. Changes to license information shall require a twenty-five dollar fee.

(iv) 118.7.4.4 Transfer of license. The fee for the transfer of a license through a true bill of sale shall be five hundred dollars and a completed application for transfer shall be accompanied by the documentation requested by the state fire marshal evidencing the sale.

(v) 118.7.4.5 Adding newly constructed portions. The fee shall be five hundred dollars for one to twenty guestroom additions, one thousand dollars for more than twenty guestroom additions, and fifteen hundred dollars for the addition of guestrooms and/or places of assembly such as restaurants, lounges, banquet facilities, mercantile or office space.

(vi) 118.7.4.6 Adding a previously licensed portion. The fee shall be two hundred dollars for one to twenty guestroom additions, four hundred dollars for more than twenty guestroom additions, and five hundred dollars for the addition of guestrooms and/or places of assembly such as restaurants, lounges, banquet facilities, mercantile or office space.

(e) 118.7.5 Removal, transfer and licensing of a portion of a facility.

(i) 118.7.5.1 If a licensee seeks to remove or transfer a portion of a currently licensed hotel or SRO facility, then the licensee shall notify the state fire marshal in writing of such portions of the licensed hotel or SRO facility premises that are to be affected by the change to license information and pay the fee set forth in paragraph (R)(7)(d)(iii)( 118.74.3 ) of this rule.

(ii) 118.7.5.2 To add a previously licensed portion of a licensed premises to a current hotel or SRO facility license, the licensee shall apply for a new hotel or SRO facility license pursuant to paragraph (R)(7)(b)(i)(118.7.2.1) of this rule. This application shall reflect the entire hotel or SRO facility.

(iii) 118.7.5.3 To add a newly constructed portion that would change the total number of guestrooms, sleeping rooms and/or dwelling units to an existing licensed hotel or SRO facility, the licensee shall apply for a new hotel or SRO facility license pursuant to paragraph (R)(7)(b)(i)(118.7.2.1) of this rule. This application shall reflect the entire hotel or SRO facility.

(iv) 118.7.5.4 The state fire marshal shall not issue more than one hotel or SRO facility license for a hotel or SRO facility or portion thereof as licensed under this paragraph.

(f) 118.7.6 Compliance.

(i) 118.7.6.1 The owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property or any business or property subject to licensure in accordance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code shall comply with the following:

(a) 118.7.6.1.1 No hotel or SRO facility shall be maintained, conducted, or advertised without a license.

(b) 118.7.6.1.2 No person shall advertise, conduct, maintain or operate any structure as a hotel or as an SRO facility, or any business or property meeting the definition of a hotel or SRO facility, without a license.

(c) 118.7.6.1.3 No person shall operate a structure subject to licensure in accordance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code that is not equipped in the manner and conditions as required under Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(d) 118.7.6.1.4 No person shall advertise, conduct, maintain, or operate a licensed hotel or licensed SRO facility in a manner that is inconsistent with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(e) 118.7.6.1.5 No person shall fail or refuse to comply with sections 3731.01 to 3731.21 of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(f) 118.7.6.1.6 Each day of violation of paragraphs (R)(7)(f)(i)(a)(118.7.6.1.1) to (R)(7)(f)(i)(e)(118.7.6.1.5) of this rule constitutes a separate offense.

(ii) 118.7.6.2 Inspection. The state fire marshal may inspect any business or property subject to Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code at any reasonable time. Such inspections may be conducted, upon a complaint received by the state fire marshal, for licensure purposes or for any other reason, to determine if a business or property is in compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or any other applicable laws, rules or regulations.

(iii) 118.7.6.3 Notice of violation. Whenever, upon inspection, it is found that a business or property is not being conducted, or is not equipped in the manner and condition required by Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph, or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall notify the owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of such business, or the owner or agent of the building so occupied, of such violations and of any changes or alterations as may be necessary to effect a complete compliance with sections 3731.01 to 3731.21 of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(iv) 118.7.6.4 Compliance. The owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property receiving a notice of violation in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(f)(iii)(118.7.6.3) of this rule shall bring the business or property into compliance with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code within a reasonable time set by the state fire marshal.

(v) 118.7.6.5 Methods of enforcement. If an owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property receiving a notice of violation in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(f)(iii)(118.7.6.3) of this rule does not bring the business or property into compliance with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code within a reasonable time set by the state fire marshal, the state fire marshal may take any enforcement actions permitted by law including, but not limited to, issuance of a notice of opportunity for hearing to deny, suspend or revoke licensure, issuance of a citation pursuant to section 3737.41 and/or 3737.42 of the Revised Code, injunctive relief pursuant to sections 3731.05 , 3731.21 and 3737.44 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code and/or criminal prosecution pursuant to sections 3731.03 , 3731.05 and 3731.99 of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.7.6.5.1 Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit the authority of the state fire marshal to take any action permitted under sections 3737.41 to 3737.51 of the Revised Code against a hotel or SRO facility in addition to or instead of taking action against the hotel or SRO facility, or the license issued to the hotel or SRO facility under Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code or this rule.

(vi) 118.7.6.6 For any denial, revocation or suspension of licensure actions taken by the state fire marshal, such actions shall be taken in accordance with applicable law, including Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and sections 3731.05 and 3731.06 of the Revised Code.

(g) 118.7.7 Licensure limitations.

(i) 118.7.7.1 Each applicant for a hotel or SRO facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms are offered for occupancy for a period of thirty days or less and which rooms are offered for occupancy for a period of 270 days or less.

(S) Section 119 Small government fire department services revolving loan program

(1) 119.1 As used in this rule:

(a) "Qualifying small government" has the same meaning as in division (A) of section 3737.17 of the Revised Code.

(b) "Fire district" means a fire district organized under section 505.37 of the Revised Code.

(c) "Joint fire district" means a joint fire district organized under section 505.371 of the Revised Code.

(d) "State fire marshal" means the state fire marshal appointed pursuant to section 3737.21 of the Revised Code.

(e) "Joint fire and ambulance district" means a joint fire and ambulance district organized under section 505.375 of the Revised Code.

(f) "Loan" means a loan granted under the small government fire department services revolving loan program established by section 3737.17 of the Revised Code.

(2) 119.2 Qualifications

(a) Only a qualifying small government that currently operates a fire department organized under section 505.37 , 505.371 , 737.21 or 505.375 of the Revised Code or a qualifying small government that is a township or municipality that has adopted a resolution or ordinance authorizing the creation of a fire department, fire district, joint fire district or joint fire and ambulance district under one of these sections is eligible to receive a loan.

(b) In order for a fire department operated by a small government to receive a loan under this rule, the fire department must be reporting fires to the state fire marshal as required by section 3737.24 of the Revised Code and this rule.

(3) 119.3 Applications filing

(a) Applications for a loan shall be made only on forms provided by the state fire marshal.

(b) Only applications that are post marked on or before the application deadline established by the state fire marshal and have been delivered to the state fire marshal's office within seven days of that deadline will be considered by the state fire marshal.

(4) 119.4 Applications-content

In its applications the qualifying small government shall:

(a) Explain how it qualifies for the loan.

(b) Describe how the loan will be used including the total cost of the project and the amount of money the qualifying small government is proposing to contribute to the total cost of the project.

(c) Describe the benefits to its citizens the loan will provide that are not currently available to them.

(d) Describe why the small government is not able to provide this service through the use of its own funds.

(e) Provide information concerning the total income available from all sources to provide fire and/or fire and ambulance service.

(f) Provide information concerning the assets and liabilities of the qualifying small government that are intended in whole or in part to provide fire or fire and ambulance service.

(g) Provide such other information as may be called for in the application form provided by the state fire marshal.

(5) 119.5 Requirements for buildings constructed or equipment purchased.

(a) All building constructions, additions and alterations completed with funds provided by a loan shall meet all minimum requirements of division-level 4101:1, 4101:2 and 4101:3 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Any fire apparatus purchased with funds from a loan shall meet the requirements of Chapter 4123:1-21 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The fee title to any real property purchased or on which a structure is constructed in any part with a loan under this rule shall list the "State of Ohio, Department of Commerce, Division of State Fire Marshal" as the mortgage holder until such time as the loan obligation is satisfied.

(d) The title to any vehicle purchased in part with a loan under this rule shall list the "State of Ohio, Department of Commerce, Division of State Fire Marshal" as the lien holder until such time as the loan obligation is satisfied.

(e) Any fire apparatus or vehicle purchased in part under this rule shall have a repayment period not to exceed ten years.

(6) 119.6 At the discretion of the state fire marshal a qualifying small government may apply for and be granted at loan at any time regardless of established application periods and deadlines if all of the following apply:

(a) The qualifying small government had a local emergency or disaster or is included in an area where a disaster has been declared by the governor.

(b) The events of the local emergency or disaster have damaged or destroyed vehicles, buildings or equipment necessary to provide fire or fire and ambulance services.

(c) The qualifying small government has made application for any federal, state and private insurance reimbursement as may be available as a result of the disaster.

(d) The loan fund has necessary moneys to provide the loan.

(7) 119.7 Award of loans

The awarding of all loans shall be at the sole discretion of the state fire marshal.

(a) Upon determining which small governments shall receive a loan, the state fire marshal shall notify the qualifying small government in writing of his intent to grant the loan and of the terms and conditions of the loan.

(b) Promptly after receiving notification that the state fire marshal intends to grant a loan to the qualifying small government, the qualifying small government must adopt a resolution or ordinance which shall:

(i) Authorize the small government to accept the loan;

(ii) Agree to conditions of the loan as stipulated by the state fire marshal including the authority to execute any documents necessary to grant or secure the loan.

(c) Within forty-five days of receipt of the notice of the state fire marshal's intent to award the loan the qualifying small government shall forward a copy of the resolution or ordinance to the state fire marshal.

(d) Upon receipt of the resolution or ordinance the state fire marshal shall establish a line of credit from the loan fund in the name of the qualifying small government.

(e) Within one hundred twenty days of the date the notice of intent to award the loan was received, the qualifying small government shall provide to the state fire marshal a properly executed contract or purchase agreement for the construction, addition or alteration of the building or purchase of the vehicle or equipment described in the original loan application.

(f) Upon determination that the contract or purchase agreement is for substantially the same project as described in the original loan application, the loan funds will be released to the qualifying small government according to the term of the loan agreement.

(8) 119.8 Repayment.

(a) A repayment or amortization schedule shall be established as part of the loan agreement. In establishing the repayment schedule, the state fire marshal shall consider the ability of the small government to repay the loan and the need to maintain a sufficient balance in the loan fund to insure it's continued operation.

(b) The repayment or amortization schedule shall not extend beyond twenty years.

(T) Section 120 Fire department grants

(1) 120.1 Definitions.

As used in this rule:

"Certified training program." A firefighter training program conducted under the rules of the "Department of Public Safety" that results in the certification of an individual student as a volunteer firefighter, firefighter I transition, firefighter I, firefighter II, fire safety inspector or firefighting instructor.

"Fire department." A fire department organized under section 505.37 , 505.371 , 505.375 or 737.21 of the Revised Code.

"Joint fire district." A fire department organized under section 505.371 or 505.375 of the Revised Code.

"Private fire company." A private fire company organized under section 9.60 of the Revised Code.

"Small municipality or small township." A duly constituted municipality or village under Title 7 of the Revised Code or township under Title 5 of the Revised Code having a population of less than 25,000 permanent residents.

"Volunteer fire department." A fire department, organized under section 505.37 , 505.371 , 505.375 or 737.21 of the Revised Code, wherein at least one-half of the firefighters are volunteer firefighters.

"Volunteer firefighter." A duly appointed member of a fire department on either a nonpay or part-pay basis who is ineligible to be a member of the Ohio police and fire pension fund, or whose employment as a firefighter does not in itself qualify any such person for membership in the public employees retirement system, or who has waived membership in the public employees retirement system.

(2) 120.2 Scope. This rule applies to "Fire Department Grant" funds specifically appropriated by the General Assembly to the state fire marshal for award and distribution to eligible recipients for the provision of firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items to the recipient, as full or partial reimbursement for the documented costs of firefighter training for, or sponsored by, an eligible recipient or, in the discretion of the state fire marshal, for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services within that eligible recipient's jurisdiction.

The state fire marshal may establish any additional policies and procedures as may be deemed necessary to carry out the intent of this rule.

(3) 120.3 Eligibility.

Eligible recipients for grants awarded under this rule are:

(a) A volunteer fire department;

(b) A fire department that serves one or more small municipalities or small townships;

(c) A joint fire district comprised of departments that primarily serves small municipalities or small townships;

(d) The local unit of government responsible for:

(i) A fire department;

(ii) A fire department that serves small municipalities or small townships; or

(iii) A portion of a joint fire district comprised of volunteer departments that primarily serves small municipalities or small townships; and

(e) The local unit of government responsible for the provision of fire protection services for a small municipality or small township.

(f) A private fire company that provides fire protection services under a contract to a political subdivision of the state. Such private fire company is eligible only for a training grant.

(4) 120.4 General terms and conditions.

(a) Funds provided by a grant under this rule shall only be used for purposes for which the eligible recipient may lawfully expend public funds and in accordance with the terms of the grant award and this code.

(b) An eligible recipient may receive up to $15,000 in a fiscal year from this grant for firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items or for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services. If, during the preceding or current fiscal year of the grant award, the eligible recipient is in a jurisdiction that has had a natural disaster as declared by the Governor, the recipient may receive up to $25,000 in a fiscal year from this grant for firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items or for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services. In addition to any other funds awarded under this grant, an eligible recipient may receive up to $15,000 in a fiscal year from this grant as full or partial reimbursement for the documented costs of firefighter training.

(c) For each fiscal year, the state fire marshal shall, as the state fire marshal determines is appropriate, apportion the available grant funds for expenditure for any of the particular purposes allowed under this paragraph. Each eligible recipient may receive only one grant for each state fiscal year for which funds are made available by the Ohio General Assembly, but such a grant may be awarded by the state fire marshal in multiple parts, including for the purposes described in paragraphs (T)(6)(a)(120.6.1) and (T)(6)(b)(120.6.2) of this rule, to an eligible recipient during a state fiscal year.

(d) The awarding of all grants shall be at the sole discretion of the state fire marshal.

(e) All grants awarded are subject to the availability of funds.

(f) The state fire marshal may require repayment to the state of Ohio any or all of a grant should an eligible recipient fail after a reasonable time, to expend all or any part of its grant.

(g) Should the eligible recipient expend any portion of or the entire grant for any purpose other than that which was approved by the state fire marshal, the state fire marshal may require repayment of that amount to the state of Ohio.

(h) The state fire marshal may audit any awarded grant and may also require an eligible recipient receiving a grant to provide evidence that the grant has been used for the intended purpose and maintain such inventory or other records concerning purchases made with the grant as the state fire marshal deems necessary.

(i) To offset the cost of administering grants under this rule, the state fire marshal may retain in the state fire marshal's operating account an amount of money equal to not more than one and one half per cent of the total funds available under this rule.

(j) The state fire marshal shall not award a grant under this paragraph unless the eligible recipient is in compliance with the provisions of this rule and other applicable laws, rules and regulations. This includes compliance with fire department fire incident reporting requirements and participation, when required, in the volunteer firefighters' dependents fund described in Chapter 146. of the Revised Code.

(k) Eligible recipients that consist of small municipalities or small townships that all intend to or contract with the same fire department or private fire company for fire protection services may jointly apply and be considered for a grant. If a joint application is awarded a grant, the state fire marshal shall, if feasible, proportionally award the grant and any equipment purchased with grant funds to each of the joint applicants based upon each applicant's contribution to and demonstrated need for fire protection services.

If the grant awarded to joint applicants is an equipment grant and the equipment to be purchased cannot be readily distributed or possessed by multiple recipients, each of the joint applicants shall be awarded by the state fire marshal an ownership interest in the equipment so purchased in proportion to each applicant's contribution to and demonstrated need for fire protection services. The joint applicants shall then mutually agree on how the equipment is to be maintained, operated, stored or disposed of. If, for any reason, the joint applicants cannot agree as to how jointly owned equipment is to be maintained, operated, stored or disposed of or any of the joint applicants no longer maintain a contract with the same fire protection service provider as the other applicants, then the joint applicants shall, with the assistance of the state fire marshal, mutually agree as to how the jointly owned equipment is to be maintained, operated, stored, disposed of or owned. If the joint applicants cannot agree how the grant equipment is to be maintained, operated, stored, disposed of or owned, the state fire marshal may, in its discretion, require all of the equipment acquired by the joint applicants with grant funds to be returned to the state fire marshal. The state fire marshal may then award the returned equipment to any eligible recipients.

(5) 120.5 Application.

(a) All applications for any grants awarded under this rule shall be made on a form prescribed by the state fire marshal and include all of the information and documents required by the state fire marshal. Any application that fails to provide the requested information shall be deemed incomplete and not considered by the state fire marshal for an award of a grant under this rule.

(b) Applicants for a grant shall certify on the application form that the applicant is eligible to receive the grant under this rule. The form shall be signed by the chief of the fire department or chief executive official(s) of the local government entity applying for the grant.

(6) 120.6 Award of grant funds.

Grants awarded under this rule are divided into two parts: equipment and training grants.

(a) 120.6.1 In determining which eligible recipients will receive awards, the state fire marshal shall consider:

1. The population protected by the eligible recipient;

2. The size of the area for which the eligible recipient provides fire protection;

3. The operating budget of the eligible recipient from both public and private sources;

4. The intended use of the grant funds by the eligible recipient;

5. The number of fires occurring within the area protected by the eligible recipient as evidenced by reports filed with the state fire marshal under section 3737.24 of the Revised Code;

6. The amount of money being requested by the eligible recipient; and

7. Additional factors which the state fire marshal determines necessary to assist in determining which eligible recipient should receive a grant.

(i) 120.6.1.1 Equipment grants.

The state fire marshal may award equipment grants to eligible recipients under this rule for any of the following purposes:

(a) The acquisition of firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items; or

(b) For other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services.

In awarding these grants, the state fire marshal may give a preference to grants relating to the acquisition of personal protective equipment for firefighters.

(ii) 120.6.1.2 Training grants.

(a) The state fire marshal may award training grants to eligible recipients under this rule for any of the following purposes:

(i) Reimbursement of the costs of certified firefighter training programs for individual firefighters, including instructional and administrative costs and the costs of training manuals, workbooks and other similar items.

(ii) Reimbursement of the cost of in service or advanced training courses provided by the Ohio fire academy, including, "Fire Officer 1," "Fire Officer 2," "Emergency Vehicle Operations," "Structural Fire Attack 101," "Training in Acquired Structures" and "Understanding Fire Behavior."

(b) The state fire marshal shall, for each fiscal year, set forth the specific trainings and classes for which grants can be awarded under this paragraph, the maximum grant amounts to be awarded for such classes and types of documentation to be submitted to verify eligibility for reimbursement.

(c) Expenses for travel, food and lodging are not eligible for reimbursement under this paragraph.

(U) Section 121 Reserved for future use

(V) Section 122 Hearings

(1) 122.1 Scope of applicability.

(a) 122.1.1 Unless otherwise noted, paragraph (V)(122) of this rule does not apply to circumstances that include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) Acts of the state fire marshal that are ministerial in nature.

(ii) Actions of the state fire marshal that are subject to hearings under sections 3737.41 to 3737.43 of the Revised Code.

(iii) Actions of the state fire marshal that are taken pursuant to paragraph (D)(8)( 104.8 ) of this rule.

(iv) Actions of the state fire marshal that are taken pursuant to section 3743.59 of the Revised Code.

(b) 122.1.2 Except as provided in paragraph (V)(1)(a)(122.1.1) of this rule, those actions by the state fire marshal that afford the right to a hearing pursuant to state fire marshal authority provided in Chapter 119. of the Revised Code include the proposal of the state fire marshal to do the following:

(i) Refuse to issue a license, whether it is a renewal or a new license, unless a hearing was held before the refusal to issue such license.

(ii) Suspend or revoke a license.

(iii) Require a person to obtain a license when the person claims that the law does not impose such a requirement.

(2) 122.2 Definitions. The following definitions apply to paragraph (V)(122) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Affected party." A person whose interests are subject to an adjudication by the state fire marshal, including licensees, registrants, certificate holders and applicants for licenses, registrations and certifications.

"Appellant." An affected party who has requested an adjudication hearing pursuant to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

"Department." Means the department of commerce.

"Director." Means the director of the department of commerce or the director's designee.

"Division." Means the department of commerce, division of state fire marshal.

"Hearing." A hearing held by the division in compliance with sections 119.06 to 119.13 of the Revised Code.

"Last known address." The most recent mailing address reported to the division by the person in compliance with requirements to provide the person's address.

"License." Any license, permit, certificate, commission, or charter issued by the division.

"Licensee." Any person, institution, or entity, governmental or non-governmental, that holds a license, certificate or registration issued by the division pursuant to statute.

"State Fire Marshal." The Ohio department of commerce, division of state fire marshal.

"Order." Any final adjudication of facts, issues, or amounts in controversy in any hearing conducted under the authority of this rule before the division and any final disposition or directive of the state fire marshal regarding the rights, duties, privileges, benefits, legal relationships, jurisdictional status, or standing of any affected party or appellant.

"Person." An individual, a firm, a corporation, an association, an institution, a partnership, or an entity.

(3) 122.3 Chapter 119. hearings: notice.

(a) 122.3.1 Written notice of intended action. Whenever the state fire marshal proposes to take an action that the Ohio general assembly has expressly made subject to the administrative adjudication procedure outlined in Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall give notice of the intended action to the affected party informing the affected party of the affected party's right to a hearing. Notice shall be given by registered mail, return receipt requested, and shall, at a minimum, include all of the following:

(i) The specific action or actions the state fire marshal intends to take;

(ii) The charges or other reasons for the proposed action or actions;

(iii) The statute or rule directly involved;

(iv) A statement informing the affected party that the affected party is entitled to a hearing if the affected party requests it within thirty days of the time of mailing the notice;

(v) A statement informing the affected party that at the hearing the affected party may appear in person or through an attorney;

(vi) A statement informing the affected party that the affected party or the affected party's attorney may present the affected party's position, arguments or contentions entirely in writing, and that at the hearing the affected party or the affected party's attorney may present evidence and examine witnesses appearing for and against the affected party; and

(vii) A statement informing the affected party that rules governing hearings in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code are found in rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 122.3.2 The state fire marshal shall also mail a copy of the notice to the affected party's attorney or other representative of record. To qualify as an attorney or representative of record, the affected party or the attorney or representative must notify the state fire marshal, in writing, that the attorney or representative is to be designated the attorney or representative of record. The notification must include the address where the state fire marshal should mail the notice to the attorney or representative of record. The mailing of notice to the affected party's attorney or representative is not deemed to perfect service of the notice. Failure to mail a copy of the notice to the attorney or representative of record will not result in failure of otherwise perfected service upon the affected party. In those instances where an affected party is a corporation doing business in Ohio or is incorporated in Ohio, the mailing of notice to the corporation's statutory agent pursuant to sections 1701.07 and 1703.19 of the Revised Code will perfect service provided that all the requirements of paragraph (A)(3)(a)(122 3 1) of this rule have been complied with.

(c) 122.3.3 When any notice sent by registered mail pursuant to this rule is returned because the affected party fails to claim the notice, the state fire marshal shall send the notice by ordinary mail to the affected party at the affected party's last known address and shall obtain a certificate of mailing. Service by ordinary mail is complete when the certificate of mailing is obtained unless the notice is returned showing failure of delivery.

(d) 122.3.4 If any notice sent by registered or ordinary mail is returned for failure of delivery, the state fire marshal either shall make personal delivery of the notice by an employee or agent of the state fire marshal or shall cause a summary of the substantive provisions of the notice to be published once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the last known address of the affected party is located. When notice is given by publication, a proof of publication affidavit, with the first publication of the notice set forth in the affidavit, shall be mailed by ordinary mail to the affected party at the affected party's last known address and the notice shall be deemed received as of the date of the last publication. An employee or agent of the state fire marshal may make personal delivery of the notice upon a party at any time.

(e) 122.3.5 Refusal of delivery by personal service or by mail is not failure of delivery and service is deemed to be complete at the time of personal refusal or at the time of receipt by the state fire marshal of the refused mail as demonstrated by the state fire marshal time and date stamp. Failure of delivery occurs only when a mailed notice is returned by the postal authorities marked undeliverable, address or addressee unknown, or forwarding address unknown or expired.

(4) 122.4 Chapter 119. hearings: request for a hearing.

(a) 122.4.1 Any request for a hearing made as the result of notice issued pursuant to (V)(3)( 122.3 ) of this rule must be made in writing and mailed or delivered to the state fire marshal in the manner indicated in the notice issued pursuant to (V)(3)( 122.3 ) of this rule within thirty calendar days of the following, as applicable:

(i) The time of mailing the notice if notice is given pursuant to paragraph (V)(3)(a)(122.3.1) of this rule;

(ii) The date that service is complete if notice is given pursuant to paragraph (V)(3)(c)(122.3.3) or (V)(3)(e)(122.3.5) of this rule;

(iii) The date of the last publication if notice is given by publication pursuant to (V)(3)(d)(122.3.4) of this rule; or

(iv) The date of personal service.

(b) 122.4.2 If a request for a hearing is properly mailed to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as follows:

(i) If the request is mailed by certified mail, as the date stamped by the U.S. postal service on its receipt (PS form 3800 or any future equivalent postal service form).

(ii) If the request is mailed by regular U.S. mail, as of the date of the postmark appearing upon the envelope containing the request.

(iii) If the request is mailed by regular U.S. mail and the postmark is illegible or fails to appear on the envelope, as of the date of its receipt by the state fire marshal as evidenced by the state fire marshal's time stamp.

(c) 122.4.3 If a request for a hearing is made by facsimile transmission or by electronic mail to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as of the date of its receipt as evidenced by the receipt date generated by the facsimile transmission or the date of receipt shown in the source code of the electronic mail received by the state fire marshal.

(d) 122.4.4 If a request for a hearing is personally delivered to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as of the date of its receipt as evidenced by the state fire marshal's time stamp.

(e) 122.4.5 All requests for hearings must clearly identify both the affected individual involved and the proposed action that is being contested.

(5) 122.5 Computation of time deadlines. Section 1.14 of the Revised Code controls the computing of time deadlines imposed by Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. The time within which an act is required by law to be completed is computed by excluding the first day and including the last day. When the last day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act may be completed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. When the last day to perform an act that is required by law is to be performed in a public office and that public office is closed to the public for the entire day, the act may be performed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(6) 122.6 Chapter 119. hearings: appointment and powers of a hearing examiner and rules of practice.

(a) 122.6.1 Joinder of individual cases. On its own motion, or on motion of the appellant, the state fire marshal or the hearing examiner may join any individual cases where there exist incidents of common ownership or interest and where joinder would be appropriate for efficient and economic fairness to the parties.

(b) 122.6.2 Computation of time deadlines. Section 1.14 of the Revised Code controls the computing of time deadlines imposed by Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. The time within which an act is required by law to be completed by excluding the first day and including the last day. When the last day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act may be completed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. When the last day to perform an act that is required by law is to be performed in a public office, and that public office is closed to the public for the entire day or before its usual closing time for that day, then the act may be performed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(c) 122.6.3 Rules of practice in hearings conducted under this rule. In all hearings conducted under rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code where a stenographic record is taken and where the stenographic record may be the basis of an appeal to a court of law, any person not appearing pro se and any corporation, partnership, association, or other entity must be represented by an attorney admitted to the practice of law in this state. The state fire marshal or the hearing officer may permit persons authorized to practice law in any jurisdiction other than Ohio to represent an appellant before the state fire marshal upon the motion of an attorney licensed to practice before the courts of this state. When the appellant is represented by more than one attorney, one attorney must be designated by the appellant as"trail counsel" and that attorney is deemed the appellant's attorney of record and is primarily responsible for the appellant's case at the hearing. No attorney representing an appellant is permitted to withdraw from any hearing proceeding before the state fire marshal without prior notice being served upon the state fire marshal and prior approval by the hearing examiner.

(d) 122.6.4 Authority of hearing examiners appointed by the department. The director may assign a hearing examiner to conduct any hearing held subject to rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. Any person assigned to be a hearing examiner must be admitted to the practice of law in the state of Ohio and have such other qualifications as the director deems necessary. The hearing examiner may be an employee of the department or under contract to the department. The hearing examiner has the same powers as granted to the department in conducting the hearing. These powers include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) The general authority to regulate the course of the hearing and to issue orders governing the conduct of the hearing.

(ii) The authority to administer oaths or affirmations, order the production of documents and the attendance of witnesses, call and examine witnesses in a reasonable and impartial manner, and to determine the order in which the participants to a hearing will present testimony and be examined in a manner consistent with essential fairness and justice.

(iii) The authority to pass upon the admissibility of evidence, and rule on objections, procedural motions, and other procedural matters.

(iv) The authority to issue orders intended to facilitate settlement of the case, including the scheduling of settlement conferences, directing the exchange of offers and demands, and any other actions that may facilitate the prompt resolution of disputed matters.

(v) The authority to hold one or more pre-hearing conferences of the participants for the purpose of resolving issues that can be resolved by the participants including facilitation of a settlement, identifying the witnesses to be presented and the subject of their testimony, discussing possible admissions or stipulations regarding the authenticity of records, identifying and marking exhibits, and ruling on any procedural motions of the participants, resolving outstanding discovery claims, and clarifying the issues to be addressed at the hearing, and discussing any other matters deemed appropriate by the hearing examiner for the thorough and expeditious preparation and disposition of the case.

(vi) The authority to take such other actions as might be necessary to avoid unnecessary delay, prevent presentation of irrelevant or cumulative evidence, prevent argumentative, repetitious, or irrelevant examination or cross-examination, and to assure that the hearing proceeds in an orderly and expeditious manner.

(vii) Nothing in this rule, nor in any other state fire marshal rule, is to be construed as granting a hearing examiner the authority to dismiss any hearing. Nothing in this rule nor any other state fire marshal rule limits the state fire marshal's authority to withdraw a proposal to enter an order of adjudication or limits the authority of the state fire marshal to define the scope of any hearing.

(viii) Upon the motion of the hearing examiner, the state fire marshal, or the appellant, the hearing examiner may require the submission of briefs and memoranda at any time during the proceeding. The hearing examiner may limit these filings to one or more specific issues and may prescribe procedures and time schedules for their submission. All briefs, memoranda, motions, or other pleadings are subject to the following requirements:

(a) All briefs, memoranda, motions or other pleadings must be filed with the state fire marshal within three days after service. A certificate of service is to be attached attesting both to the service of a copy of the pleading on the opposing party and the provision of a copy to the hearing examiner. Service is governed by rule 5 (7/1/2007) of the Ohio rules of civil procedure except that any reference to "court" in rule 5 will be interpreted to refer to the state fire marshal.

(b) Only those pleadings, order, and other papers filed with the state fire marshal will be a part of the official record.

(c) All briefs, memoranda, motions, or other pleadings and papers must be on eight-and-one-half-inch by eleven-inch paper and double-spaced.

(d) All orders, reports, recommendations, and rulings issued by the hearing examiner are to be signed, dated, and filed with the state fire marshal.

(e) 122.6.5 Withdrawal of proposed adjudication orders. The state fire marshal, upon its own motion, at any time before the issuance of an order of adjudication, may withdraw its proposal to implement such an order without prejudice to the rights of the parties.

(7) 122.7 Chapter 119. hearings: subpoena issuance and enforcement.

(a) 122.7.1 The state fire marshal, upon its own motion or that of any appellant, will issue a subpoena requiring the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and records as are necessary for the purpose of conducting a hearing.

(b) 122.7.2 Upon the request of the appellant, the state fire marshal will issue a subpoena for any witness of a subpoena duces tecum to compel the production of any books, records, or papers. The state fire marshal will issue such subpoena in blank to a party requesting it, who is solely responsible for completing the subpoena form, including the address where the person is to be served, and returning it to the state fire marshal along with a written request for service. The written request along with the completed subpoena must be received by the state fire marshal no later than twenty-one business days before the commencement of the hearing or deposition, unless otherwise ordered for good cause shown. Upon its own initiate and for its own use, the state fire marshal may issue a subpoena for any purpose set forth in this rule or otherwise authorized by law. At its discretion, the state fire marshal may make available electronically a subpoena in blank and may authorize electronic submission of a completed subpoena.

(c) 122.7.3 All subpoenas issued under this rule are to be directed to the sheriff of the county where the person to be served resides or is found. The subpoena is to be served and returned in the same manner as a subpoena in a criminal case. Fees and mileage of the sheriff will be the same as that allowed in the court of common pleas in criminal cases. Fees and mileage of the witness are governed by section 119.094 of the Revised Code. The state fire marshal will pay allowable fees and mileage.

(d) 122.7.4 In case of disobedience or neglect of any subpoena served upon any person, or the refusal of any witness to testify to any matter in which there may be lawful interrogation, the state fire marshal will apply to the court of common pleas where such disobedience, neglect, or refusal occurs for an order to compel obedience by attachment proceedings for contempt, as in the case of disobedience of the requirements of a subpoena issued from such court, or a refusal to testify therein.

(W) Section 123 Declaration regarding material assistance/non-assistance to terrorist orgranization

(1) 123.1 All applicants for a permit, license or certification issued by the state fire marshal in accordance with the provisions of this code subject to sections 2909.32 to 2909.34 of the Revised Code ("Declaration Regarding Material Assistance/Non-assistance to Terrorist Organization"), shall fully complete the required declaration of material assistance certification form as a pat of any application process. Any incomplete certification form shall be considered by the state fire marshal to be an incomplete application for a permit, license, or certification unless the department of public safety reinstates the application. If the applicant provides an affirmative response indicating that the applicant has provided material assistance to a terrorist organization, such application shall be denied by the state fire marshal regardless of the status of the remaining portions of the application unless the application is reinstated by the department of public safety. If any person who receives a permit, license, or certification from the state fire marshal that is subject to sections 2909.32 to 2909.34 of the Revised Code, while such permit, license, or certification is active pursuant to the provisions of this code, takes an action that results in an affirmative response to any question on the certification form, the state fire marshal shall revoke such permit, license or certification.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-01

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3731.02 , 3737.17 , 3737.22 , 3737.65 , 3737.82 , 3737.83 , 3737.85 , 3737.86 , 3743.05 , 3743.18 , 3743.53 , Am. Sub. H.B. 95 of the 125th General Assembly, Sec 29
Rule Amplifies: 3731.01 , 3731.02 , 3731.03 , 3731.05 , 3731.06 , 3731.09 , 3731.10 , 3731.11 , 3731.12 , 3731.15 , 3737.02 , 3737.14 , 3737.17 , 3737.22 , 3737.23 , 3737.24 , 3737.41 , 3737.42 , 3737.43 , 3737.51 , 3737.80 , 3737.82 , 3737.83 , 3737.84 , 3737.85 , 3737.86 , 3737.88 , 3743.05 , 3743.06 , 3743.18 , 3743.19 , 3743.53 , 3743.58 , 3781.03 , Am. Sub. H.B. 95 of the 125th General Assembly, Sec 29
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/09, 6/1/85, 6/15/85, 6/15/92, 9/1/95, 3/30/98, 1/3/00, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-02 Definitions.

(A) Section 201 General

(1) 201.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this rule.

(2) 201.2 Interchangeability. Words used in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.

(3) 201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the building code, International Fuel Gas Code, mechanical code or plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.

(4) 201.4 Terms not defined. Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this paragraph, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies. "Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition," shall be considered as providing ordinarily accepted meanings.

(B) Section 202 General definitions

[B] "Accessible means of egress." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Accessible route." A continuous unobstructed path that complies with Chapter 11 of the building code listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"Aerosol." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Level 1 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Level 2 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Level 3 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Aerosol container." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Aerosol warehouse." See paragraph (B)(1)(2802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Affected party." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Agent." A person who shall have charge, care or control of any structure as owner, or agent of the owner, or as executor, executrix, administrator, administratrix, trustee or guardian of the estate of the owner. Any such person representing the actual owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this code to the same extent as if that person was the owner.

[B] "Agricultural building." A structure designed and constructed to house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, livestock or other horticultural products. This structure shall not be a place of human habitation or a place of employment where agricultural products are processed, treated or packaged, nor shall it be a place used by the public.

"Agricultural labor camp." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Air-inflated structure." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code.

"Air-supported structure." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code.

"Aircraft motor-vehicle fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Aircraft operation area (AOA)." See paragraph (B)(1)(11021) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

"Airport." See paragraph (B)(1)(11021) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Aisle." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Aisle accessway." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Alarm notification appliance." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Alarm signal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Alarm verification feature." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Alcohol-based hand rub." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Alcohol blended fuels." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

[EB] "Alteration." Any construction or renovation to an existing structure other than a repair or addition.

[B] "Alternating tread device." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Ambulatory health care facility." Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or similar care on a less than 24-hour basis to individuals who are rendered incapable of self-preservation.

"Ammonium nitrate." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Annunciator." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Apartment house." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Appellant." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Approved." Accepted by the fire code official as evidenced by documentation.

[B] "Area, building." The area included within surrounding exterior walls (or exterior walls and fire walls) exclusive of vent shafts and courts. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the building area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above.

[B] "Area of refuge." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Array." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Array, closed." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Assistant state fire marshal." Has the same meaning as in section 3737.01 of the Revised Code.

[B] "Atrium." An opening connection two or more stories other than enclosed stairways, elevators, hoistways, escalators, plumbing, electrical, air-conditioning or other equipment, which is closed at the top and not defined as a mall. Stories, as used in this definition, do not include balconies within assembly groups or mezzanines that comply with section 505 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Attic." The space between the ceiling beams of the top story and the roof rafters.

"Audible alarm notification appliance." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Authority having jurisdiction." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Automated rack storage." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic fire extinguishing system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic smoke detection system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic sprinkler system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automotive motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Average ambient sound level." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Awning." An architectural projection that provides weather protection, identity or decoration and is wholly supported by the building to which it is attached. An awning is comprised of a lightweight, rigid skeleton structure over which a covering is attached.

"Barricade." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Artificial barricade." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Natural barricade." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Barricaded." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Basement." A story that is not a story above grade plane.

"Battery system, stationary lead acid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Battery types." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Lithium-ion battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Lithium metal polymer battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Nonrecombinant battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Recombinant battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Stationary storage battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Valve-regulated lead-acid battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Vented (Flooded) lead-acid (VRLA) battery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Beer and intoxicating liquor." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Bin box." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Black match." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Blast area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Blast site." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Blaster." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Blasting agent." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Bleachers." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Boarding, lodging, rooming house." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Booby trap." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Boiling point." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Bonfire." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

"Break." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"British thermal unit (BTU)." The heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 pound ( 0.454 kg) of water by 1°F ( 0.5565 °C).

[B] "Building." Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

[B] "Building official." The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or a duly authorized representative.

"Bulk hydrogen compressed gas system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

"Bulk liquefied hydrogen gas system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

"Bulk oxygen system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Bulk plant or terminal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Bulk transfer." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Bullet resistant." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Canopy." A structure or architectural projection of rigid construction over which a covering is attached that provides weather protection, identity or decoration, and may be structurally independent or supported by attachment to a building on one end and by not less than one stanchion on the outer end.

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Carton." A cardboard or fiberboard box enclosing a product.

"Ceiling limit." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Certified training program." See paragraph (T)(1)(120 1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[EB] "Change of occupancy." A change in the purpose or level of activity within a building that involves a change in application of the requirements of this code.

"Chemical." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Chemical name." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Child care facilities." Facilities that provide care on a 24-hour basis to more than five children, 2 1/2 years of age or less.

[B] "Chimney." A primary vertical enclosure containing one or more passageways for conveying flue gases to the outside atmosphere.

"Cigarette load." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Clean agent." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Clinic-outpatient." Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical care on less than a 24-hour basis to individuals who are not rendered incapable of self-preservation by the services provided.

"Closed container." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Closed system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material involving a closed vessel or system that remains closed during normal operations where vapors emitted by the product are not liberated outside of the vessel or system and the product is not exposed to the atmosphere during normal operations; and all uses of compressed gases. Examples of closed systems for solids and liquids include product conveyed through a piping system into a closed vessel, system or piece of equipment.

"Cold deck." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Combustible dust." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-13 of the Administrative Code.

"Combustible fibers." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code.

"Combustible liquid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Class II." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IIIA." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

Class IIIB." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Commodity." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Common path of egress travel." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Compressed gas." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

"Compressed gas container." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Congregate living facilities." A building or part thereof that contains sleeping units where residents share bathroom and/or kitchen facilities.

"Constantly attended location." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 and paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Construction documents." The written, graphic and pictorial documents prepared or assembled for describing the design, location and physical characteristics of the elements of the project necessary for obtaining a permit.

"Container." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Containment system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Containment vessel." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Continuous gas detection system." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Control area." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Controlled substance." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Cooking devices." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Cooking device listed as safe for residential use." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Corridor." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Corrosive." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3102.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-31 of the Administrative Code.

"Cotton." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code.

"Baled cotton." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code.

"Baled cotton, densely packed." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code.

"Seed cotton." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code.

"Court." An open, uncovered space, unobstructed to the sky, bounded on three or more sides by exterior building walls or other enclosing devices.

[B] "Covered mall building." A single building enclosing a number of tenants and occupants such as retail stores, drinking and dining establishments, entertainment and amusement facilities, passenger transportation terminals, offices, and other similar uses wherein two or more tenants have a main entrance into one or more malls. For the purposes of this rule, anchor buildings shall not be considered as a part of the covered mall building. The term "covered mall building" shall include open mall buildings as defined below.

"Mall." A roofed or covered common pedestrian area within a covered mall building that serves as access for two or more tenants and not to exceed three levels that are open to each other. The term "mall" shall include open malls as defined below.

"Open mall." An unroofed common pedestrian way serving a number of tenants not exceeding three levels. Circulation at levels above grade shall be permitted to include open exterior balconies leading to exits discharging at grade.

"Open mall building." Several structures housing a number of tenants such as retail stores, drinking and dining establishments, entertainment and amusement facilities, offices, and other similar uses wherein two or more tenants have a main entrance into one or more open malls. For the purpose of Chapter 4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, anchor buildings are not considered as a part of the open mall building.

"CPSC." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Cryogenic container." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

"Cryogenic fluid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

"Cryogenic vessel." See paragraph (b)(1)( 3202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

"Cylinder." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Damper." See "fire damper" and "smoke damper."

"Day box." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Decorative materials." All materials applied over the building interior finish for decorative, acoustical or other effect (such as curtains, draperies, fabrics, streamers and surface coverings) and all other materials utilized for decorative effect (such as batting, cloth, cotton, hay, stalks, straw, vines, leaves, trees, moss and similar items), including foam plastics and materials containing foam plastics. Decorative materials do not include floor coverings, ordinary window shades, interior finish and materials 0.025 inch ( 0.64 mm) or less in thickness applied directly to and adhering tightly to a ub trate.

"Deflagration." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Deluge system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Department." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Design pressure." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Detached building." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Detearing." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Detector, heat." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Detonating cord." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Detonation." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Detonator." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Detoxification facility." Facilities that serve patients who are provided treatment for substance abuse on a 24-hour basis and who are incapable of self-preservation or who are harmful to themselves or others.

"Dip tank." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Director." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Discharge site." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Dispensing." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Dispensing device, overhead type." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Display site." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Door, balanced." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Dormitory (hospital/college)." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"DOTn." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Draft curtain." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Draftstop." See paragraph (B)(1)(702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code.

"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Dry cleaning." See paragraph (B)(1)(12021) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Dry cleaning plant." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Dry cleaning room." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Dry cleaning system." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Dwelling." A building that contains one or two dwelling units used, intended or designed to be used, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied for living purposes.

"Dwelling unit." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Dwelling unit features." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Early suppression fast response (ESFR) sprinkler." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Egress court." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Efficiency unit." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Electrostatic fluidized bed." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Elevator group." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency alarm system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency control station." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency egress routes/escape routes." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Emergency escape and rescue opening." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency evacuation drill." See paragraph (B)(1)( 402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-04 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency shutoff valve." A valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids.

"Emergency shutoff valve, automatic." A fail-safe automatic-closing valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids initiated by a control system that is activated by automatic means.

"Emergency shutoff valve, manual." A manually operated valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids.

"Emergency voice/alarm communications." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Equipment platform." An unoccupied, elevated platform used exclusively for mechanical systems or industrial process equipment, including the associated elevated walkways, stairs, alternating tread devices and ladders necessary to access the platform (see section 505.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code).

"Excess flow control." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Excess flow valve." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Exhausted enclosure." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Existing." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit access." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit access doorway." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit discharge." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit discharge, level of." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit enclosure." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit, horizontal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exit passageway." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Expanded plastic." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Explosion." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Explosive." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"High explosive." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Low explosive." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Mass-detonating explosives." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"UN/DOTn Class 1 explosives." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.1." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.2." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.3." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.4." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.5." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Division 1.6." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Explosive material." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Extended stay hotel." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Exterior wall." A wall, bearing or nonbearing, that is used as an enclosing wall for a building, other than a fire wall, and that has a slope of 60 degrees ( 1.05 rad) or greater with the horizontal plane.

"Extra-high-rack combustible storage." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Fabrication area." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Facility." A building or use in a fixed location including exterior storage areas for flammable and combustible substances and hazardous materials, piers, wharves, tank farms and similar uses. This term includes recreational vehicles, mobile home and manufactured housing parks, sales and storage lots.

"Fail-safe." A design condition incorporating a feature for automatically counteracting the effect of an anticipated possible source of failure; also, a design condition eliminating or mitigating a hazardous condition by compensating automatically for a failure or malfunction.

"Fallout area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"False alarm." The willful and knowing initiation or transmission of a signal, message or other notification of an event of fire when no such danger exists.

"Filling station." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Fines." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire alarm." The giving, signaling or transmission to any public fire station, or company or to any officer or employee thereof, whether by telephone, spoken word or otherwise, of information to the effect that there is a fire at or near the place indicated by the person giving, signaling, or transmitting such information.

"Fire alarm box, manual." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire alarm control unit." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire alarm signal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire alarm system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire apparatus access road." See paragraph (B)(1)(5021) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire barrier." A fire-resistance-rated wall assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which continuity is maintained.

"Fire chief." The chief officer of the fire department serving the jurisdiction, or a duly authorized representative.

"Fire code official." The state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, fire chief or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the code, or a duly authorized representative.

"Fire command center." See paragraph (B)(1)(5021) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire damper." A listed device installed in ducts and air transfer openings designed to close automatically upon detection of heat and resist the passage of flame. Fire dampers are classified for use in either static systems that will automatically shut down in the event of a fire, or in dynamic systems that continue to operate during a fire. A dynamic fire damper is tested and rated for closure under elevated temperature airflow.

"Fire department." See paragraph (T)(1)(120 1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire department master key." See paragraph (B)(1)(502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire detector, automatic." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire district." See paragraph (S)(1)( 119.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire door." The door component of a fire door assembly.

[B] "Fire door assembly." Any combination of a fire door, frame, hardware, and other accessories that together provide a specific degree of fire protection to the opening.

[B] "Fire exit hardware." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire hazard." In the opinion of the fire code official, any act, condition or thing that causes or creates a recognizable risk of an unfriendly fire or unwanted fire or harm to persons or property from such fires. A fire hazard includes, in the opinion of the fire code official, any act, condition or thing that violates or creates a substantial risk of violating any fire or life safety provisions of this code.

"Fire lane." See paragraph (B)(1)(502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire partition." A vertical assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which openings are protected.

"Fire point." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire protection equipment." See "fire protection system" definition.

[B] "Fire protection rating." The period of time that an opening protective assembly will maintain the ability to confine a fire as determined by tests prescribed in section 715 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Ratings are stated in hours or minutes.

"Fire protection system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire resistance." That property of materials or their assemblies that prevents or retards the passage of excessive heat, hot gases or flames under conditions of use.

[B] "Fire-resistance rating." The period of time a building element, component or assembly maintains the ability to confine a fire, continues to perform a given structural function, or both, as determined by the tests, or the methods based on tests, prescribed in section 703 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire-resistant joint system." See paragraph (B)(1)(702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire safety functions." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Fire separation distance." The distance measured from the building face to one of the following:

1. The closest interior lot line;

2. To the centerline of a street, an alley or public way; or

3. To an imaginary line between two buildings on the property.

The distance shall be measured at right angles from the face of the wall.

[B] "Fire wall." A fire-resistance-rated wall having protected openings, which restricts the spread of fire and extends continuously from the foundation to or through the roof, with sufficient structural stability under fire conditions to allow collapse of construction on either side without collapse of the wall.

"Fire watch." A temporary measure intended to ensure continuous and systematic surveillance of a building or portion thereof by one or more qualified individuals for the purposes of identifying and controlling fire hazards, detecting early signs of unwanted fire, raising an alarm of fire and notifying the fire department.

[B] "Fireblocking." See paragraph (B)(1)(7021) of rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.1 G Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.2 G Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.3 G Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.4 G Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.4 G Special Effects Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.4 S Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

" 1.4 S Special Effects Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks exhibition." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks incident." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks incident site." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks plant." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Fixed base operator (FBO)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable cryogenic fluid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable finishes." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable gas." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable liquefied gas." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable liquid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IA." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IB." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IC." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable material." A material capable of being readily ignited from common sources of heat or at a temperature of 600°F (316°C) or less.

"Flammable solid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable vapor area." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable vapors or fumes." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Flame spread." See paragraph (B)(1)(802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Flame spread index." See paragraph (B)(1)(802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

"Flash point." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Flight." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Float." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Floor area, gross." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Floor area, net." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Fluidized bed." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Foam-extinguishing system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Folding and telescopic seating." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Fuel limit switch." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Fumigant." See paragraph (B)(1)(1702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code.

"Fumigation." See paragraph (B)(1)(1702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code.

"Furnace class A." See paragraph (B)(1)(2102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

"Furnace class B." See paragraph (B)(1)(2102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

"Furnace class C." See paragraph (B)(1)(2102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

"Furnace class D." See paragraph (B)(1)(2102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code.

"Gas cabinet." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Gas detection system, continuous." See "continuous gas detection system."

"Gas room." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Grade floor opening." A window or other opening located such that the sill height of the opening is not more than 44 inches (1118 m) above or below the finished ground level adjacent to the opening.

[B] "Grade plane." A reference plan representing the average of finished ground level adjoining the building at exterior walls. Where the finished ground level slopes away from the exterior walls, the reference plane shall be established by the lowest points within the area between the building and the lot line or, where the lot line is more than 6 feet (1829 mm) from the building, between the building and a point 6 feet (1829 mm) from the building.

[B] "Grandstand." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Guard." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Guestroom." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Gypsum board." Gypsum wallboard, gypsum sheathing, gypsum base for gypsum veneer plaster, exterior gypsum soffit board, predecorated gypsum board or water-resistant gypsum backing board complying with the standards listed in Tables 2506.2 and 2507.2 and Chapter 35 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Habitable space." A space in a building for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces and similar areas are not considered habitable spaces.

"Halogenated extinguishing system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Handling." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Handrail." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Hazardous material." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Hazardous production material (HPM)." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Health hazard." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Hearing." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Height, building." The vertical distance from grade plane to the average height of the highest roof surface.

"Heliport." See paragraph (B)(1)(1102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

"Helistop." See paragraph (B)(1)(1102 1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

"Hi-boy." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

"High-piled combustible storage." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"High-piled storage area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"High rise building." A building with occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

"High-voltage transmission line." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

"Highly toxic." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Highly volatile liquid." A liquefied compressed gas with a boiling point of less than 68°F (20°C).

"Highway." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Historic buildings." Buildings that are listed in or eligible for listing in the "National Register of Historic Places," or designated as historic under an appropriate state or local law.

"Hogged materials." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Horizontal assembly." A fire-resistance-rated floor or roof assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which continuity is maintained.

[M] "Hood." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Type I." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Hospitals and mental hospitals." Buildings or portions thereof used on a 24-hour basis for the medical, psychiatric, obstetrical, or surgical treatment of inpatients who are incapable of self-preservation.

"Hotel." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Hot work." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"Hot work area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"Hot work equipment." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"Hot work permits." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"Hot work program." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"HPM flammable liquid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1802.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"HPM room." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1802.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Impairment coordinator." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Incompatible materials." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Inert gas." A gas that is capable of reacting with other materials only under abnormal conditions such as high temperatures, pressures and similar extrinsic physical forces. Within the context of the code, inert gases do not exhibit either physical or health hazard properties as defined (other than acting as a simple asphyxiant) or hazard properties other than those of a compressed gas. Some of the more common inert gases include argon, helium, krypton, neon, nitrogen and xenon.

"Inhabited building." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Initiating device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[EB] "Interior finish." Interior finish includes interior wall and ceiling finish and interior floor finish.

"Interior floor-wall base." See paragraph (B)(1)(802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Interior wall and ceiling finish." The exposed interior surfaces of buildings, including but not limited to: fixed or movable walls and partitions; toilet room privacy partitions; columns; ceilings; and interior wainscoting, paneling or other finish applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, surface insulation, structure fire resistance or similar purposes but not including trim.

"Interlinked fire detection." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Irritant." A chemical which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. A chemical is a skin irritant if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the methods of CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1500.41 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for an exposure of four or more hours or by other appropriate techniques, it results in an empirical score of 5 or more. A chemical is classified as an eye irritant if so determined under the procedure listed in CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1500.42 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or other approved techniques.

"Joint fire district." See paragraph (S)(1)(c)( 119.1 ) and paragraph (T)(1)(120 1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Joint fire and ambulance district." See paragraph (S)(1)(e)( 119.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Key box." See paragraph (B)(1)(502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Jurisdiction." The governmental unit that has adopted this code under due legislative authority.

"Labeled." Equipment, materials, or products to which have been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the above-labeled items and whose labeling indicates either that the equipment, material or product meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

"Last known address." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"License." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed building." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed exhibitor of fireworks or licensed exhibitor." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed exhibitor of indoor fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed exhibitor of outdoor/indoor fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed manufacturer of fireworks or licensed manufacturer." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed premises." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensed wholesaler of fireworks or licensed wholesaler." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Licensee." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Light hazard occupancy." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Limited spraying space." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquefied natural gas (LNG)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3802.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquid." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquid oxygen ambulatory container." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquid oxygen home care container." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquid storage room." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Liquid storage warehouse." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Listed." Equipment, materials, products or services included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the fire code official and concerned with evaluation of products or services that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services and whose listing states either that the equipment, material, product or service meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

"List of licensed exhibitors." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"List of licensed manufacturers." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

List of licensed wholesalers." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Loan." See paragraph (S)(1)(f)( 119.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Lockdown." See paragraph (B)(1)( 402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-04 of the Administrative Code.

"Longitudinal flue space." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Lot." A portion or parcel of land considered as a unit.

[B] "Lot line." A line dividing one lot from another, or from a street or any public place.

"Low-pressure tank." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

"Lower explosive limit (LEL)." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Lower flammable limit (LFL)." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"LP-gas container." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3802.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code.

"Magazine." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Indoor." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 1." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 2." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 3." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 4." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 5." See paragraph (B)(1)(3302".1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Magnesium." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Mall." See "covered mall building."

"Manual fire alarm box." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Manual stocking methods." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Manufacturing of fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Marina." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code.

"Marine motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Material safety data sheet (MSDS)." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Maximum allowable quantity per control area." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Means of egress." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Mechanical stocking methods." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Membrane structure." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Mental hospitals." See "hospitals and mental hospitals."

"Merchandise pad." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Metal hydride." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

"Metal hydride storage system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Mezzanine." An intermediate level or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story and in accordance with section 505 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"Mobile fueling." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Mortar." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Motor fuel dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Multiple-station alarm device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Multiple-station smoke alarm." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Navigable waters." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Nesting." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

"Net explosive weight (net weight)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Normal temperature and pressure (NTP)." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Nosing." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Novelties." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Nuisance alarm." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Nursing homes." Nursing homes are long-term care facilities on a 24-hour basis, including both intermediate care facilities and skilled nursing facilities, serving more than five persons and any of the persons are incapable of self-preservation.

"Occupancy classification." For the purposes of this code, certain occupancies are defined as follows:

[B] "Assembly Group A." Assembly Group A occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for the gathering together of persons for purposes such as civic, social or religious functions; recreation, food or drink consumption; or awaiting transportation.

Exceptions:

1. A building or tenant space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than fifty persons shall be classified as a Group B occupancy.

2. A room or space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than fifty persons and accessory to another occupancy shall be classified as a Group B occupancy or classified as part of that occupancy.

3. A room or space used for assembly purposes that is less than 750 square feet (70 m2) in area and accessory to another occupancy shall be classified as a Group B occupancy or classified as part of that occupancy.

4. Assembly areas that are accessory to Group E occupancies are not considered separate occupancies except when applying the assembly occupancy requirements of Chapter 11 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

5. Accessory religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums with occupant loads of less than one hundred are not considered separate occupancies.

Assembly occupancies shall include the following:

"A-1" Assembly uses, usually with fixed seating, intended for the production and viewing of performing arts or motion pictures including, but not limited to:

Motion picture theaters

Symphony and concert halls

Television and radio studios admitting an audience

Theaters

"A-2" Assembly uses intended for food and/or drink consumption including, but not limited to:

Banquet halls

Night clubs

Restaurants

Taverns and bars

"A-3" Assembly uses intended for worship, recreation or amusement and other assembly uses not classified elsewhere in Group A, including, but not limited to:

Amusement arcades

Art galleries

Bowling alleys

Community halls

Courtrooms

Dance halls (not including food or drink consumption)

Exhibition halls

Funeral parlors

Gymnasiums (without spectator seating)

Indoor swimming pools (without spectator seating)

Indoor tennis courts (without spectator seating)

Lecture halls

Libraries

Museums

Places of religious worship

Pool and billiard parlors

Waiting areas in transportation terminals

"A-4" Assembly uses intended for viewing of indoor sporting events and activities with spectator seating including, but not limited to:

Arenas

Skating rinks

Swimming pools

Tennis courts

"A-5" Assembly uses intended for participation in or viewing outdoor activities including, but not limited to:

Amusement park structures

Bleachers

Grandstands

Stadiums

[B] "Business Group B." Business Group B occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for office, professional or service-type transactions, including storage of records and accounts. Business occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Airport traffic control towers

Ambulatory health-care facilities

Animal hospitals, kennels, pounds

Banks

Barber and beauty shops

Car wash

Civic administration

Clinic-outpatient

Dry cleaning and laundries; pick-up and delivery stations and self-service

Educational occupancies for students above the 12th grade

Electronic data processing

Laboratories; testing and research

Motor vehicle showrooms

Post offices

Print shops

Professional services (architects, attorneys, dentists, physicians, engineers, etc.)

Radio and television stations

Telephone exchanges

Training and skill development not within a school or academic program

[B] "Educational Group E." Educational Group E occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, by six or more persons at any one time for educational purposes through the 12th grade. Religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums, which are accessory to places of worship in accordance with section 508.3.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and have occupant loads of less than one hundred, shall be classified as Group A-3 occupancies.

"Day care." The use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for educational supervision or personal care services for more than five children older than 2 1/2 years of age shall be classified as an E occupancy.

The use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for educational, supervision or personal care services for more than five but not more than one hundred children are cared for are located on the level of exit discharge and each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as a Group E occupancy.

A child day care center, other than a type A family day care home, for six or more children with not more than five children two and one-half years of age or less, shall be classified as Group E occupancy.

[B] "Factory Industrial Group F." Factory Industrial Group F occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for assembling, disassembling, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing, packaging, repair or processing operations that are not classified as a Group H high-hazard or Group S storage occupancy.

"Factory Industrial F-1 Moderate-Hazard Occupancy." Factory Industrial uses which are not classified as a Factory Industrial Group F-1 Low Hazard shall be classified as F-1 Moderate Hazard and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Aircraft (manufacturing, not to include repair)

Appliances

Athletic equipment

Automobiles and other motor vehicles

Bakeries

Beverages; over 16 per cent in alcohol content

Bicycles

Boats

Brooms or brushes

Business machines

Cameras and photo equipment

Canvas and similar fabric

Carpets and rugs (includes cleaning)

Clothing

Construction and agricultural machinery

Disinfectants

Dry cleaning and dyeing

Electric generation plants

Electronics

Engines (including rebuilding)

Food processing

Furniture

Hemp products

Jute products

Laundries

Leather products

Machinery

Metals

Millwork (sash and door)

Motion pictures and television filming (without spectators)

Musical instruments

Optical goods

Paper mills or products

Photographic film

Plastic products

Printing or publishing

Refuse incineration

Shoes

Soaps and detergents

Textiles

Tobacco

Trailers

Upholstering

Wood; distillation

Woodworking (cabinet)

[B] "Factory Industrial F-2 Low-Hazard Occupancy." Factory industrial uses involving the fabrication or manufacturing of noncombustible materials which, during finishing, packaging or processing do not involve a significant fire hazard, shall be classified as Group F-2 occupancies and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Beverages; up to and including 16 per cent alcohol content

Brick and masonry

Ceramic products

Foundries

Glass products

Gypsum Ice

Metal products (fabrication and assembly)

"High-Hazard Group H." High-hazard Group H occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, that involves the manufacturing, processing, generation or storage of materials that constitute a physical or health hazard in quantities in excess of those allowed in control areas complying with paragraph (C)(8)(c)(2703.8.3) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code, based on the maximum allowable quantity limits for control areas set forth in Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 2703.1.1(2) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. Hazardous occupancies are classified in Groups H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4 and H-5 and shall be in accordance with this code and the requirements of section 415 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Hazardous materials stored or used on top of roofs or canopies shall be classified as outdoor storage or use and shall comply with this code.

Exceptions: The following shall not be classified as Group H, but shall be classified as the occupancy that they most nearly resemble:

1. Buildings and structures occupied for the application of flammable finishes, provided that such buildings or areas conform to the requirements of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code and section 416 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. Wholesale and retail sales and storage of flammable and combustible liquids in mercantile occupancies conforming to rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

3. Closed piping system containing flammable or combustible liquids or gases utilized for the operation of machinery or equipment.

4. Cleaning establishments that utilize combustible liquid solvents having a flash point of 140oF (60oC) or higher in closed systems employing equipment listed by an approved testing agency, provided that this occupancy is separated from all other areas of the building by 1-hour fire barriers in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or 1-hour horizontal assemblies in accordance with section 712 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, or both.

5. Cleaning establishments that utilize a liquid solvent having a flash point at or above 200°F (93°C).

6. Liquor stores and distributors without bulk storage.

7. Refrigeration systems.

8. The storage or utilization of materials for agricultural purposes on the premises.

9. Stationary batteries utilized for facility emergency power, uninterrupted power supply or telecommunication facilities, provided that the batteries are equipped with safety venting caps and ventilation is provided in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

10. Corrosives shall not include personal or household products in their original packaging used in retail display or commonly used building materials.

11. Buildings and structures occupied for aerosol storage shall be classified as Group S-1, provided that such buildings conform to the requirements of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

12. Display and storage of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials in quantities not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area in Group M or S occupancies complying with paragraph (C)(8)(c)(v)(2703.8.3.5) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

13. The storage of black powder, smokeless propellant and small arms primers in Groups M and R-3 and special industrial explosive devices in Groups B, F, M and S, provided such storage conforms to the quantity limits and requirements of this code.

"High-hazard Group H-1." Buildings and structures containing materials that pose a detonation hazard shall be classified as Group H-1. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Explosives:

Division 1.1

Division 1.2

Division 1.3

Exception: Materials that are used and maintained in a form where either confinement or configuration will not elevate the hazard from a mass fire to mass explosion hazard shall be allowed in Group H-2 occupancies.

Division 1.4

Exception: Articles, including articles packaged for shipment, that are not regulated as an explosive under bureau of alcohol, tobacco and firearms regulations, or unpackaged articles used in process operations that do not propagate a detonation or deflagration between articles shall be allowed in Group H-3 occupancies.

Division 1.5

Division 1.6

Organic peroxides, unclassified detonable

Oxidizers, Class 4

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3 detonable, and Class 4

"High-hazard Group H-2." Buildings and structures containing materials that pose a deflagration hazard or a hazard from accelerated burning shall be classified as Group H-2. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Class I, or II or IIIA flammable or combustible liquids which are used or stored in normally open containers or systems, or in closed containers or systems pressurized at more than 15 pounds per square inch ( 103.4 kPa) gauge

Combustible dusts

Cryogenic fluids, flammable

Flammable gases

Organic peroxides, Class I

Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally open containers or systems, or in closed containers or systems pressurized at more than 15 pounds per square inch ( 103.4 kPa) gauge

Pyrophoric liquids, solidsand gases, nondetonable

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3, nondetonable

Water reactive materials, Class 3

"High-hazard Group H-3." Buildings and structures containing materials that readily support combustion or that pose a physical hazard shall be classified as Group H-3. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Class I, II or IIIA flammable or combustible liquids that are used or stored in normally closed containers or systems pressurized at 15 pounds per square inch gauge ( 103.4 kPa) or less

Combustible fibers, other than densely packed baled cotton

Consumer fireworks, 1.4 G (Class C, Common)

Cryogenic fluids, oxidizing

Flammable solids

Organic peroxides, Class II and Class III

Oxidizers, Class 2

Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally closed containers or systems pressurized at 15 pounds per square inch gauge (103 kPa) or less

Oxidizing gases

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 2

Water-reactive materials, Class 2

"High-hazard Group H-4." Buildings and structures which contain materials that are health hazards shall be classified as Group H-4. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Corrosives

Highly toxic materials

Toxic materials

"High-hazard Group H-5." Semiconductor fabrication facilities and comparable research and development areas in which hazardous production materials (HPM) are used and the aggregate quantity of materials is in excess of those listed in Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 2703.1.1(2) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code shall be classified as Group H-5. Such facilities and areas shall be designed and constructed in accordance with section 415.8 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Institutional Group I." Institutional Group I occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, in which people are cared for or live in a supervised environment, having physical limitations because of health or age, are harbored for medical treatment or other care or treatment, or in which people are detained for penal or correctional purposes or in which the liberty of the occupants is restricted. Institutional occupancies shall be classified as Group I-1, I-2,I-3 or I-4.

"Group I-1." This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or parts thereof housing more than 16 persons, on a 24-hour basis, who because of age, mental disability or other reasons, live in a supervised residential environment that provides personal care services. The occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from staff. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Alcohol and drug centers

Assisted living facilities

Congregate care facilities

Convalescent facilities

Group homes

Half-way houses

Residential board and care facilities

Social rehabilitation facilities

A facility such as the above with five or fewer persons shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in accordance with section 101.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. A facility such as above, housing at least six and not more than sixteen persons, shall be classified as Group R-4.

"Group I-2." This occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or custodial care for persons who are not capable of self-preservation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Child care facilities

Hospitals

Nursing homes

Mental hospitals

Detoxification facilities

Nursing homes as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised Code

"Group I-3." This occupancy shall include buildings and structures which are inhabited by more than five persons who are under restraint or security. An I-3 facility is occupied by persons who are generally incapable of self-preservation due to security measures not under the occupants' control. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Correctional centers

Detention centers

Jails

Prerelease centers

Prisons

Reformatories

Buildings of Group I-3 shall be classified as one of the occupancy conditions indicated below:

"Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed from sleeping areas and other spaces where access or occupancy is permitted, to the exterior via means of egress without restraint. A Condition 1 facility is permitted to be constructed as Group R.

"Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed from sleeping areas and any other occupied smoke compartment to one or more other smoke compartments. Egress to the exterior is impeded by locked exits.

"Condition 3." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed within individual smoke compartments, such as within a residential unit comprised of individual sleeping units and group activity spaces, where egress is impeded by remote-controlled release of means of egress from such smoke compartment to another smoke compartment.

"Condition 4." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is restricted from an occupied space. Remote-controlled release is provided to permit movement from sleeping units, activity spaces and other occupied areas within the smoke compartment to other smoke compartments.

"Condition 5." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is restricted from an occupied space. Staff-controlled manual release is provided to permit movement from sleeping units, activity spaces and other occupied areas within the smoke compartment to other smoke compartments.

[B] "Group I-4, day care facilities." This group shall include buildings and structures occupied by persons of any age who receive custodial care for less than 24 hours by individuals other than parents or guardians, relatives by blood, marriage, or adoption, and in a place other than the home of the person cared for. A facility such as the above with five or fewer persons shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in accordance with section 101.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Places of worship during religious functions are not included.

"Adult care facility." A facility that provides accommodations for less than 24 hours for more than five unrelated adults and provides supervision and personal care services shall be classified as Group I-4.

Exception: Where the occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from the staff, the facility shall be classified as Group R-3.

"Child care facility." Child care facilities provide supervision and personal care on less than a 24-hour basis for more than five children 2 1/2 years of age or less shall classified as Group I-4.

Exception: A child day care facility that provides care for more than five but not more than one hundred children 2 1/2 years or less of age, where the rooms in which such children are cared for are located on a level of exit discharge serving such rooms and each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as Group E.

[B] "Mercantile Group M." Mercantile Group M occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure or a portion thereof, for the display and sale of merchandise, and involves stocks of goods, ware or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public. Mercantile occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Department stores

Drug stores

Markets

Motor fuel-dispensing facilities

Retail or wholesale stores

Sales rooms

[B] "Residential Group R." Residential Group R includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for sleeping purposes when not classified as Institutional Group I or when not regulated by the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in accordance with section 101.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Residential occupancies shall include the following:

"R-1" Residential occupancies containing sleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient in nature, including:

Boarding houses (transient)

Hotels (transient)

Motels (transient)

R-1 occupancies typically will include sleeping units but may also include dwelling units when those units are not used primarily as permanent residences.

Congregate living facilities (transient) with ten or fewer occupants are permitted to comply with the construction requirements for Group R-3.

"R-2" Residential occupancies containing sleeping units or more than two dwelling units where the occupants are primarily in nature in structures with shared means of egress, including:

Apartment houses

Boarding houses (nontransient)

Convents

Dormitories

Fraternities and sororities

Hotels (nontransient)

Live/work units

Monasteries

Motels (nontransient)

Vacation timeshare properties

Congregate living facilities with sixteen or fewer occupants are permitted to comply with the construction requirements for Group R-3.

Residential occupancies in buildings or structures of mixed use containing one or more dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature in structures with shared means of egress.

"R-3" Residential occupancies where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and not classified as Group R-1, R-2, R-4 or I, including:

Buildings that do not contain more than two dwelling units.

Adult care facilities that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours.

Child care facilities that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours.

Congregate living facilities with sixteen or fewer persons.

Adult and child care facilities that are within a single-family home are permitted to comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"R-4" Residential occupancies shall include buildings arranged for occupancy as residential care/assisted living facilities including more than five but not more than sixteen occupants, excluding staff.

Group R-4 occupancies shall meet the requirements for construction as defined for Group R-3 except as otherwise provided for in this code or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code provided the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(2)(h)(903.2.8) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Storage Group S." Storage Group S occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for storage that is not classified as a hazardous occupancy.

"Moderate-hazard storage, Group S-1." Buildings occupied for storage uses that are not classified as Group S-2 including, but not limited to, storage of the following:

Aerosols, Level 2 and Level 3

Aircraft hangar (storage and repair)

Bags: cloth, burlap and paper

Bamboos and rattan

Baskets

Belting: canvas and leather

Books and paper in rolls or packs

Boots and shoes

Buttons, including cloth covered, pearl or bone

Cardboard and cardboard boxes

Clothing, woolen wearing apparel

Cordage

Dry boat storage (indoor)

Furniture

Glues, mucilage, pastes and size

Grain

Horn and combs, other than celluloid

Leather

Linoleum

Lumber

Motor vehicle repair garages complying with the maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials listed in Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code(see section 406.6 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Photo engravings

Resilient flooring

Silks

Soaps

Sugar

Tires, bulk storage of

Tobacco, cigars, cigarettes and snuff

Upholstery and mattresses

Wax candles

"Low-hazard storage, Group S-2." Includes, among others, buildings used for the storage of noncombustible materials such as products on wood pallets or in paper cartons with or without single thickness divisions; or in paper wrappings. Such products are permitted to have a negligible amount of plastic trim, such as knobs, handles, or film wrapping. Storage uses shall include, but not be limited to, storage of the following:

Asbestos

Beverages up to and including 16-per cent alcohol in metal, glass or ceramic containers

Cement in bags

Chalk and crayons

Dairy products in nonwaxed coated paper containers

Dry cell batteries

Electrical coils

Electrical motors

Empty cans

Food products

Foods in noncombustible containers

Fresh fruits and vegetables in nonplastic trays or containers

Frozen foods

Glass

Glass bottles, empty or filled with noncombustible liquids

Gypsum board

Inert pigments

Ivory

Meats

Metal cabinets

Metal desks with plastic tops and trim

Metal parts

Metals

Mirrors

Oil-filled and other types of distribution transformers

Parking garages open or enclosed

Porcelain and pottery

Stoves

Talc and soapstones

Washers and dryers

[B] "Miscellaneous Group U." Buildings and structures of an accessory character and miscellaneous structures not classified in any specific occupancy shall be constructed, equipped and maintained to conform to the requirements of this code commensurate with the fire and life hazard incidental to their occupancy. Group U shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Agricultural buildings

Aircraft hangar, accessory to a one- or two-family residence (see section 412.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code)

Barns

Carports

Fences more than 6 feet (1829 mm) high

Grain silos, accessory to a residential occupancy

Greenhouses

Livestock shelters

Private garages

Retaining walls

Sheds

Stables

Tanks

Towers

[B] "Occupant load." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Open burning." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Open mall." See "covered mall building."

[B] "Open mall building." See "covered mall building."

[B] "Open parking garage." A structure or portion of a structure with the openings as described in section 406.3.3.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code on two or more sides that is used for the parking or storage of private motor vehicles as described in section 406.3.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"Open system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material involving a vessel or system that is continuously open to the atmosphere during normal operations and where vapors are liberated, or the product is exposed to the atmosphere during normal operations. Examples of open systems for solids and liquids include dispensing from or into open breakers or containers, dip tank and plating tank operations.

"Operating building." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Operating line." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Operating pressure." The pressure at which a system operates.

"Order." See paragraph (V)(2)( 122.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Organic coating." See paragraph (B)(1)(2002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-20 of the Administrative Code.

"Organic peroxide." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Class I." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Class II." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Class III." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IV." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Class V." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Unclassified detonable." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

"Outdoor control area." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Outpatient clinic." See "clinic, outpatient."

"Overcrowding." A condition that exists when either there are more people in a building, structure or portion thereof than have been authorized or posted by the fire code official, or when the fire code official determines that a threat exists to the safety of the occupants due to persons sitting and/or standing in locations that obstruct or impede the use of aisles, passages, corridors, stairways, exits or other components of the means of egress.

"Owner." A corporation, firm, partnership, association, organization and any other group acting as a unit, or a person who has legal title to any structure or premises with or without accompanying actual possession thereof, and shall include the duly authorized agent or attorney, a purchaser, devisee, fiduciary and any person having a vested or contingent interest in the premises in question.

"Oxidizer." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 4." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Oxidizing cryogenic fluid." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Oxidizing gas." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4002.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code.

"Ozone-gas generator." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Panic hardware." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Party popper." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Pass-through." See paragraph (B)(1)(18021) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Penthouse." An enclosed, unoccupied structure above the roof of a building, other than a tank, tower, spire, dome cupola or bulkhead.

"Permissible exposure limit (PEL)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Permit." An official document or certificate issued by the authority having jurisdiction which authorizes performance of a specified activity.

"Person." In addition to the meaning in section 1.59 of the Revised Code, means the state and any political subdivision of the state, and any other entity, public or private.

[B] "Personal care service." The care of residents who do not require chronic or convalescent medical or nursing care. Personal care involves responsibility for the safety of the resident while inside the building.

"Pesticide." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Photoluminescent." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Physical hazard." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Physiological warning threshold." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Pier." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code.

"Plosophoric material." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Plywood and veneer mills." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Portable outdoor fireplace." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

"Powered industrial truck." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative code.

"Pressure vessel." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative code.

"Primary containment." The first level of containment, consisting of the inside portion of that container which comes into immediate contact on its inner surface with the material being contained.

"Processing of fireworks." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Process transfer." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Propellant." See paragraph (B)(1)(28021) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Proximate audience." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Public traffic route (PTR)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Public way." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrophoric." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4102.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-41 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrotechnic article." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrotechnic composition." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrotechnics." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrotechnic special effect." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Pyrotechnic special effect material." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Qualifying small government." See paragraph (S)(1)(a)( 119.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Quantity-distance (Q-D)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Minimum Separation Distance D 0 )." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Intraline Distance (ILD) or Intraplant Distance (IPD)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Inhabited Building Distance (IBD)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Intermagazine Distance (IMD)." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Railroad." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Railway." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Ramp." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Raw product." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Ready box." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Record drawings." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Recreational fire." See paragraph (B)(1)( 302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

"Reduced flow valve." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

"Refinery." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Refrigerant." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

"Refrigeration system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Registered design professional." An architect or engineer, registered or licensed to practice professional architecture or engineering, as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state in which the project is to be constructed.

[B] "Religious worship, place of" A building or portion thereof intended for the performance of religious services.

"Remote emergency shutoff device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Remote solvent reservoir." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Remotely located, manually activated shutdown control." A control system that is designed to initiate shutdown of the flow of gases or liquids that is manually activated from a point located some distance from the delivery system.

"Repair garage." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Representative sample showroom." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Residential care/assisted living facilities." A building or part thereof housing persons, on a 24-hour basis, who because of age, mental disability or other reasons, live in a supervised residential environment which provides personal care services. The occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from staff This classification shall include, but not be limited to, the following: residential board and care facilities, assisted living facilities, halfway houses, group homes, congregate care facilities, social rehabilitation facilities, alcohol and drug abuse centers and convalescent facilities.

"Residential hotel." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Residential premises." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Resin application area." See paragraph (B)(1)(1502 1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Responsible manager." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

"Responsible person." The person responsible for compliance with the state fire code, including but not limited to, the owner, lessee, agent, operator, or occupant of a building, premises or vehicle. Responsible persons can include individuals, heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, business associations, partnerships or corporations, its or their successors or assigns or the agent of any of the aforesaid.

"Retail display area." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2802.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code.

"Roll coating." See paragraph (B)(1)(15021) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Rubbish (trash)." Combustible and noncombustible waste materials, including residue from the burning of coal, wood, coke or other combustible material, paper, rags, cartons, tin cans, metals, mineral matter, glass crockery, dust and discarded refrigerators, and heating, cooking or incinerator-type appliances.

"Safety can." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Scissor stair." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Secondary containment." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Segregated." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Self-closing." As applied to a fire door or other opening, means equipped with an approved device that will ensure closing after having been opened.

"Self-luminous." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Self-service motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph (B)(1)(2202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code.

"Semiconductor fabrication facility." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Service corridor." See paragraph (B)(1)(1802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Shelf storage." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Single room occupancy." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Single-station smoke alarm." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Site." A parcel of land bounded by a lot line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

"Site-fabricated stretch system." See paragraph (B)(1)(802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

"Sleeping room." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Sleeping unit." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Small arms ammunition." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Small arms primers." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Small municipality or small township." See paragraph (T)(1)(120 1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Smoke alarm." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Smoke barrier." A continuous membrane, either vertical or horizontal, such as a wall, floor, or ceiling assembly, that is designed and constructed to restrict the movement of smoke.

[B] "Smoke compartment." A space within a building enclosed by smoke barriers on all sides, including the top and bottom.

[B] "Smoke damper." A listed device installed in ducts and air transfer openings designed to resist the passage of smoke. The device is installed to operate automatically, controlled by a smoke detection system, and where required, is capable of being positioned from a fire command center.

"Smoke detector." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Smoke device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Smoke-developed index." See paragraph (B)(1)(802 1) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Smoke-protected assembly seating." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Smokeless propellants." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Smokeproof enclosure." An exit stairway designed and constructed so that the movement of the products of combustion produced by a fire occurring in any part of the building into the enclosure is limited.

"Snake or glow worm." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Snapper." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Solid." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Solid shelving." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Solvent distillation unit." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Solvent or liquid classifications." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Class I solvents." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Class II solvents." See paragraph (B)(1)(1202 1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IIIA solvents." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IIIB solvents." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Class IV solvents." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1202.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code.

"Special amusement building." A building that is temporary, permanent or mobile that contains a device or system that conveys passengers or provides a walkway along, around or over a course in any direction as a form of amusement arranged so that the egress path is not readily apparent due to visual or audio distractions or an intentionally confounded egress path, or is not readily available because of the mode of conveyance through the building or structure.

"Special industrial explosive device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Spray booth." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Spray room." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"Spraying space." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code.

"SRO facility." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Stair." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Stairway." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Stairway, exterior." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Stairway, interior." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Stairway, spiral." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Standpipe system, classes of" See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Class I system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Class II system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Class III system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Standpipe, types of." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic dry." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Automatic wet." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Manual dry." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Manual wet." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Semiautomatic dry." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"State fire marshal." The state fire marshal appointed pursuant to section 3737.21 of the Revised Code or his duly authorized representative.

"Static piles." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Steel." Hot- or cold-rolled as defined by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"Storage, hazardous materials." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Story." That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above (also see "mezzanine" and section 502.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code). It is measured as the vertical distance from top to top of two successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters.

[B] "Story above grade plane." Any story having its finished floor surface entirely above grade plane, or in which the finished surface of the floor next above is:

1. More than 6 feet (1829 mm) above grade plane; or

2. More than 12 feet (3658 mm) above the finished ground level at any point.

"Suite." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Supervising station." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Supervisory service." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Supervisory signal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Supervisory signal-initiating device." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"System." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Tank." A vessel containing more than 60 gallons (227 L).

"Tank, atmospheric." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Tank, portable." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Tank, primary." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

"Tank, protected above ground." A tank listed in accordance with UL 2085 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code consisting of a primary tank provided with protection from physical damage and fire-resistive protection from a high-intensity liquid pool fire exposure. The tank may provide protection elements as a unit or may be an assembly of components, or a combination thereof.

"Tank, stationary." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Tank vehicle." See paragraph (B)(1)(27021) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code."

"Temporary residence." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Tent." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code.

"Theft resistant." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Thermal insecticidal fogging." See paragraph (B)(1)(1702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code.

"Timber and lumber production facilities." See paragraph (B)(1)( 1902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code.

"Tires, bulk storage of." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Tool." See paragraph (B)(1)(18021) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

"Torch-applied roof system." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2602.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Townhouse." A single-family dwelling unit constructed in a group of three or more attached units in which each unit extends from the foundation to roof and with open space on at least two sides.

"Toxic." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Transient." Occupancy of a dwelling unit or sleeping unit for not more than thirty days.

[B] "Transient aircraft." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Transient hotel." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Transient 270 day stay hotel room." See paragraph (R)(2)( 118.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Transverse flue space." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

"Trash." See "Rubbish."

"Trick match." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Trouble signal." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Tube trailer." See paragraph (B)(1)(30011) of rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

"Unauthorized discharge." See paragraph (B)(1)( 2702.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Unfriendly fire." A fire of destructive nature as distinguished from a controlled fire intended for a beneficial purpose.

"Unstable (reactive) material." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 4." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code.

"Unwanted fire." A fire not used for cooking, heating or recreational purposes or one not incidental to the normal operations of the property.

"Use (material)." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

"Vapor pressure." See paragraph (B)(1)(2702 1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Ventilation." The natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing such air from, any space.

"Vessel." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002 1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Visible alarm notification appliance." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Volunteer fire department." See paragraph (T)(1)(120 1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Volunteer fire fighter." See paragraph (T)(1)(1201) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

"Water-reactive material." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code.

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(1)( 4402.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code.

"Wet-chemical extinguishing agent." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Wholesale sale or sell at wholesale." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Wharf" See paragraph (B)(1)( 4502.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code.

"Wildfire risk area." Land that is covered with grass, grain, brush or forest, whether privately or publicly owned, which is so situated or is of such inaccessible location that a fire originating upon it would present an abnormally difficult job of suppression or would result in great or unusual damage through fire or such areas designated by the fire code official.

[B] "Winder." See paragraph (B)(1)(10021) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

"Wire sparkler." See paragraph (B)(1)( 3302.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Wireless protection system." See paragraph (B)(10( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

"Workstation." See paragraph (B)(1)(18021) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Yard." An open space, other than a court, unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except where specifically provided by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, on the lot on which a building is situated.

"Zone." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

"Zone, notification." See paragraph (B)(1)( 902.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-02

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.01 , 3737.22 , 3737.63 , 3737.66 , 3737.82 , 3737.841 , 3743.01
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 11/27/93, 9/1/95, 3/30/98, 11/20/98, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-03 General requirements.

(A) Section 301 General

(1) 301.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern the occupancy and maintenance of all structures and premises for precautions against fire and the spread of fire and general requirements of fire safety.

(2) 301.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code for the activities or uses regulated by paragraphs (F)(306), (G)(307), (H)(308) and (O)(315) of this rule.

(B) Section 302 Definitions

(1) 302.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Bonfire." An outdoor fire utilized for ceremonial purposes.

"Hi-boy." A cart used to transport hot roofing materials on a roof.

"High-voltage transmission line." An electrical power transmission line operating at or above 66 kilovolts.

"Open burning." The burning of materials wherein products of combustion are emitted directly into the ambient air without passing through a stack or chimney from an enclosed chamber. Open burning does not include road flares, smudgepots and similar devices associated with safety or occupational uses typically considered open flames, recreational fires or use of portable outdoor fireplaces. For the purpose of this definition, a chamber shall be regarded as enclosed when, during the time combustion occurs, only apertures, ducts, stacks, flues or chimneys necessary to provide combustion air and permit the escape of exhaust gas are open.

"Portable outdoor fireplace." A portable, outdoor, solid-fuel-burning fireplace that may be constructed of steel, concrete, clay or other noncombustible material. A portable outdoor fireplace may be open in design, or may be equipped with a small hearth opening and a short chimney operating in the top.

"Powered industrial truck." A forklift, tractor, platform lift truck or motorized hand truck powered by an electrical motor or internal combustion engine. Powered industrial trucks do not include farm vehicles or automotive vehicles for highway use.

"Recreational fire." An outdoor fire burning materials other than rubbish where the fuel being burned is not contained in an incinerator, outdoor fireplace, portable outdoor fireplace, barbecue grill or barbecue pit and has a total fuel area of 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height for pleasure, religious, ceremonial, cooking, warmth or similar purposes.

(C) Section 303 Asphalt kettles

(1) 303.1 Transporting. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be transported over any highway, road or street when the heat source for the kettle is operating.

Exception: Asphalt (tar) kettles in the process of patching road surfaces.

(2) 303.2 Location. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any combustible material, combustible building surface or any building opening. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be located within a controlled area identified by the use of traffic cones, barriers or other approved means. Asphalt (tar) kettles and pots shall not be utilized inside or on the roof of a building or structure. Roofing kettles and operating asphalt (tar) kettles shall not block means of egress, gates, roadways or entrances.

(3) 303.3 Location of fuel containers. Fuel containers shall be located at least 10 feet (3048 mm) from the burner.

Exception: Containers properly insulated from heat or flame are allowed to be within 2 feet (610 mm) of the burner.

(4) 303.4 Attendant. An operating kettle shall be attended by a minimum of one employee knowledgeable of the operations and hazards. The employee shall be within 100 feet (30 480 mm) of the kettle and have the kettle within sight. Ladders or similar obstacles shall not form a part of the route between the attendant and the kettle.

(5) 303.5 Fire extinguishers. There shall be a portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 40-B:C rating within 25 feet(7620 mm) of each asphalt (tar) kettle during the period such kettle is being utilized. Additionally, there shall be one portable fire extinguisher with a minimum 3-A:40-B:C rating on the roof being covered.

(6) 303.6 Lids. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be equipped with tight-fitting lids.

(7) 303.7 Hi-boys. Hi-boys shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. Hi-boys shall be limited to a capacity of 55 gallons (208 L). Fuel sources or heating elements shall not be allowed as part of a hi-boy.

(8) 303.8 Roofing kettles. Roofing kettles shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.

(9) 303.9 Fuel containers under air pressure. Fuel containers that operate under air pressure shall not exceed 20 gallons (76 L) in capacity and shall be approved.

(D) Section 304 Combustible waste material

(1) 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited. Combustible waste material creating a fire hazard shall not be allowed to accumulate in buildings or structures or upon premises.

(a) 304.1.1 Waste material. Accumulations of wastepaper, wood, hay, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any type shall not be permitted to remain on a roof or in any court, yard, vacant lot, alley, parking lot, open space, or beneath a grandstand, bleacher, pier, wharf, manufactured home, recreational vehicle or other similar structure.

(b) 304.1.2 Vegetation. Weeds, grass, vines or other growth that is capable of being ignited and endangering property, shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of the premises. Vegetation clearance requirements in urban-wildlife interface areas shall be in accordance with the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 304.1.3 Space underneath seats. Spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall be kept free from combustible and flammable materials. Except where enclosed in not less than 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall not be occupied or utilized for purposes other than means of egress.

(2) 304.2 Storage. Storage of combustible rubbish shall not produce conditions that will create a nuisance or a hazard to the public health, safety or welfare.

(3) 304.3 Containers. Combustible rubbish, and waste material kept within or near a structure shall be stored in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(304.3.1) to (D)(3)(d)(304.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 304.3.1 Spontaneous ignition. Materials susceptible to spontaneous ignition, such as oily rags, shall be stored in a listed disposal container. Contents of such containers shall be removed and disposed of daily.

(b) 304.3.2 Capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet. Containers with a capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet (40 gallons) ( 0.15 m3) shall be provided with lids. Containers and lids shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.

Exception: Waste baskets in Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with paragraph (H)(1)( 808.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 304.3.3 Capacity exceeding 1.5 cubic yards. Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity of 1.5 cubic yards [( 40.5 cubic feet) ( 1.15 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines.

Exceptions:

1. Dumpsters or containers in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or Type IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.

(d) 304.3.4 Capacity of 1 cubic yard or more. Dumpsters with an individual capacity of 1.0 cubic yard [200 gallons ( 0.76 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines unless the dumpsters are constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.

Exceptions:

1. Dumpsters in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.

(E) Section 305 Ignition sources

(1) 305.1 Clearance from ignition sources. Clearance between ignition sources, such as luminaires, heaters, flame-producing devices and combustible materials, shall be maintained in an approved manner.

(2) 305.2 Hot ashes and spontaneous ignition sources. Hot ashes, cinders, smoldering coals or greasy or oily materials subject to spontaneous ignition shall not be deposited in a combustible receptacle, within 10 feet (3048 mm) of other combustible material including combustible walls and partitions or within 2 feet (610 mm) of openings to buildings.

Exception: The minimum required separation distance to other combustible materials shall be 2 feet (610 mm) where the material is deposited in a covered, noncombustible receptacle placed on a noncombustible floor, ground surface or stand.

(3) 305.3 Open-flame warning devices. Open-flame warning devices shall not be used along an excavation, road, or any place where the dislodgment of such device might permit the device to roll, fall or slide on to any area or land containing combustible material.

(4) 305.4 Deliberate or negligent burning. It shall be unlawful to deliberately or through negligence set fire to or cause the burning of combustible material in such a manner as to endanger the safety of persons or property.

(F) Section 306 Motion picture projection rooms and film

(1) 306.1 Motion picture projection rooms. Electric arc, xenon or other light source projection equipment which develops hazardous gases, dust or radiation and the projection of ribbon-type cellulose nitrate film, regardless of the light source used in projection, shall be operated within a motion picture projection room complying with section 409 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 306.2 Cellulose nitrate film storage. Storage of cellulose nitrate film shall be in accordance with NFPA 40 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(G) Section 307 Open burning, recreational fires and portable outdoor fireplaces

(1) 307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless conducted and approved in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning that is offensive or objectionable because of smoke emissions or when atmospheric conditions or local circumstances make such fires hazardous shall be prohibited.

(2) 307.2 Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to kindling a fire for recognized silvicultural or range or wildlife management practices, prevention or control of disease or pests, or a bonfire. Application for such approval shall only be presented by and permits issued to the owner of the land upon which the fire is to be kindled.

(a) 307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted with prior approval from the state or local air and water quality management authority, provided that all conditions specified in the authorization are followed.

(3) 307.3 Extinguishment authority. The fire code official is authorized to order the extinguishment by the permit holder, another person responsible or the fire department of open burning that creates or adds to a hazardous or objectionable situation.

(4) 307.4 Location. The location for open burning shall not be less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provisions shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of any structure.

Exceptions:

1. Fire in approved containers that are not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) from a structure.

2. The minimum required distance from a structure shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height.

(a) 307.4.1 Bonfires. A bonfire shall not be conducted within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure or combustible material unless the fire is contained in a barbecue pit. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.

(b) 307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or combustible material. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.

(c) 307.4.3 Portable outdoor fireplaces. Portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet (3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.

Exception: Portable outdoor fireplaces used at one-and two-family dwellings.

(5) 307.5 Attendance. Opening burning, bonfires, recreational fires and use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be constantly attended until the fire is extinguished. A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code with a minimum 4-A rating or other approved on-site fire-extinguishing equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, garden hose or water truck, shall be available for immediate utilization.

(H) Section 308 Open flames

(1) 308.1 General. Open flame, fire and burning on all premises shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(a)(308.1.1) to (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule and with other applicable paragraphs of this code.

(a) 308.1.1 Where prohibited. A person shall not take or utilize an open flame or light in a structure, vessel, boat or other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive material is utilized or stored. Lighting appliances shall be well-secured in a glass globe and wire mesh cage or a similar approved device.

(b) 308.1.2 Throwing or placing sources of ignition. No person shall throw or place, or cause to be thrown or placed, a lighted match, cigar, cigarette, matches, or other flaming or glowing substance or object on any surface or article where it can cause an unwanted fire.

(c) 308.1.3 Torches for removing paint. Persons utilizing a torch or other flame-producing device for removing paint from a structure shall provide a minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 4-A rating, two portable fire extinguishers, each with a minimum 2-A rating, or a water hose connected to the water supply on the premises where such burning is done. The person doing the burning shall remain on the premises one hour after the torch or flame-producing device is utilized.

(d) 308.1.4 Open flame cooking devices. Charcoal burners and other open-flame cooking devices shall not be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.

Exceptions:

1. One- and two-family dwellings.

2. Where buildings, balconies and decks are protected by an automatic sprinkler system.

3. Where approved by the fire code official, charcoal burners are allowed to be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction where all of the following conditions are met:

3.1. The charcoal burners are attended by an adult at all times when in operation.

3.2. Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

3.3. All non-structural combustible material must be removed from the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.

4. LP-gas cooking devices having an LP-gas container with a water capacity not greater than 2 1/2 pound [nominal 1 pound ( 0.454 kg) LP-gas capacity].

(i) 308.1.4.1 Natural gas fired open-flame cooking devices. Where approved in writing by the fire code official, the installation and use of natural gas fired open flame cooking devices and/or appliances shall be permissible on combustible balconies of multi- (greater than two) family dwelling unit structures or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction at multi-family dwelling unit structures, with the following conditions:

(a) The fire code official, in that official's discretion, may require that any person responsible for the use of a natural gas fire open flame cooking device or other appliance at a multi-family dwelling unit structure, to maintain comprehensive general liability insurance in an amount sufficient to cover any damages to persons or property that could be attributed to any fire caused by the use of an open flame cooking device.

(b) The fuel supply for the natural gas fueled open flame cooking device or appliance be from the natural gas fuel supply piping system connected to the building where the cooking is to occur. There shall be no storage tanks or cylinders located in or near the dwelling unit structure where the cooking is to occur.

(c) The gas pressure supplied to the natural gas fueled cooking appliance shall be no more than the pressure recommended by the cooking device/appliance manufacturer. In no case shall the maximum pressure supplied to the device or appliance exceed 2 pounds per square inch (psi).

(d) Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(e) While the natural gas fired open flame cooking device or appliance is in use, all combustibles that are not part of the dwelling unit structure shall be kept 5 feet away from the cooking device.

(f) Any and all building code requirements for the installation and use of natural gas fired grills, open flame cooking devices or appliances shall be complied with, including compliance with any permit and inspection requirements.

(e) 308.1.5 Location near combustibles. Open flames such as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters and gas-fired heaters shall not be located on or near decorative material or similar combustible materials.

(f) 308.1.6 Open-flame devices. Torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be operated or used in or upon wildfire risk areas, except by a permit in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code secured from the fire code official.

Exception: Use within inhabited premises or designated campsites which are a minimum of 30 feet (9144 mm) from grass-, grain-, brush-or forest-covered areas.

(i) 308.1.6.1 Signals and markers. Flame-employing devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, shall not be operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon wildfire risk areas.

Exception: The proper use of fusees at the scenes of emergencies or as required by standard railroad operating procedures.

(ii) 308.1.6.2 Portable fueled open-flame devices. Portable open-flame devices fueled by flammable or combustible gases or liquids shall be enclosed or installed in such a manner as to prevent the flame from contacting combustible material.

Exceptions:

1. LP-gas-fueled devices used for sweating pipe joints or removing paint in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code.

2. Cutting and welding operations in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code.

3. Torches or flame-producing devices in accordance with paragraph (H)(4)( 308.4 ) of this rule.

4. Candles and open-flame decorative devices in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)( 308.3 ) of this rule.

(g) 308.1.7 Religious ceremonies. When, in the opinion of the fire code official, adequate safeguards have been taken, participants in religious ceremonies are allowed to carry hand-held candles. Hand-held candles shall not be passed from one person to another while lighted.

(i) 308.1.7.1 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.

(h) 308.1.8 Flaming food and beverage preparation. The preparation of flaming foods or beverages in places of assembly and drinking and dining establishments shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(h)(i)(308.1.8.1) to (H)(1)(h)(v)(308.1.8.5) of this rule.

(i) 308.1.8.1 Dispensing. Flammable or combustible liquids used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall be dispensed from one of the following:

(a). A 1-ounce ( 29.6 ml) container; or

(b). A container not exceeding 1-quart ( 946.5 ml) capacity with a controlled pouring device that will limit the flow to a 1-ounce ( 29.6 ml) serving.

(ii) 308.1.8.2 Containers not in use. Containers shall be secured to prevent spillage when not in use.

(iii) 308.1.8.3 Serving of flaming food. The serving of flaming foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and shall not create high flames. The pouring, ladling or spooning of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches (203 mm) above the receiving receptacle.

(iv) 308.1.8.4 Location. Flaming foods or beverages shall be prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being serviced. They shall not be transported or carried while burning.

(v) 308.1.8.5 Fire protection. The person preparing the flaming foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immediately available for use in smothering the flames in the event of an emergency.

(2) 308.2 Permits required. Permits shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to engaging in the following activities involving open flame, fire and burning:

(a) Use of a torch or flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure.

(b) Use of open flame, fire or burning in connection with Group A or E occupancies.

(c) Use or operation of torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire in or upon wildfire risk areas.

(3) 308.3 Group A occupancies. Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A occupancy.

Exceptions:

1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:

1.1. Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with paragraph (H)(1)(g)(308.1.7) of this rule.

1.2. On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(b)(308.3.2) of this rule.

1.3. Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.

2. Heat-producing equipment complying with rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.

(a) 308.3.1 Open-flame decorative devices. Open-flame decorative devices shall comply with all of the following restrictions:

(i) Class I and Class II liquids and LP-gas shall not be used.

(ii) Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.

(iii) The device or holder shall be constructed to prevent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) when the device or holder is not in an upright position.

(iv) The device or holder shall be designed so that it will return to the upright position after being tilted to an angle of 45 degrees from vertical.

Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.

(v) The flame shall be enclosed except where openings on the side are not more than 0.375 inch ( 9.5 mm) diameter or where openings are on the top and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tissue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 seconds.

(vi) Chimneys shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device.

Exception: A chimney is not required to be attached to any open-flame device that will self-extinguish if the device is topped over.

(vii) Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage.

(viii) Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

(ix) Shades, where used, shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device holder or chimney.

(x) Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, and shall be located away from occupants using the area and away from possible contact with drapes, curtains or other combustibles.

(b) 308.3.2 Theatrical performances. Where approved in accordance with the permit requirements of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code, open-flame devices used in conjunction with theatrical performances are allowed to be used when adequate safety precautions have been taken in accordance with NFPA 160 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 308.4 Group R occupancies. Open flame, fire and burning in Group R occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(1)( 308.1 ) to (H)(1)(^(ii)(308.1.6.2) and (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule.

(a) 308.4.1 Group R-2 dormitories. Candles, incense and similar open-flame-producing items shall not be allowed in sleeping units in Group R-2 dormitory occupancies.

(I) Section 309 Powered industrial trucks and equipment

(1) 309.1 General. Powered industrial trucks and similar equipment including, but not limited to, floor scrubbers and floor buffers, shall be operated and maintained in accordance with this paragraph.

(2) 309.2 Battery chargers. Battery chargers shall be of an approved type. Combustible storage shall be kept a minimum of 3 feet (915 mm) from battery chargers. Battery charging shall not be conducted in areas accessible to the public.

(3) 309.3 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in an approved manner in battery-charging areas to prevent a dangerous accumulation of flammable gases.

(4) 309.4 Fire extinguishers. Battery-charging areas shall be provided with a fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code having a minimum 4-A:20-B:C rating within 20 feet(6096 mm) of the battery charger.

(5) 309.5 Refueling. Powered industrial trucks using liquid fuel, LP-gas or hydrogen shall be refueled outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose. Fixed fuel-dispensing equipment and associated fueling operations shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. Other fuel-dispensing equipment and operations, including cylinder exchange for LP-gas-fueled vehicles, shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code for flammable and combustible liquids or rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code for LP-gas.

(6) 309.6 Repairs. Repairs to fuel systems, electrical systems and repairs utilizing open flame or welding shall be done in approved locations outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose.

(J) Section 310 Smoking

(1) 310.1 General. The smoking or carrying of a lighted pipe, cigar, cigarette or any other type of smoking paraphernalia or material is prohibited in the areas indicated in paragraphs (J)(2)( 310.2 ) to (J)(8)( 310.8 ) of this rule.

(2) 310.2 Prohibited areas. Smoking shall be prohibited where conditions are such as to make smoking a hazard, and in spaces where flammable or combustible materials are stored or handled.

(3) 310.3 "No Smoking" signs. The fire code official is authorized to order the posting of "No Smoking" signs in a conspicuous location in each structure or location in which smoking is prohibited. The content, lettering, size, color and location of required "No Smoking" signs shall be approved.

(4) 310.4 Removal of signs prohibited. A posted "No Smoking" sign shall not be obscured, removed, defaced, mutilated or destroyed.

(5) 310.5 Compliance with "No Smoking" signs. Smoking shall not be permitted nor shall a person smoke, throw or deposit any lighted or smoldering substance in any place where "No Smoking" signs are posted.

(6) 310.6 Ash trays. Where smoking is permitted, suitable noncombustible ash trays or match receivers shall be provided on each table and at other appropriate locations.

(7) 310.7 Burning objects. Lighted matches, cigarettes, cigars or other burning objects shall not be discarded in such a manner that could cause ignition of other combustible material.

(8) 310.8 Hazardous environmental conditions. When the fire code official determines that hazardous environmental conditions necessitate controlled use of smoking materials, the ignition or use of such materials in mountainous, brush-covered or forest-covered areas or other designated areas is prohibited except in approved designated smoking areas.

(K) Section 311 Vacant premises

(1) 311.1 General. Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 311.1.1 Abandoned premises. Buildings, structures and premises for which an owner cannot be identified or located by dispatch of a certificate of mailing to the last known or registered address, which persistently or repeatedly become unprotected or unsecured, which have been occupied by unauthorized persons or for illegal purposes, or which present a danger of structural collapse or fire spread to adjacent properties shall be considered abandoned, declared unsafe and abated by demolition or rehabilitation in accordance with the International Property Maintenance Code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 311.1.2 Tenant spaces. Storage and lease plans required by the code shall be revised and updated to reflect temporary or partial vacancies.

(2) 311.2 Safeguarding vacant premises. Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof shall be secured and protected in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 311.2.1 Security. Exterior and interior openings accessible to other tenants or unauthorized persons shall be boarded, locked, blocked or otherwise protected to prevent entry by unauthorized individuals. The fire code official is authorized to placard, post signs, erect barrier tape or take similar measures as necessary to secure public safety.

(b) 311.2.2 Fire protection. Fire alarm, sprinkler and standpipe systems shall be maintained in an operable condition at all times.

Exceptions:

1. When the premises have been cleared of all combustible materials and debris and, in the opinion of the fire code official, the type of construction, fire separation distance and security of the premises do not create a fire hazard.

2. Where approved by the fire chief, buildings that will not be heated and where fire protection systems will be exposed to freezing temperatures, fire alarm and sprinkler systems are permitted to be placed out of service and standpipes are permitted to be maintained as dry systems (without an automatic water supply) provided the building has no contents or storage, and windows, doors and other openings are secured to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons.

(c) 311.2.3 Fire separation. Fire-resistance-rated partitions, fire barriers and fire walls separating vacant tenant spaces from the remainder of the building shall be maintained. Openings, joints, and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 311.3 Removal of combustibles. Persons owning, or in charge or control of, a vacant building or portion thereof, shall remove therefrom all accumulations of combustible materials, flammable or combustible waste or rubbish and shall securely lock or otherwise secure doors, windows and other openings to prevent entry by unauthorized persons. The premises shall be maintained clear of waste or hazardous materials.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings or portions of buildings undergoing additions, alterations, repairs or change of occupancy in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, where waste is controlled and removed as required by paragraph (D)(304) of this rule.

2. Seasonally occupied buildings.

(4) 311.4 Removal of hazardous materials. Persons owning or having charge or control of a vacant building containing hazardous materials regulated by rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code shall comply with the facility closure requirements of paragraph (A)(6)( 2701.6 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative code.

(5) 311.5 Placards. Any vacant or abandoned buildings or structures determined to be unsafe pursuant to paragraph (J)(110) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code relating to structural or interior hazards shall be marked as required by paragraphs (K)(5)(a)(311.5.1) to (K)(5)(e)(311.5.5) of this rule.

(a) 311.5.1 Placard location. Placards shall be applied on the front of the structure and be visible from the street. Additional placards shall be applied to the side of each entrance to the structure and on pentho

(b) 311.5.2 Placard size and color. Placards shall be 24 inches by 24 inches (610 mm by 610 mm) minimum in size with a red background, white reflective stripes and a white reflective border. The stripes and border shall have a 2-inch (51 mm) minimum stroke.

(c) 311.5.3 Placard date. Placards shall bear the date of their application to the building and the date of the most recent inspection.

(d) 311.5.4 Placard symbols. The design of the placards shall use the following symbols:

(i) This symbol shall mean that the structure had normal structural conditions at the time of marking.

(ii) This symbol shall mean that structural or interior hazards exist and interior fire-fighting or rescue operations should be conducted with extreme caution.

(iii) This symbol shall mean that structural or interior hazards exist to a degree that consideration should be given to limit fire fighting to exterior operations only, with entry only occurring for known life hazards.

(iv) Vacant marker hazard identification symbols: The following symbols shall be used to designate known hazards on the vacant building marker. They shall be placed directly above the symbol.

(a) R/O-Roofopen

(b) S/M-Stairs, steps and landing missing

(c) F/E-Avoid fire escapes

(d) H/F-Holes in floor

(e) 311.5.5 Informational use. The use of these symbols shall be information only and shall not in any way limit the discretion of the on-scene incident commander.

(L) Section 312 Vehicle impact protection

(1) 312.1 General. Vehicle impact protection required by this code shall be provided by posts that comply with paragraph (L)(2)( 312.2 ) of this rule or by other approved physical barriers that comply with paragraph (L)(3)( 312.3 ) of this rule.

(2) 312.2 Posts. Guard posts shall comply with all of the following requirements:

(a) Constructed of steel not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter and concrete filled.

(b) Spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 mm) between posts on center.

(c) Set not less than 3 feet (914 mm) deep in a concrete footing of not less than a 15-inch (381 mm) diameter.

(d) Set with the top of the posts not less than 3 feet (914 mm) above ground.

(e) Located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the protected object.

(3) 312.3 Other barriers. Physical barriers shall be a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) in height and shall resist a force of 12,000 pounds (53 375 N) applied 36 inches (914 mm) above the adjacent ground surface.

(M) Section 313 Fueled equipment

(1) 313.1 General. Fueled equipment including, but not limited to motorcycles, mopeds, lawn-care equipment, portable generators and portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated or repaired within a building.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings or rooms constructed for such use in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. Where allowed by paragraph (N)(314) of this rule.

3. Storage of equipment utilized for maintenance purposes is allowed in approved locations when the aggregate fuel capacity of the stored equipment does not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) and the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 313.1.1 Removal. The fire code official is authorized to require removal of fueled equipment from locations where the presence of such equipment is determined by the fire code official to be hazardous.

(2) 313.2 Group R occupancies. Vehicles powered by flammable liquids, Class II combustible liquids or compressed flammable gases shall not be stored within the living space of Group R buildings.

(N) Section 314 Indoor displays

(1) 314.1 General. Indoor displays constructed within any occupancy shall comply with paragraphs (N)(2)( 314.2 ) to (N)(4)( 314.4 ) of this rule.

(2) 314.2 Fixtures and displays. Fixtures and displays of goods for sale to the public shall be arranged so as to maintain free, immediate and unobstructed access to exits as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 314.3 Highly combustible goods. The display of highly combustible goods, including but not limited to flammable or combustible liquids, liquefied flammable gases, oxidizing materials, pyroxylin plastics and agricultural goods, in main exit access aisles, corridors, covered malls, or within 5 feet (1524 mm) of entrances to exits and exterior exit doors is prohibited when a fire involving such goods would rapidly prevent or obstruct egress.

(a) 314.3.1 Display of fireworks for retail sale. The display of fireworks for retail sale shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 314.4 Vehicles. Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

(a) Batteries are disconnected.

(b) Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).

(c) Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

(d) Vehicles, boats or other motorcraft equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

(O) Section 315 Miscellaneous combustible materials storage

(1) 315.1 General. Storage, use and handling of miscellaneous combustible materials shall be in accordance with this paragraph. A permit shall be obtained in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 315.2 Storage in buildings. Storage of combustible materials in buildings shall be orderly. Storage shall be separated from heaters or heating devices by distance or shielding so that ignition cannot occur.

(a) 315.2.1 Ceiling clearance. Storage shall be maintained 2 feet (610 mm) or more below the ceiling in nonsprinklered areas of buildings or a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) below sprinkler head deflectors in sprinklered areas of buildings.

(b) 315.2.2 Means of egress. Combustible materials shall not be stored in exits or exit enclosures.

(c) 315.2.3 Equipment rooms. Combustible material shall not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms or electrical equipment rooms.

(d) 315.2.4 Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces used for storage of combustible materials shall be protected on the storage side as required for 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction. Openings shall be protected by assemblies that are self-closing and are of noncombustible construction or solid wood core not less than 13/4 inches ( 44.5 mm) in thickness. Storage shall not be placed on exposed joists.

Exceptions:

1. Areas protected by approved automatic sprinkler systems.

2. Group R-3 and Group U occupancies.

(3) 315.3 Outside storage. Outside storage of combustible materials shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a property line.

Exceptions:

1. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced to 3 feet (914 mm) for storage not exceeding 6 feet (1829 mm) in height.

2. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced when the fire code official determines that no hazard to the adjoining property exists.

(a) 315.3.1 Storage beneath overhead projections from buildings. Where buildings are protected by automatic sprinklers, the outdoor storage, display and handling of combustible materials under eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs is prohibited except where automatic sprinklers are installed under such eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs.

(b) 315.3.2 Height. Storage in the open shall not exceed 20 feet (6096 mm) in height.

(P) Section 316 Hazards to fire fighters

(1) 316.1 Trapdoors to be closed. Trapdoors and scuttle covers, other than those that are within a dwelling unit or automatically operated, shall be kept closed at all times except when in use.

(2) 316.2 Shaftway markings. Vertical shafts shall be identified as required by this paragraph.

(a) 316.2.1 Exterior access to shaftways. Outside openings accessible to the fire department and which open directly on a hoistway or shaftway communicating between two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with the word "SHAFTWAY" in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible from the outside of the building.

(b) 316.2.2 Interior access to shaftways. Door or window openings to a hoistway or shaftway from the interior of the building shall be plainly marked with the word "SHAFTWAY" in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible.

Exception: Marking shall not be required on shaftway openings which are readily discernible as openings onto a shaftway by the construction or arrangement.

(3) 316.3 Pitfalls. The intentional design or alteration of buildings to disable, injure, maim or kill intruders is prohibited. No person shall install and use firearms, sharp or pointed objects, razor wire, explosives, flammable or combustible liquid containers, or dispensers containing highly toxic, toxic, irritant or other hazardous materials in a manner which may passively or actively disable, injure, maim or kill a fire fighter who forcibly enters a building for the purpose of controlling or extinguishing a fire, rescuing trapped occupants or rendering other emergency assistance.

(4) 316.4 Structures and outdoor storage underneath high-voltage transmission lines. Structures and outdoor storage underneath high-voltage transmission lines shall comply with paragraphs (P)(4)(a)(316.4.1) and (P)(4)(b)(316.4.2) of this rule, respectively.

(a) 316.4.1 Structures. Structures shall not be constructed within the utility easement underneath high-voltage transmission lines.

Exception: Restrooms and unoccupied telecommunication structures of noncombustible construction less than 15 feet in height.

(b) 316.4.2 Outdoor storage. Outdoor storage within the utility easement underneath high-voltage transmission lines shall be limited to noncombustible material. Storage of hazardous materials including, but not limited to, flammable and combustible liquids is prohibited.

Exception: Combustible storage, including vehicles and fuel storage for backup power equipment serving public utility equipment, is allowed, provided that a plan indicating the storage configuration is submitted and approved.

(Q) Section 317 Laundry carts

(1) 317.1 Laundry carts with a capacity exceeding 1 cubic yard or more. Laundry carts with an individual capacity of 1 cubic yard [200 gallons ( 0.76 m3)] or more, used in laundries within Group B, F-1, I and R-1 occupancies shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or materials having a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 at a flux of 50 kW/m2 when tested in a horizontal orientation in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Laundry carts in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Laundry carts in coin-operated laundries.

(R) Section 318 Laboratories using chemicals

(1) 318.1 The operation and maintenance of all laboratories shall be in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 45 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-03

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 11/27/93, 9/1/95, 1/9/98, 1/3/00, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-04 Emergency planning and preparedness.

(A) Section 401 General

(1) 401.1 Scope. Reporting of emergencies, coordination with emergency response forces, emergency plans, and procedures for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph.

Exception: Firms that have approved on-premises fire-fighting organizations and that are in compliance with approved procedures for fire reporting.

(2) 401.2 Approval. Where required by this code, fire safety plans, emergency procedures and employee training programs shall be approved by the fire code official.

(3) 401.3 Emergency responder notification. Notification of emergency responders shall be in accordance with paragraphs (A)(3)(a)(401.3.1) to (A)(3)(c)(401.3.3) of this rule.

(a) 401.3.1 Fire events. In the event an unwanted fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such condition to the fire department.

(b) 401.3.2 Alarm notifications. Upon activation of a fire alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify the fire department.

(c) 401.3.3 Delayed notification. A person shall not, by verbal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a fire to the fire department.

(4) 401.4 Required plan implementation. In the event an unwanted fire is detected in a building or a fire alarm activates, the emergency plan shall be implemented.

(5) 401.5 Making false report. A person shall not give, signal or transmit a false alarm.

(6) 401.6 Emergency evacuation drills. The sounding of a fire alarm signal and the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (E)(405) of this rule shall be allowed.

(7) 401.7 Unplanned evacuation. Evacuations made necessary by the unplanned activation of a fire alarm system or by any other emergency shall not be substituted for a required evacuation drill.

(8) 401.8 Interference with fire department operations. It shall be unlawful to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or restrict the mobility of or block the path of travel of a fire department emergency vehicle in any way, or to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or hamper any fire department operation.

(B) Section 402 Definitions

(1) 402.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Emergency evacuation drill." An exercise performed to train staff and occupants and to evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out emergency evacuation procedures.

"Lockdown." An emergency situation, in other than a Group I-3 occupancy, requiring that the occupants be sheltered and secured in place within a building when normal evacuation would put occupants at risk.

(C) Section 403 Public assemblages and events

(1) 403.1 Fire watch personnel. When, in the opinion of the fire code official, it is essential for public safety in a place of assembly or any other place where people congregate, because of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or lessee shall provide one or more fire watch personnel, as required and approved, to remain on duty during the times such places are open to the public, or when such activity is being conducted.

(a) 403.1.1 Duties. Fire watch personnel shall keep diligent watch for fires, obstructions to means of egress and other hazards during the time such place is open to the public or such activity is being conducted and take prompt measures for remediation of hazards, extinguishment of fires that occur and assist in the evacuation of the public from the structures.

(2) 403.2 Public safety plan. In other than Group A or E occupancies, where the fire code official determines that an indoor or outdoor gathering of persons has an adverse impact on public safety through diminished access to buildings, structures, fire hydrants and fire apparatus access roads or where such gatherings adversely affect public safety services of any kind, the fire code official shall have the authority to order the development of, or prescribe a plan for, the provision of an approved level of public safety.

(a) 403.2.1 Contents. The public safety plan, where required by paragraph (C)(2)(403.2) of this rule, shall address such items as emergency vehicle ingress and egress, fire protection, emergency medical services, public assembly areas and the directing of both attendees and vehicles (including the parking of vehicles), vendor and food concession distribution, and the need for the presence of law enforcement, and fire and emergency medical services personnel at the event.

(3) 403.3 Crowd managers. Trained crowd managers shall be provided for facilities or events where more than 1,000 persons congregate. The minimum number of crowd managers shall be established at a ratio of one crowd manager to every 250 persons. Where approved by the fire code official, the ratio of crowd managers shall be permitted to be reduced where the facility is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or based upon the nature of the event.

(D) Section 404 Fire safety and evacuation plans

(1) 404.1 General. Fire safety, evacuation and lockdown plans and associated drills shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)( 404.2 ) to (D)(5)(404.5.1) of this rule.

(2) 404.2 Where required. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan shall be prepared and maintained for the following occupancies and buildings.

(a) Group A, other than Group A occupancies used exclusively for purposes of religious worship that have an occupant load less than 2,000.

(b) Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

(c) Group E.

(d) Group F buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

(e) Group H.

(f) Group I.

(g) Group R-1.

(h) Group R-2 college and university buildings.

(i) Group R-4.

(j) High-rise buildings.

(k) Group M buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

(l) Covered malls exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) in aggregate floor area.

(m) Underground buildings.

(n) Buildings with an atrium and having an occupancy in Group A, E or M.

(3) 404.3 Contents. Fire safety and evacuation plan contents shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(404.3.1) and (D)(3)(b)(404.3.2) of this rule.

(a) 404.3.1 Fire evacuation plans. Fire evacuation plans shall include the following:

(i) Emergency egress or escape routes and whether evacuation of the building is to be complete or, where approved, by selected floors or areas only.

(ii) Procedures for employees who must remain to operate critical equipment before evacuating.

(iii) Procedures for assisted rescue for persons unable to use the general means of egress unassisted.

(iv) Procedures for accounting for employees and occupants after evacuation has been completed.

(v) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for rescue or emergency medical aid.

(vi) The preferred and any alternative means of notifying occupants of a fire or emergency.

(vii) The preferred and any alternative means of reporting fires and other emergencies to the fire department or designated emergency response organization.

(viii) Identification and assignment of personnel who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.

(ix) A description of the emergency voice/alarm communication system alert tone and preprogrammed voice messages, where provided.

(b) 404.3.2 Fire safety plans. Fire safety plans shall include the following:

(i) The procedure for reporting a fire or other emergency.

(ii) The life safety strategy and procedures for notifying, relocating, or evacuating occupants, including occupants who need assistance.

(iii) Site plans indicating the following:

(a) The occupancy assembly point.

(b) The locations of fire hydrants.

(c) The normal routes of fire department vehicle access.

(iv) Floor plans identifying the locations of the following:

(a) Exits.

(b) Primary evacuation routes.

(c) Secondary evacuation routes..

(d) Accessible egress routes.

(e) Areas of refuge.

(f) Exterior areas for assisted rescue.

(g) Manual fire alarm boxes.

((h) Portable fire extinguishers.

(i) Occupant-use hose stations.

(j) Fire alarm annunciators and controls.

(v) A list of major fire hazards associated with the normal use and occupancy of the premises, including maintenance and housekeeping procedures.

(vi) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance of systems and equipment installed to prevent or control fires.

(vii) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance, housekeeping and controlling fuel hazard sources.

(c) 404.3.3 Lockdown plans. Where facilities develop a lockdown plan, the lockdown plan shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(c)(i)(404.3.3.1) to (D)(3)(c)(iii)(404.3.3.3) of this rule.

(i) 404.3.3.1 Lockdown plan contents. Lockdown plans shall be approved by the fire code official and shall include the following:

(a) Initiation. The plan shall include instructions for reporting an emergency that requires a lockdown.

(b) Accountability. The plans shall include accountability procedures for staff to report the presence or absence of occupants.

(c) Recall. The plan shall include a prearranged signal for returning to normal activity.

(d) Communication and coordination. The plan shall include an approved means of two-way communication between a central location and each secured area.

(ii) 404.3.3.2 Training frequency. The training frequency shall be included in the lockdown plan. The lockdown drills shall not substitute for any of the fire and evacuation drills required in paragraph (E)(2)( 405.2 ) of this rule.

(iii) 404.3.3.3 Lockdown notification. The method of notifying building occupants of a lockdown shall be included in the plan. The method of notification shall be separate and distinct from the fire alarm signal.

(4) 404.4 Maintenance. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be reviewed or updated annually or as necessitated by changes in staff assignments, occupancy or the physical arrangement of the building.

(5) 404.5 Availability. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be available in the workplace for reference and review by employees, and copies shall be furnished to the fire code official for review upon request.

(a) 404.5.1 Distribution. The fire safety and evacuation plans shall be distributed to the tenants and building service employees by the owner or the owner's agent. Tenants shall distribute to their employees applicable part of the fire safety plan affecting the employees actions in the event of a fire or other emergency.

(b) 404.5.2 An evacuation plan indicating the primary and secondary emergency evacuation routes, and including proper occupant-to-building orientation, shall be permanently and conspicuously posted at the main exit door inside of each room accessible to all persons in all educational occupancies. The plan shall not be obscured from view by any materials.

(E) Section 405 Emergency evacuation drills

(1) 405.1 General. Emergency evacuation drills complying with the provisions of this paragraph shall be conducted at least annually in the occupancies listed in paragraph (D)(2)( 404.2 ) of this rule or when required by the fire code official. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities.

(a) 405.1.1 A principal or person in charge of a public or private school or education institution having an average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils, shall instruct and train such children by means of drills or rapid dismissals at least nine times during the school year at the times and frequency prescribed in this rule, so that such children in a sudden emergency may leave the building in the shortest possible time without confusion in compliance with section 3737.73 of the Revised Code and this rule. A person in charge of any children's home or orphanage housing twenty or more minor persons shall instruct and train such children by means of drills or rapid dismissals at least once each month while the home is in operation.

(i) 405.1.1.1 Records. While school is in operation, the person responsible for conducting fire drills pursuant to section 3737.73 of the Revised Code shall file a copy of the fire drill records containing the information required under paragraph (E)(5)( 405.5 ) of this rule and other information required by the state fire marshal for inspection verification with the state fire marshal. When required by the fire code official, such fire drill records shall also be submitted to the firefighting agency having jurisdiction that conducts inspections of the subject facility. Such fire drill records shall be submitted at the middle point and again at the end of the school year. The "school year" includes any time during which the average daily attendance comprises twenty or more pupils.

(ii) 405.1.1.2 Intent to conduct inspections. All duly constituted fire departments of a political subdivision of this state that conduct inspections of schools, educational institutions or children's homes subject to section 3737.73 of the Revised Code shall annually file a written notice with the state fire marshal of the department's intent to conduct such inspections. Such written notice shall identify each school, educational institution or children's home specifically by name and address.

(iii) 405.1.1.3 Jurisdiction. For the purpose of this paragraph, the fire agency having jurisdiction shall be the state fire marshal or any such duly constituted fire department of a political subdivision having filed the written notice of intent to conduct inspections in accordance with this paragraph.

(2) 405.2 Frequency. Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 of this rule or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants with the drill procedure.

Table 405.2 Fire and evacuation drill frequency and participation

Group or occupancy Frequency Participation
Group A Quarterly Employees
Group Bc Annually Employees
Group E Monthlya All occupants
Group F Annually Employees
Group I Quarterly on each shift Employeesb
Group R-1 Quarterly on each shift Employees
Group R-2d Four annually All occupants
Group R-4 Quarterly on each shift Employeesb
High-rise buildings Annually Employees

a. The frequency shall be allowed to be modified in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(b)(408.3.2) of this rule.

b. Fire and evacuation drills in residential care assisted living facilities shall include complete evacuation of the premises in accordance with paragraph (H)(10)(e)(408.10.5) of this rule. Where occupants receive habilitation or rehabilitation training, fire prevention and fire safety practices shall be included as part of the training program.

c. Group B building having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

d. Applicable to Group R-2 college and university buildings in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)( 408.3 ) of this rule.

(3) 405.3 Leadership. Responsibility for the planning and conduct of drills shall be assigned to competent persons designated to exercise leadership.

(4) 405.4 Time. Drills shall be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that occur in case of fire.

(5) 405.5 Record keeping. Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information:

(a) Identity of the person conducting the drill.

(b) Date and time of the drill.

(c) Notification method used.

(d) Staff members on duty and participating.

(e) Number of occupants evacuated.

(f) Special conditions simulated.

(g) Problems encountered.

(h) Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated.

(i) Time required to accomplish complete evacuation.

(6) 405.6 Notification. Where required by the fire code official, prior notification of emergency evacuation drills shall be given to the fire code official.

(7) 405.7 Initiation. Where a fire alarm system is provided, emergency evacuation drills shall be initiated by activating the fire alarm system.

(8) 405.8 Accountability. As building occupants arrive at the assembly point, efforts shall be made to determine if all occupants have been successfully evacuated or have been accounted for.

(9) 405.9 Recall and reentry. An electrically or mechanically operated signal used to recall occupants after an evacuation shall be separate and distinct from the signal used to initiate the evacuation. The recall signal initiation means shall be manually operated and under the control of the person in charge of the premises or the official in charge of the incident. No one shall reenter the premises until authorized to do so by the official in charge.

(F) Section 406 Employee training and response procedures

(1) 406.1 General. Employees in the occupancies listed in paragraph (D)(2)( 404.2 ) of this rule shall be trained in the fire emergency procedures described in their fire evacuation and fire safety plans. Training shall be based on these plans and as described in paragraph (D)(3)( 404.3 ) of this rule.

(2) 406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the contents of fire safety and evacuation plans and their duties as part of new employee orientation and at least annually thereafter. Records shall be kept and made available to the fire code official upon request.

(3) 406.3 Employee training program. Employees shall be trained in fire prevention, evacuation and fire safety in accordance with paragraphs (F)(3)(a)(406.3.1) to (F)(3)(d)(406.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 406.3.1 Fire prevention training. Employees shall be apprised of the fire hazards of the materials and processes to which they are exposed. Each employee shall be instructed in the proper procedures for preventing fires in the conduct of their assigned duties.

(b) 406.3.2 Evacuation training. Employees shall be familiarized with the fire alarm and evacuation signals, their assigned duties in the event of an alarm or emergency, evacuation routes, areas of refuge, exterior assembly areas and procedures for evacuation.

(c) 406.3.3 Emergency lockdown training. Where a facility has a lockdown plan, employees shall be trained on their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an emergency lockdown.

(d) 406.3.4 Fire safety training. Employees assigned fire-fighting duties shall be trained to know the locations and proper use of portable fire extinguishers or other manual fire-fighting equipment and the protective clothing or equipment required for its safe and proper use.

(G) Section 407 Hazard communication

(1) 407.1 General. The provisions of paragraphs (G)(2)( 407.2 ) to (G)(7)( 407.7 ) of this rule shall be applicable where hazardous materials subject to permits under paragraph (A)(5)( 2701.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code are located on the premises or where required by the fire code official.

(2) 407.2 Material Safety Data Sheets. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous materials shall be either readily available on the premises as a paper copy, or where approved, shall be permitted to be readily retrievable by electronic access.

(3) 407.3 Identification. Individual containers of hazardous materials, cartons or packages shall be marked or labeled in accordance with applicable federal regulations. Buildings, rooms and spaces containing hazardous materials shall be identified by hazard warnings signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)( 2703.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 407.4 Training. Persons responsible for the operation of areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, handled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in the event of a fire, leak or spill. Responsible persons shall be designated and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses and identification of the locations where hazardous materials are located, and shall have access to Material Safety Data Sheets and be knowledgeable in the site emergency response procedures.

(5) 407.5 Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS) in accordance with paragraph (A)(5)(b)(2701.5.2) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 407.6 Hazardous Materials Management Plan. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP) in accordance with paragraph (A)(5)(a)(2701.5.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. The fire code official is authorized to accept a similar plan required by other regulations.

(7) 407.7 Facility closure plans. The permit holder or applicant shall submit to the fire code official a facility closure plan in accordance with paragraph (A)(6)(c)(2701.6.3) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code to terminate storage, dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials.

(H) Section 408 Use and occupancy-related requirements

(1) 408.1 General. In addition to the other requirements of this rule, the provisions of this paragraph are applicable to specific occupancies listed herein.

(2) 408.2 Group A occupancies. Group A occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(2)(a)(408.2.1) and (H)(2)(b)(408.2.2) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.2.1 Seating plan. The fire safety and evacuation plans for assembly occupancies shall include the information required by paragraph (D)(3)( 404.3 ) of this rule and a detailed seating plan, occupant load and occupant load limit. Deviations from the approved plans shall be allowed provided the occupant load limit for the occupancy is not exceeded and the aisles and exit accessways remain unobstructed.

(b) 408.2.2 Announcements. In theaters, motion picture theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other emergency.

Exception: In motion picture theaters, the announcement is allowed to be projected upon the screen in a manner approved by the fire code official.

(3) 408.3 Group E occupancies and Group R-2 college and university buildings. Group E occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(3)(a)(408.3.1) to (H)(3)(d)(408.3.4) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. Group R-2 college and university buildings shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(3)(a)(408.3.1) and (H)(3)(c)(408.3.3) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.3.1 First emergency evacuation drill. The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.

(b) 408.3.2 Emergency evacuation drill frequency. Except as provided for in paragraph (E)(1)(a)(405.1.1) of this rule, in severe climates or during a month with inclement weather, the fire code official shall have the authority to approve the adjustment of the emergency evacuation drill frequency specified in paragraph (E)(2)( 405.2 ) of this rule.

(c) 408.3.3 Time of day. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during the changing of classes, when the school is at assembly, during the recess or gymnastic periods, or during other times to avoid distinction between drills and actual fires. In Group R-2 college and university buildings, one required drill shall be held during hours after sunset or before sunrise.

(d) 408.3.4 Assembly points. Outdoor assembly areas shall be designated and shall be located a safe distance from the building being evacuated so as to avoid interference with fire department operations. The assembly areas shall be arranged to keep each class separate to provide accountability of all individuals.

(4) 408.4 Group H-5 occupancies. Group H-5 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(4)(a)(408.4.1) to (H)(4)(d)(408.4.4) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (G)(407) of this rule.

(a) 408.4.1 Plans and diagrams. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) and paragraph (G)(6)( 407.6 ) of this rule, plans and diagrams shall be maintained in approved locations indicating the approximate plan for each area, the amount and type of HPM stored, handled and used, locations of shutoff valves for HPM supply piping, emergency telephone locations and locations of exits.

(b) 408.4.2 Plan updating. The plans and diagrams required by paragraph (H)(4)(a)(408.4.1) of this rule shall be maintained up to date and the fire code official and fire department shall be informed of all major changes.

(c) 408.4.3 Emergency response team. Responsible persons shall be designated the on-site emergency response team and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses, identifying locations where HPM is stored, handled and used, and be familiar with the chemical nature of such material. An adequate number of personnel for each work shift shall be designated.

(d) 408.4.4 Emergency drills. Emergency drills of the on-site emergency response team shall be conducted on a regular basis but not less than once every three months. Records of drills conducted shall be maintained.

(5) 408.5 Group I-1 occupancies. Group I-1 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(5)(a)(408.5.1) to (H)(5)(e)(408.5.5) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.5.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include special staff actions including fire protection procedures necessary for residents and shall be amended or revised upon admission of any resident with unusual needs.

(b) 408.5.2 Staff training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff at least every two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.

(c) 408.5.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, training in fire prevention and actions to take in the event of a fire shall be part of the rehabilitation training program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.

(d) 408.5.4 Drill frequency. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at least six times per year, two times per year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4)( 405.4 ) of this rule.

(e) 408.5.5 Resident participation. Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point.

(6) 408.6 Group I-2 occupancies. Group I-2 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(408.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(408.6.2) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4)( 405.4 ) of this rule.

(a) 408.6.1 Evacuation not required. During emergency evacuation drills, the movement of patients to safe areas or to the exterior of the building is not required.

(b) 408.6.2 Coded alarm signal. When emergency evacuation drills are conducted after visiting hours or when patients or residents are expected to be asleep, a coded announcement is allowed instead of audible alarms.

(7) 408.7 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(7)(a)(408.7.1) to (H)(7)(d)(408.7.4) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.7.1 Employee training. Employees shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance on duty. Refresher training shall be provided at least annually.

(b) 408.7.2 Staffing. Group I-3 occupancies shall be provided with 24-hour staffing. Staff shall be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area. In Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, the arrangement shall be such that the staff involved can start release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm.

Exception: Staff shall not be required to be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) in areas in which all locks are unlocked remotely and automatically in accordance with section 408.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 408.7.3 Notification. Provisions shall be made for residents in Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, to readily notify staff of an emergency.

(d) 408.7.4 Keys. Keys necessary for unlocking doors installed in a means of egress shall be individually identifiable by both touch and sight.

(8) 408.8 Group R-1 occupancies. Group R-1 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(8)(a)(408.8.1) to (H)(8)(c)(408.8.3) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.8.1 Evacuation diagrams. A diagram depicting two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to every required egress door from each hotel, motel or dormitory sleeping unit.

(b) 408.8.2 Emergency duties. Upon discovery of a fire or suspected fire, hotel, motel and dormitory employees shall perform the following duties:

(i) Activate the fire alarm system, where provided.

(ii) Notify the public fire department.

(iii) Take other action as previously instructed.

(c) 408.8.3 Fire safety and evacuation instructions. Information shall be provided in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule to allow guests to decide whether to evacuate to the outside, evacuate to an area of refuge, remain in place, or any combination of the three.

(9) 408.9 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(9)(a)(408.9.1) to (H)(9)(c)(408.9.3) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.9.1 Emergency guide. A fire emergency guide shall be provided which describes the location, function and use of fire protection equipment and appliances accessible to residents, including fire alarm systems, smoke alarms, and portable fire extinguishers. The guide shall also include an emergency evacuation plan for each dwelling unit.

(b) 408.9.2 Maintenance. Emergency guides shall be reviewed and approved in accordance with paragraph (A)(2)( 401.2 ) of this rule.

(c) 408.9.3 Distribution. A copy of the emergency guide shall be given to each tenant prior to initial occupancy.

(10) 408.10 Group R-4 occupancies. Group R-4 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(10)(a)(408.10.1) to (H)(10)(e)(408.10.5) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 408.10.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include special staff actions, including fire protection procedures necessary for residents, and shall be amended or revised upon admission of a resident with unusual needs.

(b) 408.10.2 Staff training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff at least every two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.

(c) 408.10.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, training in fire prevention and actions to take in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabilitation training program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.

(d) 408.10.4 Drill frequency. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at least six times per year, two times per year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4)( 405.4 ) of this rule.

(e) 408.10.5 Resident participation. Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point and shall provide residents with experience in exiting through all required exits. All required exits shall be used during emergency evacuation drills.

Exception: Actual exiting from windows shall not be required. Opening the window and signaling for help shall be an acceptable alternative.

(11) 408.11 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall buildings shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs (H)(11)(a)(408.11.1) to (H)(11)(c)(408.11.3) of this rule.

(a) 408.11.1 Lease plan. A lease plan shall be prepared for each covered mall building. The plan shall include the following information in addition to that required by paragraph (D)(3)(b)(404.3.2) of this rule:

1. Each occupancy, including identification of tenant.

2. Exits from each tenant space.

3. Fire protection features, including the following:

3.1 Fire department connections.

3.2 Fire command center.

3.3 Smoke management system controls.

3.4 Elevators, elevator machine rooms and controls.

3.5 Hose valves outlets.

3.6 Sprinkler and standpipe control valves.

3.7 Automatic fire-extinguishing system areas.

3.8 Automatic fire detector zones.

3.9 Fire barriers.

(i) 408.11.1.1 Approval. The lease plan shall be submitted to the fire code official for approval, and shall be maintained on site for immediate reference by responding fire service personnel.

(ii) 408.11.1.2 Revisions. The lease plans shall be revised annually or as often as necessary to keep them current. Modifications or changes in tenants or occupancies shall not be made without prior approval of the fire code official and building official.

(b) 408.11.2 Tenant identification. Each occupied tenant space provided with a secondary exit to the exterior or exit corridor shall be provided with tenant identification by business name and/or address. Letters and numbers shall be posted on the corridor side of the door, be plainly legible and shall contrast with their background.

Exception: Tenant identification is not required for anchor stores.

(c) 408.11.3 Maintenance. Unoccupied tenant spaces shall be:

(i) Kept free from the storage of any materials.

(ii) Separated from the remainder of the building by partitions of at least 0.5 -inch-thick ( 12.7 mm) gypsum board or an approved equivalent to the underside of the ceiling of the adjoining tenant spaces.

(iii) Without doors or other access openings other than one door that shall be kept key locked in the closed position except during that time when opened for inspection.

(iv) Kept free from combustible waste and be broom-swept clean.

(I) Section 409 Tornado shelters in schools

(1) 409.1 Pursuant to section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, principals or persons in charge of public or private primary and secondary schools or educational institutions having an average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils shall designate appropriate locations in their respective facilities to be used to shelter pupils in case of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning. The designation of such locations shall be in accordance with the standards prescribed by the fire marshal, as set forth herein. However, nothing in these rules shall be construed as requiring a school or institution to construct or improve a facility or area thereof for use as a tornado shelter, or to install a tornado alarm system.

(2) 409.2 Specific safety requirement.

(a) The fire alarm system shall not be used to alert building occupants of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.

(b) The principal or person in charge of the school shall submit a clear, comprehensive, detailed, and legible drawing to the local fire code official, showing the building floor plan(s) and designated tornado shelter area(s). Each room or area shown on the plan shall be clearly indicated as to its particular use.

(c) The drawing required by paragraph (I)(2)(b)( 409.2 ) of this rule, shall be submitted to the local fire code official for his information. A copy shall be maintained in the office of each school, for examination by the state fire marshal or local fire code official.

(d) Tornado drills shall be conducted at least once a month whenever school is in session during the tornado season. For the purpose of this rule, "tornado season" is the period from the first day of April to the last day of July. A record of such drills shall be maintained in the office of each school for examination by the fire code official.

(e) The occupants of modular classroom facilities shall be moved out of such facilities and to the designated tornado shelter area(s) in the event of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.

(f) Each local fire code official conducting the annual inspection of each school or institution shall be designated pursuant to division (C) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code to verify compliance with the tornado safety provisions of this rule.

(3) 409.3 Standards for shelter designation.

It is recommended that the designation of areas to be used as tornado shelters be in accordance with the following criteria:

(a) Whenever possible, designate areas which are located below ground level, in the core of the building, in rooms or spaces with short ceiling spans, and on the leeward side. The farther the area is below ground level, the greater the protection. In any event, the area should be on the lowest floor, in the center of the building, and in a corridor or small room.

(b) First aid kits and supplies should be in or close to the tornado shelter area(s).

(c) Avoid walls of glass, windows, skylights, and areas containing trophy cases or other fixtures of glass.

(d) Avoid load-bearing walls and exterior walls, especially those on the windward side or facing the south, southwest, or west.

(e) Avoid corridors which are not baffled with a wall or walls and that open to the south, southwest, or west.

(f) Avoid an area with only one exit, unless overriding considerations should prevail.

(g) Avoid rooms or areas which are locked, since they may not be readily accessible during an emergency.

(h) Avoid, absolutely, chimneys and the use of cars, buses, and modular classroom buildings.

(i) Avoid rooms or spaces with long ceiling spans, that are opposite openings or doorways that lead into rooms with windows in exterior walls, or that are within the unprotected, falling radius of higher building components.

(4) 409.4 General considerations.

Every building is different and contains some vulnerable elements that cannot be counted upon to withstand a tornado. Portions of buildings that contain one or more of these elements should be avoided wherever possible.

(a) Windows, skylights and other components of glass, should be avoided. Glass is no match for tornado force winds and usually breaks into many jagged pieces which are blown into interior spaces from the windward side. Acrylic or poly carbonate plastics are more resistant to impact than glass, but large panes will pop out. Tempered glass will shatter into thousands of cube-like pieces that will be propelled by the winds like shrapnel. Windows at the ends of corridors, particularly those facing south, southwest, and west, are very dangerous. They will properly be blown down the corridor in a wind tunnel effect.

(b) Windward side walls, which usually are on the south and west, receive the full strength of the winds. It is assumed that windows on these sides will be broken and blown into the rooms on the windward side. This often results in increased air pressure, which aids in raising the roof.

(c) Wind tunnels occur in unprotected corridors facing the oncoming winds, which usually come fro the south or west. Openings facing these directions allow the winds to penetrate into interior spaces. The winds apparently occupy almost the entire volume of such a wind tunnel, as debris marks have been found to cover the full height of the walls. If entrances are baffled with a solid massive wall, this effect is much less serious.

(d) Lightweight roofs such as steel deck plate, wood planks, or plywood will usually be lifted up by the wind and partially carried away, with some roof debris falling below.

(e) Heavier roofs, especially precast concrete planks, may lift up and move slightly and then fall, but not always returning to their original support location. If the support has collapsed, the heavy roof may fall into the area below.

(f) Long-span rooms almost always have high ceilings. The exterior walls are usually higher than the typical one-story wall. Often these walls, especially those with southern or western exposures, will collapse into the long span. If they are load-bearing walls, the roof will cave in on the area also. Avoid rooms such as gyms, auditoriums and cafeterias.

(g) Load-bearing walls are the sole support for floors or roofs above. If the winds cause the supporting walls to fail, part or all of the roof or floors above will collapse. The most dangerous locations in a building are usually along the south and west sides, and at all corners.

(h) Masonry construction is not immune to wall collapse. Most masonry walls are not vertically reinforced, and can fail when high horizontal forces occur, such as those caused by winds.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-03

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.73 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.73 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 1/3/00, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-05 Fire service features.

(A) Section 501 General

(1) 501.1 Scope. Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this rule.

(2) 501.2 Permits. A permit shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 501.3 Construction documents. Construction documents for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes, security gates across fire apparatus access and construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for review and approval prior to construction.

(4) 501.4 Timing of installation. When fire apparatus access roads or a water supply for fire protection is required to be installed, such protection shall be installed and made serviceable prior to and during the time of construction except when approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Temporary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles in accordance with paragraph (E)(2)( 505.2 ) of this rule.

(B) Section 502 Definitions

(1) 502.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Fire apparatus access road." Same as "Fire Lane" as defined in this paragraph.

"Fire command center." The principal attended or unattended location where the status of the detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.

"Fire department master key." A limited issue key of special or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in command which will open key boxes on specified properties.

"Fire lane." A road or other passageway developed to allow the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus. A fire lane shall not be interpreted to mean a residential and/or public street.

"Key box." A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire department master key, and containing building entry keys and other keys that may be required for access in an emergency.

(C) Section 503 Fire apparatus access roads

(1) 503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(503.1.1) to (C)(1)(c)(503.1.3) of this rule.

(a) 503.1.1 Buildings and facilities. Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction which are not readily accessible from a public and/or private street. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.

Exception: The fire code offical is authorized to increase the dimension of 150 feet (45 720 mm) where:

1. The building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, and an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided.

3. There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group U occupancies.

(b) 503.1.2 Additional access. The fire code official is authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limit access.

(c) 503.1.3 High-piled storage. Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 503.2 Specifications. Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with paragraphs (C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) to (C)(2)(h)(503.2.8) of this rule.

(a) 503.2.1 Dimensions. Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with paragraph (C)(6)( 503.6 ) of this rule, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).

(b) 503.2.2 Authority. The fire code official shall have the authority to require an increase in the minimum access widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue operations.

(c) 503.2.3 Surface. Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed and maintained to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus and shall be surfaced so as to provide all-weather driving capabilities.

(d) 503.2.4 Turning radius. The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be determined by the fire code official.

(e) 503.2.5 Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus.

(f) 503.2.6 Bridges and elevated surfaces. Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with AASHTO HB-17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the fire code official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces which are not designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or both shall be installed and maintained when required by the fire code official.

(g) 503.2.7 Grade. The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.

(h) 503.2.8 Angles of approach and departure. The angles of approach and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.

(3) 503.3 Marking. Where required by the fire code official, approved signs or other approved notices or markings that include the word "NO PARKING-FIRE LANE" shall be provided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction thereof. The means by which fire lanes are designated shall be maintained in a clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility.

(4) 503.4 Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads. Fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in paragraph (C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) of this rule shall be maintained at all times.

(5) 503.5 Required gates or barricades. The fire code official is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, alleys or highways. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 503.5.1 Secured gates and barricades. When required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by paragraph (C)(5)(503.5) of this rule shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and the fire code official.

Exception: The restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within the scope of duty.

(6) 503.6 Security gates. The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 504 Access to building openings and roofs

(1) 504.1 Required access. Exterior doors and openings required by this rule or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when required by the fire code official.

(2) 504.2 Maintenance of exterior doors and openings. Exterior doors and their function shall not be eliminated without prior approval. Exterior doors that have been rendered nonfunctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the words "THIS DOOR BLOCKED." The sign shall consist of letters having a principal stroke of not less than 3/4 inch ( 19.1 mm) wide and at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting background. Required fire department access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with paragraph (F)(6)(a)(2306.6.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 504.3 Stairway access to roof. New buildings four or more stories above grade plane, except those with a roof slope greater than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal ( 33.3 -per cent slope), shall be provided with a stairway to the roof. Stairway access to the roof shall be in accordance with paragraph (I)(12)( 1009.12 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. Such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for other purposes, stairways shall be provided as required for such occupancy classification.

(E) Section 505 Premises identification

(1) 505.1 Address numbers. New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches ( 101.6 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch ( 12.7 mm). Where access is by means of a private road and the building cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other sign or means shall be used to identify the structure.

(2) 505.2 Street or road signs. Streets and roads shall be identified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by permanent signs.

(F) Section 506 Key boxes

(1) 506.1 When required. Where access to or within a structure or an area is restricted because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized to require a key box to be installed in an approved location. The key box shall be of an approved type and shall contain keys to gain necessary access as required by the fire code official.

(a) 506.1.1 Locks. An approved lock shall be installed on gates or similar barriers when required by the fire code official.

(2) 506.2 Key box maintenance. The operator of the building shall immediately notify the fire code official and provide the new key when a lock is changed or rekeyed. The key to such lock shall be secured in the key box.

(G) Section 507 Fire protection water supplies

(1) 507.1 Required water supply. An approved water supply capable of supplying the required fire flow for fire protection shall be provided to premises upon which facilities, buildings or portions of buildings are hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisidiction.

(2) 507.2 Type of water supply. A water supply shall consist of reservoirs, pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed systems capable of providing the required fire flow.

(a) 507.2.1 Private fire service mains. Private fire service mains and appurtenances shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 24 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 507.2.2 Water tanks. Water tanks for private fire protection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 507.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an approved method.

(4) 507.4 Water supply test. The fire code official shall be notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall be witnessed by the fire code official or approved documentation of the test shall be provided to the fire code official prior to final approval of the water supply system.

(5) 507.5 Fire hydrant systems. Fire hydrant systems shall comply with paragraphs (G)(5)(a0(507.5.1) to (G)(5)(^(507.5.6) of this rule.

(a) 507.5.1 Where required. Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.

Exceptions:

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet(183 m).

(b) 507.5.2 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required by the fire code official. Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards.

(c) 507.5.3 Private fire service mains and water tanks. Private fire services mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code at the following intervals:

(i) Private fire hydrants (all types): Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually.

(ii) Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.

(iii) Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.

(d) 507.5.4 Obstruction. Unobstructed access to fire hydrants shall be maintained at all times. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.

(e) 507.5.5 Clear space around hydrants. A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of fire hydrants except as otherwise required or approved.

(f) 507.5.6 Physical protection. Where fire hydrants are subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other approved means shall comply with paragraph (L)(312) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

(H) Section 508 Fire command center

(1) 508.1 Where required. Where required by other paragraphs of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided and shall comply with paragraphs (H)(1)(a)(508.1.1) to (H)(1)(e)(508.1.5) of this rule.

(a) 508.1.1 Location and access. The location and accessibility of the fire command center shall be approved by the fire code official.

(b) 508.1.2 Separation. The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with section 712 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 508.1.3 Size. The fire command center shall be a minimum of 200 square feet (19 m2) with a minimum dimension of 10 feet (3048 mm).

(d) 508.1.4 Layout approval. A layout of the fire command center and all features required by this paragraph to be contained therein shall be submitted for approval prior to installation.

(e) 508.1.5 Required features. The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall contain the following features:

(i) The emergency voice/alarm communication system unit.

(ii) The fire department communications system.

(iii) Fire-detection and alarm system annunciator.

(iv) Annunciator unit visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.

(v) Status indicators and controls for air distribution systems.

(vi) The fire-fighter's control panel required by paragraph (I)(16)( 909.16 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code for smoke control systems installed in the building.

(vii) Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.

(viii) Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.

(ix) Emergency and standby power status indicators.

(x) A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.

(xi) Fire pump status indicators.

(xii) Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access, and the location of fire walls, fire barriers, fire partitions, smoke barriers and smoke partitions.

(xiii) Work table.

(xiv) Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.

(xv) Public address system, where specifically required by other paragraphs of this code.

(xvi) Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A 17.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(xvii) Elevator emergency or standby power selector switch(es), where emergency or standby power is provided.

(I) Section 509 Fire protection equipment identification and access

(1) 509.1 Identification. Fire protection equipment shall be identified in an approved manner. Rooms containing controls for air conditioning systems, sprinkler risers and valves, or other fire detection, suppression or control elements shall be identified for the use of the fire department. Approved signs required to identify fire protection equipment and equipment location shall be constructed of durable materials, permanently installed and readily visible.

(2) 509.2 Equipment access. Approved access shall be provided and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equipment. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such equipment from being readily accessible.

(J) Section 510 Emergency responder radio coverage

(1) 510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in buildings. All buildings shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This paragraph shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communication systems.

Exceptions:

1. Where approved by the building official and the fire code official, a wired communication system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(m)(ii)(907.2.13.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall be permitted to be installed or maintained in lieu of an approved radio coverage system.

2. Where it is determined by the fire code official that the radio coverage system is not needed.

(2) 510.2 Radio signal strength. The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder radio coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 per cent of all areas of each floor of the building meet the signal strength requirements in paragraphs (J)(2)(a)(510.2.1) and (J)(2)(b)(510.2.2) of this rule.

(a) 510.2.1 Minimum signal strength into the building. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be receivable within the building.

(b) 510.2.2 Minimum signal strength out of the building. A minimum signal strength of -100 dBm shall be received by the agency's radio system when transmitted from within the building.

(3) 510.3 Emergency responder radio coverage in existing buildings. Existing buildings that do not have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building shall be equipped with such coverage according to one of the following:

(a) Wherever existing wired communication system cannot be repaired or is being replaced, or where not approved in accordance with paragraph (J)(1)( 510.1 ) , exception 1 of this rule.

(b) Within a time frame established by the adopting authority.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-05

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 1/9/98, 3/30/98, 11/20/98, 1/3/00, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-06 Building services and systems.

(A) Section 601 General

(1) 601.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall apply to the installation, operation and maintenance of fuel-fired appliances and heating systems, emergency and standby power systems, electrical systems and equipment, mechanical refrigeration systems, elevator recall, stationary storage battery systems and commercial kitchen hoods.

(2) 601.2 Permits. Permits shall be obtained for refrigeration systems and battery systems as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 602 Definitions

(1) 602.1 Definitions. The following words and^terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Battery system, stationary lead acid." A system which consists of three interconnected subsystems:

1. A lead-acid battery.

2. A battery charger.

3. A collection of rectifiers, inverters, converters and associated electrical equipment as required for a particular application.

"Battery types."

"Lithium-ion battery." A storage battery that consists of lithium ions imbedded in a carbon graphite or nickel metal-oxide substrate. The electrolyte is carbonate mixture or a gelled polymer. The lithium ions are the charge carriers of the battery.

"Lithium metal polymer battery." A storage battery that is comprised of nonaqueous liquid or polymerized electrolytes, which provide ionic conductivity between lithiated positive active material electrically separated from metallic lithium or lithiated negative active material.

"Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery." An alkaline storage battery in which the positive active material is nickel oxide, the negative contains cadmium and the electrolyte is potassium hydroxide.

"Nonrecombinant battery." A storage battery in which, under conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases created by electrolysis are vented into the air outside of the battery.

"Recombinant battery." A storage battery in which, under conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases created by electrolysis are converted back into water inside the battery instead of venting into the air outside of the battery.

"Stationary storage battery." A group of electrochemical cells interconnected to supply a nominal voltage of DC power to a suitably connected electrical load, designed for service in a permanent location. The number of cells connected in a series determines the nominal voltage rating of the battery. The size of the cells determines the discharge capacity of the entire battery. After discharge, it may be restored to a fully charged condition by an electric current flowing in a direction opposite to the flow of current when the battery is discharged.

"Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery." A lead-acid battery consisting of sealed cells furnished with a valve that opens to vent the battery whenever the internal pressure of the battery exceeds the ambient pressure by a set amount. In VRLA batteries, the liquid electrolyte in the cells is immobilized in an absorptive glass mat (AGM cells or batteries) or by the addition of a gelling agent (gel cells or gelled batteries).

"Vented (Flooded) lead-acid battery." A lead-acid battery consisting of cells that have electrodes immersed in liquid electrolyte. Flooded lead-acid batteries have a provision for the user to add water to the cell and are equipped with a flame-arresting vent which permits the escape of hydrogen and oxygen gas from the cell in a diffused manner such that a spark, or other ignition source, outside the cell will not ignite the gases inside the cell.

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances." Appliances used in a commercial food service establishment for heating or cooking food and which produce grease vapors, steam, fumes, smoke or odors that are required to be removed through a local exhaust ventilation system. Such appliances include deep fat fryers; upright broilers; griddles; broilers; steam-jacketed kettles; hot-top ranges; under-fired broilers (charbroilers); ovens; barbecues; rotisseries; and similar appliances. For the purpose of this definition, a food service establishment shall include any building or a portion thereof used for the preparation and serving of food.

[M] "Hood." An air-intake device used to capture by entrapment, impingement, adhesion or similar means, grease and similar contaminants before they enter a duct system.

"Type I." A kitchen hood for collecting and removing grease vapors and smoke.

"Refrigerant." The fluid used for heat transfer in a refrigerating system; the refrigerant absorbs heat and transfers it at a higher temperature and a higher pressure, usually with a change of state.

"Refrigeration system." A combination of interconnected refrigerant-containing parts constituting one closed refrigerant circuit in which a refrigerant is circulated for the purpose of extracting heat.

(C) Section 603 Fuel-fired appliances

(1) 603.1 Installation. The installation of nonportable fuel gas appliances and systems shall comply with the International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. The installation of all other fuel-fired appliances, other than internal combustion engines, oil lamps and portable devices such as blow torches, melting pots and weed burners, shall comply with this paragraph and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.1.1 Manufacturer's instructions. The installation shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and applicable federal, state and local rules and regulations. Where it becomes necessary to change, modify or alter a manufacturer's instructions in any way, written approval shall first be obtained from the manufacturer.

(b) 603.1.2 Approval. The design, construction and installation of fuel-fired appliances shall be in accordance with the International Fuel Gas Code and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 603.1.3 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical wiring and equipment used in connection with oil-burning equipment shall be installed and maintained in accordance with paragraph (E)(605) of this rule and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 603.1.4 Fuel oil. The grade of fuel oil used in a burner shall be that for which the burner is approved and as stipulated by the burner manufacturer. Oil containing gasoline shall not be used. Waste crankcase oil shall be an acceptable fuel in Group F, M and S occupancies, when utilized in equipment listed for use with waste oil and when such equipment is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the terms of its listing.

(e) 603.1.5 Access. The installation shall be readily accessible for cleaning hot surfaces; removing burners; replacing motors, controls, air filters, chimney connectors, draft regulators and other working parts; and for adjusting, cleaning and lubricating parts.

(f) 603.1.6 Testing, diagrams and instructions. After installation of the oil-burning equipment, operation and combustion performance tests shall be conducted to determine that the burner is in proper operating condition and that all accessory equipment, controls, and safety devices function properly.

(i) 603.1.6.1 Diagrams. Contractors installing industrial oil-burning systems shall furnish not less than two copies of diagrams showing the main oil lines and controlling valves, one copy of which shall be posted at the oil-burning equipment and another at an approved location that will be accessible in case of emergency.

(ii) 603.1.6.2 Instructions. After completing the installation, the installer shall instruct the owner or operator in the proper operation of the equipment. The installer shall also furnish the owner or operator with the name and telephone number of persons to contact for technical information or assistance and routine or emergency services.

(g) 603.1.7 Clearances. Working clearances between oil-fired appliances and electrical panelboards and equipment shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Clearances between oil-fired equipment and oil supply tanks shall be in accordance with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [B, M, FG] 603.2 Chimneys. Masonry chimneys shall be constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Factory-built chimneys shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Metal chimneys shall be constructed and installed in accordance with NFPA 211 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 603.3 Fuel oil storage systems. Fuel oil storage systems shall be installed in accordance with this code. Fuel oil piping systems shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.3.1 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code for fuel oil storage systems exceeding 60 gallons in storage capacity.

Exception: Fuel oil storage tanks with a capacity of less than 1,100 gallons and utilized for residential purposes.

(b) 603.3.2 Fuel oil storage outside, aboveground tanks. Where connected to a fuel-oil piping system, the maximum amount of fuel oil storage allowed outside above ground without additional protection shall be 660 gallons (2498 L). The storage of fuel above ground in quantities exceeding 660 gallons (2498 L) shall comply with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 603.3.3 Fuel oil storage inside buildings. Fuel oil storage inside buildings shall comply with paragraphs (C)(3)(c)(i)(603.3.3.1) to (C)(3)(c)(v)(603.3.3.5) of this rule or rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 603.3.3.1 Quantity limits. One or more fuel oil storage tanks containing Class II or III combustible liquid shall be permitted in a building. The aggregate capacity of all such tanks shall not exceed 660 gallons (2498 L).

Exception: The aggregate capacity limit shall be permitted to be increased to 3,000 gallons (11 356 L) of Class II or III liquid for storage in protected aboveground tanks complying with paragraph (D)(2)(i)(vi)(3404.2.9.6) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code, when all of the following conditions are met:

1. The entire 3,000 gallon (11 356 L) quantity shall be stored in protected aboveground tanks;

2. The 3,000 gallon (11 356 L) capacity shall be permitted to be stored in a single tank or multiple smaller tanks; and

3. The tanks shall be located in a room protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 603.3.3.2 Restricted use and connection. Tanks installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(b)(603.3.2) of this rule shall be used only to supply fuel oil to fuel-burning or generator equipment installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(c)(iv)(603.3.3.4) of this rule. Connections between tanks and equipment supplied by such tanks shall be made using closed piping systems.

(iii) 603.3.3.3 Applicability of maximum allowable quantity and control area requirements. The quantity of combustible liquid stored in tanks complying with paragraph (C)(3)(c)(603.3.3) of this rule shall not be counted towards the maximum allowable quantity set forth in Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code, and such tanks shall not be required to be located in a control area.

(iv) 603.3.3.4 Installation. Tanks and piping systems shall be installed and separated from other uses in accordance with section 915 and Chapter 13 both of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as applicable.

Exception: Protected aboveground tanks complying with paragraph (D)(2)(i)(vii)(3404.2.9.7) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code shall not be required to be separated from surrounding areas.

(v) 603.3.3.5 Tanks in basements. Tanks in basements shall be located not more than two stories below grade plane.

(d) 603.3.4 Additional protection. Aboveground tanks for the storage of fuel oil shall be safeguarded from public access or unauthorized entry. Additional protection meeting the requirements of paragraph (D)(1)(b)(3404.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code shall be provided.

Exceptions:

1. Facilities enclosed by a perimeter security fence where the public is prohibited from accessing the fuel oil storage area.

2. Tanks enclosed in vaults.

3. Fuel oil storage tanks with a capacity of less than 660 gallons and utilized for residential purposes.

(e) 603.3.5 Underground storage of fuel oil. The storage of fuel oil in underground storage tanks shall comply with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 603.4 Portable unvented heaters. Portable unvented fuel-fired heating equipment shall be prohibited in occupancies in Groups A, E, I, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4. Portable kerosene-fired space or room heaters shall be equipped with an automatic extinguishing tip-over device. Any natural gas-fired or liquid petroleum gas-fired space or room heater shall be equipped with an oxygen depletion safety shutoff system and the source of fuel shall be piped from a location outside the building. All unvented heaters shall be marked by the manufacturer in some conspicuous manner that the heater has been approved and listed by one of the authoritative sources listed in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Listed and approved unvented fuel-fired heaters, including portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances, in one- and two-family dwellings.

2. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be allowed in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)(b)(603.5.2) of this rule.

(a) 603.4.1 Prohibited locations. Unvented fuel-fired heating equipment shall not be located in, or obtain combustion air from, any of the following rooms or spaces: sleeping rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms or storage closets. No unvented kerosene heater shall be located in any building means of egress.

(b) 603.4.2 Elevation not permitted. No unvented kerosene heater shall be elevated by being placed upon a stand or otherwise placed or suspended above the floor.

(c) 603.4.3 Placement restrictions. No unvented kerosene heater shall be placed within three feet of any furniture, drapery, curtain, decorative material, accessory, appliance, equipment, merchandise, goods, or fixture, or any other thing, which is or may be combustible.

(d) 603.4.4 Must be attended. No unvented kerosene heater shall be left unattended while it is operating.

(e) 603.4.5 Non-combustible mat required. Every unvented kerosene heater shall be set and centered upon a noncombustible mat or shallow base, the dimensions of which shall be sufficient to allow at least three feet of the mat or base to extend outward in any direction from any part of the unvented kerosene heater.

(f) 603.4.6 Ventilation required. Every unvented kerosene heater shall be used in an area where there is adequate ventilation, as recommended by the manufacturer of such heater.

(g) 603.4.7 Cool-down required. No unvented kerosene heater shall be fueled or refueled while it is operating or within ten minutes of flame extinguishment, or contrary to the instructions of its manufacturer.

(h) 603.4.8 Fueling prohibited. No unvented kerosene heater or its fuel reservoir shall be fueled or refueled inside a building. All such fueling operations shall be performed outdoors.

(i) 603.4.9 Fueling guidelines. Every unvented kerosene heater shall be fueled or refueled strictly in accordance with the instructions of its manufacturer.

(j) 603.4.10 Fuel requirements. The fuel in every unvented kerosene heater shall be only No. 1-K kerosene as prescribed in paragraph (F)(9)( 3406.9 ) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

(k) 603.4.11 Fuel storage. The fuel used in every unvented kerosene heater shall be stored away from occupied areas and in an approved container which shall be marked or labeled in a conspicuous manner to read: "1-K kerosene."

(l) 603.4.12 Fire extinguisher requirements. At least one fire extinguisher with a minimum 2-A, 20-B:C rating and capacity shall be provided and available for use within twenty-five feet of every unvented kerosene heater during its operation.

(m) 603.4.13 Manufacturer's instructions. No persons shall sell or offer for sale any kerosene heater in this state unless the manufacturer has provided instructions for operating the heater and certain information about its use, which shall include the following:

(i) All pertinent information bearing upon the assembly and installation of the heater.

(ii) All pertinent information bearing upon the proper operation, maintenance, and storage of the heater.

(iii) Allpertinent information which might reasonably bear upon the health or life safety of persons in the vicinity of the heater if recommended assembly, installation, operational, or maintenance procedures are not respected.

(iv) All safety features incorporated in the heater shall be described.

(v) Instructions for starting or lighting the heater, regulating its flame or heat, and turning it off or extinguishing its flame.

(vi) Proper fueling procedures shall be set forth.

(vii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, it may burn, injure, or damage any person or thing contacting it; and that, in particular, infants, children, physically or mentally incompetent persons, and pets should be kept away from the unit.

(viii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, the heat radiating from it may ignite any combustible thing in close proximity; that it should not be placed within three feet of any furniture, drapery, curtain, clothing, or other thing which is or may be combustible; that, however, the heater may be placed against or within three feet of a combustible wall, provided the heater is specifically designed for such installation or placement.

(ix) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, no fueling procedure, including the removal of the fuel reservoir, should be carried out while the unit is operating and until it has cooled down.

(x) A cautionary warning that the heater should not be moved while it is in operation.

(xi) A cautionary warning that neither the heater nor any surface of the heater should be used for the purpose of cooking or warming food, unless the heater is specifically designed for cooking and warming food.

(xii) A cautionary warning that no additive for the heater's fuel with a flashpoint below 100°F shall be used.

(xiii) The recommended minimum room size for the Btu output of the heater shall be set forth.

(xiv) The type and grade of fuel the heater is designed to use shall be set forth, together with any safety or fire hazard which might be involved if improper fuel is used.

(xv) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene heater, warning that when the heater is in operation the combustion process uses oxygen from the space being heated and returns carbon monoxide to the atmosphere as a product of combustion; that, without adequate ventilation, the depletion of oxygen may present a risk of asphyxiation; and that carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, highly poisonous gas which, without adequate ventilation, may cause headaches, dizziness, and nausea, or even be fatal.

(xvi) The ventilation requirements necessary for the safe operation of every unvented kerosene heater shall be set forth.

(xvii) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene heater, warning that the fuel used in such heater should be restricted to No. 1-K kerosene, as prescribed in this code, or "Fresh, High Quality, Crystal Clear Kerosene."

(n) 603.4.14 Issuance of citation. If the state fire marshal, his authorized representative, or a certified fire safety inspector finds that the use of an unvented kerosene heater or the storage of its fuel is not in compliance with the provisions of this rule, the state fire marshal, his authorized representative, or a certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation to the responsible person as authorized by section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(5) 603.5 Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances. Portable gas-fired heating appliances located outdoors shall be in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(603.5.1) to (C)(5)(c)(iv)(603.5.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 603.5.1 Location. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be located in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(i)(603.5.1.1) to (C)(5)(b)(iv)(603.5.2.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.1.1 Prohibited locations. The storage or use of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances is prohibited in any of the following locations:

(a) Inside any occupancy when connected to the fuel gas container.

(b) Inside of tents, canopies and membrane structures.

(c) On exterior balconies.

Exception: As allowed in section 6.17 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 603.5.1.2 Clearance to buildings. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be located at least 5 feet (1524 mm) from buildings.

(iii) 603.5.1.3 Clearance to combustible materials. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located beneath, or closer than 5 feet (1524 mm) to combustible decorations and combustible overhangs, awnings, sunshades or similar combustible attachments to buildings.

(iv) 603.5.1.4 Proximity to exits. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located within 5 feet (1524 mm) of exits or exit discharges.

(b) 603.5.2 Installation and operation. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be installed and operated in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(b)(i)(603.5.2.1) to (C)(5)(b)(iv)(603.5.2.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.2.1 Listing and approval. Only listed and approved portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances utilizing a fuel gas container that is integral to the appliance shall be used.

(ii) 603.5.2.2 Installation and maintenance. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

(iii) 603.5.2.3 Tip-over switch. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be equipped with a tilt or tip-over switch that automatically shuts off the flow of gas if the appliance is tilted more than 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) from the vertical.

(iv) 603.5.2.4 Guard against contact. The heating element or combustion chamber of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be permanently guarded so as to prevent accidental contact by persons or material.

(c) 603.5.3 Gas containers. Fuel gas containers for portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall comply with paragraphs (C)(5)(c)(i)(603.5.3.1) to (C)(5)(c)(iv)(603.5.3.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.3.1 Approved containers. Only approved DOTn or ASME gas containers shall be used.

(ii) 603.5.3.2 Container replacement. Replacement of fuel gas containers in portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be conducted while the public is present.

(iii) 603.5.3.3 Container capacity. The maximum individual capacity of gas containers used in connection with portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not exceed 20 pounds (9 kg).

(iv) 603.5.3.4 Indoor storage prohibited. Gas containers shall not be stored inside of buildings except in accordance with paragraph (I)(9)( 3809.9 ) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 603.6 Heating appliances. Heating appliances shall be listed and shall comply with this paragraph.

(a) 603.6.1 Guard against contact. The heating element or combustion chamber shall be permanently guarded so as to prevent accidental contact by persons or material.

(b) 603.6.2 Heating appliance installation and maintenance. Heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the mechanical code, the International Fuel Gas Code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 603.7 Chimneys and appliances. Chimneys, incinerators, smokestacks or similar devices for conveying smoke or hot gases to the outer air and the stoves, furnaces, fireboxes or boilers to which such devices are connected, shall be maintained so as not to create a fire hazard.

(a) 603.7.1 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys that, upon inspection, are found to be without a flue liner and that have open mortar joints which will permit smoke or gases to be discharged into the building, or which are cracked as to be dangerous, shall be repaired or relined with a listed chimney liner system installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions or a flue lining system installed in accordance with the requirements of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and appropriate for the intended class of chimney service.

(b) 603.7.2 Metal chimneys. Metal chimneys which are corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(c) 603.7.3 Decorative shrouds. Decorative shrouds installed at the termination of factory-built chimneys shall be removed except where such shrouds are listed and labeled for use with the specific factory-built chimney system and are installed in accordance with the chimney manufacturer's installation instructions.

(d) 603.7.4 Factory-built chimneys. Existing factory-built chimneys that are damaged, corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(e) 603.7.5 Connectors. Existing chimney and vent connectors that are damaged, corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(8) 603.8 Discontinuing operation of unsafe heating appliances. The fire code official is authorized to order that measures be taken to prevent the operation of any existing stove, oven, furnace, incinerator, boiler or any other heat-producing device or appliance found to be defective or in violation of code requirements for existing appliances after giving notice to this effect to any person, owner, firm or agent or operator in charge of the same. The fire code official is authorized to take measures to prevent the operation of any device or appliance without notice when inspection shows the existence of an immediate fire hazard or when imperiling human life. The defective device shall remain withdrawn from service until all necessary repairs or alterations have been made.

(a) 603.8.1 Unauthorized operation. It shall be a violation of this code for any person, user, firm or agent to continue the utilization of any device or appliance (the operation of which has been discontinued or ordered discontinued in accordance with paragraph (C)(8)(603.8) of this rule), unless written authority to resume operation is given by the fire code official. Removing or breaking the means by which operation of the device is prevented shall be a violation of this code.

(9) 603.9 Incinerators. Commercial, industrial and residential-type incinerators and chimneys shall be constructed in accordance with the building code, the mechanical code, and the International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.9.1 Residential incinerators. Residential incinerators shall be of an approved type.

(b) 603.9.2 Spark arrestor. Incinerators shall be equipped with an effective means of arresting sparks.

(c) 603.9.3 Restrictions. Where the fire code official determines that burning in incinerators located within 500 feet (152 m) of mountainous, brush or grass-covered areas will create an undue fire hazard because of atmospheric conditions, such burning shall be prohibited.

(d) 603.9.4 Time of burning. Burning shall take place only during approved hours.

(e) 603.9.5 Discontinuance. The fire code official is authorized to require incinerator use to be discontinued immediately if the fire code official determines that smoke emissions are offensive to occupants of surrounding property or if the use of the incinerators is determined by the fire code official to constitute a hazardous condition.

(10) 603.10 Gas meters. Above-ground gas meters, regulators and piping subject to damage shall be protected by a barrier complying with paragraph (L)(312) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code or otherwise protected in an approved manner.

(D) Section 604 Emergency and standby power systems

(1) 604.1 Installation. Emergency and standby power systems required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be installed in accordance with this code, NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Existing installations shall be maintained in accordance with the original approval.

(a) 604.1.1 Stationary generators. Stationary emergency and standby power generators required by this code shall be listed in accordance with UL 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 604.2 Where required. Emergency and standby power systems shall be provided where required by paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(604.2.1) to (D)(2)(r)(iv)(604.2.18.4) of this rule.

(a) 604.2.1 Group A occupancies. Emergency power shall be provided for emergency voice/alarm communication systems in Group A occupancies in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(a)(i)(907.2.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 604.2.2 Smoke control systems. Standby power shall be provided for smoke control systems in accordance with paragraph (I)(11)( 909.11 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 604.2.3 Exit signs. Emergency power shall be provided for exit signs in accordance with paragraph (K)(5)(c)( 1011.5 3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 604.2.4 Means of egress illumination. Emergency power shall be provided for means of egress illumination in accordance with paragraph (F)(3)( 1006.3 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(e) 604.2.5 Accessible means of egress elevators. Standby power shall be provided for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress in accordance with paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(f) 604.2.6 Accessible means of egress platform lifts. Standby power in accordance with this paragraph or ASME A 18.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be provided for platform lifts that are part of an accessible means of egress in accordance with paragraph (G)(5)( 1007.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 604.2.7 Horizontal sliding doors. Standby power shall be provided for horizontal sliding doors in accordance with paragraph (H)(1)(d)(iii)(1008 1 4.3 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(h) 604.2.8 Semiconductor fabrication facilities. Emergency power shall be provided for semiconductor fabrication facilities in accordance with paragraph (C)(15)( 1803.15 ) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 604.2.9 Membrane structures. Emergency power shall be provided for exit signs in temporary tents and membrane structures in accordance with paragraph (C)(12)(f)(i)(2403.12.6.1) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code. Standby power shall be provided for auxiliary inflation systems in permanent membrane structures in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(j) 604.2.10 Hazardous materials. Emergency or standby power shall be provided in occupancies with hazardous materials in accordance with paragraphs (D)(7)( 2704.7 ) and (E)(1)(e)(2705 1.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(k) 604.2.11 Highly toxic and toxic materials. Emergency power shall be provided for occupancies with highly toxic or toxic materials in accordance with paragraphs (D)(2)(b)(viii)(3704.2.2.8) and (D)(3)(d)(ii)(3704.3.4.2) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

(l) 604.2.12 Organic peroxides. Standby power shall be provided for occupancies with organic peroxides in accordance with paragraph (D)(1)(k)(3904.1.11) of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code.

(m) 604.2.13 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall buildings exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) shall be provided with standby power systems which are capable of operating the emergency voice/alarm communication.

(n) 604.2.14 High-rise buildings. Standby power, light and emergency systems in high-rise buildings shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (D)(2)(n)(i)(604.2.14.1) to (D)(2)(n)(iii)(604.2.14.3) of this rule.

(i) 604.2.14.1 Standby power. A standby power system shall be provided. Where the standby system is a generator set inside a building, the system shall be located in a separate room enclosed with 2-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with section 712 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, or both. System supervision with manual start and transfer features shall be provided at the fire command center.

(a) 604.2.14.1.1 Fuel supply. An on-premises fuel supply, sufficient for not less than 2-hour full-demand operation of the system, shall be provided.

Exception: When approved, the system shall be supplied by natural gas pipelines.

(b) 604.2.14.1.2 Capacity. The standby system shall have a capacity and rating that supplies all equipment required to be operational at the same time. The generating capacity is not required to be sized to operate all of the connected electrical equipment simultaneously.

(c)604.2.14.1.3 Connected facilities. Power and lighting facilities for the fire command center and elevators specified in sections 403.9 and 403.10 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as applicable, shall be transferable to the standby source. Standby power shall be provided for at least one elevator to serve all floors and be transferable to any elevator.

(ii) 604.2.14.2 Separate circuits and luminaires. Separate lighting circuits and luminaires shall be required to provide sufficient light with an intensity of not less than 1 foot-candle (11 lux) measured at floor level in all means of egress corridors, stairways, smokeproof enclosures, elevator cars and lobbies, and other areas that are clearly a part of the escape route.

(a) 604.2.14.2.1 Other circuits. Circuits supplying lighting for the fire command center and mechanical equipment rooms shall be transferable to the standby source.

(iii) 604.2.14.3 Emergency systems. Exit signs, exit illumination as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code, electrically powered fire pumps required to maintain pressure, and the elevator car lighting are classified as emergency systems and shall operate within 10 seconds of failure of the normal power supply and shall be capable of being transferred to the standby source.

Exception: Exit sign, exit and means of egress illumination are permitted to be powered by a standby source in buildings of Group F and S occupancies.

(o) 604.2.15 Underground buildings. Emergency and standby power systems in underground buildings covered in Chapter 4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall comply with paragraphs (D)(2)(o)(i)(604.2.15.1) and (D)(2)(o)(ii)(604.2.15.2) of this rule.

(i) 604.2.15.1 Standby power. A standby power system complying with this paragraph and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be provided for standby power loads as specified in paragraph (D)(2)(o)(i)(a)(604.2.15.1.1) of this rule.

(a) 604.2.15.1.1 Standby power loads. The following loads are classified as standby power loads:

(i) Smoke control system.

(ii) Ventilation and automatic fire detection equipment for smokeproof enclosures.

(iii) Fire pumps.

(iv) Standby power shall be provided for elevators in accordance with section 3003 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) [B] 604.2.15.1.2 Pick-up time. The standby power system shall pick up its connected loads within 60 seconds of failure of the normal power supply.

(ii) 604.2.15.2 Emergency power. An emergency power system complying with this code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be provided for emergency power loads as specified in paragraph (D)(2)(o)(ii)(a)(604.2.16.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 604.2.15.2.1 Emergency power loads. The following loads are classified as emergency power loads:

(i) Emergency voice/alarm communication systems.

(ii) Fire alarm systems.

(iii) Automatic fire detection systems.

(iv) Elevator car lighting.

(v) Means of egress lighting and exit sign illumination as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(p) 604.2.16 Group I-3 occupancies. Power-operated sliding doors or power-operated locks for swinging doors in Group I-3 occupancies shall be operable by a manual release mechanism at the door, and either emergency power or a remote mechanical operating release shall be provided.

Exception: Emergency power is not required in facilities where provisions for remote locking and unlocking of occupied rooms in Occupancy Condition 4 are not required as set forth in the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(q) 604.2.17 Airport traffic control towers. A standby power system shall be provided in airport traffic control towers more than 65 feet (19 812 mm) in height. Power shall be provided to the following equipment:

(i) Pressurization equipment, mechanical equipment and lighting.

(ii) Elevator operating equipment.

(iii) Fire alarm and smoke detection systems.

(r) 604.2.18 Elevators. In buildings and structures where standby power is required or furnished to operate an elevator, the operation shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(2)(r)(i)(604.2.18.1) to (D)(2)(r)(iv)(604.2.18.4) of this rule.

(i) 604.2.18.1 Manual transfer. Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.

(ii) 604.2.18.2 One elevator. Where only one elevator is installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power.

(iii) 604.2.18.3 Two or more elevators. Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, at least one elevator shall remain operable from the standby power source.

(iv) 604.2.18.4 Venting. Where standby power is connected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air conditioning shall be connected to the standby power source.

(3) 604.3 Maintenance. Emergency and standby power systems shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code such that the system is capable of supplying service within the time specified for the type and duration required.

(a) 604.3.1 Schedule. Inspection, testing and maintenance of emergency and standby power systems shall be in accordance with an approved schedule established upon completion and approval of the system installation.

(b) 604.3.2 Written record. Written records of the inspection, testing and maintenance of emergency and standby power systems shall include the date of service, name of the servicing technician, a summary of conditions noted and a detailed description of any conditions requiring correction and what corrective action was taken. Such records shall be kept on the premises served by the emergency or standby power system and be available for inspection by the fire code official.

(c) 604.3.3 Switch maintenance. Emergency and standby power system transfer switches shall be included in the inspection, testing and maintenance schedule required by paragraph (D)(3)(a)(604.3.1) of this rule. Transfer switches shall be maintained free from accumulated dust and dirt. Inspection shall include examination of the transfer switch contacts for evidence of deterioration. When evidence of contact deterioration is detected, the contacts shall be replaced in accordance with the transfer switch manufacturer's instructions.

(4) 604.4 Operational inspection and testing. Emergency power systems, including all appurtenant components shall be inspected and tested under load in accordance with NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Where the emergency power system is used for standby power or peak load shaving, such use shall be recorded and shall be allowed to be substituted for scheduled testing of the generator set, provided that appropriate records are maintained.

(a) 604.4.1 Transfer switch test. The test of the transfer switch shall consist of electrically operating the transfer switch from the normal position to the alternate position and then return to the normal position.

(5) 604.5 Supervision of maintenance and testing. Routine maintenance, inspection and operational testing shall be overseen by a properly instructed individual.

(6) 604.6 Exit and emergency lighting equipment. Exit and emergency lighting equipment with self contained battery back-up power shall be inspected and tested in accordance with paragraphs (D)(6)(a)(604.6.1) to (D)(6)(c)(604.6.3) of this rule.

(a) 604.6.1 Activation test. An activation test of the exit and emergency lighting equipment with self contained battery back-up power shall be performed monthly for a period of not less than 30 seconds.

(b) 604.6.2 Duration test. To insure continued illumination for a duration of not less than 90 minutes as listed in paragraph (K)(5)(c)( 1011.5 3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code, exit and emergency lights equipped with self contained battery back-up power shall be tested annually for a period of not less than 90 minutes.

(c) 604.6.3 Test records. A written record of all inspection, testing and maintenance of exit and emergency lighting equipment shall be documented and available for review by the fire code official.

(E) Section 605 Electrical equipment, wiring and hazards

(1) 605.1 Abatement of electrical hazards. Identified electrical hazards shall be abated. Identified hazardous electrical conditions in permanent wiring shall be brought to the attention of the responsible code official. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances and other equipment that is modified or damaged and constitutes an electrical shock or fire hazard shall not be used.

(2) 605.2 Illumination. Illumination shall be provided for service equipment areas, motor control centers and electrical panelboards.

(3) 605.3 Working space and clearance. A working space of not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in width, 36 inches (914 mm) in depth and 78 inches (1981 mm) in height shall be provided in front of electrical service equipment. Where the electrical service equipment is wider than 30 inches (762 mm), the working space shall not be less than the width of the equipment. No storage of any materials shall be located within the designated working space.

Exceptions:

1. Where other dimensions are required or allowed by NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. Access openings into attics or under-floor areas which provide a minimum clear opening of 22 inches (559 mm) by 30 inches (762 mm).

(a) 605.3.1 Labeling. Doors into electrical control panel rooms shall be marked with a plainly visible and legible sign stating "ELECTRICAL ROOM" or similar approved wording. The disconnecting means for each service, feeder or branch circuit originating on a switchboard or panelboard shall be legibly and durably marked to indicate its purpose unless such purpose is clearly evident.

(4) 605.4 Multiplug adapters. Multiplug adapters, such as cube adapters, unfused plug strips or any other device not complying with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be prohibited.

(a) 605.4.1 Power tap design. Relocatable power taps shall be of the polarized or grounded type, equipped with overcurrent protection, and shall be listed in accordance with UL 1363 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 605.4.2 Power supply. Relocatable power taps shall be directly connected to a permanently installed receptacle.

(c) 605.4.3 Installation. Relocatable power tap cords shall not extend through walls, ceilings, floors, under doors or floor coverings, or be subject to environmental or physical damage.

(5) 605.5 Extension cords. Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be a substitute for permanent wiring. Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be affixed to structures, extended through walls, ceilings or floors, or under doors or floor coverings, nor shall such cords be subject to environmental damage or physical impact. Extension cords shall be used only with portable appliances.

(a) 605.5.1 Power supply. Extension cords shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle, power tap or multiplug adapter and, except for approved multiplug extension cords, shall serve only one portable appliance.

(b) 605.5.2 Ampacity. The ampacity of the extension cords shall not be less than the rated capacity of the portable appliance supplied by the cord.

(c) 605.5.3 Maintenance. Extension cords shall be maintained in good condition without splices, deterioration or damage.

(d) 605.5.4 Grounding. Extension cords shall be grounded when serving grounded portable appliances.

(6) 605.6 Unapproved conditions. Open junction boxes and open-wiring splices shall be prohibited. Approved covers shall be provided for all switch and electrical outlet boxes.

(7) 605.7 Appliances. Electrical appliances and fixtures shall be tested and listed in published reports of inspected electrical equipment by an approved agency and installed and maintained in accordance with all instructions included as part of such listing.

(8) 605.8 Electrical motors. Electrical motors shall be maintained free from excessive accumulations of oil, dirt, waste and debris.

(9) 605.9 Temporary wiring. Temporary wiring for electrical power and lighting installations is allowed for a period not to exceed 90 days. Temporary wiring methods shall meet the applicable provisions of NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Temporary wiring for electrical power and lighting installations is allowed during periods of construction, remodeling, repair or demolition of buildings, structures, equipment or similar activities.

(a) 605.9.1 Attachment to structures. Temporary wiring attached to a structure shall be attached in an approved manner.

(10) 605.10 Portable, electric space heaters. Where not prohibited by other paragraphs of this code, portable, electric space heaters shall be permitted to be used in all occupancies other than Group I-2 and in accordance with paragraph (E)(10)(a)(605.10.1) to (E)(10)(d)(605.10.4) of this rule.

Exception: The use of portable, electric space heaters in which the heating element cannot exceed a temperature of 212°F (100°C) shall be permitted in nonsleeping staff and employee areas in Group I-2 occupancies.

(a) 605.10.1 Listed and labeled. Only listed and labeled portable, electric space heaters shall be used.

(b) 605.10.2 Power supply. Portable, electric space heater shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle.

(c) 605.10.3 Extension cords. Portable, electric space heaters shall not be plugged into extension cords.

(d) 605.10.4 Prohibited areas. Portable, electric space heaters shall not be operated within 3 feet (914 mm) of any combustible materials. Portable, electric space heaters shall be operated only in locations for which they are listed.

(F) Section 606 Mechanical refrigeration

(1) [M] 606.1 Scope. Refrigeration systems shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [M] 606.2 Refrigerants. The use and purity of new, recovered and reclaimed refrigerants shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) [M] 606.3 Refrigerant classification. Refrigerants shall be classified in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) [M] 606.4 Change in refrigerant type. A change in the type of refrigerant in a refrigeration system shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(5) 606.5 Access. Refrigeration systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be accessible to the fire department at all times as required by the fire code official.

(6) 606.6 Testing of equipment. Refrigeration equipment and systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be subject to periodic testing in accordance with paragraph (F)(6)(a)(606.6.1) of this rule. A written record of required testing shall be maintained on the premises. Tests of emergency devices or systems required by this rule shall be conducted by persons trained and qualified in refrigeration systems.

(a) 606.6.1 Periodic testing. The following emergency devices or systems shall be periodically tested in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and as required by the fire code official.

(i) Treatment and flaring systems.

(ii) Valves and appurtenances necessary to the operation of emergency refrigeration control boxes.

(iii) Fans and associated equipment intended to operate emergency ventilation systems.

(iv) Detection and alarm systems.

(7) 606.7 Emergency signs. Refrigeration units or systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be provided with approved emergency signs, charts and labels in accordance with NFPA 704 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Hazard signs shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for the classification of refrigerants listed therein.

(8) 606.8 Refrigerant detector. Machinery rooms shall contain a refrigerant detector with an audible and visual alarm. The detector, or a sampling tube that draws air to the detector, shall be located in an area where refrigerant from a leak will concentrate. The alarm shall be actuated at a value not greater than the corresponding TLV-TWA values shown in the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for the refrigerant classification. Detectors and alarms shall be placed in approved locations. The detector shall transmit a signal to an approved location.

(9) 606.9 Remote controls. Remote control of the mechanical equipment and appliances located in the machinery room shall be provided at an approved location immediately outside the machinery room and adjacent to its principal entrance.

(a) 606.9.1 Refrigeration system emergency shutoff A clearly identified switch of the break-glass type or with an approved tamper-resistant cover shall provide off-only control of refrigerant compressors, refrigerant pumps and normally closed automatic refrigerant valves located in the machinery room. Additionally, this equipment shall be automatically shut off whenever the refrigerant vapor concentration in the machinery room exceeds the vapor detector's upper detection limit or 25 per cent of the LEL, whichever is lower.

Exception: In machinery rooms where only nonflammable refrigerants are used, only compressors are required to be stopped by vapor detection or the cut-off switch.

(b) 606.9.2 Ventilation system. A clearly identified switch of the break-glass type shall provide on-only control of the machinery room ventilation fans.

(10) 606.10 Emergency pressure control system. Refrigeration systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerant or ammonia shall be provided with an emergency pressure control system in accordance with paragraphs (F)(10)(a)(606.10.1) and (F)(10)(b)(606.10.2) of this rule.

(a) 606.10.1 Automatic crossover valves. Each high- and intermediate-pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall be provided with a single automatic valve providing a crossover connection to a lower pressure zone. Automatic crossover valves shall comply with paragraphs (F)(10)(a)(i)(606.10.1.1) to (F)(10)(a)(iii)(606.10.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 606.10.1.1 Overpressure limit set point. Automatic crossover valves shall be arranged to automatically relieve excess system pressure to a lower pressure zone if the pressure in a high- or intermediate-pressure zone rises to within 90 per cent of the set point for emergency pressure relief devices.

(ii) 606.10.1.2 Manual operation. When required by the fire code official, automatic crossover valves shall be capable of manual operation.

(iii) 606.10.1.3 System design pressure. Refrigeration system zones that are connected to a higher pressure zone by an automatic crossover valve shall be designed to safely contain the maximum pressure that can be achieved by interconnection of the two zones.

(b) 606.10.2 Automatic emergency stop. An automatic emergency stop feature shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (F)(10)(b)(i)(606.10.2.1) and (F)(10)(b)(ii)(606.10.2.2) of this rule.

(i) 606.10.2.1 Operation of an automatic crossover valve. Operation of an automatic crossover valve shall cause all compressors on the affected system to immediately stop. Dedicated pressure-sensing devices located immediately adjacent to crossover valves shall be permitted as a means for determining operation of a valve. To ensure that the automatic crossover valve system provides a redundant means of stopping compressors in an overpressure condition, high-pressure cutout sensors associated with compressors shall not be used as a basis for determining operation of a crossover valve.

(ii) 606.10.2.2 Overpressure in low-pressure zone. The lowest pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall be provided with a dedicated means of determining a rise in system pressure to within 90 per cent of the setpoint for emergency pressure relief devices. Activation of the overpressure sensing device shall cause all compressors on the affected system to immediately stop.

(11) 606.11 Storage, use and handling. Flammable and combustible materials shall not be stored in machinery rooms for refrigeration systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant. Storage, use or handling of extra refrigerant or refrigerant oils shall be as required by rule 1301:7-7-27 , rule 1301:7-7-30 , rule 1301:7-7-32 and rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: This provision shall not apply to spare parts, tools and incidental materials necessary for the safe and proper operation and maintenance of the system.

(12) 606.12 Termination of relief devices. Pressure relief devices, fusible plugs and purge systems for refrigeration systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerants shall be provided with an approved discharge system as required by paragraphs (F)(12)(a)(606.12.1), (F)(12)(b)(606.12.2) and (F)(12)(c)(606.12.3) of this rule. Discharge piping and devices connected to the discharge side of a fusible plug or rupture member shall have provisions to prevent plugging the pipe in the event of the fusible plug or rupture member functions.

(a) 606.12.1 Flammable refrigerants. Systems containing flammable refrigerants having a density equal to or greater than the density of air shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere only through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule or a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this rule. Systems containing flammable refrigerants having a density of less than the density of air shall be permitted to discharge vapor to the atmosphere provided that the point of discharge is located outside of the structure at not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) above the adjoining grade level and not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) from any window, ventilation opening or exit.

(b) 606.12.2 Toxic and highly toxic refrigerants. Systems containing toxic or highly toxic refrigerants shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere only through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule or a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this rule.

(c) 606.12.3 Ammonia refrigerant. Systems containing ammonia refrigerant shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule, a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this rule, or through an approved ammonia diffusion system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(f)(606.12.6) of this rule, or by other approved means.

Exceptions:

1. Ammonia/water absorption systems containing less than 22 pounds (10 kg) of ammonia and for which the ammonia circuit is located entirely outdoors.

2. When the fire code official determines, on review of an engineering analysis prepared in accordance with paragraph (D)(7)(b)(104.7.2) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, that a fire, health or environmental hazard would not result from discharging ammonia directly to the atmosphere.

(d) 606.12.4 Treatment systems. Treatment systems shall be designed to reduce the allowable discharge concentration of the refrigerant gas to not more than 50 per cent of the IDLH at the point of exhaust. Treatment systems shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code.

(e) 606.12.5 Flaring systems. Flaring systems for incineration of flammable refrigerants shall be designed to incinerate the entire discharge. The products of refrigerant incineration shall not pose health or environmental hazards. Incineration shall be automatic upon initiation of discharge, shall be designed to prevent blowback and shall not expose structures or materials to threat of fire. Standby fuel, such as LP gas, and standby power shall have the capacity to operate for one and one-half the required time for complete incineration of refrigerant in the system.

(f) 606.12.6 Ammonia diffusion systems. Ammonia diffusion systems shall include a tank containing 1 gallon of water for each pound of ammonia (4 L of water for each 1 kg of ammonia) that will be released in 1 hour from the largest relief device connected to the discharge pipe. The water shall be prevented from freezing. The discharge pipe from the pressure relief device shall distribute ammonia in the bottom of the tank, but no lower than 33 feet (10 058 mm) below the maximum liquid level. The tank shall contain the volume of water and ammonia without overflowing.

(13) 606.13 Discharge location for refrigeration machinery room ventilation. Exhaust from mechanical ventilation systems serving refrigeration machinery rooms containing flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerants, other than ammonia, capable of exceeding 25 per cent of the LFL or 50 per cent of the IDLH shall be equipped with approved treatment systems to reduce the discharge concentrations to those values or lower.

(14) 606.14 Notification of refrigerant discharges. The fire code official shall be notified immediately when a discharge becomes reportable under state, federal or local regulations in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(2703.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(15) 606.15 Records. A written record shall be kept of refrigerant quantities brought into and removed from the premises. Such records shall be available to the fire code official.

(16) 606.16 Electrical equipment. Where refrigerants of Groups A2, A3, B2 and B3, as defined in the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, are used, refrigeration machinery rooms shall conform to the Class I, Division 2 hazardous location classification requirements of NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Ammonia machinery rooms that are provided with ventilation in accordance with section 1106.3 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(G) Section 607 Elevator recall and maintenance

(1) 607.1 Emergency operation. Existing elevators with a travel distance of 25 feet (7620 mm) or more shall comply with the requirements of rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code. New elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation an in accordance with ASME A 17.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [B] 607.2 Emergency signs. An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: "IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVATOR. USE EXIT STAIRS." The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 607.3 Fire service access elevator lobbies. Where fire service access elevators are required by section 3007 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, fire service access elevator lobbies shall be maintained free of storage and furniture.

(4) 607.4 Elevator keys. Keys for the elevator car doors and fire-fighter service keys shall be kept in an approved location for immediate use by the fire department.

(H) Section 608 Stationary storage battery systems

(1) 608.1 Scope. Stationary storage battery systems having an electrolyte capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L) for flooded lead acid, nickel cadmium and VRLA, or 1,000 pounds (454 kg) for lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer, used for facility standby power, emergency power or uninterrupted power supplies shall comply with this paragraph and Table 608.1 of this rule.

Table 608.1 Battery requirements

Requirement Nonrecombinant batteries Recombinant batteries  
Flooded nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries Valve regulated (VRLA) batteries Lithium-ion batteries Lithium Metal Polymer
Safety caps Venting caps (paragraph (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) of this rule) Venting caps (paragraph (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) of this rule) Self-resealing flame-arresting caps (paragraph (H)(2)(b)(608.2.2) of this rule) No caps No caps
Thermal runaway management Not required Not required Required (paragraph (H)(3)( 608.3 ) of this rule) Not required Required (paragraph (H)(3)( 608.3 ) of this rule)
Spill control Required (paragraph (H)(5)( 608.5 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(5)( 608.5 ) of this rule) Not required Not required Not required
Neutralization Required (paragraph (H)(5)(a)(608.5.1) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(5)(a)(608.5.1) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(5)(b)(608.5.2) of this rule) Not required Not required
Ventilation Required (paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) Required (paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) Required (paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) Not required Not required
Signage Required (paragraph (H)(7)( 608.7 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(7)( 608.7 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(7)( 608.7 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(7)( 608.7 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(7)( 608.7 ) of this rule)
Seismic protection Required (paragraph (H)(8)( 608.8 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(8)( 608.8 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(8)( 608.8 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(8)( 608.8 ) of this rule) Required (paragraph (H)(8)( 608.8 ) of this rule)
Smoke Required Required Required Required Required
detection (paragraph (H)(9)( 608.9 ) of this rule) (paragraph (H)(9)( 608.9 ) of this rule) (paragraph (H)(9)( 608.9 ) of this rule) (paragraph (H)(9)( 608.9 ) of this rule) (paragraph (H)(9)( 608.9 ) of this rule)

(2) 608.2 Safety caps. Safety caps for stationary storage battery systems shall comply with paragraphs (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) and (H)(2)(b)(608.2.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.2.1 Nonrecombinant batteries. Vented lead acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of nonrecombinant batteries shall be provided with safety venting caps.

(b) 608.2.2 Recombinant batteries. VRLA batteries shall be equipped with self-resealing flame-arresting safety vents.

(3) 608.3 Thermal runaway. VRLA and lithium metal polymer battery systems shall be provided with a listed device or other approved method to preclude, detect and control thermal runaway.

(4) 608.4 Room design and construction. Enclosure of stationary battery systems shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Battery systems shall be allowed to be in the same room with the equipment they support.

(a) 608.4.1 Separate rooms. When stationary batteries are installed in a separate equipment room accessible only to authorized personnel, they shall be permitted to be installed on an open rack for ease of maintenance.

(b) 608.4.2 Occupied work centers. When a system of VRLA, lithium-ion, or other type of sealed, nonventing batteries is situated in an occupied work center, it shall be allowed to be housed in a noncombustible cabinet or other enclosure to prevent access by unauthorized personnel.

(c) 608.4.3 Cabinets. When stationary batteries are contained in cabinets in occupied work centers, the cabinet enclosures shall be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the equipment that they support.

(5) 608.5 Spill control and neutralization. An approved method and materials for the control and neutralization of a spill of electrolyte shall be provided in areas containing lead-acid, nickel cadmium or other types of batteries with free-flowing liquid electrolyte. For purposes of this paragraph, a "spill" is defined as any unintentional release of electrolyte.

Exception: VRLA, lithium-ion, lithium metal polymer or other types of sealed batteries with immobilized electrolyte shall not require spill control.

(a) 608.5.1 Nonrecombinant battery neutralization. For battery systems containing lead-acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of batteries with free-flowing electrolyte, the method and materials shall be capable of neutralizing a spill of the total capacity from the largest cell or block to a pH between 5.0 and 9.0.

(b) 608.5.2 Recombinant battery neutralization. For VRLA or other types of sealed batteries with immobilized electrolyte, the method and material shall be capable of neutralizing a spill of 3.0 per cent of the capacity of the largest cell or block in the room to a pH between 5.0 and 9.0.

Exception: Lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer batteries shall not require neutralization.

(6) 608.6 Ventilation. Ventilation of stationary and storage battery systems shall comply with paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.6.1 Room ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and the following:

(i) For flooded lead acid, flooded Ni-Cad and VRLA batteries, the ventilation system shall be designed to limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1.0 per cent of the total volume of the room; or

(ii) Continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot (1 ft3/min/ft2) [ 0.0051 m3/(s.m2)] of floor area of the room.

Exception: Lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer batteries shall not require ventilation.

(b) 608.6.2 Cabinet ventilation. When VRLA batteries are installed inside a cabinet, the cabinet shall be approved for use in occupied spaces and shall be mechanically or naturally vented by one of the following methods:

(i) The cabinet ventilation shall limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1 per cent of the total volume of the cabinet during the worst-case event of simultaneous "boost" charging of all the batteries in the cabinet; or

(ii) When calculations are not available to substantiate the ventilation rate, continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot [1 ft3/min/ft2 or 0.0051 m3/(s.m2)] of the floor area covered by the cabinet. The room in which the cabinet is installed shall also be ventilated as required in paragraph (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) of this rule.

(c) 608.6.3 Supervision. Mechanical ventilation systems where required by paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule shall be supervised by an approved central, proprietary or remote station service or shall initiate an audible and visual signal at a constantly attended on-site location.

(7) 608.7 Signage. Signs shall comply with paragraphs (H)(7)(a)(608.7.1) and (H)(7)(b)(608.7.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.7.1 Equipment room and building signage. Doors into electrical equipment rooms or buildings containing stationary battery systems shall be provided with approved signs. The signs shall state that:

(i) The room contains energized battery systems.

(ii) The room contains energized electrical circuits.

(iii) The battery electrolyte solutions, where present, are corrosive liquids.

(b) 608.7.2 Cabinet signage. Cabinets shall have exterior labels that identify the manufacturer and model number of the system and electrical rating (voltage and current) of the contained battery system. There shall be signs within the cabinet that indicate the relevant electrical, chemical and fire hazards.

(8) 608.8 Seismic protection. The battery systems shall be seismically braced in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(9) 608.9 Smoke detection. An approved automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)( 907.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code in rooms containing stationary battery systems.

(I) Section 609 Commercial kitchen hoods

(1) [M] 609.1 General. Commercial kitchen exhaust hoods shall comply with the requirements of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [M] 609.2 Where required. A Type I hood shall be installed at or above all commercial cooking appliances and domestic cooking appliances and domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes that produce grease vapors.

(3) 609.3 Operations and maintenance. Commercial cooking systems shall be operated and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (I)(3)(a)(609.3.1) to (I)(3)(d)(609.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 609.3.1 Ventilation system. The ventilation system in connection with hoods shall be operated at the required rate of air movement, and classified grease filters shall be in place when equipment under a kitchen grease hood is used.

(b) 609.3.2 Grease extractors. Where grease extractors are installed, they shall be operated when the commercial-type cooking equipment is used.

(c) 609.3.3 Cleaning. Hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts and other appurtenances shall be cleaned at intervals as required by paragraphs (I)(3)(c)(i)(609.3.3.1) to (I)(3)(c)(iii)(609.3.3.3) of this rule.

(i) 609.3.3.1 Inspection. Hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts, and other appurtenances shall be inspected at intervals specified in Table 609.3.3.1 of this rule or as approved by the fire code official. Inspections shall be completed by qualified individuals.

Table 609.3.3.1 Commercial cooking system inspection frequency

Type of cooking operations Frequency of inspection
High-volume cooking operations such as 24-hour cooking, charbroiling or wok cooking 3 months
Low-volume cooking operations such as places of religious worship, seasonal businesses and senior centers 12 months
Cooking operations utilizing solid-fuel burning cooking appliances 1 month
All other cooking operations 6 months

(ii) 609.3.3.2 Grease accumulation. If during the inspection it is found that hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts or other appurtenances have an accumulation of grease, such components shall be cleaned.

(iii) 609.3.3.3 Records. Records for inspections shall state the individual and company performing the inspection, a description of the inspection and when the inspection took place. Records for cleanings shall state the individual and company performing the cleaning and when the cleaning took place. Such records shall be completed after each inspection or cleaning, maintained on the premises for a minimum of three years and be copied to the fire code official upon request.

(d) 609.3.4 Extinguishing system service. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems protecting commercial cooking systems shall be serviced as required in paragraph (D)(11)(f)(904.11.6) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-06

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3701.82 , 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3701.82 , 3737.22 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 3/30/98, 1/3/00, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-07 Fire-resistance-rated construction.

(A) Section 701 General

(1) 701.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall specify the requirements for and the maintenance of fire-resistance-rated construction. New buildings shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 701.2 Unsafe conditions. Where any components in this rule are not maintained and do not function as intended or do not have the fire resistance required by the code under which the building was constructed, remodeled or altered, such component(s) or portion thereof shall be deemed an unsafe condition, in accordance with paragraph (J)(1)(a)(110.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. Components or portions thereof determined to be unsafe shall be repaired or replaced to conform to that code under which the building was constructed, remodeled, altered or this rule, as deemed appropriate by the fire code official.

Where the extent of the conditions of components is such that any building, structure or portion thereof presents an imminent danger to the occupants of the building, structure or portion thereof, the fire code official shall act in accordance with paragraph (J)(2)( 110.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 702 Definitions

(1) 702.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

[B] "Draftstop." A material, device or construction installed to restrict the movement of air within open spaces of concealed areas of building components such as crawl spaces, floor/ceiling assemblies, roof/ceiling assemblies and attics.

[B] "Fire-resistant joint system." An assemblage of specific materials or products that are designed, tested and fire-resistance rated in accordance with either ASTM E 1966 or UL 2079 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code to resist for a prescribed period of time the passage of fire through joints made in or between fire-resistance-rated assemblies.

[B] "Fireblocking." Building materials, or materials approved for use as fireblocking, installed to resist the free passage of flame to other areas of the building through concealed spaces.

(C) Section 703 Fire-resistance-rated construction

(1) 703.1 Maintenance. The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistance-rated construction (including walls, firestops, shaft enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, fire-resistive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to structural members and fire-resistant joint systems) shall be maintained. Such elements shall be visually inspected by the owner annually and properly repaired, restored or replaced when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. Where concealed, such elements shall not be required to be visually inspected by the owner unless the concealed space is accessible by the removal or movement of a panel, access door, ceiling tile or similar movable entry to the space. Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings and holes made for any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self- or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the fire protection requirements for the assembly.

(a) 703.1.1 Fireblocking and draftstopping. Required fireblocking and draftstopping in combustible concealed spaces shall be maintained to provide continuity and integrity of the construction.

(b) 703.1.2 Smoke barriers and smoke partitions. Required smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of smoke. All openings protected with approved smoke barrier doors or smoke dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 105 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 703.1.3 Fire walls, fire barriers and fire partitions. Required fire walls, fire barriers and fire partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of fire. All openings protected with approved doors or fire dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 703.2 Opening protectives. Opening protectives shall be maintained in an operative condition in accordance with NFPA 80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Fire doors and smoke barrier doors shall not be blocked or obstructed or otherwise made inoperable. Fusible links shall be replaced promptly whenever fused or damaged. Fire door assemblies shall not be modified.

(a) 703.2.1 Signs. Where required by the fire code official, a sign shall be permanently displayed on or near each fire door in letters not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high to read as follows:

(i) For doors designed to be kept normally open: "FIRE DOOR-DO NOT BLOCK."

(ii) For doors designed to be kept normally closed: "FIRE DOOR-KEEP CLOSED."

(b) 703.2.2 Hold-open devices and closers. Hold-open devices and automatic door closers, where provided, shall be maintained. During the period that such device is out of service for repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the closed position.

(c) 703.2.3 Door operation. Swinging fire doors shall close from the full-open position and latch automatically. The door closer shall exert enough force to close and latch the door from any partially open position.

(3) 703.3 Ceilings. The hanging and displaying of salable goods and other decorative materials from acoustical ceiling systems that are part of a fire-resistance-rated floor/ceiling or roof/ceiling assembly, shall be prohibited.

(4) 703.4 Testing. Horizontal and vertical sliding and rolling fire doors shall be inspected and tested annually to confirm proper operation and full closure. A written record shall be maintained and be available to the fire code official.

(D) Section 704 Floor openings and shafts

(1) 704.1 Enclosure. Interior vertical shafts, including but not limited to stairways, elevator hoistways, service and utility shafts, that connect two or more stories of a building shall be enclosed or protected as required in rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code. New floor openings in existing buildings shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 704.2 Opening protectives. When openings are required to be protected, opening protectives shall be maintained self-closing or automatic-closing by smoke detection. Existing fusible-link type automatic door-closing devices are permitted if the fusible link rating does not exceed 135°F (57°C).

Replaces: 1301:7-7-07

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 1/9/98, 11/20/98, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-08 Interior finish, decorative materials and furnishings.

(A) Section 801 General

(1) 801.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern interior finish, interior trim, furniture, furnishings, decorative materials and decorative vegetation in buildings. Existing buildings shall comply with paragraphs (C D 803) to (H)(808) of this rule. New buildings shall comply with paragraphs (X804) to (H)(808) of this rule and section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 802 Definitions

(1) 802.1 General. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

[B] "Flame spread." The propagation of flame over a surface.

[B] "Flame spread index." A comparative measure, expressed as a dimensionless number, derived from visual measurement of the spread of flame versus time for a material tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

"Interior floor-wall base." Interior floor finish trim used to provide a functional and/or decorative border at the intersection of walls and floors.

"Site-fabricated stretch system." A system, fabricated on site and intended for acoustical, tackable or aesthetic purposes, that is comprised of three elements:

1. A frame constructed of plastic, wood, metal or other material used to hold fabric in place;

2. A core material (infill, with correct properties for the application); and

3. An outside layer, comprised of a textile, fabric or vinyl, that is stretched taut and held in place by tension or mechanical fasteners via the frame.

[B] "Smoke-developed index." A comparative measure, expressed as a dimensionless number, derived from measurements of smoke obscuration versus time for a material tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 802.2 Terms used for paragraph (E)(5)( 805.5 ) of this rule. The following words take on exclusive meanings as used in paragraph (E)(5)( 805.5 ) of this rule only, pursuant to section 3737.841 of the Revised Code.

"Filling material." Means cotton, wool, kapok, features, down, hair, liquid, or any other natural or manmade material or substance that is used or can be used for stuffing in seating furniture.

"Public occupancy." Means all of the following:

1. Any state correctional institution as defined in section 2967.01 of the Revised Code and any county, multicounty, municipal, or municipal-county jail or workhouse;

2. Any hospital as defined in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code, any hospital licensed by the department of mental health under section 5119.20 of the Revised Code, and any institution, hospital, or other place established, controlled, or supervised by the department of mental health under Chapter 5119. of the Revised Code;

3. Any nursing home, residential care facility, or home for the aging as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised Code and any adult care facility as defined in section 3722.01 of the Revised Code;

4. Any child day-care center and any type A family day-care home as defined in section 5104.01 of the Revised Code;

5. Any public auditorium or stadium;

6. Public assembly areas of hotels and motels containing more than ten articles of seating furniture.

"Seating furniture." Includes the cushions or pillows belonging to or forming a part of the furniture, the structural unit, and the filling material and its container or covering, and any article of furniture, including children's furniture that can be used as a support for an individual, or their limbs or feet, when sitting or resting in an upright or reclining position and that either:

1. Is made with loose or attached cushions or pillows;

2. Is stuffed or filling in whole or in part with any filling material;

3. Is or can be stuffed or filled in whole or in part with any substance or material, concealed by fabric or any other covering.

Seating furniture does not include, except if intended for use by children or in facilities designed for the care or treatment of humans, any of the following:

1. Cushions or pads intended solely for outdoor use;

2. Any article with a smooth surface that contains no more than one-half inch of filling material, if that article does not have an upholstered horizontal surface meeting an upholstered vertical surface; and

3. Any article manufactured solely for recreational use or physical fitness purposes, including weight-lifting benches, gymnasium mats or pads, and sidehorses.

"Sell." Includes sell, offer, or expose for sale, barter, trade, deliver, give away, rent, cosign, lease, possess for sale, or dispose of in any other commercial manner.

(C) Section 803 Interior wall and ceiling finish and trim in existing buildings

(1) 803.1 General. The provisions of this paragraph shall limit the allowable flame spread and smoke development of interior wall and ceiling finishes and interior wall and ceiling trim in existing buildings based on location and occupancy classification. Interior wall and ceiling finishes shall be classified in accordance with section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Such materials shall be grouped in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as indicated in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(80311) of this rule, or in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as indicated in paragraph (C)(1)(b)( 8031.2 ) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Materials having a thickness less than 0.036 inch ( 0.9 mm) applied directly to the surface of walls and ceilings.

2. Exposed portions of structural members complying with the requirements of buildings of Type IV construction in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall not be subject to interior finish requirements.

(a) 803.1.1 Classification in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Interior finish materials shall be grouped in the following classes in accordance with their flame spread and smoke-developed index when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(i) Class A: flame spread index 0-25; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(ii) Class B: flame spread index 26-75; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(iii) Class C: flame spread index 76-200; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(b) 803.1.2 Classification in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Interior wall or ceiling finishes shall be allowed to be tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Finishes tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule. Interior wall and ceiling finish materials tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and meeting the acceptance criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, shall be allowed to be used where a Class A classification in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code is required.

(i) 803.1.2.1 Acceptance criteria for interior finish material tested to NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. During the 40 kilowatt(kW) exposure, the interior finish shall comply with paragraph (a) of this rule. During the 160 kW exposure, the interior finish shall comply with paragraph (b) of this rule. During the entire test, the interior finish shall comply with paragraph (c) of this rule.

(a) During the 40 kW exposure, flames shall not spread to the ceiling.

(b) During the 160 kW exposure, the interior finish shall comply with the following:

(i) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremity of the sample on any wall or ceiling.

(ii) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, shall not occur.

(c) The total smoke released throughout the NFPA 286 test as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall not exceed 1,000 m2.

(2) 803.2 Stability. Interior finish materials regulated by this rule shall be applied or otherwise fastened in such a manner that such materials will not readily become detached where subjected to room temperatures of 200°F (93°C) for not less than 30 minutes.

(3) 803.3 Interior finish requirements based on occupancy. Interior wall and ceiling finish shall have a flame spread index not greater than that specified in Table 803.3 of this rule for the group and location designated.

Table 803.3

Interior wall and ceiling finish requirements by occupancyk

Group Sprinklered Nonsprinklered
Exit enclosures and exit passagewaysa,b Corridors Rooms and enclosed spacesc Exit enclosures and exit passagewaysa,b Corridors Rooms and enclosed spacesc
A-1 & A-2 B B C A Ad Be
A-3f, A-4, A-5 B B C A Ad C
B, E, MR-1,R-4 B C C A B C
F C C C B C C
H B B Cg A A B
I-1 B C C A B B
I-2 B B Bh,i A A B
I-3 A Aj C A A B
I-4 B B Bh,i A A B
R-2 C C C B B C
R-3 C C C C C C
S C C C B B C
U No restrictions No restrictions

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.

a. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed for wainscoting or paneling of not more than 1,000 square feet of applied surface area in the grade lobby where applied directly to a noncombustible base or over furring strips applied to a noncombustible base and fireblocked as required by section 803.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

b. In exit enclosures of buildings less than three stories in height of other than Group I-3, Class B interior finish for nonsprinklered buildings and Class C for sprinklered buildings shall be permitted.

c. Requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces shall be based upon spaces enclosed by partitions. Where a fire-resistance rating is required for structural elements, the enclosing partitions shall extend from the floor to the ceiling. Partitions that do no comply with this shall be considered as enclosing spaces and the rooms or spaces on both sides shall be considered as one. In determining the applicable requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces, the specific occupancy thereof shall be the governing factor regardless of the group classification of the building or structure.

d. Lobby areas in Group A-1, A-2 and A-3 occupancies shall not be less than Class B materials.

e. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in Group A occupancies with an occupant load of 300 persons or less.

f. In places of religious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall be allowed.

g. Class B material is required where the building exceeds two stories.

h. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in administrative spaces.

i. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in rooms with a capacity of four persons or less.

j. Class B materials shall be allowed as wainscoting extending not more than 48 inches above the finished floor in corridors.

k. Finish materials as provided for in other paragraphs of this code.

l. Applies when the vertical exits, exit passageways, corridors or rooms and spaces are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 803.4 Fire-retardant coatings. The required flame spread or smoke-developed index of surfaces in existing buildings shall be allowed to be achieved by application of approved fire-retardant coatings, paints or solutions to surfaces having a flame spread index exceeding that allowed. Such applications shall comply with NFPA 703 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and the required fire-retardant properties shall be maintained or renewed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

(5) 803.5 Textiles. Where used as interior wall or ceiling finish materials, textiles, including materials having woven or nonwoven, napped, tufted, looped or similar surface, shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph.

(a) 803.5.1 Textile wall coverings. Textile wall coverings shall comply with one of the following:

1. The coverings shall have a Class A flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and be protected by automatic sprinklers installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. The covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(5)(a)(i)(803.5.1.1) or (C)(5)(a)(ii)(803.5.1.2) of this rule when tested in the manner intended for use in accordance with NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system(including adhesive) of actual use, or

3. The covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803 1.2.1) of this rule when tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system(including adhesive) of actual use.

(i) 803.5.1.1 Method A test protocol. During the Method A protocol, flame shall not spread to the ceiling during the 40 kW exposure. During the 150 kW exposure, the textile wall covering shall comply with all of the following:

(a) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremity of the sample on the 8-foot by 12-foot (203 mm by 305 mm) wall.

(b) The specimen shall not burn to the outer extremity of the 2-foot-wide (610 mm) samples mounted in the corner of the room.

(c) Burning droplets deemed capable of igniting textile wall coverings or that burn for 30 seconds or more shall not form.

(d) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, shall not occur.

(e) The maximum net instantaneous peak heat release rate, determined by subtracting the burner output from the maximum heat release rate, does not exceed 300 kW.

(ii) 803.5.1.2 Method B test protocol. During the Method B protocol, flames shall not spread to the ceiling at any time during the 40 kW exposure. During the 150 kW exposure, the textile wall covering shall comply with the following:

(a) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremities of the samples on the 8-foot by 12-foot (203 mm by 305 mm) walls.

(b) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, shall not occur.

(6) 803.6 Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings shall comply with the requirements of either paragraph (C)(6)(a)(803.6.1) or (C)(6)(b)(803.6.2) of this rule.

(a) 803.6.1 General. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(b)( 8031.2 ) of this rule. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings complying with paragraph (C)(1)(b)(803 1.2 ) of this rule shall not be required to comply with paragraph (C)(1)(a)(80311) of this rule.

(b) 803.6.2 Compliance alternative. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings shall be allowed to comply with the requirements for textile wall or ceiling coverings in paragraph (C)(5)( 803.5 ) of this rule. When tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, test specimen preparation shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2404 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 803.7 Foam plastic materials. Foam plastic materials shall not be used as interior wall and ceiling finish unless specifically allowed by paragraph (C)(7)(a)(803.7.1) or (C)(7)(b)(803.7.2) of this rule. Foam plastic materials shall not be used as interior trim unless specifically allowed by paragraph (C)(7)(c)(803.7.3) of this rule.

(a) 803.7.1 Combustibility characteristics. Foam plastic materials shall be allowed on the basis of fire tests that substantiate their combustibility characteristics for the use intended under actual fire conditions, as indicated in section 2603.9 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. This paragraph shall apply both to exposed foam plastics and to foam plastics used in conjunction with a textile or vinyl facing or cover.

(b) 803.7.2 Thermal barrier. Foam plastic material shall be allowed if it is separated from their interior of the building by a thermal barrier in accordance with section 2603.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 803.7.3 Trim. Foam plastic shall be allowed for trim in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)( 804.2 ) of this rule.

(8) 803.8 High-density polyethylene (HDPE). Where high-density polyethylene is used as an interior finish it shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)(b)( 8031.2 ) of this rule.

(9) 803.9 Site-fabricated stretch systems. Where used as newly installed interior wall or interior ceiling finish materials, site-fabricated stretch systems shall be tested in the manner intended for use, and shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(80311) or (C)(1)(b)( 8031.2 ) of this rule. If the materials are tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, specimen preparation and mounting shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2573 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 804 Interior wall and ceiling trim in new and existing buildings

(1) 804.1 Interior trim. Material, other than foam plastic, used as interior trim in new and existing buildings shall have a minimum Class C flame spread and smoke-developed indices, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as described in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(80311) of this rule. Combustible trim, excluding handrails and guardrails, shall not exceed 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling areas to which it is attached.

(a) 804.1.1 Alternate testing. When the interior trim material has been tested as an interior finish in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and complies with the acceptance criteria in paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, it shall not be required to be tested for flame spread index and smoke-developed index in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 804.2 Foam plastic. Foam plastic used as interior trim shall comply with paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(804.2.1) to (D)(2)(d)(804.2.4) of this rule.

(a) 804.2.1 Density. The minimum density of the interior trim shall be 20 pounds per cubic foot (320 kg/m3).

(b) 804.2.2 Thickness. The maximum thickness of the interior trim shall be ½ inch ( 12.7 mm) and the maximum width shall be 8 inches (203 mm).

(c) 804.2.3 Area limitation. The interior trim shall not constitute more than 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling area to which it is attached.

(d) 804.2.4 Flame spread. The flame spread index shall not exceed 75 where tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. The smoke-developed index shall not be limited.

Exception: When the interior trim material has been tested as an interior finish in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and complies with the acceptance criteria in paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, it shall not be required to be tested for flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 804.3 Interior floor-wall base. Interior floor-wall base that is 6 inches (152 mm) or less in height shall be tested in accordance with NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall not be less than Class II. Where a Class I floor finish is required, the floor-wall base shall be Class I. The classification referred to herein corresponds to the classifications determined by NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code as follows: Class I, 0.45 watt/cm2 or greater; Class II, 0.22 watts/cm2 or greater.

Exception: Interior trim materials that comply with paragraph (D)(1)(8041) of this rule.

(E) Section 805 Upholstered furniture and mattresses in new and existing buildings

(1) 805.1 Group I-1, board and care facilities. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(805 1 1) to (E)(1)(b)(805 1.2 ) of this rule shall apply to board and care facilities classified in Group I-1.

(a) 805.1.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(i)(805 1 1 1) and (E)(1)(a)(iii)(805 1 1 3) of this rule.

(i) 805.1.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.1.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 megajoules (MJ).

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.1.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(i)(805.1.1.1) and (E)(1)(a)(ii)(805.1.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.1.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(b)(i)(805 1.2 1) to (E)(1)(b)(iii)(805 1.2 3) of this rule.

(i) 805.1.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches(51 mm).

(ii) 805.1.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.1.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2 1) and (E)(2)(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of this rule.

(2) 805.2 Group I-2, nursing homes and hospitals. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(805.2.1) to (E)(2)(b)(805.2.2) of this rule shall apply to nursing homes and hospitals classified in Group I-2.

(a) 805.2.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(i)( 805.2 1 1) and (E)(2)(a)(iii)(805.2.1 3) of this rule.

(i) 805.2.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following: (a) mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or (b) the components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Upholstered furniture belonging to the patients in sleeping rooms of nursing homes (Group I-2), provided that a smoke detector is installed in such rooms. Battery-powered, single-station smoke alarms shall be allowed.

(ii) 805.2.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.2.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(i)(805.2.1.1) and (E)(2)(a)(ii)(805.2.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.2.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2 1) to (E)(2)(b)(iii)(805.2.2 3) of this rule.

(i) 805.2.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches(51 mm).

(ii) 805.2.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.2.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2 1) and (E)(2)(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of this rule.

(3) 805.3 Group I-3, detention and correction facilities. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(805.3.1) to (E)(3)(b)(805.3.2) of this rule shall apply to detention and correction facilities classified in Group I-3.

(a) 805.3.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(i)(805.3.1.1) and (E)(3)(a)(iii)(805.3.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.3.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, or

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.3.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

(iii) 805.3.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(i)(805 3.1.1) and (E)(3)(a)(ii)(805 3.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.3.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(b)(i)(805 3.2.1) to (E)(3)(b)(iii)(805 3.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.3.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches(51 mm).

(ii) 805.3.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

(iii) 805.3.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(b)(i)(805.3.2.1) and (E)(4)(b)(ii)(805.3.2.2) of this rule.

(4) 805.4 Group R-2 college and university dormitories. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(805.4.1) to (E)(4)(b)(iii)(805.4.2.3) of this rule shall apply to college and university dormitories classified in Group R-2.

(a) 805.4.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(i)(805.4.1.1) to (E)(4)(a)(iii)(805.4.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.4.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1½ inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.4.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 megajoules (MJ).

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.4.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(i)(805.4.1.1) and (E)(4)(a)(ii)(805.4.1.2) of this rule.

805.4.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(b)(i)(805.4.2.1) to (E)(4)(b)(iii)(805.4.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.4.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.4.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.4.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(b)(i)(805.4.2.1) and (E)(4)(b)(ii)(805.4.2.2) of this rule.

(5) 805.5 Public occupancies. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to public occupancies as defined in paragraph (B)(2)( 802.2 ) of this rule.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms and spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 805.5.1 Requirements. No person shall sell for use in a public occupancy or use in a public occupancy any upholstered furniture that does not conform with the requirements of California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 805.5.2 Labeling. The manufacturer of any seating furniture sold in this state that conforms to the requirements of paragraph (E)(5)(a)(805 41) of this rule shall attach a permanent label to the article, in plain view, no less than two inches by three inches and the type shall be in all capital letters and no smaller than one-eighth inch in height stating the following:

"NOTICE THIS ARTICLE IS MANUFACTURED FOR USE IN PUBLIC OCCUPANCIES AND MEETS THE FLAMMABILITY REQUIREMENTS OF CALIFORNIA BUREAU OF HOME FURNISHINGS AND THERMAL INSULATION TECHNICAL BULLETIN 133. HOWEVER, CARE SHOULD BE EXERCISED NEAR OPEN FLAME AND WITH BURNING CIGARETTES."

(c) 805.5.3 Testing. The state fire marshal may inspect any testing of seating furniture conducted to determine compliance with the flammability standards of this rule.

(d) 805.5.4 Research reports. When deemed necessary, the state fire marshal shall require the submission of authenticated research reports to verify that the seating furniture complies with the flammability standards.

(F) Section 806 Decorative vegetation in new and existing buildings

(1) 806.1 Natural cut trees. Natural cut trees, where allowed by this paragraph, shall have the trunk bottoms cut off at least 0.5 inch ( 12.7 mm) above the original cut and shall be placed in a support device complying with paragraph (F)(1)(b)( 8061.2 ) of this rule.

(a) 806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited in Group A, E, I-1, I-2,I-3,I-4, M, R-1, R-2 and R-4 occupancies.

Exceptions:

1. Trees located in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall not be prohibited in Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2.

2. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in Group R-2 occupancies.

(b) 806.1.2 Support devices. The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:

(i) The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.

(ii) The device shall be capable of containing a minimum two-day supply of water.

(iii) The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem at least 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked at least once daily.

(c) 806.1.3 Dryness. The tree shall be removed from the building whenever the needles or leaves fall off readily when a tree branch is shaken or if the needles are brittle and break when bent between the thumb and index finger. The tree shall be checked daily for dryness.

(2) 806.2 Artificial vegetation. Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

(3) 806.3 Obstruction of means of egress. The required width of any portion of a means of egress shall not be obstructed by decorative vegetation.

(4) 806.4 Open flame. Candles and open flames shall not be used on or near decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall be kept a distance from heat vents and any open flame or heat-producing devices at least equal to the height of the tree.

(5) 806.5 Electrical fixtures and wiring. The use of unlisted electrical wiring and lighting on natural trees and artificial decorative vegetation shall be prohibited. The use of electrical wiring and lighting on artificial trees constructed entirely of metal shall be prohibited.

(G) Section 807 Decorative materials other than decorative vegetation in new and existing buildings

(1) 807.1 General requirements. In occupancies of Groups A, E, I and R-1 and dormitories in Group R-2, curtains, draperies, hangings and other decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code in accordance with paragraph (F)(2)( 806.2 ) of this rule or be noncombustible.

Exceptions:

1. Curtains, draperies, hangings and other decorative materials suspended from walls of sleeping units and dwelling units in dormitories in Group R-2 protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and such materials are limited to not more than 50 per cent of the aggregate area of walls.

2. Decorative materials, including, but not limited to, photographs and paintings in dormitories in Group R-2 where such materials are of limited quantities such that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present.

In Groups I-1 and I-2, combustible decorative materials shall meet the flame propagation criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code unless the decorative materials, including, but not limited to, photographs and paintings, are of such limited quantities that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present. In Group I-3, combustible decorative materials are prohibited.

Fixed or movable walls and partitions, paneling, wall pads and crash pads, applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, surface insulation or other purposes, shall be considered interior finish if they cover 10 per cent or more of the wall or of the ceiling area, and shall not be considered decorative materials or furnishings.

In Group B and M occupancies, fabric partitions suspended from the ceiling and not supported by the floor shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)( 807.2 ) of this rule and NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code or shall be noncombustible.

(a) 807.1.1 Noncombustible materials. The permissible amount of noncombustible decorative materialshall not be limited.

(b) 807.1.2 Combustible decorative materials. The permissible amount of decorative materials meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall not exceed 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling area to which it is attached.

Exceptions:

1. In auditoriums of Group A, the permissible amount of decorative material meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code shall not exceed 75 per cent of the aggregate wall area where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, and where the material is installed in accordance with section 803.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. The amount of fabric partitions suspended from the ceiling and not supported by the floor in Group B and M occupancies shall not be limited.

(2) 807.2 Acceptance criteria and reports. Where required to be flame resistant, decorative materials shall be tested by an approved agency and meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, or such materials shall be noncombustible. Reports of test results shall be prepared in accordance with NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and furnished to the fire code official upon request.

(3) 807.3 Pyroxylin plastic. Imitation leather or other material consisting of or coated with a pyroxylin or similarly hazardous base shall not be used in Group A occupancies.

(4) 807.4 Occupancy-based requirements. In occupancies in Group A, E and I-4 day care facilities, decorative materials other than decorative vegetation shall comply with paragraphs (G)(4)(a)(807 41) to (G)(4)(d)(ii)(807 4.4.2) of this rule.

(a) 807.4.1 General. All of the following requirements shall apply to all Group A and E occupancies and Group I-4 day care facilities regulated by paragraphs (G)(4)(b)(807.4.2) to (G)(4)(d)(807.4.4) of this rule:

(i) Explosive or highly flammable materials. Furnishings or decorative materials of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used.

(ii) Fire-retardant coatings. Fire-retardant coatings in existing buildings shall be maintained to as to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use.

(iii) Obstructions. Furnishings or other objects shall not be placed to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom or visibility thereof.

(b) 807.4.2 Group A. The requirements in paragraphs (G)(4)(b)(i)(807 4.2.1) to (G)(4)(b)(iii)(807 4.2.3) of this rule shall apply to occupancies in Group A.

(i) 807.4.2.1 Foam plastics. Exposed foam plastic materials and unprotected materials containing foam plastic used for decorative purposes or stage scenery or exhibit booths shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Individual foam plastic items or items containing foam plastic where the foam plastic does not exceed 1 pound ( 0.45 kg) in weight.

2. Cellular or foam plastic shall be allowed for trim in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)( 804.2 ) of this rule.

(ii) 807.4.2.2 Motion picture screens. The screens upon which motion pictures are projected in new and existing buildings of Group A shall either meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, or shall comply with the requirements for a Class B interior finish in accordance with section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 807.4.2.3 Wood use in Group A-3 places of religious worship. In places of religious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall be allowed.

(c) 807.4.3 Group E. The requirements in paragraphs (G)(4)(c)(i)(807 4.3.1) and (G)(4)(c)(ii)(807 4.3.2) of this rule shall apply to occupancies in Group E.

(i) 807.4.3.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Corridors protected by an approved smoke detection system installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.

(ii) 807.4.3.2 Artwork. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 20 per cent of the wall area.

(d) 807.4.4 Group I-4, day care facilities. The requirements in paragraphs (G)(4)(d)(i)(807 4.4.1) and (G)(4)(d)(ii)(807 4.4.2) of this rule shall apply to day care facilities classified in Group I-4.

(i) 807.4.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Corridors protected by an approved smoke detection system installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.

(ii) 807.4.4.2 Artwork. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of corridors to not more than 20 per cent of the wall area.

(H) Section 808 Furnishings other than upholstered furniture and mattresses or decorative materials in new and existing buildings

(1) 808.1 Wastebaskets and linen containers in Group I-2 and I-3 occupancies. Wastebaskets, linen containers and other waste containers, including their lids, located in Group I-2 and I-3 occupancies shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in horizontal orientation. Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons ( 75.7 L) or more shall be listed in accordance with UL 1315 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. Portable containers exceeding 32 gallons(121 L) shall be stored in an area classified as a waste and linen collection room and constructed in accordance with Table 508.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 808.2 Signs. Foam plastic signs that are not affixed to interior building surfaces shall have a maximum heat release rate of 150 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Where the aggregate area of foam plastic signs is less than 10 per cent of the floor area or wall area of the room or space in which the signs are located, whichever is less, subject to the approval of the fire code official.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-08

Effective: 11/01/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22 , 3737.82 , 3737.842
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22 , 3737.82 , 3737.841 , 3737.842
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79, 6/1/85, 6/15/92, 7/1/93, 9/1/95, 3/30/98, 11/20/98, 9/1/05, 7/1/07

1301:7-7-09 Fire protection systems.

(A) Section 901 General

(1) 901.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall specify where fire protection systems are required and shall apply to the design, installation, inspection, operation, testing and maintenance of all fire protection systems. The requirements in this rule for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph(D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 901.2 Construction documents. Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code,the fire code official shall have the authority to require construction documents and calculations for all fire protection systems and to require permits be obtained for the installation, rehabilitation or modification of any fire protection system. Construction documents for fire protection systems shall be submitted for review prior to system installation. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the construction documents shall be reviewed and approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(3) 901.3 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code and as required by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 901.4 Installation. Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. Required fire protection systems shall be extended, altered or augmented as necessary to maintain and continue protection whenever the building is altered, remodeled or added to. Alterations to fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code andapplicable standards.

(a) 901.4.1 Required fire protection systems. Fire protection systems required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeshall be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code.

(b) 901.4.2 Nonrequired fire protection systems. Any fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeshall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets the applicable requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 901.4.3 Additional fire protection systems. In occupancies of a hazardous nature, where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazards of the occupancy, or where the fire code official determines that access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, the fire code official shall have the authority to require additional safeguards. Such safeguards include, but shall not be limited to, the following: automatic fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, automatic fire-extinguishing systems, standpipe systems, or portable or fixed extinguishers. Fire protection equipment required under this paragraph shall be installed in accordance with this code and the applicable referenced standards.

(d) 901.4.4 Appearance of equipment. Any device that has the physical appearance of life safety or fire protection equipment but that does not perform that life safety or fire protection function shall be prohibited.

(5) 901.5 Installation acceptance testing. Fire detection and alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant systems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurtenances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official in accordance with this code and the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

1. The fire code official shall be notified by the responsible person of any scheduled acceptance testing of a fire protection system not less than forty-eight hours prior to the occurrence of such acceptance test. Advanced notice of the test schedule shall be given to the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. When required by the fire code official all acceptance testing shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official.

(a) 901.5.1 Statement of compliance. Before requesting final inspection of the installation, where required by the fire code official, the installing contractor shall furnish a written statement to the fire code official that the subject fire protection system has been installed in accordance with plans approved by the building code official and has been tested in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and the appropriate installation standard. Any deviations from the design standards shall be noted and copies of the approvals for such deviations shall be attached to the written statement.

(b) 901.5.2 Occupancy. It shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a building or structure until the required fire detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested, inspected and approved by the fire code official in accordance with this code and the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or removed. Any discontinuance or removal of nonrequired fire protection equipment shall be approved by the fire code official. Such approval shall be conditioned upon receipt of verification of building official determination that such fire protection equipment is nonrequired.

(a) 901.6.1 Standards. Fire protection'systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1 of this rule.

Table 901.6.1

Fire protection system maintenance standards

System Standard
Portable fire extinguishers NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systems NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systems NFPA 12A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Water-based fire protection systems NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Fire alarm systems NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Water-mist systems NFPA 750 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code
Clean-agent extinguishing systems NFPA 2001 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code

(b) 901.6.2 Records. Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be maintained on the premises for a minimum of 3 years unless otherwise provided for by law or regulation and shall be copied to the fire code official upon request.

(i) 901.6.2.1 Records information. Initial records shall include the name of the installation contractor, type of components installed, the manufacturer of the components, location and number of components installed per floor. Records shall also include the manufacturer's operation and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall be maintained on the premises. Acceptance testing records (original documents) shall be retained for the life of the system.

(c) 901.6.3 Annual inspection tag for fire protection systems. An inspection tag shall be attached to each fire protection system near the main control valve, main panel, or other such appropriate and visible location as determined by the fire code official. The annual inspection tag shall contain the following information:

1. The individual performing the work and the state fire marshal installer certification number(s) (when applicable);

2. Date of test;

3. Results of inspection and test;

4. Deficiencies or impairments noted (yes or no).

(i) 901.6.3.1 When a sprinkler or standpipe system is found impaired or out of service, the tag requirement shall include an impairment tag in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 901.7 Systems out of service. Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with at least one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

(a) 901.7.1 Impairment coordinator. The building owner shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the requirements of this paragraph. In the absence of a specific designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coordinator.

(b) 901.7.2 Tag required. A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service.

(c) 901.7.3 Placement of tag. The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center, indicating which system, or part thereof, has been removed from service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.

(d) 901.7.4 Preplanned impairment programs. Preplanned impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordinator. Before authorization is given, a designated individual shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

(i) The extent and expected duration of the impairment have been determined.

(ii) The areas or buildings involved have been inspected and the increased risks determined.

(iii) Recommendations have been submitted to management or building owner/manager.

(iv) The fire department has been notified.

(v) The insurance carrier, the alarm company, building owner/manager, and other authorities having jurisdiction have been notified.

(vi) The supervisors in the areas to be affected have been notified.

(vii) A tag impairment system has been implemented.

(viii) Necessary tools and materials have been assembled on the impairment site.

(e) 901.7.5 Emergency impairments. When unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in paragraph (A)(7)(d)(901.7.4) of this rule.

(f) 901.7.6 Restoring systems to service. When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

(i) Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational.

(ii) Supervisors have been advised that protection is restored.

(iii) The fire department has been advised that protection is restored.

(iv) The building owner/manager, insurance carrier, alarm company, and other involved parties have been advised that protection is restored.

(v) The impairment tag has been removed.

(8) 901.8 Removal of or tampering with equipment. It shall be unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with or otherwise disturb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire suppression system, or other fire appliance required by this code except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, training purposes, recharging or making necessary repairs, or when approved by the fire code official.

(a) 901.8.1 Removal of or tampering with appurtenances. Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, tags or seals that have been installed by or at the direction of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandalized in any manner.

(b) 901.8.2 Notification of termination of supervisory services. The responsible person shall notify the local fire code official of the termination of any supervisory service within twenty-four (24) hours of such termination.

(9) 901.9 Recall of fire protection components. Any fire protection system component regulated by this code that is the subj ect of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compliance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when the recalled component parts have been replaced.

(B) Section 902 Definitions

(1) 902.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

"Alarm notification appliance." A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, light or text display that provides audible, tactile or visible outputs, or any combination thereof.

"Alarm signal." A signal indicating an emergency requiring immediate action, such as a signal indicative of fire.

"Alarm verification feature." A feature of automatic fire detection and alarm systems to reduce unwanted alarms wherein smoke detectors report alarm conditions for a minimum period of time, or confirm alarm conditions within a given time period, after being automatically reset, in order to be accepted as a valid alarm-initiation signal.

"Annunciator." A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays, or other equivalent means in which each indication provides status information about a circuit, condition or location.

"Audible alarm notification appliance." A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of hearing.

"Automatic." As applied to fire protection devices, a device or system providing an emergency function without the necessity for human intervention and activated as a result of a predetermined temperature rise, rate of temperature rise or combustion products.

"Automatic fire-extinguishing system." An approved system of devices and equipment which automatically detects a fire and discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the area of fire.

"Automatic smoke detection system." A fire alarm system that has initiation devices that utilize smoke detectors for protection of an area such as a room or space with detectors to provide early warning of fire.

"Automatic sprinkler system." An automatic sprinkler system, for fire protection purposes, is an integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. The system includes a suitable water supply. The portion of the system above the ground is a network of specially sized or hydraulically designed piping installed in a structure or area, generally overhead, and to which automatic sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system is usually activated by heat from a fire and discharges water over the fire area.

"Average ambient sound level." The root mean square, A-weighted sound pressure level measured over a 24-hour period, or the time any person is present, whichever time period is less.

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system." A system supplying carbon dioxide (CO2) from a pressurized vessel through fixed pipes and nozzles. The system includes a manual- or automatic-actuating mechanism.

"Clean agent." Electrically nonconducting, volatile or gaseous fire extinguishant that does not leave a residue upon evaporation.

"Constantly attended location." A designated location at a facility staffed by trained personnel on a continuous basis where alarm or supervisory signals are monitored and facilities are provided for notification of the fire department or other emergency services.

"Deluge system." A sprinkler system employing open sprinklers attached to a piping system connected to a water supply through a valve that is opened by the operation of a detection system installed in the same area as the sprinklers. When this valve opens, water flows into the piping system and discharges from all sprinklers attached thereto.

"Detector, heat." A fire detector that senses heat either abnormally high temperature or rate of rise, or both.

"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent." A powder composed of small particles, usually of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, urea-potassium-based bicarbonate, potassium chloride or monoammonium phosphate, with added particulate material supplemented by special treatment to provide resistance to packing, resistance to moisture absorption (caking) and the proper flow capabilities.

"Elevator group." A grouping of elevators in a building located adjacent or directly across from one another that respond to a common hall call button(s).

"Emergency alarm system." A system to provide indication and warning of emergency situations involving hazardous materials.

"Emergency voice/alarm communications." Dedicated manual or automatic facilities for originating and distributing voice instructions, as well as alert and evacuation signals pertaining to a fire emergency, to the occupants of a building.

"Fire alarm box, manual." See "Manual fire alarm box."

"Fire alarm control unit." A system component that receives inputs from automatic and manual fire alarm devices and may be capable of supplying power to detection devices and transponder(s) or off-premises transmitter(s). The control unit may be capable of providing a transfer of power to the notification appliances and transfer of condition to relays or devices.

"Fire alarm signal." A signal initiated by a fire alarm-initiating device such as a manual fire alarm box, automatic fire detector, waterflow switch or other device whose activation is indicative of the presence of a fire or fire signature.

"Fire alarm system." A system or portion of a combination system consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal-initiating devices and to initiate the appropriate response to those signals.

[B] "Fire area." The aggregate floor area enclosed and bounded by fire walls, fire barriers, exterior walls, or horizontal assemblies of a building. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the fire area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor next above.

"Fire detector, automatic." A device designed to detect the presence of a fire signature and to initiate action.

"Fire protection system." Approved devices, equipment and systems or combinations of systems used to detect a fire, activate an alarm, extinguish or control a fire, control or manage smoke and products of a fire or any combination thereof

"Fire safety functions." Building and fire control functions that are intended to increase the level of life safety for occupants or to control the spread of the harmful effects of fire.

[B] "Fixed base operator (FBO)." A commercial business granted the right by the airport sponsor to operate an airport and provide aeronautical services such as fueling, hangaring, tie-down and parking, aircraft rental, aircraft maintenance and flight instruction.

"Foam-extinguishing system." A special system discharging a foam made from concentrates, either mechanically or chemically, over the area to be protected.

"Halogenated extinguishing system." A fire-extinguishing system using one or more atoms of an element from the halogen chemical series: fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

"Impairment coordinator." The person responsible for the maintenance of a particular fire protection system.

"Initiating device." A system component that originates transmission of a change-of-state condition, such as in a smoke detector, manual fire alarm box, or supervisory switch.

"Manual fire alarm box." A manually operated device used to initiate an alarm signal.

"Multiple-station alarm device." Two or more single-station alarm devices that can be interconnected such that actuation of one causes all integral or separate audible alarms to operate. It also can consist of one single-station alarm device having connections to other detectors or to a manual fire alarm box.

"Multiple-station smoke alarm." Two or more single-station alarm devices that are capable of interconnection such that actuation of one causes the appropriate alarm signal to operate in all interconnected alarms.

"Nuisance alarm." An alarm caused by mechanical failure, malfunction, improper installation or lack of proper maintenance, or an alarm activated by a cause that cannot be determined.

"Record drawings." Drawings ("as builts") that document the location of all devices, appliances, wiring, sequences, wiring methods and connections of the components of a fire alarm system as installed.

"Single-station smoke alarm." An assembly incorporating the detector, the control equipment and the alarm-sounding device in one unit, operated from a power supply either in the unit or obtained at the point of installation.

[B] "Sleeping unit." A room or space in which people sleep, which can also include permanent provisions for living, eating, and either sanitation or kitchen facilities but not both. Such rooms and spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not sleeping units.

"Smoke alarm." A single- or multiple-station alarm responsive to smoke.

"Smoke detector." A listed device that senses visible or invisible particles of combustion.

"Standpipe system, classes of." Standpipe classes are as follows:

"Class I system." A system providing 2½-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

"Class II system." A system providing 1½-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use primarily by the building occupants or by the fire department during initial response.

"Class III system." A system providing 1½-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use by building occupants and 2½-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply a larger volume of water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

"Standpipes, types of." Standpipe types are as follows:

"Automatic dry." A dry standpipe system, normally filled with pressurized air, that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a dry pipe valve, to admit water into the system piping automatically upon the opening of a hose valve. The water supply for an automatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

"Automatic wet." A wet standpipe system that has a water supply that is capable of supplying the system demand automatically.

"Manual dry." A dry standpipe system that does not have a permanent water supply attached to the system. Manual dry standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper to be pumped into the system through the fire department connection in order to supply the system demand.

"Manual wet." A wet standpipe system connected to a water supply for the purpose of maintaining water within the system but which does not have a water supply capable of delivering the system demand attached to the system. Manual wet standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper (or the like) to be pumped into the system in order to supply the system demand.

"Semiautomatic dry." A dry standpipe system that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a deluge valve, to admit water into the system piping upon activation of a remote control device located at a hose connection. A remote control activation device shall be provided at each hose connection. The water supply for a semiautomatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

"Supervising station." A facility that receives signals and at which personnel are in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.

"Supervisory service." The service required to monitor performance of guard tours and the operative condition of fixed suppression systems or other systems for the protection of life and property.

"Supervisory signal." A signal indicating the need of action in connection with the supervision of guard tours, the fire suppression systems or equipment, or the maintenance features of related systems.

"Supervisory signal-initiating device." An initiating device such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe sprinkler system whose change of state signals an off-normal condition and its restoration to normal of a fire protection or life safety system; or a need for action in connection with guard tours, fire suppression systems or equipment, or maintenance features of related systems.

"Tires, bulk storage of." Storage of tires where the area available for storage exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m3).

[B] "Transient aircraft." Aircraft based at another location and is at the transient location for not more than 90 days.

"Trouble signal." A signal initiated by the fire alarm system or device indicative of a fault in a monitored circuit or component.

"Visible alarm notification appliance." A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of sight.

"Wet-chemical extinguishing agent." A solution of water and potassium-carbonate-based chemical, potassium-acetate-based chemical or a combination thereof, forming an extinguishing agent.

"Wireless protection system." A system or a part of a system that can transmit and receive signals without the aid of wire.

"Zone." A defined area within the protected premises. A zone can define an area from which a signal can be received, an area to which a signal can be sent or an area in which a form or control can be executed.

"Zone, notification." An area within a building or facility covered by notification appliances which are activated simultaneously.

(C) Section 903 Automatic sprinkler systems

(1) 903.1 General. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this paragraph.

(a) 903.1.1 Alternative protection. Alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems complying with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule may be installed in lieu of automatic sprinkler protection where recognized by the applicable standard and approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the alternative automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(2) 903.2 Where required. Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations where required by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and asdescribed in this paragraph. The requirements for automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings contained in this rule are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Spaces or areas in telecommunications buildings used exclusively for telecommunications equipment, associated electrical power distribution equipment batteries and standby engines, provided those spaces or areas are equipped throughout with an automatic smoke detection system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)( 907.2 ) of this rule and are separated from the remainder of the building by not less than 1-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeor not less than 2-hour horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with section 712 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code,or both.

(a) 903.2.1 Group A. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings and portions thereof used as Group A occupancies as provided in this paragraph. For Group A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-4 occupancies, the automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the floor area where the Group A-1, A-2, A-3 or A-4 occupancy is located, and in all floors from the Group A occupancy to, and including, the nearest level of exit discharge serving the Group A occupancy. For Group A-5 occupancies, the automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in the spaces indicated in paragraph (C)(2)(a)(iv)(903.2.1.5) of this rule.

(i) 903.2.1.1 Group A-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-1 occupancies where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m);

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more;

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(d) The fire area contains a multitheater complex.

(ii) 903.2.1.2 Group A-2. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-2 occupancies where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m ).

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 100 or more.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(iii) 903.2.1.3 Group A-3. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-3 occupancies where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m ).

Exception: Fire areas used exclusively for religious worship services with fixed seating.

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more.

Exceptions:

1. Fire areas used primarily for worship with fixed seating.

2. Fire areas without fixed seating not used for exhibition or display.

(c)The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(iv) 903.2.1.4 Group A-4. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-4 occupancies where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m).

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(v) 903.2.1.5 Group A-5. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-5 occupancies in the following areas: concession stands, retail areas, press boxes and other accessory use areas in excess of 1,000 square feet (93 m2).

(b) [F] 903.2.2 Group B ambulatory health care facilities. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all fire areas containing a Group B ambulatory health care facility occupancy when either of the following conditions exist at any time:

(i) Four or more care recipients are incapable of self-preservation.

(ii) One or more care recipients who are incapable of self-preservation are located at other than the level of exit discharge serving such an occupancy.

(c) 903.2.3 Group E. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group E occupancies as follows:

(i) Throughout all Group E fire areas greater than 20, 000 square feet (1858 m2) in area.

(ii) Throughout every portion of educational buildings below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that portion of the building.

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system is not required in any area below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that area where every classroom throughout the building has at least one exterior exit door at ground level.

(d) 903.2.4 Group F-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group F-1 occupancy where one of the following conditions exist:

1. A Group F-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

2. A Group F-1 fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group F-1 fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

(i) 903.2.4.1 Woodworking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all Group F-1 occupancy fire areas that contain woodworking operations in excess of 2,500 square feet in area (232 m2) which generate finely divided combustible waste or which use finely divided combustible materials..

(e) 903.2.5 Group H. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided in high-hazard occupancies as required in paragraphs (C)(2)(e)(i)(903.2.5.1) to (C)(2)(e)(iii)(903.2.5.3) of this rule.

(i) 903.2.5.1 General. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in Group H occupancies.

(ii) 903.2.5.2 Group H-5 occupancies. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings containing Group H-5 occupancies. The design of the sprinkler system shall not be less than that required under the building code as listed in 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for the occupancy hazard classifications in accordance with Table 903.2.5.2 of this rule.

Where the design area of the sprinkler system consists of a corridor protected by one row of sprinklers, the maximum number of sprinklers required to be calculated is 13.

Table 903.2.5.2

Group H-5 sprinkler design criteria

Location Occupancy hazard classification
Fabrication areas Ordinary hazard group 2
Service corridors Ordinary hazard group 2
Storage rooms without dispensing Ordinary hazard group 2
Storage rooms with dispensing Extra hazard group 2
Corridors Ordinary hazard group 2

(iii) 903.2.5.3 Pyroxylin plastics. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in buildings, or portions thereof, where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxylin plastics are manufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg).

(f) 903.2.6 Group I. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings with a Group I fire area.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in Group I-1 facilities.

2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule shall be allowed in Group I-4 facilities.

(g) 903.2.7 Group M. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings containing a Group M occupancy where one of the following conditions exist:

1. A Group M fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115m2).

2. A Group M fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group M fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

4. A Group M occupancy is used for the display and sale of upholstered furniture.

(i) 903.2.7.1 High-piled storage. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided as required in rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Codein all buildings of Group M where storage of merchandise is in high-piled or rack storage arrays.

(h) 903.2.8 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance withparagraph (C)(3)( 903.3 ) of this rule shall be provided throughout all buildings with a Group R fire area.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule shall be allowed in buildings, or portions thereof, of Group R.

2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in R-3 and R-4 buildings.

3. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in one, two or three family dwellings constructed of industrialized units.

4. Buildings of Group R-2 permitted to have a single exit per section 1018.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code where:

4.1 The exit is constructed as an exterior stair per section 1022 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

4.2 The dwellings egress directly into an exit.

4.3 Two-hour fire barriers divide the building into fire areas with a maximum of two dwelling units per floor and not more than six units per fire area, and;

4.4 All units in the fire area must have separations as required by section 708.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code for dwelling units.

(i) 903.2.9 Group S-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group S-1 occupancy where one of the following conditions exist:

1. A Group S-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

2. A Group S-1 fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group S-1 fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

4. A Group S-1 fire area used for the storage of commercial trucks or buses where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(i) 903.2.9.1 Repair garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings used as repair garages in accordance with section 406 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code,as shown:

(a) Buildings having two or more stories above grade plane, including basements, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding 10,000 square feet (929 m2).

(b) Buildings no more than one story above grade plane, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

(c) Buildings with repair garages servicing vehicles parked in basements.

(d) A Group S-1 fire area used for the repair of commercial trucks or buses where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(ii) 903.2.9.2 Bulk storage of tires. Buildings and structures where the area for the storage of tires exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m ) shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule.

(j) 903.2.10 Group S-2 enclosed parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings classified as enclosed parking garages in accordance with section 406.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeas follows.

1. Where the fire area of the enclosed parking garage exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2); or

2. Where the enclosed parking garage is located beneath other groups.

Exception: Enclosed parking garages located beneath Group R-3 occupancies.

(i) 903.2.10.1 Commercial parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings used for storage of commercial trucks or buses where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(k) 903.2.11 Specific buildings areas and hazards. In all occupancies an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed for building design or hazards in the locations set forth in paragraphs (C)(2)(k)(i)(903.2.11.1) to (C)(2)(k)(vi)(903.2.11.6) of this rule.

Exception: Groups R-3 and U.

(i) 903.2.11.1 Stories without openings. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all stories, including basements, of all buildings where the floor area exceeds 1,500 square feet ( 139.4 m2) and where there is not provided at least one of the following types of exterior wall openings:

1. Openings below grade that lead directly to ground level by an exterior stairway complying with paragraph (I)(1009) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Codeor an outside ramp complying with paragraph (J)(1010) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.Openings shall be located in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm).

2. Openings entirely above the adjoining ground level totaling at least 20 square feet ( 1.86 m2) in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm).

(a)903.2.11.1.1 Opening dimensions and access. Openings shall have a minimum dimension of not less than 30 inches (762 mm). Such openings shall be accessible to the fire department from the exterior and shall not be obstructed in a manner that fire fighting or rescue cannot be accomplished from the exterior.

(b) 903.2.11.1.2 Openings on one side only. Where openings in a story are provided on only one side and the opposite wall of such story is more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from such openings, the story shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or openings as specified above shall be provided on at least two sides of the story.

(c) 903.2.11.1.3 Basements. Where any portion of a basement is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from openings required by paragraph (C)(2)(k)(i)(903.2.11.1) of this rule, the basement shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

(ii) 903.2.11.2 Rubbish and linen chutes. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed at the top of rubbish and linen chutes and in their termination rooms. Chutes extending through three or more floors shall have additional sprinkler heads installed within such chutes at alternate floors. Chute sprinklers shall be accessible for servicing.

(iii) 903.2.11.3 Buildings 55 feet or more in height. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings with a floor level having an occupant load of 30 or more that is located 55 feet (16 764 mm) or more above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Exceptions:

1. Airport control towers.

2. Open parking structures.

3. Occupancies in Group F-2.

(iv) 903.2.11.4 Ducts conveying hazardous exhausts. Where required by the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code,automatic sprinklers shall be provided in ducts conveying hazardous exhaust flammable or combustible materials.

Exception: Ducts in which the largest cross-sectional diameter of the duct is less than 10 inches (254 mm).

(v) 903.2.11.5 Commercial cooking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in a commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system where an automatic sprinkler system is used to comply with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule.

(vi) 903.2.11.6 Other required suppression system. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (C)(2)( 903.2 ) of this rule, the provisions indicated in Table 903.2.11.6 of this rule also require the installation of a fire suppression system for certain buildings and areas.

Table 903.2.11.6

Additional required fire-extinguishing systems

Section Subject
914.2.1 Covered malls
914.3.1 High rise buildings
914.4.1 Atriums
914.5.1 Underground structures
914.6.1 Stages
914.7.1 Special amusement buildings
914.8.2, 914.8.5 Aircraft hangars
914.9 Flammable finishes
914.10 Drying rooms
914.11.1 Group B ambulatory health care facilities
1024.6.2.3 Smoke-protected seating
1208.2 Dry cleaning plants
1208.3 Dry cleaning machines
1504.2 Spray finishing in Group A, E, I or R
1504.4 Spray booths and spray rooms
1505.2 Dip-tank rooms in Group A, I or R
1505.4.1 Dip tanks
1505.9.4 Hardening and tempering tanks
1803.10 HPM facilities
1803.10.1.1 HPM work station exhaust
1803.10.2 HPM gas cabinets and exhausted enclosures
1803.10.3 HPM exit access corridor
1803.10.4 HPM exhaust ducts
1803.10.4.1 HPM noncombustible ducts
1803.10.4.2 HPM combustible ducts
1907.3 Lumber production conveyor enclosures
1908.7 Recycling facility conveyor enclosures
2106.1 Class A and B ovens
2106.2 Class C and D ovens
2209.3.2.6.2 Hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing area canopies
Table 2306.2 Storage fire protection
2306.4 Storage
2703.8.4.1 Gas rooms
2703.8.5.3 Exhausted enclosures
2704.5 Indoor storage of hazardous materials
2705.1.8 Indoor dispensing of hazardous materials
2804.4.1 Aerosol warehouses
2806.3.2 Aerosol display and merchandising areas
2904.5 Storage of more than 1,000 cubic feet of loose combustible fibers
3306.5.2.1 Storage of smokeless propellant
3306.5.2.3 Storage of small arms primers
3404.3.7.5.1 Flammable and combustible liquid storage rooms
3404.3.8.4 Flammable and combustible liquid storage warehouses
3405.3.7.3 Flammable and combustible liquid Group H-2 or H-3 areas
3704.1.2 Gas cabinets for highly toxic and toxic gas
3704.1.3 Exhausted enclosures for highly toxic and toxic gas
3704.2.2.6 Gas rooms for highly toxic and toxic gas
3704.3.3 Outdoor storage for highly toxic and toxic gas
4204.1.1 Pyroxylin plastic storage cabinets
4204.1.3 Pyroxylin plastic storage vaults
4204.2 Pyroxylin plastic storage and manufacturing
4603.4.1 Pyroxylin plastic storage in existing buildings
4603.4.2 Existing Group I-2 occupancies
The building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code Sprinkler system requirements as set forth in section 903.2.11.6 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.023 m3.

(l) 903.2.12 During construction. Automatic sprinkler systems required during construction, alteration and demolition operations shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (N)(1414) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 903.3 Installation requirements. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) to (C)(3)(g)(903.3.7) of this rule.

(a) 903.3.1 Standards. Sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule, unless otherwise permitted by paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) and (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 sprinkler systems. Where the provisions of this code require that a building or portion thereof be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with this paragraph, sprinklers shall be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeexcept as provided in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(a)(903.3.1.1.1) of this rule.

(a) 903.3.1.1.1 Exempt locations. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in the following rooms or areas where such rooms or areas are protected with an approved automatic fire detection system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)( 907.2 ) of this rule that will respond to visible or invisible particles of combustion. Sprinklers shall not be omitted from any room merely because it is damp, of fire-resistance-rated construction or contains electrical equipment.

(i) Any room where the application of water, or flame and water, constitutes a serious life or fire hazard.

(ii) Any room or space where sprinklers are considered undesirable because of the nature of the contents, when approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the exempt location shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(iii) Generator and transformer rooms separated from the remainder of the building by walls and floor/ceiling or roof/ceiling assemblies having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.

(iv) Rooms or areas that are of noncombustible construction with wholly noncombustible contents.

(v) Fire service access elevator machine rooms and machinery spaces.

(ii) 903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies up to and including four stories in height shall be permitted to be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 903.3.1.2.1 Balconies and decks. Sprinkler protection shall be provided for exterior balconies, decks and ground floor patios of dwelling units where the building is of Type V construction, provided there is a roof or deck above. Sidewall sprinklers that are used to protect such areas shall be permitted to be located such that their deflectors are within 1 inch (25 mm) to 6 inches (152 mm) below the structural members and a maximum distance of 14 inches (356 mm) below the deck of the exterior balconies and decks that are constructed of open wood joist construction.

(iii) 903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems in Groups I-1 and R, shall be permitted to be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13D as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 903.3.2 Quick-response and residential sprinklers. Where automatic sprinkler systems are required by this code, quick-response or residential automatic sprinklers shall be installed in the following areas in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule and their listings:

(i) Throughout all spaces within a smoke compartment containing patient sleeping units in Group I-2 in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) Dwelling units and sleeping units in Group R and I-1 occupancies.

(iii) Light-hazard occupancies as defined in NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 903.3.3 Obstructed locations. Automatic sprinklers shall be installed with due regard to obstructions that will delay activation or obstruct the water distribution pattern. Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in or under covered kiosks, displays, booths, concession stands or equipment that exceeds 4 feet (1219 mm) in width. Not less than a 3-foot (914 mm) clearance shall be maintained between automatic sprinklers and the top of piles of combustible fibers.

Exception: Kitchen equipment under exhaust hoods protected with a fire-extinguishing system in accordance with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule.

(d) 903.3.4 Actuation. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be automatically actuated unless specifically provided for in this code.

(e) 903.3.5 Water supplies. Water supplies for automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this paragraph and the standards referenced in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule. The potable water supply shall be protected against backflow in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph and the plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 903.3.5.1 Domestic services. Where the domestic service provides the water supply for the automatic sprinkler system, the supply shall be in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 903.3.5.1.1 Limited area sprinkler systems. Limited area sprinkler systems serving fewer than 20 sprinklers on any single connection are permitted to be connected to the domestic service where a wet automatic standpipe is not available. Limited area sprinkler systems connected to domestic water supplies shall comply with each of the following requirements:

(i) Valves shall not be installed between the domestic water riser control valve and the sprinklers.

Exception: An approved indicating control valve supervised in the open position in accordance with paragraph (C)(4)( 903.4 ) of this rule.

(ii) The domestic service shall be capable of supplying the simultaneous domestic demand and the sprinkler demand required to be hydraulically calculated by NFPA 13, NFPA 13R or NFPA 13D as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b)903.3.5.1.2 Residential combination services. A single combination water supply shall be allowed provided that the domestic demand is added to the sprinkler demand as required by NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 903.3.5.2 Secondary water supply. A secondary on-site water supply equal to the hydraulically calculated sprinkler demand, including the hose stream requirement, shall be provided for high-rise buildings assigned to seismic design category C, D, E or F as determined by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.The secondary water supply shall have a duration not less than 30 minutes as determined by the occupancy hazard classification in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Existing buildings.

(f) 903.3.6 Hose threads. Fire hose threads and fittings used in connection with automatic sprinkler systems shall be as prescribed by the fire code official.

(g) 903.3.7 Fire department connections. The location of fire department connections shall be approved by the fire code official.

(i) (i) 903.3.7.1 Locking fire department connection ("FDC") caps. Where required by the fire code official and the responding fire department carries appropriate key wrenches for removal, locking "FDC" caps on fire department connections for water-based fire protection systems shall be provided.

(4) 903.4 Sprinkler system supervision and alarms. All valves controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler systems, pumps, tanks, water levels and temperatures, critical air pressures and water-flow switches on all sprinkler systems shall be electrically supervised by a listed fire alarm control unit.

Exceptions:

1. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting one- and two-family dwellings.

2. Limited area systems serving fewer than 20 sprinklers.

3. Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codewhere a common supply main is used to supply both domestic water and the automatic sprinkler system, and a separate shutoff valve for the automatic sprinkler system is not provided.

4. Jockey pump control valves that are sealed or locked in the open position.

5. Control valves to commercial kitchen hoods, paint spray booths or dip tanks that are sealed or locked in the open position.

6. Valves controlling the fuel supply to fire pump engines that are sealed or locked in the open position.

7. Trim valves to pressure switches in dry, preaction and deluge sprinkler systems that are sealed or locked in the open position.

(a) 903.4.1 Monitoring. Alarm, supervisory and trouble signals shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically transmitted to an approved supervising station or, when approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the constantly attended location shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

Exceptions:

1. Underground key or hub valves in roadway boxes provided by the municipality or public utility are not required to be monitored.

2. Backflow prevention device test valves located in limited area sprinkler supply piping shall be locked in the open position. In occupancies required to be equipped with a fire alarm system, the backflow preventer valves shall be electrically supervised by a tamper switch installed in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code and separately annunciated.

(b) 903.4.2 Alarms. Approved audible devices shall be connected to every automatic sprinkler system. Such sprinkler water-flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Alarm devices shall be provided on the exterior of the building in an approved location. Where a fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm system.

Exception: Water-flow alarms are not required for limited area sprinkler systems installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(e)(i)(a)(903.3.5.1.1) of this rule.

(c) 903.4.3 Floor control valves. Approved supervised indicating control valves shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor in high-rise buildings.

(5) 903.5 Testing and maintenance. Sprinkler systems shall be tested and maintained in accordance with paragraph (A)(901) of this rule.

(6) 903.6 Existing buildings. The provisions of this paragraph are intended to provide a reasonable degree of safety in existing structures not complying with the minimum requirements of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeby requiring installation of an automatic fire-extinguishing system.

(a) 903.6.1 Pyroxylin plastics. All structures occupied for the manufacture or storage of articles of cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin) plastic shall be equipped with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system where required in rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 903.6.2 Group I-2. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout Group I-2 fire areas where required in rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 904 Alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems

(1) 904.1 General. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall be designed, installed, inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph and the applicable referenced standards.

(2) 904.2 Where required. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems installed as an alternative to the required automatic sprinkler systems of paragraph (C)(903) of this rule shall be approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the alternative automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall not be considered alternatives for the purposes of exceptions or reductions permitted by other requirements of this code.

(a) 904.2.1 Commercial hood and duct systems. Each required commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system required by paragraph (I)(609) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Codeto have a Type I hood shall be protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system installed in accordance with this code.

(3) 904.3 Installation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 904.3.1 Electrical wiring. Electrical wiring shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 904.3.2 Actuation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be automatically actuated and provided with a manual means of actuation in accordance with paragraph (D)(1 1 )(a)(904.11.1) of this rule.

(c) 904.3.3 System interlocking. Automatic equipment interlocks with fuel shutoffs, ventilation controls, door closers, window shutters, conveyor openings, smoke and heat vents, and other features necessary for proper operation of the fire-extinguishing system shall be provided as required by the design and installation standard utilized for the hazard.

(d) 904.3.4 Alarms and warning signs. Where alarms are required to indicate the operation of automatic fire-extinguishing systems, distinctive audible, visible alarms and warning signs shall be provided to warn of pending agent discharge. Where exposure to automatic-extinguishing agents poses a hazard to persons and a delay is required to ensure the evacuation of occupants before agent discharge, a separate warning signal shall be provided to alert occupants once agent discharge has begun. Audible signals shall be in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)(b)(907.6.2) of this rule.

(e) 904.3.5 Monitoring. Where a building fire alarm system is installed, automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be monitored by the building fire alarm system in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 904.4 Inspection and testing. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph prior to acceptance.

(a) 904.4.1 Inspection. Prior to conducting final acceptance tests, the following items shall be inspected:

(i) Hazard specification for consistency with design hazard.

(ii) Type, location and spacing of automatic- and manual-initiating devices.

(iii) Size, placement and position of nozzles or discharge orifices.

(iv) Location and identification of audible and visible alarm devices.

(v) Identification of devices with proper designations.

(vi) Operating instructions.

(b) 904.4.2 Alarm testing. Notification appliances, connections to fire alarm systems, and connections to approved supervising stations shall be tested in accordance with this paragraph and paragraph (G)(907) of this rule to verify proper operation.

(i) 904.4.2.1 Audible and visible signals. The audibility and visibility of notification appliances signaling agent discharge or system operation, where required, shall be verified.

(c) 904.4.3 Monitor testing. Connections to protected premises and supervising station fire alarm systems shall be tested to verify proper identification and retransmission of alarms from automatic fire-extinguishing systems.

(5) 904.5 Wet-chemical systems. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.5.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.

(b) 904.5.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeto ensure proper operation of the system.

(6) 904.6 Dry-chemical systems. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.6.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed, and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.

(b) 904.6.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

(7) 904.7 Foam systems. Foam-extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 11 and NFPA 16 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.7.1 System test. Foam-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested at intervals in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(8) 904.8 Carbon dioxide systems. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.8.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.8.2 High-pressure cylinders. High-pressure cylinders shall be weighed and the date of the last hydrostatic test shall be verified at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original content of more than 10 per cent, the cylinder shall be refilled or replaced.

(c) 904.8.3 Low-pressure containers. The liquid-level gauges of low-pressure containers shall be observed at one-week intervals. Where a container shows a content loss of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled to maintain the minimum gas requirements.

(d) 904.8.4 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.

(i) 904.8.4.1 Test procedure. Hoses shall be tested at not less than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and at not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.

(e) 904.8.5 Auxiliary equipment. Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure that such components are in proper operating condition.

(9) 904.9 Halon systems. Halogenated extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.9.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.9.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of containers shall be checked at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss of original weight of more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.

(c) 904.9.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At 5-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.

(i) 904.9.3.1 Test procedure. For Halon 1301 systems, hoses shall be tested at not less than 1,500 psi (10 343 kPa) for 600 psi (4137 kPa) charging pressure systems and not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 360 psi (2482 kPa) charging pressure systems. For Halon 1211 hand-hose line systems, hoses shall be tested at 2,500 psi (17238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.

(d) 904.9.4 Auxiliary equipment. Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure such components are in proper operating condition.

(10) 904.10 Clean-agent systems. Clean-agent fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 2001 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand their listing.

(a) 904.10.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.10.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of the containers shall be checked at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure, adjusted for temperature, of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.

(c) 904.10.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. All hoses shall be tested at 5-year intervals.

(11) 904.11 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement protected. Preengineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand listed and labeled for the intended application. Other types of automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems of the following types shall be installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, as follows:

1. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems, NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. Automatic sprinkler systems, NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

3. Foam-water sprinkler system or foam-water spray systems, NFPA 16 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

4. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

5. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Factory-built commercial cooking recirculating systems that are tested in accordance with UL 710B as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeand listed, labeled and installed in accordance with section 304.1 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 904.11.1 Manual system operation. A manual actuation device shall be located at or near a means of egress from the cooking area a minimum of 10 feet (3048 mm) and a maximum of 20 feet (6096 mm) from the kitchen exhaust system. The manual actuation device shall be installed not more than 48 inches (1200 mm) nor less than 42 inches (1067 mm) above the floor and shall clearly identify the hazard protected. The manual actuation shall require a maximum force of 40 pounds (178 N) and a maximum movement of 14 inches (356 mm) to actuate the fire suppression system.

Exception: Automatic sprinkler systems shall not be required to be equipped with manual actuation means.

(b) 904.11.2 System interconnection. The actuation of the fire extinguishing system shall automatically shut down the fuel or electrical power supply to the cooking equipment. The fuel and electrical supply reset shall be manual.

(c) 904.11.3 Carbon dioxide systems. When carbon dioxide systems are used, there shall be a nozzle at the top of the ventilating duct. Additional nozzles that are symmetrically arranged to give uniform distribution shall be installed within vertical ducts exceeding 20 feet (6096 mm) and horizontal ducts exceeding 50 feet (15 240 mm). Dampers shall be installed at either the top or the bottom of the duct and shall be arranged to operate automatically upon activation of the fire-extinguishing system. When the damper is installed at the top of the duct, the top nozzle shall be immediately below the damper. Automatic carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systems shall be sufficiently sized to protect all hazards venting through a common duct simultaneously.

(i) 904.11.3.1 Ventilation system. Commercial-type cooking equipment protected by an automatic carbon dioxide extinguishing system shall be arranged to shut off the ventilation system upon activation.

(d) 904.11.4 Special provisions for automatic sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting commercial-type cooking equipment shall be supplied from a separate, readily accessible, indicating-type control valve that is identified.

(i) 904.11.4.1 Listed sprinklers. Sprinklers used for the protection of fryers shall be tested in accordance with UL 199E as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code,listed for that application and installed in accordance with their listing.

(e) 904.11.5 Portable fire extinguishers for commercial cooking equipment. Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided within a 30-foot (9144 mm) travel distance of commercial-type cooking equipment. Cooking equipment involving solid fuels or vegetable or animal oils and fats shall be protected by a Class K rated portable extinguisher in accordance with paragraphs (D)(11)(e)(i)(904.11.5.1) or (D)(11)(e)(ii)(904.11.5.2) of this rule, as applicable.

(i) 904.11.5.1 Portable fire extinguishers for solid fuel cooking appliances. All solid fuel cooking appliances, whether or not under a hood, with fireboxes 5 cubic feet ( 0.14 m ) or less in volume shall have a minimum 2.5 -gallon (9 L) or two 1.5 -gallon (6 L) Class K wet-chemical portable fire extinguishers located in accordance with paragraph (D)(1 1 )(e)(904.11.5) of this rule.

(ii) 904.11.5.2 Class K portable fire extinguishers for deep fat fryers. When hazard areas include deep fat fryers, listed Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be provided as follows:

(a) For up to four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds ( 36.3 kg) each: One Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity.

(b) For every additional group of four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds ( 36.3 kg) each: One additional Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity shall be provided.

(c) For individual fryers exceeding 6 square feet ( 0.55 m2) in surface area: Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in accordance with the extinguisher manufacturer's recommendations.

(f) 904.11.6 Operations and maintenance. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems protecting commercial cooking systems shall be maintained in accordance with paragraphs (D)( 11 )(f)(i)(904.11.6.1) to (D)(11)(f)(iii)(904.11.6.3) of this rule.

(i) 904.11.6.1 Existing automatic fire extinguishing systems. Where changes in the cooking media, positioning of cooking equipment or replacement of cooking equipment occur in existing commercial cooking systems, the automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be required to comply with the applicable provisions of paragraphs (D)(1 1)( 904.11 ) to (D)(1 1)(d)(904.11.4) of this rule.

(ii) 904.11.6.2 Extinguishing system service. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced at least every 6 months and after activation of the system. Inspection shall be by qualified individuals, and a certificate of inspection shall be forwarded to the fire code official upon completion.

(iii) 904.11.6.3 Fusible link and sprinkler head replacement. Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads shall be replaced at least annually, and other protection devices shall be serviced or replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Exception: Frangible bulbs are not required to be replaced annually.

(E) Section 905 Standpipe systems

(1) 905.1 General. Standpipe systems shall be provided in new buildings and structures in accordance with this paragraph. Fire hose threads used in connection with standpipe systems shall be approved and shall be compatible with fire department hose threads. The location of fire department hose connections shall be approved. In buildings used for high-piled combustible storage, fire protection shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 905.2 Installation standard. Standpipe systems shall be installed in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 905.3 Required installations. Standpipe systems shall be installed when required by paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) to (E)(3)(g)(905.3.7) of this rule and in the locations indicated in paragraphs (E)(4)( 905.4 ), (E)(5)( 905.5 ) and (E)(6)( 905.6 ) of this rule. Standpipe systems are permitted to be combined with automatic sprinkler systems.

Exception: Standpipe systems are not required in Group R-3 occupancies.

(a) 905.3.1 Height. Class III standpipe systems shall be installed throughout buildings where the floor level of the highest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) above the lowest level of the fire department vehicle access, or where the floor level of the lowest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) below the highest level of fire department vehicle access.

Exceptions:

1. Class I standpipes are allowed in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule.

2. Class I manual standpipes are allowed in open parking garages where the highest floor is located not more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

3. Class I manual dry standpipes are allowed in open parking garages that are subject to freezing temperatures, provided that the hose connections are located as required for Class II standpipes in accordance with paragraph (E)(5)( 905.5 ) of this rule.

4. Class I standpipes are allowed in basements equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system.

5. In determining the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, it shall not be required to consider:

5.1 Recessed loading docks for four vehicles or less, and

5.2 Conditions where topography makes access from the fire department vehicle to the building impractical or impossible.

(b) 905.3.2 Group A. Class I automatic wet standpipes shall be provided in nonsprinklered Group A buildings having an occupant load exceeding 1,000 persons.

Exceptions:

1. Open-air-seating spaces without enclosed spaces.

2. Class I automatic dry and semiautomatic dry standpipes or manual wet standpipes are allowed in buildings where the highest floor surface used for human occupancy is 75 feet (22 860 mm) or less above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

(c) 905.3.3 Covered mall buildings. A covered mall building shall be equipped throughout with a standpipe system where required by paragraph (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) of this rule. Covered mall buildings not required to be equipped with a standpipe system by paragraph (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) of this rule shall be equipped with Class I hose connections connected to the automatic sprinkler system sized to deliver water at 250 gallons per minute ( 946.4 L/min) at the most hydraulically remote hose connection while concurrently supplying the automatic sprinkler system demand. The standpipe system shall be designed not to exceed a 50-pounds-per-square-inch (345 kPa) residual pressure loss with flow of 250 gallons per minute ( 946.4 L/min) from the fire department connection to the hydraulically most remote hose connection. Hose connections shall be provided at each of the following locations:

(i) Within the mall at the entrance to each exit passageway or corridor.

(ii) At each floor-level landing within enclosed stairways opening directly on the mall.

(iii) At exterior public entrances to the mall.

(iv) At other locations as necessary so that the distance to reach all portions of a tenant space does not exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm) from a hose connection.

(d) 905.3.4 Stages. Stages greater than 1,000 square feet (93 m2) in area shall be equipped with a Class III wet standpipe system with 1½-inch and 2½-inch (38 mm and 64 mm) hose connections on each side of the stage.

Exception: Where the building or area is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, a 1½ inch (38 mm) hose connection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeor in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codefor Class II or III standpipes.

(i) 905.3.4.1 Hose and cabinet. The 1½-inch (38 mm) hose connections shall be equipped with sufficient lengths of 1½-inch (38 mm) hose to provide fire protection for the stage area. Hose connections shall be equipped with an approved adjustable fog nozzle and be mounted in a cabinet or on a rack.

(e) 905.3.5 Underground buildings. Underground buildings shall be equipped throughout with a Class I automatic wet or manual wet standpipe system.

(f) 905.3.6 Helistops and heliports. Buildings with a helistop or heliport that are equipped with a standpipe shall extend the standpipe to the roof level on which the helistop or heliport is located in accordance with paragraph (G)(5)( 1107.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 905.3.7 Marinas and boatyards. Standpipes in marinas and boatyards shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 905.4 Location of Class I standpipe hose connections. Class I standpipe hose connections shall be provided in all of the following locations:

1. In every required stairway, a hose connection shall be provided for each floor level above or below grade. Hose connections shall be located at an intermediate floor level landing between floors, unless otherwise approved by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

2. On each side of the wall adjacent to the exit opening of a horizontal exit.

Exception: Where floor areas adjacent to a horizontal exit are reachable from exit stairway hose connections by a 30-foot (9144 mm) hose stream from a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose connection shall not be required at the horizontal exit.

3. In every exit passageway, at the entrance from the exit passageway to other areas of a building.

Exception: Where floor areas adjacent to an exit passageway are reachable from exit stairway hose connections by a 30-foot (9144 mm) hose stream from a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose connection shall not be required at the entrance from the exit passageway to other areas of the building.

4. In covered mall buildings, adjacent to each exterior public entrance to the mall and adjacent to each entrance from an exit passageway or exit corridor to the mall.

5. Where the roof has a slope less than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal ( 33.3 -per cent slope), each standpipe shall be provided with a hose connection located either on the roof or at the highest landing of a stairway with stair access to the roof An additional hose connection shall be provided at the top of the most hydraulically remote standpipe for testing purposes.

6. Where the most remote portion of a nonsprinklered floor or story is more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a hose connection or the most remote portion of a sprinklered floor or story is more than 200 feet (60 960 mm) from a hose connection, the fire code official is authorized to require that additional hose connections be provided in approved locations.

(a) 905.4.1 Protection. Risers and laterals of Class I standpipe systems not located within an enclosed stairway or pressurized enclosure shall be protected by a degree of fire resistance equal to that required for vertical enclosures in the building in which they are located.

Exception: In buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system, laterals that are not located within an enclosed stairway or pressurized enclosure are not required to be enclosed within fire-resistance-rated construction.

(b) 905.4.2 Interconnection. In buildings where more than one standpipe is provided, the standpipes shall be interconnected in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(5) 905.5 Location of Class II standpipe hose connections. Class II standpipe hose connections shall be accessible and shall be located so that all portions of the building are within 30 feet (9144 mm) of a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose.

(a) 905.5.1 Groups A-1 and A-2. In Group A-1 and A-2 occupancies with occupant loads of more than 1,000 hose connections shall be located on each side of any stage, on each side of the rear of the auditorium, on each side of the balcony, and on each tier of dressing rooms.

(b) 905.5.2 Protection. Fire-resistance-rated protection of risers and laterals of Class II standpipe systems is not required.

(c) 905.5.3 Class II system 1-inch hose. A minimum 1-inch (25 mm) hose shall be allowed to be used for hose stations in light-hazard occupancies where investigated and listed for this service and where approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the 1-inch(25 mm) hose shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(6) 905.6 Location of Class III standpipe hose connections. Class III standpipe systems shall have hose connections located as required for Class I standpipes in paragraph (E)(4)( 905.4 ) of this rule and shall have Class II hose connections as required in paragraph (E)(5)( 905.5 ) of this rule.

(a) 905.6.1 Protection. Risers and laterals for Class III standpipe systems shall be protected as required for Class I systems in accordance with paragraph (E)(4)(a)(905.4.1) of this rule.

(b) 905.6.2 Interconnection. In buildings where more than one Class III standpipe is provided, the standpipes shall be interconnected in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 905.7 Cabinets. Cabinets containing fire-fighting equipment, such as standpipes, fire hose, fire extinguishers or fire department valves, shall not be blocked from use or obscured from view.

(a) 905.7.1 Cabinet equipment identification. Cabinets shall be identified in an approved manner by a permanently attached sign with letters not less than 2 inches (51 mm) high in a color that contrasts with the background color, indicating the equipment contained therein.

Exceptions:

1. Doors not large enough to accommodate a written sign shall be marked with a permanently attached pictogram of the equipment contained therein.

2. Doors that have either an approved visual identification clear glass panel or a complete glass door panel are not required to be marked.

(b) 905.7.2 Locking cabinet doors. Cabinets shall be unlocked.

Exceptions:

1. Visual identification panels of glass or other approved transparent frangible material that is easily broken and allows access.

2. Approved locking arrangements.

3. Use Group I-3 occupancies.

(8) 905.8 Dry standpipes. Dry standpipes shall not be installed.

Exception: Where subject to freezing and in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(9) 905.9 Valve supervision. Valves controlling water supplies shall be supervised in the open position so that a change in the normal position of the valve will generate a supervisory signal at the supervising station required by paragraph (C)(4)( 903.4 ) of this rule. Where a fire alarm system is provided, a signal shall also be transmitted to the control unit.

Exceptions:

1. Valves to underground key or hub valves in roadway boxes provided by the municipality or public utility do not require supervision.

2. Valves locked in the normal position and inspected as provided in this code in buildings not equipped with a fire alarm system.

(10) 905.10 During construction. Standpipe systems required during construction and demolition operations shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (M)(1413) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code.

(11) 905.11 Existing buildings. Where required in rule 1301:7-7-46 of the Administrative Code,existing structures shall be equipped with standpipes installed in accordance with paragraph (E)(905) of this rule.

(F) Section 906 Portable fire extinguishers

(1) 906.1 Where required. Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in the following locations:

(a) In all new and existing Group A', B, E, F, H, I, M, R-1, R-2 and S occupancies.

(b) Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking equipment.

(c) In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, used or dispensed.

(d) On each floor of structures under construction, except Group R-3 occupancies, in accordance with paragraph (O)(1)( 1415.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code.

(e) Where required by the paragraphs indicated in Table 906.1of this rule.

(f) Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to laboratories, computer rooms and generator rooms, where required by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Table 906.1

Additional required portable fire extinguishers

Paragraph Subject
Paragraph (C)(5)( 303.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code Asphalt kettles
Paragraph (G)(5)( 307.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code Open burning
Paragraph (H)(1)(c)(308.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code Open flames-torches
Paragraph (I)(4)( 309.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code Powered industrial trucks
Paragraph (E)(2)( 1105.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Aircraft towing vehicles
Paragraph (E)(3)( 1105.3 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Aircraft welding apparatus
Paragraph (E)(4)(1 105.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles
Paragraph (E)(5)(1 105.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Aircraft hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles
Paragraph (E)(6)(1 105.6 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Aircraft fuel-dispensing stations
Paragraph (G)(7)( 1107.7 ) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code Heliports and helistops
Paragraph (H)(4)( 1208.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code Dry cleaning plants
Paragraph (O)(1)( 1415.1 ) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code Buildings under construction or demolition
Paragraph (Q)(3)( 1417.3 ) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code Roofing operations
Paragraph (D)(4)(a)(1 504.4.1) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code Spray-finishing operations
Paragraph (E)(4)(b)(1505.4.2) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code Dip-tank operations
Paragraph (F)(4)(b)(1506.4.2) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code Powder-coating areas
Paragraph (D)(2)( 1904.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code Lumberyards/woodworking facilities
Paragraph (H)(8)( 1908.8 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code Recycling facilities
Paragraph (I)(5)( 1909.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code Exterior lumber storage
Paragraph (C)(5)( 2003.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-20 of the Administrative Code Organic-coating areas
Paragraph (F)(3)( 2106.3 ) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code Industrial ovens
Paragraph (E)(5)( 2205.5 ) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code Motor fuel-dispensing facilities
Paragraph (J)(6)(d)(2210.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities
Paragraph (K)(6)( 2211.6 ) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code Repair garages
Paragraph (F)(10)( 2306.10 ) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code Rack storage
Paragraph (D)(12)( 2404.12 ) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code Tents and membrane structures
Paragraph (H)(2)( 2508.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-25 of the Administrative Code Tire rebuilding/storage
Paragraph (D)(2)(f)(2604.2.6) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code Welding and other hot work
Paragraph (C)(6)( 2903.6 ) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code Combustible fibers
Paragraph (D)(3)(c)(i)(3404.3.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids
Paragraph (D)(3)(g)(v)(b)(3404.3.7.5.2) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Liquid storage rooms for flammable and combustible liquids
Paragraph (E)(4)(i)(3405.4.9) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Solvent distillation units
Paragraph (F)(2)(g)(3406.2.7) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Farms and construction sites-flammable and combustible liquids storage
Paragraph (F)(4)(j)(i)(3406.4.10.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Bulk plants and terminals for flammable and combustible liquids
Paragraph (F)(5)(d)(iv)(3406.5.4.5) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments-fuel dispensing
Paragraph (F)(6)(d)(3406.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code Tank vehicles for flammable and combustible liquids
Paragraph (F)(5)(g)(3606.5.7) of rule 1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code Flammable solids
Paragraph (H)(2)( 3808.2 ) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code LP-gas
Paragraph (D)(4)( 4504.4 ) of rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code Marinas

(2) 906.2 General requirements. Portable fire extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. The travel distance to reach an extinguisher shall not apply to the spectator seating portions of Group A-5 occupancies.

2. Thirty-day inspections shall not be required and maintenance shall be allowed to be once every three years for dry-chemical or halogenated agent portable fire extinguishers that are supervised by a listed and approved electronic monitoring device, provided that all of the following conditions are met:

2.1 Electronic monitoring shall confirm that extinguishers are properly positioned, properly charged and unobstructed.

2.2 Loss of power or circuit continuity to the electronic monitoring device shall initiate a trouble signal.

2.3 The extinguishers shall be installed inside of a building or cabinet in a noncorrosive environment.

2.4 Electronic monitoring devices and supervisory circuits shall be tested every three years when extinguisher maintenance is performed.

2.5 A written log of required hydrostatic test dates for extinguishers shall be maintained by the owner to verify that hydrostatic tests are conducted at the frequency required by NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

3. In Group I-3, portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be located at staff locations.

(3) 906.3 Size and distribution. The size and distribution of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with paragraphs (F)(3)(a)(906.3.1) to (F)(3)(d)(906.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 906.3.1 Class A fire hazards. Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies that involve primarily Class A fire hazards, the minimum sizes and distribution shall comply with Table 906.3(1)of this rule.

Table 906.3(1)

Fire extinguishers for Class A fire hazards

  Light (low) hazard occupancy Ordinary (moderate) hazard occupancy Extra (high) hazard occupancy
Minimum rated single extinguisher 2-Ac 2-A 4-Aa
Maximum floor area per unit of A 3,000 square feet 1,500 square feet 1,000 square feet
Maximum floor area for extinguisherb 11,250 square feet 11,250 square feet 11.250 square feet
Maximum travel distance to extinguisher 75 feet 75 feet 75 feet

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

a. Two 2½-gallon water-type extinguishers shall be deemed the equivalent of one 4-A rated extinguisher.

b. Annex E. 3.3 of NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeprovides more details concerning application of the maximum floor area criteria.

c. Two water-type extinguishers each with a 1 -A rating shall be deemed the equivalent of one 2-A rated extinguisher for Light (Low) Hazard Occupancies.

Table 906.3(2)

Flammable or combustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25 -inch

Type of hazard Basic minimum extinguisher rating Maximum travel distance to extinguishers (feet)
Light (low) 5-B 30
10-B 50
Ordinary (moderate) 10-B 30
20-B 50
Extra (high) 40-B 30
80-B 50

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

Note. For requirements on water-soluble flammable liquids and alternative sizing criteria, see section 5.5 of NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 906.3.2 Class B fire hazards. Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25 -inch ( 6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with Table 906.3(2)of this rule.

Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with a depth of greater than 0.25 -inch ( 6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 906.3.3 Class C fire hazards. Portable fire extinguishers for Class C fire hazards shall be selected and placed on the basis of the anticipated Class A or B hazard.

(d) 906.3.4 Class D fire hazards. Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving combustible metals shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 906.4 Cooking grease fires. Fire extinguishers provided for the protection of cooking grease fires shall be of an approved type compatible with the automatic fire-extinguishing system agent and in accordance with paragraph (D)(11)(e)(904.11.5) of this rule.

(5) 906.5 Conspicuous location. Portable fire extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous locations where they will be readily accessible and immediately available for use. These locations shall be along normal paths of travel, unless the fire code official determines and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codethat the hazard posed indicates the need for placement away from normal paths of travel.

(6) 906.6 Unobstructed and unobscured. Portable fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view. In rooms or areas in which visual obstruction cannot be completely avoided, means shall be provided to indicate the locations of extinguishers.

(7) 906.7 Hangars and brackets. Hand-held portable fire extinguishers, not housed in cabinets, shall be installed on the hangers or brackets supplied. Hangers or brackets shall be securely anchored to the mounting surface in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

(8) 906.8 Cabinets. Cabinets used to house portable fire extinguishers shall not be locked.

Exceptions:

1. Where portable fire extinguishers subject to malicious use or damage are provided with a means of ready access.

2. In Group I-3 occupancies and in mental health areas in Group I-2 occupancies, access to portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked or to be located in staff locations provided the staff has keys.

(9) 906.9 Extinguisher installation. The installation of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with paragraphs (F)(9)(a)(906.9.1) to (F)(9)(c)(906.9.3) of this rule.

(a) 906.9.1 Extinguishers weighing 40 pounds or less. Portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight not exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor.

(b) 906.9.2 Extinguishers weighing more than 40 pounds. Hand-held portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 3.5 feet (1067 mm) above the floor.

(c) 906.9.3 Floor clearance. The clearance between the floor and the bottom of installed hand-held portable fire extinguishers shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm).

(10) 906.10 Wheeled units. Wheeled fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located in a designated location.

(G) Section 907 Fire alarm and detection systems

(1) 907.1 General. This paragraph covers the application, installation, performance and maintenance of fire alarm systems and their components in new and existing buildings and structures. The requirements of paragraph (G)(2)( 907.2 ) of this rule are applicable to new buildings and structures. The requirements for fire alarm and detection systems in new buildings contained in this rule are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code, the fire alarm and detection system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.The requirements of paragraph (G)(3)( 907.3 ) of this rule are applicable to existing buildings and structures.

(a) 907.1.1 Construction documents. Construction documents for fire alarm systems shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code, the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code,and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, as determined by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 907.1.2 Fire alarm shop drawings. Shop drawings for fire alarm systems shall be submitted for review and approval prior to system installation, and shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(i) A floor plan which indicates the use of all rooms.

(ii) Locations of alarm-initiating devices.

(iii) Locations of alarm notification appliances, including candela ratings for visible alarm notification appliances.

(iv) Location of fire alarm control unit, transponders and notification power supplies.

(v) Annunciators.

(vi) Power connection.

(vii) Battery calculations.

(viii) Conductor type and sizes.

(ix) Voltage drop calculations.

(x) Manufacturers' data sheets indicating model numbers and listing information for equipment, devices and materials.

(xi) Details of ceiling height and construction.

(xii) The interface of fire safety control functions.

(xiii) Classification of the supervising station.

(c) 907.1.3 Equipment. Systems and components shall be listed and approved for the purpose for which they are installed.

(2) 907.2 Where required-new buildings and structures. An approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with the provisions of this code and NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeshall be provided in new buildings and structures in accordance with paragraphs (G)(2)(a)(907.2.1) to (G)(2)(w)(907.2.23) of this rule and provide occupant notification in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule, unless other requirements are provided by another paragraph of this code.

A minimum of one manual fire alarm box shall be provided in an approved location to initiate a fire alarm signal for fire alarm systems employing automatic fire detectors or waterflow detection devices. Where other paragraphs of this code allow elimination of the fire alarm boxes due to sprinklers, a single fire alarm box shall be installed.

Exceptions:

1. The manual fire alarm box is not required for fire alarm systems dedicated to elevator recall control and supervisory service.

2. The manual fire alarm box is not required for Group R-2 occupancies unless required by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Codeto provide a means for fire watch personnel to initiate an alarm during a sprinkler system impairment event. The fire code official shall provide notice to the building official when the manual fire alarm box is required. Where provided, the manual fire alarm box shall not be located in an area that is accessible to the public.

(a) 907.2.1 Group A. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule shall be installed in Group A occupancies having an occupant load of 300 or more. Portions of Group E occupancies occupied for assembly purposes shall be provided with a fire alarm system as required for the Group E occupancy.

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule and the occupant notification appliances will activate throughout the notification zones upon sprinkler water flow.

(i) 907.2.1.1 System initiation of Group A occupancies with an occupant load of 1,000 or more. Activation of the fire alarm in Group A occupancies with an occupant load of 1,000 or more shall initiate a signal using an emergency voice/alarm communications system in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)(b)(ii)(907.6.2.2) of this rule.

Exception: Where approved, the prerecorded announcement is allowed to be manually deactivated for a period of time, not to exceed 3 minutes, for the sole purpose of allowing a live voice announcement from an approved, constantly attended location.

(b) 907.2.2 Group B. A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in Group B occupancies where one of the following conditions exists:

1. The combined Group B occupant load of all floors is 500 or more.

2. The Group B occupant load is more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

3. The Group B fire area contains a Group B ambulatory health care facility.

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule and the occupant notification appliances will activate throughout the notification zones upon sprinkler water flow.

(i) 907.2.2.1 Group B-ambulatory health care facilities. Fire areas containing Group B ambulatory health care facilities shall be provided with an electronically supervised automatic smoke detection system installed within the ambulatory health care facility and in public use areas outside of tenant spaces, including public corridors and elevator lobbies.

Exception: Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule provided the occupant notification appliances will activate throughout the notification zones upon sprinkler water flow.

(c) 907.2.3 Group E. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule shall be installed in Group E occupancies. When automatic sprinkler systems or smoke detectors are installed, such systems or detectors shall be connected to the building fire alarm system.

Exceptions:

1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group E occupancies with an occupant load of less than 50.

2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required in Group E occupancies where all of the following apply:

2.1 Interior corridors are protected by smoke detectors.

2.2 Auditoriums, cafeterias, gymnasiums and similar areas are protected by heat detectors or other approved detection devices.

2.3 Shops and laboratories involving dusts or vapors are protected by heat detectors or other approved detection devices.

2.4 The capability to activate the evacuation signal from a central point is provided.

2.5 In buildings where normally occupied spaces are provided with a two-way communication system between such spaces and a constantly attended receiving station from where a general evacuation alarm can be sounded, except in locations specifically designated by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)( 901.1 ) of this rule and upon notice by the fire code official to the building official.

3. Manual fire alarm boxes shall not be required in Group E occupancies where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule, the notification appliances will activate on sprinkler water flow and manual activation is provided from a normally occupied location.

(d) 907.2.4 Group F. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule shall be installed in Group F occupancies where both of the following conditions exist:

(i) The Group F occupancy is two or more stories in height; and

(ii) The Group F occupancy has a combined occupant load of 500 or more above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule and the occupant notification appliances will activate throughout the notification zones upon sprinkler water flow.

(e) 907.2.5 Group H. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system shall be installed in Group H-5 occupancies and in occupancies used for the manufacture of organic coatings. An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system shall be installed for highly toxic gases, organic peroxides and oxidizers in accordance with rules 1301:7-7-37 , 1301:7-7-39 and 1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code,respectively.

(f) 907.2.6 Group I. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system shall be installed in Group I occupancies. An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (J)(2)(f)(i)(907.2.6.1) to (J)(2)(f)(iii)(907.2.6.3) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Manual fire alarm boxes in resident or patient sleeping areas in Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies shall not be required at exits if located at all nurses' control stations or other constantly attended staff locations, provided such stations are visible and continuously accessible and that travel distances required in paragraph (G)(5)(b)(907.5.2) of this rule are not exceeded.

2. Occupant notification systems are not required to be activated where private mode signaling installed in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code is approved by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 907.2.6.1 Group I-1. An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in corridors, waiting areas open to corridors and habitable spaces other than sleeping units and kitchens. The system shall be activated in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Smoke detection in habitable spaces is not required where the facility is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule.

2. Smoke detection is not required for exterior balconies.

(a) 907.2.6.1.1 Smoke alarms. Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms shall be installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(k)(907.2.11) of this rule.

(ii) 907.2.6.2 Group I-2. An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in corridors in nursing homes (both intermediate care and skilled nursing facilities), detoxification facilities and spaces permitted to be open to the corridors by section 407.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.The system shall be activated in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule. Hospitals shall be equipped with smoke detection as required in section 407.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Corridor smoke detection is not required in smoke compartments that contain patient sleeping units where such units are provided with smoke detectors that comply with UL 268 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code. Such detectors shall provide a visual display on the corridor side of each patient sleeping unit and shall provide an audible and visible alarm at the nursing station attending each unit.

2. Corridor smoke detection is not required in smoke compartments that contain patient sleeping units where patient sleeping unit doors are equipped with automatic door-closing devices with integral smoke detectors on the unit sides installed in accordance with their listing, provided that the integral detectors perform the required alerting function.

(iii) 907.2.6.3 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies shall be equipped with a manual fire alarm system and automatic smoke detection system installed for alerting staff.

(a) 907.2.6.3.1 System initiation. Actuation of an automatic fire-extinguishing system, a manual fire alarm box or a fire detector shall initiate an approved fire alarm signal which automatically notifies staff

(b) 907.2.6.3.2 Manual fire alarm boxes. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required to be located in accordance with paragraph (G)(5)(b)(907.5.2) of this rule where the fire alarm boxes are provided at staff-attended locations having direct supervision over areas where manual fire alarm boxes have been omitted.

(i) 907.2.6.3. 2.1 Manual fire alarm boxes in detainee areas. Manual fire alarm boxes are allowed to be locked in areas occupied by detainees, provided that staff members are present within the subject area and have keys readily available to operate the manual fire alarm boxes.

(c) 907.2.6.3.3 Automatic smoke detection system. An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed throughout resident housing areas, including sleeping units and contiguous day rooms, group activity spaces and other common sces normally accessible to residents.

Exceptions:

1. Other approved smoke-detection arrangements providing equivalent protection, including, but not limited to, placing detectors in exhaust ducts from cells or behind protective guards listed for the purpose, are allowed when necessary to prevent damage or tampering.

2. Sleeping units in Use Conditions 2 and 3 as described in section 308 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

3. Smoke detectors are not required in sleeping units with four or fewer occupants in smoke compartments that are equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule.

(g) 907.2.7 Group M. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with paragraph (G)(6)( 907.6 ) of this rule shall be installed in Group M occupancies where one of the following conditions exists.

1. The combined Group M occupant load of all floors is 500 or more persons.

2. The Group M occupant load is more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

Exceptions: