Chapter 3344-2 Discrimination Policies
(A) Discrimination is prohibited
Respect for diversity is an essential element of the university community. The university strongly opposes and does not tolerate discrimination on the basis of race, sex (including sexual harassment, sexual violence, sexual assault, sexual exploitation, relationship violence, domestic abuse and stalking), pregnancy, religion, color, age, national origin, veteran and/or military status, genetic information, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression, marital status or parental status., participation in protected activity (retaliation), and/or any other status protected by state or federal law, including Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972, rule or regulation. "Discrimination" is negative or adverse treatment of an employee, student or other member of the university community based on any of the classifications listed above.
(1) This policy applies to all students, employees, visitors and other individuals participating in a university activity, educational or employment opportunity or program. This policy covers conduct that occurs on university property, off-campus during a university activity, or off-campus outside of a university activity when the conduct has continuing adverse effects on or creates a hostile environment for students, employees, visitors or other individuals participating in a university activity.
(2) It is the responsibility of every member of the university community to foster an environment free from discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and retaliation, and to take reasonable action to prevent or stop such conduct.
(3) Information about incidents of discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and/or retaliation should be reported to the office for institutional equity.
(B) Harassment is prohibited
The university strives to provide an environment for students, faculty, staff and other members of the university community that is free from harassment on the bases of race, sex (including sexual harassment, sexual violence, sexual assault, sexual exploitation, relationship violence, domestic abuse and stalking), pregnancy, religion, color, age, national origin, veteran and/or military status, genetic information, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression, marital status or parental status, participation in protected activity (retaliation), and/or any other status protected by state or federal law, rule or regulation. Harassment on the basis of any of these protected classes is a form of discrimination prohibited by this policy.
(1) Harassment is unwelcome verbal, non-verbal, graphic, physical, electronic or other conduct that subjects an individual to an intimidating, hostile or offensive educational or employment environment, is based on one or more of the characteristics listed above, and which:
(a) Denigrates, insults, ridicules, disparages or stereotypes an individual or an individual's conduct, family, friends, habits or lifestyle; and
(b) Is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that it limits or interferes with the individual's ability to participate in or benefit from the university's programs or activities.
(2) Sexual harassment is:
(a) Harassment that is based on gender, sexual orientation, gender expression, or a person's status as a woman or man, transgender, intersex person, or gender-nonconforming individual; and
(b) Sexual harassment includes:
(i) Any unwelcome sexual advance, request for sexual favors or other written, verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
(a) Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment, education or participation in a university activity or is used as the basis for any university decisions affecting that individual.
(b) The conduct creates a hostile environment because it is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that it unreasonably interferes with an individual's employment or academic performance or creates an intimidating, offensive or hostile environment for that individual's employment, education or participation in a university activity.
(ii) Unwelcome verbal conduct (comments about a person's body, spreading sexual rumors, sexual remarks or accusations, dirty jokes or stories), nonverbal conduct, visual conduct (display of naked pictures or sex-related objects, obscene gestures) or physical conduct (grabbing, rubbing, flashing or mooning, touching, pinching in a sexual way, sexual assault), including:
(a) Jokes, slurs, innuendos, graphic sexual descriptions, or comments about a person's clothing, body, weight, shape, size or figure, sensuality, sexual activities or gender-specific traits; sounds such as whistling, wolf calls or kissing; repeated unsolicited propositions for dates and/or sexual relations, and; questions about sexual fantasies, preferences or history.
(b) Leering, staring, looking a person's body up and down, licking lips or teeth, winking or throwing kisses; holding or eating food provocatively; lewd gestures, such as motions that mimic sexual activity; persistent flirting and; displaying sexually suggestive pictures, calendars, posters and other visuals.
(c) Touching that is inappropriate in the workplace or classroom and/or violates boundaries, such as patting, pinching, stroking or brushing up against the body of another person; placing one's body in the personal space of another person; giving a massage around the neck or shoulders; attempted or actual kissing, grabbing or fondling; touching or rubbing one's body in a sexually manner where it can be observed by another person; exposing the underwear or body parts of another person, and; physical assault, coerced sexual relations, sexual assault or attempted assault.
(C) Sexual violence is prohibited.
Sexual violence is conduct of a sexual nature or conduct based on sex or gender that occurs without affirmative consent or when an individual is incapable of giving affirmative consent. Sexual violence is prohibited.
(1) Acts of sexual violence are forms of sex- and gender-based discrimination and harassment.
(2) Sexual violence includes sexual assault, sexual exploitation, relationship violence, domestic abuse and stalking.
(a) Sexual assault is sexual contact or sexual intercourse without affirmative consent.
(b) Sexual exploitation is purposely or knowingly doing any of the following:
(i) Causing the incapacitation of another person (through alcohol, drugs, or any other means) for the purpose of compromising that person's ability to give or withhold affirmative consent to sexual activity;
(ii) Allowing third parties to observe private sexual activity from a hidden location (e.g., closet) or through electronic means;
(iii) Engaging in voyeurism (e.g., watching private sexual activity without the consent of the participants or viewing another person's intimate parts in a place where that person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy);
(iv) Recording or photographing private sexual activity and/or a person's intimate parts without affirmative consent;
(v) Disseminating or posting images of private sexual activity and/or a person's intimate parts without affirmative consent;
(vi) Prostituting another person; or
(vii) Exposing another person to a sexually transmitted infection or virus without the other's knowledge.
(c) Relationship violence is violence or the threat of violence by a person towards another based on sex or gender where the individuals are or were in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature. Relationship violence may include sexual, financial, emotional, psychological or other coercion or abuse directed at a current or former intimate partner, whether or not accompanied by physical violence.
(d) Domestic abuse means violence or the threat of violence by a person towards another based on sex or gender where the individuals are current or former spouses, persons who have had a child together, or persons who cohabitate or have cohabitated as a spouses or intimate partners. Domestic abuse may include physical, sexual, financial, emotional, psychological or other coercion or abuse directed at a current or former spouse or person similarly situated to a spouse, whether or not accompanied by physical violence.
(e) Stalking means a course of conduct directed at a specific individual that would cause a reasonable person, if aware of the conduct, under similar circumstances to fear for her, his or others' safety, or to suffer substantial emotional distress. A course of conduct includes two or more acts, including but not limited to, those in which the alleged perpetrator directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens or communicates to or about the person towards which such conduct is directed or interferes with that person's property.
(a) Affirmative consent is: informed (knowing), voluntary (freely given) and active (not passive), meaning that, through the demonstration of clear words or actions, a person has indicated permission to engage in mutually agreed-upon sexual activity. Affirmative consent to one form of sexual activity does not, by itself, constitute affirmative consent to another form of sexual activity. Silence, without more, is not affirmative consent. Affirmative consent may be withdrawn at any time by communicating, through clear words or actions, a decision to cease the sexual activity. Once affirmative consent is withdrawn, the sexual activity must cease immediately. Affirmative consent is absent where:
(i) Force is applied to obtain consent. Force includes physical violence, abuse of power, threats, intimidation, and/or coercion.
(ii) An individual knows or should know, based on the circumstances, that the individual seemingly giving consent is substantially impaired (e.g., by alcohol or drug use, unconsciousness or other reason). An individual who is substantially impaired cannot make a rational, reasonable assessment whether to give consent because she/he lacks the capacity to understand the "who, what, when, where, why, or how" of the sexual interaction.
(b) Sexual contact means intentional contact, however slight, with the breasts, buttock, groin or genitals of another, touching another with any of these body parts or any object(s), or compelling another to touch his or her own body parts or the body parts of another in a sexual manner, though not involving contact with/of/by breasts, buttocks, groin, genitals, mouth or other orifice.
(c) Sexual intercourse is sexual penetration, however slight, with any body part or object, by any individual upon another.
(d) Sexual penetration includes: vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger; anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger; and oral copulation (mouth to genital contact or genital to mouth contact), no matter how slight the penetration or contact. "Sexual penetration" also includes compelling a person to penetrate his or her own or another person's intimate parts without consent.
(D) Retaliation is prohibited
The university prohibits retaliation against any person for reporting or complaining of discrimination, harassment or sexual violence; supporting a person who complains about such conduct; assisting, providing information or participating in the investigation of an incident of discrimination, harassment or sexual violence; enforcing university policies with respect to discrimination, harassment or sexual violence; whether or not the exercise of rights is substantiated by an investigation or otherwise. Retaliation is a form of discrimination.
(1) Retaliation is any overt or covert act of reprisal, interference, restraint, penalty, discrimination, intimidation or harassment, against any person or group for exercising any rights under this policy as described above.
(2) Prohibited retaliation includes retaliatory harassment and retaliation through a third person or persons.
(E) Reporting discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and retaliation.
(1) Information about incidents of discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and/or retaliation should be reported to the office for institutional equity.
(a) The director of the office for institutional equity is the university's title ix coordinator. The associate director of the office for institutional equity is the deputy title ix coordinator.
(b) The office for institutional equity is located in the parker hannifin administration center (ac), room 236. The phone number for the office for institutional equity is 216-687-2223. The office for institutional equity may also be reached by email.
(2) All university employees, except confidential resources, who become aware of information that would lead a reasonable person to believe that discrimination, harassment, sexual violence or retaliation has occurred must promptly report all relevant details to the office for institutional equity. Student employees, including graduate assistants and teaching assistants, have a duty to timely report incidents of discrimination when they become aware of the information in the course of their duties.
(3) The university provides options for reporting discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and/or retaliation, including reporting to a university employee, a confidential resource (a confidential resource will not share information about discrimination, sexual violence and/or retaliation with the office for institutional equity without the consent of the person providing the information except in cases of an emergency), reporting anonymously, and law enforcement. Reports may also be made to the Ohio civil rights commission, the U.S. equal employment opportunity commission or the U.S. department of education's office for civil rights. Information regarding filing charges with any of these agencies may be obtained from the agency directly or from the office for institutional equity.
(4) Resources available to members of the campus community dealing with discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and retaliation are available from the office for instiutional equity, including on its website. Information about the university's prohibition against sexual violence is available on the Title IX webpage.
(F) Addressing reports of discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and/or retaliation
(1) The office for institutional equity is responsible for implementing this policy and issuing related procedures, investigating allegations of violations of this policy, responding to reports of such violations, and ensuring that the university takes appropriate remedial measures to eliminate any violation of this policy and its effects.
(2) The university takes seriously the desire for privacy sought by persons involved in a matter concerning discrimination, harassment, sexual violence or retaliation. The university shares information about such matters on a limited, "need to know" basis, in accordance with federal and state privacy laws and the Ohio Public Records Act.
(3) When an investigation substantiates a report of discrimination, harassment, sexual violence and/or retaliation, remedial measures will be promptly taken to correct the violation, eliminate its effects, and prevent its reoccurrence. The intentional provision of false information pursuant to a report of a possible violation of this policy or during the course of an investigation constitutes a violation of this policy. Information provided in good faith about suspected discrimination, harassment, sexual violence or retaliation does not constitute the provision of false information even if, upon investigation, the report is not substantiated.
(4) The university recognizes that a student who has been drinking alcohol or using recreational or other drugs at the time of a possible violation of this policy may be hesitant to make a report or participate in an investigation because of potential consequences arising from a violation of the student code of conduct. To encourage the reporting of possible violations of this policy and participation in an investigation, the university will not pursue sanctions against students for student code of conduct violations, such as underage possession or consumption of alcohol, drugs or narcotics, when the violation does not place the health and safety of another person at risk, when information about the violation is learned by the office of institutional equity as a result of a report and/or during the course of an investigation relating to this policy.
(1) The purpose of the rule is to promote the free exchange of ideas and the safe and efficient operation of the university by:
(a) Fostering free speech, assembly and other expressive activities on university property by all persons, whether or not they are affiliated with the university.
(b) Maintaining an appropriate educational and work environment for all persons present on university property, including but not limited to students, faculty, employees, customers and visitors.
(c) Maintaining the personal security of all persons present on university property and protecting the property of the university and of persons present on university property.
(2) In developing this rule, the university recognizes the constitutional freedoms guaranteed by the United States and Ohio constitutions, including freedom of speech, press and assembly. The university also recognizes the need to preserve and protect its property, students, guests and employees of the university, and to ensure the effective operation of educational, business and related activities of the university. Expressive activities on the university's campus may be subject to reasonable regulation with regard to the time, place and manner of the activities. University employees will not consider the content of expressive activities when enforcing this policy. No policy can address every possible activity or situation that may occur on university property, and the university reserves the right to address such situations as circumstances warrant.
(3) This rule does not apply to use of university facilities and grounds for official events sponsored by the university. Expressive activities carried out under this rule shall not be considered to be speech made by, on behalf of or endorsed by the university. This rule supersedes any provisions in any other earlier-adopted university policies that address similar or overlapping issues, such as use of outdoor spaces.
(B) Outdoor areas of campus generally available for use
(1) General access
(a) Any person or group may use, without prior notification, any publicly accessible outdoor area of the university's campus except parking lots, garages and driveways. Federal, state and local laws will be enforced as applicable. The use of walkways or other common areas may not block the free passage of others or impede the regular operation of the university.
(b) Use of the general access areas may include speaking, non-verbal expression, distributing literature, displaying signage and circulating petitions. There is no limit to the number of times a month a person or group may access those areas.
(c) During work and class hours or if the area is currently in use for an official university event, amplification may be restricted if it unreasonably interferes with university operations or noise ordinances are violated.
(2) Large groups
(a) Except in circumstances described in paragraph (B)(2)(b) of this rule, any person or group whose use of an outdoor area is expected or reasonably likely to have more than one hundred people must notify the university's police department at 216-687-2020 at least five business days before the day of the expressive activity, including information as to the specific location to be used for the event, the estimated expected number of persons, and the name and contact information of at least one person who can be contacted regarding logistics of the event, which shall include at least one person who will be personally present. Security and clean-up costs will not be charged to the person or group.
(b) Prior notice is necessary to ensure that there is sufficient space for the large group event, that the large group event does not conflict with any other scheduled use of the outdoor space, and that sufficient university resources are available for crowd control and security. If such advance notice is not feasible because of circumstances that could not be reasonably anticipated, the person or group shall provide the university with as much advance notice as circumstances reasonably permit.
(C) Student use
(1) In addition to the general right of access to outdoor areas of campus described above, any student or student organization may seek to reserve the use of specific outdoor areas by contacting conference services at 216-523-7203.
(2) Any request by a student or student organization to reserve such area or space shall be made at least one business day prior to the event. A request will be granted unless it would conflict or interfere with a previously scheduled event or activity or violate this rule.
(3) A student or student organization that has reserved a specific area or space under this rule will have priority over any other persons seeking to use the area or space during the scheduled time period. Any decision denying a request shall be promptly communicated in writing to the requester and shall set forth the basis for the denial. The content of the anticipated speech or other expressive activity shall not form the basis for a denial.
(D) Prohibited activities
(1) Any event or activity that significantly disrupts the ability of the university to effectively and peacefully teach students, provide client services, or conduct any of its other business and support operations is prohibited. Examples include but are not limited to excessive noise, impeding vehicle or pedestrian traffic, and conduct otherwise unlawful.
(2) No activity may damage university property. Prohibited actions include but are not limited to driving stakes or poles into the ground, affixing items to a building, and attaching anything to sidewalks, paved areas, or any part of any building, structure or fixture. This prohibition does not limit the otherwise authorized decoration of offices and residences by non-destructive means.
(3) Distribution or solicitation by placing any material on vehicles in the parking lots or garages is prohibited. Leaving trash, litter, materials or pollutants in any area is prohibited.
Any person who violates paragraph (D) of this rule may be subject to an order to leave university property. Employees in violation of this policy may be subject to discipline. Students may be subject to charges under the code of student conduct.
The university administration may adopt procedures to administer this rule.