Chapter 1301:7-7 Ohio Fire Code

1301:7-7-01 Scope and administration.

(A) Section 101 Scope and general requirements

(1) 101.1 Title. The rules of the state fire marshal as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-7- of the Administrative Code shall be known as the "Ohio Fire Code" abbreviated "OFC," and hereinafter in such rule may also be referred to as the "state fire code" or "this code."

(2) 101.2 Scope. This code establishes state fire marshal rules for the administration and enforcement of authorities granted to the fire marshal and fire code officials in Chapters 3701., 3731., 3737., 3741., 3743., 3781., 3791 and 5104. of the Revised Code including but not limited to, regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding all of the following:

1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices.

2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises.

3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.

4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire protection systems.

5. Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

(a) 101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices of any "International Fire Code" are not adopted as part of this code. A political subdivision with the authority to enact a local fire code may adopt these appendices as a part of such codes.

(b) 101.2.2 Activities, locations and persons subject to the Ohio Fire Code. Unless specifically exempted or as limited by federal or state law or this code, the provisions of this code are intended to safeguard life and property from fire and explosion and shall apply to all aspects of fire safety at any structures, building, premises, vehicles or other locations within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Ohio. The scope of this code includes, but is not limited to, property owned by the State of Ohio or other political subdivisions of the state, residential premises (one, two and three family dwellings), and agricultural premises. The scope of this code includes all aspects of fire safety for any occupancy of or any activities at the places subject to this code, including actions of or uses by any individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, associations, the state, a political subdivision of the state, and any other entity, public or private.

(i) 101.2.2.1 Exemptions to the Ohio Fire Code. This code does not apply to any of the following:

1. Property owned by the United States government in accordance with Chapter 159. of the Revised Code.

2. Structures owned by and used for a function of the United States government when such structures are designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with appropriate federal fire safety standards.

3. Structures controlled by the United States government used for a non-administrative military function of the United States government.

4. Structures owned or controlled by the State of Ohio that are used for a military function in accordance with 10 U.S.C. Chapter 1803.4.

5. The organization or structure of a municipal or township fire department.

6. Structural building requirements covered by the Ohio Building Code.

7. Agricultural labor camps, to the extent required by Section 3733.42 of the Revised Code or rules adopted under that section.

8. Structures and premises subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the power siting board as established in the Revised Code or in administrative rules promulgated by the power siting board, to the extent of such exclusivity.

9. The construction or installation of an industrialized unit regulated by the Ohio Building Code. All occupancy, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to all industrialized units.

10. Structures and premises subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the public utilities commission of Ohio as established in the Revised Code or in administrative rules promulgated by the public utilities commission, to the extent of such exclusivity.

11. The construction and operation of a mine or other underground cavern, wells, well pads, or derricks subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, to the extent of such exclusivity.

(ii) 101.2.2.2 Limitations on applicability of the Ohio Fire Code. This code shall not be construed to:

1. Cause an employer, in complying with it, to be in violation of the "Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970," 84 Stat. 1590, 29 U.S.C.A. 651, or the "Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972," 86 Stat. 1207, 15 U.S.C.A. 2051;

2. Regulate manufacturers or manufacturing facilities with respect to occupational hazards where they are subject to regulation by the federal occupational safety and health administration;

3. Be inconsistent with, or in conflict with, regulations of the federal occupational safety and health administration or the hazardous materials regulations of the hazardous materials regulations board of the federal highway administration, United States department of transportation, or the public utilities commission;

4. Establish a minimum standard of flammability for consumer goods in any area where the "Flammable Fabrics Act," 81 Stat. 568 (1967), 15 U.S.C. 1191 authorizes the federal government or any department or agency of the federal government to establish national standards of flammability for consumer goods;

5. Establish a health or safety standard for the use of explosives in mining, for which the federal government through its authorized agency sets health or safety standards pursuant to section 6 of the "Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act of 1966," 80 Stat. 772, 30 U.S.C. 725, or section 101 of the "Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969," 83 Stat. 745, 30 U.S.C. 811.

(3) 101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises, and to provide a reasonable level of safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

(4) 101.4 Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.

(5) 101.5 Validity. In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.

(B) Section 102 Applicability

(1) 102.1 Construction and design provisions.

(a) 102.1.1 General applicability. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(1)(b) (102.1.2) of this rule, the construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:

(i) Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code.

(ii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.

(iii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not in strict compliance with the requirements of this code, regardless of whether such location is in substantial compliance with the applicable version of the building code listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, where the conditions constitute a distinct hazard to life or property in the opinion of the fire code official, including existing structures subject to rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. If a distinct hazard to life or property cannot be proven by the fire official by a preponderance of the evidence, the provisions of this code shall not apply to an existing building or condition. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code.

(b) 102.1.2 Agricultural uses and locations. The construction and design provisions of this code, including any construction permit requirements, shall not apply to structures:

(i) subject to section 3781.061 of the Revised Code, or

(ii) otherwise exempt from the building code as listed in 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code because such structures are being used for agricultural purposes as described in section 3781.06 (B)(1) of the Revised Code.

Exception to paragraph 102.1.2 (i) and (ii): If the conditions at the structure constitute a distinct hazard to life or property or the occupancy of structure constitutes a change of use or occupancy of the structure from one of the exempt uses listed in this division to another occupancy classification subject to this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 102.1.3 Non-required work. Any fire protection system, or portion thereof, not required by this code may be installed at any location subject to this code provided that the installation is in accordance with this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 102.2 Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions. The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:

(a) Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.

(b) Existing conditions and operations.

(3) 102.3 Minimum conditions of occupancy.

(a) 102.3.1. All structures subject to this code may be occupied only in accordance with the provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and, at a minimum, the following paragraphs:

(i) New construction. Occupancy of a newly constructed structure must be in compliance with paragraph (E)(3)(c)(105.3.3) and paragraph (I)(1)(109.1) of this rule and paragraph (A)(5)(901.5) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) Existing structures.

(a) Alterations. Any alterations to an existing structure shall be done in accordance with paragraph (B)(4)(102.4) of this rule.

(b) Change of occupancy. Any changes of occupancy to an existing structure shall be done in accordance with paragraph (B)(3)(c)(102.3.3) of this rule.

(c) General occupancy. A new or existing structure or premises may only be occupied in accordance with paragraph (E)(3)(c)(105.3.3) and paragraph (I)(1)(109.1) of this rule. No existing structure or premises or part thereof that constitutes a distinct or serious hazard to life or property or is not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code shall be occupied.

(iii) Occupancy of any structure, premise, vehicle or location that constitutes a distinct or serious hazard to life or property is hereby declared a public nuisance.

(b) 102.3.2 Certificate of occupancy. A responsible person shall maintain a copy of the current certificate of occupancy, for a structure regulated by the building code in accordance with 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and make it available to the fire code official upon request. This paragraph only applies to a certificate of occupancy in existence as of the effective date of this rule issued by a building official and/or a certificate of occupancy issued by a building official after the effective date of this rule.

(c) 102.3.3 Change of use or occupancy. Changes shall not be made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place the structure in a different division of the same group or occupancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such structure is made to comply with the requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for purposes in other groups without conforming to all the requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for those groups, provided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the existing use.

(d) 102.3.4 Limited building code occupancy approvals. Except as described in this paragraph, partial occupancy approvals issued under section 111.1.1.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, time limited occupancy approvals issued under section 111.1.1.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, temporary occupancy approvals issued under sections 102.8 and 111.1.1.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and variances to the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code issued by the state board of building appeals pursuant to section 3781.19 of the Revised Code shall be considered, to the extent of the approval or deviation from the building code issued by such officials, as conditions compliant with the construction and design provisions of this code. All maintenance and operational provisions of this code shall apply to such occupancies.

Exception: Any structure, location or condition that constitutes a distinct or serious hazard under this code. For such structure, location or condition, the fire code official may issue an order requiring compliance with any parts of this code or impose other conditions that such official determines are necessary to make such places safe for occupancy and use. If the local fire code official was provided an opportunity for input at a hearing conducted by the state board of building appeals pursuant to section 3781.19 of the Revised Code and a variance to the building code for matters that impact fire safety was granted at such a hearing for a place subject to this exception, an order issued by a local fire code official under this exception shall be valid only if it is first authorized in writing by the state fire marshal.

(4) 102.4 Application of building code. The planning, design and construction of new buildings and structures to provide the necessary egress facilities, fire protection, and built-in fire protection equipment shall be controlled by the building code of the jurisdiction; and any alterations, additions or changes of occupancy in buildings required by the provisions of this code which are within the scope of the building code shall be made in accordance therewith.

(5) 102.5 Application of residential code of Ohio. Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the residential code of Ohio as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:

(a) Construction and design provisions: To the extent consistent with Chapter 3781. of the Revised Code, the provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed and such systems are not subject to the residential code of Ohio as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the provisions for plan review and, construction permits required by this code shall also apply.

(b) Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.

(6) 102.6 Historic buildings. The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings where such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic buildings shall be provided in accordance with an approved fire protection plan as required in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(1103.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 102.7 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and such codes and standards shall be incorporated by reference into and considered to be part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in paragraphs (B)(7)(a)(102.7.1) and (B)(7)(b)(102.7.2) of this rule.

(a) 102.7.1 Conflicts. Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply unless otherwise provided in section 3781.11 of the Revised Code.

(b) 102.7.2 Provisions in referenced codes and standards. Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.

(c) 102.7.3 To the extent such rules relate to fire safety, the rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82, Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032, Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02, Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17, 3737.65 and 3737.73, Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02, 3743.03, 3743.04, 3743.05, 3743.06, 3743.15, 3743.17, 3743.18, 3743.53, 3743.56, 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code, shall be incorporated by reference and considered part of this code.

(d) 102.7.4 Unless already addressed in and to the extent that such provisions do not conflict with the Revised Code or the rules listed in paragraph (B)(7)(a)(102.7.1) of this rule, the provisions of paragraphs (A)(101), (B)(102), (D)(104), (E)(105), (F)(106), (G)(107), (I)(109), (J)(110), (K)(111), (L)(112), (Q)(117) and (V)(122) of this rule apply to the rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82, Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032, Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02, Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17, 3737.65 and 3737.73, Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02, 3743.03, 3743.04, 3743.05, 3743.06, 3743.15, 3743.17, 3743.18, 3743.53, 3743.56, 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code.

(e) 102.7.5 To the extent not in conflict with the Revised Code, the applicable provisions of the "Ohio Fire Code" apply to and may be enforced against all persons, locations, things, structures, and activities regulated by Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82, Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032, Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02, Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17, 3737.65 and 3737.73, Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02, 3743.03, 3743.04, 3743.05, 3743.06, 3743.15, 3743.17, 3743.18, 3743.53, 3743.56, 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code.

(f) 102.7.6 Enforcement of rules adopted by the state fire marshal in accordance with Chapter 3701. including section 3701.82, Chapter 3721., including section 3721.032, Chapter 3731., including section 3731.02, Chapter 3737., including sections 3737.17, 3737.65 and 3737.73, Chapter 3743., including sections 3743.02, 3743.03, 3743.04, 3743.05, 3743.06, 3743.15, 3743.17, 3743.18, 3743.53, 3743.56, 3743.58 and 3743.70 and Chapter 5104., including section 5104.5 of the Revised Code shall be as provided in those Revised Code sections or such rules. In addition to such rules, any applicable provisions of the "Ohio Fire Code" may be used as a basis for such enforcement actions.

(8) 102.8 Harmonizing provisions. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement of this code or its referenced standards, the specific requirement shall be applicable. A conflict occurs when both the general and specific requirements cannot be satisfied at the same time for the regulated matter. Where, in a specific case, different paragraphs of this code or its referenced standards specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive provision that provides the highest degree of safety shall govern. If there is a conflict between a requirement of this code and a referenced standard, the provisions of this code shall govern unless otherwise provided in section 3781.11 of the Revised Code.

(9) 102.9 Other laws. The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

(10) 102.10 Application of references. References to rule or paragraph numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such rule, paragraph or provision of this code.

(11) 102.11 Underground storage tanks regulated by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code. Underground storage tank systems subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code shall comply with the applicable regulations contained therein and the provisions of this code. If the provisions of this code address similar requirements or are in conflict with the requirements of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code, then the provisions of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code shall apply. Underground storage tank systems not subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code that are determined by the fire code official to comply with the installation, abandonment or removal requirements as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-9 of the Administrative Code are deemed in compliance with the applicable provisions of paragraphs (D)(2)(k)(5704.2.11), (D)(2)(m)(5704.2.13) or (D)(2)(n)(5704.2.14) of rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code. Such tanks are subject to all other applicable provisions of this code.

(C) Section 103 State and political subdivision (local) fire codes

(1) 103.1 Fire code(s) within a political subdivision. Consistent with this paragraph, a political subdivision may, but is not required to, adopt and enforce a local fire code in accordance with the provisions of Ohio law. If a political subdivision adopts a local fire code, that local fire code constitutes an additional set of fire safety regulations in the applicable jurisdiction A local fire code shall not and does not modify, repeal, invalidate or otherwise nullify any provisions of this code or any authorities reserved for the state fire marshal under this code. Such local fire codes shall not be called the "Ohio Fire Code" Even if such codes contain the same or similar substantive rules as this code. Regardless of whether a political subdivision adopts a local fire code, this code remains in effect and is enforceable at all locations in the state in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Revised Code and this code.

(2) 103.2 The state fire code is a minimum statewide standard. This code shall constitute the minimum standards for safeguarding life and property from fire and explosion in this state. No political subdivision with the statutory authority to promulgate a local fire code may enact a local fire code, or parts thereof, or authorize a variance or waiver to such local fire code by any means, that provide a lower threshold of such safeguards or violate accepted engineering practice involving public safety. Only the State Fire Marshal, in accordance with paragraph (D)(4)(104.8) of this rule or the state board of building appeals pursuant to section 3781.19 of the Revised Code may authorize a variance to any provisions of this code. Consistent with this paragraph, a political subdivision may promulgate fire code provisions that meet or exceed the minimum safety requirements as set forth in this code.

(3) 103.3 Liability. All liability related to the application or enforcement of this code by the state or a political subdivision shall be determined in accordance with all applicable laws, immunities and defenses, including Chapters 2743. and 2744. of the Revised Code and sections 9.85, 9.86, 9.87, 2743.02 and 2744.03 of the Revised Code.

(4) 103.4 Certified fire safety inspectors. The actions of certified fire safety inspectors are subject to the applicable portions of the Ohio Revised Code, including sections 3737.01(D), 3737.34, 3737.43(C) and 3737.64 of the Revised Code.

(5) 103.5 Fire prevention officers. For the purposes of section 5"05.38(B) or 737.22(A) of the Revised Code, a fire prevention officer shall be appointed to provide services to any unincorporated area of a township not served by that township's fire department as such a department was created pursuant to sections 505.37 and 505.38(A) of the Revised Code or to a village established under title 7 of the Revised Code that has not organized a fire department.

(D) Section 104 General authority and responsibilities

(1) 104.1 General. The fire code official is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code and to the extent the state fire marshal has not rendered an interpretation or issued a "Technical Bulletin" regarding a particular topic, the fire code official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code. To the extent the state fire marshal has rendered an interpretation or issued a "Technical Bulletin" regarding the provisions of this code, such interpretation shall be definitive throughout the state and in the discretion of the state fire marshal shall supersede all prior interpretations that may have been rendered by any other fire code official. No other fire code official shall render an interpretation in conflict with the state fire marshal's interpretation or technical bulletin or enforce provisions of this code in a manner in conflict with the interpretation or technical bulletin rendered by the state fire marshal.

(a) 104.1.1. The state fire marshal or fire chief of municipal corporations having fire departments or the fire chief of townships having fire departments shall enforce all provisions of Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code, and any rules promulgated pursuant to those chapters, relating to fire prevention.

(2) 104.2 Applications and permits. The fire code official is authorized to receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.

(a) 104.2.1 Plan review for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. For the purposes of this paragraph, a fire code official is authorized to conduct plan review of fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code in accordance with section 106.1.2 of that code and the provisions of this paragraph. The fire code official is authorized to:

(i) 104.2.1.1 Receive and review fire protection system and associated fire safety feature related construction documents when notice is provided to the building code official in accordance with section 106.1.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 104.2.1.2 Provide to the building official written findings of the reviewed construction documents for compliance with the provisions of this code. For each element of the reviewed construction document that does not meet the requirements of this code, the fire code official shall, in that official's written findings, provide a specific reference to the relevant sections of this code that have not been fully satisfied. The fire code official shall provide the written findings to the building code official within a time frame appropriate for compliance with the building official's statutory requirements.

(iii) 104.2.1.3 As necessary to complete the plan review process, inspect the premises described in the construction documents.

Pursuant to division (E) of section 3791.04 of the Revised Code, the approval of plans and specifications by the building code official is a "license" to construct the building or structure in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.

(b) 104.2.2 Except as noted in this paragraph, construction of a structure subject to this paragraph must be in compliance with the provisions of this code.

(i) 104.2.2.1 Prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy or other occupancy approval by a building code official, it is not a violation of this code for construction regulated by this code and the building code as listed in 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or subject to a variance issued by the state board of building appeals pursuant to section 3781.19 of the Revised Code, to occur in a manner or result in a condition contrary to the construction and design provisions of this code unless the state fire marshal first issues a written finding verifying that such construction and design provisions have been violated. If the state fire marshal issues such a finding, the fire code official is authorized to issue a citation and order pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code requiring compliance with the applicable construction and design provisions of the is code. As applicable, such orders may be concurrently appealed to the state board of building appeals pursuant to section 3781.19 of the Revised Code with any adjudication orders issued by the building code official.

(ii) 104.2.2.2 Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph or rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code, the minimum conditions of safe occupancy as specified in this code, including paragraphs (B)(3)(a)(102.3.1) and (E)(3)(105.3) of this rule, shall always apply to all structures, building, premises, conditions and activities subject to paragraph (A)(2)(101.2) of this rule.

(3) 104.3 Right of entry. In accordance with section 3737.14 of the Revised Code and constitutional provisions governing searches, the fire code official, and other officials or their designees as described in section 3737.14 of the Revised Code shall have the authority to enter all buildings or vehicles or upon all premises, as such locations are described in paragraph (A)(2)(b)( 101.2.2) of this rule which are, within that official's jurisdiction, at all reasonable hours to conduct an examination, inspect or investigate or to perform the duties imposed upon the official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner, the owner's authorized agent or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry, including obtaining a warrant in accordance with section 2933.21 (F) of the Revised Code.

(a) 104.3.1 Warrant. Where the fire code official has first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner, the owner's authorized agent or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.

(4) 104.4 Identification. The fire code official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.

(5) 104.5 Notices and orders. The fire code official is authorized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect compliance with this code in accordance with paragraphs (I)(1)(109.1) and (I)(2)(109.2) of this rule.

(6) 104.6 Official records. The fire code official shall keep official records as required by paragraphs (D)(6)(a)(104.6.1) to (D)(6)(d)(104.6.4) of this rule. Such official records shall be retained in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 149. of the Revised Code.

(a) 104.6.1 Approvals. A record of approvals shall be maintained by the fire code official and shall be available for public inspection during business hours in accordance with applicable laws.

(b) 104.6.2 Inspections. The fire code official shall keep a record of each inspection made, including notices and orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each.

(c) 104.6.3 Fire records. All fire departments shall keep a record of fires occurring within their jurisdiction of organization, and of facts concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with other information as required by the state fire marshal. If a township or village does not have an organized fire department under its own authority or it does not exist concurrently with a municipality that has established its own fire department within its jurisdiction, then, regardless of whether it contracts for fire protection services, the fire prevention officer of such townships or villages shall ensure that the reporting functions of this paragraph are complied with.

(i) 104.6.3.1 Fire reports. The fire department described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule, the political subdivision served by such fire departments described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule or the fire prevention officer described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule shall report fire incidents required by sections 3737.23 and 3737.24 of the Revised Code using coding information and procedures prescribed by the "United States Fire Administration" in the "National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS)" and shall send to the state fire marshal these reports in a manner approved by the state fire marshal. The reports shall include the "Incident Report," the "Civilian Casualty Report," and the "Fire Service Casualty Report." Electronic reporting of fire incidents to the state fire marshal must be in a format approved by both the "United States Fire Administration" and the state fire marshal as being compatible with the current version of the "National Fire Incident Reporting System." Any electronic reporting also must be in a format that is specifically compatible with the software used by the state fire marshal to process such reports and transmitted in a format that has been approved by the state fire marshal. All reports required under this paragraph shall be submitted to the state fire marshal within thirty-one days of the incident referenced in the report.

In months where no reportable fire incidents have occurred, the fire department described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule and the political subdivision served by the fire department described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)(104.6.3) of this rule shall file a "No Activity Report" as prescribed by the state fire marshal and in a manner approved by the state fire marshal.

(d) 104.6.4 Administrative. As applicable, the final decision of the fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official.

(7) 104.7 Approved materials and equipment. Materials, equipment, devices and methods of construction within the scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, shall be approved in accordance with the provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Other materials, equipment and devices not within the scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code that are approved by the fire code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval. The fire code official's approval of materials, equipment and devices shall be consistent with the listing and labeling or authenticated research reports from authoritative sources as set forth in paragraph (O)(115) of this rule for such materials, equipment and devices.

(a) 104.7.1 Material and equipment reuse. Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.

(b) 104.7.2 Technical assistance. To determine the acceptability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, materials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code official, the fire code official is authorized to require the owner or owner's authorized agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdiction, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, laboratory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties of the design, operation or use of the building or premises and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to recommend necessary changes.

(8) 104.8 Variances (modifications) by state fire marshal. Whenever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of the state fire code, the state fire marshal, in the state fire marshal's discretion, may modify any provision of the state fire code or any other administrative rule promulgated by the state fire marshal by issuing a variance upon written application by an affected party and upon demonstration by that party of both of the following:

1. That the variance will not threaten the public health, safety or welfare; and

2. That the party will provide measures to protect the public health, safety and welfare that are substantially equivalent to the measures otherwise required under the state fire code or other applicable laws, rules and regulations.

(a) 104.8.1 A request for variance submitted pursuant to this rule shall only be considered upon production of any information or documentation requested by the state fire marshal. The particulars of such variance when granted shall be in writing, entered upon the records of the state fire marshal and furnished to the applicant and the authority having jurisdiction, if said authority is other than the state fire marshal.

(b) 104.8.2 Unless otherwise stipulated by the state fire marshal upon the granting of a variance, each variance granted pursuant to this paragraph shall automatically terminate one year from the date of its issuance.

(c) 104.8.3 There shall be no automatic renewals of any variance granted pursuant to this paragraph. Each variance shall be specifically applied for in writing by the requesting party and independently considered by the state fire marshal.

(d) 104.8.4 Variances issued by the state board of building appeals to this code shall be in accordance with section 3781.19 of the Revised Code and shall only apply to citations and orders issued under sections 3737.41 and 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(9) 104.9 Alternative materials and methods. The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to approve an alternative material or method of construction where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the fire code official shall respond in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved. For the installation of any material or the use of any method of construction that is subject to the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, any approval of an alternative method or material must be done in accordance with that code.

(a) 104.9.1 Research reports. Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.

(b) 104.9.2 Tests. Where there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the fire code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the fire code official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the fire code official for the period required for retention of public records.

(10) 104.10 Fire investigations. The state fire marshal, or an assistant state fire marshal as designated by the state fire marshal, and the chief of the fire department of each municipal corporation in which a fire department is established, the chief of the fire department in each township in which a fire department is established, the chief of the fire department of a joint fire district, or the fire prevention officer in each township or village where no fire department is established in accordance with Section 3737.24 of the Revised Code and other Revised Code sections applicable to the investigating agency shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any major fire or explosion. For the purposes of section 149.43 of the Revised Code, such investigations shall be considered law enforcement matters of a criminal, quasi-criminal, civil, or administrative nature. For the purposes of section 3929.87 of the Revised Code, an investigation that has not made a final finding, but has made findings as to the origin and cause of a fire in accordance with accepted fire investigation practices qualifies as a determination under that statute.

(a) 104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so in accordance with the laws of this state.

(b) 104.10.2 Major fire definition. For the purposes of section 3737.24 of the Revised Code, a "major fire or explosion" means:

(i) A fire or explosion that caused or had a substantial risk of causing death or serious physical harm to any persons.

(ii) A fire or explosion that caused damage to or the destruction of any occupancy, property or vehicle and the estimated or actual loss associated with such fire or explosion exceeds $500,000 in value.

(iii) A fire or explosion that caused damage to or the destruction of any occupancy, property or vehicle that is owned, leased or directly controlled by the United States of America, the State of Ohio or any political subdivision of the State, including schools and other educational institutions;

(iv) A fire or explosion that any political subdivision Fire Chief determines, in that Chiefs discretion, to be a significant fire within that Chiefs jurisdiction.

(v) Any fire or explosion so designated by the state fire marshal as a major fire or explosion.

(c) 104.10.3 Major fire notifications to state fire marshal. Political subdivision fire departments, including such departments and private fire companies providing services to another jurisdiction that does not have a fire department, must immediately report to the state fire marshal any fire or explosion occurring within its jurisdiction or response area that caused or had a substantial risk of causing death or serious physical harm to any person(s).

(d) 104.10.4. As used in this section, the phrases "substantial risk" and "serious physical harm" have the same meaning as the definitions of such phrases in sections 2901.01(A)(6) and (A)(8) of the Revised Code.

(11) 104.11 Authority at fires and other emergencies. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property, or any part thereof shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing that could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.

(a) 104.11.1 Barricades. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus.

(b) 104.11.2 Obstructing operations. Persons shall not obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.

(c) 104.11.3 Systems and devices. Person shall not render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.

(d) 104.11.4 Evacuation. The fire department official in charge of an actual emergency response incident, as determined by such official, shall be authorized to order the immediate evacuation of any occupied building or premise deemed unsafe when such location has hazardous conditions that present life threatening danger to building or premise occupants. Persons so notified shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire department official in charge of the incident. For the purposes of this code, an emergency response incident involving an actual first responder services or ongoing fires, explosions or other hazardous events are, due to the actual occurrence of an emergency, distinguishable from events referenced in section 3737.44 of the Revised Code.

(E) Section 105 Permits

(1) 105.1 General. Permits shall be in accordance with paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(105.1.1) to (E)(7)(r)(105.7.18) of this rule.

(a) 105.1.1 Permits required. A property owner or owner's authorized agent who intends to conduct an operation or business, or install or modify systems and equipment that are regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be performed, shall first make application to the fire code official and obtain the required permit.

(i) 105.1.1.1 Mandatory permits. The following installations or operations require a permit. Such permits shall be obtained from the fire code official as follows:

(a) 105.1.1.1.1 Explosives. A permit is required for the manufacture, processing or storage of explosives and explosive materials. In addition to any discretionary permits for explosives required by the local fire code official, permits for explosives storage and explosive material storage shall be obtained from the state fire marshal.

Exceptions:

1. Fireworks exhibition storage pursuant to paragraph (J)(5610) of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

2. A manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks that has paid an original or a renewal application fee in accordance with paragraph (Q)(1)(5617.1) of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 105.1.1.1.2 Flammable and combustible liquid tanks. A permit is required to install alter, place temporarily out of service, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or any line or dispensing device connected thereto. Permits to install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or any line or dispensing device connected thereto shall be obtained from the state fire marshal when such permits are not issued by the local fire code official.

Exceptions:

1. No permit shall be required to install, alter, place temporarily out of service, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a listed, lockable engine mounted tank that is connected to stationary pieces of equipment if all of the following apply:

1.1. The tank has a capacity of 500 gallons or less; and

1.2. The equipment remains locked at all times unless the equipment is being serviced or the tank is being filled; and

1.3. All other provisions of this code, including other security provisions such as vehicle protection, are complied with.

2. No permit shall be required to install, alter, place temporarily out of service, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a stationary flammable or combustible liquid storage tank with a capacity of 1,100 gallons or less utilized for residential heating oil or agricultural purposes.

3. No permit shall be required for a stationary flammable or combustible liquid storage tank utilized at a construction site for a period of less than 90 days.

(c) 105.1.1.1.3 Exhibition of fireworks. A permit is required for the temporary storage and exhibition of fireworks as set forth in Revised Code Chapter 3743. and rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code. Permits required for the temporary storage and exhibition of fireworks shall be obtained from the local fire code official in accordance with the provisions of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 105.1.1.1.4 Ammonium nitrate. A permit is required for the storage, use, manufacture, processing or handling of ammonium nitrate in either solid form or prill form for any facility that will at any time have an aggregate quantity of ammonium nitrate on-site in an amount in excess of 5,000 pounds. In addition to any discretionary permit required by the local fire code official, an annual operational permit shall be obtained from the state fire marshal for the storage, use, manufacture, processing or handling of ammonium nitrate under this paragraph.

Exceptions:

1. This requirement for an annual operational permit from the state fire marshal shall not apply to ammonium nitrate within the state of Ohio that is subject to a permit under paragraph (E)(1)(a)(i)(a)(105.1.1.1.1) of this code.

2. This requirement for an annual operational permit from the state fire marshal shall not apply to ammonium nitrate that is otherwise regulated by DOTn.

(ii) 105.1.1.2 Discretionary permits. The local fire code official is authorized, but not required, to establish a permit program and issue a permit for the hazardous activities set forth in paragraphs (E)(6)(105.6) and (E)(7)(105.7) of this rule. Regardless of whether or not the local fire code official has established a permit program to issue permits for the hazardous activities set forth in paragraphs (E)(6)(105.6) and (E)(7)(105.7) of this rule, all other provisions of this code shall remain in full force and effect.

(iii) 105.1.1.3 Notification of hazardous activities. When a permit is not required to engage in any hazardous activity set forth in this rule, the person intending to engage in the hazardous activity shall first notify the local fire code official of that person's intent to engage in that hazardous activity.

(b) 105.1.2 Types of permits.

(i) Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is to be issued for either:

(a) A prescribed period.

(b) Until renewed or revoked.

(ii) Construction permit. A construction permit allows the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment for which a permit is to be issued.

(c) 105.1.3 Multiple permits for the same location. Where more than one permit is required for the same location, the fire code official is authorized to consolidate such permits into a single permit provided that each provision is listed in the permit.

(d) 105.1.4 Emergency repairs. Where equipment replacement and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the fire code official.

(e) 105.1.5 Repairs. Application or notice to the fire code official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, equipment or systems. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall any repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, fire protection water supply, automatic sprinkler system, fire alarm system or other work affecting fire protection or life safety.

(f) 105.1.6 Annual permit. Instead of an individual construction permit for each alteration to an already approved system or equipment installation, the fire code official is authorized to issue an annual permit upon application therefor to any person, firm or corporation regularly employing one or more qualified tradespersons in the building, structure or on the premises owned or operated by the applicant for the permit.

(i) 105.1.6.1 Annual permit records. The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detained record of alterations made under such annual permit. The fire code official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the fire code official as designated.

(2) 105.2 Application. Application for a permit required by this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by the fire code official. The requirement for plan review for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph is subject to and does not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 105.2.1 Refusal to issue permit. If the application for a permit describes a use that does not conform to the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such permit. Such refusal shall, where requested, be in writing and shall contain the reasons for refusal.

(b) 105.2.2 Inspection authorized. Before a new operational permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.

(c) 105.2.3 Time limitation of application. An application for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing, unless such application has been diligently prosecuted or a permit shall have been issued; except that the fire code official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 90 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.

(d) 105.2.4 Action on application. The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the fire code official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefore. If the fire code official is satisfied that the proposed work or operation conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto, the fire code official shall issue a permit therefore as soon as practicable.

(3) 105.3 Conditions of a permit. A permit shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes that produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code where a permit is issued. When issued, such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or laws of the jurisdiction.

(a) 105.3.1 Expiration. An operational permit, when issued, shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed, or revoked or for such a period of time as specified in the permit. Construction permits, when issued, shall automatically become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. Before such work recommences, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee to recommence work, if any, shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit, when issued, for such work, provided that changes have not been made and will not be made in the original construction documents for such work, and provided further that such suspension or abandonment has not exceeded one year. When issued, permits are not transferable and any change in occupancy, operation, tenancy or ownership shall require that a new permit be issued.

(b) 105.3.2 Extensions. A permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit where work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this paragraph for good and satisfactory reasons. The fire code official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of the time period of a permit for periods of not more than 180 days each. Such extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.

(c) 105.3.3 Occupancy.

(i) 105.3.3.1 Acceptance testing of fire protection systems. Prior to the issuance by the building official of any certificate of occupancy for any building subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the responsible person shall notify the fire code official to be present to witness the acceptance testing of all fire protection systems.

(ii) 105.3.3.2 Final inspection. Prior to the issuance by the building official of any certificate of occupancy for any building subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the responsible person shall notify the fire code official to conduct a final inspection. The fire code official shall report any deficiencies of the fire protection systems to the building official.

(iii) 105.3.3.3 Minimum conditions for safe occupancy. No structure, premises or building, or any portion thereof shall be occupied unless:

(a) 105.3.3.3.1 Such structures, premises or buildings or portions thereof are in substantial compliance with the applicable provisions of this code and the building code as referenced in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 105.3.3.3.2 The structure, premises or building, or any portion thereof does not constitute a distinct or serious hazard to life or property in accordance with the provisions of this code.

(d) 105.3.4 Conditional approvals and permits. Where approval by the fire code official or permits are required and upon the request of the applicant, the fire code official is authorized to issue a conditional approval or permit to engage in the permitted activity or use provided that the permitted activity or use is safe and does not endanger life or public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the applicant of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the regulated activity or use safe. The holder of a conditional approval or permit shall proceed only to the point for which approval has been given, at the applicant's own risk and without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the utilization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will be granted.

(e) 105.3.5 Posting the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

(f) 105.3.6 Compliance with code. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of any violation of any of the provisions of this code or any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration of approved construction documents shall be approved in advance by the fire code official, as evidenced by the issuance of a new or amended permit.

(i) 105.3.6.1 For structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. If a building official issues a permit, plan approval or certificate of occupancy for a structure in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for a structure regulated by this code, the responsible person is not exempted from compliance with this code, including provisions for fire safety functions. If a review of fire protection system plans in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule is not completed or a permit for construction is not issued pursuant to this code, the absence of such review or permit does not prohibit construction from occurring in accordance with the building official's approval.

(g) 105.3.7 Information on the permit. The fire code official shall issue all permits required by this code on an approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall contain a general description of the operation or occupancy and its location and any other information required by the fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of the fire code official or other approved legal authorization.

(h) 105.3.8 Validity of permit. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents, operational documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring correction of errors in the documents or other data.

(4) 105.4 Construction documents. Construction documents shall be in accordance with this paragraph. The requirement for plan review of fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph is subject to and does not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 105.4.1 Submittals. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by an appropriate person where required by the Revised Code.

Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.

(i) 105.4.1.1 Examination of documents. The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying construction documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the work indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code.

(b) 105.4.2 Information on construction documents. Construction documents shall be drawn to scale upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be submitted where approved by the fire code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as determined by the fire code official.

(i) 105.4.2.1 Fire protection system shop drawings. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate compliance with this code and the construction documents and shall be approved prior to the start of installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 105.4.3 Applicant responsibility. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction documents include all of the fire protection requirements and the shop drawings are complete and in compliance with the applicable codes and standards.

(d) 105.4.4 Approved documents. Construction documents reviewed by the fire code official in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule or construction documents approved by the fire code official are reviewed and approved with the intent that such construction documents comply in all respects with this code. Review and approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the applicant of the responsibility of compliance with this code.

(i) 105.4.4.1 Phased approval. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the fire code official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of part of a structure, system or operation before the construction documents for the whole structure, system or operation have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for parts of a structure, system or operation shall proceed at the holder's own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure, system or operation will be granted.

(e) 105.4.5 Amended construction documents. Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.

(i) 105.4.5.1 Where actual construction demonstrates substantial deviation from the construction documents approved by the building code official, the fire code official shall have the authority to require the responsible party to submit corrected construction documents to the building code official having jurisdiction for approval in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and to the fire code official for review in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(104.2) of this rule.

(f) 105.4.6 Retention of construction documents. One set of construction documents shall be retained by the fire code official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws. One set of approved construction documents shall be returned to the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the building or work at all times during which the work authorized thereby is in progress.

(5) 105.5 Revocation. The fire code official is authorized to revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code where it is found by inspection or otherwise that there has been a false statement or misrepresentation as to the material facts in the application or construction documents on which the permit or approval was based including, but not limited to, any one of the following:

(a) The permit is used for a location or establishment other than that for which it was issued.

(b) The permit is used for a condition or activity other than that listed in the permit.

(c) Conditions and limitations set forth in the permit have been violated.

(d) There have been any false statements or misrepresentations as to the material fact in the application for permit or plans submitted or a condition of the permit.

(e) The permit is used by a different person or firm than the name for which it was issued.

(f) The permittee failed, refused or neglected to comply with orders or notices duly served in accordance with the provisions of this code within the time provided therein.

(g) The permit was issued in error or in violation of an ordinance, regulation or this code.

(6) 105.6 Operational permits. The local fire code official and, when specified in this rule, the state fire marshal are authorized in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a)(ii)(105.1.1.2) of this rule to issue operational permits as provided for in this rule.

(a) 105.6.1 Aerosol products. An operational permit to manufacture, store or handle an aggregate quantity of Level 2 or Level 3 aerosol products in excess of 500 pounds (227 kg) net weight.

(b) 105.6.2 Amusement buildings. An operational permit to operate a special amusement building.

(c) 105.6.3 Aviation facilities. An operational permit to use a Group H or Group S occupancy for aircraft servicing or repair and aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles.

(d) 105.6.4 Carbon dioxide systems used for beverage dispensing applications. An operational permit for carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications having more than 100 pounds of carbon dioxide.

(e) 105.6.5 Carnivals and fairs. An operational permit to conduct a carnival or fair.

(f) 105.6.6 Cellulose nitrate film. An operational permit to store, handle or use cellulose nitrate film in a Group A occupancy.

(g) 105.6.7 Combustible dust-producing operations. An operational permit to operate a grain elevator, flour starch mill, feed mill, or a plant pulverizing aluminum, coal, cocoa, magnesium, spices or sugar, or other operations producing combustible dusts as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

(h) 105.6.8 Combustible fibers. An operational permit for the storage and handling of combustible fibers in quantities greater than 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3).

Exception: A permit for agricultural storage.

(i) 105.6.9 Compressed gases. An operational permit for the storage, use or handling at normal temperature and pressure (NTP) of compressed gases in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.9 of this rule.

Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using compressed gas as a fuel for propelling the vehicle.

Table 105.6.9 Permit amounts for compressed gases

Type of gas

Amount (cubic feet at NTP)

Corrosive

200

Flammable (except cryogenic fluids and liquefied petroleum gases)

200

Highly toxic

Any amount

Inert and simple asphyxianta

6,000

Oxidizing (including oxygen)

504

Pyrophoric

Any amount

Toxic

Any amount

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.

a. For carbon dioxide used in beverage dispensing applications, see paragraph (E)(6)(d)(105.6.4) of this rule.

(j) 105.6.10 Covered and open mall buildings. An operational permit for:

(i) The placement of retail fixtures and displays, concession equipment, displays of highly combustible goods and similar items in the mall.

(ii) The display of liquid- or gas-fired equipment in the mall.

(iii) The use of open-flame or flame-producing equipment in the mall.

(k) 105.6.11 Cryogenic fluids. An operational permit to produce, store, transport on site, use, handle or dispense cryogenic fluids in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.11 of this rule.

Exception: Permits for vehicles equipped for and using cryogenic fluids as a fuel for propelling the vehicle or for refrigerating the lading.

Table 105.6.11 Permit amounts for cyrogenic fluids

Type of cryogenic fluid

Inside building (gallons)

Outside building (gallons)

Flammable

More than 1

60

Inert

60

500

Oxidizing (includes oxygen)

10

50

Physical or health hazard not indicated above

Any amount

Any amount

For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

(l) 105.6.12 Cutting and welding. An operational permit to conduct cutting or welding operations within the jurisdiction.

(m) 105.6.13 Dry cleaning . An operational permit to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry cleaning equipment.

(n) 105.6.14 Exhibits and trade shows. An operational permit to operate exhibits and trade shows.

(o) 105.6.15 Explosives. An operational permit for the manufacture, storage, handling, sale or use of any quantity of explosives, explosive materials, fireworks, or pyrotechnic special effects within the scope of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Storage in Group R-3 occupancies of smokeless propellant, black powder and small arms primers for personal use, not for resale and in accordance with paragraph (F)(5606) of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

(p) 105.6.16 Fire hydrants and valves. An operational permit to use or operate fire hydrants or valves intended for fire suppression purposes that are installed on water systems and accessible to a fire apparatus access road that is open to or generally used by the public.

Exception: A permit for authorized employees of the water company that supplies the system or the fire department to use or operate fire hydrants or valves.

(q) 105.6.17 Flammable and combustible liquids. An operational permit:

(i) To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation within facilities of flammable or combustible liquids. This requirement shall not apply to the off-site transportation in pipelines regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOTn) nor does it apply to piping systems.

(ii) To store, handle or use Class I liquids in excess of 5 gallons (19 L) in a building or in excess of 10 gallons (37.9 L) outside of a building, except for the following:

(a) The storage or use of Class I liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant, unless such storage, in the opinion of the local fire code official, would cause an unsafe condition.

(b) The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar flammable mixtures where such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than 30 days.

(iii) To store, handle or use Class II or Class IIIA liquids in excess of 25 gallons (95 L) in a building or in excess of 60 gallons (227 L) outside a building, except for fuel oil used in connection with oil-burning equipment.

(iv) To store, handle or use Class IIIB liquids in tanks or portable tanks for fueling motor vehicles at motor fuel-dispensing facilities or where connected to fuel-burning equipment.

Exception: Fuel oil and used motor oil used for space heating or water heating.

(v) To remove Class I or Class II liquids from an underground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by any means other than the approved, stationary on-site pumps normally used for dispensing purposes.

(vi) To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.

(vii) To place temporarily out of service (for more than 90 days) an underground, protected above-ground or above-ground flammable or combustible liquid tank.

(viii) To change the type of contents stored in a flammable or combustible liquid tank to a material that poses a greater hazard than that for which the tank was designed and constructed.

(ix) To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable or combustible liquids.

(x) To engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

(xi) To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

(r) 105.6.18 Floor finishing. An operational permit for floor finishing or surfacing operations exceeding 350 square feet (33 m2) using Class I or Class II liquids.

(s) 105.6.19 Fruit and crop ripening. An operational permit to operate a fruit-, or crop-ripening facility or conduct a fruit-ripening process using ethylene gas.

(t) 105.6.20 Fumigation and insecticidal fogging. An operational permit to operate a business of fumigation or insecticidal fogging and to maintain a room, vault or chamber in which a toxic or flammable fumigant is used.

(u) 105.6.21 Hazardous materials. An operational permit to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle hazardous materials in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.21 of this rule.


                image: oh/admin/2018/1301_7_7_01_ph_ff_n_ru_20171204_1144_1.jpg

For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.

a. 20 gallons where Table 5003.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)(5003.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code are provided for quantities of 20 gallons or less.

b. 200 pounds where Table 5003.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)(5003.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code are provided for quantities of 200 pounds or less.

(v) 105.6.22 HPM facilities. An operational permit to store, handle or use hazardous production materials.

(w) 105.6.23 High-piled storage. An operational permit to use a building or portion thereof as a high-piled storage area exceeding 500 square feet (46 m2).

(x) 105.6.24 Hot work operations. An operational permit for hot work including, but not limited to:

(i) Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot work is conducted.

(ii) Use of portable hot work equipment inside a structure.

Exception: Work that is conducted under a construction permit.

(iii) Fixed-site hot work equipment, such as welding booths.

(iv) Hot work conducted within a wildfire risk area.

(v) Application of roof coverings with the use of an open-flame device.

(vi) Where approved, the fire code official may issue a permit to carry out a hot work program. This program allows approved personnel to regulate their facility's hot work operations. The approved personnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects denoted in the state fire code and shall be responsible for issuing permits requiring compliance with the requirements found in rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code. These permits shall be issued only to their employees or hot work operations under their supervision.

(y) 105.6.25 Industrial ovens. An operational permit for operation of industrial ovens regulated by rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

(z) 105.6.26 Lumber yards and woodworking plants. An operational permit for the storage or processing of lumber exceeding 100,000 board feet (8333 ft3)(236 m3).

(aa) 105.6.27 Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings. An operational permit to display, operate or demonstrate liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings.

(bb) 105.6.28 LP-gas. An operational permit for:

(i) Storage and use of LP-gas.

Exception: A permit for individual containers with a 500-gallon (1893 L) water capacity or less or multiple container systems having an aggregate quantity not exceeding 500 gallons (1893 L), serving occupancies in Group R-3.

(ii) Operation of cargo tankers that transport LP-gas.

(cc) 105.6.29 Magnesium. An operational permit to melt, cast, heat treat or grind more than 10 pounds (4.54 kg) of magnesium.

(dd) 105.6.30 Miscellaneous combustible storage. An operational permit to store in any building or upon any premises in excess of 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) gross volume of combustible empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or similar containers, rubber tires, asphalt shingles, rubber, cork or similar combustible material.

(ee) 105.6.31 Motor fuel-dispensing facilities. An operational permit for the operation of automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dispensing facilities.

(ff) 105.6.32 Open burning. An operational permit for the kindling or maintaining of an open fire or a fire on any public street, alley, road, or other public or private ground. Instructions and stipulations of the permit shall be adhered to.

Exception: Recreational fires.

(gg) 105.6.33 Open flames and torches. An operational permit to remove paint with a torch; or to use a torch or open-flame device in a wildfire risk area.

(hh) 105.6.34 Open flames and candles. An operational permit to use open flames or candles in connection with assembly areas, dining areas of restaurants or drinking establishments.

(ii) 105.6.35 Organic coatings. An operational permit for any organic-coating manufacturing operation producing more than 1 gallon (4 L) of an organic coating in one day.

(jj) 105.6.36 Places of assembly. An operational permit for a place of assembly.

(kk) 105.6.37 Private fire hydrants. An operational permit for the removal from service, use or operation of private fire hydrants.

Exception: A permit for private industry with trained maintenance personnel, private fire brigade or fire departments to maintain, test and use private hydrants.

(ll) 105.6.38 Pyrotechnic special effects material. An operational permit is required for use and handling of pyrotechnic special effects material.

(mm) 105.6.39 Pyroxylin plastics. An operational permit for storage or handling of more than 25 pounds (11 kg) of cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin) plastics, and for the assembly or manufacture of articles involving pyroxylin plastics.

(nn) 105.6.40 Refrigeration equipment. An operational permit to operate a mechanical refrigeration unit or system regulated by rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code.

(oo) 105.6.41 Repair garages. An operational permit for operation of repair garages.

(pp) 105.6.42 Rooftop heliports. An operational permit for the operation of a rooftop heliport.

(qq) 105.6.43 Spraying or dipping. An operational permit to conduct a spraying or dipping operation utilizing flammable or combustible liquids, or the application of combustible powders regulated by rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code.

(rr) 105.6.44 Storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts. An operational permit to establish, conduct or maintain storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts that exceeds 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) of total volume of scrap tires, and for indoor storage of tires and tire byproducts.

(ss) 105.6.45 Temporary membrane structures and tents. An operational permit to operate an air-supported temporary membrane structure, a temporary stage canopy or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Exceptions:

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.

2. Tents open on all sides, which comply with all of the following:

2.1. Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).

2.2. The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.

2.3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents is provided.

(tt) 105.6.46 Tire-rebuilding plants. An operational permit for the operation and maintenance of a tire-rebuilding plant.

(uu) 105.6.47 Waste handling. An operational permit for the operation of wrecking yards, junk yards and waste material-handling facilities.

(vv) 105.6.48 Wood products. An operational permit to store chips, hogged material, lumber or plywood in excess of 200 cubic feet (6 m3).

(7) 105.7 Construction permits. The local fire code official and, when specified in this rule, the state fire marshal are authorized in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a)(ii)(105.1.1.2) of this rule to issue construction permits for work as provided for in this rule.

(a) 105.7.1 Automatic fire-extinguishing systems. A construction permit for installation of or modification to an automatic fire-extinguishing system. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

(b) 105.7.2 Battery systems. A permit to install stationary storage battery systems having a liquid capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L).

(c) 105.7.3 Compressed gases. Where the compressed gases in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.9 of this rule, a construction permit to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a compressed gas system.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(d) 105.7.4 Cryogenic fluids. A construction permit for installation of or alteration to outdoor stationary cryogenic fluid storage systems where the system capacity exceeds the amounts listed in Table 105.6.11 of this rule. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered an alteration and does not require a construction permit.

(e) 105.7.5 Emergency responder radio coverage system. A construction permit for installation of or modification to emergency radio responder radio coverage systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with this rule is not considered to be a modification and does not require a construction permit.

(f) 105.7.6 Fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. A construction permit for installation of or modification to fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a construction permit.

(g) 105.7.7 Fire pumps and related equipment. A construction permit for installation of or modification to fire pumps and related fuel tanks, jockey pumps, controllers, and generators. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(h) 105.7.8 Flammable and combustible liquids. A construction permit:

(i) To install, repair or modify a pipeline for the transportation of flammable or combustible liquids.

(ii) To install, construct or alter tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.

(iii) To install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank and any line or dispensing device connected thereto.

(i) 105.7.9 Gates and barricades across fire apparatus access roads. A construction permit for the installation of or modification to a gate or barricade across a fire apparatus access road.

(j) 105.7.10 Hazardous materials. A construction permit to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a storage facility or other area regulated by rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code where the hazardous materials in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.21 of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(k) 105.7.11 Industrial ovens. A construction permit for installation of industrial ovens covered by rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.

(l) 105.7.12 LP-gas. A construction permit for installation of or modification to an LP-gas system. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

(m) 105.7.13 Private fire hydrants. A construction permit for the installation or modification of private fire hydrants. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

(n) 105.7.14 Smoke control or smoke exhaust systems. Construction permits for installation of or alteration to smoke control or smoke exhaust systems. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be an alteration and does not require a permit.

(o) 105.7.15 Solar photovoltaic power systems. A construction permit to install or modify solar photovoltaic power systems. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

(p) 105.7.16 Spraying or dipping. A construction permit to install or modify a spray room, dip tank or booth. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

(q) 105.7.17 Standpipe systems. A construction permit for the installation, modification, or removal from service of a standpipe system. Maintenance performed in accordance with the state fire code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(r) 105.7.18 Temporary membrane structures and tents. A construction permit to erect an air-supported temporary membrane structure, a temporary stage canopy or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Exceptions:

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.

2. Funeral tents and curtains or extensions attached thereto, when used for funeral services.

3. Tents and awnings open on all sides which comply with all of the following:

3.1. Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).

3.2. The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.

3.3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents is maintained.

(8) 105.8 Local permit fees. When permits are issued by the local fire code official, the local fire code official is authorized, but not required to, establish and collect fees for such permits in accordance with the applicable law.

(F) Section 106 Inspections

(1) 106.1 Inspection authority. The fire code official is authorized to enter and examine any building, structure, marine vessel, vehicle or premises in accordance with paragraph (D)(3)(104.3) of this rule for the purpose of enforcing this code.

(2) 106.2 Inspections. The fire code official is authorized to conduct such inspections in accordance with section 3737.14 of the Revised Code as are deemed necessary to determine the extent of compliance with the provisions of this code and to approve reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be prepared and submitted in writing for review and approval. Inspection reports shall be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The fire code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual, detailed or complex technical issues subject to the approval of the governing body.

(a) 106.2.1 Inspection requests. When required by the fire code official or as a condition of a permit, it shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the fire code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.

(b) 106.2.2 Approval required. When required by the fire code official, work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the fire code official. The fire code official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the fire code official.

(3) 106.3 Concealed work. When required by the fire code official, it shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Where any installation subject to an inspection as required by this code or Chapter 3731., 3737., or 3743. of the Revised Code prior to its use is covered or concealed without having first been inspected, the responsible party, subject to paragraph (D)(2)(b)(104.2.2) of this rule, must uncover the work for fire code official inspection. Neither the fire code official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.

(4) 106.4 Approvals. Approval as the result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction, regardless of when such violations occurred. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid.

(G) Section 107 Maintenance

(1) 107.1 Maintenance of safeguards. Where any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with this code and applicable referenced standards.

(2) 107.2 Testing and operation. Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified in this code.

(a) 107.2.1 Reinspection and testing. Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the fire code official for inspection and testing.

(3) 107.3 Recordkeeping. A record of periodic inspections, tests, servicing and other operations and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises or other approved location for not less than 3 years, or a different period of time where specified in this code or referenced standards. Records shall be made available for inspection by the fire code official, and a copy of the records shall be provided to the fire code official upon request.

The fire code official is authorized to prescribe the form and format of such recordkeeping. The fire code official is authorized to require that certain required records be filed with the fire code official.

(4) 107.4 Supervision. Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that such maintenance and testing are conducted at specified intervals in accordance with this code.

(5) 107.5 Rendering equipment inoperable. Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems or devices, and fire-warning systems, shall not be rendered inoperative or inaccessible, except as necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alterations, drills or prescribed testing.

(6) 107.6 Overcrowding. It shall be a violation of this code for a responsible person to permit or engage in the overcrowding of any structure, building or premise beyond the approved capacity of such structure, building or premise or in a manner that constitutes a hazard to the occupants of the location. Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition that constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to order the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

(H) Section 108 Appeal of orders

(1) 108.1 Appeals of orders. Citations and orders issued by the fire code official relative to the application of this code may be appealed by the responsible person to the state board of building appeals in accordance with the provisions of Chapters 3737. and 3781. of the Revised Code including sections 3737.43 and 3781.19 of the Revised Code.

(I) Section 109 Violations

(1) 109.1 Unlawful acts. It shall be unlawful for a person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demolish or utilize a building, occupancy, premises or system regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.

(a) 109.1.1 Imminent hazards. Conditions or practices in any building or upon any premises which violate the state fire code and are such that a fire or explosion hazard exists which could reasonably and imminently be expected to cause death or serious physical harm shall be addressed in accordance with section 3737.44 of the Revised Code, including obtaining the authorization of the state fire marshal or chief deputy state fire marshal prior to the issuance of any oral orders directing that a building or premises be vacated immediately.

(b) 109.1.2 Distinct hazards. Structural conditions constituting a distinct hazard as described in paragraph (B)(1)(a)(iii)(102.1.1) of this rule shall in addition to other remedies authorized by sections 3737.41 through 3737.51 of the Revised Code, be resolved through the issuance of a citation in accordance with section 3737.42 of the Revised Code. As described in paragraph (B)(1)(a)(iii)(102.1.1) of this rule, such a citation may require the application of the construction and design provisions of this code to an existing structure or condition, regardless of whether such location is in substantial compliance with the applicable version of the building code listed in 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 109.1.3 Serious hazards. If the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector, upon examination or inspection, finds either of the following:

(i) a structure, premise or location to be a "serious hazard" as that term is defined in this code; or

(ii) the conditions at such structure, premise or location constitute a violation of, or require the application of paragraphs (G)(6)(107.6) of this rule, (A)(7)(901.7) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code or (A)(2)(1001.2) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code to such places;

(iii) the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector is authorized to verbally order or order in writing, on a form approved by the state fire marshal, the structure, premise or location to comply with the fire code, including as described in paragraphs (G)(6)(107.6) of this rule, (A)(7)(901.7) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code or (A)(2)(1001.2) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code, or otherwise abate the conditions causing the serious hazard.

(d) 109.1.4. After issuance, verbal orders shall forthwith be reduced to writing on a form proscribed by the state fire marshal. Once written, all orders under this paragraph shall be provided to the responsible person and prominently posted by the responsible person at the hazard site at a location observable by any members of the public at, or by any emergency responders to, the site. If no responsible person can readily be identified, the fire code official shall post the written orders at the site. Failure to comply with an order issued under this paragraph is a violation of this code. All orders issued under this section shall be converted to a citation pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code as soon as is practicable and shall include a reference to this section (so that a responsible person may appeal such order and associated code violations in accordance with section 3737.43 of the Revised Code). If the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector withdraws, modifies or cancels an order under this section, such official shall immediately provide written notification to the responsible person on a form proscribed by the state fire marshal.

(e) 109.1.5 General fire code enforcement (R.C. 3737.42 (A)). If upon inspection or investigation, the state fire marshal, an assistant state fire marshal, or a certified fire safety inspector believes that the state fire code or associated order has been violated, including for a distinct or serious hazard, the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation to the responsible person in accordance with section 3737.42 (A) of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(4)(109.4) of this rule.

(i) 109.1.5.1 Minor hazards (R.C. 3737.42 (B)). If a violation of this code has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, the state fire marshal assistant state fire marshal or the certified fire safety inspector may issue a notice in lieu of a citation with respect to such de minimis violation in accordance with section 3737.42 (B) of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(2)(109.2) of this rule. If such violations are not remedied within the time frame established by the fire code official such official may issue a citation in accordance with section 3737.42 (A) of the Revised Code.

(a) 109.1.5.1.1 Notice of de minimis violation. In accordance with section 3737.42 (B), when the fire code official finds a building, premises, vehicle, storage facility or outdoor area that is in violation of this code, but such a violation has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, the fire code official is authorized to prepare a written notice of de minimis violation describing the conditions deemed unsafe and, when compliance is not immediate, specifying a time for reinspection.

(b) 109.1.5.1.2 Service. A notice of de minimis violation issued pursuant to this code shall be served upon the owner, the owner's authorized agent, operator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition or violation, either by personal service, mail, or by delivering the same to, and leaving it with, some person of responsibility upon the premises. For unattended or abandoned locations, a copy of such notice of violation shall be posted on the premises in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to such premises and the notice of violation shall be mailed by certified mail with return receipt requested or a certificate of mailing, to the last known address of the owner, the owner's authorized agent or occupant.

(c) 109.1.5.1.3 Compliance with orders and notices. A notice of de minimis violation issued or served as provided by this code shall be complied with by the owner, the owner's authorized agent, operator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition or violation to which the notice of violation pertains.

(d) 109.1.5.1.4 Remedies for noncompliance. If the notice of violation is not complied with within the specified period of abatement, the fire code official is authorized to take further enforcement actions in accordance with paragraph (I)(4)(109.4) of this rule or to request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate legal proceedings at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant hereto.

(e) 109.1.5.1.5 Unauthorized tampering. Signs, tags or seals posted or affixed by the fire code official shall not be mutilated, destroyed or tampered with, or removed, without authorization from the fire code official.

(f) 109.1.6 Enforcement to remedy dangerous conditions. If the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector, upon examination or inspection, finds a building or other structure especially liable to fire or endangers life or other buildings or property, or finds a building or any premises with combustible, explosive or flammable materials which are dangerous to the safety of persons or finds any structure, tank, container or vehicle used for the storage, handling or transportation of flammable or combustible materials to be dangerous to the safety of persons, the state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, or certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation in accordance with section 3737.41 of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(4)(109.4) of this rule. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as prohibiting or limiting a fire code official's ability to take any other enforcement actions authorized by chapter 3737. of the Revised Code, including issuance of citation pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(2) 109.2 Owner/occupant responsibility. Correction and abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility of the owner or responsible person. If an occupant creates, or allows to be created, hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant shall also be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous conditions.

(3) 109.3 Citations and notices of hearing. Issuance and enforcement of citations and orders are regulated by sections 3737.41 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code. Citations, orders and notices of hearing shall be issued in accordance with this paragraph and Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(a) 109.3.1 Form of citation. Every citation and notice of hearing shall be in writing.

(b) 109.3.2 Citation requirements. Every citation shall be issued in accordance with section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code. Each citation issued under section 3737.42 of the Revised Code shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation, including a reference to the provision of the state fire code or associated order alleged to have been violated. In addition, the citation shall fix a reasonable time for the abatement of the violation. When the citation is issued by a certified fire safety inspector or an assistant fire marshal, a copy of the citation shall be furnished to the fire marshal.

(c) 109.3.3 Posting of citation by responsible party. For each citation issued under section 3737.42 of the Revised Code, or a copy or copies of the citation, shall be prominently posted by the responsible person at or near each place a violation referred to in the citation occurs and shall be clearly visible to any member of the public that enters a structure or premises that is subject to the citation. Citations shall remain posted until dismissed, the state board of building appeals authorizes the removal of the posted citation or all of the hazardous conditions in the citation are verified by the issuing agency as being remedied. If a responsible party refuses or is unable to post a citation, the fire code official is authorized to post citations issued by that authority a location clearly visible to any member of the public that enters a structure or premises that is subject to the citation.

(d) 109.3.4 Notice of appeal. Every responsible person issued a citation under section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code shall be given, as provided by section 3737.43 of the Revised Code and within a reasonable time after such inspection or investigation and in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, notice of the citation and penalty, if any, proposed to be assessed under section 3737.51 of the Revised Code, and of the responsible person's right to appeal the citation and penalty, under Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, to the state board of building appeals established under section 3781.19 of the Revised Code within thirty days after receipt of the notice.

(e) 109.3.5 Service of citations. Every citation and notice of hearing shall be delivered in accordance with section 119.07 of the Revised Code. Every citation and notice of hearing shall be delivered by registered mail, return receipt requested and a copy of the notice shall be mailed to attorneys or other representatives of record representing the party. When any notice sent by registered mail, as required by sections 119.01 to 119.13 of the Revised Code, is returned because the party fails to claim the notice, the agency shall send the notice by ordinary mail to the party at the party's last known address and shall obtain a certificate of mailing. Service by ordinary mail is complete when the certificate of mailing is obtained unless the notice is returned showing failure of delivery.

If any notice sent by registered or ordinary mail is returned for failure of delivery, the agency either shall make personal delivery of the notice by an employee or agent of the agency or shall cause a summary of the substantive provisions of the notice to be published once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the last known address of the party is located. When notice is given by publication, a proof of publication affidavit, with the first publication of the notice set forth in the affidavit, shall be mailed by ordinary mail to the party at the party's last known address and the notice shall be deemed received as of the date of the last publication. An employee or agent of the agency may make personal delivery of the notice upon a party at any time.

(4) 109.4 Civil penalties for violations of the Ohio Fire Code. Penalties are specified in sections 3737.51 and 3737.99 of the Revised Code. in accordance with section 3737.51 of the Revised Code, the fire code official may propose a civil penalty for each violation of this code as follows:

1. Any person who has received a citation for a serious violation of the fire code or any order issued pursuant to it, shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each such violation.

2. Any person who has received a citation for a violation of the fire code or any order issued pursuant to it, and such violation is specifically determined not to be of a serious nature, may be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each such violation.

3. Any person who fails to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued within the period permitted for its correction, may be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each day during which such failure or violation continues.

4. Any person who violates any of the posting requirements, as prescribed by division (C) of section 3737.42 of the Revised Code, shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each violation.

(a) 109.4.1 Appropriateness of penalty. Due consideration to the appropriateness of the penalty with respect to the gravity of the violation, the good faith of the person being charged, and the history of previous violations shall be given whenever a penalty is assessed under this chapter.

(b) 109.4.2 Serious violation. For purposes of this section, a serious violation shall be considered to exist if there is a substantial probability that an occurrence causing death or serious physical harm to persons could result from a condition which exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations or processes which have been adopted or are in use, unless the person did not and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation.

(c) 109.4.3 Payment of civil penalties. Civil penalties imposed by this chapter shall be paid to the fire marshal for deposit into the general revenue fund. Such penalties may be recovered in a civil action in the name of the state brought in the court of common pleas of the county where the violation is alleged to have occurred.

(J) Section 110 Unsafe buildings

(1) 110.1 General. If during the inspection of a premises, the fire code official finds a building or structure or any building system, in whole or in part, constitutes a dangerous condition described in division (A), (B) or (C) of section 3737.41 of the Revised Code, the fire code official shall issue such citation and orders to remove or remedy the conditions as shall be deemed necessary in accordance with section 3737.41 of the Revised Code and shall refer the building to the building department for any repairs, alterations, remodeling, removing or demolition required. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as prohibiting or limiting a fire code official's ability to take any other enforcement actions authorized by Chapter 3737. of the Revised Code, including issuance of citation pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(a) 110.1.1 Unsafe conditions. Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe or deficient because of inadequate means of egress or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or which involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. A vacant structure that is not secured against unauthorized entry as required by paragraph (K)(311) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code shall be deemed unsafe.

(i) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as described in this paragraph that is especially liable to fire or endangers life or other buildings or property, such fire code official shall issue a citation and order that the responsible person take all necessary remedial actions as required by section 3737.41 of the Revised Code.

(ii) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as described in this paragraph that violates specific provisions of this code, such fire code official shall take such enforcement actions as provided for in this rule including but not limited to, the issuance of a citation pursuant to section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(b) 110.1.2 Structural hazards. Where an apparent structural hazard is caused by the faulty installation, operation or malfunction of any of the items or devices governed by this code, the fire code official shall immediately notify the building code official in accordance with paragraph (J)(1)(110.1) of this rule.

(K) Section 111 Stop work order

(1) 111.1 Order. Whenever the fire code official finds any work relating to the fire prevention provisions of Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code or work subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule contrary to the approved plans or work otherwise regulated by this code being performed in a manner contrary to the provisions of the Revised Code or this code, in a dangerous or unsafe manner, the fire code official is authorized, subject to paragraph (D)(2)(b)(104.2.2) of this rule, to issue a stop work order in accordance with section 3781.031 of the Revised Code or this code.

(2) 111.2 Issuance. A stop work order shall be issued in accordance with section 3737.42 of the Revised Code, be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's authorized agent, or to the person doing the work and a copy shall be provided to the building official having jurisdiction. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions under which the cited work is authorized to resume.

(3) 111.3 Emergencies. Where an emergency exists, meeting the definition of an imminent hazard as described in section 3737.44 of the Revised Code, the fire code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work, provided that the stop work order is issued in accordance with sections 3737.44 and 3737.46 of the Revised Code.

(4) 111.4 Failure to comply. Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be subject to penalties in accordance with paragraph (I)(4)( 109.4) of this rule or other applicable laws, rules and regulations.

(L) Section 112 State fire marshal permits and inspection fees

(1) 112.1 Permit fees. The fee for all permits issued by the state fire marshal shall be seventy-five dollars unless specifically indicated otherwise in this code.

Exceptions:

1. If a manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks has paid an original or a renewal licensure application fee in accordance with paragraph (Q)(1)(5617.1) of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code, then the manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks is not required to pay a fee for the Class 1 magazine storage permit required by paragraph (E)(1)(a)(i)(a)(105.1.1.1.1) of this rule.

2. A permit fee is not required for the construction of a temporary membrane structure or tent erected on state property.

(a) 112.1.1 Fees for multiple permits. When multiple permits are applied for to the state fire marshal for a specific event or approved construction at the same location, such permit application may be consolidated into a single permit application. The total fees otherwise required for such multiple permits may be consolidated into a single fee, which may be reduced at the discretion of the state fire marshal in an amount proportionate to the corresponding inspection activity.

(2) 112.2 Construction inspection fees. The state fire marshal shall require new construction inspection fees as follows:

(a) Initial inspection fee of two hundred dollars.

(b) Re-inspection fee of fifty dollars.

(c) First follow-up inspection fee of one hundred dollars.

(d) Second follow-up inspection fee of one hundred-fifty dollars.

(e) Third follow-up inspection fee of two hundred dollars.

(f) Fourth follow-up inspection fee of three hundred dollars.

(g) Subsequent follow-up inspection fees are increased in fifty dollar increments.

(3) 112.3 Fire safety inspection fees. The state fire marshal shall require fire safety inspection fees for all other inspections as follows:

(a) Inspection fee of one hundred dollars.

(b) First re-inspection fee of fifty dollars.

(c) Second re-inspection fee of seventy-five dollars.

(d) Subsequent re-inspection fees are increased in fifty-dollar increments.

Exceptions:

1. The inspection fee for the initial inspection conducted pursuant to the application for any license issued by the state fire marshal shall be included in the application fee.

2. Fire safety inspection fees for child daycare and child foster homes caring for eleven or fewer children shall be fifty dollars.

3. Fire safety inspection fees for the storage of explosives and explosive materials are waived for storage facilities located on a licensed premises pursuant to Chapter 3743. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

(M) Section 113 Amendments to the fire code

(1) 113.1 When any person desires to petition the state fire marshal to adopt, amend or rescind a provision of this code, such person shall file on a format prescribed by the state fire marshal the petition with the state fire marshal.

(2) 113.2 The petition shall include the following:

(a) The date the petition is submitted;

(b) The number of the section of this code which is proposed for amendment, adoption or rescission;

(c) The section numbers of all other sections of this code which will be affected by the matter proposed;

(d) The name and address of the petitioner and the name of the petitioner's representative if a representative is employed;

(e) The provisions of this code, which are proposed for adoption, amendment or rescission stated in full and in the form specified in this rule;

(f) The reasons for and purpose of the matter proposed;

(g) The adoption, amendment or rescission of any provision of this code shall be accomplished according to Chapter 119. and sections 3737.82 and 3737.86 of the Revised Code.

(3) 113.3 Changes. Petitions for adoption, amendment or rescission of this code, required under this rule, shall conform to the requirements of this rule including:

(a) 113.3.1. All matter proposed to be eliminated from this code shall be deleted by means of striking through the text.

(b) 113.3.2. All proposed new matter to be inserted into this code shall be inserted and be underlined.

(N) Section 114 Notice of public hearing

(1) 114.1 Procedures. The procedure of the state fire marshal for giving public notice for the adoption, amendment or recession of the rules shall be in accordance with Chapter 119. and section 3737.86 of the Revised Code, and this paragraph.

(2) 114.2 The state fire marshal shall cause:

(a) A statement of its intention to consider adopting, amending or rescinding a rule;

(b) A synopsis of the proposed rule, amendment, or rule to be rescinded or a general statement of the subject matter to which the proposed rule, amendment, or rescission relates;

(c) A statement of the reason or purpose for adopting, amending or rescinding the rule;

(d) Public notice to be filed with the "Legislative Service Commission" and the "Joint Commission on Agency Rule Review" on the "Register of Ohio."

(3) 114.3 The state fire marshal shall be authorized to give additional notice to such public hearing as the state fire marshal deems necessary; however, the giving of such additional notice shall not be mandatory and the failure to give notice by any means other than as specified in paragraph (N)(2)(114.2) of this rule shall not in any way invalidate any action which may be taken by the state fire marshal.

(O) Section 115 Research reports and testing laboratories

(1) 115.1 In those cases in which a product is proposed for use in Ohio, but such product does not meet specific standards set by the "Ohio Fire Code," the state fire marshal may require authenticated research reports from conformity assessment bodies recognized by the board of building standards pursuant to section 114 of the "Ohio Building Code" as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. If no applicable or appropriate conformity assessment body is recognized by the board of building standards for the product proposed for use in Ohio, the state fire marshal may require authenticated research reports from approved authoritative sources to assist in determining the acceptability of that product.

(2) 115.2 Authoritative sources recognized by the state fire marshal for matters not within the scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or as otherwise determined by the state fire marshal, include but are not limited to:

"American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI)

25 West 43rd Street

New York, New York 10018"

"American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM)

PO Box C700

West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428-2959"

"National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Building and Fire Research Laboratory

100 Bureau Drive

Building 226, Room B216

Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8600"

"Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL)

333 Pfingsten Road

Northbrook, Illinois 60062"

"Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC)

7 Underwriters Road Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R 3A9"

(P) Section 116 Flammability of consumer goods

(1) 116.1 Unless otherwise provided by the Revised Code, the federal standards of flammability for consumer goods are adopted and incorporated in the state fire code as the minimum standards of flammability for consumer goods in Ohio. If such federal standards change subsequent to the effective date of this rule, only those rules or portions of those rules which are identical to the federal standards shall remain in effect.

(Q) Section 117 Procedure in the event of fire

(1) 117.1 Notification of fires in buildings. In the event of an unfriendly fire (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) in any building regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the responsible person (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) shall, in accordance with section 3737.63 of the Revised Code, immediately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence, call or otherwise notify the fire department concerning the fire and shall spread an alarm immediately to all occupants of the building.

(2) 117.2 Notification of fires at a premises. In the event of an unfriendly fire (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) at any premises, the responsible person (as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) shall immediately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence, call or otherwise notify the fire department concerning the fire and shall spread an alarm immediately to all occupants of the premises.

(3) 117.3 Reporting of fires. Unfriendly fires shall be reported to the fire department having jurisdiction. As described in paragraph (D)(6)(c)( 104.6.3) of this rule, the fire chief or other specified authority shall make a report and forward a copy of said report to the state fire marshal of such unfriendly fires. As required by section 3737.24 of the Revised Code, the reporting official shall immediately notify the marshal of the fire being investigated in accordance with that paragraph, and within one week of the occurrence of the fire shall furnish state fire marshal with a written statement of all facts relating to its cause and origin and such other information as is required by forms provided by the marshal.

(R) Section 118 Hotel and SRO facility license

(1) 118.1 License to operate a hotel or SRO facility. For those facilities defined as a hotel or SRO facility in section 3731.01 of the Revised Code, the issuance of a license shall be contingent upon compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.1.1. As required by section 3731.03 (D) of the Revised Code, all hotel and SRO licenses shall expire on the last day of December of each year. All applications to renew a license to operate a hotel shall be submitted to the state fire marshal in accordance with this paragraph.

(b) 118.1.2. If any owner, operator, lessee, or responsible person in control of a hotel or SRO facility licensed pursuant to chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and this paragraph maintains or operates a hotel or SRO facility where accommodations for assignation purposes are furnished, or if any owner, operator, or responsible person in control of such a hotel or SRO facility has been convicted of keeping a place in violation of the law relating to houses of assignation or places of public nuisance the owner, operator, or responsible person shall notify the state fire marshal of the conviction or finding in writing by submitting a copy of the judgement entry or other court termination or of the operation in writing by submitting other documentation notifying the state fire marshal of the activity. The notification to the state fire marshal shall be made within 60 days of the activity, the conviction or the finding, or upon submission of a license renewal application, whichever is earlier.

(2) 118.2 Definitions. The following words and terms shall for the purposes of this paragraph, have the meanings shown herein.

"Agricultural labor camp."

"Apartment house."

"Approved."

"Boarding, lodging, rooming house."

"Constantly attended location."

"Cooking devices."

"Cooking device listed as safe for residential use."

"Dwelling unit."

"Dwelling unit features."

"Efficiency unit."

"Emergency egress routes/Escape routes."

"Extended stay hotel."

"Guestroom."

"[Hospital/college] Dormitory."

"Hotel."

"Light hazard occupancy."

"Person/responsible person."

"Residential hotel."

"Single room occupancy."

"Sleeping room."

"SRO facility."

"Temporary residence."

"Transient."

"Transient hotel."

"Transient 270 day stay hotel room."

(3) 118.3 Hotel and SRO facilities.

(a) 118.3.1 "Hotel" does not include agricultural labor camps, apartment houses, lodging houses, rooming houses, or hospital or college dormitories.

(b) 118.3.2 A SRO facility shall include at a minimum, a sleeping area with adequate sleeping accommodations for the guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping.

(c) 118.3.3 No person licensed to maintain and operate a hotel or SRO facility shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located the licensed hotel, unless the agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house or hospital or college dormitory has been constructed as, and been approved by the building official having jurisdiction over it as being a separate building within the hotel structure in accordance with approved building rated separation assemblies.

(i) 118.3.3.1 Upon initial application for licensure or upon request of the state fire marshal, a hotel or SRO facility seeking approval of separated uses as described in paragraph (R)(3)(c)(118.3.2) of this rule, must submit to the state fire marshal a valid certificate of occupancy that clearly indicates the separation of such uses as issued by the building official having jurisdiction and any other documentation requested by the state fire marshal.

(ii) 118.3.3.2 The state fire marshal shall not issue more than one hotel or SRO license for any structure.

(d) 118.3.4 The most current license issued to a hotel or SRO facility shall be kept in the office of such hotel or SRO facility and produced for review when requested by the fire code official or displayed in a conspicuous and public manner therein.

(e) 118.3.5 For purposes of determining compliance with administrative licensure requirements, each hotel or SRO facility shall maintain on the premises, a register or guest information records or written occupancy agreement for a period of two years and provide such information upon request of the state fire marshal or fire code official. The register, guest information records or written occupancy agreements shall clearly indicate the dates of arrival and departure for occupants in such guestroom.

(f) 118.3.6 Each licensed hotel or SRO facility shall maintain a responsible person on duty on the premises or provide appropriate notification information posted in a conspicuous place visible from the exterior.

(g) 118.3.7 Every hotel and SRO facility shall have proper plumbing, lighting and ventilation installed and maintained in accordance with the building code, plumbing code and mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and this code.

(h) 118.3.8 The responsible person for the hotel or SRO facility must safely and properly maintain the building, structure, premises or lot at all times in accordance with this code, other jurisdictional codes and ordinances and the International Property Maintenance Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 118.3.9 The responsible person of a licensed hotel shall post in each guestroom the hotel room rate indicating the maximum actual rate and include the maximum rate per number of actual occupants.

(j) 118.3.10 The responsible person or licensee of a hotel or SRO facility shall post the arson laws, as set forth in sections 2909.02 and 2909.03 of the Revised Code, in a conspicuous place in each guestroom, sleeping room, or dwelling unit in the facility.

(k) 118.3.11 The responsible person or licensee of a hotel or SRO facility shall post emergency egress routes or escape routes in a conspicuous place in each guestroom, sleeping room, or dwelling unit in the facility.

(4) 118.4 Transient hotels.

(a) 118.4.1 The requirements of this paragraph are specific to licensed transient hotels but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed transient hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)(118.3) of this rule.

(b) 118.4.2 No person licensed to operate a transient hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed transient hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118.3.3), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118.3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(118.3.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.4.3 The responsible person or licensee of a transient hotel licensed pursuant to division (A)(2) of section 3731.01 of the Revised Code shall not permit guests to stay in guestrooms or sleeping rooms for periods in excess of thirty (30) days.

Exception: Guests are permitted to stay up to 270 days in transient hotel guestrooms and sleeping rooms when all of the following conditions are met:

1. Not more than 40 per cent of the total transient guestrooms and sleeping rooms in the facility are transient 270 day stay hotel rooms.

2. The designation of specific guestrooms or sleeping rooms on the license application or change of status application as 270 day stay hotel rooms does not change to another category or type during the annual hotel license period.

3. The responsible person or licensee of the licensed transient hotel submits the list of 270 day stay hotel room numbers to the state fire marshal not less than 30 days prior to the first day any guest is allowed to stay in any 270 day stay hotel room.

4. The responsible person or licensee of the transient hotel designates each specific 270 day stay hotel room by room number.

5. The building official having jurisdiction and the state fire marshal have approved the existing fire alarm system.

6. 270 day stay hotel room guests do not accumulate combustible materials within the 270 day stay hotel rooms to the point that the hazard classification of the hotel room would no longer be light hazard in the opinion of the fire code official.

7. No cooking devices except for those listed as safe for residential use as the terms are defined in paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of this rule are stored or used within the 270 day stay hotel room.

8. Smoke detectors, which shall be properly installed in all guestrooms and sleeping rooms of a transient hotel that provides 270 day stay hotel rooms to guests, annunciate at a constantly attended location from which the structure's fire alarm system can be manually activated.

9. A means to manually activate the structure's fire alarm system is provided at the constantly attended location where the guestroom or sleeping room smoke detectors are annunciated.

(5) 118.5 Extended stay hotels.

(a) 118.5.1 The requirements of this paragraph are specific to licensed extended stay hotels but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed extended stay hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)(118.3) of this rule.

(b) 118.5.2 No person licensed to operate an extended stay hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed extended stay hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118.3.3), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118.3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(118.3.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.5.3 No person shall operate an extended stay hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of this rule without first obtaining a license from the state fire marshal for the extended stay hotel licensure category pursuant to paragraph (R)(1)(118.1) of this rule.

(d) 118.5.4 The responsible person or licensee of the licensed extended stay hotel may permit stays of less than thirty (30) days within dwelling units or other rooms within the structure only if such dwelling units or rooms are specifically constructed and approved as also being transient sleeping rooms.

(i) 118.5.4.1 The building official having jurisdiction shall approve through a valid certificate of occupancy and the state fire marshal shall approve any dwelling unit or other room that is to be used for stays of less than thirty (30) days. This certificate of occupancy shall indicate the specific rooms within the structure that are approved for use as transient sleeping rooms.

(e) 118.5.5 The state fire marshal shall not issue an extended stay hotel license for a facilty and no person shall operate a facility as an extended stay hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of this rule unless a valid certificate of occupancy has been obtained for the facility.

(f) 118.5.6 Provisions for cooking, as approved by the building official having jurisdiction, shall be provided in each dwelling unit, and consist of, a space for food preparation, one cooking appliance, and a properly plumbed kitchen sink separate from the bathroom lavatory.

(g) 118.5.7 Provisions for eating within the dwelling unit shall be provided and shall consist of appropriate furnishings for the consumption of food.

(h) 118.5.8 Provisions for living within the dwelling unit shall be provided and shall consist of a bath area for personal hygiene that is separated from other areas in the dwelling unit and is equipped with a properly plumbed water closet, lavatory and tub/shower.

(i) 118.5.9 Provisions for sleeping within the dwelling unit shall be provided and at a minimum consist of a sleeping area with adequate sleeping accommodations for each guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping and accompanying bedding, mattress, box spring, pillow(s), sheets and pillow cases.

(6) 118.6 Residential hotel.

(a) 118.6.1 The requirements of this paragraph are specific to licensed residential hotel but the responsible person and licensee of the licensed residential hotel is not exempt from the requirements of paragraph (R)(3)(118.3) of this rule.

(b) 118.6.2 No person licensed to operate a residential hotel shall also maintain and operate an agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same structure as is located a licensed residential hotel, unless the licensee complies with the requirements of paragraphs (R)(3)(c)(118.3.3), (R)(3)(c)(i)(118.3.3.1) and (R)(3)(c)(ii)(118.3.3.2) of this rule.

(c) 118.6.3 No person shall operate a residential hotel as defined in paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of this rule without first obtaining a license from the state fire marshal for the residential hotel licensure category pursuant to paragraph (R)(1)(118.1) of this rule.

(d) 118.6.4 Residential hotels shall only be kept, used, maintained, advertised, and held out to the public for minimum stays of more than thirty (30) days.

(e) 118.6.5 Responsible persons and licensees of licensed residential hotels shall, upon request of the dwelling unit guest, provide furniture adequate for living, eating, cooking, sanitation and sleeping within the dwelling unit. Furniture or furnishings provided for sleeping and sanitation shall include bed, blankets, sheets and pillow cases, towels and wash clothes. The residential hotel may charge appropriate additional fees for the provision of any furniture or provisions pursuant to this paragraph.

(7) 118.7 Licensure.

(a) 118.7.1 To obtain a new or renewal hotel or SRO facility license, the applicant shall submit to the state fire marshal an application with the appropriate fee payment as set forth in paragraph (R)(7)(c)(118.7.3) of this rule. The application shall be in a form as prescribed by the state fire marshal and shall include all information required by Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, by this paragraph and by the state fire marshal.

(b) 118.7.2 Each applicant for a hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal the appropriate licensure category, indicating whether the facility is a, transient stay hotel/motel, extended stay hotel/motel, or a residential hotel as those terms are defined in paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of this rule.

(i) 118.7.2.1 Each applicant for a transient hotel licensure category license shall provide documentation accompanying the license application as prescribed by the state fire marshal. Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal, such documentation shall include a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating approval of sleeping accommodations for transient guests for a period of thirty days or less.

(a) 118.7.2.1.1 Each applicant for a transient hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, meeting the requirements of section 3731.041 of the Revised Code, by room number, are offered for a period of more than 30 days but less than 270 days.

(ii) 118.7.2.2 Each applicant for an extended stay hotel licensure category license shall provide documentation accompanying the license application as prescribed by the state fire marshal. Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal such documentation shall include a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating that each unit the licensee intends to use as an extended stay guestroom has been specifically approved as a dwelling unit or efficiency containing provisions for living, eating, cooking, sanitation and sleeping.

(a) 118.7.2.2.1 Each applicant for an extended stay hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, by room number, are offered for occupancy for periods exceeding 30 days.

(b) 118.7.2.2.2. The valid certificate of occupancy shall list the specific rooms by room number that are approved as dwelling units. In addition, the valid certificate of occupancy shall demonstrate that the dwelling units have both of the following types of features:

(i) The required dwelling unit features for non-transient residence purposes in accordance with the residential group R-2 use and occupancy classification adopted by the board of building standards pursuant to section 3781.10 of the Revised Code, or any subsequent classification established by the board that is substantially similar to that classification;

(ii) All of the transient residential occupancy features of a transient hotel in accordance with the residential group R-1 use and occupancy classification adopted by the board pursuant to that paragraph, or any subsequent classification established by the board that is substantially similar to that classification.

(iii) 118.7.2.3 Each applicant for a SRO facility license shall complete the application provided by the state fire marshal.

(a) 118.7.2.3.1 Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal, each applicant for an SRO facility license shall provide a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating a use group classification for the SRO facility of R-2 as approved and issued by the building official having jurisdiction. Any facility operating prior to October 16, 1996, in the nature of a SRO facility, whether previously licensed as a hotel or not, shall be permitted to provide documentation of a use group classification of either R-1 or R-2 as approved and issued by the building official having jurisdiction.

(b) 118.7.2.3.2 Each applicant for an SRO facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, by room number, are offered for occupancy for periods of 30 days or less.

(iv) 118.7.2.4. Each applicant for a residential hotel licensure category license shall provide documentation accompanying the license application as prescribed by the state fire marshal.

Upon initial application or request of the state fire marshal such documentation shall include a valid certificate of occupancy demonstrating that each unit the licensee intends to use as a residential stay guestroom has been specifically approved as a dwelling unit or efficiency containing provisions for living, eating, cooking, sanitation and sleeping. In addition, the certificate of occupancy shall demonstrate that the hotel has all of the transient residential occupancy features of a transient hotel in accordance with the residential group R-1 use and occupancy classification adopted by the board of building standards pursuant to chapter 3781. of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.7.2.4.1. Each applicant for a residential hotel facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms, by room number, are offered for occupancy for periods exceeding 30 days.

(v) 118.7.2.5. Transfer and information changes. If the ownership of a hotel or SRO facility is transferred from one person to another person, upon the sale or disposition of the hotel or SRO facility or its removal to a new location, the new owner shall request a transfer of the license from the state fire marshal. No license shall be transferred without the consent of the state fire marshal. A completed application as prescribed by the state fire marshal for transfer shall be received by the state fire marshal no later than the earlier of the following:

1. The end of the calendar year in which the transfer occurred; or

2. 90 days from the date of the transfer; or

3. Upon submission of an application to renew a hotel license.

Exception: Transfers of a license occurring before the effective date of this code shall be submitted to the state fire marshal within ninety (90) days from the effective date of this code.

Transfer fees shall be assessed in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(d)(iv)(1 18.7.4.4) of this rule.

The transfer of a hotel license shall be contingent upon an inspection verifying compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.7.2.5.1. If the approval of the proposed transfer would be contrary to applicable law or this code, the state fire marshal may refuse to permit a license already issued to be transferred to a different owner or may refuse to grant any license to operate a hotel or to permit a license already issued to be transferred. Pursuant to and in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the aggrieved party may request a hearing on the denial of transfer. Such hearing shall be in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(c) 118.7.3 License fees.

(i) 118.7.3.1 License fees. The initial licensure fee for a new hotel or SRO facility shall be:

(a) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior corridor rooms only, two thousand dollars;

(b) For all hotels or SRO facilities with interior corridor rooms only, three thousand dollars;

(c) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior or interior corridor rooms and places of assembly, such as restaurant, lounge, banquet facility, etc., four thousand dollars.

(ii) 118.7.3.2 Renewal, reactivation and re-application fees. On or before December first of each year a renewal application as prescribed by the state fire marshal shall be submitted with the appropriate renewal fee. The renewal fee for each hotel or SRO facility license shall be a minimum of one hundred ten dollars or one dollar per room, whichever is greater. Beginning with the renewal application process for the licensing year commencing January 1, 2019, renewal applications received after the last day of December of each year shall be made inactive and require reactivation. The reactivation fee shall be three hundred dollars which shall be paid in addition to the renewal fee. Beginning with the renewal application process for the licensing year commencing January 1, 2019, renewal applications received on or after March 1st shall be considered a new application in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(118.7) of this rule and shall pay fees in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(d)(i)(118.7.4.1) to (R)(7)(d)(i)(c)(118.7.4.1) of this rule. Hotel or SRO facilities that fail to timely renew their licenses on or before December 31st, shall case to operate as a hotel or SRO facility until a valid license to operate is issued to the facility by the state fire marshal.

(iii) 118.7.3.3 Change of license information. Changes to license information shall require a twenty-five dollar fee.

(iv) 118.7.3.4 Transfer of license. The fee for the transfer of a license shall be five hundred dollars and a completed application for transfer shall be accompanied by documentation evidencing the sale or transfer as required by the state fire marshal. Any transfer application that is not received in a timely manner as set forth in paragraph (R)(7)(b)(v)(118.7.2.5) of this rule shall be accompanied by a late fee of two hundred and fifty dollars in addition to the five hundred dollar transfer fee.

(v) 118.7.3.5 Adding newly constructed portions. The fee shall be five hundred dollars for one to twenty guestroom additions, one thousand dollars for more than twenty guestroom additions, and fifteen hundred dollars for the addition of guestrooms and/or places of assembly such as restaurants, lounges, banquet facilities, mercantile or office space.

(vi) 118.7.3.6 Adding a previously licensed portion. The fee shall be two hundred dollars for one to twenty guestroom additions, four hundred dollars for more than twenty guestroom additions, and five hundred dollars for the addition of guestrooms and/or places of assembly such as restaurants, lounges, banquet facilities, mercantile or office space.

(vii) 118.7.3.7 Duplicate license. An application for a duplicate hotel or SRO license shall be made in writing to the state fire marshal and shall be accompanied by a ten dollar fee.

(d) 118.7.4 Removal, transfer and licensing of a portion of a facility.

(i) 118.7.4.1 If a licensee seeks to remove or transfer a portion of a currently licensed hotel or SRO facility, the licensee shall notify the state fire marshal in writing of such portions of the licensed hotel or SRO facility premises that are to be affected by the change to license information and pay the fee set forth in paragraph (R)(7)(d)(iii)(1 18.7.4.3) of this rule.

(ii) 118.7.4.2 To add a previously licensed portion of a licensed premises to a current hotel or SRO facility license, the licensee shall apply to the state fire marshal, to change the license information. Such application shall include documentation as required by the state fire marshal including, but not limited to a valid certificate of occupancy in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(b)(i)(118.7.2.1) to paragraph (R)(7)(b)(iv)(118.7.2.4) of this rule. This application shall reflect the entire hotel or SRO facility.

(iii) 118.7.4.3 To add a newly constructed portion that would change the total number of guestrooms, sleeping rooms and/or dwelling units to an existing licensed hotel or SRO facility, the licensee shall apply to the state fire marshal to change the license information. Such application shall include documentation as requested by the state fire marshal including, but not limited to a valid certificate of occupancy in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(b)(i)(118.7.2.1) to paragraph (R)(7)(b)(iv)(118.7.2.4) of this rule. This application shall reflect the entire hotel or SRO facility.

(iv) 118.7.4.4 The state fire marshal shall not issue more than one hotel or SRO facility license for a hotel or SRO facility or portion thereof as licensed under this paragraph.

(e) 118.7.5 Compliance.

(i) 118.7.5.1 The owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property or any business or property subject to licensure in accordance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code shall comply with the following:

(a) 118.7.5.1.1 No hotel or SRO facility shall be maintained, conducted, or advertised without a license.

(b) 118.7.5.1.2 No person shall advertise, conduct, maintain or operate any structure as a hotel or as an SRO facility, or any business or property meeting the definition of a hotel or SRO facility, without a license.

(c) 118.7.5.1.3 No person shall operate a structure subject to licensure in accordance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code that is not equipped in the manner and conditions as required under Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(d) 118.7.5.1.4 No person shall advertise, conduct, maintain, or operate a licensed hotel or licensed SRO facility in a manner that is inconsistent with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(e) 118.7.5.1.5 No person shall fail or refuse to comply with sections 3731.01 to 3731.21 of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(f) 118.7.5.1.6 Each day of violation of paragraphs (R)(7)(f)(i)(a)(118.7.6.1.1) to (R)(7)(f)(i)(e)(118.7.6.1.5) of this rule constitutes a separate offense.

(ii) 118.7.5.2 Inspection. The state fire marshal may inspect any business or property subject to Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code at any reasonable time. Such inspections may be conducted, upon a complaint received by the state fire marshal, for licensure purposes or for any other reason, to determine if a business or property is in compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or any other applicable laws, rules or regulations.

(iii) 118.7.5.3 Notice of violation. Whenever, upon inspection, it is found that a business or property is not being conducted, or is not equipped in the manner and condition required by Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph, or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall notify the owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of such business, or the owner or agent of the building so occupied, of such violations and of any changes or alterations as may be necessary to effect a complete compliance with sections 3731.01 to 3731.21 of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.

(iv) 118.7.5.4 Compliance. The owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property receiving a notice of violation in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(f)(iii)(1 18.7.6.3) of this rule shall bring the business or property into compliance with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code within a reasonable time set by the state fire marshal.

(v) 118.7.5.5 Methods of enforcement. If an owner, proprietor, or agent in charge of any business or property receiving a notice of violation in accordance with paragraph (R)(7)(f)(iii)(1 18.7.6.3) of this rule does not bring the business or property into compliance with the requirements of Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, this paragraph or the state fire code adopted pursuant to section 3737.82 of the Revised Code within a reasonable time set by the state fire marshal, the state fire marshal may take any enforcement actions permitted by law including, but not limited to, issuance of a notice of opportunity for hearing to deny, suspend or revoke licensure, issuance of a citation pursuant to section 3737.41 and/or 3737.42 of the Revised Code, injunctive relief pursuant to sections 3731.05, 3731.21 and 3737.44 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code and/or criminal prosecution pursuant to sections 3731.03, 3731.05 and 3731.99 of the Revised Code.

(a) 118.7.5.5.1 Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit the authority of the state fire marshal to take any action permitted under sections 3737.41 to 3737.51 of the Revised Code against a hotel or SRO facility in addition to or instead of taking action against the hotel or SRO facility, or the license issued to the hotel or SRO facility under Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code or this rule.

(vi) 118.7.5.6 For any denial, revocation or suspension of licensure actions taken by the state fire marshal, such actions shall be taken in accordance with applicable law, including Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and sections 3731.05 and 3731.06 of the Revised Code.

(f) 118.7.6 Licensure limitations.

(i) 118.7.6.1 Each applicant for a hotel or SRO facility license shall specify on the application provided by the state fire marshal which rooms are offered for occupancy for a period of thirty days or less and which rooms are offered for occupancy for a period of 270 days or less.

(8) 118.8 "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation. There is hereby created within the state of Ohio the "Safe Stay Hotel" designation. The "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" program is designed to incentivize and encourage hotel owners and operators within the state of Ohio to work with the state fire marshal to establish and maintain compliance with applicable provisions of this paragraph, the Administrative Code, and the sanitary compliance standards set forth in Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code. The purpose of this designation is to provide to the citizens of and visitors to the state of Ohio information regarding what hotel facilities within the state of Ohio are operating within those applicable standards and in conformance with the criteria set forth herein.

(a) 118.8.1 Scope. The provisions of this paragraph govern the implementation of the "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" program and set forth the requirements and criteria for participation in the program.

(b) 118.8.2 Terms used for paragraph (R)(8)(118.8) of this rule. The following words take on exclusive meaning as used in paragraph (R)(8)(118.8) of this rule and for the purposes of this paragraph have the following meaning:

"Hotel." A hotel as defined in section 3731.01 of the Revised Code.

"Minor violation." A violation of the Ohio Fire Code that in the discretion of the state fire marshal is of such character and nature that it does not pose an immediate threat to life or property and that can be corrected immediately and without delay, and that is corrected during the course of an inspection.

"Safe Stay Hotel." A hotel that meets all of the qualifications and criteria set forth in paragraph (R)(8)(c)(118.8.3) of this rule and that is designated as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" by the state fire marshal.

(c) 118.8.3 Qualifications for "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation. In order to be designated as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" by the state fire marshal, a hotel must meet all of the following:

(i) The hotel must have been issued a valid license to operate a hotel by the state fire marshal for the applicable calendar year; and

(ii) The state fire marshal must receive from a hotel a hotel license renewal application to operate a hotel in a timely manner and the application shall contain true and accurate information; and

(a) For the purposes of qualifying for an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation, a hotel license renewal application is considered timely if the application, all required paperwork, and all associated fees are received by the division of state fire marshal on or before October 1 of each calendar year. The state fire marshal may change or extend this deadline in the state fire marshal's sole discretion. Notice of any change or extension of the deadline for timely submission of a hotel license renewal application shall be given as set forth in paragraph (R)(8)(i)(118.8.9) of this rule.

(iii) The hotel must not be in violation of any provision of this code, paragraph (R)(118) of this rule, or of the sanitary compliance standards set forth in chapter 3731. of the Revised Code or any rules adopted pursuant thereto; and

Exception: A hotel having only minor violations of this code at the time of inspection may qualify for the "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation if all minor violations are immediately corrected during the course of the inspection and before the state fire marshal concludes the inspection as documented in an inspection report and said minor violations do not result in the issuance of a citation pursuant to section 3737.41 or section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(iv) No finding of nuisance shall have been issued by a court of competent jurisdiction against the hotel, hotel owner, operator, or responsible person, or against the property upon which the hotel is located; and

(v) No finding of or conviction for lewdness, assignation or prostitution, or an offense which constitutes a felony violation of chapter 2925. or chapter 3719. of the Revised Code shall have been entered by a court of competent jurisdiction against any hotel owner, operator, or responsible person, wherein the offense or conviction relate to conduct that occurred at any structure licensed under, subject to the licensure requirements of, or previously licensed under chapter 3731. of the Revised Code; and

(vi) No finding of or conviction for lewdness, assignation or prostitution, or an offense which constitutes a felony violation of chapter 2925. or chapter 3719. of the Revised Code shall have been entered by a court of competent jurisdiction against any person wherein the conduct that is the basis for such finding or conviction was engaged in on the premises of the hotel seeking a designation under this section and it is demonstrated that the hotel owner, operator or responsible person knew or should have known of such conduct prior to its occurrence.

(d) 118.8.4 "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation. Commencing with the licensure period after the effective date of this rule and upon submission of an application to renew a license to operate a hotel, the state fire marshal may designate the hotel as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" if both of the following are met:

(i) The hotel is in compliance with the qualifications set forth in paragraph (R)(8)(c)(i)(118.8.3) to (R)(8)(c)(vi)(118.8.3) of this rule for a period of twenty four consecutive months immediately preceding the licensure period to which the application applies; and

(ii) The hotel is in compliance with the qualifications set forth in paragraph (R)(8)(c)(iv)(118.8.3) to (R)(8)(c)(vi)(118.8.3) of this rule for a period of sixty consecutive months preceding the licensure period to which the application applies.

(e) 118.8.5 Documentation. Each qualifying "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" shall receive documentation from the state fire marshal verifying that the hotel is an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel." Such documented designation shall be in a format that is capable of display by the hotel and that is uniform and readily identifiable to the public.

(f) 118.8.6 Publication. The state fire marshal shall create and maintain a current registry of all licensed hotels in the state of Ohio that have been designated as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel." The list shall be readily available to the public and shall be published in electronic format on the state fire marshal website.

(g) 118.8.7 Use of qualifying "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" designation. Any hotel that is designated as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" may represent itself as such in any publication or marketing tools used by the hotel for promotion and may utilize the logo, decal, or designation issued to it by the state fire marshal for such purposes. Such logo, decal, or designation may be reproduced by the hotel for use under this rule at any time during which the hotel is designated as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" as determined by the state fire marshal. The logo, decal or designation may be used and reproduced by the facility for marketing, promotional, or other similar purposes in digital, print or other media formats, including hardcopy reproduction for use in literature or promotional materials and display in the licensed facility, and electronic reproduction for use in digital marketing campaigns.

(i) No person or entity shall use the "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" logo, decal, or designation unless and until such logo, decal, or designation is issued to it by the state fire marshal. Any hotel that has previously been issued an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" logo, decal, or designation shall immediately cease the use of the logo, decal, or designation if such logo, decal or designation has been revoked or not renewed by the state fire marshal. No person or entity shall misuse the logo, decal or designation or misrepresent to the public that a hotel is or has been designated by the state fire marshal as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel."

(h) 118.8.8 Revocation or non-renewal of designation. The state fire marshal may revoke or deny renewal of the designation of a hotel as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" in the event of any of the following:

(i) Upon a determination by the state fire marshal that the hotel is not in compliance with any of the provisions of paragraph (R)(8)(c)(1 18.8.3) or (R)(8)(d)(118.8.4) of this rule; or

(ii) An alteration or modification of the hotel that is not approved and/or permitted in conformance with the provisions of this rule and/or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code; or

(iii) Misuse of the "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" logo, decal, or designation or misrepresentation of a hotel as a designated "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" at any time within sixty consecutive months immediately preceding the licensure period during which the state fire marshal becomes aware of the misuse or misrepresentation.

If a hotel's designation is revoked or not renewed by the state fire marshal, the logo, decal, or designation shall be immediately removed from the hotel facility and from all of its literature and marketing and advertising campaigns in any format or medium, the hotel's designation as an "Ohio Safe Stay Hotel" in the registry of hotels shall be removed, and the hotel shall immediately cease all use and/or reproduction of the logo, decal or designation in any manner.

(i) 118.8.9 Notification. The state fire marshal shall public on its website a written policy describing how affected persons or entities shall be notified of any revocations or non-renewals of any designations under paragraph (R)(8)(h)(118.8.8) of this rule and any extensions of application deadlines described in paragraph (R)(8)(c)(ii)(a)(118.8.3) of this rule. A facility having its designation revoked or not renewed or facilities affected by a deadline extension shall be provided notice of such actions per the policy published on the state fire marshal's website.

(j) 118.8.10 Effective date. The provisions of this paragraph shall become effective September 1, 2015.

(S) Section 119 Small government fire department services revolving loan program

(1) 119.1. As used in this rule:

(a) "Qualifying small government"

(b) "Fire district"

(c) "Joint fire district"

(d) "State fire marshal"

(e) "Joint fire and ambulance district"

(f) "Loan"

(2) 119.2 Qualifications

(a) Only a qualifying small government that currently operates a fire department organized under section 505.37, 505.371, 737.21 or 505.375 of the Revised Code or a qualifying small government that is a township or municipality that has adopted a resolution or ordinance authorizing the creation of a fire department, fire district, joint fire district or joint fire and ambulance district under one of these sections is eligible to receive a loan.

(b) In order for a fire department operated by a small government to receive a loan under this rule, the fire department must be reporting fires to the state fire marshal as required by section 3737.24 of the Revised Code and this rule.

(3) 119.3 Applications filing

(a) Applications for a loan shall be made only on forms provided by the state fire marshal.

(b) Only applications that are post marked on or before the application deadline established by the state fire marshal and have been delivered to the state fire marshal's office within seven days of that deadline will be considered by the state fire marshal.

(4) 119.4 Applications-content

In its applications the qualifying small' government shall:

(a) Explain how it qualifies for the loan.

(b) Describe how the loan will be used including the total cost of the project and the amount of money the qualifying small government is proposing to contribute to the total cost of the project.

(c) Describe the benefits to its citizens the loan will provide that are not currently available to them.

(d) Describe why the small government is not able to provide this service through the use of its own funds.

(e) Provide information concerning the total income available from all sources to provide fire and/or fire and ambulance service.

(f) Provide information concerning the assets and liabilities of the qualifying small government that are intended in whole or in part to provide fire or fire and ambulance service.

(g) Provide such other information as may be called for in the application form provided by the state fire marshal.

(5) 119.5 Requirements for buildings constructed or equipment purchased.

(a) All building constructions, additions and alterations completed with funds provided by a loan shall meet all minimum requirements of division-level 4101:1, 4101:2 and 4101:3 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Any fire apparatus purchased with funds from a loan shall meet the requirements of Chapter 4121:1 -21 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The fee title to any real property purchased or on which a structure is constructed in any part with a loan under this rule shall list the "State of Ohio, Department of Commerce, Division of State Fire Marshal" as the mortgage holder until such time as the loan obligation is satisfied.

(d) The title to any vehicle purchased in part with a loan under this rule shall list the "State of Ohio, Department of Commerce, Division of State Fire Marshal" as the lien holder until such time as the loan obligation is satisfied.

(e) Any fire apparatus or vehicle purchased in part under this rule shall have a repayment period not to exceed ten years.

(6) 119.6 At the discretion of the state fire marshal a qualifying small government may apply for and be granted a loan at any time regardless of established application periods and deadlines if all of the following apply:

(a) The qualifying small government had a local emergency or disaster or is included in an area where a disaster has been declared by the governor.

(b) The events of the local emergency or disaster have damaged or destroyed vehicles, buildings or equipment necessary to provide fire or fire and ambulance services.

(c) The qualifying small government has made application for any federal, state and private insurance reimbursement as may be available as a result of the disaster.

(d) The loan fund has necessary moneys to provide the loan.

(7) 119.7 Award of loans

The awarding of all loans shall be at the sole discretion of the state fire marshal.

(a) Upon determining which small governments shall receive a loan, the state fire marshal shall notify the qualifying small government in writing of his intent to grant the loan and of the terms and conditions of the loan.

(b) Promptly after receiving notification that the state fire marshal intends to grant a loan to the qualifying small government, the qualifying small government must adopt a resolution or ordinance which shall:

(i) Authorize the small government to accept the loan;

(ii) Agree to conditions of the loan as stipulated by the state fire marshal including the authority to execute any documents necessary to grant or secure the loan.

(c) Within forty-five days of receipt of the notice of the state fire marshal's intent to award the loan the qualifying small government shall forward a copy of the resolution or ordinance to the state fire marshal.

(d) Upon receipt of the resolution or ordinance the state fire marshal shall establish a line of credit from the loan fund in the name of the qualifying small government.

(e) Within one hundred twenty days of the date the notice of intent to award the loan was received, the qualifying small government shall provide to the state fire marshal a properly executed contract or purchase agreement for the construction, addition or alteration of the building or purchase of the vehicle or equipment described in the original loan application.

(f) Upon determination that the contract or purchase agreement is for substantially the same project as described in the original loan application, the loan funds will be released to the qualifying small government according to the term of the loan agreement.

(8) 119.8 Repayment

(a) A repayment or amortization schedule shall be established as part of the loan agreement. In establishing the repayment schedule, the state fire marshal shall consider the ability of the small government to repay the loan and the need to maintain a sufficient balance in the loan fund to insure it's continued operation.

(b) The repayment or amortization schedule shall not extend beyond twenty years.

(T) Section 120 Fire department grants

(1) 120.1 Definitions.

As used in this rule:

"Certified training program."

"Fire department."

"Joint fire district."

"MARCS grant."

"Small municipality or small township."

"Volunteer fire department."

"Volunteer firefighter."

(2) 120.2 Scope. This rule applies to "Fire Department Grant" funds specifically appropriated by the General Assembly to the state fire marshal for award and distribution to eligible recipients for the provision of firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items to the recipient, as full or partial reimbursement for the documented costs of firefighter training for, or sponsored by, an eligible recipient or, in the discretion of the state fire marshal, for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services within that eligible recipient's jurisdiction.

The state fire marshal may establish any additional policies and procedures as may be deemed necessary to carry out the intent of this rule.

(3) 120.3 Eligibility.

Eligible recipients for grants awarded under this rule are:

(a) A volunteer fire department;

(b) A fire department that serves one or more small municipalities or small townships;

(c) A joint fire district comprised of departments that primarily serves small municipalities or small townships;

(d) The local unit of government responsible for:

(i) A fire department;

(ii) A fire department that serves small municipalities or small townships; or

(iii) A portion of a joint fire district comprised of volunteer departments that primarily serves small municipalities or small townships; and

(e) The local unit of government responsible for the provision of fire protection services for a small municipality or small township.

(f) For the purpose of these grants, a private fire company, as that phrase is defined in section 9.60 of the Revised Code, that is providing fire protection services under contract for a political subdivision of this state, is an additional recipient for a training grant.

(4) 120.4 General terms and conditions.

(a) Funds provided by a grant under this rule shall only be used for purposes for which the eligible recipient may lawfully expend public funds and in accordance with the terms of the grant award and this code.

(b) An eligible recipient may receive up to $15,000 in a fiscal year from this grant for firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items or for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services. If, during the preceding or current fiscal year of the grant award, the eligible recipient is in a jurisdiction that has had a natural disaster as declared by the Governor, the recipient may receive up to $25,000 in a fiscal year from this grant for firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items or for other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services. In addition to any other funds awarded under this grant, an eligible recipient may receive up to $15,000 in a fiscal year from this grant as full or partial reimbursement for the documented costs of firefighter training.

(c) For each fiscal year, the state fire marshal shall, as the state fire marshal determines is appropriate, apportion the available grant funds for expenditure for any of the particular purposes allowed under this paragraph. Each eligible recipient may receive only one grant for each state fiscal year for which funds are made available by the Ohio General Assembly, but such a grant may be awarded by the state fire marshal in multiple parts, including for the purposes described in paragraphs (T)(6)(a)(120.6.1) and (T)(6)(b)(120.6.2) of this rule, to an eligible recipient during a state fiscal year.

(d) The awarding of all grants shall be at the sole discretion of the state fire marshal.

(e) All grants awarded are subject to the availability of funds.

(f) The state fire marshal may require repayment to the state of Ohio any or all of a grant should an eligible recipient fail after a reasonable time, to expend all or any part of its grant.

(g) Should the eligible recipient expend any portion of or the entire grant for any purpose other than that which was approved by the state fire marshal, the state fire marshal may require repayment of that amount to the state of Ohio.

(h) The state fire marshal may audit any awarded grant and may also require an eligible recipient receiving a grant to provide evidence that the grant has been used for the intended purpose and maintain such inventory or other records concerning purchases made with the grant as the state fire marshal deems necessary.

(i) To offset the cost of administering grants under this rule, the state fire marshal may retain in the state fire marshal's operating account an amount of money equal to not more than one and one half per cent of the total funds available under this rule.

(j) The state fire marshal shall not award a grant under this paragraph unless the eligible recipient is in compliance with the provisions of this rule and other applicable laws, rules and regulations. This includes compliance with fire department fire incident reporting requirements and participation, when required, in the volunteer firefighters' dependents fund described in Chapter 146. of the Revised Code.

(k) Joint applications for grants by eligible recipients are authorized in accordance with the biannual uncodified legislation establishing these state fire marshal grant program policies.

(5) 120.5 Application.

(a) All applications for any grants awarded under this rule shall be made on a form prescribed by the state fire marshal and include all of the information and documents required by the state fire marshal. Any application that fails to provide the requested information shall be deemed incomplete and not considered by the state fire marshal for an award of a grant under this rule.

(b) Applicants for a grant shall certify on the application form that the applicant is eligible to receive a grant under this rule. The form shall be signed by the chief of the fire department or chief executive official(s) of the local government entity applying for the grant.

(6) 120.6 Award of grant funds.

Grants awarded under this rule are divided into two parts: equipment and training grants.

(a) 120.6.1 In determining which eligible recipients will receive awards, the state fire marshal shall consider:

1. The population protected by the eligible recipient;

2. The size of the area for which the eligible recipient provides fire protection;

3. The operating budget of the eligible recipient from both public and private sources;

4. The intended use of the grant funds by the eligible recipient;

5. The number of fires occurring within the area protected by the eligible recipient as evidenced by reports filed with the state fire marshal under section 3737.24 of the Revised Code;

6. The amount of money being requested by the eligible recipient; and

7. Additional factors which the state fire marshal determines necessary to assist in determining which eligible recipient should receive a grant.

(i) 120.6.1.1 Equipment grants.

The state fire marshal may award equipment grants to eligible recipients under this rule for any of the following purposes:

1. The acquisition of firefighting or rescue equipment, gear or similar items; or

2. For other fire department needs related to the provision of fire protection services.

In awarding these grants, the state fire marshal may give a preference to grants relating to the acquisition of personal protective equipment for firefighters.

(a) 120.6.1.1.1. As periodically authorized by the General Assembly, MARCS grant awards may be up to $50,000 in each state fiscal year per eligible recipient. Each eligible recipient may only apply, as a separate entity or as a part of a joint application, for one MARCS grant per state fiscal year. The state fire marshal may give a preference in awarding MARCS grants to grants that will enhance the overall interoperability and effectiveness of emergency communication networks in the geographic region that includes and is adjacent to the applicant. Eligible recipients that are or were awarded fire department grants that are not MARCS grants may also apply for and receive MARCS grants in accordance with criteria for the awarding of grant funds established by the state fire marshal. Grants may be used for the payment of user access fees by the eligible recipient to access MARCS.

(ii) 120.6.1.2 Training grants.

(a) The state fire marshal may award training grants to eligible recipients under this rule for any of the following purposes:

(i) Reimbursement of the costs of certified firefighter training programs for individual firefighters, including instructional and administrative costs and the cost of training manuals, workbooks and other similar items.

(ii) Reimbursement of the cost of in service or advanced training courses provided by the Ohio fire academy, including, "Fire Officer 1," "Fire Officer 2," "Emergency Vehicle Operations," "Structural Fire Attack 101," "Training in Acquired Structures" and "Understanding Fire Behavior."

(b) The state fire marshal shall, for each fiscal year, set forth the specific trainings and classes for which grants can be awarded under this paragraph, the maximum grant amounts to be awarded for such classes and types of documentation to be submitted to verify eligibility for reimbursement.

(c) Expenses for travel, food and lodging are not eligible for reimbursement under this paragraph.

(U) Section 121 Special provisions

(1) 121.1 Child day-care centers and Type A family day-care homes.

(a) 121.1.1 Minimum standards for fire prevention and safety. Pursuant to sections 3737.83(E) and 5104.05 of the Revised Code, this code shall constitute the minimum standards for fire prevention and fire safety in child day-care centers and in Type A family day-care homes.

(b) 121.1.2 Annual Inspection. Pursuant to section 5104.05 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal or the fire chief or fire prevention officer of the municipal corporation or township in which the child day-care center or the type A family day-care home is located shall inspect the type A home prior to initial occupancy as a Type A day-care home and annually thereafter to determine if the type A home is in compliance with rules promulgated by the fire marshal pursuant to section 3737.83 of the Revised Code regarding fire prevention and fire safety in a type A home.

(i) 121.1.2.1 Inspection authority. Pursuant to section 5104.051 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal is responsible for the inspections required by divisions (A)(2) and (B)(1) of section 5104.05 of the Revised Code. In municipal corporations and in townships outside municipal corporations where there is a fire prevention official, the inspections shall be made by the fire chief or the fire prevention official under the supervision of and according to the standards established by the state fire marshal. In townships outside municipal corporations where there is no fire prevention official, inspections shall be made by the employees of the state fire marshal.

(ii) 121.1.2.2 Conflicting interpretations of fire safety statutes or rules. Pursuant to section 5104.051 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall enforce all statutes and rules pertaining to fire safety and fire prevention in child day-care centers and type A family day-care homes. In the event of a dispute between the state fire marshal and any other responsible officer under sections 5104.05 and 5104.051 of the Revised Code with respect to the interpretation or application of a specific fire safety statute or rule, the interpretation of the state fire marshal shall prevail.

(c) 121.1.3 Applicability of this code. To the extent that a Type A family day-care home is exempt from classification in a specific occupancy classification in the building code as listed in 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the structure housing the Type A family day-care home is exempt from compliance with the construction and design provisions of this code, except as described in this paragraph, for such occupancy classifications unless such locations constitute a distinct hazard. All operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to all Type A family day-care homes.

(i) 121.1.3.1 Compliance with this code. Prior to and during the occupancy of a structure as a Type A family day-care homes, such home shall comply with the Type A checklist listed in Appendix A to this rule. All Ohio Fire Code sections listed or incorporated into that checklist shall apply to all Type A family day-care homes and such sections may be used as the basis for all fire code enforcement actions permitted under this code. It shall be a violation of this code to occupy or permit occupancy of a Type A daycare in violation of this paragraph, the Type A checklist and its incorporated fire code provisions or the operational and maintenance provisions of this code.

(2) 121.2 Type B family daycares.

(a) 121.2.1 Inspection. The fire marshal, upon request of a provider of child care in a type B home that is not licensed by the director of job and family services, as a precondition of approval by the state board of education under section 3313.813 of the Revised Code for receipt of United States department of agriculture child and adult care food program funds established under the "National School Lunch Act," 60 Stat. 230 (1946), 42 U.S.C. 1751, as amended, shall inspect the type B home to determine compliance with rules adopted under section 5104.052 of the Revised Code regarding fire prevention and fire safety in licensed type B homes. Prior to and during the occupancy of a structure as a Type B home subject to this paragraph, the home shall be inspected by the state fire marshal and annually thereafter, to determine compliance with this code.

(i) 121.2.1.1 Inspection authority. In municipal corporations and in townships where there is a certified fire safety inspector, the inspections shall be made by that inspector under the supervision of the fire marshal, according to rules adopted under section 5104.052 of the Revised Code. In townships outside municipal corporations where there is no certified fire safety inspector, inspections shall be made by the fire marshal.

(b) 121.2.2 Applicability of this code. To the extent that a Type B family day-care home is exempt from classification in a specific occupancy classification in the building code as listed in 1301:7-7-80 of the administrative code, the structure housing the Type B family day-care home is exempt from compliance with the construction and design provisions of this code, except as described in this paragraph, for such occupancy classifications unless such locations constitute a distinct hazard. All operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to all Type B family day-care homes.

(i) 121.2.2.1 Compliance with this code. Prior to an during the occupancy of a structure as a Type B family day-care home, such home shall comply with the Type B checklist listed in Appendix B to this rule. All Ohio Fire Code sections listed or incorporated into that checklist shall apply to all Type B family day-care homes and such sections may be used as the basis for all fire code enforcement actions permitted under this code. It shall be violation of this code to occupy or permit occupancy of a Type B daycare in violation of this paragraph, the Type B checklist and its incorporated fire code provisions or the operational and maintenance provisions of this code.

(3) 121.3 Residential facilities.

(a) 121.3.1 Minimum standards for fire prevention and safety. Pursuant to section 3737.83(F) of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall establish minimum standards for fire prevention and safety in a residential facility licensed under section 5119.34 of the Revised Code that provides accommodations, supervision, and personal care services for three to sixteen unrelated adults. The fire marshal shall adopt such rules in consultation with the director of mental health and addiction services and interested parties designated by the director of mental health and addiction services.

(b) 121.3.2 Applicability. This code shall apply to residential facilities.

(i) 121.3.2.1 Residential facility. A residential facility is a facility that is licensed under section 5119.34 of the Revised Code that provides accommodations, supervisions, and personal care services for three to sixteen unrelated adults.

(4) 121.4 Homes, including nursing homes, residential care facilities, homes for the aging, and veterans' homes.

(a) 121.4.1 Enforcement and resolution of conflict. Pursuant to section 3721.032 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall enforce all statutes and rules pertaining to fire safety in homes and shall adopt rules pertaining to fire safety in homes as the marshal determines necessary. The rules adopted by the marshal shall be in addition to those fire safety rules that the board of building standards and the director of health are empowered to adopt. In the event of a dispute between the marshal and another officer having responsibilities under sections 3721.01 to 3721.09 of the Revised Code with respect to the interpretation or application of a specific fire safety statute or rule, the interpretation of the marshal shall prevail.

(i) 121.4.1.1 Homes. As used in paragraph (X)(4)(124.4) of this rule, "Home" shall have the same meaning and application as described in Chapter 3721. of the Revised Code, including section 3721.01 (A) of the Revised Code.

(b) 121.4.2 Inspection. Pursuant to section 3721.02 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal or a township, municipal, or other legally constituted fire department approved by the marshal shall also inspect a home prior to issuance of a license, at least once every fifteen months thereafter, and at any other time requested by the director.

(i) 121.4.2.1 Residential care facilities. Pursuant to section 3721.07 of the Revised Code, every person desiring to operate a home and the superintendent or administrator of each county home or district home for which a license as a residential care facility is sought shall apply for a license to the director of health. The director shall issue a license for the home, if after investigation of the applicant and, if required by section 3721.02 of the Revised Code, inspection of the home, the buildings in which the home is housed have been approved by the state fire marshal or a township, municipal, or other legally constituted fire department approved by the marshal. In the approval of a home such agencies shall apply standards prescribed by the board of building standards, and by the state fire marshal, and by section 3721.071 of the Revised Code.

(c) 121.4.3 Automatic fire extinguishing and fire alarm systems. Pursuant to section 3721.071 of the Revised Code, homes must be equipped with both automatic fire extinguishing and fire alarm systems. Such systems shall conform to standards set forth in the regulations of the board of building standards and the state fire marshal.

(i) 121.4.3.1 Time for compliance. The time for compliance with the requirements imposed by this section shall be January 1, 1975, except that the date for compliance with the automatic fire extinguishing requirements is extended to January 1, 1976, provided the buildings of the home are otherwise in compliance with fire safety laws and regulations and:

(a) The home within thirty days after August 4, 1975, files a written plan with the state fire marshal's office that:

(i) Outlines the interim safety procedures which shall be carried out to reduce the possibility of a fire;

(ii) Provides evidence that the home has entered into an agreement for a fire safety inspection to be conducted not less than monthly by a qualified independent safety engineer consultant or a township, municipal, or other legally constituted fire department, or by a township or municipal fire prevention officer;

(iii) Provides verification that the home has entered into a valid contract for the installation of an automatic fire extinguishing system or fire alarm system, or both, as required to comply with this section;

(iv) Includes a statement regarding the expected date for the completion of the fire extinguishing system or fire alarm system, or both.

(b) Inspections by a qualified independent safety engineer consultant or a township, municipal, or other legally constituted fire department, or by a township or municipal fire prevention officer are initiated no later than sixty days after August 4, 1975, and are conducted no less than monthly thereafter, and reports of the consultant, fire department, or fire prevention officer identifying existing hazards and recommended corrective actions are submitted to the state fire marshal, the division of industrial compliance in the department of commerce, and the department of health.

It is the express intent of the general assembly that the department of medicaid shall terminate the medicaid provider agreements of those homes that do not comply with the requirements of this section for the submission of a written fire safety plan and the deadline for entering into contracts for the installation of systems.

(d) 121.4.4 Applicability of this code. This code shall apply to all homes.

(5) Manufactured homes.

(a) 121.5.1 Applicability of this code. Except as noted herein, this code does not apply to the construction, installation and siting of manufactured homes, to the extent required by 24 CFR Part 3280, "Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards," and any exclusivity established in the rules adopted by either the Ohio manufactured home commission or, after January 21, 2018, the department of commerce for such structures. The change of occupancy and all operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to manufactured homes.

(b) 121.5.2 Serious hazard. No manufactured home that constitutes a serious hazard to occupant safety shall be occupied.

(6) 121.6 Fire Department Registry. The state fire marshal shall develop and maintain a registry of all properly constituted fire departments in this state. For the purposes of this paragraph, a fire department includes a fire department of a political subdivision or fire district of this state, a private volunteer fire company or other state or political subdivision firefighting agency as determined by the state fire marshal. This registry shall not be deemed to be a state fire marshal approval, authorization or assertion, in any manner, of control over such departments.

Each fire department in this state shall provide the state fire marshal with and maintain the following fire department information: full name of the fire department, full name of the chief of the fire department, the postal address, telephone number, e-mail address and a general statement of jurisdictional boundaries for the fire department and any other information the state fire marshal determines must be included in the registry. Each fire department shall also provide a single, primary point of contact for the registry. All fire departments subject to this section shall notify the state fire marshal of and provide updated registry information to the state fire marshal within thirty days after the date of any changes to that fire department's registry information.

(7) 121.7 Fire department heroism awards The fire marshal may, at any time, issue commendations that recognize and commemorate exemplary accomplishments and acts of heroism by firefighters and other persons at fire-related incidents or similar events occurring in the state.

(V) Section 122 Hearings

(1) 122.1 Scope of applicability.

(a) 122.1.1 Unless otherwise noted, paragraph (V)(122) of this rule does not apply to circumstances that include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) Acts of the state fire marshal that are ministerial in nature.

(ii) Actions of the state fire marshal that are subject to hearings under sections 3737.41 to 3737.43 of the Revised Code.

(iii) Actions of the state fire marshal that are taken pursuant to paragraph (D)(8)(104.8) of this rule.

(iv) Actions of the state fire marshal that are taken pursuant to section 3743.59 of the Revised Code.

(b) 122.1.2 Except as provided in paragraph (V)(1)(a)(122.1.1) of this rule, those actions by the state fire marshal that afford the right to a hearing pursuant to state fire marshal authority provided in Chapter 119. of the Revised Code include the proposal of the state fire marshal to do the following:

(i) Refuse to issue a license, whether it is a renewal or a new license, unless a hearing was held before the refusal to issue such license.

(ii) Suspend or revoke a license.

(iii) Require a person to obtain a license when the person claims that the law does not impose such a requirement.

(c) 122.1.3 Ministerial acts. Ministerial acts by the state fire marshal to suspend or terminate the processing of an initial or renewal application submitted in accordance with Chapter 3731., 3737. or 3743. of the Revised Code do not require the application of the section 119.03 of the Revised Code based hearing process to such acts. Ministerial acts by the state fire marshal include not issuing a license where the agency has no discretion to take any other action on an application, including the failure of applicant to submit the proper license fee with an application and other similar matters.

(2) 122.2 Definitions. The following definitions apply to paragraph (V)(122) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

Affected party."

Appellant."

"Department."

"Director."

"Division."

"Hearing."

"Last known address."

"License."

"State Fire Marshal."

"Order."

"Person."

(3) 122.3 Chapter 119. hearings: notice.

(a) 122.3.1 Written notice of intended action. Whenever the state fire marshal proposes to take an action that the Ohio general assembly has expressly made subject to the administrative adjudication procedure outlined in Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal shall give notice of the intended action to the affected party informing the affected party of the affected party's right to a hearing. Notice shall be given by registered mail, return receipt requested, and shall, at a minimum, include all of the following:

(i) The specific action or actions the state fire marshal intends to take;

(ii) The charges or other reasons for the proposed action or actions;

(iii) The statute or rule directly involved;

(iv) A statement informing the affected party that the affected party is entitled to a hearing if the affected party requests it within thirty days of the time of mailing the notice;

(v) A statement informing the affected party that at the hearing the affected party may appear in person or through an attorney;

(vi) A statement informing the affected party that the affected party or the affected party's attorney may present the affected party's position, arguments or contentions entirely in writing, and that at the hearing the affected party or the affected party's attorney may present evidence and examine witnesses appearing for and against the affected party; and

(vii) A statement informing the affected party that rules governing hearings in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code are found in rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 122.3.2 The state fire marshal shall also mail a copy of the notice to the affected party's attorney or other representative of record. To qualify as an attorney or representative of record, the affected party or the attorney or representative must notify the state fire marshal, in writing, that the attorney or representative is to be designated the attorney or representative of record. The notification must include the address where the state fire marshal should mail the notice to the attorney or representative of record. The mailing of notice to the affected party's attorney or representative is not deemed to perfect service of the notice. Failure to mail a copy of the notice to the attorney or representative of record will not result in failure of otherwise perfected service upon the affected party. In those instances where an affected party is a corporation doing business in Ohio or is incorporated in Ohio, the mailing of notice to the corporation's statutory agent pursuant to sections 1701.07 and 1703.19 of the Revised Code will perfect service provided that all the requirements of paragraph (A)(3)(a)(122.3.1) of this rule have been complied with.

(c) 122.3.3 When any notice sent by registered mail pursuant to this rule is returned because the affected party fails to claim the notice, the state fire marshal shall send the notice by ordinary mail to the affected party at the affected party's last known address and shall obtain a certificate of mailing. Service by ordinary mail is complete when the certificate of mailing is obtained unless the notice is returned showing failure of delivery.

(d) 122.3.4 If any notice sent by registered or ordinary mail is returned for failure of delivery, the state fire marshal either shall make personal delivery of the notice by an employee or agent of the state fire marshal or shall cause a summary of the substantive provisions of the notice to be published once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the last known address of the affected party is located. When notice is given by publication, a proof of publication affidavit, with the first publication of the notice set forth in the affidavit, shall be mailed by ordinary mail to the affected party at the affected party's last known address and the notice shall be deemed received as of the date of the last publication. An employee or agent of the state fire marshal may make personal delivery of the notice upon a party at any time.

(e) 122.3.5 Refusal of delivery by personal service or by mail is not failure of delivery and service is deemed to be complete at the time of personal refusal or at the time of receipt by the state fire marshal of the refused mail as demonstrated by the state fire marshal time and date stamp. Failure of delivery occurs only when a mailed notice is returned by the postal authorities marked undeliverable, address or addressee unknown, or forwarding address unknown or expired.

(4) 122.4 Chapter 119. hearings: request for a hearing.

(a) 122.4.1 Any request for a hearing made as the result of notice issued pursuant to (V)(3)(122.3) of this rule must be made in writing and mailed or delivered to the state fire marshal in the manner indicated in the notice issued pursuant to (V)(3)(122.3) of this rule within thirty calendar days of the following, as applicable:

(i) The time of mailing the notice if notice is given pursuant to paragraph (V)(3)(a)(122.3.1) of this rule;

(ii) The date that service is complete if notice is given pursuant to paragraph (V)(3)(c)(122.3.3) or (V)(3)(e)(122.3.5) of this rule;

(iii) The date of the last publication if notice is given by publication pursuant to (V)(3)(d)(122.3.4) of this rule; or

(iv) The date of personal service.

(b) 122.4.2 If a request for a hearing is properly mailed to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as follows:

(i) If the request is mailed by certified mail, as of the date stamped by the U.S. postal service on its receipt (PS form 3800 or any future equivalent postal service form).

(ii) If the request is mailed by regular U.S. mail, as of the date of the postmark appearing upon the envelope containing the request.

(iii) If the request is mailed by regular U.S. mail and the postmark is illegible or fails to appear on the envelope, as of the date of its receipt by the state fire marshal as evidenced by the state fire marshal's time stamp.

(c) 122.4.3 If a request for a hearing is made by facsimile transmission or by electronic mail to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as of the date of its receipt as evidenced by the receipt date generated by the facsimile transmission or the date of receipt shown in the source code of the electronic mail received by the state fire marshal.

(d) 122.4.4 If a request for a hearing is personally delivered to the state fire marshal, the request is deemed to have been made as of the date of its receipt as evidenced by the state fire marshal's time stamp.

(e) 122.4.5 All requests for hearings must clearly identify both the affected individual involved and the proposed action that is being contested.

(5) 122.5 Computation of time deadlines. Section 1.14 of the Revised Code controls the computing of time deadlines imposed by Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. The time within which an act is required by law to be completed is computed by excluding the first day and including the last day. When the last day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act may be completed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. When the last day to perform an act that is required by law is to be performed in a public office and that public office is closed to the public for the entire day, the act may be performed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(6) 122.6 Chapter 119. hearings: appointment and powers of a hearing examiner and rules of practice.

(a) 122.6.1 Joinder of individual cases. On its own motion, or on motion of the appellant, the state fire marshal or the hearing examiner may join any individual cases where there exist incidents of common ownership or interest and where joinder would be appropriate for efficient and economic fairness to the parties.

(b) 122.6.2 Computation of time deadlines. Section 1.14 of the Revised Code controls the computing of time deadlines imposed by Chapter 119. of the Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. The time within which an act is required by law to be completed by excluding the first day and including the last day. When the last day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act may be completed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. When the last day to perform an act that is required by law is to be performed in a public office, and that public office is closed to the public for the entire day or before its usual closing time for that day, then the act may be performed on the next succeeding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(c) 122.6.3 Rules of practice in hearings conducted under this rule. In all hearings conducted under rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code where a stenographic record is taken and where the stenographic record may be the basis of an appeal to a court of law, any person not appearing pro se and any corporation, partnership, association, or other entity must be represented by an attorney admitted to the practice of law in this state. The state fire marshal or the hearing officer may permit persons authorized to practice law in any jurisdiction other than Ohio to represent an appellant before the state fire marshal upon the motion of an attorney licensed to practice before the courts of this state. When the appellant is represented by more than one attorney, one attorney must be designated by the appellant as "trial counsel" and that attorney is deemed the appellant's attorney of record and is primarily responsible for the appellant's case at the hearing. No attorney representing an appellant is permitted to withdraw from any hearing proceeding before the state fire marshal without prior notice being served upon the state fire marshal and prior approval by the hearing examiner.

(d) 122.6.4 Authority of hearing examiners appointed by the department. The director may assign a hearing examiner to conduct any hearing held subject to rule 1301:7-7 of the Administrative Code. Any person assigned to be a hearing examiner must be admitted to the practice of law in the state of Ohio and have such other qualifications as the director deems necessary. The hearing examiner may be an employee of the department or under contract to the department. The hearing examiner has the same powers as granted to the department in conducting the hearing. These powers include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) The general authority to regulate the course of the hearing and to issue orders governing the conduct of the hearing.

(ii) The authority to administer oaths or affirmations, order the production of documents and the attendance of witnesses, call and examine witnesses in a reasonable and impartial manner, and to determine the order in which the participants to a hearing will present testimony and be examined in a manner consistent with essential fairness and justice.

(iii) The authority to pass upon the admissibility of evidence, and rule on objections, procedural motions, and other procedural matters.

(iv) The authority to issue orders intended to facilitate settlement of the case, including the scheduling of settlement conferences, directing the exchange of offers and demands, and any other actions that may facilitate the prompt resolution of disputed matters.

(v) The authority to hold one or more pre-hearing conferences of the participants for the purpose of resolving issues that can be resolved by the participants including facilitation of a settlement, identifying the witnesses to be presented and the subject of their testimony, discussing possible admissions or stipulations regarding the authenticity of records, identifying and marking exhibits, and ruling on any procedural motions of the participants, resolving outstanding discovery claims, and clarifying the issues to be addressed at the hearing, and discussing any other matters deemed appropriate by the hearing examiner for the thorough and expeditious preparation and disposition of the case.

(vi) The authority to take such other actions as might be necessary to avoid unnecessary delay, prevent presentation of irrelevant or cumulative evidence, prevent argumentative, repetitious, or irrelevant examination or cross-examination, and to assure that the hearing proceeds in an orderly and expeditious manner.

(vii) Nothing in this rule, nor in any other state fire marshal rule, is to be construed as granting a hearing examiner the authority to dismiss any hearing. Nothing in this rule nor in any other state fire marshal rule limits the state fire marshal's authority to withdraw a proposal to enter an order of adjudication or limits the authority of the state fire marshal to define the scope of any hearing.

(viii) Upon the motion of the hearing examiner, the state fire marshal, or the appellant, the hearing examiner may require the submission of briefs and memoranda at any time during the proceeding. The hearing examiner may limit these filings to one or more specific issues and may prescribe procedures and time schedules for their submission. All briefs, memoranda, motions, or other pleadings are subject to the following requirements:

(a) All briefs, memoranda, motions or other pleadings must be filed with the state fire marshal within three days after service. A certificate of service is to be attached attesting both to the service of a copy of the pleading on the opposing party and the provision of a copy to the hearing examiner. Service is governed by rule 5 (7/1/2007) of the Ohio rules of civil procedure except that any reference to "court" in rule 5 will be interpreted to refer to the state fire marshal.

(b) Only those pleadings, order, and other papers filed with the state fire marshal will be a part of the official record.

(c) All briefs, memoranda, motions, or other pleadings and papers must be on eight-and-one-half-inch by eleven-inch paper and double-spaced.

(d) All orders, reports, recommendations, and rulings issued by the hearing examiner are to be signed, dated, and filed with the state fire marshal.

Exception: A hearing officer shall not have the power to consider any motion for a change in venue. Only the director or the state fire marshal or the state fire marshal's designee may consider and rule upon a motion for a change of venue.

(e) 122.6.5 Withdrawal of proposed adjudication orders. The state fire marshal, upon it own motion, at any time before the issuance of an order of adjudication, may withdraw its proposal to implement such an order without prejudice to the rights of the parties.

(7) 122.7 Chapter 119. hearings: subpoena issuance and enforcement.

(a) 122.7.1 The state fire marshal, upon its own motion or that of any appellant, will issue a subpoena requiring the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and records as are necessary for the purpose of conducting a hearing.

(b) 122.7.2 Upon the request of the appellant, the state fire marshal will issue a subpoena for any witness of a subpoena duces tecum to compel the production of any books, records, or papers. The state fire marshal will issue such subpoena in blank to a party requesting it, who is solely responsible for completing the subpoena form, including the address where the person is to be served, and returning it to the state fire marshal along with a written request for service. The written request along with the completed subpoena must be received by the state fire marshal no later than twenty-one business days before the commencement of the hearing or deposition, unless otherwise ordered for good cause shown. Upon its own initiative and for its own use, the state fire marshal may issue a subpoena for any purpose set forth in this rule or otherwise authorized by law. At its discretion, the state fire marshal may make available electronically a subpoena in blank and may authorize electronic submission of a completed subpoena.

(c) 122.7.3 All subpoenas issued under this rule are to be directed to the sheriff of the county where the person to be served resides or is found. The subpoena is to be served and returned in the same manner as a subpoena in a criminal case. Fees and mileage of the sheriff will be the same as that allowed in the court of common pleas in criminal cases. Fees and mileage of the witness are governed by section 119.094 of the Revised Code. The state fire marshal will pay allowable fees and mileage.

(d) 122.7.4 In case of disobedience or neglect of any subpoena served upon any person, or the refusal of any witness to testify to any matter in which there may be lawful interrogation, the state fire marshal will apply to the court of common pleas where such disobedience, neglect, or refusal occurs for an order to compel obedience by attachment proceedings for contempt, as in the case of disobedience of the requirements of a subpoena issued from such court, or a refusal to testify therein.

(W) Section 123 Reserved for future use

(X) Section 124 Incident reporting at a shale oil processing premise

(1) 124.1 Scope and applicability. The reporting of a shale incident to the state of Ohio shall be in accordance with this rule. Nothing in this rule shall be construed to supplant a responsible person's obligations to call 9-1-1in an emergency situation.

(2) 124.2 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule, have the meanings shown herein.

"Emergency responder" means any of the following:

1. A representative of a "firefighting agency," which means a township fire district, joint ambulance district, joint emergency medical services district, joint fire district and the office of the state fire marshal;

2. A representative of a "fire department" as defined in section 3750.01 of the Revised Code; or

3. A person performing "emergency medical services" as defined in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

"Explosion." Has the same meaning as paragraph (B)(1)(5002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire incident at a shale oil processing premise." means the following:

A fire or explosion at a shale oil processing premise regulated under Chapter 3737. of the Revised Code that results in any of the following conditions:

1. An emergency responder being contacted to respond or responding to such fire or explosion;

2. Death or serious physical harm to any person; or

3. Over $50,000 in damage to any structure, property, premise or vehicle.

Routine flaring operations and other similar activities conducted in accordance with applicable laws and permits, and controlled fires preauthorized by an emergency responder with jurisdiction, are specifically excluded from the definition of a "fire incident at a shale oil processing premise," except to the extent that such actions result in an emergency response by an emergency responder initiated by the responsible party or a contractor performing services on behalf of a responsible person, death or serious physical harm to any person or over $50,000 in damage to any structure, property, premise or vehicle.

"Hazardous material." Has the same meaning as paragraph (B)(1)(5002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

"Hazardous material incident at a shale oil processing premise." Means the unauthorized release at a shale oil processing premise of a hazardous material in quantities reportable under state or federal regulations and which:

1. Involves a release of a hazardous material into a sewer, storm drain, ditch, drainage canal, creek, stream, river, lake or tidal waterway or on the ground, sidewalk, street, highway or into the atmosphere; and

2. The release cannot be remedied within a two hour period.

A release or emission of a hazardous material in compliance with federal, state or local governmental agency approvals, laws, regulations or permits is specifically excluded from the definition of a "hazardous material incident at a shale oil processing premise."

"Natural gas processing facilities." Has the same meaning as section 3737.832 (A)(1) of the Revised Code, which is as follows: "installations, including associated buildings, pipes, valves, tanks, and other equipment, used to separate various fluids, hydrocarbons, natural gas liquids, and impurities from the raw natural gas, manufacturing residue gas suitable for transmission and distribution to end users."

"Natural gas liquids fractionation facilities." Has the same meaning as section 3737.832 (A)(2) of the Revised Code, which is as follows: "installations, including associated buildings, pipes, valves, tanks, and other equipment, used for the separation of mixtures of light hydrocarbons or natural gas liquids into individual, purity natural gas liquid products, which include ethane, propane, normal butane, iso-butane, and natural gasolines."

"Responsible person." Has the same meaning as in section 3737.01 (F) of the Revised Code.

"Shale incident" means a "fire incident at a shale oil processing premise" or a "hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise."

"Shale oil processing premise." Has the same meaning as in section 3737.832 (A)(3) of the Revised Code, which is as follows: "a single parcel or contiguous parcels of real estate, including any structures, facilities, appurtenances, equipment, devices, and activities thereon, where the processing of substances extracted from the Point Pleasant, Utica, and Marcellus formations occurs at a natural gas liquids fractionation or natural gas processing facility. "Shale oil processing premise" does not include a well pad or a production operation, as those terms are defined in section 1509.01 of the Revised Code, that is regulated under Chapter 1509. of the Revised Code."

(a) 124.2.1. For purposes of this rule, the terms "natural gas processing facilities," "natural gas liquids fractionation facilities," and "shale oil processing premise" do not include natural gas compressor stations or other pipeline related natural gas gathering facilities or infrastructure.

(3) 124.3 Shale incident reporting.

(a) 124.3.1. All shale incidents shall be reported by the responsible person to the state of Ohio by calling 1-844-OHCALL1 (1-844-642-2551) in accordance with this paragraph.

(b) 124.3.2 Fire incidents at a shale oil processing premise. The reporting of a fire incident at a shale oil processing premise shall occur within thirty minutes after the responsible person or the responsible person's representative becomes aware of the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise.

Exceptions:

1. The immediate reporting of the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise would subject any person to a health hazard arising from the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise;

2. The immediate reporting of the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise would otherwise impede public safety personnel from satisfying their duties;

3. The immediate reporting of the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise would be otherwise impracticable under the circumstances.

If one of the above exceptions occurs, the reporting of the fire incident at a shale oil processing premise shall be made by the responsible person as soon as it is practicable and can be done safely.

(i) 124.3.2.1. If a contractor performs services on behalf of a responsible person, the contractor shall notify the responsible person or its representative immediately, but not later than thirty minutes, after the contractor becomes aware of any fire incident at a shale oil processing premise while performing services at the responsible person's shale oil processing premise unless notification within that time is impracticable under the circumstances as described in the exceptions to this paragraph as listed in paragraph (X)(3)(b)(124.3.2) of this rule.

In that case, the contractor shall notify the responsible person or its representative as soon as it is practicable and can be done safely. If a contractor performs services on behalf of a responsible person and neither the responsible person nor its representative is present at the shale oil processing premise and the contractor attempts, but is unable, to contact the responsible person or its representative, the contractor shall notify the state of Ohio as specified in paragraph (X)(3)(124.3) of this rule.

(c) 124.3.3 Hazardous materials incidents at a shale oil processing premise. The reporting of a hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise shall occur within two hours after the responsible person becomes aware of the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise.

Exceptions:

1. The reporting of the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise would subject any person to a health hazard arising from the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise;

2. The reporting of the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise would otherwise impede public safety personnel from satisfying their duties;

3. The reporting of the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise would be otherwise impracticable under the circumstances.

If one of the above exceptions occurs, the reporting of the hazardous materials incident at a shale oil processing premise shall be made as soon as it is practicable and can be done safely.

(i) 124.3.3.1. If a contractor performs services on behalf of a responsible person, the contractor shall notify the responsible person or its representative immediately, but not later than thirty minutes, after the contractor becomes aware of any hazardous material incident at a shale oil processing premise while performing services at the responsible person's shale oil processing premise unless notification within that time is impracticable under the circumstances as described in the exceptions to paragraph (X)(3)(c)(124.3.3) of this rule. In that case, the contractor shall notify the responsible person or its representative as soon as it is practicable and can be done safely.

If a contractor performs services on behalf of a responsible person and neither the responsible person or its representative is present at the shale oil processing premise and the contractor attempts but is unable to contact the responsible person or its representative, the contractor shall notify the state of Ohio as specified in paragraph (X)(3)(124.3) of this rule.

(d) 124.3.4. A person required to notify the State of a shale incident specified in this rule shall provide, at the time of notification, all of the following information that is known or can be reasonably estimated:

(i) The name and phone number of a person who can provide further information regarding the shale incident;

(ii) The location of the shale incident, including the address, county, township, section or lot number, directions from the nearest intersection, and global positioning system coordinates;

(iii) The type of shale incident;

(iv) The potential health effects and safety concerns associated with the shale incident;

(v) The mitigation measures initiated or performed, including any evacuation;

(vi) Whether a local fire department, law enforcement agency or emergency medical services were contacted to respond to the shale incident;

(vii) The identity of other federal, state, or local agencies that were notified or responded;

(viii) If the shale incident involves a release of any hazardous material:

(a) The source of the release;

(b) The chemical name, description, or identity of all substances released and the location(s) of all "Material Safety Data Safety Sheet(s)";

(c) An estimate of the quantity in United States gallons released outside of secondary containment if the substance is a liquid;

(d) An estimate of the quantity in pounds released outside of a secondary containment if the substance is a solid;

(e) An estimate of the quantity in cubic feet released if the substance is a gas;

(f) The date, time, and duration of the release, if known;

(g) An identification of the environmental medium or media into or onto which the substance was released; and

(h) Other actions proposed for response to the release.

(e) 124.3.5. The state fire marshal may require the responsible person to provide additional information as required by the state fire marshal after the shale incident which is necessary to obtain compliance with paragraph (X)(3)(d)(124.3.4) of this rule.

(f) 124.3.6. Compliance with this rule does not eliminate the requirement that a responsible person or other person as referenced in this rule comply with any other applicable state or federal laws or rules, including compliance with the hazardous materials release provisions specified in paragraph (C)(3)(5003.3) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code, except that the notification provisions of paragraph (C)(3)(a)(5003.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code shall be satisfied by calling the One Call hotline as set forth above.

Replaces: This rule was previously located (and will remain) at 1301:7-7-01.

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Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.832, 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.17, 3731.02, 3721.07, 3721.032, 3737.22(A), 5104.051, 5104.05, 3743.07, 3743.08, 3743.18, 3743.19, 3743.20, 3743.21, 3743.40, 3743.59, 3743.68, 3737.86, 3737.85, 3737.842
Rule Amplifies: 3737.83, 5104.01, 5104.05, 3781.03, 3743.07, 3743.08, 3743.18, 3743.19, 3743.20, 3743.21, 3743.40, 3743.59, 3743.68, 3737, 3731, 3721.032, 3721.02, 3737.82, 3737.22(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1985, 06/15/1992, 09/01/1995, 03/30/1998, 01/03/2000, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011, 09/01/2015, 08/25/2016, 12/29/2016

1301:7-7-02 Definitions.

(A) Section 201 General

(1) 201.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this rule.

(2) 201.2 Interchangeability. Words used in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.

(3) 201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the building code, International Fuel Gas Code, mechanical code or plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.

(4) 201.4 Terms not defined. Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this paragraph, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies. "Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition," shall be considered as providing ordinarily accepted meanings.

(B) Section 202 General definitions

[BE] "Accessible means of egress." A continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any accessible point in a building or facility to a public way.

[BE] "Accessible route." A continuous, unobstructed path that complies with Chapter 11 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Aerosol." A product that is dispensed from an aerosol container by a propellant.

Aerosol products shall be classified by means of the calculation of their chemical heats of combustion and shall be designated Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3.

"Level 1 aerosol products." Those with a total chemical heat of combustion that is less than or equal to 8,600 British thermal units per pound (Btu/lb)(20 KJ/g).

"Level 2 aerosol products." Those with a total chemical heat of combustion that is greater than 8,600 Btu/lb (20 kJ/g), but less than or equal to 13,000 Btu/lb (30 kJ/g).

"Level 3 aerosol products." Those with a total chemical heat of combustion that is greater than 13,000 Btu/lb (30 kJ/g).

"Aerosol container." A metal can, or a glass or plastic bottle designed to dispense an aerosol.

"Aerosol warehouse." A building used for warehousing aerosol products.

"Affected party." A person whose interests are subject to an adjudication by the state fire marshal, including licensees, registrants, certificate holders and applicants for licenses, registrations and certifications.

"Agency." Any emergency responder department within the jurisdiction that utilizes radio frequencies for communication. This could include, but is not limited to, various public safety agencies such as fire departments, emergency medical services and law enforcement.

"Agent." A person who shall have charge, care or control of any structure as owner, or agent of the owner, or as executor, executrix, administrator, administratrix, trustee or guardian of the estate of the owner. Any such person representing the actual owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this code to the same extent as if that person was the owner.

[BG] "Agricultural building." A structure designed and constructed to house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, livestock or other horticultural products. This structure shall not be a place of human habitation or a place of employment where agricultural products are processed, treated or packaged, nor shall it be a place used by the public.

"Agricultural purposes." Include agriculture, farming, dairying, pasturage, apiculture, algaculture meaning the farming of algae, horticulture, floriculture, viticulture, ornamental horticulture, olericulture, pomiculture and animal and poultry husbandry.

"Agro-industrial." A facility, or portion thereof, housing operations involving the transforming of raw agricultural products into intermediate or consumable products.

"Agricultural labor camp." Means camps as defined in section 3733.41 of the Revised Code.

[BG] "Air-inflated structure." A structure that uses air-pressurized membrane beams, arches or other elements to enclose space. Occupants of such a structure do not occupy the pressurized areas used to support the structure.

[BG] "Air-supported structure." A structure wherein the shape of the structure is attained by air pressure, and occupants of the structure are within the elevated pressure area. Air supported structures are of two basic types:

"Double skin." Similar to a single skin, but with an attached liner that is separated from the outer skin and provides an airspace which serves for insulation, acoustic, aesthetic or similar purposes.

"Single skin." Where there is only the single outer skin and the air pressure is directly against that skin.

"Aircraft motor-vehicle fuel-dispensing facility." That portion of property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as motor fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed automotive-type equipment into the fuels tanks of aircraft.

"Aircraft operation area (AOA)." Any area used or intended for use for the parking, taxiing, takeoff, landing or other ground-based aircraft activity.

"Airport." An area of land or structural surface that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and taking off of aircraft with an overall length greater than 39 feet (11 887 mm) and an overall exterior fuselage width greater than 6.6 feet (2012 mm), and any appurtenant areas that are used or intended for use for airport buildings and other airport facilities.

[BE] "Aisle." An unenclosed exit access component that defines and provides a path of egress travel.

[BE] "Aisle accessway." That portion of an exit access that leads to an aisle.

"Alarm, nuisance." See "Nuisance alarm."

"Alarm device, multiple station." See "Multiple-station alarm device."

"Alarm notification appliance." A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, light or text display that provides audible, tactile or visible outputs, or any combination thereof. See also "Audible alarm notification appliance" or "Visible alarm notification appliance."

"Alarm signal." A signal indicating an emergency requiring immediate action, such as a signal indicative of fire.

"Alarm verification feature." A feature of automatic fire detection and alarm systems to reduce unwanted alarms wherein smoke detectors report alarm conditions for a minimum period of time, or confirm alarm conditions within a given time period, after being automatically reset, in order to accepted as a valid alarm-initiation signal.

"Alcohol-based hand rub." An alcohol-containing preparation designed for application to the hands for reducing the number of viable microorganisms on the hands and containing ethanol or isopropanol in an amount not exceeding 95-per cent by volume.

"Alcohol blended fuels." Flammable liquids consisting of 10-per cent or greater, by volume, ethanol or other alcohols blended with gasoline.

[A] "Alteration." Any construction or renovation to an existing structure other than a repair or addition.

[BE] "Alternating tread device." A device that has a series of steps between 50 and 70 degrees (0.87 and 1.22 rad) from horizontal, usually attached to a center support rail in an alternating manner so that the user does not have both feet on the same level at the same time.

[BG] "Ambulatory care facility." Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or similar care for fewer than twenty four hours per day to persons who are rendered incapable of self-preservation by the services provided.

"Ammonium nitrate." A chemical compound represented by the formula NH4NO3.

"Annunciator." A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays or other equivalent means in which each indication provides status information about a circuit, condition or location.

"Apartment house." Means occupancies subject to Chapter 5321. of the Revised "Appellant." An affected party who has requested an adjudication hearing pursuant to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

"Approved." Accepted by the fire code official as being in compliance with this code and as evidenced by documentation.

[BG] "Area, building." The area included within surrounding exterior walls (or exterior walls and fire walls) exclusive of vent shafts and courts. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the building area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above.

[BE] "Area of refuge." An area where persons unable to use stairways can remain temporarily to await instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation.

"Array." The configuration of storage. Characteristics considered in defining an array include the type of packaging, flue spaces, height of storage and compactness of storage.

"Array, closed." A storage configuration having a 6-inch (152 mm) or smaller width vertical flue space that restricts air movement through the stored commodity.

"Assistant state fire marshal." Has the same meaning as in section 3737.01 of the Revised Code.

[BG] "Atrium." An opening connecting two or more stories other than enclosed stairways, elevators, hoistways, escalators, plumbing, electrical, air-conditioning or other equipment, which is closed at the top and not defined as a mall. Stories, as used in this definition, do not include balconies within assembly groups or mezzanines that comply with section 505 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Attic." The space between the ceiling beams of the top story and the roof rafters.

"Audible alarm notification appliance." A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of hearing.

"Authority having jurisdiction." The organization, officer, or individual responsible for approving equipment, an installation, or a procedure.

"Automated rack storage." Automated rack storage is a stocking method whereby the movement of pallets, products, apparatus or systems are automatically controlled by mechanical or electronic devices.

"Automatic." As applied to fire protection devices, a device or system providing an emergency function without the necessity for human intervention and activated as a result of a predetermined temperature rise, rate of temperature rise or combustion products.

"Automatic-fire extinguishing system." An approved system of devices and equipment which automatically detects a fire and discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the area of a fire.

"Automatic smoke detection system." A fire alarm system that has initiation devices that utilize smoke detectors for protection of an area such as a room or space with detectors to provide early warning of fire.

"Automatic sprinkler system." An automatic sprinkler system, for fire protection purposes, is an integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. The system includes a suitable water supply. The portion of the system above the ground is a network of specially sized or hydraulically designed piping installed in a structure or area, generally overhead, and to which automatic sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system is usually activated by heat from a fire and discharges water over the fire area.

"Automatic water mist system." A system consisting of a water supply, a pressure source and a distribution piping system with attached nozzles which, at or above a minimum operating pressure, defined by its listing, discharges water in fine droplets meeting the requirements of NFPA 750 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for the purpose of the control, suppression or extinguishment of a fire. Such systems include wet-pipe, dry-pipe and pre-action types. The systems are designed as engineered, pre-engineered, local-application or total flooding systems.

"Automotive motor fuel-dispensing facility." That portion of property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as motor fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles or approved containers.

"Average ambient sound level." The root mean square, A-weighted sound pressure level measured over a 24-hour period, or the time any person is present, whichever time period is less.

[BG] "Awning." An architectural projection that provides weather protection, identity or decoration and is partially or wholly supported by the building to which it is attached. An awning is comprised of a lightweight frame structure over which a covering is attached.

[BE] "Balanced door." A door equipped with double-pivoted hardware so designed as to cause a semicounter balanced swing action when opening.

"Baled cotton." See "Cotton."

"Baled cotton, densely packed." See "Cotton."

"Barricade." A structure that consists of a combination of walls, floor and roof, which is designed to withstand the rapid release of energy in an explosion and which is fully confined, partially vented or fully vented; or other effective method of shielding from explosive materials by a natural or artificial barrier.

"Artificial barricade." An artificial mound or revetment with a minimum thickness of 3 feet (914 mm).

"Natural barricade." Natural features of the ground, such as hills, or timber of sufficient density that the surrounding exposures that require protection cannot be seen from the magazine or building containing explosives when the trees are bare of leaves.

"Barricaded." The effective screening of a building containing explosive materials from the magazine or other building, railway or highway by a natural or an artificial barrier. A straight line from the top of any sidewall of the building containing explosive materials to the eave line of any magazine or other building or to a point 12 feet (3658 mm) above the center of a railway or highway shall pass through such barrier.

[BG] "Basement." A story that is not a story above grade plane.

"Battery system, stationary lead acid." A system which consists of three interconnected subsystems:

1. A lead-acid battery.

2. A battery charger.

3. A collection of rectifiers, inverters, converters and associated electrical equipment as required for a particular application.

"Battery types."

"Lithium-ion battery." A storage battery that consists of lithium ions embedded in a carbon graphite or nickel metal-oxide substrate. The electrolyte is a carbonate mixture or a gelled polymer. The lithium ions are the charge carriers of the battery.

"Lithium metal polymer battery." A storage battery that is comprised of nonaqueous liquid or polymerized electrolytes, which provide ionic conductivity between lithiated positive active material electrically separated from metallic lithium or lithiated negative active material.

"Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery." An alkaline storage battery in which the positive active material is nickel oxide, the negative contains cadmium and the electrolyte is potassium hydroxide.

"Nonrecombinant battery." A storage battery in which, under conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases created by electrolysis are vented into the air outside of the battery.

"Recombinant battery." A storage battery in which, under conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases created by electrolysis are converted back into water inside the battery instead of venting into the air outside of the battery.

"Stationary storage battery." A group of e lectrochemical cells interconnected to supply a nominal voltage of DC power to a suitably connected electrical load, designed for service in a permanent location. The number of cells connected in a series determines the nominal voltage rating of the battery. The size of the cells determines the discharge capacity of the entire battery. After discharge, it may be restored to a fully charged condition by an electric current flowing in a direction opposite to the flow of current when the battery is discharged.

"Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery." A lead-acid battery consisting of sealed cells furnished with a valve that opens to vent the battery whenever the internal pressure of the battery exceeds the ambient pressure by a set amount. In VRLA batteries, the liquid electrolyte in the cells is immobilized in an absorptive glass mat (AGM cells or batteries) or by the addition of a gelling agent (gel cells or gelled batteries).

"Vented (flooded) lead-acid battery." A lead-acid battery consisting of cells that have electrodes immersed in liquid electrolyte. Flooded lead-acid batteries have a provision for the user to add water to the cell and are equipped with a flame-arresting vent which permits the escape of hydrogen and oxygen gas from the cell in a diffused manner such that a spark, or other ignition source, outside the cell will not ignite the gases inside the cell.

"Beer and intoxicating liquor." Have the same meanings as in section 4301.01 of the Revised Code.

"Bin box." A five-sided container with the open side facing an aisle. Bin boxes are self-supporting or supported by a structure designed so that little or no horizontal or vertical space exists around the boxes.

"Biomass." Plant- or animal-based material of biological origin excluding material embedded in geologic formations or transformed into fossils.

"Black match." A fuse made from thread impregnated with black powder and used for igniting pyrotechnic devices.

"Blast area." The area including the blast site and the immediate adjacent area within the influence of flying rock, missiles and concussion.

"Blast site." The area in which explosive materials are being or have been loaded and which includes all holes loaded or to be loaded for the same blast and a distance of 50 feet (15 240 mm) in all directions.

"Blaster." A person qualified in accordance with paragraph (A)(4)(5601.4) of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code to be in charge of and responsible for the loading and firing of a blast.

"Blasting agent." A material or mixture consisting of fuel and oxidizer, intended for blasting provided that the finished product, as mixed for use or shipment, cannot be detonated by means of a No. 8 test detonator when unconfined. Blasting agents are labeled and placarded as Class 1.5 material by US DOTn.

[BE] "Bleachers." Tiered seating supported on a dedicated structural system and two or more rows high and is not a building element (see "Grandstand").

"Boarding, lodging, rooming house." A building arranged or used (for stays) where rooms are offered for compensation, with or without meals, and not occupied as a single family unit.

"Booby trap." A small tube that has a string protruding from both ends, that has a friction-sensitive composition and that is ignited by pulling the ends of the string.

"Boiling point." The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals the atmospheric pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute (psia) (101 kPa) or 760 mm of mercury. Where an accurate boiling point is unavailable for the material in question, or for mixtures which do not have a constant boiling point, for the purposes of this classification, the 20-per cent evaporated point of a distillation performed in accordance with ASTM D 86 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be used as the boiling point of the liquid.

"Bonfire." An outdoor fire utilized for ceremonial purposes.

"Break." An individual effect from an aerial shell; generally either color (stars) or noise (salutes). Aerial shells can be single-break (having only one effect) or multiple-break (having two or more effects).

[BE] "Breakout." For revolving doors, a process whereby wings or door panels can be pushed open manually for means of egress travel.

"British thermal unit (BTU)." The heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 pound (0.454 kg) of water by 1°F (0.5565°C).

[A] "Building." Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

[B] "Building area." See "Area, building."

[B] "Building height." See "Height, building."

"Building official." Has the same meaning as defined in the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Bulk oxygen system." An assembly of equipment, such as oxygen storage containers, pressure regulators, safety devices, vaporizers, manifolds and interconnecting piping, that has a storage capacity of more than 20,000 cubic feet (566 m3) of oxygen at normal temperature and pressure (NTP) including unconnected reserves on hand at the site. The bulk oxygen system terminates at the point where oxygen at service pressure first enters the supply line. The oxygen containers can be stationary or movable, and the oxygen can be stored as a gas or liquid.

"Bulk plant or terminal." That portion of a property where flammable or combustible liquids are received by tank vessel, pipelines, tank car or tank vehicle and are stored or blended in bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, tank vehicle, portable tank or container.

"Bulk transfer." The loading or unloading of flammable or combustible liquids from or between tank vehicles, tank cars or storage tanks.

"Bullet resistant." Constructed so as to resist penetration of a bullet of 150-grain M2 ball ammunition having a nominal muzzle velocity of 2,700 feet per second (fps) (824 mps) when fired from a 30-caliber rifle at a distance of 100 feet (30 480 mm), measured perpendicular to the target.

"Canopy." A structure or architectural projection of rigid construction over which a covering is attached that provides weather protection, identity or decoration, and may be structurally independent or supported by attachment to a building on one end and by not less than one stanchion on the outer end.

"Carbon dioxide enrichment system." A system where carbon dioxide gas is intentionally introduced into an indoor environment, typically for the purpose of stimulating plant growth.

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system." A system supplying carbon dioxide (CO2) from a pressurized vessel through fixed pipes and nozzles. The system includes a manual- or automatic-actuating mechanism.

[BG] "Care suite." In Group I-2 occupancies, a group of treatment rooms, care recipient sleeping rooms and the support rooms or spaces and circulation space within the suite where staff are in attendance for supervision of all care recipients within the suite, and the suite is in compliance with the requirements of section 407.4.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Carton." A cardboard or fiberboard box enclosing a product.

"Ceiling limit." The maximum concentration of an airborne contaminant to which one may be exposed. The ceiling limits utilized are those published in DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1000 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The ceiling "Recommended Exposure Limit (REL-C)" concentrations published by the "U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)," "Threshold Limit Value-Ceiling (TLV-C)" concentrations published by the "American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygenists (ACGIH)," "Ceiling Workplace Environmental Exposure Level (WEEL-Ceiling) Guides" published by the "American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)," and other approved, consistent measures are allowed as surrogates for hazardous substances not listed in DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1000 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Certified training program." A firefighter training program conducted under the rules of the "Department of Public Safety" that results in the certification of an individual student as a volunteer firefighter, firefighter I transition, firefighter I, firefighter II, fire safety inspector or firefighting instructor.

"Change of occupancy." A change in the use of a building or portion of a building. A change of occupancy shall include any change of occupancy classification, any change from one group to another group within an occupancy classification, or any change in use within a group for a specific occupancy classification or any change that causes an increase in risk.

"Chemical." An element, chemical compound or mixture of elements or compounds or both.

"Chemical name." The scientific designation of a chemical in accordance with the nomenclature system developed by the "International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry," the "Chemical Abstracts Service" rules of nomenclature, or a name which will clearly identify a chemical for the purpose of conducting an evaluation.

[M] "Chimney." A primary vertical structure containing one or more flues for the purpose of carrying gaseous products of combustion and air from a fuel-burning appliance to the outdoor atmosphere.

"Factory-built chimney." A listed and labeled chimney composed of factory-made components, assembled in the field in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and the conditions of the listing.

"Masonry chimney." A field-constructed chimney composed of solid masonry units, bricks, stones, or concrete.

"Metal chimney." A field-constructed chimney of metal.

"Cigarette load." A small wooden peg that is coated with a small quantity of explosive composition and that is ignited in a cigarette.

"Clean agent." Electrically nonconducting, volatile or gaseous fire extinguishant that does not leave a residue upon evaporation.

[BG] "Clinic outpatient." Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical care for fewer than twenty-four hours per day to persons who are not rendered incapable of self-preservation by the services provided.

"Closed container." A container sealed by means of a lid or other device such that liquid, vapor or dusts will not escape from it under ordinary conditions of use or handling.

"Closed system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material involving a closed vessel or system that remains closed during normal operations where vapors emitted by the product are not liberated outside of the vessel or system and the product is not exposed to the atmosphere during normal operations; and all uses of compressed gases. Examples of closed systems for solids and liquids include product conveyed through a piping system into a closed vessel, system or piece of equipment.

"Cold deck." A pile of unfinished cut logs.

"Combustible dust." Finely divided solid material which is 420 microns or less in diameter and which, when dispersed in air in the proper proportions, could be ignited by a flame, spark or other source of ignition. Combustible dust will pass through a U.S. No. 40 standard sieve.

"Combustible fibers." Readily ignitable and free-burning materials in a fibrous or shredded form, such as cocoa fiber, cloth, cotton, excelsior, hay, hemp, henequen, istle, jute, kapok, oakum, rags, sisal, Spanish moss, straw, tow, wastepaper, certain synthetic fibers or other like materials. This definition does not include densely packed baled cotton.

"Combustible gas detector." An instrument that samples the local atmosphere and indicates the presence of ignitable vapors or gases within the flammable or explosive range expressed as a volume per cent in air.

"Combustible liquid." A liquid having a closed cup flash point at or above 100°F (38°C). Combustible liquids shall be subdivided as follows:

"Class II." Liquids having a closed cup flash point at or above 100°F (38°C) and below 140°F (60°C).

"Class IIIA." Liquids having a closed cup flash point at or above 140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93°C).

"Class IIIB." Liquids having closed cup flash points at or above 200°F (93°C).

The category of combustible liquids does not include compressed gases or cryogenic fluids.

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances." Appliances used in a commercial food service establishment for heating or cooking food and which produce grease vapors, steam, fumes, smoke or odors that are required to be removed through a local exhaust ventilation system. Such appliances include deep fat fryers, upright broilers, griddles, broilers, steam-jacketed kettles, hot-top ranges, under-fired broilers (charbroilers), ovens, barbecues, rotisseries, and similar appliances. For the purpose of this definition, a food service establishment shall include any building or a portion thereof used for the preparation and serving of food.

"Commercial motor vehicle." A motor vehicle used to transport passengers or property where the motor vehicle:

1. Has a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds (454 kg) or more; or

2. Is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver.

"Commodity." A combination of products, packing materials and containers.

[BE] "Common path of egress travel." That portion of the exit access travel distance measured from the most remote point within a story to that point where the occupants have separate and distinct access to two exits or exit access doorways.

[BE] "Common use." Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, spaces or elements that are not for public use and are made available for the shared use of two or more people.

"Compressed gas." A material, or mixture of materials that:

1. Is a gas at 68°F (20°C) or less at 14.7 psia (101 kPa) of pressure; and

2. Has a boiling point of 68°F (20°C) or less at 14.7 psia (101 kPa) which is either liquefied, nonliquefied or in solution, except those gases which have no other health-or physical-hazard properties are not considered to be compressed until the pressure in the packaging exceeds 41 psia (28 kPa) at 68°F (20°C).

The states of a compressed gas are categorized as follows:

1. Nonliquefied compressed gases are gases, other than those in solution, which are in a packaging under the charged pressure and are entirely gaseous at a temperature of 68°F (20°C).

2. Liquefied compressed gases are gases that, in a packaging under the charged pressure, are partially liquid at a temperature of 68°F (20°C).

3. Compressed gases in solution are nonliquefied gases that are dissolved in a solvent.

4. Compressed gas mixtures consist of a mixture of two or more compressed gases contained in a packaging, the hazard properties of which are represented by the properties of the mixture as a whole.

"Compressed gas container." A pressure vessel designed to hold compressed gases at pressures greater than one atmosphere at 68°F (20°C) and includes cylinders, containers and tanks.

"Compressed gas system." An assembly of equipment designed to contain, distribute or transport compressed gases. It can consist of a compressed gas container or containers, reactors and appurtenances, including pumps, compressors and connecting piping and tubing.

[BG] "Congregate living facilities." A building or part thereof that contains sleeping units where residents share bathroom and/or kitchen facilities.

"Constantly attended location." As used in paragraph (R)(118) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, a location within a licensed hotel/SRO facility that is manned/occupied by hotel/SRO facility staff on a 24 hour basis. An example of such a location would be the registration desk. A designated location at a facility staffed by trained personnel on a continuous basis where alarm or supervisory signals are monitored and facilities are provided for notification of the fire department or other emergency services.

[A] "Construction documents." The written, graphic and pictorial documents prepared or assembled for describing the design, location and physical characteristics of the elements of the project necessary for obtaining a permit.

"Container." A vessel of 60 gallons (227 L) or less in capacity used for transporting or storing hazardous materials. Pipes, piping systems, engines and engine fuel tanks are not considered to be containers.

"Containment system." A gas-tight recovery system comprised of equipment or devices which can be placed over a leak in a compressed gas container, thereby stopping or controlling the escape of gas from the leaking container.

"Containment vessel." A gas-tight recovery vessel designed so that a leaking compressed gas container can be placed within its confines thereby encapsulating the leaking container.

"Continuous gas detection system." A gas detection system where the analytical instrument is maintained in continuous operation and sampling is performed without interruption. Analysis is allowed to be performed on a cyclical basis at intervals not to exceed 30 minutes.

"Control area." Spaces within a building where quantities of hazardous materials not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area are stored, dispensed, used or handled. See also the definition of "Outdoor control area."

"Controlled substance." Has the same meaning as in section 3719.01 of the Revised Code.

"Cooking devices." Any cooking appliance other than those listed as safe for residential use as defined below.

"Cooking device listed as safe for residential use." Microwave oven or coffee pot or similar item as established by the state fire marshal.

[BE] "Corridor." An enclosed exit access component that defines and provides a path of egress travel.

"Corridor, open-ended." See "Open-ended corridor."

"Corrosive." A chemical that causes visible destruction of, or irreversible alterations in, living tissue by chemical action at the point of contact. A chemical shall be considered corrosive if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the method described in DOTn 49 CFR 173.137 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, such chemical destroys or changes irreversibly the structure of the tissue at the point of contact following an exposure period of 4 hours. This term does not refer to action on inanimate surfaces.

"Cotton."

"Baled cotton." A natural seed fiber wrapped in and secured with industry-accepted materials, usually consisting of burlap, woven polypropylene, polyethylene or cotton or sheet polyethylene, and secured with steel, synthetic or wire bands, or wire; also includes linters (lint removed from the cottonseed) and motes (residual materials from the ginning process).

"Baled cotton, densely packed." Cotton, made into banded bales, with a packing density of at least 22 pounds per cubic foot (360 kg/m3), and dimensions complying with the following: a length of 55 inches (1397 mm), a width of 21 inches (533.4 mm) and a height of 27.6 to 35.4 inches (701 to 899 mm).

"Seed cotton." Perishable raw agricultural commodity consisting of cotton fiber (lint) attached to the seed of the cotton plant, which requires ginning to become a commercial product.

[BG] "Court." An open, uncovered space, unobstructed to the sky, bounded on three or more sides by exterior building walls or other enclosing devices.

[BG] "Covered mall building." A single building enclosing a number of tenants and occupants such as retail stores, drinking and dining establishments, entertainment and amusement facilities, passenger transportation terminals, offices, and other similar uses wherein two or more tenants have a main entrance into one or more malls. Anchor buildings shall not be considered as a part of the covered mall building. The term "covered mall building" shall include open mall buildings as defined below.

"Mall." A roofed or covered common pedestrian area within a covered mall building that serves as access for two or more tenants and not to exceed three levels that are open to each other. The term "mall" shall include open malls as defined below.

"Open mall." An unroofed common pedestrian way serving a number of tenants not exceeding three levels. Circulation at levels above grade shall be permitted to include open exterior balconies leading to exits discharging at grade.

"Open mall building." Several structures housing a number of tenants such as retail stores, drinking and dining establishments, entertainment and amusement facilities, offices, and other similar uses wherein two or more tenants have a main entrance into one or more open malls. Anchor buildings are not considered as a part of the open mall building.

"CPSC." The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission.

"Critical circuit." A circuit that requires continuous operation to ensure safety of the structure and occupants.

"Cryogenic container." A cryogenic vessel of any size used for the transportation, handling or storage of cryogenic fluids.

"Cryogenic fluid." A fluid having a boiling point lower than -130°F (-89.9°C) at 14.7 pounds per square inch atmosphere (psia) (an absolute pressure of 101.3 kPa).

"Cryogenic vessel." A pressure vessel, low-pressure tank or atmospheric tank designed to contain a cryogenic fluid on which venting, insulation, refrigeration or a combination of these is used in order to maintain the operating pressure within the design pressure and the contents in a liquid phase.

[BG] "Custodial care." Assistance with day-to-day living tasks; such as assistance with cooking, taking medication, bathing, using toilet facilities and other tasks of daily living. Custodial care includes persons receiving care who have the ability to respond to emergency situations and evacuate at a slower rate and/or who have mental and psychiatric complications. Persons who receive custodial care may or may not require assistance with evacuation depending on the occupancy and/or the "condition" of the occupancy.

"Cylinder." A pressure vessel designed for pressures higher than 40 psia (275.6 kPa) and having a circular cross section. It does not include a portable tank, multiunit tank car tank, cargo tank or tank car.

"Damper." See "Fire damper" and "Smoke damper."

"Day box." A portable magazine designed to hold explosive materials and constructed in accordance with the requirements for a Type 3 magazine as defined and classified in rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

"Decorative materials." All materials applied over the building interior finish for decorative, acoustical or other effect including, but not limited to, curtains, draperies, fabrics, streamers and all other materials utilized for decorative effect including, but not limited to, bulletin boards, artwork, posters, photographs, painting, batting, cloth, cotton, hay, stalks, straw, vines, leaves, trees, moss and similar items, foam plastics and materials containing foam plastics. Decorative materials do not include wall coverings, ceiling coverings, floor coverings, ordinary window shades, interior finish and materials 0.025 inch (0.64 mm) or less in thickness applied directly to and adhering tightly to a substrate.

"Deflagration." An exothermic reaction, such as the extremely rapid oxidation of a flammable dust or vapor in air, in which the reaction progresses through the unburned material at a rate less than the velocity of sound. A deflagration can have an explosive effect.

"Deluge system." A sprinkler system employing open sprinklers attached to a piping system connected to a water supply through a valve that is opened by the operation of a detection system installed in the same area as the sprinklers. When this valve opens, water flows into the piping system and discharges from all sprinklers attached thereto.

"Department." Means the department of commerce.

"Design pressure." The maximum gauge pressure that a pressure vessel, device, component or system is designed to withstand safely under the temperature and conditions of use expected.

"Desolventizing." The act of removing a solvent from a material.

"Detached building." A separate single-story building, without a basement or crawl space, used for the storage or use of hazardous materials and located an approved distance from all structures

"Detearing." A process for rapidly removing excess wet coating materials from a dipped or coated object or material by passing it through an electrostatic field.

"Detector, heat." A fire detector that senses heat, either abnormally high temperature or rate of rise, or both.

"Detonating cord." A flexible cord containing a center cord of high explosive used to initiate other explosives.

"Detonation." An exothermic reaction characterized by the presence of a shock wave in the material which establishes and maintains the reaction. The reaction zone progresses through the material at a rate greater than the velocity of sound. The principal heating mechanism is one of shock compression. Detonations have an explosive effect.

"Detonator." A device containing any initiating or primary explosive that is used for initiating detonation. A detonator shall not contain more than 154.32 grains (10 grams) of total explosives by weight, excluding ignition or delay charges. The term includes, but is not limited to, electric blasting caps of instantaneous and delay types, blasting caps for use with safety fuses, detonating cord delay connectors, and noninstantaneous and delay blasting caps which use detonating cord, shock tube or any other replacement for electric leg wires. All types of detonators in strengths through No. 8 cap should be rated at 1½ pounds (0.68 kg) of explosives per 1,000 caps. For strengths higher than No. 8 cap, consult the manufacturer.

[B] "Detoxification facilities." Facilities that provide treatment for substance abuse serving care recipients who are incapable of self-preservation or who are harmful to themselves or others.

"Dip tank." A tank, vat or container of flammable or combustible liquid in which articles or materials are immersed for the purpose of coating, finishing, treating and similar processes.

"Director." Means the director of the department of commerce or the director's designee.

"Discharge site." An area immediately surrounding the mortars used to fire aerial shells.

"Dispensing." The 'pouring or transferring of any material from a container, tank or similar vessel, whereby vapors, dusts, fumes, mists or gases are liberated to the atmosphere.

"Dispensing device, overhead type." A dispensing device that consists of one or more individual units intended for installation in conjunction with each other, mounted above a dispensing area typically within the motor fuel-dispensing facility canopy structure, and characterized by the use of an overhead hose reel.

"Display site." The immediate area where a fireworks exhibition is conducted. The exhibition area includes the discharge site, the fallout area and the required separation distance from the mortars to spectator viewing areas or vehicle parking areas.

"Division." Means the department of commerce, division of state fire marshal.

"Door, balanced." See "Balanced door."

"Door, dutch." See "Dutch door."

"Door, low energy power-operated." See "Low energy power-operated door."

"Door, power-assisted." See "Power-assisted door."

"Door, power-operated." See "Power-operated door."

"Doorway, exit access." See "Exit access doorway."

"Dormitory (hospital/college)." A space in a building where group sleeping accommodations are provided in one room, or in a series of closely associated rooms, for persons not members of the same family group, under joint occupancy and single management, as in college dormitories or fraternity houses.

"DOTn." The United State Department of Transportation.

"Draft curtain." A structure arranged to limit the spread of smoke and heat along the underside of the ceiling or roof.

[BF] "Draftstop." A material, device or construction installed to restrict the movement of air within open spaces of concealed areas of building components such as crawl spaces, floor/ceiling assemblies, roof/ceiling assemblies and attics.

"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent." A powder composed of small particles, usually of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, urea-potassium-based bicarbonate, potassium chloride or monoammonium phosphate, with added particulate material supplemented by special treatment to provide resistance to packing, resistance to moisture absorption (caking) and the proper flow capabilities.

"Dry cleaning." The process of removing dirt, grease, paints and other stains from such items as wearing apparel, textiles, fabrics and rugs by use of nonaqueous liquids (solvents).

"Dry cleaning plant." A facility in which dry cleaning and associated operations are conducted, including the office, receiving area and storage rooms.

"Dry cleaning room." An occupiable space within a building used for performing dry cleaning operations, the installation of solvent-handling equipment or the storage of dry cleaning solvents.

"Dry cleaning system." Machinery or equipment in which textiles are immersed or agitated in solvent or in which dry cleaning solvent is extracted from textiles.

"Dutch door." A door divided horizontally so that the top can be operated independently from the bottom.

[BG] "Dwelling." A building that exclusively contains one, or two, or three dwelling units, each of which may be occupied by a family and no more than five lodgers or boarders, used, intended or designed to be used, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied or that is occupied for living purposes, physically separated from adjacent structures, and with an independent exit from each dwelling unit.

"Dwelling unit." A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. The dwelling unit may include any accessory space intended for the exclusive use of the occupants of an individual dwelling unit such as a private garage, greenhouse, etc.

"Dwelling unit features." Provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.

"Early suppression fast-response (ESFR) sprinkler." A sprinkler listed for early suppression fast-response performance.

"Efficiency unit." See paragraph (R)(2)(118.2) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[BE] "Egress court." A court or yard which provides access to a public way for one or more exits.

"Electrostatic fluidized bed." A container holding powder coating material that is aerated from below so as to form an air-supported expanded cloud of such material that is electrically charged with a charge opposite to that of the object to be coated. Such object is transported through the container immediately above the charged and aerated materials in order to be coated.

"Elevator group." A grouping of elevators in a building located adjacent or directly across from one another that respond to a common hall call button(s).

"Emergency alarm system." A system to provide indication and warning of emergency situations involving hazardous materials.

"Emergency control station." An approved location on the premises where signals from emergency equipment are received and which is staffed by trained personnel.

"Emergency egress routes/escape routes." As used in paragraph (R)(118) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, a floor plan with arrows indicating the primary and secondary path to an exit.

[BE] "Emergency escape and rescue opening." An operable window, door or other similar device that provides for a means of escape and access for rescue in the event of an emergency.

"Emergency evacuation drill." An exercise performed to train staff and occupants and to evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out emergency evacuation procedures. Emergency evacuation drills include, but are not limited to, fire drills and drills or rapid dismissals as referenced in section 3737.73 of the Revised Code.

"Emergency power system." A source of automatic electric power of a required capacity and duration to operate required life safety, fire alarm, detection and ventilation systems in the event of a failure of the primary power. Emergency power systems are required for electrical loads where interruption of the primary power could result in loss of human life or serious injuries.

"Emergency shutoff valve." A valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids.

"Emergency shutoff valve, automatic." A fail-safe automatic-closing valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids initiated by a control system that is activated by automatic means.

"Emergency shutoff valve, manual." A manually operated valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids.

"Emergency voice/alarm communications." Dedicated manual or automatic facilities for originating and distributing voice instructions, as well as alert and evacuation signals pertaining to a fire emergency, to the occupants of a building.

[BG] "Employee work area." All or any portion of a space used only by employees and only for work. Corridors, toilet rooms, kitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas.

[BG] "Equipment platform." An unoccupied, elevated platform used exclusively for mechanical systems or industrial process equipment, including the associated elevated walkways, stairways, alternating tread devices and ladders necessary to access the platform (see section 505.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code).

"Excess flow control." A fail-safe system or other approved means designed to shut off flow caused by a rupture in pressurized piping systems.

"Excess flow valve." A valve inserted into a compressed gas cylinder, portable tank or stationary tank that is designed to positively shut off the flow of gas in the event that its predetermined flow is exceeded.

"Exhausted enclosure." An appliance or piece of equipment which consists of a top, a back and two sides providing a means of local exhaust for capturing gases, fumes, vapors and mists. Such enclosures include laboratory hoods, exhaust fume hoods and similar appliances and equipment used to retain and exhaust locally the gases, fumes, vapors and mists that could be released. Rooms or areas provided with general ventilation, in themselves, are not exhausted enclosures.

"Existing." Building, facilities or conditions that are already in existence, constructed or officially authorized prior to the adoption of this code.

[BE] "Exit." That portion of a means of egress system between the exit access and the exit discharge or public way. Exit components include exterior exit doors at the level of exit discharge, interior exit stairways and ramps, exit passageways, exterior exit stairways and ramps and horizontal exits.

[BE] "Exit access." That portion of a means of egress system that leads from any occupied portion of a building or structure to an exit.

[BE] "Exit access doorway." A door or access point along the path of egress travel from an occupied room, area or space where the path of egress enters an intervening room, corridor, exit access stairway or ramp.

[BE] "Exit access ramp." A ramp within the exit access portion of the means of egress system.

[BE] "Exit access stairway." A stairway within the exit access portion of the means of egress system.

[BE] "Exit discharge." That portion of a means of egress system between the termination of an exit and a public way.

[BE] "Exit discharge, level of" The story at the point at which an exit terminates and an exit discharge begins.

[BE] "Exit passageway." An exit component that is separated from other interior spaces of a building or structure by fire-resistance-rated construction and opening protectives, and provides for a protected path of egress travel in a horizontal direction to the exit discharge.

"Expanded plastic." A foam or cellular plastic material having a reduced density based on the presence of numerous small cavities or cells dispersed throughout the material.

"Explosion." An effect produced by the sudden violent expansion of gases, which may be accompanied by a shock wave or disruption, or both, of enclosing materials or structures. An explosion could result from any of the following:

1. Chemical changes such as rapid oxidation, deflagration or detonation, decomposition of molecules and run-away polymerization (usually detonations).

2. Physical changes such as pressure tank ruptures.

3. Atomic changes (nuclear fission or fusion).

"Explosive." A chemical compound, mixture or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion. The term includes, but is not limited to, dynamite, black powder, pellet powder, initiating explosives, detonators, safety fuses, squibs, detonating cord, igniter cord, igniters and display fireworks, 1.3G.

The term "Explosive" includes any material determined to be within the scope of USC Title 18: Chapter 40 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and also includes any material classified as an explosive other than consumer fireworks, 1.4G by the hazardous materials regulations of DOTn 49 CFR Parts 100-185 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"High explosive." Explosive material, such as dynamite, which can be caused to detonate by means of a No. 8 test blasting cap where unconfined.

"Low explosive." Explosive material that will burn or deflagrate when ignited. It is characterized by a rate of reaction that is less than the speed of sound. Examples of low explosives include, but are not limited to, black powder, safety fuse, igniters, igniter cord, fuse lighters, fireworks, 1.3G and propellants, 1.3C.

"Mass-detonating explosives." Division 1.1, 1.2 and 1.5 explosives alone or in combination, or loaded into various types of ammunition or containers, most of which can be expected to explode virtually instantaneously when a small portion is subjected to fire, severe concussion, impact, the impulse of an initiating agent or the effect of a considerable discharge of energy from without. Materials that react in this manner represent a mass explosion hazard. Such an explosive will normally cause severe structural damage to adjacent objects. Explosive propagation could occur immediately to other items of ammunition and explosives stored sufficiently close to and not adequately protected from the initially exploding pile with a time interval short enough so that two or more quantities must be considered as one for quantity-distance purposes.

"UN/DOTn Class 1 explosives." The former classification system used by DOTn included the terms "high" and "low" explosives as defined herein. The following terms further define explosives under the current system applied by DOTn for all explosive materials defined as hazard Class 1 materials. Compatibility group letters are used in concert with the division to specify further limitations on each division noted (for example, the letter G identifies the material as a pyrotechnic substance or article containing a pyrotechnic substance and similar materials).

"Division 1.1." Explosives that have a mass explosion hazard. A mass explosion is one which affects almost the entire load instantaneously.

"Division 1.2." Explosives that have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard.

"Division 1.3." Explosives that have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard.

"Division 1.4." Explosives that pose a minor explosion hazard. The explosive effects are largely confined to the package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range is to be expected. An external fire must not cause virtually instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of the package.

"Division 1.5." Very insensitive explosives. This division is comprised of substances that have a mass explosion hazard but which are so insensitive that there is very little probability of initiation or of transition from burning to detonation under normal conditions of transport.

"Division 1.6." Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard. This division is comprised of articles that contain only extremely insensitive detonating substances and which demonstrate a negligible probability of accidental initiation or propagation.

"Explosive material." The term "explosive" material means explosives, blasting agents and detonators.

"Extended stay hotel." Any structure consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, advertised, and held out to the public to be a place where temporary residence is offered for pay to persons, including, but not limited to, an extended stay hotel or extended stay motel that is specifically constructed, and approved by the building official having jurisdiction over it, through a valid certificate of occupancy, and by the state fire marshal, for extended stay temporary residence by persons, and that contains six or more dwelling units with provision for living, eating, cooking, sanitation, and sleeping. The licensure category shall also include a hotel that contains both transient and extended stay rooms where the use of all such rooms is identified and approved in accordance with this rule.

[BE] "Exterior exit ramp." An exit component that serves to meet one or more means of egress design requirements, such as required number of exits or exit access travel distance, and is open to yards, courts or public ways.

[BE] "Exterior exit stairway." An exit component that serves to meet one or more means of egress design requirements, such as required number of exits or exit access travel distance, and is open to yards, courts or public ways.

[BF] "Exterior wall." A wall, bearing or nonbearing, that is used as an enclosing wall for a building, other than a fire wall, and that has a slope of 60 degrees (1.05 rad) or greater with the horizontal plane.

"Extra-high-rack combustible storage." Storage on racks of Class I, II, III or IV commodities that exceed 40 feet (12 192 mm) in height and storage on racks of high-hazard commodities that exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) in height.

"Fabrication area." An area within a semiconductor fabrication facility and related research and development areas in which there are processes using hazardous production materials. Such areas are allowed to include ancillary rooms or areas such as dressing rooms and offices that are directly related to the fabrication area processes.

[A] "Facility." A building or use in a fixed location including exterior storage areas for flammable and combustible substances and hazardous materials, piers, wharves, tank farms and similar uses. This term includes recreational vehicles, mobile home and manufactured housing parks, sales and storage lots.

"Fail-safe." A design condition incorporating a feature for automatically counteracting the effect of an anticipated possible source of failure; also, a design condition eliminating or mitigating a hazardous condition by compensating automatically for a failure or malfunction.

"Fallout area." The area over which aerial shells are fired. The shells burst over the area, and unsafe debris and malfunctioning aerial shells fall into this area. The fallout area is the location where a typical aerial shell dud falls to the ground depending on the wind and the angle of mortar placement.

"False alarm." The willful and knowing initiation or transmission of a signal, message or other notification of an event of fire when no such danger exists.

"Fines." Small pieces or splinters of wood byproducts that will pass through a 0.25-inch (6.4 mm) screen.

"Fire alarm." The giving, signaling or transmission to any public fire station, or company or to any officer or employee thereof, whether by telephone, spoken word or otherwise, of information to the effect that there is a fire at or near the place indicated by the person giving, signaling, or transmitting such information.

"Fire alarm box, manual." See "Manual fire alarm box."

"Fire alarm control unit." A system component that receives inputs from automatic and manual fire alarm devices and may be capable of supplying power to detection devices and transponder(s) or off-premises transmitter(s). The control unit may be capable of providing a transfer of power to the notification appliances and transfer of condition to relays or devices.

"Fire alarm signal." A signal initiated by a fire alarm-initiating device such as a manual fire alarm box, automatic fire detector, waterflow switch or other device whose activation is indicative of the presence of a fire or fire signature.

"Fire alarm system." A system or portion of a combination system consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal-initiating devices and to initiate the appropriate response to those signals.

"Fire apparatus access road." Same as "Fire lane."

[BF] "Fire area." The aggregate floor area enclosed and bounded by fire walls, fire barriers, exterior walls or horizontal assemblies of a building. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the fire area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor next above.

[BF] "Fire barrier." A fire-resistance-rated wall assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which continuity is maintained.

"Fire chief." The chief officer of the fire department serving the jurisdiction, or a duly authorized representative.

"Fire code official." The state fire marshal, assistant state fire marshal, fire chief or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the code, or a duly authorized representative.

"Fire command center." The principal attended or unattended location where the status of detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.

[BF] "Fire damper." A listed device installed in ducts and air transfer openings designed to close automatically upon detection of heat and resist the passage of flame. Fire dampers are classified for use in either static systems that will automatically shut down in the event of a fire, or in dynamic systems that continue to operate during a fire. A dynamic fire damper is tested and rated for closure under elevated temperature airflow.

"Fire department." A fire department organized under section 505.37, 505.371, 505.375 or 737.21 of the Revised Code.

"Fire department master key." A limited issue key of special or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in command which will open key boxes on specified properties.

"Fire detector, automatic." A device designed to detect the presence of a fire signature and to initiate action.

"Fire district." Means a fire district organized under section 505.37 of the Revised Code.

[BF] "Fire door." The door component of a fire door assembly.

[BF] "Fire door assembly." Any combination of a fire door, frame, hardware and other accessories that together provide a specific degree of fire protection to the opening.

[BF] "Fire exit hardware." Panic hardware that is listed for use on fire door assemblies.

"Fire hazard." In the opinion of the fire code official, any act, condition or thing that causes or creates a recognizable risk of an unfriendly fire or unwanted fire or harm to persons or property from such fires. A fire hazard includes, in the opinion of the fire code official, any act, condition or thing that violates or creates a substantial risk of violating any fire or life safety provision of this code.

"Fire lane." A road or other passageway developed to allow the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus. A fire lane shall not be interpreted to mean a residential and/or public street.

[BF] "Fire partition." A vertical assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which openings are protected.

"Fire point." The lowest temperature at which a liquid will ignite and achieve sustained burning when exposed to a test flame in accordance with ASTM D 92 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Fire protection equipment." See "fire protection system" definition.

[BF] "Fire protection rating." The period of time that an opening protective assembly will maintain the ability to confine a fire as determined by tests prescribed in section 716 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Ratings are stated in hours or minutes.

"Fire protection system." Approved devices, equipment and systems or combinations of systems used to detect a fire, activate an alarm, extinguish or control a fire, control or manage smoke and products of a fire or any combination thereof [BF] "Fire resistance." That property of materials or their assemblies that prevents or retards the passage of excessive heat, hot gases or flames under conditions of use.

[BF] "Fire-resistance rating." The period of time a building element, component or assembly maintains the ability to confine a fire, continues to perform a given structural function, or both, as determined by the tests, or the methods based on tests, prescribed in section 703 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BF] "Fire-resistant joint system." An assemblage of specific materials or products that are designed, tested and fire-resistance rated in accordance with either ASTM E 1966 or UL 2079 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code to resist for a prescribed period of time the passage of fire through joints made in or between fire-resistance-rated assemblies.

"Fire safety functions." Building and fire control functions that are intended to increase the level of life safety for occupants or to control the spread of the harmful effects of fire.

[BF] "Fire separation distance." The distance measured from the building face to one of the following:

1. The closest interior lot line.

2. To the centerline of a street, an alley or public way.

3. To an imaginary line between two buildings on the lot.

The distance shall be measured at right angles from the face of the wall.

[BF] "Fire wall." A fire-resistance-rated wall having protected openings, which restricts the spread of fire and extends continuously from the foundation to or through the roof, with sufficient structural stability under fire conditions to allow collapse of construction on either side without collapse of the wall.

"Fire watch." A temporary measure intended to ensure continuous and systematic surveillance of a building or portion thereof by one or more qualified individuals for the purposes of identifying and controlling fire hazards, detecting early signs of unwanted fire, raising an alarm of fire and notifying the fire department.

[BF] "Fireblocking." Building materials, or materials approved for use as fireblocking, installed to resist the free passage of flame to other areas of the building through concealed spaces.

"Fireworks." Any composition or device prepared for the purpose of producing a visible or an audible effect of combustion, deflagration, or detonation, except ordinary matches and except as provided in section 3743.80 of the Revised Code.

"1.1G Fireworks." Display fireworks consistent with regulations of the United States Department of Transportation as expressed using the designation Division 1.1G (UN0333) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"1.2G Fireworks." Display fireworks consistent with regulations of the United States Department of Transportation as expressed using the designation Division 1.2G (UN0334) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"1.3G Fireworks." Display fireworks consistent with regulations of the United States Department of Transportation as expressed using the designation Division 1.3G (UN0335) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"1.4G Fireworks." Consumer fireworks consistent with regulations of the United States Department of Transportation as expressed using the designation Division 1.4G (UN0336) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code Code that are consistent with regulations of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as expressed in Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations, or special effects fireworks as expressed using the designation Division 1.4G (UN0431) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"1.4G Special effects fireworks." Special effects fireworks intended for indoor use consistent with regulations of the United State Department of Transportation as expressed using the designation Division 1.4G (UN0431) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code that are consistent with regulations of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as expressed in Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

"1.4S Fireworks." Pyrotechnic devices for professional use in the performing arts in conjunction with theatrical, musical or other productions which are similar to "consumer fireworks" in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use. Such fireworks shall be classified as Division 1.4S (UN0337) by DOTn and marked and labeled in conformance with Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or special effects fireworks as expressed using the designation Division 1.4S (UN0432) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"1.4S Special effects fireworks." Special effects fireworks intended for indoor use as expressed using the designation Division 1.4S (UN0432) in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks exhibition." Any presentation or discharge of fireworks. A fireworks exhibition includes but is not limited to, those displays conducted in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 3743. of the Revised Code, or any variance issued thereunder, this rule, and NFPA 1123 and NFPA 1126 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Fireworks incident." Any action or omission that occurs at a fireworks exhibition, that results in injury or death, or a substantial risk of injury or death, to any person, and that involves either of the following:

1. The handling or other use, or the results of the handling or other use, of fireworks or associated equipment or other materials.

2. The failure of any person to comply with any applicable requirement imposed by this rule or any applicable rule adopted under this rule.

"Fireworks incident site." A discharge site or other location at a fireworks exhibition where a fireworks incident occurs, a location where an injury or death associated with a fireworks incident occurs, or a location where evidence of a fireworks incident or an injury or death associated with a fireworks incident is found.

"Fireworks plant." All buildings and other structures in which the manufacturing of fireworks, or the storage or sale of manufactured fireworks by a manufacturer, takes place.

[BG] "Fixed base operator (FBO)." A commercial business granted the right by the airport sponsor to operate on an airport and provide aeronautical services such as fueling, hangaring, tie-down and parking, aircraft rental, aircraft maintenance and flight instruction.

[BE] "Fixed seating." Furniture or fixtures designed and installed for the use of sitting and secured in place including bench-type seats and seats with or without back or arm rests.

"Flame effect." The combustion of solids, liquids, or gases to produce thermal, physical, visual, or audible phenomena before an audience. Flame effect includes, but is not limited to, cold spark devices.

[BF] "Flame spread." The propagation of flame over a surface.

"Flammable cryogenic fluid." A cryogenic fluid that is flammable in its vapor state.

"Flammable finishes." Coatings to articles or materials in which the material being applied is a flammable liquid, combustible liquid, combustible powder, fiberglass resin or flammable or combustible gel coating.

"Flammable gas." A material which is a gas at 68°F (20°C) or less at 14.7 pounds per square inch atmosphere (psia) (101 kPa) of pressure [a material that has a boiling point of 68°F (20°C) or less at 14.7 psia (101 kPa)] which:

1. Is ignitable at 14.7 psia (100 kPa) when in a mixture of 13 per cent or less by volume with air; or

2. Has a flammable range at 14.7 psia (101 kPa) with air of not less than 12 per cent, regardless of the lower limit.

The limits specified shall be determined at 14.7 psi (101 kPa) of pressure and a temperature of 68°F (20°C) in accordance with ASTM E 681 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Flammable liquefied gas." A liquefied compressed gas which, under a charged pressure, is partially liquid at a temperature of 68°F (20°C) and which is flammable.

"Flammable liquid." A liquid having a closed cup flash point below 100°F (38°C). Flammable liquids are further categorized into a group known as Class I liquids. The Class I category is subdivided as follows:

"Class IA." Liquids having a flash point below 73°F (23°C) and having a boiling point below 100°F (38°C).

"Class IB." Liquids having a flash point below 73°F (23°C) and having a boiling point at or above 100°F (38°C).

"Class IC." Liquids having a flash point at or above 73°F (23°C) and below 100°F (38°C).

The category of flammable liquids does not include compressed gases or cryogenic fluids.

"Flammable material." A material capable of being readily ignited from common sources of heat or at a temperature of 600°F (316°C) or less.

"Flammable solid." A solid, other than a blasting agent or explosive, that is capable of causing fire through friction, absorption of moisture, spontaneous chemical change or retained heat from manufacturing or processing, or which has an ignition temperature below 212°F (100°C) or which burns so vigorously and persistently when ignited as to create a serious hazard. A chemical shall be considered a flammable solid as determined in accordance with the test method of CPSC 16 CFR Part 1500.44 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, if it ignites and burns with a self-sustained flame at a rate greater than 0.0866 inch (2.2 mm) per second along its major axis.

"Flammable vapor area." An area in which the concentration of flammable constituents (vapor, gas, fume, mist or dust) in air exceeds 25 per cent of their lower flammable limit (LFL) because of the flammable finish processes operation. It shall include:

1. The interior of spray booths.

2. The interior of ducts exhausting from spraying processes.

3. Any area in the direct path of spray or any area containing dangerous quantities of air-suspended powder, combustible residue, dust, deposits, vapor or mists as a result of spraying operations.

4. The area in the vicinity of dip tanks, drain boards or associated drying, conveying or other equipment during operation or shutdown periods.

The fire code official is authorized to determine the extent of the flammable vapor area, taking into consideration the material characteristics of the flammable materials, the degree of sustained ventilation and the nature of the operations.

"Flammable vapors or fumes." The concentration of flammable constituents in air that exceeds 25 per cent of their lower flammable limit (LFL).

"Flash point." The minimum temperature in degrees Fahrenheit at which a liquid will give off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface or in the container, but will not sustain combustion. The flash point of a liquid shall be determined by appropriate test procedure and apparatus as specified in ASTM D 56, ASTM D 93 or ASTM D 3278 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing facility." That portion of a commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as fuels are stored and dispensed into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles or approved containers that are used in connection with such businesses, by persons within the employ of such businesses.

[BE] "Flight." A continuous run of rectangular treads, winders or combination thereof from one landing to another.

"Float." A floating structure normally used as a point of transfer for passengers and goods, or both, for mooring purposes.

[BE] "Floor area, gross." The floor area within the inside perimeter of the exterior walls of the building under consideration, exclusive of vent shafts and courts, without deduction for corridors, stairways, ramps, closets, the thickness of interior walls, columns or other features. The floor area of a building, or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. The gross floor area shall not include shafts with no openings or interior courts.

[BE] "Floor area, net." The actual occupied area not including unoccupied accessory areas such as corridors, stairways, ramps, toilet rooms, mechanical rooms and closets.

"Flue spaces."

"Longitudinal flue space." The flue space between rows of storage perpendicular to the direction of loading.

"Transverse flue space." The space between rows of storage parallel to the direction of loading.

"Fluidized bed." A container holding powder coating material that is aerated from below so as to form an air-supported expanded cloud of such material through which the preheated object to be coated is immersed and transported.

"Foam-extinguishing system." A special system discharging a foam made from concentrates, either mechanically or chemically, over the area to be protected.

[BE] "Folding and telescopic seating." Tiered seating having an overall shape and size that is capable of being reduced for purposes of moving or storing and is not a building element.

[BG] "Foster care facilities." Facilities that provide care to more than five children, 2½ years of age or less.

"Fuel limit switch." A mechanism, located on a tank vehicle, that limits the quantity of product dispensed at one time.

"Fumigant." A substance which by itself or in combination with any other substance emits or liberates a gas, fume or vapor utilized for the destruction or control of insects, fungi, vermin, germs, rats or other pests, and shall be distinguished from insecticides and disinfectants which are essentially effective in the solid or liquid phases. Examples are methyl bromide, ethylene dibromide, hydrogen cyanide, carbon disulfide and sulfuryl fluoride.

"Fumigation." The utilization within an enclosed space of a fumigant in concentrations that are hazardous or acutely toxic to humans.

"Furnace Class A." An oven or furnace that has heat utilization equipment operating at approximately atmospheric pressure wherein there is a potential explosion or fire hazard that could be occasioned by the presence of flammable volatiles or combustible materials processed or heated in the furnace.

Note: Such flammable volatiles or combustible materials can, for instance, originate from the following:

1. Paints, powders, inks, and adhesives from finishing processes, such as dipped, coated, sprayed and impregnated materials.

2. The substrate material.

3. Wood, paper and plastic pallets, spacers or packaging materials.

4. Polymerization or other molecular rearrangements.

Potentially flammable materials, such as quench oil, water-borne finishes, cooling oil or cooking oils, that present a hazard are ventilated according to Class A standards.

"Furnace Class B." An oven or furnace that has heat utilization equipment operating at approximately atmospheric pressure wherein there are no flammable volatiles or combustible materials being heated.

"Furnace Class C." An oven or furnace that has a potential hazard due to a flammable or other special atmosphere being used for treatment of material in process. This type of furnace can use any type of heating system and includes a special atmosphere supply system. Also included in the Class C classification are integral quench furnaces and molten salt bath furnaces.

"Furnace Class D." An oven or furnace that operates at temperatures from above ambient to over 5,000°F (2760°C) and at pressures normally below atmospheric using any type of heating system. These furnaces can include the use of special processing atmospheres.

"Gas cabinet." A fully enclosed, ventilated, noncombustible enclosure used to provide an isolated environment for compressed gas cylinders in storage or use. Doors and access ports for exchanging cylinders and accessing pressure-regulating controls are allowed to be included.

"Gas detection system." A system or portion of a combination system that utilizes one or more stationary sensors to detect the presence of a specified gas at a specified concentration and initiate one or more responses required by this code, such as notifying a responsible person, activating an alarm signal, or activating or deactivating equipment. A self-contained gas detection and alarm device is not classified as a gas detection system.

"Gas detection system, continuous." See "Continuous gas detection system."

"Gas room." A separately ventilated, fully enclosed room in which only compressed gases and associated equipment and supplies are stored or used.

"Gas room, hydrogen fuel." See "Hydrogen fuel gas room."

"Gaseous hydrogen system." An assembly of piping, devices and apparatus designed to generate, store, contain, distribute or transport a nontoxic, gaseous hydrogen-containing mixture having not less than 95-percent hydrogen gas by volume and not more than 1-percent oxygen by volume. Gaseous hydrogen systems consist of items such as compressed gas containers, reactors and appurtenances, including pressure regulators, pressure relief devices, manifolds, pumps, compressors and interconnecting piping and tubing and controls.

[BG] "Grade floor opening." A window or other opening located such that the sill height of the opening is not more than 44 inches (1118 mm) above or below the finished ground level adjacent to the opening.

[BG] "Grade plane." A reference plan representing the average of finished ground level adjoining the building at exterior walls. Where the finished ground level slopes away from the exterior walls, the reference plane shall be established by the lowest points within the area between the building and the lot line or, where the lot line is more than 6 feet (1829 mm) from the building, between the building and a point 6 feet (1829 mm) from the building.

[BE] "Grandstand." Tiered seating supported on a dedicated structural system and two or more rows high and is not a building element (see "Bleachers").

[BG] "Group home." A facility for social rehabilitation, substance abuse or mental health problems that contains a group housing arrangement that provides custodial care but does not provide medical care.

[BE] "Guard." A building component or a system of building components located at or near the open sides of elevated walking surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walking surface to a lower level.

"Guestroom." A room offered to the public for a fee that contains, at a minimum, provisions for sleeping.

[BS] "Gypsum board." Gypsum wallboard, gypsum sheathing, gypsum base for gypsum veneer plaster, exterior gypsum soffit board, predecorated gypsum board or water-resistant gypsum backing board complying with the standards listed in Tables 2506.2 and 2507.2 and Chapter 35 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Habitable space." A space in a building for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces and similar areas are not considered habitable spaces.

"Halogenated extinguishing system." A fire-extinguishing system using one or more atoms of an element from the halogen chemical series: fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

"Handling." The deliberate transport by any means to a point of storage or use.

[BE] "Handrail." A horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by the hand for guidance or support.

"Hazardous materials." Those chemicals or substances which are physical hazards or health hazards as defined and classified in this rule, whether the materials are in usable or waste condition.

"Hazardous production material (HPM)." A solid, liquid or gas associated with semiconductor manufacturing that has a degree-of-hazard rating in health, flammability or instability of Class 3 or 4 as ranked by NFPA 704 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and which is used directly in research, laboratory or production processes which have, as their end product, materials that are not hazardous.

"Health hazard." A classification of a chemical for which there is statistically significant evidence that acute or chronic health effects are capable of occurring in exposed persons. The term "health hazard" includes chemicals that are toxic, highly toxic and corrosive.

"Hearing." A hearing held by the division in compliance with sections 119.06 to 119.13 of the Revised Code.

"Heat detector." See "Detector, heat."

[BG] "Height, building." The vertical distance from grade plane to the average height of the highest roof surface.

"Heliport." An area of land or water or a structural surface that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and taking off of helicopters, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for heliport buildings and other heliport facilities.

"Helistop." The same as "Heliport," except that fueling, defueling, maintenance, repairs or storage of helicopters is not permitted.

"Hi-boy." A cart used to transport hot roofing materials on a roof.

"High-piled combustible storage." Storage of combustible materials in closely packed piles or combustible materials on pallets, in racks or on shelves where the top of storage is greater than 12 feet (3658 mm) in height. Where required by the fire code official, high-piled combustible storage also includes certain high-hazard commodities, such as rubber tires, Group A plastics, flammable liquids, idle pallets and similar commodities, where the top of storage is greater than 6 feet (1829 mm) in height.

"High-piled storage area." An area within a building which is designated, intended, proposed or actually used for high-piled combustible storage.

[BG] "High-rise building." A building with an occupied floor located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

"High-voltage transmission line." An electrical power transmission line operating at or above 66 kilovolts.

"Highly toxic." A material which produces a lethal dose or lethal concentration which falls within any of the following categories:

1. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of 50 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight when administered orally to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

2. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of 200 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight when administered by continuous contact for 24 hours (or less if death occurs within 24 hours) with the bare skin of albino rabbits weighing between 2 and 3 kilograms each.

3. A chemical that has a median lethal concentration (LC50) in air of 200 parts per million by volume or less of gas or vapor, or 2 milligrams per liter or less of mist, fume or dust, when administered by continuous inhalation for one hour (or less if death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

Mixtures of these materials with ordinary materials, such as water, might not warrant classification as highly toxic. While this system is basically simple in application, any hazard evaluation that is required for the precise categorization of this type of material shall be performed by experienced, technically competent persons.

"Highly volatile liquid." A liquefied compressed gas with a boiling point of less than 68°F (20°C).

"Highway." Any public street, road, alley, way, lane or other public thoroughfare.

[A] "Historic buildings." Buildings that are listed in or eligible for listing in the "National Register of Historic Places," or designated as historic under an appropriate state or local law.

"Hogged materials." Wood waste materials produced from the lumber production process.

[M] "Hood." An air-intake device used to capture by entrapment, impingement, adhesion or similar means, grease and similar contaminants before they enter a duct system.

"Type I." A kitchen hood for collecting and removing grease vapors and smoke.

"Type II." A general kitchen hood for collecting and removing steam vapor, heat, odors and products of combustion.

[BF] "Horizontal assembly." A fire-resistance-rated floor or roof assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire in which continuity is maintained.

[BE] "Horizontal exit." An exit component consisting of fire-resistance-rated construction and opening protectives intended to compartmentalize portions of a building thereby creating refuge areas that afford safety from fire and smoke from the area of fire origin.

[BG] "Hospitals and psychiatric hospitals." Facilities that provide care or treatment for the medical, psychiatric, obstetrical, or surgical treatment of inpatient care recipients that are incapable of self-preservation.

"Hotel." A "hotel" means a transient, extended stay hotel, or residential hotel. "Hotel" includes any structure consisting of one or more buildings containing any combination of more than five guestrooms that are each approved by the building code official having jurisdiction and the state fire marshal as meeting the requirements for transient sleeping rooms or extended stay temporary residence dwelling units, or as having features of such sleeping rooms and dwelling units within the same room, and such structure is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, advertised, and held out to the public to be a place where transient sleeping accommodations or temporary residence is offered for pay to persons, but such structure does not otherwise meet the definition of a transient hotel or an extended stay hotel as defined in this paragraph. "Hotel" includes a hotel, motel, motor hotel, lodge, motor lodge, bed and breakfast, or inn. "Hotel" does not include agricultural labor camps, apartments houses, apartments or other similar places of permanent personal residence, lodging houses, rooming houses, or hospital or college dormitories.

"Hot work." Operations including cutting, welding, Thermit welding, brazing, soldering, grinding, thermal spraying, thawing pipe, installation of torch-applied roof systems or any other similar activity.

"Hot work area." The area exposed to sparks, hot slag, radiant heat, or convective heat as a result of the hot work.

"Hot work equipment." Electric or gas welding or cutting equipment used for hot work.

"Hot work permits." Permits issued by the responsible person at the facility under the hot work permit program permitting welding or other hot work to be done in locations referred to in paragraph (C)(3)(3503.3) of rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code and prepermitted by the fire code official.

"Hot work program." A permitted program, carried out by approved facilities-designated personnel, allowing them to oversee and issue permits for hot work conducted by their personnel or at their facility. The intent is to have trained, on-site, responsible personnel ensure that required hot work safety measures are taken to prevent fires and fire spread.

"HPM Facility." See "Semiconductor fabrication facility."

"HPM room." A room used in conjunction with or serving a Group H-5 occupancy, where HPM is stored or used and which is classified as a Group H-2, H-3 or H-4 occupancy.

"Hydrogen fuel gas room." A room or space that is intended exclusively to house a gaseous hydrogen system.

"Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH)." The concentration of air-borne contaminants that poses a threat of death, immediate or delayed permanent adverse health effects, or effects that could prevent escape from such an environment. This contaminant concentration level is established by the "National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health" (NIOSH) based on both toxicity and flammability. It generally is expressed in parts per million by volume (ppm v/v) or milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3). Where adequate data do not exist for precise establishment of IDLH concentrations, an independent certified industrial hygienist, industrial toxicologist, appropriate regulatory agent or other source approved by the fire code official shall make such determination.

"Impairment coordinator." The person responsible for the maintenance of a particular fire protection system.

[BG] "Incapable of self-preservation." Persons who, because of age, physical limitations, mental limitations, chemical dependency or medical treatment, cannot respond as an individual to an emergency situation.

"Incompatible materials." Materials that, when mixed, have the potential to react in a manner which generates heat, fumes, gases or byproducts which are hazardous to life or property.

"Inert gas." A gas that is capable of reacting with other materials only under abnormal conditions such as high temperatures, pressures and similar extrinsic physical forces. Within the context of the code, inert gases do not exhibit either physical or health hazard properties as defined (other than acting as a simple asphyxiant) or hazard properties other than those of a compressed gas. Some of the more common inert gases include argon, helium, krypton, neon, nitrogen and xenon.

"Inhabited building." A building regularly occupied in whole or in part as a habitation for people, or any place of religious worship, schoolhouse, railroad station, store or other structure where people are accustomed to assemble, except any building or structure occupied in connection with the manufacture, transportation, storage or use of explosive materials.

"Initiating device." A system component that originates transmission of a change-of-state condition, such as in a smoke detector, manual fire alarm box, or supervisory switch.

"Insecticidal fogging." The utilization of insecticidal liquids passed through fog-generating units where, by means of pressure and turbulence, with or without the application of heat, such liquids are transformed and discharged in the form of fog or mist blown into an area to be treated.

[BE] "Interior exit ramp." An exit component that serves to meet one or more means of egress design requirements, such as required number of exits or exit access travel distance, and provides for a protected path of egress travel to the exit discharge or public way.

[BE] "Interior exit stairway." An exit component that serves to meet one or more means of egress design requirements, such as required number of exits or exit access travel distance, and provides for a protected path of egress travel to the exit discharge or public way.

[BG] "Interior finish." Interior finish includes interior wall and ceiling finish and interior floor finish.

[BG] "Interior floor-wall base." Interior floor finish trim used to provide a functional or decorative border at the intersection of walls and floors.

[BG] "Interior wall and ceiling finish." The exposed interior surfaces of buildings, including but not limited to: fixed or movable walls and partitions; toilet room privacy partitions; columns; ceilings; and interior wainscoting, paneling or other finish applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, surface insulation, structural fire resistance or similar purposes, but not including trim.

"Interlinked fire detection." An automatic fire detection system installed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, interconnected with the smoke control system.

"Irritant." A chemical which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. A chemical is a skin irritant if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the methods of CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1500.41 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for an exposure of four or more hours or by other appropriate techniques, it results in an empirical score of 5 or more. A chemical is classified as an eye irritant if so determined under the procedure listed in CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1500.42 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or other approved techniques.

"Joint fire district." A joint fire district organized under section 505.371 or 505.375 of the Revised Code.

"Joint fire and ambulance district." Means a joint fire and ambulance district organized under section 505.375 of the Revised Code.

[A] "Jurisdiction." The governmental unit that has adopted this code under due legislative authority.

"Key box." A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire department master key, and containing bulding entry keys and other keys that may be required for access in an emergency.

[A] "Labeled." Equipment, materials or products to which have been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, approved agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the labeled items and whose labeling indicates either that the equipment, material or product meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

"Last known address." The most recent mailing address reported to the division by the person in compliance with requirements to provide the person's address.

[B] "Level of exit discharge." See "Exit discharge, level of."

"License." Any license, permit, certificate, commission, or charter issued by the division.

"Licensed building." A building on the licensed premises of a licensed manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks that is approved for occupancy by the building official having jurisdiction.

"Licensed exhibitor of fireworks or licensed exhibitor." A person licensed pursuant to sections 3743.50 to 3743.55 of the Revised Code. This includes a licensed exhibitor of indoor fireworks (Type II exhibitor license) or a licensed exhibitor of outdoor/ indoor fireworks (Type I exhibitor license).

"Licensed exhibitor of indoor fireworks." A person licensed pursuant to this rule to conduct indoor exhibitions in accordance with NFPA 1126 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code of 1.4G special effects fireworks (UN0431), 1.4S fireworks (UN0337) and 1.4S special effects fireworks (UN0432). This is also known as a Type II exhibitor's license.

"Licensed exhibitor of outdoor/indoor fireworks." A person licensed pursuant to this rule to conduct outdoor or indoor fireworks exhibitions in accordance with NFPA 1123 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code of 1.1G fireworks (UN0333), 1.2G fireworks (UN0334), 1.3G fireworks (UN0335), 1.4G fireworks (UN0336), 1.4G special effects fireworks (UN0432), 1.4S fireworks (UN0337) and 1.4S special effects fireworks (UN0432). This is also known as a Type I exhibitor's license.

"Licensed manufacturer of fireworks or licensed manufacturer." A person licensed pursuant to sections 3743.02 to 3743.08 of the Revised Code.

"Licensed premises." The approved real estate upon which a licensed manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks conducts business. Licensed premises includes but is not limited to: all property within identified boundaries, approved storage locations, and all buildings, structures, or other temporary or permanent fixtures located thereon.

"Licensed wholesaler of fireworks or licensed wholesaler." A person licensed pursuant to sections 3743.15 to 3743.21 of the Revised Code.

"Licensee." Any person, institution, or entity, governmental or non-governmental, that holds a license, certificate or registration issued by the division pursuant to statute.

"Light hazard occupancy." Occupancies or portions of other occupancies where the quantity and/or combustibility of contents is low and fires with relatively low rates of heat release are expected as determined by the fire code official.

"Limited spraying space." An area in which operations for touch-up or spot painting of a surface area of 9 square feet (0.84 m2) or less are conducted.

"Liquefied natural gas (LNG)." A fluid in the liquid state composed predominantly of methane and which may contain minor quantities of ethane, propane, nitrogen or other components normally found in natural gas.

"Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas)." A material which is composed predominantly of the following hydrocarbons or mixtures of them: propane, propylene, butane (normal butane or isobutene) and butylenes having a vapor pressure not exceeding that of commercial propane.

"Liquid." A material having a melting point that is equal to or less than 68°F (20°C) and a boiling point which is greater than 68°F (20°C) at 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute (psia) (101 kPa). Where not otherwise identified, the term "liquid" includes both flammable and combustible liquids.

"Liquid oxygen ambulatory container." A container used for liquid oxygen not exceeding 0.396 gallons (1.5 liters) specifically designed for use as a medical device as defined by 21 USC Chapter 9 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code that is intended for portable therapeutic use and to be filled from its companion base unit, a liquid oxygen home care container.

"Liquid oxygen home care container." A container used for liquid oxygen not exceeding 15.8 gallons (60 liters) specifically designed for use as a medical device as defined by 21 USC Chapter 9 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code that is intended to deliver gaseous oxygen for therapeutic use in a home environment.

"Liquid storage room." A room classified as a Group H-3 occupancy used for the storage of flammable or combustible liquids in a closed condition.

"Liquid storage warehouse." A building classified as a Group H-2 or H-3 occupancy used for the storage of flammable or combustible liquids in a closed condition.

[A] "Listed." Equipment, materials, products or services included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the fire code official and concerned with evaluation of products or services that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services and whose listing states either that the equipment, material, product or service meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

"List of licensed exhibitors." The list required by division (C) of section 3743.51 of the Revised Code.

"List of licensed manufacturers." The list required by division (C) of section 3743.03 of the Revised Code.

"List of licensed wholesalers." The list required by division (C) of section 3743.16 of the Revised Code.

"Loan." Means a loan granted under the small government fire department services revolving loan program established by section 3737.17 of the Revised Code.

"Lockdown." An emergency situation, in other than a Group I-3 occupancy, requiring that the occupants be sheltered and secured in place within a building when normal evacuation would put occupants at risk.

[BG] "Lodging house." A one-family dwelling where one or more occupants are primarily permanent in nature and rent is paid for guest rooms.

"Longitudinal flue space." See "Flue space-longitudinal."

[A] "Lot." A portion or parcel of land considered as a unit.

[A] "Lot line." A line dividing one lot from another, or from a street or any public place.

[BE] "Low energy power-operated door." Swinging door which opens automatically upon an action by a pedestrian such as pressing a push plate or waving a hand in front of a sensor. The door closes automatically, and operates with decreased forces and decreased speeds. See also "Power-assisted door" and "Power-operated door."

"Low-pressure tank." A storage tank designed to withstand an internal pressure greater than 0.5 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (3.4 kPa) but not greater than 15 psig (103.4 kPa).

"Lower explosive limit (LEL)." See "Lower flammable limit."

"Lower flammable limit (LFL)." The minimum concentration of vapor in air at which propagation of flame will occur in the presence of an ignition source. The LFL is sometimes referred to as LEL or lower explosive limit.

"LP-gas container." Any vessel, including cylinders, tanks, portable tanks and cargo tanks, used for transporting or storing LP-gases.

"Magazine." A building, structure or container, other than an operating building, approved for storage of explosive materials.

"Indoor." A portable structure, such as a box, bin or other container, constructed as required for Type 2, 4 or 5 magazines in accordance with NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code so as to be fire resistant and theft resistant.

"Type 1." A permanent structure, such as a building or igloo, that is bullet resistant, fire resistant, theft resistant, weather resistant and ventilated in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 2." A portable or mobile structure, such as a box, skid-magazine, trailer or semitrailer, constructed in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code that is fire resistant, theft resistant, weather resistant and ventilated. If used outdoors, a Type 2 magazine is also bullet resistant.

"Type 3." A fire resistant, theft resistant and weather resistant "day box" or portable structure constructed in accordance with NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code used for temporary storage of explosive materials.

"Type 4." A permanent, portable or mobile structure such as a building, igloo, box, semitrailer or other mobile container that is fire resistant, theft resistant and weather resistant and constructed in accordance with NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Type 5." A permanent, portable or mobile structure such as a building, igloo, box, bin, tank, semitrailer, bulk trailer, tank trailer, bulk truck, tank truck or other mobile container that is theft resistant, which is constructed in accordance with NFPA 495, NFPA 1124 or DOTy 27 CFR Part 55 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Magnesium." The pure metal and alloys, of which the major part is magnesium.

"Mall." See "Covered mall building."

"Manual fire alarm box." A manually operated device used to initiate an alarm signal.

"Manual stocking methods." Stocking methods utilizing ladders or other nonmechanical equipment to move stock.

"Manufacturing of fireworks." The making of fireworks from raw materials, none of which in and of themselves constitute fireworks, or the processing of fireworks.

"Marina." Any portion of the ocean or inland water, either naturally or artificially protected, for the mooring, servicing or safety of vessels and shall include artificially protected works, the public or private lands ashore, and structures+ or facilities provided within the enclosed body of water and ashore for the mooring or servicing of vessels or the servicing of their crews or passengers.

"Marine motor fuel-dispensing facility." That portion of property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as motor fuel for watercraft are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment on shore, piers, wharves, floats or barges into the fuel tanks of watercraft or approved containers and shall include all other facilities used in connection therewith.

"Material safety data sheet (MSDS)." Information concerning a hazardous material which is prepared in accordance with the provisions of DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or in accordance with the provisions of a federally approved state OSHA plan.

"Maximum allowable quantity per control area." The maximum amount of a hazardous material allowed to be stored or used within a control area inside a building or an outdoor control area. The maximum allowable quantity per control area is based on the material state (solid, liquid or gas) and the material storage or use conditions.

[BE] "Means of egress." A continuous and unobstructed path of vertical and horizontal egress travel from any occupied portion of a building or structure to a public way. A means of egress consists of three separate and distinct parts: the exit access, the exit and the exit discharge.

"Mechanical stocking methods." Stocking methods utilizing motorized vehicles or hydraulic jacks to move stock.

[BG] "Medical care." Care involving medical or surgical procedures, nursing or for psychiatric purposes.

"Membrane structure." An air-inflated, air-supported, cable or frame-covered structure as defined by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and not otherwise defined as a tent. See Chapter 31 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BE] "Merchandise pad." A merchandise pad is an area for display of merchandise surrounded by aisles, permanent fixtures or walls. Merchandise pads contain elements such as nonfixed and moveable fixtures, cases, racks, counters and partitions as indicated in section 105.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Metal hydride." A generic name for compounds composed of metallic element(s) and hydrogen.

"Metal hydride storage system." A closed system consisting of a group of components assembled as a package to contain metal-hydrogen compounds for which there exists an equilibrium condition where the hydrogen-absorbing metal alloy(s), hydrogen gas and the metal-hydrogen compound(s) coexist and where only hydrogen gas is released from the system in normal use.

[BG] "Mezzanine." An intermediate level or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story and in accordance with section 505 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Miscella." A mixture, in any proportion, of the extracted oil or fat and the extracting solvent.

"Mobile food unit." Any apparatus or equipment that is used to cook, prepare or serve food, and that routinely changes or can change location and is operated from a moveable vehicle or apparatus, including but not limited to motorized vehicles, trailers, and hand propelled carts.

"Mobile fueling." The operation of dispensing liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles. Mobile fueling may also be known by the terms "Mobile fleet fuel," "Wet fueling" and "Wet hosing."

"Mortar." A tube from which fireworks shells are fired into the air.

"Motor fuel dispensing facility." That portion of a property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as a fuel are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles or marine craft or into approved containers, including all equipment used in connection therewith.

"Multiple-station alarm device." Two or more single-station alarm devices that can be interconnected such that actuation of one causes all integral or separate audible alarms to operate. A multiple-station alarm device can consist of one single-station alarm device having connections to other detectors or to a manual fire alarm box.

"Multiple-station smoke alarm." Two or more single-station alarm devices that are capable of interconnection such that actuation of one causes the appropriate alarm signal to operate in all interconnected alarms.

"Navigable waters." Any body of water susceptible of being used in its ordinary condition as a highway of commerce over which trade and travel is or may be conducted in the customary modes, but does not include a body of water that is not capable of navigation by barges, tugboats, and other large vessels.

"Nesting." A method of securing flat-bottomed compressed gas cylinders upright in a tight mass using a contiguous three-point contact system whereby all cylinders within a group have not less than three points of contact with other cylinders, walls or bracing.

"Net explosive weight (net weight)." The weight of explosive material expressed in pounds. The net explosive weight is the aggregate amount of explosive material contained within buildings, magazines, structures or portions thereof, used to establish quantity-distance relationships.

"Normal temperature and pressure (NTP)." A temperature of 70°F (21°C) and a pressure of 1 atmosphere [14.7 psia (101 kPa)].

[BE] "Nosing." The leading edge of treads of stairs and of landings at the top of stairway flights.

"Notification zone." See "Zone, notification."

"Novelties and trick noisemakers." Include the following items:

1. Devices that produce a small report intended to surprise the user, including, but not limited to, booby traps, cigarette loads, party poppers and snappers.

2. Snakes or glow worms.

3. Smoke devices containing not more than 5 grams of pyrotechnic composition.

4. Trick matches.

"Nuisance alarm." An alarm caused by mechanical failure, malfunction, improper installation or lack of proper maintenance, or an alarm activated by a cause that cannot be determined.

[BG] "Nursing homes." Facilities that provide care, including both intermediate care facilities and skilled nursing facilities, where any of the persons are incapable of self-preservation.

"Occupancy classification." For the purposes of this code, certain occupancies are defined as follows:

[BG] "Assembly Group A." Assembly Group A occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for the gathering of persons for purposes such as civic, social or religious functions; recreation, food or drink consumption; or awaiting transportation.

[BG] Small buildings and tenant spaces. A building or tenant space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than 50 persons shall be classified as a Group B occupancy.

[BG] Small assembly spaces. The following rooms and spaces shall not be classified as assembly occupancies:

1. A room or space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than 50 persons and accessory to another occupancy shall be classified as a Group B occupancy or as part of that occupancy.

2. A room or space used for assembly purposes that is less than 750 square feet (70 m2) in area and accessory to another occupancy shall be classified as a Group B occupancy or as part of that occupancy.

[BG] Associated with Group E occupancies. A room or space used for assembly purposes that is associated with a Group E occupancy is not considered a separate occupancy.

[BG] Accessory with places of religious worship. Accessory religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums with occupant loads of less than 100 per room or space are not considered separate occupancies.

[BG] "Assembly Group A-1" Group A occupancy includes assembly uses, usually with fixed seating, intended for the production and viewing of performing arts or motion pictures including, but not limited to:

Motion picture theaters

Symphony and concert halls

Television and radio studios admitting an audience

Theaters

[BG] "Assembly Group A-2" Group A-2 occupancy includes assembly uses intended for food and/or drink consumption including, but not limited to:

Banquet halls

Casinos (gaming areas)

Night clubs

Restaurants, cafeterias and similar dining facilities (including associated commercial kitchens)

Taverns and bars

[BG] "Assembly Group A-3" Group A-3 occupancy includes assembly uses intended for worship, recreation or amusement and other assembly uses not classified elsewhere in Group A, including, but not limited to:

Amusement arcades

Art galleries

Bowling alleys

Community halls

Courtrooms

Dance halls (not including food or drink consumption)

Exhibition halls

Funeral parlors

Gymnasiums (without spectator seating)

Indoor swimming pools (without spectator seating)

Indoor tennis courts (without spectator seating)

Lecture halls

Libraries

Museums

Places of religious worship

Pool and billiard parlors

Waiting areas in transportation terminals

[BG] "Assembly Group A-4" Group A-4 occupancy includes assembly uses intended for viewing of indoor sporting events and activities with spectator seating including, but not limited to:

Arenas

Skating rinks

Swimming pools

Tennis courts

[BG] "Assembly Group A-5" Group A-5 occupancy includes assembly uses intended for participation in or viewing outdoor activities including, but not limited to:

Amusement park structures

Bleachers

Grandstands

Stadiums

[BG] "Business Group B." Business Group B occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for office, professional or service-type transactions, including storage of records and accounts. Business occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Airport traffic control towers

Ambulatory care facilities

Animal hospitals, kennels and pounds

Banks

Barber and beauty shops

Car wash

Civic administration

Clinic-outpatient

Dry cleaning and laundries:pick-up and delivery stations and self-service

Educational occupancies for student above the 12th grade

Electronic data processing

Food processing establishments and commercial kitchens not associated with restaurants, cafeterias and similar dining facilities not more than 2,500 square feet (232 m2) in area

Laboratories: testing and research

Motor vehicle showrooms

Post offices

Print shops

Professional services (architects, attorneys, dentists, physicians, engineers, etc.)

Radio and television stations

Telephone exchanges

Training and skill development not in a school or academic program (This shall include, but not be limited to, tutoring centers, martial arts studios, gymnastics and similar uses regardless of the ages served, and where not classified as a Group A occupancy)

[BG] "Educational Group E." Educational Group E occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, by six or more persons at any one time for educational purposes through the 12th grade.

[BG] Accessory to places of religious worship. Religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums, which are accessory to places of religious worship in accordance with Section 508.3.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and have occupant loads of less than 100 per room or space shall be classified as Group A-3 occupancies.

[BG] "Group E, day care facilities." This group includes buildings and structures or portions there of occupied by more than five children older than 2½ years who receive educational, supervision or personal care services for less than 24 hours per day.

[BG] Within places of religious worship. Rooms and spaces within places of religious worship providing such care during religious functions shall be classified as part of the primary occupancy.

[BG] Five or fewer children. A facility having five or fewer children receiving such care shall be classified as part of the primary occupancy.

[BG] Five or fewer children in a dwelling unit. A facility such as the above within a dwelling unit and having five or fewer children receiving such care shall be classified as a Group R-3 occupancy and shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

The use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for educational, supervision or personal care services for more than five but not more than one hundred children are cared for are located on the level of exit discharge and each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as a Group E occupancy.

A child day care center, other than a type A family day care home, for six or more children with not more than five children two and one-half years of age or less, shall be classified as Group E occupancy.

[BG] "Factory Industrial Group F." Factory Industrial Group F occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for assembling, disassembling, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing, packaging, repair or processing operations that are not classified as a Group H high-hazard or Group S storage occupancy.

[BG] "Factory Industrial F-1 Moderate-Hazard Occupancy." Factory industrial uses that are not classified as Factory Industrial Group F-2 Low Hazard shall be classified as F-1 Moderate Hazard and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Aircraft (manufacturing, not to include repair

Appliances

Athletic equipment

Automobiles and other motor vehicles

Bakeries

Beverages; over 16 per cent alcohol content

Bicycles

Boats

Brooms or brushes

Business machines

Cameras and photo equipment

Canvas and similar fabric

Carpets and rugs (includes cleaning)

Clothing

Construction and agricultural machinery

Disinfectants Dry cleaning and dyeing

Electric generation plants

Electronics

Engines (including rebuilding)

Food processing and commercial kitchens not associated with restaurants, cafeterias and similar dining facilities more than 2,500 square feet (232 m2) in area

Furniture

Hemp products

Jute products

Laundries

Leather products

Machinery

Metals

Millwork (sash and door)

Motion pictures and television filming (without spectators)

Musical instruments

Optical goods

Paper mills or products

Photographic film

Plastic products

Printing or publishing

Recreational vehicles

Refuse incineration Shoes

Soaps and detergents

Textiles

Tobacco

Trailers

Upholstering

Wood; distillation

Woodworking (cabinet)

[BG] "Factory Industrial F-2 Low-Hazard Occupancy." Factory industrial uses involving the fabrication or manufacturing of noncombustible materials that, during finishing, packaging or processing do not involve a significant fire hazard, shall be classified as Group F-2 occupancies and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Beverages; up to and including 16 per cent alcohol content

Brick and masonry

Ceramic products

Foundries

Glass products

Gypsum

Ice

Metal products (fabrication and assembly)

"High-Hazard Group H." High-hazard Group H occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, that involves the manufacturing, processing, generation or storage of materials that constitute a physical or health hazard in quantities in excess of those allowed in control areas complying with paragraph (C)(8)(c)(5003.8.3) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code, based on the maximum allowable quantity limits for control areas set forth in Tables 5003.1.1(1) and 5003.1.1(2) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code. Hazardous occupancies are classified in Groups H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4 and H-5 and shall be in accordance with this code and the requirements of section 415 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Hazardous materials stored or used on top of roofs or canopies shall be classified as outdoor storage or use and shall comply with this code.

Uses other than Group H. The storage, use or handling of hazardous materials as described in one or more of the following items shall not cause the occupancy to be classified as Group H, but is shall be classified as the occupancy that it most nearly resembles:

1. Buildings and structures occupied for the application of flammable finishes, provided that such buildings or areas conform to the requirements of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code and section 416 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. Wholesale and retail sales and storage of flammable and combustible liquids in mercantile occupancies conforming to rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code.

3. Closed piping system containing flammable or combustible liquids or gases utilized for the operation of machinery, building service equipment or process equipment.

4. Cleaning establishments that utilize combustible liquid solvents having a flash point of 140°F (60°C) or higher in closed systems employing equipment listed by an approved testing agency, provided that this occupancy is separated from all other areas of the building by 1-hour fire barriers in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or 1-hour horizontal assemblies in accordance with section 711 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or both.

5. Cleaning establishments that utilize a liquid solvent having a flash point at or above 200°F (93°C).

6. Liquor stores and distributors without bulk storage.

7. Refrigeration systems.

8. The storage or utilization of materials for agricultural purposes on the premises.

9. Stationary batteries utilized for facility emergency power, uninterruptible power supply or telecommunication facilities, provided that the batteries are equipped with safety venting caps and ventilation is provided in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

10. Corrosives personal or household products in their original packaging used in retail display.

11. Commonly used corrosive building materials.

12. Buildings and structures occupied for aerosol storage shall be classified as Group S-1, provided that such buildings conform to the requirements of rule 1301:7-7-51 of the Administrative Code.

13. Display and storage of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials in quantities not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area in Group M or S occupancies complying with paragraph (C) (8)(c)(v) (5003.8.3.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

14. The storage of black powder, smokeless propellant and small arms primers in Groups M and R-3 and special industrial explosive devices in Groups B, F, M and S, provided such storage conforms to the quantity limits and requirements of this code.

"High-hazard Group H-1." Buildings and structures containing materials that pose a detonation hazard shall be classified as Group H-1. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Detonable pyrophoric materials

Explosives:

Division 1.1

Division 1.2

Division 1.3

Division 1.4

Division 1.5

Division 1.6

Organic peroxides, unclassified detonable

Oxidizers, Class 4

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3 detonable, and Class 4

"Occupancies containing explosives not classified as H-1." The following occupancies containing explosive materials shall be classified as follows:

1. Division 1.3 explosive materials that are used and maintained in a form where either confinement or configuration will not elevate the hazard from a mass fire hazard to mass explosion hazard shall be allowed in Group H-2 occupancies.

2. Articles, including articles packaged for shipment, that are not regulated as a Division 1.4 explosive under "Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives" regulations, or unpackaged articles used in process operations that do not propagate a detonation or deflagration between articles shall be allowed in H-3 occupancies.

"High-hazard Group H-2." Buildings and structures containing materials that pose a deflagration hazard or a hazard from accelerated burning shall be classified as Group H-2. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Class I, II or IIIA flammable or combustible liquids that are used or stored in normally open containers or systems, or in closed containers or systems pressurized at more than 15 pounds per square inch (103.4 kPa) gauge

Combustible dusts where manufactured, generated or used in such a manner that the concentration and conditions create a fire or explosion hazard based on information prepared in accordance with section 414.1.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Cryogenic fluids, flammable

Flammable gases

Organic peroxides, Class I

Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally open containers or systems, or in closed containers or systems pressurized at more than 15 pounds per square inch gauge (103.4 kPa)

Pyrophoric liquids, solids and gases, nondetonable

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3, nondetonable

Water reactive materials, Class 3

"High-hazard Group H-3." Buildings and structures containing materials that readily support combustion or that pose a physical hazard shall be classified as Group H-3. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Class I, II or IIIA flammable or combustible liquids that are used or stored in normally closed containers or systems pressurized at 15 pounds per square inch gauge (103.4 kPa) or less

Combustible fibers, other than densely packed baled cotton, where manufactured, generated or use in such a manner that the concentration and conditions create a fire or explosion hazard based on information prepared in accordance with section 414.1.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Consumer fireworks, 1.4G (Class C, Common)

Cryogenic fluids, oxidizing

Flammable solids

Organic peroxides, Class II and Class III

Oxidizers, Class 2

Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally closed containers or systems pressurized at 15 pounds per square inch gauge (103 kPa) or less

Oxidizing gases

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 2

Water-reactive materials, Class 2

"High-hazard Group H-4." Buildings and structures containing materials that are health hazards shall be classified as Group H-4. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Corrosives

Highly toxic materials

Toxic materials

"High-hazard Group H-5." Semiconductor fabrication facilities and comparable research and development areas in which hazardous production materials (HPM) are used and the aggregate quantity of materials is in excess of those listed in Tables 5003.1.1(1) and 5003.1.1(2) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code shall be classified as Group H-5. Such facilities and areas shall be designed and constructed in accordance with section 415.11 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Institutional Group I." Institutional Group I occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, in which care or supervision is provided to persons who are or are not capable of self-preservation without physical assistance, or in which persons are detained for penal or correctional purposes or in which the liberty of the occupants is restricted. Institutional occupancies shall be classified as Group I-1, I-2, I-3 or I-4.

[BG] "Institutional Group I-1." Institutional Group I-1 occupancy shall include buildings, structures or portions for more than 16 persons, excluding staff, on a 24-hour basis, who reside in a supervised environment and receive custodial care. Buildings of Group I-1 shall be classified as one of the occupancy conditions indicated below. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Alcohol and drug centers

Assisted living facilities

Congregate care facilities

Group homes

Halfway houses

Residential board and care facilities

Residential board and custodial care facilities

Social rehabilitation facilities

[BG] "Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which all persons receiving custodial care who, without any assistance, are capable of responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation.

[BG] "Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which there are any persons receiving custodial care who require limited verbal or physical assistance while responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation.

[BG] "Six to 16 persons receiving custodial care." A facility housing not fewer than six and not more than 16 persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as Group R-4.

[BG] "Five or fewer persons receiving custodial care." A facility with five or fewer persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code provided an automatic sprinkler system is installed throughout the fire area in accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2), (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code or section 2904 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Institutional Group I-2." Institutional Group I-2 occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical care on a 24-hour basis for more than five persons who are not capable of self-preservation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Foster care facilities

Detoxification facilities

Hospitals

Nursing homes

Psychiatric hospitals

Nursing homes as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised Code

[BG] "Occupancy conditions." Buildings of Group I-2 shall be classified as one of the following occupancy conditions:

[BG] "Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall include facilities that provide nursing and medical care but do not provide emergency care, surgery, obstetrics, or in- patient stabilization units for psychiatric or detoxification, including but not limited to, nursing homes and foster care facilities.

[BG] "Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall include facilities that provide nursing and medical care and could provide emergency care, surgery, obstetrics, or inpatient stabilization units for psychiatric or detoxification, including but not limited to, hospitals.

[BG] "Five or fewer persons receiving medical care." A facility with five or fewer persons receiving medical care shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code provided an automatic sprinkler system is installed throughout the fire area in accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2), (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code or Section 2904 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Institutional Group I-3." Institutional Group I-3 occupancy shall include buildings and structures which are inhabited by more than five persons who are under restraint or security. A Group I-3 facility is occupied by persons who are generally incapable of self-preservation due to security measures not under the occupants' control. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Correctional centers

Detention centers

Jails

Prerelease centers

Prisons

Reformatories

Buildings of Group I-3 shall be classified as one of the following occupancy conditions:

[BG] "Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed from sleeping areas and other spaces where access or occupancy is permitted to the exterior via means of egress without restraint. A Condition 1 facility is permitted to be constructed as Group R.

[BG] "Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed from sleeping areas and any other occupied smoke compartment to one or more other smoke compartments. Egress to the exterior is impeded by locked exits.

[BG] "Condition 3." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is allowed within individual smoke compartments, such as within a residential unit comprised of individual sleeping units and group activity spaces, where egress is impeded by remote-controlled release of means of egress from such smoke compartment to another smoke compartment.

[BG] "Condition 4." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is restricted from an occupied space. Remote-controlled release is provided to permit movement from sleeping units, activity spaces and other occupied areas within the smoke compartment to other smoke compartments.

[BG] "Condition 5." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which free movement is restricted from an occupied space. Staff-controlled manual release is provided to permit movement from sleeping units, activity spaces and other occupied areas within the smoke compartment to other smoke compartments.

[BG] "Institutional Group I-4, day care facilities." Institutional Group I-4 shall include buildings and structures occupied by more than five persons of any age who receive custodial care for less than 24 hours by persons other than parents or guardians, relatives by blood, marriage, or adoption, and in a place other than the home of the person cared for This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Adult day care

Child day care

[BG] "Classification as Group E." A child day care facility that provides care for more than five but not more than 100 children 2½ years or less of age, where the rooms in which the children are cared for are located on a level of exit discharge serving such rooms and each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as Group E.

[BG] "Within a place of religious worship." Rooms and spaces within places of religious worship providing such care during religious functions shall be classified as part of the primary occupancy.

[BG] "Five or fewer occupants receiving care." A facility having five or fewer persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as part of the primary occupancy.

[BG] "Five or fewer occupants receiving care in a dwelling unit." A facility such as the above within a dwelling unit and having five or fewer persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as a Group R-3 occupancy or shall comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Mercantile Group M." Mercantile Group M occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure or a portion thereof, for the display and sale of merchandise, and involves stocks of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public. Mercantile occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Department stores

Drug stores

Markets

Motor fuel-dispensing facilities

Retail or wholesale stores

Sales rooms

[BG] "Residential Group R." Residential Group R includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for sleeping purposes when not classified as an Institutional Group I or when not regulated by the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code in accordance with Section 101.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Detached one-, two-, or three-family dwellings. The residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall apply to structures comprised exclusively of one-, two-, or three-family dwelling (having independent exits) and their accessory structures in jurisidictions where a residential department is certified as further described in paragraph (B)(5)(102.5) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Residential Group R-1" Residential Group R-1 occupancies containing sleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient in nature, including:

Boarding houses (transient) with more than 10 occupants

Congregate living facilities (transient) with more than 10 occupants

Hotels (transient)

Motels (transient)

R-1 occupancies typically will include sleeping units but may also include dwelling units when those units are not used primarily as permanent residences.

[BG] "Residential Group R-2" Residential Group R-2 occupancies containing sleeping units or more than three dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature including:

Apartment houses

Boarding houses (nontransient) with more than 16 occupants

Congregate living facilities (nontransient) with more than 16 occupants

Convents

Dormitories

Fraternities and sororities

Hotels (nontransient)

Live/work units

Monasteries

Motels (nontransient)

Vacation timeshare properties

Residential occupancies in buildings or structures of mixed use containing one or more dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature in structures with shared exits.

[BG] "Residential Group R-3" Residential Group R-3 occupancies having more than three dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and not classified as Group R-1, R-2, R-4 or I, including:

Boarding houses (nontransient) with 16 or fewer occupants

Boarding houses (transient) with 10 or fewer occupants

Care facilities that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons receiving care

Congregate living facilities (nontransient) with 16 or fewer occupants

Congregate living facilities (transient) with 10 or fewer occupants

Lodging houses with five or fewer guest rooms

[BG] "Care facilities within a dwelling." Care facilities for five or fewer persons receiving care that are within a single-family dwelling are permitted to comply with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code provided an automatic sprinkler system is installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii) (903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code or section P2904 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Lodging houses." Owner-occupied lodging houses with five or fewer guest rooms shall be permitted to be constructed in accordance with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Dwelling units in mixed occupancy buildings." This group includes residential occupancies in buildings or structures of mixed use, three stories or less, where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and where each dwelling unit has an independent exit.

"Compliance with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code." Chapters 2 to 10 and 44 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code are permitted to be used in place of the requirements of this code for R-3 occupancies under the following conditions:

1. The building is comprised exclusively of dwelling units; and

2. The building is not used as a care facility; and

3. The building is three stories or less in height; and

4. Each dwelling unit in the building has an independent exit; and

5. No more than one dwelling unit is allowed to be located above another dwelling unit; and

6. Fire separation between units within a grouping of two units, including a unit located partially or totally above another unit, shall be in accoredance with section 302.2 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Fire separation between any grouping of two units and other adjacent units shall be in accordance with sections 302.2 to 302.6 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code; and

7. Chapter 1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be applicable for code administration purposes; and

8. The edition of NFPA 70 listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be applicable for electrical components, equipment, and system requirements; and

9. The mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall apply for mechanical appliances, equipment, and system requirements, including fuel gas reuqirements; and

10. The plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administraitive Code shall apply for plumbing fixtures, equipment, water supply, and sanitary systems; and

11. Chapter 13 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall apply for energy conservation; and

12. Except for items 7 to 11 above, the edition of standards listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be used when the standard is referenced in Chapter 44 of the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Residential Group R-4" Residential Group R-4 occupancies shall include buildings, structures or portions thereof for more than five but not more than 16 persons, excluding staff, who reside on a 24-hour basis in a supervised residential environment and receive custodial care. Buildings of Group R-4 shall be classified as one of the occupancy conditions indicated below. The persons receiving care are capable of self-preservation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Alcohol and drug centers

Assisted living facilities

Congregate care facilities

Group homes

Halfway houses

Residential board and care facilities

Social rehabilitation facilities

Group R-4 occupancies shall meet the requirements for construction as defined for Group R-3, except as otherwise provided for in the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which all persons receiving custodial care, without any assistance, are capable of responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation.

[BG] "Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which there are any persons receiving custodial care who require limited verbal or physical assistance while responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation.

[BG] "Storage Group S." Storage Group S occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for storage that is not classified as a hazardous occupancy.

[BG] "Accessory storage spaces." A room or space used for storage purposes that is less than 100 square feet (9.3 m2) in area and accessory to another occupancy shall be classified as part of that occupancy. The aggregate area of such rooms or spaces shall not exceed the allowable area limits of section 508.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BG] "Moderate-hazard storage, Group S-1." Storage Group S-1 occupancies are buildings occupied for storage uses that are not classified as Group S-2 including, but not limited to, storage of the following:

Aerosols, Level 2 and 3

Aircraft hangar (storage and repair)

Bags: cloth, burlap and paper

Bamboos and rattan

Baskets

Belting: canvas and leather

Books and paper in rolls or packs

Boots and shoes

Buttons, including cloth covered, pearl or bone

Cardboard and cardboard boxes

Clothing, woolen wearing apparel

Cordage

Dry boat storage (indoor)

Furniture

Furs

Glues, mucilage, pastes and size

Grains

Horns and combs, other than celluloid

Leather

Linoleum

Lumber

Motor vehicle repair garages complying with the maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials listed in Table 5003.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code (see section 406.8 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code).

Photo engravings

Resilient flooring

Silks

Soaps

Sugar

Tires, bulk storage of

Tobacco, cigars, cigarettes and snuff

Upholstery and mattresses

Wax candles

[BG] "Low-hazard storage, Group S-2." Storage Group S-2 occupancies include, among others, buildings used for the storage of noncombustible materials such as products on wood pallets or in paper cartons with or without single thickness divisions; or in paper wrappings. Such products are permitted to have a negligible amount of plastic trim, such as knobs, handles or film wrapping. Storage uses shall include, but not be limited to, storage of the following:

Asbestos

Beverages up to and including 16-per cent alcohol in metal, glass or ceramic containers

Cement in bags

Chalk and crayons

Dairy products in nonwaxed coated paper containers

Dry cell batteries

Electrical coils

Electrical motors

Empty cans

Food products

Foods in noncombustible containers

Fresh fruits and vegetables in nonplastic trays or containers

Frozen foods

Glass

Glass bottles, empty or filled with noncombustible liquids

Gypsum board

Inert pigments

Ivory

Meats

Metal cabinets

Metal desks with plastic tops and trim

Metal parts

Metals

Mirrors

Oil-filled and other types of distribution transformers

Parking garages, open or enclosed

Porcelain and pottery

Stoves

Talc and soapstones

Washers and dryers

[BG] "Miscellaneous Group U." Buildings and structures of an accessory character and miscellaneous structures not classified in any specific occupancy and not used for agricultural purposes as defined in section 3781.06 of the Revised Code, shall be constructed, equipped and maintained to conform to the requirements of this code commensurate with the fire and life hazard incidental to their occupancy. Group U shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Agricultural buildings not used for agricultural purposes as defined in section 3781.06 of the Revised Code

Aircraft hangar, accessory to a one- or two-family residence (see Section 412.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code)

Barns

Carports

Fences more than 6 feet (1829 mm) in height Grain silos, accessory to a residential occupancy

Greenhouses

Livestock shelters not used for agricultural purposes as defined in section 3781.06 of the Revised Code

Private garages

Retaining walls Sheds

Stables

Tanks

Towers

[BG] "Occupant load." The number of persons for which the means of egress of a building or portion thereof is designed.

"Open burning." The burning of materials wherein products of combustion are emitted directly into the ambient air without passing through a stack or chimney from an enclosed chamber. Open burning does not include road flares, smudge-pots and similar devices associated with safety or occupational uses typically considered open flames, recreational fires or use of portable outdoor fireplaces. For the purpose of this definition, a chamber shall be regarded as enclosed when, during the time combustion occurs, only apertures, ducts, stacks, flues or chimneys necessary to provide combustion air and permit the escape of exhaust gas are open.

[BE] "Open-ended corridor." An interior corridor that is open on each end and connects to an exterior stairway or ramp at each end with no intervening doors or separation from the corridor.

"Open mall." See "Covered mall building."

"Open mall building." See "Covered mall building."

[BG] "Open parking garage." A structure or portion of a structure with the openings as described in section 406.5.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code on two or more sides that is used for the parking or storage of private motor vehicles as described in section 406.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Open system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material involving a vessel or system that is continuously open to the atmosphere during normal operations and where vapors are liberated, or the product is exposed to the atmosphere during normal operations. Examples of open systems for solids and liquids include dispensing from or into open beakers or containers, dip tank and plating tank operations.

"Operating building." A building occupied in conjunction with the manufacture, transportation or use of explosive materials. Operating buildings are separated from one another with the use of intraplant or intraline distances.

"Operating line." A group of buildings, facilities or workstations so arranged as to permit performance of the steps in the manufacture of an explosive or in the loading, assembly, modification and maintenance of ammunition or devices containing explosive materials.

"Operating pressure." The pressure at which a system operates.

"Order." Any final adjudication of facts, issues, or amounts in controversy in any hearing conducted under the authority of this rule before the division and any final disposition or directive of the state fire marshal regarding the rights, duties, privileges, benefits, legal relationships, jurisdictional status, or standing of any affected party or appellant.

"Organic coating." A liquid mixture of binders such as alkyd, nitrocellulose, acrylic or oil, and flammable and combustible solvents such as hydrocarbon, ester, ketone or alcohol, which, when spread in a thin film, convert to a durable protective and decorative finish.

"Organic peroxide." An organic compound that contains the bivalent -O-O- structure and which may be considered to be a structural derivative of hydrogen peroxide where one or both of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by an organic radical. Organic peroxides can present an explosion hazard (detonation or deflagration) or they can be shock sensitive. They can also decompose into various unstable compounds over an extended period of time.

"Class I." Describes those formulations that are capable of deflagration but not detonation.

"Class II." Describes those formulations that burn very rapidly and that pose a moderate reactivity hazard.

"Class III." Describes those formulations that burn rapidly and that pose a moderate reactivity hazard.

"Class IV." Describes those formulations that burn in the same manner as ordinary combustibles and that pose a minimal reactivity hazard.

"Class V." Describes those formulations that burn with less intensity than ordinary combustibles or do not sustain combustion and that pose no reactivity hazard.

"Unclassified detonable." Organic peroxides that are capable of detonation. These peroxides pose an extremely high-explosion hazard through rapid explosive decomposition.

"Outdoor control area." An outdoor area that contains hazardous materials in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities of Table 5003.1.1(3) or Table 5003.1.1(4) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Outpatient clinic." See "Clinic, outpatient."

"Overcrowding." A condition that exists when either there are more people in a building, structure or portion thereof than have been authorized or posted by the fire code official, or when the fire code official determines that a threat exists to the safety of the occupants due to persons sitting and/or standing in locations that may obstruct or impede the use of aisles, passages, corridors, stairways, exits or other components of the means of egress.

[A] "Owner." Any person, agent, operator, entity, firm or corporation having any legal or equitable interest in the property; or recorded in the official records of the state, county or municipality as holding an interest or title to the property; or otherwise having possession or control of the property, including the guardian of the estate of any such person, and the executor or administrator of the estate of such person if ordered to take possession of real property by a court.

"Oxidizer." A material that readily yields oxygen or other oxidizing gas, or that readily reacts to promote or initiate combustion of combustible materials and, if heated or contaminated, can result in vigorous self-sustained decomposition.

"Class 4." An oxidizer that can undergo an explosive reaction due to contamination or exposure to thermal or physical shock and that causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes into contact. Additionally, the oxidizer causes a severe increase in the burning rate and can cause spontaneous ignition of combustibles.

"Class 3." An oxidizer that causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact.

"Class 2." An oxidizer that will cause a moderate increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact.

"Class 1." An oxidizer that does not moderately increase the burning rate of combustible materials.

"Oxidizing cryogenic fluid." An oxidizing gas in the cryogenic state.

"Oxidizing gas." A gas that can support and accelerate combustion of other materials more than air does.

"Ozone-gas generator." Equipment which causes the production of ozone.

[BE] "Panic hardware." A door-latching assembly incorporating a device that releases the latch upon the application of a force in the direction of egress travel. See also "Fire exit hardware."

"Party popper." A small plastic or paper item that contains not more than sixteen milligrams of friction-sensitive explosive composition, that is ignited by pulling a string protruding from the item, and from which paper streams are expelled when the item is ignited.

"Pass-through." An enclosure installed in a wall with a door on each side that allows chemicals, HPM, equipment, and parts to be transferred from one side of the wall to the other.

[BG] "Penthouse." An enclosed, ^unoccupied rooftop structure used for sheltering mechanical and electrical equipment, tanks, elevators and related machinery, and vertical shaft openings.

"Permissible exposure limit (PEL)." The maximum permitted 8-hour time-weighted-average concentration of an air-borne contaminant. The exposure limits to be utilized are those published in DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1000 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The "Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)" concentrations published by the "U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)," "Threshold Limit Value-Time Weighted Average (TLV-TWA)" concentrations published by the "American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)," "Workplace Environmental Exposure Level (WEEL) Guides" published by the "American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)," and other approved, consistent measures are allowed as surrogates for hazardous substances not listed in DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1000 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[A] "Permit." An official document or certificate issued by the fire code official that authorizes performance of a specified activity.

"Person." In addition to the meaning in section 1.59 of the Revised Code, means the state and any political subdivision of the state, and any other entity, public or private.

[BG] "Personal care service." The care of persons who do not require medical care. Personal care involves responsibility for the safety of the persons while inside the building.

"Pesticide." A substance or mixture of substances, including fungicides, intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating pests and substances or a mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant or desiccant. Products defined as drugs in the "Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" are not pesticides.

[BE] "Photoluminescent." Having the property of emitting light that continues for a length of time after excitation by visible or invisible light has been removed.

"Physical hazard." A chemical for which there is evidence that it is a combustible liquid, cryogenic fluid, explosive, flammable (solid, liquid or gas), organic peroxide (solid or liquid), oxidizer (solid or liquid), oxidizing gas, pyrophoric (solid, liquid or gas), unstable (reactive) material (solid, liquid or gas) or water-reactive material (solid or liquid).

"Physiological warning threshold." A concentration of air-borne contaminants, normally expressed in parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per cubic meter (mg/ m3), that represents the concentration at which persons can sense the presence of the contaminant due to odor, irritation or other quick-acting physiological responses. When used in conjunction with the permissible exposure limit (PEL), the physiological warning threshold levels are those consistent with the classification system used to establish the PEL. See the definition of "Permissible exposure limit (PEL)."

"Pier." A structure built over the water, supported by pillars or piles, and used as a landing place, pleasure pavilion or similar purpose.

[B] "Place of religious worship." See "Religious worship, place of."

[M] "Plenum." An enclosed portion of the building structure, other than an occupiable space being conditioned, that is designed to allow air movement and thereby serve as part of an air distribution system.

"Plosophoric material." Two or more unmixed, commercially manufactured, prepackaged chemical substances including oxidizers, flammable liquids or solids, or similar substances that are not independently classified as explosives but which, when mixed or combined, form an explosive that is intended for blasting.

"Plywood and veneer mills." Facilities where raw wood products are processed into finished wood products, including waferboard, oriented strandboard, fiberboard, composite wood panels and plywood.

"Portable outdoor fireplace." A portable, outdoor, solid-fuel-burning fireplace that may be constructed of steel, concrete, clay or other noncombustible material. A portable outdoor fireplace may be open in design, or may be equipped with a small hearth opening and a short chimney or chimney opening in the top.

"Powered industrial truck." A forklift, tractor, platform lift truck or motorized hand truck powered by an electrical motor or internal combustion engine. Powered industrial trucks do not include farm vehicles or automotive vehicles for highway use.

[BE] "Power-assisted door." Swinging door that opens by reduced pushing or pulling force on the door-operating hardware. The door closes automatically after the pushing or pulling force is released, and functions with decreased forces. See also "Low energy power-operated door" and "Power-operated door."

[BE] "Power-operated door." Swinging, sliding, or folding door that opens automatically when approached by a pedestrian or opens automatically upon an action by a pedestrian. The door closes automatically and includes provisions such as presence sensors to prevent entrapment. See also "Low energy power-operated door" and "Power-assisted door."

"Pressure vessel." A closed vessel designed to operate at pressure above 15 psig (103 kPa).

"Primary containment." The first level of containment, consisting of the inside portion of that container which comes into immediate contact on its inner surface with the material being contained.

[BG] "Private garage." A building or portion of a building in which motor vehicles used by the tenants of the building or buildings on the premises are stored or kept, without provisions for repairing or servicing such vehicles for profit.

"Processing of fireworks." The making of fireworks from materials all or part of which in and of themselves constitute fireworks, but does not include the mere packaging or repackaging of fireworks.

"Process transfer." The transfer of flammable or combustible liquids between tank vehicles or tank cars and process operations. Process operations may include containers, tanks, piping and equipment.

"Propellant." The liquefied or compressed gas in an aerosol container that expels the contents from an aerosol container when the valve is actuated. A propellant is considered flammable if it forms a flammable mixture with air, or if a flame is self-propagating in a mixture with air.

"Proximate audience." An audience closer to pyrotechnic devices than allowed by NFPA 1123 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[B] "Psychiatric hospitals." See "Hospitals."

"Public traffic route (PTR)." Any public street, road, highway, navigable stream or passenger railroad that is used for through traffic by the general public.

[BE] "Public-use areas." Interior or exterior rooms or spaces that are made available to the general public.

[A] "Public way." A street, alley or other parcel of land open to the outside air leading to a street, that has been deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 10 feet (3048 mm).

"Pyrophoric." A chemical with an autoignition temperature in air, at or below a temperature of 130ºF (54ºC).

"Pyrotechnic article." A pyrotechnic device for use in the entertainment industry, which is not classified as fireworks.

"Pyrotechnic composition." A chemical mixture which upon burning and without explosion, produces a visible brilliant display, bright lights, or sounds.

"Pyrotechnic special effect." A visible or audible effect for entertainment created through the use of pyrotechnic materials and devices.

"Pyrotechnic special-effect material." A chemical mixture used in the entertainment industry to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration or detonation. Such a chemical mixture predominately consists of solids capable of producing a controlled, self-sustaining and self-contained exothermic chemical reaction that results in heat, gas sound, light or a combination of these effects. The chemical reaction functions without external oxygen.

"Pyrotechnics." Controlled exothermic chemical reactions timed to create the effects of heat, hot gas, sound, dispersion of aerosols, emission of visible light or a combination of such effects to achieve the maximum effect from the least volume of pyrotechnic composition.

"Qualifying small government." Has the same meaning as in division (A) of section 3737.17 of the Revised Code.

"Quantity-distance (Q-D)." The quantity of explosive material and separation distance relationships providing protection. These relationships are based on levels of risk considered acceptable for the stipulated exposures and are tabulated in the appropriate Q-D tables. The separation distances specified afford less than absolute safety:

"Inhabited building distance (IBD)." The minimum separation distance between an operating building or magazine containing explosive materials and an inhabited building or site boundary.

"Intermagazine distance (IMD)." The minimum separation distance between magazines.

"Intraline distance (ILD) or Intraplant distance (IPD)." The distance to be maintained between any two operating buildings on an explosives manufacturing site when at least one contains or is designed to contain explosives, or the distance between a magazine and an operating building.

"Minimum separation distance (D0)." The minimum separation distance between adjacent buildings occupied in conjunction with the manufacture, transportation, storage or use of explosive materials where one of the buildings contains explosive materials and the other building does not.

"Railroad." Any railway or railroad that carries freight or passengers for hire, but does not include auxiliary tracks, spurs, and sidings installed and primarily used in serving a mine, quarry, or plant.

"Railway." A steam, electric or other railroad or railway that carriers passengers for hire.

[BE] "Ramp." A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-per cent slope).

"Ramp, exit access." See "Exit access ramp."

"Ramp, exterior exit." See "Exterior exit ramp."

"Ramp, interior exit." See "Interior exit ramp."

"Raw product." A mixture of natural materials such as tree, brush trimmings, or waste logs and stumps.

"Ready box." A weather-resistant container with a self-closing or automatic-closing cover that protects fireworks shells from burning debris. Tarpaulins shall not be considered as ready boxes.

[A] "Record drawings." Drawings ("as builts") that document the location of all devices, appliances, wiring, sequences, wiring methods and connections of the components of a fire alarm system as installed.

"Recreational fire." An outdoor fire burning materials other than rubbish where the fuel being burned is not contained in an incinerator, outdoor fireplace, portable outdoor fireplace, barbeque grill or barbeque pit and has a total fuel area of 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height for pleasure, religious, ceremonial, cooking, warmth or similar purposes.

"Reduced flow valve." A valve equipped with a restricted flow orifice and inserted into a compressed gas cylinder, portable tank or stationary tank that is designed to reduce the maximum flow from the valve under full-flow conditions. The maximum flow rate from the valve is determined with the valve allowed to flow to atmosphere with no other piping or fittings attached.

"Refinery." A plant in which flammable or combustible liquids are produced on a commercial scale from crude petroleum, natural gasoline or other hydrocarbon sources.

"Refrigerant." The fluid used for heat transfer in a refrigeration system; the refrigerant absorbs heat and transfers it at a higher temperature and a higher pressure, usually with a change of state.

[M] "Refrigerating (refrigeration) system." A combination of interconnected refrigerant-containing parts constituting one closed refrigerant circuit in which a refrigerant is circulated for the purpose of extracting heat.

[A] "Registered design professional." An architect or engineer, registered or licensed to practice professional architecture or engineering, as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state in which the project is to be constructed.

[BG] "Religious worship, place of" A building or portion thereof intended for the performance of religious services.

"Remote emergency shutoff device." The combination of an operator-carried signaling device and a mechanism on the tank vehicle. Activation of the remote emergency shutoff device sends a signal to the tanker-mounted mechanism and causes fuel flow to cease.

"Remote solvent reservoir." A liquid solvent container enclosed against evaporative losses to the atmosphere during periods when the container is not being utilized, except for a solvent return opening not larger than 16 square inches (10 322 mm2). Such return allows pump-cycled used solvent to drain back into the reservoir from a separate solvent sink or work area.

"Remotely located, manually activated shutdown control." A control system that is designed to initiate shutdown of the flow of gases or liquids that is manually activated from a point located some distance from the delivery system.

"Repair garage." A building, structure or portion thereof used for servicing or repairing motor vehicles.

"Representative sample showroom." A structure constructed and maintained in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and this code for a use and occupancy group that permits mercantile sales. A representative sample showroom shall not contain any pyrotechnics, pyrotechnic materials, fireworks, explosives, explosive materials, or any similar hazardous materials or substances.

"Residential hotel." A structure or structures consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five dwelling units, that are specifically constructed and approved through a valid certificate of occupancy issued by the building official having jurisdiction, as having both dwelling unit features for non-transient residence purposes and all of the transient residential group R-1 use and occupancy classification adopted by the board of building standards pursuant to Chapter 3781. of the Revised Code, and that are kept, used, maintained, advertised, operated as, or held out to the public to be a place where non-transient dwelling units are offered for pay to persons for a minimum stay of more than thirty days.

"Residential premises." Has the same meaning as the term is defined in section 5321.01 of the Revised Code.

"Resin application area." An area where reinforced plastics are used to manufacture products by hand lay-up or spray-fabrication methods.

"Responsible manager." A person trained in the safety and fire safety considerations concerned with hot work. Responsible for reviewing the sites prior to issuing permits as part of the hot work permit program and following up as the job progresses.

"Responsible person." The person responsible for compliance with the state fire code, including but not limited to, the owner, lessee, agent, operator, or occupant of a building, premises or vehicle. Responsible persons can include individuals, heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, business associations, partnerships or corporations, its or their successors or assigns or the agent of any of the aforesaid.

"Retail display area." The area of a Group M occupancy open for the purpose of viewing or purchasing merchandise offered for sale. Individuals in such establishments are free to circulate among the items offered for sale which are typically on shelves, racks or the floor.

"Retail sale or sell at retail." A sale of fireworks to a purchaser who intends to use the fireworks, and not resell them.

"Roll coating." The process of coating, spreading and impregnating fabrics, paper or other materials as they are passed directly through a tank or trough containing flammable or combustible liquids, or over the surface of a roller revolving partially submerged in a flammable or combustible liquid.

"Rubbish (trash)." Combustible and noncombustible waste materials, including residue from the burning of coal, wood, coke or other combustible material, paper, rags, cartons, tin cans, metals, mineral matter, glass crockery, dust and discarded refrigerators, and heating, cooking or incinerator-type appliances.

"Safety can." An approved container of not more than 5-gallon (19 L) capacity having a spring-closing lid and spout cover so designed that it will relieve internal pressure when subjected to fire exposure.

[BE] "Scissor stairway." Two interlocking stairways providing two separate paths of egress located within one exit enclosure.

"Secondary containment." That level of containment that is external to and separate from primary containment.

"Seed cotton." See "Cotton."

"Segregated." Storage in the same room or inside area, but physically separated by distance from incompatible materials.

[BF] "Self-closing." As applied to a fire door or other opening, means equipped with an approved device that will ensure closing after having been opened.

[BE] "Self-luminous." Illuminated by a self-contained power source, other than batteries, and operated independently of external power sources.

"Self-preservation, incapable of." See "Incapable of self-preservation."

"Self-service motor fuel-dispensing facility." That portion of motor fuel-dispensing facility where flammable or combustible liquids or gases are dispensed from fixed approved dispensing equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles or approved containers by persons other than a motor fuel-dispensing facility attendant.

"Semiconductor fabrication facility." A building or a portion of a building in which electrical circuits or devices are created on solid crystalline substances having electrical conductivity greater than insulators but less than conductors. These circuits or devices are commonly known as semiconductors.

"Service corridor." A fully enclosed passage used for transporting HPM and purposes other than required means of egress.

"Shelf storage." Storage on shelves less than 30 inches (762 mm) deep with the distance between shelves not exceeding 3 feet (914 mm) vertically. For other shelving arrangements, see the requirements for rack storage.

"Single room occupancy." One occupant per room.

"Single-station smoke alarm." An assembly incorporating the detector, the control equipment and the alarm-sounding device in one unit, operated from a power supply either in the unit or obtained at the point of installation.

[BG] "Site." A parcel of land bounded by a lot line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

[BG] "Site-fabricated stretch system." A system, fabricated on site and intended for acoustical, tackable or aesthetic purposes, that is composed of three elements:

1. A frame constructed of plastic, wood, metal or other material used to hold fabric in place;

2. A core material (infill, with the correct properties for the application); and

3. An outside layer, comprised of a textile, fabric or vinyl, that is stretched taut and held in place by tension or mechanical fasteners via the frame.

"Sky lantern." An unmanned device with a fuel source that incorporates an open flame in order to make the device airborne.

"Sleeping room." A room that provides at a minimum adequate sleeping accommodations for each guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture designed for sleeping and accompanying bedding, mattress, box spring, pillow(s), sheets and pillow cases.

[BG] "Sleeping unit." A room or space in which people sleep, which can also include permanent provisions for living, eating, and either sanitation or kitchen facilities but not both. Such rooms and spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not sleeping units.

"Small arms ammunition." A shotgun, rifle or pistol cartridge and any cartridge for propellant-actuated devices. This definition does not include military ammunition containing bursting charges or incendiary, trace, spotting or pyrotechnic projectiles.

"Small arms primers." Small percussion-sensitive explosive charges, encased in a cap, used to ignite propellant powder.

"Small municipality or small township." A duly constituted municipality or village under Title 7 of the Revised Code or township under Title 5 of the Revised Code having a population of less than 25,000 permanent residents.

"Smoke alarm." A single- or multiple-station alarm responsive to smoke. See also "Single-station smoke alarm" and "Multiple-station smoke alarm."

[BF] "Smoke barrier." A continuous membrane, either vertical or horizontal, such as a wall, floor, or ceiling assembly, that is designed and constructed to restrict the movement of smoke.

[BG] "Smoke compartment." A space within a building enclosed by smoke barriers on all sides, including the top and bottom.

[BF] "Smoke damper." A listed device installed in ducts and air transfer openings designed to resist the passage of smoke. The device is installed to operate automatically, controlled by a smoke detection system, and where required, is capable of being positioned from a fire command center.

"Smoke detector." A listed device that senses visible or invisible particles of combustion.

"Smoke device." A tube or sphere that contains pyrotechnic composition that, upon ignition, produces white or colored smoke as the primary effect.

[BG] "Smoke-developed index." A comparative measure, expressed as a dimensionless number, derived from measurements of smoke obscuration versus time for a material tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[BE] "Smoke-protected assembly seating." Seating served by means of egress that is not subject to smoke accumulation within or under a structure.

"Smokeless propellants." Solid propellants, commonly referred to as smokeless powders, used in small arms ammunition, cannons, rockets, propellant-actuated devices and similar articles.

[BF] "Smokeproof enclosure." An interior exit stairway designed and constructed so that the movement of the products of combustion produced by a fire occurring in any part of the building into the enclosure is limited.

"Snake or glow worm." A device that consists of a pressed pellet of pyrotechnic composition that produces a large, snake-like ash upon burning, which ash expands in length as the pellet burns.

"Snapper." A small, paper-wrapped item that contains a minute quantity of explosive composition coated on small bits of sand, and that when dropped, implodes.

"Solid." A material that has a melting point and decomposes or sublimes at a temperature greater than 68ºF (20ºC).

"Solid biofuel." Densified biomass made in the form of cubiform, polyhedral, polyhydric or cylindrical units, provided by compressing milled biomass.

"Solid biomass feedstock." The basic materials of which solid biofuel is composed, manufactured or made.

"Solid shelving." Shelving that is solid, slatted or of other construction located in racks and which obstructs sprinkler discharge down into the racks.

"Solvent distillation unit." See paragraph (B)(1)(3402.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. An appliance that receives contaminated flammable or combustible liquids and which distills the contents to remove contaminants and recover the solvents.

"Solvent or liquid classifications." A method for classifying solvents or liquids according to the following classes:

"Class I solvents." Liquids having a flash point below 100ºF (38ºC).

"Class II solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 100ºF (38ºC) and below 140ºF (60ºC).

"Class IIIA solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 140ºF (60ºC) and below 200ºF (93ºC).

"Class IIIB solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 200ºF (93ºC).

"Class IV solvents." Liquids classified as nonflammable.

"Special amusement building." A building that is temporary, permanent or mobile that contains a device or system that conveys passengers or provides a walkway along, around or over a course in any direction as a form of amusement arranged so that the egress path is not readily apparent due to visual or audio distractions or an intentionally confounded egress path, or is not readily available because of the mode of conveyance through the building or structure.

"Special industrial explosive device." An explosive power pack containing an explosive charge in the form of a cartridge or construction device. The term includes but is not limited to explosive rivets, explosive bolts, explosive charges for driving pins or studs, cartridges for explosive-actuated power tools and charges of explosives used in automotive air bag inflators, jet tapping of open hearth furnaces and jet perforation of oil well casings.

"Spray booth." A mechanically ventilated appliance of varying dimensions and construction provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation and to confine and limit the escape of spray vapor and residue and to exhaust it safely.

"Spray room." A room designed to accommodate spraying operations, constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and separated from the remainder of the building by a minimum 1-hour fire barrier.

"Spraying space." An area in which dangerous quantities of flammable vapors or combustible residues, dusts or deposits are present due to the operation of spraying processes. The fire code official is authorized to define the limits of the spraying space in any specific case.

"SRO facility." A facility with more than five sleeping rooms that is kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the public as a place where sleeping rooms are offered on a single room occupancy (SRO) basis and intended for use as a primary residence for residential guests for a period of more than thirty days. "SRO facility" does not include agricultural labor camps, apartment houses, lodging houses, rooming houses, or hospital or college dormitories. "Single room occupancy (SRO) basis" means one occupant per room.

[BE] "Stair." A change in elevation, consisting of one or more risers.

[BE] "Stairway." One or more flights of stairs, either exterior or interior, with the necessary landings and platforms connecting them, to form a continuous and uninterrupted passage from one level to another.

"Stairway, exit access." See "Exit access stairway."

"Stairway, exterior exit." See "Exterior exit stairway."

"Stairway, interior exit." See "Interior exit stairway."

"Stairway, scissor." See "Scissor stairway."

[BE] "Stairway, spiral." A stairway having a closed circular form in its plan view with uniform section-shaped treads attached to and radiating from a minimum-diameter supporting column.

"Standby power system." A source of automatic electric power of a required capacity and duration to operate required building, hazardous materials or ventilation systems in the event of a failure of the primary power. Standby power systems are required for electrical loads where interruption of the primary power could create hazards or hamper rescue or fire-fighting operations.

"Standpipe system, classes of." Standpipe system classes are as follows:

"Class I system." A system providing 2½-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

"Class II system." A system providing 1½-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use primarily by the building occupants or by the fire department during initial response.

"Class III system." A system providing 1½-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use by building occupants and 2½-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply a larger volume of water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

"Standpipe, types of" Standpipe types are as follows:

"Automatic dry." A dry standpipe system, normally filled with pressurized air, that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a dry pipe valve, to admit water into the system piping automatically upon the opening of a hose valve. The water supply for an automatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

"Automatic wet." A wet standpipe system that has a water supply that is capable of supplying the system demand automatically.

"Manual dry." A dry standpipe system that does not have a permanent water supply attached to the system. Manual dry standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper to be pumped into the system through the fire department connection in order to supply the system demand.

"Manual wet." A wet standpipe system connected to a water supply for the purpose of maintaining water within the system but which does not have a water supply capable of delivering the system demand attached to the system. Manual wet standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper (or the like) to be pumped into the system in order to supply the system demand.

"Semiautomatic dry." A dry standpipe system that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a deluge valve, to admit water into the system piping upon activation of a remote control device located at a hose connection. A remote control activation device shall be provided at each hose connection. The water supply for a semiautomatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

"State fire marshal." The state fire marshal appointed pursuant to section 3737.21 of the Revised Code or his duly authorized representative.

"Static piles." Piles in which processed wood product or solid biomass feedstock is mounded and is not being turned or moved.

"Steel." Hot- or cold-rolled as defined by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Storage, hazardous materials." The keeping, retention or leaving of hazardous materials in closed containers, tanks, cylinders, or similar vessels; or vessels supplying operations through closed connections to the vessel.

"Storage location." A single parcel or contiguous parcels of real estate approved by the state fire marshal pursuant to division (I) of section 3743.04 of the Revised Code or division (G) of section 3743.17 of the Revised Code that are separate from a licensed premises containing a retail showroom, and which parcels or parcels a licensed manufacturer or wholesaler of fireworks may use only for the distribution, possession, and storage of fireworks in accordance with Chapter 3743. of the Revised Code and this rule.

[BG] "Story." That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above (see "Basement," "Building heights grade plane" and "Mezzanine"). It is measured as the vertical distance from top to top of two successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters.

[BG] "Story above grade plane." Any story having its finished floor surface entirely above grade plane, or in which the finished surfaceof the floor next above is:

1. More than 6 feet (1829 mm) above grade plane; or

2. More than 12 feet (3658 mm) above the finished ground level at any point.

"Supervising station." A facility that receives signals and at which personnel are in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.

"Supervisory service." The service required to monitor performance of guard tours and the operative condition of fixed suppression systems or other systems for the protection of life and property.

"Supervisory signal." A signal indicating the need of action in connection with the supervision of guard tours, the fire suppression systems or equipment, or the maintenance features of related systems.

"Supervisory signal-initiating device." An initiating device such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe sprinkler system whose change of state signals an off-normal condition and its restoration to normal of a fire protection or life safety system; or a need for action in connection with guard tours, fire suppression systems or equipment, or maintenance features of related systems.

"System." An assembly of equipment consisting of a tank, container or containers, appurtenances, pumps, compressors and connecting piping.

"Tank." A vessel containing more than 60 gallons (227 L).

"Tank, atmospheric." A storage tank designed to operate at pressures from atmospheric through 1.0 pound per square inch gauge (760 mm Hg through 812 mm Hg) measured at the top of the tank.

"Tank, engine-mounted." An above-ground fuel tank furnished by the engine manufacturer or the emergency power system supplier and mounted on the engine, the engineframe, or under as a subbase.

"Tank, portable." A packaging of more than 60-gallon (227 L) capacity and designed primarily to be loaded into or on or temporarily attached to a transport vehicle or ship and equipped with skids, mountings or accessories to facilitate handling of the tank by mechanical means. It does not include any cylinder having less than a 1,000-pound (454 kg) water capacity, cargo tank, tank car tank or trailers carrying cylinders of more than 1,000-pound (454 kg) water capacity.

"Tank, primary." A listed atmospheric tank used to store liquid. See "Primary containment."

"Tank, protected above ground." A tank listed in accordance with UL 2085 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code consisting of a primary tank provided with protection from physical damage and fire-resistive protection from a high-intensity liquid pool fire exposure. The tank may provide protection elements as a unit or may be an assembly of components, or a combination thereof.

"Tank, stationary." Packaging designed primarily for stationary installations not intended for loading, unloading or attachment to a transport vehicle as part of its normal operation in the process of use. It does not include cylinders having less than a 1,000-pound (454 kg) water capacity.

"Tank vehicle." A vehicle other than a railroad tank car or boat, with a cargo tank mounted thereon or built as an integral part thereof, used for the transportation of flammable or combustible liquids, LP-gas or hazardous chemicals. Tank vehicles include self-propelled vehicles and full trailers and semitrailers, with or without motive power, and carrying part or all of the load.

"Temporary door locking device." An assembly of parts intended to be engaged by a trained school staff member in a school building for the purpose of preventing both ingress and egress through a door in a school building for a finite period of time in an emergency situation and during active shooter drills. See section 1010.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

"Temporary residence." Means six or more dwelling unit accommodations within a single structure, except apartment buildings and other structures or portions thereof that are either residential premises subject to Title LIII. of the Revised Code or a similar residential occupancy, offered for pay to persons for a period of one year or less.

"Temporary stage canopy." A temporary ground-supported membrane-covered frame structure used to cover stage areas and support equipment in the production of outdoor entertainment events.

[BG] "Tent." A structure, enclosure or shelter, with or without sidewalls or drops, constructed of fabric or pliable material supported by any manner except by air or the contents that it protects.

"Theft resistant." Construction designed to deter illegal entry into facilities for the storage of explosive materials.

"Timber and lumber production facilities." Facilities where raw wood products are processed into finished wood products.

"Tires, bulk storage of" Storage of tires where the area available for storage exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m3).

"Tool." A device, storage container, workstation or process machine used in a fabrication area.

"Torch-applied roof system." Bituminous roofing systems using membranes that are adhered by heating with a torch and melting asphalt back coating instead of mopping hot asphalt for adhesion.

[A] "Townhouse." A single-family dwelling unit constructed in a group of three or more attached units in which each unit extends from the foundation to roof and with open space on not less than two sides.

"Toxic." A chemical falling within any of the following categories:

1. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of more than 50 milligrams per kilogram, but not more than 500 milligrams per kilogram of body weight when administered orally to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

2. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of more than 200 milligrams per kilogram but not more than 1,000 milligrams per kilogram of body weight when administered by continuous contact for 24 hours (or less if death occurs within 24 hours) with the bare skin of albino rabbits weighing between 2 and 3 kilograms each.

3. A chemical that has a median lethal concentration (LC50) in air of more than 200 parts per million but not more than 2,000 parts per million by volume of gas or vapor, or more than 2 milligrams per liter but not more than 20 milligrams per liter of mist, fume or dust, when administered by continuous inhalation for 1 hour (or less if death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

"Traffic calming devices." Traffic calming devices are design elements of fire apparatus access roads such as street alignment, installation of barriers, and other physical measures intended to reduce traffic and cut-through volumes, and slow vehicle speeds.

[BG] "Transient." Occupancy of a dwelling unit or sleeping unit for not more than 30 days.

[BG] "Transient aircraft." Aircraft based at another location and that is at the transient location for not more than 90 days.

"Transient hotel." Any structure consisting of one or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that, through a valid certificate of occupancy, is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the public to be a place where sleeping accommodations are offered for pay to transient guests for a period of thirty days or less, including, but not limited to, such a structure denoted as a hotel, motel, motor hotel, lodge, motor lodge, bed and breakfast, or inn.

"Transient 270 day stay hotel room." A specifically designated sleeping room, in a licensed transient hotel meeting all the requirements contained in section 3731.041 of the Revised Code.

"Transverse flue space." See "Flue space-transverse."

"Trash." See "Rubbish."

"Trick match." A kitchen or book match that is coated with a small quantity of explosive composition and that, upon ignition, produces a small report or a shower of sparks.

"Trouble signal." A signal initiated by the fire alarm system or device indicative of a fault in a monitored circuit or component.

"Tube trailer." A semitrailer on which a number of tubular gas cylinders have been mounted. A manifold is typically provided that connects the cylinder valves enabling gas to be discharged from one or more tubes or cylinders through a piping and control system.

"Unauthorized discharge." A release or emission of materials in a manner which does not conform to the provisions of this code or applicable public health and safety regulations.

"Unfriendly fire." A fire of destructive nature as distinguished from a controlled fire intended for a beneficial purpose.

"Unstable (reactive) material." A material, other than an explosive, which in the pure state or as commercially produced, will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense or become self-reactive and undergo other violet chemical changes, including explosion, when exposed to heat, friction or shock, or in the absence of an inhibitor, or in the presence of contaminants, or in contact with incompatible materials. Unstable (reactive) materials are subdivided as follows:

"Class 4." Materials that in themselves are readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive reaction at normal temperatures and pressures. This class includes materials that are sensitive to mechanical or localized thermal shock at normal temperatures and pressures.

"Class 3." Materials that in themselves are capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or explosive reaction but which require a strong initiating source or which must be heated under confinement before initiation. This class includes materials that are sensitive to thermal or mechanical shock at elevated temperatures and pressures.

"Class 2." Materials that in themselves are normally unstable and readily undergo violent chemical change but do not detonate. This class includes materials that can undergo chemical change with rapid release of energy at normal temperatures and pressures, and that can undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures.

"Class 1." Materials that in themselves are normally stable but which can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressure.

"Unwanted fire." A fire not used for cooking, heating or recreational purposes or one not incidental to the normal operations of the property.

"Use (material)." Placing a material into action, including solids, liquids and gases.

"Vapor pressure." The pressure exerted by a volatile fluid as determined in accordance with ASTM D 323 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

[M] "Ventilation." The natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing such air from, any space.

"Vessel." A motorized watercraft, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation. Nontransportation vessels, such as houseboats and boathouses, are included in this definition.

"Visible alarm notification appliance." A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of sight.

"Volunteer fire department." A fire department, organized under section 505.37, 505.371, 505.375 or 737.21 of the Revised Code, wherein at least one-half of the firefighters are volunteer firefighters.

"Volunteer fire fighter." A duly appointed member of a fire department on either a nonpay or part-pay basis who is ineligible to be a member of the Ohio police and fire pension fund, or whose employment as a firefighter does not in itself qualify any such person for membership in the public employees retirement system, or who has waived membership in the public employees retirement system.

"Water mist system, automatic." See "Automatic water mist system."

"Water-reactive material." A material that explodes; violently reacts; produces flammable, toxic or other hazardous gases; or evolves enough heat to cause autoignition or ignition of combustibles upon exposure to water or moisture. Water-reactive materials are subdivided as follows:

"Class 3." Materials that react explosively with water without requiring heat or confinement.

"Class 2." Materials that react violently with water or have the ability to boil water. Materials that produce flammable, toxic or other hazardous gases, or evolve enough heat to cause autoignition or ignition of combustibles upon exposure to water or moisture.

"Class 1." Materials that react with water with some release of energy, but not violently.

"Wet-chemical extinguishing agent." A solution of water and potassium-carbonate-based chemical, potassium-acetate-based chemical or a combination thereof, forming an extinguishing agent.

"Wet fueling." See "Mobile fueling."

"Wet hosing." See "Mobile fueling."

"Wholesale sale or sell at wholesale." A sale of fireworks to a purchaser who intends to resell the fireworks so purchased.

"Wharf" A structure or bulkhead constructed of wood, stone, concrete or similar material built at the shore of a harbor, lake or river for vessels to lie alongside of, and to anchor piers or floats.

"Wildfire risk area." Land that is covered with grass, grain, brush or forest, whether privately or publicly owned, which is so situated or is of such inaccessible location that a fire originating upon it would present an abnormally difficult job of suppression or would result in great or unusual damage through fire or such areas designated by the fire code official.

[BE] "Winder." A tread with nonparallel edges.

"Wire sparkler." A sparkler consisting of a wire or stick coated with a nonexplosive pyrotechnic mixture that produces a shower of sparks upon ignition and that contains no more than one hundred grams of this mixture.

"Wireless protection system." A system or a part of a system that can transmit and receive signals without the aid of wire.

"Workstation." A defined space or an independent principal piece of equipment using HPM within a fabrication area where a specific function, laboratory procedure or research activity occurs. Approved or listed hazardous materials storage cabinets, flammable liquid storage cabinets or gas cabinets serving a workstation are included as part of the workstation. A workstation is allowed to contain ventilation equipment, fire protection devices, detection devices, electrical devices and other processing and scientific equipment.

[BG] "Yard." An open space, other than a court, unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except where specifically provided by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, on the lot on which a building is situated.

"Zone." A defined area within the protected premises. A zone can define an area from which a signal can be received, an area to which a signal can be sent or an area in which a form of control can be executed.

"Zone, notification." An area within a building or a facility covered by notification appliances which are activated simultaneously.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-02.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22(A), 3737.82, 3737.83
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22(A), 3737.82, 3737.83, 3737.841
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 11/27/1993, 09/01/1995, 03/30/1998, 11/20/1998, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-03 General requirements.

(A) Section 301 General

(1) 301.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern the occupancy and maintenance of all structures and premises for precautions against fire and the spread of fire and general requirements of fire safety.

(2) 301.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code for the activities or uses regulated by paragraphs (F)(306), (G)(307), (H)(308) and (O)(315) of this rule.

(B) Section 302 Definitions

(1) 302.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Bonfire."

"Hi-boy."

"High-voltage transmission line."

"Mobile food unit."

"Open burning."

"Portable outdoor fireplace."

"Powered industrial truck."

"Recreational fire."

"Sky lantern."

(C) Section 303 Asphalt kettles

(1) 303.1 Transporting. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be transported over any highway, road or street when the heat source for the kettle is operating.

Exception: Asphalt (tar) kettles in the process of patching road surfaces.

(2) 303.2 Location. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any combustible material, combustible building surface or any building opening. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be located within a controlled area identified by the use of traffic cones, barriers or other approved means. Asphalt (tar) kettles and pots shall not be utilized inside or on the roof of a building or structure. Roofing kettles and operating asphalt (tar) kettles shall not block means of egress, gates, roadways or entrances.

(3) 303.3 Location of fuel containers. Fuel containers shall be located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the burner.

Exception: Containers properly insulated from heat or flame are allowed to be within 2 feet (610 mm) of the burner.

(4) 303.4 Attendant. An operating kettle shall be attended by not less than one employee knowledgeable of the operations and hazards. The employee shall be within 100 feet (30 480 mm) of the kettle and have the kettle within sight. Ladders or similar obstacles shall not form a part of the route between the attendant and the kettle.

(5) 303.5 Fire extinguishers. There shall be a portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 40-B:C rating within 25 feet (7620 mm) of each asphalt (tar) kettle during the period such kettle is being utilized. Additionally, there shall be one portable fire extinguisher with a minimum 3-A:40-B:C rating on the roof being covered.

(6) 303.6 Lids. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be equipped with tight-fitting lids.

(7) 303.7 Hi-boys. Hi-boys shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. Hi- boys shall be limited to a capacity of 55 gallons (208 L). Fuel sources or heating elements shall not be allowed as part of a hi-boy.

(8) 303.8 Roofing kettles. Roofing kettles shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.

(9) 303.9 Fuel containers under air pressure. Fuel containers that operate under air pressure shall not exceed 20 gallons (76 L) in capacity and shall be approved.

(D) Section 304 Combustible waste material

(1) 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited. Combustible waste material creating a fire hazard shall not be allowed to accumulate in buildings or structures or upon premises.

(a) 304.1.1 Waste material. Accumulations of wastepaper, wood, hay, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any type, including but not limited to asphalt shingles, shall not be permitted to remain on a roof or in any court, yard, vacant lot, alley, parking lot, open space, or beneath a grandstand, bleacher, pier, wharf, manufactured home, recreational vehicle or other similar structure.

(b) 304.1.2 Vegetation. Weeds, grass, vines or other growth that is capable of being ignited and endangering property, shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of the premises. Vegetation clearance requirements in urban-wildland interface areas shall be in accordance with the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 304.1.3 Space underneath seats. Spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall be kept free from combustible and flammable materials. Except where enclosed in not less than 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall not be occupied or utilized for purposes other than means of egress.

(2) 304.2 Storage. Storage of combustible rubbish shall not produce conditions that will create a nuisance or a hazard to the public health, safety or welfare.

(3) 304.3 Containers. Combustible rubbish, and waste material kept within or near a structure shall be stored in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a)(304.3.1) to (D)(3)(d)(304.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 304.3.1 Spontaneous ignition. Materials susceptible to spontaneous ignition, such as oily rags, shall be stored in a listed disposal container. Contents of such containers shall be removed and disposed of daily.

(b) 304.3.2 Capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet. Containers with a capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet (40 gallons) (0.15 m3) shall be provided with lids. Containers and lids shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 where tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.

Exception: Wastebaskets complying with paragraph (H)(808) of rule 1301:7-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 304.3.3 Capacity exceeding 1.5 cubic yards. Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity of 1.5 cubic yards [(40.5 cubic feet) (1.15 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines.

Exceptions:

1. Dumpsters or containers in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C) (3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or Type IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.

(d) 304.3.4 Capacity of 1 cubic yard or more. Dumpsters with an individual capacity of 1.0 cubic yard [200 gallons (0.76 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines unless the dumpsters are constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 where tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.

Exceptions:

1. Dumpsters in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.

(E) Section 305 Ignition sources

(1) 305.1 Clearance from ignition sources. Clearance between ignition sources, such as luminaires, heaters, flame-producing devices and combustible materials, shall be maintained in an approved manner.

(2) 305.2 Hot ashes and spontaneous ignition sources. Hot ashes, cinders, smoldering coals or greasy or oily materials subject to spontaneous ignition shall not be deposited in a combustible receptacle, within 10 feet (3048 mm) of other combustible material including combustible walls and partitions or within 2 feet (610 mm) of openings to buildings.

Exception: The minimum required separation distance to other combustible materials shall be 2 feet (610 mm) where the material is deposited in a covered, noncombustible receptacle placed on a noncombustible floor, ground surface or stand.

(3) 305.3 Open-flame warning devices. Open-flame warning devices shall not be used along an excavation, road, or any place where the dislodgment of such device might permit the device to roll, fall or slide on to any area or land containing combustible material.

(4) 305.4 Deliberate or negligent burning. It shall be unlawful to deliberately or through negligence set fire to or cause the burning of combustible material in such a manner as to endanger the safety of persons or property.

(5) 305.5 Unwanted fire ignitions. Acts or processes that have caused repeated ignition of unwanted fires shall be modified to prevent future ignition.

(F) Section 306 Motion picture projection rooms and film

(1) 306.1 Motion picture projection rooms. Electric arc, xenon or other light source projection equipment that develops hazardous gases, dust or radiation and the projection of ribbon-type cellulose nitrate film, regardless of the light source used in projection, shall be operated within a motion picture projection room complying with Section 409 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 306.2 Cellulose nitrate film storage. Storage of cellulose nitrate film shall be in accordance with NFPA 40 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(G) Section 307 Open burning, recreational fires and portable outdoor fireplaces

(1) 307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless conducted and approved in accordance with paragraphs (G)(1)(a)(307.1.1) to (G)(5)(307.5) of this rule.

(a) 307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning shall be prohibited when atmospheric conditions or local circumstances make such fires hazardous.

Exception: Setting a back fire for the purpose of reducing the impact of a wildland fire as set forth in sections 1503.11 and 1503.22 of the Revised Code or from any prescribed burn operations authorized under section 1503.18 of the Revised Code.

(b) 307.1.2 Ban on open burning, recreational fires, and portable outdoor fireplaces. The state fire marshal, in the sole discretion of the state fire marshal, may issue a ban on open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces at any time when the state fire marshal determines that atmospheric or drought or other environmental conditions necessitate such a ban. The ban may be issued state-wide or may be tailored to a specific area, region or county of the state as conditions warrant.

(i) No open burning or recreational fires shall occur and no portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in any area where a ban is in effect or at any time during a period when the state fire marshal has issued a ban.

(ii) No permit authorizing open burning, recreational fires or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be issued during anytime or in any area where a ban has been issued by the state fire marshal.

Exception: A permit authorizing open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces may be issued for any area, if any, that is not subject to the ban.

(iii) Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit a local fire code official with authority to do so from issuing a local ban on open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces at any time when conditions warrant, including during times when the state fire marshal has issued a ban as long as the local ban does not contradict the ban issued by the state fire marshal.

(2) 307.2 Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to kindling a fire for recognized silvicultural or range or wildlife management practices, prevention or control of disease or pests, or a bonfire. Application for such approval shall only be presented by and permits issued to the owner of the land upon which the fire is to be kindled.

(a) 307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted with prior approval from the state or local air and water quality management authority, provided that all conditions specified in the authorization are followed.

(3) 307.3 Extinguishment authority. Where open burning creates or adds to a hazardous situation, or a required permit for open burning has not been obtained, the fire code official is authorized to order the extinguishment of the open burning operation.

(4) 307.4 Location. The location for open burning shall not be less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provisions shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of any structure.

Exceptions:

1. Fires in approved containers that are not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) from a structure.

2. The minimum required distance from a structure shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height.

(a) 307.4.1 Bonfires. A bonfire shall not be conducted within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure or combustible material unless the fire is contained in a barbecue pit. Conditions that could cause a fire to spread within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.

(b) 307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or combustible material. Conditions that could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.

(i) 307.4.2.1 Fire pits. Recreational fires conducted in gas-fired recreational pits shall not be conducted within 15 feet of a structure or combustible materials.

(c) 307.4.3 Portable outdoor fireplaces. Portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet (3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.

Exception: Portable outdoor fireplaces used at one-and two-family dwellings.

(5) 307.5 Attendance. Open burning, bonfires, recreational fires and use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be constantly attended until the fire is extinguished. A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code with a minimum 4-A rating or other approved on-site fire-extinguishing equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, garden hose or water truck, shall be available for immediate utilization.

(H) Section 308 Open flames

(1) 308.1 General. Open flame, fire and burning on all premises shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(a)(308.1.1) to (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule and with other applicable paragraphs of this code.

(a) 308.1.1 Where prohibited. A person shall not take or utilize an open flame or light in a structure, vessel, boat or other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive material is utilized or stored. Lighting appliances shall be well-secured in a glass globe and wire mesh cage or a similar approved device.

(b) 308.1.2 Throwing or placing sources of ignition. A person shall not throw or place, or cause to be thrown or placed, a lighted match, cigar, cigarette, matches, or other flaming or glowing substance or object on any surface or article where it can cause an unwanted fire.

(c) 308.1.3 Torches for removing paint. A person utilizing a torch or other flame-producing device for removing paint from a structure shall provide not less than one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 4-A rating, two portable fire extinguishers, each with a minimum 2-A rating, or a water hose connected to the water supply on the premises where such burning is done. The person doing the burning shall remain on the premises 1 hour after the torch or flame-producing device is utilized.

(d) 308.1.4 Open-flame cooking devices. Charcoal burners and other open- flame cooking devices shall not be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.

Exceptions:

1. One- and two-family dwellings.

2. Where buildings, balconies and decks are protected by an automatic sprinkler system.

3. Where approved by the fire code official, charcoal burners are allowed to be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction where all of the following conditions are met:

3.1 The charcoal burners are attended by an adult at all times when in operation.

3.2 Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

3.3 All non-structural combustible material must be removed from the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.

4. LP-gas cooking devices having an LP-gas container with a water capacity not greater than 2½ pounds [nominal 1 pound (0.454 kg) LP-gas capacity].

(i) 308.1.4.1 Natural gas fired open-flame cooking devices. Where approved in writing by the fire code official, the installation and use of natural gas fired open flame cooking devices and/or appliances shall be permissible on combustible balconies of multi- (greater than two) family dwelling unit structures or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction at multi-family dwelling unit structures, with the following conditions:

(a) The fire code official, in that official's discretion, may require that any person responsible for the use of a natural gas fire open flame cooking device or other appliance at a multi-family dwelling unit structure, to maintain comprehensive general liability insurance in an amount sufficient to cover any damages to persons or property that could be attributed to any fire caused by the use of an open flame cooking device.

(b) The fuel supply for the natural gas fueled open flame cooking device or appliance be from the natural gas fuel supply piping system connected to the building where the cooking is to occur. There shall be no storage tanks or cylinders located in or near the dwelling unit structure where the cooking is to occur.

(c) The gas pressure supplied to the natural gas fueled cooking appliance shall be no more than the pressure recommended by the cooking device/appliance manufacturer. In no case shall the maximum pressure supplied to the device or appliance exceed 2 pounds per square inch (psi).

(d) Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-47 of the Administrative Code.

(e) While the natural gas fired open flame cooking device or appliance is in use, all combustibles that are not part of the dwelling unit structure shall be kept 5 feet (1524 mm) away from the cooking device.

(f) Any and all building code requirements for the installation and use of natural gas fired grills, open flame cooking devices or appliances shall be complied with, including compliance with any permit and inspection requirements.

(e) 308.1.5 Location near combustibles. Open flames such as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters and gas-fired heaters shall not be located on or near decorative material or similar combustible materials.

(f) 308.1.6 Open-flame devices. Torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be operated or used in or upon wildfire risk areas, except by a permit in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code secured from the fire code official.

Exception: Use within inhabited premises or designated campsites that are not less than 30 feet (9144 mm) from grass-, grain-, brush- or forest-covered areas.

(i) 308.1.6.1 Signals and markers. Flame-employing devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, shall not be operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon wildfire risk areas.

Exception: The proper use of fusees at the scenes of emergencies or as required by standard railroad operating procedures.

(ii) 308.1.6.2 Portable fueled open-flame devices. Portable open-flame devices fueled by flammable or combustible gases or liquids shall be enclosed or installed in such a manner as to prevent the flame from contacting combustible material.

Exceptions:

1. LP-gas-fueled devices used for sweating pipe joints or removing paint in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-61 of the Administrative Code.

2. Cutting and welding operations in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.

3. Torches or flame-producing devices in accordance with paragraph ('H)('4)('308.4) of this rule.

4. Candles and open-flame decorative devices in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(308.3) of this rule.

(iii) 308.1.6.3 Sky lanterns. A person shall not release or cause to be released an untethered sky lantern.

(g) 308.1.7 Religious ceremonies. When, in the opinion of the fire code official, adequate safeguards have been taken, participants in religious ceremonies are allowed to carry hand-held candles. Hand-held candles shall not be passed from one person to another while lighted.

(i) 308.1.7.1 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.

(h) 308.1.8 Flaming food and beverage preparation. The preparation of flaming foods or beverages in places of assembly and drinking or dining establishments shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(h) (i)(308.1.8.1) to (H)(1)(h)(v)(308.1.8.5) of this rule.

(i) 308.1.8.1 Dispensing. Flammable or combustible liquids used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall be dispensed from one of the following:

(a) A 1-ounce (29.6 ml) container.

(b) A container not exceeding 1-quart (946.5 ml) capacity with a controlled pouring device that will limit the flow to a 1-ounce (29.6 ml) serving.

(ii) 308.1.8.2 Containers not in use. Containers shall be secured to prevent spillage when not in use.

(iii) 308.1.8.3 Serving of flaming food. The serving of flaming foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and shall not create high flames. The pouring, ladling or spooning of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches (203 mm) above the receiving receptacle.

(iv) 308.1.8.4 Location. Flaming foods or beverages shall be prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being serviced. They shall not be transported or carried while burning.

(v) 308.1.8.5 Fire protection. The person preparing the flaming foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immediately available for use in smothering the flames in the event of an emergency.

(2) 308.2 Permits required. Permits shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to engaging in the following activities involving open flame, fire and burning:

(a) Use of a torch or flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure.

(b) Use of open flame, fire or burning in connection with Group A or E occupancies.

(c) Use or operation of torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire in or upon wildfire risk areas.

(3) 308.3 Group A occupancies. Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A occupancy.

Exceptions:

1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:

1.1 Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with paragraph (H)(1)(g)(308.1.7) of this rule.

1.2 On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(b)(308.3.2) of this rule.

1.3 Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.

2. Heat-producing equipment complying with rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.

(a) 308.3.1 Open-flame decorative devices. Open-flame decorative devices shall comply with all of the following restrictions:

(i) Class I and Class II liquids and LP-gas shall not be used.

(ii) Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.

(iii) The device or holder shall be constructed to prevent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) when the device or holder is not in an upright position.

(iv) The device or holder shall be designed so that it will return to the upright position after being tilted to an angle of 45 degrees (0.79 rad) from vertical.

Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.

(v) The flame shall be enclosed except where openings on the side are not more than 0.375 inch (9.5 mm) diameter or where openings are on the top and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tissue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 seconds.

(vi) Chimneys shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device.

Exception: A chimney is not required to be attached to any open-flame device that will self-extinguish if the device is tipped over.

(vii) Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage.

(viii) Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code.

(ix) Shades, where used, shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device holder or chimney.

(x) Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, and shall be located away from occupants using the area and away from possible contact with drapes, curtains or other combustibles.

(b) 308.3.2 Theatrical performances. Where approved in accordance with the permit requirements of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code, open-flame devices used in conjunction with theatrical performances are allowed to be used when adequate safety precautions have been taken in accordance with NFPA 160 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 308.4 Group R occupancies. Open flame, fire and burning in Group R occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(1)(308.1) to (H)(1)(f) (iii)(308.1.6.3) and (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule.

(a) 308.4.1 Group R-2 dormitories. Candles, incense and similar open-flame-producing items shall not be allowed in sleeping units in Group R-2 dormitory occupancies.

(I) Section 309 Powered industrial trucks and equipment

(1) 309.1 General. Powered industrial trucks and similar equipment including, but not limited to, floor scrubbers and floor buffers, shall be operated and maintained in accordance with this paragraph (I)(2)(309.2) to (I)(6)(309.6) of this rule.

(2) 309.2 Battery chargers. Battery chargers shall be of an approved type. Combustible storage shall be kept not less than 3 feet (915 mm) from battery chargers. Battery charging shall not be conducted in areas accessible to the public.

(3) 309.3 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in an approved manner in battery- charging areas to prevent a dangerous accumulation of flammable gases.

(4) 309.4 Fire extinguishers. Battery-charging areas shall be provided with a fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code having a minimum 4-A:20-B:C rating within 20 feet (6096 mm) of the battery charger.

(5) 309.5 Refueling. Powered industrial trucks using liquid fuel, LP-gas or hydrogen shall be refueled outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose. Fixed fuel-dispensing equipment and associated fueling operations shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. Other fuel-dispensing equipment and operations, including cylinder exchange for LP-gas-fueled vehicles, shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code for flammable and combustible liquids or rule 1301:7-7-61 of the Administrative Code for LP-gas.

(6) 309.6 Repairs. Repairs to fuel systems, electrical systems and repairs utilizing open flame or welding shall be done in approved locations outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose.

(J) Section 310 Smoking

(1) 310.1 General. The smoking or carrying of a lighted pipe, cigar, cigarette or any other type of smoking paraphernalia or material is prohibited in the areas indicated in paragraphs (J)(2)(310.2) to (J)(8)(310.8) of this rule.

(2) 310.2 Prohibited areas. Smoking shall be prohibited where conditions are such as to make smoking a hazard, and in spaces where flammable or combustible materials are stored or handled.

(3) 310.3 "No Smoking" signs. The fire code official is authorized to order the posting of "No Smoking" signs in a conspicuous location in each structure or location in which smoking is prohibited. The content, lettering, size, color and location of required "No Smoking" signs shall be approved.

Exception: In Group I-2 occupancies where smoking is prohibited, "No Smoking" signs are not required in interior locations of the facility where signs are displayed at all major entrances into the facility.

(4) 310.4 Removal of signs prohibited. A posted "No Smoking" sign shall not be obscured, removed, defaced, mutilated or destroyed.

(5) 310.5 Compliance with "No Smoking" signs. Smoking shall not be permitted nor shall a person smoke, throw or deposit any lighted or smoldering substance in any place where "No Smoking" signs are posted.

(6) 310.6 Ash trays. Where smoking is permitted, suitable noncombustible ash trays or match receivers shall be provided on each table and at other appropriate locations.

(7) 310.7 Burning objects. Lighted matches, cigarettes, cigars or other burning objects shall not be discarded in such a manner that could cause ignition of other combustible material

(8) 310.8 Hazardous environmental conditions. Where the fire code official determines that hazardous environmental conditions necessitate controlled use of smoking materials, the ignition or use of such materials in mountainous, brush-covered or forest-covered areas or other designated areas is prohibited except in approved designated smoking areas.

(K) Section 311 Vacant premises

(1) 311.1 General. Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (K)(1)(a)(311.1.1) to (K)(6)(311.6) of this rule.

(a) 311.1.1 Abandoned premises. Buildings, structures and premises for which an owner cannot be identified or located by dispatch of a certificate of mailing to the last known or registered address, which persistently or repeatedly become unprotected or unsecured, which have been occupied by unauthorized persons or for illegal purposes, or which present a danger of structural collapse or fire spread to adjacent properties shall be considered abandoned, declared unsafe and abated by demolition or rehabilitation in accordance with the International Property Maintenance Code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 311.1.2 Tenant spaces. Storage and lease plans required by this code shall be revised and updated to reflect temporary or partial vacancies.

(2) 311.2 Safeguarding vacant premises. Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof shall be secured and protected in accordance with paragraphs (K)(2)(a)(311.2.1) to (K)(2)(c)(311.2.3) of this rule.

(a) 311.2.1 Security. Exterior and interior openings accessible to other tenants or unauthorized persons shall be boarded, locked, blocked or otherwise protected to prevent entry by unauthorized individuals. The fire code official is authorized to placard, post signs, erect barrier tape or take similar measures as necessary to secure public safety.

(i) 311.2.1.1. Property deemed vacant and abandoned pursuant to section 2308.02 of the Revised Code shall be secured in accordance with section 2308.031 of the Revised Code.

(b) 311.2.2 Fire protection. Fire alarm, sprinkler and standpipe systems shall be maintained in an operable condition at all times.

Exceptions:

1. When the premises have been cleared of all combustible materials and debris and, in the opinion of the fire code official, the type of construction, fire separation distance and security of the premises do not create a fire hazard.

2. Where approved by the fire chief, buildings that will not be heated and where fire protection systems will be exposed to freezing temperatures, fire alarm and sprinkler systems are permitted to be placed out of service and standpipes are permitted to be maintained as dry systems (without an automatic water supply), provided the building has no contents or storage, and windows, doors and other openings are secured to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons.

(c) 311.2.3 Fire separation. Fire-resistance-rated partitions, fire barriers and fire walls separating vacant tenant spaces from the remainder of the building shall be maintained. Openings, joints, and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 311.3 Removal of combustibles. Persons owning, or in charge or control of, a vacant building or portion thereof, shall remove therefrom all accumulations of combustible materials, flammable or combustible waste or rubbish and shall securely lock or otherwise secure doors, windows and other openings to prevent entry by unauthorized persons. The premises shall be maintained clear of waste or hazardous materials.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings or portions of buildings undergoing additions, alterations, repairs or change of occupancy in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, where waste is controlled and removed as required by paragraph (D)(304) of this rule.

2. Seasonally occupied buildings.

(4) 311.4 Removal of hazardous materials. Persons owning or having charge or control of a vacant building containing hazardous materials regulated by rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code shall comply with the facility closure requirements of paragraph (A)(6)(5001.6) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

(5) 311.5 Placards. Any vacant or abandoned buildings or structures determined to be unsafe pursuant to paragraph (J)(110) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code relating to structural or interior hazards shall be marked as required by paragraphs (K)(5)(a)(311.5.1) to (K)(5)(e)(311.5.5) of this rule.

(a) 311.5.1 Placard location. Placards shall be applied on the front of the structure and be visible from the street. Additional placards shall be applied to the side of each entrance to the structure and on penthouses.

(b) 311.5.2 Placard size and color. Placards shall be 24 inches by 24 inches (610 mm by 610 mm) minimum in size with a red background, white reflective stripes and a white reflective border. The stripes and border shall have a 2-inch (51 mm) minimum stroke.

(c) 311.5.3 Placard date. Placards shall bear the date of their application to the building and the date of the most recent inspection.

(d) 311.5.4 Placard symbols. The design of the placards shall use the following symbols:

(i) This symbol shall mean that the structure had normal structural conditions at the time of marking.

(ii) This symbol shall mean that structural or interior hazards exist and interior fire-fighting or rescue operations should be conducted with extreme caution.

(iii) This symbol shall mean that structural or interior hazards exist to a degree that consideration should be given to limit fire fighting to exterior operations only, with entry only occurring for known life hazards.

(iv) Vacant marker hazard identification symbols: The following symbols shall be used to designate known hazards on the vacant building marker. They shall be placed directly above the symbol.

(a) R/O-Roof open

(b) S/M-Stairs, steps and landing missing

(c) F/E-Avoid fire escapes

(d) H/F-Holes in floor

(e) 311.5.5 Informational use. The use of these symbols shall be informational only and shall not in any way limit the discretion of the on-scene incident commander.

(f) 311.6 Unoccupied tenant spaces in mall buildings. Unoccupied tenant spaces in covered and open mall buildings shall be:

(i) Kept free from the storage of any materials.

(ii) Separated from the remainder of the building by partitions of not less than 0.5-inch-thick (12.7 mm) gypsum board or an approved equivalent to the underside of the ceiling of the adjoining tenant spaces.

(iii) Without doors or other access openings other than one door that shall be kept key locked in the closed position except during that time when opened for inspection.

(iv) Kept free from combustible waste and be broom swept clean.

(L) Section 312 Vehicle impact protection

(1) 312.1 General. Vehicle impact protection required by this code shall be provided by posts that comply with paragraph (L)(2)(312.2) of this rule or by other approved physical barriers that comply with paragraph (L)(3)(312.3) of this rule.

(2) 312.2 Posts. Guard posts shall comply with all of the following requirements:

(a) Constructed of steel not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter and concrete filled.

(b) Spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 mm) between posts on center.

(c) Set not less than 3 feet (914 mm) deep in a concrete footing of not less than a 15-inch (381 mm) diameter.

(d) Set with the top of the posts not less than 3 feet (914 mm) above ground.

(e) Located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the protected object.

(3) 312.3 Other barriers. Barriers, other than posts specified in paragraph (L)(3) (312.3) of this rule, that are designed to resist, deflect or visually deter vehicular impact commensurate with an anticipated impact scenario shall be permitted where approved.

(M) Section 313 Fueled equipment

(1) 313.1 General. Fueled equipment including, but not limited to motorcycles, mopeds, lawn-care equipment, portable generators and portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated or repaired within a building.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings or rooms constructed for such use in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. Where allowed by paragraph (N)(314) of this rule.

3. Storage of equipment utilized for maintenance purposes is allowed in approved locations where the aggregate fuel capacity of the stored equipment does not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) and the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a) (i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 313.1.1 Removal. The fire code official is authorized to require removal of fueled equipment from locations where the presence of such equipment is determined by the fire code official to be hazardous.

(2) 313.2 Group R occupancies. Vehicles powered by flammable liquids, Class II combustible liquids or compressed flammable gases shall not be stored within the living space of Group R buildings.

(N) Section 314 Indoor displays

(1) 314.1 General. Indoor displays constructed within any occupancy shall comply with paragraphs (N)(2)(314.2) to (N)(4)(314.4) of this rule.

(2) 314.2 Fixtures and displays. Fixtures and displays of goods for sale to the public shall be arranged so as to maintain free, immediate and unobstructed access to exits as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 314.3 Highly combustible goods. The display of highly combustible goods, including but not limited to flammable or combustible liquids, liquefied flammable gases, oxidizing materials, pyroxylin plastics and agricultural goods, in main exit access aisles, corridors, covered and open malls, or within 5 feet (1524 mm) of entrances to exits and exterior exit doors is prohibited when a fire involving such goods would rapidly prevent or obstruct egress.

(a) 314.3.1 Display of fireworks for retail sale. The display of fireworks for retail sale shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 314.4 Vehicles. Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

(a) Batteries are disconnected.

(b) Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).

(c) Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

(d) Vehicles, boats or other motorcraft equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

(O) Section 315 General storage

(1) 315.1 General. Storage shall be in accordance with paragraphs (O)(2)(315.2) to (O)(5)(315.5) of this rule.

(2) 315.2 Permit required. A permit for miscellaneous combustible storage shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 315.3 Storage in buildings. Storage of materials in buildings shall be orderly and stacks shall be stable. Storage of combustible materials shall be separated from heaters or heating devices by distance or shielding so that ignition cannot occur.

(a) 315.3.1 Ceiling clearance. Storage shall be maintained 2 feet (610 mm) or more below the ceiling in nonsprinklered areas of buildings or not less than 18 inches (457 mm) below sprinkler head deflectors in sprinklered areas of buildings.

(b) 315.3.2 Means of egress. Combustible materials shall not be stored in exits or enclosures for stairways and ramps.

(c) 315.3.3 Equipment rooms. Combustible material shall not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms, electrical equipment rooms or in fire command centers as specified in paragraph (G)(1)(e)(508.1.5) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 315.3.4 Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces. Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces used for storage of combustible materials shall be protected on the storage side as required for 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction. Openings shall be protected by assemblies that are self-closing and are of noncombustible construction or solid wood core not less than 1¾ inches (44.5 mm) in thickness. Storage shall not be placed on exposed joists.

Exceptions:

1. Areas protected by approved automatic sprinkler systems.

2. Group R-3 and Group U occupancies.

(4) 315.4 Outside storage. Outside storage of combustible materials shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a property line.

Exceptions:

1. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced to 3 feet (914 mm) for storage not exceeding 6 feet (1829 mm) in height.

2. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced where the fire code official determines that no hazard to the adjoining property exists.

(a) 315.4.1 Storage beneath overhead projections from buildings. Where buildings are protected by automatic sprinklers, the outdoor storage, display and handling of combustible materials under eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs are prohibited except where automatic sprinklers are installed under such eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs.

(b) 315.4.2 Height. Storage in the open shall not exceed 20 feet (6096 mm) in height.

(5) 315.5 Storage underneath high-voltage transmission lines. Storage located underneath high-voltage transmission lines shall be in accordance with paragraph (P)(6)(b)(316.6.2) of this rule.

(6) 315.6 Storage in plenums. Storage shall not be permitted in plenums. Abandoned material in plenums shall be deemed to be storage and shall be removed. Where located in plenums, the accessible portion of abandoned cables that are not identified for future use with a tag shall be deemed storage and shall be removed.

(P) Section 316 Hazards to fire fighters

(1) 316.1 Trapdoors to be closed. Trapdoors and scuttle covers, other than those that are within a dwelling unit or automatically operated, shall be kept closed at all times except when in use.

(2) 316.2 Shaftway markings. Vertical shafts shall be identified as required by this paragraph.

(a) 316.2.1 Exterior access to shaftways. Outside openings accessible to the fire department and that open directly on a hoistway or shaftway communicating between two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with the word "SHAFTWAY" in red letters not less than 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible from the outside of the building.

(b) 316.2.2 Interior access to shaftways. Door or window openings to a hoistway or shaftway from the interior of the building shall be plainly marked with the word "SHAFTWAY" in red letters not less than 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible.

Exception: Marking shall not be required on shaftway openings that are readily discernible as openings onto a shaftway by the construction or arrangement.

(3) 316.3 Pitfalls. The intentional design or alteration of buildings to disable, injure, maim or kill intruders is prohibited. A person shall not install and use firearms, sharp or pointed objects, razor wire, explosives, flammable or combustible liquid containers, or dispensers containing highly toxic, toxic, irritant or other hazardous materials in a manner that could passively or actively disable, injure, maim or kill a fire fighter who forcibly enters a building for the purpose of controlling or extinguishing a fire, rescuing trapped occupants or rendering other emergency assistance.

(4) 316.4 Obstructions on roofs. Wires, cables, ropes, antennas, or other suspended obstructions installed on the roof of a building having a roof slope of less than 30 degrees (0.52 rad) shall not create an obstruction that is less than 7 feet (2133 mm) high above the surface of the roof.

Exceptions:

1. Such obstruction shall be permitted where the wire, cable, rope, antenna or suspended obstruction is encased in a white, 2-inch (51 mm) minimum diameter plastic pipe or an approved equivalent.

2. Such obstruction shall be permitted where there is a solid obstruction below such that accidentally walking into the wire, cable, rope, antenna or suspended obstruction is not possible.

(5) 316.5 Security device. Any security device or system that emits any medium that could obscure a means of egress in any building, structure or premise shall be prohibited.

(6) 316.6 Structures and outdoor storage underneath high-voltage transmission lines. Structures and outdoor storage underneath high-voltage transmission lines shall comply with paragraphs (P)(6)(a)(316.6.1) and (P)(6)(b)(316.6.2) of this rule, respectively.

(a) 316.6.1 Structures. Structures shall not be constructed within the utility easement underneath high-voltage transmission lines.

Exception: Restrooms and unoccupied telecommunication structures of noncombustible construction less than 15 feet (4572 mm) in height.

(b) 316.6.2 Outdoor storage. Outdoor storage within the utility easement underneath high-voltage transmission lines shall be limited to noncombustible material. Storage of hazardous materials including, but not limited to, flammable and combustible liquids is prohibited.

Exception: Combustible storage, including vehicles and fuel storage for backup power equipment serving public utility equipment, is allowed, provided that a plan indicating the storage configuration is submitted and approved.

(Q) Section 317 Rooftop gardens and landscaped roofs

(1) 317.1 General. Rooftop gardens and landscaped roofs shall be installed and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (Q)(2)(317.2) to (Q)(5)(317.5) of this rule and sections 1505 and 1507.16 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 317.2 Rooftop garden or landscaped roof size. Rooftop garden or landscaped roof areas shall not exceed 15 625 square feet (1450 m2) in size for any single area with a maximum dimension of 125 feet (39 m) in length or width. A minimum 6-foot-wide (1.8 m) clearance consisting of a Class A-rated roof system complying with ASTM E 108 or UL 790 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be provided between adjacent rooftop gardens or landscaped roof areas.

(3) 317.3 Rooftop structure and equipment clearance. For all vegetated roofing systems abutting combustible vertical surfaces, a Class A-rated roof system complying with ASTM E 108 or UL 790 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be achieved for a minimum 6-foot-wide (1829 mm) continuous border placed around rooftop structures and all rooftop equipment including, but not limited to, mechanical and machine rooms, penthouses, skylights, roof vents, solar panels, antenna supports and building service equipment.

(4) 317.4 Vegetation. Vegetation shall be maintained in accordance with paragraphs (Q)(4)(a)(317.4.1) and (Q)(4)(b)(317.4.2) of this rule.

(a) 317.4.1 Irrigation. Supplemental irrigation shall be provided to maintain levels of hydration necessary to keep green roof plants alive and to keep dry foliage to a minimum.

(b) 317.4.2 Dead foliage. Excess biomass, such as overgrown vegetation, leaves and other dead and decaying material, shall be removed at regular intervals not less than two times per year.

(c) 317.4.3 Maintenance plan. The fire code official is authorized to require a maintenance plan for vegetation placed on roofs due to the size of a roof garden, materials used or where a fire hazard exists to the building or exposures due to the lack of maintenance.

(5) 317.5 Maintenance equipment. Fueled equipment stored on roofs and used for the care and maintenance of vegetation on roofs shall be stored in accordance with paragraph (M)(313) of this rule.

(R) Section 318 Laundry carts

(1) 318.1 Laundry carts with a capacity of 1 cubic yard or more. Laundry carts with an individual capacity of 1 cubic yard [200 gallons (0.76 m3)] or more, used in laundries within Group B, E, F-1, I, M and R-1 occupancies shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or materials having a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 at a flux of 50 kW/m2 when tested in a horizontal orientation in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Laundry carts in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Laundry carts in coin-operated laundries.

(S) Section 319 Laboratories using chemicals

(1) 319.1 The operation and maintenance of all laboratories shall be in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 45 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(T) Section 320 Mobile food units

(1) 320.1 Scope. This paragraph applies to all mobile food units operated within this state.

(2) 320.2 General. In addition to other applicable provisions of this code, all mobile food units being operated in this state shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph and with all applicable provisions of this code for the type of cooking performed.

(a) 320.2.1 Obstructions of fire lanes and equipment. Mobile food unit shall not block fire lanes, fire hydrants, or other fire protection devices and equipment.

(b) 320.2.2 Operation of fuel source during transit. LP-gas fueled equipment shall not be operated during transit unless the equipment meets both of the following:

(i) The equipment is designed to be in operation while the vehicle is in transit, such as cargo heaters or coolers; and

(ii) There is a means installed to stop the flow of gas in the event of a line break, such as an excess flow valve.

(c) 320.2.3 Carbon monoxide detection. All mobile food units shall be equipped with at least one listed carbon monoxide detection device.

Exception: Carbon monoxide detectors shall not be required in open air hand propelled carts.

(3) 320.3 Portable fire extinguishers. All mobile food units shall have a minimum of one 5-pound ABC portable fire extinguisher located within the unit and readily accessible by the operator of the unit.

(a) 320.3.1 Class K portable fire extinguishers. In addition to the portable fire extinguisher required in paragraph (T)(3)(320.3) of this rule, all mobile food units that contain cooking equipment involving solid fuels or vegetable or animal oils and fats shall also be protected by at least one Class K rated portable fire extinguisher in accordance with paragraphs (D)(11)(e)(904.11.5) to (D)(11)(e)(ii)(904.11.5.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 320.3.2 Installation and maintenance. All portable fire extinguishers located within or at a mobile food unit shall be installed, serviced, tested, inspected and maintained in accordance with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 320.4 Egress. All mobile food units that operate commercial cooking equipment shall have two accessible means of egress remotely located from each other.

(a) 320.4.1. No means of egress required by this paragraph shall be smaller than 5.7 square feet.

(5) 320.5 Smoking. Smoking shall be prohibited inside of and within 10 feet of any mobile food unit that has any fuel source other than the vehicle fuel tank.

(a) 320.5.1. "No Smoking" signs shall be conspicuously posted inside each mobile food unit, outside each mobile food unit in the vicinity of any location where compressed gas is stored or kept, and in a location that is visible to the public.

(b) 320.5.2. "No Smoking" signs shall be in English, shall have a dark background, and shall have lettering in a contrasting color that is at least 4 inches tall and with a minimum brush stroke width of 1 inch.

(6) 320.6 LP-Gas. The storage, use and handling of LP-Gas in a mobile food unit shall comply with this rule and, except as otherwise provided herein, shall also comply with rules 1301:7-7-30, 1301:7-7-34, 1301:7-7-35 and 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 320.6.1 Containers. Only ASME mobile LP-Gas containers in compliance with the following shall be used:

(i) A maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of 312 psi (2.2 MPag) or higher for LP-Gas containers installed in the enclosed spaces of a vehicle.

(ii) A maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of 250 psi (2.2 MPag) or higher for LP-Gas containers installed on the exterior of a vehicle.

(iii) Propane tanks must be kept in a secure manner at all times.

(iv) The maximum aggregate capacity of containers used in a mobile food unit to contain LP-Gas shall not exceed 200 gallons (0.8 m3) aggregate water capacity.

(b) 320.6.2 Location and installation. Supply systems for mobile food units shall comply with the following:

(i) LP-Gas supply systems used for a mobile food unit, including the containers, shall be installed either on the outside of the vehicle or in a recess or cabinet that is vapor tight to the inside of the vehicle but accessible from and vented to the outside, with the vents located near the top and bottom of the enclosure and 1 m (3 ft) horizontally away from any opening into the vehicle and below the level of the vents.

(ii) LP-Gas container shall be mounted securely on the vehicle or within the enclosing recess or cabinet, shall be kept in a secure manner at all times, and shall comply with the following:

(a) Cylinders shall be located to minimize exposure to excessive temperature rises, physical damage, or tampering.

(b) Vehicle mounted propane tanks shall be mounted with minimum 36" clearance from the bottom of the tank to the ground when secured to the vehicle.

(c) LP-Gas containers shall not be installed on the roof of the vehicle.

(d) Where LP-Gas containers are mounted within the vehicle housing, the housing shall be secure to the vehicle and any removable portions of the housing shall be secured to the housing while in transit.

(e) All LP-Gas container valves, appurtenances, and connections shall be protected to prevent damage from accidental contact with stationary objects, loose objects, stones, mud, or ice thrown, up from the ground or floor, and damage due to overturn or similar vehicular accident.

(f) LP-Gas cylinders shall have permanent protection for cylinder valves and connections.

(g) Where LP-Gas cylinders are located on the outside of a vehicle, weather protection shall be provided.

(c) 320.6.3 Piping. On or before, but no later than, December 31, 2018, all piping used in a mobile food unit shall comply with the following:

(i) Piping shall be installed in accordance with section 6.9.3 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) Steel tubing shall have a minimum wall thickness of 1.2 mm (0.049 in.).

(iii) A flexible connector shall be installed between the regulator outlet and the fixed piping system to protect against expansion, contraction, jarring, and vibration strains.

(iv) Flexibility shall be provided in the piping between a cylinder and the gas piping system or regulator.

(v) Flexible connectors shall be installed in accordance with section 6.9.6 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(vi) Flexible connectors longer than the length allowed in the code, or fuel lines that incorporate hose, shall be used only where approved.

(vii) The fixed piping system shall be designed, installed, supported, and secured to minimize the possibility of damage due to vibration, strains, or wear and to preclude any loosening while in transit.

(viii) Piping shall be installed in a protected location.

(a) Where piping is installed outside the vehicle, piping shall be under the vehicle and below any insulation or false bottom.

(b) Fastening or other protection shall be installed to prevent damage due to vibration or abrasion.

(c) At each point where piping passes through sheet metal or a structural member, a rubber grommet or equivalent protection shall be installed to prevent chafing.

(ix) Gas piping shall be installed to enter the vehicle through the floor directly beneath or adjacent to the appliance served.

(x) If a branch line is installed, the tee connection shall be located in the main gas line under the floor and outside the vehicle.

(xi) Exposed part of the fixed piping system shall be of corrosion-resistant material or shall be coated or protected to minimize exterior corrosion.

(xii) Hydrostatic relief valves shall be installed in isolated sections of liquid piping in accordance with section 6.13 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(xiii) Piping systems, including hose, shall be pressure tested and proven free of leaks in accordance with section 6.14 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 320.6.4 Emergency shut off controls. Mobile food units using LP-Gas shall be provided with readily distinguishable and accessible marked exterior emergency shut off controls with a quarter-turn manual gas ball valve.

(i) 320.6.4.1 Signage. Signs shall be permanently mounted at the location of the emergency shut off controls and shall state:

"EMERGENCY GAS SHUT-OFF VALVE"

(a) 320.6.4.1.1. Signs shall be clearly visible and shall remain unobscured at all times. Signs shall be weather resistant, of contrasting colors, and shall be readable from a minimum distance of 25 feet.

(7) 320.7 Distance and separation requirements. While parked and in operation mobile food units, exclusive of awnings and appurtenances, using or containing a fuel source or generator other than the vehicle fuel tank shall be separated from the entrances and other exits of buildings or structures, combustible materials, vehicles and other cooking operations by a clear space distance of 10 feet (3 m).

Exception: When approved by the local authority having jurisdiction, mobile food service operations using LP-Gas may be located at a distance of less than 10 feet from other mobile food units except that at no time shall a mobile food unit be closer than 7 feet from other mobile food units.

(8) 320.8 Generators.

(a) 320.8.1. Generators servicing a mobile food unit shall not be fueled while the mobile food unit is in operation.

(b) 320.8.2. Generators shall not be fueled while the generator is in use and shall not be fueled until the generator has been turned off and the surface temperature of the engine and fuel tank is below the autoignition temperature of the fuel.

(c) 320.8.3. No generator shall be operated or used or fueled within the occupant space of a mobile food unit.

(9) 320.9 Wiring. Electrical wiring in a mobile food unit shall comply with this paragraph.

(a) 320.9.1. All electrical equipment shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 320.9.2. All electrical wiring shall be contained in exposed conduit in all mobile food units built, manufactured or altered on or after the effective date of this rule.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-03.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.22, 3737.65
Rule Amplifies: 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.65, 3737.22
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 11/27/1993, 09/01/1995, 01/09/1998, 01/03/2000, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-04 Emergency planning and preparedness.

(A) Section 401 General

(1) 401.1 Scope. Reporting of emergencies, coordination with emergency response forces, emergency plans, and procedures for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph.

Exception: Firms that have approved on-premises fire-fighting organizations and that are in compliance with approved procedures for fire reporting.

(2) 401.2 Approval. Where required by this code, fire safety plans, emergency procedures and employee training programs shall be approved by the fire code official.

(3) 401.3 Emergency responder notification. Notification of emergency responders shall be in accordance with paragraphs (A)(3)(a)(401.3.1) to (A)(3)(c)(401.3.3) of this rule.

(a) 401.3.1 Fire events. In the event an unwanted fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such condition to the fire department.

(b) 401.3.2 Alarm activations. Upon activation of a fire alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify the fire department.

(c) 401.3.3 Delayed notification. A person shall not, by verbal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a fire to the fire department.

(4) 401.4 Required plan implementation. In the event an unwanted fire is detected in a building or a fire alarm activates, the emergency plan shall be implemented.

(5) 401.5 Making false report. A person shall not give, signal or transmit a false alarm.

(6) 401.6 Emergency evacuation drills. The sounding of a fire alarm signal and the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (E)(405) of this rule shall be allowed.

(7) 401.7 Unplanned evacuation. Evacuations made necessary by the unplanned activation of a fire alarm system or by any other emergency shall not be substituted for a required evacuation drill.

(8) 401.8 Interference with fire department operations. It shall be unlawful to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or restrict the mobility of or block the path of travel of a fire department emergency vehicle in any way, or to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or hamper any fire department operation.

(B) Section 402 Definitions

(1) 402.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Emergency evacuation drill." "Lockdown."

(2) 402.2 Terms used for this rule. The following word takes on exclusive meaning as used in this rule pursuant to section 3781.104 of the Revised Code.

"Smoke detector." A readily removable device, sensitive to either visible or invisible particles of combustion or both, which automatically detects any fire condition and broadcasts locally a signal or alarm.

(C) Section 403 Emergency preparedness requirements

(1) 403.1 General. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (A)(401) of this rule, occupancies, uses and outdoor locations shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements set forth in paragraphs (C)(2)(403.2) to (C)(12)(c) (iii)(403.12.3.3) of this rule. Where a fire safety and evacuation plan is required by paragraphs (C)(2)(403.2) to (C)(11)(d)(403.11.4) of this rule, evacuation drills shall be in accordance with paragraph (E)(405) of this rule and employee training shall be in accordance with paragraph (F)(406) of this rule.

(2) 403.2 Group A occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group A occupancies, other than those occupancies used exclusively for purposes of religious worship with an occupant load less than 2,000, and for buildings containing both a Group A occupancy and an atrium. Group A occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(2)(a)(403.2.1) to (C) (2)(d)(403.2.4) of this rule.

(a) 403.2.1 Seating plan. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(2) (404.2) of this rule, the fire safety and evacuation plans for assembly occupancies shall include a detailed seating plan, occupant load and occupant load limit. Deviations from the approved plans shall be allowed provided the occupant load limit for the occupancy is not exceeded and the aisles and exit accessways remain unobstructed.

(b) 403.2.2 Announcements. In theaters, motion picture theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other emergency.

Exception: In motion picture theaters, the announcement is allowed to be projected upon the screen in a manner approved by the fire code official.

(c) 403.2.3 Fire watch personnel. Fire watch personnel shall be provided where required by paragraph (C)(12)(a)(403.12.1) of this rule.

(d) 403.2.4 Crowd managers. Crowd managers shall be provided where required by paragraph (C)(12)(c)(403.12.3) of this rule.

(3) 403.3 Ambulatory care facilities. Ambulatory care facilities shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(403.3.1) to (C)(3)(c)(403.3.3) of this rule as well as paragraphs (A)(401) and (D)(404) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(a) 403.3.1 Fire evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include a description of special staff actions. This shall include procedures for stabilizing patients in a defend-in-place response, staged evacuation, or full evacuation in conjunction with the entire building if part of a multitenant facility.

(b) 403.3.2 Fire safety plan. A copy of the plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. The plan shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) of this rule:

(i) Locations of patients who are rendered incapable of self-preservation.

(ii) Maximum number of patients rendered incapable of self-preservation.

(iii) Area and extent of each ambulatory care facility.

(iv) Location of adjacent smoke compartments or refuge areas, where required.

(v) Path of travel to adjacent smoke compartments.

(vi) Location of any special locking, delayed egress or access control arrangements.

(c) 403.3.3 Staff training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff not less than every two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.

(d) 403.3.4 Emergency evacuation drills. Emergency evacuation drills shall comply with paragraph (E)(405) of this rule. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted not less than four times per year.

Exception: The movement of patients to safe areas or to the exterior of the building is not required.

(4) 403.4 Group B occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for buildings containing a Group B occupancy where the Group B occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge and for buildings having an ambulatory care facility.

(5) 403.5 Group E occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group E occupancies and for buildings containing both a Group E occupancy and an atrium. Group E occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(403.5.1) to (C)(5)(c)(403.5.3) of this rule.

(a) 403.5.1 First emergency evacuation drill. The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.

(b) 403.5.2 Time of day. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during the changing of classes, when the school is at assembly, during the recess or gymnastic periods, or during other times to avoid distinction between drills and actual fires.

(c) 403.5.3 Assembly points. Outdoor assembly areas shall be designated and shall be located a safe distance from the building being evacuated so as to avoid interference with fire department operations. The assembly areas shall be arranged to keep each class separate to provide accountability of all individuals.

(6) 403.6 Group F occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained in buildings containing a Group F occupancy where the Group F occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

(7) 403.7 Group H-5 occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group H occupancies.

(a) 403.7.1 Group H-5 occupancies. Group H-5 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(7)(a)(i)(403.7.1.1) to (C)(7)(a)(iv)(403.7.1.4) of this rule.

(i) 403.7.1.1 Plans and diagrams. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) and paragraph (G)(6)(407.6) of this rule, plans and diagrams shall be maintained in approved locations indicating the approximate plan for each area, the amount and type of HPM stored, handled and used, locations of shutoff valves for HPM supply piping, emergency telephone locations and locations of exits.

(ii) 403.7.1.2 Plan updating. The plans and diagrams required by paragraphs (D)(404), (C)(7)(a)(i)(403.7.1.1) and (G)(6)(407.6) of this rule shall be maintained up to date and the fire code official and fire department shall be informed of all major changes.

(iii) 403.7.1.3 Emergency response team. Responsible persons shall be designated as an on-site emergency response team and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses, identifying locations where HPM is stored, handled and used, and be familiar with the chemical nature of such material. An adequate number of personnel for each work shift shall be designated.

(iv) 403.7.1.4 Emergency drills. Emergency drills of the on-site emergency response team shall be conducted on a regular basis but not less than once every three months. Records of drills conducted shall be maintained.

(8) 403.8 Group I-1 occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group I occupancies. Group I occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(8)(a)(403.8.1) to (C)(8)(c)(iv)(403.8.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 403.8.1 Group I-1 occupancies. Group I-1 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(8)(a)(i)(403.8.1.1) to (C)(8)(a)(vii)(403.8.1.7) of this rule.

(i) 403.8.1.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include special employee actions including fire protection procedures necessary for residents and shall be amended or revised upon admission of any resident with unusual needs.

(a) 403.8.1.1.1 Fire evacuation plan. The fire evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include a description of special staff actions. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) of this rule, plans in Group I-1 Condition 2 occupancies shall include procedures for evacuation through a refuge area in an adjacent smoke compartment and then to an exterior assembly point.

(b) 403.8.1.1.2 Fire safety plans. A copy of the fire safety plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. Plans shall include the following in addition to the requirements of paragraph (D) (404) of this rule:

(i) Location and number of resident sleeping rooms.

(ii) Location of special locking or egress control arrangements.

(ii) 403.8.1.2 Employee training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Such instruction shall be reviewed by employees at intervals not exceeding two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.

(iii) 403.8.1.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. In Group I-1 Condition 2 occupancies, training shall include evacuation through an adjacent smoke compartment and then to an exterior assembly point. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, methods of fire prevention and actions to take in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabilitation training program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.

(iv) 403.8.1.4 Drill frequency. In addition to the evacuation drills required in paragraph (E)(2)(405.2) of this rule, employees shall participate in drills an additional two times a year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4) (405.4) of this rule.

(v) 403.8.1.5 Drill times. Drill times are not required to comply with paragraph (E)(4)(405.4) of this rule.

(vi) 403.8.1.6 Resident participation in drills. Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point and shall provide residents with experience in exiting through all required exits. All required exits shall be used during emergency evacuation drills.

(vii) 403.8.1.7 Emergency evacuation drill deferral. In severe climates, the fire code official shall have the authority to modify the emergency evacuation drill frequency specified in paragraph (E)(2) (405.2) of this rule.

(b) 403.8.2 Group I-2 occupancies. Group I-2 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(8)(b)(i)(403.8.2.1) to (C)(8)(b)(iii)(403.8.2.3) of this rule as well as paragraphs (A)(401) and (D)(404) to (F)(406) of this rule.

(i) 403.8.2.1 Fire evacuation plans. The fire safety and evacuation plans required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include a description of special staff actions. Plans shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) of this rule.

(a) Procedures for evacuation for patients with needs for containment or restraint and post-evacuation containment, where present.

(b) A written plan for maintenance of the means of egress.

(c) Procedure for a defend-in-place strategy.

(d) Procedures for a full-floor or building evacuation, where necessary.

(ii) 403.8.2.2 Fire safety plans. A copy of the plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. Plans shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(404) of this rule:

(a) Location and number of patient sleeping rooms and operating rooms.

(b) Location of adjacent smoke compartments or refuge areas.

(c) Path of travel to adjacent smoke compartments.

(d) Location of special locking, delayed egress or access control arrangements.

(e) Location of elevators utilized for patient movement in accordance with the fire safety plan, where provided.

(iii) 403.8.2.3 Emergency evacuation drills. Emergency evacuation drills shall comply with paragraph (E)(405) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. The movement of patients to safe areas or to the exterior of the building is not required.

2. Where emergency evacuation drills are conducted after visiting hours or where patients or residents are expected to be asleep, a coded announcement shall be an acceptable alternative to audible alarms.

(c) 403.8.3 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(8)(c)(i)(403.8.3.1) to (C)(8)(c)(iv)(403.8.3.4) of this rule.

(i) 403.8.3.1 Employee training. Employees shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment. Training of new employees shall be provided promptly upon entrance to duty. Refresher training shall be provided not less than annually.

(ii) 403.8.3.2 Employee staffing. Group I-3 occupancies shall be provided with 24-hour staffing. An employee shall be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area. In Group I-3 Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, the arrangement shall be such that the employee involved can start release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm.

Exception: An employee shall not be required to be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing areas in areas in which all locks are unlocked remotely and automatically in accordance with section 408.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 403.8.3.3 Notification. Provisions shall be made for residents in Group I-3 Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, to readily notify an employee of an emergency.

(iv) 403.8.3.4 Keys. Keys necessary for unlocking doors installed in a means of egress shall be individually identifiable by both touch and sight.

(9) 403.9 Group M occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for buildings containing a Group M occupancy where the Group M occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge and for buildings containing both a Group M occupancy and an atrium.

(10) 403.10 Group R occupancies. Group R occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(a)(403.10.1) to (C)(10)(c)(vi)(403.10.3.6) of this rule.

(a) 403.10.1 Group R-1 occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group R-1 occupancies. Group R-1 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(a)(i)(403.10.1.1) to (C)(10)(a)(iii) (403.10.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 403.10.1.1 Evacuation diagrams. A diagram depicting two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to every required egress door from each hotel or motel sleeping unit.

(ii) 403.10.1.2 Emergency duties. Upon discovery of a fire or suspected fire, hotel and motel employees shall perform the following duties:

(a) Activate the fire alarm system, where provided.

(b) Notify the public fire department.

(c) Take other action as previously instructed.

(iii) 403.10.1.3 Fire safety and evacuation instructions. Information shall be provided in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule to allow guests to decide whether to evacuate to the outside, evacuate to an area of refuge, remain in place, or any combination of the three.

(b) 403.10.2 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(b)(i)(403.10.2.1) to (C)(10)(b)(iii)(403.10.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 403.10.2.1 College and university buildings. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group R-2 college and university buildings. Group R-2 college and university buildings shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(b)(i)(a)(403.10.2.1.1) and (C)(10)(b)(i)(b)(403.10.2.1.2) of this rule.

(a) 403.10.2.1.1 First emergency evacuation drill. The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.

(b) 403.10.2.1.2 Time of day. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during the changing of classes, when school is at assembly, during recess or gymnastic periods or during other times to avoid distinction between drills and actual fires. One required drill shall be held during hours after sunset or before sunrise.

(ii) 403.10.2.2 Emergency guide. Fire emergency guides shall be provided for Group R-2 occupancies. Guide contents, maintenance and distribution shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(b)(ii)(a) (403.10.2.2.1) to (C)(10)(b)(ii)(c)(403.10.2.2.3) of this rule.

(a) 403.10.2.2.1 Guide contents. A fire emergency guide shall describe the location, function and use of fire protection equipment and appliances accessible to residents, including fire alarm systems, smoke alarms, and portable fire extinguishers. Guides shall include an emergency evacuation plan for each dwelling unit.

(b) 403.10.2.2.2 Emergency guide maintenance. Emergency guides shall be reviewed and approved by the fire code official.

(c) 403.10.2.2.3 Emergency guide distribution. A copy of the emergency guide shall be given to each tenant prior to initial occupancy.

(iii) 403.10.2.3 Evacuation diagrams dormitories. A diagram depicting two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to every required egress door from each dormitory sleeping unit. Evacuation diagrams shall be reviewed and updated as needed to maintain accuracy.

(c) 403.10.3 Group R-4 occupancies. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for Group R-4 occupancies. Group R-4 occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (C)(10)(c)(i)(403.10.3.1) to (C)(10)(c)(vi) (403.10.3.6) of this rule.

(i) 403.10.3.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall include special employee actions, including fire protection procedures necessary for residents, and shall be amended or revised upon admission of a resident with unusual needs.

(a) 403.10.3.1.1 Fire safety plans. A copy of the plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. Plans shall include the following in addition to the requirements of paragraph (D) (404) of this rule:

(i) Location and number of resident sleeping rooms.

(ii) Location of special locking or egress control arrangements.

(ii) 403.10.3.2 Employee training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the employees at intervals not exceeding two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.

(iii) 403.10.3.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, methods of fire prevention and actions to take in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabilitation training program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.

(iv) 403.10.3.4 Drill frequency. In addition to the evacuation drills required in paragraph (E)(2)(405.2) of this rule, employees shall participate in drills an additional two times a year on each shift. Twelve drills with all occupants shall be conducted in the first year of operation.

(v) 403.10.3.5 Drill times. Drill times are not required to comply with paragraph (E)(4)(405.4) of this rule.

(vi) 403.10.3.6 Resident participation in drills. Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point and shall provide residents with experience in exiting through all required exits. All required exits shall be used during emergency evacuation drills.

Exception: Actual exiting from emergency escape and rescue windows shall not be required. Opening the emergency escape and rescue window and signaling for help shall be an acceptable alternative.

(11) 403.11 Special uses. Special uses shall be in accordance with paragraphs (C)(11) (a)(403.11.1) to (C)(11)(d)(403.11.4) of this rule.

(a) 403.11.1 Covered and open mall buildings. Covered and open mall buildings shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(11)(a)(i) (403.11.1.1) to (C)(11)(a)(vi)(403.11.1.6) of this rule.

(i) 403.11.1.1 Malls and mall buildings exceeding 50,000 square feet. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for covered malls exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) in aggregate floor area and for open mall buildings exceeding 50,0000 square feet (4645 m2) in aggregate area within the perimeter line.

(ii) 403.11.1.2 Lease plan. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(b)(404.2.2) of this rule, a lease plan that includes the following information shall be prepared for each covered and open mall building:

(a) Each occupancy, including identification of tenant.

(b) Exits from each tenant space.

(c) Fire protection features, including the following:

(i) Fire department connections.

(ii) Fire command center.

(iii) Smoke management system controls.

(iv) Elevators, elevator machine rooms and controls.

(v) Hose valves outlets.

(vi) Sprinkler and standpipe control valves.

(vii) Automatic fire-extinguishing system areas.

(viii) Automatic fire detector zones.

(ix) Fire barriers.

(iii) 403.11.1.3 Lease plan approval. The lease plan shall be submitted to the fire code official for approval, and shall be maintained on site for immediate reference by responding fire service personnel.

(iv) 403.11.1.4 Lease plan revisions. The lease plans shall be revised annually or as often as necessary to keep them current. Modifications or changes in tenants or occupancies shall not be made without prior approval of the fire code official and building official.

(v) 403.11.1.5 Tenant identification. Tenant identification shall be provided for secondary exits from occupied tenant spaces that lead to an exit corridor or directly to the exterior of the building. Tenant identification shall be posted on the exterior side of the exit or exit access door and shall identify the business name and address using plainly legible letters and numbers that contrast with their background.

Exception: Tenant identification is not required for anchor stores.

(vi) 403.11.1.6 Unoccupied tenant spaces. The fire safety and evacuation plan shall provide for compliance with the requirements for unoccupied tenant spaces in paragraph (K)(311) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 403.11.2 High-rise buildings. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for high-rise buildings.

(c) 403.11.3 Underground buildings. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule shall be prepared and maintained for underground buildings.

(d) 403.11.4 Buildings using occupant evacuation elevators. In buildings using occupant evacuation elevators in accordance with Section 3008 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the fire safety and evacuation plan and the training required by paragraphs (D)(404) and (F)(406) of this rule, respectively, shall incorporate specific procedures for the occupants using such elevators.

(12) 403.12 Special requirements for public safety. Special requirements for public safety shall be in accordance with paragraphs (C)(12)(a)(403.12.1) to (C)(12) (c)(iii)(403.12.3.3) of this rule.

(a) 403.12.1 Fire watch personnel. Where, in the opinion of the fire code official, it is essential for public safety in a place of assembly or any other place where people congregate, because of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or lessee shall provide one or more fire watch personnel, as required and approved. Fire watch personnel shall comply with paragraphs (C)(12)(a)(i)(403.12.1.1) and (C)(12)(a)(ii)(403.12.1.2) of this rule.

(i) 403.12.1.1 Duty times. Fire watch personnel shall remain on duty while places requiring a fire watch are open to the public, or when an activity requiring a fire watch is being conducted.

(ii) 403.12.1.2 Duties. On-duty fire watch personnel shall have the following responsibilities:

(a) Keep diligent watch for fires, obstructions to means of egress and other hazards.

(b) Take prompt measures for remediation of hazards and extinguishment of fires that occur.

(c) Take prompt measures to assist in the evacuation of the public from the structures.

(b) 403.12.2 Public safety plan for gatherings. Where the fire code official determines that an indoor or outdoor gathering of persons has an adverse impact on public safety through diminished access to buildings, structures, fire hydrants and fire apparatus access roads or where such gatherings adversely affect public safety services of any kind, the fire code official shall have the authority to order the development of or prescribe a public safety plan that provides an approved level of public safety and addresses the following items:

(i) Emergency vehicle ingress and egress.

(ii) Fire protection.

(iii) Emergency egress or escape routes.

(iv) Emergency medical services.

(v) Public assembly areas.

(vi) The directing of both attendees and vehicles including the parking of vehicles.

(vii) Vendor and food concession distribution.

(viii) The need for the presence of law enforcement.

(ix) The need for fire and emergency medical services personnel.

(c) 403.12.3 Crowd managers for gatherings exceeding 1,000 people. Where facilities or events involve a gathering of more than 1,000 people, crowd managers shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (C)(12)(c)(i) (403.12.3.1) to (C)(12)(c)(iii)(403.12.3.3) of this rule.

(i) 403.12.3.1 Number of crowd managers. The minimum number of crowd managers shall be established at a ratio of one crowd manager for every 250 persons.

Exception: Where approved by the fire code official, the number of crowd managers shall be permitted to be reduced where the facility is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or based upon the nature of the event.

(ii) 403.12.3.2 Training. Training for crowd managers shall be approved.

(iii) 403.12.3.3 Duties. The duties of crowd managers shall include, not be limited to:

(a) Conduct an inspection of the area of responsibility and identify and address any egress barriers.

(b) Conduct an inspection of the area of responsibility to identify and mitigate any fire hazards.

(c) Verify compliance with all permit conditions, including those governing pyrotechnics and other special effects.

(d) Direct and assist the event attendees in evacuation during an emergency.

(e) Assist emergency response personnel where requested.

(f) Other duties required by the fire code official.

(g) Other duties as specified in the fire safety plan.

(d) 403.12.4 Apparatus access at carnivals, fairs, and amusement buildings. At all events subject to or permitted in accordance with paragraph (E)(6)(b) (105.6.2) or (E)(6)(d)(105.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, no parking, vehicle, vendor, concession apparatus, booth, or any other obstruction shall be arranged or maintain in any manner that blocks the unobstructed access of emergency response vehicles to the permitted premises or in any manner that blocks the emergency response vehicles from accessing all portions of the permitted premises. The determination of access necessary shall be based upon the size and turning radius of the equipment and vehicles of the permitting entity or authority.

(D) Section 404 Fire safety, evacuation and lockdown plans

(1) 404.1 General. Where required by paragraph (C)(403) of this rule, fire safety, evacuation and lockdown plans shall comply with paragraphs (D)(2)(404.2) to (D)(4)(a)(404.4.1) of this rule.

(2) 404.2 Contents. Fire safety and evacuation plan contents shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(404.2.1) and (D)(2)(b)(404.2.2) of this rule.

(a) 404.2.1 Fire evacuation plans. Fire evacuation plans shall include the following:

(i) Emergency egress or escape routes and whether evacuation of the building is to be complete by selected floors or areas only or with a defend-in-place response.

(ii) Procedures for employees who must remain to operate critical equipment before evacuating.

(iii) Procedures for the use of elevators to evacuate the building where occupant evacuation elevators complying with Section 3008 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code are provided.

(iv) Procedures for assisted rescue for persons unable to use the general means of egress unassisted.

(v) Procedures for accounting for employees and occupants after evacuation has been completed.

(vi) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for rescue or emergency medical aid.

(vii) The preferred and any alternative means of notifying occupants of a fire or emergency.

(viii) The preferred and any alternative means of reporting fires and other emergencies to the fire department or designated emergency response organization.

(ix) Identification and assignment of personnel who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.

(x) A description of the emergency voice/alarm communication system alert tone and preprogrammed voice messages, where provided.

(b) 404.2.2 Fire safety plans. Fire safety plans shall include the following:

(i) The procedure for reporting a fire or other emergency.

(ii) The life safety strategy including the following:

(a) Procedures for notifying occupants, including areas with a private mode alarm system.

(b) Procedures for occupants under a defend-in-place response, including the type, location, and operating instructions of temporary door locking devices, if any. However, this paragraph shall not be construed to give the fire code official authority to approve or prohibit the use of any temporary door locking device approved and used in conformance with the rules developed by the Ohio Board of Building Standards.

(c) Procedures for evacuating occupants, including those who need evacuation assistance.

(iii) Site plans indicating the following:

(a) The occupancy assembly point.

(b) The locations of fire hydrants.

(c) The normal routes of fire department vehicle access.

(iv) Floor plans identifying the locations of the following:

(a) Exits.

(b) Primary evacuation routes.

(c) Secondary evacuation routes.

(d) Accessible egress routes.

(i) Areas of refuge.

(ii) Exterior areas for assisted rescue.

(e) Refuge areas associated with smoke barriers and horizontal exits.

(f) Manual fire alarm boxes.

(g) Portable fire extinguishers.

(h) Occupant-use hose stations.

(i) Fire alarm annunciators and controls.

(j) Automated defibrillator devices.

(v) A list of major fire hazards associated with the normal use and occupancy of the premises, including maintenance and housekeeping procedures.

(vi) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance of systems and equipment installed to prevent or control fires.

(vii) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance, housekeeping and controlling fuel hazard sources.

(c) 404.2.3 Lockdown plans. Where facilities develop a lockdown plan, the lockdown plan shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(2)(c)(i) (404.2.3.1) to (D)(2)(c)(iii)(404.2.3.3) of this rule.

(i) 404.2.3.1 Lockdown plan contents. Lockdown plans shall be approved by the fire code official and shall include the following:

(a) Initiation. The plan shall include instructions for reporting an emergency that requires a lockdown.

(b) Accountability. The plan shall include accountability procedures for staff to report the presence or absence of occupants.

(c) Recall. The plan shall include a prearranged signal for returning to normal activity.

(d) Communication and coordination. The plan shall include an approved means of two-way communication between a central location and each secured area.

(ii) 404.2.3.2 Training frequency. The training frequency shall be included in the lockdown plan. The lockdown drills shall not substitute for any of the fire and evacuation drills required in paragraph (E)(2)(405.2) of this rule.

(iii) 404.2.3.3 Lockdown notification. The method of notifying building occupants of a lockdown shall be included in the plan. The method of notification shall be separate and distinct from the fire alarm signal.

(3) 404.3 Maintenance. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be reviewed or updated annually or as necessitated by changes in staff assignments, occupancy or the physical arrangement of the building.

(4) 404.4 Availability. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be available in the workplace for reference and review by employees, and copies shall be furnished to the fire code official for review upon request.

(a) 404.4.1 Distribution. The fire safety and evacuation plans shall be distributed to the tenants and building service employees by the owner or the owner's agent. Tenants shall distribute to their employees applicable parts of the fire safety plan affecting the employees' actions in the event of a fire or other emergency.

(b) 404.4.2 An evacuation plan indicating the primary and secondary emergency evacuation routes, and including proper occupant-to-building orientation, shall be permanently and conspicuously posted at the main exit door inside of each room accessible to all persons in all educational occupancies. The plan shall not be obscured from view by any materials.

(E) Section 405 Emergency evacuation drills

(1) 405.1 General. Emergency evacuation drills complying with paragraphs (E)(2) (405.2) to (E)(9)(405.9) of this rule shall be conducted not less than annually where fire safety and evacuation plans are required by paragraph (C)(403) of this rule or where required by the fire code official. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities.

(a) 405.1.1 Schools and children's homes. A principal or person in charge of a public or private school or educational institution having an average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils or a person in charge of any children's home or orphanage housing twenty or more minor persons shall instruct and train such children by means of drills or rapid dismissals so that such children in a sudden emergency may leave the building in the shortest possible time without confusion. Such drills or rapid dismissals shall be conducted in accordance with the following:

(i) All drills or rapid dismissals shall be conducted at the times and frequencies prescribed in this rule.

(ii) The principal or person in charge of a public or private school or educational institution having an average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils shall conduct not less than one drill or rapid dismissal during each month of the school year as required by and in accordance with division (E) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code.

(iii) The principal or person in charge of a school or educational institution that has smoke detectors or a sprinkler system in all classroom buildings of the school or educational institution shall conduct a drill or rapid dismissal not less than six times during the school year.

(iv) The principal or person in charge of a school or educational institution that does not have smoke detectors or a sprinkler system in all classroom buildings of the school or educational institution shall conduct a drill or rapid dismissal not less than nine times during the school year.

(v) The principal or person in charge of a children's home or orphanage shall conduct drills or rapid dismissals at least once each month while the home is in operation as required by and in accordance with division (A) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code.

A drill or rapid dismissal conducted pursuant to this paragraph shall not be conducted in such a manner that the evacuation of students is in conjunction with the dismissal of students for the day.

In conjunction with the drills or rapid dismissals required in this paragraph, the principal or person in charge of a public or private primary or secondary school or educational institution shall instruct pupils in safety precautions to be taken in case of a tornado alert or warning and shall designate an appropriate location or locations to be used to shelter pupils in case of a tornado, tornado alert, or warning in accordance with paragraph (D)(408) of this rule.

(b) 405.1.2 Records. While school is in operation, the person responsible for conducting fire drills pursuant to section 3737.73 of the Revised Code shall file a copy of the fire drill records containing the information required under paragraph (E)(5)(405.5) of this rule and other information required by the state fire marshal for inspection verification with the state fire marshal. When required by the fire code official, such fire drill records shall also be submitted to the firefighting agency having jurisdiction that conducts inspections of the subject facility. Such fire drill records shall be submitted at the middle point and again at the end of the school year. The "school year" includes any time during which the average daily attendance comprises twenty or more pupils.

(c) 405.1.3 Intent to conduct inspections of emergency evacuation drill records. Pursuant to division (C) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, any duly constituted fire department of a political subdivision of this state may become the designee of the state fire marshal for the purposes of annually conducting inspections of schools, educational institutions, children's home, or orphanage to determine compliance with this paragraph and division (A), (B), (E), or (F) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code.

To become the state fire marshal's designee, the fire department shall file a written notice with the state fire marshal of the department's intent to conduct inspections of schools, educational institutions, children's homes or orphanages. Such written notice shall identify each school, educational institution or children's home that the fire department intends to inspect specifically by name and address. Notice shall be submitted to the state fire marshal on or before the first day of August of each calendar year.

Any fire department that files a written notice with the state fire marshal of its intent to conduct inspections and becomes the state fire marshal's designee shall remain the state fire marshal's designee and shall conduct inspections for the purposes of determining compliance with this paragraph and with section 3737.73 of the Revised Code until such time as the department notifies the state fire marshal that it will no longer conduct such inspections. Such notice shall be in writing and shall identify each school, educational institution, children's home, or orphanage specifically by name and address and shall clearly state that the department will no longer inspect. The notice shall be submitted to the state fire marshal at least 30 days prior to the time that the department discontinues its inspection program.

Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit a fire code official's authority to conduct an inspection of a school for the purposes of determining compliance with this code.

(i) 405.1.3.1 Inspections. After filing a notice in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(c)(405.1.3) of this rule, a fire department shall thereafter conduct inspections in accordance with the following:

(a) 405.1.3.1.1 School or educational institution. The fire department shall annually inspect a school or educational institution for the purpose of determining whether or not the principal or person in charge of the school or educational institution has, in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a) (405.1.1) of this rule and section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, conducted drills or rapid dismissals, has instructed pupils in safety precautions to be taken in case of a tornado alert or warning, and has designated an appropriate location to be used to shelter pupils in case of a tornado, tornado alert, or warning.

(b) 405.1.3.1.2 Children's home or orphanage. The fire department shall annually inspect a children's home or orphanage for the purpose of determining whether or not the principal or person in charge of the children's home or orphanage has conducted drills or rapid dismissals in accordance with paragraph (E)(1)(a)(405.1.1) of this rule and section 3737.73 of the Revised Code.

Upon inspection and a determination that the school, educational institution, children's home, or orphanage has not complied with the provisions of this paragraph or the provision of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, the state fire marshal's designee shall issue a written warning to the principal or person in charge of the school, educational institution or children's home. The warning shall indicate the specific violation and the date by which the violation shall be corrected.

(ii) 405.1.3.2 Jurisdiction. For the purpose of this paragraph, the fire agency having jurisdiction shall be the state fire marshal or any such duly constituted fire department of a political subdivision having filed the written notice of intent to conduct inspections in accordance with this paragraph.

(2) 405.2 Frequency. Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 of this rule or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants with the drill procedure.

Table 405.2 Fire and evacuation drill frequency and participation

Group or occupancy

Frequency

Participation

Group A

Quarterly

Employees

Group Bb

Annually

All occupants

Group Bb,c (Ambulatory care facilities)

Annually

Employees

Group Bb (Clinic, outpatient)

Annually

Employees

Group E

Monthlya

All occupants

Group F

Annually

Employees

Group I-1

Semiannually on each shifta

All occupants

Group I-2

Quarterly on each shifta

Employees

Group I-3

Quarterly on each shifta

Employees

Group I-4

Monthly on each shifta

All occupants

Group R-1

Quarterly on each shift

Employees

Group R-2d

Four annually

All occupants

Group R-4

Semiannually on each shifta

All occupants

a. In severe climates, the fire code official shall have the authority to modify the emergency evacuation drill frequency.

b. Emergency evacuation drills are required in Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

c. Emergency evacuation drills are required in ambulatory care facilities in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(403.3) of this rule.

d. Emergency evacuation drills in Group R-2 college and university buildings shall be in accordance with paragraph (C)(10)(b)(i)(403.10.2.1) of this rule. Other Group R-2 occupancies shall be in accordance with paragraph (C)(10) (b)(ii)(403.10.2.2) of this rule.

(3) 405.3 Leadership. Responsibility for the planning and conduct of drills shall be assigned to competent persons designated to exercise leadership.

(4) 405.4 Time. Drills shall be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that occur in case of fire.

(5) 405.5 Record keeping. Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information:

(a) Identity of the person conducting the drill.

(b) Date and time of the drill.

(c) Notification method used.

(d) Employees on duty and participating.

(e) Number of occupants evacuated.

(f) Special conditions simulated.

(g) Problems encountered.

(h) Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated.

(i) Time required to accomplish complete evacuation.

(6) 405.6 Notification. Where required by the fire code official, prior notification of emergency evacuation drills shall be given to the fire code official.

(7) 405.7 Initiation. Where a fire alarm system is provided, emergency evacuation drills shall be initiated by activating the fire alarm system.

(8) 405.8 Accountability. As building occupants arrive at the assembly point, efforts shall be made to determine if all occupants have been successfully evacuated or have been accounted for.

(9) 405.9 Recall and reentry. An electrically or mechanically operated signal used to recall occupants after an evacuation shall be separate and distinct from the signal used to initiate the evacuation. The recall signal initiation means shall be manually operated and under the control of the person in charge of the premises or the official in charge of the incident. Persons shall not reenter the premises until authorized to do so by the official in charge.

(F) Section 406 Employee training and response procedures

(1) 406.1 General. Where fire safety and evacuation plans are required by paragraph (C)(403) of this rule, employees shall be trained in the fire emergency procedures based on plans prepared in accordance with paragraph (D)(404) of this rule.

(2) 406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the contents of fire safety and evacuation plans and their duties as part of new employee orientation and not less than annually thereafter. Records of training shall be maintained.

(3) 406.3 Employee training program. Employees shall be trained in fire prevention, evacuation and fire safety in accordance with paragraphs (F)(3)(a)(406.3.1) to (F)(3)(d)(406.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 406.3.1 Fire prevention training. Employees shall be apprised of the fire hazards of the materials and processes to which they are exposed. Each employee shall be instructed in the proper procedures for preventing fires in the conduct of their assigned duties.

(b) 406.3.2 Evacuation training. Employees shall be familiarized with the fire alarm and evacuation signals, their assigned duties in the event of an alarm or emergency, evacuation routes, areas of refuge, exterior assembly areas and procedures for evacuation.

(c) 406.3.3 Fire safety training. Employees assigned fire-fighting duties shall be trained to know the locations and proper use of portable fire extinguishers or other manual fire-fighting equipment and the protective clothing or equipment required for its safe and proper use.

(d) 406.3.4 Emergency lockdown training. Where a facility has a lockdown plan, employees shall be trained on their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an emergency lockdown.

(G) Section 407 Hazard communication

(1) 407.1 General. The provisions of paragraphs (G)(2)(407.2) to (G)(7)(407.7) of this rule shall be applicable where hazardous materials subject to permits under paragraph (A)(5)(5001.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code are located on the premises or where required by the fire code official.

(2) 407.2 Material Safety Data Sheets. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous materials shall be either readily available on the premises as a paper copy, or where approved, shall be permitted to be readily retrievable by electronic access.

(3) 407.3 Identification. Individual containers of hazardous materials, cartons or packages shall be marked or labeled in accordance with applicable federal regulations. Buildings, rooms and spaces containing hazardous materials shall be identified by hazard warning signs in accordance with paragraph (C)(5) (5003.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 407.4 Training. Persons responsible for the operation of areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, handled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in the event of a fire, leak or spill. Responsible persons shall be designated and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses and identification of the locations where hazardous materials are located, and shall have access to Material Safety Data Sheets and be knowledgeable in the site emergency response procedures.

(5) 407.5 Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS) in accordance with paragraph (A)(5)(b)(5001.5.2) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 407.6 Hazardous Materials Management Plan. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP) in accordance with paragraph (A)(5)(a)(5001.5.1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code. The fire code official is authorized to accept a similar plan required by other regulations.

(7) 407.7 Facility closure plans. The permit holder or applicant shall submit to the fire code official a facility closure plan in accordance with paragraph (A)(6)(c) (5001.6.3) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code to terminate storage, dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials.

(H) Section 408 Tornado shelters in schools

(1) 408.1 Pursuant to section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, principals or persons in charge of public or private primary and secondary schools or educational institutions having an average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils shall designate appropriate locations in their respective facilities to be used to shelter pupils in case of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning. The designation of such locations shall be in accordance with the standards prescribed by the fire marshal, as set forth herein. However, nothing in these rules shall be construed as requiring a school or institution to construct or improve a facility or area thereof for use as a tornado shelter, or to install a tornado alarm system.

(2) 408.2 Specific safety requirement.

(a) The fire alarm system shall not be used to alert building occupants of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.

(b) The principal or person in charge of the school shall submit a clear, comprehensive, detailed, and legible drawing to the local fire code official, showing the building floor plan(s) and designated tornado shelter area(s). Each room or area shown on the plan shall be clearly indicated as to its particular use.

(c) The drawing required by paragraph (H)(2)(b)(408.2) of this rule, shall be submitted to the local fire code official for his information. A copy shall be maintained in the office of each school, for examination by the state fire marshal or local fire code official.

(d) Tornado drills shall be conducted at least once a month whenever school is in session during the tornado season. For the purpose of this rule, "tornado season" is the period from the first day of April to the last day of July. A record of such drills shall be maintained in the office of each school for examination by the fire code official.

(e) The occupants of modular classroom facilities shall be moved out of such facilities and to the designated tornado shelter area(s) in the event of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.

(f) Each local fire code official conducting the annual inspection of each school or institution shall be designated pursuant to division (C) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code to verify compliance with the tornado safety provisions of this rule.

(3) 408.3 Standards for shelter designation.

It is recommended that the designation of areas to be used as tornado shelters be in accordance with the following criteria:

(a) Whenever possible, designate areas which are located below ground level, in the core of the building, in rooms or spaces with short ceiling spans, and on the leeward side. The farther the area is below ground level, the greater the protection. In any event, the area should be on the lowest floor, in the center of the building, and in a corridor or small room.

(b) First aid kits and supplies should be in or close to the tornado shelter area(s).

(c) Avoid walls of glass, windows, skylights, and areas containing trophy cases or other fixtures of glass.

(d) Avoid load-bearing walls and exterior walls, especially those on the windward side or facing the south, southwest, or west.

(e) Avoid corridors which are not baffled with a wall or walls and that open to the south, southwest, or west.

(f) Avoid an area with only one exit, unless overriding considerations should prevail.

(g) Avoid rooms or areas which are locked, since they may not be readily accessible during an emergency.

(h) Avoid, absolutely, chimneys and the use of cars, buses, and modular classroom buildings.

(i) Avoid rooms or spaces with long ceiling spans, that are opposite openings or doorways that lead into rooms with windows in exterior walls, or that are within the unprotected, falling radius of higher building components.

(4) 408.4 General considerations.

Every building is different and contains some vulnerable elements that cannot be counted upon to withstand a tornado. Portions of buildings that contain one or more of these elements should be avoided wherever possible.

(a) Windows, skylights, and other components of glass, should be avoided. Glass is no match for tornado force winds and usually breaks into many jagged pieces which are blown into interior spaces from the windward side. Acrylic or poly carbonate plastics are more resistant to impact than glass, but large panes will pop out. Tempered glass will shatter into thousands of cube-like pieces that will be propelled by the winds like shrapnel. Windows at the ends of corridors, particularly those facing south, southwest, and west, are very dangerous. They will probably be blown down the corridor in a wind tunnel effect.

(b) Windward side walls, which usually are on the south and west, receive the full strength of the winds. It is assumed that windows on these sides will be broken and blown into the rooms on the windward side. This often results in increased air pressure, which aids in raising the roof.

(c) Wind tunnels occur in unprotected corridors facing the oncoming winds, which usually come from the south or west. Openings facing these directions allow the winds to penetrate into interior spaces. The winds apparently occupy almost the entire volume of such a wind tunnel, as debris marks have been found to cover the full height of the walls. If entrances are baffled with a solid massive wall, this effect is much less serious.

(d) Lightweight roofs such as steel deck plate, wood planks, or plywood will usually be lifted up by the wind and partially carried away, with some roof debris falling below.

(e) Heavier roofs, especially precast concrete planks, may lift up and move slightly and then fall, but not always returning to their original support location. If the support has collapsed, the heavy roof may fall into the area below.

(f) Long-span rooms almost always have high ceilings. The exterior walls are usually higher than the typical one-story wall. Often these walls, especially those with southern or western exposures, will collapse into the long span. If they are load-bearing walls, the roof will cave in on the area also. Avoid rooms such as gyms, auditoriums and cafeterias.

(g) Load-bearing walls are the sole support for floors or roofs above. If winds cause the supporting walls to fail, part or all of the roof or floors above will collapse. The most dangerous locations in a building are usually along the south and west sides, and at all corners.

(h) Masonry construction is not immune to wall collapse. Most masonry walls are not vertically reinforced, and can fail when high horizontal forces occur, such as those caused by winds.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-04.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.22
Rule Amplifies: 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.22, 3737.73
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 09/01/1995, 01/03/2000, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-05 Fire service features.

(A) Section 501 General

(1) 501.1 Scope. Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this rule.

(2) 501.2 Permits. A permit shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 501.3 Construction documents. Construction documents for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes, security gates across fire apparatus access and construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for review and approval prior to construction.

(4) 501.4 Timing of installation. Where fire apparatus access roads or a water supply for fire protection are required to be installed, such protection shall be installed and made serviceable prior to and during the time of construction except when approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Temporary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection where construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles in accordance with paragraph (E)(2) (505.2) of this rule.

(B) Section 502 Definitions

(1) 502.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Agency."

"Fire apparatus access road."

"Fire command center."

"Fire department master key."

"Fire lane."

"Key box."

"Traffic calming devices."

(C) Section 503 Fire apparatus access roads

(1) 503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(503.1.1) to (C)(1)(c) (503.1.3) of this rule.

(a) 503.1.1 Buildings and facilities. Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction which are not readily accessible from a public and/or private street. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.

Exceptions:

1. The fire code official is authorized to increase the dimension of 150 feet (45 720 mm) where any of the following conditions occur:

1.1. The building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

1.2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, and an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided.

1.3. There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group U occupancies.

2. Where approved by the fire code official, fire apparatus access roads shall be permitted to be exempted or modified for solar photovoltaic power generation facilities.

(b) 503.1.2 Additional access. The fire code official is authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limit access.

(c) 503.1.3 High-piled storage. Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 503.2 Specifications. Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with paragraphs (C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) to (C)(2)(h)(503.2.8) of this rule.

(a) 503.2.1 Dimensions. Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with paragraph (C)(6)(503.6) of this rule, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).

(b) 503.2.2 Authority. The fire code official shall have the authority to require or permit modifications to the required access widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue operations or where necessary to meet the public safety objectives of the jurisdiction.

(c) 503.2.3 Surface. Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed and maintained to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus and shall be surfaced so as to provide all-weather driving capabilities.

(d) 503.2.4 Turning radius. The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be determined by the fire code official.

(e) 503.2.5 Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus.

(f) 503.2.6 Bridges and elevated surfaces. Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with AASHTO HB-17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the fire code official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces that are not designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or both shall be installed and maintained where required by the fire code official.

(g) 503.2.7 Grade. The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.

(h) 503.2.8 Angles of approach and departure. The angles of approach and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.

(3) 503.3 Marking. Where required by the fire code official, approved signs or other approved notices or markings that include the words "NO PARKING-FIRE LANE" shall be provided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction thereof The means by which fire lanes are designated shall be maintained in a clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility.

(4) 503.4 Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads. Fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in paragraphs (C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) and (C)(2)(b)(503.2.2) of this rule shall be maintained at all times.

(a) 503.4.1 Traffic calming devices. Traffic calming devices shall be prohibited unless approved by the fire code official.

(5) 503.5 Required gates or barricades. The fire code official is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, alleys or highways. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 503.5.1 Secured gates and barricades. Where required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by paragraph (C)(5)(503.5) of this rule shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and the fire code official.

Exception: The restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within the scope of duty.

(6) 503.6 Security gates. The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 504 Access to building openings and roofs

(1) 504.1 Required access. Exterior doors and openings required by this rule or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when required by the fire code official.

(2) 504.2 Maintenance of exterior doors and openings. Exterior doors and their function shall not be eliminated without prior approval. Exterior doors that have been rendered nonfunctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the words "THIS DOOR BLOCKED." The sign shall consist of letters having a principal stroke of not less than ¾ inch (19.1 mm) wide and not less than 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting background. Required fire department access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with paragraph (F)(6)(a) (3206.6.1) of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 504.3 Stairway access to roof. New buildings four or more stories in above grade plane, except those with a roof slope greater than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-per cent slope), shall be provided with a stairway to the roof. Stairway access to the roof shall be in accordance with paragraph (K) (12)(1011.12) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. Such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for other purposes, stairways shall be provided as required for such occupancy classification.

(E) Section 505 Premises identification

(1) 505.1 Address identification. New and existing buildings shall be provided with approved address identification. The address identification shall be legible and placed in a position that is visible from the street or road fronting the property. Address identification characters shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall not be spelled out. Each character shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). Where required by the fire code official, address identification shall be provided in additional approved locations to facilitate emergency response. Where access is by means of a private road and the building cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other sign or means shall be used to identify the structure. Address identification shall be maintained.

(2) 505.2 Street or road signs. Streets and roads shall be identified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by permanent signs.

(F) Section 506 Key boxes

(1) 506.1 Where required. Where access to or within a structure or an area is restricted because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized to require a key box to be installed in an approved location. The key box shall be of an approved type listed in accordance with UL 1037 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, and shall contain keys to gain necessary access as required by the fire code official.

(a) 506.1.1 Locks. An approved lock shall be installed on gates or similar barriers where required by the fire code official.

(b) 506.1.2 Key boxes for nonstandardized fire service elevator keys. Key boxes provided for nonstandardized fire service elevator keys shall comply with paragraph (F)(1)(506.1) of this rule and all of the following:

(i) The key box shall be compatible with an existing rapid entry key box system in use in the jurisdiction and approved by the fire code official.

(ii) The front cover shall be permanently labeled with the words "Fire Department Use Only-Elevator Keys."

(iii) The key box shall be mounted at each elevator bank at the lobby nearest to the lowest level of fire department access.

(iv) The key box shall be mounted 5 feet 6 inches (1676 mm) above the finished floor to the right side of the elevator bank.

(v) Contents of the key box are limited to fire service elevator keys. Additional elevator access tools, keys and information pertinent to emergency planning or elevator access shall be permitted where authorized by the fire code official.

(vi) In buildings with two or more elevator banks, a single key box shall be permitted to be used where such elevator banks are separated by not more than 30 feet (9144 mm). Additional key boxes shall be provided for each individual elevator or elevator bank separated by more than 30 feet (9144 mm).

Exception: A single key box shall be permitted to be located adjacent to a fire command center or the non-standard fire service elevator key shall be permitted to be secured in a key box used for other purposes and located in accordance with paragraph (F)(1) (506.1) of this rule.

(2) 506.2 Key box maintenance. The operator of the building shall immediately notify the fire code official and provide the new key where a lock is changed or rekeyed. The key to such lock shall be secured in the key box.

(G) Section 507 Fire protection water supplies

(1) 507.1 Required water supply. An approved water supply capable of supplying the required fire flow for fire protection shall be provided to premises upon which facilities, buildings or portions of buildings are hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction.

(a) 507.1.1. Unobstructed access to water supplies shall be maintained at all times and fire department access to existing water supplies shall not be hindered in any manner.

(2) 507.2 Type of water supply. A water supply shall consist of reservoirs, pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed systems capable of providing the required fire flow.

(a) 507.2.1 Private fire service mains. Private fire service mains and appurtenances shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 24 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 507.2.2 Water tanks. Water tanks for private fire protection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 507.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an approved method.

(4) 507.4 Water supply test. The fire code official shall be notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall be witnessed by the fire code official or approved documentation of the test shall be provided to the fire code official prior to final approval of the water supply system.

(5) 507.5 Fire hydrant systems. Fire hydrant systems shall comply with paragraphs (G)(5)(a)(507.5.1) to (G)(5)(f)(507.5.6) of this rule.

(a) 507.5.1 Where required. Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.

Exceptions:

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii) (903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

(i) 507.5.1.1 Hydrant for standpipe systems. Buildings equipped with a standpipe system installed in accordance with paragraph (E) (905) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall have a fire hydrant within 100 feet (30 480 mm) of the fire department connections.

Exception: The distance shall be permitted to exceed 100 feet (30 480 mm) where approved by the fire code official.

(b) 507.5.2 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required by the fire code official. Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards. Records of tests and required maintenance shall be maintained.

(c) 507.5.3 Private fire service mains and water tanks. Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code at the following intervals:

(i) Private fire hydrants of all types: Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually.

(ii) Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.

(iii) Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.

Records of inspections, testing and maintenance shall be maintained.

(d) 507.5.4 Obstruction. Unobstructed access to fire hydrants shall be maintained at all times. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.

(e) 507.5.5 Clear space around hydrants. A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of fire hydrants except as otherwise required or approved.

(f) 507.5.6 Physical protection. Where fire hydrants are subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other approved means shall comply with paragraph (L)(312) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code.

(H) Section 508 Fire command center

(1) 508.1 General. Where required by other paragraphs of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided and shall comply with paragraphs (H) (1)(a)(508.1.1) to (H)(1)(f)(508.1.6) of this rule.

(a) 508.1.1 Location and access. The location and accessibility of the fire command center shall be approved by the fire code official.

(b) 508.1.2 Separation. The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with section 711 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or both.

(c) 508.1.3 Size. The fire command center shall be not less than 200 square feet (19 m2) in area with a minimum dimension of 10 feet (3048 mm).

(d) 508.1.4 Layout approval. A layout of the fire command center and all features required by this paragraph to be contained therein shall be submitted for approval prior to installation.

(e) 508.1.5 Storage. Storage unrelated to operation of the fire command center shall be prohibited.

(f) 508.1.6 Required features. The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall contain the following features:

(i) The emergency voice/alarm communication system control unit.

(ii) The fire department communications system.

(iii) Fire-detection and alarm system annunciator.

(iv) Annunciator unit visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.

(v) Status indicators and controls for air distribution systems.

(vi) The fire-fighter's control panel required by paragraph (I)(16)(909.16) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code for smoke control systems installed in the building.

(vii) Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.

(viii) Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.

(ix) Emergency and standby power status indicators.

(x) A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.

(xi) Fire pump status indicators.

(xii) Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighter air-replenishment systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access, and the location of fire walls, fire barriers, fire partitions, smoke barriers and smoke partitions.

(xiii) An approved "Building Information Card" that includes, but is not limited to, all of the following information:

(a) General building information that includes: property name, address, the number of floors in the building above and below grade, use and occupancy classification (for mixed uses, identify the different types of occupancies on each floor) and estimated building population during the day, night, weekend;

(b) Building emergency contact information that includes: a list of the building's emergency contacts including but not limited to building manager, building engineer and their respective work phone number, cell phone number and e-mail address;

(c) Building construction information that includes: the type of building construction including but not limited to floors, walls, columns, and roof assembly;

(d) Exit access stairway and exit stairway information that includes: number of exit access stairways and exit stairways in building, each exit access stairway and exit stairway designation and floors served; location where each exit access stairway and exit stairway discharges, interior exit stairways that are pressurized; exit stairways provided with emergency lighting; each exit stairway that allows reentry; exit stairways providing roof access; elevator information that includes: number of elevator banks, elevator bank designation, elevator car numbers and respective floors that they serve; location of elevator machine rooms, control rooms and control spaces; location of sky lobby; and location of freight elevator banks;

(e) Building services and system information that includes: location of mechanical rooms, location of building management system, location and capacity of all fuel oil tanks, location of emergency generator and location of natural gas service;

(f) Fire protection system information that includes: locations of standpipes, location of fire pump room, location of fire department connections, floors protected by automatic sprinklers and location of different types of automatic sprinkler systems installed including but not limited to dry, wet, and pre-action;

(g) Hazardous material information that includes: location and quantity of hazardous material.

(xiv) Work table.

(xv) Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.

(xvi) Public address system, where specifically required by other paragraphs of this code.

(xvii) Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A17.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(xviii) Elevator emergency or standby power selector switch(es), where emergency or standby power is provided.

(I) Section 509 Fire protection and utility equipment identification and access

(1) 509.2 Equipment access. Approved access shall be provided and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equipment. Unobstructed access to fire protection equipment shall be maintained at all times. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such equipment from being readily accessible.

(a) 509.1.1 Utility identification. Where required by the fire code official, gas shutoff valves, electric meters, service switches and other utility equipment shall be clearly and legibly marked to identify the unit or space that it serves. Identification shall be made in an approved manner, readily visible and shall be maintained.

(2) 509.2 Equipment access. Approved access shall be provided and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equipment. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such equipment from being readily accessible.

(J) Section 510 Emergency responder radio coverage

(1) 510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in new buildings. All new buildings shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This paragraph shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communication systems.

Exceptions:

1. Where approved by the building official and the fire code official, a wired communication system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(m)(ii)(907.2.13.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall be permitted to be installed or maintained in lieu of an approved radio coverage system.

2. Where it is determined by the fire code official that the radio coverage system is not needed.

3. In facilities where emergency responder radio coverage is required and such systems, components or equipment required could have a negative impact on the normal operations of that facility, the fire code official shall have the authority to accept an automatically activated emergency responder radio coverage system.

(2) 510.2 Emergency responder radio coverage in existing buildings. Existing buildings shall be provided with approved radio coverage for emergency responders as required in rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 510.3 Permit required. A construction permit for the installation of or modification to emergency responder radio coverage systems and related equipment is required as specified in paragraph (E)(7)(e)(105.7.5) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

(4) 510.4 Technical requirements. Systems, components and equipment required to provide emergency responder radio coverage system shall comply with paragraphs (J)(4)(a)(510.4.1) to (J)(4)(b)(v)(510.4.2.5) of this rule.

(a) 510.4.1 Radio signal strength. The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder radio coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 per cent of all areas on each floor of the building meet the signal strength requirements in paragraphs (J)(4)(a)(i)(510.4.1.1) and (J)(4)(a)(ii)(510.4.1.2) of this rule.

(i) 510.4.1.1 Minimum signal strength into the building. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be receivable within the building.

(ii) 510.4.1.2 Minimum signal strength out of the building. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be received by the agency's radio system when transmitted from within the building.

(b) 510.4.2 System design. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be designed in accordance with paragraphs (J)(4)(b)(i)(510.4.2.1) to (J)(4)(b)(v)(510.4.2.5) of this rule.

(i) 510.4.2.1 Amplification systems allowed. Buildings and structures that cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system, a distributed antenna system with "Federal Communications Commission" ("FCC")-certified signal boosters, or other system approved by the fire code official in order to achieve the required adequate radio coverage.

(ii) 510.4.2.2 Technical criteria. The fire code official shall maintain a document providing the specific technical information and requirements for the emergency responder radio coverage system. This document shall contain, but not be limited to, the various frequencies required, the location of radio sites, effective radiated power of radio sites, and other supporting technical information.

(iii) 510.4.2.3 Standby power. Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be provided with standby power in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. The standby power supply shall be capable of operating the emergency responder radio coverage system for a duration of not less than 24 hours.

(iv) 510.4.2.4 Signal booster requirements. If used, signal boosters shall meet the following requirements:

(a) All signal booster components shall be contained in a "National Electrical Manufacturer's Association" ("NEMA") 4-type waterproof cabinet.

(b) Battery systems used for the emergency power source shall be contained in a "NEMA" 4-type waterproof cabinet.

(c) The signal booster system and battery system shall be electrically supervised and monitored by a supervisory service, or when approved by the fire code official, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.

(d) Equipment shall have "FCC" certification prior to installation.

(v) 510.4.2.5 Additional frequencies and change of frequencies. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be capable of modification or expansion in the event frequency changes are required by the "FCC" or additional frequencies are made available by the "FCC."

(5) 510.5 Installation requirements. The installation of the public safety radio coverage system shall be in accordance with paragraphs (J)(5)(a)(510.5.1) to (J)(5)(d)(510.5.4) of this rule.

(a) 510.5.1 Approval prior to installation. Amplification systems capable of operating on frequencies licensed to any public safety agency by the "FCC" shall not be installed without prior coordination and approval of the fire code official.

(b) 510.5.2 Minimum qualifications of personnel. The minimum qualifications of the system designer and lead installation personnel shall include both of the following:

(i) A valid FCC-issued general radio operators license.

(ii) Certification of in-building system training issued by a nationally recognized organization, school or a certificate issued by the manufacturer of the equipment being installed.

These qualifications shall not be required where demonstration of adequate skills and experience satisfactory to the fire code official is provided.

(c) 510.5.3 Acceptance test procedure. Where an emergency responder radio coverage system is required, and upon completion of installation, the building owner shall have the radio system tested to verify that two-way coverage on each floor of the building is not less than 90 per cent. The test procedure shall be conducted as follows:

(i) Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of 20 approximately equal test areas.

(ii) The test shall be conducted using a calibrated portable radio of the latest brand and model used by the agency talking through the agency's radio communications system.

(iii) Failure of more than two nonadjacent test areas shall result in failure of the test.

(iv) In the event that three of the test areas fail the test, in order to be more statistically accurate, the floor shall be permitted to be divided into 40 equal test areas. Failure of more than four nonadjacent test areas shall result in failure of the test. If the system fails the 40-area test, the system shall be altered to meet the 90 per cent coverage requirement.

(v) A test location approximately in the center of each test area shall be selected for the test, with the radio enabled to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the public agency's radio communications system. Once the test location has been selected, that location shall represent the entire test area. Failure in the selected test location shall be considered failure of that test area. Additional test locations shall not be permitted.

(vi) The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified during annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.

(vii) As part of the installation a spectrum analyzer or other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to ensure spurious oscillations are not being generated by the subject signal booster. This test shall be conducted at the time of installation and subsequent annual inspections.

(d) 510.5.4 "FCC" compliance. The emergency responder radio coverage system installation and components shall also comply with all applicable federal regulations including, but not limited to, FCC 47 CFR Part 90.219 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 510.6 Maintenance. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be maintained operational at all times in accordance with paragraphs (J)(6)(a) (510.6.1) to (J)(6)(c)(510.6.3) of this rule.

(a) 510.6.1 Testing and proof of compliance. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be inspected and tested annually or where structural changes occur including additions or remodels that could materially change the original field performance tests. Testing shall consist of the following:

(i) In-building coverage test as described in paragraph (J)(5)(c)(510.5.3) of this rule.

(ii) Signal boosters shall be tested to verify that the gain is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance.

(iii) Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load of a period of 1 hour to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage. If within the 1-hour test period the battery exhibits symptoms of failure, the test shall be extended for additional 1-hour periods until the integrity of the battery can be determined.

(iv) Other active components shall be checked to verify operation within the manufacturer's specifications.

(v) At the conclusion of the testing, a report, which shall verify compliance with paragraph (J)(5)(c)(510.5.3) of this rule, shall be submitted to the fire code official.

(b) 510.6.2 Additional frequencies. The building owner shall modify or expand the emergency responder radio coverage system at his or her expense in the event frequency changes are required by the "FCC" or additional frequencies are made available by the "FCC." Prior approval of the public safety radio coverage system on previous frequencies does not exempt this paragraph.

(c) 510.6.3 Field testing. Agency personnel shall have the right to enter onto the property at any reasonable time to conduct field testing to verify the required level of radio coverage.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-05.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83, 3737.65
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83, 3737.65
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 09/01/1995, 01/09/1998, 03/30/1998, 11/20/1998, 01/03/2000, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-06 Building services and systems.

(A) Section 601 General

(1) 601.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall apply to the installation, operation and maintenance of fuel-fired appliances and heating systems, emergency and standby power systems, electrical systems and equipment, mechanical refrigeration systems, elevator recall, stationary storage battery systems and commercial kitchen equipment.

(2) 601.2 Permits. Permits shall be obtained for refrigeration systems, battery systems and solar photovoltaic power systems as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 602 Definitions

(1) 602.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Battery system, stationary lead acid."

"Battery types."

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances."

"Critical circuit."

"Emergency power system."

[M] "Hood."

"Type I."

"Type II."

"Refrigerant."

"Refrigeration system."

"Standby power system."

(C) Section 603 Fuel-fired appliances

(1) 603.1 Installation. The installation of nonportable fuel gas appliances and systems shall comply with the International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The installation of all other fuel-fired appliances, other than internal combustion engines, oil lamps and portable devices such as blow torches, melting pots and weed burners, shall comply with this paragraph and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.1.1 Manufacturer's instructions. The installation shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and applicable federal, state and local rules and regulations. Where it becomes necessary to change, modify or alter a manufacturer's instructions in any way, written approval shall first be obtained from the manufacturer.

(b) 603.1.2 Approval. The design, construction and installation of fuel-fired appliances shall be in accordance with the International Fuel Gas Code and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 603.1.3 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical wiring and equipment used in connection with oil-burning equipment shall be installed and maintained in accordance with paragraph (E)(605) of this rule and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 603.1.4 Fuel oil. The grade of fuel oil used in a burner shall be that for which the burner is approved and as stipulated by the burner manufacturer. Oil containing gasoline shall not be used. Waste crankcase oil shall be an acceptable fuel in Group F, M and S occupancies where utilized in equipment listed for use with waste oil and where such equipment is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the terms of its listing.

(e) 603.1.5 Access. The installation shall be readily accessible for cleaning hot surfaces; removing burners; replacing motors, controls, air filters, chimney connectors, draft regulators and other working parts; and for adjusting, cleaning and lubricating parts.

(f) 603.1.6 Testing, diagrams and instructions. After installation of the oil-burning equipment, operation and combustion performance tests shall be conducted to determine that the burner is in proper operating condition and that all accessory equipment, controls, and safety devices function properly.

(i) 603.1.6.1 Diagrams. Contractors installing industrial oil-burning systems shall furnish not less than two copies of diagrams showing the main oil lines and controlling valves, one copy of which shall be posted at the oil-burning equipment and another at an approved location that will be accessible in case of emergency.

(ii) 603.1.6.2 Instructions. After completing the installation, the installer shall instruct the owner or operator in the proper operation of the equipment. The installer shall furnish the owner or operator with the name and telephone number of persons to contact for technical information or assistance and routine or emergency services.

(g) 603.1.7 Clearances. Working clearances between oil-fired appliances and electrical panelboards and equipment shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Clearances between oil-fired equipment and oil supply tanks shall be in accordance with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 603.2 Chimneys. Masonry chimneys shall be constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Factory-built chimneys shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Metal chimneys shall be constructed and installed in accordance with NFPA 211 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 603.3 Fuel oil storage systems. Fuel oil storage systems shall be installed in accordance with this code. Fuel oil piping systems shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.3.1 Permits.Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code for fuel oil storage systems exceeding 60 gallons in storage capacity.

Exception:Fuel oil storage tanks with a capacity of less than 1,100 gallons and utilized for residential purposes.

(b) 603.3.2 Fuel oil storage in outside, aboveground tanks. Where connected to a fuel-oil piping system, the maximum amount of fuel oil storage allowed outside above ground without additional protection shall be 660 gallons (2498 L). The storage of fuel oil above ground in quantities exceeding 660 gallons (2498 L) shall comply with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 603.3.3 Fuel oil storage inside buildings. Fuel oil storage inside buildings shall comply with paragraphs (C)(3)(c)(i)(603.3.3.1) to (C)(3)(c)(v)(603.3.3.5) of this rule or rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 603.3.3.1 Quantity limits. One or more fuel oil storage tanks containing Class II or III combustible liquid shall be permitted in a building. The aggregate capacity of all such tanks shall not exceed 660 gallons (2498 L).

Exception: The aggregate capacity limit shall be permitted to be increased to 3,000 gallons (11 356 L) of Class II or III liquid for storage in protected aboveground tanks complying with paragraph (D)(2)(i)(vi)(5704.2.9.6) of rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code, where all of the following conditions are met:

1. The entire 3,000 gallon (11 356 L) quantity shall be stored in protected aboveground tanks.

2. The 3,000 gallon (11 356 L) capacity shall be permitted to be stored in a single tank or multiple smaller tanks.

3. Normal and emergency venting shall be provided in accordance with NFPA 30 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code except that the vent capacity reduction factors shall not be allowed. Normal vent shall terminate to the outside of the building.

4. Flame arrestors or pressure vacuum breather valves shall be installed in normal vents.

5. Secondary containment, drainage control or diking shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(5004.2) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

6. An overfill prevention system that prevents the tank from being filled in excess of 95 per cent of its capacity shall be provided for each tank. Filling procedure information shall be available accessible to the person filling the tanks.

7. The fill pipe shall be provided with a means of making a direct connection to the fuel delivery hose so that the delivery of fuel is not exposed to the open air during the filling operation. The fill line shall terminate to the outside.

8. A noncombustible fixed spill container having a capacity of not less than 5 gallons (19 L) shall be provided for each fill connection. The spill container shall be equipped with a manual drain valve that drains into the primary tank.

9. Approved anti-siphon devices shall be installed in each external pipe connected to the protected above-ground tank when the pipe extends below the level of the top of the tank; and

10. The tanks shall be located in a room protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 603.3.3.2 Restricted use and connection. Tanks installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(c)(603.3.3) of this rule shall be used only to supply fuel oil to fuel-burning or generator equipment installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(c)(iv)(603.3.3.4) of this rule. Connections between tanks and equipment supplied by such tanks shall be made using closed piping systems.

(iii) 603.3.3.3 Applicability of maximum allowable quantity and control area requirements. The quantity of combustible liquid stored in tanks complying with paragraph (C)(3)(c)(603.3.3) of this rule shall not be counted towards the maximum allowable quantity set forth in Table 5003.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code, and such tanks shall not be required to be located in a control area.

(iv) 603.3.3.4 Installation. Tanks and piping systems shall be installed and separated from other uses in accordance with section 915 and chapter 13 both of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as applicable.

Exception: Protected aboveground tanks complying with paragraph (D)(2)(i)(vii)(5704.2.9.7) of rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code shall not be required to be separated from surrounding areas.

(v) 603.3.3.5 Tanks in basements. Tanks in basements shall be located not more than two stories below grade plane.

(d) 603.3.4 Additional protection.Aboveground tanks for the storage of fuel oil shall be safeguarded from public access or unauthorized entry. Additional protection meeting the requirements of paragraph (D)(1)(b)(3404.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code shall be provided.

Exceptions:

1. Facilities enclosed by a perimeter security fence where the public is prohibited from accessing the fuel oil storage area.

2. Tanks enclosed in vaults.

3. Fuel oil storage tanks with a capacity of less than 660 gallons and utilized for residential purposes.

(e) 603.3.5 Underground storage of fuel oil. The storage of fuel oil in underground storage tanks shall comply with NFPA 31 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 603.4 Portable unvented heaters. Portable unvented fuel-fired heating equipment shall be prohibited in occupancies in Groups A, E, I, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4. Portable kerosene-fired space or room heaters shall be equipped with an automatic extinguishing tip-over device. Any natural gas-fired or liquid petroleum gas-fired space or room heater shall be equipped with an oxygen depletion safety shutoff system and the source of fuel shall be piped from a location outside the building. All unvented heaters shall be marked by the manufacturer in some conspicuous manner that the heater has been approved and listed by one of the authoritative sources listed in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

Exceptions:

1. Listed and approved unvented fuel-fired heaters, including portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances, in one-and two-family dwellings.

2. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be allowed in accordance with paragraph (C)(5)(b)(603.5.2) of this rule.

(a) 603.4.1 Prohibited locations. Unvented fuel-fired heating equipment shall not be located in, or obtain combustion air from, any of the following rooms or spaces: sleeping rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms or storage closets. No unvented kerosene heater shall be located in any building means of egress.

(b) 603.4.2 Elevation not permitted.No unvented kerosene heater shall be elevated by being placed upon a stand or otherwise placed or suspended above the floor.

(c) 603.4.3 Placement restrictions.No unvented kerosene heater shall be placed within three feet of any furniture, drapery, curtain, decorative material, accessory, appliance, equipment, merchandise, goods, or fixture, or any other thing, which is or may be combustible.

(d) 603.4.4 Must be attended.No unvented kerosene heater shall be left unattended while it is operating.

(e) 603.4.5 Non-combustible mat required.Every unvented kerosene heater shall be set and centered upon a noncombustible mat or shallow base, the dimensions of which shall be sufficient to allow at least three feet of the mat or base to extend outward in any direction from any part of the unvented kerosene heater.

(f) 603.4.6 Ventilation required.Every unvented kerosene heater shall be used in an area where there is adequate ventilation, as recommended by the manufacturer of such heater

(g) 603.4.7 Cool-down required.No unvented kerosene heater shall be fueled or refueled while it is operating or within ten minutes of flame extinguishment, or contrary to the instructions of its manufacturer.

(h) 603.4.8 Fueling prohibited.No unvented kerosene heater or its fuel reservoir shall be fueled or refueled inside a building. All such fueling operations shall be performed outdoors.

(i) 603.4.9 Fueling guidelines.Every unvented kerosene heater shall be fueled or refueled strictly in accordance with the instructions of its manufacturer

(j) 603.4.10 Fuel requirements.The fuel in every unvented kerosene heater shall be only No. 1-K kerosene as prescribed in paragraph (F)(9)(3406.9) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code.

(k) 603.4.11 Fuel storage.The fuel used in every unvented kerosene heater shall be stored away from occupied areas and in an approved container which shall be marked or labeled in a conspicuous manner to read: "1-K kerosene."

(l) 603.4.12 Fire extinguisher requirements.At least one fire extinguisher with a minimum 2-A, 20-B:C rating and capacity shall be provided and available for use within twenty-five feet of every unvented kerosene heater during its operation.

(m) 603.4.13 Manufacturer's instructions.No persons shall sell or offer for sale any kerosene heater in this state unless the manufacturer has provided instructions for operating the heater and certain information about its use, which shall include the following:

(i) All pertinent information bearing upon the assembly and installation of the heater

(ii) All pertinent information bearing upon the proper operation, maintenance, and storage of the heater

(iii) All pertinent information which might reasonably bear upon the health or life safety of persons in the vicinity of the heater if recommended assembly, installation, operational, or maintenance procedures are not respected.

(iv) All safety features incorporated in the heater shall be described

(v) Instructions for starting or lighting the heater regulating its flame or heat, and turning it off or extinguishing its flame.

(vi) Proper fueling procedures shall be set forth.

(vii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, it may burn, injure, or damage any person or thing contacting it; and that, in particular, infants, children, physically or mentally incompetent persons, and pets should be kept away from the unit.

(viii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, the heat radiating from it may ignite any combustible thing in close proximity; that it should not be placed within three feet of any furniture, drapery, curtain, clothing, or other thing which is or may be combustible; that, however the heater may be placed against or within three feet of a combustible wall, provided the heater is specifically designed for such installation or placement.

(ix) A cautionary warning that the heater may be extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, no fueling procedure, including the removal of the fuel reservoir, should be carried out while the unit is operating and until it has cooled down.

(x) A cautionary warning that the heater should not be moved while it is in operation.

(xi) A cautionary warning that neither the heater nor any surface of the heater should be used for the purpose of cooking or warming food, unless the heater is specifically designed for cooking and warming food.

(xii) A cautionary warning that no additive for the heater's fuel with a flashpoint below 100°F shall be used.

(xiii) The recommended minimum room size for the Btu output of the heater shall be set forth.

(xiv) The type and grade of fuel the heater is designed to use shall be set forth, together with any safety or fire hazard which might be involved if improper fuel is used.

(xv) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene heater, warning that when the heater is in operation the combustion process uses oxygen from the space being heated and returns carbon monoxide to the atmosphere as a product of combustion; that, without adequate ventilation, the depletion of oxygen may present a risk of asphyxiation; and that carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, highly poisonous gas which, without adequate ventilation, may cause headaches, dizziness, and nausea, or even be fatal.

(xvi) The ventilation requirements necessary for the safe operation of every unvented kerosene heater shall be set forth.

(xvii) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene heater, warning that the fuel used in such heater should be restricted to No. 1-K kerosene, as prescribed in this code, or "Fresh, High Quality, Crystal Clear Kerosene."

(n) 603.4.14 Issuance of citation.If the state fire marshal, his authorized representative, or a certified fire safety inspector finds that the use of an unvented kerosene heater or the storage of its fuel is not in compliance with the provisions of this rule, the state fire marshal, his authorized representative, or a certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation to the responsible person as authorized by section 3737.42 of the Revised Code.

(5) 603.5 Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances. Portable gas-fired heating appliances located outdoors shall be in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(603.5.1) to (C)(5)(c)(iv)(603.5.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 603.5.1 Location. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be located in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(a)(i)(603.5.1.1) to (C)(5)(b)(iv)(603.5.2.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.1.1 Prohibited locations. The storage or use of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances is prohibited in any of the following locations:

(a) Inside any occupancy when connected to the fuel gas container.

(b) Inside of tents, canopies and membrane structures.

(c) On exterior balconies.

Exception: As allowed in section 6.20 of NFPA 58 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 603.5.1.2 Clearance to buildings. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be located not less than 5 feet (1524 mm) from buildings.

(iii) 603.5.1.3 Clearance to combustible materials. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located beneath, or closer than 5 feet (1524 mm) to combustible decorations and combustible overhangs, awnings, sunshades or similar combustible attachments to buildings.

(iv) 603.5.1.4 Proximity to exits. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located within 5 feet (1524 mm) of exits or exit discharges.

(b) 603.5.2 Installation and operation. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be installed and operated in accordance with paragraphs (C)(5)(b)(i)(603.5.2.1) to (C)(5)(b)(iv)(603.5.2.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.2.1 Listing and approval. Only listed and approved portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances utilizing a fuel gas container that is integral to the appliance shall be used.

(ii) 603.5.2.2 Installation and maintenance. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

(iii) 603.5.2.3 Tip-over switch. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be equipped with a tilt or tip-over switch that automatically shuts off the flow of gas if the appliance is tilted more than 15 degrees (0.26 rad) from the vertical.

(iv) 603.5.2.4 Guard against contact. The heating element or combustion chamber of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be permanently guarded so as to prevent accidental contact by persons or material.

(c) 603.5.3 Gas containers. Fuel gas containers for portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall comply with paragraphs (C)(5)(c)(i)(603.5.3.1) to (C)(5)(c)(iv)(603.5.3.4) of this rule.

(i) 603.5.3.1 Approved containers. Only approved DOTn or ASME gas containers shall be used.

(ii) 603.5.3.2 Container replacement. Replacement of fuel gas containers in portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be conducted while the public is present.

(iii) 603.5.3.3 Container capacity. The maximum individual capacity of gas containers used in connection with portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not exceed 20 pounds (9 kg).

(iv) 603.5.3.4 Indoor storage prohibited. Gas containers shall not be stored inside of buildings except in accordance with paragraph (I)(9)(6109.9) of rule 1301:7-7-61 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 603.6 Heating appliances.Heating appliances shall be listed and shall comply with paragraphs (C)(6)(a)(603.6.1) to (C)(6)(b)(603.6.2) of this rule.

(a) 603.6.1 Guard against contact.The heating element or combustion chamber shall be permanently guarded so as to prevent accidental contact by persons or material.

(b) 603.6.2 Heating appliance installation and maintenance.Heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the building code, the mechanical code, the International Fuel Gas Code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 603.7 Chimneys and appliances.Chimneys, incinerators, smokestacks or similar devices for conveying smoke or hot gases to the outer air and the stoves, furnaces, fireboxes or boilers to which such devices are connected, shall be maintained so as not to create a fire hazard.

(a) 603.7.1 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys that, upon inspection, are found to be without a flue liner and that have open mortar joints which will permit smoke or gases to be discharged into the building, or which are cracked as to be dangerous, shall be repaired or relined with a listed chimney liner system installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions or a flue lining system installed in accordance with the requirements of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and appropriate for the intended class of chimney service.

(b) 603.7.2 Metal chimneys.Metal chimneys which are corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(c) 603.7.3 Decorative shrouds.Decorative shrouds installed at the termination of factory-built chimneys shall be removed except where such shrouds are listed and labeled for use with the specific factory-built chimney system and are installed in accordance with the chimney manufacturer's instructions.

(d) 603.7.4 Factory-built chimneys.Existing factory-built chimneys that are damaged, corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(e) 603.7.5 Connectors.Existing chimney and vent connectors that are damaged, corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or replaced.

(8) 603.8 Discontinuing operation of unsafe heating appliances.The fire code official is authorized to order that measures be taken to prevent the operation of any existing stove, oven, furnace, incinerator, boiler or any other heat-producing device or appliance found to be defective or in violation of code requirements for existing appliances after giving notice to this effect to any person, owner, firm or agent or operator in charge of the same. The fire code official is authorized to take measures to prevent the operation of any device or appliance without notice when inspection shows the existence of an immediate fire hazard or when imperiling human life. The defective device shall remain withdrawn from service until all necessary repairs or alterations have been made.

(a) 603.8.1 Unauthorized operation. It shall be a violation of this code for any person, user, firm or agent to continue the utilization of any device or appliance (the operation of which has been discontinued or ordered discontinued in accordance with paragraph (C)(8)(603.8) of this rule) unless written authority to resume operation is given by the fire code official. Removing or breaking the means by which operation of the device is prevented shall be a violation of this code.

(9) 603.9 Incinerators.Commercial, industrial and residential-type incinerators and chimneys shall be constructed in accordance with the building code, the mechanical code, and the International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 603.9.1 Residential incinerators.Residential incinerators shall be of an approved type.

(b) 603.9.2 Spark arrestor.Incinerators shall be equipped with an effective means of arresting sparks.

(c) 603.9.3 Restrictions.Where the fire code official determines that burning in incinerators located within 500 feet (152 m) of mountainous, brush or grass-covered areas will create an undue fire hazard because of atmospheric conditions, such burning shall be prohibited.

(d) 603.9.4 Time of burning.Burning shall take place only during approved hours.

(e) 603.9.5 Discontinuance.The fire code official is authorized to require incinerator use to be discontinued immediately if the fire code official determines that smoke emissions are offensive to occupants of surrounding property or if the use of the incinerators is determined by the fire code official to constitute a hazardous condition.

(f) 603.9.6 Flue-fed incinerators in Group I-2. In Group I-2 occupancies, the continued use of existing flue-fed incinerators is prohibited.

(g) 603.9.7 Incinerator inspection in Group I-2. Incinerators in Group I-2 occupancies shall be inspected not less than annually in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Inspection records shall be maintained on the premises and made available to the fire code official upon request.

(10) 603.10 Gas meters. Above-ground gas meters, regulators and piping subject to damage shall be protected by a barrier complying with paragraph (L)(312) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code or otherwise protected in an approved manner.

(D) Section 604 Emergency and standby power systems

(1) 604.1 General.Emergency power systems and standby power systems required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall comply with paragraphs (D)(1)(a)(604.1.1) to (D)(1)(h)(604.1.8) of this rule.

(a) 604.1.1 Stationary generators.Stationary emergency and standby power generators required by this code shall be listed in accordance with UL 2200 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 604.1.2 Installation.Emergency power systems and standby power systems shall be installed in accordance with the building code, NFPA 70, NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 604.1.3 Load transfer.Emergency power systems shall automatically provide secondary power within 10 seconds after primary power is lost, unless specified otherwise in this code. Standby power systems shall automatically provide secondary power within 60 seconds after primary power is lost unless specified otherwise in this code.

(d) 604.1.4 Load duration.Emergency power systems and standby power systems shall be designed to provide the required power for a minimum duration of 2 hours without being refueled or recharged, unless specified otherwise in this code.

(e) 604.1.5 Uninterruptable power source.An uninterrupted source of power shall be provided for equipment where required by the manufacturer's instructions, the listing, this code or applicable referenced standards.

(f) 604.1.6 Interchangeability.Emergency power systems shall be an acceptable alternative for installations that require standby power systems.

(g) 604.1.7 Group I-2 occupancies.In Group I-2 occupancies, where an essential electrical system is located in flood hazard areas established in section 1612.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and where new or replacement essential electrical system generators are installed, the system shall be located and installed in accordance with ASCE 24 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(h) 604.1.8 Maintenance. Existing installations shall be maintained in accordance with the original approval and paragraph (D)(4)(604.4) of this rule.

(2) 604.2 Where required.Emergency and standby power systems shall be provided where required by paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(604.2.1) to (D)(2)(p)(604.2.16) of this rule.

(a) 604.2.1 Elevators and platform lifts.Standby power shall be provided for elevators and platform lifts as required by paragraph (G)(2)(607.2) of this rule, paragraphs (I)(4)(1009.4) and (I)(5)(1009.5) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 604.2.2 Emergency alarm systems.Emergency power shall be provided for emergency alarm systems as required by section 414 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 604.2.3 Emergency responder radio coverage systems. Standby power shall be provided for emergency responder radio coverage systems as required in paragraph (J)(4)(b)(iii)(510.4.2.3) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. The standby power supply shall be capable of operating the emergency responder radio coverage system for a duration of not less than 24 hours.

(d) 604.2.4 Emergency voice/alarm communication systems.Emergency power shall be provided for emergency voice/alarm communication systems as required in paragraph (G)(5)(b)(ii)(e)(907.5.2.2.5) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. The system shall be capable of powering the required load for a duration of not less than 24 hours, as required in NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(e) 604.2.5 Exit signs.Emergency power shall be provided for exit signs as required in paragraph (M)(6)(c)(1013.6.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. The system shall be capable of powering the required load for a duration of not less than 90 minutes.

(f) 604.2.6 Group I-2 occupancies.Essential electrical systems for Group I-2 occupancies shall be in accordance with section 407.10 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 604.2.7 Group I-3 occupancies. Power-operated sliding doors or power-operated locks for swinging doors in Group I-3 occupancies shall be operable by a manual release mechanism at the door. Emergency power shall be provided for the doors and locks in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Emergency power is not required in facilities where provisions for remote locking and unlocking of occupied rooms in Occupancy Condition 4 are not required as set forth in the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. Emergency power is not required where remote mechanical operating releases are provided.

(h) 604.2.8 Hazardous materials. Emergency and standby power shall be provided in occupancies with hazardous materials as required in the following paragraphs:

(i) Paragraphs (D)(7)(5004.7) and (E)(1)(e)(5005.1.5) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code for hazardous materials.

(ii) Paragraphs (D)(2)(b)(viii)(6004.2.2.8) and (D)(3)(d)(ii)(6004.3.4.2) of rule 1301:7-7-60 of the Administrative Code for highly toxic and toxic gases.

(iii) Paragraph (D)(1)(k)(6204.1.11) of rule 1301:7-7-62 of the Administrative Code for organic peroxides.

(i) 604.2.9 High-rise buildings. Standby power and emergency power shall be provided for high-rise buildings as required in Section 403 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, and shall be in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of this rule.

(j) 604.2.10 Horizontal sliding doors. Standby power shall be provided for horizontal sliding doors as required in paragraph (J)(1)(d)(iii)(1010.1.4.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. The standby power supply shall have a capacity to operate not fewer than 50 closing cycles of the door.

(k) 604.2.11 Hydrogen fuel gas rooms. Standby power shall be provided for hydrogen fuel gas rooms as required by paragraph (H)(7)(5808.7) of rule 1301:7-7-58 of the Administrative Code.

(l) 604.2.12 Means of egress illumination. Emergency power shall be provided for means of egress illumination in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(1008.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (D)(5)(a)(1104.5.1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

(m) 604.2.13 Membrane structures. Standby power shall be provided for auxiliary inflation systems in permanent membrane structures in accordance with section 2702 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Auxiliary inflation systems shall be provided in temporary air-supported and air-inflated membrane structures in accordance with paragraph (C)(10)(d)(3103.10.4) of rule 1301:7-7-31 of the Administrative Code.

(n) 604.2.14 Semiconductor fabrication facilities. Emergency power shall be provided for semiconductor fabrication facilities as required in paragraph (C)(15)(2703.15) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code.

(o) 604.2.15 Smoke control systems. Standby power shall be provided for smoke control systems as required in paragraph (I)(11)(909.11) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(p) 604.2.16 Underground buildings. Emergency and standby power shall be provided in underground buildings as required in section 405 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall be in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of this rule.

(3) 604.3 Critical circuits. Cables used for survivability of required critical circuits shall be listed in accordance with UL 2196 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Electrical circuit protective systems shall be installed in accordance with their listing requirements.

(4) 604.4 Maintenance. Emergency and standby power systems shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code such that the system is capable of supplying service within the time specified for the type and duration required.

(a) 604.4.1 Schedule. Inspection, testing and maintenance of emergency and standby power systems shall be in accordance with an approved schedule established upon completion and approval of the system installation.

(b) 604.4.2 Records. Records of the inspection, testing and maintenance of emergency and standby power systems shall include the date of service, name of the servicing technician, a summary of conditions noted and a detailed description of any conditions requiring correction and what corrective action was taken. Such records shall be maintained.

(c) 604.4.3 Switch maintenance. Emergency and standby power system transfer switches shall be included in the inspection, testing and maintenance schedule required by paragraph (D)(4)(a)(604.4.1) of this rule. Transfer switches shall be maintained free from accumulated dust and dirt. Inspection shall include examination of the transfer switch contacts for evidence of deterioration. When evidence of contact deterioration is detected, the contacts shall be replaced in accordance with the transfer switch manufacturer's instructions.

(5) 604.5 Operational inspection and testing. Emergency power systems, including all appurtenant components, shall be inspected and tested under load in accordance with NFPA 110 and NFPA 111 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Where the emergency power system is used for standby power or peak load shaving, such use shall be recorded and shall be allowed to be substituted for scheduled testing of the generator set, provided that appropriate records are maintained.

(a) 604.5.1 Transfer switch test. The test of the transfer switch shall consist of electrically operating the transfer switch from the normal position to the alternate position and then return to the normal position.

(6) 604.6 Emergency lighting equipment. Emergency lighting shall be inspected and tested in accordance with paragraphs (D)(6)(a)(604.6.1) to (D)(6)(b)(i)(604.6.2.1) of this rule.

(a) 604.6.1 Activation test.An activation test of the emergency lighting equipment shall be completed monthly. The activation test shall ensure the emergency lighting activates automatically upon normal electrical disconnect and stays sufficiently illuminated for not less than 30 seconds.

(i) 604.6.1.1 Activation test record. Records of tests shall be maintained. The record shall include the location of the emergency lighting tested, whether the unit passed or failed, the date of the test and the person completing the test.

(b) 604.6.2 Power test.For battery-powered emergency lighting, a power test of the emergency lighting equipment shall be completed annually. The power test shall operate the emergency lighting for not less than 90 minutes and shall remain sufficiently illuminated for the duration of the test.

(i) 604.6.2.1 Power test record. Records of tests shall be maintained. The record shall include the location of the emergency lighting tested, whether the unit passed or failed, the date of the test and the person completing the test.

(7) 604.7 Supervision of maintenance and testing. Routine maintenance, inspection and operational testing shall be overseen by a properly instructed individual.

(8) 604.8 Exit and emergency lighting equipment.Exit and emergency lighting equipment with self contained battery back-up power shall be inspected and tested in accordance with paragraphs(D)(6)(a)(604.6.1) to (D)(6)(c)(604.6.3) of this rule.

(a) 604.8.1 Activation test. An activation test of the exit and emergency lighting equipment with self contained battery back-up power shall be performed monthly for a period of not less than 30 seconds.

(b) 604.8.2 Duration test. To insure continued illumination for a duration of not less than 90 minutes as listed in paragraph (K)(5)(c)(1011.5.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code, exit and emergency lights equipped with self contained battery back-up power shall be tested annually for a period of not less than 90 minutes.

(c) 604.8.3 Test records.A written record of all inspection, testing and maintenance of exit and emergency lighting equipment shall be documented and available for review by the fire code official.

(E) Section 605 Electrical equipment, wiring and hazards

(1) 605.1 Abatement of electrical hazards.Identified electrical hazards shall be abated. Identified hazardous electrical conditions in permanent wiring shall be brought to the attention of the responsible code official. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances and other equipment that is modified or damaged and constitutes an electrical shock or fire hazard shall not be used.

(2) 605.2 Illumination.Illumination shall be provided for service equipment areas, motor control centers and electrical panelboards.

(3) 605.3 Working space and clearance.A working space of not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in width, 36 inches (914 mm) in depth and 78 inches (1981 mm) in height shall be provided in front of electrical service equipment. Where the electrical service equipment is wider than 30 inches (762 mm), the working space shall be not less than the width of the equipment. Storage of materials shall not be located within the designated working space.

Exceptions:

1. Where other dimensions are required or allowed by NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. Access openings into attics or under-floor areas which provide a minimum clear opening of 22 inches (559 mm) by 30 inches (762 mm).

(a) 605.3.1 Labeling. Doors into electrical control panel rooms shall be marked with a plainly visible and legible sign stating "ELECTRICAL ROOM" or similar approved wording. The disconnecting means for each service, feeder or branch circuit originating on a switchboard or panelboard shall be legibly and durably marked to indicate its purpose unless such purpose is clearly evident.

(4) 605.4 Multiplug adapters.Multiplug adapters, such as cube adapters, unfused plug strips or any other device not complying with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be prohibited.

(a) 605.4.1 Power tap design.Relocatable power taps shall be of the polarized or grounded type, equipped with overcurrent protection, and shall be listed in accordance with UL 1363 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 605.4.2 Power supply.Relocatable power taps shall be directly connected to a permanently installed receptacle.

(c) 605.4.3 Installation.Relocatable power tap cords shall not extend through walls, ceilings, floors, under doors or floor coverings, or be subject to environmental or physical damage.

(5) 605.5 Extension cords.Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be a substitute for permanent wiring. Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be affixed to structures, extended through walls, ceilings or floors, or under doors or floor coverings, nor shall such cords be subject to environmental damage or physical impact. Extension cords shall be used only with portable appliances.

(a) 605.5.1 Power supply.Extension cords shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle, power tap or multiplug adapter and, except for approved multiplug extension cords, shall serve only one portable appliance.

(b) 605.5.2 Ampacity.The ampacity of the extension cords shall be not less than the rated capacity of the portable appliance supplied by the cord.

(c) 605.5.3 Maintenance.Extension cords shall be maintained in good condition without splices, deterioration or damage.

(d) 605.5.4 Grounding.Extension cords shall be grounded when serving grounded portable appliances.

(6) 605.6 Unapproved conditions.Open junction boxes and open-wiring splices shall be prohibited. Approved covers shall be provided for all switch and electrical outlet boxes.

(7) 605.7 Appliances.Electrical appliances and fixtures shall be tested and listed in published reports of inspected electrical equipment by an approved agency and installed and maintained in accordance with all instructions included as part of such listing.

(8) 605.8 Electrical motors.Electrical motors shall be maintained free from excessive accumulations of oil, dirt, waste and debris.

(9) 605.9 Temporary wiring.Temporary wiring for electrical power and lighting installations is allowed for a period not to exceed 90 days. Temporary wiring methods shall meet the applicable provisions of NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exception:Temporary wiring for electrical power and lighting installations is allowed during periods of construction, remodeling, repair or demolition of buildings, structures, equipment or similar activities.

(a) 605.9.1 Attachment to structures. Temporary wiring attached to a structure shall be attached in an approved manner.

(10) 605.10 Portable, electric space heaters. Where not prohibited by other paragraphs of this code, portable, electric space heaters shall be permitted to be used in all occupancies other than Group I-2 and in accordance with paragraphs (E)(10)(a)(605.10.1) to (E)(10)(d)(605.10.4) of this rule.

Exception:The use of portable, electric space heaters in which the heating element cannot exceed a temperature of 212°F (100° C) shall be permitted in nonsleeping staff and employee areas in Group I-2 occupancies.

(a) 605.10.1 Listed and labeled.Only listed and labeled portable, electric space heaters shall be used.

(b) 605.10.2 Power supply.Portable, electric space heaters shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle.

(c) 605.10.3 Extension cords.Portable, electric space heaters shall not be plugged into extension cords.

(d) 605.10.4 Prohibited areas.Portable, electric space heaters shall not be operated within 3 feet (914 mm) of any combustible materials. Portable, electric space heaters shall be operated only in locations for which they are listed.

(11) 605.11 Solar photovoltaic power systems.Solar photovoltaic power systems shall be installed in accordance with paragraphs (E)(11)(a)(605.11.1) to (E)(11)(b)(605.11.2) of this rule, the building code or residential code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 605.11.1 Access and pathways. Roof access, pathways, and spacing requirements shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (E)(11)(a)(i)(605.11.1.1) to (E)(11)(a)(iii)(c)(605.11.1.3.3) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Detached, nonhabitable Group U structures including, but not limited to, parking shade structures, carports, solar trellises and similar structures.

2. Roof access, pathways and spacing requirements need not be provided where the fire chief has determined that rooftop operations will not be employed.

(i) 605.11.1.1 Roof access points. Roof access points shall be located in areas that do not require the placement of ground ladders over openings such as windows or doors, and located at strong points of building construction in locations where the access point does not conflict with overhead obstructions such as tree limbs, wires, or signs.

(ii) 605.11.1.2 Solar photovoltaic systems for Group R-3 buildings. Solar photovoltaic systems for Group R-3 buildings shall comply with paragraphs (E)(11)(a)(ii)(a)(605.11.1.2.1) to (E)(11)(a)(ii)(e)(605.11.1.2.5) of this rule.

Exception:These requirements shall not apply to structures designed and constructed in accordance with the residential code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 605.11.1.2.1 Size of solar photovoltaic array.Each photovoltaic array shall be limited to 150 feet (45 720 mm) by 150 feet (45 720 mm). Multiple arrays shall be separated by a 3-foot-wide (914 mm) clear access pathway.

(b) 605.11.1.2.2 Hip roof layouts.Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with hip roof layouts shall be located in a manner that provides a 3-foot-wide (914 mm) clear access pathway from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels and modules are located. The access pathway shall be at a location on the building capable of supporting the fire fighters accessing the roof.

Exception: These requirements shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

(c) 605.11.1.2.3 Single-ridge roofs.Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with a single ridge shall be located in a manner that provides two, 3-foot-wide (914 mm) access pathways from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels and modules are located.

Exception:This requirement shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

(d) 605.11.1.2.4 Roofs with hips and valleys.Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with roof hips and valleys shall not be located closer than 18 inches (457 mm) to a hip or a valley where panels/modules are to be placed on both sides of a hip or valley. Where panels are to be located on only one side of a hip or valley that is of equal length, the panels shall be permitted to be placed directly adjacent to the hip or valley.

Exception:These requirements shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

(e) 605.11.1.2.5 Allowance for smoke ventilation operations.Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings shall be located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the ridge in order to allow for fire department smoke ventilation operations.

Exception:Panels and modules shall be permitted to be located up to the roof ridge where an alternative ventilation method approved by the fire chief has been provided or where the fire chief has determined vertical ventilation techniques will not be employed.

(iii) 605.11.1.3 Other than Group R-3 buildings. Access to systems for buildings, other than those containing Group R-3 occupancies, shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (E)(11)(a)(iii)(a)(605.11.1.3.1) to (E)(11)(a)(iii)(c)(605.11.1.3.3) of this rule.

Exception:Where it is determined by the fire code official that the roof configuration is similar to that of a Group R-3 occupancy, the residential access and ventilation requirements in paragraphs (E)(11)(a)(ii)(a)(605.11.1.2.1) to (E)(11)(a)(ii)(e)(605.11.1.2.5) of this rule shall be permitted to be used.

(a) 605.11.1.3.1 Access.There shall be a minimum 6-foot-wide (1829 mm) clear perimeter around the edges of the roof.

Exception:Where either axis of the building is 250 feet (76 200 mm) or less, the clear perimeter around the edges of the roof shall be permitted to be reduced to a minimum 4 foot wide (1290 mm).

(b) 605.11.1.3.2 Pathways.The solar installation shall be designed to provide designated pathways. The pathways shall meet the following requirements:

(i) The pathway shall be over areas capable of supporting fire fighters accessing the roof.

(ii) The centerline axis pathways shall be provided in both axes of the roof. Centerline axis pathways shall run where the roof structure is capable of supporting fire fighters accessing the roof.

(iii) Pathways shall be a straight line not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear to roof standpipes or ventilation hatches.

(iv) Pathways shall provide not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear around roof access hatch with not less than one singular pathway not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear to a parapet or roof edge.

(c) 605.11.1.3.3 Smoke ventilation. The solar installation shall be designed to meet the following requirements:

(i) Arrays shall be not greater than 150 feet (45 720 mm) by 150 feet (45720 mm) in distance in either axis in order to create opportunities for fire department smoke ventilation operations.

(ii) Smoke ventilation options between array sections shall be one of the following:

(A) A pathway 8 feet (2438 mm) or greater in width.

(B) A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering roof skylights or gravity-operated dropout smoke and heat vents on not less than one side.

(C) A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering all sides of nongravity-operated dropout smoke and heat vents.

(D) A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering 4-foot by 8-foot (1290 mm by 2438 mm) "venting cutouts" every 20 feet (6096 mm) on alternating sides of the pathway.

(b) 605.11.2 Ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays. Ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays shall comply with paragraph (E)(11)(605.11) of this rule and this paragraph. Setback requirements shall not apply to ground-mounted, free-standing photovoltaic arrays. A clear, brush-free area of 10 feet (3048 mm) shall be required for ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays.

(12) 605.12 Abandoned wiring in plenums. Accessible portions of abandoned cables in air-handling plenums shall be removed. Cables that are unused and have not been tagged for future use shall be considered abandoned.

(F) Section 606 Mechanical refrigeration

(1) [M] 606.1 Scope.Refrigeration systems shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [M] 606.2 Refrigerants.The use and purity of new, recovered and reclaimed refrigerants shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) [M] 606.3 Refrigerant classification.Refrigerants shall be classified in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) [M] 606.4 Change in refrigerant type.A change in the type of refrigerant in a refrigeration system shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(5) 606.5 Access.Refrigeration systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be accessible to the fire department at all times as required by the fire code official.

(6) 606.6 Testing of equipment.Refrigeration equipment and systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be subject to periodic testing in accordance with paragraph (F)(6)(a)(606.6.1) of this rule. Records of tests shall be maintained. Tests of emergency devices or systems required by this rule shall be conducted by persons trained and qualified in refrigeration systems.

(a) 606.6.1 Periodic testing. The following emergency devices or systems shall be periodically tested in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and as required by the fire code official.

(i) Treatment and flaring systems.

(ii) Valves and appurtenances necessary to the operation of emergency refrigeration control boxes.

(iii) Fans and associated equipment intended to operate emergency ventilation systems.

(iv) Detection and alarm systems.

(7) 606.7 Emergency signs.Refrigeration units or systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be provided with approved emergency signs, charts and labels in accordance with NFPA 704 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Hazard signs shall be in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for the classification of refrigerants listed therein.

(8) 606.8 Refrigerant detector.Machinery rooms shall contain a refrigerant detector with an audible and visual alarm. The detector, or a sampling tube that draws air to the detector, shall be located in an area where refrigerant from a leak will concentrate. The alarm shall be actuated at a value not greater than the corresponding TLV-TWA values shown in the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for the refrigerant classification. Detectors and alarms shall be placed in approved locations. The detector shall transmit a signal to an approved location.

(9) 606.9 Remote controls.Where flammable refrigerants are used and compliance with section 1106 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code is required, remote control of the mechanical equipment and appliances located in the machinery room as required by paragraphs (F)(9)(a)(606.9.1) and (F)(9)(b)(606.9.2) of this rule shall be provided at an approved location immediately outside the machinery room and adjacent to its principal entrance.

(a) 606.9.1 Refrigeration system emergency shutoff.A clearly identified switch of the break-glass type or with an approved tamper-resistant cover shall provide off-only control of refrigerant compressors, refrigerant pumps and normally closed automatic refrigerant valves located in the machinery room. Additionally, this equipment shall be automatically shut off when the refrigerant vapor concentration in the machinery room exceeds the vapor detector's upper detection limit or 25 per cent of the LEL, whichever is lower.

(b) 606.9.2 Ventilation system.A clearly identified switch of the break-glass type or with an approved tamper-resistant cover shall provide on-only control of the machinery room ventilation fans.

(10) 606.10 Emergency pressure control system.Permanently installed refrigeration systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerant or ammonia shall be provided with an emergency pressure control system in accordance with paragraphs (F)(10)(a)(606.10.1) and (F)(10)(b)(606.10.2) of this rule.

(a) 606.10.1 Automatic crossover valves. Each high- and intermediate-pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall be provided with a single automatic valve providing a crossover connection to a lower pressure zone. Automatic crossover valves shall comply with paragraphs (F)(10)(a)(i)(606.10.1.1) to (F)(10)(a)(iii)(606.10.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 606.10.1.1 Overpressure limit set point. Automatic crossover valves shall be arranged to automatically relieve excess system pressure to a lower pressure zone if the pressure in a high- or intermediate-pressure zone rises to within 90 per cent of the set point for emergency pressure relief devices.

(ii) 606.10.1.2 Manual operation. Where required by the fire code official, automatic crossover valves shall be capable of manual operation.

(iii) 606.10.1.3 System design pressure. Refrigeration system zones that are connected to a higher pressure zone by an automatic crossover valve shall be designed to safely contain the maximum pressure that can be achieved by interconnection of the two zones.

(b) 606.10.2 Automatic emergency stop. An automatic emergency stop feature shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (F)(10)(b)(i)(606.10.2.1) and (F)(10)(b)(ii)(606.10.2.2) of this rule.

(i) 606.10.2.1 Operation of an automatic crossover valve. Operation of an automatic crossover valve shall cause all compressors on the affected system to immediately stop. Dedicated pressure-sensing devices located immediately adjacent to crossover valves shall be permitted as a means for determining operation of a valve. To ensure that the automatic crossover valve system provides a redundant means of stopping compressors in an overpressure condition, high-pressure cutout sensors associated with compressors shall not be used as a basis for determining operation of a crossover valve.

(ii) 606.10.2.2 Overpressure in low-pressure zone. The lowest pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall be provided with a dedicated means of determining a rise in system pressure to within 90 per cent of the set point for emergency pressure relief devices. Activation of the overpressure sensing device shall cause all compressors on the affected system to immediately stop.

(11) 606.11 Storage, use and handling.Flammable and combustible materials shall not be stored in machinery rooms for refrigeration systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant. Storage, use or handling of extra refrigerant or refrigerant oils shall be as required by rule 1301:7-7-50, rule 1301:7-7-53, rule 1301:7-7-55and rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code.

Exception:This provision shall not apply to spare parts, tools and incidental materials necessary for the safe and proper operation and maintenance of the system.

(12) 606.12 Discharge and termination of pressure relief and purge systems.Pressure relief devices, fusible plugs and purge systems discharging to the atmosphere from refrigeration systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerants or ammonia shall comply with paragraphs (F)(12)(c)(606.12.3) to (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this rule.

(a) 606.12.1 Standards.Refrigeration systems and the buildings in which such systems are installed shall be in accordance with ASHRAE 15 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(i) 606.12.1.1 Ammonia refrigeration. Refrigeration systems using ammonia refrigerant and the buildings in which such systems are installed shall comply with IIAR-2 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for system design and installation and IIAR-7 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for operating procedures.

(b) 606.12.2 Fusible plugs and rupture members.Discharge piping and devices connected to the discharge side of a fusible plug or rupture member shall have provisions to prevent plugging the pipe in the event the fusible plug or rupture member functions.

(c) 606.12.3 Flammable refrigerants.Systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable refrigerants having a density equal to or greater than the density of air shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere only through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(f)(606.12.6) of this rule or a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(g)(606.12.7) of this rule. Systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable refrigerants having a density less than the density of air shall be permitted to discharge vapor to the atmosphere provided that the point of discharge is located outside of the structure at not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) above the adjoining grade level and not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) from any window, ventilation opening or exit.

(d) 606.12.4 Toxic and highly toxic refrigerants. Systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of toxic or highly toxic refrigerants shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere only through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(f)(606.12.6) of this rule or a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(g)(606.12.7) of this rule.

(e) 606.12.5 Ammonia refrigerant.Systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of ammonia refrigerant shall discharge vapor to the atmosphere in accordance with one of the following methods:

(i) Directly to atmosphere where the fire code official determines, on review of an engineering analysis prepared in accordance with paragraph (D)(7)(b)(104.7.2) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, that a fire, health or environmental hazard would not result from atmospheric discharge of ammonia.

(ii) Through an approved treatment system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(f)(606.12.6) of this rule.

(iii) Through a flaring system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(g)(606.12.7) of this rule.

(iv) Through an approved ammonia diffusion system in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(h)(606.12.8) of this rule.

(v) By other approved means.

Exception:Ammonia/water absorption systems containing less than 22 pounds (10 kg) of ammonia and for which the ammonia circuit is located entirely outdoors.

(f) 606.12.6 Treatment systems.Treatment systems shall be designed to reduce the allowable discharge concentration of the refrigerant gas to not more than 50 per cent of the IDLH at the point of exhaust. Treatment systems shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-60 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 606.12.7 Flaring systems.Flaring systems for incineration of flammable refrigerants shall be designed to incinerate the entire discharge. The products of refrigerant incineration shall not pose health or environmental hazards. Incineration shall be automatic upon initiation of discharge, shall be designed to prevent blowback and shall not expose structures or materials to threat of fire. Standby fuel, such as LP gas, and standby power shall have the capacity to operate for one and one-half the required time for complete incineration of refrigerant in the system. Standby electrical power, where required to complete the incineration process, shall be in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of this rule.

(h) 606.12.8 Ammonia diffusion systems. Ammonia diffusion systems shall include a tank containing 1 gallon of water for each pound of ammonia (8.3 L of water for each 1 kg of ammonia) that will be released in 1 hour from the largest relief device connected to the discharge pipe. The water shall be prevented from freezing. The discharge pipe from the pressure relief device shall distribute ammonia in the bottom of the tank, but no lower than 33 feet (10 058 mm) below the maximum liquid level. The tank shall contain the volume of water and ammonia without overflowing.

(13) 606.13 Discharge location for refrigeration machinery room ventilation. Exhaust from mechanical ventilation systems serving refrigeration machinery rooms containing flammable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerants, other than ammonia, capable of exceeding 25 per cent of the LFL or 50 per cent of the IDLH shall be equipped with approved treatment systems to reduce the discharge concentrations to those values or lower.

(14) 606.14 Notification of refrigerant discharges. The fire code official shall be notified immediately when a discharge becomes reportable under state, federal or local regulations in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(5003.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-50 of the Administrative Code.

(15) 606.15 Records.A record of refrigerant quantities brought into and removed from the premises shall be maintained.

(16) 606.16 Electrical equipment.Where refrigerants of Groups A2, A3, B2 and B3, as defined in the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, are used, refrigeration machinery rooms shall conform to the Class I, Division 2 hazardous location classification requirements of NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exception:Ammonia machinery rooms that are provided with ventilation in accordance with section 1106.3 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(G) Section 607 Elevator operation, maintenance and fire service keys

(1) 607.1 Emergency operation.Existing elevators with a travel distance of 25 feet (7620 mm) or more shall comply with the requirements in rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. New elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA 344 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 607.2 Standby power.In buildings and structures where standby power is required or furnished to operate an elevator, standby power shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (D)(604) of this rule. Operation of the system shall be in accordance with paragraphs (G)(2)(a)(607.2.1) to (G)(2)(d)(607.2.4) of this rule.

(a) 607.2.1 Manual transfer.Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.

(b) 607.2.2 One elevator.Where only one elevator is installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power.

(c) 607.2.3 Two or more elevators.Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, not less than one elevator shall remain operable from the standby power source.

(d) 607.2.4 Machine room ventilation.Where standby power is connected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air conditioning shall be connected to the standby power source.

(3) [BE] 607.3 Emergency signs.An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: "IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVATOR. USE EXIT STAIRS."

Exceptions:

1. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with paragraph (I)(4)(1009.4) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

2. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are used for occupant self-evacuation in accordance with section 3008 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 607.4 Fire service access elevator lobbies.Where fire service access elevators are required by section 3007 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, fire service access elevator lobbies shall be maintained free of storage and furniture.

(5) 607.5 Occupant evacuation elevator lobbies.Where occupant evacuation elevators are provided in accordance with section 3008 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, occupant evacuation elevator lobbies shall be maintained free of storage and furniture.

(6) 607.6 Water protection of hoistway enclosures.Methods to prevent water from infiltrating into a hoistway enclosure required by section 3007.3 and section 3008.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be maintained.

(7) 607.7 Elevator key location.Keys for the elevator car doors and fire-fighter service keys shall be kept in an approved location for immediate use by the fire department.

(8) 607.8 Standardized fire service elevator keys. Buildings with elevators equipped with Phase I emergency recall, Phase II emergency in-car operation, or a fire service access elevator shall be equipped to operate with a standardized fire service elevator key approved by the fire code official.

Exception:The owner shall be permitted to place the building's nonstandardized fire service elevator keys in a key box installed in accordance with paragraph (F)(1)(b)(506.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 607.8.1 Requirements for standardized fire service elevator keys.Standardized fire service elevator keys shall comply with all of the following:

(i) All fire service elevator keys within the jurisdiction shall be uniform and specific for the jurisdiction. Keys shall be cut to a uniform key code.

(ii) Fire service elevator keys shall be of a patent-protected design to prevent unauthorized duplication.

(iii) Fire service elevator keys shall be factory restricted by the manufacturer to prevent the unauthorized distribution of key blanks. Uncut key blanks shall not be permitted to leave the factory.

(iv) Fire service elevator keys subject to these rules shall be engraved with the words "DO NOT DUPLICATE."

(b) 607.8.2 Access to standardized fire service keys.Access to standardized fire service elevator keys shall be restricted to the following:

(i) Elevator owners or their authorized agents.

(ii) Elevator contractors.

(iii) Elevator inspectors of the jurisdiction.

(iv) Fire code officials of the jurisdiction.

(v) The fire department and other emergency response agencies designated by the fire code official.

(c) 607.8.3 Duplication or distribution of keys.A person shall not duplicate a standardized fire service elevator key or issue, give, or sell a duplicated key unless in accordance with this code.

(d) 607.8.4 Responsibility to provide keys.The building owner shall provide up to three standardized fire service elevator keys where required by the fire code official, upon installation of a standardized fire service key switch or switches in the building.

(H) Section 608 Stationary storage battery systems

(1) 608.1 Scope. Stationary storage battery systems having an electrolyte capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L) for flooded lead acid, nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) and valve-regulated lead acid (VRLA), or more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg) for lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer, used for facility standby power, emergency power or uninterruptible power supplies shall comply with this paragraph and Table 608.1 of this rule.

Table 608.1 Battery requirements

Requirement

Nonrecombinant batteries

Recombinant batteries

Other batteries

Vented (flooded) lead acid batteries

Vented (flooded) nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries

Valve regulated

lead acid (VRLA)

cells

Lithium-ion cells

Lithium Metal cells

Safety caps

Venting caps(paragraph

(H)(2)(a)(608.2.1)of this rule)

Venting caps(paragraph

(H)(2)(a)(608.2.1)of this rule)

Self-resealing flame-arresting caps (paragraph

(H)(2)(b)(608.2.2)of this rule)

No caps

No caps

Thermal runaway management

Not required

Not required

Required(paragraph

(H)(3)(608.3) of

this rule)

Not required

Required (paragraph

(H)(3)(608.3)of this rule)

Spill control

Required(paragraph

(H)(5)(608.5) of

this rule)

Required(paragraph

(H)(5)(608.5) of

this rule)

Not required

Not required

Not required

Neutralization

Required(paragraph

(H)(5)(a)(608.5.1)of this rule)

Required(paragraph

(H)(5)(a)(608.5.1)of this rule)

Required(paragraph

(H)(5)(b)(608.5.2)of this rule)

Not required

Not required

Ventilation

Required (paragraphs

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1);

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule)

Required (paragraphs

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1);

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule)

Required (paragraphs

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1);

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule)

Not required

Not required

Signage

Required (paragraph

(H)(7)(608.7) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(7)(608.7) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(7)(608.7) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(7)(608.7)of this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(7)(608.7)of this rule)

Seismic protection

Required (paragraph

(H)(8)(608.8) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(8)(608.8) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(8)(608.8) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(8)(608.8)of this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(8)(608.8)of this rule)

Smoke detection

Required (paragraph

(H)(9)(608.9) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(9)(608.9) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(9)(608.9) of

this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(9)(608.9)of this rule)

Required (paragraph

(H)(9)(608.9)of this rule

(2) 608.2 Safety caps. Safety caps for stationary storage battery systems shall comply with paragraphs (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) and (H)(2)(b)(608.2.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.2.1 Nonrecombinant batteries.Vented lead acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of nonrecombinant batteries shall be provided with safety venting caps.

(b) 608.2.2 Recombinant batteries.VRLA batteries shall be equipped with self-resealing flame-arresting safety vents.

(3) 608.3 Thermal runaway.VRLA and lithium metal polymer battery systems shall be provided with a listed device or other approved method to preclude, detect and control thermal runaway.

(4) 608.4 Room design and construction.Enclosure of stationary battery systems shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Battery systems shall be allowed to be in the same room with the equipment they support.

(a) 608.4.1 Separate rooms.Where stationary batteries are installed in a separate equipment room accessible only to authorized personnel, they shall be permitted to be installed on an open rack for ease of maintenance.

(b) 608.4.2 Occupied work centers.Where a system of VRLA, lithium-ion, or other type of sealed, nonventing batteries is situated in an occupied work center, it shall be allowed to be housed in a noncombustible cabinet or other enclosure to prevent access by unauthorized personnel.

(c) 608.4.3 Cabinets.When stationary batteries are contained in cabinets in occupied work centers, the cabinet enclosures shall be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the equipment that they support.

(5) 608.5 Spill control and neutralization.An approved method and materials for the control and neutralization of a spill of electrolyte shall be provided in areas containing lead-acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of batteries with free-flowing liquid electrolyte. For purposes of this paragraph, a "spill" is defined as any unintentional release of electrolyte.

Exception:VRLA, lithium-ion, lithium metal polymer or other types of sealed batteries with immobilized electrolyte shall not require spill control.

(a) 608.5.1 Nonrecombinant battery neutralization. For battery systems containing lead-acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of batteries with free-flowing electrolyte, the method and materials shall be capable of neutralizing a spill of the total capacity from the largest cell or block to a pH between 5.0 and 9.0.

(b) 608.5.2 Recombinant battery neutralization.For VRLA or other types of batteries with immobilized electrolyte, the method and material shall be capable of neutralizing a spill of 3.0 per cent of the capacity of the largest cell or block in the room to a pH between 5.0 and 9.0.

Exception:Lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer batteries shall not require neutralization.

(6) 608.6 Ventilation.Ventilation of stationary and storage battery systems shall comply with paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.6.1 Room ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and the following:

(i) For flooded lead acid, flooded Ni-Cd and VRLA batteries, the ventilation system shall be designed to limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1.0 per cent of the total volume of the room; or

(ii) Continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot (1 ft3/min/ft2) [0.0051 m3/(s*m2)] of floor area of the room.

Exception:Lithium-ion and lithium metal polymer batteries shall not require additional ventilation beyond that which would normally be required for human occupancy of the space in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 608.6.2 Cabinet ventilation.When VRLA batteries are installed inside a cabinet, the cabinet shall be approved for use in occupied spaces and shall be mechanically or naturally vented by one of the following methods:

(i) The cabinet ventilation shall limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1 per cent of the total volume of the cabinet during the worst-case event of simultaneous "boost" charging of all the batteries in the cabinet.

(ii) When calculations are not available to substantiate the ventilation rate, continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot [1 ft3/min/ft2 or 0.0051 m3/(s*m2)] of the floor area covered by the cabinet. The room in which the cabinet is installed shall also be ventilated as required in paragraph (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) of this rule.

(c) 608.6.3 Supervision.Mechanical ventilation systems where required by paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule shall be supervised by an approved central, proprietary or remote station service or shall initiate an audible and visual signal at a constantly attended on-site location.

(7) 608.7 Signage.Signs shall comply with paragraphs (H)(7)(a)(608.7.1) and (H)(7)(b)(608.7.2) of this rule.

(a) 608.7.1 Equipment room and building signage.Doors into electrical equipment rooms or buildings containing stationary battery systems shall be provided with approved signs. The signs shall state that:

(i) The room contains energized battery systems.

(ii) The room contains energized electrical circuits.

(iii) The battery electrolyte solutions, where present, are corrosive liquids.

(b) 608.7.2 Cabinet signage.Cabinets shall have exterior labels that identify the manufacturer and model number of the system and electrical rating (voltage and current) of the contained battery system. There shall be signs within the cabinet that indicate the relevant electrical, chemical and fire hazards.

(8) 608.8 Seismic protection.The battery systems shall be seismically braced in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(9) 608.9 Smoke detection.An approved automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code in rooms containing stationary battery systems.

(I) Section 609 Commercial kitchen hoods

(1) [M] 609.1 General.Commercial kitchen exhaust hoods shall comply with the requirements of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) [M] 609.2 Where required.A Type I hood shall be installed at or above all commercial cooking appliances and domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes that produce grease vapors.

Exception:A Type I hood shall not be required for an electric cooking appliance where an approved testing agency provides documentation that the appliance effluent contains 5 mg/m3 or less of grease when tested at an exhaust flow rate of 500 cfm (0.236 m3/s) in accordance with U L 710B as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 609.3 Operations and maintenance. Commercial cooking systems shall be operated and maintained in accordance with paragraphs (I)(3)(a)(609.3.1) to (I)(3)(d)(609.3.4) of this rule.

(a) 609.3.1 Ventilation system.The ventilation system in connection with hoods shall be operated at the required rate of air movement, and classified grease filters shall be in place when equipment under a kitchen grease hood is used.

(b) 609.3.2 Grease extractors.Where grease extractors are installed, they shall be operated when the commercial-type cooking equipment is used.

(c) 609.3.3 Cleaning.Hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts and other appurtenances shall be cleaned at intervals as required by paragraphs (I)(3)(c)(i)(609.3.3.1) to (I)(3)(c)(iii)(609.3.3.3) of this rule.

(i) 609.3.3.1 Inspection. Hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts, and other appurtenances shall be inspected at intervals specified in Table 609.3.3.1 of this rule or as approved by the fire code official. Inspections shall be completed by qualified individuals.

Table 609.3.3.1 Commercial cooking system inspection frequency

Type of cooking operations

Frequency of inspection

High-volume cooking operations such as 24-hour cooking, charbroiling or wok cooking

3 months

Low-volume cooking operations such as places of religious worship, seasonal businesses and senior centers

12 months

Cooking operations utilizing solid-fuel burning cooking appliances

1 month

All other cooking operations

6 months

(ii) 609.3.3.2 Grease accumulation. If during the inspection it is found that hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts or other appurtenances have an accumulation of grease, such components shall be cleaned in accordance with ANSI/IKECA C 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 609.3.3.3 Records. Records for inspections shall state the individual and company performing the inspection, a description of the inspection and when the inspection took place. Records for cleanings shall state the individual and company performing the cleaning and when the cleaning took place. Such records shall be completed after each inspection or cleaning, maintained.

(a) 609.3.3.3.1 Tags. When a commercial kitchen hood or duct system is inspected, a tag containing the service provider name, address, telephone number and date of service shall be provided in a conspicuous location. Prior tags shall be covered or removed.

(d) 609.3.4 Extinguishing system service. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems protecting commercial cooking systems shall be serviced as required in paragraph (D)(12)(f)(904.12.6) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 609.4 Appliance connection to building piping. Gas-fired commercial cooking appliances installed on casters and appliances that are moved for cleaning and sanitation purposes shall be connected to the piping system with an appliance connector listed as complying with ANSI Z21.69 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The commercial cooking appliance connector installation shall be configured in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Movement of appliances with casters shall be limited by a restraining device installed in accordance with the connector and appliance manufacturer's instructions.

(J) Section 610 Commercial kitchen cooking oil storage

(1) 610.1 General.Storage of cooking oil (grease) in commercial cooking operations utilizing above-ground tanks with a capacity greater than 60 gal (227 L) installed within a building shall comply with paragraphs (J)(2)(610.2) to (J)(7)(610.7) of this rule and NFPA 30 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. For purposes of this paragraph, cooking oil shall be classified as a Class IIIB liquid unless otherwise determined by testing.

(2) 610.2 Metallic storage tanks.Metallic cooking oil storage tanks shall be listed in accordance with UL 142 or UL 80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, and shall be installed in accordance with the tank manufacturer's instructions.

(3) 610.3 Nonmetallic storage tanks.Nonmetallic cooking oil storage tanks shall be installed in accordance with the tank manufacturer's instructions and shall also comply with all of the following:

(a) Tanks shall be listed for use with cooking oil, including maximum temperature to which the tank will be exposed during use.

(b) Tank capacity shall not exceed 200 gallons (757 L) per tank.

(4) 610.4 Cooking oil storage system components.Cooking oil storage system components shall include but are not limited to piping, connections, fittings, valves, tubing, hose, pumps, vents and other related components used for the transfer of cooking oil, and are permitted to be of either metallic or non-metallic construction.

(a) 610.4.1 Design standards.The design, fabrication and assembly of system components shall be suitable for the working pressures, temperatures and structural stresses to be encountered by the components.

(b) 610.4.2 Components in contact with heated oil. System components that come in contact with heated cooking oil shall be rated for the maximum operating temperatures expected in the system.

(5) 610.5 Tank venting.Normal and emergency venting shall be provided for cooking oil storage tanks.

(a) 610.5.1 Normal vents.Normal vents shall be located above the maximum normal liquid line, and shall have a minimum effective area not smaller than the largest filling or withdrawal connection. Normal vents shall be permitted to vent inside the building.

(b) 610.5.2 Emergency vents.Emergency relief vents shall be located above the maximum normal liquid line, and shall be in the form of a device or devices that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by an exposure fire. For nonmetallic tanks, the emergency relief vent shall be allowed to be in the form of construction. Emergency vents shall be permitted to vent inside the building.

(6) 610.6 Heating of cooking oil.Electrical equipment used for heating cooking oil in cooking oil storage systems shall be listed to UL 499 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall comply with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Use of electrical immersion heaters shall be prohibited in nonmetallic tanks.

(7) 610.7 Electrical equipment. Electrical equipment used for the operation of cooking oil storage systems shall comply with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(K) Section 611 Hyperbaric facilities

(1) 611.1 General.Hyperbaric facilities shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 99 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 611.2 Records.Records shall be maintained of all testing and repair conducted on the hyperbaric chamber and associated devices and equipment. Records shall be available to the fire code official.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-06.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3701.82, 3737.83, 3737.82, 3737.22
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22, 3701.82, 3737.83, 3737.82
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 09/01/1995, 03/30/1998, 01/03/2000, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-07 Fire and smoke protection features.

(A) Section 701 General

(1) 701.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern maintenance of the materials, systems and assemblies used for structural fire resistance and fire-resistance-rated construction separation of adjacent spaces to safeguard against the spread of fire and smoke within a building and the spread of fire to or from buildings. New buildings shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 701.2 Unsafe conditions. Where any components in this rule are not maintained and do not function as intended or do not have the fire resistance required by the code under which the building was constructed, remodeled or altered, such component(s) or portion thereof shall be deemed an unsafe condition, in accordance with paragraph (J)(1)(a)(110.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. Components or portions thereof determined to be unsafe shall be repaired or replaced to conform to that code under which the building was constructed, remodeled, altered or this rule, as deemed appropriate by the fire code official.

Where the extent of the conditions of components is such that any building, structure or portion thereof presents an imminent danger to the occupants of the building, structure or portion thereof, the fire code official shall act in accordance with paragraph (J)(2)(110.2) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 702 Definitions

(1) 702.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Draftstop."

"Fire-resistant joint system."

"Fireblocking."

(C) Section 703 Fire-resistance-rated construction

(1) 703.1 Maintenance. The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistance-rated construction including but not limited to, walls, firestops, shaft enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, floors, fire-resistive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to structural members and fire-resistant joint systems shall be maintained. Such elements shall be visually inspected by the owner annually and properly repaired, restored or replaced where damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. Records of inspections and repairs shall be maintained. Where concealed, such elements shall not be required to be visually inspected by the owner unless the concealed space is accessible by the removal or movement of a panel, access door, ceiling tile or similar movable entry to the space. Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings and holes made for any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self- or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the fire protection requirements for the assembly.

(a) 703.1.1 Fireblocking and draftstopping. Required fireblocking and draftstopping in combustible concealed spaces shall be maintained to provide continuity and integrity of the construction.

(b) 703.1.2 Smoke barriers and smoke partitions. Required smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of smoke. Openings protected with approved smoke barrier doors or smoke dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 105 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 703.1.3 Fire walls, fire barriers and fire partitions. Required fire walls, fire barriers and fire partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of fire. Openings protected with approved doors or fire dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 703.2 Opening protectives. Opening protectives shall be maintained in an operative condition in accordance with NFPA 80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Where allowed by the fire code official, the application of field-applied labels associated with the maintenance of opening protectives shall follow the requirements of the approved third-party certification organization accredited for listing the opening protective. Fire doors and smoke barrier doors shall not be blocked or obstructed or otherwise made inoperable. Fusible links shall be replaced promptly whenever fused or damaged. Fire door assemblies shall not be modified.

(a) 703.2.1 Signs. Where required by the fire code official, a sign shall be permanently displayed on or near each fire door in letters not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high to read as follows:

(i) For doors designed to be kept normally open: "FIRE DOOR-DO NOT BLOCK."

(ii) For doors designed to be kept normally closed: "FIRE DOOR-KEEP CLOSED."

(b) 703.2.2 Hold-open devices and closers. Hold-open devices and automatic door closers, where provided, shall be maintained. During the period that such device is out of service for repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the closed position.

(c) 703.2.3 Door operation. Swinging fire doors shall close from the full-open position and latch automatically. The door closer shall exert enough force to close and latch the door from any partially open position.

(3) 703.3 Ceilings. The hanging and displaying of salable goods and other decorative materials from acoustical ceiling systems that are part of a fire-resistance-rated horizontal assembly, shall be prohibited.

(4) 703.4 Testing. Horizontal and vertical sliding and rolling fire doors shall be inspected and tested annually to confirm proper operation and full closure. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(D) Section 704 Floor openings and shafts

(1) 704.1 Enclosure. Interior vertical shafts, including but not limited to stairways, elevator hoistways, service and utility shafts, that connect two or more stories of a building shall be enclosed or protected as required in rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. New floor openings in existing buildings shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 704.2 Opening protectives. Where openings are required to be protected, opening protectives shall be maintained self-closing or automatic-closing by smoke detection. Existing fusible-link-type automatic door-closing devices are permitted if the fusible link rating does not exceed 135°F (57°C).

Replaces: 1301:7-7-07.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 09/01/1995, 01/09/1998, 11/20/1998, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-08 Interior finish, decorative materials and furnishings.

(A) Section 801 General

(1) 801.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern interior finish, interior trim, furniture, furnishings, decorative materials and decorative vegetation in buildings. Existing buildings shall comply with paragraphs (C)(803) to (H) (808) of this rule. New buildings shall comply with paragraphs (D)(804) to (H)(808) of this rule and section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Section 802 Definitions

(1) 802.1 General. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Flame spread."

"Flame spread index."

"Interior floor-wall base."

"Site-fabricated stretch system."

"Smoke-developed index."

(2) 802.2 Terms used for paragraph (E)(5)(805.5) of this rule. The following words take on exclusive meanings as used in paragraph (E)(5)(805.5) of this rule only, pursuant to section 3737.841 of the Revised Code.

"Filling material." Means cotton, wool, kapok, feathers, down, hair, liquid, or any other natural or manmade material or substance that is used or can be used for stuffing in seating furniture.

"Public occupancy." Means all of the following:

1. Any state correctional institution as defined in section 2967.01 of the Revised Code and any county, multicounty, municipal, or municipal-county jail or workhouse;

2. Any hospital as defined in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code, any hospital licensed by the department of mental health under section 5119.20 of the Revised Code, and any institution, hospital, or other place established, controlled, or supervised by the department of mental health under Chapter 5119. of the Revised Code;

3. Any nursing home, residential care facility, or home for the aging as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised Code and any adult care facility as defined in section 3722.01 of the Revised Code;

4. Any child day-care center and any type A family day-care home as defined in section 5104.01 of the Revised Code;

5. Any public auditorium or stadium;

6. Public assembly areas of hotels and motels containing more than ten articles of seating furniture.

"Seating furniture." Includes the cushions or pillows belonging to or forming a part of the furniture, the structural unit, and the filling material and its container or covering, and any article of furniture, including children's furniture that can be used as a support for an individual, or their limbs or feet, when sitting or resting in an upright or reclining position and that either:

1. Is made with loose or attached cushions or pillows;

2. Is stuffed or filled in whole or in part with any filling material;

3. Is or can be stuffed or filled in whole or in part with any substance or material, concealed by fabric or any other covering.

Seating furniture does not include, except if intended for use by children or in facilities designed for the care or treatment of humans, any of the following:

1. Cushions or pads intended solely for outdoor use;

2. Any article with a smooth surface that contains no more than one-half inch of filling material, if that article does not have an upholstered horizontal surface meeting an upholstered vertical surface; and

3. Any article manufactured solely for recreational use or physical fitness purposes, including weight-lifting benches, gymnasium mats or pads, and sidehorses.

"Sell." Includes sell, offer, or expose for sale, barter, trade, deliver, give away, rent, consign, lease, possess for sale, or dispose of in any other commercial manner.

(C) Section 803 Interior wall and ceiling finish and trim in existing buildings

(1) 803.1 General. The provisions of this paragraph shall limit the allowable fire performance and smoke development of interior wall and ceiling finishes and interior wall and ceiling trim in existing buildings based on location and occupancy classification. Interior wall and ceiling finishes shall be classified in accordance with section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Such materials shall be grouped in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as indicated in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(803.1.1) of this rule, or in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as indicated in paragraph (C)(1)(b)(803.1.2) of this rule.

Exceptions:

1. Materials having a thickness less than 0.036 inch (0.9 mm) applied directly to the surface of walls and ceilings.

2. Exposed portions of structural members complying with the requirements of buildings of Type IV construction in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall not be subject to interior finish requirements.

(a) 803.1.1 Classification in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Interior finish materials shall be grouped in the following classes in accordance with their flame spread and smoke-developed index where tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(i) Class A: flame spread index 0-25; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(ii) Class B: flame spread index 26-75; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(iii) Class C: flame spread index 76-200; smoke-developed index 0-450.

(b) 803.1.2 Classification in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Interior wall or ceiling finishes shall be allowed to be tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Finishes tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule. Interior wall and ceiling finish materials tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and meeting the acceptance criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, shall be allowed to be used where a Class A classification in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code is required.

(i) 803.1.2.1 Acceptance criteria for NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The interior finish shall comply with the following:

(a) During the 40 kW exposure, flames shall not spread to the ceiling.

(b) The flame shall not spread to the outer extremity of the sample on any wall or ceiling.

(c) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, shall not occur.

(d) The peak heat release rate throughout the test shall not exceed 800 kW.

(e) The total smoke released throughout the test shall not exceed 1,000 m2.

(2) 803.2 Stability. Interior finish materials regulated by this rule shall be applied or otherwise fastened in such a manner that such materials will not readily become detached where subjected to room temperatures of 200°F (93°C) for not less than 30 minutes.

(3) 803.3 Interior finish requirements based on occupancy. Interior wall and ceiling finish shall have a flame spread index not greater than that specified in Table 803.3 of this rule for the group and location designated.

Table 803.3 Interior wall and ceiling finish requirements by occupancyk

Group

Sprinklered1

Nonsprinklered

Interior exit stairways and ramps and exit passageways a b

Corridors and enclosure for exit access stairwaysand exit access ramps

Rooms and enclosed spacesc

Interior exit stairways and ramps and exit passagewaysa,b

Corridors and enclosure for stairways and exit access ramps

Rooms and enclosed spacesc

                    

A-1 & A-2

B

B

C

A

Ad

Be

A-3f, A-4, A-5

B

B

C

A

Ad

C

B, E, M, R-1, R-4

B

C

C

A

B

C

F

C

C

C

B

C

C

H

B

B

Cg

A

A

B

I-1

B

C

C

A

B

B

I-2

B

B

Bh,i

A

A

B

I-3

A

Ai

C

A

A

B

I-4

B

B

Bh,i

A

A

B

R-2

C

C

C

B

B

C

R-3

C

C

C

C

C

C

S

C

C

C

B

B

C

U

No restrictions

No restrictions

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.

a. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed for wainscoting or paneling of not more than 1,000 square feet of applied surface area in the grade lobby where applied directly to a noncombustible base or over furring strips applied to a noncombustible base and fireblocked as required by section 803.11 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

b. In exit enclosures of buildings less than three stories in height of other than Group I-3, Class B interior finish for nonsprinklered buildings and Class C for sprinklered buildings shall be permitted.

c. Requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces shall be based upon spaces enclosed by partitions. Where a fire-resistance rating is required for structural elements, the enclosing partitions shall extend from the floor to the ceiling. Partitions that do not comply with this shall be considered as enclosing spaces and the rooms or spaces on both sides shall be considered as one. In determining the applicable requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces, the specific occupancy thereof shall be the governing factor regardless of the group classification of the building or structure.

d. Lobby areas in Group A-1, A-2 and A-3 occupancies shall not be less than Class B materials.

e. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in Group A occupancies with an occupant load of 300 persons or less.

f. In places of religious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall be allowed.

g. Class B material is required where the building exceeds two stories.

h. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in administrative spaces.

i. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in rooms with a capacity of four persons or less.

j. Class B materials shall be allowed as wainscoting extending not more than 48 inches above the finished floor in corridors.

k. Finish materials as provided for in other paragraphs of this code.

l. Applies when the vertical exits, exit passageways, corridors or rooms and spaces are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 803.4 Fire-retardant coatings. The required flame spread or smoke-developed index of surfaces in existing buildings shall be allowed to be achieved by application of approved fire-retardant coatings, paints or solutions to surfaces having a flame spread index exceeding that allowed. Such applications shall comply with NFPA 703 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and the required fire-retardant properties shall be maintained or renewed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

(5) 803.5 Textiles. Where used as interior wall or ceiling finish materials, textiles, including materials having woven or nonwoven, napped, tufted, looped or similar surface, shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph.

(a) 803.5.1 Textile wall and ceiling coverings. Textile wall or ceiling coverings shall comply with one of the following:

1. The wall or ceiling covering shall have a Class A flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and be protected by automatic sprinklers installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3) (a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. The wall covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(5)(a)(i) (803.5.1.1) of this rule when tested in the manner intended for use in accordance with NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system, including adhesive, of actual use.

3. The wall or ceiling covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(1) (b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule when tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system, including adhesive, of actual use.

(i) 803.5.1.1 Method B test protocol. During the Method B protocol, the textile wall covering or expanded vinyl wall covering shall comply with the following:

(a) During the 40 kW exposure, flames shall not spread to the ceiling.

(b) The flame shall not spread to the outer extremities of the samples on the 8-foot by 12-foot (203 mm by 305 mm) walls.

(c) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, shall not occur.

(d) For newly introduced wall and ceiling coverings, the total smoke released throughout the test shall not exceed 1,000 m2.

(b) 803.5.2 Newly introduced textile wall and ceiling coverings. Newly introduced textile wall and ceiling coverings shall comply with one of the following:

(i) The wall or ceiling covering shall have a Class A flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, and be protected by automatic sprinklers installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3) (a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. Test specimen preparation and mounting shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2404 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) The wall covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(5)(a)(i) (803.5.1.1) of this rule when tested in the manner intended for use in accordance with NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system (including adhesive) of actual use.

(iii) The wall or ceiling covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule when tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system (including adhesive) of actual use.

(6) 803.6 Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings shall comply with one of the following:

(a) The wall or ceiling covering shall have a Class A flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, and be protected by automatic sprinklers installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3) (a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. Test specimen preparation and mounting shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2404 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The wall covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(5)(a)(i) (803.5.1.1) of this rule when tested in the manner intended for use in accordance with NFPA 265 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system (including adhesive) of actual use.

(c) The wall or ceiling covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b) (i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule when tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system (including adhesive) of actual use.

(7) 803.7 Facings or wood veneers intended to be applied on site over a wood substrate. Facings or veneers intended to be applied on site over a wood substrate shall comply with one of the following:

(a) The facing or veneer shall have a Class A, B or C flame spread index and smoke-developed index, based on the requirements of Table 803.3 of this rule, in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Test specimen preparation and mounting shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2404 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The facing or veneer shall meet the criteria of paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i) (803.1.2.1) of this rule when tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the product-mounting system, including adhesive, described in Section 5.8.9 of NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(8) 803.8 Foam plastic materials. Foam plastic materials shall not be used as interior wall and ceiling finish unless specifically allowed by paragraph (C)(8)(a) (803.8.1) or (C)(8)(b)(803.8.2) of this rule. Foam plastic materials shall not be used as interior trim unless specifically allowed by paragraph (C)(8)(c) (803.8.3) of this rule.

(a) 803.8.1 Combustibility characteristics. Foam plastic materials shall be allowed on the basis of fire tests that substantiate their combustibility characteristics for the use intended under actual fire conditions, as indicated in section 2603.9 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. This paragraph shall apply both to exposed foam plastics and to foam plastics used in conjunction with a textile or vinyl facing or cover.

(b) 803.8.2 Thermal barrier. Foam plastic material shall be allowed if it is separated from the interior of the building by a thermal barrier in accordance with section 2603.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 803.8.3 Trim. Foam plastic shall be allowed for trim in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(804.2) of this rule.

(9) [BF] 803.9 High-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP). Where high-density polyethylene or polypropylene is used as an interior finish it shall comply with paragraph (C)(1)(b)(803.1.2) of this rule.

(10) [BF] 803.10 Site-fabricated stretch systems. Where used as newly installed interior wall or interior ceiling finish materials, site-fabricated stretch systems containing all three components described in the definition in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code shall be tested in the manner intended for use, and shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(803.1.1) or (C)(1)(b) (803.1.2) of this rule. If the materials are tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, specimen preparation and mounting shall be in accordance with ASTM E 2573 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 804 Interior wall and ceiling trim and interior floor finish in new and existing buildings

(1) 804.1 Interior trim. Material, other than foam plastic, used as interior trim in new and existing buildings shall have minimum Class C flame spread and smoke-developed indices, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as described in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(803.1.1) of this rule. Combustible trim, excluding handrails and guardrails, shall not exceed 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling areas to which it is attached.

(a) 804.1.1 Alternate testing. When the interior trim material has been tested as an interior finish in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and complies with the acceptance criteria in paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, it shall not be required to be tested for flame spread index and smoke-developed index in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 804.2 Foam plastic. Foam plastic used as interior trim shall comply with paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(804.2.1) to (D)(2)(d)(804.2.4) of this rule.

(a) 804.2.1 Density. The minimum density of the interior trim shall be 20 pounds per cubic foot (320 kg/m3).

(b) 804.2.2 Thickness. The maximum thickness of the interior trim shall be ½ inch (12.7 mm) and the maximum width shall be 8 inches (203 mm).

(c) 804.2.3 Area limitation. The interior trim shall not constitute more than 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling area to which it is attached.

(d) 804.2.4 Flame spread. The flame spread index shall not exceed 75 where tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The smoke-developed index shall not be limited.

Exception: When the interior trim material has been tested as an interior finish in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and complies with the acceptance criteria in paragraph (C)(1)(b)(i)(803.1.2.1) of this rule, it shall not be required to be tested for flame spread index in accordance with ASTM E 84 or UL 723 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 804.3 New interior floor finish. New interior floor finish and floor covering materials in new and existing buildings shall comply with paragraphs (D)(3)(a) (804.3.1) to (D)(3)(c)(ii)(804.3.3.2) of this rule.

Exception: Floor finishes and coverings of a traditional type, such as wood, vinyl, linoleum or terrazzo, and resilient floor covering materials that are not composed of fibers.

(a) 804.3.1 Classification. Interior floor finish and floor covering materials required by paragraph (D)(3)(c)(ii)(804.3.3.2) of this rule to be of Class I or II materials shall be classified in accordance with NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. The classification referred to herein corresponds to the classifications determined by NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code as follows: Class I, 0.45 watts/cm2 or greater; Class II, 0.22 watts/cm2 or greater.

(b) 804.3.2 Testing and identification. Interior floor finish and floor covering materials shall be tested by an approved agency in accordance with NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and identified by a hang tag or other suitable method so as to identify the manufacturer or supplier and style, and shall indicate the interior floor finish or floor covering classification according to paragraph (D) (3)(a)(804.3.1) of this rule. Carpet-type floor coverings shall be tested as proposed for use, including underlayment. Test reports confirming the information provided in the manufacturer's product identification shall be furnished to the fire code official upon request.

(c) 804.3.3 Interior floor finish requirements. New interior floor covering materials shall comply with paragraphs (D)(3)(c)(i)(804.3.3.1) and (D) (3)(c)(ii)(804.3.3.2) of this rule, and interior floor finish materials shall comply with paragraph (D)(3)(a)(804.3.1) of this rule.

(i) 804.3.3.1 Pill test. In all occupancies, new floor covering materials shall comply with the requirements of the DOC FF-1 "pill test" (CPSC 16 CFR Part 1630) as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or of ASTM D 2859 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 804.3.3.2 Minimum critical radiant flux. In all occupancies, new interior floor finish and floor covering materials in enclosures for stairways and ramps, exit passageways, corridors and rooms or spaces not separated from corridors by full-height partitions extending from the floor to the underside of the ceiling shall withstand a minimum critical radiant flux. The minimum critical radiant flux shall be not less than Class I in Groups I-1, I-2 and I-3 and not less than Class II in Groups A, B, E, H, I-4, M, R-1, R-2 and S.

Exception: Where a building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a) (i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, Class II materials shall be permitted in any area where Class I materials are required and materials complying with DOC FF-1 "pill test" (CPSC 16 CFR Part 1630 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or with ASTM D 2859 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be permitted in any area where Class II material are required.

(4) 804.4 Interior floor-wall base. Interior floor-wall base that is 6 inches (152 mm) or less in height shall be tested in accordance with NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall be not less than Class II. Where a Class I floor finish is required, the floor-wall base shall be Class I. The classification referred to herein corresponds to the classifications determined by NFPA 253 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code as follows: Class I, 0.45 watt/cm2 or greater; Class II, 0.22 watts/cm2 or greater.

Exception: Interior trim materials that comply with paragraph (D)(1)(804.1) of this rule.

(E) Section 805 Upholstered furniture and mattresses in new and existing buildings

(1) 805.1 Group I-1, Condition 2. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(805.1.1) to (E)(1)(b)(805.1.2) of this rule shall apply to Group I-1, Condition 2.

(a) 805.1.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(i)(805.1.1.1) and (E)(1)(a) (iii)(805.1.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.1.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.1.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 megajoules (MJ).

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.1.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(a)(i)(805.1.1.1) and (E)(1)(a)(ii)(805.1.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.1.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(1)(b)(i)(805.1.2.1) to (E)(1)(b)(iii) (805.1.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.1.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

(ii) 805.1.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.1.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2.1) and (E)(2)(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of this rule.

(2) 805.2 Group I-2, nursing homes and hospitals. The requirements in paragraphs (E) (2)(a)(805.2.1) to (E)(2)(b)(805.2.2) of this rule shall apply to nursing homes and hospitals classified in Group I-2.

(a) 805.2.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(i)(805.2.1.1) and (E)(2)(a) (iii)(805.2.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.2.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or

(b) the components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Upholstered furniture belonging to the patients in sleeping rooms of nursing homes (Group I-2), provided that a smoke detector is installed in such rooms. Battery-powered, single-station smoke alarms shall be allowed.

(ii) 805.2.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.2.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(i)(805.2.1.1) and (E)(2)(a)(ii)(805.2.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.2.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2.1) to (E)(2)(b)(iii) (805.2.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.2.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

(ii) 805.2.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.2.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2.1) and (E)(2)(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of this rule.

(3) 805.3 Group I-3, detention and correction facilities. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(805.3.1) to (E)(3)(b)(805.3.2) of this rule shall apply to detention and correction facilities classified in Group I-3.

(a) 805.3.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(i)(805.3.1.1) and (E)(3)(a) (iii)(805.3.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.3.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.3.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

(b) The total "energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

(iii) 805.3.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(i)(805.3.1.1) and (E)(3)(a)(ii)(805.3.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.3.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(b)(i)(805.3.2.1) to (E)(3)(b)(iii) (805.3.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.3.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

(ii) 805.3.2.2 Fire performance tests. Newly introduced mattresses shall be tested in accordance with paragraph (E)(3)(b)(ii)(a)(805.3.2.2.1) or (E)(3)(b)(ii)(b)(805.3.2.2.2) of this rule.

(a) 805.3.2.2.1 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(i) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

(ii) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

(b) 805.3.2.2.2 Mass loss test. Newly introduced mattresses shall have a mass loss not exceeding 15 per cent of the initial mass of the mattress where tested in accordance with the test in Annex A3 of ASTM F 1085 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.3.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(b)(i)(805.3.2.1) and (E)(3)(b)(ii)(805.3.2.2) of this rule.

(4) 805.4 Group R-2 college and university dormitories. The requirements in paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(805.4.1) to (E)(4)(b)(iii)(805.4.2.3) of this rule shall apply to college and university dormitories classified in Group R-2, including decks, porches and balconies.

(a) 805.4.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(i)(805.4.1.1) to (E)(4)(a) (iii)(805.4.1.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.4.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1½ inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) 805.4.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.4.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(a)(i)(805.4.1.1) and (E)(4)(a)(ii)(805.4.1.2) of this rule.

(b) 805.4.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(b)(i)(805.4.2.1) to (E)(4)(b)(iii) (805.4.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 805.4.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

(ii) 805.4.2.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 805.4.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (E)(4)(b)(i)(805.4.2.1) and (E)(4)(b)(ii)(805.4.2.2) of this rule.

(5) 805.5 Public occupancies. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to public occupancies as defined in paragraph (B)(2)(802.2) of this rule.

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms and spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i) (903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 805.5.1 Requirements. No person shall sell for use in a public occupancy or use in a public occupancy any upholstered furniture that does not conform with the requirements of California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 805.5.2 Labeling. The manufacturer of any seating furniture sold in this state that conforms to the requirements of paragraph (E)(5)(a)(805.4.1) of this rule shall attach a permanent label to the article, in plain view, no less than two inches by three inches and the type shall be in all capital letters and no smaller than one-eighth inch in height stating the following:

"NOTICE THIS ARTICLE IS MANUFACTURED FOR USE IN PUBLIC OCCUPANCIES AND MEETS THE FLAMMABILITY REQUIREMENTS OF CALIFORNIA BUREAU OF HOME FURNISHINGS AND THERMAL INSULATION TECHNICAL BULLETIN 133. HOWEVER, CARE SHOULD BE EXERCISED NEAR OPEN FLAME AND WITH BURNING CIGARETTES."

(c) 805.5.3 Testing. The state fire marshal may inspect any testing of seating furniture conducted to determine compliance with the flammability standards of this rule.

(d) 805.5.4 Research reports. When deemed necessary, the state fire marshal shall require the submission of authenticated research reports to verify that the seating furniture complies with the flammability standards.

(F) Section 806 Decorative vegetation in new and existing buildings

(1) 806.1 Natural cut trees. Natural cut trees, where allowed by this paragraph, shall have the trunk bottoms cut off not less than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) above the original cut and shall be placed in a support device complying with paragraph (F)(1)(b)(806.1.2) of this rule.

(a) 806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited within ambulatory care facilities and Group A, E, I-1, I-2, I-3, I-4, M, R-1, R-2 and R-4 occupancies.

Exceptions:

1. Trees located in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall not be prohibited in Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2.

2. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in Group R-2 occupancies.

(b) 806.1.2 Support devices. The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:

(i) The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.

(ii) The device shall be capable of containing a minimum two-day supply of water.

(iii) The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem not less than 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked not less than once daily.

(c) 806.1.3 Dryness. The tree shall be removed from the building whenever the needles or leaves fall off readily when a tree branch is shaken or if the needles are brittle and break when bent between the thumb and index finger. The tree shall be checked daily for dryness.

(2) 806.2 Artificial vegetation. Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner. Alternatively, the artificial decorative vegetation item shall be tested in accordance with NFPA 289 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, using the 20 kW ignition source and shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 kW.

(3) 806.3 Obstruction of means of egress. The required width of any portion of a means of egress shall not be obstructed by decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall not be located within an exit, corridor, or a lobby or vestibule.

(4) 806.4 Open flame. Candles and open flames shall not be used on or near decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall be kept a distance from heat vents and any open flame or heat-producing devices at least equal to the height of the tree.

(5) 806.5 Electrical fixtures and wiring. The use of unlisted electrical wiring and lighting on natural cut trees and artificial decorative vegetation shall be prohibited. The use of electrical wiring and lighting on artificial trees constructed entirely of metal shall be prohibited.

(G) Section 807 Decorative materials other than decorative vegetation in new and existing buildings

(1) 807.1 General. Combustible decorative materials, other than decorative vegetation, shall comply with paragraphs (G)(2)(807.2) to (G)(5)(f)(807.5.6) of this rule.

(2) 807.2 Limitations. The following requirements shall apply to all occupancies:

(a) Furnishings or decorative materials of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used.

(b) Fire-retardant coatings in existing buildings shall be maintained so as to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use.

(c) Furnishings or other objects shall not be placed to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom or visibility thereof

(d) The permissible amount of noncombustible decorative materials shall not be limited.

(3) 807.3 Combustible decorative materials. In other than Group I-3, curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar combustible decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall comply with paragraph (G)(4)(807.4) of this rule and shall not exceed 10 per cent of the specific wall or ceiling area to which they are attached.

Fixed or movable walls and partitions, paneling, wall pads and crash pads, applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, surface insulation or other purposes, shall be considered interior finish, shall comply with paragraph (C)(803) of this rule and shall not be considered decorative materials or furnishings.

Exceptions:

1. In auditoriums of Group A, the permissible amount of curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar combustible decorative material suspended from walls or ceilings shall not exceed 75 per cent of the aggregate wall area where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, and where the material is installed in accordance with section 803.13 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. In Group R-2 dormitories, within sleeping units and dwelling units, the permissible amount of curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall not exceed 50 per cent of the aggregate wall areas where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

3. In Group B and M occupancies, the amount of combustible fabric partitions suspended from the ceiling and not supported by the floor shall comply with paragraph (G)(4)(807.4) of this rule and shall not be limited.

(4) 807.4 Acceptance criteria and reports. Where required to exhibit improved fire performance, curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar combustible decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall be tested by an approved agency and meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or exhibit a maximum rate of heat release of 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, using the 20 kW ignition source. Reports of test results shall be prepared in accordance with the test method used and furnished to the fire code official upon request.

(5) 807.5 Occupancy-based requirements. In occupancies specified, combustible decorative materials not complying with paragraph (G)(3)(807.3) of this rule shall comply with paragraphs (G)(5)(a)(807.5.1) to (G)(5)(f)(807.5.6) of this rule.

(a) 807.5.1 Group A. In Group A occupancies, the requirements in paragraphs (G)(5)(a)(i)(807.5.1.1) to (G)(5)(a)(iv)(807.5.1.4) of this rule shall apply.

(i) 807.5.1.1 Foam plastics. Exposed foam plastic materials and unprotected materials containing foam plastic used for decorative purposes or stage scenery or exhibit booths shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or when tested in accordance with NFPA 289 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the 20 kW ignition source.

Exceptions:

1. Individual foam plastic items or items containing foam plastic where the foam plastic does not exceed 1 pound (0.45 kg) in weight.

2. Cellular or foam plastic shall be allowed for trim in accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(804.2) of this rule.

(ii) 807.5.1.2 Motion picture screens. The screens upon which motion pictures are projected in new and existing buildings of Group A shall either meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or shall comply with the requirements for a Class B interior finish in accordance with section 803 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 807.5.1.3 Wood use in places of religious worship. In places of religious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall not be limited.

(iv) 807.5.1.4 Pyroxylin plastic. Imitation leather or other material consisting of or coated with a pyroxylin or similarly hazardous base shall not be used.

(b) 807.5.2 Group E. Group E occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (G) (5)(b)(i)(807.5.2.1) and (G)(5)(b)(iii)(807.5.2.3) of this rule.

(i) 807.5.2.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Corridors protected by an approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.

(ii) 807.5.2.2 Artwork in corridors. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 20 per cent of the wall area.

(iii) 807.5.2.3 Artwork in classrooms. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of classrooms to not more than 50 per cent of the specific wall area to which they are attached.

(c) 807.5.3 Group I-1 and I-2. In Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies, combustible decorative materials shall comply with paragraphs (G)(5)(c)(i)(807.5.3.1) to (G)(5)(c)(iv)(807.5.3.4) of this rule.

(i) 807.5.3.1 Group I-1 and I-2 Condition 1 within units. In Group I-1 and Group I-2 Condition 1 occupancies, equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, within sleeping units and dwelling units, combustible decorative materials placed on walls shall be limited to not more than 50 per cent of the wall area to which they are attached.

(ii) 807.5.3.2 In Group I-1 and I-2 Condition 1 for areas other than within the units. In Group I-1 and Group I-2 Condition 1 occupancies, equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3) (a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, combustible decorative materials placed on walls in areas other than within dwelling and sleeping units shall be limited to not more than 30 per cent of the wall area to which they are attached.

(iii) 807.5.3.3 In Group I-2 Condition 2. In Group I-2 Condition 2 occupancies, equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3) (a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, combustible decorative materials placed on walls shall be limited to not more than 30 per cent of the wall area to which they are attached.

(iv) 807.5.3.4 Other areas in Groups I-1 and I-2. In Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies, in areas not equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system, combustible decorative materials shall be of such limited quantities that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present.

(d) 807.5.4 Group I-3. In Group I-3, combustible decorative materials are prohibited.

(e) 807.5.5 Group I-4. Group I-4 occupancies shall comply with the requirements in paragraphs (G)(5)(e)(i)(807.5.5.1) to (G)(5)(e)(iii) (807.5.5.3) of this rule.

(i) 807.5.5.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

2. Corridors protected by an approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code.

3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.

(ii) 807.5.5.2 Artwork in corridors. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of corridors to not more than 20 per cent of the wall area.

(iii) 807.5.5.3 Artwork in classrooms. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of classrooms to not more than 50 per cent of the specific wall area to which they are attached.

(f) 807.5.6 Dormitories in Group R-2. In Group R-2 dormitories, within sleeping units and dwelling units, the combustible decorative materials shall be of limited quantities such that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present.

(H) Section 808 Furnishings other than upholstered furniture and mattresses or decorative materials in new and existing buildings

(1) 808.1 Wastebaskets and linen containers in Group I-1, I-2 and I-3 occupancies. Wastebaskets, linen containers and other waste containers, including their lids, located in Group I-1, I-2 and I-3 occupancies shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation. Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more shall be listed in accordance with UL 1315 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. Portable containers exceeding 32 gallons (121 L) shall be stored in an area classified as a waste and linen collection room and constructed in accordance with Table 508.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 808.2 Waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons or more in Group R-2 college and university dormitories. Waste containers, including their lids, located in Group R-2 college and university dormitories, and with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more, shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation. Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more shall be listed in accordance with UL 1315 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. Portable containers exceeding 32 gallons (121 L) shall be stored in an area classified as a waste and linen collection room constructed in accordance with Table 509 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 808.3 Signs. Foam plastic signs that are not affixed to interior building surfaces shall have a maximum heat release rate of 150 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or when tested in accordance with NFPA 289 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code using the 20 kW ignition source.

Exception: Where the aggregate area of foam plastic signs is less than 10 per cent of the floor area or wall area of the room or space in which the signs are located, whichever is less, subject to the approval of the fire code official.

(4) 808.4 Combustible lockers. Where lockers constructed of combustible materials are used, the lockers shall be considered interior finish and shall comply with paragraph (C)(803) of this rule.

Exception: Lockers constructed entirely of wood and noncombustible materials shall be permitted to be used wherever interior finish materials are required to meet a Class C classification in accordance with paragraph (C)(1)(a)(803.1.1) of this rule.

Replaces: 1301:7-7-08.

Effective: 12/15/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 12/15/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83
Rule Amplifies: 3737.22, 3737.82, 3737.83, 3737.842
Prior Effective Dates: 07/01/1979, 06/01/1985, 06/15/1992, 07/01/1993, 09/01/1995, 03/30/1998, 11/20/1998, 09/01/2005, 07/01/2007, 11/01/2011

1301:7-7-09 Fire protection systems.

(A) Section 901 General

(1) 901.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall specify where fire protection systems are required and shall apply to the design, installation, inspection, operation, testing and maintenance of all fire protection systems. The requirements in this rule for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 901.2 Construction documents. Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, the fire code official shall have the authority to require construction documents and calculations for all fire protection systems and to require permits be obtained for the installation, rehabilitation or modification of any fire protection system. Construction documents for fire protection systems shall be submitted for review prior to system installation. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the construction documents shall be reviewed and approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(3) 901.3 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code and as required by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 901.4 Installation. Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. Required fire protection systems shall be extended, altered or augmented as necessary to maintain and continue protection where the building is altered, remodeled or added to. Alterations to fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and applicable standards.

(a) 901.4.1 Required fire protection systems. Fire protection systems required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code. A fire protection system for which a design option, exception or reduction to the provisions of this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code has been granted shall be considered a required system.

(b) 901.4.2 Nonrequired fire protection systems. A fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets the applicable requirements of this code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 901.4.3 Fire areas. Where buildings, or portions thereof, are divided into fire areas so as not to exceed the limits established for requiring a fire protection system in accordance with this rule, such fire areas shall be separated by fire barriers constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with section 711 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or both, having a fire-resistance rating of not less than that determined in accordance with section 707.3.10 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(d) 901.4.4 Additional fire protection systems. In occupancies of a hazardous nature, where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazards of the occupancy, or where the fire code official determines that access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, the fire code official shall have the authority to require additional safeguards. Such safeguards include, but shall not be limited to, the following: automatic fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, automatic fire-extinguishing systems, standpipe systems, or portable or fixed extinguishers. Fire protection equipment required under this paragraph shall be installed in accordance with this code and the applicable referenced standards.

(e) 901.4.5 Appearance of equipment. Any device that has the physical appearance of life safety or fire protection equipment but that does not perform that life safety or fire protection function shall be prohibited.

(f) 901.4.6 Pump and riser room size. Where provided, fire pump rooms and automatic sprinkler system riser rooms shall be designed with adequate space for all equipment necessary for the installation, as defined by the manufacturer, with sufficient working space around the stationary equipment. Clearances around equipment to elements of permanent construction, including other installed equipment and appliances, shall be sufficient to allow inspection, service, repair or replacement without removing such elements of permanent construction or disabling the function of a required fire-resistance-rated assembly. Fire pump and automatic sprinkler system riser rooms shall be provided with a door(s) and an unobstructed passageway large enough to allow removal of the largest piece of equipment.

(5) 901.5 Installation acceptance testing. Fire detection and alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant systems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurtenances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official in accordance with this code and the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

1. The fire code official shall be notified by the responsible person of any scheduled acceptance testing of a fire protection system not less than forty-eight hours prior to the occurrence of such acceptance test. Advanced notice of the test schedule shall be given to the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. When required by the fire code official all acceptance testing shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official.

3. When required by the fire code official all acceptance testing shall be conducted in the presence of the person who installed the equipment or, if it is not possible for the actual installer to be present, the acceptance testing shall be conducted in the presence of another qualified representative of the company that installed the equipment.

(a) 901.5.1 Statement of compliance. Before requesting final inspection of the installation, where required by the fire code official, the installing contractor shall furnish a written statement to the fire code official that the subject fire protection system has been installed in accordance with plans approved by the building code official and has been tested in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and the appropriate installation standard. Any deviations from the design standards shall be noted and copies of the approvals for such deviations shall be attached to the written statement.

(b) 901.5.2 Occupancy. It shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a building or structure until the required fire detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested, inspected and approved by the fire code official in accordance with this code and the building official in accordance with section 901.5 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(6) 901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems, mechanical smoke exhaust systems, and smoke and heat vents shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or removed. Any discontinuance or removal of nonrequired fire protection equipment shall be approved by the fire code official. Such approval shall be conditioned upon receipt of verification of building official determination that such fire protection equipment is nonrequired.

(a) 901.6.1 Standards. Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1 of this rule.

Table 901.6.1 Fire protection system maintenance standards

System

Standard

Portable fire extinguishers

NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systems

NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systems

NFPA 12A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Dry-chemical extinguishing systems

NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Wet-chemical extinguishing systems

NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Water-based fire protection systems

NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Fire alarm systems

NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Adminstrative Code

Smoke and heat vents

NFPA 204 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Water-mist systems

NFPA 750 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Clean-agent extinguishing systems

NFPA 2001 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

(b) 901.6.2 Records. Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be maintained.

(i) 901.6.2.1 Records information. Initial records shall include the name of the installation contractor, type of components installed, the manufacturer of the components, location and number of components installed per floor. Records shall also include the manufacturer's operation and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall be maintained for the life of the installation. Acceptance testing records (original documents) shall be retained for the life of the system.

(c) 901.6.3 Annual inspection tag for fire protection systems. An inspection tag shall be attached to each fire protection system near the main control valve, main panel, or other such appropriate and visible location as determined by the fire code official. The annual inspection tag shall contain the following information:

1. The individual performing the work and the state fire marshal installer certification number(s) (when applicable);

2. Date of test;

3. Results of inspection and test;

4. Deficiencies or impairments noted (yes or no).

(i) 901.6.3.1 When a sprinkler or standpipe system is found impaired or out of service, the tag requirement shall include an impairment tag in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(7) 901.7 Systems out of service. Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall be either evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with not less than one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

(a) 901.7.1 Impairment coordinator. The building owner shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the requirements of this paragraph. In the absence of a specific designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coordinator.

(b) 901.7.2 Tag required. A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service.

(c) 901.7.3 Placement of tag. The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center, indicating which system, or part thereof has been removed from service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.

(d) 901.7.4 Preplanned impairment programs. Preplanned impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordinator. Before authorization is given, a designated individual shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

(i) The extent and expected duration of the impairment have been determined.

(ii) The areas or buildings involved have been inspected and the increased risks determined.

(iii) Recommendations have been submitted to management or building owner/manager.

(iv) The fire department has been notified.

(v) The insurance carrier, the alarm company, the building owner/manager and other authorities having jurisdiction have been notified.

(vi) The supervisors in the areas to be affected have been notified.

(vii) A tag impairment system has been implemented.

(viii) Necessary tools and materials have been assembled on the impairment site.

(e) 901.7.5 Emergency impairments. Where unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in paragraph (A)(7)(d)(901.7.4) of this rule.

(f) 901.7.6 Restoring systems to service. When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

(i) Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational.

(ii) Supervisors have been advised that protection is restored.

(iii) The fire department has been advised that protection is restored.

(iv) The building owner/manager, insurance carrier, alarm company and other involved parties have been advised that protection is restored.

(v) The impairment tag has been removed.

(8) 901.8 Removal of or tampering with equipment. It shall be unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with or otherwise disturb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire suppression system or other fire appliance required by this code except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, training purposes, recharging or making necessary repairs or where approved by the fire code official.

(a) 901.8.1 Removal of or tampering with appurtenances. Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, tags or seals that have been installed by or at the direction of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandalized in any manner.

(b) 901.8.2 Removal of existing occupant-use hose lines. The fire code official is authorized to permit the removal of existing occupant-use hoses lines where all of the following conditions exist:

(i) Installation is not required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) The hose line would not be utilized by trained personnel or the fire department.

(iii) The remaining outlets are compatible with local fire department fittings.

(c) 901.8.3 Notification of termination of supervisory services. The responsible person shall notify the local fire code official of the termination of any supervisory service within twenty-four (24) hours of such termination.

(9) 901.9 Termination of monitoring service. For fire alarm systems required to be monitored by this code, notice shall be made to the fire code official whenever alarm monitoring services are terminated. Notice shall be made in writing, to the fire code official by the monitoring service provider being terminated.

(10) 901.10 Recall of fire protection components. Any fire protection system component regulated by this code that is the subject of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compliance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when the recalled component parts have been replaced.

(B) Section 902 Definitions

(1) 902.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code.

"Alarm notification appliance."

"Alarm signal."

"Alarm verification feature."

"Annunciator."

"Audible alarm notification appliance."

"Automatic."

"Automatic fire-extinguishing system."

"Automatic smoke detection system."

"Automatic sprinkler system."

"Automatic water mist system."

"Average ambient sound level."

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system."

"Clean agent."

"Commercial motor vehicle."

"Constantly attended location."

"Deluge system."

"Detector, heat."

"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent."

"Elevator group."

"Emergency alarm system."

"Emergency voice/alarm communications."

"Fire alarm box, manual."

"Fire alarm control unit."

"Fire alarm signal."

"Fire alarm system."

"Fire area."

"Fire detector, automatic."

"Fire protection system."

"Fire safety functions."

"Fixed base operator (FBO)."

"Foam-extinguishing system."

"Halogenated extinguishing system."

"Impairment coordinator."

"Initiating device."

"Manual fire alarm box."

"Multiple-station alarm device."

"Multiple-station smoke alarm."

"Notification zone."

"Nuisance alarm."

"Private garage."

"Record drawings."

"Single-station smoke alarm."

"Sleeping unit."

"Smoke alarm."

"Smoke detector."

"Standpipe system, classes of."

"Class I system."

"Class II system."

"Class III system."

"Standpipes, types of."

"Automatic dry."

"Automatic wet."

"Manual dry."

"Manual wet."

"Semiautomatic dry."

"Supervising station."

"Supervisory service."

"Supervisory signal."

"Supervisory signal-initiating device."

"Tires, bulk storage of."

"Transient aircraft."

"Trouble signal."

"Visible alarm notification appliance."

"Wet-chemical extingujshing agent."

"Wireless protection system."

"Zone."

"Zone, notification."

(C) Section 903 Automatic sprinkler systems

(1) 903.1 General. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this paragraph.

(a) 903.1.1 Alternative protection. Alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems complying with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule may be installed in lieu of automatic sprinkler protection where recognized by the applicable standard and approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)(901.1) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the alternative automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(2) 903.2 Where required. Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations where required by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and as described in this paragraph. The requirements for automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings contained in this rule are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Spaces or areas in telecommunications buildings used exclusively for telecommunications equipment, associated electrical power distribution equipment, batteries and standby engines, provided those spaces or areas are equipped throughout with an automatic smoke detection system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of this rule and are separated from the remainder of the building by not less than 1-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with section 707 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or not less than 2-hour horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with section 711 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, or both.

(a) 903.2.1 Group A. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings and portions thereof used as Group A occupancies as provided in this paragraph. For Group A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-4 occupancies, the automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the story where the fire area containing the Group A-1, A-2, A-3 or A-4 occupancy is located, and throughout all stories from the Group A occupancy to, and including, the levels of exit discharge serving the Group A occupancy. For Group A-5 occupancies, the automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in the spaces indicated in paragraph (C)(2)(a)(iv)(903.2.1.5) of this rule.

(i) 903.2.1.1 Group A-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for fire areas containing Group A-1 occupancies and intervening floors of the building where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(d) The fire area contains a multitheater complex.

(ii) 903.2.1.2 Group A-2. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for fire areas containing Group A-2 occupancies and intervening floors of the building where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2)

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 100 or more.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

(iii) 903.2.1.3 Group A-3. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for fire areas containing Group A-3 occupancies and intervening floors of the building where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2

Exception: Fire areas used exclusively for religious worship services with fixed seating.

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more.

Exceptions:

1. Fire areas used primarily for worship with fixed seating.

2. Fire areas without fixed seating not used for exhibition or display.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

Exception: Areas used exclusively as participant sports areas where the main floor area is located at the same level as the level of exit discharge of the main entrance and exit.

(iv) 903.2.1.4 Group A-4. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for fire areas containing Group A-4 occupancies and intervening floors of the building where one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2)

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more.

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than a level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

Exception: Areas used exclusively as participant sport areas where the main floor area is located at the same level as the level of exit discharge of the main entrance and exit.

(v) 903.2.1.5 Group A-5. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-5 occupancies in the following areas: concession stands, retail areas, press boxes and other accessory use areas in excess of 1,000 square feet (93 m2).

(vi) 903.2.1.6 Assembly occupancies on roofs. Where an occupied roof has an assembly occupancy with an occupant load exceeding 100 for Group A-2 and 300 for other Group A occupancies, all floors between the occupied roof and the level of exit discharge shall be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule.

Exception: Open parking garages of Type I or Type II construction.

(vii) 903.2.1.7 Multiple fire areas. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided where multiple fire areas of Group A-1, A-2, A-3 or A-4 occupancies share exit or exit access components and the combined occupant load of these fire areas is 300 or more.

(b) 903.2.2 Ambulatory care facilities. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the entire floor containing an ambulatory care facility where either of the following conditions exist at any time:

(i) Four or more care recipients are incapable of self-preservation, whether rendered incapable by staff or staff has accepted responsibility for care recipients already incapable.

(ii) One or more care recipients that are incapable of self-preservation are located at other than the level of exit discharge serving such facility.

In buildings where ambulatory care is provided on levels other than the level of exit discharge, an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the entire floor where such care is provided as well as all floors below, and all floors between the level of ambulatory care and the nearest level of exit discharge, including the level of exit discharge.

(c) 903.2.3 Group E. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group E occupancies as follows:

(i) Throughout all Group E fire areas greater than 20,000 square feet (1858 m2) in area.

(ii) Throughout every portion of educational buildings below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that portion of the building.

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system is not required in any area below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that area where every classroom throughout the building has not fewer than one exterior exit door at ground level.

(d) 903.2.4 Group F-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group F-1 occupancy where one of the following conditions exists:

1. A Group F-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

2. A Group F-1 fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group F-1 fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

4. A Group F-1 occupancy used for the manufacture of upholstered furniture or mattresses exceeds 2,500 square feet (232 m2).

(i) 903.2.4.1 Woodworking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all Group F-1 occupancy fire areas that contain woodworking operations in excess of 2,500 square feet in area (232 m2) that generate finely divided combustible waste or use finely divided combustible materials.

(e) 903.2.5 Group H. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided in high-hazard occupancies as required in paragraphs (C)(2)(e)(i)(903.2.5.1) to (C)(2)(e)(iii)(903.2.5.3) of this rule.

(i) 903.2.5.1 General. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in Group H occupancies.

(ii) 903.2.5.2 Group H-5 occupancies. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings containing Group H-5 occupancies. The design of the sprinkler system shall be not less than that required under the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for the occupancy hazard classifications in accordance with Table 903.2.5.2 of this rule.

Where the design area of the sprinkler system consists of a corridor protected by one row of sprinklers, the maximum number of sprinklers required to be calculated is 13.

Table 903.2.5.2 Group H-5 sprinkler design criteria

Location

Occupancy hazard classification

Fabrication areas

Ordinary hazard group 2

Service corridors

Ordinary hazard group 2

Storage rooms without dispensing

Ordinary hazard group 2

Storage rooms with dispensing

Extra hazard group 2

Corridors

Ordinary hazard group 2

(iii) 903.2.5.3 Pyroxylin plastics. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in buildings, or portions thereof, where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxylin plastics are manufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg).

(f) 903.2.6 Group I. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings with a Group I fire area.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule shall be permitted in Group I-1 Condition 1 facilities.

2. An automatic sprinkler system is not required where Group I-4 day care facilities are at the level of exit discharge and where every room where care is provided has not fewer than one exterior exit door.

3. In buildings where Group I-4 day care is provided on levels other than the level of exit discharge, an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule shall be installed on the entire floor where care is provided, all floors between the level of care and the level of exit discharge and all floors below the level of exit discharge other than areas classified as an open parking garage.

(g) 903.2.7 Group M. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings containing a Group M occupancy where one of the following conditions exists:

1. A Group M fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115m2).

2. A Group M fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group M fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

4. A Group M occupancy used for the display and sale of upholstered furniture or mattresses exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(i) 903.2.7.1 High-piled storage. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided as required in rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code in all buildings of Group M where storage of merchandise is in high-piled or rack storage arrays.

(h) 903.2.8 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(903.3) of this rule shall be provided throughout all buildings with a Group R fire area.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule shall be allowed in buildings, or portions thereof, of Group R.

2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in R-3 and R-4 buildings.

3. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in one, two or three family dwellings constructed of industrialized units.

4. Buildings of Group R-2 permitted to have a single exit per section 1018.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code where:

4.1 The exit is constructed as an exterior stair per section 1022 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

4.2 The dwellings egress directly into an exit.

4.3 Two-hour fire barriers divide the building into fire areas with a maximum of two dwelling units per floor and not more than six units per fire area, and;

4.4 All units in the fire area must have separations as required by section 708.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for dwelling units.

(i) 903.2.8.1 Group R-3. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be permitted in Group R-3 occupancies.

(ii) [F] 903.2.8.2 Group R-4 Condition 1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be permitted in Group R-4 Condition 1 occupancies.

(iii) [F] 903.2.8.3 Group R-4 Condition 2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule shall be permitted in Group R-4 Condition 2 occupancies. Attics shall be protected in accordance with paragraph (C)(2)(g)(iii)(a)(903.2.8.3.1) or (C)(2)(g)(iii)(b)(903.2.8.3.2) of this rule.

(a) [F] 903.2.8.3.1 Attics used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment. Attics used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule.

(b) [F] 903.2.8.3.2 Attics not used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment. Attics not used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected in accordance with one of the following:

(i) Attics protected throughout by a heat detector system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) of this rule.

(ii) Attics constructed of noncombustible materials.

(iii) Attics constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood framing complying with section 2303.2 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iv) The automatic sprinkler system shall be extended to provide protection throughout the attic space.

(iv) 903.2.8.4 Care facilities. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be permitted in care facilities with five or fewer individuals in a single-family dwelling.

(i) 903.2.9 Group S-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group S-1 occupancy where one of the following conditions exists:

1. A Group S-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

2. A Group S-1 fire area is located more than three stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group S-1 fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 square feet (2230 m2).

4. A Group S-1 fire area used for the storage of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

5. A Group S-1 occupancy used for the storage of upholstered furniture or mattresses exceeds 2,500 square feet (232 m2).

(i) 903.2.9.1 Repair garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings used as repair garages in accordance with section 406.8 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, as shown:

(a) Buildings having two or more stories above grade plane, including basements, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding 10,000 square feet (929 m2).

(b) Buildings no more than one story above grade plane, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

(c) Buildings with a repair garages servicing vehicles parked in basements.

(d) A Group S-1 fire area used for the repair of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(ii) 903.2.9.2 Bulk storage of tires. Buildings and structures where the area for the storage of tires exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m3) shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule.

(j) 903.2.10 Group S-2 enclosed parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings classified as enclosed parking garages in accordance with section 406.6 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code where either of the following conditions exists.

1. Where the fire area of the enclosed parking garage exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 m2).

2. Where the enclosed parking garage is located beneath other groups.

Exception: Enclosed parking garages located beneath Group R-3 occupancies.

(i) 903.2.10.1 Commercial parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings used for storage of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m2).

(k) 903.2.11 Specific buildings areas and hazards. In all occupancies other than Group U, an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed for building design or hazards in the locations set forth in paragraphs (C)(2)(k)(i)(903.2.11.1) to (C)(2)(k)(vi)(903.2.11.6) of this rule.

(i) 903.2.11.1 Stories without openings. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all stories, including basements, of all buildings where the floor area exceeds 1,500 square feet (139.4 m2) and where there is not provided not fewer than one of the following types of exterior wall openings:

1. Openings below grade that lead directly to ground level by an exterior stairway complying with paragraph (I)(1009) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code or an outside ramp complying with paragraph (J)(1010) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. Openings shall be located in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm).

2. Openings entirely above the adjoining ground level totaling not less than 20 square feet (1.86 m2) in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm). The height of the bottom of the clear opening shall not exceed 44 inches (1118 mm) measured from the floor.

(a) 903.2.11.1.1 Opening dimensions and access. Openings shall have a minimum dimension of not less than 30 inches (762 mm). Such openings shall be accessible to the fire department from the exterior and shall not be obstructed in a manner that fire fighting or rescue cannot be accomplished from the exterior.

(b) 903.2.11.1.2 Openings on one side only. Where openings in a story are provided on only one side and the opposite wall of such story is more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from such openings, the story shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or openings as specified above shall be provided on not fewer than two sides of the story.

(c) 903.2.11.1.3 Basements. Where any portion of a basement is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from openings required by paragraph (C)(2)(k)(i)(903.2.11.1) of this rule, the basement shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

(ii) 903.2.11.2 Rubbish and linen chutes. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed at the top of rubbish and linen chutes and in their terminal rooms. Chutes shall have additional sprinkler heads installed at alternate floors and at the lowest intake. Where a rubbish chute extends through a building more than one floor below the lowest intake, the extension shall have sprinklers installed that are recessed from the drop area of the chute and protected from freezing in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule. Such sprinklers shall be installed at alternate floors beginning with the second level below the last intake and ending with the floor above the discharge. Chute sprinklers shall be accessible for servicing.

(iii) 903.2.11.3 Buildings 55 feet or more in height. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings that have one or more stories with an occupant load of 30 or more located 55 feet (16 764 mm) or more above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, measured to the finished floor.

Exceptions:

1. Open parking structures.

2. Occupancies in Group F-2.

(iv) 903.2.11.4 Ducts conveying hazardous exhausts. Where required by the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, automatic sprinklers shall be provided in ducts conveying hazardous exhaust, flammable or combustible materials.

Exception: Ducts where the largest cross-sectional diameter of the duct is less than 10 inches (254 mm).

(v) 903.2.11.5 Commercial cooking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct systems where an automatic sprinkler system is used to comply with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule.

(vi) 903.2.11.6 Other required suppression systems. In addition to the requirements of paragraph (C)(2)(903.2) of this rule, the provisions indicated in Table 903.2.11.6 of this rule require the installation of a fire suppression system for certain buildings and areas.

Table 903.2.11.6 Additional required fire-extinguishing systems

Section

Subject

914.2.1

Covered and open mall buildings

914.3.1

High rise buildings

914.4.1

Atriums

914.5.1

Underground structures

914.6.1

Stages

914.7.1

Special amusement buildings

914.8.2

Airport traffic control towers

914.8.3, 914.8.6

Aircraft hangars

914.9

Flammable finishes

914.10

Drying rooms

914.11.1

Ambulatory care facilities

1029.6.2.3

Smoke-protected assembly seating

1103.5.1

Pyroxylin plastic storage in existing buildings

1103.5.2

Existing Group I-2 occupancies

1103.5.3

Existing Group I-2 Condition 2 occupancies

1103.5.4

Pyroxylin plastics

2108.2

Dry cleaning plants

2108.3

Dry cleaning machines

2309.3.2.6.2

Hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing area canopies

2404.2

Spray finishing in Group A, E, I or R

2404.4

Spray booths and spray rooms

2405.2

Dip-tank rooms in Group A, I or R

2405.4.1

Dip tanks

2405.9.4

Hardening and tempering tanks

2703.10

HPM facilities

2703.10.1.1

HPM work station exhaust

2703.10.2

HPM gas cabinets and exhausted enclosures

2703.10.3

HPM exit access corridor

2703.10.4

HPM exhaust ducts

2703.10.4.1

HPM noncombustible ducts

2703.10.4.2

HPM combustible ducts

2807.3

Lumber production conveyor enclosures

2808.7

Recycling facility conveyor enclosures

3006.1

Class A and B ovens

3006.2

Class C and D ovens

Table 3206.2

Storage fire protection

3206.4

Storage

5003.8.4.1

Gas rooms

5003.8.5.3

Exhausted enclosures

5004.5

Indoor storage of hazardous materials

5005.1.8

Indoor dispensing of hazardous materials

5104.4.1

Aerosol warehouses

5106.3.2

Aerosol display and merchandising areas

5204.5

Storage of more than 1,000 cubic feet of loose combustible fibers

5306.2.1

Exterior medical gas storage room

5306.2.2

Interior medical gas storage room

5606.5.2.1

Storage of smokeless propellant

5606.5.2.3

Storage of small arms primers

5704.3.7.5.1

Flammable and combustible liquid storage rooms

5704.3.8.4

Flammable and combustible liquid storage warehouses

5705.3.7.3

Flammable and combustible liquid Group H-2 or H-3 areas

6004.1.2

Gas cabinets for highly toxic and toxic gas

6004.1.3

Exhausted enclosures for highly toxic and toxic gas

6004.2.2.6

Gas rooms for highly toxic and toxic gas

6004.3.3

Outdoor storage for highly toxic and toxic gas

6504.1.1

Pyroxylin plastic storage cabinets

6504.1.3

Pyroxylin plastic storage vaults

6504.2

Pyroxylin plastic storage and manufacturing

The building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

Sprinkler system requirements as set forth in section 903.2.11.6 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.023 m3.

(l) 903.2.12 During construction. Automatic sprinkler systems required during construction, alteration and demolition operations shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (M)(3313) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code.

(3) 903.3 Installation requirements. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) to (C)(3)(h)(903.3.8) of this rule.

(a) 903.3.1 Standards. Sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule, unless otherwise permitted by paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) and (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule and other rules of this code, as applicable.

(i) 903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 sprinkler systems. Where the provisions of this code require that a building or portion thereof be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with this paragraph, sprinklers shall be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code except as provided in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(a)(903.3.1.1.1) and (C)(3)(a)(i)(b)(903.3.1.1.2) of this rule.

(a) 903.3.1.1.1 Exempt locations. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in the following rooms or areas where such rooms or areas are protected with an approved automatic fire detection system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of this rule that will respond to visible or invisible particles of combustion. Sprinklers shall not be omitted from a room merely because it is damp, of fire-resistance-rated construction or contains electrical equipment.

(i) A room where the application of water, or flame and water, constitutes a serious life or fire hazard.

(ii) A room or space where sprinklers are considered undesirable because of the nature of the contents, where approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)(901.1) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the exempt location shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(iii) Generator and transformer rooms separated from the remainder of the building by walls and floor/ceiling or roof/ceiling assemblies having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.

(iv) Rooms or areas that are of noncombustible construction with wholly noncombustible contents.

(v) Fire service access elevator machine rooms and machinery spaces.

(vi) Machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms and control spaces associated with occupant evacuation elevators designed in accordance with section 3008 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 903.3.1.1.2 Bathrooms. In Group R occupancies, other than Group R-4 occupancies, sprinklers shall not be required in bathrooms that do not exceed 55 square feet (5 m2) in area and are located within individual dwelling units or sleeping units, provided that walls and ceilings, including the walls and ceilings behind a shower enclosure or tub, are of non-combustible or limited-combustible materials with a 15-minute thermal barrier rating.

(ii) 903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies up to and including four stories in height in buildings not exceeding 60 feet (18 288 mm) in height above grade plane shall be permitted to be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

The number of stories of Group R occupancies constructed in accordance with sections 510.2 and 510.4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be measured from the horizontal assembly creating separate buildings.

(a) 903.3.1.2.1 Balconies and decks. Sprinkler protection shall be provided for exterior balconies, decks and ground floor patios of dwelling units and sleeping units where the building is of Type V construction, provided there is a roof or deck above. Sidewall sprinklers that are used to protect such areas shall be permitted to be located such that their deflectors are within 1 inch (25 mm) to 6 inches (152 mm) below the structural members and a maximum distance of 14 inches (356 mm) below the deck of the exterior balconies and decks that are constructed of open wood joist construction.

(b) 903.3.1.2.2 Open-ended corridors. Sprinkler protection shall be provided in open-ended corridors and associated exterior stairways and ramps as specified in paragraph (AA)(6)(1027.6), Exception 3 of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

(iii) 903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems installed in buildings of Groups I-1, R-3, Group R-4 Condition 1 and townhouses shall be permitted to be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13D as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 903.3.2 Quick-response and residential sprinklers. Where automatic sprinkler systems are required by this code, quick-response or residential automatic sprinklers shall be installed in all of the following areas in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule and their listings:

(i) Throughout all spaces within a smoke compartment containing care recipient sleeping units in Group I-2 in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) Throughout all spaces within a smoke compartment containing treatment rooms in ambulatory care facilities.

(iii) Dwelling units and sleeping units in Group I-1 and R occupancies.

(iv) Light-hazard occupancies as defined in NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(c) 903.3.3 Obstructed locations. Automatic sprinklers shall be installed with due regard to obstructions that will delay activation or obstruct the water distribution pattern. Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in or under covered kiosks, displays, booths, concession stands or equipment that exceeds 4 feet (1219 mm) in width. Not less than a 3-foot (914 mm) clearance shall be maintained between automatic sprinklers and the top of piles of combustible fibers.

Exception: Kitchen equipment under exhaust hoods protected with a fire-extinguishing system in accordance with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule.

(d) 903.3.4 Actuation. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be automatically actuated unless specifically provided for in this code.

(e) 903.3.5 Water supplies. Water supplies for automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this paragraph and the standards referenced in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule. The potable water supply shall be protected against backflow in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph and the plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. For connections to public waterworks systems, the water supply test used for design of fire protection systems shall be adjusted to account for seasonal and daily pressure fluctuations based on information from the water supply authority and as approved by the fire code official.

(i) 903.3.5.1 Domestic services. Where the domestic service provides the water supply for the automatic sprinkler system, the supply shall be in accordance with this paragraph.

(ii) 903.3.5.2 Residential combination services. A single combination water supply shall be allowed provided that the domestic demand is added to the sprinkler demand as required by NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(f) 903.3.6 Hose threads. Fire hose threads and fittings used in connection with automatic sprinkler systems shall be as prescribed by the fire code official.

(g) 903.3.7 Fire department connections. Fire department connections for automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed in accordance with paragraph (L)(912) of this rule.

(i) 903.3.7.1 Locking fire department connection ("FDC") caps. Where required by the fire code official and the responding fire department carries appropriate key wrenches for removal locking "FDC" caps on fire department connections for water-based fire protection systems shall be provided.

(h) 903.3.8 Limited area sprinkler systems. Limited area sprinkler systems shall be in accordance with the standards listed in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule except as provided in paragraphs (C)(3)(h)(i)(903.3.8.1) to (C)(3)(h)(v)(903.3.8.5) of this rule.

(i) 903.3.8.1 Number of sprinklers. Limited area sprinkler systems shall not exceed six sprinklers in any single fire area.

(ii) 903.3.8.2 Occupancy hazard classification. Only areas classified by NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code as Light Hazard or Ordinary Hazard Group 1 shall be permitted to be protected by limited area sprinkler systems.

(iii) 903.3.8.3 Piping arrangement. Where a limited area sprinkler system is installed in a building with an automatic wet standpipe system, sprinklers shall be supplied by the standpipe system. Where a limited area sprinkler system is installed in a building without an automatic wet standpipe system, water shall be permitted to be supplied by the plumbing system provided that the plumbing system is capable of simultaneously supplying domestic and sprinkler demands.

(iv) 903.3.8.4 Supervision. Control valves shall not be installed between the water supply and sprinklers unless the valves are of an approved indicating type that are supervised or secured in the open position.

(v) 903.3.8.5 Calculations. Hydraulic calculations in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code shall be provided to demonstrate that the available water flow and pressure are adequate to supply all sprinklers installed in any single fire area with discharge densities corresponding to the hazard classification.

(4) 903.4 Sprinkler system supervision and alarms. Valves controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler systems, pumps, tanks, water levels and temperatures, critical air pressures and waterflow switches on all sprinkler systems shall be electrically supervised by a listed fire alarm control unit.

Exceptions:

1. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting one- and two-family dwellings.

2. Limited area systems in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(h)(903.3.8) of this rule.

3. Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code where a common supply main is used to supply both domestic water and the automatic sprinkler system, and a separate shutoff valve for the automatic sprinkler system is not provided.

4. Jockey pump control valves that are sealed or locked in the open position.

5. Control valves to commercial kitchen hoods, paint spray booths or dip tanks that are sealed or locked in the open position.

6. Valves controlling the fuel supply to fire pump engines that are sealed or locked in the open position.

7. Trim valves to pressure switches in dry, preaction and deluge sprinkler systems that are sealed or locked in the open position.

(a) 903.4.1 Monitoring. Alarm, supervisory and trouble signals shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically transmitted to an approved supervising station or, where approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)(901.1) of this rule, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the constantly attended location shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

Exceptions:

1. Underground key or hub valves in roadway boxes provided by the municipality or public utility are not required to be monitored.

2. Backflow prevention device test valves located in limited area sprinkler system supply piping shall be locked in the open position. In occupancies required to be equipped with a fire alarm system, the backflow preventer valves shall be electrically supervised by a tamper switch installed in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and separately annunciated.

(b) 903.4.2 Alarms. An approved audible device, located on the exterior of the building in an approved location, shall be connected to each automatic sprinkler system. Such sprinkler waterflow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Where a fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm system.

Exception: Waterflow alarms are not required for limited area sprinkler systems installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(e)(i)(a)(903.3.5.1.1) of this rule.

(c) 903.4.3 Floor control valves. Approved supervised indicating control valves shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor in high-rise buildings.

(5) 903.5 Testing and maintenance. Sprinkler systems shall be tested and maintained in accordance with paragraph (A)(901) of this rule.

(6) 903.6 Where required in existing buildings and structures. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in existing buildings and structures where required in rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Section 904 Alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems

(1) 904.1 General. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall be designed, installed, inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph and the applicable referenced standards.

(a) 904.1.1 Certification of service personnel for fire-extinguishing equipment. Service personnel providing or conducting maintenance on automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall possess a valid certificate issued by an approved governmental agency, or other approved organization for the type of system and work performed.

(2) 904.2 Where permitted. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems installed as an alternative to the required automatic sprinkler systems of paragraph (C)(903) of this rule shall be approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)(901.1) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the alternative automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system installation.

(a) 904.2.1 Restriction on using automatic sprinkler system exceptions or reductions. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall not be considered alternatives for the purposes of exceptions or reductions allowed for automatic sprinkler system or by other requirements of this code.

(b) 904.2.2 Commercial hood and duct systems. Each required commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system required by paragraph (I)(609) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code to have a Type I hood shall be protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system installed in accordance with this code.

(3) 904.3 Installation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed in accordance with this paragraph.

(a) 904.3.1 Electrical wiring. Electrical wiring shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(b) 904.3.2 Actuation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be automatically actuated and provided with a manual means of actuation in accordance with paragraph (D)(11)(a)(904.11.1) of this rule.

(c) 904.3.3 System interlocking. Automatic equipment interlocks with fuel shutoffs, ventilation controls, door closers, window shutters, conveyor openings, smoke and heat vents and other features necessary for proper operation of the fire-extinguishing system shall be provided as required by the design and installation standard utilized for the hazard.

(d) 904.3.4 Alarms and warning signs. Where alarms are required to indicate the operation of automatic fire-extinguishing systems, distinctive audible, visible alarms and warning signs shall be provided to warn of pending agent discharge. Where exposure to automatic-extinguishing agents poses a hazard to persons and a delay is required to ensure the evacuation of occupants before agent discharge, a separate warning signal shall be provided to alert occupants once agent discharge has begun. Audible signals shall be in accordance with paragraph (G)(5)(b)(907.5.2) of this rule.

(e) 904.3.5 Monitoring. Where a building fire alarm system is installed, automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be monitored by the building fire alarm system in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(4) 904.4 Inspection and testing. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph prior to acceptance.

(a) 904.4.1 Inspection. Prior to conducting final acceptance tests, the following items shall be inspected:

(i) Hazard specification for consistency with design hazard.

(ii) Type, location and spacing of automatic- and manual-initiating devices.

(iii) Size, placement and position of nozzles or discharge orifices.

(iv) Location and identification of audible and visible alarm devices.

(v) Identification of devices with proper designations.

(vi) Operating instructions.

(b) 904.4.2 Alarm testing. Notification appliances, connections to fire alarm systems and connections to approved supervising stations shall be tested in accordance with this paragraph and paragraph (G)(907) of this rule to verify proper operation.

(i) 904.4.2.1 Audible and visible signals. The audibility and visibility of notification appliances signaling agent discharge or system operation, where required, shall be verified.

(c) 904.4.3 Monitor testing. Connections to protected premises and supervising station fire alarm systems shall be tested to verify proper identification and retransmission of alarms from automatic fire-extinguishing systems.

(5) 904.5 Wet-chemical systems. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.5.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at six-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.

(b) 904.5.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code to ensure proper operation of the system.

(6) 904.6 Dry-chemical systems. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.6.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at six-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed, and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.

(b) 904.6.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

(7) 904.7 Foam systems. Foam-extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 11 and NFPA 16 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.7.1 System test. Foam-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested at intervals in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(8) 904.8 Carbon dioxide systems. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.8.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.8.2 High-pressure cylinders. High-pressure cylinders shall be weighed and the date of the last hydrostatic test shall be verified at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original content of more than 10 per cent, the cylinder shall be refilled or replaced.

(c) 904.8.3 Low-pressure containers. The liquid-level gauges of low-pressure containers shall be observed at one-week intervals. Where a container shows a content loss of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled to maintain the minimum gas requirements.

(d) 904.8.4 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.

(i) 904.8.4.1 Test procedure. Hoses shall be tested at not less than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and at not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.

(e) 904.8.5 Auxiliary equipment. Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure that such components are in proper operating condition.

(9) 904.9 Halon systems. Halogenated extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.9.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.9.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of containers shall be checked at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss of original weight of more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.

(c) 904.9.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.

(i) 904.9.3.1 Test procedure. For Halon 1301 systems, hoses shall be tested at not less than 1,500 psi (10 343 kPa) for 600 psi (4137 kPa) charging pressure systems and not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 360 psi (2482 kPa) charging pressure systems. For Halon 1211 hand-hose line systems, hoses shall be tested at 2,500 psi (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.

(d) 904.9.4 Auxiliary equipment. Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure such components are in proper operating condition.

(10) 904.10 Clean-agent systems. Clean-agent fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 2001 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.

(a) 904.10.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.

(b) 904.10.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of the containers shall be checked at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure, adjusted for temperature, of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.

(c) 904.10.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. All hoses shall be tested at five-year intervals.

(11) 904.11 Automatic water mist systems. Automatic water mist systems shall be permitted in applications that are consistent with applicable listing or approvals and shall comply with paragraphs (D)(11)(a)(904.11.1) to (D)(11)(c)(904.11.3) of this rule.

(a) 904.11.1 Design and installation requirements. Automatic water mist systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with paragraphs (C)(11)(a)(i)(904.11.1.1) to (D)(11)(a)(iv)(904.11.1.4) of this rule.

(i) 904.11.1.1 General. Automatic water mist systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 750 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and the manufacturer's instructions.

(ii) 904.11.1.2 Actuation. Automatic water mist systems shall be automatically actuated.

(iii) 904.11.1.3 Water supply protection. Connections to a potable water supply shall be protected against backflow in accordance with the plumbing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(iv) 904.11.1.4 Secondary water supply. Where a secondary water supply is required for an automatic sprinkler system, an automatic water mist system shall be provided with an approved secondary water supply.

(b) 904.11.2 Water mist system supervision and alarms. Supervision and alarms shall be provided as required for automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with paragraph (C)(4)(903.4) of this rule.

(i) 904.11.2.1 Monitoring. Monitoring shall be provided as required for automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with paragraph (C)(4)(a)(903.4.1) of this rule.

(ii) 904.11.2.2 Alarms. Alarms shall be provided as required for automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with paragraph (C)(4)(b)(903.4.2) of this rule.

(iii) 904.11.2.3 Floor control valves. Floor control valves shall be provided as required for automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with paragraph (C)(4)(c)(903.4.3) of this rule.

(c) 904.11.3 Testing and maintenance. Automatic water mist systems shall be tested and maintained in accordance with paragraph (A)(6)(901.6) of this rule.

(12) 904.12 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement protected. Preengineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and listed and labeled for the intended application. Other types of automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems of the following types shall be installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, as follows:

1. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems, NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. Automatic sprinkler systems, NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

3. Foam-water sprinkler system or foam-water spray systems, NFPA 16 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

4. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

5. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

Exception: Factory-built commercial cooking recirculating systems that are tested in accordance with UL 710B as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and listed, labeled and installed in accordance with section 304.1 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

(a) 904.12.1 Manual system operation. A manual actuation device shall be located at or near a means of egress from the cooking area not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) and not more than of 20 feet (6096 mm) from the kitchen exhaust system. The manual actuation device shall be installed not more than 48 inches (1200 mm) nor less than 42 inches (1067 mm) above the floor and shall clearly identify the hazard protected. The manual actuation shall require a maximum force of 40 pounds (178 N) and a maximum movement of 14 inches (356 mm) to actuate the fire suppression system.

Exception: Automatic sprinkler systems shall not be required to be equipped with manual actuation means.

(b) 904.12.2 System interconnection. The actuation of the fire extinguishing system shall automatically shut down the fuel or electrical power supply to the cooking equipment. The fuel and electrical supply reset shall be manual.

(c) 904.12.3 Carbon dioxide systems. When carbon dioxide systems are used, there shall be a nozzle at the top of the ventilating duct. Additional nozzles that are symmetrically arranged to give uniform distribution shall be installed within vertical ducts exceeding 20 feet (6096 mm) and horizontal ducts exceeding 50 feet (15 240 mm). Dampers shall be installed at either the top or the bottom of the duct and shall be arranged to operate automatically upon activation of the fire-extinguishing system. When the damper is installed at the top of the duct, the top nozzle shall be immediately below the damper. Automatic carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systems shall be sufficiently sized to protect all hazards venting through a common duct simultaneously.

(i) 904.12.3.1 Ventilation system. Commercial-type cooking equipment protected by an automatic carbon dioxide extinguishing system shall be arranged to shut off the ventilation system upon activation.

(d) 904.12.4 Special provisions for automatic sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting commercial-type cooking equipment shall be supplied from a separate, readily accessible, indicating-type control valve that is identified.

(i) 904.12.4.1 Listed sprinklers. Sprinklers used for the protection of fryers shall be tested in accordance with UL 199E as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, listed for that application and installed in accordance with their listing.

(e) 904.12.5 Portable fire extinguishers for commercial cooking equipment. Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided within a 30-foot (9144 mm) distance of travel from commercial-type cooking equipment. Cooking equipment involving solid fuels or vegetable or animal oils and fats shall be protected by a Class K rated portable extinguisher in accordance with paragraphs (D)(12)(e)(i)(904.12.5.1) or (D)(12)(e)(ii)(904.12.5.2) of this rule, as applicable.

(i) 904.12.5.1 Portable fire extinguishers for solid fuel cooking appliances. Solid fuel cooking appliances, whether or not under a hood, with fireboxes 5 cubic feet (0.14m3) or less in volume shall have a minimum 2.5-gallon (9 L) or two 1.5-gallon (6 L) Class K wet-chemical portable fire extinguishers located in accordance with paragraph (D)(12)(e)(904.12.5) of this rule.

(ii) 904.12.5.2 Class K portable fire extinguishers for deep fat fryers. When hazard areas include deep fat fryers, listed Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be provided as follows:

(a) For up to four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: One Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity.

(b) For every additional group of four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: one additional Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity shall be provided.

(c) For individual fryers exceeding 6 square feet (0.55 m2) in surface area: Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in accordance with the extinguisher manufacturer's recommendations.

(f) 904.12.6 Operations and maintenance. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems protecting commercial cooking systems shall be maintained in accordance with paragraphs (D)(12)(f)(i)(904.12.6.1) to (D)(12)(f)(iii)(904.12.6.3) of this rule.

(i) 904.12.6.1 Existing automatic fire extinguishing systems. Where changes in the cooking media, positioning of cooking equipment or replacement of cooking equipment occur in existing commercial cooking systems, the automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be required to comply with the applicable provisions of paragraphs (D)(12)(904.12) to (D)(12)(d)(904.12.4) of this rule.

(ii) 904.12.6.2 Extinguishing system service. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced at least every 6 months and after activation of the system. Inspection shall be by qualified individuals, and a certificate of inspection shall be forwarded to the fire code official upon completion.

(iii) 904.12.6.3 Fusible link and sprinkler head replacement. Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads shall be replaced at least annually, and other protection devices shall be serviced or replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Exception: Frangible bulbs are not required to be replaced annually.

(13) 904.13 Domestic cooking systems in Group I-2 Condition I. In Group I-2 Condition 1 occupancies where cooking facilities are installed in accordance with Section 407.2.6 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, the domestic cooking hood provided over the cooktop or range shall be equipped with an automatic fire-extinguishing system of a type recognized for protection of domestic cooking equipment. Preengineered automatic extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code and listed and labeled for the intended application. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer's instructions.

(a) 904.13.1 Manual system operation and interconnection. Manual actuation and system interconnection for the hood suppression system shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(12)(a)(904.12.1) and (D)(12)(b)(904.12.2) of this rule, respectively.

(b) 904.13.2 Portable fire extinguishers for domestic cooking equipment in Group I-2 Condition 1. A portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of this rule shall be installed within a 30-foot (9144 mm) distance of travel from domestic cooking appliances.

(E) Section 905 Standpipe systems

(1) 905.1 General. Standpipe systems shall be provided in new buildings and structures in accordance with this paragraphs (E)(2)(905.2) to (E)(10)(905.10) of this rule. In buildings used for high-piled combustible storage, fire protection shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code.

(2) 905.2 Installation standard. Standpipe systems shall be installed in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code. Fire department connections for standpipe systems shall be in accordance with paragraph (L)(912) of this rule.

(3) 905.3 Required installations. Standpipe systems shall be installed where required by paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) to (E)(3)(h)(905.3.8) of this rule. Where these systems are installed, the hose connections shall be installed in the locations indicated in paragraphs (E)(4)(905.4), (E)(5)(905.5) and (E)(6)(905.6) of this rule. Standpipe systems are allowed to be combined with automatic sprinkler systems.

Exception: Standpipe systems are not required in Group R-3 occupancies.

(a) 905.3.1 Height. Class III standpipe systems shall be installed throughout buildings where the floor level of the highest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) above the lowest level of the fire department vehicle access, or where the floor level of the lowest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) below the highest level of fire department vehicle access.

Exceptions:

1. Class I standpipes are allowed in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule.

2. Class I manual standpipes are allowed in open parking garages where the highest floor is located not more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

3. Class I manual dry standpipes are allowed in open parking garages that are subject to freezing temperatures, provided that the hose connections are located as required for Class II standpipes in accordance with paragraph (E)(5)(905.5) of this rule.

4. Class I standpipes are allowed in basements equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system.

5. In determining the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, it shall not be required to consider either of the following:

5.1 Recessed loading docks for four vehicles or less.

5.2 Conditions where topography makes access from the fire department vehicle to the building impractical or impossible.

(b) 905.3.2 Group A. Class I automatic wet standpipes shall be provided in nonsprinklered Group A buildings having an occupant load exceeding 1,000 persons.

Exceptions:

1. Open-air-seating spaces without enclosed spaces.

2. Class I automatic dry and semiautomatic dry standpipes or manual wet standpipes are allowed in buildings that are not high-rise buildings.

(c) 905.3.3 Covered and open mall buildings. Covered mall and open mall buildings shall be equipped throughout with a standpipe system where required by paragraph (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) of this rule. Mall buildings not required to be equipped with a standpipe system by paragraph (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) of this rule shall be equipped with Class I hose connections connected to the automatic sprinkler system sized to deliver water at 250 gallons per minute (946.4 L/min) at the most hydraulically remote hose connection while concurrently supplying the automatic sprinkler system demand. The standpipe system shall be designed not to exceed a 50 pounds per square inch (psi) (345 kPa) residual pressure loss with flow of 250 gallons per minute (946.4 L/min) from the fire department connection to the hydraulically most remote hose connection. Hose connections shall be provided at each of the following locations:

(i) Within the mall at the entrance to each exit passageway or corridor.

(ii) At each floor-level landing within interior exit stairways opening directly on the mall.

(iii) At exterior public entrances to the mall of a covered mall building.

(iv) At public entrances at the perimeter line of an open mall building.

(v) At other locations as necessary so that the distance to reach all portions of a tenant space does not exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm) from a hose connection.

(d) 905.3.4 Stages. Stages greater than 1,000 square feet (93 m2) in area shall be equipped with a Class III wet standpipe system with 1½-inch and 2½-inch (38 mm and 64 mm) hose connections on each side of the stage.

Exception: Where the building or area is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, a 1½ inch (38 mm) hose connection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code or in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code for Class II or III standpipes.

(i) 905.3.4.1 Hose and cabinet. The 1½-inch (38 mm) hose connections shall be equipped with sufficient lengths of 1½-inch (38 mm) hose to provide fire protection for the stage area. Hose connections shall be equipped with an approved adjustable fog nozzle and be mounted in a cabinet or on a rack.

(e) 905.3.5 Underground buildings. Underground buildings shall be equipped throughout with a Class I automatic wet or manual wet standpipe system.

(f) 905.3.6 Helistops and heliports. Buildings with a rooftop helistop or heliport shall be equipped with a Class I or III standpipe system extended to the roof level on which the helistop or heliport is located in accordance with paragraph (G)(5)(2007.5) of rule 1301:7-7-20 of the Administrative Code.

(g) 905.3.7 Marinas and boatyards. Standpipes in marinas and boatyards shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code.

(h) 905.3.8 Rooftop gardens and landscaped roofs. Buildings or structures that have rooftop gardens or landscaped roofs and that are equipped with a standpipe system shall have the standpipe system extended to the roof level on which the rooftop garden or landscaped roof is located.

(4) 905.4 Location of Class I standpipe hose connections. Class I standpipe hose connections shall be provided in all of the following locations:

1. In every required interior exit stairway, a hose connection shall be provided for each story above or below grade plane. Hose connections shall be located at an intermediate landing between stories, unless otherwise approved by the fire code official and in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.

2. On each side of the wall adjacent to the exit opening of a horizontal exit.

Exception: Where floor areas adjacent to a horizontal exit are reachable from an interior exit stairway hose connection by a 30-foot (9144 mm) hose stream from a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose connection shall not be required at the horizontal exit.

3. In every exit passageway, at the entrance from the exit passageway to other areas of a building.

Exception: Where floor areas adjacent to an exit passageway are reachable from an interior exit stairway hose connection by a 30-foot (9144 mm) hose stream from a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose connection shall not be required at the entrance from the exit passageway to other areas of the building.

4. In covered mall buildings, adjacent to each exterior public entrance to the mall and adjacent to each entrance from an exit passageway or exit corridor to the mall. In open mall buildings, adjacent to each public entrance to the mall at the perimeter line and adjacent to each entrance from an exit passageway or exit corridor to the mall.

5. Where the roof has a slope less than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-per cent slope), a hose connection shall be located to serve the roof or at the highest landing of an interior exit stairway with access to the roof provided in accordance with paragraph (K)(12)(1011.12) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code.

6. Where the most remote portion of a nonsprinklered floor or story is more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a hose connection or the most remote portion of a sprinklered floor or story is more than 200 feet (60 960 mm) from a hose connection, the fire code official is authorized to require that additional hose connections be provided in approved locations.

(a) 905.4.1 Protection. Risers and laterals of Class I standpipe systems not located within an