(A) Definitions for this rule:
(1) "Personal care" means hands-on assistance with ADLs and IADLs (when incidental to providing ADLs) in the individual's home and community. Personal care activities include the following:
(a) Assisting the individual with managing the home, handling personal affairs, and providing assistance with self-administration of medications, as defined in rule 173-39-01 of the Administrative Code.
(b) Assisting the individual with ADLs and IADLs.
(c) Homemaker activities listed in rule 173-39-02.8 of the Administrative Code when those activities are specified in the individual's service plan and are incidental to the activities in paragraphs (A)(1)(a) and (A)(1)(b) of this rule, or are essential to the health and welfare of the individual, rather than the individual's family.
(d) Providing respite services to the individual's caregiver.
(2) "Competency evaluation" includes both written testing and skills testing by return demonstration to ensure the PCA is able to address the care needs of the individual to be served.
(3) "PCA" means "personal care aide."
(B) Qualifying provider types: Eligible providers of personal care are ODA-certified agency providers and ODA-certified participant-directed personal care providers.
(C) Requirements for ODA-certified agency providers of personal care:
(2) Availability: The provider shall maintain staffing at adequate levels to provide personal care seven days a week, including possessing a back-up plan for providing personal care when the provider has no PCA or PCA supervisor available.
(3) PCA requirements:
(a) Initial qualifications: The provider shall only allow a person to serve as a PCA if the person meets at least one of the following qualifications and the provider meets the verification requirements under paragraph (C)(3) (e) of this rule:
(ii) Medicare: The person met the qualifications to be a medicare-certified home health aide according to one of the following sets of standards:
(a) The standards in 42 C.F.R. 484.4 and 484.36, if the person met those standards on or before January 12, 2018.
(b) The standards in 42 C.F.R. 484.80 and 484.115, if the person met those standards on or after January 13, 2018.
(iii) Previous experience: The person has at least one year of supervised employment experience as a home health aide or nurse aide, and has successfully completed a competency evaluation covering the topics listed under paragraph (C)(3)(a)(v)(b) of this rule.
(iv) Vocational programs: The person successfully completed the COALA home health training program or a certified vocational training and competency evaluation program in a health care field covering the topics listed under paragraph (C)(3)(a)(v)(b) of this rule.
(v) Other programs: The person successfully completed a training and competency evaluation program with the following characteristics:
(a) The training lasted at least sixty hours.
(b) All the following subjects were included in the program's training and its competency evaluation:
(i) Communication skills, including the ability to read, write, and make brief and accurate reports (oral, written, or electronic).
(ii) Observation, reporting, and retaining records of an individual's status and activities provided to the individual.
(iii) Reading and recording an individual's temperature, pulse, and respiration.
(iv) Basic infection control.
(v) Basic elements of body functioning and changes in body function that should be reported to a PCA supervisor.
(vi) Maintaining a clean, safe, and healthy environment, including house cleaning and laundry, dusting furniture, sweeping, vacuuming, and washing floors; kitchen care (including dishes, appliances, and counters), bathroom care, emptying and cleaning beside commodes and urinary catheter bags, changing bed linens, washing inside window within reach from the floor, removing trash, and folding, ironing, and putting away laundry.
(vii) Recognition of emergencies, knowledge of emergency procedures, and basic home safety.
(viii) The physical, emotional, and developmental needs of individuals, including privacy and respect for personal property.
(ix) Appropriate and safe techniques in personal hygiene and grooming including bed, tub, shower, and partial bath techniques; shampoo in sink, tub, or bed; nail and skin care; oral hygiene; toileting and elimination; safe transfer and ambulation; normal range of motion and positioning; and adequate nutrition and fluid intake.
(x) Meal preparation and nutrition planning, including special diet preparation; grocery purchase, planning, and shopping; and errands such as picking up prescriptions.
(b) Orientation: Before allowing a PCA or other employee to have direct, face-to-face contact with an individual, the provider shall provide the PCA or other employee with orientation training, that, at a minimum, addresses the following topics:
(i) The provider's expectations of employees.
(iii) An overview of the provider's personnel policies.
(iv) The organization and lines of communication of the provider's agency.
(v) Incident-reporting procedures.
(vi) Emergency procedures.
(c) Additional training: The provider shall conduct additional training and competency evaluation for PCAs who are expected to perform activities for which they did not receive training or undergo competency evaluation under paragraph (C)(3)(a) of this rule.
(d) Continuing education: The provider shall ensure each PCA successfully completes eight hours of in-service continuing education every twelve months. Agency- and program-specific orientation shall not count toward the eight hours.
(e) Verification of compliance with PCA requirements:
(i) The provider shall retain copies of certificates of completion earned by each PCA after the PCA meets requirements under paragraph (C)(3) of this rule for successfully completing any training and competency evaluation program, orientation, additional training, and continuing education under paragraph (C)(3) of this rule. Additionally, the provider shall also record the following information for each PCA, and retain it, if it does not appear on the PCA's certificate of completion (or if the PCA did not receive a certificate of completion): training dates; training locations; training hours successfully completed; instruction materials used; subjects covered; and to verify the accuracy of the record, the name, qualifications, and signature of each trainer and of each tester.
(ii) If a person meets the initial qualifications to be a PCA under paragraph (C)(3)(a) of this rule by successfully completing a nurse aide training and competency evaluation program described in paragraph (C)(3)(a) (i) of this rule, the provider shall retain a copy of the search results from ODH's nurse aide registry (https://odhgateway.odh.ohio.gov/nar/nar_registry_search.aspx) to verify the registry listed the person as "active" or "in good standing."
(iii) If a person meets the initial qualifications to be a PCA under paragraph (C)(3)(a) of this rule only by the previous employment experience described in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii) of this rule, the provider shall also retain records to verify the person's name, the former employer's name and contact information, the former PCA supervisor's name, the date the person began working for the former employer, and the date the person stopped working for the former employer.
(4) PCA supervisors, trainers, and testers:
(a) Qualifications: The provider shall only allow a RN (or a LPN under the direction of a RN) to be a PCA supervisor, trainer, or tester. The provider shall retain records to show each PCA supervisor maintains a current, valid license to practice as an RN (or a LPN under the direction of a RN).
(b) PCA supervisor availability: The provider shall ensure that a PCA supervisor is available to respond to emergencies when the PCAs are scheduled to work.
(c) PCA supervisor visits:
(i) Before allowing a PCA to begin providing personal care to an individual, a PCA supervisor shall complete and document a visit to the individual, which may occur at the initial PCA visit to the individual, to define the expected activities of the PCA and prepare a written activity plan. The PCA supervisor shall document this visit, including the date of the visit, the PCA supervisor's name, the individual's name, the individual's signature, and the PCA supervisor's signature.
(ii) After the PCA's initial visit to an individual, the PCA supervisor shall conduct and document a visit to the individual at least once every sixty days to evaluate compliance with the activity plan, the individual's satisfaction, and the PCA's performance. The PCA supervisor shall discuss recommended modifications to the activity plan with the case manager and PCA. The PCA does not need to be present during this visit. The PCA supervisor shall document these visits, including the date of the visit, the PCA supervisor's name, the individual's name, the individual's signature, and PCA supervisor's signature.
(5) Provider policies: The provider shall develop, implement, comply with, and maintain written policies on all the following topics:
(a) Job descriptions for each position.
(b) Documentation of how each PCA meets the qualifications in paragraph (C) (3) of this rule.
(c) Performance appraisals for each staff position.
(e) Obtaining an individual's written permission to share or release an individual's confidential information pursuant to the state and federal laws and regulations governing individual confidentiality laws listed in rule 173-39-02 of the Administrative Code.
(6) Service verification:
(b) For each episode of personal care a PCA provides, the provider shall document and retain a record of the date of service delivery, a description of the activities provided, the PCA's name, the PCA's arrival and departure time, and the PCA's written or electronic signature to verify the accuracy of the record. A provider that does not use an electronic verification system shall also obtain the individual's signature for each episode of personal care.
(c) The provider may use a technology-based system to collect or retain the records required under this rule.
(D) Every ODA-certified participant-directed provider of personal care shall comply with the following requirements:
(2) Availability: The provider shall provide personal care as agreed upon with the individual and as authorized in the individual's service plan.
(3) Activity plan: The individual shall develop his or her own activity plan with the provider. The individual and the provider shall date and sign a copy of the plan. The provider shall retain a copy of the plan.
(4) Oversight: The individual is the employer of record and is responsible for supervising the provider. As used in this paragraph, "employer of record" means the individual who employs the provider; supervises the provider; pays the appropriate state, federal, and local taxes; and pays premiums for worker's compensation and unemployment compensation insurance. ODA provides the support of a financial management service (FMS) to the individual to act as the agent of the common-law employer with the participant-directed personal care provider that he or she employs.
(5) Provider qualifications:
(a) Initial qualifications: A provider shall only begin to provide personal care if the provider meets the following requirements and retains records to show that he or she meets the following requirements:
(i) The provider shall meet at least one of the following qualifications:
(a) STNA: The provider successfully completed a nurse aide training and competency evaluation program approved by ODH under section 3721.31 of the Revised Code, which the provider shall verify by retaining a copy of the search results from ODH's nurse aide registry (https://odhgateway.odh.ohio.gov/nar/nar_registry_search.aspx) to verify the registry listed the person as "active" or "in good standing."
(b) ODA-approved training program: The provider successfully completed an ODA-approved home health aide training and competency evaluation program.
(c) DOL-approved training: The provider successfully completed an apprenticeship program in home health, health, or a related subject approved by the United States department of labor.
(ii) The provider successfully completed any additional training the individual or ODA's designee considers necessary to meet the individual's needs.
(iii) The provider successfully completed any training that ODA (or its designee) or ODM mandates.
(iv) The provider successfully demonstrated his or her competence or mastery of an activity in a specific area in which the individual may require the provider to demonstrate the competence or mastery.
(b) Continuing qualifications: The provider shall only continue to provide personal care if he or she meets the following requirements:
(i) The provider meets the qualifications under paragraph (D)(5)(a) of this rule. If the provider no longer meets these qualifications, the provider shall no longer provide personal care.
(ii) The provider successfully completed at least twelve hours of in-service training during the previous twelve months on a subject related to the individual's activity plan.
(6) Service verification:
(a) The provider shall complete the time sheets the individual provides through the FMS, which shall include the date the provider provided personal care, a description of the activities the provider provided, the individual's name, the individual's signature, the provider's name, the provider's arrival and departure times, and the provider's written or electronic signature to verify the accuracy of the record.
(E) Units and rates:
(1) One unit of personal care equals fifteen minutes.
(2) Appendix A to rule 5160-1-06.1 of the Administrative Code establishes the maximum rate allowable for one unit of personal care.
(3) In accordance with rule 5160-31-07 of the Administrative Code, if the same provider provides personal care during the same visit to more than one but fewer than four PASSPORT individuals in the same home, as identified in the individuals' service plans, the provider's payment rate for personal care provided to one person in the home shall be one hundred per cent of the per-unit rate listed in the provider agreement and seventy-five per cent of the per-unit rate for each subsequent PASSPORT individual in the home receiving services during the visit. As used in this paragraph, "in the same home" does not refer to a PASSPORT individual who resides alone in an apartment building where another individual may reside alone in a separate apartment.
(F) Incorporation by reference:
(1) All references in this rule to 42 C.F.R. 484.4 and 484.36 are to the October, 2016 editions of the Code of Federal Regulations, which the United States government printing office publishes for the general public to review, free of charge, on https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action? collectionCode=CFR.
(2) All references in this rule to 42 C.F.R. 484.80 and 484.115 are to the rules as they took effect on January 13, 2018, which the United States office of the federal register publishes for the general public to review, free of charge, on https://www.ecfr.gov/ on or after the effective date of the federal rules.
Replaces: 173-39- 02.11
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 05/01/2023
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 173.01, 173.02, 173.391, 173.52, 173.522
Rule Amplifies: 173.39 , 173.391, 173.52, 173.522 ; 42 C.F.R. 441.352
Prior Effective Dates: 04/16/2006, 03/17/2011, 09/29/2011