3304-6-01 Definitions.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in rules 3304-6-01 to 3304-6-15 of the Administrative Code, see the"Incorporation by Reference" section at the end of this rule.]

The following definitions apply to rules 3304-6-01 to 3304-6-15 of the Administrative Code.

(A) "Actuator" means a mechanical device used to cause movement.

(B) "ADED" means the association for driver rehabilitation specialists, formerly named the association of driver educators for the disabled.

(C) "Aftermarket" means components used to modify a motor vehicle after the vehicle is purchased from the OEM.

(D) "Alterer" means someone who takes a completed vehicle out of compliance from OEM and recertifies it for first retail sale.

(E) "Anchorage" means a method of providing a secure hold and most commonly refers to seat-belt assembly anchorages pursuant to federal motor vehicle safety standards ("FMVSS") 210.

(F) "Automotive adaptive device" means a piece of equipment designed to enable a person with a disability to operate an automotive vehicle.

(G) "Automotive adaptive equipment" means any device or mechanism which permits a person with a disability to gain or regain driving capability and use a vehicle safely and independently.

(H) "Backing Plate" means a reinforcement designed to relieve stress and strengthen a specific area of a modification.

(I) "Backup System" means a reserve or substitute source of energy in the event of a failure in the primary equipment.

(J) "Bezel" means the trim ring around a gauge or control.

(K) "Body Mount" means a device insulating and/or securing the vehicle floor from and to the motor vehicle frame. Body mounts are an integral component of a body on frame vehicle.

(L) "Booster" means an auxiliary device for increasing force, power, pressure or effectiveness.

(M) "Car Top Carrier" means an integrated wheelchair lift using a system of chains, cables or straps to fold, raise and lower a manual wheelchair to a storage compartment on the roof of a vehicle.

(N) "Certified," when referring to an individual, means an individual who has been trained in a specific skill or field and has been awarded a certificate in recognition of his/her demonstrated proficiency in that skill or field. "Certified," when referring to a product, means the written, signed statement of a supplier attesting that a product meets a specified standard of construction, performance, method of processing, etc.

(O) "Certified Driver Rehabilitation Specialist" (CDRS) means an individual who has obtained the necessary knowledge base and experience in the field of driver rehabilitation to successfully acquire and maintain certification.

(P) "Certified Welder" means a person qualified to perform welds using welding methods in accordance with established recommended processes by the American welding society or the Canadian welding bureau.

(Q) "Control interface" means a component (such as a knob, level, tri-pin) that is used to actuate a control.

(R) "Converter" means a company that is engaged in the process of modifying minivans, to lower the originally manufactured floor of the vehicle.

(S) "Crashworthiness" means the degree to which the interior of a vehicle, devices installed in the passenger compartment, and the structure of the vehicle as a whole are designed to minimize injury to an occupant in the event of a crash.

(T) "Dash Panel" (previously known as firewall) means a partition separating the engine compartment from the passenger compartment in a vehicle.

(U) "Driver rehabilitation specialist" means a qualified individual who measures a person's ability to safely operate a vehicle, teaches that individual to operate the equipment, and prescribes the automotive adaptive equipment necessary to permit a person with a disability to drive safely and independently.

(V) "Electromagnetic Interference" (EMI) means the disruption of operation of an electronic device when it is in the vicinity of an electromagnetic field (EM field) in the radio frequency (RF) spectrum that is caused by another electronic device.

(W) "Engineering Practices" means terminology referring to the process of analyzing and/or evaluating proper technical procedures, and usually refers to an existing process or set of standards.

(X) "Final Stage Manufacturer" means a company which performs manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle such that it becomes a completed vehicle.

(Y) "Flat Floor" means a smooth stable surface, replacing or covering the OEM corrugated flooring.

(Z) "Gross Axle Weight Rating" (GAWR) means the value specified by the vehicle manufacturer as the maximum weight allowable when a single axle of a fully loaded vehicle (all occupants, all cargo, full fuel tank) is weighed.

(AA) "Gross Vehicle Weight Rating" (GVWR) means the value specified by the manufacturer as the maximum weight allowed when a fully loaded vehicle (all occupants, all cargo, full fuel tank) is weighed.

(BB) "H-Point" means the mechanically hinged hip point of a mannequin that simulates the actual pivot center of the human torso and thigh.

(CC) "Heat Shield" means an insulating shield installed between the exhaust system, catalytic converter, muffler and floor of the motor vehicle to minimize heat transfer to other components and into the vehicle's interior compartment.

(DD) "High tech van" means a category of vehicle modification currently consisting of three general control configurations: unilever driving systems (joysticks), multi-axis remote steering wheel controls, and hydraulic/mechanical unilever driving systems.

(EE) "Horizontal Steering" means a replacement steering column that relocates the steering wheel to a horizontal plane to provide access for a driver in a wheelchair. The column is electrically powered up and down. It is not to be used in conjunction with an air bag.

(FF) "Hydraulic" means operated by the resistance offered or the pressure transmitted when a quantity of fluid (oil or water) is forced through a comparatively small orifice or through a tube.

(GG) "Incomplete Vehicle Manufacturer" means a person who manufactures an incomplete vehicle by assembling components, none of which taken separately constitutes a complete vehicle, pursuant to national mobility equipment dealer association guidelines (NMEDA).

(HH) "Inflatable restraint system" means a system consisting primarily of sensor(s), diagnostics, inflator(s), and module(s) which inflates a bag in certain vehicle crashes to assist in preventing the occupant(s) from impacting the interior frontal portion of the vehicle.

(II) "Integrated circuit" means a tiny complex of electronic components and their connections that is produced in or on a single slice of material such as silicon.

(JJ) "Kneeling System" means a feature commonly found on lowered-floor minivans that allows a lower floor-to-ground height, thus decreasing the angle of a ramp entry system.

(KK) "Left foot accelerator" means a device installed in a motor vehicle to the left of the brake pedal that allows the operation of the accelerator pedal by the left foot of the driver.

(LL) "Lift Platform" means the area where the wheelchair is parked while raised and lowered during the operation of the lift.

(MM) "Low-effort Braking" means a modification that reduces the braking force to seven to eleven foot-pounds.

(NN) "Low-effort steering system" means a steering system modification wherein the effort to steer the vehicle is reduced.

(OO) "Magnetic Switch" means a switch that is activated with a magnet.

(PP) "Manual Release" means a pin, lever, handle or other device to allow for a hand or foot operated release in the event of a power failure.

(QQ) "Maximum Reduced Effort Steering" (previously known as zero effort steering) means the minimum effort needed to rotate a steering wheel based upon a specific vehicle chassis.

(RR) "Minimal Effort Braking" means a modification that reduces the braking force below seven foot-pounds.

(SS) "Original equipment manufacturer" (OEM) means the original automotive manufacturer producing the vehicle such as Ford, General Motors, DaimlerChrysler, etc.

(TT) "Parallel system" refers to adaptive driving modifications and means a system that controls a function without interference from the OEM control. As an example, a set of manual hand controls is installed parallel so that the driver with a disability can use the hand operated control, but the gas and brake pedals are still active and available for use by a driver who is not disabled.

(UU) "Passenger Lowered Floor" means the lowering of a motor vehicle floor extending from the passenger compartment to the front of the rear wheel wells, excluding the driver's compartment.

(VV) "Pedal Extensions" means devices mounted to the brake pedal and/or accelerator pedal for use by a short stature driver.

(WW) "Pedal Guard" means a device installed in a motor vehicle to prevent access to the accelerator pedal and/or brake pedal.

(XX) "Platform Lift" means a wheelchair lift having sufficient area to accommodate an occupied wheelchair in a vertical position; this includes vertical platform lifts, rotary lifts and under vehicle lifts (UVL).

(YY) "Pneumatic" means using the power of compressed or evacuated air or other gas to actuate or accomplish some function.

(ZZ) "Powered seat base" sometimes referred to as a transfer seat base, means an electrically powered base mounted between the floor of the vehicle and the OEM or aftermarket seat. This seat base may be moved in combinations of needed directions that includes a four way (up, down, fore and aft), six way (up, down, fore, aft, swivel left and swivel right), and eight way (up, down, fore, aft, swivel left, swivel right, tilt forward and tilt back).

(AAA) "Powered Gas/Brake Control System" means a device that uses power from an energy source of the vehicle to supplement the force and motions made by the driver to control acceleration, velocity and braking of a vehicle.

(BBB) "Powered Gearshift Selector" means a servo control that uses a switching device to activate the gear selection.

(CCC) "Powered Parking Brake" means an actuation device to set and release the OEM parking brake electrically.

(DDD) "Powered Pedals" means OEM pedals that have a power actuator to move the pedals closer to or further from the driver.

(EEE) "Primary controls" means the fundamental controls of the vehicle (i.e., acceleration, braking and steering).

(FFF) "Processor" means any device which performs logical operations on information or input or otherwise operates on data, that is, essentially a dedicated purpose computer.

(GGG) "Proof Load" means the weight of a stationary load for the purpose of testing.

(HHH) "Push/Pull Hand Controls" means a device to operate the accelerator and brake pedals by hand using a push down and forward toward the floor to brake and a pull to accelerate.

(III) "Push/Right Angle Pull Hand Controls" means a device to operate the accelerator and brake pedals by hand using a push forward toward the floor to brake and a pull down toward the lap to accelerate.

(JJJ) "Push/Twist Hand Controls" means a device to operate the accelerator and brake pedals by hand using a push down and forward towards the floor to brake and a twist of the handle (much like a motorcycle) to accelerate.

(KKK) "Quick Release" means a method to remove or disengage without the use of tools.

(LLL) "Raised Entry Doors" means the OEM door(s) are modified to extend the height of the door(s) for entering and exiting the vehicle.

(MMM) "Raised Fiberglass Roof" means the OEM roof is removed and replaced with an aftermarket fiberglass roof to allow headroom inside the van.

(NNN) "Remote Switches" means the relocation of controls from the OEM location for ease of operation by a driver with a disability.

(OOO) "Removable Seat Base" means a device or modification that allows a factory seat to be removed or repositioned while maintaining OEM specifications.

(PPP) "Roof Support Structure" means a structure that prevents or limits the collapse of the motor vehicle roof.

(QQQ) "RTSU" means the rehabilitation technology support unit of the rehabilitation services commission (RSC).

(RRR) "Servo" means a power device which amplifies control forces and automatically corrects the output in proportion to input.

(SSS) "Servo Controls" means controls powered by an auxiliary source (e.g., electric, hydraulic, or vacuum diaphragm) reducing the necessary amount of strength needed by the driver.

(TTT) "Single point failure" means any failure that results in a hazard or that otherwise adversely affects the safe operation of the system.

(UUU) "Specialty Vehicle" means a vehicle, other than a full-size van or a minivan, available to the public with structural or other modifications that do not conform to the specifications pursuant to rules 3304-6-01 to 3304-6-15 of the Administrative Code.

(VVV) "Steering Column Extension Add On" means a spacer added between the steering wheel and steering column. This spacer brings the steering wheel closer to the driver.

(WWW) "Steering Column Extension Integral" means a certified welder cuts the original steering column and welds a spacer into the column to bring the steering wheel closer to the driver.

(XXX) "Steering devices" means a device attached to the steering wheel which allows rotation of the steering wheel with one hand. The following steering wheel devices may be used:

(1) Knob: A steering wheel device with a knob type grip.

(2) Tri pin: A steering wheel device with three upright pins to stabilize the hand and wrist of the driver.

(3) "U" or "V": A steering wheel device with two vertical pins to stabilize the hand of the driver.

(4) Cuff: A steering wheel device with a curved oval shape that fits around the hand of the driver.

(5) Amputee: A steering wheel device that integrates with a driver's prosthesis.

(6) Custom: A steering wheel device designed by the driver rehabilitation specialist and fabricated by the vendor when the standard steering device is ineffective.

(YYY) "Structural Reinforcement for Tops" means a structure that prevents or limits the collapse of the motor vehicle roof and sides.

(ZZZ) "Subsystem" means a combination of parts which performs an operational function within a system and is usually a major subdivision of that system.

(AAAA) "Switch" means a device used to open or close an electrical circuit. Switches may be adapted with a variety of interfaces to suit the consumer's needs, e.g., loop, ring, hook, t-handle, or other device that is controlled as follows:

(1) Push/pull: controlled with an in/out motion;

(2) Rocker: controlled with a pivoting motion;

(3) Rotary: controlled with a clockwise/counter-clockwise motion;

(4) Toggle switch: controlled by a lever that moves through an arc motion.

(BBBB) "Transfer Seat Base" see powered seat base as defined in paragraph (ZZ) of this rule.

(CCCC) "Turn Signal Extension" means a device that attaches to the OEM turn signal lever to allow a different location for activation.

(DDDD) "Unilever driving systems" or "joysticks" mean high tech driving systems that are used to apply throttle, brake, and steering inputs to the vehicle using a single control handle.

(EEEE) "Unloaded Vehicle Weight" means the weight of a vehicle with maximum capacity of all fluids necessary for operation of the vehicle (fuel tank, etc) but without cargo, any occupant or accessories ordinarily removed from the vehicle when not in use.

(FFFF) "Unoccupied" means a seating position in a vehicle not designed for use while the vehicle is in motion.

(GGGG) "Upper Torso Positioning Belt" means a belt system designed to prevent excessive upper torso and/or shoulder movement.

(HHHH) "Vacuum gas and brake" (VGB) means a non-manual gas/brake control system powered by negative pressure; see "Servo" as defined in paragraph (RRR) of this rule.

(IIII) Incorporation by reference. This chapter includes references to certain matter or materials. The text of the incorporated materials is not included in the regulations contained in this chapter. The materials are hereby made a part of the regulations in this chapter. For materials subject to change, only the specific version specified in the regulations are incorporated. Material is incorporated as it exists on the effective date of this rule. Except for subsequent annual publication of existing (unmodified) Code of Federal Regulation compilations, any amendment or revision to a referenced document is not incorporated unless and until this rule has been amended to specify the new dates.

(1) Availability. The materials incorporated by reference are available as follows:

(a) Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility guidelines (ADAAG), Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "United States Access Board, 1331 F. Street, NW, Suite 1000, Washington, D.C. 20004-1111," by calling 1-800-872-2253, by e-mailing ta@access-board.gov, or by visiting their website at http://www.access-board.gov/adaag/html/adaag.htm.

(b) American welding society (AWS). Information and copies of relevant standards may be ordered by writing to: "The AWS Store, Customer Service, 2671 W. 81st Street, Hialeah, Florida 33016," by calling 1-305-826-6193, by e-mailing customer.service@awspubs.com, or by visiting their website at https://www.awspubs.com

(c) Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15250-7954." The full text of the C.F.R. is also available in electronic format at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html. The C.F.R. compilations are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(d) Military standards (MIL-STD). Information and copies of relevant standards may be obtained from the acquisition streamlining and standardization information system (ASSIST), a database used by the department of defense to manage document information. The database can be accessed by visiting their website at http://assist.daps.dla.mil/quicksearch.

(e) National mobility equipment dealer association (NMEDA). Information and copies of relevant documents may be obtained by writing to: "NMEDA, 3327 W. Bearss Ave., Tampa, Florida 33618," by calling 1-800-833-0427, or by visiting their website at www.nmeda.org.

(f) Society of automotive engineers (SAE). Information and copies of relevant automotive engineering standards may be ordered by writing to: "SAE Customer Service, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, Pennsylvania 15096-0001, by calling 1-877-606-7323, or by visiting their website at http://store.sae.org.

(2) Incorporated materials:

(a) 49 C.F.R. 571.101 : "Controls and Displays"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(b) 49 C.F.R. 571.102 : "Transmission Shift Lever Sequence, Starter Interlock, and Transmission Braking Effect"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(c) 49 C.F.R. 571.104 : "Windshield Wiping and Washing Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(d) 49 C.F.R. 571.106 : "Brake Hoses"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(e) 49 C.F.R. 571.108 : "Lamps, Reflective Devices and Associated Equipment"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(f) 49 C.F.R. 571.110 : "Tire Selection and Rims"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(g) 49 C.F.R. 571.113 : "Hood Latch Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(h) 49 C.F.R. 571.114 : "Theft Protection"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(i) 49 C.F.R. 571.118 : "Power-Operated Window, Partition, and Roof Panel Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(j) 49 C.F.R. 571.124 : "Accelerator Control Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(k) 49 C.F.R. 571.135 : "Passenger Car Brake System"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(l) 49 C.F.R. 571.201 : "Occupant Protection in Interior Impact"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(m) 49 C.F.R. 571.203 : "Impact Protection for the Driver from the Steering System Control"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(n) 49 C.F.R. 571.204 : "Steering Control Rearward Displacement"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(o) 49 C.F.R. 571.206 : "Door Locks and Door Retention Components"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(p) 49 C.F.R. 571.207 : "Seating Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(q) 49 C.F.R. 571.208 : "Occupant Crash Protection"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(r) 49 C.F.R. 571.209 : "Seat Belt Assemblies"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(s) 49 C.F.R. 571.210 : "Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(t) 49 C.F.R. 571.214 : "Side Impact Protection"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(u) 49 C.F.R. 571.216 : "Roof Crush"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(v) 49 C.F.R. 571.225 : "Child Restraint Anchorage Systems"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(w) 49 C.F.R. 571.301 : "Fuel System Integrity"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(x) 49 C.F.R. 571.302 : "Flammability of Interior Materials"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(y) 49 C.F.R. 571.403 : "Platform Lift Systems for Motor Vehicles"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(z) 49 C.F.R. 571.404 : "Platform Lift Installations in Motor Vehicles"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(aa) 49 C.F.R. 595 : "Make Inoperative Exemptions"; as published in the October 1, 2006 Code of Federal Regulations.

(bb) "Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities"; as amended through 2002.

(cc) AWS D 1.1 /D 1.1 M: "Structural Welding Code - Steel"; as published in 2006.

(dd) AWS D 10.7 M/D 10.7 : "Recommended Practices for Gas Shielded Arc Welding of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Pipe"; as published in 2000.

(ee) MIL-STD 1472F: "Human Engineering Design Criteria for Military Systems, Equipment, and Facilities"; as published on Dec. 5, 2003.

(ff) NMEDA "Guidelines"; as approved on December 20, 2007.

(gg) NMEDA "Raised Roof and Floor - Ford E150 - Guidelines Manual"; as published in March 2000.

(hh) NMEDA "Six-inch Lowered Floor Manufacturing Guidelines for 2004/2005 Ford E250 and E350"; as published in 2004.

(ii) NMEDA "2005 Lowered Floor Guidelines for General Motors Savana"; as published in 2005.

(jj) NMEDA "Lowered Floor Ford - E150 and E250 - Guidelines Manual"; as published in March 2000.

(kk) SAE J140: "Seat Belt Hardware Test Procedure"; as published in 1995.

(ll) SAE J188: "Power Steering Pressure Hose"; as published in 2003.

(mm) SAE J189: "Power Steering Return Hose"; as published in 2003.

(nn) SAE J190: "Power Steering Pressure Hose - Wire Braid"; as published in 2007.

(oo) SAE J191: "Power Steering Pressure Hose - Low Volumetric Expansion Type"; as published in 2003.

(pp) SAE J383: "Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Anchorages Design Recommendations"; as published in 1995.

(qq) SAE J384: "Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Anchorages-Test Procedure"; as published in 1994.

(rr) SAE J385: "Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Anchorages"; as published in 1995.

(ss) SAE J514: "Hydraulic Tube Fittings"; as published in 2004.

(tt) SAE J516: "Hydraulic Hose Fittings"; as published in 2005.

(uu) SAE J517: "Hydraulic Hose"; as published in 2007.

(vv) SAE J518: "Hydraulic Flanged Tube, Pipe, and Hose Connections 4-Bolt Split Flange Type"; as published in 1993.

(ww) SAE J1138: "Design Criteria - Driver Hand Controls Location for Passenger Cars, Multipurpose Passenger Vehicles and Trucks, (10,000 GVW and Under)"; as published in 1999.

(xx) SAE J1139: "Direction of Motion Stereotypes for Automotive Hand Controls"; as published in 1999.

(yy) SAE J1176: "External Leakage Classifications for Hydraulic System"; as published in 1986.

(zz) SAE J1211: "Recommended Environmental Practices for Electronic Equipment Design"; as published in 1978.

(aaa) SAE J1273: "Recommended Practices for Hydraulic Hose Assemblies"; as published in 2004.

(bbb) SAE J1292: "Automotive, Truck, Truck-Tractor, Trailer, and Motor Coach Wiring"; as published in 1981.

(ccc) SAE J1402: "Automotive Air Brake Hose and Hose Assemblies"; as published in 2006.

(ddd) SAE J1403: "Vacuum Brake Hose"; as published in 2005.

(eee) SAE J1725: "Structural Modification for Personally Licensed Vehicles to Meet the Transportation Needs of Persons with Disabilities"; as published in 1999.

(fff) SAE J1903: "Automobile Adaptive Driver Controls, Manual"; as published in 1997.

(ggg) SAE J2094: "Vehicle and Control Modifications for Driving with Physical Disabilities Terminology"; as published in 2001.

(hhh) SAE J2249: "Wheelchair Tie-down and Occupant Restraint Systems for Use in Motor Vehicles"; as published in 1999.

(iii) SAE J2388: "Secondary Control Modifications"; as published in 2002.

(jjj) SAE J2588: "Remote Steering Control Systems"; as published in 2004.

(kkk) SAE J2603: "Recommended Practice Powered Gas/Brake Control Systems Information Report"; as published in 2007.

(lll) SAE J2604: "Recommended Test Practice Powered Gas/Brake Control Systems Information Report"; as published in 2007.

(mmm) SAE J2671: "Reduced Effort Brakes and Reduced Effort Vacuum Powered Brake Backup Systems"; as published in 2004.

(nnn) SAE J2672: "Reduced Effort Power Steering and Power Steering Backup Systems"; as published in 2004.

(ooo) SAE TSB002: "Preparation of SAE Technical Reports"; as published in 1992.

Replaces: 3304-6-02

Effective: 08/04/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 07/01/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3304.16(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3304.16(H)
Prior Effective Dates: 05/10/1995, 06/03/2002