3701-29-02 Sewage disposal requirements.

(A) The design, construction, installation, location, maintenance, and operation of household sewage disposal systems including, but not limited to, septic tanks, aerobic type treatment systems, filters, leaching tile fields, leaching walls, building sewers, and privies or parts thereof shall comply with these rules and engineering practices acceptable to the Ohio department of health and current Ohio environmental protection agency effluent standards.

(B) Any dwelling which is not connected to a sanitary sewerage system shall be provided with an approved household sewage disposal system, prior to its being occupied.

(C) Each household sewage disposal system shall serve one dwelling on an individual lot and shall be properly maintained and operated by the owner. All the sewage from the dwelling shall discharge into the system.

(D) No household sewage disposal system or part thereof shall create a nuisance.

(E) No person shall discharge, or permit to be discharged, treated or untreated sewage, the overflow drainage or contents of a sewage tank, or other putrescible, impure, or offensive wastes into an abandoned water supply, well, spring, or cistern or into a natural or artificial well, sink hole, crevice, or other opening extending into limestone, sandstone, shale, or other rock formation, or normal ground water table.

(F) No person shall discharge, or permit or cause to be discharged, treated or untreated sewage, the drainage or contents of a sewage tank, or other putrescible or offensive wastes onto the surface of the ground, into any street, road, alley, open excavation, or underground drain.

(G) Off-lot disposal of sewage effluent shall not be permitted except where the installation of an on-lot disposal system is not possible, as specified in paragraph (A) of rule 3701-29-10 , paragraph (B) of rule 3701-29-10 , and paragraph (B) of rule 3701-29-11 of the Administrative Code, and the following conditions are met:

(1) When off-lot disposal of sewage effluent requires the crossing of adjacent properties to reach the point of discharge a recorded easement or the use of a legally established, publicly maintained drainage improvement from the dwelling lot line to the point of discharge shall be required.

(2) Written permission to discharge sewage effluent from the person or persons in control of the property or properties at the point of discharge shall be required.

(3) Sewage effluent quality as measured at the point of discharge in the system shall comply with current effluent standards established by the director of the Ohio environmental protection agency. In the event there are no applicable standards established by the director of the Ohio environmental protection agency, the following effluent standards shall apply:

(a) Biochemical oxygen demand (five-day) - The arithmetic mean of two or more effluent samples taken at intervals of not less than twenty-four hours shall not exceed twenty milligrams per liter.

(b) Suspended solids - The arithmetic mean of two or more effluent samples taken at intervals of not less than twenty-four hours shall not exceed forty milligrams per liter.

(4) When test results indicate that the standards set forth in paragraph (G)(3) of rule rule 3701-29-02arenotbeingmet or nuisances are being created, additional treatment devices may be required by the board of health.

(5) All reasonable means shall be taken to minimize the amount of effluent discharged off the lot.

(H) Lots on which household sewage disposal systems for dwellings are to be installed shall be of suitable topography and area to permit compliance with rules 3701-29-01 to 3701-29-21 of the Administrative Code(Ohio Sanitary Code).

(I) A suitable area shall be available to provide for the complete relocation and replacement of the household sewage disposal system as required by rules 3701-29-01 to 3701-29-21 of the Administrative Code(Ohio Sanitary Code).

(J) Lots on which private water supplies are to be installed shall be of sufficient area to provide isolation of the water supply system from both the original household sewage disposal system and the area intended for any relocation and replacement on this or adjacent lots as required by rules 3701-29-01 to 3701-29-21 of the Administrative Code(Ohio Sanitary Code).

(K) A household sewage disposal system shall be a minimum of ten feet from any lot or right-of-way line, ten feet from any occupied building, ten feet from any water service line, and fifty feet from any water supply source on this or any adjacent lot.

(L) No household sewage disposal system shall be installed, maintained, or operated on property accessible to a sanitary sewerage system.

(M) Whenever a sanitary sewerage system becomes accessible to the property, a household sewage disposal system shall be abandoned and the house sewer directly connected to the sewerage system.

(N) Roof water, foundation drain, cistern overflow, surface drainage, and subsurface drainage shall not be discharged into a household sewage disposal system.

(O) Plastics in any form, wet-strength paper towels, cloth of any kind, rubber products, throw-away baby diapers, cigarette stubs, sand, grit, coffee grounds, excess cooking oils or greases, solvents, paints, caustic or oily liquids or materials, kerosene, gasoline, motor oil, floor waxes or any other wastes known to adversely affect the household sewage disposal system shall not be deposited or flushed in plumbing fixtures nor shall they otherwise be introduced into a building sewer or household sewage disposal system.

Replaces: 3701-29-02

Effective: 07/30/2007
Promulgated Under: 119.04
Statutory Authority: Sec. 120.02 of Am. Sub. HB 119 (127th G.A.)
Rule Amplifies: Sec. 120.02 of Am. Sub. HB 119 (127th G.A.)
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/1974, 7/1/77, 7/2/07