Chapter 3344-48 Policies on Drug Education and Screening Policies

3344-48-01 Cleveland state university drug education and screening program policy.

(A) The Cleveland state university (CSU) department of athletics advocates the development of healthy and responsible lifestyles for CSU student-athletes during their years of eligibility. Additionally, CSU strongly believes the use of drugs (excluding properly used medication prescribed by a physician to treat a specific medical condition) can be detrimental to the physical and mental well-being of its student-athletes. Therefore, it is the philosophy of the Cleveland state university athletic department that all student-athletes at CSU be subjected to a drug education and screening program.

(B) For the purpose of this program, a student-athlete is defined as any student officially listed on the team roster, including cheerleaders. This includes but is not limited to student-athletes who are "red-shirting," student-athletes who are academically ineligible, student-athletes who are injured, fifth-year student-athletes who are receiving athletic-related aid and/or using other athletic-related services and team managers.

(C) The Cleveland state university athletic department has a mandatory program of drug education and testing combined with counseling/rehabilitation efforts to assist and benefit the student-athletes at CSU. This program is in addition to the NCAA drug testing program and procedures. The CSU drug screening and education program, including any sanction phases, is separate and distinct from the NCAA drug testing program and its sanctions.

(D) The signed consent and notification forms shall be considered affirmation of the student-athlete's agreement to the terms and conditions contained in this policy.

(E) Purpose of the program - the purpose of the athletic drug education and screening program is to aid and assist the student-athletes at Cleveland state university. This program is designed with the best interests of the student-athletes in mind and based on the premise that drug use is detrimental to the student-athlete as well as a violation of Cleveland state university athletic department policy.

Specific goals of this program are:

(1) To educate CSU student-athletes about the associated problems of drug use and abuse.

(2) To discourage any drug use by CSU student-athletes.

(3) To identify any student-athlete who may be using or abusing drugs.

(4) To educate any student-athlete, so identified, regarding such usage as it may affect the student-athlete and their team/teammates.

(5) To provide reasonable safeguards so that every student-athlete is medically competent to participate in athletic competition.

(6) To encourage discussion about any questions the student-athlete may have, either specifically or generally, about the use of drugs.

(F) It is believed that the CSU drug education and screening program shall serve to benefit all individuals connected with intercollegiate athletics at the university. Furthermore, participation in this program will enable the student-athlete to make informed and intelligent decisions in regards to drug use and abuse.

Replaces: 3344-48-01

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-02 Education and consent.

(A) At the beginning of each academic year, a presentation shall be made to all student-athletes in order to outline and review the CSU drug education and screening program, its purposes, implementation, and sanctions. Attendance at this presentation is mandatory for all student-athletes.

(B) A copy of this program shall be made accessible to each student-athlete in the CSU student-athlete handbook which can be obtained on the athletic department webpage (www.csuvikings.com) or in hard copy, upon request.

(C) During initial compliance meetings, each student-athlete shall be asked to sign a form prior to participation verifying knowledge and understanding of the program, providing consent to the administration of the urinalysis testing required by the program, and permitting the release of testing results to a limited group.

(D) A copy of this program shall be made accessible to all CSU coaching and athletic department staff. Updates shall be reviewed at the start of each academic year during an all-staff departmental meeting.

(E) All coaches are expected to support the efforts of the department of athletics to ensure the athletics program is drug-free, and CSU student-athletes are informed of the risks involved in drug use. Coaches regular contact with the student-athletes provides an excellent opportunity to counsel and educate along with the assistance of other departmental and university staff members.

(D) Additional resources can be found at: NCAA:www.ncaa.org/health-safety dietary supplement resource exchange (REC): www.drugfreesport.com.

Replaces: 3344-48-02

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-03 Implementation of the program.

(A) Time frame: testing shall occur regularly during the academic year. Student-athletes shall be randomly selected for testing.

(B) Substances: the screening of substances may include, but is not limited to, the following:

(1) Amphetamines (including ecstasy)

(2) Anabolic steroids (HGH, syndopharb)

(3) Barbituates

(4) Cocaine

(5) Methaqualone

(6) Opiates (including heroin)

(7) PCP (angel dust) and analogues

(8) Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, marijuana, synthetic marijuana)

(9) Alcohol

(10) Tobacco

(C) Many of the substances above are found in dietary and herbal supplements. The CSU department of athletics and its personnel, in accordance with NCAA regulations, shall not distribute or encourage the use of any dietary supplements or ergogenic aids.

(D) Often, labeling of dietary supplements is not accurate and is misleading. Dietary supplements are not regulated by the food and drug administration (FDA) and, therefore, their purity is questionable.

(E) The use of dietary supplements may result in a positive drug test. Student-athletes who choose to use dietary supplements are encouraged to review the supplement with a member of the sports medicine department. Student-athletes are also encouraged to contact the national center for drug free sport, inc., at 877-202-0769 or www.drugfreesport.com/rec using the passcode NCAA1. Ultimate responsibility and accountability belongs to the student-athlete.

(F) Selection: student-athletes shall be selected through a random selection program. Since the process is totally random, it is possible that the same individual may be selected on numerous occasions.

(G) Individuals who exhibit behavior symptomatic of drug usage may be selected independently of the random sample. A reasonable suspicion testing form may be completed by any concerned athletic department employee and reviewed with a member of the athletic training staff and/or head team physician or his/her designee. Any other university official or faculty member may bring his/her concerns about individual student-athletes to a member of the athletic training staff for discussion in consultation with the head team physician or his/her designee.

(H) There may be occasions where collaboration between the head team physician, head athletic trainer, head coach, and sport supervisor suggests the testing of an entire team. Under such circumstance, specific testing will not be randomized, but rather all-inclusive.

(I) All other implementation procedures, notifications, and reporting of results shall be handled according to this policy.

(1) Post-season/championship screening: Any participant or team likely to advance to post season championship competition may be subject to additional testing. Testing may be required of all team members or individual student-athletes at any time within thirty days prior to the postseason competition. If a student-athlete tests positive, they shall not be allowed to compete for the duration of the championship season and shall be subject to sanctions, herein.

(2) Re-entry testing: a student-athlete who has had his or her eligibility to participate in intercollegiate sports suspended as a result of a drug and alcohol violation may be required to undergo re-entry drug and/or alcohol testing prior to regaining eligibility. The director of athletics or the designee for the director of athletics shall arrange for reentry testing after the counselor or specialist involved in the student-athlete's case indicates that re-entry into the intercollegiate sports program is appropriate.

(3) Follow-up testing: A student-athlete who has returned to participation in intercollegiate sports following a positive drug test under this policy, may be subject to follow-up testing. Testing shall be unannounced and shall be required at a frequency determined by the athletic director or the designee of the athletic director in consultation with the counselor or specialist involved in the student-athlete's case.

(4) Pre-season screening: student-athletes are subject to preseason drug testing and may be notified of such by the director of athletics or designee of the athletic director at any time prior to their first competition.

(5) Transfer students: if it is brought to the attention of any sports medicine or Cleveland state university staff that a student-athlete transferring into Cleveland state university has history with prior positive drug test results with another university or with the NCAA, the student-athlete may be evaluated by the head team physician or authorized designee and may be submitted to non-random testing. However, no prior test results shall be considered as a first or subsequent positive test result for the purpose of the Cleveland state university drug education and screening program policy.

(6) Notification: the student-athlete shall be notified of his/her selection for drug screening by a member of the CSU sports medicine staff. This notification can occur at any time. At the time of notification, the student-athlete shall be presented with a student-athlete notification form, which indicates the date, time, and testing area. This form shall be signed and dated by the sports medicine staff member and the student-athlete. Failure of the student-athlete to sign the form indicates an unwillingness to participate in the program and serves as a positive test result. Any refusal to participate in a required drug test, including not providing an adequate sample, leaving the testing area before providing an adequate sample, or failing to appear at the time of testing for any reason, shall be treated as a positive test and shall result in the penalties outlined in the CSU drug education and screening program policy.

Replaces: 3344-48-03

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-04 Drug testing collection protocol.

(A) CSU contracts out the services for drug testing to a third party and only those persons authorized shall be allowed in the collection station.

(B) Upon entering the collection station, the student-athlete shall be identified with picture identification and/or an athletic trainer shall identify the student-athlete. The student-athlete will then print their name and arrival time on the roster sign-in form.

(C) The student-athlete shall select a custody and control form (CCF) from a supply of such and work with collector and athletic trainer to complete necessary information before proceeding with the specimen collection process.

(D) The student-athlete shall select a specimen collection beaker from a supply of such and shall be escorted by a collector (same gender) to the restroom to provide a specimen. The student-athlete shall place a unique barcode onto the beaker and then rinse their hands with water and then dry hands.

(E) The collector shall directly observe the furnishing of the urine specimen to assure the integrity of the specimen.

(F) The student-athlete shall be responsible for keeping the collection beaker closed and controlled.

(G) Fluids and food given to student-athletes who have difficulty voiding shall be from sealed containers (approved by collector) that are opened and consumed in the station. These items shall be free of any other banned substances.

(H) If the specimen is incomplete, the student-athlete shall remain in the collection station until the sample is completed. During the period, the student-athlete is responsible for keeping the collection beaker closed and controlled.

(I) If the specimen is incomplete and the student-athlete must leave the collection station for a reason approved by the certified collector and athletic trainer, the specimen shall be discarded.

(J) Upon return to the collection room, the student-athlete shall begin the collection process again.

(K) Once an adequate volume of the specimen is provided, the collector shall escort the student-athlete to the specimen-processing table.

(L) The specimen collector shall instruct the student-athlete to closely observe the specimen-processing steps and shall then measure the specific gravity.

(M) If the urine has a specific gravity below 1.005, no value shall be recorded on the CCF and the specimen shall be discarded by the student-athlete, with the collector observing. The student-athlete shall remain in the collection station until another specimen is provided. The student-athlete shall provide another specimen.

(N) If the urine is concentrated ( 1.005 SG or higher), the specimen-processor shall record the specific gravity value on the CCF and then measure the urine's pH if in range ( 4.5-7.5 inclusive), the specimen-processor shall record the pH value on the CCF in the appropriate area. If the student-athlete has a pH greater than 7.5 or less than 4.5, the specimen shall be discarded by the student-athlete with the collector observing. The student-athlete shall remain in the collection station until another specimen is provided. The student-athlete shall provide another specimen.

(O) Once the specimen processor has determined the specimen has a specific gravity above 1.005 and a pH between 4.5 and 7.5 inclusive, the sample shall be processed and sent to the laboratory.

(P) If the laboratory determines a student-athlete's specimen is inadequate for analysis, at the client's discretion, another specimen may be collected.

(Q) If a student-athlete is suspected of manipulating specimens (e.g. via dilution, substitution), the collector shall collect another specimen from the student-athlete.

(R) Once a specimen has been provided and meets the on-site specific gravity and pH parameters, the student-athlete will select a sample collection kit from a supply of such.

(S) The specimen-processor shall open the kit, demonstrate to the student-athlete the vials are securely sealed, open the plastic, and open the "A" vial lid. The processor will pour the urine into the "A" and "B" vials and close the lids. The specimen-processor should pour urine into vials above the minimum volume level (thirty-five mL in "A" vial; fifteen mL in "B" vial) and pour as much urine as possible into vials using care not to exceed the maximum levels (ninety mL in "A" vial; sixty mL in "B" vial).

(T) The specimen-processor shall securely close the lids on each vial and then seal each vial using the vial seals attached to the CCF; assuring seals are tightly adhered to the vials with no tears or loose areas.

(U) The specimen-processor shall collect all necessary signatures (collector, donor, witnesses, and collector/specimen processor) and dates/times where indicated on the CCF.

(V) The specimen-processor shall place the laboratory copy of the CCF in the back pouch of the plastic bag and the vials in the front pouch of the same bag. The bag shall then be sealed. The sealed bag, with vials, shall then be placed in the sample box. The box shall be sealed.

(W) The student-athlete is then released by the collector.

(X) All sealed samples shall be secured in a shipping case. The collector shall prepare the case for forwarding. When two split samples are collected and packaged, care shall be taken to assure one sample is placed in the shipping container for shipment to the "drugs of abuse" laboratory and one sample is placed in the shipping container for shipment to the "anabolic steroids" laboratory.

(Y) After the collection has been completed, the samples shall be forwarded to the laboratory and copies of any forms forwarded to the designated persons. The specimens become the property of the client.

(Z) If the student athlete does not comply with the collection process or is caught tampering with the collection process or sample in any way, the collector shall notify the athletic trainer/site coordinator and drug free sport. Failure to comply with the collection process, tampering the process or sample in any way or leaving the testing area for any reason prior to providing an adequate sample shall result in a positive test. The compliance office shall also be notified about an unethical conduct violation and handle the matter accordingly.

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates:4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-05 Effect of positive test results.

(A) Any student-athlete who tests positive for a banned substance, who refused to submit or fails to take a required drug test as described in this policy, or is involved in any other drug-related offense, shall be subject to the sanctions listed in this rule.

(B) Positive drug test results or other drug related offenses are cumulative throughout a student-athlete's career at Cleveland state university. Furthermore, a positive NCAA drug test shall be counted as a positive CSU drug test result. Any student-athlete who tests positive shall be subject to repeated testing throughout their CSU career.

(C) Notification: the head team physician or designee shall securely receive the results of all testing via the center for drug free sport, anonymous, on-line reporting mechanism. All testing results shall be handled confidentially. The head team physician or designee shall ask an athletic trainer to decode the anonymous testing and identify the student-athlete in need of an evaluation with a team physician. The athletic trainer or designee shall notify the student athlete of a scheduled appointment to meet with the head team physician or designee to inform the student-athlete of the positive drug screen.

(D) Once the student-athlete has met with the team physician to discuss a positive test result, the head athletic trainer or designee will notify the athletic director, sport supervisor, and the head coach. If the student-athlete is under twenty-one years of age, the student's parent(s) or legal guardian(s) shall be notified of the positive test results. Results of positive drug tests shall be filed in the student-athlete's CSU medical record and handled according to all customary confidentiality procedures.

(E) Medical exception: if an athlete tests positive for a prescription medication, it shall be considered a positive test until the results are reviewed by the head team physician or designee. Medical documentation from the treating physician(s) shall be reviewed for evidence to support the need for use of a banned drug. For medications used to treat ADD/ADHD, appropriate documentation shall be on file with the Cleveland state university sports medicine staff prior to being selected for a random drug screen. ADD/ADHD documentation shall be updated yearly, see appendix A to this rule.

(F) Sanctions: since drug use is considered a violation of departmental and team rules, a positive test result shall have the following consequences:

(1) First positive:

(a) The student-athlete shall be required to meet with the head team physician or designee to discuss the positive drug test results and for assessment if athlete is in imminent danger to themselves or to others.

(b) The student athlete's parent(s) or legal guardian shall be notified of the positive result, if under twenty-one years of age.

(c) The student-athlete shall meet with the athletic director and/or sport supervisor and head coach.

(d) The student-athlete, at their own expense, shall participate in designated counseling, treatment, and intervention programs as deemed appropriate by the counseling center and/or head team physician. Failure to comply with the counselor's and/or head team physician's treatment plan shall be classified as non-compliant and shall result in a second positive test.

(e) The student athlete shall be suspended for ten per cent (using traditional, mathematical rounding to the nearest whole number) of the championship season of their respective sport. Under this penalty, the student-athlete may not participate in any game-day activities, including pre-game meals, sideline access, etc.

(f) However, the student-athlete shall be expected to practice and attend strength and conditioning workouts, if medically cleared. Exhibition games shall not be considered part of the championship season. Athletes with a positive test result, awaiting sanctions, may participate in an exhibition game, if medically cleared.

(g) The student-athlete shall be subjected to undergo repeated and unannounced follow-up drug tests for one calendar year from the date of the positive test result.

(h) Based on team rules, the head coach, in consultation with the sports supervisor has the discretion to add further sanctions, which may include, but are not limited to, additional suspensions.

(2) Second positive:

(a) The student-athlete shall be required to meet with the head team physician or designee to discuss the positive drug test results and for assessment if athlete is in imminent danger to themselves or to others.

(b) The student athlete's parent(s) or legal guardian shall be notified of the positive result, if under twenty-one years of age.

(c) The student-athlete shall meet with the athletic director and/or sport supervisor and head coach.

(d) The student-athlete, at their own expense, shall participate in designated counseling, treatment, and intervention programs as deemed appropriate by the counseling center and/or head team physician. Failure to comply with the counselor's and/or head team physician's treatment plan shall be classified as non-compliant and shall result in a third positive test.

(e) The student athlete shall be suspended for thirty per cent (using traditional, mathematical rounding to the nearest whole number) of the championship season of their respective sport. Under this penalty, the student-athlete may not participate in any game-day activities, including pre-game meals, sideline access, etc.

(f) The student-athlete shall be subjected to undergo repeated and unannounced follow-up drug tests for one calendar year from the date of the positive test result.

(g) Based on team rules, the head coach, in consultation with the sports supervisor has the discretion to add further sanctions, which may include, but are not limited to, additional suspensions.

(3) Third positive: a student-athlete who has had two previous positive drug tests, has undergone drug counseling and has a third positive test shall be permanently banned from the intercollegiate athletics at Cleveland state university and will not be eligible for reinstatement, and any athletic grant-in-aid shall be revoked.

(G) There are financial considerations that pertain to the sanctions of a positive drug test.

(1) Payment for an intake evaluation by a counselor to assess the student-athlete's individual situation and determine the appropriate follow-up treatment plan shall be the responsibility of the student-athlete.

(2) Any designated counseling, treatment and/or intervention programs deemed appropriate by the counseling center and/or head team physician shall be sought through the student-athlete's primary health insurance plan.

(3) In the event a student-athlete does not have primary health insurance and proves that neither they nor their family have the financial resources to cover the recommended treatment, the athletic director may convene a committee comprised of athletic department members and sports medicine staff to explore options for management.

(H) Missing scheduled appointments and counseling: student-athletes shall comply with the schedule of appointments with physicians and counselor(s) and those of the judicial affairs office. If the student-athlete is not able to keep the appointment, they shall cancel and reschedule the appointment by nine a.m. the day of the appointment. Failure to do so shall result in an additional positive test.

(I) Drug violations outside of the CSU drug education and screening program:

(1) Any CSU student-athlete who is found to be under the influence of any illegal/banned substance by local or campus police, either on or off campus, may be subject to possible criminal penalties, CSU judicial penalties, and CSU department of athletics sanctions for drug use/abuse as outlined in this policy.

(2) This includes, but is not limited to, drug or alcohol-related arrests or infractions, violations of campus residential policies, unlawful alcohol procurement and drug distribution.

Replaces: 3344-48-05

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-06 Appeal process.

(A) Student-athletes who test positive or who dispute that they have refused or failed to take a required test under the guidelines set forth in this policy may appeal the imposed sanctions.

(B) Only the student-athlete may file an appeal.

(C) An appeal shall be submitted in writing to the director of athletics within two working days or forty-eight hours of the notification of the offense. If the forty-eight hours expire when the university is not open for business, the appeal may be submitted before nine a.m. on the next business day.

(D) The written appeal must present the reason(s) for the appeal.

(E) The director of athletics shall call together an appeals committee of three people; which may consist of the director of athletics, sport supervisor, head athletic trainer, director of compliance, faculty athletic representative, academic advisor, and any other athletic department or university staff deemed appropriate by the director of athletics.

(F) The head coach of the student-athlete may be present for the appeal hearing but will not be a voting member of the appeals committee.

(G) Upon appeal and presentation of all relevant information, it is the sole charge of the appeals committee to lift, modify, or maintain the imposed sanctions.

(H) The student-athlete may have an advocate or other representative present if they so desire. However, the student-athlete is responsible for the presentation of his/her own case.

(I) The appeal shall take place within seven working days of the receipt of the appeal request. If the athletic director is out of the office during that time period, it shall be scheduled for the time of their return or at an alternate time under the supervision of the athletic director's designee.

(J) These proceedings shall include an opportunity for the student-athlete to present evidence, as well as to review the results of the drug test.

(K) At the conclusion of the appeal, the appeals committee shall deliberate in private and decide by majority vote to lift, modify, or maintain the imposed sanctions. The decision by the appeals committee, relative to the test results, the sanctions, or refusal/failure to take a required test, shall be final.

(L) The director of athletics or the athletic director's designee from the appeals committee will send written notification of the committee's decision to the student-athlete, the head coach, and the student-athlete's parents/guardians, if appropriate, within five working days from the date of the decision. The decision will be communicated, confidentially, to the head team physician or designee.

(M) In cases where a student-athlete is deemed to have a positive drug test and such test results in sanctions affecting his/her ability to compete, and the student-athlete is scheduled to engage in a competition before a determination can be made by the appeals committee, the student-athlete shall be suspended from competition pending a final decision.

(N) Time permitted, the student-athlete may request an expedited meeting of the appeals committee. The appeal shall include any information which might change the factual findings of the committee or the sanctions(s).

(O) By selecting the expedited process, the student-athlete waives the right to the standard review and appeal procedures. Under the expedited process, the committee shall meet in person or teleconference and shall render a decision before the competition.

Replaces: 3344-48-06

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.

3344-48-07 Safe harbor program.

(A) A student-athlete may voluntarily refer him/herself to the sports medicine staff for evaluation, testing, and counseling for substance use/abuse. This provision allows a student-athlete to self-report a substance problem without repercussions of a positive test.

(B) These individuals shall still be required to undergo an evaluation by the head team physician or his/her designee and a substance abuse counselor. Cleveland state university staff shall work with the student-athlete to prepare a safe harbor treatment plan, which may include confidential drug testing.

(C) The student-athlete shall be tested for banned substances upon entry into the safe harbor program and such a positive initial test shall not result in any administrative sanction, though the head team physician or the head team physician's designee may suspend the student-athlete from practice, if medically indicated.

(D) The student athlete's parent(s) or legal guardian shall be notified of the entry of their child into the safe harbor program, if under twenty-one years of age.

(E) A substance abuse counselor will determine the appropriate form(s) of intervention and rehabilitation needed by the student-athlete on a case-by-case basis. In addition, the student-athlete shall be financially responsible for any outside treatment or counseling.

(F) A student-athlete shall be permitted to remain in the safe harbor program for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed thirty days, as determined by the treatment plan. While in compliance with the safe harbor program treatment plan, the student-athlete shall not be included in the list of students eligible for random drug testing.

(G) Students in the safe harbor program may be selected for drug testing by the NCAA.

(H) The safe harbor provision shall be available for the student-athlete only one time during their athletic eligibility. It shall not be available after notification of an impending test or after a prior positive test result as set forth in the Cleveland state university drug education and screening program policy.

(I) A student-athlete shall not be permitted to enter the safe harbor program thirty days prior to NCAA or conference postseason competition.

(J) A student-athlete, who enters the safe harbor program but does not comply with the terms of their rehabilitation, shall be sanctioned according to post-test procedures for a first positive result. Thereafter, the student-athlete shall serve the penalty phases for a second positive, if a positive test occurs in any future testing.

(K) If a student-athlete is determined to have been using, misusing or abusing substances after the initial safe harbor program treatment, as determined by follow-up testing, the student-athlete shall be subject to sanctions and follow-up testing as detailed for a first positive test result as outlined in the Cleveland state university drug education and screening policy.

(L) The director of athletics, the associate athletic director for student affairs, the head athletic trainer, the student-athlete's head coach and the team physician may be informed of the student's participation in the safe harbor program. The athletic trainer assigned to that sport may also be notified, if medically appropriate. The assistant coach(es) may also be informed at the discretion of the head coach. Other university employees may be informed only the extent necessary for the implementation of this policy.

Effective: 3/9/2015
Promulgated Under: 111.15
Statutory Authority: 111.15
Rule Amplifies: 3344
Prior Effective Dates: 4/13/06, 2/17/14.