Chapter 3745-113 Architextural and Industrial Maintenance (AIM) Coatings

3745-113-01 Definitions for architectural and industrial maintenance (AIM) coatings.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (B) of this rule titled " Referenced materials."]

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this rule, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to this chapter.

(1) "Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means.

(2) "Aerosol coating product" means a pressurized coating product containing pigments or resins that dispenses product ingredients by means of a propellant, and is packaged in a disposable can for hand-held application, or for use in specialized equipment for ground traffic/marking applications.

(3) "AIM" means architectural and industrial maintenance.

(4) "Antenna coating" means a coating labeled and formulated exclusively for application to equipment and associated structural appurtenances that are used to receive or transmit electromagnetic signals.

(5) "Anti-fouling coating" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to submerged stationary structures and their appurtenances to prevent or reduce the attachment of marine or freshwater biological organisms. To qualify as an antifouling coating, the coating must be registered with both USEPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act contained in 7 USC 136 to 136y and with Ohio EPA.

(6) "Appurtenance" means any accessory to a stationary structure coated at the site of installation, whether installed or detached, including but no limited to: bathroom and kitchen fixtures; cabinets; concrete forms; doors; elevators; fences; hand railings; heating equipment, air conditioning equipment, and other fixed mechanical equipment or stationary tools; lampposts; partitions pipes and piping systems; rain gutters and downspouts; stairways; fixed ladders; catwalks and fire escapes; and window screens.

(7) "Architectural coating" means a coating to be applied to stationary structures or their appurtenances at the site of installation, to portable buildings at the site of installation, to pavements, or to curbs. Coatings applied in shop applications or to non-stationary structures such as airplanes, ships, boats, railcars, and automobiles, as well as adhesives are not considered architectural coatings for the purposes of this rule.

(8) "Bitumens" means black or brown materials including, but not limited to, asphalt, tar, pitch, and asphaltite that are soluble in carbon disulfide, consist mainly of hydrocarbons, and are obtained from natural deposits or as residues from the distillation of crude petroleum or coal.

(9) "Bituminous roof coating" means a coating which incorporates bitumens that is labeled and formulated exclusively for roofing for the primary purpose of preventing water penetration.

(10) "Bituminous roof primer" means a primer which incorporates bitumens that is labeled and formulated exclusively for roofing and intended for the purpose of preparing a weathered or aged surface or improving the adhesion of subsequent surfacing components.

(11) "Bond breaker" means a coating labeled and formulated for application between layers of concrete to prevent a freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the layer over which it is poured.

(12) "Calcimine recoaters" means a flat solvent borne coating formulated and recommended specifically for recoating calcimine-painted ceilings and other calcimine-painted substrates.

(13) "Clear brushing lacquers" means clear wood finishes, excluding clear lacquer sanding sealers, formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry by solvent evaporation without chemical reaction and to provide a solid, protective film, which are intended exclusively for application by brush and which are labeled as specified in paragraph (A)(5) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code.

(14) "Clear wood coatings" means clear and semi-transparent coatings, including lacquers and varnishes, applied to wood substrates to provide a transparent or translucent solid film.

(15) "Coating" means a material applied onto or impregnated into a substrate for protective, decorative, or functional purposes. Such materials include, but are not limited to, paints, varnishes, sealers, and stains.

(16) "Colorant" means a concentrated pigment dispersion in water, solvent, and/or binder that is added to an architectural coating after packaging in sale units to produce the desired color.

(17) "Concrete curing compound" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to freshly poured concrete to perform one or more of the following functions:

(a) Retard the evaporation of water.

(b) Harden or dustproof the surface of freshly poured concrete.

(18) "Concrete surface retarder" means a mixture of retarding ingredients such as extender pigments, primary pigments, resin, and solvent that interact chemically with the cement to prevent hardening on the surface where the retarder is applied, allowing the retarded mix of cement and sand at the surface to be washed away to create an exposed aggregate finish.

(19) "Conjugated oil varnish" means a clear or semi-transparent wood coating, labeled as such, excluding lacquers or shellacs, based on a natural occurring conjugated vegetable oil (Tung oil) and modified with other natural or synthetic resins; a minimum of fifty per cent of the resin solids consisting of conjugated oil. Supplied as a single component product, conjugated oil varnishes penetrate and seal the wood. Film formation is due to polymerization of the oil. These varnishes may contain small amounts of pigment to control the final gloss or sheen.

(20) "Conversion varnish" means a clear acid-curing coating with an alkyd or other resin blended with amino resins and supplied as a single component or two-component product. Conversion varnishes produce a hard, durable, clear finish designed for professional application to wood flooring. Film formation is the result of an acid-catalyzed condensation reaction, affecting a transetherification at the reactive ethers of the amino resins.

(21) "Dry fog coating" means a coating labeled and formulated only for spray application such that overspray droplets dry before subsequent contact with incidental surfaces in the vicinity of the surface coating activity.

(22) "Exempt compound" means a compound identified as exempt under the definition of VOC. Exempt compounds content of a coating shall be determined by USEPA method 24, ASTM D3960-05 or SCAQMD method 303-91.

(23) "Faux finishing coating" means a coating labeled and formulated as a stain or a glaze to create artistic effects including, but not limited to, dirt, old age, smoke damage, and simulated marble and wood grain.

(24) "Fire-resistive coating" means an opaque coating labeled and formulated to protect the structural integrity by increasing the fire endurance of interior or exterior steel and other structural materials. The fire-resistive category includes sprayed fire resistive materials and intumescent fire resistive coatings that are used to bring structural materials, that has been fire tested and rated by a testing agency and approved by building code officials for use in bringing assemblies of structural materials into compliance with federal, state, and local building code requirements. The fire-resistive coating and the testing agency must be approved by building code officials. The fire-resistive coating shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E119-05a.

(25) "Fire-retardant coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to retard ignition and flame spread, that has been fire tested and rated by a testing agency approved by building code officials for use in bringing building and construction materials into compliance with federal, state, and local building code requirements. The fire-retardant coating and the testing agency must be approved by building code officials. The fire-retardant coating shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E84-05e1.

(26) "Flat coating" means a coating that is not defined under any other definition in this rule and that registers gloss less than fifteen on an eighty-five-degree meter or less than five on a sixty-degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

(27) "Floor coating" means an opaque coating that is labeled and formulated for application to flooring, including, but not limited to, decks, porches, steps, and other horizontal surfaces, which may be subjected to foot traffic.

(28) "Flow coating" means a coating labeled and formulated exclusively for use by electric power companies or their subcontractors to maintain the protective coating systems present on utility transformer units.

(29) "Form-release compound" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to a concrete form to prevent the freshly poured concrete from bonding to the form. The form may consist of wood, metal, or some material other than concrete.

(30) "Graphic arts coating or sign paint" means a coating labeled and formulated for hand-application by artists using brush or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs (excluding structural components) and murals including letter enamels, poster colors, copy blockers, and bulletin enamels.

(31) "High-temperature coating" means a high performance coating labeled and formulated for application to substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above two hundred and four degrees Celsius (four hundred degrees Fahrenheit).

(32) "Impacted immersion coating" means a high performance maintenance coating formulated and recommended for application to steel structures subject to immersion in turbulent, debris-laden water. These coatings are specifically resistant to high-energy impact damage by floating ice or debris.

(33) "Industrial maintenance coating" means a high performance architectural coating, including primers, sealers, undercoaters, intermediate coats, and topcoats, formulated for application to substrates, including floors, exposed to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions listed in this paragraph and labeled as specified in paragraph (A)(4) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code:

(a) Immersion in water, wastewater, or chemical solutions (aqueous and non-aqueous solutions), or chronic exposures of interior surfaces to moisture condensation .

(b) Acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic, or acidic agents, or to chemicals, chemical fumes, or chemical mixtures or solutions .

(c) Repeated exposure to temperatures above one hundred twenty-one degrees Celsius (two hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit) .

(d) Repeated (frequent) heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated (frequent) scrubbing with industrial solvents, cleansers, or scouring agents .

(e) Exterior exposure of metal structures and structural components.

(34) "Lacquer" means a clear or opaque wood coating, including clear lacquer sanding sealers, formulated with cellulosic or synthetic resins to dry by evaporation without chemical reaction and to provide a solid, protective film.

(35) "Low-solids coating" means a coating containing 0.12 kilogram or less of solids per liter (one pound or less of solids per gallon) of coating material as recommended for application by the manufacturer.

(36) "Magnesite cement coating" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to magnesite cement decking to protect the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water.

(37) "Manufacturer's maximum recommendation" means the maximum recommendation for thinning that is indicated on the label or lid of the coating container.

(38) "Mastic texture coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities, and is applied in a single coat of at least ten mils ( 0.010 inch) dry film thickness.

(39) "Metallic pigmented coating" means a coating containing at least forty-eight grams of elemental metallic pigment per liter of coating as applied ( 0.4 pounds per gallon), when tested in accordance with SCAQMD Method 318-95.

(40) "Multi-color coating" means a coating that is packaged in a single container and that is labeled and formulated to exhibit more than one color when applied in a single coat.

(41) "Non-flat coating" means a coating that is not defined under any other definition in this rule and that registers a gloss of fifteen or greater on an eighty-five-degree meter and five or greater on a sixty-degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

(42) "Non-flat-high-gloss coating" means a non-flat coating that registers a gloss of seventy or greater on a sixty-degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

(43) "Nonindustrial use" means any use of architectural coatings except in the construction or maintenance of any of the following:

(a) Facilities used in the manufacturing of goods and commodities .

(b) Transportation infrastructure, including highways, bridges, airports and railroads .

(c) Facilities used in mining activities, including petroleum extraction .

(d) Utilities infrastructure, including power generation and distribution, and water treatment and distribution systems.

(44) "Nuclear coating" means a protective coating formulated and recommended to seal porous surfaces such as steel (or concrete) that otherwise would be subject to intrusions by radioactive materials. These coatings must be resistant to long-term (service life) cumulative radiation exposure [ASTM method D4082-02], relatively easy to decontaminate, and resistant to various chemicals to which the coatings are likely to be exposed [ASTM method D3912-95].

(45) "Ohio EPA" means Ohio environmental protection agency.

(46) "Post-consumer coating" means a finished coating that would have been disposed of in a landfill, having completed its usefulness to a consumer, and does not include manufacturing wastes.

(47) "Pre-treatment wash primer" means a primer that contains a minimum of 0.5 per cent acid, by weight, when tested in accordance with ASTM D1613-03, that is labeled and formulated for application directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and to promote adhesion of subsequent topcoats.

(48) "Primer" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to a substrate to provide a firm bind between the substrate and subsequent coats.

(49) "Quick-dry enamel" means a non-flat coating that is labeled as specified in paragraph (A)(8) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code and that is formulated to have the following characteristics:

(a) Is capable of being applied directly from the container under normal conditions with ambient temperatures between sixteen and twenty-seven degrees Celsius (sixty and eighty-degrees Fahrenheit) .

(b) When tested in accordance with ASTM D1640-03, sets to touch in two hours or less, is tack free in four hours or less, and dries hard in eight hours or less by the mechanical test method; and has a dried film gloss of seventy or above on a sixty-degree meter.

(50) "Quick-dry primer, sealer and undercoater" means a primer, sealer, or undercoater that is dry to the touch in thirty minutes and can be re-coated in two hours when tested in accordance with ASTM D1640-03.

(51) "Recycled coating" means an architectural coating formulated such that it contains a minimum of fifty per cent by volume post-consumer coating, with a maximum of fifty per cent by volume secondary industrial materials or virgin materials.

(52) " Residential" means areas where people reside or lodge, including, but not limited to, single and multiple family dwellings, condominiums, mobile homes, apartment complexes, motels, and hotels.

(53) "Roof coating" means a non-bituminous coating labeled and formulated for application to roofs for the primary purpose of preventing water penetration, reflecting ultraviolet light, or reflecting solar radiation. Metallic pigmented roof coatings, which qualify as metallic pigmented coatings, shall not be considered in this category, but shall be considered to be in the metallic pigmented coatings category.

(54) "Rust preventive coating" means a coating formulated exclusively for nonindustrial use to prevent the corrosion of metal surfaces and labeled as specified in paragraph (A)(6) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code.

(55) "Sanding sealer" means a clear or semi-transparent wood coating labeled and formulated for application to bare wood to seal the wood and to provide a coat that can be abraded to create a smooth surface for subsequent applications of coatings. A sanding sealer that also meets the definition of a lacquer is not included in this category, but it is included in the lacquer category.

(56) "SCAQMD" means the south coast air quality management district in California.

(57) "Sealer" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to a substrate for one or more of the following purposes: to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate.

(58) "Secondary coating (rework)" means a fragment of a finished coating or a finished coating from a manufacturing process that has converted resources into a commodity of real economic value, but does not include excess virgin resources of the manufacturing process.

(59) "Shellac" means a clear or opaque coating formulated solely with the resinous secretions of the lac beetle (Laciffer lacca), thinned with alcohol, and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction.

(60) "Shop application" means an application of a coating to a product or a component of a product in or on the premises of a factory or a shop as part of a manufacturing, production, or repairing process (for example, original equipment manufacturing coatings).

(61) "Solicit" means to require for use or to specify, by written or oral contract.

(62) "Specialty primer, sealer, and undercoater" means a coating labeled as specified in paragraph (A)(7) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code and that is formulated for application to a substrate to seal fire, smoke or water damage; to condition excessively chalky surfaces; to seal in efflorescence; or to block stains. An excessively chalky surface is one that is defined as having a chalk rating of four or less as determined by ASTM D4214-98.

(63) "Stain" means a clear, semi-transparent, or opaque coating labeled and formulated to change the color of a surface, but not conceal the grain pattern or texture.

(64) "Swimming pool coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to coat the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals.

(65) "Swimming pool repair and maintenance coating" means a rubber-based coating labeled and formulated to be used over existing rubber-based coatings for the repair and maintenance of swimming pools.

(66) "Temperature-indicator safety coating" means a coating labeled and formulated as a color-changing indicator coating for the purpose of monitoring the temperature and safety of the substrate, underlying piping, or underlying equipment, and for application to substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above two hundred and four degrees Celsius (four hundred degrees Fahrenheit).

(67) "Thermoplastic rubber coating and mastics" means a coating or mastic formulated and recommended for application to roofing or other structural surfaces and that incorporates no less than forty per cent by weight of thermoplastic rubbers in the total resin solids and may also contain other ingredients including, but not limited to, fillers, pigments and modifying resins.

(68) "Tint base" means an architectural coating to which colorant is added after packaging in sale units to produce a desired color.

(69) "Traffic marking coating" means a coating labeled and formulated for marking and striping streets, highways, or other traffic surfaces including, but not limited to, curbs, berets, driveways, parking lots, sidewalks, and airport runways.

(70) "Undercoater" means a coating labeled and formulated to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coatings.

(71) "USEPA" means United States environmental protection agency.

(72) "Varnish" means a clear or semi-transparent wood coating, excluding lacquers and shellacs, formulated to dry by chemical reaction. Varnishes may contain small amounts of pigment to color a surface, or to control the final sheen or gloss of the finish.

(73) "VOC" or "volatile organic compound" means an organic compound which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions; that is, an organic compound other than those which the administrator of the US EPA designates in 40 CFR 51.100 (relating to definitions) as having negligible photochemical reactivity.

(74) "Waterproofing sealer" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to a porous substrate for the primary purpose of preventing the penetration of water.

(75) "Waterproofing concrete/masonry sealer" means a clear or pigmented film-forming coating that is labeled and formulated for sealing concrete and masonry to provide resistance against water, alkalis, acids, ultraviolet light, and staining.

(76) "Wood preservative" means a coating labeled and formulated to protect exposed wood from decay or insect attack, that is registered with both USEPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act contained in 7 USC 136 to 136y and with Ohio EPA.

(B) Referenced Materials. .This chapter includes references to certain matter or materials. The text of the referenced materials is not included in the rules contained in this chapter. Information on the availability of the referenced materials as well as the date of, and/or the particular edition or version of the material is included in this rule. For materials subject to change, only the specific versions specified in this rule are referenced. Material is referenced as it exists on the effective date of this rule. Except for subsequent annual publication of existing (unmodified) Code of Federal Regulation compilations, any amendment or revision to a referenced document is not applicable unless and until this rule has been amended to specify the new dates.

(1) Availability. The referenced materials are available as follows:

(a) "American Society for Testing Materials" (ASTM). Information and copies of documents may be obtained by writing to: "ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19426-2959." These documents are also available for purchase at www.astm.org. ASTM documents are also available for inspection and use at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(b) Code of Federal Regulations. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attention: New Orders, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the CFR is also available in electronic format at www.ecfr.gov. The CFR compilations are also available for inspection and use at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(c) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the Act as amended in 1998 is also available in electronic format at www.epa.gov/oar/caa/title1.html. A copy of the Act is also available for inspection and use at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(d) "South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)". Information and copies of documents may be obtained by writing to: "South Coast AQMD, Public Records Coordinator/Public Records Unit, 21865 Copley Dr., Diamond Bar, CA, 91765." These documents are also available at http://www.aqmd.gov. SCAQMD documents are also available for inspection and use at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(2) Referenced materials.

(a) 40 CFR 59, Subpart D, Appendix A; "Determination of Volatile Matter Content of Methacrylate Multicomponent Coatings Used as Traffic Marking Coatings;" 63 FR 48877, Sept. 11, 1998; 63 FR 55175, Oct. 14, 1998; 63 FR 32103, June 15, 1999; 64 FR 35002, June 30, 1999.

(b) ASTM D523-89; "Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss;" approved May 10, 1999.

(c) ASTM D1613-03; "Standard Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products;" approved October 1, 2003.

(d) ASTM D1640-03; "Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature;" approved December 1, 2003.

(e) ASTM D3912-95; "Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants;" approved January 1, 2001.

(f) ASTM D3960-05; "Standard Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings;" approved July 1, 2005.

(g) ASTM D4082-02; "Standard Test Method for Effects of Gamma Radiation on Coatings for Use in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants;" approved January 10, 2002.

(h) ASTM D4214-98; "Standard Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films;" approved August 10, 1998.

(i) ASTM E119-05a; "Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials;" approved November 1, 2005.

(j) ASTM E84-05e1; "Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials;" approved February 1, 2005.

(k) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act; as contained in 7 USC 136 to 136y ; "Environmental Pesticide Control;" published January 19, 2004 in Supplement III of the 2000 Edition of the United States Code.

(l) SCAQMD Method 303-91; "Determination of Exempt Compounds;" approved June 1, 1991, revised February, 1993.

(m) SCAQMD Method 304-91; "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Various Materials;" approved June 1, 1991, revised February, 1993, revised February, 1996.

(n) SCAQMD Method 318-95; "Determination of Weight Percent Elemental Metal in Coatings by X-Ray Diffraction;" approved July, 1996.

(o) USEPA Method 24; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of volatile matter content, water content, density, volume solids, and weight solids of surface coatings;" as published in the July 1, 2012 Code of Federal Regulations.

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/01/2013 and 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07

3745-113-02 Applicability.

The rules in this chapter are applicable to any person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, or manufacturers any AIM coating for use within the state of Ohio, as well as any person who applies or solicits the application of any AIM coating within the state of Ohio, except the following:

(A) Any AIM coating that is sold or manufactured for use outside of the state of Ohio or for shipment to other manufacturers for reformulation or repackaging.

(B) Any aerosol coating product.

(C) Any AIM coating that is sold in a container with a volume of one liter ( 1.057 quart) or less, including kits containing containers of different colors, types or categories of coatings and two component products. This applicability exception does not include bundling of containers individually containing one liter or less, which are sold together as a unit comprising more than one liter in volume, or any type of marketing which implies that multiple containers one liter or less be combined in one container. This exemption does not include packaging from which the coating cannot be applied. This exemption does include multiple containers of one liter or less that are packaged and shipped together with no intent or requirement to ultimately sell as one unit.

Replaces: 3745-113-02

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07

3745-113-03 Standards for architectural and industrial maintenance (AIM) coatings.

(A) VOC content limits.

Except as provided in paragraphs (B) and (C) of this rule, on or after January 1, 2009, no person shall do any of the following:

(1) Manufacture, blend, or repackage for sale within the state of Ohio .

(2) Supply, sell or offer for sale within the state of Ohio .

(3) Solicit for application or apply within the state of Ohio, any AIM coating with a VOC content in excess of the corresponding limit specified in the table of this paragraph.

Limits are expressed in grams of VOC per liter of coating and pounds of VOC per gallon of coating thinned to the manufacturer's maximum recommendation, excluding the volume of any water, exempt compounds, or colorant added to tint bases.

Table: VOC Content Limits for AIM Coatings

Coating Type

Limit (grams/liter)

Limit (pounds/gallon)

Flat coatings

100

0.83

Non-flat coatings

150

1.25

Non-flat-high-gloss coatings

250

2.08

     

Specialty coatings:

     

Antenna coatings

530

4.42

Anti-fouling coatings

400

3.33

Bituminous roof coatings

300

2.50

Bituminous roof primers

350

2.92

Bond breakers

350

2.92

Calcimine recoaters

475

3.96

Clear wood coatings:

     

Clear brushing lacquers

680

5.67

Lacquers, including clear lacquer sanding sealers

550

4.59

Sanding sealers, excluding clear lacquers

350

2.92

Varnishes other than conversion varnishes

350

2.92

Conjugated oil varnish

450

3.75

Conversion varnishes

725

6.04

Concrete curing compounds

350

2.92

Concrete surface retarders

780

6.50

Dry fog coatings

400

3.33

Faux finishing coatings

350

2.92

Fire-resistive coatings

350

2.92

Fire-retardant coatings:

     

Clear

650

5.42

Opaque

350

2.92

Floor coatings

250

2.08

Flow coatings

420

3.50

Form-release compounds

250

2.08

Graphic arts coatings (sign paints)

500

4.17

High-temperature coatings

420

3.50

Impacted immersion coatings

780

6.50

Industrial maintenance coatings

340

2.83

Low-solids coatings

120

1.00

Magnesite cement coatings

450

3.75

Mastic texture coatings

300

2.50

Metallic pigmented coatings

500

4.17

Multi-color coatings

250

2.08

Nuclear coatings

450

3.75

Pre-treatment wash primers

420

3.50

Primers, sealers, and undercoaters

200

1.67

Quick-dry enamels

250

2.08

Quick-dry primers, sealers and undercoaters

200

1.67

Recycled coatings

250

2.08

Roof coatings

250

2.08

Rust preventive coatings

400

3.33

Shellacs:

     

Clear

730

6.09

Opaque

550

4.59

     

Specialty primers, sealers and undercoaters

350

2.92

Stains

250

2.08

Swimming pool coatings

340

2.83

Swimming pool repair & maintenance coatings

340

2.83

Temperature-indicator Safety coatings

550

4.59

Thermoplastic rubber

550

4.59

coatings and mastics

     

Traffic marking coatings

150

1.25

Waterproofing sealers

250

2.08

Waterproofing concrete/masonry sealers

400

3.33

Wood preservatives

350

2.92

Conversion factor: one pound VOC per gallon (US) = 119.95 grams per liter.

(B) Most restrictive VOC limit.

If anywhere on the container of any AIM coating, or any label or sticker affixed to the container, or in any sales, advertising, or technical literature supplied by a manufacturer or anyone acting on their behalf, any representation is made that indicates that the coating meets the definition of or is recommended for use for more than one of the coating categories listed in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of this rule, then the most restrictive VOC content limit shall apply. This provision does not apply to the following coating categories :

(1) Lacquer coatings (including lacquer sanding sealers) .

(2) Metallic pigmented coatings .

(3) Shellacs .

(4) Fire-retardant coatings .

(5) Pretreatment wash primers .

(6) Industrial maintenance coatings .

(7) Low-solids coatings .

(8) Wood preservatives .

(9) High-temperature coatings .

(10) Temperature-indicator safety coatings .

(11) Antenna coatings .

(12) Antifouling coatings .

(13) Flow coatings .

(14) Bituminous roof primers .

(15) Specialty primers, sealers, and undercoaters .

(16) Thermoplastic rubber coatings and mastics .

(17) Calcimine recoaters .

(18) Impacted immersion coatings .

(19) Nuclear coatings.

(C) Sell-through of coatings.

A coating manufactured prior to January 1, 2009, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale until December 31, 2012. In addition, a coating manufactured before January 1, 2009 may be applied at any time, both before and after January 1, 2009, so long as the coating complied with the standards in effect at the time the coating was manufactured. This paragraph does not apply to any coating that does not display the date or date code required by paragraph (A) of rule 3745-113-04 of the Administrative Code.

(D) Painting practices.

All AIM coating containers used to apply the contents therein to a surface directly from the container by pouring, siphoning, brushing, rolling, padding, ragging, or other means, shall be closed when not in use. These AIM coatings containers include, but are not limited to, drums, buckets, cans, pails, trays, or other application containers. Containers of any VOC-containing materials used for thinning and cleanup shall also be closed when not in use.

(E) Thinning.

No person who applies or solicits the application of any AIM coating shall apply a coating that is thinned to exceed the applicable VOC limit specified in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of this rule.

(F) Rust preventive coatings.

No person shall apply or solicit the application of any rust preventive coating for industrial use, unless such a rust preventive coating complies with the industrial maintenance coating VOC limit specified in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of this rule. No person shall sell or offer for sale any rust preventative coating for application to any nonmetallic substrate, nor shall any person apply a rust preventative coating to any nonmetallic substrate.

(G) Coatings not listed in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of this rule.

For any coating that does not meet any of the definitions for the specialty coatings categories listed in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of this rule, the VOC content limit shall be determined by classifying the coating as a flat coating, non-flat coating, or non-flat-high-gloss coating as defined in paragraphs (A)(21), (A)(35) and (A)(36) of rule 3745-113-01 of the Administrative Code and the corresponding flat or non-flat coating limit shall apply.

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/01/2013 and 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07

3745-113-04 Container labeling requirements.

(A) Effective January 1, 2009, each manufacturer of any AIM coatings subject to this rule shall display the following information on the coating container (or label) in which the coating is sold or distributed:

(1) Date code: The date the coating was manufactured, or a date code representing the date, shall be indicated on the label, lid, or bottom of the container. If the manufacturer uses a date code for any coating, the manufacturer shall file an explanation of each code with the director.

(2) Thinning recommendations: A statement of the manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning of the coating shall be indicated on the label or lid of the container. This requirement does not apply to the thinning of architectural coatings with water. If thinning of the coating prior to use is not necessary, the recommendation shall specify that the coating is to be applied without thinning.

(3) VOC content: Each container of any coating subject to this rule shall display either the maximum or the actual VOC content of the coating, as supplied, including the maximum thinning as recommended by the manufacturer. VOC content shall be displayed in grams of VOC per liter of coating. VOC content displayed shall be calculated using product formulation data, or shall be determined using the test methods in paragraph (A)(2) of rule 3745-113-06 of the Administrative Code. The equations in paragraph (A)(1) of rule 3745-113-06 of the Administrative Code shall be used to calculate VOC content.

(4) Industrial maintenance coatings: The label or the lid of the container in which the coating is sold or distributed shall display one or more of the following descriptions:

(a) "For industrial use only."

(b) "For professional use only."

(c) "Not for residential use" or "Not intended for residential use."

(5) Clear brushing lacquers: The labels of all clear brushing lacquers shall prominently display the statements "For brush application only," and "This product must not be thinned or sprayed."

(6) Rust preventive coatings: The labels of all rust preventive coatings shall prominently display the statement "For metal substrates only."

(7) Specialty primers, sealers, and undercoaters: The labels of all specialty primers, sealers, and undercoaters shall prominently display one or more of the following:

(a) For blocking stains.

(b) For fire-damaged substrates.

(c) For smoke-damaged substrates.

(d) For water-damaged substrates.

(e) For excessively chalky substrates.

(f) To seal in efflorescence.

(8) Quick dry enamels: The labels of all quick dry enamels shall prominently display the words "Quick Dry" and the dry hard time.

(9) Non-flat -high-gloss coatings: The labels of all non-flat -high-gloss coatings shall prominently display the words "High Gloss."

(10) Faux finishing coatings: The labels of all clear topcoat faux finishing coatings shall prominently display the statement "This product can only be sold or used as part of a faux finishing coating system."

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/01/2013 and 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07

3745-113-05 Reporting requirements.

(A) Each manufacturer of a product subject to a VOC content limit in paragraph (A) of rule 3745-113-03 of the Administrative Code, shall keep records demonstrating compliance with the VOC content limits. Such records shall clearly list each product by name (and identifying number, if applicable) as shown on the product label and in applicable sales and technical literature, the VOC content as determined in rule 3745-113-06 of the Administrative Code, the name and chemical abstract service (CAS) number of the VOC constituents in the product, the dates of the VOC content determinations, and the coating category and the applicable VOC content limit. These records shall be kept for a period not less than five years and shall be made available to the director within ninety days of request.

(B) A responsible official from each manufacturer shall upon request of the director, provide data concerning the distribution and sales of coatings subject to a VOC content limit in paragraph (A) of rule 3745-113-03 of the Administrative Code. The responsible official shall within ninety days provide information including, but not limited to the following:

(1) The name and mailing address of the manufacturer .

(2) The name, address, and telephone number of a contact person .

(3) The name of the product as it appears on the label and the coating category in paragraph (A) of rule 3745-113-03 of the Administrative Code under which it is regulated .

(4) Whether it is marketed for interior or exterior use or both .

(5) The number of gallons sold in the state of Ohio in containers greater than one liter and less than one liter .

(6) The actual VOC content and VOC content limit in grams per liter. If thinning is recommended, list the actual VOC content and VOC content limit after recommended thinning. If containers less than one liter have a different VOC content than containers greater than one liter, list separately .

(7) The names and CAS number of the VOC constituents in the product.

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/01/2013 and 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07

3745-113-06 Compliance provisions and test methods.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (B) of rule 3745-113-01 of the Administrative Code titled " Referenced materials."]

(A) For the purpose of determining compliance with the VOC content limits in the table of paragraph (A)(3) of rule 3745-113-03 of the Administrative Code , the VOC content of a coating shall be determined by using the procedures described in paragraph (A)(1)(a) or (A)(1)(b) of this rule, as appropriate. The VOC content of a tint base shall be determined without colorant that is added after the tint base is manufactured.

(1) Calculation of VOC content.

(a) With the exception of low solids coatings, determine the VOC content in grams of VOC per liter of coating thinned to the manufacturer's maximum recommendation, excluding the volume of any water and exempt compounds. Determine the VOC content using the following equation:

VOC content = (Ws -Ww -Wec) / (Vm - Vw - Vec)

where:

VOC content = grams of VOC per liter of coating

Ws = weight of volatiles, in grams

Ww = weight of water, in grams

Wec = weight of exempt compounds, in grams

Vm = volume of coating, in liters

Vw = volume of water, in liters

Vec = volume of exempt compounds, in liters

(b) For low solids coatings, determine the VOC content in units of grams of VOC per liter of coating thinned to the manufacturer's maximum recommendation, including the volume of any water and exempt compounds. Determine the VOC content using the following equation:

VOC content (ls) = (Ws - Ww - Wec) / (Vm)

where:

VOC content (ls) = the VOC content of a low solids coating in grams per liter of coating

Ws = weight of volatiles, in grams

Ww = weight of water, in grams

Wec = weight of exempt compounds, in grams

Vm = volume of coating, in liters

(2) VOC content of coatings: To determine the physical properties of a coating in order to perform the calculations in paragraph (A)(1) of this rule, the reference method for VOC content is USEPA method 24, except as provided in paragraphs (A)(3) and (A)(4) of this rule. An alternative method to determine the VOC content of coatings is SCAQMD method 304-91. The exempt compounds content shall be determined by SCAQMD method 303-91 (Revised August 1996). To determine the VOC content of a coating, the manufacturer may use USEPA method 24, or an alternative method, as provided in paragraph (A)(3) of this rule, formulation data, or any other reasonable means for predicting that the coating has been formulated as intended (e.g., quality assurance checks, recordkeeping). However, if there are any inconsistencies between the results of a test conducted utilizing USEPA method 24 and any other means for determining VOC content, the results of the test utilizing USEPA method 24 will govern, except when an alternative method is approved as specified in paragraph (A)(3) of this rule. The director may require the manufacturer to conduct an analysis using USEPA method 24.

(3) Alternative test methods: Other test methods demonstrated to provide results that are acceptable for purposes of determining compliance with paragraph (A)(2) of this rule, after review and approval in writing by the director and the USEPA, may also be used.

(4) Methacrylate traffic coating markings: Analysis of methacrylate multi-component coatings used as traffic marking coatings shall be conducted according to a modification of USEPA method 24 contained in 40 CFR 59, Subpart D, Appendix A. This method has not been approved for methacrylate multicomponent coatings used for purposes other than as traffic marking coatings or for other classes of multicomponent coatings.

Effective: 10/18/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/01/2013 and 10/18/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/21/07