3301-83-11 School bus inspections.

(A) Ohio state highway patrol safety inspection The school bus owner, operator, lessee, or designee shall be responsible for presenting all school buses for the annual Ohio state highway patrol safety inspection and will be responsible for the pre-inspection, repair and preparation of each school bus.

(B) Daily inspection of the school bus It is the responsibility of each school bus driver to complete and document a daily pre-trip inspection of the school bus before transporting students. The school bus owner, operator, lessee, or designee may designate another qualified individual to complete and record portions of the stationary inspection in lieu of the school bus driver. It is the responsibility of the school bus owner to provide each driver with all inspection forms for reporting purposes, which include the following:

(1) Stationary inspection

(a) Pre-starting inspection:

(i) Observe the bus for evidence of oil, fuel, or coolant leaks and vandalism.

(ii) Raise the hood and check the safety latch or hinges, then check oil and water - check belts, hoses and wiring for frayed, cracked and/or deteriorated conditions.

(b) Walk around inspection: Place the transmission in neutral and set the parking brake. Start the engine and check the following:

(i) Tires: underinflated, flat, excessive wear or damaged.

(ii) Wheels: loose or missing nuts, excessive corrosion, cracks or other damage, and sanders if installed, and splash guards.

(iii) Battery compartment.

(iv) Suspension system check for damage.

(v) Brake system secure - no damage.

(vi) Drive shaft secure - no damage.

(vii) Frame of bus - check for cracks.

(viii) Fuel tank secure - no leaks, and fuel cage secure - no damage.

(ix) Fluid leaks: evidence of oil on wheels and tires.

(x) All school bus windows should be clean.

(xi) All outside mirrors: clean, and mounted securely.

(xii) Warning systems: headlights, backup lights, clearance and marker lights, all signals and signs, reflectors, turn signals, stop lights and warning flashers clean and working properly.

(xiii) Exhaust system: check for sagging exhaust pipes, short and leaky tailpipes and defective mufflers.

(xiv) Exits: check service and emergency doors for ease of operation.

(xv) Check wheelchair lift operation, if installed.

(c) Inside safety check:

(i) Check driver's seat and seat belt adjustments.

(ii) With the engine running check or inspect the following instruments and controls:

(a) Air pressure gauge or hydraulic brake warning lights.

(b) Oil pressure gauge.

(c) Warning lights, if installed:

(i) Oil pressure warning light.

(ii) Service brake warning light.

(iii) Alternator/generator warning light.

(iv) Ampmeter and/or voltmeter.

(v) Water temperature gauge or warning light.

(d) Dome lights.

(e) Horn.

(f) Heaters, fans and defrosters.

(g) Mirrors properly adjusted and sunshade mounted and not broken.

(h) Wipers and washers.

(i) Indicator lights.

(i) Head light high beam.

(ii) Panel lights.

(iii) Left and right turn signal indicators.

(iv) Hazard indicators.

(v) Amber warning light.

(vi) Red warning light.

(vii) Red over-ride switch.

(viii) Strobe indicator light.

(j) Brake system for leaks

(i) Storage tanks - 2 psi, one minute.

(ii) Service brake - 3 psi, one minute.

(iii) Low air pressure light and buzzer - 60 psi.

(iv) Emergency brake - 20-40 psi.

(v) Hydraulic - pump three times hold five seconds.

(k) Check passenger seats, frames, emergency exits, windows, and adaptive equipment required for the transportation of pre-school and special needs students.

(l) Check emergency equipment: fusees, fuses, first-aid kit, fire extinguisher and emergency reflectors.

(2) Operation inspection A planned road pre-check when driving between storage and first pupil pickup enables the driver to evaluate the steering, suspension, clutch, transmission, driveline, engine and brakes. The following items shall be checked and, if found in need of repair, a written report shall be submitted to the school bus owner or designee:

(a) Parking brake: check by slowly engaging the drive train while the parking brake is on. (In air brake systems, the parking brake will remain applied if there is a partial or complete air pressure loss in the service brakes.)

(b) Transmission operation: an automatic transmission should not slip and a manual transmission should allow for easy and smooth gear changes throughout the entire shifting range.

(c) Clutch: the clutch should engage easily and smoothly without jerking, slipping excessively or "chattering." A properly adjusted clutch should have some "free play" when the pedal is fully released.

(d) Service brakes: test at low speeds and bring the bus to a complete stop. The bus should stop in a straight line without skidding, swerving or pulling to one side.

(e) Engine: listen for unusual engine noises.

(f) Steering: check for any unusual handling characteristics.

(g) Suspension: check for any unusual ride or handling characteristics.

(3) Post trip check: At the conclusion of each route or trip, the driver should ensure all passengers have left the bus by visually inspecting each seat position.

R.C. 119.032 review dates: 12/20/2011 and 12/20/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3301.07 , 4511.76
Rule Amplifies: 3301.07 , 4511.76
Prior Effective Dates: 10-22-84; 7-1-91; 10-5-98; 11-13-01; 10-1-04