Chapter 3318:1-2 Accessing Confidential Personal Information
For the purposes of administrative rules promulgated in accordance with section 1347.15 of the Revised Code, the following definitions apply:
(A) "Access" as a noun means an instance of copying, viewing, or otherwise perceiving whereas "access" as a verb means to copy, view, or otherwise perceive.
(B) "Acquisition of a new computer system" means the purchase of a "computer system," as defined in this rule, that is not a computer system currently in place nor one for which the acquisition process has been initiated as of the effective date of the agency rule addressing requirements in section 1347.15 of the Revised Code.
(D) "Confidential personal information" (CPI) has the meaning as defined by division (A)(1) of section 1347.15 of the Revised Code and identified by rules promulgated by the agency in accordance with division (B)(3) of section 1347.15 of the Revised Code that reference the federal or state statutes or administrative rules that make personal information maintained by the agency confidential.
(E) "Employee of the state agency" means each employee of a state agency regardless of whether he/she holds an elected or appointed office or position within the state agency. "Employee of the state agency" is limited to the specific employing state agency.
(F) "Agent of the state agency" means any individual or entity under contract with the state agency that may have access to confidential personal information as defined in division (D) of this section.
(G) "Incidental contact" means contact with the information that is secondary or tangential to the primary purpose of the activity that resulted in the contact.
(H) "Individual" means a natural person or the natural person's authorized representative, legal counsel, legal custodian, or legal guardian.
(J) "Person" means a natural person.
(L) "Personal information system" means a "system" that "maintains" "personal information" as those terms are defined in section 1347.01 of the Revised Code. "System" includes manual and computer systems.
(M) "Research" means a methodical investigation into a subject.
(N) "Routine" means commonplace, regular, habitual, or ordinary.
(O) "Routine information that is maintained for the purpose of internal office administration, the use of which would not adversely affect a person" as that phrase is used in division (F) of section 1347.01 of the Revised Code means personal information relating to employees and maintained by the agency for internal administrative and human resource purposes.
(Q) "Upgrade" means a substantial redesign of an existing computer system for the purpose of providing a substantial amount of new application functionality, or application modifications that would involve substantial administrative or fiscal resources to implement, but would not include maintenance, minor updates and patches, or modifications that entail a limited addition of functionality due to changes in business or legal requirements.
For personal information systems, whether manual or computer systems, that contain confidential personal information, the commission shall do the following:
(A) Criteria for accessing confidential personal information. Personal information systems of the Ohio school facilities commission are managed on a "need-to-know" basis whereby the information owner determines the level of access required for an employee of the agency or its agent to fulfill their job duties. The determination of access to confidential personal information shall be approved by the employee's supervisor and the information owner prior to providing the employee or agent with access to confidential personal information within a personal information system. The executive director, with the approval of the commission, shall establish procedures for determining a revision to an employee's access to confidential personal information upon a change to that employee's job duties including, but not limited to, transfer or termination. The director, with the approval of the commission shall also establish procedures for determining a revision to an agent's access to confidential personal information upon a change to that agent's contractual duties including, but not limited to, termination. Whenever an employee's job duties or an agent's contractual obligations no longer require access to confidential personal information in a personal information system, the employee's or agent's access to confidential personal information shall be removed.
(B) Individual's request for a list of confidential personal information. Upon the signed written request of any individual for a list of confidential personal information about the individual maintained by the commission, the commission shall do all of the following:
(1) Verify the identity of the individual by a method that provides safeguards commensurate with the risk associated with the confidential personal information;
(2) Provide to the individual the list of confidential personal information that does not relate to an investigation about the individual or is otherwise not excluded from the scope of Chapter 1347. of the Revised Code; and
(3) If all information relates to an investigation about that individual, inform the individual that the commission has no confidential personal information about the individual that is responsive to the individual's request.
(C) Notice of invalid access.
(1) Upon discovery or notification that confidential personal information of a person has been accessed by an employee or an agent for an invalid reason, the commission shall notify the person whose information was invalidly accessed as soon as practical and to the extent known at the time. However, the commission shall delay notification for a period of time necessary to ensure that the notification would not delay or impede an investigation or jeopardize homeland or national security. Additionally, the commission may delay the notification consistent with any measures necessary to determine the scope of the invalid access, including which individuals' confidential personal information invalidly was accessed, and to restore the reasonable integrity of the system.
"Investigation" as used in this paragraph means the investigation of the circumstances and involvement of an employee surrounding the invalid access of the confidential personal information. Once the commission determines that notification would not delay or impede an investigation, the commission shall disclose the access to confidential personal information made for an invalid reason to the person.
(2) Notification provided by the commission shall inform the person of the type of confidential personal information accessed and the date(s) of the invalid access.
(3) Notification may be made by any method reasonably designed to accurately inform the person of the invalid access, including written, electronic, or telephone notice.
(D) The executive director shall designate an employee of the Ohio school facilities commission to serve as the data privacy point of contact. The data privacy point of contact shall work with the chief privacy officer within the office of information technology to assist the agency with both the implementation of privacy protections for the confidential personal information that the agency maintains and compliance with section 1347.15 of the Revised Code and the rules adopted pursuant to the authority provided by that chapter.
(E) Completion of a privacy impact assessment. The executive director shall designate an employee of the Ohio school facilities commission to serve as the data privacy point of contact who shall timely complete the privacy impact assessment form developed by the office of information technology.
Pursuant to the requirements of division (B)(2) of section 1347.15 of the Revised Code, this rule contains a list of valid reasons, directly related to the Ohio school facilities commission's exercise of its powers or duties, for which only employees of the commission or its agents may access confidential personal information (CPI) regardless of whether the personal information system is a manual system or computer system:
(A) Performing the following functions constitute valid reasons for authorized employees or agents of the commission to access confidential personal information:
(1) Responding to a public records request;
(2) Responding to a request from an individual for the list of CPI the agency maintains on that individual;
(3) Administering a constitutional provision or duty;
(4) Administering a statutory provision or duty;
(5) Administering an administrative rule provision or duty;
(6) Complying with any state or federal program requirements;
(7) Processing or payment of claims or otherwise administering a program with individual participants or beneficiaries;
(8) Auditing purposes;
(9) Licensure [or permit, eligibility, filing, etc.] processes;
(10) Investigation or law enforcement purposes;
(11) Administrative hearings;
(12) Litigation, complying with an order of the court, or subpoena;
(13) Human resource matters (e.g., hiring, promotion, demotion, discharge, salary/compensation issues, leave requests/issues, time card approvals/issues);
(14) Complying with an executive order or policy;
(15) Complying with an agency policy or a state administrative policy issued by the department of administrative services, the office of budget and management or other similar state agency; or
(16) Complying with a collective bargaining agreement provision.
(B) To the extent that the general processes described in paragraph (A) of this rule do not cover the following circumstances, for the purpose of carrying out specific duties of the Ohio school facilities commission, authorized employees or agents would also have valid reasons for accessing CPI in these following circumstances:
(1) Employees or agents may review CPI for individuals in the review and processing of certified payrolls.
(2) Employees or agents may review CPI for individuals and firms in the review and processing of payments and in the review of apparent low bidders, including Social Security numbers or federal employer identification numbers.
(3) Employees or agents may review CPI for individuals in the review of criminal records check results obtained through the Ohio bureau of criminal identification and investigation or the federal bureau of investigation to determine compliance with the commission's policy on site security.
(4) Employees or agents may review CPI for individuals in the review of driving records obtained through the Ohio bureau of motor vehicles to determine compliance with the commission's policy on site security.
(5) Employees or agents may review CPI for individuals in the review of the results of drug screens for the purposes of determining compliance with the commission's drug-free safety program.
The following federal statutes or regulations or state statutes and administrative rules make personal information maintained by the commission confidential and identify the confidential personal information within the scope of rules promulgated by this commission in accordance with section 1347.15 of the Revised Code:
(A) Social security numbers: 5 U.S.C. 552a. , unless the individual was told that the number would be disclosed.
(D) Federal employer identification numbers: 26 U.S.C. 6011b. , unless the entity was told that the number would be disclosed.
For personal information systems that are computer systems and contain confidential personal information, the Ohio school facilities commission shall do the following:
(A) Access restrictions. Access to confidential personal information that is kept electronically shall require a password or other authentication measure.
(B) Acquisition of a new computer system. When the commission acquires a new computer system that stores, manages or contains confidential personal information, the commission shall include a mechanism for recording specific access by employees or agents of the commission to confidential personal information in the system.
(C) Upgrading existing computer systems. When the commission modifies an existing computer system that stores, manages or contains confidential personal information, the commission shall make a determination whether the modification constitutes an upgrade. Any upgrades to a computer system shall include a mechanism for recording specific access by employees or agents of the commission to confidential personal information in the system.
(D) Logging requirements regarding confidential personal information in existing computer systems.
(1) The commission shall require employees or agents of the commission who access confidential personal information within computer systems to maintain a log that records that access.
(2) Access to confidential information is not required to be entered into the log under the following circumstances:
(a) The employee or agent of the commission is accessing confidential personal information for official commission purposes, including research, and the access is not specifically directed toward a specifically named individual or a group of specifically named individuals.
(b) The employee or agent of the commission is accessing confidential personal information for routine office procedures and the access is not specifically directed toward a specifically named individual or a group of specifically named individuals.
(c) The employee or agent of the commission comes into incidental contact with confidential personal information and the access of the information is not specifically directed toward a specifically named individual or a group of specifically named individuals.
(d) The employee or agent of the commission accesses confidential personal information about an individual based upon a request made under either of the following circumstances:
(i) The individual requests confidential personal information about himself/herself.
(ii) The individual makes a request that the commission takes some action on that individual's behalf and accessing the confidential personal information is required in order to consider or process that request.
(3) For purposes of this paragraph, the commission may choose the form or forms of logging, whether in electronic or paper formats.
(E) Log management. The executive director, with the approval of the commission, shall issue a policy that specifies the following:
(1) Who shall maintain the log;
(2) What information shall be captured in the log;
(3) How the log is to be stored; and
(4) How long information kept in the log is to be retained.
Nothing in this rule limits the commission from requiring logging in any circumstance that it deems necessary.