Chapter 3745-21 Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Related Emission Requirements

3745-21-01 Definitions.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (JJ) of this rule titled " Reference to materials."]

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this rule, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to this chapter.

(B) As used in Chapter 3745-21 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "AAMA" means the American architectural manufacturer association.

(2) "ASTM" means the American society for testing and materials also known as ASTM international.

(3) "Btu" means British thermal unit.

(4) "Btu per hour-foot-degree-Fahrenheit" means British thermal unit per hour-foot-degree-Fahrenheit.

(5) "CTG" means control technique guideline. A CTG is a USEPA guidance document that triggers a responsibility under Section 182(b)(2) of the Clean Air Act for states to submit reasonably available control technology (RACT) rules for stationary sources of VOC emissions as part of their state implementation plans. Each CTG contains a presumptive norm for RACT for a specific category, based on USEPA's evaluation of that category. The following rules promulgated by the Ohio environmental protection agency cover categories for which USEPA has issued a CTG:

(a) Paragraphs (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (I), (J), (K), (L), (M), (O), (P), (Q), (R), (T), (U), (W), (X), (Y), (Z), (BB), (CC), (DD), (EE), and (DDD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code; and

(b) Rules 3745-21-13 , 3745-21-15 , 3745-21-19 , 3745-21-20, 3745-21-22, 3745-21-23, 3745-21-24, 3745-21-26, 3745-21-27, 3745-21-28, and 3745-21-29 of the Administrative Code.

(6) "DC" means direct current.

(7) "Day" means a period of twenty-four consecutive hours beginning at midnight local time, or beginning at a time consistent with a facility's operating schedule.

(8) "Exempt solvent" means any of the compounds which are specifically identified in paragraph (B)(16) of this rule as not being volatile organic compounds.

(9) "Lb per mmBtu" or "lb/mmBtu" means pound per million British thermal units.

(10) "Incinerator" means a combustion apparatus designed for high temperature operation in which solid, semisolid, liquid, or gaseous combustible wastes are ignited and burned.

(11) "Non-CTG" means all other stationary sources of VOC emissions for which the USEPA has not developed a control technique guideline document.

(12) "Organic compound" means any chemical compound containing carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides, metallic carbonates, ammonium carbonate, methane (except methane from landfill gases), and ethane.

(13) "Permit-to-install and operate" or "PTIO" means a permit-to-install and a permit-to-operate applicable to air contaminant sources not located at facilities subject to Chapter 3745-77 of the Administrative Code.

(14) "Potential to emit" means the maximum capacity of a facility or stationary source to emit an organic compound or VOC under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the facility or stationary source to emit an organic compound or VOC, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is federally enforceable or legally and practicably enforceable by the state.

(15) "USEPA" means United States environmental protection agency.

(16) "Volatile organic compound" or "VOC" means any organic compound which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions. (This includes any organic compound other than the following compounds: methane, ethane, methyl chloroform (1,1,1-trichloroethane), CFC-113 (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane), methylene chloride, CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane), CFC-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane), HCFC-22 (chlorodifluoromethane), HFC-23 (trifluoromethane), CFC-114 (1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane), CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane), HCFC-123 (1,1,1-trifluoro-2,2-dichloroethane), HFC-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane), HCFC-141b (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane), HCFC-142b (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane), HCFC-124 (2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane), HFC-125 (pentafluoroethane), HFC-134 (1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane), HFC-143a (1,1,1-trifluoroethane), HFC-152a (1,1-difluoroethane), PCBTF (parachlorobenzotrifluoride), cyclic, branched, or linear completely methylated siloxanes, acetone, perchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene), HCFC-225ca (3,3-dichloro-1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane), HCFC-225cb (1,3-dichloro-1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane), HFC 43-10mee (1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane), HFC-32 (difluoromethane), HFC-161 (ethylefluoride), HFC-236fa (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane), HFC-245ca (1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane), HFC-245ea (1,1,2,3,3-pentafluoropropane), HFC-245eb (1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropane), HFC-245fa (1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane), HFC-236ea (1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoropropane), HFC-365mfc (1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane), HCFC-31 (chlorofluoromethane), HCFC-151a (1-chloro-1-fluoroethane), HCFC-123a (1,2-dichloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethane), C 4 F 9 OCH 3 or HFE-7100 (1,1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-nonafluoro-4-methoxy-butane), (CF 3 ) 2 CFCF 2 OCH 3 (2-(difluoromethoxymethyl) -1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane), C 4 F 9 OC 2 H 5 or HFE-7200 (1-ethoxy-1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nonafluorobutane), (CF 3 ) 2 CFCF 2 OC 2 H 5 (2-(ethoxydifluoromethyl) -1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane), methyl acetate, n-C3F7OCH3 or HFE-7000 (1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoro-3-methoxy-propane), HFE-7500 (3-ethoxy-1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,6-dodecafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl) hexane), HFC 227ea (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane), methyl formate, t-butyl acetate, dimethyl carbonate, propylene carbonate, any organic compound listed in 40 CFR 51.100(s)(1) or (s)(5) , and any class of perfluorocarbon compounds that consists of (a) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes, (b) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations, (c) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations, or (d) sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine. These compounds have been determined to have negligible photochemical reactivity. For purposes of determining compliance with emission limits, VOC will be measured by the approved test methods. Where such a method also inadvertently measures compounds with negligible photochemical reactivity, an owner or operator may exclude these negligibly reactive compounds when determining compliance with an emission standard.)

(C) As used in rule 3745-21-07 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of emissions of organic materials from stationary sources):

(1) (Reserved)

(2) "Effluent water separator" means any tank, box, sump, or other container in which any volatile photochemically reactive material floating on or entrained or contained in water entering such tank, box, sump, or other container is physically separated and removed from such water prior to outfall, drainage, or recovery of such water.

(3) "Liquid organic material" means any organic material which is a liquid at standard conditions.

(4) "Organic material" means any chemical compound containing carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides, metallic carbonates, and ammonium carbonate.

(5) "Photochemically reactive material" means any liquid organic material with an aggregate of more than twenty per cent of its total volume composed of the chemical compounds classified below or which exceed any of the following individual percentage composition limitations, referred to the total volume of liquid:

(a) A combination of hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, esters, ethers or ketones having an olefinic or cyclo-olefinic type of unsaturation except perchloroethylene: five per cent;

(b) A combination of aromatic hydrocarbons with eight or more carbon atoms to the molecule except ethylbenzene: eight per cent;

(c) A combination of ethylbenzene, ketones having branched hydrocarbon structures, trichloroethylene or toluene: twenty per cent.

Whenever any organic material or any constituent of an organic material may be classified from its chemical structure into more than one of the above groups of organic compounds, it shall be considered as a member of the most reactive chemical group, that is, that group having the least allowable per cent of the total volume of liquid.

(6) "Submerged fill pipe" means any fill pipe with the discharge opening entirely submerged when the liquid level is six inches above the bottom of the tank; or when applied to a tank which is loaded from the side, shall mean any fill pipe with the discharge opening entirely submerged when the liquid level is eighteen inches above the bottom of the tank.

(7) "Volatile photochemically reactive material" means any photochemically reactive material which has a vapor pressure of 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute or greater under actual storage conditions.

(D) As used in paragraphs (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (I), (J), (K), (S), (U), (Y), (FF), (HH), (II) and (PP) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to coating lines and printing lines) and in rules 3745-21-04 , 3745-21-10 ,3745-21-18, 3745-21-26, and 3745-21-29 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Adhesion primer" means:

(a) For the purpose of paragraph (HH) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, a coating used to promote adhesion of a topcoat on surfaces such as trim moldings, door locks and door sills, where sanding is impractical.

(b) For the purpose of rule 3745-21-26 of the Administrative Code, a coating that is applied to a polyolefin part to promote the adhesion of a subsequent coating. An adhesion primer is clearly identified as an adhesion primer or adhesion promoter on its accompanying material safety data sheet.

(2) "Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means.

(3) "Air dried coating" means a coating that is dried by the use of air or forced warm air at temperatures up to one hundred ninety-four degrees Fahrenheit.

(4) "Airless spray" means a spray coating method in which the coating is atomized by forcing it through a small nozzle opening at high pressure. The coating is not mixed with air before exiting from the nozzle opening.

(5) "Anti-chip coating" means a coating designed to reduce stone chipping damage. Anti-chip coatings may be applied to broad areas of the vehicle or to selected vehicle surfaces that are most vulnerable to impingement by stones and other road debris (e.g., rocker panels, the bottom edges of doors and fenders, and the leading edge of the roof). Anti-chip coatings are typically applied after the electrodeposition primer and before the topcoat and are considered primer-surfacer coatings.

(6) "Antifoulant coating" means any coating that is applied to the underwater portion of a boat specifically to prevent or reduce the attachment of biological organisms and that is registered with USEPA as a pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act contained in 7 USC 136 to 7 USC 136y .

(7) "Antique motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle, but not a reproduction thereof, manufactured more than twenty five years prior to the current year which has been maintained in or restored to a condition which is substantially in conformance with manufacturer specifications.

(8) "Aqueous coating" means a water-based surface coating applied directly over ink on a printed substrate for the purpose of enhancing or protecting the printed surface.

(9) "As applied" means the formulation of a coating during the application on or impregnation into a substrate, including any dilution solvents or thinners added at the source before application of the coating.

(10) "Automobile" means a passenger car or passenger car derivative capable of seating not more than twelve passengers.

(11) "Automobile and light-duty truck adhesive" means an adhesive, including glass bonding adhesive, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied for the purpose of bonding two vehicle surfaces together without regard to the substrates involved.

(12) "Automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant" means a facility where automobile and/or light-duty truck bodies, frames and associated parts, are assembled for eventual inclusion into a finished product ready for sale to vehicle dealers. Customizers, body shops and other repainters are excluded from this definition.

(13) "Automobile and light-duty truck bedliner" means a multi-component coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to a cargo bed after the application of topcoat and outside of the topcoat operation to provide additional durability and chip resistance.

(14) "Automobile and light-duty truck cavity wax" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied into the cavities of the vehicle primarily for the purpose of enhancing corrosion protection.

(15) "Automobile and light-duty truck deadener" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to selected vehicle surfaces primarily for the purpose of reducing the sound of road noise in the passenger compartment.

(16) "Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material" means a fluid, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to coat a gasket or replace and perform the same function as a gasket. Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material includes room temperature vulcanization (RTV) seal material.

(17) "Automobile and light-duty truck glass bonding primer" means a primer, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to windshield or other glass, or to body openings, to prepare the glass or body opening for the application of glass bonding adhesives or the installation of adhesive bonded glass. Automobile and light-duty truck glass bonding primer includes glass bonding/cleaning primers that perform both functions (cleaning and priming of the windshield or other glass, or body openings) prior to the application of adhesive or the installation of adhesive bonded glass.

(18) "Automobile and light-duty truck lubricating wax/compound" means a protective lubricating material, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to vehicle hubs and hinges.

(19) "Automobile and light-duty truck sealer" means a high viscosity material, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, generally, but not always, applied in the paint shop after the body has received an electrodeposition primer coating and before the application of subsequent coatings (e.g., primer-surfacer). The primary purpose of automobile and light-duty truck sealer is to fill body joints completely so that there is no intrusion of water, gases or corrosive materials into the passenger area of the body compartment. Such materials are also referred to as sealant, sealant primer, or caulk.

(20) "Automobile and light-duty truck trunk interior coating" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility outside of the primer-surfacer and topcoat operations, applied to the trunk interior to provide chip protection.

(21) "Automobile and light-duty truck underbody coating" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the undercarriage or firewall to prevent corrosion and/or provide chip protection.

(22) "Automobile and light-duty truck weatherstrip adhesive" means an adhesive, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to weatherstripping materials for the purpose of bonding the weatherstrip material to the surface of the vehicle.

(23) "Automotive elastomeric coating" means a coating designed for application over surfaces of flexible mobile equipment and mobile equipment components, such as elastomeric bumpers.

(24) "Automotive impact-resistant coating" means a coating designed to resist chipping caused by road debris.

(25) "Automotive jambing clearcoat" means a fast-drying, ready-to-spray clearcoat applied to surfaces such as door jambs and trunk and hood edges to allow for quick closure.

(26) "Automotive lacquer" means a thermoplastic coating applied directly to bare metal surfaces of mobile equipment and mobile equipment components which dries primarily by solvent evaporation, and which is resoluble in its original solvent.

(27) "Automotive low-gloss coating" means a coating which exhibits a gloss reading less than or equal to twenty-five on a sixty-degree-glossmeter.

(28) "Automotive multi-colored topcoat" means a topcoat that exhibits more than one color, is packaged in a single container, and camouflages surface defects on areas of heavy use, such as cargo beds and other surfaces of trucks and other utility vehicles.

(29) "Automotive pretreatment" means a primer that contains a minimum of 0.5 per cent acid, by weight, that is applied directly to bare metal surfaces of mobile equipment and mobile equipment components to provide corrosion resistance and to promote adhesion of subsequent coatings.

(30) "Automotive primer-sealer" means a coating applied to mobile equipment and mobile equipment components prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of providing corrosion resistance, promoting adhesion of subsequent coatings, promoting color uniformity, and promoting the ability of the undercoat to resist penetration by the topcoat.

(31) "Automotive primer-surfacer" means a coating applied to mobile equipment and mobile equipment components prior to the application of topcoat for the purpose of filling surface imperfections in the substrate; providing corrosion resistance; or promoting adhesion of subsequent coatings.

(32) "Automotive specialty coating" means coatings including, but not limited to, elastomeric coatings, adhesion promoters, low gloss coatings, bright metal trim repair coatings, jambing clearcoats, impact resistant coatings, rubberized asphaltic underbody coatings, uniform finish blenders, weld-through primers applied to automotive surfaces and lacquer topcoats applied to a classic motor vehicle or to an antique motor vehicle.

(33) "Automotive topcoat" means a coating or series of coatings applied over an automotive primer-surfacer, automotive primer-sealer or existing finish on the surface of mobile equipment and mobile equipment components for the purpose of protection or beautification.

(34) "Automotive touch up repair" means the application of automotive topcoat finish materials to cover minor finishing imperfections equal to or less than one inch in diameter.

(35) "Automotive/transportation plastic parts" means the interior and exterior plastic components of automobiles, trucks, tractors, lawnmowers, and other like mobile equipment intended for primary use on land, with the exception of the following: plastic parts coated on the main (body) paint line in automobile and light duty truck assembly plants and truck assembly plants, and plastic parts coated during the refinishing or final repair of automobiles, trucks, tractors, lawnmowers and other like mobile equipment.

(36) "Baked coating" means a coating that is cured at a temperature at or above one hundred ninety-four degrees Fahrenheit.

(37) "Basecoat" means, for can coating lines, the exterior base coating of a two-piece can or the exterior and interior base coating of a three-piece can or three-piece can end; and basecoat means, for automotive/transportation plastic parts coating lines, the highly pigmented, often metallic first coating in a two-step topcoat system which is followed by a clearcoat, resulting in a finish with high-gloss characteristics.

(38) "Basecoat/clearcoat system" means a topcoat system applied to exterior and selected interior vehicle surfaces primarily to provide an aesthetically pleasing appearance and acceptable durability performance. It consists of a layer of pigmented basecoat color coating, followed directly by a layer of a clear or semitransparent coating. It may include multiple layers of color coats or tinted clear materials.

(39) "Black automotive coating" means a coating which meets both of the following criteria:

(a) Maximum lightness: twenty-three units; and

(b) Saturation: less than 2.8, where saturation equals the square root of A2+ B2.

These criteria are based on Cielab color space, 0/45 geometry. For spherical geometry, specular included, maximum lightness is thirty-three units.

(40) "Body part" means exterior parts of motor vehicles such as hoods, fenders, doors, roof, quarter panels, decklids, tail gates, and cargo beds. Body parts were traditionally made of sheet metal, but now are also made of plastic. Bumpers, fascia, and cladding are not body parts.

(41) "Business machine" means a device that uses electronic or mechanical methods to process information, perform calculations, print or copy information or convert sound into electrical impulses for transmission, including devices listed in standard industrial classification numbers 3572, 3573, 3574, 3579, and 3661 and photocopy machines, a subcategory of standard industrial classification number 3861.

(42) "Business machine plastic parts" means the plastic housings and other exterior plastic components of electronic office equipment and musical equipment, including, but not limited to the following: computers, monitors, printers and keyboards, facsimile machines, copiers, microfiche readers, cellular and standard phones, and pencil sharpeners. This definition excludes internal electrical components of business machines.

(43) "Camouflage coating" means a coating, used principally by the military, to conceal equipment from detection.

(44) "Can" means a single walled metal container constructed wholly of tin plate, terne plate, black plate (including tin-free steel), waste plate, aluminum sheet, or impact extrusions designed for packaging products. It excludes "steel pails" defined as single walled shipping containers having capacities of one gallon or greater and which are cylindrically constructed of steel of twenty-nine-gauge or heavier.

(45) "Capture system" means all equipment, including but not limited to hoods, ducts, fans, ovens and dryers, used to contain, collect, and route VOC vapors released from a coating line or printing line.

(46) "Classic motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle, but not a reproduction thereof, manufactured at least fifteen years prior to the current year which has been maintained in or restored to a condition which is substantially in conformity with manufacturer specifications and appearance.

(47) "Cleaning material" means a solvent used to remove contaminants and other materials such as dirt, grease, oil, and dried ( e.g., depainting) or wet coating from a substrate before or after coating application; or from equipment associated with a coating operation, such as spray booths, spray guns, tanks, and hangers. Thus, it includes any cleaning material used on substrates or equipment or both.

(48) "Clearcoat" means a transparent coating usually applied over a colored, opaque coat to improve gloss and provide protection to the colorcoat below.

(49) "Clear coating" means a colorless coating which contains binders, but no pigment, and is formulated to form a transparent film.

(50) "Coating or surface coating" means a material applied onto or saturated within a substrate for decorative, protective or functional purposes. Such materials include, but are not limited to, paints, varnishes, sealers, adhesives and inks.

(51) "Coating applicator" means an apparatus used to apply a surface coating.

(52) "Coating line" means an operation consisting of a series of one or more coating applicators and any associated flash-off areas, drying areas and ovens wherein a surface coating is applied, dried, and/or cured. It is not necessary for an operation to have an oven, or flash-off area, or drying area in order to be included within this definition.

(53) "Coating of plastic parts of automobiles and trucks" means the coating of any plastic part that is or shall be assembled with other parts to form an automobile or truck.

(54) "Coating of plastic parts of business machines" means the coating of any plastic part that is or shall be assembled with other parts to form a business machine.

(55) "Coil" means a flat metal sheet or strip that is packaged in a roll and that has a thickness of 0.006 inch or more.

(56) "Commercial motor vehicle and mobile equipment refinishing operation" means any company or individual, other than the original manufacturer, that applies a coating containing a VOC as a pretreatment, primer, sealant, basecoat, clear coat, or topcoat to mobile equipment for commercial purposes.

(57) "Continuously monitor" means to measure data values of a parameter at least once every fifteen minutes and to record either each measured data value or block average values for a fifteen-minute or shorter time period. A block average value is the average of all measured data values during the time period; or if data values are measured more frequently than once per minute, the average of measured data values taken at least once per minute during the time period.

(58) "Control system" means any device or combination of devices designed to recover or incinerate VOC vapors received from a capture system.

(59) "Dip coating" means a method of applying coatings to a substrate by submersion into and removal from a coating bath.

(60) "Drum" means any cylindrical metal shipping container larger than twelve gallons but no larger than one hundred ten gallons in capacity.

(61) "Electrostatic application" means a method of applying coating particles or coating droplets to a grounded substrate by electrically charging them.

(62) "Electric-dissipating coating" means a coating that rapidly dissipates a high-voltage electric charge.

(63) "Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coating" means a coating that displays an electrical insulation of at least one thousand volts DC per mil on a flat test plate and an average thermal conductivity of at least 0.27 Btu per hour-foot-degree-Fahrenheit.

(64) "Electric-insulating varnish" or "electric-insulating coating" means a non-convertible-type coating applied to electric motors, components of electric motors, or power transformers, to provide electrical, mechanical, and environmental protection or resistance.

(65) "Electrodeposition" or "EDP" means the application of a surface coating to an object by immersing the object into a water bath containing the surface coating material and inducing an electric potential between the object and the bath.

(66) "Electrodeposition primer" or "EDP primer" means a process of applying a protective, corrosion-resistant waterborne primer on exterior and interior surfaces that provides thorough coverage of recessed areas. It is a dip coating method that uses an electrical field to apply or deposit the conductive coating onto the part. The object being painted acts as an electrode that is oppositely charged from the particles of paint in the dip tank. Also referred to as E-coat, Uni- Prime, and ELPO primer.

(67) "Electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference shielding coating" or "EMI/RFI shielding coating" means a coating used on electrical or electronic equipment to provide shielding against electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, or static discharge.

(68) "Electrostatic preparation coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part solely to provide conductivity for the subsequent application of a prime, a topcoat, or other coating through the use of electrostatic application methods. An electrostatic prep coat is clearly identified as an electrostatic prep coat on its accompanying material safety data sheet.

(69) "Enamel" means a type of surface coating in which drying occurs by evaporation of the solvent and polymerization of the pigmented drying oils.

(70) "End sealing compound" means a synthetic rubber or plastic compound which is applied onto can ends and which functions as a gasket when the end is assembled on the can.

(71) "Etching filler coating" means coating that contains less than twenty-three per cent solids by weight and at least one-half per cent acid by weight, and is used instead of applying a pretreatment coating followed by a primer.

(72) "Excluding water" means subtracting the volume of water and other volatile materials which are not VOC.

(73) "Exterior base coating" means a coating applied to the exterior of a can to provide exterior protection to the metal and/or to provide background for the lithographic or printing operation.

(74) "Exterior bottom end" means the outside surface of the bottom side of a two-piece can.

(75) "Extreme high-gloss coating" means:

(a) For the surface coating of metal furniture, a coating which, when tested by ASTM D523-89(1999), shows a reflectance of seventy-five or more on a sixty degree meter; or

(b) For the surface coating of miscellaneous metal or plastic parts, a coating which, when tested by ASTM D523-89(1999), shows a reflectance of ninety or more on a sixty degree meter.

(76) "Extreme performance coating" means:

(a) For the surface coating of metal furniture, a coating designed for exposure to any of the following: year-round outdoor weather, temperatures consistently above two hundred three degrees Fahrenheit, detergents, scouring, solvents, corrosive materials, corrosive atmospheres or similar harsh conditions; or

(b) For the surface coating of miscellaneous metal or plastic parts, a coating used on a metal or plastic surface where the coated surface is, in its intended use, subject to the following:

(i) Chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic or acidic agents, chemicals, chemical fumes, chemical mixtures or solutions; or

(ii) Repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of two hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit; or

(iii) Repeated heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated scrubbing with industrial grade solvents, cleansers or scouring agents.

Extreme performance coatings include, but are not limited to, coatings applied to locomotives, railroad cars, farm machinery, and heavy duty trucks.

(77) "Extrusion coater" means an apparatus in which a coating material is applied by means of a slotted die to a moving substrate, which is fed from an unwinding roll.

(78) "Fabric coating" means a coating applied to a textile substrate by dipping or by means of a knife or roll coater.

(79) "Final repair" means the operations performed and coating(s) applied to completely-assembled motor vehicles or to parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle to correct damage or imperfections in the coating. The curing of the coatings applied in these operations is accomplished at a lower temperature than that used for curing primer-surfacer and topcoat. This lower temperature cure avoids the need to send parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle through the same type of curing process used for primer-surfacer and topcoat and is necessary to protect heat sensitive components on completely assembled vehicles.

(80) "Finish primer/surfacer coating" means a coating applied with a wet film thickness of less than ten mils prior to the application of a topcoat for purposes of providing corrosion resistance, adhesion of subsequent coatings, a moisture barrier, or promotion of a uniform surface necessary for filling in surface imperfections.

(81) "Flashoff area" means the area of a facility through which coated materials travel from the coating applicator to the oven.

(82) "Flexible coating" means any coating with the ability to withstand dimensional changes that is required to comply with engineering specifications for impact resistance, mandrel bend, or elongation as defined by the original equipment manufacturer.

(83) "Flexographic packaging printing line" means a means a flexographic printing line in which surface coatings are applied to paper, paperboard, metal foil, plastic film, or other substrates which are subsequently formed into packaging products or labels for articles.

(84) "Flexographic printing line" means a printing line in which each roll printer uses a roll with raised areas for applying an image to the substrate. The image carrier on the roll is made of rubber or other flexible elastomeric material.

(85) "Flow coat" means a non-atomized technique of applying coatings to a substrate with a fluid nozzle in a fan pattern with no air supplied to the nozzle.

(86) "Fog coating" means a coating is applied to a plastic part for the purpose of color matching without masking a molded-in texture. A fog coat shall not be applied at a thickness of more than 0.5 mils of coating solids.

(87) "Food can ends" means can ends used for cans that store food products other than soft drinks or alcoholic beverages.

(88) "Fountain solution" means a surface coating applied to the plate roll of an offset lithographic printing line for the purpose of wetting only the nonimage areas so that they are not ink receptive.

(89) "Gloss reducer" means:.

(a) For miscellaneous metal and plastic parts, a low gloss coating formulated to eliminate glare for safety purposes on interior surfaces of a vehicle, as specified under United States department of transportation motor vehicle safety standards.

(b) For miscellaneous industrial adhesives and sealants, a coating that is applied to a plastic part solely to reduce the shine of the part and such gloss reducer shall not be applied at a thickness of more than 0.5 mils of coating solids.

(90) "Guidecoat" means a surface coating applied to the body of an automobile or light-duty truck between the electrodeposition prime coat and the topcoat.

(91) "Hand application methods" means the application of coatings by manually held non-mechanically operated equipment. Such equipment includes paintbrushes, hand rollers, caulking guns, trowels, spatulas, syringe daubers, rags, and sponges.

(92) "Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least four hundred degrees Fahrenheit during normal use.

(93) "Heavier vehicle" means a self-propelled vehicle designed for transporting persons or property on a street or highway that has a gross vehicle weight rating over eighty-five hundred pounds.

(94) "Heavier vehicle assembly facility" means a facility where heavier vehicle bodies, frames and associated parts, are assembled for eventual inclusion into a finished product ready for sale to vehicle dealers. Customizers, body shops and other repainters are excluded from this definition.

(95) " High-bake coating" means a coating designed to cure at temperatures above one hundred ninety-four degrees Fahrenheit.

(96) "High-build primer/surfacer coating" means a coating applied with a wet film thickness of ten mils or more prior to the application of a topcoat for purposes of providing corrosion resistance, adhesion of subsequent coatings, or a moisture barrier, or promoting a uniform surface necessary for filling in surface imperfections.

(97) "High-gloss coating" means any coating which shows a reflectance of eighty-five on a sixty degree meter when tested by ASTM D523-89(1999).

(98) "High-performance architectural coating" means a coating used to protect architectural subsections and which meets the requirements of the architectural aluminum manufacturer association's publication number AAMA 2604-04 "Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels" or AAMA 2605-05 "Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels" of the architectural aluminum manufacturer's association.

(99) " High-performance architectural aluminum coating" means a coating that is applied to aluminum used in architectural subsections and that meets the requirements of publication number AAMA 2605-02, "Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels," of the architectural aluminum manufacturer's association.

(100) "High-temperature coating" means a coating that is certified to with stand a temperature of one thousand degrees Fahrenheit for twenty-four hours.

(101) "High volume, low pressure sprayer" or "HVLP sprayer" means an air atomized sprayer that operates at a maximum air pressure of ten pounds per square inch gauge (psig) as measured at the nozzle.

(102) "Ink" means a coating applied by a roll printer.

(103) "In-line repair" means the operation performed and coating(s) applied to correct damage or imperfections in the topcoat on parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle. The curing of the coatings applied in these operations is accomplished at essentially the same temperature as that used for curing the previously applied topcoat. Also referred to as high bake repair or high bake reprocess. In-line repair is considered part of the topcoat operation.

(104) "Interior base coating" means a coating applied to the interior of a can.

(105) "Interior body coating" means a coating applied subsequent to the application of an interior base coating to the interior of a can body.

(106) "Knife coater" means an apparatus in which a coating material is applied to a moving substrate, which is fed from an unwinding roll, by drawing the substrate beneath a knife (blade) that is designed to spread the coating evenly over the width of the substrate.

(107) "Lacquer" means a type of surface coating in which drying occurs by evaporation of the solvent and deposition of the resin and any pigment.

(108) "Large appliance" means door, case, lid, panel, interior part, and/or interior support part of a residential or commercial washer, dryer, range, refrigerator, freezer, water heater, dishwasher, trash compactor, air conditioner, ovens, microwave ovens, or other similar product.

(109) "Light-duty truck" means a motor vehicle rated at eight thousand five hundred pounds gross weight or less which is designed primarily for highway use and for the transportation of property, or is a derivative of such vehicle.

(110) "Line" means the same as "coating line."

(111) "Lithographic printing line" means a printing line, except that the substrate is not necessarily fed from an unwinding roll, in which each roll printer uses a roll where both the image and nonimage areas are essentially in the same plane (planographic).

(112) " Low-bake coatings" means coatings designed to cure at temperatures below one hundred ninety-four degrees Fahrenheit.

(113) "Magnet wire coating" means a coating of electrically insulating varnish or enamel which is applied to aluminum or copper wire prior to its formation into an electromagnetic coil.

(114) "Magnetic data storage disk coating" mean a coating used on a metal disk which stores data magnetically.

(115) "Mask coating" means a thin film coating applied through a template to coat a small portion of a substrate.

(116) "Metal furniture" means any metal part of household, business, institutional or office furniture, excluding hardware. Such furniture includes, but is not limited to, cabinets, cases, desks, chairs, tables, partitions, shelving, lockers, storage racks, indoor waste receptacles and fixtures.

(117) "Metallic coating" means a coating which contains more than five grams of metal particles per liter of coating, as applied. Metal particles are pieces of a pure elemental metal or a combination of elemental metals.

(118) "Military specification coating" means a coating which has a formulation approved by a United States military agency for use on military equipment.

(119) "Miscellaneous metal part or product" means any metal part or metal product except the following: cans, coils, metal furniture, large appliances, and aluminum or copper wire prior to its formation into an electromagnetic coil.

(120) "Mobile equipment" means any equipment that may be drawn or is capable of being driven on a roadway, including, but not limited to, automobiles, trucks, truck bodies, truck trailers, cargo vaults, utility bodies, camper shells, construction equipment, farming equipment, and motorcycles.

(121) "Mold-seal coating" means the initial coating applied to a new mold or repaired mold to provide a smooth surface which, when coated with a mold release coating, prevents products from sticking to the mold.

(122) "Motor vehicle bedliner" means a multi-component coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to a cargo bed after the application of topcoat to provide additional durability and chip resistance.

(123) "Motor vehicle cavity wax" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied into the cavities of the vehicle primarily for the purpose of enhancing corrosion protection.

(124) "Motor vehicle deadener" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to selected vehicle surfaces primarily for the purpose of reducing the sound of road noise in the passenger compartment.

(125) "Motor vehicle gasket/gasket sealing material" means a fluid, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to coat a gasket or replace and perform the same function as a gasket. Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material includes room temperature vulcanization (RTV) seal material.

(126) "Motor vehicle lubricating wax/compound" means a protective lubricating material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to vehicle hubs and hinges.

(127) "Motor vehicle sealer" means a high viscosity material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, generally, but not always, applied in the paint shop after the body has received an electrodeposition primer coating and before the application of subsequent coatings (e.g., primer-surfacer). The primary purpose of automobile and light-duty truck sealer is to fill body joints completely so that there is no intrusion of water, gases or corrosive materials into the passenger area of the body compartment. Such materials are also referred to as sealant, sealant primer, or caulk.

(128) "Motor vehicle trunk interior coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the trunk interior to provide chip protection.

(129) "Motor vehicle underbody coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the undercarriage or firewall to prevent corrosion and/or provide chip protection.

(130) "Multi-colored coating" means a coating which exhibits more than one color when applied, and which is packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.

(131) "Multi-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener, before application to form an acceptable dry film.

(132) "Non-flexible coating" means any coating without the ability to withstand dimensional changes that is not required to comply with engineering specifications for impact resistance, mandrel bend, or elongation as defined by the original equipment manufacturer.

(133) "Offset lithographic printing line" means a lithographic printing line where the image is applied from a plate roll to an intermediate (blanket) roll and then transferred onto the substrate.

(134) "One-component coating" means a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner, necessary to reduce the viscosity, is not considered a component.

(135) "Optical coating" means a coating applied to an optical lens.

(136) "Oven" means a chamber within which heat is used for one or more of the following purposes: dry, bake, cure or polymerize a surface coating or ink.

(137) "Overvarnish" means a surface coating applied directly over ink on the exterior of a can.

(138) "Packaging rotogravure printing line" means a rotogravure printing line in which surface coatings are applied to paper, paperboard, metal foil, plastic film, or other substrates which are subsequently formed into packaging products or labels for articles.

(139) "Pan backing coating" means a coating applied to the surface of pots, pans, or other cooking implements that are exposed directly to a flame or other heating elements.

(140) "Paper coating" means a coating applied by dipping or by means of a knife, roll or extrusion coater to paper, paperboard, pressure sensitive tapes or labels, plastic film, or metal foil. Excluded from this definition are coatings used in substrate formation within a papermaking system and coatings applied within a printing line which is in compliance with the emission requirements contained in paragraph (Y) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(141) "Papermaking system" means all equipment used to convert pulp into paper, paperboard or market pulp, including the stock storage and preparation systems, the paper or paperboard machines, and the paper machine white water system, broke recovery systems, and the systems involved in calendering, drying, on-machine coating, slitting, winding and cutting.

(142) "Paper treater" means a coating line in which a uniform layer of phenolic or melamine resin is applied by dipping a continuously moving paper substrate into the resin and then using rollers to squeeze the excess resin from the paper.

(143) "Plastic or composites molding facility" means a facility where the purchase cost of capital equipment used for plastic or composites molding, including presses, tooling, and associated material processing and handling equipment, is greater than the purchase cost of capital equipment used for the surface coating of new automobile, new light-duty truck, or new heavier vehicle bodies or body parts for new automobiles, new light-duty trucks, or new heavier vehicles.

(144) "Plastic part" means a product, or piece of a product, made from a substance that has been formed from resin through the application of pressure or heat or both.

(145) "Pleasure craft" means vessels which are manufactured or operated primarily for recreational purposes, or leased, rented, or chartered to a person or business for recreational purposes. The owner or operator of such vessels shall be responsible for certifying that the intended use is for recreational purposes.

(146) "Pleasure craft surface coating" means any marine coating, except unsaturated polyester resin (fiberglass) coatings, applied by brush, spray, roller, or other means to a pleasure craft.

(147) "Prefabricated architectural component coating" means a coating applied to metal parts and products which are to be used as an architectural structure.

(148) "Pretreatment coating" means a coating which contains no more than twelve per cent solids by weight, and at least one-half per cent acid, by weight, is used to provide surface etching, and is applied directly to metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance, adhesion, and ease of stripping.

(149) "Pretreatment wash primer coating" means a coating which contains no more than twelve per cent solids, by weight, and at least one-half per cent acids, by weight; is used to provide surface etching; and is applied directly to fiberglass and metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and adhesion of subsequent coatings.

(150) "Primary coating" means electrodeposition primer, primer-surfacer (including anti-chip coatings), topcoat (basecoat and clearcoat) and final repair.

(151) "Prime coat" means a surface coating which is used to aid the adhesion of a topcoat to a surface and/or prevent corrosion of the metal being coated. For the purpose of emission limitations, guidecoat and surfacer are included in the definition of prime coat.

(152) "Primer" means any coating formulated and applied to a substrate to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.

(153) "Primer-surfacer" means an intermediate protective coating applied over the electrodeposition primer and under the topcoat. Primer-surfacer provides adhesion, protection, and appearance properties to the total finish. Primer-surfacer may also be called guidecoat or surfacer. Primer-surfacer operations may include other coating(s) (e.g., anti-chip, lower-body anti-chip, chip-resistant edge primer, spot primer, blackout, deadener, interior color, basecoat replacement coating, etc.) that is (are) applied in the same spray booth(s).

(154) "Printing line" means an operation consisting of a series of one or more roll printers and any associated in-line roll coaters, in-line extrusion coaters, drying areas and ovens wherein one or more surface coatings are applied, dried, and/or cured. It is not necessary for an operation to have an oven or drying area in order to be included within this definition.

(155) "Publication rotogravure printing line" means a rotogravure printing line in which surface coatings are applied to paper which is subsequently formed into books, catalogues, brochures, directories, newspaper supplements or other types of printed materials.

(156) "Reactive adhesive" means an adhesive system composed, in part, of volatile monomers that react during the adhesive curing reaction, and, as a result, do not evolve from the film during use. These volatile components instead become integral parts of the adhesive through chemical reaction. At least seventy per cent of the liquid components of the system, excluding water, react during the process.

(157) "Red coating" means a coating which meets all of the following criteria:

(a) Yellow limit: the hue of hostaperm scarlet.

(b) Blue limit: the hue of monastral red-violet.

(c) Lightness limit for metallics: thirty-five per cent aluminum flake.

(d) Lightness limit for solids: fifty per cent titanium dioxide white.

(e) Solid reds: hue angle of negative eleven to positive thirty-eight degrees and maximum lightness of twenty-three to forty-five units.

(f) Metallic reds: hue angle of negative sixteen to positive thirty-five degrees and maximum lightness of twenty-eight to forty-five units.

These criteria are based on Cielab color space, 0/45 geometry. For spherical geometry, specular included, the upper limit is forty-nine units. The maximum lightness varies as the hue moves from violet to orange. This is a natural consequence of the strength of the colorants, and real colors show this effect.

(158) "Repair coating" means a coating used to re-coat portions of a previously coated product which has sustained mechanical damage to the coating following normal painting operations.

(159) "Resist coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part before metallic plating to prevent deposits of metal on portions of the plastic part.

(160) "Roll coat" means a coating method using a machine that applies coating to a substrate by continuously transferring coating through a pair or set of oppositely rotating rollers.

(161) "Roll coater" means an apparatus in which a uniform layer of coating material is applied by means of a roll or rolls across the entire width of a moving substrate, which is fed from an unwinding roll.

(162) "Roll printer" means an apparatus in which a surface coating is applied by means of a roll or rolls with only partial coverage across the width of a moving substrate, which is fed from an unwinding roll. The partial coverage results in the formation of words, designs or pictures on the substrate.

(163) "Rotogravure printing line" means a printing line in which each roll printer uses a roll with recessed areas for applying an image to the substrate.

(164) "Safety-indicating coating" means a coating which changes physical characteristics, such as color, to indicate unsafe conditions.

(165) "Shock-free coating" means a coating applied to electrical components to protect the user from electric shock. The coating has characteristics of being of low capacitance and high resistance, and having resistance to breaking down under high voltage.

(166) "Silicone-release coating" means any coating which contains silicone resin and is intended to prevent food from sticking to metal surfaces such as baking pans.

(167) "Single coat" means a single film of coating applied directly to the substrate omitting the primer application.

(168) "Side-seam" means the welded, cemented, or soldered seam of a three-piece can.

(169) "Soft coat" means any coating that provides a soft tactile feel similar to leather and a rich leather like appearance when applied to plastic interior automotive parts and exterior business machine parts.

(170) "Solar-absorbent coating" means a coating which has as its prime purpose the absorption of solar radiation.

(171) "Solid-film lubricant" means a very thin coating consisting of a binder system containing as its chief pigment material one or more of molybdenum disulfide, graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or other solids that act as a dry lubricant between faying surfaces.

(172) "Solids turnover ratio" means the ratio of total volume of coating solids that is added to the EDP system in a calendar month divided by the total volume design capacity of the EDP system.

(173) "Sound-proofing material" means a surface coating applied for the primary purpose of reducing the transmission of noise into or through the coated object.

(174) "Steel pail or drum" means any single walled shipping container which has a capacity of one gallon or greater and which is cylindrically constructed of steel of twenty-nine gauge or heavier.

(175) "Stencil coating" means:

(a) For the surface coating of miscellaneous metal and plastic parts, an ink or a pigmented coating which is rolled or brushed onto a template or stamp in order to add identifying letters, symbols and/or numbers; or

(b) For the surface coating of automotive/transportation and business machine plastic parts, a coating that is applied over a stencil to a plastic part at a thickness of one mil or less of coating solids. Stencil coats are most frequently letters, numbers, or decorative designs.

(176) "Surfacer" means a surface coating applied to the body of an automobile or light-duty truck between the electrodeposition prime coat and the topcoat.

(177) "Texture coat" or "texture coating" means a coating applied to a plastic part which, in its finished form, consists of discrete raised spots of coating.

(178) "Topcoat" means:

(a) One or more surface coatings, excluding final repair, which are applied after the prime coat for desired aesthetic effects; or

(b) For an automobile or light-duty truck assembly facility and a heavier vehicle assembly facility, the final coating system applied to provide the final color and/or a protective finish. The topcoat may be a monocoat color or basecoat/clearcoat system. In-line repair and two-tone are part of topcoat. Topcoat operations may include other coatings (e.g., blackout, interior color, etc.) that are applied in the same spray booths; or

(c) For a pleasure craft, the final coating applied to the interior or exterior of the craft.

(179) "Touch-up coating" means a coating used to cover minor coating imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.

(180) "Transfer efficiency" means the percentage of total coating solids employed by a coating applicator which adheres to the object being coated.

(181) "Translucent coating" means a coating which contains binders and pigment, and is formulated to form a colored, but not opaque, film.

(182) "Two-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst, before application to form an acceptable dry film.

(183) "Vacuum metallizing" means a process whereby metal is vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum chamber.

(184) "Vacuum metallizing coating" means:

(a) For the surface coating of miscellaneous metal and plastic parts, the undercoat applied to the substrate on which the metal is deposited or the overcoat applied directly to the metal film. Vacuum metallizing/physical vapor deposition (PVD) is the process whereby metal is vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum chamber; or

(b) For the surface coating of automotive/transportation and business machine plastic parts, a topcoat and/or basecoat that is used in the vacuum metallizing process.

(185) "Varnish coating" means an oil-based surface coating applied directly over ink on a printed substrate for the purpose of enhancing or protecting the printed surface.

(186) "Vinyl coating" means a coating or ink applied to the surface of vinyl coated fabric, vinyl sheets, or other vinyl products by means of a knife coater, roll coater, or roll printer. For purposes of this rule, "vinyl coating" shall not include organisol or plastisol coatings.

(187) "Zinc rich primer coating" means any coating which contains primarily zinc pigment on a weight basis, which is applied as a prime coat to a metal part or product prior to assembly, and which is dried at ambient or in-plant temperature.

(E) As used in paragraphs (L), (M), (T) and (Z) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to storage tanks and to petroleum refinery equipment) and in rules 3745-21-04 , 3745-21-10 and 3745-21-21 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Component" means any piece of equipment which has the potential to leak organic compounds into the atmosphere. Such equipment includes, but is not limited to, pump seals, compressor seals, seal oil degassing vents, pipeline valves, pressure relief devices, process drains and open ended pipes.

(2) "Condensate" means any organic compound separated from natural gas which condenses due to changes in the temperature and/or pressure and remains liquid at standard conditions.

(3) "Crude oil" means a naturally occurring mixture which consists of hydrocarbons and/or sulfur, nitrogen and/or oxygen derivatives of hydrocarbons and which is a liquid at standard conditions.

(4) "Custody transfer" means the transfer of produced crude oil and/or condensate, after processing and/or treating in the producing operations, from storage tanks or automatic transfer facilities to pipelines or any other forms of transportation.

(5) "External floating roof tank" means an open top storage vessel with a cover, consisting of a double deck or pontoon single deck, which rests upon and is supported by the contained liquid and which is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank wall.

(6) "Firebox" means the chamber or compartment of a boiler or furnace in which materials are burned, but does not mean the combustion chamber of an incinerator.

(7) "Fixed roof tank" means a steel cylindrical shell with a permanently affixed roof.

(8) "Flexible wiper primary seal" means a continuous sealing device mounted on the floating roof and equipped with an elastomeric blade which contacts the tank wall. It uses its own stiffness or other mechanical means to maintain contact with the tank wall.

(9) "Gas service" means equipment which processes, transfers or contains an organic compound or mixture of organic compounds in the gaseous phase.

(10) "Internal floating roof" means a cover or roof in a fixed roof tank which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being contained and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell.

(11) "Liquid-mounted primary seal" means a seal constructed of an elastomeric coated fabric envelope and mounted onto the floating roof in such a manner that it touches the surface of the stored liquid.

(12) "Liquid service" means equipment which processes, transfers or contains an organic compound or mixture of organic compounds in the liquid phase.

(13) "Maximum true vapor pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure exerted by the stored VOL, at the temperature equal to the highest calendar-month average of the VOL storage temperature for VOL's stored above or below the ambient temperature or at the local maximum monthly average temperature as reported by the national weather service for VOL's stored at the ambient temperature, as determined:

(a) In accordance with methods described in American petroleum institute bulletin 2517, "Evaporation Loss From External Floating Roof Tanks";

(b) As obtained from standard reference texts;

(c) As determined by ASTM method D2879-83; or

(d) Any other method approved by the agency.

(14) "Mechanical shoe primary seal" means a seal constructed of metal sheets (shoes) which are joined together to form a ring, springs or levers which attach the shoes to the floating roof and hold the shoes against the tank wall, and a coated fabric which is suspended from the shoes to the floating roof.

(15) "Petroleum liquids" means crude oil, condensate, and any finished or intermediate products manufactured or extracted in a petroleum refinery.

(16) "Petroleum refinery" means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other products through distillation of crude oil, or through redistillation, cracking, extraction, or reforming of unfinished crude oil derivatives.

(17) "Process unit turnaround" means a work practice or operational procedure that stops production from a refinery unit or part of a refinery unit. An unscheduled work practice or operational procedure that stops production from a refinery unit or part of a refinery unit for less than twenty-four hours is not a process unit turnaround. The use of spare equipment and technically feasible bypassing of equipment without stopping production are not process unit turnarounds.

(18) "Refinery fuel gas" means any gas which is generated by a petroleum refinery process unit and which is combusted, including any gaseous mixture of natural gas and fuel gas.

(19) "Refinery unit" means equipment assembled to produce intermediate or final products from crude oil, unfinished crude oil derivatives, or other intermediates. A refinery unit can operate independently if supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage facilities for the product.

(20) "Rim-mounted secondary seal" means a continuous sealing device located over the primary seal, mounted on the floating roof and extended to the tank wall. This device is not a weather shield.

(21) "Shoe-mounted secondary seal" means a continuous sealing device extending from the top of the shoe (see the definition of mechanical shoe primary seal) to the tank wall.

(22) "True vapor pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure exerted by a petroleum liquid as determined in accordance with methods described in American petroleum institute publication 2517, "Evaporation Loss from External Floating-Roof Tanks."

(23) "Vacuum producing system" means any reciprocating, rotary, or centrifugal blower or compressor, or any jet ejector or device that takes suction from a pressure below atmospheric and discharges against atmospheric pressure.

(24) "Valves not externally regulated" means valves that have no external controls, such as in-line valves.

(25) "Vapor-mounted primary seal" means a seal constructed of an elastomeric coated fabric envelope and mounted onto the floating roof in such a manner that it does not touch the surface of the stored liquid.

(26) "Volatile organic liquid" or "VOL" means any organic liquid which can emit VOCs as defined in this rule.

(27) "Wastewater separator" means a device in which oil- contaminated water is skimmed to remove the floating oil prior to the discharge or further treatment of the water.

(28) "Weather shield" means a device which is attached to a floating roof to protect the fabric of a liquid-mounted or vapor-mounted primary seal from weather and debris, thereby generally providing a longer primary seal life. The device is usually of leaf-type construction and has numerous radial joints to allow for roof movement or irregularities in the tank wall.

(F) As used in paragraph (N) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the use of cutback asphalts and emulsified asphalts in road construction and maintenance) and in rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Asphalt" means a dark brown to black cement-like material (solid, semisolid, or liquid in consistency) in which the predominating constituents are bitumens which occur in nature as such or which are obtained as residue in refining petroleum.

(2) "Asphalt paving mixture" means a mixture of mineral aggregate and cutback asphalt, emulsified asphalt, or other asphaltic material.

(3) "Cutback asphalt" means a mixture of asphalt and petroleum solvents (distillates), produced by blending those materials or by distilling petroleum.

(4) "Dense-graded mix" means an asphalt paving mixture in which the air voids are less than ten per cent when compacted, as determined by ASTM D3203-05.

(5) "Emulsified asphalt" means an emulsion of water and asphalt which may also contain emulsifying agents, special additives, and petroleum solvents (distillates).

(6) "Maintenance mix" means an asphalt paving mixture for patching holes, depressions, and distressed areas in existing pavements.

(7) "Open-graded mix" means an asphalt paving mixture in which the air voids are equal to or greater than ten per cent when compacted, as determined by ASTM D3203-05.

(8) "Prime coat" means an application of low-viscosity cutback asphalt or emulsified asphalt to an absorptive surface, designed to penetrate, bond and stabilize the existing surface and to promote adhesion between it and the construction course that follows.

(G) As used in paragraph (O) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to solvent metal cleaning) and in rules 3745-21-04 and 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Cold cleaner" means a batch-operated device that employs a solvent for cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by spraying, brushing, flushing, agitation or immersion while maintaining the solvent below its boiling point. Wipe cleaning is not included in this definition.

(2) "Conveyorized degreaser" means a continuous-operated device for cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by the use of either non-vaporized or vaporized solvents.

(3) "Electronic component" means all portions of an electronic assembly, including, but not limited to, circuit board assemblies, printed wire assemblies, printed circuit boards, soldered joints, ground wires, bus bars, and associated electronic component manufacturing equipment such as screens and filters.

(4) "Freeboard height" means:

(a) For a cold cleaner, the distance from the solvent surface to the top edge of the degreaser tank; and

(b) For an open top vapor degreaser, the distance from the top of the vapor zone to the top of the degreaser tank.

(5) "Freeboard ratio" means the freeboard height divided by the width of the degreaser air/solvent area. The same units of measurement should be used for all dimensions.

(6) "Open top vapor degreaser" means a batch-operated device for cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by condensing hot solvent vapor on the colder metal parts.

(7) "Solvent" means any VOC which is liquid at standard conditions and which is used as a cleaning agent.

(8) "Solvent metal cleaning" means a process that employs a solvent for cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces.

(H) As used in paragraphs (P), (Q), (R), (V), (GG), and (DDD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to bulk gasoline plants, bulk gasoline terminals, gasoline dispensing facilities, and gasoline tank trucks) and in rules 3745-21-04 and 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Bottom filling" means the filling of a delivery vessel through an opening that is flush with the bottom of the delivery vessel's compartment.

(2) "Bulk gasoline plant" means a gasoline storage and distribution facility which receives gasoline primarily via delivery vessel, stores it in one or more stationary tanks, and subsequently dispenses it via delivery vessel.

(3) "Bulk gasoline terminal" means a gasoline storage and distribution facility which receives gasoline primarily via pipeline, ship, or barge; stores it in one or more stationary tanks; and subsequently dispenses it primarily via delivery vessel.

(4) "CARB certification" and "CARB certified" means:

(a) Subject to executive orders, approval letters, equipment advisories, and equivalent test procedures issued by California air resources board for phase I and phase II vapor control systems, parts, components, and test procedures used at gasoline dispensing facilities as follows:

(i) Issued on or before March 31, 2001 under pre-enhanced vapor recovery (pre-EVR) standards and certification procedures and issued after March 31, 2001 as a correction or revision, not related to enhanced vapor recovery (EVR) standards, of phase I and phase II vapor control systems, parts, components, and test procedures previously approved under pre-EVR standards, however, gasoline dispensing facilities in Ohio shall not be subject to any provision or statement that specifies an expiration or decertification due to EVR standards and certification procedures; or

(ii) Issued after March 31, 2001 under EVR standards and certification procedures for parts and components to be used in conjunction with pre-EVR systems, however, gasoline dispensing facilities in Ohio shall not be subject to any provision or statement that specifies an expiration or decertification due to EVR standards and certification procedures.

Additionally, where an owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility elects to use phase I or phase II vapor control systems, parts, components, or test procedures subject to executive orders, approval letters, equipment advisories, and equivalent test procedures issued by California air resources board under EVR standards and certification procedures, "CARB certification" and "CARB certified" shall also mean such executive orders, approval letters, equipment advisories, and equivalent test procedures issued by California air resources board under EVR standards and certification procedures. (Executive orders that begin with "G" generally refer to pre-EVR systems, but may include provisions or statements on expiration or decertification due to EVR standards. Executive orders that begin with "VR" generally refer to EVR systems.)

(b) Subject to executive orders, approval letters, equipment advisories, and equivalent test procedures issued by California air resource board that become effective for portable fuel containers and spouts on or after July 1, 2007.

(5) "E85" means a fuel blend nominally consisting of eighty five per cent ethanol and fifteen per cent gasoline that meets the requirements of ASTM D5798-99(2004) for fuel ethanol.

(6) "Delivery vessel" means a tank truck, a tank equipped trailer, a railroad tank car, or other mobile source, except ship or barge, equipped with a storage tank used for the transport of gasoline from a source of supply to stationary tanks at a gasoline dispensing facility or bulk gasoline plant.

(7) "External floating roof" means a storage vessel cover in an open top tank consisting of a double deck or pontoon single deck which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being contained and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell.

(8) "Gasoline" means any petroleum distillate which is used as a motor fuel and has a Reid vapor pressure of 4.0 pounds or greater.

(9) "Gasoline dispensing facility" means any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle gasoline tanks from stationary storage tanks.

(10) "Gasoline dispensing pump" means an individual unit at a gasoline dispensing facility with a dispensing nozzle where a specific grade of gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle gasoline tanks.

(11) "Gasoline tank truck" means any truck or trailer equipped with a storage tank which is used for the transport of gasoline to a stationary storage tank at a gasoline dispensing facility, bulk gasoline plant or bulk gasoline terminal.

(12) "Independent small business marketer" means any owner of a gasoline dispensing facility engaged in the marketing of gasoline who would be required to pay for procurement and installation of a vapor control system pursuant to paragraph (DDD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, except any owner that:

(a) Is a refiner;

(b) Controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a refiner;

(c) Is otherwise directly or indirectly affiliated (as determined under the regulations of the USEPA) with a refiner or with a person who controls, is controlled by, or is under a common control with a refiner (unless the sole affiliation referred to herein is by means of a supply contract or an agreement or contract to use as a trademark, trade name, service mark, or other identifying symbol or name owned by such refiner or any such person); or

(d) Receives less than fifty per cent of his annual income from refining or marketing of gasoline.

For purposes of this definition, the term "refiner" shall not include any refiner whose total refinery capacity (including the refinery capacity of any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such refiner) does not exceed sixty-five thousand barrels per day, and the term "control" of a corporation means ownership of more than fifty per cent of its stock.

(13) "Internal floating roof" means a cover or roof in a fixed roof tank which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being contained and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell.

(14) "Reid vapor pressure" means the absolute vapor pressure of volatile crude oil and volatile nonviscous petroleum liquids except liquefied petroleum gases as determined by ASTM D6897-03a.

(15) "Submerged fill pipe" means any fill pipe the discharge opening of which is entirely submerged when the liquid level is six inches above the bottom of the tank, or when applied to a tank which is loaded from the side, shall mean any fill pipe the discharge opening of which is entirely submerged when the liquid level is eighteen inches above the bottom of the tank.

(16) "Top submerged filling" means the filling of a delivery vessel by means of a fill pipe which descends through an open hatch on the top of the delivery vessel to within six inches of the bottom of the delivery vessel's compartment.

(17) "Topping off" means attempting to pump additional gasoline into a motor vehicle fuel tank after the dispensing nozzle has shut off automatically because the tank is full.

(18) "Ullage" means the maximum storage tank capacity, in gallons, minus the gallons of gasoline present in the tank.

(19) "Vapor balance system" means a combination of pipes or hoses which create a closed system between the vapor spaces of an unloading tank and a receiving tank such that vapors displaced from the receiving tank are transferred to the tank being unloaded.

(20) "Vapor collection system" means a vapor transport system which forces vapors from a delivery vessel or storage tank into a vapor control system.

(21) "Vapor control system" means control equipment designed to recover or incinerate organic compounds received from the vapor collection system.

(22) "Vapor tight" means free of any vapor leaks to the extent possible based upon good engineering design and practice.

(I) As used in paragraph (W) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities) and in rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Production equipment exhaust system" means a device for collecting and directing out of the work area any fugitive emissions of organic compounds from openings on reactors, centrifuges and other vessels for the purpose of protecting workers from excessive exposure to such emissions.

(2) "Surface condenser" means a device which cools a gas stream to a temperature at which vapors are removed by means of condensation, where the coolant does not directly contact the condensed vapors.

(3) "Synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility" means a facility in which drugs are produced by means of chemical synthesis.

(J) As used in paragraph (X) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to rubber tire manufacturing facilities) and in rules 3745-21-04 and 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Bead dipping" means the dipping of an assembled tire bead into a solvent based cement.

(2) "Capture system" means any device or combination of devices designed to contain, collect, and route VOC vapors released from an operation at a rubber tire manufacturing facility.

(3) "Control system" means any device or combination of devices designed to recover or incinerate VOC vapors received from a capture system.

(4) "Green tires" means assembled tires before molding and curing have occurred.

(5) "Green tire spraying" means the spraying of green tires, both inside and outside, with release compounds which help remove air from the tire during molding and prevent the tire from sticking to the mold after curing.

(6) "Recapped tread stock" means vulcanized or unvulcanized rubber which is used for recapping tire carcasses and which is delivered to a recapping facility with a cement coating on one side.

(7) "Rubber tire manufacturing facility" means a facility in which rubber tires or recapped tread stock are manufactured on a mass production basis.

(8) "Tread end cementing" means the application of a solvent based cement to the tire tread ends.

(9) "Undertread cementing" means the application of a solvent based cement to the underside of a tire tread.

(K) As used in paragraphs (AA) and (BB) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to dry cleaning facilities) and in rules 3745-21-04 and 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Cartridge filter" means a discrete filter unit containing one or more disposable cartridges that contain both filter paper and activated carbon which trap and remove contaminants from the cleaning solvent.

(2) "Dry cleaning facility" means a facility engaged in the cleaning of articles of fabric in an essentially nonaqueous cleaning solvent by means of one or more washes in solvent, extraction of excess solvent by spinning, and drying by tumbling in an air stream. The facility includes, but is not limited to, washers, dryers, filtration and purification systems, waste disposal systems, holding tanks, pumps, and attendant piping and ductwork.

(3) "Dryer" means a machine used to remove cleaning solvent from articles, after washing and removing of excess cleaning solvent.

(4) "Manufacturer's rated capacity" means the capacity per load that is typically found on the manufacturer's name plate located on the equipment or in the manufacturer's equipment specifications.

(5) "Perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility" means a dry cleaning facility that uses perchloroethylene as the cleaning solvent.

(6) "Petroleum dry cleaning facility" means a dry cleaning facility that uses petroleum solvent as the cleaning solvent.

(7) "Petroleum solvent" means a material that is produced by petroleum distillation, that is composed mainly of hydrocarbons having a range of eight to twelve carbon atoms per molecule, and that exists as a liquid under standard conditions.

(8) "Solvent filter" means a discrete filter unit containing a porous medium that traps and removes contaminants from the cleaning solvent.

(9) "Solvent recovery dryer" means a class of dryers that employ a condenser to condense and recover solvent vapors evaporated in a closed-loop stream of heated air.

(L) As used in paragraph (CC) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to continuous, polystyrene resin manufacturing process) and in rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Continuous, polystyrene resin manufacturing process" means a process unit in which polystyrene resin is produced by the continuous polymerization or co-polymerization of styrene monomer.

(2) "Material recovery section" means the section of the continuous, polystyrene resin manufacturing process that includes the vacuum devolatizer and its associated condenser and vacuum system, and the styrene recovery distillation column and its associated condenser and vacuum system.

(3) "Styrene recovery distillation column" means a distillation column used to separate and recover styrene monomer from the vacuum devolatizer stream containing unreacted styrene monomer and byproducts.

(4) "Vacuum devolatizer" means a device in which the products from a polystyrene reactor are separated into a stream containing unreacted styrene monomer and byproducts and a stream containing molten polystyrene.

(M) As used in paragraph (DD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to leaks from process units that produce organic chemicals) and in rules 3745-21-04 and 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Btu/scf" means British thermal unit(s) per standard cubic feet.

(2) "Closed vent system" means a system that is not open to the atmosphere and that is composed of piping, connections, and if necessary, flow inducting devices that transport gas or vapor from a piece or pieces of equipment to control equipment.

(3) "Connector" means a flanged, screwed, welded, or other joined fitting used to connect two pipelines or a pipeline and a piece of process equipment.

(4) "Distance piece" means an open or enclosed casing through which the piston rod travels, separating the compressor cylinder from the crankcase.

(5) "Double block and bleed system" means two block valves connected in series with a bleed valve or line that can vent the line between the two block valves.

(6) "Equipment" means a pump, compressor, pressure relief device, sampling connection system, openended valve or line, valve, flange, connector, closed vent system, and any other device or system within a process unit.

(7) "First attempt at repair" means to take rapid action for the purpose of stopping or reducing leakage from equipment.

(8) (Reserved)

(9) "In gas/vapor service" means that the piece of equipment contains or contacts process fluid that is in the gaseous state at the operating conditions.

(10) "In heavy liquid service" means that the piece of equipment is not in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service.

(11) "In light liquid service" means that the piece of equipment contains or contacts process fluid that meets the conditions specified in paragraph (O)(3) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(12) "Insitu sampling system" means a nonextractive sampler or an in-line sampler.

(13) "In vacuum service" means that the piece of equipment is operating at an internal pressure that is at least 0.7 pound per square inch below ambient pressure.

(14) "In VOC service" means that the piece of equipment contains or contacts a process fluid that is at least ten per cent VOC by weight.

(15) "Liquids dripping" means any visible leakage from the seal including spraying, misting, clouding, and ice formation.

(16) "Open-ended valve or line" means any valve having one side of the valve seat in contact with the process fluid and one side open to the atmosphere, either directly or through open piping, but excluding any pressure relief valve.

(17) "Ppmv" means parts per million by volume.

(18) "Pressure release" means the emission of materials resulting from system pressure being greater than set pressure of the pressure relief device.

(19) "Pressure relief device" means a pressure relief valve or a rupture disk.

(20) "Pressure relief valve" means any valve designed to open when the process pressure exceeds a set pressure, allowing the release of vapors or liquids until the process pressure is reduced to its normal operating level.

(21) "Process unit" means equipment assembled to produce, as intermediate or final products, one or more organic chemicals. A process unit can operate independently if supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage facilities for the product.

(22) "Process unit shutdown" means a work practice or operational procedure that stops production for a process unit or part of a process unit. An unscheduled work practice or operational procedure that stops production from a process unit or part of a process unit for less than twenty-four hours is not a process unit shutdown. The use of spare equipment and technically feasible bypassing of equipment without stopping production are not process unit shutdowns.

(23) "Repaired" means that leaking equipment are successfully adjusted, or otherwise altered, in order to eliminate the leak.

(24) "Rupture disk" means a disk made of a material that ruptures when the process pressure exceeds a set pressure, allowing the release of vapors or liquids until the process pressure is reduced to ambient pressure.

(25) "Sensor" means a device that measures a physical quantity or the change in a physical quantity such as temperature, flow rate, "pH," or liquid level.

(N) As used in paragraph (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to air oxidation processes that produce organic chemicals) and in rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Air oxidation process" means a unit operation or process wherein organic chemicals are produced by reacting one or more compounds with oxygen which is supplied as air or air enriched with oxygen.

(2) "Process vent stream" means any gas stream within the air oxidation process that vents to the ambient air.

(O) (Reserved).

(P) As used in paragraph (LL) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "The Lubrizol Corporation"):

(1) "Air-bearing vent stream" means a process vent stream that contains a mixture of air and organic vapors.

(2) "Reactor process" means reactor vessel equipment and associated material recovery equipment that are assembled to produce an organic chemical.

(3) "Reactor process vent stream" means any gas stream within the reactor process that is vented to the ambient air, an enclosed combustion device, or a flare.

(4) "Wastewater separator" means a device in which contaminated water is skimmed to remove the floating organic materials prior to the discharge or further treatment of the water.

(Q) As used in paragraph (MM) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "PPG Industries, Inc."):

(1) "Control system" means any device or combination of devices designed to recover or incinerate VOC vapors received from a capture system.

(2) "Grinding mill" means a device used to grind or disperse pigment throughout a paint.

(3) "Paint manufacturing facility" means a facility engaged in the production of paints and includes, but is not limited to, mixing tanks, paint transfer equipment, grinding mills, equipment cleaning stations, and process tanks for paint tinting and thinning.

(R) As used in paragraph (NN) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Midwest Mica and Insulation Company"):

(1) "Mica coating or laminating line" means a series of one or more coating applicators and any associated flash-off areas, drying areas, and ovens wherein an adhesive coating or binder is applied to mica.

(2) "Oven" means a chamber within which heat is used for one or more of the following purposes: dry, bake, cure or polymerize an adhesive coating or binder.

(S) As used in paragraph (OO) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Armco Inc. - Middletown Works"):

(1) "Aluminum coating operation" means an operation wherein a layer of aluminum is applied to the surface of metal coil by immersion into a bath of molten aluminum.

(2) "Anti-galling material" means a coating material applied directly to metal coil for the purpose of protecting the surface of the coil from damage during shipment.

(3) "Metal coil treatment operation" means any operation where coating materials are applied directly to metal coil for the purpose of lubrication, rust prevention, or galling prevention.

(4) "Rolling oil" means a coating material which is applied directly to metal coil, for the purpose of lubrication, prior to processing at any temper mill.

(5) "Rust preventive oil" means a coating material which is applied directly to metal coil after processing at any temper mill or shear.

(T) As used in paragraph (YY) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "PMC Specialties Group"), paragraph (ZZ) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Company"), and paragraph (BBB) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "BF Goodrich Company Akron Chemical Plant"):

(1) "Air-bearing vent stream" means a process vent stream that contains a mixture of air and organic vapors.

(2) "Reactor process" means reactor vessel equipment and associated material recovery equipment that are employed to produce an organic chemical.

(3) "Reactor process vent stream" means any gas stream within the reactor process that is vented to control equipment or to the ambient air.

(U) As used in rule 3745-21-12 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-12 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Commercial Bakery Oven Facilities").

(1) "Baker's per cent" means, for a given ingredient, the weight of that ingredient per 100 pounds of flour, expressed as a percentage.

(2) "Bakery oven" means an oven which bakes yeast-leavened products.

(3) "Commercial bakery oven facility'' means an establishment that is primarily engaged in the manufacture, for sale at wholesale or retail, of fresh or frozen bread, bread-type rolls, or dry bakery products, including biscuits, crackers, or cookies, in which the products are made using yeast leavening.

(4) "Purge stack" means a bakery oven stack used only for exhausting residual gases from the bakery oven during burner ignition.

(5) "Spike yeast'' means any yeast added to the dough beyond the initial yeast added to the dough.

(6) "Spiking time'' means the elapsed time between the addition of the spike yeast to the dough and the placement of the dough into the oven.

(7) "Subject to this rule" means the commercial bakery oven facility has met the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of rule 3745-21-12 of the Administrative Code and is subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of rule 3745-21-12 of the Administrative Code.

(8) "Total uncontrolled potential to emit" means the capability at maximum capacity of a commercial bakery oven facility to emit VOC under its physical and operational design, excluding air pollution control equipment. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the commercial bakery oven facility to emit VOC, including restrictions on the hours of operation or on the type or amount of material processed, but not including restrictions pertaining to air pollution control equipment, shall be treated as part of its physical and operational design if the limitation or the effect it would have on VOC emissions is federally enforceable.

(9) "Uncontrolled bakery oven" means a bakery oven in which the oven's VOC emissions are not vented to a VOC emission control device.

(10) "Yeast action time'' means the elapsed time between the initial addition of the yeast and the placement of the dough into the oven.

(V) As used in rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Reactors and Distillation Units Employed in SOCMI Chemical Production").

(1) "Batch operation" means a noncontinuous operation in which a discrete quantity or batch of feed is charged into a unit operation within a process unit and distilled or reacted at one time. Batch operation includes noncontinuous operations in which the equipment is fed intermittently or discontinuously. Addition of raw material and withdrawal of product do not occur simultaneously in a batch operation. After each batch operation, the equipment is generally emptied before a fresh batch is started.

(2) "Boiler" means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful energy in the form of steam and is not an incinerator or a process heater.

(3) "Btu" means British thermal unit.

(4) "Car-seal" means a seal that is placed on a device that is used to change the position of a valve (e.g., from opened to closed) in such a way that the position of the valve cannot be changed without breaking the seal.

(5) "Combustion device" means an individual unit of equipment, such as an incinerator, flare, boiler, or process heater, used for combustion of a vent stream discharged from the process vent.

(6) "Compliance test" means the collection of data resulting from the execution of a test method used to demonstrate compliance with an emission limit or control requirement based on the average of three runs.

(7) "Continuous record" means documentation, either in hard copy or computer readable form, of data values measured at least once every fifteen minutes and recorded as follows:

(a) Each measured value; or

(b) Block average values for fifteen-minute or shorter periods calculated from all measured data values during each period or at least one measured data value per minute if measured more frequently than once per minute; or

(c) Values under an alternative recordkeeping that is implemented in accordance with paragraph (H)(8) of rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code.

(8) "Continuous recorder" means a data recording device that either records an instantaneous data value at least once every fifteen minutes or records fifteen-minute or more frequent block average values.

(9) "Control device" means any combustion device or recapture device. A recovery device is not considered a control device.

(10) "Distillation operation" means an operation separating one or more feed stream(s) into two or more exit stream(s), each exit stream having component concentrations different from those in the feed stream(s). The separation is achieved by the redistribution of the components between the liquid and vapor-phase as they approach equilibrium within the distillation unit.

(11) "Distillation unit" means a device or vessel in which distillation operations occur, including all associated internals (such as trays or packing) and accessories (such as reboiler, condenser, vacuum pump, steam jet, etc.), plus any associated recovery system.

(12) "Engineering assessment" means best estimate of a vent stream parameter (e.g., flow rate, VOC concentration, VOC emission rate, net heating value, etc.) that includes, but is not limited to, the following:

(a) Previous test results provided the tests are representative of current operating practices at the process unit.

(b) Bench-scale or pilot-scale test data representative of the process under representative operating conditions.

(c) Maximum flow rate, VOC emission rate limit, VOC concentration limit, or net heating value limit specified or implied within a permit applicable to the process vent.

(d) Design analysis based on accepted chemical engineering principles, measurable process parameters, or physical or chemical laws or properties. Examples of analytical methods include, but are not limited to:

(i) Use of material balances based on process stoichiometry to estimate maximum VOC concentrations.

(ii) Estimation of maximum flow rate based on physical equipment design such as pump or blower capacities.

(iii) Estimation of VOC concentrations based on saturation conditions.

(iv) Estimation of maximum expected net heating value based on the vent stream concentration of each organic compound or, alternatively, as if all organic compounds in the vent stream were the organic compound with the highest heating value.

(13) "Flame zone" means the portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler or process heater occupied by the flame envelope.

(14) "Flow indicator" means a device that indicates whether gas flow is present in a vent stream.

(15) "Fuel gas system" means the off-site and on-site piping and flow and pressure control system that gathers gaseous stream(s) generated by on-site operations, may blend them with other sources of gas, and transports the gaseous stream for use as fuel gas in combustion devices or in-process combustion equipment such as furnaces and gas turbines either singly or in combination.

(16) "Group 1 process vent" means a process vent for which a control device is required due to the TRE index value being less than or equal to 1.0. Also, monitoring of the control device is required, except when the control device is a boiler or process heater specified under paragraph (F)(1)(b) or (F)(1)(c) of rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code.

(17) "Group 2A process vent" means a process vent from a recovery system for which monitoring of the recovery system is required due to the TRE index value being less than or equal to 4.0, but a control device is not required due to the TRE index value being greater than 1.0.

(18) "Group 2B process vent" means a process vent for which a control device and monitoring are not required due to any of the following:

(a) The VOC concentration is less than five hundred ppmv; or

(b) The flow rate is less than 0.30 scfm; or

(c) The TRE index value is greater than 1.0 for a vent stream not from a recovery system; or

(d) The TRE index value is greater than 4.0 for a vent stream from a recovery system.

(19) "Halogenated vent stream" means a vent stream determined to have a mass emission rate of halogen atoms contained in organic compounds equal to or greater than 0.99 pound per hour.

(20) "Halogens and hydrogen halides" means hydrogen chloride (HCl), chlorine ( Cl2), hydrogen bromide (HBr), bromine ( Br2), and hydrogen fluoride (HF).

(21) "Incinerator" means an enclosed combustion device that is used for destroying organic compounds. Auxiliary fuel may be used to heat waste gas to combustion temperatures. Any energy recovery section present is not physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit with the combustion section; rather, the energy recovery section is a separate section following the combustion section and the two are joined by ducts or connections carrying flue gas. The above energy recovery section limitation does not apply to an energy recovery section used solely to preheat the incoming vent stream or combustion air.

(22) "Monitoring device" means the total equipment used to measure and record (if applicable) process parameters.

(23) "Nonhalogenated vent stream" means a vent stream that is not a halogenated vent stream.

(24) "Organic monitoring device" means a device used to indicate the concentration level of organic compounds based on a detection principle such as infrared, photoionization, or thermal conductivity.

(25) "Permit" means a permit issued by the director pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 or 3745-77 of the Administrative Code.

(26) "Ppmv" means parts per million by volume.

(27) "Primary fuel" mean the fuel that provides the principal heat input to the device. To be considered primary, the fuel must be able to sustain operation without the addition of other fuels.

(28) "Process heater" means a device that transfers heat liberated by burning fuel to fluids contained in tubes, including all fluids except water that is heated to produce steam.

(29) "Process unit" means equipment assembled and connected by pipes or ducts to produce, as a product (by-product, co-product, intermediate, or final product), one or more SOCMI chemicals. A process unit can operate independently if supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient product storage facilities.

(30) "Process vent" means the point of discharge to the atmosphere (or the point of entry into a control device, if any) of a gas stream from a distillation unit or reactor. Gas streams excluded from this definition are the following:

(a) A relief valve discharge.

(b) A leak from any device or equipment within a reactor or distillation unit (e.g., a leak from a pump, compressor, relief valve, or sampling system).

(c) A gas stream going to a fuel gas system.

(d) A gas stream exiting a control device used to comply with rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code.

(e) A gas stream transferred to other processes (on-site or off-site) for reaction or other use in another process (i.e., for chemical value as a product, isolated intermediate, by-product, or co-product, or for heat value).

(f) A gas stream transferred for fuel value (i.e., net positive heating value), use, reuse, or for sale for fuel value, use, or reuse.

(g) A gas stream exiting an analyzer.

(31) "Product" means any SOCMI chemical which is produced for sale as a final product as that chemical, or for use in the production of other chemicals or compounds. By-products, co-products, and intermediates are considered to be products.

(32) "Reactor" means a device or vessel in which reactor processes occur, including the product separator, any associated vacuum pump or steam jet, and any associated recovery system.

(33) "Reactor process" means a process in which one or more chemicals, or reactants other than air, are combined or decomposed in such a way that their molecular structures are altered and one or more new organic compounds are formed.

(34) "Recapture device" means an individual unit of equipment capable of and used for recovering chemicals from a gas stream, but not normally or primarily for use, reuse, or sale. For example, a recapture device may recover chemicals primarily for disposal or for air pollution control. Recapture devices include, but are not limited to, absorbers, carbon adsorbers, and condensers.

(35) "Recovery device" means an individual unit of equipment, such as an absorber, carbon adsorber, or condenser, capable of and used for the purpose of recovering chemicals from a gas stream for fuel value (i.e., net positive heating value), use, reuse, or for sale for fuel value, use, or reuse.

(36) "Recovery system" means an individual recovery device or series of such devices applied to the same vent stream.

(37) "Relief valve" means a valve used only to release an unplanned, nonroutine discharge. A relief valve discharge results from an operator error, a malfunction such as a power failure or equipment failure, or other unexpected cause that requires immediate venting of gas from process equipment in order to avoid safety hazards or equipment damage.

(38) "Run" means the net period of time during which an emission sample is collected or a test method is conducted.

(39) "Scfm" means standard cubic feet per minute.

(40) "Sensor" means a device that measures a physical quantity or the change in a physical quantity, such as temperature, pressure, flow rate, pH, or liquid level.

(41) "Shutdown" means for purposes including, but not limited to, periodic maintenance, replacement of equipment, or repair, the cessation of operation of a reactor, distillation unit, or equipment required or used to comply with rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code.

(42) "SOCMI chemical" means a chemical listed in "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Reactor Processes and Distillation Operations Processes in the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry, Appendix A List of Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry Chemicals, Table A-1 List of Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry Chemicals" in the column titled reactor and distillation CTG, EPA-450/4-91-031.

(43) "Specific gravity monitoring device" means a unit of equipment used to monitor specific gravity and having a minimum accuracy of +/- 0.02 specific gravity units.

(44) "Start-up" means the setting into operation of a reactor, distillation unit, or equipment required or used to comply with this rule. Start-up includes initial start-up, operation solely for testing equipment, and transitional conditions due to changes in product.

(45) "Steam jet ejector" means a steam nozzle that discharges a high-velocity jet across a suction chamber that is connected to the equipment to be evacuated.

(46) "Subject to this rule" means the reactor or distillation unit has met the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code.

(47) "Temperature monitoring device" means a unit of equipment used to monitor temperature and having a minimum accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 0.5 degree Celsius, whichever is greater.

(48) "Total organic compounds" or "TOC" means those compounds measured according to the procedures of USEPA method 18.

(49) "Total resource effectiveness index value" or "TRE index value" means a measure of the supplemental total resource requirement per unit reduction of VOC associated with a vent stream, based on vent stream flow rate, emission rate of VOC, net heating value, and corrosion properties (whether or not the vent stream contains halogenated compounds) as determined using the equation in paragraph (E)(8)(a) of rule 3745-21-13 of the Administrative Code. The TRE index is a decision tool used to determine if the annual cost of controlling a given gas stream is reasonable when considering the emissions reduction achieved.

(50) "TRE determination test" means the collection of data resulting from the execution of test methods used to demonstrate process vent flow rate and concentration, that are used to determine the process vent flow rate, net heating value, emission rates of TOC, VOC, and halogen atoms, each based on the average of three runs, for the determination of the TRE index value of a process vent.

(51) "Vent stream" means the gas stream flowing through the process vent.

(52) "Visible emission" means the observation of an emission of opacity or optical density above the threshold of vision.

(W) As used in rule 3745-21-14 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-14 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Batch Operations").

(1) "Aggregate" means the summation of all process vents containing VOC within a process.

(2) "Batch operation" means a noncontinuous operation in which a discrete quantity or batch of feed is charged into a unit operation within a batch process train and processed at one time. Batch operation includes noncontinuous operations in which the equipment is fed intermittently or discontinuously. Addition of raw material and withdrawal of product do not occur simultaneously in a batch operation. After each batch operation, the equipment is generally emptied before a fresh batch is started.

(3) "Batch cycle" means a manufacturing event of an intermediate or product from start to finish in a batch process train.

(4) "Batch process train" means the collection of equipment (e.g., reactors, filters, dryers, distillation columns, extractors, crystallizers, blend tanks, neutralizer tanks, digesters, surge tanks and product separators) configured to produce a specific product or intermediate by a batch operation. A batch process train terminates at the point of storage or product handling of the product or intermediate being produced in the batch process train. Irrespective of the product being produced, a batch process train which is independent of other processes shall be considered a single batch process train for purposes this rule.

(5) "Boiler" means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful energy in the form of steam.

(6) "Continuous recorder" means a data recording device that either records an instantaneous data value at least once every fifteen minutes or records fifteen-minute or more frequent block average values.

(7) "Control device" means any device or combination of devices designed to recover or destroy VOC vapors received from the process vents. A recovery device which is a required part of the process, for example, but not limited to, condensers operating under reflux conditions, is not a control device.

(8) "Emission event" shall be defined as a discrete period of venting that is associated with a unit operation. For example, a displacement of vapor resulting from the charging of a unit operation with VOC will result in a discrete emission event that will last through the duration of the charge and will have an average flow rate equal to the rate of the charge. The expulsion of expanded unit operation vapor space when the vessel is heated is also an emission event. Both of these examples of emission events and others may occur in the same unit operation during the course of the batch cycle. If the flow rate measurement for any discrete period of venting is zero, then such event is not an emission event for purposes of rule 3745-21-14 of the Administrative Code.

(9) "Flame zone" means the portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler occupied by the flame envelope.

(10) "Incinerator" means any enclosed combustion device that is used for destroying organic compounds. Auxiliary fuel may be used to heat waste gas to combustion temperatures. Any energy recovery section present is not physically formed into one section; rather, the energy recovery system is a separate section following the combustion section and the two are joined by ducting or connections that carry fuel gas.

(11) "MmHg" means millimeters of mercury.

(12) "Permit" means a permit issued by the director pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 or 3745-77 of the Administrative Code.

(13) "Ppmv" means parts per million by volume.

(14) "Process vent" means a vent gas stream that is discharged from a unit operation or multiple unit operations within the same batch process train that are manifolded together into a common header. A process vent begins at the inlet to the control device prior to mixing with vent gas streams from other process trains or unrelated operations, or in the absence of a control device, at the point of discharge to the atmosphere. Not included in this definition are exhaust streams from exhaust hood and building ventilation fans which are used to provide ventilation for workers and not to collect and discharge emissions from specific unit operations. Process vents exclude relief valve discharges, leaks from equipment, vents from storage tanks, vents from transfer or loading operations, and vents from wastewater.

(15) "Recovery device" means an individual unit of equipment, such as an absorber, carbon adsorber, or condenser, capable of and used for the purpose of recovering chemicals for use, reuse, or sale.

(16) "Recovery system" means an individual recovery device or series of such devices applied to the same vent stream.

(17) "Standard industrial classification code" or "SIC code" means a series of four-digit codes devised by the office of management and budget (OMB) of the federal government to classify establishments according to the type of economic activity in which they are engaged.

(18) "Scfm" means standard cubic feet per minute.

(19) "Subject to this rule" means the facility has met the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of rule 3745-21-14 of the Administrative Code, or the batch process train is at a facility that has met the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of rule 3745-21-14 of the Administrative Code.

(20) "Unit operation" means one or more pieces of process equipment used to make a single change to the physical or chemical characteristics of one or more process streams. Equipment used for these purposes includes, but is not limited to, reactors, filters, dryers, distillation columns, extractors, crystallizers, blend tanks, neutralizer tanks, digesters, surge tanks, and product separators.

(X) As used in rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations").

(1) "Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means. Products used on humans and animals, adhesive tape, contact paper, or any other product with an adhesive incorporated onto or in an inert substrate shall not be considered adhesives.

(2) "Aerosol adhesive" means an adhesive that is dispensed from a pressurized container as a suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in gas.

(3) "As applied" means the VOC and solids content of the coating that is actually used for coating the substrate. It includes the contribution of materials used for in-house dilution of the coating.

(4) "Basecoat" means a coat of colored material, usually opaque, that is applied before graining inks, glazing coats, or other opaque finishing materials, and is usually topcoated for protection.

(5) "Capture device" means a hood, enclosed room, floor sweep, or other means of collecting solvent emissions or other pollutants into a duct so that the pollutant can be directed to a control device such as an incinerator or carbon adsorber.

(6) "Capture efficiency" means the fraction of all organic vapors generated by a process that are directed to a control device.

(7) "Capture system" means one or more capture devices intended to collect emissions generated by a finishing operation in the use of finishing materials, both at the point of application and at subsequent points where emissions from the finishing materials occur, such as flashoff, drying, or curing. Multiple capture devices that collect emissions generated by a finishing operation are considered a single capture system.

(8) "Car-seal" means a seal that is placed on a device that is used to change the position of a valve (e.g., from opened to closed) in such a way that the position of the valve cannot be changed without breaking the seal.

(9) "Certified product data sheet" or "CPDS" means documentation furnished by a coating supplier or an outside laboratory that provides the VOC content in percent by weight, the solids content in per cent by weight, other contents that may be of interest in per cent by weight, and the density of a coating (finishing material or strippable stray booth material) or solvent, based on formulation data or measurement methods. For data based on a measurement method, the measurement method should be identified within the CPDS. The purpose of the CPDS is to assist the facility in demonstrating compliance with the emission limitations presented in paragraphs (D) and (E) of rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code. Therefore, the VOC content should represent the maximum VOC emission potential of the coating or solvent. A CPDS includes, but is not limited to, technical data sheets, material specification sheets, material safety data sheets, and laboratory test reports pertaining to a coating or solvent.

(10) "Cleaning operations" means operations in which organic solvent is used to remove coating materials from equipment used in wood furniture manufacturing operations.

(11) "Coating" means a protective, decorative, or functional film applied in a thin layer to a surface. Such materials include, but are not limited to, paints, topcoats, varnishes, sealers, stains, washcoats, basecoats, enamels, inks, and temporary protective coatings. Aerosol spray paints used for touch-up and repair are not considered coatings under rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code.

(12) "Coating operation" means those activities in which a coating is applied to a substrate and is subsequently air-dried, cured in an oven, or cured by radiation.

(13) "Compliant coating" means a finishing material or strippable spray booth material that meets the VOC content limits specified in paragraphs (D) and (E) of rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code.

(14) "Continuous coater" means a finishing system that continuously applies finishing materials onto furniture parts moving along a conveyor. Finishing materials that are not transferred to the part are recycled to a reservoir. Several types of application methods can be used with a continuous coater including spraying, curtain coating, roll coating, dip coating, and flow coating.

(15) "Continuous compliance" means that the affected source is meeting the emission limitations and other requirements of the rule at all times and is fulfilling all monitoring and recordkeeping provisions of the rule in order to demonstrate compliance.

(16) "Continuous recorder" means a data recording device that either records an instantaneous data value at least once every fifteen minutes or records fifteen-minute or more frequent block average values.

(17) "Control device" means any equipment that reduces the quantity of an air pollutant that is emitted to the air. The device may destroy or secure the pollutant for subsequent recovery and includes, but is not limited to, thermal oxidizers, catalytic oxidizers, regenerative carbon adsorbers, and concentrators.

(18) "Control device efficiency" means the ratio of the pollutant released by a control device and the pollutant introduced to the control device.

(19) "Conventional air spray" means a spray coating method in which the coating is atomized by mixing it with compressed air and applied at an air pressure greater than ten pounds per square inch (gauge) at the point of atomization. Airless and air assisted airless spray technologies are not conventional air spray because the coating is not atomized by mixing it with compressed air. Electrostatic spray technology is also not considered conventional air spray because an electrostatic charge is employed to attract the coating to the workpiece.

(20) "Day" means a period of twenty-four consecutive hours beginning at midnight local time, or beginning at a time consistent with a facility's operating schedule.

(21) "Dip coater" means a finishing operation that applies finishing materials by means of dip coating onto furniture parts.

(22) "Emission" means the release or discharge, whether directly or indirectly, of VOC into the ambient air.

(23) "Enamel" means a coat of colored material, usually opaque, that is applied as a protective topcoat over a basecoat, primer, or previously applied enamel coat. In some cases, another finishing material may be applied as a topcoat over the enamel. Under rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code, an enamel is a topcoat.

(24) "Finishing material" means a coating used in the wood furniture manufacturing industry. Such materials include, but are not limited to, stains, basecoats, washcoats, enamels, sealers, and topcoats. Under rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code, adhesives and nonpermanent final finish materials shall not be considered finishing materials.

(25) "Finishing operation" means those operations in which a finishing material is applied to a substrate and is subsequently air-dried, cured in an oven, or cured by radiation.

(26) "Flow indicator" means a device that indicates whether gas flow is present in a vent stream.

(27) "Gluing operation" means those operations in which adhesives are used to join components, for example, to apply a laminate to a wood substrate or foam to fabric.

(28) "Monitoring device" means the total equipment used to measure and record (if applicable) process parameters.

(29) "Natural draft opening" means any opening in a room, building, or total enclosure that remains open during operation of the finishing operation and that is not connected to a duct in which a fan is installed. The rate and direction of the natural draft across such an opening is a consequence of the difference in pressures on either side of the wall or barrier containing the opening.

(30) "Noncompliant coating" means a finishing material or strippable spray booth material that has a VOC content greater than the VOC content limit specified in paragraphs (D) and (E) of rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code.

(31) "Nonpermanent final finish material" means a material such as a wax, polish, nonoxidizing oil, or similar substance that must be periodically reapplied to a surface over its lifetime to maintain or restore the reapplied material's intended effect.

(32) "Operating parameter value" means a minimum or maximum value established for a control device, capture system, or process parameter that, if achieved by itself or in combination with one or more other operating parameter values, determines that an owner or operator has complied with an applicable emission limit.

(33) "Organic monitoring device" means a device used to indicate the concentration level of organic compounds based on a detection principle such as infrared, photoionization, or thermal conductivity.

(34) "Overall control efficiency" means the efficiency of a VOC emission control system , calculated as the product of the capture system and control device efficiencies, expressed as a percentage.

(35) "Permanent total enclosure" or "PTE" means a permanently installed enclosure that meets the criteria for a PTE in accordance with USEPA method 204 specified within paragraph (C)(3)(c) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, and that directs all the exhaust gases from the enclosure to a control device.

(36) "Permit" means a permit issued by the director pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 or 3745-77 of the Administrative Code.

(37) "Responsible official" has the meaning given to it in rule 3745-77-01 of the Administrative Code.

(38) "Sealer" means a finishing material used to seal the pores of a wood substrate before additional coats of finishing material are applied. Special purpose finishing materials that are used in some finishing systems to optimize aesthetics are not sealers.

(39) "Solids" means the nonvolatile portion of the coating that makes up the dry film.

(40) "Solvent" means a liquid used in a coating to dissolve or disperse constituents and/or to adjust viscosity. It evaporates during drying and does not become a part of the dried film.

(41) "Stain" means any color coat having a solids content by weight of no more than 8.0 per cent that is applied in single or multiple coats directly to the substrate. It includes, but is not limited to, nongrain raising stains, equalizer stains, prestains, sap stains, body stains, no-wipe stains, penetrating stains, and toners.

(42) "Strippable spray booth material" means a coating that:

(a) is applied to a spray booth wall to provide a protective film to receive over spray during finishing operations;

(b) is subsequently peeled off and disposed; and

(c) reduces or eliminates the need to use VOC solvents to clean spray booth walls due to achieving the other two provisions of this definition.

(43) "Subject to this rule" means the facility has met the applicability criteria of paragraph (A) of rule 3745-21-15 of the Administrative Code.

(44) "Substrate" means the surface onto which a coating is applied (or into which a coating is impregnated).

(45) "Temperature monitoring device" means a unit of equipment used to monitor temperature and having a minimum accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 0.5 degree Celsius, whichever is greater.

(46) "Thinner" means a volatile liquid that is used to dilute coatings (to reduce viscosity, color strength, and solids, or to modify drying conditions).

(47) "Topcoat" means the last film-building finishing material that is applied in a finishing system. Nonpermanent final finishes are not topcoats.

(48) "Touchup and repair" means the application of finishing materials to cover minor finishing imperfections.

(49) "VOC emission control system " means the combination of capture and control devices used to reduce VOC emissions to the atmosphere.

(50) "VOC solvent" means a VOC liquid used for dissolving or dispersing constituents in a coating, adjusting the viscosity of a coating, or cleaning equipment. When used in a coating, the VOC solvent evaporates during drying and does not become a part of the dried film.

(51) "Washcoat" means a transparent special purpose finishing material having a solids content by weight of 12.0 per cent by weight or less. Washcoats are applied over initial stains to protect, to control color, and to stiffen the wood fibers in order to aid sanding.

(52) "Washoff operations" means those operations in which VOC solvent is used to remove coating from wood furniture or a wood furniture component.

(53) "Wood furniture" means any product made of wood, a wood product such as rattan or wicker, or an engineered wood product such as particleboard that is manufactured under any of the following standard industrial classification (SIC) codes : 2434, 2511, 2512, 2517, 2519, 2521, 2531, 2541, 2599, or 5712.

(54) "Wood furniture component" means any part that is used in the manufacture of wood furniture. Examples include, but are not limited to, drawer sides, cabinet doors, seat cushions, and laminated tops. However, foam seat cushions manufactured and fabricated at a facility that does not engage in any other wood furniture or wood furniture component manufacturing operation are excluded from this definition.

(55) "Wood furniture manufacturing operations" means the finishing, gluing, cleaning, and washoff operations associated with the production of wood furniture or wood furniture components.

(Y) As used in rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Industrial Wastewater").

(1) "Affected industrial category" means any of the following industrial categories:

(a) Organic chemicals, plastics, and synthetic fibers manufacturing industry under standard industrial classification (SIC) codes 2821, 2823, 2824, 2865, and 2869.

(b) Pesticides manufacturing industry under SIC code 2879.

(c) Pharmaceutical manufacturing industry under SIC codes 2833, 2834, and 2836.

(d) Hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities industry under SIC codes 4952, 4953, and 4959.

(2) "Affected residual" means a residual that is removed from an affected VOC wastewater stream.

(3) "Affected VOC" means VOC with a Henry's Law Constant greater than or equal to 1.8 x10-6 atm-m3/mole ( 0.1 y/x) at twenty-five degrees Celsius.

(4) "Affected VOC wastewater stream" means a process wastewater stream from a process unit at an affected industrial category with either an annual average concentration of affected VOC greater than or equal to ten thousand parts per million by weight (ppmw) or an annual average concentration of affected VOC greater than or equal to one thousand ppmw and an annual average flow rate greater than or equal to 10.0 liters per minute ( 2.64 gallons per minute), as determined in accordance with paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code(relating to "Determination of Wastewater Characteristics"). The following are excluded from this definition:

(a) Maintenance wastewaters;

(b) Stormwater from segregated sewers;

(c) Water from fire-fighting and deluge systems, including testing of such systems;

(d) Spills;

(e) Water from safety showers;

(f) Samples of a size not greater than reasonably necessary for the method of analysis that is used;

(g) Equipment leaks;

(h) Wastewater drips from procedures such as disconnecting hoses after cleaning lines; and

(i) Noncontact cooling water.

(5) "Annual average concentration" means the flow-weighted annual average concentration, as determined according to the procedures specified 40 CFR 60.782(b).

(6) "Annual average flow rate" means the annual average flow rate, as determined according to the procedures specified in paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code.

(7) "Closed biological treatment process" means a tank or surface impoundment where biological treatment occurs and VOC emissions from the treatment process are routed either to a control device by means of a closed vent system or to a fuel gas system by means of hard-piping. The tank or surface impoundment has a fixed roof, as defined in this rule, or a floating flexible membrane cover that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code.

(8) "Closed-vent system" means a system that is not open to the atmosphere and is composed of hard-piping, ductwork, connections, and, if necessary, flow inducing devices that transport gas or vapor from an emission point to a control device.

(9) "Combustion device" means an individual unit of equipment, such as a flare, incinerator, process heater, or boiler, used for the combustion of volatile organic compound emissions.

(10) "Continuous seal" means a seal that forms a continuous closure that completely covers the space between the wall of the storage vessel and the edge of the floating roof. A continuous seal may be a vapor-mounted, liquid-mounted, or metallic shoe seal. A continuous seal may be constructed of fastened segments so as to form a continuous seal.

(11) "Continuously monitor and record" means to measure data values of a parameter at least once every fifteen minutes and to record either each measured data value or block average values for a fifteen-minute or shorter time period. A block average value is the average of all measured data values during the time period; or if data values are measured more frequently than once per minute, the average of measured data values taken at least once per minute during the time period.

(12) "Control device means" any combustion device, recovery device for vapor vents, or recapture device. Such equipment includes, but is not limited to, absorbers, carbon adsorbers, condensers, incinerators, flares, boilers, and process heaters. For a steam stripper, a primary condenser is not considered a control device.

(13) "Cover" means a device or system which is placed on or over a waste management unit containing wastewater or residuals so that the entire surface area is enclosed to minimize air VOC emissions. A cover may have openings necessary for operation, inspection, and maintenance of the waste management unit such as access hatches, sampling ports, and gauge wells provided that each opening is closed when not in use. Examples of covers include a fixed roof installed on a wastewater tank, a lid installed on a container, and an air-supported enclosure installed over a waste management unit.

(14) "Ductwork" means a conveyance system such as those commonly used for heating and ventilation systems. It is often made of sheet metal and often has sections connected by screws or crimping. Hard-piping is not ductwork.

(15) "Enhanced biological treatment process" means an aerated, thoroughly mixed treatment unit(s) that contains biomass suspended in water followed by a clarifier that removes biomass from the treated water and recycles recovered biomass to the aeration unit. The mixed liquor volatile suspended solids (biomass) is greater than one kilogram per cubic meter throughout each aeration unit. The biomass is suspended and aerated in the water of the aeration unit(s) by either submerged air flow or mechanical agitation. A thoroughly mixed treatment unit is a unit that is designed and operated to approach or achieve uniform biomass distribution and organic compound concentration throughout the aeration unit by quickly dispersing the recycled biomass and the wastewater entering the unit.

(16) "External floating roof" means a pontoon-type or double-deck-type cover that rests on the liquid surface in a storage vessel or waste management unit with no fixed roof.

(17) "Fixed roof" means a cover that is mounted on a waste management unit or storage vessel in a stationary manner and that does not move with fluctuations in liquid level.

(18) "Floating roof" means a cover consisting of a double deck, pontoon single deck, internal floating cover or covered floating roof, which rests upon and is supported by the liquid being contained, and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and waste management unit.

(19) "Fbio" means site-specific fraction of VOC biodegraded, unitless.

(20) "Fe" means fraction emitted value, unitless.

(21) "Fm" means compound-specific fraction measured factor, unitless.

(22) "Fr" means fraction removed value for VOC, unitless.

(23) "Fuel gas system" means the off-site and on-site piping and control system that gathers gaseous stream(s) generated by on-site operations, may blend them with other sources of gas, and transports the gaseous stream for use as fuel gas in combustion devices or in in-process combustion equipment such as furnaces and gas turbines, either singly or in combination.

(24) "Hard-piping" means pipe or tubing that is manufactured and properly installed using good engineering judgment and standards, such as ANSI B31-3.

(25) "Incinerator" means an enclosed combustion device that is used for destroying organic compounds. Auxiliary fuel may be used to heat waste gas to combustion temperatures. Any energy recovery section present is not physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit with the combustion section; rather, the energy recovery section is a separate section following the combustion section and the two are joined by ducts or connections carrying flue gas. The above energy recovery section limitation does not apply to an energy recovery section used solely to preheat the incoming vent stream or combustion air.

(26) "Individual drain system" means the stationary system used to convey wastewater streams or residuals to a waste management unit or to discharge or disposal. The term includes hard-piping, all process drains and junction boxes, together with their associated sewer lines and other junction boxes, manholes, sumps, and lift stations, conveying wastewater streams or residuals. A segregated storm water sewer system, which is a drain and collection system designed and operated for the sole purpose of collecting rainfall-runoff at a facility, and which is segregated from all other individual drain systems, is excluded from this definition.

(27) "Internal floating roof" means a cover that rests or floats on the liquid surface (but not necessarily in complete contact with it) inside a waste management unit that has a fixed roof.

(28) "Junction box" means a manhole or a lift station, or access point to a wastewater sewer line.

(29) "Liquid-mounted seal" means a foam or liquid-filled seal mounted in contact with the liquid between the wall of the storage vessel or waste management unit and the floating roof. The seal is mounted continuously around the circumference of the vessel or unit.

(30) "Maintenance wastewater" means wastewater generated by the draining of process fluid from components in the process unit into an individual drain system prior to or during maintenance activities. Maintenance wastewater can be generated during planned and unplanned shutdowns and during periods not associated with a shutdown. Any generation of wastewater that is routine or is generated by designed manufacturing processes is not maintenance wastewater. Examples of activities that can generate maintenance wastewaters include descaling heat exchanger tubing bundles, cleaning of distillation column traps, draining of low legs and high point bleeds, draining of pumps into an individual drain system and draining of portions of the process unit for repair.

(31) "Maximum true vapor pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure exerted by the organics in the stored or transferred liquid at the temperature equal to the highest calendar-month average of the liquid storage or transfer temperature for liquids stored or transferred above or below the ambient temperature or at the local maximum monthly average temperature as reported by the national weather service for liquids stored or transferred at the ambient temperature, as determined:

(a) In accordance with methods described in American Petroleum Institute Bulletin 2517, "Evaporation Loss From External Floating Roof Tanks;" or

(b) As obtained from standard reference texts; or

(c) As determined by ASTM D2879-97; or

(d) Any other method approved by the director.

(32) "Mechanical shoe seal" means metal sheets that are held vertically against the wall of the storage vessel by springs, weighted levers, or other mechanisms and connected to the floating roof by braces or other means. A flexible coated fabric (envelope) spans the annular space between the metal sheet and the floating roof.

(33) "Oil-water separator" or "organic-water separator" means a waste management unit, used to separate oil or organics from water. An oil-water or organic-water separator consists of not only the separation unit but also the forebay and other separator basins, skimmers, weirs, grit chambers, sludge hoppers, and bar screens that are located directly after the individual drain system and prior to additional treatment units such as an air flotation unit, clarifier, or biological treatment unit. Examples of an oil-water or organic-water separator include, but are not limited to, an American Petroleum Institute separator, parallel-plate interceptor, and corrugated-plate interceptor with the associated ancillary equipment.

(34) "Open biological treatment process" means a biological treatment process that is not a closed biological treatment process as defined in this rule.

(35) "Plant" means the same as facility.

(36) "Point of generation" means the location where process wastewater exits a process unit.

(37) "Point of determination" means each point where process wastewater exits a process unit.

(38) "Pressure relief valve" means a valve used only to release an unplanned, non-routine discharge. A relief valve discharge can result from an operator error, a malfunction such as a power failure or equipment failure, or other unexpected cause that requires immediate venting of gas from process equipment in order to avoid safety hazards or equipment damage.

(39) "Process drain" means any opening (including a covered or controlled opening) that is installed or used to receive or convey wastewater into the wastewater system.

(40) "Process unit" means the smallest set of process equipment that can operate independently and includes all operations necessary to achieve its process objective.

(41) "Process wastewater" means wastewater which, during manufacturing or processing, comes into direct contact with or results from the production or use of any raw material, intermediate product, finished product, by-product, or waste product. Examples are product tank drawdown or feed tank drawdown; water formed during a chemical reaction or used as a reactant; water used to wash impurities from organic products or reactants; water used to cool or quench organic vapor streams through direct contact; and condensed steam from jet ejector systems pulling vacuum on vessels containing organics.

(42) "RCRA" means the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.

(43) "Recapture device" means an individual unit of equipment capable of and used for the purpose of recovering chemicals, but not normally for use, reuse, or sale. For example, a recapture device may recover chemicals primarily for disposal. Recapture devices include, but are not limited to, absorbers, carbon adsorbers, and condensers.

(44) "Recovery device" means an individual unit of equipment capable of and normally used for the purpose of recovering chemicals for fuel value (i.e., net positive heating value), use, reuse or for sale for fuel value, use, or reuse. Examples of equipment that may be recovery devices include absorbers, carbon adsorbers, condensers, oil-water separators or organic-water separators, or organic removal devices such as decanters, strippers, or thin-film evaporation units. For purposes of the monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements of this subpart, recapture devices are considered recovery devices.

(45) "Residual" means any liquid or solid material containing VOC that is removed from a wastewater stream by a waste management unit or treatment process that does not destroy organic compounds (nondestructive unit). Examples of residuals from nondestructive wastewater management units are: the organic layer and bottom residue removed by a decanter or organic-water separator and the overheads from a steam stripper or air stripper. Examples of materials which are not residuals are: silt; mud; leaves; bottoms from a steam stripper or air stripper; and sludges, ash, or other materials removed from wastewater being treated by destructive devices such as biological treatment units and incinerators.

(46) "Sewer line" means a lateral, trunk line, branch line, or other conduit including, but not limited to, grates, trenches, etc., used to convey wastewater streams or residuals to a downstream waste management unit.

(47) "Single-seal system" means a floating roof having one continuous seal that completely covers the space between the wall of the storage vessel and the edge of the floating roof. This seal may be a vapor-mounted, liquid-mounted, or metallic shoe seal.

(48) "Steam jet ejector" means a steam nozzle which discharges a high-velocity jet across a suction chamber that is connected to the equipment to be evacuated.

(49) "Steam stripper" means a column (including associated stripper feed tanks, condensers, or heat exchangers) used to remove compounds from wastewater.

(50) "Surface impoundment" means a waste management unit which is a natural topographic depression, manmade excavation, or diked area formed primarily of earthen materials (although it may be lined with manmade materials), which is designed to hold an accumulation of liquid wastes or waste containing free liquids. A surface impoundment is used for the purpose of treating, storing, or disposing of wastewater or residuals, and is not an injection well. Examples of surface impoundments are equalization, settling, and aeration pits, ponds, and lagoons.

(51) "Tank drawdown" means any material or mixture of materials discharged from a product tank, feed tank, or intermediate tank for the purpose of removing water or other contaminants from the tank.

(52) "Temperature monitoring device" means a unit of equipment used to monitor temperature and having a minimum accuracy of (a) plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or (b) plus or minus 0.5 degree Celsius, whichever number is greater (i.e., has the highest absolute value).

(53) "Treatment process" means a specific technique that removes or destroys the organics in a wastewater or residual stream such as a steam stripping unit (steam stripper), thin-film evaporation unit, waste incinerator, biological treatment unit, or any other process applied to wastewater streams or residuals to comply with paragraph (D)(8) or (E) of rule 3745-21-16 of the Administrative Code. Most treatment processes are conducted in tanks. Treatment processes are a subset of waste management units.

(54) "Vapor-mounted seal" means a continuous seal that completely covers the annular space between the wall of the storage vessel or waste management unit and the edge of the floating roof and is mounted such that there is a vapor space between the stored liquid and the bottom of the seal.

(55) "Waste management unit" means the equipment, structure(s), or device(s) used to convey, store, treat, or dispose of wastewater streams or residuals. Examples of waste management units include: wastewater tanks, surface impoundments, individual drain systems, and biological wastewater treatment units. Examples of equipment that may be waste management units include containers, air flotation units, oil-water separators or organic-water separators, or organic removal devices such as decanters, strippers, or thin-film evaporation units. If such equipment is used for recovery then it is part of a process unit and is not a waste management unit.

(56) "Wastewater stream" means a stream that contains process wastewater.

(57) "Wastewater tank" means a stationary waste management unit that is designed to contain an accumulation of wastewater or residuals and is constructed primarily of non-earthen materials (e.g., wood, concrete, steel, plastic) which provide structural support. Wastewater tanks used for flow equalization are included in this definition.

(58) "Water seal controls" means a seal pot, p-leg trap, or other type of trap filled with water (e.g., flooded sewers that maintain water levels adequate to prevent air flow through the system) that creates a water barrier between the water level of the seal and the atmosphere. The water level of the seal must be maintained in the vertical leg of a drain in order to be considered a water seal.

(59) "Wet weather retention basin" means an impoundment or tank that is used to store rainfall runoff that would exceed the capacity of the wastewater treatment system until it can be returned to the wastewater treatment system or, if the water meets the applicable discharge limits, discharged without treatment. These units may also be used to store wastewater during periods when the wastewater treatment system is shut down for maintenance or emergencies.

(Z) As used in rule 3745-21-17 of the Administrative Code:

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the definitions in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code and paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code shall apply to rule 3745-21-17 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to portable fuel containers).

(1) "Fuel" means all gasoline, gasoline-alcohol mixtures or blends, diesel, kerosene or petroleum derivatives, having a true vapor pressure within the range of 1.5 to eleven pounds per square in absolute (psia) ( 10.3 to 75.6 ) for use in internal combustion engines or aircraft.

(2) "Manufacturer" means any person who imports, manufactures, assembles, packages, repackages, or re-labels a portable fuel container or spout or both portable fuel container and spout.

(3) "Nominal capacity" means the volume indicated by the manufacturer that represents the maximum recommended filling level.

(4) "Outboard engine" means a spark-ignition marine engine that, when properly mounted on a marine water-craft in the position to operate, houses the engine and drive unit external to the hull of the marine water-craft.

(5) "Person" means any individual, public or private corporation, political subdivision, government agency, department or bureau of the State, municipality, industry, co-partnership, association, firm, estate or any legal entity whatsoever.

(6) "Portable fuel container" means any container or vessel with a nominal capacity of ten gallons or less intended for reuse that is designed, or used, sold, advertised or offered for sale primarily for receiving, transporting, storing, and dispensing fuel or kerosene. Portable fuel containers do not include containers permanently embossed, or affixed with a permanent durable label with wording indicating such containers are solely intended for use with non-fuel or non-kerosene products.

(7) "Spout" means any device that can be firmly attached to a portable fuel container for conducting pouring or fueling through which the contents of a portable fuel container can be dispensed.

(8) "Target fuel tank" means any receptacle that receives fuel from a portable fuel container.

(AA) As used in rule 3745-21-19 of the Administrative Code:

(1) "Ablative coating" means a coating that chars when exposed to open flame or extreme temperatures, as would occur during the failure of an engine casing or during aerodynamic heating. The ablative char surface serves as an insulative barrier, protecting adjacent components from the heat or open flame.

(2) "Adhesion promoter" means a very thin coating applied to a substrate to promote wetting and form a chemical bond with the subsequently applied material.

(3) "Adhesive bonding primer" means a primer applied in a thin film to aerospace components for the purpose of corrosion inhibition and increased adhesive bond strength by attachment. There are two categories of adhesive bonding primers: primers with a design cure at two hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit or below and primers with a design cure above two hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit.

(4) "Adhesive primer" means a coating that:

(a) Inhibits corrosion and serves as a primer applied to bare metal surfaces or prior to adhesive application; or

(b) Is applied to surfaces that can be expected to contain fuel, however, fuel tank coatings are excluded from this category.

(5) "Aerosol coating" means a coating expelled from a handheld, pressurized, non-refillable container in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.

(6) "Aerospace manufacturing or rework facility" means any facility that produces, reworks, or repairs in any amount any commercial, civil, or military aerospace vehicle or component.

(7) "Aerospace vehicle or component" means any fabricated part, processed part, assembly of parts, or completed unit, with the exception of electronic components, of any aircraft including but not limited to airplanes, helicopters, missiles, rockets, and space vehicles.

(8) "Aircraft fluid systems" means those systems that handle hydraulic fluids, fuel, cooling fluids, or oils.

(9) "Aircraft transparency" means the aircraft windshield, canopy, passenger windows, lenses and other components which are constructed of transparent materials.

(10) "Antichafe coating" means a coating applied to areas of moving aerospace components that may rub during normal operations or installation.

(11) "Antique aerospace vehicle or component" means an aircraft or component thereof that was built at least thirty years ago. An antique aerospace vehicle would not routinely be in commercial or military service in the capacity for which it was designed.

(12) "Aqueous cleaning solvent" means a solvent in which water is at least eighty percent of the solvent as applied. Detergents, surfactants, and bioenzyme mixtures and nutrients may be combined with the water along with a variety of additives, such as organic solvents (e.g., high boiling point alcohols), builders, saponifiers, inhibitors, emulsifiers, pH buffers, and antifoaming agents. Aqueous solutions must have a flash point greater than ninety-three degrees Celsius (two hundred degrees Fahrenheit) (as reported by the manufacturer), and the solution must miscible with water.

(13) "Bearing coating" means a coating applied to an antifriction bearing, a bearing housing, or the area adjacent to such a bearing in order to facilitate bearing function or to protect base material from excessive wear. A material shall not be classified as a bearing coating if it can also be classified as a dry lubricative material or a solid film lubricant.

(14) "Bonding maskant" means a temporary coating used to protect selected areas of aerospace parts from strong acid or alkaline solutions during processing for bonding.

(15) "Caulking and smoothing compounds" means semi-solid materials which are applied by hand application methods and are used to aerodynamically smooth exterior vehicle surfaces or fill cavities such as bolt hole accesses. A material shall not be classified as a caulking and smoothing compound if it can also be classified as a sealant.

(16) "Chemical agent-resistant coating" or "CARC" means an exterior topcoat designed to withstand exposure to chemical warfare agents or the decontaminants used on these agents.

(17) "Chemical milling maskant" means a coating that is applied directly to aluminum components to protect surface areas when chemical milling the component with a Type I or Type II etchant. Type I chemical milling maskants are used with a Type I etchant and Type II chemical milling maskants are used with a Type II etchant. This definition does not include bonding maskants, critical use, line sealer maskants, and seal coat maskants. Additionally, maskants that must be used with a combination of Type I or II etchants and any of the above types of maskants (i.e., bonding, critical use and line sealer, and seal coat) are also exempt from this subpart. (See also Type I and Type II etchant definitions.)

(18) "Cleaning operation" means collectively spray gun, hand wipe, and flush cleaning operations.

(19) "Cleaning solvent" means a liquid material used for hand wipe, spray gun, or flush cleaning. This definition does not include solutions that contain VOC at concentrations less than 0.1 per cent by weight for carcinogens and less than 1.0 per cent by weight for non-carcinogens, as determined from manufacturer's representations.

(20) "Clear coating" means a transparent coating usually applied over a colored opaque coating, metallic substrate, or placard to give improved gloss and protection to the color coat. A clearcoat refers to any transparent coating without regard to substrate.

(21) "Coating" means a material that is applied to the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component to form a decorative or functional solid film, or the solid film itself.

(22) "Coating line" means an operation consisting of a series of one or more coating applicators and any associated flash-off areas, drying areas and ovens wherein a coating is applied, dried, and/or cured. It is not necessary for an operation to have an oven, or flash-off area, or drying area in order to be included within this definition.

(23) "Coating operation" means the use of a spray booth, tank, or other enclosure or any area, such as a hangar, for the application of a single type of coating (e.g., primer). The use of the same spray booth, tank, or other enclosure or area for the application of another type of coating (e.g., topcoat) constitutes a separate coating operation for which compliance determinations are performed separately.

(24) "Commercial exterior aerodynamic structure primer" means a primer used on aerodynamic components and structures that protrude from the fuselage, such as wings and attached components, control surfaces, horizontal stabilizers, vertical fins, wing-to-body fairs, antennae, and landing gear and doors, for the purpose of extended corrosion protection and enhanced adhesion.

(25) "Commercial interior adhesive" means materials used in the bonding of passenger cabin interior components. These components must meet the FAA fire worthiness requirements.

(26) "Compatible epoxy primer" means a primer that is compatible with the filled elastomeric coating and is epoxy based. This compatible substrate primer is an epoxy-polyamide primer used to promote adhesion of elastomeric coatings such as impact-resistant coatings.

(27) "Compatible substrate primer" means a primer that is either a compatible epoxy primer or an adhesive primer.

(28) "Confined space" means a space that:

(a) Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work;

(b) Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (for example, fuel tanks, fuel vessels, and other spaces that have limited means of entry); and

(c) Is not suitable for continuous employee occupancy.

(29) "Corrosion prevention compound" means a coating that provides corrosion protection by displacing water and penetrating mating surfaces, forming a protective barrier between the metal surface and moisture. Coatings containing oils or waxes are excluded from this category.

(30) "Critical use and line sealer maskant" means a temporary coating, not covered under other maskant categories, used to protect selected areas of aerospace parts from strong acid or alkaline solutions such as those used in anodizing, plating, chemical milling and processing of magnesium, titanium, or high strength steel, high precision aluminum chemical milling of deep cuts, and aluminum chemical milling of complex shapes. Materials used for repairs or to bridge gaps left by scribing operations (i.e., line sealer) are also included in this category.

(31) "Cryogenic flexible primer" means a primer designed to provide corrosion resistance, flexibility, and adhesion of subsequent coating systems when exposed to loads up to and surpassing the yield point of the substrate at cryogenic temperatures (minus two hundred seventy-five degrees Fahrenheit and below).

(32) "Cryoprotective coating" means a coating that insulates cryogenic or subcooled surfaces to limit propellant boil-off, maintain structural integrity of metallic structures during ascent or re-entry, and prevent ice formation.

(33) "Cyanoacrylate adhesive" means a fast-setting, single component adhesive that cures at room temperature. It is also known by the tradename "super glue."

(34) "DOD" means the United States department of defense, including military departments and defense agencies, acting through either the secretary of defense or the designee of the secretary.

(35) "Dry lubricative material" means a coating consisting of lauric acid, cetyl alcohol, waxes, or other non-cross linked or resin-bound materials which act as a dry lubricant.

(36) "Electric or radiation-effect coating" means a coating or coating system engineered to interact, through absorption or reflection, with specific regions of the electromagnetic energy spectrum, such as the ultraviolet, visible, infrared, or microwave regions. Uses include, but are not limited to, lightning strike protection, electromagnetic pulse protection, and radar avoidance. Coatings that have been designated "classified" by the department of defense are exempt.

(37) "Electrostatic discharge and electromagnetic interference coating" or "EMI coating" means a coating applied to space vehicles, missiles, aircraft radomes, and helicopter blades to disperse static energy or reduce electromagnetic interference.

(38) "Electrostatic spray" means a method of applying a spray coating in which an electrical charge is applied to the coating and the substrate is grounded. The coating is attracted to the substrate by the electrostatic potential between them.

(39) "Elevated temperature Skydrol-resistant commercial primer" means a primer applied primarily to commercial aircraft (or commercial aircraft adapted for military use) that must withstand immersion in phosphate-ester hydraulic fluid (Skydrol 500b or equivalent) at the elevated temperature of one hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit for one thousand hours.

(40) "Epoxy polyamide topcoat" means a coating used where harder films are required or in some areas where engraving is accomplished in camouflage colors.

(41) "Exterior primer" means the first layer and any subsequent layers of identically formulated coating applied to the exterior surface of an aerospace vehicle or component where the component is used on the exterior of the aerospace vehicle. Exterior primers are typically used for corrosion prevention, protection from the environment, functional fluid resistance, and adhesion of subsequent exterior topcoats. Coatings that are defined as specialty coatings are not included under this definition.

(42) "FAA" means the federal aviation administration, department of transportation, United States.

(43) "Fire-resistant (interior) coating" means:

(a) For civilian aircraft, a coating used on passenger cabin interior parts that are subject to the FAA fireworthiness requirements;

(b) For military aircraft, a coating used on parts that are subject to the flammability requirements of MIL-STD-1630A and MIL-A-87721; and

(c) For space applications, a coating used on parts that are subject to the flammability requirements of SE-R-0006 and SSP 30233.

(44) "Flexible primer" means a primer that meets flexibility requirements such as those needed for adhesive bond primed fastener heads or on surfaces expected to contain fuel. The flexible coating is required because it provides a compatible, flexible substrate over bonded sheet rubber and rubber-type coatings as well as a flexible bridge between the fasteners, skin, and skin-to-skin joints on outer aircraft skins. This flexible bridge allows more topcoat flexibility around fasteners and decreases the chance of the topcoat cracking around the fasteners. The result is better corrosion resistance.

(45) "Flight test coating" means a coating applied to aircraft other than missiles or single-use aircraft prior to flight testing to protect the aircraft from corrosion and to provide required marking during flight test evaluation.

(46) "Fuel tank adhesive" means an adhesive used to bond components exposed to fuel and must be compatible with fuel tank coatings.

(47) "Fuel tank coating" means a coating applied to fuel tank components for the purpose of corrosion and/or bacterial growth inhibition and to assure sealant adhesion in extreme environmental conditions.

(48) "General aviation" or "GA" means that segment of civil aviation that encompasses all facets of aviation except air carriers, commuters, and military. General aviation includes charter and corporate-executive transportation, instruction, rental, aerial application, aerial observation, business, pleasure, and other special uses.

(49) "General aviation rework facility" means any aerospace facility with the majority of its revenues resulting from the reconstruction, repair, maintenance, repainting, conversion, or alteration of general aviation aerospace vehicles or components.

(50) "Hand wipe cleaning operation" means removing contaminants such as dirt, grease, oil, and coatings from an aerospace vehicle or component by physically rubbing it with a material such as a rag, paper, or cotton swab that has been moistened with a cleaning solvent.

(51) "High temperature coating" means a coating designed to withstand temperatures of more than three hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit.

(52) "High volume low pressure spray equipment" or "HVLP spray equipment" means spray equipment that is used to apply coating by means of a spray gun that operates at 10.0 pounds per square inch gauge of atomizing air pressure or less at the air cap.

(53) "Insulation covering" means material that is applied to foam insulation to protect the insulation from mechanical or environmental damage.

(54) "Intermediate release coating" means a thin coating applied beneath topcoats to assist in removing the topcoat in depainting operations and generally to allow the use of less hazardous depainting methods.

(55) "Lacquer" means a clear or pigmented coating formulated with a nitrocellulose or synthetic resin to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction. Lacquers are resoluble in their original solvent.

(56) "Large commercial aircraft" means an aircraft of more than one hundred ten thousand pounds, maximum certified take-off weight manufactured for non-military use.

(57) "Leak" means any visible leakage, including misting and clouding.

(58) "Limited access space" means internal surfaces or passages of an aerospace vehicle or component that cannot be reached without the aid of an airbrush or a spray gun extension for the application of coatings.

(59) "Metalized epoxy coating" means a coating that contains relatively large quantities of metallic pigmentation for appearance and/or added protection.

(60) "Mold release" means a coating applied to a mold surface to prevent the molded piece from sticking to the mold as it is removed.

(61) "Nonstructural adhesive" means an adhesive that bonds nonload bearing aerospace components in noncritical applications and is not covered in any other specialty adhesive categories.

(62) "Operating parameter value" means a minimum or maximum value established for a control equipment or process parameter that, if achieved by itself or in combination with one or more other operating parameter values, determines that an owner or operator has complied with an applicable emission limitation.

(63) "Optical anti-reflection coating" means a coating with a low reflectance in the infrared and visible wavelength ranges that is used for antireflection on or near optical and laser hardware.

(64) "Part marking coating" means coatings or inks used to make identifying markings on materials, components, and/or assemblies. These markings may be either permanent or temporary.

(65) "Pretreatment coating" means an organic coating that contains at least 0.5 percent acids by weight and is applied directly to metal surfaces to provide surface etching, corrosion resistance, adhesion, and ease of stripping.

(66) "Primer" means the first layer and any subsequent layers of identically formulated coating applied to the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component. Primers are typically used for corrosion prevention, protection from the environment, functional fluid resistance, and adhesion of subsequent coatings. Primers that are defined as specialty coatings are not included under this definition.

(67) "Radome" means the nonmetallic protective housing for electromagnetic transmitters and receivers (e.g., radar, electronic countermeasures, etc.).

(68) "Rain erosion-resistant coating" means a coating or coating system used to protect the leading edges of parts such as flaps, stabilizers, radomes, engine inlet nacelles, etc. against erosion caused by rain impact during flight.

(69) "Research and development operation" means an operation whose purpose is for research and development of new processes and products, that is conducted under the close supervision of technically trained personnel and is not involved in the manufacture of final or intermediate products for commercial purposes, except in a de minimis manner.

(70) "Rocket motor bonding adhesive" means an adhesive used in rocket motor bonding applications.

(71) "Rocket motor nozzle coating" means a catalyzed epoxy coating system used in elevated temperature applications on rocket motor nozzles.

(72) "Rubber-based adhesive" means a quick setting contact cement that provide a strong, yet flexible bond between two mating surfaces that may be of dissimilar materials.

(73) "Scale inhibitor" means a coating that is applied to the surface of a part prior to thermal processing to inhibit the formation of scale.

(74) "Screen print ink" means a inks used in screen printing processes during fabrication of decorative laminates and decals.

(75) "Seal coat maskant" means an overcoat applied over a maskant to improve abrasion and chemical resistance during production operations.

(76) "Sealant" means a material used to prevent the intrusion of water, fuel, air, or other liquids or solids from certain areas of aerospace vehicles or components. There are two categories of sealants: extrudable/rollable/brushable sealants and sprayable sealants.

(77) "Self-priming topcoat" means a topcoat that is applied directly to an uncoated aerospace vehicle or component for purposes of corrosion prevention, environmental protection, and functional fluid resistance. More than one layer of identical coating formulation may be applied to the vehicle or component.

(78) "Semiaqueous cleaning solvent" means a solution in which water is a primary ingredient (greater than sixty per cent of the solvent solution as applied must be water.)

(79) "Silicone insulation material" means an insulating material applied to exterior metal surfaces for protection from high temperatures caused by atmospheric friction or engine exhaust. These materials differ from ablative coatings in that they are not "sacrificial."

(80) "Solids" means the nonvolatile portion of the coating that after drying makes up the dry film.

(81) "Solid film lubricant" means a very thin coating consisting of a binder system containing as its chief pigment material one or more of the following: molybdenum, graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene, or other solids that act as a dry lubricant between faying surfaces.

(82) "Space vehicle" means a man-made device, either manned or unmanned, designed for operation beyond earth's atmosphere. This definition includes integral equipment such as models, mock-ups, prototypes, molds, jigs, tooling, hardware jackets, and test coupons. Also included is auxiliary equipment associated with test, transport, and storage, which through contamination can compromise the space vehicle performance.

(83) "Specialty coating" means a coating that, even though it meets the definition of a primer, topcoat, or self-priming topcoat, has additional performance criteria beyond those of primers, topcoats, and self-priming topcoats for specific applications. These performance criteria may include, but are not limited to, temperature or fire resistance, substrate compatibility, antireflection, temporary protection or marking, sealing, adhesively joining substrates, or enhanced corrosion protection. A listing of specialty coatings is found in paragraph (D)(1)(b) of rule 3745-21-19 of the Administrative Code.

(84) "Specialized function coating" means a coating that fulfills extremely specific engineering requirements that are limited in application and are characterized by low volume usage. This category excludes coatings covered in other specialty coating categories.

(85) "Spray gun" means a device that atomizes a coating or other material and projects the particulates or other material onto a substrate.

(86) "Structural autoclavable adhesive" means an adhesive used to bond load carrying aerospace components that is cured by heat and pressure in an autoclave.

(87) "Structural non-autoclavable adhesive" means an adhesive cured under ambient conditions that is used to bond load carrying aerospace components or other critical functions, such as nonstructural bonding in the proximity of engines.

(88) "Surface preparation" means the removal of contaminants from the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component or the activation or reactivation of the surface in preparation for the application of a coating.

(89) "Temporary protective coating" means a coating applied to provide scratch or corrosion protection during manufacturing, storage, or transportation. Two types include peelable protective coatings and alkaline removable coatings. These materials are not intended to protect against strong acid or alkaline solutions. Coatings that provide this type of protection from chemical processing are not included in this category.

(90) "Thermal control coating" means a coatings formulated with specific thermal conductive or radiative properties to permit temperature control of the substrate.

(91) "Topcoat" means a coating that is applied over a primer on an aerospace vehicle or component for appearance, identification, camouflage, or protection. Topcoats that are defined as specialty coatings are not included under this definition.

(92) "Touchup and repair coating" means a coating used to cover minor coating imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.

(93) "Type II etchant" means a chemical milling etchant that is a strong sodium hydroxide solution containing amines.

(94) "Type I etchant" means a chemical milling etchant that contains varying amounts of dissolved sulfur and does not contain amines.

(95) "VOC composite vapor pressure" means the sum of the partial pressures of the compounds defined as VOC in this rule, as determined according to the procedures specified in paragraph (S) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(96) "Waterborne (water-reducible) coating" means a coating which contains more than five per cent water by weight as applied in its volatile fraction.

(97) "Wet fastener installation coating" means a primer or sealant applied by dipping, brushing, or daubing to fasteners that are installed before the coating is cured.

(98) "Wing coating" means a corrosion-resistant topcoat that is resilient enough to withstand the flexing of the wings.

(BB) As used in rule 3745-21-20 of the Administrative Code.

(1) "Add-on control system" means an air pollution control device such as a carbon adsorber or incinerator that reduces pollution in an air stream by destruction or removal prior to discharge to the atmosphere.

(2) "Air flask coating" means any special composition coating applied to interior surfaces of high pressure breathing air flasks to provide corrosion resistance and that is certified safe for use with breathing air supplies.

(3) "Antenna coating" means any coating applied to equipment through which electromagnetic signals must pass for reception or transmission.

(4) "Antifoulant coating" means any coating that is applied to the underwater portion of a vessel to prevent or reduce the attachment of biological organisms and that is registered with the USEPA as a pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.

(5) "As applied" means the condition of a coating at the time of application to the substrate, including any thinning solvent.

(6) "As supplied" means the condition of a coating before any thinning, as sold and delivered by the coating manufacturer to the user.

(7) "Batch" means the product of an individual production run of a coating manufacturer's process. A batch may vary in composition from other batches of the same product.

(8) "Bitumens" mean black or brown materials that are soluble in carbon disulfide and consist mainly of hydrocarbons.

(9) "Bituminous resin coating" means any coating that incorporates bitumens as a principal component and is formulated primarily to be applied to a substrate or surface to resist ultraviolet radiation and/or water.

(10) "Chemical Agent Resistant Coating" or "CARC" means a military exterior coating.

(11) "Coating" means any material that can be applied as a thin layer to a substrate and which cures to form a continuous solid film.

(12) "Cold-weather time period" means any time during which the ambient temperature is below 4.5 degrees Celsius (forty degrees Fahrenheit) and coating is to be applied.

(13) "Container of coating" means the container from which the coating is applied, including but not limited to a bucket or pot.

(14) "Cure volatiles" means reaction products which are emitted during the chemical reaction which takes place in some coating films at the cure temperature. These emissions are other than those from the solvents in the coating and may, in some cases, comprise a significant portion of total VOC emissions.

(15) "Epoxy coating" means any thermoset coating formed by reaction of an epoxy resin (i.e., a resin containing a reactive epoxide with a curing agent).

(16) "General use coating" means any coating that is not a specialty coating.

(17) "Heat resistant coating" means any coating that during normal use must withstand a temperature of at least two hundred four degrees Celsius (four hundred degrees Fahrenheit).

(18) "High-gloss coating" means any coating that achieves at least eighty-five per cent reflectance on a sixty-degree meter when tested by ASTM D523-89(1999).

(19) "High-temperature coating" means any coating that during normal use must withstand a temperature of at least four hundred twenty-six degrees Celsius (eight hundred degrees Fahrenheit).

(20) "Inorganic zinc (high-build) coating" means a coating that contains eight pounds per gallon (nine hundred sixty grams per liter) or more elemental zinc incorporated into an inorganic silicate binder that is applied to steel to provide galvanic corrosion resistance.

(21) "Interior coating" means any coating used on interior surfaces aboard United States military vessels pursuant to a coating specification that requires the coating to meet specified fire retardant and low toxicity requirements, in addition to the other applicable military physical and performance requirements.

(22) "Marine coating" means any coating that is applied to ships.

(23) "Maximum allowable thinning ratio" means the maximum volume of thinner that can be added per volume of coating without violating the VOC content limits of paragraph (D)(1) of rule 3745-21-20 of the Administrative Code.

(24) "Military exterior coating" means any exterior topcoat applied to military or USCG vessels that are subject to specific chemical, biological, and radiological washdown requirements.

(25) "Mist coating" means any low viscosity, thin film, epoxy coating applied to an inorganic zinc primer that penetrates the porous zinc primer and allows the occluded air to escape through the paint film prior to curing.

(26) "Navigational aids coating" means any coating applied to USCG buoys or other USCG waterway markers when they are recoated aboard ship at their usage site and immediately returned to the water.

(27) "Nonskid coating" means any coating applied to the horizontal surfaces of a marine vessel for the specific purpose of providing slip resistance for personnel, vehicles, or aircraft.

(28) "Nonvolatiles" means substances that do not evaporate readily. This term refers to the film-forming material of a coating.

(29) "Normally closed" means a container or piping system is closed unless an operator is actively engaged in adding or removing material.

(30) "Nuclear coating" means any protective coating used to seal porous surfaces such as steel (or concrete) that otherwise would be subject to intrusion by radioactive materials. These coatings must be resistant to long-term (service life) cumulative radiation exposure (ASTM D4082-89), relatively easy to decontaminate (ASTM D4256-89(1994)e1), and resistant to various chemicals to which the coatings are likely to be exposed (ASTM D3912-80). [For nuclear coatings, see the general protective requirements outlined by the United States nuclear regulatory commission in a report entitled "Regulatory Guide 1.54 - Service Level I, II and III Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Plants."

(31) "Operating parameter value" means a minimum or maximum value established for a control device or process parameter that, if achieved by itself or in combination with one or more other operating parameter values, determines that an owner or operator has complied with an applicable emission limitation.

(32) "Organic zinc coating" means any coating derived from zinc dust incorporated into an organic binder that contains more than eight pounds of elemental zinc per gallon (nine hundred sixty grams per liter) of coating, as applied, and that is used for the expressed purpose of corrosion protection.

(33) "Pleasure craft" means any marine or fresh-water vessel used by individuals for noncommercial, nonmilitary, and recreational purposes that is less than twenty meters in length. A vessel rented exclusively to or chartered by individuals for such purposes shall be considered a pleasure craft.

(34) "Pretreatment wash primer" means any coating that contains a minimum of 0.5 per cent acid, by mass, and is applied only to bare metal to etch the surface and enhance adhesion of subsequent coatings.

(35) "Repair and maintenance of thermoplastic coating" means any vinyl, chlorinated rubber, or bituminous resin coating that is applied over the same type of existing coating to perform the partial recoating of any in-use commercial vessel. (This definition does not include coal tar epoxy coatings, which are considered "general use" coatings.)

(36) "Rubber camouflage coating" means any specially formulated epoxy coating used as a camouflage topcoat for exterior submarine hulls and sonar domes.

(37) "Sealant coating for thermal spray aluminum" means any epoxy coating applied to thermal spray aluminum surfaces at a maximum thickness of one dry mil.

(38) "Ship" means any marine or fresh-water vessel used for military or commercial operations, including self-propelled vessels, those propelled by other craft (barges), and navigational aids (buoys). This definition includes, but is not limited to, all military and USCG vessels, commercial cargo and passenger (cruise) ships, ferries, barges, tankers, container ships, patrol and pilot boats, and dredges. For purposes of rule 3745-21-20 of the Administrative Code, pleasure crafts and offshore oil and gas drilling platforms are not considered ships.

(39) "Shipbuilding and/or ship repair operations" means any building, repair, repainting, converting, or alteration of ships.

(40) "Solids" means nonvolatiles.

(41) "Special marking coating" means any coating that is used for safety or identification applications, such as markings on flight decks and ships' numbers.

(42) "Tack coating" means any thin film epoxy coating applied at a maximum thickness of two dry mils to prepare an epoxy coating that has dried beyond the time limit specified by the manufacturer for the application of the next coat.

(43) "Thinner" means a liquid that is used to reduce the viscosity of a coating and that evaporates before or during the cure of a film.

(44) "Thinning ratio" means the volumetric ratio of thinner to coating, as supplied.

(45) "Thinning solvent" means thinner.

(46) "Undersea weapons systems coating" means any coating applied to any component of a weapons system intended to be launched or fired from under the sea.

(47) "USCG" means the United States coast guard.

(48) "Weld-through preconstruction primer" means a coating that provides corrosion protection for steel during inventory, is typically applied at less than one mil dry film thickness, does not require removal prior to welding, is temperature resistant (burn back from a weld is less than 1.25 centimeters ( 0.5 inch)), and does not normally require removal before applying film-building coatings, including inorganic zinc high-build coatings. When constructing new vessels, there may be a need to remove areas of weld-through preconstruction primer due to surface damage or contamination prior to application of film-building coatings.

(CC) (Reserved)

(DD) As used in rule 3745-21-22 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of VOC emissions from lithographic and letterpress printing operations).

(1) "Alcohol" means any of the following compounds, when used as a fountain solution additive for offset lithographic printing: ethanol, n-propanol, and isopropanol.

(2) "Alcohol substitutes" means nonalcohol additives that contain VOCs and are used in the fountain solution. Some additives are used to reduce the surface tension of water; others are added to prevent piling (ink build-up).

(3) "Automatic blanket wash system" means equipment used to clean lithographic blankets which can include, but is not limited to those utilizing a cloth and expandable bladder, brush, spray, or impregnated cloth system.

(4) "Cleaning material" means with respect to a surface coating operation or graphic arts operation, a liquid solvent or solution used to clean the operating surfaces of a printing press and its parts. For purposes of this standard, cleaning solutions include, but are not limited to blanket wash, roller wash, metering roller cleaner, plate cleaner, impression cylinder washes, rubber rejuvenators, and other cleaners used for cleaning a press, press parts, or to remove dried ink or coating from areas around the press.

(5) "Capture system" means all equipemnt, including but not limited to hoods, ducts, fans, ovens and dryers, used to contain, collect, and route VOC vapors released from a coating line or printing line.

(6) "Control system" means any device or combination of devices designed to recover or incinerate VOC vapors received from a capture system.

(7) "Composite partial pressure" means the sum of the partial pressures of the VOC compounds in a solvent.

(8) "Dampening system" means equipment used to deliver the fountain solution to the lithographic plate.

(9) "Fountain solution" means a mixture of water and other volatile and non-volatile chemicals and additives used in lithographic printing operations that maintains the quality of the printing plate including preventing debris build up (e.g., spray power, paper fiber, coating particles, dried ink particles, and other materials), and increases viscosity and reduces the surface tension of the water so that it spreads easily across the printing plate surface. The fountain solution wets the nonimage area so that the ink is maintained within the image areas. Non-volatile additives include mineral salts and hydrophilic gums. Alcohol and alcohol substitutes are the most common VOC additives used to reduce the surface tension of the fountain solution.

(10) "Fountain solution batch" means a supply of fountain solution that is prepared and used without alteration until completely used or removed from the printing process. For the purposes of this rule, this term may apply to solutions prepared in either discrete batches or solutions that are continuously blended with automatic mixing units.

(11) "Fountain solution reservoir" means the collection tank that accepts fountain solution recirculated from printing unit(s). In some cases, the tanks are equipped with cooling coils for refrigeration of the fountain solution.

(12) "Heatset" means a lithographic printing process where the printing inks are set by the evaporation of the ink oils in a heatset dryer.

(13) "Heatset dryer" means a hot air dryer used in heatset lithography to heat the printed substrate and to promote the evaporation of ink oils.

(14) "Inking system" means a series of rollers used to meter ink onto the lithographic plate. The system can include agitators, pumps, totes, and other types of ink containers.

(15) "Lithographic printing" or "lithographic printing operation" means a planographic printing process where the image and nonimage areas are chemically differentiated; the image area is oil receptive and the nonimage area is water receptive. This method differs from other printing methods, where the image is typically printed from a raised or recessed surface. A lithographic printing operation includes, but is not limited to, a heatset web lithographic printing operation, a coldset web offset lithographic printing operation, and a sheet-fed offset lithographic printing operation.

(16) "Non-heatset lithographic printing" means a lithographic printing process where the printing inks are set by absorption and/or oxidation of the ink oil, not by evaporation of the ink oils in a dryer. Use of an infrared heater or printing conducted using ultraviolet-cured or electron beam-cured inks is considered non-heatset.

(17) "Offset lithography" means a printing process that transfers the ink film from the lithographic plate to an intermediary surface (blanket), which, in turn, transfers the ink film to the substrate.

(18) "Press" means a printing production assembly composed of one or more units used to produce a printed substrate including any associated coating, spray powder application, heatset web dryer, ultraviolet or electron beam curing units, or infrared heating units.

(19) "Sheet-fed lithographic printing" means a non-heatset lithographic printing process where individual sheets of substrate are fed into the press sequentially.

(20) "Unit" means the smallest complete printing component, composed of inking and dampening systems, of a printing press.

(21) "Web" means a lithographic printing process where a continuous roll of substrate is fed into a press.

(22) "Letterpress printing" means a printing method where the image area is raised relative to the non-image area and the ink is transferred to the paper directly from the image surface.

(23) "Raoults Law" means the vapor pressure of the solvent in an ideal solution is equal to the mole fraction of the solvent times the vapor pressure of the pure solvent.

(EE) As used in rule 3745-21-23 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of VOC emissions from industrial cleaning solvents).

(1) "Composite partial pressure" means the sum of the partial pressures of the VOC compounds in a solvent.

(2) "Digital printing" means a print-on-demand method of printing in which an electronic output device transfers variable data, in the form of an image, from a computer to a variety of substrates. Digital printing methods include, but are not limited to, inkjet printing, electrophotographic printing, dye sublimation printing, thermal wax printing and solid ink printing.

(3) "Screen printing" means a process in which the printing ink passes through a web or a fabric to which a refined form of stencil has been applied. The stencil openings determine the form and dimensions of the imprint.

(FF) As used in rule 3745-21-24 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of VOC emissions from flat wood paneling coatings).

(1) "Class 2 hardboard paneling finishes" means finishes which meet the specifications of Voluntary Product Standard PS-59-73 as approved by the American national standards institute.

(2) "Flat wood paneling" means a printed interior panel made of hardwood plywood and thin particle board, natural finish hardwood plywood, hardwood paneling, baseboard, wood flat stock, veneers, doors, door skins, wood flat product skins, tileboard and wallboard.

(3) "Hardboard" means a panel manufactured primarily from inter-felted ligno-cellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in a hot press.

(4) "Hardwood plywood" means a plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.

(5) "Natural finish hardwood plywood panel" means a panel whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes frequently supplemented by fillers and toners.

(6) "Panel" means a flat piece of wood or wood product usually rectangular and used inside homes and mobile homes for wall decorations.

(7) "Printed interior panel" means a panel whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.

(8) "Thin particleboard" means a manufactured board one-quarter inch or less in thickness made of individual wood particles which have been coated with a binder and formed into flat sheets by pressure.

(9) "Tileboard" means a paneling that has a colored waterproof surface coating.

(10) "Wood flat stock" means an interior panel containing wood including but not limited to redwood stocks, plywood panels, particle boards, composition hardboards, and any other panels containing solid wood or wood product.

(GG) As used in rule 3745-21-25 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to control of VOC emissions from reinforced plastic composites production operations).

(1) "Add-on control device" means an air pollution control device, such as a thermal oxidizer or carbon adsorber that reduces pollution in an air stream by destruction or removal before discharge to the atmosphere.

(2) "AP-42" means the USEPA document "Compilation of Air Pollutant Emissions Factors, Volume I: Stationary Point and Area Sources."

(3) "Atomized mechanical application means" application of resin or gel coat with spray equipment that separates the liquid into a fine mist. This fine mist may be created by forcing the liquid under high pressure through an elliptical orifice, bombarding a liquid stream with directed air jets, or a combination of these techniques.

(4) "Bulk molding compound" or "BMC" means a putty-like molding compound containing resin(s) in a form that is ready to mold. In addition to resins, BMC may contain catalysts, fillers, and reinforcements. Bulk molding compound can be used in compression molding and injection molding operations to manufacture reinforced plastic composites products.

(5) "BMC manufacturing" means a process that involves the preparation of BMC.

(6) "Centrifugal casting" means a process for fabricating cylindrical composites, such as pipes, in which composite materials are positioned inside a rotating hollow mandrel and held in place by centrifugal forces until the part is sufficiently cured to maintain its physical shape.

(7) "Charge" means the amount of SMC or BMC that is placed into a compression or injection mold necessary to complete one mold cycle.

(8) "Cleaning" means removal of composite materials, such as cured and uncured resin from equipment, finished surfaces, floors, hands of employees, or any other surfaces.

(9) "Clear production gel coat" means an unpigmented, quick-setting resin used to improve the surface appearance and/or performance of composites. It can be used to form the surface layer of any composites other than those used for molds in tooling operations.

(10) "Closed molding" means a grouping of processes for fabricating composites in a way that VOC-containing materials are not exposed to the atmosphere except during the material loading stage (e.g., compression molding, injection molding, and resin transfer molding). Processes where the mold is covered with plastic (or equivalent material) prior to resin application, and the resin is injected into the covered mold are also considered closed molding.

(11) "Composite means" a shaped and cured part produced by using composite materials.

(12) "Composite materials" means the raw materials used to make composites. The raw materials include styrene-containing resins. They may also include gel coat, monomer, catalyst, pigment, filler, and reinforcement.

(13) "Compression molding" means a closed molding process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are placed inside matched dies that are used to cure the materials under heat and pressure without exposure to the atmosphere. The addition of mold paste or in-mold coating is considered part of the closed molding process. The composite materials used in this process are generally SMC or BMC.

(14) "Compression/injection molding" means a grouping of processes that involves the use of compression molding and/or injection molding.

(15) "Continuous casting" means a continuous process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are placed on an in-line conveyor belt to produce cast sheets that are cured in an oven.

(16) "Continuous lamination" means a continuous process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are typically sandwiched between plastic films, pulled through compaction rollers, and cured in an oven. This process is generally used to produce flat or corrugated products on an in-line conveyor.

(17) "Continuous lamination/casting" means a grouping of processes that involves the use of continuous lamination and/or continuous casting.

(18) "Controlled oven VOC emissions" means VOC emissions emitted to the atmosphere from an oven's control device.

(19) "Controlled wet-out area VOC emissions" means VOC emissions emitted to the atmosphere from a wet-out area's control device.

(20) "Corrosion-resistant gel coat" means a gel coat used on a product made with a corrosion-resistant resin that has a corrosion-resistant end-use application.

(21) "Corrosion-resistant end-use applications" means applications where the product is manufactured specifically for an application that requires a level of chemical inertness or resistance to chemical attack above that required for typical reinforced plastic composites products. These applications include, but are not limited to, chemical processing and storage; pulp and paper production; sewer and wastewater treatment; power generation; potable water transfer and storage; food and drug processing; pollution or odor control; metals production and plating; semiconductor manufacturing; petroleum production, refining, and storage; mining; textile production; nuclear materials storage; swimming pools; and cosmetic production, as well as end-use applications that require high strength resins.

(22) "Corrosion-resistant industry standard" means any of the following standards: ASME RTP-1 or Sect. X; ASTM D5364, D3299, D4097, D2996, D2997, D3262, D3517, D3754, D3840, D4024, D4161, D3982, or D3839; ANSI/AWWA C950; UL 215, 1316 or 1746, IAPMO PS-199, or written customer requirements for resistance to specified chemical environments.

(23) "Corrosion-resistant product" means a product made with a corrosion-resistant resin and is manufactured to a corrosion-resistant industry standard, or a food contact industry standard, or is manufactured for corrosion-resistant end-use applications involving continuous or temporary chemical exposures.

(24) "Corrosion-resistant resin" means a resin that either:

(a) Displays substantial retention of mechanical properties when undergoing ASTM C581-03(2008)e1 coupon testing, where the resin is exposed for six months or more to one of the following materials: material with a pH equal to or greater than 12.0 or a pH less than or equal to 3.0, oxidizing or reducing agents, organic solvents, or fuels or additives as defined in 40 CFR 79.2 . In the coupon testing, the exposed resin needs to demonstrate a minimum of fifty per cent retention of the relevant mechanical property compared to the same resin in unexposed condition. In addition, the exposed resin needs to demonstrate an increased retention of the relevant mechanical property of at least twenty percentage points when compared to a similarly exposed general-purpose resin. For example, if the general-purpose resin retains forty-five per cent of the relevant property when tested as specified above, then a corrosion-resistant resin needs to retain at least sixty-five per cent (forty-five per cent plus twenty per cent) of its property. The general-purpose resin used in the test needs to have an average molecular weight of greater than one thousand, be formulated with a one to two ratio of maleic anhydride to phthalic anhydride and one hundred per cent diethylene glycol, and a styrene content between forty-three to forty-eight per cent; or

(b) Complies with industry standards that require specific exposure testing to corrosive media, such as UL 1316, UL 1746, or ASTM F1216-09.

(25) "CR/HS" means corrosion-resistant and/or high strength.

(26) "Doctor box" means the box or trough on an SMC machine into which the liquid resin paste is delivered before it is metered onto the carrier film.

(27) "Fiberglass boat" means a vessel in which either the hull or deck is built from a composite material consisting of a thermosetting resin matrix reinforced with fibers of glass, carbon, aramid, or other material.

(28) "Filament application" means an open molding process for fabricating composites in which reinforcements are fed through a resin bath and wound onto a rotating mandrel. The materials on the mandrel may be rolled out or worked by using nonmechanical tools prior to curing. Resin application to the reinforcement on the mandrel by means other than the resin bath, such as spray guns, pressure-fed rollers, flow coaters, or brushes is not considered filament application.

(29) "Filled resin" means that fillers have been added to a resin such that the amount of inert substances is at least ten per cent by weight of the total resin plus filler mixture. Filler putty made from a resin is considered a filled resin.

(30) "Fillers" means inert substances dispersed throughout a resin, such as calcium carbonate, alumina trihydrate, hydrous aluminum silicate, mica, feldspar, wollastonite, silica, and talc. Materials that are not considered to be fillers are glass fibers or any type of reinforcement and microspheres.

(31) "Fire retardant gel coat" means a gel coat used for low-flame spread/low-smoke products for which resin is used.

(32) "Fluid impingement technology" means a spray gun that produces an expanding non-misting curtain of liquid by the impingement of low-pressure uninterrupted liquid streams.

(33) "Food contact industry standard" means a standard related to food contact application contained in food and drug administration's regulations at 21 CFR 177.2420 .

(34) "Gel coat" means a quick-setting resin used to improve surface appearance and/or performance of composites. It can be used to form the surface layer of any composites other than those used for molds in tooling operations.

(35) "Gel coat application" means a process where either clear production, pigmented production, white/off-white or tooling gel coat is applied.

(36) "High performance gel coat" means a gel coat used on products for which national sanitation foundation, United States department of agriculture, ASTM, durability, or other property testing is required.

(37) "High strength gel coat" means a gel coat applied to a product that requires high strength resin.

(38) "High strength resin" means a polyester resin which has a casting tensile strength of ten thousand pounds per square inch or more and which is used for manufacturing products that have high strength requirements such as structural members and utility poles.

(39) "Injection molding" means a closed molding process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are injected under pressure into a heated mold cavity that represents the exact shape of the product. The composite materials are cured in the heated mold cavity.

(40) "Low flame spread/low smoke products" means products that meet the following requirements:

(a) The products shall meet both the applicable flame spread requirements and the applicable smoke requirements.

(b) Interior or exterior building application products shall meet an ASTM E84-10 flame spread index of less than or equal to twenty-five, and smoke developed index of less than or equal to four hundred fifty, or pass national fire protection association 286 room corner burn test with no flash over and total smoke released not exceeding one thousand meters square.

(c) Mass transit application products shall meet an ASTM E162-09 flame spread index of less than or equal to thirty-five and ASTM E662-09smoke density Ds @ 1.5 minutes less than or equal to one hundred and Ds @ four minutes less than to equal to two hundred.

(d) Duct application products shall meet ASTM E84-10 flame spread index less than or equal to twenty-five and smoke developed index less than or equal to fifty on the interior and/or exterior of the duct.

(41) "Manual resin application" means an open molding process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are applied to the mold by pouring or by using hands and nonmechanical tools, such as brushes and rollers. Materials are rolled out or worked by using nonmechanical tools prior to curing. The use of pressure-fed rollers and flow coaters to apply resin is not considered manual resin application.

(42) "Mechanical resin application" means an open molding process for fabricating composites in which composite materials (except gel coat) are applied to the mold by using mechanical tools such as spray guns, pressure-fed rollers, and flow coaters. Materials are rolled out or worked by using nonmechanical tools prior to curing.

(43) "Mixing" means the blending or agitation of resin or gel coat in vessels that are 5.00 gallons ( 18.9 liters) or larger, and includes the mixing of putties or polyputties. Mixing may involve the blending of resin or gel coat with filler, reinforcement, pigments, catalysts, monomers, and any other additives.

(44) "Mold" means a cavity or matrix into or onto which the composite materials are placed and from which the product takes its form.

(45) "Monomer" means an organic compound that combines with itself or other similar compounds by a cross-linking reaction to become a part of a cured thermoset resin.

(46) "Monomer content" means the per cent, by weight, of monomer (styrene, methyl methacrylate, and any other monomer) contained in the resin or gel coat prior to the addition of fillers, catalyst, and promoters.

(47) "Neat gel coat" means the gel coat as purchased from the supplier, but not including any inert fillers.

(48) "Neat gel coat plus" means neat gel coat plus any VOC-containing materials that are added to the gel coat by the supplier or the facility, excluding catalysts and promoters. Neat gel coat plus does include any additions of styrene or methyl methacrylate monomer in any form, including in catalysts and promoters.

(49) "Neat resin" means the resin as purchased from the supplier, but not including any inert fillers.

(50) "Neat resin plus" means neat resin plus any VOC-containing materials that are added to the resin by the supplier or the facility. Neat resin plus does not include any added filler, reinforcements, catalysts, or promoters. Neat resin plus does include any additions of styrene or methyl methacrylate monomer in any form, including in catalysts and promoters.

(51) "Nonatomized mechanical application" means the use of application tools other than brushes to apply resin and gel coat where the application tool has documentation provided by its manufacturer or user that this design of the application tool has been VOC emissions tested, and the test results showed that use of this application tool results in VOC emissions that are no greater than the VOC emissions predicted by the applicable nonatomized application equation(s) in table 1 to subpart WWWW of 40 CFR 63. In addition, the device shall be operated according to the manufacturer's directions, including instructions to prevent the operation of the device at excessive spray pressures. Examples of nonatomized application include flow coaters, pressure fed rollers, and fluid impingement spray guns.

(52) "Noncorrosion-resistant resin" means any resin other than a corrosion-resistant resin or a tooling resin.

(53) "Noncorrosion-resistant product" means any product other than a corrosion-resistant product or a mold.

(54) "Non-routine manufacture" means that the facility manufactures parts to replace worn or damaged parts of a reinforced plastic composites product, or a product containing reinforced plastic composite parts, that was originally manufactured in another facility. For a part to qualify as non-routine manufacture, it shall be used for repair or replacement, and the manufacturing schedule shall be based on the current or anticipated repair needs of the reinforced plastic composites product, or a product containing reinforced plastic composite parts.

(55) "Operation" means a specific process typically found at a reinforced plastic composites facility. Examples of operations are noncorrosion-resistant manual resin application, corrosion-resistant mechanical resin application, pigmented gel coat application, mixing and VOC-containing materials storage.

(56) "Open molding" means a process for fabricating composites in a way that VOC-containing materials are exposed to the atmosphere. Open molding includes processes such as manual resin application, mechanical resin application, filament application, and gel coat application. Open molding also includes application of resins and gel coats to parts that have been removed from the open mold.

(57) "Pigmented gel coat" means a gel coat that has a color, but does not contain ten per cent of more titanium dioxide by weight. It can be used to form the surface layer of any composites other than those used for molds in tooling operations.

(58) "Plastic composite" means the same as composite.

(59) "Polymer casting" means a process for fabricating composites in which composite materials are ejected from a casting machine or poured into an open, partially open, or closed mold and cured. After the composite materials are poured into the mold, they are not rolled out or worked while the mold is open, except for smoothing the material and/or vibrating the mold to remove bubbles. The composite materials may or may not include reinforcements. Products produced by the polymer casting process include cultured marble products and polymer concrete.

(60) "Preform injection" means a form of pultrusion where liquid resin is injected to saturate reinforcements in an enclosed system containing one or more chambers with openings only large enough to admit reinforcements. Resin, which drips out of the chamber(s) during the process, is collected in closed piping or covered troughs and then into a covered reservoir for recycle. Resin storage vessels, reservoirs, transfer systems, and collection systems are covered or shielded from the ambient air. Preform injection differs from direct die injection in that the injection chambers are not directly attached to the die.

(61) "Prepreg materials" means reinforcing fabric received precoated with resin which is usually cured through the addition of heat.

(62) "PTE" means permanent total enclosure as defined in paragraph (X) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(63) "Pultrusion" means a continuous process for manufacturing composites that have a uniform cross-sectional shape. The process consists of pulling a fiber-reinforcing material through a resin impregnation chamber or bath and through a shaping die, where the resin is subsequently cured. There are several types of pultrusion equipment, such as open bath, resin injection, and direct die injection equipment.

(64) "Reinforced plastic composites production" means operations in which reinforced and/or nonreinforced plastic composites or plastic molding compounds are manufactured using thermoset resins and/or gel coats that contain styrene to produce plastic composites. The resins and gel coats may also contain materials designed to enhance the chemical, physical, and/or thermal properties of the product. Reinforced plastic composites production also includes cleaning, mixing, VOC-containing materials storage, and repair operations associated with the production of plastic composites.

(65) "Repair" means application of resin or gel coat to a part to correct a defect, where the resin or gel coat application occurs after the part has gone through all the steps of its typical production process, or the application occurs outside the normal production area. For the purpose of rule 3745-21-25 of the Administrative Code, rerouting a part back through the normal production line, or part of the normal production line, is not considered repair.

(66) "Resin" means any of a class of organic polymers of natural or synthetic origin used in reinforced plastic composite products to surround and hold fibers, and is solid or semi-solid in the cured state.

(67) "Resin transfer molding" means a process for manufacturing composites whereby catalyzed resin is transferred or injected into a closed mold in which fiberglass reinforcement has been placed.

(68) "Sheet molding compound" or "SMC" means a ready-to-mold putty-like molding compound that contains resin(s) processed into sheet form. The molding compound is sandwiched between a top and a bottom film. In addition to resin(s), it may also contain catalysts, fillers, chemical thickeners, mold release agents, reinforcements, and other ingredients. Sheet molding compound can be used in compression molding to manufacture reinforced plastic composites products.

(69) "Shrinkage controlled resin" means a resin that when promoted, catalyzed, and filled according to the resin manufacturer's recommendations demonstrates less than 0.3 per cent linear shrinkage when tested according to ASTM D2566-93.

(70) "SMC manufacturing" means a process which involves the preparation of SMC.

(71) "Thermoset resin" means a resin that does not become soft or return to a liquid state when it is heated.

(72) "Tooling gel coat" means a gel coat that is used to form the surface layer of molds. Tooling gel coats generally have high heat distortion temperatures, low shrinkage, high barcol hardness, and high dimensional stability.

(73) "Tooling resin" means a resin that is used to produce molds. Tooling resins generally have high heat distortion temperatures, low shrinkage, high barcol hardness, and high dimensional stability.

(74) "Uncontrolled oven VOC emissions" means those VOC emissions emitted from the oven through closed vent systems to the atmosphere and not to a control device. These VOC emissions do not include VOC emissions that may escape into the workplace through the opening of panels or doors on the ovens or other similar fugitive VOC emissions in the workplace.

(75) "Uncontrolled wet-out area VOC emissions" means any or all of the following:

(a) VOC emissions from wet-out areas that do not have any capture and control;

(b) VOC emissions that escape from wet-out area enclosures; and

(c) VOC emissions from wet-out areas that are captured by an enclosure, but are vented to the atmosphere and not to an add-on control device.

(76) "Unfilled" means that there has been no addition of fillers to a resin or that less than ten per cent of fillers by weight of the total resin plus filler mixture has been added.

(77) "Vapor suppressant" means an additive, typically a wax, that migrates to the surface of the resin during curing and forms a barrier to seal in the styrene and reduce styrene emissions.

(78) "Vapor-suppressed resin" means a resin containing a vapor suppressant added for the purpose of reducing styrene emissions during curing.

(79) "VOC-containing materials storage" means an ancillary process within reinforced plastic composites production that involves keeping VOC-containing materials, such as resins, gel coats, catalysts, monomers, and cleaners, in containers or bulk storage tanks for any length of time. Containers may include small tanks, totes, vessels, and buckets.

(80) "Wet-out area" means the area within a continuous lamination process or continuous casting process where the resin is applied extending to the point prior to entering the oven.

(81) "White and off-white gel coat" means a gel coat that contains ten per cent or more titanium dioxide by weight.

(HH) As used in rule 3745-21-27 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of VOC emissions from boat manufacturing operations):

(1) "Application equipment cleaning" means the process of flushing or removing resins and gel coats from the interior or exterior of equipment that is used to apply resin or gel coat in the manufacture of fiberglass parts.

(2) "Atomized application method" means a resin application technology in which the resin leaves the application equipment and breaks into droplets or an aerosol as it travels from the application equipment to the surface of the part. Atomized application methods include, but are not limited to, resin spray guns and resin chopper spray guns.

(3) "Boat" means any type of vessel, other than a seaplane, that can be used for transportation on the water.

(4) "Boat manufacturing facility" means a facility that manufactures the hulls or decks of boats from fiberglass or builds molds to make fiberglass hulls or decks. A facility that manufactures only parts of boats (such as hatches, seats, or lockers) or boat trailers, but does not manufacture boat hulls, decks or molds for fiberglass boat hulls or decks, is not considered a boat manufacturing facility for the purpose of rule 3745-21-27 of the Administrative Code.

(5) "Clear gel coat" means gel coats that are clear or translucent so that underlying colors are visible. Clear gel coats are used to manufacture parts for sale. Clear gel coats do not include tooling gel coats used to build or repair molds.

(6) "Closed molding" means any molding process in which pressure is used to distribute the resin through the reinforcing fabric placed between two mold surfaces to either saturate the fabric or fill the mold cavity. The pressure may be clamping pressure, fluid pressure, atmospheric pressure, or vacuum pressure used either alone or in combination. The mold surfaces may be rigid or flexible. Closed molding includes, but is not limited to, compression molding with sheet molding compound, infusion molding, resin injection molding (RIM), vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM), resin transfer molding (RTM), and vacuum-assisted compression molding. Processes in which a closed mold is used only to compact saturated fabric or remove air or excess resin from the fabric (such as in vacuum bagging), are not considered closed molding. Open molding steps, such as application of a gel coat or skin coat layer by conventional open molding prior to a closed molding process, are not closed molding.

(7) "Cured resin" or "cured gel coat" means resin or gel coat that has changed irreversibly from a liquid to a solid.

(8) "Fiberglass boat" means a vessel in which either the hull or deck is built from a composite material consisting of a thermosetting resin matrix reinforced with fibers of glass, carbon, aramid, or other material.

(9) "Fiberglass hull and deck coatings" means coatings applied to the exterior or interior surface of fiberglass boat hulls and decks on the completed boat. Polyester and vinylester resins and gel coats used in building fiberglass parts are not fiberglass hull and deck coatings for the purpose of this rule.

(10) "Filled resin" or "filled production resin" means a resin to which an inert material has been added to change viscosity, density, shrinkage, or other physical properties.

(11) "Flowcoater" means a nonatomizing application method of applying resins and gel coats to an open mold with a fluid nozzle in a fan pattern with no air supplied to the nozzle.

(12) "Gel coat" means a polyester resin surface coating, either pigmented or clear, that provides a cosmetic enhancement and improves resistance to degradation from exposure to the elements.

(13) "Hand lay-up" means a hand application technique of composite materials using a bucket and a paint brush or a paint roller, or other hand held method of application.

(14) "Mixing" means any operation in which resin or gel coat, including the mixing of putties or polyputties, is combined with additives that include, but are not limited to, fillers, promoters, or catalysts.

(15) "Mold" means the cavity or surface into or on which gel coat, resin, and fibers are placed and from which finished fiberglass parts take their form.

(16) "Mold sealing and release agents" means materials applied to a mold to seal, polish, and lubricate the mold to prevent parts from sticking to the mold. Mold sealers, waxes, and glazing and buffing compounds are considered mold sealing and release agents for the purposes of this rule.

(17) "Monomer" means a relatively low-molecular-weight organic compound such as styrene that combines with itself, or other similar compounds, by a cross-linking reaction to become a cured thermosetting resin.

(18) "Monomer per cent by weight of a resin" means the weight of the monomer, divided by the weight of the polymer.

(19) "Nonatomized application method" means any application technology in which the resin is not broken into droplets or an aerosol as it travels from the application equipment to the surface of the part. Nonatomized application methods include, but are not limited to, flowcoaters, chopper flowcoaters, pressure-fed resin rollers, resin impregnators, and hand application (for example, paint brush or paint roller).

(20) "Open molding resin and gel coat operation" means any process in which the reinforcing fibers and resin are placed in the mold and are open to the surrounding air while the reinforcing fibers are saturated with resin. For the purposes of this rule, open molding includes operations in which a vacuum bag or similar cover is used to compress an uncured laminate to remove air bubbles or excess resin, or to achieve a bond between a core material and a laminate.

(21) "Pigmented gel coat" means opaque gel coats used to manufacture parts for sale. Pigmented gel coats do not include tooling gel coats used to build or repair molds.

(22) "Polyester resin materials" means unsaturated polyester resins, such as isophthalic, orthophthalic, halogenated, bisphenol A, vinyl ester, or furan resins; cross-linking agents; catalysts; gel coats; inhibitors; accelerators; promoters; and any other material containing VOC used in polyester resin operations.

(23) "Polyester resin operations" means fabricate, rework, repair, or touchup products for commercial, military, or industrial use by mixing, pouring, hand laying-up, impregnating, injecting, forming, winding, spraying, and/or curing by using unsaturated polyester resin materials.

(24) "Pressure-fed roller" means a fabric roller that is fed with continuous supply of catalyzed resins from a mechanical fluid pump.

(25) "Production resin" means any resin used to manufacture parts for sale. Production resins do not include tooling resins used to build or repair molds, or assembly adhesives as defined in this rule.

(26) "Repair" means that portion of the fabrication process that requires the addition of polyester resin materials to portions of a previously fabricated product in order to mend damage.

(27) "Resin" means any thermosetting resin with or without pigment containing styrene (CAS No. 100-42-5) or methyl methacrylate (CAS No. 80-62-6) and used to encapsulate and bind together reinforcement fibers in the construction of fiberglass parts.

(28) "Resin impregnator" means a mechanical nonatomizing composite materials application method in which fiber reinforcement is saturated with resins in a controlled ratio for each specific composite product.

(29) "Roll-out" means the process of using rollers, squeegees, or similar tools to compact reinforcing materials saturated with resin to remove trapped air or excess resin.

(30) "Skin coat" means a layer of resin and fibers applied over the gel coat to protect the gel coat from being deformed by the next laminate layers.

(31) "Tooling gel coat" means the gel coat used to build or repair molds (also known as tools) or prototypes (also known as plugs) from which molds will be made.

(32) "Tooling resin" means the resin used to build or repair molds (also known as tools) or prototypes (also known as plugs) from which molds will be made.

(33) "Touch-up" means that portion of the process that is necessary to cover minor imperfections.

(34) "Vacuum bagging" means any molding technique in which the reinforcing fabric is saturated with resin and then covered with a flexible sheet that is sealed to the edge of the mold and where a vacuum is applied under the sheet to compress the laminate, remove excess resin, or remove trapped air from the laminate during curing. Vacuum bagging does not include processes that meet the definition of closed molding.

(35) "Vinylester resin" means a thermosetting resin containing esters of acrylic or methacrylic acids and having double-bond and ester linkage sites only at the ends of the resin molecules.

(II) As used in rule 3745-21-28 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to the control of VOC emissions from miscellaneous industrial adhesives and sealants).

(1) "Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene welding" or "ABS welding" means any process to weld acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene pipe.

(2) "Adhesive"means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means.

(3) "Adhesive primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer for application to a substrate, prior to the application of an adhesive, to provide a bonding surface.

(4) "Aerospace component" means the fabricated part, assembly of parts or completed unit of any aircraft, helicopter, missile, or space vehicle, including passenger safety equipment.

(5) "Aerosol adhesive" means an adhesive packaged as an aerosol product in which the spray mechanism is permanently housed in a non-refillable can designed for handheld application without the need for ancillary hoses or spray equipment.

(6) "Application process" means a series of one or more adhesive applicators and any associated drying area or oven, or both, wherein an adhesive is applied, dried or cured, or both. An application process ends at the point where the adhesive is dried or cured, or prior to any subsequent application of a different adhesive. It is not necessary for an application process to have an oven or flash-off area.

(7) "Architectural sealant or sealant primer" means any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.

(8) "Automotive glass adhesive primer" means an adhesive primer labeled by the manufacturer to be applied to automotive glass prior to installation of the glass using an adhesive/sealant. This primer improves the adhesion to pinch weld and blocks ultraviolet light.

(9) "CARB" means the California air resources board.

(10) "Ceramic tile installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of ceramic tiles.

(11) "Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride plastic" or "CPVC plastic" means a polymer of the vinyl chloride monomer that contains sixty-seven per cent chlorine and is normally identified with a CPVC marking.

(12) "Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride welding adhesive" or "CPVC welding adhesive" means an adhesive labeled for welding of chlorinated polyvinyl chloride plastic.

(13) "Cleanup solvent" means a VOC-containing material used to remove a loosely held uncured (i.e., not dry to the touch) adhesive or sealant from a substrate, or clean equipment used in applying a material.

(14) "Computer diskette jacket manufacturing adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to glue the fold-over flaps to the body of a vinyl computer diskette jacket.

(15) "Contact bond adhesive" means an adhesive that:

(a) Is designed for application to both surfaces to be bonded together;

(b) Is allowed to dry before the two surfaces are placed in contact with each other;

(c) Forms an immediate bond that is impossible, or difficult, to reposition after both adhesive-coated surfaces are placed in contact with each other; and

(d) Does not need sustained pressure or clamping of surfaces after the adhesive-coated surfaces have been brought together using sufficient momentary pressure to establish full contact between both surfaces.

Contact adhesive does not include rubber cements that are primarily intended for use on paper substrates. Contact adhesive also does not include vulcanizing fluids that are designed and labeled for tire repair only.

(16) "Cove base" means a flooring trim unit, generally made of vinyl or rubber, having a concave radius on one edge and a convex radius on the opposite edge that is used in forming a junction between the bottom wall course and the floor or to form an inside corner.

(17) "Cove base installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to be used for the installation of cove base or wall base on a wall or vertical surface at floor level.

(18) "Cyanoacrylate adhesive" means any adhesive with a cyanoacrylate content of at least ninety-five per cent by weight.

(19) Digital printing" means a print-on-demand method of printing in which an electronic output device transfers variable data, in the form of an image, from a computer to a variety of substrates. Digital printing methods include, but are not limited to, inkjet printing, electrophotographic printing, dye sublimation printing, thermal wax printing and solid ink printing.

(20) "Flexible vinyl" means non-rigid polyvinyl chloride plastic with at five per cent by weight plasticizer content.

(21) "Fiberglass" means a material consisting of extremely fine glass fibers.

(22) "Indoor floor covering installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of wood flooring, carpet, resilient tile, vinyl tile, vinyl backed carpet, resilient sheet and roll, or artificial grass. Adhesives used to install ceramic tile and perimeter bonded sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a non-porous substrate, such as flexible vinyl, are excluded from this category.

(23) "Laminate" means a product made by bonding together two or more layers of material.

(24) "Marine deck sealant" or "marine deck sealant primer" means any sealant or sealant primer labeled for application to wooden marine decks.

(25) "Medical equipment manufacturing" means the manufacture of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheostomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.

(26) "Metal to urethane/rubber molding or casting adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond metal to high density or elastomeric urethane or molded rubber materials, in heater molding or casting processes, to fabricate products such as rollers for computer printers or other paper handling equipment.

(27) "Multipurpose construction adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation or repair of various construction materials including but not limited to drywall subfloor, panel, fiberglass reinforced plastic, ceiling tile and acoustical tile.

(28) "Non-membrane roof installation/repair adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation or repair of nonmembrane roofs and that is not intended for the installation of prefabricated single-ply flexible roofing membrane, including but not limited to plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coating and cold application cement.

(29) "Outdoor floor covering installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of floor covering that is not in an enclosure and that is exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use.

(30) "Panel installation" means the installation of plywood, pre-decorated hardboard (or tileboard), fiberglass reinforced plastic, and similar pre-decorated or non-decorated panels to studs or solid surfaces using an adhesive formulated for that purpose.

(31) "Perimeter bonded sheet flooring installation" means the installation of sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a nonporous substrate using an adhesive designed to be applied only to a strip of up to four inches wide around the perimeter of the sheet flooring.

(32) "Plastic cement welding adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use to dissolve the surface of plastic to form a bond between mating surfaces.

(33) "Plastic cement welding adhesive primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer for use to prepare plastic substrates prior to bonding or welding.

(34) "Plastic foam" means foam constructed of plastics.

(35) "Plastics" means synthetic materials chemically formed by the polymerization of organic (carbon-based) substances. Plastics are usually compounded with modifiers, extenders, and/or reinforcers and are capable of being molded, extruded, cast into various shapes and films or drawn into filaments.

(36) "Polyvinyl chloride plastic" or "PVC plastic" means a polymer of the chlorinated vinyl monomer that contains fifty-seven per cent chlorine.

(37) "Polyvinyl chloride welding adhesive" or "PVC welding adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the welding of PVC plastic pipe.

(38) "Porous material" means a substance that has tiny openings, often microscopic, in which fluids may be absorbed or discharged, including but not limited to, wood, paper and corrugated paperboard.

(39) "Reactive diluent" means a liquid that is a reactive organic compound during application and one in that, through chemical and/or physical reactions, such as polymerization, twenty per cent or more of the reactive organic compound becomes an integral part of a finished material.

(40) "Roadway sealant" means any sealant intended by the manufacturer for application to public streets, highways and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways and parking lots.

(41) "Rubber" means any natural or manmade rubber substrate, including but not limited to, styrene-butadiene rubber, polychloroprene (neoprene), butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene and ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.

(42) "SCAQMD" means the south coast air quality management district, a part of the California air resources board, which is responsible for the regulation of air quality in the state of California.

(43) "Sealant primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer for application to a substrate, prior to the application of a sealant, to enhance the bonding surface.

(44) "Sealant" means any material with adhesive properties that is formulated primarily to fill, seal, waterproof or weatherproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include sealant primers and caulks.

(45) "Sheet-applied rubber installation" means the process of applying sheet rubber liners by hand to metal or plastic substrates to protect the underlying substrate from corrosion or abrasion. These operations also include laminating sheet rubber to fabric by hand.

(46) "Single-ply roof membrane" means a prefabricated single sheet of rubber, normally ethylene-propylenediene terpolymer, that is field applied to a building roof using one layer of membrane material.

(47) "Single-ply roof membrane installation/repair adhesive" means any adhesive labeled for use in the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane. Installation includes, as a minimum, attaching the edge of the membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes and ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes gluing the edges of torn membrane together, attaching a patch over a hole and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes or ducts installed through the membrane.

(48) "Single-ply roof membrane adhesive primer" means any primer labeled for use to clean and promote adhesion of the single-ply roof membrane seams or splices prior to bonding.

(49) "Single-ply roof membrane sealant" means any sealant labeled for application to single-ply roof membrane.

(50) "Solvent" means organic compounds that are used as diluents, thinners, dissolvers, viscosity reducers, cleaning agents or other related uses.

(51) "Structural glazing adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to apply glass, ceramic, metal, stone or composite panels to exterior building frames.

(52) "Subfloor installation" means the installation of subflooring material over floor joists, including the construction of any load bearing joists. Subflooring is covered by a finish surface material.

(53) "Surface preparation solvent" means a solvent used to remove dirt, oil and other contaminants from a substrate prior to the application of a primer, adhesive or sealant.

(54) "Thin metal laminating adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in bonding multiple layers of metal to metal or metal to plastic in the production of electronic or magnetic components in which the thickness of the bond line(s) is less than 0.25 millimeters.

(55) "Tire repair" means a process that includes expanding a hole, tear, fissure or blemish in a tire casing by grinding or gouging, applying adhesive and filling the hole or crevice with rubber.

(56) "Tire tread adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for application to the back of precure tread rubber and to the casing and cushion rubber. Tire tread adhesive may also be used to seal buffed tire casings to prevent oxidation while the tire is being prepared for a new tread.

(57) "Traffic marking tape" means preformed reflective film intended by the manufacturer for application to public streets, highways and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways and parking lots.

(58) "Traffic marking tape adhesive primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer for application to surfaces prior to installation of traffic marking tape.

(59) "Undersea-based weapons systems components" means the fabrication of parts, assembly of parts or completed units of any portion of a missile launching system used on undersea ships.

(60) "Waterproof resorcinol glue" means a two-part resorcinol-resin-based adhesive designed for applications where the bond line must be resistant to conditions of continuous immersion in fresh or salt water.

(JJ) Reference to materials. This chapter includes references to certain matter or materials. The text of the referenced materials is not included in the rules contained in this chapter. Information on the availability of the referenced materials as well as the date of, and/or the particular edition or version of the material is included in this rule. For materials subject to change, only the specific versions specified in this rule are referenced. Material is referenced as it exists on the effective date of this rule. Except for subsequent annual publication of existing (unmodified) Code of Federal Regulation compilations, any amendment or revision to a referenced document is not applicable unless and until this rule has been amended to specify the new dates.

(1) Availability. The referenced materials are available as follows:

(a) "American National Standards Institute" (ANSI). Information and copies of publications may be obtained by writing to: "Global Engineering Documents 15 Inverness Way, East Englewood, CO 80112." Publications are also available for ordering at http://webstore.ansi.org/ansidocstore/default.asp. The ANSI publications are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(b) "American Petroleum Institute" (API). Information and copies of publications may be obtained by writing to: "API Publications Global Engineering Documents, 15 Inverness Way East, M/S C303B, Englewood, CO 80112-5776." Publications are also available for ordering at www.global.ihs.com. The API publications are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(c) "American Society for Testing Materials" (ASTM). Information and copies of documents may be obtained by writing to: "ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19426-2959." These documents are also available for purchase at www.astm.org. ASTM documents are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(d) "American Architectural Manufacturers Association" (AAMA). Information and copies of documents may be obtained by writing to: "AAMA, 1827 Walden Office Square, Suite 550 Schaumburg, IL 60173." These documents area also available for purchase at www.aamanet.org. AAMA documents are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(e) "California air resources board" (CARB) certification. Information and copies of executive orders, approval letters, equipment advisories, certification procedures and equivalent test procedures may be obtained by writing to: "California Air Resources Board, Monitoring and Laboratory Division, P.O. Box 2815, Sacramento, CA, 95812-2815" or by calling (916) 327-0900. The full text of all CARB certification documents are also available in electronic format at http://www.arb.ca.gov/vapor/vapor.htm."

(f) "California Code of Regulations." Copies of regulations may be obtained by writing to: " West Customer Service, P.O. Box 64833, St. Paul, MN 55164-0833" or by calling 1-800-888-3600. The full text of regulations are also available in electronic format at http://ccr.oal.ca.gov/."

(g) Clean Air Act. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the Act as amended in 1990 is also available in electronic format at www.epa.gov/oar/caa/. A copy of the Act is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(h) "Code of Federal Regulations" (CFR). Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the CFR is also available in electronic format at www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/. The CFR compilations are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(i) Compilation of air pollutant emission factors, AP-42. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the compilation of air pollutant emission factors, AP-42, is also available in electronic format at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/index.html. The compilation of air pollutant emission factors, AP-42, are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(j) "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Reactor Processes and Distillation Operations Processes in the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry." Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "U.S. EPA/NSCEP, P.O. Box 42419, Cincinnati, Ohio 45242-0419." This document is also available for ordering at http://yosemite.epa.gov/ncepihom/nsCatalog.nsf/SearchPubs?OpenForm. A copy of the this document is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(k) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." The full text of the Act is also available in electronic format at www.epa.gov/oar/caa/. A copy of the Act is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(l) "Federal Register" (FR). Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." Online access to the Federal Register is available at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html. A copy of the Federal Register is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(m) "Guidance for estimating capital and annual costs of air pollution systems." Information and copies may be ordered by writing to the Ohio EPA at: " 50 West Town St., Suite 700, Columbus, Ohio, 43215". This document is also available in electronic format at http://www.epa.ohio.gov/dapc/engineer/eguides.aspx. A copy of the document is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(n) "Guidelines for determining capture efficiency." Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS), TTN/OAR P&G Webmaster, Mail Code D143-02, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27711." This document is also available in electronic format at http://www.epa.gov/ttncaaa1/t1/meta/m28508.html. A copy of the document is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(o) "Methods and Guidance for Analysis of Water." Information and copies may be ordered by writing to: "National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 22161." or by calling 1-703-605-6000. This document is also available for ordering at http://www.ntis.gov/index.asp. A copy of the document is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio".

(p) "Motor Vehicle Safety Standards." Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328." These documents are also available in electronic format at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html. A copy of the documents are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(q) "National Fire Protection Association" (NFPA). Information on the National Fire Protection Association codes may be obtained by contacting the association at " 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-7471," or by calling 617-770-3000. Codes may be ordered on line at www.nfpa.org/catalog/home/index.asp [File Link Not Available]. Copies of the code are available at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(r) "Protocol for Determining the Daily Volatile Organic Compound Emission Rate of Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Topcoat Operations." EPA-453/R-08-002 Information and copies may be ordered by writing to: "US EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) TTN EMC, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 " or by calling 1-919-541-5233 . A copy of this protocol is also available electronically at:http://www.epa.gov/ttn/oarpg/t1/ctg/autotruck_primer_topcoat_protocol_ 093008.pdf. A copy of protocol is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(s) "Regulatory Guide 1.54 - Service Level I, II and III Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Plants"; Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Distribution Services Section, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001;" or by fax at (301)415-2289. A copy of this guide is also available in electronic format at: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/reg-guides/power reactors/active/. A copy of the manual is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(t) "South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)". Information and copies of documents may be obtained by writing to: "South Coast AQMD, Public Records Coordinator/Public Records Unit, 21865 Copley Dr., Diamond Bar, CA, 91765." These documents are also available at http://www.aqmd.gov/tao/methods/labmethtoc.html. SCAQMD documents are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(u) "Standard Industrial Classification Manual" (SICM). Information and copies may be ordered by writing to: "U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 22161." or by calling 1-800-553-6847. A copy of the manual is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(v) "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater." Information and copies may be ordered by writing to: "American Public Health Association, Publications Sales, PO Box 753, Waldorf, MD 20604-0753," or by calling 1-301-893-1894. This document is also available for ordering at www.apha.org. A copy of the document is also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(w) "SW-846 Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods." Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954." These documents are also available in electronic format at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/test/main.htm. SW-846 methods are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(x) USEPA-approved alternative test methods. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Source Measurement Technology Group Emission Measurement Center, U.S. EPA (D205-02), Research Triangle Park, NC 27711." These documents area also available in electronic format at http://www.epa.gov/ttnemc01/approalt.html. Alternative test methods are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(y) USEPA conditional test method. Information and copies may be obtained by writing to: "Source Measurement Technology Group Emission Measurement Center, U.S. EPA (D205-02), Research Triangle Park, NC 27711." Conditional test methods are also available for inspection and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."

(z) "WATER9" is a Windows based computer wastewater treatment model. A copy of the program can be obtained by writing to: "US EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS), Info CHIEF Help Desk, Mail Code D205-01, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711"; or calling 1-919-541-5610. This model is also available for downloading at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/software/water/.

(2) Referenced materials.

(a) 29 CFR 1926, Subpart F; "Fire Protection and Prevention"; 44 FR 8577, Feb. 9, 1979; 44 FR 20940, Apr. 6, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 25318, July 11, 1986; 58 FR 35162, June 30, 1993; 61 FR 31432, June 20, 1996; 63 FR 33469, June 18, 1998.

(b) 40 CFR 50.100; "Definitions"; 51 FR 40661, Nov. 7, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 24712, July 1, 1987; 57 FR 3945, Feb. 3, 1992; 61 FR 4590, Feb. 7, 1996; 61 FR 16060, Apr. 11, 1996; 61 FR 30162, June 14, 1996; 61 FR 52850, Oct. 8, 1996; 62 FR 44903, Aug. 25, 1997; 63 FR 9151, Feb. 24, 1998; 63 FR 17333, Apr. 9, 1998; 69 FR 69298, 69304, Nov. 29, 2004; 70 FR 53935, Sept. 13, 2005.

(c) 40 CFR 60.8 ; "Performance tests"; 36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, as amended at 39 FR 9314, Mar. 8, 1974; 42 FR 57126, Nov. 1, 1977; 44 FR 33612, June 11, 1979; 54 FR 6662, Feb. 14, 1989; 54 FR 21344, May 17, 1989; 64 FR 7463, Feb. 12, 1999.

(d) 40 CFR 60.13 ; "Monitoring requirements"; 40 FR 46255, Oct. 6, 1975; 40 FR 59205, Dec. 22, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 35185, Aug. 20, 1976; 48 FR 13326, Mar. 30, 1983; 48 FR 23610, May 25, 1983; 48 FR 32986, July 20, 1983; 52 FR 9782, Mar. 26, 1987; 52 FR 17555, May 11, 1987; 52 FR 21007, June 4, 1987; 64 FR 7463, Feb. 12, 1999; 65 FR 48920, Aug. 10, 2000; 65 FR 61749, Oct. 17, 2000; 66 FR 44980, Aug. 27, 2001.

(e) 40 CFR 60.18 ; "General control device requirements"; 51 FR 2701, Jan. 21, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 24444, May 4, 1998; 65 FR 61752, Oct. 17, 2000.

(f) 40 CFR 60.485 ; "Test methods and procedures"; 54 FR 6678, Feb. 14, 1989, as amended at 54 FR 27016, June 27, 1989; 65 FR 61763, Oct. 17, 2000.

(g) 40 CFR 60.503 ; "Test methods and procedures"; 54 FR 6678, Feb. 14, 1989; 54 FR 21344, Feb. 14, 1989, as amended at 68 FR 70965, Dec. 19, 2003.

(h) 40 CFR 63.115 ; "Process vent provisions--methods and procedures for process vent group determination;" 59 FR 19468, Apr. 22, 1994, as amended at 62 FR 2746, Jan. 17, 1997; 66 FR 6931, Jan. 22, 2001.

(i) 40 CFR 63.134 ; "Process wastewater provisions--surface impoundments"; 62 FR 2754, Jan. 17, 1997, as amended at 64 FR 20191, Apr. 26, 1999.

(j) 40 CFR 63.750 ; "Test methods and procedures"; 60 FR 45956, Sept. 1, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 15021, Mar. 27, 1998; 63 FR 46534, Sept. 1, 1998; 65 FR 62215, Oct. 17, 2000.

(k) 40 CFR 63.801 ; "National Emission Standards for Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations, Definitions"; 60 FR 62936, Dec. 7, 1995, as amended at 62 FR 30260, June 3, 1997; 62 FR 31363, June 9, 1997; 63 FR 71380, Dec. 28, 1998.

(l) 40 CFR 63.803 ; "National Emission Standards for Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations, Work Practice Standards"; 60 FR 62936, Dec. 7, 1995, as amended at 63 FR 71380, Dec. 28, 1998; 68 FR 37353, June 23, 2003.

(m) 40 CFR 63.3165 ; "How do I determine the emission capture system efficiency?"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(n) 40 CFR 63.3166 ; "How do I determine the add-on control device emission destruction or removal efficiency?"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(o) 40 CFR 63.3167 ; "How do I establish the add-on control device operating limits during the performance test?"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(p) 40 CFR 63.3168 ; "What are the requirements for continuous parameter monitoring system installation, operation, and maintenance?"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(q) 40 CFR 82.4 ; "Prohibitions for class I controlled substances"; 60 FR 24986, May 10, 1995.

(r) 40 CFR 264.228 ; "Closure and post-closure care"; 47 FR 32357, July 26, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28748, July 15, 1985; 57 FR 3488, Jan. 29, 1992.

(s) 40 CFR 268.4 ; "Treatment surface impoundment exemption"; 51 FR 40638, Nov. 7, 1986; 52 FR 21016, June 4, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 25788, July 8, 1987; 53 FR 31212, Aug. 17, 1988; 62 FR 26019, May 12, 1997; 63 FR 28639, May 26, 1998.

(t)40 CFR Part 50, Appendix C; "Measurement Principle and Calibration Procedure for the Measurement of Carbon Monoxide in the Atmosphere (Non-Dispersive Infrared Photometry)"; 47 FR 54922, Dec. 6, 1982; 48 FR 17355, Apr. 22, 1983.

(u)40 CFR Part 50, Appendix D; "Measurement Principle and Calibration Procedure for the Measurement of Ozone in the Atmosphere"; 44 FR 8224, Feb. 8, 1979, as amended at 62 FR 38895, July 18, 1997.

(v)40 CFR Part 50, Appendix H; "Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone"; 44 FR 8220, Feb. 8, 1979, as amended at 62 FR 38895, July 18, 1997.

(w)40 CFR Part 50, Appendix I; "Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone;" 62 FR 38895, July 18, 2008.

(x)40 CFR Part 53; "Ambient Air Monitoring Reference and Equivalent Methods"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(y)40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(z)40 CFR Part 60, Appendix J; proposed December 9, 1998; 63 FR 67988.

(aa)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart BBB; "Standards of Performance for the Rubber Tire Manufacturing Industry"; 52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 37874, Oct. 9, 1987; 54 FR 38635-38638, Sept. 19, 1989; 65 FR 61764-61765, Oct. 17, 2000.

(bb)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart GG; "Standards of Performance for Stationary Gas Turbines"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(cc)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart VV; "Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in the Synthetic Organic Chemicals Manufacturing Industry;" as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(dd) 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart BBB; "Standards of Performance for the Rubber Tire Manufacturing Industry"; 52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 37874, Oct. 9, 1987; 54 FR 38635-38638, Sept. 19, 1989; 65 FR 61764-61765, Oct. 17, 2000.

(ee)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart III; "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions From the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) Air Oxidation Unit Processes"; 55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; as amended at 55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990; 65 FR 61769-61773, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78278, Dec. 14, 2000.

(ff)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart NNN; "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions From Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) Distillation Operations"; 55 FR 26922-26942, June 29, 1990 as amended at; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990; 60 FR 58237, Nov. 27, 1995; 55 FR 26942, June 29, 2000; 65 FR 61774-61778, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78279, Dec. 14, 2000.

(gg)40 CFR Part 60, Subpart RRR; "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound Emissions From Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) Reactor Processes"; 58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993 as amended at 60 FR 58238, Nov. 27, 1995; 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78279, Dec. 14, 2000.

(hh)40 CFR Part 63; "National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ii)40 CFR Part 63, Appendix A; "Test methods"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(jj)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart G; "National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants from the synthetic organic chemical manufacturing industry for process vents, storage vessels, transfer operations, and wastewater"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(kk)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart H; "National Emission Standards for Organic Hazardous Air Pollutants for Equipment Leaks"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ll)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart T; "National Emission Standards for Halogenated Solvent Cleaning"; 59 FR 61805-61818, Dec. 2, 1994; 59 FR 67750, Dec. 30, 1994, as amended at 60 FR 29485, June 5, 1995; 63 FR 24751, May 5, 1998; 63 FR 68400, Dec. 11, 1998; 64 FR 67798-67802, Dec. 3, 1999; 64 FR 69643, Dec. 14, 1999; 65 FR 54422-54423, Sept. 8, 2000; 68 FR 37349, June 23, 2003.

(mm)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart CC; "National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(nn)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart JJJ; "National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants: group IV polymers and resins"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(oo)40 CFR Part 63, Subpart FFFF; " National emission standards for hazardous air pollutants: miscellaneous organic chemical manufacturing"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(pp) 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart PPPP, Appendix A; "Determination of Weight Volatile Matter Content and Weight Solids Content of Reactive Adhesives," 69 FR 20990, Apr. 19, 2004.

(qq) 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart VVVV; "National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Boat Manufacturing"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(rr) 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart WWWW; "National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Reinforced Plastic Composites Production"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ss)40 CFR Part 122; "EPA Administered Permit Programs: The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(tt)40 CFR Part 136; "Guidelines Establishing Test Procedures for the Analysis of Pollutants"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(uu)40 CFR Part 144; "Underground Injection Control Program"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(vv)40 CFR Part 261; "Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ww)40 CFR Part 264, Subpart O; "Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities; Incinerators"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(xx)40 CFR Part 265, Subpart O; "Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities; Incinerators"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(yy)40 CFR Part 266, Subpart H; "Hazardous Waste Burned in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(zz)40 CFR Part 270; "EPA Administered Permit Programs: The Hazardous Waste Permit Program"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(aaa) 46 CFR Subchapter Q containing Parts 159 to 165; "Equipment, construction, and materials: specifications and approval"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(bbb) 46 CFR Subchapter T containing Parts 175 to 187; "Small passenger vessels (under 100 gross tons)"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ccc) "American Petroleum Institute Publication 2517"; "Evaporation Loss from External Floating-Roof Tanks;" second edition, 2003.

(ddd) AAMA 2604-05; "Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels"; published 2005.

(eee) AAMA 2605-05; "Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels"; published 2005.

(fff) ANSI B31-3; "Process Piping"; February 14, 2002.

(ggg) APHA method 2540D; contained in "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater"; 20th Edition, 1998.

(hhh) APHA Method 5310D; contained in "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater"; 20th Edition, 1998.

(iii) ASTM C581-03(2008)e1; "Standard Practice for Determining Chemical Resistance of Thermosetting Resins Used in Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Structures Intended for Liquid Service"; approved May 1, 2008.

(jjj) ASTM D97-05a; "Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products"; approved July 1, 2005.

(kkk) ASTM D244-04; "Standard Test Methods for Testing Emulsified Asphalt"; approved December 1, 2004.

(lll) ASTM D322-97(2002)e1; "Standard Test Method for Gasoline Diluent in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Distillation"; approved December 10, 2002.

(mmm) ASTM D323-99a; "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)"; approved April 10, 1999.

(nnn) ASTM D523-89(1999); "Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss"; approved May 10, 1999.

(ooo) ASTM D1475-98; "Standard test method for density of liquid coatings, inks, and related products"; approved October 10, 1998, reapproved December 1, 2003.

(ppp) ASTM D1946-90(2000); "Standard practice for analysis of reformed gas by gas chromatography"; approved 1990, reapproved, January 1, 2000.

(qqq) ASTM D1979-97; "Standard Test Method for Free Formaldehyde Content of Amino Resins"; approved November 10, 1997.

(rrr) ASTM D2306-00; "Standard Test Method for C8 Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analysis by Gas Chromatography"; approved June 10, 2000.

(sss) ASTM D2369-04; "Standard test method for volatile content of coatings"; approved March 1, 2004.

(ttt) ASTM D2879-97(2007); "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope"; approved April 10, 1997, reapproved May 1, 2007.

(uuu) ASTM D2996-01(2007)e1; "Standard Specification for Filament-Wound "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe"; approved March 1, 2007.

(vvv) ASTM D2997-01(2007)e1; "Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe"; approved March 15, 2007.

(www) ASTM D3203-05; "Standard Test Methods for Percent Air Voids in Compacted Dense and Open Bituminous Paving Mixtures"; approved June 1, 2005.

(xxx) ASTM D3262-06; "Standard Specification for "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer Pipe"; approved November 1, 2006.

(yyy) ASTM D3299-10; "Standard Specification for Filament-Wound Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Corrosion-Resistant Tanks"; April 1, 2010.

(zzz) ASTM D3517-06; "Standard Specification for "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pressure Pipe"; November 1, 2006.

(aaaa) ASTM D3754-06; "Standard Specification for "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer and Industrial Pressure Pipe"; Approved November 1, 2006.

(bbbb) ASTM D3792-05; "Standard Test Method for Water Content of Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph"; approved January 1, 2005.

(cccc) ASTM D3839-08; "Standard Guide for Underground Installation of "Fiberglass" (Glass-FiberReinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe"; approved April 1, 2008.

(dddd) ASTM D3840-01(2005); "Standard Specification for "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe Fittings for Nonpressure Applications"; approved November 1, 2005.

(eeee) ASTM D3912-80; "Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants"; approved 1980, reapproved January 1, 2001.

(ffff) ASTM D3982-08; "Standard Specification for Contact Molded "Fiberglass" (Glass Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Ducts"; approved November 1, 2008.

(gggg) ASTM D4024-05; "Standard Specification for Machine Made "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Flanges"; approved March 1, 2005.

(hhhh) ASTM D4082-89; "Standard Test Method for Effects of Gamma Radiation on Coatings for Use in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants"; approved 1989, reapproved January 10, 2002.

(iiii) ASTM D4097-01(2010); "Standard Specification for Contact-Molded Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Corrosion-Resistant Tanks;" approved 2001, reapproved January 1, 2010.

(jjjj) ASTM D4161-01(2005); "Standard Specification for "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe Joints Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals"; approved 2001, reapproved November 1, 2005.

(kkkk) ASTM D4256-89(1994)e1; "Test Method for Determination of the Decontaminability of Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants"; approved 1994.

(llll) ASTM D4457-02(2008); "Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph;" approved February 1, 2008.

(mmmm) ASTM D4953-99a; "Standard Specification for Low Silicate Ethylene Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Heavy Duty Engines Requiring a Pre-Charge of Supplemental Coolant Additive (SCA)"; approved April 10, 1999.

(nnnn) ASTM D5190-01; "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Automatic Method)"; approved January 10, 1999.

(oooo) ASTM D5191-04a; "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)"; approved October 4, 2004.

(pppp) ASTM D5364-08e1; "Standard Guide for Design, Fabrication, and Erection of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Chimney Liners with Coal-Fired Units"; approved November 1, 2008.

(qqqq) ASTM D5798-99(2004); "Standard Specification for Fuel Ethanol (Ed75-Ed85) for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines"; approved July 1, 2004.

(rrrr) ASTM D5910-05; "Standard Test Method for Determination of Free Formaldehyde in Emulsion Polymers by Liquid Chromatography"; approved October 1, 2005.

(ssss) ASTM D6191-97(2003); "Standard Test Method for Measurement of Evolved Formaldehyde from Water Reducible Air-Dry Coatings"; approved March 10, 2003.

(tttt) ASTM D6897-03a; "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) (Expansion Method)"; approved December 1, 2003.

(uuuu) ASTM D6902-04e1; "Standard Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Formaldehyde Evolved During the Curing of Melamine-Formaldehyde-Based Coatings"; approved July 1, 2004.

(vvvv) ASTM E84-10; "Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials;" approved January 1, 2010.

(wwww) ASTM E162-09; "Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source"; approved August 1, 2009.

(xxxx) ASTM E168-99(2004); "Standard practices for general techniques of infrared quantitative analysis"; approved February 1, 2004.

(yyyy) ASTM E169-04; "Standard practices for general techniques of ultraviolet-visible quantitative analysis"; approved November 1, 2004.

(zzzz) ASTM E260-96(2001); "Standard practice for packed column gas chromatography"; approved January 1, 2001.

(aaaaa) ASTM E662-09; "Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials"; approved March 1, 2009.

(bbbbb) ASTM F852-99e1; "Standard Specification for Portable Gasoline Containers for Consumer Use"; approved July 15, 1999.

(ccccc) ASTM F976-02; Standard Specification for Portable Kerosene Containers for Consumer Use"; approved May 10, 2002.

(ddddd) ASTM F1216-09; "Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing Pipelines and Conduits by the Inversion and Curing of a Resin-Impregnated Tube"; approved March 1, 2009.

(eeeee) ASTM F2234-03; "Standard Specification for Portable Gasoline and Kerosine Spill Resistant Fueling Systems for Consumer Use"; approved July 10, 2003.

(fffff) California Code of Regulations Title 13, Division 3, Chapter 9, Article 6; "Portable Containers and Spouts"; effective October 11, 2006.

(ggggg) Clean Air Act ; contained in 42 USC 7401 to 42 USC 7671q ; "The Public Health and Welfare-Air Pollution Prevention and Control"; published January 5, 2009 in Supplement II of the 2006 Edition of the United States Code.

(hhhhh) "Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Reactor Processes and Distillation Operations Processes in the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry"; EPA-450-/4-91-031; August 1993.

(iiiii) "Early Reduction Program"; 57 Federal Register 61970; December 29, 1992.

(jjjjj) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act; contained in 7 USC 136 to 7 USC 136y ; "Environmental Pesticide Control"; published January 8, 2008 in Supplement I of the 2006 edition of the United States Code.

(kkkkk) "Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards"; contained in 49 CFR Part 571; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(lllll) "Guidance for Estimating Capital and Annual Costs of Air Pollution Systems"; Ohio environmental protection agency engineering guide 46; March 1983.

(mmmmm) "Guidelines for determining capture efficiency"; USEPA office of air and radiation, policy and guidance; February 7, 1995.

(nnnnn) "Methods for the Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes"; EPA report number: EPA/821/C-99/004; published 5/01/99.

(ooooo) NFPA 30B; "Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products"; 2002 edition.

(ppppp) "Protocol for Determining the Daily Volatile Organic Compound Emission Rate of Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Topcoat Operations"; EPA-453/R-08-002 September 2008.

(qqqqq) "Regulatory Guide 1.54 - Service Level I, II and III Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Plants;" issued July, 2000.

(rrrrr) South coast air quality management district (SCAQMD) method 321-91; "Determination of percent monomer in polyester resins"; approved June 1, 1991, revised April, 1996.

(sssss) South coast air quality management district (SCAQMD) method 316A; "Determination of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in materials used for pipes and fittings"; approved September 9, 1992, revised October 1996.

(ttttt) Section 182 of the Clean Air Act; contained in 42 USC 7511a ; "Plan submissions and requirements"; published January 5, 2009 in Supplement II of the 2006 edition of the United States Code.

(uuuuu) Section 193 of the Clean Air Act; contained in 42 USC 7515 ; "General savings clause"; published January 5, 2009 in Supplement II of the 2006 edition of the United States Code.

(vvvvv) "Standard Industrial Classification Manual." United States Office of Management and Budget, last amended 1988.

(wwwww) "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater"; 20th edition, published 1998.

(xxxxx) SW-846; "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods"; last updated December 1996.

(yyyyy) SW-846 method 3810; "Headspace"; revision 0, September 1986.

(zzzzz) SW-846 method 5030B; "Purge-and-trap for Aqueous Samples"; revision 2, December 1996.

(aaaaaa) SW-846 method 8015B; "Nonhalogenated Organics Using GC/FID"; revision 2, December 1996.

(bbbbbb) SW-846 method 8021B; "Aromatic and Halogenated Volatiles by Gas Chromatography Using Photoionization and/or Electrolytic Conductivity Detectors"; revision 2, December 1996.

(cccccc) SW-846 method 8260B; "Volatile Organic Compounds by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)"; revision 2, December 1996.

(dddddd) SW-846 method 9060; "Total Organic Carbon"; revision 0, September 1986.

(eeeeee) USEPA-approved alternative test method ALT-020; "Negative Pressure Enclosure Qualitative Test Method for Bakery Ovens"; posted November 15, 2000.

(ffffff) USEPA conditional test method CTM-042; "Use of Flame Ionization Detector-Methane Cutter Analysis Systems for VOC Compliance Testing of Bakeries"; revised August 18, 2004; posted September 3, 2004.

(gggggg) USEPA method 1; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Sample and velocity traverses for stationary sources"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(hhhhhh) USEPA method 1A; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Sample and velocity traverses for stationary sources with small stacks or ducts"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(iiiiii) USEPA method 2; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of stack gas velocity and volumetric flow rate (Type S pitot tube)"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(jjjjjj) USEPA method 2A; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Direct measurement of gas volume through pipes and small ducts"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(kkkkkk) USEPA method 2B; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of exhaust gas volume flow rate from gasoline vapor incinerators"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(llllll) USEPA method 2C; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of gas velocity and volumetric flow rate in small stacks or ducts (standard pilot tube)"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(mmmmmm) USEPA method 2D; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Measurement of gas volume flow rates in small pipes and ducts"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(nnnnnn) USEPA method 3; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Gas analysis for the determination of dry molecular weight"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(oooooo) USEPA method 3B; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Gas analysis for the determination of emission rate correction factor or excess air"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(pppppp) USEPA method 4; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of moisture content in stack gases"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(qqqqqq) USEPA method 18; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Measurement of Gaseous Organic Compound Emissions By Gas Chromatograph"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(rrrrrr) USEPA method 21; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of volatile organic compound leaks"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ssssss) USEPA method 22; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Visual determination of fugitive emissions from material sources and smoke emissions from flares"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(tttttt) USEPA method 24; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of volatile matter content, water content, density, volume solids, and weight solids of surface coatings"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(uuuuuu) USEPA method 24A; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of volatile matter content and density of printing inks and related coatings"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(vvvvvv) USEPA method 25; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of total gaseous nonmethane organic emissions as carbon"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(wwwwww) USEPA method 25A; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of volatile matter content and density of printing inks and related coatings"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(xxxxxx) USEPA method 25B; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of total gaseous organic concentration using a nondispersive infrared analyzer"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(yyyyyy) USEPA method 25D; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of the Volatile Organic Concentration of Waste Samples"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(zzzzzz) USEPA method 26; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of Hydrogen Chloride Emissions From Stationary Sources"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(aaaaaaa) USEPA method 26A; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of hydrogen halide and halogen emissions from stationary sources-isokinetic method"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(bbbbbbb) USEPA method 27; contained in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A; "Determination of vapor tightness of gasoline delivery tank using pressure-vacuum test"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(ccccccc) USEPA method 160.2 contained in "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes;" contained in "Methods and Guidance for Analysis of Water"; EPA Report Number: EPA/821/C-99/004; published May1, 1999.

(ddddddd) USEPA method 204; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; "Criteria for and Verification of a Permanent or Temporary Total Enclosure"; 59 FR 16715, Apr. 7, 1994.

(eeeeeee) USEPA method 204A; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; "Volatile organic compounds content in liquid input stream"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(fffffff) USEPA method 204B; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; "Volatile organic compounds emissions in captured stream"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(ggggggg) USEPA method 204C; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; " Volatile organic compounds emissions in captured stream (dilution technique)"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(hhhhhhh) USEPA method 204D; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; " Volatile organic compounds emissions in uncaptured stream from temporary total enclosure"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(iiiiiii) USEPA method 204E; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; " Volatile organic compounds emissions in uncaptured stream from building enclosure"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(jjjjjjj) USEPA method 204F; contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix M; " Volatile organic compounds content in liquid input stream (distillation approach)"; 55 FR 14249, Apr. 17, 1990; 55 FR 24687, June 18, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 37606, Sept. 12, 1990; 56 FR 6278, Feb. 15, 1991; 56 FR 65435, Dec. 17, 1991; 60 FR 28054, May 30, 1995; 62 FR 32502, June 16, 1997.

(kkkkkkk) USEPA method 301; contained in 40 CFR Part 63, Appendix A; "Field Validation of Pollutant Measurement Methods from Various Waste Media"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(lllllll) USEPA method 305; contained in 40 CFR Part 63, Appendix A; "Measurement of Emission Potential of Individual Volatile Organic Compounds in Waste"; as published in the July 1, 2010 Code of Federal Regulations.

(mmmmmmm) USEPA method 602; contained in 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A; "Purgeable Aromatics"; 49 FR 43261, Oct. 26, 1984; 50 FR 692, 695, Jan. 4, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 23702, June 30, 1986; 62 FR 48405, Sept. 15, 1997; 65 FR 3044, Jan. 19, 2000; 65 FR 81295, 81298, Dec. 22, 2000.

(nnnnnnn) USEPA method 624; contained in 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A; "Purgeables"; 49 FR 43261, Oct. 26, 1984; 50 FR 692, 695, Jan. 4, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 23702, June 30, 1986; 62 FR 48405, Sept. 15, 1997; 65 FR 3044, Jan. 19, 2000; 65 FR 81295, 81298, Dec. 22, 2000.

(ooooooo) USEPA method 625; contained in 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A; "Base/Neutrals and Acids"; 49 FR 43261, Oct. 26, 1984; 50 FR 692, 695, Jan. 4, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 23702, June 30, 1986; 62 FR 48405, Sept. 15, 1997; 65 FR 3044, Jan. 19, 2000; 65 FR 81295, 81298, Dec. 22, 2000.

(ppppppp) USEPA method 1624; contained in 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A; "Volatile Organic Compounds by Isotope Dilution GC/MS"; 49 FR 43261, Oct. 26, 1984; 50 FR 692, 695, Jan. 4, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 23702, June 30, 1986; 62 FR 48405, Sept. 15, 1997; 65 FR 3044, Jan. 19, 2000; 65 FR 81295, 81298, Dec. 22, 2000.

(qqqqqqq) USEPA method 1625; contained in 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A; "Semivolatile Organic Compounds by Isotope Dilution GC/MS"; 49 FR 43261, Oct. 26, 1984; 50 FR 692, 695, Jan. 4, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 23702, June 30, 1986; 62 FR 48405, Sept. 15, 1997; 65 FR 3044, Jan. 19, 2000; 65 FR 81295, 81298, Dec. 22, 2000.

(rrrrrrr) WATER9; version 2.0.0, August 16, 2001.

Effective: 05/12/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 2/15/72, 10/19/79, 3/27/81, 6/21/82, 1/24/83, 5/9/86, 5/25/88, 8/22/90, 6/14/91, 3/31/1993, 11/5/02, 5/27/05, 2/10/2006. 8/25/08, 4/2/09

3745-21-02 Ambient air quality standards and guidelines. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 4-18-2009

3745-21-03 Methods of ambient air quality measurement.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the last paragraph of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code titled"Incorporation by reference."]

(A) For purposes of ascertaining, defining, and measuring ambient air quality, air contaminants shall be measured by the method or methods stated in paragraphs (B) to (C) of this rule or by such other methods as may be approved by the director.

(B) Concentrations of carbon monoxide in ambient air shall be determined as follows:

(1) Hourly integrated concentrations of carbon monoxide shall be determined through the use of a continuous sampling and recording device as described in 40 CFR Part 50, Appendix C.

(2) Eight hour concentrations shall be determined by arithmetically averaging the hourly integrated data, obtained as described in paragraph (B)(1) of this rule, for any eight-hour period. An 8-hour average shall be considered valid if at least seventy-five per cent of the hourly averages for the 8-hour period are available. In the event that only six (or seven) hourly averages are available, the 8-hour average shall be computed on the basis of the hours available using six (or seven) as the divisor.

(C) Concentrations of ozone shall be determined through the use of a continuous sampling and recording device as described in 40 CFR Part 50, Appendix D.

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 9/15/1970, 12/31/1970, 10/19/1979, 10/31/1996, 11/5/2002

3745-21-04 Compliance time schedules.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (JJ) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code titled" Reference to materials."]

(A) .[Reserved]

(B) Certification and permit application requirements.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (B)(2), (B)(3), (B)(4), and (B)(7) of this rule, by no later than December 1, 1979 for any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs (C) to (S) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, by no later than April l, 1981 for any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs (T) to(AA) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, by no later than June 1, 1986 for any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs(BB) to (EE) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, by no later than June 1, 1988 for any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs(FF) to (PP) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, and by no later than May 1, 1993 for any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs(QQ) to (DDD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, any owner or operator of said air contaminant source(s) shall either:

(a) Certify in writing to the director that such source is in compliance with all requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code. Such certification shall include: equipment description, Ohio environmental protection agency permit application number(if assigned), and all necessary data (consistent with the appropriate permit application appendices or emission activity category forms) and calculations which confirm the compliance status. The certification shall also include an application for a permit authorizing operation of such source in accordance with rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code if such source does not possess an effective permit, or, if applicable;

(b) Submit an application for an operating permit or an application for a modification to an operating permit in accordance with Chapter 3745-77 of the Administrative Code, for sources subject to the Title V program, or in accordance with Chapter 3745-31 of the Administrative Code, for sources not subject to the Title V program. Such application shall include a compliance program which will bring the source into compliance with all the requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code as expeditiously as practicable but in no event later than the dates specified in paragraph (C) of this rule, and shall identify all reasonable interim control measures.

[Comment: Applications requiring submittal prior to June 30, 2008, for sources not subject to the Title V program, were to be submitted in accordance with Chapter 3745-35 of the Administrative Code.]

(2) The certification and/or operating permit application required by paragraph (B)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any air contaminant sources subject exclusively to paragraph (N) or (V) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code(pertaining to cutback asphalts and gasoline tank trucks).

(3) For any air contaminant source subject to:

(a) Paragraphs (C)(3)(c), (C)(4)(b), (C)(5)(b), (C)(6)(b), (C)(8)(b), (C)(8)(c), (C)(9)(b), (C)(10)(b), (C)(19)(b) to (C)(19(d), (C)(28)(b), (C)(28)(c), (C)(65), and (C)(66) of this rule, a certification and/or operating permit application shall be submitted in accordance with paragraphs (B)(1)(a) and (B)(1)(b) of this rule by no later than May 1,1993.

(b) Paragraphs (C)(5)(d), (C)(8)(e), and (C)(10)(d) of this rule, a certification and/or operating permit application shall be submitted in accordance with paragraphs (B)(1)(a) and (B)(1)(b) of this rule by no later than one July 31, 2009.

(4) For any air contaminant source subject to paragraphs (C)(3)(d) and (C)(28)(d) of this rule, a certification and/or operating permit application shall be submitted in accordance with paragraphs (B)(1)(a) and (B)(1)(b) of this rule by no later than March 1, 1995.

(5) In demonstrating compliance pursuant to paragraph (B)(1)(a) of this rule, the owner or operator of a source must utilize the test methods and procedures specified in rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. In addition, for any source that is located within one of the counties specified in paragraph (A) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, employs add-on controls to comply with the requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, and has not been tested since January 1, 1991, the owner or operator of such source shall conduct emission tests in accordance with the methods specified in rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code. The emission tests shall be conducted by January 17, 1996. For the purpose of complying with the emission test requirement specified in this paragraph, the Ohio environmental protection agency may accept an emission test conducted prior to January 1, 1991, if the owner or operator provides information and data to the Ohio environmental protection agency which demonstrate that the test was witnessed by the Ohio environmental protection agency or its delegated agent, that an approved USEPA emission test method was employed, and that the operation of the source was consistent with the current source operating conditions and operating capacity. For each coating employed in any coating line that is located within one of the counties specified in paragraph (A) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and is subject to the requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, the owner or operator shall demonstrate compliance with any applicable VOC content limitation specified in rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code using USEPA method 24(for coatings) or USEPA method 24A (for flexographic and rotogravure printing inks and related coatings). If any such coating has not been analyzed using USEPA method 24 or USEPA 24A since January 1, 1991, the owner or operator shall either conduct a USEPA method 24 or USEPA method 24A analysis of the coating or obtain a USEPA method 24 or USEPA method 24A analysis of the coating from the coating supplier by January 17, 1996. If, pursuant to section 11.4 of USEPA method 24, as contained in 40 CFR Part 60 Appendix A, an owner or operator determines that USEPA method 24 or USEPA method 24A cannot be used for a particular coating or ink, the owner or operator shall so notify the administrator of the USEPA and shall use formulation data for that coating or ink to demonstrate compliance until the USEPA provides alternative analytical procedures or alternative precision statements for USEPA method 24 or USEPA method 24A.

(6) The owner or operator of a source that is subject to the requirements of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall notify the director in writing at least thirty days before any impending change in the method of complying with said requirements.

(7) For any air contaminant source subject to paragraph (C)(28)(e) of this rule a compliance certification or compliance program, along with an operating permit application, if appropriate, shall be submitted in accordance with paragraphs (B)(1)(a) and (B)(1)(b) of this rule by no later than two months after the effective date of this rule. For any air contaminant source subject to paragraph (C)(28)(e) of this rule and located at a facility subject to Chapter 3745-77 of the Administrative Code, the owner or operator shall only submit a compliance certification or a compliance program, but no operating permit application, in accordance with paragraphs (B)(1)(a) and (B)(1)(b) of this rule by no later than August 15, 1999.

(C) Compliance time schedules.

(1) No owner or operator may cause, permit, or allow the operation or other use of any air contaminant source in violation of the limitations specified in rule 3745-21-07 or 3745-21-08 of the Administrative Code beyond April 15, 1977.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(21) to (C)(26) and (C)(35) of this rule, any owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 1, 1982.

(3) Can coating lines.

(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (C)(3)(b), (C)(3)(c), and (C)(3)(d) of this rule, any owner or operator of a can coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (D) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) (Reserved)

(c) Any owner or operator of a can coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (D) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(d) Any owner or operator of an end sealing compound coating line used for food can ends shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (D)(1)(e) and (D)(2)(e) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code no later than January 17, 1996. Any owner or operator of a two-piece or three-piece can coating operation which has an end sealing compound coating line and which is subject to the alternative daily emission limitation of paragraph (D)(3) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with the requirement of paragraph (D) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code no later than January 17, 1996.

(4) Coil coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(4)(b) and (C)(20) of this rule, any owner or operator of a coil coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (E) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a coil coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (E) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(5) Paper coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(5)(b) of this rule, any owner or operator of a paper coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a paper coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(c) Any owner or operator of a paper coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (F)(2) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by no later than April 2, 2010.

(d) Any owner or operator of a paper coating line which employs an add-on control system shall achieve compliance with the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(7) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by no later than April 2, 2010.

(6) Fabric coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(6)(b) of this rule, any owner or operator of a fabric coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a fabric coating line which employs control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(7) Any owner or operator of a vinyl coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (H) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(8) Metal furniture coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(8)(b) and (C)(8)(c) of this rule, any owner or operator of a metal furniture coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a metal furniture coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(c) Any owner or operator of a metal furniture coating line which, prior to March 31, 1993, was exempt from the requirements of paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, but is no longer exempt due to the change in the exemption criterion specified in paragraph (I)(3)(a) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by April 1, 1995.

(d) Any owner or operator of a metal furniture coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (I)(4) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by no later than April 2, 2010.

(e) Any owner or operator of a metal furniture coating line which employs an add-on control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(7) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation specified in the table of paragraph (I)(4) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of deposited solids by no later than April 2, 2010.

(9) Magnet wire coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(9)(b) of this rule, any owner or operator of a magnet wire coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (J) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by November 1, 1981.

(b) Any owner or operator of a magnet wire coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (J) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(10) Large appliance coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(10)(b) of this rule, any owner or operator of a large appliance coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a large appliance coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(c) Any owner or operator of a large appliance coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (K)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by no later than April 2, 2010.

(d) Any owner or operator of a large appliance coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(7) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (K)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of deposited solids by no later than April 2, 2010.

(11) Any owner or operator of a fixed roof tank which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (L) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by January 1, 1982.

(12) Any owner or operator of a refinery vacuum producing system which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (M)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(13) Any owner or operator of a refinery wastewater separator which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (M)(2) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by January 1, 1981.

(14) Any owner or operator of a refinery process unit turnaround which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (M)(3) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(15) The requirements of paragraph (N) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall be complied with by the following deadlines:

(a) April 15, 1981 for the use or application of cutback asphalts in road construction and maintenance; and

(b) April 15, 1982 for the use or application of emulsified asphalts in road construction and maintenance.

(16) Solvent metal cleaning operations.

(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (C)(16)(b) to (C)(16)(d) of this rule, any owner or operator of a solvent metal cleaning operation which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (O) of rule 3745-21-09 of Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1981.

(b) Any owner or operator of a solvent metal cleaning operation shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (O)(2)(d), (O)(3)(d), and (O)(4)(e) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by July 17, 1995.

(c) Any owner or operator of a cold cleaning operation which is located in Butler, Clark, Clermont, Greene, Hamilton, Miami, Montgomery, or Warren county shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 2006.

(d) Any owner or operator of a cold cleaning operation which is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e) of the Administrative Code by no later than one April 2, 2010.

(17) Any owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (P) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by July 1, 1981.

(18) Any owner or operator of a bulk gasoline terminal which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (Q) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by July 1, 1981.

(19) Any owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (R) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements no later than the deadlines in the following schedules:

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(19)(b) to (C)(19)(d) of this rule, for any gasoline dispensing facility which has an annual throughput equal to or greater than two hundred forty thousand gallons of gasoline by July 1, 1981.

(b) For any gasoline dispensing facility which is located in Ashtabula, Clark, Geauga, or Miami county: and for which construction commenced after November 15, 1990 and prior to March 31, 1993 by September 30, 1993.

(c) For any gasoline dispensing facility which is located in Ashtabula, Clark, Geauga, or Miami county and which dispenses at least one hundred thousand gallons of gasoline per month (based upon the average monthly sales of gasoline during the period from November 16, 1990 through November 15, 1992): by March 31, 1994.

(d) For any other gasoline dispensing facility which is located in Ashtabula, Clark, Geauga, or Miami county and which is not covered by paragraph (C)(19)(b) or (C)(19)(c) of this rule, or for any gasoline dispensing facility which is located in Delaware or Licking county and which has an annual throughput equal to or greater than one hundred twenty thousand gallons of gasoline, or for any gasoline dispensing facility which is located in Butler, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Franklin, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Lucas, Mahoning, Medina, Montgomery, Portage, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Warren, or Wood county and which has an annual throughput equal to or greater than one hundred twenty thousand gallons of gasoline and less than two hundred forty thousand gallons of gasoline by March 31, 1995.

(20) "Alside, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Alside, Inc." facility located at 3773 Akron road, North Hampton township, Summit county, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (E) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by July 1, 1979, and paragraph (S) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by July 1, 1981.

(21) "General Motors Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "General Motors Corporation" automobile assembly plant located at 2200 Hallock Young road, Lordstown, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982; and paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(ii), (C)(1)(c) and (C)(1)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1985.

(22) "General Motors Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "General Motors Corporation" light-duty truck assembly plant located at 2200 Hallock Young road, Lordstown, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982; and paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(ii), (C)(1)(c) and (C)(1)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1984.

(23) "General Motors Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "General Motors Corporation" automobile assembly plant located at 4726 Smith road, Norwood, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(i) and (C)(1)(c) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1981; and paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(ii) and (C)(1)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982.

(24) "Ford Motor Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Ford Motor Company" automobile and light-duty truck assembly plant located at 5401 Baumhart road, Lorain, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982; and paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(ii), (C)(1)(b), (C)(1)(c) and (C)(1)(d) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1986.

(25) "Ford Motor Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Ford Motor Company" light-duty truck assembly plant located at Miller and Walker roads, Avon Lake, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (C)(1)(a)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982; and paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(ii), (C)(1)(c) and (C)(1)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1986.

(26) "American Motors Jeep Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "American Motors Jeep Corporation" automobile assembly plant located at 940 North Cove Boulevard, Toledo, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(1)(a) and (C)(1)(d) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1982; and paragraph (C)(1)(c) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1986.

(27) Any owner or operator of petroleum refinery equipment which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (T) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall submit to the director a monitoring program by July 1, 1981, and the first quarterly monitoring report by October 15, 1981.

(28) Miscellaneous metal part or product coating lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(28)(b), (C)(28)(c), and (C)(28)(d) of this rule, any owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (U) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(b) Any owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line which employs a control system shall achieve compliance with either the control requirements specified in paragraph (B)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or the applicable VOC limitation which is contained in paragraph (U) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code and expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids by April 1, 1995.

(c) Any owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line which is subject to the revised requirements of paragraph (U)(1)(e) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, pertaining to the interior coating of a steel pail or drum, shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1995.

(d) Any owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (U)(2)(e)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code or which was, prior to January 17, 1995, subject to the 4.8 pounds VOC per gallon of coating limitation for anticorrosion coatings contained in rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code, shall achieve compliance by January 17, 1996.

(e) Any owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line which is located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Summit, or Warren county and which was, prior to the effective date of this rule, subject to the ten gallons per day exemption contained under paragraph (U)(2)(e) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with the requirements under paragraph (U)(1) or (U)(2)(e)(ii) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by June 15, 2000.

(29) Any owner or operator of a gasoline tank truck which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (V) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by March 31, 1983.

(30) Any owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (W) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(31) Any owner or operator of a pneumatic rubber tire manufacturing facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (X) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(32) Any owner or operator of a packaging rotogravure printing line, publication rotogravure printing line, or flexographic printing line which is subject to:

(a) The requirements of paragraph (Y)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(b) The requirements of paragraph (Y)(3) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by no later than April 2, 2010.

(33) Any owner or operator of an external floating roof tank which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (Z) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1982.

(34) (Reserved)

(35) "Honda of America Mfg., Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Honda of America Mfg., Inc." automobile assembly plant located at 24000 U.S. route 33, Marysville, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(1)(c) and (C)(1)(d) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1986.

(36) Any owner or operator of a petroleum dry cleaning facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (BB) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1987.

(37) Any owner or operator of a continuous, polystyrene resin manufacturing process which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (CC) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1987.

(38) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(66) of this rule, any owner or operator of a process unit which produces organic chemicals and which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (DD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with paragraph(DD)(2) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by February 1, 1987, and paragraphs(DD)(3) to (DD)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by July 1, 1987.

(39) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (C)(66) of this rule, any owner or operator of an air oxidation process which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements by December 31, 1987.

(40) "The Steelcraft Manufacturing Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Steelcraft Manufacturing Company" facility located at 9017 Blue Ash road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (FF)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by April 1, 1989, and paragraph(FF)(2) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by April 1, 1989.

(41) "Chevron U.S.A., Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Chevron U.S.A., Inc." barge loading facility located at state route 128 and U.S. route 50 in Hamilton county, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (GG) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by August 15, 1989.

(42) Any owner or operator of an automotive/transportation plastic parts coating line or a business machine plastic parts coating line which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (HH) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements no later than August 25, 2009.

(43) "International Paper Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "International Paper Company" facility located at 100 Progress place, Springdale, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (II) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993.

(44) "The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company" facility located at 1376 Tech Way drive, Akron, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (JJ) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 25, 1988.

(45) "Morton Thiokol, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Morton Thiokol, Inc." facility located at 2000 West street, Cincinnati, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (KK) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 25, 1988.

(46) "The Lubrizol Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Lubrizol Corporation" facility located at 155 Freedom road, Painesville, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (LL) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by October 1, 1989.

(47) "PPG Industries, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "PPG Industries, Inc." facility located at 3800 West 143rd street, Cleveland, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (MM) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 25, 1988.

(48) "Von Roll USA, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Von Roll USA, Inc." facility located at 4853 West 130th street, Cleveland, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (NN) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code no later than the deadlines in the following schedule:

(a) For machine 30, by June 1, 1989.

(b) For any machine other than machine 30, by December 31, 1989.

(49) "Armco Steel Company, L.P." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Armco Steel Company, L.P." facility located at 1801 Crawford street, Middletown, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (OO) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993.

(50) "Formica Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Formica Corporation" facility located at 10155 Reading road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (PP) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 25, 1988.

(51) "DayColor Corp." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "DayColor Corp." facility located at 4515 St. Clair avenue, Cleveland, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (QQ) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1994.

(52) (Reserved)

(53) "Ritrama Duramark" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Ritrama Duramark" facility located at 341 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (SS) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993.

(54) "ICI Americas Incorporated" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "ICI Americas Incorporated" facility located at 3647 Shepard road, Perry, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (TT)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1994, and paragraph(TT)(2) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993.

(55) "British Petroleum Oil Company, Toledo Refinery" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "British Petroleum Oil Company, Toledo Refinery" facility located at 4001 Cedar Point road, Oregon, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (UU)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1995, paragraphs(UU)(2) and (UU)(3) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1993, paragraph(UU)(4) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1994, paragraph(UU)(5) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by October 1, 1993, and paragraph(UU)(6) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by January 1, 1995.

(56) "Ashland Petroleum Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Ashland Petroleum Company" facility located at 2408 Gambrinus road, S.W., Canton, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (VV) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993.

(57) (Reserved)

(58) "Columbus Coated Fabrics" or any subsequent owner or operator of "Columbus Coated Fabrics" facility located at 1280 North Grant avenue, Columbus, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements ofparagraph (XX) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 31, 1995.

(59) "PMC Specialties Group" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "PMC Specialties Group" facility located at 501 Murray road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (YY)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by March 31, 1993, and paragraph(YY)(2) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1994.

(60) "Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Company" facility located at 381 West Wilbeth road, Akron, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (ZZ) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by May 1, 1994.

(61) (Reserved)

(62) "BF Goodrich Company, Akron Chemical Plant" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "BF Goodrich Company, Akron Chemical Plant" facility located at 240 West Emerling avenue, Akron, Ohio shall achieve compliance with the requirements of paragraph (BBB)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by August 15, 1993, and paragraphs(BBB)(2) to (BBB)(4) ofrule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code by December 15, 1994.

(63) (Reserved)

(64) Any owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (DDD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall achieve compliance with said requirements no later than the deadlines in the following paragraphs:

(a) For any gasoline dispensing facility not owned by an independent small business marketer:

(i) For any gasoline dispensing facility for which construction commenced after November 15, 1990 and prior to March 31, 1993, by September, 1993;

(ii) For any gasoline dispensing facility which dispenses at least one hundred thousand gallons of gasoline per month (based upon the average monthly sales of gasoline during the period from November 16, 1990 through November 15, 1992), by March 31, 1994; and,

(iii) For any other gasoline dispensing facility not covered by paragraphs (C)(64)(a)(i) and (C)(64)(a)(ii) of this rule, by March 31, 1995.

(b) For gasoline dispensing facilities owned by independent small business marketers:

(i) For a minimum of thirty-three per cent of the gasoline dispensing facilities owned by each such marketer, by March 31, 1994.

(ii) For a minimum of sixty-six per cent of the gasoline dispensing facilities owned by such marketer, by March 31, 1995.

(iii) For one hundred per cent of the gasoline dispensing facilities owned by each such marketer, by March 31, 1996.

(65) Any owner or operator of an air contaminant source which is located in Ashtabula, Clark, Delaware, Geauga, Licking, or Miami county and which, prior to March 31, 1993, was exempt from the requirements of paragraphs (C) to (M), (O) to (R), (T), (U), and (W) to (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code because the facility's potential to emit is less than one hundred tons of VOC per calendar year, shall achieve compliance with said requirements by April 1, 1995.

(66) "Georgia Resins, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Georgia Resins, Inc." facility located at 1975 Watkins road, Columbus, Ohio shall achieve compliance with paragraphs (DD) and (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code for the process unit which produces urea-formaldehyde by May 1, 1994.

Effective: 08/26/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(a) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 7/28/75, 10/19/79, 3/27/81, 6/21/82, 1/24/83, 5/9/86, 5/25/88, 8/22/90, 3/31/93, 1/17/95, 6/15/99, 11/5/02, 2/10/06, 8/25/08, 4/2/09

3745-21-06 Classification of regions.

The following counties shall be classified as "Priority I" for determining the applicability of rule 3745-21-07 of the Administrative Code: Butler, Clark, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Darke, Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin, Geauga, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Licking, Lorain, Lucas, Madison, Medina, Miami, Montgomery, Perry, Pickaway, Portage, Preble, Stark, Summit, Union, Warren and Wood.

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 2/15/1972, 10/19/1979, 11/5/2002

3745-21-07 Control of emissions of organic materials from stationary sources (i.e., emissions that are not regulated by rule 3745-21-09, 3745-21-12, 3745-21-13, 3745-21-14, 3745-21-15, 3745-21-16, or 3745-21-18 of the Administrative Code).

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the last paragraph of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code entitled"Incorporation by Reference."]

(A) Applicability.

(1) RESERVED

(2) RESERVED

(3) The requirements of this rule shall apply to any source or operation, for which installation commenced prior to the effective date of this rule and that is specified in paragraphs (K) to (N) of this rule, but shall not apply to VOC emissions from any such source or operation that are regulated by rule 3745-21-09 , 3745-21-12 , 3745-21-13 , 3745-21-14 , 3745-21-15 , 3745-21-16 , or 3745-21-18 of the Administrative Code. Any owner or operator of any subject source or operation specified in paragraphs (K) to (N) of this rule shall comply with the facility-specific and general control requirements of this rule as of the effective date of this rule.

(4) Any emission limitation, control requirement, or operational restriction contained in a permit-to-install, permit-by-rule, permit-to-operate, or Title V permit that is based upon a citation to this rule number, except the emission limitations and control requirements specified in paragraphs (K)(2), (K)(4), (L)(2), (M)(2), (M)(3), (M)(4), and (N)(2) of this rule, shall be void upon the effective date of this rule.

[Comment: As examples of the applicability of this paragraph, if a permit-to-install, a permit-by-rule, a permit-to-operate, or a Title V permit has been issued prior to the effective date of this rule and contains both a citation to rule 3745-21-07 of the Administrative Code and one of the associated requirements referenced within this comment, the associated requirements contained in such a permit shall be void upon the effective date of this rule. The associated requirements covered by this comment shall include: (a) any requirement that prohibits the use of photochemically reactive materials, or prohibits the use of volatile photochemically reactive materials; (b) any requirement that limits organic compound emissions from an operation to eight pounds per hour and forty pounds per day, except as specified in paragraphs (M)(3)(d) and (M)(3)(g) of this rule; (c) any requirement to determine or document materials as being photochemically reactive materials; and (d) any recordkeeping and reporting requirements related to requirements referred to in (a), (b) or (c) of this comment.

All other permit conditions, including annual emission or material usage limitations (tons per year, gallons per day or month or year, VOC per gallon, etc.) and all other recordkeeping and reporting requirements associated with those permit conditions remain in effect.]

(5) The requirements of this rule shall not apply to any source, including any new source as defined in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code, for which installation commenced after the effective date of this rule.

(6) For any source or operation specified in paragraphs (K) to (N) of this rule that is subject to a mass emission rate, control efficiency, overall control efficiency, or emission reduction, the owner or operator shall determine compliance by means of the following:

(a) For controlled and uncontrolled sources, the test methods and procedures of paragraphs (A) to (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; or

(b) An emission factor approved by the USEPA, such as an emission factor from the "Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Volume 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources (AP-42);" or

(c) Emissions test data from similar sources or operations, provided such emissions tests comply with the test methods and procedures of paragraphs (B) and (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, and the USEPA has indicated in writing that the use of such tests is acceptable.

The use of emissions test data, if available, from a source or operation specified in paragraphs (K) to (N) of this rule shall take precedence over the use of an emission factor approved by the USEPA or the use of emission test data from similar sources or operations.

(B) RESERVED

(C) RESERVED

(D) RESERVED

(E) RESERVED

(F) RESERVED

(G) RESERVED

(H) RESERVED

(I) RESERVED

(J) RESERVED

(K) Facility-specific control requirements for storage tanks (stationary tank, reservoir, or other container):

(1) The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each storage tank identified in this paragraph, shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (K)(2) of this rule:

(K)(1) Emissions Units

Owner or Operator Facility ID Emissions Unit ID

The Glidden Company 0322000043 T009, T025 - T029, T042, T044, T045, T049, T052, T053, T063 - T067, T074, T076

Marathon Ashland Petroleum, LLC 1318082830 T004

(2) No person shall place, store or hold in any storage tank identified in paragraph (K)(1) of this rule, any liquid organic material that has a vapor pressure of 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute or greater, under actual storage conditions, unless the storage tank is equipped with one of the following vapor loss control equipment:

(a) The storage tank shall be equipped with a floating pontoon or double-deck type cover that includes closure seals to enclose any space between the cover's edge and the compartment wall. This control requirement shall not be permitted if the liquid organic material in the tank has a vapor pressure of 12.5 pounds per square inch absolute or greater under actual storage conditions. All tank gauging or sampling devices shall be gas tight except when tank gauging or sampling is taking place.

(b) The storage tank shall be equipped with a vapor recovery system or control system that reduces the emission of organic compounds into the atmosphere by at least ninety per cent by weight. All tank gauging or sampling devices shall be gas tight except when tank gauging or sampling is taking place.

(3) The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each storage tank (stationary storage vessel) identified in this paragraph, shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (K)(4) of this rule:

(K)(3) Emissions Units

Owner or Operator Facility ID Emissions Unit ID

Newark Air Force Base/AGMC 0145020224 T012, T013

The Lubrizol Corporation, Wickliffe Facility 0243150025 T224, T225

Veolia Environmental Services, LLC 0857751346 P006, T001, T005-T007, T017-T026, T040-T042, T044-T049, T051-T065, T068

GE Lighting, Ivanhoe Road 1318000156 T012, T013

Clorox Co. 1318000864 T012

Buckeye Terminals, LLC, Cleveland Plant 1318002740 T011, T012

Tremco, Inc. 1318002813 T021, T023, T036-T041

Hukill Chemical Corporation 1318030172 T062-T070, T077-T081, T083, T089-T093, T095-T097, T100

Marathon Ashland Petroleum Corporation 1318082830 T004, T018

Glastic Corporation, Cleveland Facility 1318544510 T009

Strongsville Expressmart 1318554294 T008

(4) No person shall place, store or hold in any storage tank identified in paragraph (K)(3) of this rule, any liquid organic material that has a vapor pressure of 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute or greater, under actual storage conditions, unless the storage tank is equipped with a permanent submerged fill pipe, or is loaded through the use of a portable loading tube which can be inserted below the liquid level line during loading operations, or is fitted with a vapor recovery system as described in paragraph (K)(2)(b) of this rule.

(L) Facility-specific control requirements for oil-water separators (effluent water separators):

(1) The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each oil-water separator identified in this paragraph, shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (L)(2) of this rule:

(L)(1) Emissions Units

Owner or Operator Facility ID Emissions Unit ID

Marathon Ashland Petroleum, LLC 0125040071 P002

(2) No person shall use any oil-water separator identified in paragraph (L)(1) of this rule that recovers any liquid organic material which has a vapor pressure of 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute or greater unless the oil-water separator complies with one of the following:

(a) The oil-water separator shall be equipped with a solid cover with all openings sealed and totally enclosing the liquid contents of the compartment. All gauging and sampling devices shall be gas tight except when gauging or sampling is taking place.

(b) The oil-water separator shall be equipped with a floating pontoon or double-deck type cover that includes closure seals to enclose any space between the cover's edge and compartment wall. All gauging and sampling devices shall be gas tight except when gauging or sampling is taking place.

(c) The oil-water separator shall be equipped with a vapor recovery system that reduces the emission of organic compounds into the atmosphere by at least ninety per cent by weight. All gauging and sampling devices shall be gas tight except when gauging or sampling is taking place.

(M) Facility-specific and general control requirements for emissions from operations using liquid organic materials:

(1) The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each article, machine, equipment or other contrivance identified in this paragraph, shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (M)(2) of this rule.

(M)(1) Emissions Units

Owner or Operator Facility ID Emissions Unit ID

TS Trim Industries, Inc. 0125031840 R019-R021, R024, R025

Akzo Nobel 0125040064 J002, P001, P002, P201-P224, P226-P262, P275-P291, P305-P308, P310-P313, P315-P325, P365-P370

Plaskolite, Inc. 0125040915 P013-P015, P042, R001, R003, R004, P052

Core Molding Technologies, Inc. 0125041046 P007

Safety-Kleen Corp. - Hebron Recycle Center 0145020235 P001-P011, P013, P016

Stanley Electric US Company 0149000089 R022, R023

Plastech Engineered Products, Inc. 0204000060 P010, R129-R136

Iten Industries, Inc., Plant 1 0204010112 P003

Pinney Dock and Transport Co. 0204010172 P001

Clean Harbors PPM, LLC 0204010288 P003-P005, L004-L006

Waste Technologies Industries, Inc. 0215020233 T008, T009, T012, T018, T019, T022-T024, T027-T029, T032, T033, T036-T038, T042-T045, T048, T050, T053, T062, T063

Structural North America 0228000101 P004, P005, P007-P009, P011

Kraftmaid Cabinetry, Inc., Middlefield #1 0228000186 K001-K019

Ohio Sealants 0243081155 P001-P003, P012, P015

Chem Development 0243081245 K001

PFF/MFD/STD of Avery Dennison 0243110099 P071 (distillation unit emissions only)

The Lubrizol Corporation, Wickliffe Facility 0243150025 P011, P012

GE Quartz, Inc., Willoughby Plant 0243160086 P016

Noveon, Inc. 0247030004 P007, P008, P020, P026

Degussa Initiators, LLC 0247040079 P001, P006, P010

Cantar/Polyair Corp. 0250110960 P001, P002

Roemer Industries, Inc. 0278000728 P001

Peerless -Winsmith, Inc. 0278080251 P001

A.R.E, Inc., Mt. Eaton Facility 0285000291 R004-R007, R012-R014, R016

The Glidden Company 0322000043 P007-P022

Guardian Manufacturing 0339030016 P001, P002, P004

Union Tank Car Company 0351010025 P002

Eaton INOAC, Co. 0372030199 P008, P019, R009, R011, R018

Continental Structural Plastics 0387000042 R012-R015

Norplas Industries, Inc. 0387000362 R001

Continental Structural Plastics 0388000002 R009

Manufacturers Enameling Corporation 0448010240 K001, K002, K011-K014, K021-K023

Tembec BTLSR, Inc. 0448010370 P001-P003

Decorative Panels International, Inc. 0448011193 K001

Thermoseal, Inc. 0575010161 P001-P005, P008, P009, P011, P012, P015

LESCO, Inc. 0607090125 F005-F007

Plastech Engineered Products, Inc. 0630000007 P007, R016, R018, R019, R021

Merillat Industries, Inc. 0640010020 K002, K003, R007

Mill's Pride, Inc. 0666010033 K001, R001-R004, R011, R013

Kraton Polymers U.S., LLC 0684010011 P004 (wet end only), P006 (wet end only), P007 (wet end only), P010 (wet end only)

BASF Corporation 0819070134 P001, P008-P011, P013-P016, P021-P025, P028, P029, P031

Greenville Technologies, Inc. 0819070190 K001, K002, K003, K005, R001-R003

Florida Production Engineering 0819100218 K001

Troy Laminating and Coating, Inc. 0855140077 P009, P010, P014

Delphi Chassis Systems, Needmore Operations 0857040018 P094, P104, P116

Dupont Electronic Polymers, LP 0857040727 P025, P027

Delphi Chassis Systems, Home Avenue 0857040931 K017

Pitney Bowes 0857090717 P024, P030, P031

Eurand 0857171794 P001, P008, P012-P015, P017, P019, P020

Veolia Environmental Services, LLC 0857751346 P007-P009

Neaton Auto Products Manufacturing, Inc. 0868030155 K016

Rohm and Haas Chemicals, LLC 0868090072 P505-P511, P520, P521, P524

Day-Glo Color Corp. 1318006552 P021

The Chemical Solvents, Inc. 1318007651 P009

Ineos ABS Corporation 1431010054 P001, P021, P022, P042, P047, P048

H.B. Fuller Company 1431052206 P003-P008

Givaudan Flavors Corporation 1431070914 P020

Queen City Barrel Company 1431070953 N001, P012

Richard Miller Water Treatment Plant 1431072596 N004, N005

Spring Grove Resource Recovery 1431072600 J001, T008-T011, P016

Environmental Enterprises 1431072690 P002

Ruetgers Organics Corporation 1431111828 P011, P012, P024-P028, P801, P803

Owens Corning Trumbull 1431302438 P001-P003

PMC Specialties, Inc. 1431390137 P006,P008, P010, P011, P014, P022, P901

St. Bernard Soap Company 1431394137 P001, P104-P107

Alex Fries and Bros., Inc. 1431423764 P002, P003

CDR Pigments and Dispersions 1431483219 P001-P005

Blackhawk Automotive Plastics, Inc. 1483090101 R031, R032

A.R.E., Inc., Massilon 1576131793 K001-K004, P001-P003, P010, P011, T001, T002

Schneller, Inc. 1667040015 K005

Emerald Polymer Additives, LLC 1677010029 P007

PPG Industries, Barberton Plant 1677020009 P098, P099, P110, P114

(2) Each article, machine, equipment or other contrivance identified in paragraph (M)(1) of this rule, or meeting the specifications of paragraph (M)(3)(a) of this rule, shall be equipped with a control system (i.e., capture and control equipment) that reduces the organic compound emissions from the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance by an overall control efficiency of at least eighty-five per cent, by weight. If the reductions are achieved by incineration, ninety per cent or more of the carbon in the organic material being incinerated shall be oxidized to carbon dioxide.

(3) Other operations using liquid organic materials.

(a) Any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance that meets all of the following conditions shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (M)(2) of this rule:

(i) Is an existing source located within a "Priority I" county, as identified in rule 3745-21-06 of the Administrative Code, or a new source, as defined in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code, regardless of location.

(ii) Commenced installation prior to the effective date of this rule.

(iii) Uses a liquid organic material or a substance containing a liquid organic material.

(iv) Is equipped with control equipment for organic compound emissions.

(v) The emissions are not subject to control requirements specified in rule 3745-21-09 , 3745-21-12 , 3745-21-13 , 3745-21-14 , 3745-21-15 , 3745-21-16 , or 3745-21-18 of the Administrative Code.

(vi) Is not specified in paragraph (K)(1), (K)(3), (L)(1), (M)(1) or (N)(1) of this rule.

(vii) Does not meet any of the conditions specified under paragraph (M)(3)(c) of this rule.

(viii) Is not specified in paragraph (M)(3)(d) of this rule.

(ix) Is not fuel burning equipment, as defined in paragraph (B)(5) of rule 3745-17-01 of the Administrative Code.

(b) The owner or operator of any article, machine, equipment, or other contrivance meeting the specifications of paragraph (M)(3)(a) of this rule, and not specified in paragraph (M)(1) of this rule, shall notify Ohio environmental protection agency of the need to be specified in paragraph (M)(1) of this rule. Such notification shall be submitted within ninety days after the effective date of this rule.

(c) Any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance that meets any of the following conditions shall not be subject to the requirements of paragraphs (M)(3)(a) and (M)(3)(b) of this rule:

(i) The article, machine, equipment, or other contrivance commenced installation after the effective date of this rule.

(ii) The uncontrolled potential to emit for organic compound emissions from the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance does not exceed forty pounds per day where uncontrolled potential to emit for organic compound emissions means the capability at maximum capacity of an article, machine, equipment or other contrivance to emit organic compounds under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capability of an article, machine, equipment or other contrivance to emit organic compounds, including restrictions on the hours of operation or on the type or amount of material processed, but not including restrictions pertaining to air pollution control equipment, shall be treated as part of its physical and operational design if the limitation or the effect it would have on organic compound emissions is federally enforceable or legally and practicably enforceable by the state.

(iii) The article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is subject to and complying with a best available technology requirement, pursuant to rule 3745-31-05 of the Administrative Code, that specifies an overall control efficiency for organic compound or VOC emissions that is greater than eighty-five per cent, by weight.

(iv) The article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is subject to and complying with a federal regulation that specifies an overall control efficiency for organic compound or VOC emissions that is greater than eighty-five per cent, by weight.

(v) The article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is subject to and complying with paragraph (M)(3)(g) or (M)(4) of this rule.

(vi) The article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is a heatset web offset printing line that is subject to and complying with a best available technology requirement, pursuant to rule 3745-31-05 of the Administrative Code, that specifies the dryer(s) to be equipped with a control device having either a control efficiency for organic compound or VOC emissions that is equal to or greater than ninety per cent, by weight, or an outlet concentration of less than twenty parts per million, by volume, dry basis for organic compound or VOC emissions(a heatset web offset printing line is an offset lithographic printing line in which the substrate is continuously fed from a roll and a heated oven is used to dry the printing inks).

(vii) The article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is regulated by and complying with Chapter 3745-76 of the Administrative Code.

(d) The following specific articles, machines, equipment or other contrivances shall not be subject to the requirements of paragraphs (M)(3)(a) and (M)(3)(b) of this rule:

(i) Any emissions unit identified in paragraphs (M)(3)(d)(ii) to (M)(3)(d)(x) of this rule that obtains an alternative emission limitation or control requirement pursuant to paragraph (M)(5)(e) of this rule.

(ii) Emissions unit R001 at the "Dee Sign Company" (facility ID 1409000675), provided that the organic compound emissions from the emissions unit are controlled by means of a thermal incinerator that maintains an overall control efficiency of at least 74.1 per cent, by weight, in accordance with permit-to-install 14-2185.

(iii) Emissions units P001, P002, P003, P004, P005, P007, P008, P009 and P010 at "The Nylonge Corporation" (facility ID 0247040822), provided that the organic compound emissions from the emissions units are controlled by means of a packed bed scrubber and biofiltration system that maintain an overall control efficiency of at least eighty per cent, by weight, in accordance with permit-to-install 02-13356.

(iv) Emissions unit P001 at "Fort Amanda Specialties, LLC" (facility ID 0302020097), provided that the organic compound emissions from the emissions unit are controlled by means of a packed bed scrubber that limits emissions to 0.04 pounds per hour, in accordance with permit-to-install 03-5696.

(v) The following emissions units at "Franklin International" (facility ID 0125040070), provided that all the emissions units are controlled by a condenser that limits the VOC emissions to the levels specified below:

(a) For emissions unit P103, eight pounds per hour and forty pounds per day;

(b) For emissions unit P106, 6.5 pounds per hour and 32.3 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-05683;

(c) For emissions unit P107, 6.5 pounds per hour and 32.3 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-05683;

(d) For emissions unit P113, eight pounds per hour and forty pounds per day;

(e) For emissions unit P114, eight pounds per hour and forty pounds per day;

(f) For emissions unit P115, 7.3 pounds per hour and 32.3 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-08402;

(g) For emissions unit P116, 6.5 pounds per hour and 32.3 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-05683;

(h) For emissions unit P124, 4.38 pounds per hour and 21.92 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-05232;

(i) For emissions unit P125, 7.8 pounds per hour and 39.0 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-06303; and

(j) For emissions unit P127, 6.92 pounds per hour and 32.3 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 01-08402.

(vi) Emissions unit R201 at "Honda Marysville Auto Plant" (facility ID 0180000130), provided that this emissions unit is equipped with capture and control equipment that provide not less than an eighty-one per cent reduction, by weight, in the overall organic compound emissions from the application and drying of plastic part coatings within this emissions unit. For any reductions that are achieved by incineration, the incineration equipment shall provide not less than ninety per cent, by weight, destruction (control) efficiency.

(vii) The following emissions units at "Honda Anna Engine Plant" (facility ID 0575000174), provided that VOC emissions are controlled and limited as follows:

(a) For emissions unit P087, use of a wet scrubber only when the binder system employs triethylamine to complete the reaction, 1.82 pounds per hour of stack emissions, 0.008 pounds per hour of fugitive emissions, and 40.0 pounds per day of stack and fugitive emissions combined, in accordance with permit-to-install 05-12593; and

(b) For emissions unit P097, 8 pounds per hour, and 40 pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 05-14422.

(viii) Deco Booth 1 and Mask Washers associated with emissions unit K003 at "Florida Production Engineering" (facility ID 0819100218), provided that the organic compound emissions from the emissions unit are controlled by means of a capture system and thermal oxidizer that meet the following, in accordance with permit-to-install 08-04088:

(a) The capture system has a capture efficiency of at least eighty per cent (by weight for organic compound emissions) and is vented to the thermal oxidizer; and

(b) The thermal oxidizer is operating with a destruction efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent (by weight for organic compound emissions), or the total organic compound concentration at the outlet is less than fifteen parts per million by volume as propane on a dry basis, whichever is less stringent.

(ix) Emissions unit P080 at "PPG Industries, Barberton Plant" (facility ID 1677020009), provided that the organic compound emissions are limited to less than forty pounds per day and are controlled by a flare or other control device when necessary to limit emissions to less than forty pounds per day, in accordance with permit-to-install 16-1102.

(e) "Cooper Standard Automotive, LLC" (facility ID 0387020045) or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Cooper Standard Automotive, LLC" facility located at "1175 North Main Street, Bowling Green, Ohio" shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC from flock line number 1, 2, 3, or 4 (includes emissions units R008, R011, R012, P014, P018 and P021, in accordance with permit-to-install 03-11229, and R029 and P044 in accordance with permit-to-install 03-10454) unless the VOC content of the adhesive or other coating employed within said flock line does not exceed 2.6 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents (as applied).

(f) "GMC-Truck and Bus Group-Moraine" (facility ID 0857101349) or any subsequent owner or operator of the "GMC-Truck and Bus Group-Moraine" facility located at "2601 West Stroop Road, Dayton, Ohio" shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC from the windshield glass system coating operation (emissions unit K031 in accordance with permit-to-install 08-03719) unless each coating employed in said coating operation has a maximum VOC content, as applied, that does not exceed the following, in accordance with permit-to-install 08-3719:

(i) 7.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for the clear prime;

(ii) 5.1 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for the black prime; and

(iii) 0.08 pound of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for the urethane sealer.

(g) Except as provided in paragraphs (M)(3)(h) and (M)(5) of this rule, this paragraph applies to all existing sources located within a "Priority I" county, as identified in rule 3745-21-06 of the Administrative Code, and to all new sources, as defined in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code, regardless of location, for which installation commenced prior to the effective date of this rule. The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each sheet molding compound manufacturing operation shall not discharge from such operation more than forty pounds of organic materials into the atmosphere in any one day, nor more than eight pounds in any one hour, unless said discharge has been reduced by at least eighty-five per cent, by weight. If the reductions are achieved by incineration, ninety per cent or more of the carbon in the organic material being incinerated shall be oxidized to carbon dioxide. A sheet molding compound manufacturing operation is defined as a process which involves the production of a molding compound, that contains a resin, into sheet form. In this manufacturing operation, the molding compound is sandwiched between top and bottom films.

(h) "Venture Holdings Corporation - Conneaut Facility" (facility ID 0204020245) or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Venture Holdings Corporation - Conneaut Facility" located at "333 Gore Road, Conneaut, Ohio" shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of organic compounds or VOC from sheet mold compound machine number 2 (emissions unit P027) unless all of the following requirements are met, in accordance with permit-to-install 02-18224:

(i) Organic compound emissions shall not exceed 61.20 pounds per day from production operations;

(ii) The resin delivery system to the doctor box on each SMC manufacturing machine must be closed or covered (the doctor box itself may be open);

(iii) A nylon containing film must be used to enclose the sheet molding compound; and

(iv) The use of materials containing VOC is prohibited in cleanup and purge.

(4) Except as provided in paragraph (M)(5) of this rule, this paragraph applies to all existing sources located within a "Priority I" county, as identified in rule 3745-21-06 of the Administrative Code, and to all new sources, as defined in rule 3745-15-01 of the Administrative Code, regardless of location, for which installation commenced prior to the effective date of this rule. The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator of each article, machine, equipment or other contrivance in which any liquid organic material or substance containing liquid organic material comes into contact with flame or is baked, heat-cured, or heat-polymerized, in the presence of oxygen, and is not specified in paragraph (M)(1) of this rule, shall not discharge from such source more than fifteen pounds of organic materials into the atmosphere in any one day, nor more than three pounds in any one hour, unless said discharge has been reduced by at least eighty-five per cent, by weight. If the reductions are achieved by incineration, ninety per cent or more of the carbon in the organic material being incinerated shall be oxidized to carbon dioxide.

(5) Exemptions.

(a) The provisions of paragraph (M)(2) of this rule shall not apply to the use of any cleanup material in any article, machine, equipment, or other contrivance described in paragraph (M)(2) of this rule.

(b) The provisions of paragraphs (M)(2), (M)(3)(a) and (M)(4) of this rule shall not apply to the emission from any material used in any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance described in paragraphs (M)(2), (M)(3)(a) and (M)(4) of this rule if the emission is not a VOC.

(c) The provisions of paragraph (M)(2) of this rule shall not apply to the use, in any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance described in paragraph (M)(2) of this rule, of liquid organic materials which exhibit a boiling point higher than two hundred degrees Fahrenheit at 0.5 millimeter mercury absolute pressure, or having an equivalent vapor pressure, unless such liquid organic material is exposed to temperatures exceeding two hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit.

(d) The provisions of paragraph (M)(4) of this rule shall not apply if:

(i) The volatile content of the material described in paragraph (M)(4) of this rule consists only of water and liquid organic material, and the liquid organic material comprises not more than twenty per cent, by volume, of said volatile content; or

(ii) The volatile content of the material described in paragraph (M)(4) of this rule does not exceed twenty per cent by volume of said material.

(e) The provisions of paragraphs (M)(2), (M)(3)(d), (M)(3)(e), (M)(3)(f), (M)(3)(g), (M)(3)(h) and (M)(4) of this rule shall not apply if all the following conditions are met:

(i) The director has determined that best available technology for the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance, as required by rule 3745-31-05 of the Administrative Code, is a control requirement or emission limitation that is either less stringent than or inconsistent with the requirements of paragraph (M) of this rule. Best available technology shall be defined in accordance with division (F) of section 3704.01 of the Revised Code and, for purposes of this paragraph, shall provide, where an emission limitation is applicable, the lowest emission limitation that the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance is capable of meeting by the application of control technology that is reasonably available considering technological and economic feasibility. Also, for an article, machine, equipment or other contrivance located within an ozone nonattainment area, the best available technology determination must comply with section 193 of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990, general savings clause.

(ii) The USEPA has informed the Ohio environmental protection agency, in writing, prior to the issuance of a final permit-to-install for the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance, that the USEPA has no objection to the issuance of the final permit and the control requirement or emission limitation specified therein.

(iii) A final permit-to-install has been issued for the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 of the Administrative Code. The permit-to-install shall contain terms and conditions that are consistent with the approval granted by the USEPA pursuant to paragraph (M)(5)(e)(ii) of this rule, and that specify the control requirement or emission limitation that is the basis for the director's best available technology determination for the article, machine, equipment or other contrivance, as described in paragraph (M)(5)(e)(i) of this rule. The permit-to-install shall be issued by the Ohio environmental protection agency in a manner that makes the control requirement or emission limitation federally enforceable.

(f) The provisions of paragraph (M) of this rule shall not apply to the emissions resulting from the use of any liquid organic materials in any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance if those emissions are regulated by rule 3745-21-09 , 3745-21-12 , 3745-21-13 , 3745-21-14 , 3745-21-15 , 3745-21-16 , or 3745-21-18 of the Administrative Code.

(g) The provisions of paragraphs (M)(3)(a), (M)(3)(b), (M)(3)(g) and (M)(4) of this rule shall not apply to sources that are located in Darke, Fairfield, Madison, Perry, Pickaway, Preble or Union county and that are within a facility having the potential to emit not more than one hundred tons of organic compounds per calendar year.

(h) The provisions of paragraph (M)(3)(g) of this rule shall not apply to any sheet molding compound manufacturing operation (machine) in which all of the following requirements are met:

(i) The resin delivery system to the doctor box on the sheet molding compound manufacturing machine must be closed or covered (the doctor box itself may be open). A doctor box is defined as the box or trough on a sheet molding compound manufacturing machine into which the liquid resin paste is delivered before it is metered onto the carrier film.

(ii) A nylon containing film must be used to enclose the sheet molding compound.

(N) Facility-specific control requirements for waste gas flare systems:

(1) The owner or operator, or any subsequent owner or operator, of each waste gas flare system identified in this paragraph shall comply with the control requirements specified in paragraph (N)(2) of this rule:

(N)(1) Emissions Units

Owner or Operator Facility ID Emissions Unit ID

City of Urbana 0511010123 P001

CECOS International 1413000186 P001

(2) The waste gas flare system identified in paragraph (N)(1) of this rule shall employ a smokeless flare or equally effective control equipment for organic compound emissions.

(3) "Aircraft Braking Systems Corp." (facility ID 1677010999) or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Aircraft Braking Systems Corp." facility located at "1204 Massillon Road, Akron, Ohio" shall not emit a waste gas stream into the atmosphere from emissions units P036, P037, P038, P039, P040, P041, and P044 unless such waste gas stream is properly burned at 1300 degrees Fahrenheit for 0.3 seconds or greater in a direct-flame afterburner or equally effective control device for organic compound emissions.

Replaces: 3745-21-07

Effective: 02/18/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/18/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 2/15/72, 10/19/79, 10/31/96, 6/15/99

3745-21-08 Control of carbon monoxide emissions from stationary sources.

(A) (Reserved)

(B) (Reserved)

(C) (Reserved)

(D) No person shall install a "new source", as defined by rule 3745-31-01 of the Administrative Code, from which the carbon monoxide gases generated during the operation of a grey iron cupola, blast furnace, or basic oxygen steel furnace are emitted into the atmosphere, unless they are burned at one thousand three hundred degrees Fahrenheit for 0.3 seconds or greater in a direct-flame afterburner or equivalent device equipped with an indicating pyrometer which is positioned in the working area at the operator's eye level.

(E) No person shall install a "new source", as defined by rule 3745-31-01 of the Administrative Code, from which the carbon monoxide waste gas stream from any petroleum fluid coker or other petroleum process, except for a catalyst regeneration process associated with a petroleum cracking system, is emitted into the atmosphere, unless the waste gas stream is burned at one thousand three hundred degrees Fahrenheit for 0.3 seconds or greater in a direct-flame afterburner or boiler equipped with an indicating pyrometer which is positioned in the working area at the operator's eye level.

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 2/15/1972, 10/19/1979, 11/5/2002

3745-21-09 Control of emissions of volatile organic compounds from stationary sources and perchloroethylene from dry cleaning facilities.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (JJ) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code titled "Reference to materials."]

(A) Applicability.

(1) In Ashtabula, Butler, Clark, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Delaware, Franklin, Geauga, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Licking, Lorain, Lucas, Mahoning, Medina, Miami, Montgomery, Portage, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Warren and Wood counties, the requirements of paragraphs (C) to (M), (O)(2)(a) to (O)(2)(d), (O)(3) to (O)(6), (P), (Q), (R), (T), (U), and (W) to (EE) of this rule shall apply to all sources regardless of date of construction or modification.

(2) The requirements of paragraphs (N) and (V) of this rule shall apply state-wide.

(3) For sources located in counties not listed in paragraph (A)(1) of this rule:

(a) The requirements of paragraphs (C) to (M), (O)(2)(a) to (O)(2)(d), (O)(3) to (O)(6), (P), (Q) and (R) of this rule shall apply to all sources:

(i) For which the construction or modification commenced on or after October 19, 1979; or

(ii) Which are located at a facility having the potential to emit a total of one hundred tons or more of VOC per calendar year.

(b) The requirements of paragraphs (T), (U), and (W) to (AA) of this rule shall apply to all sources:

(i) For which the construction or modification commenced on or after March 27, 1981; or

(ii) Which are located at a facility having the potential to emit a total of one hundred tons or more of VOC per calendar year.

(c) The requirements of paragraphs (BB) to (EE) of this rule shall apply to all sources:

(i) For which the construction or modification commenced on or after May 9, 1986; or

(ii) Which are located at a facility having the potential to emit a total of one hundred tons or more of VOC per calendar year.

(4) The requirements of paragraph (DDD) of this rule shall apply to all sources, regardless of date of construction or modification, that are located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clark, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Miami, Montgomery, Portage, Summit, or Warren county.

(5) The requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e) of this rule shall apply to any facility that has sources regardless of date of construction or modification that are located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clark, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Miami, Montgomery, Portage, Summit, or Warren county.

(6) The requirements of paragraph (HH) of this rule shall apply to all coating lines for automotive/transportation plastic parts and/or for business machine plastic parts if the facility containing said coating lines meets all of the following criteria:

(a) The facility is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county; and

(b) The facility has a combined total potential to emit for VOC emissions equal to or greater than one hundred tons of VOC per calendar year on or after August 25, 2008 from all of the following:

(i) Surface coating of automotive/transportation plastic parts and/or business machine plastic parts;

(ii) All non-CTG sources; and

(iii) Unregulated emissions from CTG sources except sources regulated under Subparts BBB, III, NNN, and RRR of 40 CFR Part 60 and sources regulated under Subpart T of 40 CFR Part 63.

For the purpose of this paragraph, a source shall be considered regulated by a paragraph or rule if it is subject to the limits of that paragraph or rule. A source is not considered regulated by a paragraph or rule if it is not subject to the limits of that paragraph or rule. For example, if the source is covered by an exemption in the paragraph or rule, or the applicability criteria of the paragraph or rule are not met, then the source is not subject to that paragraph or rule. A source is also not considered regulated by a CTG if there is no rule contained in this chapter regulating the source category corresponding to that CTG.

(7) Additional requirements or requirements which are more stringent than those specified in this rule may be applicable to new sources pursuant to rule 3745-31-05 of the Administrative Code.

(B) General provisions.

(1) Except as otherwise provided by this rule, compliance with the limitations specified in paragraphs (C) to (K), (S), (U), (Y), (FF), (HH), (II), (OO), (PP) and (XX) of this rule is based upon a weighted average by volume of all coating materials employed in the coating line or printing line in any one day. The VOC contents and densities of the coating materials subject to paragraphs (C) to (K), (S), (U), (Y), (FF), (HH), (II), (OO), (PP) and (XX) of this rule shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. The VOC emission rate, capture efficiency and control efficiency for coating lines or printing lines subject to paragraphs (C) to (K), (S), (U), (Y), (FF), (HH), (NN), (PP), and (XX) of this rule shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. The averaging of VOC emissions over two or more coating lines and/or printing lines in order to demonstrate compliance with an applicable emission limitation (i.e., cross-line averaging) is prohibited except as otherwise provided in this rule.

(2) Any approval granted by the director in accordance with paragraphs (I)(2), (K)(3), (L)(1)(a)(ii), (O)(2)(c)(iii), (O)(3)(c)(v), (O)(4)(a)(iii), (T)(4), (W)(1)(a)(ii), (W)(1)(c)(ii), (Z)(1)(a)(vii), (Z)(1)(b)(ii)(e), (Z)(1)(b)(iii)(c), (DD)(3)(e), (DD)(16), and (DD)(17)(b)(iii) of this rule must be approved by the USEPA as a revision of the state implementation plan.

(3) Recordkeeping and reporting requirements for coating lines and printing lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by this rule, the owner or operator of a coating line or printing line subject to paragraphs (C) to (K), (S), (U), (Y), (FF), (HH), (II), (NN) to (PP), or (XX) of this rule, or subject to rule 3745-21-24 or 3745-21-26 of the Administrative Code shall demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable emissions limitations and/or control requirements by means of one of the recordkeeping and reporting requirement alternatives specified in this paragraph.

(b) Any owner or operator of a coating line which is exempt from the emission limitations specified in paragraph (I) or (U) of this rule because the combined VOC emissions from all such coating lines at the facility are less than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls) shall collect and record the information each day and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating, as applied.

(ii) The mass of VOC per volume (excluding water and exempt solvents) and the volume of each coating (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied, used each day.

(iii) The total VOC emissions at the facility, as calculated using the following equation:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-1.png

where:

T = Total VOC emissions from the combined coating lines before the application of capture systems and control devices, in units of pounds per day;

n = Number of different coatings applied in the coating lines at the facility;

i = Subscript denoting an individual coating;

Ai = Mass of VOC per volume of coating (i) (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied, used at the facility, in units of pounds VOC per gallon; and

Bi = Volume of coating (i) (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied, used at the facility, in units of gallons per day. The instrument or method by which the owner or operator accurately measured or calculated the volume of each coating, as applied, shall also be described in the certification to the director.

(c) Any owner or operator of a coating line referenced in paragraph (B)(3)(b) of this rule shall notify the director of any daily record showing that the combined VOC emissions from all such coating lines at the facility are equal to or greater than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls). A copy of such record shall be sent to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(d) Any owner or operator of a coating line which is exempt from the emission limitations specified in paragraph (U)(1) of this rule, pursuant to paragraph (U)(2)(e) of this rule, shall collect and record the following information each day for each such coating line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating employed in the coating line.

(ii) The volume, in gallons, of each coating employed in the coating line.

(iii) The total volume, in gallons, of all of the coatings employed in the coating line.

(e) Any owner or operator of a coating line referenced in paragraph (B)(3)(d) of this rule shall notify the director of any daily record showing that the coating line employs more than the applicable maximum daily coating usage limit. A copy of such record shall be sent to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(f) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable emission limitation by means of the use of complying coatings (i.e., each coating complies with the applicable emission limitation as applied) shall collect and record the following information each month and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating, as applied.

(ii) The mass of VOC per volume of each coating (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied.

This information does not have to be kept on a line-by-line basis. Also, if an owner or operator mixes complying coatings at a coating line, it is not necessary to record the VOC content of the resulting mixture.

(g) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line referenced in paragraph (B)(3)(f) of this rule shall notify the director of any monthly record showing the use of noncomplying coatings. A copy of such record shall be sent to the director within thirty days following the end of the calendar month.

(h) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable emission limitation by means of a daily volume-weighted average VOC content shall collect and record the following information each day for the coating line or printing line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating, as applied.

(ii) The mass of VOC per volume (excluding water and exempt solvents) and the volume of each coating (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied.

(iii) The daily volume-weighted average VOC content of all coatings, as applied, calculated in accordance with the equation specified in paragraph (B)(9) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code for Cvoc,2.

(i) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line referenced in paragraph (B)(3)(h) of this rule shall notify the director of any daily record showing that the daily volume-weighted average VOC content exceeds the applicable emission limitation. A copy of such record shall be sent to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(j) Any owner or operator of a coating line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitation by means of control equipment shall collect and record the following information each day for the coating line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating used.

(ii) The mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied, the volume solids content, as applied, and the volume, as applied, of each coating.

(iii) The maximum VOC content (mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied) or the daily volume-weighted average VOC content (mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied) of all the coatings.

(iv) The calculated, controlled VOC emission rate, in mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied. The controlled VOC emission rate shall be calculated using (a) either the maximum VOC content or the daily volume-weighted VOC content recorded in accordance with paragraph (B)(3)(j)(iii) of this rule and (b) the overall control efficiency for the control equipment as determined during the most recent emission test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(v) A log or record of operating time for the capture (collection) system, control device, monitoring equipment, and the associated coating line.

(vi) For thermal incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(vii) For catalytic incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature of the process vent stream immediately before the catalyst bed is more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average temperature of the process vent stream during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance, and all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than eighty per cent of the average temperature differences during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(viii) For carbon adsorbers, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average VOC concentration or reading of organics in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the average exhaust gas concentration or reading measured by the organics monitoring device during the most recent determination of the recovery efficiency of the carbon adsorber that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(k) Any owner or operator of a coating line referenced in paragraph (B)(3)(j) of this rule shall notify the director of any daily record showing that the calculated, controlled VOC emission rate exceeds the applicable pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitation. A copy of such record shall be sent to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(l) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable capture and control efficiency requirements or overall control efficiency requirements contained in paragraph (B)(6), (H), (Y), (NN), (PP), or (XX) of this rule shall collect and record the following information each day for the control equipment and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) A log of operating time for the capture (collection) system, control device, monitoring equipment, and the associated coating line or printing line.

(ii) For thermal incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(iii) For catalytic incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature of the process vent stream immediately before the catalyst bed is more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average temperature of the process vent stream during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance, and all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than eighty per cent of the average temperature difference during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(iv) For carbon adsorbers, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average VOC concentration or reading of organics in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the average exhaust gas concentration or reading measured by the organics monitoring device during the most recent determination of the recovery efficiency of the carbon adsorber that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(m) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line referenced in paragraphs (B)(3)(j) and (B)(3)(l) of this rule shall submit to the director quarterly summaries of the records required by paragraphs (B)(3)(j)(v) to (B)(3)(j)(viii) and (B)(3)(l)(i) to (B)(3)(l)(iv) of this rule. These quarterly reports shall be submitted by April thirtieth, July thirty-first, October thirty-first, and January thirty-first, and shall cover the records for the previous calendar quarters.

(n) Any owner or operator of a coating line or printing line referenced in paragraphs (B)(3)(j) and (B)(3)(l) of this rule shall install and operate continuous monitoring and recording devices (i.e., for temperature or VOC concentration) and, if necessary, perform emission tests for the coating line or printing line to enable the recordkeeping required by paragraphs (B)(3)(j)(vi) to (B)(3)(j)(viii) and (B)(3)(l)(ii) to (b)(3)(l)(iv) of this rule. The continuous monitoring and recording devices shall be installed and placed in operation either within one hundred eighty days of the March 31, 1993 or by the date of operation of any new control equipment installed for the coating line or printing line after March 31, 1993 to achieve compliance with the VOC control requirements of this rule. The continuous monitoring and recording devices shall be capable of accurately measuring the desired parameter, and the owner or operator shall properly operate and maintain the devices in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

(4) Recordkeeping and reporting requirements for sources other than coating lines and printing lines.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by this rule, the owner or operator of a source other than a coating line or printing line that is subject to paragraphs (O), (W), (CC), (X), (EE), (KK) to (MM), (SS) to (VV), or (YY) to (BBB) of this rule shall demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable emissions limitations and/or control requirements by means of one of the recordkeeping and reporting requirement alternatives specified in this paragraph.

(b) Any owner or operator of a source referenced in paragraph (B)(4)(a) of this rule who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable emission limitation or control requirement by means of control equipment shall collect and record the following information each day for the source and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) A log or record of operating time for the capture (collection) system, control device, monitoring equipment, and the associated source.

(ii) For thermal incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(iii) For catalytic incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature of the process vent stream immediately before the catalyst bed is more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average temperature of the process vent stream during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance, and all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than eighty per cent of the average temperature difference during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(iv) Where an absorber is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is used, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average concentration level or reading of organic compounds in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(v) Where an absorber is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is not used:

(a) All three-hour periods of operation during which the average absorbing liquid temperature was more than twenty degrees Fahrenheit above the average absorbing liquid temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance; or

(b) All three-hour periods of operation during which the average absorbing liquid specific gravity was more than 0.1 unit above, or more than 0.1 unit below the average absorbing liquid specific gravity during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance (unless monitoring of an alternative parameter, which is a measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation, is approved by the director, in which case the director will define appropriate parameter boundaries and periods of operation during which they are exceeded).

(vi) Where a carbon absorber is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is used, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average concentration level or reading of organic compounds in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(vii) Where a carbon adsorber is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is not used:

(a) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the total mass steam flow rate was more than ten per cent below the total mass steam flow during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance; or

(b) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the temperature of the carbon bed after regeneration (and after completion of any cooling cycle(s)) was more than ten per cent greater than the carbon bed temperature (in degrees Celsius) during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(viii) Where a condenser is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is used, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average concentration level or reading of organic compounds in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(ix) When a condenser is the final control device and an organic monitoring device is not used, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average exit (product side) condenser operating temperature was more than eleven degrees Fahrenheit above the average exit (product side) operating temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(x) For flares, all periods during which the electric arc ignition system or pilot flame is not functioning properly.

(c) Any owner or operator of a source referenced in paragraph (B)(4)(a) of this rule shall submit to the director quarterly summaries of the records required by paragraph (B)(4)(b) of this rule. These quarterly reports shall be submitted by April thirtieth, July thirty-first, October thirty-first, and January thirty-first, and shall cover the records for the previous calendar quarters.

(d) Any owner or operator of a source referenced in paragraph (B)(4)(a) of this rule shall install and operate continuous monitoring and recording devices (i.e., for temperature, VOC concentration, arcing of an electric arc ignition system, or presence of a pilot flame) and, if necessary, perform emission tests for the source to enable the recordkeeping required by paragraph (B)(4)(b) of this rule. The continuous monitoring and recording devices shall be installed and placed in operation either within one hundred eighty days of March 31, 1993 or by the date of operation of any new control equipment installed for the source after March 31, 1993 to achieve compliance with the VOC control requirements of this rule. The continuous monitoring and recording devices shall be capable of accurately measuring the desired parameter, and the owner or operator shall properly operate and maintain the devices in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

(5) Any owner or operator of a coating line, printing line, or other source that is subject to the recordkeeping and reporting requirements contained in paragraph (B)(3) or (B)(4) of this rule may propose to the director an alternative recordkeeping and reporting program. If the alternative recordkeeping and reporting program is approved by the director, it shall supersede the requirements of paragraph (B)(3) or (B)(4) of this rule and shall be specified in the terms and conditions of the permit, variance, or order issued by the director for the coating line, printing line, or other source. Any alternative recordkeeping and reporting program approved by the director also must be approved by the USEPA as a revision to the state implementation plan.

(6) In lieu of complying with the pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitations contained in paragraphs (D), (E), (F)(1), (G), (I)(1), (J), (K)(1), (U), and (HH) of this rule, any owner or operator of a coating line that employs a control system may choose to demonstrate that the capture and control equipment provide not less than an eighty one per cent reduction, by weight, in the overall VOC emissions from the coating line and that the control equipment has an efficiency of not less than ninety per cent, by weight, for the VOC emissions vented to the control equipment. In such cases, the owner or operator shall comply with the certification and permit application requirements specified in paragraph (B)(3) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code and shall achieve compliance with the overall VOC emission reduction and control efficiency requirements in accordance with the applicable compliance schedules contained in paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code. Also, in such cases, the owner or operator of the coating line shall be subject to the recordkeeping and reporting requirements contained in paragraph (B)(3)(l) of this rule.

(7) In lieu of complying with the pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitations contained in paragraphs (I)(4) and (K)(6) of this rule, any owner or operator of a coating line that employs a control system may choose to demonstrate that the capture and control equipment provide not less than a ninety per cent reduction, by weight, in the overall VOC emissions from the coating line and that the control equipment has an efficiency of not less than ninety per cent, by weight, for the VOC emissions vented to the control equipment. In such cases, the owner or operator shall comply with the certification and permit application requirements specified in paragraph (B)(3)(b) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code and shall achieve compliance with the overall VOC emission reduction and control efficiency requirements in accordance with the applicable compliance schedules contained in paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code. Also, in such cases, the owner or operator of the coating line shall be subject to the recordkeeping and reporting requirements contained in paragraph (B)(3)(l) of this rule.

(C) Surface coating of automobiles and light-duty trucks.

For any source located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county subject to paragraph (C) of this rule, the requirement to comply with paragraph (C) of this rule shall terminate at such time the source becomes subject to and complies with rule 3745-21-29 of the Administrative Code.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(2), (C)(3) and (C)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC after the dates specified in rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the following:

(a) For a prime coat coating line employing electrodeposition,

(i) 1.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 1.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from the electrodeposition coating line; or

(ii) 1.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from any electrodeposition (EDP) coating line when the solids turnover ratio (RT) is 0.16 or greater. RT shall be calculated as follows:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-2.png

where:

TV = total volume of coating solids that is added to the EDP coating line in a calendar month (gallons).

LE = volume design capacity of the EDP system, which is the total liquid volume contained in the EDP system's tanks, pumps, recirculating lines, filters, etc. at the system's designed liquid operating level (gallons); or

(iii) 1.4 # 350( 0.160 -RT) pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from any EDP coating line when RT, calculated according to the equation in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(ii) of this rule, is greater than or equal to 0.040 and less than 0.160; or

(iv) When RT, calculated according to the equation in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(ii) of this rule, is less than 0.040 for any EDP coating line, there is no emission limit; and

(v) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or 15.1 pounds VOC per gallon of deposited solids from the guidecoat or surfacer coating line. (Antichip coatings applied to automobile and light-duty truck components such as rocker panels, the bottom edges of doors and fenders, and the leading edge of the roof, are considered to be guidecoat or surfacer coatings.)

(b) For a prime coat coating line not employing electrodeposition, 1.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 2.6 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids.

(c) For a topcoat coating line, 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or 15.1 pounds VOC per gallon of deposited solids.

(d) For a final repair coating line, 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 13.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids.

(2) The emission limitations specified in paragraph (C)(1) of this rule shall apply to the application of surface coatings, except sound-proofing materials, to the frame, main body, interior panels and exterior sheet metal such as the hood, trunk lid, fenders, cargo boxes, doors and grill openings of an automobile or light-duty truck and to other parts that are coated along with these bodies or body parts. The emission limitation specified in paragraph (C)(1)(c) of this rule is a daily volume-weighted average of the entire topcoat operation (i.e., all spray booths, flash-off areas and bake ovens where topcoat coatings are applied, dried, and cured, except those spray booths, flash-off areas and bake ovens in the final repair coating line). The emission limitation specified in paragraph (C)(1)(a)(v) of this rule is a daily volume-weighted average of the entire guidecoat and surfacer operation (i.e., all spray booths, flash-off areas and bake ovens where guidecoat and surfacer coatings are applied, dried, and cured, except those spray booths, flash-off areas and bake ovens in the final repair topcoat coating line).

(3) When an owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant chooses to comply with the pounds VOC per gallon of deposited solids limitation specified in paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(v) and (C)(1)(c) of this rule, the test method for determining the transfer efficiency of the coating line and for determining compliance of the coating line with applicable emission limitations shall be in accordance with the publication specified in paragraph (C)(4) of this rule.

(4) As expeditiously as practicable but not later than December 1, 1990 for any topcoat coating line and not later than July 1, 1995 for any guidecoat or surfacer coating line, any owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant shall maintain daily records for the guidecoat or surfacer coating line and for the topcoat coating line and shall demonstrate compliance with paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(v) and (C)(1)(c) of this rule in accordance with the USEPA publication entitled "Protocol for Determining the Daily Volatile Organic Compound Emission Rate of Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Topcoat Operations". A copy of records indicating an exceedance of paragraphs (C)(1)(a)(v) and (C)(1)(c) of this rule limitations shall be sent to the director within thirty days following the end of the calendar month. These recordkeeping and reporting requirements are in lieu of those contained in paragraph (B)(3) of this rule.

(5) Compliance with the limitation specified in paragraph (C)(1)(d) of this rule is based upon a weighted average by volume of all coating materials employed in the final repair coating line in any one month. Any owner or operator of a final repair coating line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance by means of a monthly volume-weighted average VOC content shall meet the following recordkeeping and reporting requirements:

(a) Recordkeeping.

The owner or operator shall collect and record the following information each month for the final repair coating line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating, as applied.

(ii) The mass of VOC per volume (excluding water and exempt solvents) and the volume of each coating (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied.

(iii) The monthly volume-weighted average VOC content of all coatings, as applied, calculated in accordance with the equation specified in paragraph (B)(9) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code for (CVOC,2)A.

(b) Reporting.

The owner or operator shall notify the director of any monthly record showing that the monthly volume-weighted average VOC content exceeds the applicable emission limitation. A copy of such monthly record shall be sent to the director within thirty days following the end of the calendar month.

(6) An owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant may choose to comply with the following requirements in lieu of those in paragraphs (C)(1)(a) to (C)(1)(d) of this rule if the maximum number of motor vehicles assembled is less than thirty-five per day:

No owner or operator of an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC in excess of the following:

(a) 5.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for guidecoats, automotive primer-sealers and automotive primer-surfacers, or, if a control system is employed, 15.6 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids, as applied.

(b) 5.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for automotive topcoats or, if a control system is employed, 20.3 pounds VOC per gallon of solids, as applied.

(7) An owner or operator of the applicable coating line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with paragraph (C)(6) by means of a monthly volume-weighted average VOC content shall meet the following recordkeeping and reporting requirements:

(a) Recordkeeping.

The owner or operator shall collect and record the following information each month for the coating line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(i) The name and identification number of each coating, as applied.

(ii) The mass of VOC per volume (excluding water and exempt solvents) and the volume of each coating (excluding water and exempt solvents), as applied.

(iii) The monthly volume-weighted average VOC content of all coatings, as applied, calculated in accordance with the equation specified in paragraph (B)(9) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code for (Cvoc,2)A.

(b) Reporting.

The owner or operator shall notify the director of any monthly record showing that the monthly volume-weighted average VOC content exceeds the applicable emission limitation. A copy of such monthly record shall be sent to the director within thirty days following the end of the calendar month.

(8) Any owner or operator of a coating line who elects to demonstrate the ongoing status of compliance with the applicable pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitation as specified in paragraph (C)(1)(d), (C)(6)(a), or (C)(6)(b) of this rule by means of control equipment shall collect and record the following information each month for the coating line and maintain the information at the facility for a period of three years:

(a) The name and identification number of each coating used.

(b) The mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied, the volume solids content, as applied, and the volume, as applied, of each coating.

(c) The maximum VOC content (mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied) or the monthly volume-weighted average VOC content (mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied) of all the coatings.

(d) The calculated, controlled VOC emission rate, in mass of VOC per unit volume of coating solids, as applied. The controlled VOC emission rate shall be calculated using the following.

(i) Either the maximum VOC content or the monthly volume-weighted VOC content recorded in accordance with paragraph (B)(3)(j)(iii) of this rule.

(ii) The overall control efficiency for the control equipment as determined during the most recent emission test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(e) A log or record of operating time for the capture (collection) system, control device, monitoring equipment, and the associated coating line.

(f) For thermal incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(g) For catalytic incinerators, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature of the process vent stream immediately before the catalyst bed is more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average temperature of the process vent stream during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance, and all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than eighty per cent of the average temperature differences during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(h) For carbon adsorbers, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average VOC concentration or reading of organics in the exhaust gases is more than twenty per cent greater than the average exhaust gas concentration or reading measured by the organics monitoring device during the most recent determination of the recovery efficiency of the carbon adsorber that demonstrated that the source was in compliance.

(9) Any owner or operator of a coating line referenced in paragraph (C)(7) of this rule shall notify the director of any monthly record showing that the calculated, controlled VOC emission rate exceeds the applicable pounds of VOC per gallon of solids limitation. A copy of such monthly record shall be sent to the director within thirty days following the end of the calendar month.

(D) Surface coating of cans.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a two-piece can coating operation may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any volatile organic compounds after the date specified in paragraph (C)(3) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the following:

(a) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a basecoat coating line;

(b) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an overvarnish coating line;

(c) 4.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 9.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an interior body coating line;

(d) 4.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 9.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an exterior bottom end coating line; and

(e) 3.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 7.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an end sealing compound coating line.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a three-piece can coating operation may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any volatile organic compounds after the date specified in paragraph (C)(3) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the following:

(a) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a basecoat coating line;

(b) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an overvarnish coating line;

(c) 4.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 9.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an interior body coating line;

(d) 5.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 21.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a side-seam coating line; and

(e) 3.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 7.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from an end sealing compound coating line.

(3) Alternative daily emission limitation:

(a) Any owner or operator of a two-piece or three-piece can coating operation may obtain from the director an alternative daily emission limitation for the emission limitations specified in paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule. The alternative daily emission limitation shall be determined according to paragraph (D)(3)(b) of this rule and the actual daily emission shall be determined according to paragraph (D)(3)(c) of this rule. Prior to obtaining the alternative daily emission limitation, the owner or operator shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director that the actual daily emission will not exceed the alternative daily emission limitation after the date specified in paragraph (C)(3) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code and that the record-keeping requirements of paragraph (D)(3)(d) of this rule shall be met.

(b) The alternative daily emission limitation (Ad) shall be determined on a daily basis as follows:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-3.png

Where Ad = pounds of VOC emissions allowed for the day,

C = VOC content of surface coating employed, in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents,

D = density of VOC content of surface coating employed, in pounds of VOC per gallon of VOC (a standard density of 7.36 may be used if it is used for all surface coatings employed),

V = volume of surface coating employed for the day, in gallons (excluding water and exempt solvents),

L = emission limitation for the surface coating employed as specified in paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule, in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating (excluding water and exempt solvents),

i = subscript denoting a specific surface coating employed, and

n = total number of surface coatings employed in can coating operation.

(c) The actual daily emission (Ed) shall be determined on a daily basis as follows:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-4.png

Where Ed = actual pounds of VOC emissions for the day,

F = fraction by weight of VOC emissions from the surface coating reduced or prevented from being emitted by control equipment, and V, C, i and n are defined as in paragraph (D)(3)(b) of this rule.

(d) Record-keeping requirements:

(i) Daily records shall be maintained for a period of not less than two years which list the usage of surface coatings or which list other data, as authorized by the director, that approximate the usage of surface coatings. The following data shall be listed for each surface coating being recorded: VOC content (in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents), density of VOC content of coating (in pounds of VOC per gallon of VOC) unless the standard density of 7.36 is recorded, and the type of surface coating according to the classification contained within paragraphs (D)(1) and (D)(2) of this rule.

(ii) Daily records shall be maintained for a period of not less than two years which include the following for any control equipment designed to reduce or prevent the emission of VOC: downtime, any operational problems and/or malfunctions which reduce the effective control efficiency, and the average control efficiency, if less than the normally expected control efficiency.

(iii) Other records shall be maintained, as deemed necessary by the director, in order to provide information on VOC emissions and/or compliance with the alternative daily emission limitation.

(E) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (B)(6) and (D) of this rule, no owner or operator of a coil coating line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(4) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 2.6 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating line.

(F) Paper coating lines.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a paper coating line which has a maximum application of coating materials greater than three gallons in any one day may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any volatile organic compounds after the date specified in paragraph (C)(5) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 2.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from such paper coating line.

(2) In addition to the requirements specified in paragraph (F)(1) of this rule, the following requirements are applicable to all paper coating lines located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Summit counties.

(a) Any owner or operator of a paper coating line with potential emissions that are equal to or greater than 25.0 tons per year of VOC before the application of capture and control devices shall comply with either of the following requirements for the coating line:

(i) Employ a control system in order to reduce VOC emissions from the paper coating line by at least ninety per cent or maintain a maximum VOC outlet concentration of twenty ppmv on a dry basis, whichever is less stringent.

(ii) Employ coatings in the paper coating line that comply with the following VOC content limitations:

VOC content limitations

Coating Type

Pound of VOC/Pound of Coating

pressure surface coatings (not including pressure sensitive tape and labels)

0.08

pressure sensitive tape and label surface coatings

0.067

(b) Work practice standards for cleaning materials.

Unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled by an approved emission control system with an overall control efficiency of at least ninety per cent, any person using an organic solvent for cleanup shall:

(i) Store all VOC containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;

(ii) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;

(iii) Minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;

(iv) Convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and

(v) Minimize VOC emission from cleaning of storage, mixing, and conveying equipment.

(G) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a fabric coating line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(6) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 2.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a fabric coating line.

(H) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (XX) of this rule, no owner or operator of a vinyl coating line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs from such coating line after the date specified in paragraph (C)(7) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, unless the requirements of either paragraph (H)(1) or (H)(2) of this rule are satisfied.

(1) The VOC content of the coatings employed in the vinyl coating line, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, does not exceed the following limitation:

(a) 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of vinyl coating, excluding water and exempt solvents; or

(b) Twenty-five per cent VOC by volume of the volatile matter of the vinyl coating.

(2) The vinyl coating line is equipped with a capture system and associated control system which are designed and operated to achieve the following efficiencies for VOCs, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(a) A capture efficiency which is at least seventy-five per cent by weight; and

(b) A control efficiency which is at least ninety per cent by weight.

(3) The requirements specified in paragraphs (H)(1) and (H)(2) of this rule shall not apply to the application of organisol or plastisol coatings.

(I) Surface coating of metal furniture.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (B)(6), (I)(2) and (I)(3) of this rule, no owner or operator of a prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating line for metal furniture may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(8) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 3.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 5.1 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from such prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating line.

(2) Any owner or operator of a prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating line for metal furniture may obtain from the director an alternative emission limitation for the limitation specified in paragraph (I)(1) of this rule. The owner or operator shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director, prior to obtaining an alternative emission limitation, that the alternative emission limitation is, at a minimum, equivalent in terms of total daily emissions of VOCs to the applicable requirement of paragraph (I)(1) of this rule. For purposes of this demonstration, the director shall recognize that the emission limitation in paragraph (I)(1) of this rule is equivalent to 8.4 pounds VOC per gallon of deposited solids and is based upon a coating applicator transfer efficiency of sixty per cent. If the director approves an alternative emission limitation for a prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating line for metal furniture, said limitation and the associated transfer efficiency shall be specified in the special terms and conditions of a operating permit or variance issued by the director for the coating line. If the test method for determining the transfer efficiency for a coating line has not been approved by the USEPA as part of the state implementation plan, the permit to operate or variance issued by the director for the coating line must be approved by the USEPA as a revision to the state implementation plan.

(3) Exemptions.

(a) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (I)(1) of this rule are the prime coat, topcoat, or single coat coating lines for metal furniture at a facility, only if all such lines, in combination, emit less than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls).

(b) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (I)(1) of this rule is any application of a coating to a part not defined as metal furniture.

(4) In addition to the requirements specified in paragraph (I)(1) of this rule the following requirements are applicable to all metal furniture coating lines located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Summit counties.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (I)(4)(b) of this rule, no owner or operator of a coating line for metal furniture may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(8) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the VOC limitations specified in the following table:

VOC content (pound per gallon of coating, less water and exempt solvents)

Coating

Air-Dried Coating (controls not employed)

Baked Coating (controls not employed)

general one-component

2.3

2.3

general multi-component

2.8

2.3

solar-absorbent

3.5

3.0

heat-resistant

3.5

3.0

extreme high-gloss

2.8

3.0

metallic

3.5

3.5

extreme performance

3.5

3.0

pretreatment coatings

3.5

3.5

The recommended emission limits can also be expressed in terms of mass of VOC per volume of coating solids, as applied. A facility could use low-VOC coatings or a combination of coatings and add-on control equipment on a coating unit to meet the recommended mass of VOC per volume of coating solids limits. Using an assumed VOC density of 7.36 pounds per gallon, the equivalent limits in terms of mass of VOC per volume of solids, as applied, are as follows:

VOC content (pound per gallon of coating solids, as applied)

Coating

Air-Dried Coating (controls employed)

Baked Coating (controls employed)

general one-component

3.3

3.3

general multi-component

4.5

3.3

extreme high gloss

4.5

5.1

extreme performance

6.7

5.1

heat resistant

6.7

5.1

metallic

6.7

6.7

pretreatment coatings

6.7

6.7

solar absorbent

6.7

5.1

(b) Exemptions.

(i) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (I)(4) of this rule are the coating lines for metal furniture at a facility, only if all such lines, in combination, emit less than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls).

(ii) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (I)(4) of this rule is any application of coating to a part not defined as metal furniture.

(iii) The provisions of paragraphs (I)(4)(a) and (I)(4)(d) of this rule shall not apply to:

(a) Stencil coatings;

(b) Safety-indicating coatings;

(c) Solid-film lubricants;

(d) Touch-up and repair coatings; and

(e) Coating application utilizing hand-held aerosol cans.

(c) Operating equipment.

A person shall not apply VOC-containing coatings to metal furniture unless the coating is applied with equipment operated according to the equipment manufacturer specifications, and by the use of one of the following methods:

(i) Electrostatic application;

(ii) Flow coat;

(iii) Dip coat;

(iv) Roll coat;

(v) HVLP spray;

(vi) Hand application methods; or

(vii) Such other coating application methods as are demonstrated to the director to be capable of achieving a transfer efficiency equivalent or better to the method listed in paragraph (I)(4)(c)(v) of this rule and for which written approval of the director has been obtained.

(d) Work practices for coating-related activities.

Unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled by an approved emission control system with an overall control efficiency of at least ninety per cent, any person performing coating related activities shall:

(i) Store all VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials in closed containers;

(ii) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;

(iii) Minimize spills of VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials; and

(iv) Convey VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.

(e) Work practice standards for cleaning materials.

Unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled by an approved emission control system with an overall control efficiency of at least ninety per cent, any person using an organic solvent for cleanup shall:

(i) Store all VOC containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;

(ii) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;

(iii) Minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;

(iv) Convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and

(v) Minimize VOC emission from cleaning of storage, mixing, and conveying equipment.

(J) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a magnet wire coating line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(9) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 1.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 2.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from a magnet wire coating line.

(K) Surface coating of large appliances.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (B)(6), and (K)(2) to (K)(4) of this rule, no owner or operator of a prime coat, single coat or topcoat coating line for large appliances may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(10) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 4.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids from such prime coat, single coat, or topcoat coating line.

(2) The emission limit under paragraph (K)(1) of this rule shall not apply to the use of quick-drying lacquers for repair of scratches and nicks that occur during assembly, provided that the maximum usage of such lacquers does not exceed one quart in any eight-hour period.

(3) Any owner or operator of a prime coat, single coat or topcoat coating line for large appliances may obtain from the director an alternative emission limitation for the limitation specified in paragraph (K)(1) of this rule. The owner or operator shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director, prior to obtaining an alternative emission limitation, that the alternative emission limitation is, at a minimum, equivalent in terms of total daily emissions of VOCs to the applicable requirement of paragraph (K)(1) of this rule. For purposes of this demonstration, the director shall recognize that the emission limitation in paragraph (K)(1) of this rule is equivalent to 7.5 pounds VOC per gallon of deposited solids and is based upon a coating applicator transfer efficiency of sixty per cent. If the director approves an alternative emission limitation for a prime coat, single coat or topcoat coating line for large appliances, said limitation and the associated transfer efficiency shall be specified in the special terms and conditions of an operating permit or variance issued by the director for the coating line. If the test method for determining the transfer efficiency for a coating line has not been approved by the USEPA as part of the state implementation plan, the permit to operate or variance issued by the director for the coating line must be approved by the USEPA as a revision to the state implementation plan.

(4) The emission limit under paragraph (K)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any large appliance coating line for which construction commenced prior to October 19, 1979 and which is located at the following facilities, unless a modification for any such coating line has commenced on or after October 19, 1979:

(a) The "Whirlpool Corporation (Findlay Division)" facility located at 4901 North Main street, Findlay, Ohio; and

(b) The "Whirlpool Corporation (Marion Division)" facility located at 1300 Marion-Agosta road, Marion, Ohio.

(5) The emission limit under paragraph (K)(1) of this rule shall not apply to large appliance coatings that are subject to in-use temperatures in excess of two hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit.

(6) In addition to the requirements specified in paragraph (K)(1) of this rule the following requirements are applicable to all surface coatings operations for large appliances located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage and Summit counties.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (K)(6)(b) of this rule, no owner or operator of a coating line for large appliances may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(10) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the VOC limitations specified in the following table.

VOC content emission limitations (pounds per gallon of coating, less water and exempt solvents)

Coating Type

Air-Dried (controls not employed)

Baked Coating (controls not employed)

general one-component

2.3

2.3

general multi-component

2.8

2.3

solar-absorbent

3.5

3.0

heat-resistant

3.5

3.0

extreme high-gloss

2.8

3.0

metallic

3.5

3.5

extreme performance

3.5

3.0

pretreatment coatings

3.5

3.5

The recommended emission limits can also be expressed in terms of mass of VOC per volume of coating solids, as applied. A facility could use low-VOC coatings or a combination of coatings and add-on control equipment on a coating unit to meet the recommended mass of VOC per volume of coating solids limits. Using an assumed VOC density of 7.36 pounds per gallon, the equivalent limits in terms of mass of VOC per volume of solids, as applied, are as follows:

VOC content (pounds per gallon of coating solids, as applied)

Coating

Air-Dried Coating (controls employed)

Baked Coating (controls employed)

general one-component

3.3

3.3

general multi-component

4.5

3.3

extreme high gloss

4.5

5.1

extreme performance

6.7

5.1

heat resistant

6.7

5.1

metallic

6.7

6.7

pretreatment coatings

6.7

6.7

solar absorbent

6.7

5.1

(b) Exemptions.

(i) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (K)(6) of this rule are coating lines for large appliances at a facility, only if all such lines, in combination, emit less than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls).

(ii) The provisions of paragraphs (K)(6)(a) and (K)(6)(e) of this rule shall not apply to:

(a) Stencil coatings;

(b) Safety-indicating coatings;

(c) Solid-film lubricants;

(d) Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coatings;

(e) Touch-up and repair coatings; and

(f) Coating application utilizing hand-held aerosol cans.

(c) Operating equipment.

A person shall not apply VOC-containing coatings to a large appliance unless the coating is applied with equipment operated according to the equipment manufacturer specifications, and by the use of one of the following methods:

(i) Electrostatic application;

(ii) Flow coat;

(iii) Dip coat;

(iv) Roll coat;

(v) HVLP spray;

(vi) Hand application methods; or

(vii) Such other coating application methods as are demonstrated to the director to be capable of achieving a transfer efficiency equivalent or better to the method listed in paragraph (K)(6)(c)(v) of this rule and for which written approval of the director has been obtained.

(d) Work practices for coating-related activities.

Unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled by an approved emission control system with an overall control efficiency of at least ninety per cent, any person performing coating related activities shall:

(i) Store all VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials in closed containers;

(ii) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;

(iii) Minimize spills of VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials; and

(iv) Convey VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.

(e) Work practice standards for cleaning materials.

Unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled by an approved emission control system with an overall control efficiency of at least ninety per cent, any person using an organic solvent for cleanup shall:

(i) Store all VOC containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;

(ii) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;

(iii) Minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;

(iv) Convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and

(v) Minimize VOC emission from cleaning of storage, mixing, and conveying equipment.

(L) Storage of petroleum liquids in fixed roof tanks.

(1) No person shall place, store, or hold in a fixed roof tank any petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure which is greater than 1.52 pounds per square inch absolute after the date specified in paragraph (C)(11) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless such tank, is designed or equipped as follows, except where exempted under paragraph (L)(2) of this rule:

(a) Vapor control equipment which is one of the following:

(i) Internal floating roof; or

(ii) Alternative equivalent control for VOC emissions as may be approved by the director.

(b) If equipped with an internal floating roof, the automatic bleeder vents are to be closed at all times except when the roof is floated off or landed on the roof leg supports, and the rim vents, if provided, are to be set to open when the roof is being floated off the roof leg supports or is at the manufacturer's recommended setting.

(c) All openings, except stub drains, are to be equipped with a cover, seal or lid which is to be in a closed position at all times except when in actual use for tank gauging or sampling.

(d) Other means for reducing the emission of VOC into the ambient air as may be required by the director.

(2) The following tanks are exempted from paragraph (L)(1) of this rule:

(a) Fixed roof tank with a capacity less than forty thousand gallons; and

(b) Fixed roof tank with a capacity less than four hundred twenty-two thousand gallons and used to store produced crude oil and condensate prior to lease custody transfer.

(3) Any owner or operator of a fixed roof tank that is not exempted pursuant to paragraph (L)(2) of this rule shall maintain records of the following information in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall make copies of the records available to the director upon verbal or written request.

(a) The types of petroleum liquids stored in the tank.

(b) The maximum true vapor pressure (in pounds per square inch absolute), as stored, of each liquid that has a maximum true vapor pressure greater 1.0 pound per square inch absolute.

(4) If an owner or operator places, stores, or holds in a fixed roof tank, that is not exempted pursuant to paragraph (L)(2) of this rule, any petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure which is greater than 1.52 pounds per square inch absolute and such tank does not comply with the requirements of paragraph (L)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator shall so notify the director within thirty days of becoming aware of the occurrence.

(M) Refinery vacuum producing systems, wastewater separators, and process unit turnarounds.

(1) Each owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall control the emissions of VOC from any vacuum producing systems no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(12) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code by piping the vapors to an appropriate firebox or incinerator, or by compressing the vapors and adding them to the refinery fuel gas system.

(2) Except for any wastewater separator which is used solely for once-through, noncontact cooling water or for intermittent tank farm drainage resulting from accumulated precipitation, each owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall control the emissions of VOC from any wastewater separator no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(13) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code by equipping all forebay sections and other separator sections with covers and seals which minimize the amount of oily water exposed to the ambient air. In addition, all covers and forebay and separator sections shall be equipped with lids and seals which are kept in a closed position at all times except when in actual use.

(3) Process unit turnarounds.

(a) Each owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall control the emissions of VOC from process unit turnarounds no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(14) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code by combusting the vapors as fuel gas or by flaring the vapors until the pressure in the process vessel is 19.7 pounds per square inch absolute or less.

(b) Each owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall maintain records for a minimum of two years for each process unit turnaround. Such records shall include:

(i) The date the unit was shut down;

(ii) The approximate pressure of the vapors in the process vessel when the VOC emissions were first discharged to the ambient air; and

(iii) The approximate total quantity of VOC emitted to the ambient air.

(N) Use of cutback asphalts and emulsified asphalts in road construction and maintenance.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (N)(3) of this rule, no person may allow or permit the use or application of cutback asphalts in road construction and maintenance after the date specified in paragraph (C)(15) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code.

(2) Except where exempted under paragraph (N)(3) of this rule, no person may allow or permit the use or application of any emulsified asphalt in road construction and maintenance after the date specified in paragraph (C)(15) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the oil distillate content of such emulsified asphalt, as determined by ASTM D244-04, "Standard Method of Testing Emulsified Asphalt," is less than or equal to:

(a) 8.0 per cent by volume for an open-graded mix;

(b) 12.0 per cent by volume for a dense-graded mix; or

(c) 3.0 per cent by volume for any use or application not regulated under paragraphs (N)(2)(a) and (N)(2)(b) of this rule.

(3) The requirements of paragraphs (N)(1) and (N)(2) of this rule shall not apply:

(a) During the period from October fifteenth through April fifteenth;

(b) To the use or application of a prime coat;

(c) To the use or application of any maintenance mix which is to be stockpiled for at least thirty days; and

(d) To the use or application of any cutback asphalt or emulsified asphalt on an unpaved road for the purpose of dust control.

(4) Recordkeeping requirements

(a) Any person using or applying a cutback asphalt or emulsified asphalt in road construction or maintenance during the period from April fifteenth through October fifteenth shall maintain the following records for each cutback asphalt or emulsified asphalt used or applied during that period:

(i) The type and quantity employed;

(ii) If an emulsified asphalt, the oil distillate content;

(iii) The date(s) of application;

(iv) An identification of the road segments where applied;

(v) The type of application (e.g., prime coat, tack coat, seal coat, maintenance mix, crack sealing, dust control, etc.); and

(vi) If the application is by hand for crack sealing, the quantity employed each day per work crew.

(b) The records required by paragraph (N)(4)(a) of this rule shall be maintained for a minimum of two years and shall be available for review by the director or authorized representative during normal business hours.

(O) Solvent metal cleaning.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (O)(6) of this rule, the requirements in paragraphs (O)(2), (O)(3), and (O)(4) of this rule shall be satisfied no later than the dates specified in paragraph (C)(16) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code.

(2) Each owner or operator of a cold cleaner shall:

(a) Equip the cold cleaner with either:

(i) A cover; and if the solvent has a vapor pressure greater than 0.3 pound per square inch absolute measured at one hundred degrees Fahrenheit, or the solvent is heated or agitated, the cover shall be designed and constructed so that it can be easily operated with one hand; or

(ii) A remote solvent reservoir from which solvent is pumped through a nozzle suspended over a sink-like work area which drains back to the reservoir, provided the sink-like work area has an open drain area of less than sixteen square inches and provided the solvent neither is heated above one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit nor has a vapor pressure greater than 0.6 pound per square inch absolute, measured at one hundred degrees Fahrenheit;

(b) Equip the cold cleaner with a device for draining the cleaned parts; and if the solvent has a vapor pressure greater than 0.6 pound per square inch absolute, measured at one hundred degrees Fahrenheit, the drainage facility shall be constructed internally so that parts are enclosed under the cover during draining unless an internal type drainage device cannot fit into the cleaning system;

(c) Install one of the following devices if the solvent vapor pressure is greater than 0.6 pound per square inch absolute measured at one hundred degrees Fahrenheit, or if the solvent is heated above one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit:

(i) Freeboard that gives a freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.7;

(ii) Water cover (solvent must be insoluble in and heavier than water); or

(iii) Other systems of equivalent control, such as refrigerated chiller or carbon adsorption, approved by the director; and

(d) Operate and maintain the cold cleaner in accordance with the following practices to minimize solvent evaporation from the unit:

(i) Provide a permanent, legible, conspicuous label, summarizing the operating requirements.

(ii) Store waste solvent in covered containers.

(iii) Close the cover whenever parts are not being handled in the cleaner.

(iv) Drain the cleaned parts until dripping ceases.

(v) If used, supply a solvent spray that is a solid fluid stream (not a fine, atomized, or shower-type spray) at a pressure that does not exceed ten pounds per square inch gauge.

(vi) Clean only materials that are neither porous nor absorbent.

(e) Notwithstanding the exemption specified in paragraph (O)(6)(b) of this rule, for each cold cleaner located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clark, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Greene, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Miami, Montgomery, Portage, Summit, and Warren counties, comply with the following requirements:

(i) The solvent material employed in the cold cleaner shall have a vapor pressure that does not exceed 1.0 mmHg ( 0.019 psi) measured at twenty degrees Celsius (sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit).

(ii) The owner or operator of each cold cleaner shall maintain records for a minimum of five years that include the following information for each solvent purchased:

(a) The date of the purchase;

(b) The name, company identification, and chemical composition of the solvent; and

(c) The vapor pressure of the solvent measured in mmHg at twenty degrees Celsius (sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit), as determined by ASTM D2879-97, "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope."

(iii) The cleaning of electronic components as defined in paragraph (G)(3) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code are exempt from the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e) of this rule.

(iv) The cleaning of paint gun parts, through the use of cold cleaners as defined in paragraph (G)(1) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code, for the removal of paint and coatings, is exempt from the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e) of this rule.

(3) Each owner or operator of an open top vapor degreaser shall:

(a) Equip the open top vapor degreaser with a cover that can be opened and closed easily without disturbing the vapor zone;

(b) Install the following safety switches:

(i) A condenser thermostat or any other device which shuts off the sump heat if the condenser coolant is either not circulating or too warm;

(ii) A spray safety switch which shuts off the spray pump if the vapor level drops below any fixed spray nozzle;

(iii) A vapor level control thermostat or any other device which shuts off the sump heat when the vapor level rises too high; and

(iv) A water flow switch, water pressure switch or any other device which shuts off the sump heat if the water in a water-cooled condenser has no flow or no pressure, whichever is being monitored.

(c) Install one of the following devices:

(i) A freeboard with a freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75, and if the open top vapor degreaser opening is greater than ten square feet, the cover must be powered or equipped with mechanical features whereby it can be readily closed when the degreaser is not in use;

(ii) Refrigerated chiller;

(iii) Enclosed design (cover or door opens only when the dry part is actually entering or exiting the open top vapor degreaser);

(iv) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than or equal to fifty cubic feet per minute per square foot of air/solvent interface (when cover is open), and exhausting less than twenty-five parts per million of solvent averaged over one complete adsorption cycle; or

(v) A control system, demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or greater than any of the above, and approved by the director; and

(d) Operate and maintain the open top vapor degreaser in accordance with the following practices to minimize solvent evaporation from the unit:

(i) Keep the cover closed at all times except when processing work loads through the degreaser.

(ii) Minimize solvent carryout by:

(a) Racking parts so that solvent drains freely and is not trapped.

(b) Moving parts in and out of the degreaser at less than eleven feet per minute.

(c) Holding the parts in the vapor zone at least thirty seconds or until condensation ceases, whichever is longer.

(d) Tipping out any pools of solvent on the cleaned parts before removal from the vapor zone.

(e) Allowing parts to dry within the degreaser for at least fifteen seconds or until visually dry, whichever is longer.

(iii) Clean only materials that are neither porous nor absorbent.

(iv) Occupy no more than one-half of the degreaser's open-top area with a workload.

(v) Always spray within the vapor level.

(vi) Repair solvent leaks immediately, or shut down the degreaser.

(vii) Store waste solvent only in covered containers.

(viii) Operate the cleaner such that water cannot be visually detected in solvent exiting the water separator.

(ix) Use no ventilation fans near the degreaser opening.

(x) When the cover is open, do not expose the open top vapor degreaser to drafts greater than one hundred thirty-one feet per minute, as measured between three and six feet upwind and at the same elevation as the tank lip.

(xi) If a lip exhaust is used on the open top vapor degreaser, do not use a ventilation rate that exceeds sixty five cubic feet per minute per square foot of degreaser open area, unless a higher rate is necessary to meet occupational safety and health administration requirements.

(xii) Provide permanent, conspicuous label, summarizing the operating procedures.

(4) Each owner or operator of a conveyorized degreaser shall:

(a) Install one of the following devices on all conveyorized degreasers having an air/solvent interface greater than twenty-two square feet:

(i) Refrigerated chiller;

(ii) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than or equal to fifty cubic feet per minute per square foot of air/solvent interface (when downtime covers are open), and exhausting less than twenty-five parts per million of solvent by volume averaged over a complete adsorption cycle; or

(iii) A system, demonstrated to have a control efficiency equivalent to or greater than paragraph (O)(4)(a)(i) or (O)(4)(a)(ii) of this rule, and approved by the director;

(b) Equip the conveyorized degreaser with equipment, such as a drying tunnel or rotating (tumbling) basket, sufficient to prevent cleaned parts from carrying out solvent liquid or vapor;

(c) Install the following safety switches, if the solvent is heated to its boiling point:

(i) A condenser flow switch and thermostat or any other device which shuts off the sump heat if the condenser coolant is either not circulating or too warm;

(ii) A spray safety switch which shuts off the spray pump if the vapor level drops below any fixed spray nozzle; and

(iii) A vapor level control thermostat or any other device which shuts off the sump heat when the vapor level rises too high;

(d) Equip the conveyorized degreaser with covers for closing off the entrance and exit when not in use, unless the conveyorized degreaser is equipped with a refrigerated chiller or carbon adsorption system that is always in use except during maintenance; and

(e) Operate and maintain the conveyorized degreaser in accordance with the following practice to minimize solvent evaporation from the unit:

(i) Use no workplace fans near the degreaser opening, and ensure that exhaust ventilation does not exceed sixty-five cubic feet per minute per square foot of degreaser opening, unless a higher rate is necessary to meet occupational safety and health administration requirements.

(ii) Minimize openings during operation so that entrances and exits silhouette workloads with an average clearance between the parts and the edge of the degreaser opening of less than ten per cent of the width of the opening.

(iii) Provide downtime covers for closing off the entrance and exit during shutdown hours.

(iv) Minimize carryout emission by:

(a) Racking parts so that solvent drains freely from parts and is not trapped.

(b) Maintaining the vertical conveyor speed at less than eleven feet per minute.

(v) Store waste solvent only in covered containers.

(vi) Repair solvent leaks immediately, or shut down the degreaser.

(vii) Operate the cleaner such that water cannot be visually detected in solvent exiting the water separator.

(viii) Place downtime covers over entrances and exits of the conveyorized degreaser at all times when the conveyors and exhausts are not being operated.

(ix) Clean only materials that are neither porous nor absorbent.

(5) Any owner or operator of a solvent metal cleaning operation shall maintain records of the following information in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall make these records available to the director upon verbal or written request:

(a) All control equipment maintenance such as replacement of the carbon in a carbon adsorption unit.

(b) The results of all emission tests conducted to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of paragraph (O)(3)(c)(iv), (O)(3)(c)(v), (O)(4)(a)(ii), or (O)(4)(a)(iii) of this rule.

(c) For cold cleaners, the types of solvents employed and the vapor pressure of each solvent (pounds per square inch absolute) measured at one hundred degrees Fahrenheit.

(6) Exemptions:

(a) Paragraph (O)(2)(d)(v) of this rule shall not apply to cold cleaners that are research and development sources, as defined under section 3704.01 of the Revised Code, provided that the owner or operator maintains records which demonstrate that the combined VOC emissions from the exempted research and development sources are less than five tons per calendar year.

(b) After June 15, 1999, except as provided in paragraph (O)(2)(e), paragraphs (O)(2) to (O)(5) of this rule shall not apply to any solvent metal cleaning operation which is subject to 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart T, provided the requirements of Subpart T are specified in the terms and conditions of installation and/or operating permit issued by the director.

(c) Where VOC-containing cleaners that exceed the vapor pressure requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e)(i) of this rule are used to clean cured resin from application equipment, the cleaning of resin application equipment at facilities subject to and complying with the requirements of 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart WWWW, is exempt from the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e)(i) of this rule.

(d) The cleaning of medical parts subject to regulation by the food and drug administration and metal parts subject to federal aviation administration and department of defense cleaning solvent specifications is exempt from the requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e)(i) of this rule provided a documented conflict between said specification and the vapor pressure requirements of paragraph (O)(2)(e)(i) of this rule occurs. Such documentation shall be provided to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency.

(P) Bulk gasoline plant.

(1) No owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant may cause, allow or permit the transfer of gasoline at a bulk gasoline plant after the date specified in paragraph (C)(17) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met, except where exempted under paragraph (P)(5) of this rule:

(a) Each stationary storage tank which stores gasoline at the bulk gasoline plant is loaded by means of a submerged fill pipe;

(b) For any transfer of gasoline from a delivery vessel to a stationary storage tank located at the bulk gasoline plant, the vapors displaced from the stationary storage tank are processed by one of the following systems:

(i) A vapor balance system which is equipped with a vapor tight vapor line from the stationary storage tank to the delivery vessel and a means to ensure that the vapor line is connected before gasoline can be transferred and which is designed and operated to route at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors to the delivery vessel; or

(ii) A vapor control system which is designed and operated to recover at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors;

(c) Any loading rack at the bulk gasoline plant which transfers gasoline to a delivery vessel is equipped for top submerged filling or bottom filling for the transfer of gasoline;

(d) For any transfer of gasoline from a loading rack located at the bulk gasoline plant to a delivery vessel, the vapors displaced from delivery vessel are processed by one of the following systems:

(i) A vapor balance system which is equipped with a vapor tight vapor line from the delivery vessel to the stationary storage tank being unloaded and a means to ensure that the vapor line is connected before gasoline can be transferred and which is designed and operated to route at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors to the stationary storage tank; or

(ii) A vapor control system which is designed and operated to recover at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors; and

(e) All gasoline loading lines, unloading lines and vapor lines are equipped with fittings which are vapor tight.

(2) When a vapor balance system is employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (P)(1)(b) or (P)(1)(d) of this rule, the following operating practices shall be followed:

(a) The vapor balance system shall be kept in good working order and shall be used at all times during the transfer of gasoline;

(b) The delivery vessel hatches shall be closed at all times during the loading of the delivery vessel;

(c) There shall be no leaks in the delivery vessel pressure/vacuum relief valves and hatch covers;

(d) There shall be no leaks in the vapor and liquid lines during the transfer of gasoline; and

(e) The pressure relief valves on the stationary storage tanks and delivery vessels shall be set to release at no less than 0.7 pound per square inch gauge or the highest possible pressure (in accordance with state or local fire codes, or the "National Fire Prevention Association" guidelines).

(3) No owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant may permit gasoline to be spilled, discarded in sewers, stored in open containers or handled in any other manner that would result in evaporation.

(4) Any owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant shall repair within fifteen days any leak from the vapor balance system or vapor control system which is employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (P)(1) of this rule when such leak is equal to or greater than one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane, as determined under paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(5) Exemptions.

(a) Paragraphs (P)(1) to (P)(4) of this rule shall not apply to a bulk gasoline plant which has an average daily throughput, based upon the number of days during a calendar year when the bulk plant was actually in operation, of less than four thousand gallons of gasoline.

(b) Paragraph (P)(1)(b) of this rule shall not apply to any stationary storage tank which is equipped with either an internal floating roof or external floating roof.

(6) Any owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant shall maintain records of the following information in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall immediately make these records available to the director upon verbal or written request:

(a) The daily quantity of all gasoline loaded into gasoline tank trucks.

(b) The results of any leak checks, including, at a minimum, the following information:

(i) Date of inspection.

(ii) Findings (may indicate no leaks discovered or location, nature, and severity of each leak).

(iii) Leak determination method.

(iv) Corrective action (date each leak repaired and reasons for any repair interval in excess of fifteen calendar days). (v) Inspector's name and signature. (7) Reporting requirements.

(a) For any bulk gasoline plant that is exempted pursuant to paragraph (P)(5)(a) of this rule and has an average daily throughput equal to or greater than four thousand gallons per day, the owner or operator shall so notify the director within thirty days of becoming aware of the occurrence.

(b) Any leaks in vapor or liquid lines that are not repaired within fifteen days after identification shall be reported to the director within thirty days after the repair is completed.

(Q) Bulk gasoline terminal.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (Q)(4) of this rule, no owner or operator of a bulk gasoline terminal may cause, allow or permit the transfer of gasoline at a bulk gasoline terminal after the date specified in paragraph (C)(18) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met:

(a) The loading rack is equipped with a vapor collection system whereby during the transfer of gasoline to any delivery vessel:

(i) All vapors displaced from the delivery vessel during loading are vented only to the vapor collection system: and

(ii) The pressure in the vapor collection system is maintained between minus six and plus eighteen inches of water gauge pressure:

(b) The loading rack is equipped with a vapor control system whereby:

(i) All vapors collected by the vapor collection system are vented to the vapor control system;

(ii) The mass emissions of VOC from the vapor control system do not exceed 0.67 pound of VOC per thousand gallons (eighty milligrams of VOC per liter) of gasoline loaded into the delivery vessel; and

(iii) Any liquid gasoline returned to a stationary storage tank from the vapor control system is free of entrained air to the extent possible with good engineering design;

(c) A means is provided to prevent drainage of gasoline from the loading device when it is not in use or to accomplish complete drainage before the loading device is disconnected; and

(d) All gasoline loading lines and vapor lines are equipped with fittings which are vapor tight.

(2) No owner or operator of a bulk gasoline terminal may permit gasoline to be spilled, discarded in sewers, stored in open containers or handled in any other manner that would result in evaporation.

(3) Any owner or operator of a bulk gasoline terminal shall repair within fifteen days any leak from the vapor collection system and vapor control system which are employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (Q)(1) of this rule when such leak is equal to or greater than one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane, as determined under paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(4) Paragraph (Q)(1) of this rule shall not apply to a bulk gasoline terminal which has a maximum daily throughput equal to or less than twenty thousand gallons of gasoline, provided either:

(a) The gasoline is supplied to the loading rack only from stationary storage tanks, each of which is equipped with an internal floating roof or external floating roof; or

(b) The loading rack is equipped with a vapor balance system that meets the requirements of paragraphs (P)(1)(d)(i), (P)(2) and (P)(4) of this rule.

(R) Gasoline dispensing facilities (stage I vapor control systems).

(1) No owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility may cause, allow or permit the transfer of gasoline at a gasoline dispensing facility after the date specified in paragraph (C)(19) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met, except where exempted under paragraph (R)(4) of this rule:

(a) Any stationary storage tank which stores gasoline at the gasoline dispensing facility is equipped with a submerged fill pipe; and

(b) For any transfer of gasoline from a delivery vessel to a stationary storage tank located at the gasoline dispensing facility, the vapors displaced from the stationary storage tank are processed by one of the following systems:

(i) A vapor balance system which is designed and operated to route at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors to the delivery vessel and which is equipped with a means to prevent the discharge of displaced vapors from an unconnected vapor line; or

(ii) A vapor control system which is designed and operated to recover at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors.

(2) When a vapor balance system is employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (R)(1)(b) of this rule, the following operating practices shall be followed:

(a) The vapor balance system shall be kept in good working order and shall be used at all times during the transfer of gasoline;

(b) There shall be no leaks in the delivery vessel pressure/vacuum relief valves and hatch covers; and

(c) There shall be no leaks in the vapor and liquid lines during the transfer of gasoline.

(3) Any owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility shall repair within fifteen days any leak from the vapor balance system or vapor control system which is employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (R)(1) of this rule when such leak is equal to or greater than one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane, as determined under paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(4) Paragraphs (R)(1) to (R)(3) of this rule shall not apply to the following:

(a) Any gasoline dispensing facility which has an annual throughput of less than one hundred twenty thousand gallons of gasoline; or

(b) Transfers made to a stationary storage tank which is equipped with an internal floating roof or external floating roof.

(5) Any owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility that is exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (R)(1) to (R)(3) of this rule pursuant to paragraph (R)(4)(a) of this rule shall maintain records of the quantity of gasoline delivered to the facility during each calendar month. The records shall be maintained at the facility for a period of three years. The owner or operator shall notify the director if the annual gasoline throughput for any rolling twelve-month period is equal to or greater than one hundred twenty thousand gallons. The director shall be notified within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(S) "Alside, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Alside, Inc." facility located at 3773 Akron-Cleveland road, North Hampton township, Summit county, Ohio shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(20)(b) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the following:

(1) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, from a siding (spray) coating line.

(2) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, from a corner coating line.

(T) Leaks from petroleum refinery equipment.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (T)(1)(b) and (T)(1)(c) of this rule, each owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall comply with the following monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting requirements no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(27) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(a) Except as otherwise indicated in paragraph (T)(1)(b) of this rule, a monitoring program shall be developed and implemented which incorporates the following provisions:

(i) Yearly monitoring of all pump seals, pipeline valves in liquid service and process drains in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code;

(ii) Quarterly monitoring of all compressor seals, pipeline valves in gas service and pressure relief valves in gas service in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code;

(iii) Monthly monitoring of all pump seals by visual methods;

(iv) Monitoring of any pump seal in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code within five working days after any liquids are observed dripping from the seal;

(v) Monitoring of any relief valve in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code within five working days after the valve has vented to the atmosphere; and

(vi) Monitoring of any component in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code within five working days after the repair of a leak;

(b) Pressure relief devices which are connected to an operating flare header, vapor recovery devices, valves which are located in pipelines containing kerosene or heavier liquids, storage tank valves and valves which are not externally regulated are exempt from the monitoring requirements contained in paragraph (T)(1)(a) of this rule;

(c) For any pipeline or pressure relief valves in gas or liquid service, an alternative monitoring schedule may be employed in lieu of the monitoring schedule specified in paragraph (T)(1)(a) of this rule as follows:

(i) The valve is designated as difficult to monitor and is monitored each calendar year, provided the following conditions are met:

(a) Construction of the process unit commenced prior to March 27, 1981;

(b) The owner or operator of the valve demonstrates that the valve cannot be monitored without elevating the monitoring personnel more than six feet above a support surface; and

(c) The owner or operator of the valve has a written plan that requires monitoring of the valve at least once per year;

(ii) The valve is designated as unsafe to monitor and is monitored as frequently as practical during safe to monitor times, provided the following conditions are met:

(a) The owner or operator of the valve demonstrates that the valve is unsafe to monitor because monitoring personnel would be exposed to an immediate danger as a consequence of monitoring on a quarterly or yearly basis as specified in paragraph (T)(1)(a) of this rule; and

(b) The owner or operator of the valve adheres to a written plan that requires monitoring of the valve as frequently as practical during process unit turnarounds and other safe to monitor times;

(d) All pipeline valves in gas service and pressure relief valves in gas service shall be clearly marked and identified in such a manner that they will be obvious to both refinery personnel performing monitoring and to the director;

(e) If a leak is identified as a result of the monitoring program required by paragraph (T)(1)(a) of this rule and the concentration of VOC exceeds ten thousand parts per million by volume, a tag shall immediately be placed on the leaking component. The tag shall be readily visible and weatherproof; it shall bear an identification number; and it shall clearly indicate the date the leak was detected. The tag shall remain in place until the leaking component is repaired;

(f) A monitoring log shall be maintained for all leaking components which are tagged in accordance with paragraph (T)(1)(e) of this rule. The monitoring log shall contain, at a minimum, the following data:

(i) The name of the process unit where the leaking component is located;

(ii) The type of leaking component (such as valve, seal, or other component);

(iii) The tag number of the leaking component;

(iv) The date on which the leaking component was detected;

(v) The date on which the leaking component was repaired;

(vi) The date and results of the monitoring performed within five working days after the leaking component was repaired;

(vii) A record of the calibration of the monitoring instrument;

(viii) A list of those leaking components which cannot be repaired until the next process unit turnaround; and

(ix) The total number of components monitored and the total number of components found leaking during the calendar year;

(g) A copy of any monitoring log shall be retained by the owner or operator for a minimum of two years after the date on which the record was made or the report was prepared;

(h) A copy of any monitoring log shall immediately be made available to the director or an authorized representative of the director, upon verbal or written request, at any reasonable time; and

(i) A report shall be submitted to the director by the fifteenth day of January, April, July and October that gives the total number of components monitored during the previous three calendar months, gives the total number of components found leaking during the previous three calendar months, identifies all components which were found leaking during the previous three calendar months but which were not repaired within fifteen days and identifies all leaking components which cannot be repaired until the next process unit turnaround.

(2) Any owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall repair and retest any leaking component, which is tagged and identified in accordance with paragraph (T)(1)(e) of this rule, as soon as possible but no later than fifteen days after the leak is found unless the leaking component cannot be repaired until a process unit turnaround occurs.

(3) The director may require a process unit turnaround to occur earlier than the normally scheduled date if the number and severity of leaking components awaiting a turnaround warrant such action. Any such process unit turnaround shall be required by means of an order issued by the director to the owner or operator of the petroleum refinery pursuant to division (R) of section 3704.03 of the Revised Code.

(4) The director may accept an alternative monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting program for that required by paragraph (T)(1) of this rule if the owner or operator of a petroleum refinery can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director that the alternative program is at least as effective in identifying, documenting and reporting leaks from petroleum refinery equipment as the program outlined in paragraph (T)(1) of this rule. For purposes of this paragraph, any proposed alternative monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting program that the director finds comparable to the requirements of paragraph (DD)(12) or (DD)(13) of this rule or for any individual equipment component, finds equivalent to the federal requirements specified in 40 CFR Part 60, Subparts VV and GG or 40 CFR Part 63, Subparts H and CC shall be acceptable to the director.

Pursuant to this paragraph, the alternative monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting program entitled "Premcor Lima Refinery, LDAR Plan" and dated November 19, 2002 is approved by the director as an acceptable alternative program for the "Premcor Lima Refinery" (premise number 0302020012).

(U) Surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products.

For any source located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county subject to paragraph (U) of this rule, the requirement to comply with paragraph (U) of this rule shall terminate at such time the source becomes subject to and complies with rule 3745-21-26 of the Administrative Code.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (U)(2) of this rule, or otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal part or product coating line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs from such coating line after the date specified in paragraph (C)(28) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the following:

(a) 4.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 10.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for a clear coating;

(b) 4.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 8.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for a zinc rich primer coating;

(c) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 6.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for an extreme performance coating;

(d) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 6.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for any coating that is dried at temperatures not exceeding two hundred degrees Fahrenheit;

(e) 4.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 10.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for the interior coating of a steel pail or drum;

(f) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 6.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for the exterior coating of a steel pail or drum;

(g) 4.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for a glass adhesion body primer coating used for the installation of any glass windows during the assembly of automobiles and trucks;

(h) 6.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 39.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for a high performance architectural aluminum coating; or

(i) 3.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, or, if a control system is employed, 5.1 pounds of VOC per gallon of solids for any coating that is not regulated under paragraphs (U)(1)(a) to (U)(1)(h) of this rule.

If a miscellaneous metal parts of products coating is subject to two or more limits as listed in paragraphs (U)(1)(a) to (U)(1)(i) of this rule, the limit which is least restrictive shall apply.

(2) The requirements of paragraph (U)(1) of this rule shall not apply to the following:

(a) The application of an exterior coating to marine vessels;

(b) The application of an exterior coating to airplanes;

(c) The repainting (refinishing) of used motor vehicles and trailers;

(d) The application of a customized topcoat and any related customized single coat to motor vehicles, if the maximum number of motor vehicles is less than thirty-five per day;

(e) Any miscellaneous metal parts or products coating line which never uses more than:

(i) For Clark, Greene, Miami, and Montgomery counties, eight gallons per day.

(ii) For Ashtabula, Butler, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Summit, and Warren counties, three gallons per day.

(iii) For all other counties, ten gallons per day.

Daily usage limitations included in paragraphs (U)(2)(e)(i) to (U)(2)(e)(iii) of this rule shall not apply to coatings employed by the metal parts or products coating line on parts or products which are not metal.

(f) Any coating line that is a new source, as defined by rule 3745-31-01 of the Administrative Code and meets the following requirements:

(i) The construction or modification of the coating line commenced on or after March 27, 1981;

(ii) The director has determined that the otherwise applicable emission limitation(s) in paragraph (U)(1) of this rule is technically or economically infeasible and has established an alternative reasonably available control technology emission limitation. The alternative limitation shall be the lowest emission limitation that the coating line is capable of meeting by the application of control technology that is reasonably available considering technological and economic feasibility. The alternative limitation shall be an emissions rate (e.g., pounds VOC per gallon) or overall per cent reduction but shall not be in terms of mass per time (e.g., pounds per hour).

(iii) A final installation permit has been issued for the coating line pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 of the Administrative Code. The installation permit shall contain terms and conditions that specify the control requirement or emission limitation that is the basis for the director's alternative limitation determination for the coating line, as described in paragraph (U)(2)(f)(ii) of this rule.

(iv) USEPA has approved the alternative limitation as a revision to the Ohio state implementation plan.

(g) The application of a coating which is subject to paragraph (C), (D), (E), (I), (J), (K), (S), (FF) or (OO) of this rule;

(h) Any facility which always emits less than fifteen pounds of VOC per day (before add-on controls) from all miscellaneous metal parts or products coating lines within the facility (pounds of VOC attributed to metal parts or products coating lines in which non-metal parts or products were being coated shall not count towards this daily limit);

(i) The application of a coating to motorcycles at the "Honda of America Mfg., Inc." motorcycle assembly plant located at 24000 U.S. route 33, Marysville, Ohio;

(j) The application of a coating to bicycles in any coating line for which construction commenced prior to March 27, 1981 at the "Huffy Corporation" bicycle assembly plant located at 410 Grand Lake road, Celina, Ohio, unless a modification for any such coating line has commenced on or after March 27, 1981;

(k) The application of a coating subject to rule 3745-21-19 of the Administrative Code (pertaining to aerospace manufacturing and rework facilities); and

(l) The application of a coating subject to rule 3745-21-20 of the Administrative Code (pertaining to shipbuilding and ship repair operations).

(3) At automobile and light-duty truck assembly plants, the requirements of paragraph (U)(1) of this rule also shall apply to the application of underbody antichip materials (e.g., underbody plastisol) and to metal surface coating operations other than prime, prime surfacer, topcoat, and final repair operations.

(V) Gasoline tank trucks.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (V)(3) of this rule, each owner or operator of a gasoline tank truck shall comply with the following requirements by the date specified in paragraph (C)(29) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(a) No gasoline tank truck is to be used for the transfer of gasoline, unless within the previous twelve months it was tested for leaks in accordance with the applicable method specified in paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Any gasoline tank truck which, when last tested for leaks, failed to meet all requirements of the applicable method specified in paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code is not to be used for the transfer of gasoline.

(c) A record is to be maintained of all gasoline tank trucks which are tested in accordance with paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, and such record is to contain, at a minimum, the following data:

(i) The tank identification number (manufacturer's serial number and/or owner's identification number);

(ii) The calendar year during which the tank was manufactured;

(iii) The date and location of the test;

(iv) The name, title and telephone number of the person who conducted the test, and the name and address of the company where the person is employed;

(v) The following information from the test:

(a) The tank pressure for the start of the pressure test;

(b) The tank pressure for the end of the pressure test;

(c) The tank pressure for the start of the vacuum test;

(d) The tank pressure for the end of the vacuum test; and

(e) The resultant pressure changes for the pressure test and the vacuum test; and

(vi) A list of all repairs which were made to the gasoline tank truck to enable it to pass all applicable requirements of the test.

(d) A copy of the test record required in paragraph (V)(1)(c) of this rule is to be retained by the owner or operator of the tank truck for a minimum of two years after the date on which the test was conducted.

(e) A copy of the test record required in paragraph (V)(1)(c) of this rule is to immediately be made available to the director, or an authorized representative of the director, upon verbal or written request, at any reasonable time.

(f) No gasoline tank truck is to be used for the transfer of gasoline, unless the requirements of paragraphs (V)(1)(a) and (V)(1)(b) of this rule can be readily verified by means of the following:

(i) A copy of the test record required in paragraph (V)(1)(c) of this rule is kept in the gasoline tank truck; or

(ii) A sticker, which contains the tank identification number, the calendar year during which the tank was manufactured, the date the tank last passed the requirements of the applicable test method specified in paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code and the name and location of the testing company or department, is prominently displayed on the right side of the front of the tank.

(g) Any gasoline tank truck which has a leak which is equal to or greater than one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane, as determined under paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, is not to be used for the transfer of gasoline after fifteen days from the detection of such leak unless the leak is repaired.

(h) Whenever any gasoline tank truck is removed from service for routine maintenance and repairs, the gasoline tank truck shall also be inspected/repaired in accordance with the following procedures:

(i) Inspect all dome cover gaskets to ensure they will properly seal against vapor releases. Any dome cover gasket must be replaced if its integrity is in doubt.

(ii) Open and close all dome covers to ensure that the latch tension is such that the cover will be held securely closed to prevent vapor releases. Any dome covers with inadequate latch tension must be repaired or replaced.

(iii) Inspect the fusible plugs in each dome cover assembly to ensure proper tightness. Any fusible plugs which are found to be loose or defective must be tightened and/or replaced.

(iv) Inspect each vapor vent hood and sealing band for defects. If any defects are found, the defective vapor vent hood and/or sealing band shall be replaced with new components.

(v) Inspect all vapor return hoses and any associated fittings and adaptors for defects that could allow vapor releases. If defects are found, the defective equipment shall be repaired or replaced.

(vi) Inspect any pressure and vacuum relief vents located on the vapor recovery line to ensure that they are clean and in proper working order. If a relief vent is found to be defective, it shall be repaired or replaced.

(i) No gasoline tank truck is to be used for the transfer of gasoline at a bulk gasoline terminal, bulk gasoline plant or gasoline dispensing facility that employs a vapor balance system or vapor control system unless the transfer is done in a manner that ensures the proper operation of the vapor balance system or vapor control system.

(2) The director may require any gasoline tank truck to be tested in accordance with the applicable method specified in paragraph (G) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code within a reasonable period of time. Any such test shall be required by means of an order issued by the director to the owner or operator of the gasoline tank truck pursuant to division (R) of section 3704.03 of the Revised Code.

(3) Exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (V)(1) and (V)(2) of this rule is any gasoline tank truck which has a capacity of less than five thousand gallons, unless it either:

(a) Receives gasoline from any loading rack which is equipped with a vapor balance system or vapor control system; or

(b) Delivers gasoline to any stationary storage tank which is equipped with a vapor balance system.

(W) Synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (W)(2) of this rule, each owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility shall comply with the following requirements no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(30) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(a) Except for any VOC emissions which are collected by a production equipment exhaust system, the discharge of VOC emissions into the ambient air from any reactor, distillation operation, crystallizer, centrifuge or vacuum dryer is to be controlled by one of the following devices:

(i) A surface condenser which has an outlet gas concentration of VOC not exceeding fifty thousand parts per million by volume; or

(ii) A device or system which is, in the judgment of the director, at least as effective in controlling VOC emissions as the above-mentioned surface condenser;

(b) The discharge of VOC emissions into the ambient air from any air dryer or production equipment exhaust system is not to exceed thirty-three pounds in any one day, unless said discharge has been reduced by at least ninety per cent on a weight basis by control equipment;

(c) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (L) of this rule, any storage tank which holds a VOC that has a vapor pressure greater than 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute at sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit is to be equipped with one of following devices:

(i) A conservation vent which opens at a pressure of 0.5 ounce per square inch or higher and at a vacuum of 0.5 ounce per square inch or higher; or

(ii) A device or system which is, in the judgment of the director, at least as effective in controlling VOC emissions as the above-mentioned conservation vent;

(d) During any transfer of a VOC, which has a vapor pressure greater than 4.1 pounds per square inch absolute at sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit, from a truck or railcar to a fixed roof tank which has a capacity greater than two thousand gallons, the vapors displaced from said tank are to be processed by one of the following systems:

(i) A vapor balance system which is designed and operated to route at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors to the truck or railcar; or

(ii) A vapor control system which is designed and operated to recover at least ninety per cent by weight of the VOC in the displaced vapors;

(e) Any centrifuge containing a VOC, any rotary vacuum filter processing a VOC and any other filter having an exposed liquid VOC surface, are to be enclosed if the VOC has a vapor pressure greater than 0.5 pound per square inch absolute at sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit;

(f) Any in-process tank which contains a VOC is to be equipped with a cover which remains closed, except when production, sampling, maintenance or inspection procedures require access to said tank; and

(g) Any leak in which a VOC is observed to be running or dripping from a vessel or other equipment is to be repaired as soon as possible, but no later than the first time said equipment is off line for a period of time long enough to complete the repair.

(2) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (W)(1) of this rule is any operation or equipment not associated with the production of drugs.

(X) Rubber tire manufacturing facility.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (X)(2) of this rule, each owner or operator of a rubber tire manufacturing facility shall comply with the following requirements no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(31) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(a) Each undertread cementing, tread end cementing and bead dipping operation is to be equipped with a capture system and associated control system which are designed and operated with the following efficiencies for VOCs, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(i) A capture efficiency which is at least eighty-five per cent by weight; and

(ii) A control efficiency which is at least ninety per cent by weight.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (X)(1)(c) of this rule, each green tire spraying operation is to be equipped with a capture system and associated control system which are designed and operated with the following efficiencies for VOCs, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(i) A capture efficiency which is at least ninety per cent by weight; and

(ii) A control efficiency which is at least ninety per cent by weight.

(c) The requirements of paragraph (X)(1)(b) of this rule do not apply to any green tire spraying operation in which the VOC content of the material sprayed, as determined in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, is a maximum daily weighted average of six per cent or less by weight for material sprayed on the inside of a tire and eleven per cent or less by weight for material sprayed on the outside of a tire.

(2) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (X)(1) of this rule are the following operations:

(a) Any operation not associated with rubber tires of the following size:

(i) A bead diameter less than or equal to 20.0 inches; and

(ii) A cross-sectional dimension less than or equal to 12.8 inches.

(b) Any operation for which construction commenced prior to March 27, 1981 at the "Cooper Tire and Rubber Company" facility located at Lima and Western avenues, Findlay, Ohio, unless a modification for any such operation has commenced on or after March 27, 1981.

(c) Any operation that produces specialty tires for antique or other vehicles when produced on an irregular basis or with short production runs. (This exemption applies only to tires produced on equipment separate from normal production lines for passenger-type tires.)

(d) Any operation subject to the federal "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart BBB."

(Y) Flexographic, packaging rotogravure and publication rotogravure printing lines.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (Y)(2) of this rule, no owner or operator of a flexographic printing line, packaging rotogravure printing line or publication rotogravure printing line may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs from such printing line after the date specified in paragraph (C)(32) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the requirements of either paragraph (Y)(1)(a) or (Y)(1)(b) of this rule are satisfied.

(a) The VOC content of the coatings and inks employed in said printing line, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, does not exceed the following limitation:

(i) Forty per cent VOC by volume of the coating and ink, excluding water and exempt solvents; or

(ii) Twenty-five per cent VOC by volume of the volatile matter in the coating and ink.

(b) Said printing line is equipped with a capture system and associated control system which are designed and operated to achieve the following efficiencies for volatile organic compounds, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(i) A capture efficiency which is:

(a) At least sixty-five per cent by weight, for a flexographic printing line;

(b) At least seventy per cent by weight, for a packaging rotogravure printing line; or

(c) At least eighty per cent by weight, for a publication rotogravure printing line.

(ii) A control efficiency which is at least ninety per cent by weight.

(2) The requirements of paragraph (Y)(1) of this rule shall not apply to the following printing lines:

(a) Any printing line that is subject to and in compliance with the emission limitations in paragraph (H) of this rule, which pertains to vinyl coating;

(b) Any printing line which is located at a facility in which the total maximum usage of coatings and inks in all flexographic, packaging rotogravure and publication rotogravure printing lines is less than or equal to one hundred forty-eight tons per year; except as otherwise provided under paragraph (Y)(3) of this rule;

(c) Any printing line which is used solely to check the quality of the image formation of newly engraved or etched cylinders; and,

(d) Any printing line which is located at a facility in which the total maximum usage of VOC in all coatings and inks employed in all flexographic, packaging rotogravure and publication rotogravure printing lines within the facility is less than or equal to one hundred tons per year, except as otherwise provided under paragraph (Y)(3) of this rule.

(3) Once the requirements of paragraph (Y)(1) of this rule apply to a facility or a flexographic, packaging rotogravure and publication rotogravure printing line within the facility, the facility is not eligible for an exemption under paragraphs (Y)(2)(b) and (Y)(2)(d) of this rule.

(4) In addition to the requirements specified in paragraph (Y)(1) of this rule the following requirements are applicable to all packaging rotogravure printing lines and flexographic packaging printing lines located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage and Summit counties.

(a) Any owner or operator of a packaging rotogravure printing line or flexographic packaging printing line with potential emissions that are equal to or greater than 25.0 tons per year of VOC before the application of capture and control devices shall comply with either of the following requirements for the printing line:

(i) Employ a control system in order to reduce VOC emissions from the packaging rotogravure printing line that meets one of the following requirements:

(a) Sixty-five per cent overall control for a press that was first installed prior to March 14, 1995 and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was prior to April 2, 2009.

(b) Seventy per cent overall control for a press that was first installed prior to March 14, 1995 and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was on or after April 2, 2009.

(c) Seventy-five per cent overall control for a press that was first installed on or after March 14, 1995 and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was prior to April 2, 2009.

(d) Eighty per cent overall control for a press that was first installed on or after March 14, 1995 and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was on or after April 2, 2009.

(ii) Employ coatings in the packaging rotogravure printing line or flexographic packaging printing line that comply with the following VOC content limitations:

(a)0.8 pound of VOC per pound of solids applied; or

(b)0.16 pound of VOC per pound of coating or ink applied.

The VOC content limits specified above can be met by averaging the VOC content of materials used on a single press, within a single printing line.

(b) Work practice standards for cleaning materials.

Any person or facility subject to this rule that uses VOC-containing clean-up materials shall ensure that VOC emissions are minimized by incorporating the following procedures:

(i) Keep cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers; and

(ii) Convey cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.

(Z) Storage of petroleum liquids in external floating roof tanks.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (Z)(3) of this rule, no owner or operator of an external floating roof tank shall place, store, or hold any petroleum liquid in any such tank after the date specified in paragraph (C)(33) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, unless the tank is designed or equipped as follows:

(a) The tank is equipped with one of the following:

(i) A liquid-mounted primary seal and a rim-mounted secondary seal;

(ii) A mechanical shoe primary seal and a rim-mounted secondary seal;

(iii) A mechanical shoe primary seal and a shoe-mounted secondary seal, provided the shoe-mounted secondary seal was installed prior to January 1, 1981;

(iv) A vapor-mounted primary seal and a rim-mounted secondary seal;

(v) A flexible wiper primary seal and a rim-mounted secondary seal;

(vi) A liquid-mounted primary seal or a mechanical shoe primary seal, provided the petroleum liquid is crude oil with a pour point of fifty degrees Fahrenheit or higher as determined by ASTM D97-05a; or

(vii) A seal, closure or device which is, in the judgment of the director, equivalent to the following seals in controlling the emission of VOC into the ambient air:

(a) The dual seals specified in paragraph (Z)(1)(a)(i) or (Z)(1)(a)(ii) of this rule; or

(b) Either of the seals specified in paragraph (Z)(1)(a)(vi) of this rule, provided the petroleum liquid is crude oil with a pour point of fifty degrees Fahrenheit or higher as determined by ASTM D97-05a.

(b) Each seal meets the following requirements:

(i) There are no visible holes, tears, or other openings in the seal or seal fabric;

(ii) If the tank is of welded construction, the total seal gap area, as determined under paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, does not exceed:

(a)10.0 square inches per foot of tank diameter for a liquid-mounted primary seal or mechanical shoe primary seal;

(b)10.0 square inches per foot of tank diameter for a vapor-mounted primary seal or flexible wiper primary seal, if said seal was installed prior to January 1, 1981;

(c)1.0 square inch per foot of tank diameter for a vapor-mounted primary seal or flexible wiper primary seal, if said seal was installed on or after January 1, 1981;

(d)1.0 square inch per foot of tank diameter for a rim-mounted secondary seal or shoe-mounted secondary seal; or

(e) The amount which is assigned by the director for any seal which is equivalent under paragraph (Z)(1)(a)(vii) of this rule;

(iii) If the tank is of riveted construction, the maximum seal gap width, as determined under paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, does not exceed:

(a)2.5 inches for a mechanical shoe primary seal;

(b)1.5 inches for a liquid-mounted primary seal, vapor-mounted primary seal, flexible wiper primary seal, shoe-mounted secondary seal or rim-mounted secondary seal; or

(c) The amount which is assigned by the director for any seal which is equivalent under paragraph (Z)(1)(a)(vii) of this rule;

(c) Any opening in the external floating roof, except automatic bleeder vents, rim space vents, leg sleeves, stub drains and slotted gauging/sampling wells, is equipped with:

(i) A cover, seal or lid which remains in the closed position at all times without any visible gaps, except when the opening is in actual use; and

(ii) A projection into the tank below the liquid surface;

(d) Any automatic bleeder vent remains in the closed position, except when the external floating roof is floated off or landed on the roof leg supports;

(e) Any rim vent is set to open only at the manufacturer's recommended setting, except when the external floating roof is being floated off the roof leg supports;

(f) Any emergency roof drain is equipped with a slotted membrane fabric cover or other device which covers at least ninety per cent of the area of the opening;

(g) Any stub drain is equipped with a projection into the tank below the liquid surface; and

(h) Any slotted gauging/sampling well is equipped with an object which floats on the liquid surface within the well and which covers at least ninety per cent of the area of the well opening.

(2) Except where exempted under paragraph (Z)(3) of this rule, each owner or operator of an external floating roof tank which contains a petroleum liquid shall meet the following inspection, recordkeeping and reporting requirements:

(a) Inspect annually and seal and seal fabric for compliance with paragraph (Z)(1)(b)(i) of this rule;

(b) Measure annually, in accordance with the method specified in paragraph

(I) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, the secondary seal gap or the primary seal gap, if there is no secondary seal, for compliance with the seal gap requirements of paragraph (Z)(1)(b)(ii) or (Z)(1)(b)(iii) of this rule;

(c) Measure at least once every five years, in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (I) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, the primary seal gap, if there is a secondary seal, for compliance with the seal gap requirements of paragraph (Z)(1)(b)(ii) or (Z)(1)(b)(iii) of this rule;

(d) Maintain for at least two years a record of the following:

(i) The dates and results of any inspections or measurements performed in accordance with paragraphs (Z)(2)(a) to (Z)(2)(c) of this rule; and

(ii) The annual throughput of any petroleum liquid stored in the tank; and

(e) Provide immediately to the director or an authorized representative of the director, upon written or verbal request at any reasonable time, a copy of the record required under paragraph (Z)(2)(d) of this rule.

(3) The following external floating roof tanks shall be exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (Z)(1) and (Z)(2) of this rule:

(a) Any tank which has a capacity of less than forty thousand gallons;

(b) Any tank which has a capacity of less than four hundred twenty thousand gallons and which is used to store produced crude oil or condensate prior to custody transfer; and

(c) Any tank which contains a petroleum liquid which, as stored, has a maximum true vapor pressure less than 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute.

(4) Any owner or operator of an external floating roof tank that is not exempted pursuant to paragraph (Z)(3)(a) or (Z)(3)(b) of this rule shall maintain records of the following information in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall make copies of the records available to the director upon verbal or written request:

(a) The types of petroleum liquids stored in the tank

(b) The maximum true vapor pressure (pounds per square inch absolute), as stored, of each liquid that has a maximum true vapor pressure greater than 1.0 pound per square inch absolute.

(5) If an owner or operator places, stores, or holds in an external floating roof tank, that is not exempted pursuant to paragraph (Z)(3)(a) or (Z)(3)(b) of this rule, any petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure which is greater than 1.5 pounds per square inch absolute and such tank does not comply with the requirements of paragraph (Z)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator shall so notify the director within thirty days of becoming aware of the occurrence.

(AA) Perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (AA)(2) of this rule, no owner or operator of a perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility may cause, allow or permit the cleaning of articles in perchloroethylene on or after June 14, 1991 unless the following requirements are met:

(a) Any dryer which contains articles cleaned in perchloroethylene is to be equipped and operated in accordance with one of the following:

(i) Any exhaust from the dryer is vented through a carbon adsorber which emits no more than one hundred parts per million by volume of perchloroethylene at any time; or

(ii) The dryer is equipped with or vented to a refrigerated vapor condenser whereby there is no exhaust of perchloroethylene vapors to the ambient air throughout the drying cycle, except for when the dryer's door is momentarily opened during loading or unloading.

(b) The waste from any diatomaceous earth filter which has been used to filter perchloroethylene is to contain no more than twenty-five per cent by weight perchloroethylene, as determined under paragraph (J) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The waste from any distillation operation (solvent still) which has been used to distill perchloroethylene is to contain no more than sixty per cent by weight perchloroethylene, as determined under paragraph (J) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(d) Any disposable filter cartridge which has been used to filter perchloroethylene is to be drained in the filter housing for at least twenty-four hours before being discarded.

(e) All equipment must be maintained so as to prevent the leaking of perchloroethylene liquid and prevent perceptible vapor leaks from gaskets, seals, ducts, and related equipment. Any equipment which is leaking perchloroethylene liquid or has a perceptible vapor leak is not to be operated until the leak is repaired.

(2) Exemptions.

(a) Paragraphs (AA)(1)(a) to (AA)(1)(e) of this rule shall not apply to any dry cleaning operation which is coin-operated.

(b) Paragraph (AA)(1)(a) of this rule shall not apply to any facility in which the owner or operator has satisfactorily demonstrated that a carbon adsorber or refrigerated condenser cannot be installed because of inadequate space.

(c) Paragraph (AA)(1)(a) of this rule shall not apply to any facility in which the annual amount of fabric dry cleaned with perchloroethylene is less than sixty thousand pounds.

(3) Compliance with paragraph (AA)(1)(e) of this rule shall be determined by means of visual inspection of the following components:

(a) Hose connections, unions, couplings, and valves;

(b) Machine door gaskets and seatings;

(c) Filter head gasket and seating;

(d) Pumps;

(e) Base tanks and storage containers;

(f) Water separators;

(g) Filter sludge recovery; (h) Distillation unit;

(i) Diverter valves;

(j) Saturated lint from lint basket; and

(k) Cartridge filters.

(4) Each owner or operator of a perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility shall maintain the following records in a readily accessible location for at least three years and shall make these records available to the director or an authorized representative of the director at any reasonable time:

(a) A record of control equipment maintenance, such as replacement of the carbon in a carbon adsorption unit;

(b) A record of the results of visual leak inspections conducted in accordance with paragraph (AA)(3) of this rule;

(c) The results of all tests conducted to determine compliance with the limitations contained in paragraphs (AA)(1)(a)(i), (AA)(1)(b), and (AA)(1)(c) of this rule; and

(d) The annual usage of perchloroethylene, in gallons, and the annual amount of fabric dry cleaned with perchloroethylene, in pounds. (BB) Petroleum dry cleaning facility.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (BB)(3) of this rule, no owner of operator of a petroleum dry cleaning facility may cause, allow or permit the cleaning of articles in petroleum solvent after the date specified in paragraph (C)(36) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met:

(a) Any dryer for articles cleaned in petroleum solvent shall comply with one of the following requirements:

(i) The dryer is a solvent recovery dryer which is operated in a manner such that the dryer remains closed and the solvent recovery phase continues until a final recovered solvent flow rate of 1.7 ounces per minute (fifty milliliters per minute) or less is attained; or

(ii) The emission of VOC into the ambient air from the dryer does not exceed 3.5 pounds of VOC per one hundred pounds dry weight of articles cleaned, as determined under paragraph (L) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Any solvent filter for petroleum solvent shall comply with one of the following requirements:

(i) The solvent filter is a cartridge filter which is drained for at least eight hours in its sealed housing before removal of any cartridge; or

(ii) The filtration waste contains, before disposal and exposure to the ambient air, no more than 1.0 pound of VOC per one hundred pounds dry weight of articles cleaned, as determined under paragraph (M) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) Any bucket or barrel which contains petroleum solvent or petroleum solvent-laden waste shall be covered to minimize solvent evaporation.

(d) Any equipment associated with the use of petroleum solvent shall be visually inspected weekly to identify any liquid leaks of petroleum solvent.

(e) Any liquid or vapor leak of petroleum solvent shall be repaired within fifteen days after identifying the source of the leak, unless a necessary repair part is not on hand. If a repair part is not on hand, it shall be ordered within three working days after identifying the source of the leak. The leak shall be repaired within fifteen days following the delivery of the necessary repair part.

(2) Any owner or operator of a solvent recovery dryer subject to the requirements of paragraph (BB)(1)(a) of this rule shall perform a test, in accordance with paragraph (N) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, to demonstrate the minimum length of time for operating the recovery cycle of the dryer.

(3) Exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (BB)(1)(a), (BB)(1)(b), and (BB)(2) of this rule is any petroleum dry cleaning facility in which:

(a) The total manufacturer's rated capacity of all petroleum solvent dryers is less than or equal to eighty-three pounds of articles, dry basis; or

(b) The total annual consumption of petroleum solvent is less than or equal to four thousand seven hundred gallons.

(4) Recordkeeping requirements.

(a) Any owner or operator of a petroleum solvent dry cleaning facility that is exempted pursuant to paragraph (BB)(3)(b) of this rule shall maintain records of annual solvent consumption in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall make these records available to the director upon verbal or written request.

(b) Any owner or operator of a petroleum solvent dry cleaning facility shall maintain records of the following information in a readily accessible location for at least five years and shall make these records available to the director upon verbal or written request:

(i) Documentation of the results of any tests performed to determine compliance with the emission limitation specified in paragraph (BB)(1)(a)(ii) of this rule.

(ii) Documentation of the results of any tests performed to determine compliance with the limitation specified in paragraph (BB)(1)(b)(ii) of this rule.

(iii) The results of any measurements to determine compliance with the limitation specified in paragraph (BB)(1)(a)(i) of this rule.

(iv) The results of any leak checks, including, at a minimum, the following information.

(a) Date of inspection.

(b) Findings (may indicate no leaks discovered or location, nature, and severity of each leak).

(c) Leak determination method.

(d) Corrective action (date each leak repaired and reasons for any repair interval in excess of fifteen calendar days).

(e) Inspector's name and signature.

(5) Reporting requirements.

(a) Any test result that shows an exceedance of the limitation specified in paragraph (BB)(1)(a)(i), (BB)(1)(a)(ii), or (BB)(1)(b)(ii) of this rule shall be reported to the director within thirty days after the occurrence.

(b) Any leaks in vapor or liquid lines that are not repaired within fifteen days after identification shall be reported to the director within thirty days after the repair is completed.

(c) For any petroleum dry cleaning facility that is exempted pursuant to paragraph (BB)(3)(b) of this rule and has an annual consumption of petroleum solvent greater than four thousand seven hundred gallons, the owner or operator shall so notify the director within thirty days of becoming aware of the occurrence.

(CC) No owner or operator of a continuous, polystyrene resin manufacturing process may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC from the material recovery section of the process after the date specified in paragraph (C)(37) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of 0.12 pound of VOC per one thousand pounds of polystyrene resin produced.

(DD) Leaks from process units that produce organic chemicals.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (DD)(17) of this rule, each owner or operator of a process unit that produces as an intermediate or final product one or more of the organic chemicals identified in appendix A to this rule shall comply with the requirements in paragraphs (DD)(2) to (DD)(6) of this rule no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(38) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code.

(2) Leak detection and repair program.

(a) A leak detection and repair program for equipment in the process unit shall be developed and implemented in accordance with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(2)(b) to (DD)(2)(m) of this rule.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (DD)(2)(c) and (DD)(2)(d) of this rule, equipment shall be monitored for leaks in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, as follows:

(i) Any pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly.

(ii) Any valve in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly, except that quarterly monitoring may be employed anytime after no leaks are detected during two consecutive months. The quarterly monitoring shall begin with the next calendar quarter following the two consecutive months of no detected leaks and shall be conducted in the first month of each calendar quarter. The quarterly monitoring may continue until a leak is detected, at which time monthly monitoring shall be employed again.

(iii) Any of the following equipment shall be monitored within five calendar days after evidence of a leak or potential leak from the equipment by visual, audible, olfactory, or other detection method:

(a) Any pump in heavy liquid service;

(b) Any valve in heavy liquid service;

(c) Any pressure relief device in light liquid service or in heavy liquid service; and

(d) Any flange or other connector.

(iv) Any equipment in which a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule shall be monitored within five working days after each attempt to repair, unless the owner or operator believes that the equipment was not successfully repaired.

(c) For any valve in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service, an alternative monitoring schedule may be employed in lieu of the monitoring schedule specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule as follows:

(i) The valve is designated as difficult to monitor and is monitored each calendar year, provided the following conditions are met:

(a) Construction of the process unit commenced prior to May 9, 1986.

(b) The owner or operator of the valve demonstrates that the valve cannot be monitored without elevating the monitoring personnel more than six feet above a support surface.

(c) The owner or operator of the valve has a written plan that requires monitoring of the valve at least once per year.

(ii) The valve is designated as unsafe to monitor and is monitored as frequently as practical during safe to monitor times, provided the following conditions are met:

(a) The owner or operator of the valve demonstrates that the valve is unsafe to monitor because monitoring personnel would be exposed to an immediate danger as a consequence of monitoring on a monthly basis.

(b) The owner or operator of the valve adheres to a written plan that requires monitoring of the valve as frequently as practical during safe to monitor times.

(iii) The valve is subject to an alternative monitoring schedule based on a skip period as specified in paragraph (DD)(12) of this rule.

(d) Excluded from the monitoring requirements of paragraph (DD)(2)(b) of this rule are the following equipment:

(i) Any pump that has no externally actuated shaft penetrating the pump housing and that is designated for no detectable emissions as provided in paragraph (DD)(7) of this rule;

(ii) Any pump that is equipped with a dual mechanical seal which has a barrier fluid system and sensor that comply with the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(8) of this rule;

(iii) Any pump that is equipped with a closed vent system capable of capturing and transporting any leakage from the pump seal to control equipment, provided the closed vent system and the control equipment comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule;

(iv) Any valve that has no externally actuated stem penetrating the valve and that is designated for no detectable emissions as provided in paragraph (DD)(7) of this rule; and

(v) Any valve that is subject to the alternative monitoring standard for valves based on the percentage of valves leaking as provided in paragraph (DD)(13) of this rule.

(e) Any pump in light liquid service shall be checked by visual inspection each calendar week for indications of liquids dripping from the pump seal, unless the pump is equipped with a closed vent system capable of transporting any leakage from the pump seal to control equipment, and the closed vent system and control equipment comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule.

(f) Any sensor employed pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(ii) or (DD)(3)(b) of this rule shall be checked daily, unless the sensor is equipped with an audible alarm.

(g) A leak is detected:

(i) When a concentration of ten thousand ppmv or greater is measured from a potential leak interface of any equipment that is monitored for leaks using the method in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code;

(ii) When there is an indication of liquids dripping from the seal of a pump in light liquid service; or

(iii) When a sensor employed pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(ii) or (DD)(3)(b) of this rule indicates failure of the seal system, the barrier fluid system, or both.

(h) When a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule, the following procedures shall be followed:

(i) A weatherproof and readily visible identification tag, marked with the equipment identification number, is immediately attached to the leaking equipment.

(ii) A record of the leak and any attempt to repair the leak is entered into the leak repair log kept pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(k) of this rule.

(iii) The identification tag attached to the leaking equipment, other than a valve that is monitored pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, may be removed after the leaking equipment is repaired.

(iv) The identification tag attached to a leaking valve that is monitored pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule may be removed after the leaking valve is repaired, monitored for leaks for two consecutive months as specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, and found to have no detected leaks during those two consecutive months.

(i) When a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule, the leaking equipment shall be repaired as soon as practicable, but no later than fifteen calendar days after the leak is detected, except for a delay of repair as provided in paragraph (DD)(11) of this rule. Leaking equipment shall be deemed repaired if the maximum concentration measured pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(iv) of this rule is less than ten thousand ppmv.

(j) When a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule, a first attempt at repair shall be made no later than five calendar days after the leak is detected; and the first attempts at repair shall include, but are not limited to, the following best practices where practicable:

(i) Tightening of bonnet bolts;

(ii) Replacement of bonnet bolts;

(iii) Tightening of packing gland nuts; and

(iv) Injection of lubricant into lubricated packing.

(k) When a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule, the following information shall be recorded in a leak repair log:

(i) The identification number of the leaking equipment and, for leaks based on monitoring, the identification numbers of the leak detection instrument and its operator;

(ii) The basis for the detection of the leak; for example, monitoring, visual inspection, or sensor;

(iii) The date on which the leak was detected and the date of each attempt to repair the leaking equipment;

(iv) The methods of repair applied in each attempt to repair the leaking equipment;

(v) One of the following entries within five working days after each attempt to repair the leaking equipment:

(a) "Not monitored," denoting the leaking equipment was presumed to still be leaking and it was not monitored; or

(b) If the leaking equipment was monitored with a leak detection instrument, the maximum concentration that was measured as follows:

(i) The actual reading in ppmv; or

(ii) "Below 10,000," denoting less than ten thousand ppmv; or

(iii) "Above 10,000," denoting not less than ten thousand ppmv;

(vi) If the leak is not repaired within fifteen calendar days after the date on which it was detected:

(a) "Repair delayed" and the reason for the delay;

(b) If repair is being delayed until the next process unit shutdown due to technical infeasibility of repair, the signature of the owner or operator whose decision it was that repair is technically infeasible without a process unit shutdown;

(c) The expected date of successful repair of the leak;

(d) The dates of process unit shutdowns that occur while the leaking equipment is unrepaired; and

(vii) The date on which the leak was successfully repaired.

(l) The leak repair log shall be retained by the owner or operator of the process unit in a readily accessible location for a minimum of two years after the date on which the record was made.

(m) Semiannual reports shall be submitted to the director by the first day of February and August and shall include the following information for the preceding semiannual periods:

(i) The process unit identification;

(ii) The number of pumps in light liquid service excluding those pumps designated for no detectable emissions under the provision of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(i) of this rule and those pumps complying with paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(iii) of this rule;

(iii) The number of valves in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service excluding those valves designated for no detectable emission under the provision of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(iv) of this rule and those valves subject to the alternative standard for monitoring under the provision of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(v) of this rule;

(iv) The number of compressors excluding those compressors designated for no detectable emissions under the provision of paragraph (DD)(3)(c) of this rule and those compressors complying with paragraph (DD)(3)(d) or (DD)(3)(e) of this rule;

(v) For each month during the semiannual period:

(a) The number of pumps in light liquid service for which leaks were detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule;

(b) The number of pumps in light liquid service for which leaks were not repaired within fifteen calendar days after the date of leak detection;

(c) The number of valves in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service for which leaks were detected as described in paragraph (DD)(2)(g) of this rule;

(d) The number of valves in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service for which leaks were not repaired within fifteen calendar days after the date of leak detection;

(e) The number of compressors for which leaks were detected as described in paragraph (DD) of this rule;

(f) The number of compressors for which leaks were not repaired within fifteen calendar days after the date of leak detection; and

(g) The facts that explain each delay of repair allowed pursuant to paragraph (DD)(11) of this rule; and

(vi) The dates of process unit shutdowns that occurred within the semiannual period.

(3) Compressors.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (DD)(3)(c) to (DD)(3)(e) of this rule, any compressor in the process unit shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(3)(b) of this rule.

(b) The compressor shall be equipped with a seal that has a barrier fluid system and sensor which comply with the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(8) of this rule.

(c) Excluded from the requirements of paragraph (DD)(3)(b) of this rule is any compressor that is designated for no detectable emissions as provided in paragraph (DD)(7) of this rule.

(d) Excluded from the requirements of paragraph (DD)(3)(b) of this rule is any compressor that is equipped with a closed vent system capable of capturing and transporting any leakage from the compressor seal to control equipment, provided the closed vent system and the control equipment comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule.

(e) Excluded from the requirements of paragraph (DD)(3)(b) of this rule is any reciprocating compressor that meets the following conditions:

(i) The compressor was installed prior to May 9, 1986; and

(ii) The owner or operator of the compressor demonstrates to the satisfaction of the director that recasting the compressor distance piece or replacing the compressor are the only options available to bring the compressor into compliance with the requirements of paragraph (DD)(3)(b) of this rule.

(4) Pressure relief devices in gas/vapor service.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (DD)(4)(e) of this rule, any pressure relief device in gas/vapor service in the process unit shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(4)(b) to (DD)(4)(d) of this rule.

(b) Except during pressure releases, the pressure relief device shall be operated with no detectable emissions, as indicated by an instrument reading of less than five hundred ppmv above background, as measured by the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) No later than five calendar days after a pressure release, the pressure relief device shall be tested to confirm the condition of no detectable emissions in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(d) After each pressure release, the pressure relief device shall be returned to a condition of no detectable emissions as soon as practicable, but no later than five calendar days after the pressure release, except for a delay of repair as provided in paragraph (DD)(11) of this rule.

(e) Excluded from the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(4)(b) to (DD)(4)(d) of this rule is any pressure relief device that is equipped with a closed vent system capable of capturing and transporting leakage through the pressure relief device to control equipment, provided the closed vent system and control equipment comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule.

(5) Sampling connection system.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (DD)(5)(c) of this rule, any sampling connection system in the process unit shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(5)(b) of this rule.

(b) The sampling connection system shall be equipped with a closed purge system or a closed vent system that meets one of the following requirements:

(i) The purged process fluid is returned directly to the process line with zero VOC emissions to the ambient air;

(ii) The purged process fluid is collected and recycled with zero VOC emissions to the ambient air; or

(iii) The closed purge system or closed vent system is designed and operated to capture and transport all the purged process fluid to control equipment that meet the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(10) of this rule.

(c) Excluded from the requirements of paragraph (DD)(5)(b) of this rule is any sampling connection system that is an in-situ sampling system.

(6) Open-ended valves or lines.

(a) Any open-ended valve or line in the process unit shall be equipped with a cap, blind flange, plug, or second valve and shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(6)(b) to (DD)(6)(d) of this rule.

(b) Except during operations requiring the flow of process fluid through the open-ended valve or line, the cap, blind flange, plug, or second valve shall seal the open end of the open-ended valve or line.

(c) If equipped with a second valve, the open-ended valve or line shall be operated in a manner such that the valve on the process fluid end is closed before the second valve is closed.

(d) If a double block and bleed system is being used, the bleed valve or line may remain open during operations that require venting the line between the block valves, but shall comply with paragraph (DD)(6)(b) of this rule at all other times.

(7) Equipment designated for no detectable emissions.

(a) Any equipment (pump, valve, or compressor) designated for no detectable emissions pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(i), (DD)(2)(d)(iv) or (DD)(3)(c) of this rule shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(7)(b) to (DD)(7)(d) of this rule.

(b) The equipment shall be operated with no detectable emissions as indicated by an instrument reading of less than five hundred ppmv above background as measured by paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The equipment shall be tested for compliance with paragraph (DD)(7)(b) of this rule initially upon designation and annually.

(d) The designation of the equipment shall be signed by the owner or operator of the equipment in the log kept pursuant to paragraph (DD)(14)(b) of this rule.

(8) Barrier fluid systems and sensors for pumps and compressors.

(a) When a pump or compressor is equipped with a seal that has a barrier fluid system and sensor which are employed to meet the requirements of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(ii) or (DD)(3)(a) of this rule, the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(8)(b) to (DD)(8)(d) of this rule shall be met.

(b) The barrier fluid system shall meet one of the following conditions:

(i) The barrier fluid system is operated with a barrier fluid at a pressure that is at all times greater than the stuffing box pressure of the pump or compressor.

(ii) The barrier fluid system is equipped with a barrier fluid degassing reservoir that is connected by a closed vent system to control equipment and the closed vent system and control equipment comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule.

(iii) The barrier fluid system is equipped with a system that purges the barrier fluid into a process stream with zero VOC emissions to the ambient air.

(c) The barrier fluid system shall be in heavy liquid service or shall not be in VOC service.

(d) The barrier fluid system shall be equipped with a sensor that will detect failure of the seal system, the barrier fluid system, or both based on criteria determined by the owner or operator from design considerations and operating experience.

(9) Closed vent systems.

(a) Any closed vent system that is used to comply with the requirements of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(iii), (DD)(3)(d), (DD)(4)(e), or (DD)(8)(b)(ii) of this rule shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(9)(b) to (DD)(9)(d) of this rule.

(b) The closed vent system shall be designed and operated with no detectable emissions, as indicated by an instrument reading of less than five hundred ppmv above background, as measured by the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The closed vent system shall be tested for compliance with paragraph (DD)(9)(b) of this rule initially and annually.

(d) The closed vent system shall be operated at all times when emissions may be vented to it.

(10) Control equipment.

(a) Any control equipment that is used to comply with the requirements of paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(iii), (DD)(3)(d), (DD)(4)(e), (DD)(5)(b)(iii), (DD)(8)(b)(ii), or (DD)(11)(d)(ii) of this rule shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(10)(b) to (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(b) If the control equipment is a vapor recovery system, it shall be designed and operated to recover VOC emissions vented to it with an efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent by weight.

(c) If the control equipment is an enclosed combustion device, it shall be designed and operated to reduce the VOC emissions vented to it with an efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent by weight, or to provide a minimum residence time of 0.75 second at a minimum temperature of fifteen hundred degrees Fahrenheit.

(d) If the control equipment is a flare, it shall meet the following requirements:

(i) The flare shall be designed for and operated with no visible emissions as determined by USEPA method 22, except for periods not to exceed a total of five minutes during any one hundred twenty consecutive minutes.

(ii) The flare shall be operated with either an electric arc ignition system or a pilot flame. If a pilot flame is employed, the flame shall be present at all times and shall be monitored with a thermocouple or any other equivalent device to detect the presence of the pilot flame. If an electric arc ignition system is employed, the arcing shall pulse continually and shall be monitored to detect any failure.

(iii) The flare shall be steam-assisted, air-assisted or nonassisted.

(iv) The net heating value of the gas being combusted in the flare, as determined by the method specified in paragraph (P)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, shall be three hundred Btu/scf or greater if the flare is steam-assisted or air-assisted, or shall be two hundred Btu/scf or greater if the flare is nonassisted.

(v) Except as provided in paragraph (DD)(10)(d)(vi) of this rule, the flare shall be designed and operated with an actual exit velocity, as determined by the method specified in paragraph (P)(3) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, less than sixty feet per second if the flare is steam-assisted or nonassisted, or less than the maximum permitted velocity, as determined in paragraph (P)(4) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, if the flare is air-assisted.

(vi) Excluded from the requirements of paragraph (DD)(10)(d)(v) of this rule is any steam-assisted or nonassisted flare that meets both of the following requirements:

(a) The net heating value of the gas being combusted in the flare, as determined by the method specified in paragraph (P)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, shall be greater than one thousand Btu/scf.

(b) The flare shall be designed and operated with an actual exit velocity, as determined by the method specified in paragraph (P)(3) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, less than four hundred feet per second.

(e) The owner or operator of the control equipment shall monitor the control equipment to ensure that it is operated and maintained in conformance with its design.

(f) The control equipment shall be operated at all times when emissions may be vented to it.

(11) Delay of repair.

(a) A delay of repair that is employed pursuant to paragraph (DD)(2)(i) or (DD)(4)(d) of this rule shall be allowed only as provided in paragraphs (DD)(11)(b) to (DD)(11)(f) of this rule.

(b) A delay of repair shall be allowed if the repair is technically infeasible without a process unit shutdown. However, the repair shall occur before the end of the next process unit shutdown.

(c) A delay of repair shall be allowed for a piece of equipment that is isolated from the process and that does not remain in VOC service (for example, isolated from the process and properly purged).

(d) A delay of repair for a valve shall be allowed if:

(i) The owner or operator of the valve demonstrates that the emission of purged material resulting from immediate repair is greater than the emission likely to result from delay of repair; and

(ii) When repair procedures are effected, the purged material is collected and destroyed or recovered in control equipment that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(10) of this rule.

(e) A delay of repair for a pump shall be allowed if:

(i) The repair requires the use of a dual mechanical seal system and associated barrier fluid system; and

(ii) The repair is completed as soon as practicable, but no later than six months after the leak was detected.

(f) A delay of repair beyond a process unit shutdown shall be allowed for a valve if a valve assembly replacement is necessary during the process unit shutdown, valve assembly supplies have been depleted, and valve assembly supplies had been sufficiently stocked before the supplies were depleted. A delay of repair beyond the next process unit shutdown shall not be allowed for that valve unless the next process unit shutdown occurs sooner than six months after the first process unit shutdown.

(12) Alternative monitoring schedule for valves based on a skip period.

(a) Any owner or operator of a process unit may elect to implement an alternative monitoring schedule in lieu of the monitoring requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, as provided in paragraph (DD)(2)(c)(iii) of this rule. The alternative monitoring schedule shall be based on skipping quarterly monitoring periods provided the percentage of valves leaking is no more than 2.0. Any owner or operator who elects to implement an alternative monitoring schedule shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(12)(b) to (DD)(12)(h) of this rule.

(b) The owner or operator must notify the director prior to implementing this alternative monitoring schedule. Such notification must identify which valves will be subject to this alternative monitoring schedule and which work practice within paragraph (DD)(12)(e) of this rule will be implemented. Any valve in vacuum service, in heavy liquid service, or not in VOC service, shall be excluded from this alternative monitoring schedule.

(c) Any valve subject to this alternative monitoring schedule shall comply initially with the monitoring requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule.

(d) Any valve subject to this alternative monitoring schedule shall continue to be subject to the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(2)(g) to (DD)(2)(m) of this rule.

(e) One of the following two alternative work practices for skipping monitoring periods may be implemented:

(i) After two consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percentage of valves leaking equal to or less than 2.0, a monitoring program may begin in which the first quarter of every two consecutive quarterly leak detection periods is skipped.

(ii) After five consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percentage of valves leaking equal to or less than 2.0, a monitoring program may begin in which the first three quarters of every four consecutive quarterly periods is skipped.

(f) If the percentage of valves leaking is greater than 2.0, the owner or operator shall comply with the monitoring requirements as specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, but may again elect to use this alternative monitoring schedule.

(g) The percentage of valves leaking shall be determined for the valves subject to this alternative monitoring schedule as the sum of the number of those valves found leaking during any portion of the current monitoring period and the number of those valves found leaking during a previous monitoring period for which repair has been delayed during the current monitoring period, divided by the total number of valves, and multiplied by one hundred.

(h) The following information pertaining to valves subject to this alternative monitoring schedule shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) A schedule of monitoring; and

(ii) The percentage of valves leaking during each monitoring period.

(13) Alternative monitoring standard for valves based on the allowable percentage of valves leaking.

(a) Any owner or operator of a process unit may elect to implement an alternative monitoring standard in lieu of the monitoring requirements specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, as provided in paragraph (DD)(2)(d)(v) of this rule. The alternative monitoring standard shall be based on maintaining the percentage of valves leaking at 2.0 or less. Any owner or operator who elects to implement an alternative monitoring standard shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(13)(b) to (DD)(13)(g) of this rule.

(b) The owner or operator must notify the director prior to implementing this alternative monitoring standard.

(c) All valves in gas/vapor service or in light liquid service in the process unit shall be subject to this alternative monitoring standard, except for those valves which are designated as unsafe to monitor as provided in paragraph (DD)(2)(c)(ii) of this rule, those valves not in VOC service, and those valves in vacuum service.

(d) The percentage of valves leaking, as determined in accordance with paragraph (DD)(13)(f) of this rule, shall not exceed 2.0. If the percentage of valves leaking is greater than 2.0, the owner or operator shall comply with the monitoring requirements as specified in paragraph (DD)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule, but may again elect to use this alternative monitoring standard.

(e) All valves subject to this alternative monitoring standard shall be tested for compliance with paragraph (DD)(13)(d) of this rule initially upon implementation and annually.

(f) A compliance test shall be conducted in the following manner:

(i) All valves subject to this alternative monitoring standard shall be monitored for leaks within a one-week period by the method specified in paragraph (F) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(ii) If an instrument reading of ten thousand ppmv or greater is measured, a leak is detected.

(iii) The percentage of valves leaking shall be determined as the number of valves for which a leak is detected, divided by the number of valves monitored, and multiplied by one hundred.

(g) When a leak is detected as described in paragraph (DD)(13)(f)(ii) of this rule, the leaking valve shall be repaired in accordance with paragraphs (DD)(2)(h) and (DD)(2)(i) of this rule.

(14) Recordkeeping.

(a) Each owner or operator of a process unit as described in paragraph (DD)(1) of this rule shall comply with the recordkeeping requirements of paragraphs (DD)(14)(b) to (DD)(14)(g) of this rule. An owner or operator of more than one process unit may use one recordkeeping system to comply with the recordkeeping requirements, provided the system identifies each record by each process unit.

(b) The following information shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) A list of identification numbers for equipment subject to the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(2) to (DD)(10) of this rule;

(ii) A list of identification numbers for equipment designated for no detectable emissions as provided in paragraph (DD)(7) of this rule, and a signature of the owner or operator authorizing such designation;

(iii) A list of identification numbers for pressure relief devices subject to paragraph (DD)(4) of this rule;

(iv) A list of identification numbers for closed vent systems subject to paragraph (DD)(9) of this rule; and

(v) For compliance tests required under paragraphs (DD)(4)(c), (DD)(7)(c), and (DD)(9)(c) of this rule:

(a) The date of each compliance test;

(b) The background level measured during each compliance test; and

(c) The maximum instrument reading measured at the equipment during each compliance test.

(c) The following information pertaining to valves subject to an alternative monitoring schedule, as provided in paragraph (DD)(2)(c) of this rule, shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) A list of identification numbers for valves designated as unsafe to monitor, an explanation for each valve stating why the valve is unsafe to monitor, and the plan for monitoring each valve;

(ii) A list of identification numbers for valves designated as difficult to monitor, an explanation for each valve stating why the valve is difficult to monitor, and the schedule for monitoring each valve; and

(iii) A list of identification numbers for valves subject to the alternative monitoring schedule based on a skip period, a schedule for monitoring, and the percentage of valves leaking during each monitoring period.

(d) The following information pertaining to closed vent systems and control equipment described in paragraphs (DD)(9) and (DD)(10) of this rule shall be recorded and kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) Detailed schematics, design specifications, and piping and instrumentation diagrams;

(ii) The dates and descriptions of any changes in the design specifications;

(iii) A description of the parameter or parameters monitored, as required in paragraph (DD)(10)(d) of this rule, to ensure that the control equipment is operated and maintained in conformance with its design, and an explanation of the reason for selecting such parameter or parameters;

(iv) Periods when the closed vent systems and control equipment are not operated as designed, including periods when a flare pilot light does not have a flame; and

(v) Dates of startups and shutdowns of the closed vent systems and control equipment.

(e) The following information pertaining to barrier fluid systems and sensors described in paragraph (DD)(8) of this rule shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) A list of identification numbers of pumps and compressors equipped with such barrier fluid systems and sensors;

(ii) The criteria that indicate failure of the seal system, the barrier fluid system, or both, as required in paragraph (DD)(8)(d) of this rule and an explanation of the criteria; and

(iii) Any changes to such criteria and the reasons for the changes.

(f) The following information for use in determining an exemption for the process unit as provided in paragraph (DD)(17)(a) of this rule shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) An analysis demonstrating the design capacity of the process unit;

(ii) A statement listing the feed and raw materials and products from the process unit and an analysis demonstrating whether these chemicals are heavy liquids or beverage alcohols; or

(iii) An analysis demonstrating that no equipment is in VOC service.

(g) The following information pertaining to specific equipment that are exempt as provided in paragraph (DD)(17)(b) of this rule shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location:

(i) A list of identification numbers of equipment in vacuum service;

(ii) A list of identification numbers of equipment not in VOC service and the information or data used to demonstrate that the equipment is not in VOC service; and

(iii) A list of equipment subject to an equivalent emission requirement that is approved by the director pursuant to paragraph (DD)(16) of this rule.

(15) Reporting.

(a) Each owner or operator of a process unit as described in paragraph (DD)(1) of this rule shall comply with the reporting requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(15)(b) to (DD)(15)(d) of this rule.

(b) For compliance tests required under paragraphs (DD)(7)(c) and (DD)(9)(c) of this rule, the requirements of paragraphs (A)(3) and (A)(4) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code (pertaining to notification of intent to test) shall be met. The results of such compliance tests shall be reported to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency within thirty days after the test date.

(c) The results of compliance tests required under paragraph (DD)(4)(c) of this rule shall be reported semiannually to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency. The semiannual reports shall be submitted by the first day of February and August and shall include information for the preceding semiannual period.

(d) Any semiannual reports required under paragraph (DD)(2)(m) of this rule may be sent to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency.

(16) Equivalent requirement.

(a) Any owner or operator of a process unit may apply to the director for determination of an equivalent requirement in lieu of the requirements specified in paragraphs (DD)(2) to (DD)(10) of this rule. The determination of equivalence will be evaluated by the guidelines specified in paragraphs (DD)(16)(b) to (DD)(16)(d) of this rule. If the director approves an equivalent requirement for a process unit, said requirement shall be specified in the special terms and conditions of an operating permit or variance issued by the director for the process unit.

(b) The owner or operator applying for a determination of equivalency shall be responsible for collecting and verifying test data to demonstrate the proposed equivalence.

(c) The equivalent requirement shall achieve a reduction in emissions of VOC at least equivalent to the reduction in emissions of VOC that would be achieved by compliance with the applicable requirements of paragraph (DD) of this rule.

(d) The director may condition the approval of equivalence as necessary to ensure the same emission reduction as the applicable requirements of paragraph (DD) of this rule.

(17) Exemptions.

(a) Exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(2) to (DD)(6) of this rule are the following process units:

(i) Any process unit that has a design capacity to produce less than one thousand one hundred tons per year;

(ii) Any process unit that produces only heavy liquid chemicals from heavy liquid feed or raw materials;

(iii) Any process unit that produces beverage alcohol;

(iv) Any process unit that has no equipment in VOC service as determined in accordance with paragraph (O)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; and

(v) Any process unit at a petroleum refinery, as defined in paragraph (E)(15) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(2) to (DD)(6) of this rule are the following equipment:

(i) Any equipment not in VOC service, as determined in accordance with paragraph (O)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code;

(ii) Any equipment in vacuum service; and

(iii) Any equipment subject to an equivalent emission limitation as provided in paragraph (DD)(16) of this rule.

(EE) Air oxidation processes that produce organic chemicals.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (EE)(2) of this rule, no owner or operator of an air oxidation process that produces an organic chemical identified in appendix A to this rule may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of VOC from any process vent stream after the date specified in paragraph (C)(39) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the process vent stream is vented to a combustion device that is designed and operated either:

(a) To reduce the VOC emissions vented to it with an efficiency of at least ninety-eight per cent by weight; or

(b) To emit VOC at a concentration less than twenty parts per million by volume, dry basis.

(2) Exemptions.

(a) Any process vent stream which is vented to a combustion device for which construction commenced prior to May 9, 1986, shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph (EE)(1) of this rule, provided the combustion device is operated and maintained in accordance with design specifications and good engineering practices. This exemption shall terminate for such process vent stream if the combustion device is replaced with new control equipment for which construction commenced on or after May 9, 1986.

(b) Any process vent stream or combination of process vent streams which has a total resource effectiveness value greater than 1.0 shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph (EE)(1) of this rule. If an air oxidation process has more than one process vent stream, the total resource effectiveness shall be based upon a combination of the process vent streams.

(3) Total resource effectiveness value.

(a) The total resource effectiveness value for an air oxidation process shall be calculated in accordance with the following equations:

(i) For nonchlorinated process vent streams with a net heating value less than or equal to 3.6 and for all chlorinated process vent streams:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-5.png

where,

TRE = total resource effectiveness value;

E = maximum hourly VOC emission rate at the vent stream design flowrate (W), in kilograms of VOC per hour (kg/hr);

W = vent stream design flowrate at a standard temperature of twenty degrees Celsius, in standard cubic meters per minute (scm/min);

H = vent stream net heating value, as determined in accordance with paragraph (P)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; in mega joules per standard cubic meter (106J/scm); and a, b, c, d, e, and f = applicable coefficients from appendix B to this rule.

(ii) For nonchlorinated process vent streams with a net heating value greater than 3.6:

image: oh/admin/2014/3745-21-09_PH_FF_A_RU_20140107_1309-6.png

where TRE, E, W, H, a, b, c, d, e and f are defined as in paragraph (EE)(3)(a)(i) of this rule.

(b) The parameters used in the total resource effectiveness equations shall be measured at the outlet(s) of the final product recovery device(s) where VOC is reclaimed for beneficial reuse (recycle, sale or use in another part of the process).

(4) The exhaust gases from any combustion device installed to meet the requirements of paragraph (EE)(1) of this rule for a process vent stream containing chlorinated VOC shall be controlled by a scrubber which is designed and operated to remove at least ninety-nine per cent, by weight, of the hydrogen chloride formed during combustion, unless the owner or operator of the air oxidation process demonstrates to the satisfaction of the director that a lesser control efficiency limitation is warranted based upon good engineering practices.

(FF) "The Steelcraft Manufacturing Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Steelcraft Manufacturing Company" facility located at 9017 Blue Ash road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements by no later than the dates specified in paragraph (C)(40) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) The VOC content of the adhesive coatings employed in the adhesive coating line for steel door panels and in the adhesive coating line for honeycomb paper shall not exceed 0.7 pound of VOC per gallon of adhesive coating, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(2) The uncontrolled VOC emissions from the steel door wipe cleaning operation shall be reduced and maintained below fourteen tons per year. The owner or operator shall keep monthly records which document the quantity and composition of the solvents used in the door wiping operation. These records shall be maintained at the facility for a period of three years. The owner or operator shall notify the director of any annual VOC emission rate that exceeds fourteen tons per year. A copy of the record showing the exceedance shall be submitted to the director within thirty days after the exceedance occurs.

(GG) "Chevron U.S.A., Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Chevron U.S.A., Inc." barge loading facility located at state route 128 and U.S. route 50 in Hamilton county, Ohio shall not cause, allow or permit the transfer of gasoline at the barge loading facility after the date specified in paragraph (C)(41) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The loading rack is equipped with a vapor collection system whereby during the transfer of gasoline to any barge, all vapors displaced from the barge during loading are vented only to a vapor collection system.

(2) The loading rack is equipped with a vapor control system whereby:

(a) All vapors collected by the vapor collection system are vented to the vapor control system;

(b) The mass emissions of VOC from the vapor control system do not exceed 0.29 pound of VOC per thousand gallons (thirty-five milligrams of VOC per liter) of gasoline loaded into the barge, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; and

(c) Any liquid gasoline returned to a stationary storage tank from the vapor control system is free of entrained air to the extent possible with good engineering design.

(3) A means is provided to prevent drainage of gasoline from the loading device when it is not in use or to accomplish complete drainage before the loading device is disconnected.

(4) All gasoline loading lines and vapor lines are equipped with fittings which are vapor tight.

(5) Any leak from the vapor collection system and vapor control system which is equal to or greater than one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane, as determined under paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, is repaired within fifteen days of detection.

(6) A leak inspection of the vapor collection system and vapor control system shall be performed on a quarterly basis in accordance with paragraph (K) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. The following information for each leak inspection shall be maintained at the facility for a period of three years:

(a) The date of each leak inspection;

(b) A description of the findings, including, but not limited to a description of the location, nature, and severity of each leak;

(c) The leak determination method;

(d) A description of the corrective action taken, including the date each leak was repaired; and

(e) The inspector's name and signature.

(HH) Surface coating of automotive/transportation and business machine plastic parts.

For any source subject to paragraph (HH) of this rule, the requirement to comply with paragraph (HH) of this rule shall terminate at such time the source becomes subject to and complies with rule 3745-21-26 of the Administrative Code.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a coating line for automotive/transportation plastic parts may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(42) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the VOC-content limitations specified in table 1. If a control system is employed for the coating line, the applicable limitation expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids shall be met by the owner or operator.

Table 1: VOC limitations for coatings used for automotive/transportation plastic parts.

Type of coating

VOC content limitation (in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, as applied)

VOC content limitation (in pounds of VOC per gallon of solids, as applied, for a coating system that employs a control system)

(1) Auto interiors

     

(a) High bake colorcoat

4.1

9.3

(b) High bake primer

3.8

7.9

(c) Low bake colorcoat

3.2

5.7

(d) Low bake primer

3.5

6.7

(2) Auto exteriors (flexible and non-flexible)

     

(a) High bake

     

(i) Colorcoat

4.6

12.3

(ii) Clearcoat

4.3

10.3

(iii) Primer-flexible

5.0

15.6

(iv) Primer-non-flexible

4.5

11.6

(b) Low bake

     

(i) Primer

5.5

21.7

(ii) Colorcoat red and black

5.6

23.4

(iii) Colorcoat others

5.1

16.6

(iv) Clearcoat

4.5

11.6

(3) Auto specialty

     

(a) Vacuum metallizing basecoats and texture basecoats

5.5

21.7

(b) Black coatings, reflective argent coatings, air bag cover coatings, and soft coatings

5.9

29.8

(c) Gloss reducers, vacuum metallizing topcoats, and texture topcoats

6.4

49.2

(d) Stencil coatings, adhesion primers, ink pad coatings, electrostatic prep coatings, and resist coatings

6.8

89.5

(e) Headlamp lens coatings

7.4

(not applicable)

(2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(6) of this rule, no owner or operator of a coating line for business machine plastic parts may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOCs after the date specified in paragraph (C)(42) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code in excess of the VOC content limitations specified in table 2. If a control system is employed for the coating line, the applicable limitation expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids shall be met by the owner or operator.

Table 2: VOC limitations for coatings used for business machine plastic parts.

Type of coating

VOC content limitation (in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents)

VOC content limitation (in pounds of VOC per gallon of solids, for a coating line that employs a control system)

(1) Primer

1.2

1.4

(2) Colorcoat (non-texture coat)

2.3

3.3

(3) Colorcoat (texture coat)

2.3

3.3

(4) Electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference (EMI/RFI) shielding coatings

4.0

8.8

(5) Specialty coatings

     

(a) Soft coatings

4.3

10.3

(b) Plating resist

5.9

29.8

(c) Plating sensitizer

7.1

202.9

(II) "International Paper Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "International Paper Company" facility located at 100 Progress place, Springdale, Ohio shall comply, by March 31, 1993, with the following requirements:

(1) The VOC contents of the coatings employed in any sheet-fed offset lithographic printing press shall not exceed the following limitations:

(a) 2.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for any varnish coating;

(b) 3.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for any aqueous coating;

(c) 1.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for any ink, excluding any metallic ink; and

(d) 2.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, for any metallic ink.

(2) The fountain solution employed in any sheet-fed offset lithographic printing press shall be refrigerated at each cooling unit to a temperature not to exceed sixty degrees Fahrenheit and shall have a VOC content not greater than 8.5 per cent VOC (alcohol) by volume at each cooling unit. The owner or operator shall measure the temperature and VOC content, in per cent by volume, of the fountain solution in each cooling unit on a daily basis, and shall maintain records of the results of the measurements at the facility for a period of three years. The VOC content of the fountain solution shall be measured using a hydrometer.

(3) The total VOC emissions from the metallic inks employed in all sheet-fed offset lithographic printing presses shall not exceed 0.258 ton during any calendar month and 2.32 tons during any period of twelve consecutive months. The owner or operator shall calculate the calendar month and rolling twelve-month VOC emissions from the metallic inks employed in all of the sheet-fed offset lithographic printing presses and shall maintain records of the results of the calculations at the facility for a period of three years.

(4) The owner or operator shall notify the director of any temperature measurement of the fountain solution that exceeds sixty degrees Fahrenheit, any VOC content measurement of the fountain solution that exceeds 8.5 per cent, by volume, and any monthly and rolling twelve-month VOC emission from the use of metallic inks that exceeds 0.258 ton and 2.32 tons, respectively. A copy of the record showing the exceedance shall be submitted to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(JJ) "The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company" facility located at 1376 Tech Way drive, Akron, Ohio shall comply, on and after May 25, 1988, with the following requirements:

(1) The VOC emissions from the nitrile-butadiene rubber production operation shall be controlled by employing a continuous steam stripper following the degassing vessels to maximize the removal of residual monomers (acrylonitrile and butadiene). The continuous steam stripper shall be designed and operated to achieve a residual monomer content, as determined by "Goodyear Method E-826," of not greater than nine hundred parts per million by weight (total acrylonitrile and butadiene) in the polymer (rubber) blend tanks immediately following the stripper, and all exhaust gases from the stripper shall be vented to the butadiene recovery operation or to a flare system which complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule. The owner or operator shall perform daily analyses of the residual monomer content in the polymer blend tanks and shall maintain records of the results of the analyses at the facility for a period of three years. An alternative method and/or procedure to that in "Goodyear Method E-826" may be used to demonstrate compliance with the above limitation provided that such method or procedure is in accordance with good engineering practice, authorized in writing by the director, and approved by the U.S. environmental protection agency as a revision to the state implementation plan. The owner or operator shall notify the director of any residual monomer content that exceeds nine hundred parts per million by weight. A copy of the record showing the exceedance shall be submitted to the director within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(2) The VOC emissions from the butadiene recovery operation shall be vented to a flare system which complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(KK) "Morton Thiokol, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Morton Thiokol, Inc." facility located at 2000 West street, Cincinnati, Ohio shall comply, on and after May 25, 1988, with the following requirements for VOC emissions from the production of methyltin intermediates:

(1) Each process used for the production of methyltin intermediates shall be equipped with a VOC recovery system which is designed and operated to achieve a control efficiency of at least seventy per cent, by weight, as a weekly average for the seven-day period from Monday through Sunday, for the VOC emissions in the process vent gas, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. The owner or operator shall on a daily basis determine the amount of VOC vented to the VOC vapor recovery system from the processes and the amount of VOC recovered. The overall recovery efficiency shall be calculated each week as the ratio of the total recovered VOC for the seven-day period from Monday through Sunday to the total VOC vented to the VOC recovery system for the same seven-day period. The ratio shall be expressed as a percentage. The ratio shall be calculated not later than the Monday following each seven-day period, and the owner or operator shall maintain records of the calculations at the facility for a period of three years. The owner or operator shall notify the director of any weekly average control efficiency that is less than seventy per cent, by weight. A copy of the record showing the noncomplying weekly average control efficiency shall be submitted to the director within thirty days of the occurrence.

(2) The railcar unloading operation shall be a closed-loop system that uses compressed VOC from storage, rather than nitrogen, to unload the VOC in the railcar.

(LL) "The Lubrizol Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Lubrizol Corporation" facility located at 155 Freedom road, Painesville, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements for VOC emissions from reactor processes no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(46) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (LL)(3) of this rule, any reactor process vent stream shall be vented to one of the following control equipment:

(a) The control equipment is an enclosed combustion device that is designed and operated:

(i) To reduce the VOC emissions vented to it with an efficiency of at least ninety-eight per cent by weight or to emit VOC at a concentration not exceeding twenty parts per million by volume (dry basis), either of which is determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; or

(ii) To provide a minimum residence time of 0.75 second at a minimum temperature of sixteen hundred degrees Fahrenheit.

(b) The control equipment is a flare that meets the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(2) Any process wastewater stream from a reactor process shall be discharged to a wastewater separator that has all separator sections equipped with covers and seals which minimize the amount of VOC exposed to the ambient air.

(3) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (LL)(1) of this rule are the following reactor process vent streams:

(a) The reactor process vent stream is not vented to an enclosed combustion device or flare and has a VOC emission rate less than five tons per year. If the reactor process has more than one of these reactor process vent streams, the VOC emission rate shall be based upon a combination of such reactor process vent streams. In such cases, the owner or operator shall calculate the calendar month and rolling twelve-month VOC emissions from the reactor process vent streams and maintain records of the results of the calculations at the facility for a period of three years. The owner or operator shall notify the director of any rolling twelve-month VOC emission calculation that exceeds five tons. A copy of the record showing the exceedance shall be submitted to the director within thirty days after the exceedance occurs.

(b) The reactor process vent stream is vented to an enclosed combustion device or a flare for which construction commenced prior to May 25, 1988, provided the enclosed combustion device or flare is operated and maintained in accordance with design specifications. This exemption shall terminate for such reactor process vent stream if the enclosed combustion device or flare is replaced with new control equipment for which construction commenced on or after May 25, 1988.

(c) The reactor process vent stream is an air bearing vent stream which has a VOC concentration between the lower explosive limit and the upper explosive limit and which has a total resource effectiveness value greater than 1.0, as determined under paragraph (EE)(3) of this rule. If the reactor process has more than one of these air bearing process vent streams, the total resource effectiveness value shall be based upon a combination of such reactor process vent streams.

(MM) "PPG Industries, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "PPG Industries, Inc." facility located at 3800 West 143rd street, Cleveland, Ohio shall comply, on and after May 25, 1988, with the following requirements for the VOC emissions from the paint manufacturing operations and associated paint laboratory operations:

(1) The paint manufacturing operations shall include the following equipment for the processing or use of solvent based or waterbased paint materials: mixing tanks for paint liquids and pigments, grinding mills, paint thinning and tinting tanks, paint filling equipment for shipping containers, cleaning equipment for paint processing equipment, and recovery equipment for the cleaning solvents. The paint laboratory operations shall include the following equipment for the processing or use of solvent based or waterbased paint materials: paint spray booths and associated ovens within the paint manufacturing quality control laboratory and the paint research laboratory.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (MM)(4) of this rule, the VOC emissions from the equipment included within the paint manufacturing operations shall be vented either directly or by means of a building or local area exhaust to a control system which shall maintain compliance with any of the following requirements:

(a) A minimum control efficiency of 98.0 per cent by weight for the VOC emissions;

(b) A maximum outlet VOC concentration of twenty parts per million by volume (dry basis); or

(c) A minimum incineration temperature of one thousand five hundred degrees Fahrenheit.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (MM)(4) of this rule, the VOC emissions from the equipment included within the paint laboratory operations shall be vented to a control system which shall maintain compliance with a minimum control efficiency of ninety per cent by weight for the VOC emissions or a maximum outlet VOC concentration of twenty parts per million by volume (dry basis).

(4) The requirements of paragraphs (MM)(2) and (MM)(3) of this rule shall not apply to any specific piece of equipment included within the paint manufacturing operations or the paint laboratory operations during each of the following situations:

(a) During any period in which there is no production activity or laboratory activity at said equipment; and

(b) During the processing or use of a waterbased paint material in said equipment, provided the following three conditions are met:

(i) The equipment is dedicated solely to the production of waterbased paint materials;

(ii) The VOC content of the waterbased paint material is less than or equal to 12.0 per cent VOC by weight, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; and

(iii) Any VOC emissions from the processing or use of the waterbased paint material that are not vented to the control systems specified in paragraphs (MM)(2) and (MM)(3) of this rule are included (accounted for) in a permit-to-install issued by the director after August 22, 1990 pursuant to Chapter 3745-31 of the Administrative Code.

(5) The VOC control efficiency or outlet VOC concentrations shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(6) For a control system identified in paragraph (MM)(2) or (MM)(3) of this rule that employs incineration, the incineration temperature shall be determined by means of a continuous measurement and recording of such temperature.

(7) Any mixing or blending tank containing a paint material shall be equipped with a cover or lid that completely covers the opening of the tank, except for an opening no larger than necessary to allow for safe clearance for the mixer's shaft. Such tank shall be covered at all times in which the tank contains a paint material except when operator access is necessary to add ingredients or take samples.

(8) For any specific piece of equipment included within the paint manufacturing operations or the paint laboratory operations, for which the owner or operator claims an exemption from the requirements of paragraphs (MM)(2) and (MM)(3) of this rule, pursuant to paragraph (MM)(4) of this rule, the owner or operator shall keep daily records of the following information:

(a) The periods of time during which there is no production activity or laboratory activity; and

(b) The VOC content of the waterbased paint material (in per cent VOC, by weight), and, if applicable, the application number for the permit to install which authorizes the use of the waterbased paint materials.

(9) The owner or operator shall maintain the records required by paragraphs (MM)(6) and (MM)(8) of this rule at the facility for a period of three years.

(NN) "Von Roll USA, Inc." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Von Roll USA, Inc." facility located at 4853 West 130th street, Cleveland, Ohio shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC from any mica coating or laminating line after the date specified in paragraph (C)(48) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met:

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (NN)(2) of this rule, each mica coating or laminating line shall be equipped with a VOC emission control system that is designed and operated to achieve a capture efficiency of one hundred per cent and a control destruction efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent, by weight, for all the VOC emissions from the mica coating or laminating line. To meet the one hundred per cent capture efficiency requirement, each mica coating or laminating line shall employ a permanent total enclosure that complies with the requirements of USEPA method 204 and the requirements of paragraph (NN)(3) of this rule. For the VOC control device, the VOC control (destruction) efficiency shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(2) The requirements of paragraph (NN)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any mica coating or laminating line which employs less than five tons of VOC per year. In such case, the owner or operator shall keep monthly records that document the VOC emissions from the mica coating or laminating line. These records shall be maintained at the facility for a period of three years. The owner or operator shall notify the director of any annual VOC emission rate that equals or exceeds five tons per year. A copy of the record showing the exceedance shall be submitted to the director within thirty days after the exceedance occurs.

(3) Each permanent total enclosure shall be maintained under negative pressure at a minimum differential pressure of 0.007 inch of water, as a three-hour average, at all times when the mica coating or laminating line is in operation.

(4) Monitoring devices and a recorder shall be employed to simultaneously and continuously measure and record the pressure inside and outside each permanent total enclosure. The monitoring and recording devices shall be calibrated, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations, with any modifications deemed necessary by the permittee.

(5) The owner or operator shall submit quarterly, deviation (excursion) reports that identify all three-hour blocks of time during which each permanent total enclosure was not maintained at the minimum pressure differential of 0.007 inch of water, as a three-hour average.

(OO) "Armco Steel Company, L.P." or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Armco Steel Company, L.P. facility at 1801 Crawford street, Middletown, Ohio shall comply, on and after May 25, 1988, with the following VOC content limitations for the metal coil treatment operations, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code:

(1) The VOC content of any rolling oil employed in the temper mills shall not exceed 6.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of oil, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(2) The VOC content of any rust preventive oil employed in the temper mills, shears, corrective rewinds, slitters, coating lines, and the pickle lines shall not exceed 3.3 pounds of VOC per gallon of oil, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(3) The VOC content of any anti-galling material employed in the aluminum coating operation shall not exceed 1.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of material, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(4) The VOC content of any prelube oil employed at the facility shall not exceed 0.8 pound of VOC per gallon of oil, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(PP) "Formica Corporation" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Formica Corporation" facility located at 10155 Reading road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall comply, on and after May 25, 1988, with the following requirements for the VOC emissions from each paper treater:

(1) The VOC content of any coating employed in the paper treater shall not exceed 0.9 pound of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; or

(2) The paper treater shall be equipped with a capture system and control system which are designed and operated to achieve an overall control efficiency of at least eighty-five per cent by weight for the VOC emissions, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(QQ) "The Day-Glo Color Corp." or any subsequent owner or operator of "The Day-Glo Color Corp." facility located at 4515 St. Clair avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, shall comply with the following requirements by no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(51) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) The filtration process which separates the methanol from the solid dye shall be a vacuum system which consists of a vacuum pump and condenser.

(2) Each mixing vessel having a capacity of four hundred gallons or less shall be equipped with a lid that remains in place at all times unless the vessel is empty or being emptied. The lid shall maintain contact along the entire perimeter of the vessel's rim and shall have no openings except as follows:

(a) The opening for the mixer shaft shall be no larger than three inches in diameter.

(b) Any opening used for the addition of materials to the vessel shall be no more than one-fourth of the lid area in size and shall remain open only during the addition of materials.

(RR) On and after March 12, 2006, "Sherwin-Williams Diversified Brands, Incorporated" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Sherwin-Williams Diversified Brands, Incorporated" facility located at 26300 Fargo avenue, Bedford Heights, Ohio shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (RR)(1) to (RR)(8) of this rule.

(1) For the liquid mixing tanks, can liquid filling operations, gasser (gashouse) operations (can propellant filling operations and propellant line purging operations), can brushing operations (manual can cleaning operations), and can piercing operations at this facility, the total VOC emissions in any rolling twelve-month period shall not exceed 0.75 pound of VOC per one thousand aerosol cans produced.

(2) When a gashouse production line is in VOC operation, all VOC emissions from the gashouse production line, except during a safety diversion or emergency described under paragraph (RR)(8) of this rule, shall be vented to a thermal incinerator that is designed and operated with a destruction efficiency greater than or equal to ninety per cent by weight for VOC. A gashouse production line is in VOC operation when either the propellant being used to fill the aerosol cans contains VOC or the propellant being purged from the propellant line contains VOC. The VOC propellant being purged shall be recovered and stored in a fuel tank of the thermal incinerator."

(3) The average combustion temperature within the thermal incinerator, for any three-hour block of time when the gashouse is vented to the thermal incinerator, shall not be more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent emissions test of the thermal incinerator that demonstrated compliance with the VOC destruction efficiency specified in paragraph (RR)(2) of this rule.

(4) Monitoring and recordkeeping.

(a) Continuous monitoring devices.

(i) The owner or operator shall install, operate, and maintain a continuous temperature monitor and recorder that measures and records the combustion temperature within the thermal incinerator. The temperature monitor shall have a minimum accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Fahrenheit or plus or minus one degree Fahrenheit, whichever is greater. The temperature monitor and recorder shall be installed, calibrated, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations, with any modifications deemed necessary by the owner or operator.

(ii) The owner or operator shall install, operate, and maintain a lower explosive limit (LEL) monitoring system that continuously measures and records the concentration of VOC and percent LEL within each gashouse line and the inlet vent to the thermal incinerator. The LEL detectors shall have a minimum accuracy or plus or minus two per cent. The LEL detectors shall be installed, calibrated, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. The owner or operator shall calibrate the LEL detectors once per month following the manufacturer's protocol and shall record the date and results of each calibration.

(iii) The owner or operator shall install, operate, and maintain mass flow meter that continuously measures and records the flow rate within each gashouse line. The mass flow meters shall have a minimum accuracy of plus or minus 1.5 per cent. The mass flow meters shall be installed, calibrated, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. The owner or operator shall check the mass flow meters once every six months for accuracy using a pilot tube and shall record the date and results of each accuracy check.

(b) The owner or operator shall collect and record the following information for each day of gashouse operation:

(i) A log of operating time for each of the following: gashouse production line ventilation to the thermal incinerator, gashouse production line ventilation directly to ambient air, thermal incinerator operation, temperature monitoring equipment operation, gashouse production line in VOC operation, and gashouse production line not in VOC operation.

(ii) A log of all three-hour blocks of time during which the average combustion temperature within the thermal incinerator, when the gashouse was vented to the thermal incinerator, was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent emissions test of the thermal incinerator that demonstrated compliance with the VOC destruction efficiency requirement specified in paragraph (RR)(2) of this rule.

(iii) A log of the dates and times of the bypass venting of gashouse emissions to ambient air and any downtime for the thermal incinerator and temperature monitoring equipment, when any gashouse production line is in VOC operation. Additional records on bypass venting due to safety diversions are specified under paragraph (RR)(4)(h) of this rule.

(c) The owner or operator shall collect and record for each aerosol can production line at this facility the following production information each month:

(i) Number of aerosol cans produced.

(ii) Name and amount (pounds) of each VOC liquid charged to the mixing tanks and filled into aerosol cans.

(iii) Number of aerosol cans filled with a VOC propellant by name of propellant, type of propellant filler (under-the-cup fill, needle fill, or Sepro fill), and type of emissions venting (vented to thermal incinerator or not vented to thermal incinerator).

(iv) Number of VOC propellant line purges by name of propellant, type of recovery (recovered for fuel tank of thermal incinerator or not recovered), and type of emissions venting (vented to thermal incinerator or not vented to thermal incinerator).

(v) Name and amount (pounds) of each VOC liquid (solvent) used in the manual aerosol can cleaning operation (can brushing operation).

(vi) Number of safety diversion events and number of emergency events, as described in paragraph (RR)(8)(a) of this rule.

(d) The owner or operator shall collect and record the following chemical and physical properties for the VOC liquids and VOC propellants used in the aerosol can production lines of this facility:

(i) For any VOC liquid used in liquid mixing and liquid filling of aerosol cans, the liquid name, the liquid density (pounds per gallon), and the vapor pressure (mmHg) at seventy degrees Fahrenheit and eighty degrees Fahrenheit.

(ii) For any VOC liquid used in manual aerosol can cleaning, the liquid name and the liquid density (pounds per gallon).

(iii) For any VOC propellant, the liquid density (pounds per gallon) under usual propellant storage temperature and pressure, the vapor density (pounds per cubic centimeter) at propellant filler temperature, the fraction VOC by weight, the molecular weight, and the lower explosive limit (LEL) concentration (ppmv).

(e) The owner or operator shall calculate and record for each aerosol can production line at this facility the following information each month:

(i) Monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from the liquid mixing operations, as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(6)(a) of this rule.

(ii) Monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from the can liquid filling operations, as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(6)(b) of this rule.

(iii) Monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from the gashouse operations (propellant filling, propellant line purging, and safety diversions), as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(6)(c) of this rule.

(iv) Monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from the manual aerosol can cleaning operations (can brushing operations), as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(6)(d) of this rule.

(v) Monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from the aerosol can production line, which is the sum of data recorded under paragraphs (RR)(4)(e)(i) to (RR)(4)(e)(iv) of this rule.

(f) The owner or operator shall collect and record for each can piercing operation at this facility the following information each month:

(i) The monthly operation of aerosol cans pierced, categorized by type of product/propellant and size.

(ii) For each category of aerosol can identified under paragraph (RR)(4)(f)(i) of this rule, the name and amount (pounds per can) of VOC liquid (solvent) and VOC propellant contained within the aerosol can.

(iii) For each VOC liquid, the vapor pressure (mmHg) at eighty degrees Fahrenheit and the molecular weight (pounds per pound mole).

(iv) The monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds) from can piercing operations, as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(6)(e) of this rule.

(g) The owner or operator shall record for all aerosol can production lines and can piercing operations combined at this facility the following information each month:

(i) The monthly amount of VOC emissions (pounds), which is a sum of the monthly VOC emissions recorded under paragraphs (RR)(4)(e)(v) and (RR)(4)(f)(iv) of this rule for each aerosol can production line and each can piercing operation, respectively.

(ii) The monthly number of aerosol cans produced, which is a sum of the monthly aerosol can production recorded under paragraph (RR)(4)(c)(i) of this rule for each aerosol can production line.

(iii) The amount of VOC emissions (pounds) during the rolling twelve-month period, which is the sum of the values recorded under paragraph (RR)(4)(g)(i) of this rule for this month and the previous eleven consecutive months.

(iv) The number of aerosol cans produced during the rolling twelve-month period, which is the sum of the values recorded under paragraph (RR)(4)(g)(ii) of this rule for this month and the previous eleven consecutive months.

(v) The VOC emissions rate during the rolling twelve-month period in pounds per one thousand cans, which is one thousand times the value from paragraph (RR)(4)(g)(iii) of this rule divided by the value from paragraph (RR)(4)(g)(iv) of this rule, and rounded to two decimal places.

(h) The owner or operator shall collect and record for each aerosol can production line at this facility, the following information for each safety diversion event, as described in paragraph (RR)(8) of this rule:

(i) Twenty per cent LEL stamp, which indicates that a concentration between twenty per cent and forty per cent of the LEL occurred;

(ii) Date and time of the twenty per cent LEL stamp;

(iii) Event length (seconds);

(iv) Type of VOC propellant being employed in the gashouse;

(v) Average concentration of LEL detectors in gashouse line (ppmv);

(vi) Average flow rate (cfm); and

(vii) Amount of VOC emissions (pounds).

(i) The records required by paragraphs (RR)(4)(a) to (RR)(4)(h) of this rule shall be maintained for a minimum of five years and shall be available for review by the director or any authorized representative of the director during normal business hours.

(5) Reporting.

(a) The owner or operator shall submit quarterly compliance status reports:

(i) That identify any emission rate violation in which the emission rate recorded under paragraph (RR)(4)(g)(v) of this rule exceeds the VOC emission limitation specified in paragraph (RR)(1) of this rule;

(ii) That identify any deviations of the requirements specified in paragraphs (RR)(2) and (RR)(3) of this rule, as recorded under paragraphs (RR)(4)(b)(iii) and (RR)(4)(b)(ii) of this rule, respectively; and

(iii) That provide summaries of the records specified under paragraphs (RR)(4)(a) to (RR)(4)(h) of this rule.

(b) The owner or operator shall submit to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency the quarterly compliance status reports specified in paragraph (RR)(5)(a) of this rule. These quarterly compliance status reports shall be submitted by April thirtieth, July thirty-first, October thirty-first, and January thirty-first and shall cover the records for the previous calendar quarters.

(6) Determination of VOC emissions.

(a) VOC emissions from liquid mixing operations.

(i) For liquid mixing operations, the monthly VOC emissions (pounds), E(mixing), shall be calculated as follows:

E(mixing) = E(loading) + (E)venting

where:

E(loading) = monthly VOC emissions from loading VOC liquids into mixing tanks

E(venting) = monthly VOC emissions from venting VOC liquids during mixing

(ii) For loading VOC liquid into a mixing tank, the monthly VOC emissions shall be calculated, based on the ideal gas law and displacement of saturated vapors at seventy degrees Fahrenheit (twenty-one degrees Celsius), as follows:

E(loading) = monthly sum of Ei(loading) for all VOC liquid "i" loaded into mixing tanks

Ei(loading) = (Pi * Xi * Vi * MWi)/ (R * T)

where:

Ei(loading) = pounds of VOC emissions during the month from loading VOC liquid "i" into mixing tanks

Pi = vapor pressure of VOC liquid "i" at seventy degrees Fahrenheit, in mmHg

Xi = mole fraction of VOC liquid "i" in liquid mix (value of one is used for this emissions estimate)

Vi = volume of VOC liquid "i" charged to mixing tanks during the month in cubic feet (equals monthly gallons of liquid "i" divided by 7.48 gallons per cubic foot)

R = nine hundred ninety-nine mmHg-cubic feet per pound mole-degrees Kelvin

T = temperature in degrees Kelvin (equals two hundred seventy-three plus twenty-one degrees Celsius)

MWi = molecular weight of VOC liquid "i", in pounds per pound mole

(iii) For venting of VOC liquids during mixing, the monthly VOC emissions shall be calculated, based on the ideal gas law and venting of saturated vapors at eighty degrees Fahrenheit (twenty-seven degrees Celsius), as follows:

E(venting) = monthly sum of Ei(venting) for all VOC liquid "i" loaded into mixing tanks

Ei(venting) = (Pi * Xi * Vi,v * MWi) / (R * T)

where:

Ei(venting) = pounds of VOC emissions during the month for venting a VOC liquid "i" during mixing

Pi = vapor pressure of VOC liquid "i" at eighty degrees Fahrenheit, in mmHg

Xi = mole fraction of VOC liquid "i" in liquid mix (a value of one is used for this emissions estimate)

Vi,v = volume (cubic feet) of saturated vapors removed by the ventilation system during mixing of VOC liquid "i" (equals monthly gallons of VOC liquid "i" times five times thirty divided by three hundred fifty based on five per cent of the total ventilation flow rate or five cubic feet per minute, an average mixing time of thirty minutes per batch, and a typical batch size of three hundred and fifty gallons)

R = nine hundred ninety-nine mmHg-cubic feet per pound mole-degrees Kelvin

T = temperature in degrees Kelvin (equals two hundred seventy-three plus twenty-seven degrees Celsius)

MWi = molecular weight of VOC liquid "i", in pounds per pound mole

(iv) Alternative method.

An alternative method for calculating the monthly emissions rate for liquid mixing operations shall be as follows:

E(mixing) = EFM * V(mixing)

where:

EFM = emission factor of 0.00131 pound VOC per pound VOC liquid throughput (this emission factor is based on the highest annual average emission factor for mixing operations during 1997 to 2000)

V(mixing) = monthly throughput of VOC liquid employed for mixing, in pounds

(v) If for any month in which the use of the alternative method described in paragraph (RR)(6)(a)(iv) of this rule shows noncompliance with the VOC emission limit, the method described in paragraphs (RR)(6)(a)(i) to (RR)(6)(a)(iii) of this rule shall be used to calculate monthly emissions for liquid mixing operations. The compliance determination will then be based on these more detailed calculations.

(b) VOC emissions from liquid filling of aerosol cans.

(i) For the liquid filling of aerosol cans, the monthly VOC emissions (pounds) shall be calculated, based on the ideal gas law and displacement of saturated vapors at seventy degrees Fahrenheit (twenty-one degrees Celsius) as follows:

E(filling) = monthly sum of Ei(filling) for all VOC liquid "i" filling of aerosol cans

Ei(filling) = (Pi * Xi * Vi * MWi) / (R * T)

where:

Ei(filling) = pounds of VOC emissions during the month for VOC liquid "i" filling of aerosol cans

Pi = vapor pressure of VOC liquid "i" at seventy degrees Fahrenheit, in mmHg

Xi = mole fraction of VOC liquid "i" in liquid fill (a value of one is used for this emissions estimate)

Vi = volume of VOC liquid "i" filled into aerosol cans during the month in cubic feet (equals monthly gallons of VOC liquid "i" divided by 7.48 gallons per cubic foot)

R = nine hundred ninety-nine mmHg-cubic feet per pound mole-degrees Kelvin

T = temperature in degrees Kelvin (equals two hundred seventy-three plus twenty-one degrees Celsius)

MWi = molecular weight of VOC liquid "i", in pounds per pound mole

(ii) Alternative method.

An alternative method for calculating the monthly emissions for liquid can filling operations shall be as follows:

E(filling) = EFF * V(filling)

where:

EFF = emission factor of 0.00026 pound VOC per pound VOC liquid throughput (this emission factor is based on the highest annual average emission factor for liquid can filling operations during 1997 to 2000)

V(filling) = monthly throughput of VOC liquid employed for can filling, in pounds

(iii) If for any month in which the use of the alternative method described in paragraph (RR)(6)(b)(ii) of this rule shows noncompliance with the VOC emission limit, the method described in paragraph (RR)(6)(b)(ii) of this rule shall be used to calculate monthly emissions for liquid filling of aerosol cans. The compliance determination will then be based on these more detailed calculations.

(c) VOC emissions from gasser (gashouse) operations.

(i) For the gasser operations, the monthly VOC emissions in pounds), EG(total), shall be calculated as follows:

EG(total) = EG(filling) + EG(purging) + EG(safety diversions)

where:

EG(filling) = monthly VOC emissions from filling aerosol cans with VOC propellant

EP(purging) = monthly VOC emissions from purging of lines containing VOC propellant

EG(safety diversions) = monthly VOC emissions from safety diversions of VOC control equipment

(ii) For the filling of aerosol cans with VOC propellant and the purging of lines containing VOC propellant, the monthly VOC emissions for filling and line purging shall be calculated as follows:

EG(filling) = monthly sum of (NCp,f,v) x (EFp,f) X (Kp) x (1 -Cep,v/100) x (VOCp)

EP(purging) = monthly sum of (NPp,v) x (Vp) x (LDp) x (1 - Rp) x (1 - CEp,v/100) x (VOCp)

where:

CEp,v = control efficiency for propellant "p" VOC emissions and type of venting "v" for those emissions, based on venting of VOC propellant emissions to thermal incinerator or not and the overall control efficiency of the thermal incinerator for VOC

CEp,v = zero per cent if propellant "p" VOC emissions are not vented to the thermal incinerator

CEp,v = overall VOC control efficiency from most recent compliance test of the thermal incinerator, if propellant "p" VOC emissions are vented to the thermal incinerator

EFp,f = emission factor for VOC propellant gas loss when filling cans with VOC propellant "p", based on propellant filler type "f" (under-the-cup fill, needle fill, or Sepro fill)

EFp,f = 0.2 cubic centimeters per can for needle filling of VOC propellant "p"

EFp,f = 1.00 cubic centimeters per can for Sepro filling of VOC propellant "p"

EFp,f = 1.75 cubic centimeters per can for under-the-cup filling of VOC propellant "p"

Kp = conversion factor for gaseous VOC propellant "p" expressed in pounds per cubic centimeter at standard conditions

LDp = liquid density of VOC propellant "p" at storage temperature and pressure, in pounds per gallon

NCp,f,v = number of cans produced with VOC propellant "p" and filling type "f" during the month by type of venting "v" (vented to thermal incinerator or not vented to thermal incinerator)

NPp,v = number of propellant line purges during the month for VOC propellant "p" by type of venting "v" (vented to thermal incinerator or not vented to thermal incinerator)

Rp = fraction by weight of purged VOC propellant "p" which is recovered and stored in a pressure tank

Vp = volume of propellant line purged for VOC propellant "p", in gallons

VOCp = fraction VOC by weight for VOC propellant "p" (usually one for a VOC containing propellant)

(iii) Alternative method for filling and line purging.

For gasser operations equipped with a thermal incinerator in which the VOC emissions from the filling of aerosol cans with VOC propellant are vented to the thermal incinerator and the line purging of VOC propellant is recovered for use as a fuel in the thermal incinerator, the monthly VOC emissions for filling and line purging shall be calculated as follows:

EG(filling) + EG(purging) = EF * (NC/1000)

where:

EF = VOC emissions factor from most recent compliance test of the thermal incinerator, expressed in pounds VOC per thousand aerosol cans produced (based on the September 24, 2002 compliance test, EF equals 0.16 pound VOC per thousand aerosol cans)

NC = number of aerosol cans produced with VOC propellant during the month

(iv) EG(safety diversions) is the sum of the VOC emissions for each safety diversion event during the month, as determined in accordance with paragraph (RR)(8) of this rule. The amount of VOC emissions in pounds for a safety diversion event EG(event) shall be calculated as follows:

EG(event) = Cavg * MW * Flow * Time * ( 4.256 x 10-11)

where:

Cavg = average concentration of VOC propellant in gas stream being vented to ambient air during safety diversion event, in parts per million by volume

MW = molecular weight of VOC propellant being employed in gashouse at time of safety diversion event, in pounds per pound-mole

Flow = average flow rate of gas stream being vented to ambient air during safety diversion event, in cubic feet per minute

Time = length of safety diversion event, in seconds

4.256 x 10-11 = constant value based on various unit conversions and division by the Universal Gas Constant at standard conditions

(d) VOC emissions from manual aerosol can cleaning operations.

For the manual aerosol can cleaning operations (can brushing operations), VOC emissions shall be equal to the mass of VOC solvent consumed in the operation. The monthly VOC emissions from can brushing shall be calculated as the sum of VOC emissions for all solvents consumed during that month. The VOC emissions from each VOC solvent consumed is calculated as the number of VOC solvent gallons consumed during the month times the VOC solvent density (pounds per gallon).

(e) VOC emissions from can piercing operations.

(i) For the can piecing operations, monthly VOC emissions shall be the total VOC emissions from propellants plus the total VOC emissions from liquid recovery.

(ii) The total VOC emissions (pounds) from propellants is the sum of the amount of VOC propellant within all cans pierced during that month. For a grouping of pierced cans by type and size, the monthly amount of VOC propellant is calculated as the amount of propellant VOC per can (pounds VOC per can), which is based on the type and size category, times the number of cans pierced during the month for that type and size category.

(iii) The total VOC emissions (pounds) from liquid recovery for all cans pierced during a month is the sum of VOC emissions from the liquids (solvents) within all cans pierced during that month. The VOC emissions from the liquids shall be calculated, based on the ideal gas law and displacement of saturated vapors at eighty degrees Fahrenheit (twenty-seven degrees Celsius) for liquid flowing into a recovery drum or vessel, using the following formulas:

E(piercing) = sum of Ei(piercing) for all VOC liquid "i" within the cans pierced in the month

Ei(piercing) = (Pi * Xi * Vi * MWi) / (R * T)

Vi = Wi / ( 7.48 * Di)

Wi = sum of (Wi,c * Nc) for VOC liquid "i" for all cans pierced (by can type and size category "c") during the month

where:

Di = density of VOC liquid "i", in pounds per gallon

E(piercing) = total VOC emissions from liquid recovery for all cans pierced in the month, in pounds

Ei(piercing) = pounds of VOC emissions from VOC liquid "i" recovered from cans pierced in the month

MWi = molecular weight of VOC liquid "i", in pounds per pound mole

Nc = number of cans pierced during the month for can type and size category "c"

Pi = vapor pressure of VOC liquid "i" at eighty degrees Fahrenheit, in mmHg

R = nine hundred ninety-nine mmHg-cubic feet per pound mole-degrees Kelvin

T = temperature in degrees Kelvin (equals two hundred seventy-three plus twenty-seven degrees Celsius)

Xi = mole fraction of VOC liquid "i" in liquid of pierced cans (value of one is used for this emissions estimate)

Vi = volume of VOC liquid "i" within pierced cans for the month, in cubic feet

Wi = amount of VOC liquid "i" within the pierced cans for the month, in pounds

Wi,c = amount of VOC liquid "i" for can type and size category "c", in pounds per can

7.48 = conversion factor in gallons per cubic foot

(7) VOC emissions testing.

The owner or operator shall conduct, or have conducted, emissions testing for the thermal incinerator to demonstrate the thermal incinerator's mass emission rate, destruction efficiency, and overall control efficiency for VOC emissions from this facility's gashouse operations in accordance with the following requirements:

(a) The emissions testing shall be conducted within six months of March 12, 2006, unless emissions testing had been conducted within three years prior to March 12, 2006 and the emissions testing demonstrated compliance with paragraph (RR)(2) of this rule.

(b) For the emissions testing, the owner or operator shall meet the general provisions of paragraph (A) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) The emissions testing shall be conducted in accordance with the test methods in paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code with the concentration of VOC in the thermal incinerator's inlet and outlet gas streams determined by means of USEPA method 25 or USEPA method 25A.

(d) The emission testing to determine the VOC capture efficiency of the vapor collection system used to transport VOC emissions from the facility's gashouse operations (propellant filling of aerosol cans and propellant line purging) to the thermal incinerator shall be conducted by means of the test methods specified in paragraph (C)(3)(c) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(e) The emission testing shall be conducted while the facility's gashouse is operating at or near its maximum capacity, unless otherwise specified or approved by the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency.

(f) The overall control efficiency of the thermal incinerator for VOC shall be the destruction efficiency times the capture efficiency divided by one hundred.

(g) The mass emission rate of the thermal incinerator, expressed in pounds VOC per thousand aerosol cans produced, shall be the hourly mass emission rate (pounds VOC per hour) divided by the hourly production rate (one thousand cans per hour).

(h) Additional testing of the gashouse and the thermal incinerator may be required by the director to ensure continued compliance with the applicable requirements.

(8) Safety diversion events and emergency events for gasser operations being vented to a thermal incinerator.

(a) A safety diversion is the venting of gasser operations directly to ambient air, instead of being vented to the thermal incinerator, in order to meet requirements of NFPA 30B: "Code for the Manufacturing and Storage of Aerosol Products." A safety diversion occurs when any of the lower explosive limit (LEL) detectors in the gashouse detects a concentration between twenty per cent and forty per cent of the LEL. Under a safety diversion, as described in NFPA 30B, Section 5.4.2(E), the ventilation rate of the affected gashouse line is quickly increased, the gashouse line is vented immediately to ambient air (i.e. thermal incinerator is bypassed), and production activities usually continue. Safety diversion events are less than five minutes and shall be included in the determination of compliance with the monthly VOC emission limitation of 0.75 pound VOC per thousand aerosol cans produced. A safety diversion event is not be a malfunction under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-15-06 of the Administrative Code.

(b) An emergency event is a condition that shuts down the line, releases propellant in the gasser to atmosphere and vents the gashouse directly to ambient air, instead of being vented to the thermal incinerator as required by NFPA 30B, Section 5.12. Emergency events include safety diversions greater than five minutes, detected LEL concentrations greater than forty per cent, low flow alarms, power loss, fire alarms, explosion suppression systems discharge, gashouse and thermal oxidizer safety system monitoring device fault and emergency stops (E-Stops). An E-Stop occurs when a gashouse operator shuts down the line due to an observed safety issue caused by the gashouse operation such as employee injury, damage to equipment, or operation problems such as shredding of cans. The owner or operator shall maintain a record of the emergency events.

(c) The VOC emissions for a safety diversion event shall be calculated based on the average concentration of the LEL detectors associated with the gashouse line, the flow rate of the gashouse line (measured with a mass flow meter), the propellant being filled, and the length of the event (seconds).

(d) The owner or operator shall calibrate the LEL detectors once per month following the manufacturer's protocol and shall check the flow meters once every six months for accuracy using a pilot tube.

(SS) On and after March 31, 1993, "Ritrama Duramark" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Ritrama Duramark" facility located at 341 Eddy road, Cleveland, Ohio shall not cause, allow or permit the discharge into the ambient air of any VOC from the vinyl film casting line unless all of the VOC emissions are vented to an incinerator that is designed and operated to achieve a control efficiency of at least ninety-eight per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(TT) "ICI Americas Incorporated" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "ICI Americas Incorporated" facility located at 3647 Shepard road, Perry, Ohio, shall comply with the following requirements by no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(54) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) For the tetra-hydro-phthalimide production process, the stage 1 and stage 2 reactor vent streams shall be vented to a flare that meets the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(2) VOC emissions from the diked area of the carbon disulfide tanks shall be reduced by employing styrofoam sheets which completely cover the diked area.

(UU) "British Petroleum Company, Toledo Refinery" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "British Petroleum Company, Toledo Refinery" facility located at 4001 Cedar Point road, Oregon, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements for VOC emissions:

(1) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(a) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, all VOC emissions from the SPOP waterwash tower spentwash flash drum and the POLY waterwash tower spentwash flash drum shall be vented to a flare that complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(2) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(b) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, all VOC emissions from the alkyl 1 blowdown drum and the alkyl 2 blowdown drum shall be vented to a flare that complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(3) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(b) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, all VOC emissions from the cokers 1 and 2 blowdown drum shall be vented to a flare that complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(4) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(c) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, all process wastewater from the crude desalter shall be discharged to a steam stripper for the recovery of condensable hydrocarbons, and all VOC emissions from the steam stripper shall be vented to a flare that complies with the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(5) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(d) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, the barometric condensers and hot wells serving crude vacuum unit 1 and associated with cooling tower cell 6 shall be replaced with surface condensers (shell and tube heat exchangers).

(6) On and after the date specified in paragraph (C)(55)(e) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code, the barometric condensers and hot wells serving crude vacuum unit 2 and associated with cooling tower cell 7 shall be replaced with surface condensers (shell and tube heat exchangers).

(VV) "Marathon Petroleum Company LLC" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Marathon Petroleum Company LLC" facility located at 2408 Gambrinus road, S.W., Canton, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements for VOC emissions:

(1) Reserved.

(2) On and after March 31, 1993, all VOC emissions from the asphalt oxidizer shall be vented to an enclosed combustion device that is operated to reduce the VOC emissions by at least ninety-five per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(WW) (Reserved)

(XX) "Columbus Coated Fabrics" or any subsequent owner or operator of "Columbus Coated Fabrics" facility located at 1280 North Grant avenue, Columbus, Ohio shall comply with the requirements of either paragraph (XX)(1) or (XX)(2) of this rule for each of the seven U-frame vinyl coating lines and the HL-40 in-line vinyl coating line, by no later than the dates specified in paragraph (C)(58) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code.

(1) A capture system and control system shall be employed which are designed and operated to achieve an overall control efficiency for the VOC emissions of at least eighty-one per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of Administrative Code.

(2) The VOC content of the coatings employed in the coating line, as determined under paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of Administrative Code, does not exceed 3.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents.

(YY) "PMC Specialties Group" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "PMC Specialties Group" facility located at 501 Murray road, Cincinnati, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements by no later than the dates specified in paragraph (C)(59) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) Any VOC emissions from the reactor process vent streams from the methyl anthranilate and anthranilic acid manufacturing operations shall be vented to an enclosed combustion device that is designed and operated to reduce the VOC emissions by at least ninety-five per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(2) For the OCBS fine chemicals system II process, the VOC emissions from the centrifuge vent shall not exceed twelve pounds of VOC per six thousand pounds of product, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(ZZ) "Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Company" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Company" facility located at 381 West Wilbeth road, Akron, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements for the VOC emissions from the reactor processes no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(60) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (ZZ)(2) of this rule, each reactor process vent stream shall be vented to one of the following control equipment:

(a) An enclosed combustion device that is designed and operated to reduce the VOC emissions by at least ninety-eight per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code; or

(b) A flare that meets the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(2) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (ZZ)(1) of this rule are the following reactor process vent streams:

(a) Any reactor process vent stream which is vented to an enclosed combustion device or a flare for which construction commenced prior to March 31, 1993, provided the enclosed combustion device or flare is operated and maintained in accordance with design specifications. This exemption shall terminate if the enclosed combustion device or flare is replaced with new control equipment for which construction commenced on or after March 31, 1993.

(b) Any reactor process vent stream which is an air-bearing vent stream, which has a VOC concentration between the lower explosive limit and the upper explosive limit, and which has a total resource effectiveness value greater than 1.0, as determined under paragraph (EE)(3) of this rule. If the reactor process has more than one of these air-bearing process vent streams, the total resource effectiveness value shall be based upon a combination of those air-bearing reactor process vent streams.

(AAA) Reserved.

(BBB) "BFGoodrich Company Akron Chemical Plant" or any subsequent owner or operator of the "BFGoodrich Company Akron Chemical Plant" facility located at 240 West Emerling avenue, Akron, Ohio shall comply with the following requirements by no later than the date specified in paragraph (C)(62) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code:

(1) For the agerite resin D process, the VOC emissions from the recovery system vents and product neutralization and distillation system vents, except wash kettles (or still feed) condenser vents, stills vacuum jet tailpipe vents, and process emergency safety relief devices, shall be vented to a flare that meets the requirements of paragraphs (DD)(10)(d), (DD)(10)(e), and (DD)(10)(f) of this rule.

(2) For the superlite (trademark) process, the VOC emissions from the reactor process vent streams, except the process emergency safety relief devices, shall be vented to a control device that is designed and operated to achieve a control efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(3) For the diphenylamine-based antioxidants process, the VOC emissions from the reactor process vent streams, except the emulsion recovery system tank vent, recovered MND tank vent, and process emergency safety relief devices, shall be vented to a control device that is designed and operated to achieve a control efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(4) For the DPPD/PHDA process, the VOC emissions from the reactor process vent streams, except the north and south still jet vents and process emergency safety relief devices, shall be vented to a control device that is designed and operated to achieve a control efficiency of at least ninety-four per cent, by weight, as determined under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(CCC) (Reserved)

(DDD) Gasoline dispensing facilities (stage II vapor control systems).

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (DDD)(4) of this rule, no owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility may cause, allow, or permit the transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank at a gasoline dispensing facility into a motor vehicle after the dates specified in paragraph (C)(64) of rule 3745-21-04 of the Administrative Code unless the following requirements are met:

(a) All vapors displaced from the motor vehicle are vented to a vapor control system which is designed and operated to maintain an overall control efficiency of not less than ninety-five per cent, by weight, for the VOC in the displaced vapors and which is CARB certified. The vapor control system shall employ only coaxial hoses, and the use of remote check valves shall be prohibited.

(b) The vapor control system is installed, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and the applicable CARB certification, and is free of the following defects:

(i) Any component, that is required to be employed at all times pursuant to the system CARB certification, is absent or disconnected.

(ii) A vapor hose is crimped or flattened such that the vapor passage is blocked, or the pressure drop through the vapor hose exceeds by a factor of two or more the requirements in the CARB certification.

(iii) A nozzle boot is torn in one or more of the following manners:

(a) A triangular-shaped or similar tear one half inch or more to a side, or a hole one half inch or more in length; and

(b) A slit one inch or more in length.

(iv) A faceplate or flexible cone is damaged in the following manner:

(a) For balance nozzles and for nozzles for aspirator and educator assist type systems, the capability to achieve a seal with a fill pipe interface is affected for one fourth of the circumference of the faceplate (accumulated); and

(b) For nozzles for vacuum assist-type systems, more than one fourth of the flexible cone is missing.

(v) Nozzle shutoff mechanisms are malfunctioning in any manner.

(vi) Vapor return lines, including such components as swivels, antirecirculation valves and underground piping are malfunctioning or are blocked, or restricted such that the pressure drop through the lines exceeds by a factor of two or more the requirements specified in the system CARB certification.

(vii) A vapor processing unit is inoperative or malfunctioning.

(viii) A vacuum producing device is inoperative or malfunctioning.

(ix) Pressure/vacuum relief valves, vapor check valves, or dry breaks are inoperative.

(x) Any vapor recovery equipment is leaking liquid gasoline or gasoline vapors.

(xi) Any other equipment defect identified in the CARB certification as one which substantially impairs the effectiveness of the vapor control system.

(c) The vapor control system has successfully passed the testing requirements contained in paragraph (DDD)(2) of this rule.

(d) Operating instructions for the vapor control system are conspicuously posted in each gasoline dispensing area. The operating instructions shall clearly describe how to properly fuel motor vehicles and shall specifically prohibit the topping off of the motor vehicle fuel tank.

(2) Testing requirements:

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (DDD)(2)(h) of this rule, within sixty days after the installation or modification of a vapor control system required pursuant to paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall perform and comply with the requirements of the following tests:

(i) A leak test shall be performed in accordance with the test procedures contained in paragraph (Q) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code to quantify the vapor tightness of the vapor control system. The vapor control system must comply with the leak rate criteria specified in the test procedures.

(ii) A dynamic pressure performance test shall be performed in accordance with the test procedures contained in paragraph (R) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code to determine the pressure drop through the vapor control system at prescribed flow rates. The vapor recovery system must comply with the dynamic back pressures shown in the following table:

Nitrogen flowrate (standard Maximum dynamic back pressure (inches of water) cubic feet per hour)

40

0.16

60

0.35

80

0.62

(b) For purposes of paragraph (DDD)(2)(a) of this rule, the modification of a vapor control system shall include the following:

(i) Any change, such as the removal of certified components and the addition or removal of piping or fittings, which may cause the vapor control system to be incapable of maintaining an overall control efficiency of not less than ninety-five per cent, by weight, for the VOC emissions.

(ii) Any change which requires an installation permit pursuant to rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code.

(c) Not later than thirty days prior to any tests required pursuant to paragraphs (DDD)(2)(a) and (DDD)(2)(d) of this rule, the owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall submit a test notification to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency. The test notification shall describe the proposed test methods and procedures, the time and date of the tests, and the person who will be conducting the tests. Failure to submit such notification prior to the tests may result in the Ohio EPA's refusal to accept the results of the tests. Personnel from the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency shall be permitted to witness the tests, examine the testing equipment, and acquire data and information during the tests. After completion of any tests, the owner or operator shall complete the post test inspection form contained in appendix C to rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, and a comprehensive written report on the results of the tests shall be submitted to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency within thirty days following the completion of the tests.

(d) At intervals not to exceed five years, the owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall repeat and demonstrate compliance with the requirements of the tests specified in paragraph (DDD)(2) of this rule.

(e) The director may require the owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility to perform other tests that have been authorized by the USEPA if such tests are necessary to demonstrate the adequacy of a vapor control system.

(f) The owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall perform and comply with any vapor control system tests specified in the applicable CARB certification. The tests shall be performed at the frequency specified in such certification.

(g) Any vapor control system test conducted in accordance with the previous test procedures and specifications that were effective on March 31, 1993 and subsequently amended or deleted may be used, where appropriate, in lieu of the test procedures and specifications currently contained in this rule, provided such vapor control system test was not conducted after January 17, 1995.

(h) Any vapor control system required by paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant that has not been tested in accordance with paragraph (DDD)(2)(a) of this rule as of January 17, 1995, shall be tested in accordance with paragraph (DDD)(2)(a) of this rule by July 17, 1995.

(3) Recordkeeping requirements:

(a) Any owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility which is subject to the requirements of paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall maintain the following records:

(i) The quantity of gasoline delivered to the facility during each calendar month.

(ii) The results of any tests performed pursuant to paragraph (DDD)(2) of this rule.

(iii) A log of the date and description of all repair and maintenance work performed (including, but not limited to, work performed to meet manufacturer's specifications or CARB certification requirements), or any other modifications made to the vapor control system.

(iv) A copy of the most recent operating permit application (including emissions activity category form or appendix form) submitted to the Ohio EPA.

(v) A copy of the most recent operating permit issued by the Ohio EPA.

(vi) Proof of attendance and completion of the training required by the Ohio EPA for the operator or local manager of the gasoline dispensing facility.

(vii) Copies of all completed post test inspection forms.

(b) All records shall be retained by the owner or operator for a period of not less than three years and shall be made available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review during normal business hours.

(4) Exemptions:

(a) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any gasoline dispensing facility which has a monthly gasoline throughput of less than ten thousand gallons per month or to any gasoline dispensing facility which is owned by an independent small business marketer and which has a monthly gasoline throughput of less than fifty thousand gallons per month. The monthly gasoline throughput shall be based upon the average monthly sales of gasoline during the period from November 16, 1990 through November 15, 1992; however, if a gasoline dispensing facility was inactive for any portion of this two year calculation period, the calculation period may be extended to include a total of twenty-four months of activity. This exemption shall cease to apply to a facility if during any calendar month after November 15, 1992, the gasoline throughput equals or exceeds ten thousand gallons or fifty thousand gallons, whichever is applicable. Furthermore, this exemption shall not apply to any facility which installed a vapor control system pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule and the monthly gasoline throughput subsequently falls below ten thousand gallons per month or, if owned by an independent small business marketer, fifty thousand gallons per month.

(b) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to marinas and aircraft refueling stands.

(c) The requirement in paragraphs (DDD)(1)(a) and (DDD)(1)(b) of this rule that refer to a CARB certification shall not apply to any vapor control system at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant. In cases where it has been determined that the test procedures specified in paragraph (DDD)(2)(a)(i) and/or (DDD)(2)(a)(ii) of this rule are not appropriate for a vapor control system at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant, alternative test procedures may be employed and alternative testing deadlines may be established provided that written, prior approval has been obtained from the Ohio EPA.

(d) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any motor vehicle fueling or refueling operation which is located at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly plant or heavier vehicle assembly facility and which, considered alone, has a monthly gasoline throughput of less than ten thousand gallons per month. Any gasoline dispensers located within two hundred feet from each other shall be considered as one operation for the purpose of this exemption.

(e) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any gasoline dispensing pump that is used solely for the dispensing of E85, a gasoline with an ethanol content of fifty-one to eighty-three per cent by volume.

(f) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to any gasoline dispensing facility where gasoline is dispensed to a fleet of motor vehicles in which ninety-five per cent or more of the fleet of motor vehicles being fueled with gasoline is equipped with onboard refueling vapor recovery. If the gasoline dispensing facility is located at a motor vehicle assembly plant, the fleet of produced motor vehicles being initially fueled with gasoline shall be considered separate from any fleet of motor vehicles being refueled with gasoline. The owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing facility claiming this exemption shall maintain records documenting that at least ninety-five per cent of the fleet of motor vehicle being fueled with gasoline are equipped with onboard refueling vapor recovery. These records shall be retained by the owner or operator for a period of not less than five years and shall be made available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review.

[Comment: This exemption is appropriate for gasoline dispensing facilities located at a facility or site serving a known fleet of motor vehicle rental agency, governmental agency, or motor vehicle assembly plant.]

(g) "New gasoline dispensing facility" exemption.

(i) For the purposes of this rule, a "new gasoline dispensing facility" is defined as one of the following:

(a) A facility that has not been operated as a gasoline dispensing facility at the location and after October 1, 2012, new underground storage tank systems and dispensers are installed that are compatible with onboard vapor recovery systems in vehicles.

(b) A gasoline dispensing facility which loses its exemption status under paragraph (DDD)(4)(a) of this rule, and does the following:

(i) Ensures that all existing dispensers, nozzles, hanging hardware, and piping above the shear valve are compatible with onboard vapor recovery systems in vehicles and replaces all existing hoses with low permeation hoses.

(ii) Conducts a leak test in accordance with the test procedures contained in paragraph (Q) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code to quantify the vapor tightness of the system. The system must comply with the leak rate criteria specified in the test procedures.

(iii) Submits a certification statement, signed by an authorized representative, to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency that confirms that the gasoline dispensing facility has complied with paragraph (DDD)(4)(g)(i)(c) of this rule. The certification statement shall be submitted within thirty days after the leak test is conducted.

(ii) Paragraph (DDD)(1) of this rule shall not apply to a "new gasoline dispensing facility" if the facility does both of the following:

(a) Installs low permeation hoses by October 1, 2013 or within thirty days of starting operations, whichever occurs later.

(b) Notifies Ohio EPA in writing that owner or operator intends to comply with the provisions of paragraph (DDD)(4)(g) of this rule within thirty days of the effective date of this rule or the commencement of construction.

For the purposes of paragraph (DDD) of this rule, low permeation hoses are hoses meeting the requirements of UL 330 (Seventh Edition) "Underwriters Laboratories' Standard for Hose and Hose Assemblies for Dispensing Flammable Liquids".

[Comment: Copies of the seventh edition of the standard UL 330, "Underwriters Laboratories' Standard for Hose and Hose Assemblies for Dispensing Flammable Liquids" can be obtained from underwriters laboratories, 2600 N.W. Lake Rd. Camas, WA 98607-8542, Telephone: 1.877.854.3577, Fax: 1.360.817.6278, E-mail: cec.us@us.ul.com or electronically at: http://www.ul.com/global/eng/pages/solutions/standards/accessstandards/catalogofstandards/standard/?id=330_7. This document is also available for review and use at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."]

(5) Suspension of control requirements:

(a) If, as a result of the development of a redesignation request prepared in accordance with requirements of the USEPA and Section 107(d)(3)(D) of the Clean Air Act contained in 42 USC 7407 (d)(3)(D), the director determines that the stage II vapor control program is not necessary in an area to ensure the maintenance of the ambient air quality standard for ozone and subsequently submits an official redesignation request to the USEPA for approval, the director may suspend the requirements of this paragraph in that area. This suspension shall remain in effect until a violation of the ambient air quality standard for ozone is measured in the area or the USEPA disapproves the redesignation request.

(b) The director also may suspend the requirements of this paragraph in the event that the USEPA promulgates or a federal court of last resort requires the USEPA to promulgate onboard (on-the-vehicle) refueling control standards pursuant to Section 202(a)(6) of the Clean Air Act contained in 42 USC 7521(a)(6), unless the director determines that the stage II vapor control program is necessary for the attainment and/or maintenance of the ambient air quality standard for ozone and this determination is issued by the director as final findings and orders subject to public hearing requirements. If the director determines that the stage II vapor control program is not required for the maintenance of the ambient air quality standard for ozone after the promulgation of onboard control requirements, the director may suspend the requirements of this paragraph.

(c) The director may extend the compliance date in paragraph (DDD)(4)(g)(ii) of this rule to install low permeation hoses, if the director determines that the equipment is not readily available or if the equipment does not adequately control permeation.

(d) Beginning January 1, 2014, or upon the effective date of this rule whichever is later, gasoline dispensing facilities equipped with stage II vapor control systems may start decommissioning the stage II vapor control systems in accordance with the following procedures:

(i) Not later than fourteen days prior to decommissioning the stage II vapor recovery system, notify Ohio EPA or the local air agency, in writing, that the gasoline dispensing facility intends to decommission the stage II vapor recovery system and on what date the decommissioning will occur.

(ii) Decommission the stage II vapor recovery system in accordance with the petroleum equipment institute's guidance, "Recommended Practices for Installation and Testing of Vapor Recovery Systems at Vehicle Refueling Sites, PEI/RP300-09".

[Comment: Copies of the 2009 version of the "Recommended Practices for Installation and Testing of Vapor Recovery Systems at Vehicle Refueling Sites, PEI/RP300-09" are available from the petroleum equipment institute, "PO Box 2380, Tulsa, OK 74101-2380, 6514 E. 69 Street, Tulsa, OK 74133-1729", 918-494-9696 (telephone), 918-491-9895 (fax) or electronically on their website at: http://www.pei.org/. This document is also available for review and copying at most public libraries and "The State Library of Ohio."]

(iii) Decommissioning shall be conducted in accordance with Petroleum Equipment Institute's guidance, "Recommended Practices for Installation and Testing of Vapor Recovery Systems at Vehicle Refueling Sites, PEI/RP300-09", by professional technicians who have received appropriate training, have all of the required tools, and possess applicable regulatory or equipment-manufacturer certifications, if such certifications are available.

(iv) Prior to dispensing gasoline after the decommissioning has been completed, install low permeation hoses on all dispensers. Documentation of the use of low permeation hoses shall be retained for a period of not less than three years and shall be made available to the director or the director's authorized representative for review within seven business days of a request.

(v) Within thirty days after the decommissioning has been completed, apply for a permit-by-rule or permit-to-install and operate for the stage I system in accordance with Chapter 3745-31 of the Administrative Code and submit a certification statement, signed by an authorized representative, to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office or local air agency that confirms that the gasoline dispensing facility has been decommissioned in accordance with petroleum equipment institute's guidance, "Recommended Practices for Installation and Testing of Vapor Recovery Systems at Vehicle Refueling Sites, PEI/RP300-09" and low permeation hoses have been installed on all dispensers.

[Comment: This rule specifies that, after decommissioning, a facility apply for either a permit-by-rule or permit-to-install and operate. In the event that Ohio EPA has not developed a permit-by-rule for decommissioned stage II facilities, the source owner or operator may apply for a permit-by-rule that conforms to the conditions of the appropriate permit-by-rule form consistent with the requirements of the rule. Ohio EPA will hold the applications in abeyance while the agency finalizes the amendments to rule 3745-31-03 of the Administrative Code to reflect the option of a decommissioned stage II facility.]

(e) No later than January 1, 2017, all gasoline dispensing facilities equipped with stage II vapor control systems shall have decommissioned the stage II vapor control systems in accordance with the procedures outlined in paragraph (DDD)(5)(d) of this rule. The director may extend this deadline one year on an individual gasoline dispensing facility basis, if the gasoline dispensing facility can demonstrate that it is technically infeasible to comply with paragraph (DDD)(5)(d) of this rule or can demonstrate substantial economic hardship that prevents the decommissioning. The gasoline dispensing facility shall receive written authorization from the director in order to extend the decommissioning deadline.

Click to view Appendix

Click to view Appendix

Effective: 01/17/2014
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 10/19/79, 3/27/81, 6/21/82, 1/24/83, 5/9/86, 5/25/88, 8/22/90, 6/14/91, 3/31/93, 1/17/95, 6/15/99, 11/5/02, 3/12/06, 8/25/08, 4/2/09, 5/12/11, 4/29/13

3745-21-10 Compliance test methods and procedures.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the last paragraph of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code titled"Incorporation by reference."]

(A) General provisions.

(1) The methods and procedures of this rule apply to sources governed by rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(2) Use of an alternative test method, in lieu of one of the USEPA's approved test methods or in lieu of other methods specified in this rule, must be approved by the USEPA as a revision of the state implementation plan.

(3) The results of any compliance testing required by the director for tests conducted pursuant to paragraphs (C) to (F) and (L) of this rule shall not be accepted unless the Ohio EPA district office or local air agency has been notified of the intent to test in accordance with paragraph (A)(4) of this rule not less than thirty days before the proposed initiation of the testing.

(4) Any person notifying the Ohio EPA district office or local air agency of a proposed emissions compliance test shall include as part of the notification the following information:

(a) A statement indicating the purpose of the proposed test and the applicable paragraph of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code;

(b) A detailed description of the facility to be tested;

(c) A detailed description of the test procedures, equipment and sampling sites; and

(d) A timetable, setting forth the dates on which:

(i) The testing will be conducted; and

(ii) The final test report will be submitted (not later than thirty days after completion of on-site sampling).

(5) For any source compliance determination, the owner or operator of the source shall be responsible for providing:

(a) Sampling ports, pipes, lines, or appurtenances for the collection of samples and data required by the test procedures;

(b) Safe access to the sample and data collection locations; and

(c) Light, electricity, and other utilities required for sample and data collection.

(B) Method for the determination of volatile organic compound content, solids content, and density of surface coatings and inks.

(1) This method applies to coatings, inks or other coating materials employed in a coating line, printing line or other operation. For purposes of this method "coating" shall also mean "ink" or other coating material.

(2) Any determination of VOC content, solids content, or density of a coating shall be based on the coating as employed (as applied), including the addition of any thinner or viscosity reducer to the coating.

(3) When a sample of a coating is obtained for analysis by any of the procedures described in this method, the amount of the sample shall be at least one quart. The sample shall be placed in an air-tight container. When multiple package coatings are sampled, separate samples of each component shall be obtained.

(4) Using either the procedures set forth in USEPA Method 24 (for coatings) and USEPA Method 24A (for flexographic and rotogravure printing inks and related coatings), or the coating formulation data from the coating manufacturer and coating user, the following shall be determined, where appropriate:

Dc = density of coating, in pounds of coating per gallon of coating.

Dvm = density of volatile matter in coating, in pounds of volatile matter per gallon of volatile matter.

Vs = volume fraction of solids (nonvolatile matter) in coating, in gallon of solids per gallon of coating.

Vvm = volume fraction of volatile matter in coating, in gallon of volatile matter per gallon of coating.

Vw = volume fraction of water in coating, in gallon of water per gallon of coating.

Ws = weight fraction of solids (nonvolatile matter) in coating, in pound of solids per pound of coating.

Wvm = weight fraction of volatile matter in coating, in pound of volatile matter per pound of coating. If this weight fraction is determined by ASTM D2369-04, "Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings," the drying conditions shall be one hundred ten degrees Celsius for one hour, except where otherwise authorized by the director based on an alternate analytical procedure that is satisfactorily demonstrated to the director by the coating manufacturer to be more representative of the actual cure mechanism of the coating.

Ww = weight fraction of water in coating, in pound of water per pound of coating.

(5) If the coating contains a volatile matter other than VOC or water, the identity and content of such volatile matter may be determined using either standard gas chromatographic techniques or coating formulation data from the coating manufacturer and coating user. The density of such volatile matter may be determined using either the procedures set forth in ASTM D1475-98 or data from reference texts. For purposes of this method, such volatile matter shall be referred to as exempt solvent. The following may be determined, where appropriate:

Des = density of exempt solvent, in pounds of exempt solvent per gallon of exempt solvent.

Ves = volume fraction of exempt solvent in coating, in gallon of exempt solvent per gallon of coating.

Wes = weight fraction of exempt solvent in coating, in pound of exempt solvent per pound of coating.

(6) The weight fraction Wvoc of VOC in a coating and the volume fraction Vvoc of VOC in a coating shall be calculated as follows, where appropriate:

Wvoc = Wvm - Ww - Wes

Vvoc = Vvm - Vw - Ves

(7) The VOC content of a coating can be expressed as follows:

Cvoc,1 = VOC content in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating.

Cvoc,2 = VOC content in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents.

Cvoc,3 = VOC content in pounds of VOC per gallon of solids.

Cvoc,4 = VOC content in pounds of VOC per pound of solids.

Cvoc,5 = VOC content in percentage VOC by volume of the coating, excluding water and exempt solvents.

Cvoc,6 = VOC content in percentage VOC by volume of the volatile matter.

Cvoc,7 = VOC content in percentage VOC by weight of the coating.

(8) The VOC content of a coating shall be calculated as follows, where appropriate:

See Calculations at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(9) The weighted average VOC content of the coatings employed during a specified time period t shall be calculated as follows, where appropriate:

See Calculations at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(10) The density of the VOC content of a coating may be determined using either the procedures set forth in ASTM D1475-98 or data from reference texts. If ASTM D1475-98 is employed, the density shall be the arithmetic average of three determinations.

(11) In the event of a dispute between coating formulation data and data obtained by analytical procedures, the data obtained by analytical procedures shall be employed, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(12) of this rule.

(12) If a VOC content value obtained by analytical procedures is higher than a VOC content value obtained by formulation data due to any VOC that is formed during baking or curing (i.e., cure volatiles), then the VOC content of the portion of the coating not subject to curing or baking shall be based on formulation data and the VOC content of the portion of the coating subject to curing or baking shall be based on analytical procedures. The portion of the coating subject to curing or baking shall be equal to the measured transfer efficiency for the coating applicator and object being coated. The approach described in this paragraph for determining the VOC content of a coating may be used only when the applicable VOC limitation is expressed in terms of pounds of VOC per gallon of deposited solids and the transfer efficiency test method is specified in this rule or rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code. Also, in cases where analytical results and formulation data are combined for a waterborne coating, the interlaboratory precision adjustments specified in the analytical procedures shall not be applied to the analytical results.

(C) Method for the determination of VOC concentration, VOC mass emission rate and VOC control equipment efficiency.

(1) The provisions of this paragraph are generally applicable to the test methods employed to determine the VOC concentration and VOC mass emission rate for a gas stream or exhaust vent and the collection or control efficiency for any control equipment designed, installed, and operated for the purpose of reducing the emission of VOC. For purposes of this paragraph, "vapor collection system" also means capture system and "vapor control system" also means control system or control device.

(2) The concentration of VOC in a gas stream or exhaust vent shall be determined by utilizing the following methods:

(a) USEPA Method 25 or USEPA Method, as appropriate, for sources specified in paragraphs (C) to (L), (P), (R), (S), (U), (W) to (Y), (FF), (GG), (LL) to (NN) [if the control efficiency compliance option in (LL), (MM) or (NN) is chosen] and, (PP), (SS), (VV)(2), (XX)(1), (YY), (ZZ)(1)(a), (AAA)(1), and (BBB) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code; or

(b) USEPA Method 18) or USEPA Method 25A, as appropriate, for sources specified in paragraphs (O)(3)(c)(iv), (O)(4)(a)(ii), (CC) to (EE), and (LL) to (NN) [if the ppmv compliance option in (LL), (MM) or (NN) is chosen] of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(3) The following procedures shall be included in any source testing or determination where applicable:

(a) The source shall be operated at or near maximum operating capacity during any testing and the measurement of the operating rate shall be made in a manner acceptable to the Ohio environmental protection agency.

(b) The VOC content of any coatings employed shall be sampled and analyzed in accordance with paragraph (B) of this rule.

(c) The capture efficiency of any vapor collection system used to transport the VOC emissions from their point of origin to the vapor control system shall be determined in accordance with USEPA Methods 204 to 204F or the alternative capture efficiency testing protocols specified in the USEPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards document entitled "Guidelines for Determining Capture Efficiency."

(d) The control efficiency of any vapor control system used to reduce the emission of VOC shall be based upon an emissions test or a recovery test. For a vapor control system that destroys VOC (e.g., an incineration system), either the streams entering and leaving the vapor control system shall be tested or, if acceptable to the director, the amount of VOC employed shall be measured and the gas stream leaving the vapor control system shall be tested. For a vapor control system that recovers VOC (e.g., a carbon adsorption system), either the gas streams entering and leaving the vapor control system shall be tested or, if acceptable to the director, the amounts of VOC employed and recovered or, employed and emitted, shall be measured or tested.

(e) For the testing of a gas stream vented to a vapor control system, samples shall be taken simultaneously at the inlet and the outlet of the vapor control system.

(f) For the testing of a gas stream, the sampling location(s), volumetric flow rate, molecular weight, carbon dioxide and oxygen contents, excess air, and water vapor content shall be determined in accordance with USEPA Methods 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 2C, 2D, 3 and 4.

(g) For gas streams tested by USEPA Method 25 or 25A, the VOC emission rate shall be based upon the average of three test runs. Each run shall have a minimum duration of one hour and a minimum sample volume of .003 dry standard cubic meter, except that shorter sampling times or smaller volumes, when necessitated by process variables, may be found acceptable.

(h) The control efficiency of the vapor control system shall be the per cent reduction in mass emissions of VOC between the inlet and the outlet of the vapor control system. If this efficiency is based upon an emissions test utilizing USEPA Method 25 or 25A, the mass emissions of VOC as carbon shall be employed in the efficiency determination.

(i) The capture efficiency of the vapor collection system shall be the per cent of total mass emissions of VOC emitted from the source which are vented to the vapor control system. If this efficiency is based upon an emissions test utilizing USEPA Method 25 or 25A, the mass emissions of VOC as carbon shall be employed in the efficiency determination.

(j) The overall control efficiency (in per cent) of any control equipment for VOC emissions shall be the vapor capture efficiency multiplied by the vapor control efficiency and divided by one hundred.

(k) The total mass emission rate of VOC from a source equipped with control equipment shall be the sum of VOC emissions from the vapor control system, VOC emissions not collected by the vapor collection system and VOC emissions from any losses associated with the vapor collection system and vapor control system.

(4) The VOC mass emissions rate for a gas stream tested by USEPA Method 18 shall be calculated as follows:

See Calculation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(5) The mass emission rate of VOC as carbon for a gas stream tested by USEPA method Method 25 shall be calculated as follows:

See Calculation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(6) To convert a mass emission rate from kilograms per hour to pounds per hour, multiply the mass emission rate in kilograms per hour by 2.2046.

(7) To convert a mass emission value from VOC as carbon to VOC, divide the mass emission value of VOC as carbon by the weight fraction of carbon in the average molecular weight of the VOC emission. The determination of this weight fraction of carbon may be based on standard analytical techniques or material formulation data.

(D) Method for the determination of VOC emissions from solvent metal cleaning:

(1) This method is applicable to determining VOC emissions from solvent metal cleaning equipment.

(2) The purpose of this method is to quantify, by material balance, the amount of solvent input into a degreaser over a sufficiently long period of time so that an average emission rate can be computed.

(3) The following procedure shall be followed to perform a material balance test:

(a) Clean the degreaser sump before testing.

(b) Record the amount of initial and make-up solvent added to the tank with a flow meter or other means.

(c) Record the type and amount or weight of work load degreased each day.

(d) At the end of the test run, pump out the used solvent and measure the amount with a flow meter or other means. Also, estimate the volume of metal chips and other material remaining in emptied sump, if significant.

(e) Bottle a sample of the used solvent and analyze it to find the per cent that is oil and other contaminants. The oil and solvent proportions can be estimated by weighing samples of used solvent before and after boiling off the solvent. Compute the volume of oils in the used solvent. The volume of solvent displaced by this oil along with the volume of make-up solvent added during operations is equal to the amount of VOC emissions.

(4) The following procedure can be followed to perform a material balance test in lieu of the procedure in paragraph (D)(3) of this rule:

(a) Clean the degreaser sump before testing.

(b) Record the amount of initial and make-up solvent added to the tank as measured with a flow meter or other means.

(c) Record the type and amount or weight of work load degreased over the period of the test.

(d) Record the amount of used solvent pumped out of the tank for disposal as measured with a flow meter or other means.

(e) Bottle a sample of the used solvent and analyze it to find the per cent that is oil and other contaminants.

(f) The VOC emissions from solvent metal cleaning equals the total solvent added to the tank minus the solvent contained in the used solvent being disposed.

(E) Method for the determination of VOC emissions from bulk gasoline terminals.

(1) This method is applicable to determining the VOC emission rates at a bulk gasoline terminal employing a vapor collection system and either a continuous or intermittent vapor control system at a loading rack.

(2) The VOC emission rates shall be determined in accordance with the methods and procedures contained in 40 CFR 60.503(b), (c), (e) and (f) of "Subpart XX - Standards of Performance for Bulk Gasoline Terminals," except that the gasoline throughput during any test shall be not less than ninety per cent of the maximum throughput of the loading rack(s) and not less than eighty thousand gallons.

(3) During any test, all loading racks shall be open for each product line which is controlled by the system under test. Simultaneous use of more than one loading rack shall occur to the extent that such use would normally occur.

(4) Simultaneous use of more than one dispenser on each loading rack shall occur to the extent that such use would normally occur.

(5) Dispensing rates shall be set at the maximum rate at which the equipment is typically operated. Automatic product dispensers are to be used according to normal operating practices.

(6) Applicable operating parameters of the vapor control system shall be monitored to demonstrate that the control unit is operating at design levels. Delivery devices shall be leak free.

(7) For each gasoline tank truck loaded during the test period, all potential sources of leaks shall be checked in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (K) of this rule. The tank identification number, the latest leak check certification date, and the location and highest detector reading for each incident of leakage shall be recorded.

(8) During each test, all potential sources of leaks in the vapor collection and control systems shall be monitored in accordance with the method specified in paragraph (K) of this rule. The location and highest detector reading for each incident of leakage shall be recorded.

(F) Method for the detection of leaks of VOC from petroleum refinery equipment and organic chemical manufacturing equipment.

(1) This method is applicable to the detection of leaks of VOC into the ambient air from petroleum refinery equipment and any chemical manufacturing equipment subject to paragraph (T) or (DD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(2) The detection of leaks shall be determined in accordance with the test procedure set forth in USEPA Method 21.

(3) The calibration gases shall be:

(a) Zero air, which consists of less than ten ppmv of hydrocarbon in air; and

(b) A mixture of air and methane or n-hexane at a concentration of approximately, but less than, ten thousand ppmv of methane or n-hexane.

(4) The leak detection instrument shall be calibrated before use on each day of its use.

(G) Standard method for the determination of the leak tightness of gasoline tank trucks (method G).

(1) This method is applicable to determining the leak tightness of gasoline tank trucks which are equipped with piping, hoses and other devices for the collection or return of gasoline vapors during the transfer of gasoline at a gasoline dispensing facility, bulk gasoline plant or bulk gasoline terminal.

(2) The leak tightness of a gasoline tank truck shall be determined in accordance with the test procedure set forth in USEPA Method 27. For the pressure test, the initial pressure shall be 18.0 inches of water. For the vacuum test, the initial vacuum shall be 6.0 inches of water.

(3) If any gasoline tank truck or compartment of a gasoline tank truck sustains either a pressure decrease greater than 3.0 inches of water over five consecutive minutes for the pressure test or a pressure increase greater than 3.0 inches of water over five consecutive minutes for the vacuum test, the tank truck is not leak tight. If not leak tight, repair the tank truck as necessary and repeat the entire test procedure specified in paragraph (G)(2) of this rule until the gasoline tank truck or compartment passes the test.

(H) (Reserved)

(I) Method for the determination of seal gaps in an external floating roof tank.

(1) This method is applicable to determining the width and area of any gaps between the wall of an external floating roof tank and a seal which is around the circumference of the external floating roof.

(2) The width of any seal gap is the distance between the seal and the tank wall. It is determined by using probes of various widths to accurately measure the actual distance from the seal to the tank wall.

(3) The area of any seal gap is determined by multiplying the width of the seal gap, as determined in paragraph (I)(2) of this rule, by the circumferential length of the gap.

(4) The total seal gap area is the accumulated area of all gaps which are greater than 0.125 inch in width.

(J) Method for the determination of the perchloroethylene content of wastes at a dry cleaning facility which uses perchloroethylene.

(1) The method is applicable to determining the perchloroethylene content in per cent by weight for waste at a dry cleaning facility from any distillation operation which distills perchloroethylene and from any diatomaceous earth filter which filters perchloroethylene.

(2) The perchloroethylene content of the waste in per cent by volume is determined in accordance with the procedure in ASTM D322-97(2002)e1, and is calculated as the diluent content in that procedure.

(3) The density of the waste is determined by weighing a known volume of the waste and is calculated as the net weight of the waste in pounds divided by the volume of the waste in gallons.

(4) The perchloroethylene content of the waste in per cent by weight is calculated as the product of its diluent content and 13.55, divided by its density.

(K) Method for the detection of leaks of gasoline vapors from vapor control systems, vapor collection systems, vapor balance systems, gasoline barges and gasoline tank trucks.

(1) This method is applicable to the detection of leaks of gasoline vapors into the ambient air from:

(a) Vapor control systems, vapor collection systems, and vapor balance systems at barge loading facilities (for gasoline), bulk gasoline terminals, bulk gasoline plants, and gasoline dispensing facilities; and

(b) Gasoline barges and gasoline tank trucks during loading, providing the vapor control system, vapor collection system, or vapor balance system which is connected to the gasoline barge or gasoline tank truck does not create a back pressure greater than eighteen inches of water gauge pressure.

(2) This method describes the procedures to be followed for detecting leaks of gasoline vapors by means of a portable hydrocarbon gas analyzer, which is calibrated to read in per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane.

(3) The following equipment are used:

(a) A liquid manometer, or equivalent device, capable of measuring up to twenty-five inches of water gauge pressure with a precision of plus or minus 0.1 inch of water; and

(b) A portable hydrocarbon gas analyzer which:

(i) Is equipped with a sampling line of sufficient length for easy maneuverability during testing and a sampling probe having an internal diameter of 0.25 inch;

(ii) Is certified as safe for operation in explosive atmospheres;

(iii) Has a minimum range of zero to one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit as propane; and

(iv) Has a response time for full-scale deflection of less than eight seconds with sampling line and probe attached.

(4) The portable hydrocarbon gas analyzer is calibrated with 2.2 per cent propane by volume in air (or equivalent calibration gas) for one hundred per cent of the lower explosive limit according to the procedures and frequency specified by the manufacturer.

(5) The test procedures for detecting leaks are the following:

(a) Connect the liquid manometer to a pressure tap in the vapor control system, vapor collection system, or vapor balance system as close as possible to the connection with the gasoline barge or gasoline tank truck;

(b) Record the pressure periodically during loading of the gasoline barge or gasoline tank truck;

(c) Check with the portable hydrocarbon gas analyzer all potential leak sources on the gasoline barge or gasoline tank truck during loading and on the vapor control system, vapor collection system, or vapor balance system by:

(i) Maintaining the probe's inlet about one inch from the potential leak source in the path of (parallel to) the vapor flow from a leak;

(ii) Moving the probe slowly around the periphery of the potential leak source to locate the point of highest meter response;

(iii) Blocking as much as possible the wind from the area being monitored; and

(d) Record the location of leakage and the highest detector reading for each incidence of leakage.

(L) Method for the determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds from a dryer at a petroleum dry cleaning facility.

(1) This method is applicable to determining the volatile organic compound emission rate of a dryer containing articles cleaned in petroleum solvent at a dry cleaning facility.

(2) The dryer shall be tested under normal operating conditions for at least thirty dryer loads that total not less than four thousand pounds dry weight of articles cleaned. The dryer loads shall represent a normal range of variations in fabrics, solvents, load weights, temperatures, flow rates, and process deviations. Each dryer load shall be tested in accordance with paragraph (L)(3) or (L)(4) of this rule.

(3) For each dryer load the following shall be conducted and recorded:

(a) Determine the average stack gas dry volumetric flow rate V (in dry standard cubic feet per hour) in accordance with USEPA Methods 1 and 2.

(b) Determine the average organic concentration C in the stack (in ppmv as propane) in accordance with USEPA Method 25A in which the flame ionization analyzer is calibrated with propane standards.

(c) Determine the ratio R of the flame ionization analyzer's response to a given parts per million by volume concentration of propane to its response to the same parts per million by volume concentration of the volatile organic compounds present in the stack gas.

(d) Determine the molecular weight M (in pounds per pound-mole) of the volatile organic compounds present in the stack gas. Such determination shall be based on data from the manufacturer of the cleaning solvent or on standard analytical techniques.

(e) Measure and record the weight Wa (in pounds dry weight) of the articles to be cleaned.

(f) Calculate the weight Wvoc (in pounds) of the volatile organic compounds emitted into the ambient air using the following equation:

Wvoc = V X C X R X M

(4) For each dryer load the following shall be conducted and recorded:

(a) All weights shall be measured to the nearest 0.5 pound or less on a scale that is accurate to 0.5 pound at weights of up to two hundred pounds.

(b) Measure and record the weight Wa (in pounds) of the articles to be cleaned.

(c) Measure and record the initial weight Wi (in pounds) of the articles to be dried after the washing cycle.

(d) Measure and record the final weight Wf (in pounds) of the articles removed from the dryer after the drying cycle.

(e) Measure and record the weight Wr (in pounds) of any recovered liquid materials.

(f) Calculate the weight Wvoc (in pounds) of the volatile organic compounds emitted into the ambient air using the following equation:

Wvoc = Wi - Wf - Wr

(5) The dryer's volatile organic compound emission rate (in pounds per one hundred pounds dry weight of articles cleaned) shall be calculated for the combined dryer loads tested under this method as equal to one hundred multiplied by the sum total of Wvoc and divided by the sum total of Wa.

(M) Method for the determination of the amount of volatile organic compounds contained in filtration waste at a petroleum dry cleaning facility.

(1) This method is applicable to determining the amount of volatile organic compounds contained in the waste from a solvent filter used to filter petroleum solvent at a dry cleaning facility.

(2) The solvent filter shall be tested under normal operating conditions for at least three time periods according to the procedures specified in paragraph (M)(3) of this rule.

(3) The test procedures for each time period are as follows:

(a) A time period consists of the time immediately after the removal of waste from the solvent filter up to the next removal of waste.

(b) Record the date and time of the start of the time period.

(c) Record during the time period the weight of articles being cleaned in any washer connected to the solvent filter.

(d) Record the weight of the waste from the solvent filter at the end of the time period, in pounds.

(e) Collect in a sealed container, which is impervious to petroleum solvent, about two pounds of the waste from the solvent filter at the end of the time period.

(f) Record the date and time of the end of the time period.

(g) Conduct a laboratory analysis of the waste collected in the sealed container according to the procedures specified in paragraph (M)(4) of this rule.

(4) The procedures for the laboratory analysis of the collected filtration waste are as follows:

(a) Determine the weight Ws (in grams of a sample of approximately fifty milliliters of the filtration waste).

(b) Determine the volume Vs (in milliliters) of the diluent content of that sample in accordance with ASTM D322-97(2002)e1.

(c) Calculate the sample's diluent content Ds (fraction diluent by weight) using the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(5) For the test conducted under paragraphs (M)(2), (M)(3) and (M)(4) of this rule, the amount of VOCs contained in the filtration waste is calculated using the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(N) Method for the determination of the length of time to operate the recovery cycle of a solvent recovery dryer at a petroleum dry cleaning facility.

(1) This method is applicable to determining the length of time for operating the solvent recovery cycle of a solvent recovery dryer at a petroleum dry cleaning facility in order to assure that the flow rate of recovered petroleum solvent at the termination of solvent recovery cycle is no greater than fifty milliliters per minute.

(2) The dryer shall be tested under normal operating conditions for a duration of no less than two weeks during which no less than one-half of the dryer loads shall be monitored for their final recovered solvent flow rate.

(3) The suggested point for measuring the flow rate of recovered solvent is from the outlet of the solvent-water separator. Near the end of the recovery cycle, the entire flow of recovered solvent is diverted to a graduated cylinder. As the recovered solvent collects in the graduated cylinder, the elapsed time is monitored and recorded in periods greater than or equal to one minute. At the same time, the volume of solvent in the graduated cylinder is monitored and recorded to determine the volume of recovered solvent that is collected during each time period. The recovered solvent flow rate is calculated by dividing the volume of solvent collected per period by the length of time elapsed during the period and converting the result with appropriate factors into units of milliliters per minute. The recovery cycle and the monitoring procedure is continued until the flow rate of solvent is less than or equal to fifty milliliters per minute. The date, the type of articles cleaned, and the total length of the recovery cycle shall be recorded for each dryer load being monitored.

(O) Method for the determination of equipment in VOC service and in light liquid service.

(1) This method is applicable to equipment at a petroleum refinery or a process unit subject to paragraph (T) or (DD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(2) Any piece of equipment is presumed to be in VOC service, unless the owner or operator demonstrates that the piece of equipment is not in VOC service according to the following provisions:

(a) The piece of equipment is considered not in VOC service if it can be determined that the VOC content of the process fluid, which is contained in or contacts the piece of equipment, can be reasonably expected never to exceed ten per cent by weight.

(b) For purposes of determining the VOC content of a process fluid, procedures that conform to the general methods described in ASTM E168-99(2004), ASTM E169-04, and ASTM E 260-73 shall be used.

(c) The owner or operator may use engineering judgment rather than the procedures contained in paragraph (O)(2)(b) of this rule to demonstrate that the VOC content of a process fluid does not exceed ten per cent by weight, provided the VOC content clearly does not exceed ten per cent by weight. In the event the Ohio EPA or the USEPA has a disagreement with an engineering judgment, paragraph (O)(2)(b) of this rule shall be used to resolve the disagreement.

(3) A piece of equipment is in light liquid service if it contains or is in contact with a process fluid that meets all of the following conditions:

(a) The process fluid is a liquid at operating conditions.

(b) The vapor pressure of one or more of the pure components within the process fluid is greater than 0.04 pound per square inch at sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit. Vapor pressures may be obtained from standard reference texts or may be determined by the method in ASTM D 2879-70.

(c) The total concentration of the pure components having a vapor pressure greater than 0.04 pound per square inch at sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit is equal to or greater than twenty per cent by weight.

(P) Method for the determination of the net heating value of a gas, the actual exit velocity for a flare, and the maximum permitted velocity for an air-assisted flare.

(1) This method is applicable to:

(a) Any flare subject to paragraph (DD) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code; and

(b) Any process vent stream subject to paragraph (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(2) The net heating value of gas being combusted in a flare or being vented from a process vent stream shall be calculated using the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(3) The actual exit velocity of a flare shall be calculated by dividing the volumetric flow rate (in units of standard temperature and pressure) of the flare header or headers that feed the flare, as determined by USEPA Methods 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D as appropriate, by the unobstructed (free) cross-sectional area of the flare tip, as determined by design and engineering principles.

(4) The maximum permitted velocity of an air-assisted flare shall be determined by the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(5) To express the net heating value of a gas in Btu per standard cubic foot, multiply Ht by 26.84.

(6) To express a velocity in feet per second, multiply the velocity in meters per second by 3.281.

(Q) Method for the detection of leaks of gasoline vapors from a vapor control system installed at a gasoline dispensing facility (static leak test).

(1) This method is applicable to quantifying the vapor tightness of a vapor balance system or a vacuum assist control system installed at a gasoline facility.

(2) This method describes the procedures to be followed for detecting leaks of gasoline vapors by pressurizing the entire vapor recovery control system to two inches of water column and then allowing the system pressure to decay for five minutes. The acceptability of the final pressure is based upon the vapor system volume or ullage space. The allowable five minute final pressure is based upon the gasoline tank ullage, pressure decay equations, and the number of affected nozzles.

(3) The equipment, procedures, and pressure decay leak criteria are specified in appendix A of this rule.

(R) Method for the determination of the dynamic pressure performance for a vapor control system installed at a gasoline dispensing facility (dynamic pressure performance test).

(1) This method is applicable to determining the dynamic pressure at known dispensing flow rates for a vapor control system installed at a gasoline dispensing facility. This method is used to quantify the back pressure and detect liquid obstructions in the vapor path leading from the dispensing nozzle to the gasoline storage tank.

(2) This method describes the procedures to be followed in simulating the dynamic back pressures associated with known gasoline dispensing rates and liquid blockages by passing nitrogen through the vapor control system at three flow rates after liquid gasoline has been introduced into the vapor return piping.

(3) The equipment, procedures, and dynamic pressure performance criteria are identified in appendix B of this rule.

APPENDIX A

STATIC LEAK TEST

(taken from BAAQMD test procedure ST-30)

1. Applicability

1.1 This test procedure is used to quantify the vapor tightness of vapor control systems installed at any gasoline dispensing facility (GDF) equipped with pressure/vacuum (P/V) valves, provided that the designed pressure setting of the P/V valves is a minimum of 2.5 inches of water column (inches H2O). Excessive leaks in the vapor control system will increase the quantity of fugitive hydrocarbon emissions and lower the overall efficiencies of both the Stage I and Stage II vapor control systems.

1.2 For those systems equipped with a P/V valve(s) allowed to have a designed cracking pressure less than 2.5 inches H2O, the valve(s) shall be bagged to eliminate, from the test results, any flow contribution through the valve assembly. The valve/vent pipe connection, however, shall remain unobstructed during this test.

1.3 For those facilities not required to be equipped with a P/V valve(s), the vent pipe(s) shall be capped. For these installations, the test may be conducted at the vent pipe(s).

2. Principle

2.1 The entire vapor control system is pressurized with nitrogen to two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O. The system pressure is then allowed to decay and the pressure after five (5) minutes is compared with an allowable value. The minimum allowable five-minute final pressure is based on the system ullage and pressure decay equations. For the purpose of compliance determination, this test shall be conducted after all back-filling, paving, and installation of all Stage I and Stage II components, including P/V valves, has been completed.

2.2 For a GDF equipped with a coaxial Stage I system this test shall be conducted at a Stage II vapor riser. For a GDF which utilizes a two-point Stage I system this test shall be conducted at the Stage I vapor coupler, provided that the criteria set forth in Section 6.7 have been met. If the integrity criteria for two-point systems specified in Section 6.7 are met, this test shall be conducted at the Stage I vapor coupler unless the vapor control system possesses a design which is incompatible with testing at this location.

3. Range

3.1 If mechanical pressure gauges are employed, the full-scale range of the pressure gauges shall be 0- 2.0, 0- 1.0, and 0- 0.50 inches H2O column. Maximum incremental graduations of the pressure gauge shall be 0.05 inches H2O and the minimum accuracy of the gauge shall be three percent of full scale. The minimum diameter of the pressure gauge face shall be 4 inches.

3.2 If an electronic pressure measuring device is used, the full-scale range of the device shall not exceed 0-10 inches H2O with a minimum accuracy of 0.5 percent of full-scale. A 0-20 inches H2O device may be used, provided the equivalent accuracy is not less than 0.25 percent of full scale.

3.3 The minimum ullage during the test shall be 25 percent of the tank capacity (total of alltanks if manifolded) or 500 gallons, whichever is greater. The maximum total ullage shall be 25,000 gallons. These values are exclusive of all vapor piping volumes.

3.4 The minimum and maximum nitrogen feed-rates, into the system, shall be one (1) and five (5) CFM, respectively.

4. Interferences

4.1 Nitrogen shall not be introduced into the system at flowrates exceeding five (5) CFM as this may bias the results of the test toward non-compliance.

4.2 For vacuum-assist Stage II systems which utilize an incinerator, power to the collection unit shall be turned off during testing.

4.3 For vacuum-assist systems which locate the vacuum producing device in-line, between the Stage II vapor riser and the storage tank, the following shall apply:

4.3.1 A valve shall be installed at the vacuum producing device. When closed, this valve shall isolate the vapor passage downstream of the vacuum producing device.

4.3.2 The storage tank side of the vacuum producing device shall be tested in accordance with the procedures outlined in Section 7 of this method. Compliance shall be determined by comparing the final five-minute pressure with the allowable minimum five-minute final pressure from the first column (1-6 affected nozzles) in Table IB or use the corresponding equation in Section 9.2.

4.3.3 The upstream vapor passage (nozzle to vacuum producing device) shall also be tested. Methodology for this test shall be submitted to the Ohio EPA, Division of Air Pollution Control for approval prior to submission of test results or shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures set forth in the applicable CARB certification.

5. Apparatus

5.1 Nitrogen. Use commercial grade nitrogen in a high pressure cylinder, equipped with a two-stage pressure regulator and a one psig pressure relief valve. A one psig (maximum) pressure relief valve is required and mustbe present. In addition, the cylinder of nitrogen mustbe grounded.

5.2 Pressure Measuring Device. Use 0- 2.0, 0- 1.0, and 0- 0.50 inches H2O pressure gauges connected in parallel, a 0-2 inches H2O manometer, or an electronic pressure measuring device to monitor the pressure decay in the vapor control system. The pressure measuring device shall, at a minimum, be readable to the 0.05 inches H2O.

5.3 "T" Connector Assembly. See Figure 1 below for example.

Figure 1

"T" Connector Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

5.4 Vapor Coupler Integrity Assembly. Assemble OPW 633-A, 633-B, and 634-A adapters, or equivalent, as shown in Figure 2 below. If the test is to be conducted at the storage tank Stage I vapor coupler, this assembly shall be used prior to conducting the static leak test in order to verify the pressure integrity of the vapor poppet. The internal volume of this assembly shall not exceed 0.1 cubic feet.

Figure 2

Vapor Coupler Integrity Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

5.5 Vapor Coupler Test Assembly. Use a compatible OPW 634-B cap, or equivalent, equipped with a center probe to open the poppet, the appropriate pressure measuring device to monitor the pressure decay, and a connection for the introduction of nitrogen into the system. See Figure 3 below for example.

Figure 3

Vapor Coupler Test Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

5.6 Stopwatch. Use a stopwatch accurate to within 0.2 seconds.

5.7 Flowmeter. Use a Dwyer flowmeter, Model RMC-104, or equivalent, to determine the required pressure setting of the delivery pressure gauge on the nitrogen supply pressure regulator. This pressure shall be set such that the nitrogen flowrate is between 1.0 and 5.0 CFM.

5.8 Combustible Gas Detector. A Bacharach Instrument Company, Model 0023-7356, or equivalent, may be used to verify the pressure integrity of system components during this test.

5.9 Leak Detection Solution. Any liquid solution designed to detect vapor leaks may be used to verify the pressure integrity of system components during this test.

6. Pre-Test Procedures

6.1 The following safety precautions shall be followed:

6.1.1 Only grounded nitrogen shall be used to pressurize the system.

6.1.2 A one psig relief valve shall be installed to prevent the possible over-pressurizing of the storage tank.

6.2 Product dispensing shall not occur during the test. There shall have been no Stage I deliveries into or out of the storage tanks within the three hours prior to the test. For vacuum-assist Stage II systems, product dispensing shall not occur during the thirty minutes immediately prior to the test.

6.3 Measure the gallons of gasoline present in each underground storage tank and determine the actual capacity of each storage tank from facility records. Calculate the ullage space for each tank by subtracting the gasoline gallonage present from the actual tank capacity. The minimum ullage during the test shall be 25 percent of the tank capacity (total of alltanks if manifolded) or 500 gallons, whichever is greater. The total ullage shall not exceed 25,000 gallons.

6.4 For two-point Stage I systems, this test shall be conducted with the dust cap removed from the vapor coupler. This is necessary to determine the vapor tightness of the Stage I vapor poppet. See Section 6.7 if this test is to be conducted at the Stage I vapor coupler.

6.4.1 For coaxial Stage I systems this test shall be conducted with the dust cap removed from the Stage I coupler. This is necessary to insure the vapor tightness of the Stage I vapor poppet.

6.4.2 Verify that the liquid level in the storage tank is at least four (4) inches above the highest opening at the bottom of the submerged drop tube.

6.5 If the Stage I containment box is equipped with a drain valve, the valve assembly may be cleaned and lubricated prior to the test. This test shall, however, be conducted with the drain valve installed and the manhole cover removed. See subsection 7.4.1 for further details regarding containment box drain valves.

6.6 If the test is to be conducted at a Stage II vapor riser, disconnect the dispenser end of one vapor control hose and install the "T" connector assembly (see Figure 1). Connect the nitrogen gas supply (do not use air) and the pressure measuring device to the "T" connector.

6.6.1 For those Stage II systems utilizing a dispenser mounted remote vapor check valve, the "T" connector assembly shall be installed on the vapor riser side of the check valve.

6.7 If this test is to be conducted at the Stage I vapor coupler on a two-point Stage I system, the procedures set forth in subsections 6.7.1 and 6.7.2 shall be successfully completed prior to testing. The static leak test shall not be conducted at the Stage I coupler at facilities equipped with coaxial Stage I systems.

6.7.1 Connect the Vapor Coupler Integrity Assembly to the Stage I vapor coupler. Connect the Vapor Coupler Test Assembly. Connect the nitrogen supply to the assembly and carefully pressurize the internal volume of the assembly to two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O. Start the stopwatch. Record the final pressure after one minute.

6.7.2 If the pressure after one minute is less than 0.25 inches H2O, the leak rate through the Stage I vapor poppet precludes conducting the static leak test at this location. Repair or replace the faulty component(s) as necessary and restart the test pursuant to Section 6.7.1. If the pressure after one minute is greater than or equal to 0.25 inches H2O, the static leak test may be conducted at this location. This criteria assures a maximum leak rate through the Stage I vapor poppet of less than 0.0004 cubic feet per minute.

6.7.3 Disconnect the Vapor Coupler Integrity Assembly from the Stage I vapor coupler. If the requirements of subsection 6.7.2 were met, install the Vapor Coupler Test Assembly to the Stage I vapor coupler.

6.8 All pressure measuring device(s) shall be bench calibrated using either a reference gauge or incline manometer. Calibration shall be performed at 20, 50, and 80 percent of full scale. Accuracy shall be within two percent at each of these calibration points. Calibrations shall be conducted on a frequency not to exceed 90 days. The individual conducting the test shall supply to the Ohio EPA or its designated local air agency with proof of equipment calibration meeting the requirements of this Section.

6.9 Use the flowmeter to determine the nitrogen regulator delivery pressures which correspond to nitrogen flowrates of 1.0 and 5.0 CFM. These pressures define the allowable range of delivery pressures acceptable for this test procedure. Also record which regulator delivery pressure setting, and the corresponding nitrogen flowrate, will be used during the test.

6.10 Use Equation 9.3 to calculate the approximate time required to pressurize the system ullage to the initial starting pressure of two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O. This will allow the tester to minimize the quantity of nitrogen introduced into those systems which cannot comply with the static leak standards.

6.11 Attach the Vapor Coupler Test assembly to the Stage I poppet or the "T" connector assembly to the Stage II vapor riser. Read the initial pressure of the storage tank and underground piping. If the initial pressure is greater than 0.5 inches H2O, carefully bleed off the pressure, in accordance with all applicable safety procedures, in the storage tank and underground piping to less than 0.5 inches H2O column.

7. Testing

7.1 Open the nitrogen gas supply valve and set the regulator delivery pressure within the allowable range determined in Section 6.9, and start the stopwatch. Pressurize the vapor system (or subsystem for individual vapor return line systems) to at least2.2 inches H2O initial pressure. It is critical to maintain the nitrogen flow until the pressure stabilizes, indicating temperature and vapor pressure stabilization in the tanks. Check the test equipment using leak detecting solution or a combustible gas detector to verify that all test equipment is leak tight.

7.1.1 If the time required to achieve the initial pressure of two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O exceeds twice the time derived from Equation 9.3, stop the test and use liquid leak detector, or a combustible gas detector, to find the leak(s) in the system. Repair or replace the faulty component(s) and restart the test pursuant to Section 7.1.

7.2 Close and disconnect the nitrogen supply. Start the stopwatch when the pressure has decreased to the initial starting pressure of two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O.

7.3 At one-minute intervals during the test, record the system pressure. After five minutes, record the final system pressure. See the applicable of Table IA (or Equation 9.1 ) or IB (or Equation 9.2 ) to determine the acceptability of the final system static pressure results. For intermediate values of ullage in Table IA and IB, linear interpolation may be employed.

7.4 If the system failed to meet the criteria set forth in Table I (or the appropriate equation in Section 9), repressurize the system and check all accessible vapor connections using leak detector solution or a combustible gas detector. If vapor leaks in the system are encountered, repair or replace the defective component and repeat the test. Potential sources of leaks include nozzle check valves, pressure/vacuum reliefvalves, containment box drain valve assemblies, and plumbing connections at the risers.

7.4.1 If the facility fails to comply with the static leak test standards and the Stage I system utilizes a non-CARB-certified drain valve equipped containment box, which was installed prior to July 1, 1992, for which a CARB-certified replacement drain valve assembly is not marketed, the following two subsections shall apply:

7.4. 1.1 The drain valve may be removed and the port plugged. Retest the system. If the facility complies with the static leak test standards under these conditions, the facility shall be considered complying with the requirements, provided that the manufacturer and model number of the containment box and the date of installation are submitted with the test results.

7.4. 1.2 The criteria set forth in subsection 7.4. 1.1 shall not apply after July 1, 1996.

7.5 After the remaining system pressure has been relieved, remove the Vapor Coupler Test Assembly or "T" connector assembly and reconnect the vapor control hose, if applicable.

7.6 If the vapor control system utilizes individual vapor return lines, repeat the leak test for each gasoline grade. Avoid leaving any vapor return line open longer than is necessary to install or remove the "T" connector assembly.

8. Post-Test Procedures

8.1 Use the applicable of Table IA or IB, or the applicable of Equations 9.1 or 9.2, to determine the compliance status of the facility by comparing the final five-minute pressure with the minimum allowable final pressure.

8.1.1 For balance Stage II systems use Table IA or the applicable of Equation 9.1 to determine compliance.

8.1.2 For vacuum-assist Stage II systems use Table IB or the applicable of Equation 9.2 to determine compliance.

9. Calculations

9.1 For Stage II Balance Systems, the minimum allowable five-minute final pressure, with an initial pressure of two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O, shall be calculated as follows:

[Equation 9-1]

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

9.2 For Stage II Vacuum Assist Systems, the minimum allowable five-minute final pressure, with an initial pressure of two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O, shall be calculated as follows:

[Equation 9-2]

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

9.3 The minimum time required to pressure the system ullage to two ( 2.0 ) inches H2O shall be calculated as follows:

[Equation 9-3]

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

9.4 If the policy of the local district requires an allowable tolerance for testing error, the minimum allowable five-minute final pressure, including testing error, shall be calculated as follows:

[Equation 9-4]

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

10. Reporting

10.1 The calculated ullage and system pressures for each five-minute vapor control system test shall be reported as shown in Form 1. Be sure to include the Stage I system type (two-point or coaxial), the Stage II system type, whether the system is manifolded, and the one-minute pressures during the test. The tester may either provide all information listed in Form 1 in the comprehensive test report or include a copy of this form along with the comprehensive written report.

Form 1

Source Test Results

Static Leak Test

See Form at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

TABLE IA

STAGE II BALANCESYSTEMS

PRESSURE DECAY LEAK RATE CRITERIA

See Table at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

TABLE IB

STAGE II ASSISTSYSTEMS

PRESSURE DECAY LEAK RATE CRITERIA

See Table at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP1_20080815_0819.pdf

APPENDIX B

DYNAMIC PRESSURE PERFORMANCE TEST

(taken from BAAQMD test procedure ST-27)

1. APPLICABILITY

1.1 This procedure is used to verify compliance with the applicable dynamic back pressure limits imposed on any Stage II vapor control system. The applicability of the following Alternate Methods is dependent upon the regulatory requirements imposed by the CARB certification.

1.1.1 Alternate Method 1.This procedure is applicable if the dynamic back pressure standards are imposed from the nozzle to the gasoline storage tank, provided remote vapor check valves are not part of the Stage II system.

1.1.2 Alternate Method 2.This procedure is applicable if the dynamic back pressure standards are imposed from the Stage II riser to the gasoline storage tank, provided there is no vacuum-producing device located between the riser and tank.

1.1.3 Alternate Method 3.This procedure is applicable if the dynamic back pressure standards are imposed at the nozzle/vehicle interface during vehicle fueling.

1.1.4 Alternate Method 4.This procedure shall be conducted, in conjunction with the applicable of Alternate Methods 1, 2, or 3 if the Stage II system utilizes an incinerator.

1.2 Alternate Methods 1 and 2 shall be conducted with the Stage I vapor poppet open.Alternate Methods 3 and 4 shall be conducted with the poppet closed.

1.3 Other Alternate Methods may be used provided that written approval has been granted by the Ohio EPA, Division of Air Pollution Control. Such approval shall be based upon demonstrated equivalency of any proposed methodology.

2. Principle

2.1 Using Alternate Methods 1, 2, or 4, the dynamic back pressure during vehicle fueling is simulated by passing nitrogen through the Stage II vapor control system at specified rates. The resultant dynamic back pressure is measured using a pressure gauge, or equivalent device. Alternate Method 3 is a direct measurement of the pressure at the nozzle/fillpipe interface during gasoline dispensing. Liquidblockages in the vapor return lines are also detected using these Methods.

3. Range

3.1 The minimum and maximum dynamic back pressures that can be measured are dependent upon the range of the pressure gauges used. Required gauge ranges are as follows:

3.1.1 Alternate Method 1. 0- 0.5 and 0-2 inches H20.

3.1.2 Alternate Method 2. 0- 0.25, 0-1, and 0-2 inches H2O.

3.1.3 Alternate Method 3. - 1.0 -+ 1.0 inches H2O.

3.1.4 Alternate Method 4. 0- 0.5 and 0-1 inches H2O.

3.2 If mechanical pressure gauges are employed, the minimum diameter of the gauge face shall be four inches, and the minimum accuracy of the gauge shall be three percent of full scale.

3.3 If an electronic pressure measuring device is used, the full-scale range of the device shall not shall not exceed 0-10 inches H2O with a minimum accuracy of 0.5 percent of full scale. A 0-20 inches H2O device may be used provided that the equivalent accuracy is not less than 0.25 percent of full-scale.

4. Interferences

4.1 Any leaks in the nozzle vapor path, vapor hose, or underground vapor return piping may result in erroneously low dynamic back pressure measurements.

4.2 For those Stage II systems possessing a design incompatible with this test procedure, testing shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures specified in the applicable CARB Executive Order.

5. Apparatus

5.1 Nitrogen High Pressure Cylinder with Pressure Regulator. Use a high pressure nitrogen cylinder capable of maintaining a pressure of 2000 psig and equipped with a compatible two-stage pressure regulator and a one psig relief valve. The nitrogen cylinder mustbe grounded and the one psig (maximum) relief valve mustbe present during the test.

5.2 Rotameter. Use a calibrated rotameter capable of accurately measuring nitrogen flowrate(s) applicable for the imposed dynamic back pressure limits.

5.3 Pressure Gauges. Use differential pressure gauges, or equivalent, as specified in the applicable subsection of Section 3.1.

5.4 Automobile fillpipe. Use an automobile fillpipe, if applicable, known to be compatible with all bellows-equipped vapor control nozzles, and equipped with a pressure tap. See Figure 1.

5.5 Nitrogen. Use commercial grade nitrogen.

5.6 Hand Pump. Use a gasoline compatible hand pump, if applicable, to drain any gasoline from condensate pots.

5.7 Stopwatch. For Alternate Method 3, use a stopwatch, or equivalent, accurate to within 0.5 seconds.

6. Pre-test procedures

6.1 Alternate Method 1.The following subsections are applicable for those Stage II systems where a limitation is imposed on the dynamic back pressure between the nozzle and the gasoline storage tank, provided that remote vapor check valves are not employed. For those Stage II systems which do notutilize a remote vapor check valve, assemble the apparatus as shown in Figure 1, ensuring that the riser shut-off valve on the test equipment is closed. If a Hirt Stage II system is used, the vacuum producing device shall be turned off during this test.

6.1.1 Assemble the Dynamic Pressure Performance Test Assembly as shown in Figure 1.

6.1.2 The test equipment mustbe leak-checked prior to use. Plug the nozzle end of the auto fillpipe and open the nitrogen cylinder. Adjust the flow meter control valve until a pressure of 50 percent of full scale is indicated on the high range pressure gauge. Close the nitrogen cylinder valve and any toggle valves. A pressure decay of less than 0.2 inches H2O, in five minutes, is considered acceptable.

6.1.3 Perform an initial visual examination for vapor leaks at the nozzles and hoses of the Stage II system to be tested. All leak sources shall be repaired or the component(s) removed and replaced prior to testing.

6.1.4 The Stage I vapor poppet shall be propped open in such a manner that the valve is not damaged. This may be accomplished using a Dynamic Pressure Release Assembly as shown in Figure 2.

6.1.5 Pour a minimum of two (2) gallons of gasoline into each and every Stage II vapor return riser. This gasoline may be introduced into the Stage II riser in any appropriate manner. Alternatively, a minimum of twenty gallons of gasoline may be introduced into the Stage II riser furthest from the gasoline storage tank, provided that the riser is common to all products available at that dispenser. If product-specific risers are employed, a minimum of seven gallons, per product grade, may be introduced into the riser of each product which is furthest from the gasoline storage tank.

6.1.6 Allow fifteen (15) minutes for liquid in the vapor return piping to drain.

6.1.7 Completely drain any gasoline from the spout and bellows of each nozzle.

6.1.8 For those vapor piping configurations which utilize a condensate pot, drain the pot prior to testing.

6.2 Alternate Method 2.

6.2.1 Assemble the Capped "T" Assembly as shown in Figure 3.

6.2.2 Open the Stage I vapor poppet for the affected tank(s).

6.2.3 Pour a minimum of two (2) gallons of gasoline into each and every Stage II vapor return riser. This gasoline may be introduced into the Stage II riser(s) in any appropriate manner.

6.2.4 Allow fifteen (15) minutes for liquid in the vapor return piping to drain.

6.2.5 For those vapor piping configurations which utilize a condensate pot, drain the pot prior to testing.

6.3 Alternate Method 3.

6.3.1 Assemble the Torus Pressure Test Assembly as shown in Figure 4.

6.3.2 The Stage I vapor poppet shall remain closed during this test.

6.4 Alternate Method 4.

6.4.1 Assemble the Vent Pipe Pressure Assembly as shown in Figure 5.

6.4.2 Carefully remove the vent pipe pressure/vacuum (P/V) valve.

6.4.3 Open the Stage I vapor poppet for the affected tank(s).

6.4.4 Insure that the collection unit of the Stage II system is turned off.

7. TESTING

7.1 Alternate Method 1.Insert the nozzle into the fillpipe of the Dynamic Pressure Performance Test Unit as shown in Figure 1 below, ensuring that a tight seal at the fillpipe/nozzle interface is achieved.

7.1.1 Connect the nitrogen supply to the test assembly.

7.1.2 Open the nitrogen supply, set the delivery pressure to 5 psig, and use the flowmeter control valve to adjust the flowrate to lowest of the required nitrogen flowrates.

7.1.3 A pulsating gauge needle indicates nitrogen passing through a liquid obstruction in the vapor return system. Close the flow meter control valve, redrain the nozzle and hose assembly, and repeat the test. If this condition re-occurs, the cause of the liquid trap in the system must be corrected.

Figure 1

Dynamic Pressure Performance Test Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

7.1.4 The following information shall be recorded on the field data sheet, as shown in Form 1:

(a) Nozzle Number

(b) Gauge needle action

(c) Dynamic back pressure, inches H2O

Specified nitrogen flowrates and associated maximum allowable Dynamic Backpressures are included in Form 1.

7.1.5 Repeat subsections 7.1.2 through 7.1.4 at all required nitrogen flowrates for each and every nozzle.

7.1.6 Close and replace the dust cover on the Stage I poppet.

Figure 2

Dynamic Pressure Release Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

7.2 Alternate Method 2.Those Stage II systems subject to regulatory limitations on the dynamic back pressure between the Stage II riser and gasoline storage tank shall be tested using this methodology.

7.2.1 Disconnect the Stage II riser and install the "T" assembly as shown in Figure 3 below.

Figure 3

Capped "T" Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

7.2.2 Connect the nitrogen supply to the "T" assembly.

7.2.3 Open the nitrogen supply, set the delivery pressure to 5 psig, and use the flowmeter control valve to adjust the flowrate to lowest of the required nitrogen flowrates.

7.2.4 A pulsating gauge needle indicates nitrogen passing through a liquid obstruction in the vapor return plumbing. If this occurs, the cause of the liquid trap must be corrected.

7.2.5 The following information shall be recorded on the field data sheet, as shown in Form 2:

(a) Riser Number

(b) Gauge needle action

(c) Dynamic back pressure, inches H2O

Specified nitrogen flowrates and associated maximum allowable Dynamic Backpressures are included in Form 2.

7.2.6 Repeat subsections 7.2.3 through 7.2.5 at all required nitrogen flowrates for each and every riser.

7.3 Alternate Method 3.Those bellows-equipped Stage II systems subject to regulatory limitations on the dynamic back pressure at the nozzle/fillpipe interface during gasoline dispensing shall use the following methodology.

7.3.1 Assemble the Torus Pressure Test Assembly (Donut) as shown in Figure 4 below

7.3.2 Insert the nozzle spout through the inner hole of the donut.

7.3.3 Insert and latch the nozzle in the vehicle fillpipe. Visually insure that a tight connection is made between the donut and fillpipe.

Figure 4

Torus Pressure Test Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

7.3.4 Activate the dispenser, set the nozzle hold-open latch on low, and after at least one gallon has been dispensed start the stopwatch. Dispense a minimum of four gallons of gasoline.

Use the stopwatch to accurately time the dispensing rate. Record the total gallons dispensed and calculate the flow rate in gallons per minute. The following data shall be recorded on the field data sheet as shown in Form 3:

(a) Nozzle number and gasoline grade

(b) Gallons dispensed during test

(c) Maximum dynamic back pressure, inches H2O

(d) Minimum dynamic back pressure, inches H2O

(e) The average dispensing rate, gallons per minute

(f) Allowable backpressure range specified in the Executive Order

7.3.5 This Alternate Method shall only be conducted with the Stage I vapor poppet closed, since gasoline is being dispensed during the test.

7.4 Alternate Method 4.Those Stage II systems which utilize an incinerator shall conduct this test in conjunction with the applicable of Alternate Method 1, 2, or 3. This procedure verifies proper drainage of gasoline from the base of the vent pipe to the gasoline storage tank.

7.4.1 After verifying compliance with the dynamic back pressure standards, pursuant to the applicable of Alternate Methods 1, 2, or 3, close the Stage I vapor poppet.

7.4.2 Remove the pressure/vacuum (P/V) valve(s) from each vent pipe.

7.4.3 Carefully pour a minimum of five gallons of gasoline down each vent pipe.

7.4.4 Install the Vent Pipe Pressure Assembly as shown in Figure 5 below. Open the Stage I poppet(s) on all affected tanks.

Figure 5

Vent Pipe Pressure Assembly

See Figure at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

7.4.5 Connect the nitrogen supply to the Vent Pipe Pressure Assembly.

7.4.6 Open the nitrogen supply and adjust the flowrate to 60 CFH.

7.4.7 After a minimum of thirty seconds, record the dynamic back pressure.

7.4.8 A dynamic back pressure, from the top of the vent pipe to the storage tank, of less than 0.5 inches H2O shall be considered acceptable.

7.4.9 Remove the Vent Pipe Pressure Assembly, carefully reinstall the P/V valve, and close the Stage I poppets.

8. REPORTING

8.1 Results of the dynamic back pressure test shall be reported as shown below:

8.1.1 Alternate Method 1 Use Form 1

8.1.2 Alternate Method 2 Use Form 2

8.1.3 Alternate Method 3 Use Form 3

8.1.4 Alternate Method 4 Include on applicable of Forms 1, 2, or 3

Form 1

Summary of Test Results

Dynamic Pressure Performance

See Form at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

Form 2

Summary of Test Results

Dynamic Pressure Performance

See Form at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

Form 3

Summary of Test Results

Dynamic Pressure Performance

See Form at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP2_20080815_0819.pdf

APPENDIX C

STAGE II POST TEST INSPECTION FORM

See Form at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-10_PH_FF_A_APP3_20080815_0819.pdf

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 10/19/1979, 3/27/1981, 6/21/1982, 1/24/1983, 5/9/1986, 5/25/1988, 8/22/1990, 3/31/1993, 1/17/1995, 6/15/1999, 11/5/2002

3745-21-11 Reasonably available control technology studies for ozone non-attainment areas. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 4-2-09

3745-21-12 Control of volatile organic compound emissions from commercial bakery oven facilities.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the "Incorporation by Reference" paragraph at the end of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.]

(A) Applicability.

(1) Applicability for the Cincinnati area.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(1)(b) of this rule, the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule shall apply to each commercial bakery oven facility that meets both of the following criteria:

(i) The facility is located in any of the following counties: Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren; and

(ii) The facility has a total uncontrolled potential to emit for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions equal to or greater than one hundred tons per year on or after May 27, 2005 as determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of this rule.

(b) Once a commercial bakery oven facility meets the applicability requirements of paragraph (A)(1)(a) of this rule on or after May 27, 2005, it is always subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(1)(c) of this rule.

(c) In the event a commercial bakery oven facility meets the applicability requirements under paragraph (A)(1)(a) of this rule, but reduces its total uncontrolled potential to emit for volatile organic compounds to less than one hundred tons per year by no later than May 27, 2006, the facility is not subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule. If such commercial bakery oven facility subsequently meets the applicability requirements of paragraph (A)(1)(a) of this rule, then it becomes subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule.

(2) Applicability for the Cleveland-Akron-Lorain area.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(2)(b) of this rule, the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule shall apply to each commercial bakery oven facility that meets both of the following criteria:

(i) The facility is located in any of the following counties: Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit; and

(ii) The facility has a total uncontrolled potential to emit for VOC emissions equal to or greater than one hundred tons per year on or after the effective date of this rule, as determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of this rule.

(b) Once a commercial bakery oven facility meets the applicability requirements of paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule on or after the effective date of this rule, it is always subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(2)(c) of this rule.

(c) In the event a commercial bakery oven facility meets the applicability requirements under paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule, but reduces its total uncontrolled potential to emit for VOCs to less than one hundred tons per year by no later than twelve months after the effective date of this rule, the facility is not subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule. If such commercial bakery oven facility subsequently meets the applicability requirements of paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule, then it becomes subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (I) of this rule.

(B) Definitions.

The definitions applicable to this rule are contained in paragraphs (B) and (U) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(C) Determination of total uncontrolled potential to emit.

(1) The owner or operator of each commercial bakery oven facility shall calculate the facility's total uncontrolled potential to emit, UPTE(facility), for VOC emissions in tons per year, using either the equations in paragraphs (C)(1)(a) to (C)(1)(c) of this rule and the provisions in paragraphs (C)(2) to (C)(4) of this rule, or a USEPA administrator-approved alternative method if the use of that alternative method is approved in writing by the USEPA administrator for this purpose:

(a) UPTE(facility) equals the sum of the UPTE(oven) for all bakery ovens at the facility (in tons VOC per year)

(b) UPTE(oven) is calculated for each bakery oven as follows:

See Calculation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-12_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(c) The value of EFvoc, expressed in pounds of VOC per ton of baked product (rounded off to two decimal places), is determined as follows:

See Calculation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-12_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(2) The owner or operator shall presume for purposes of calculating the uncontrolled potential to emit that both of the following conditions apply:

(a) Each facility production line and associated bakery oven are operating eight thousand seven hundred sixty hours per year at maximum capacity.

(b) Each facility production line is producing the product with the highest level of VOC emissions of those products that it may produce.

(3) A VOC emission factor based on emission testing can be used to calculate the facility's total uncontrolled potential to emit for VOC in tons per year. In the event emission testing is conducted, the emission testing results would be used instead of the VOC emission factor equation in paragraph (C)(1)(c) of this rule. Such emission testing shall be based on the test methods and procedures specified under paragraph (F) of this rule.

(4) The presumptions of paragraph (C)(2) of this rule would not apply where restrictions on operating hours and/or annual production rate are specified for the commercial bakery oven facility within a federally enforceable state operating permit, a federally enforceable permit-to-install, or a Title V permit that is issued pursuant to rule 3745-35-07 , Chapter 3745-31, or Chapter 3745-77, respectively, of the Administrative Code as follows:

(a) For bakery ovens that are located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(1)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced before May 27, 2005, such restrictions must be in effect no later than May 27, 2006.

(b) For bakery ovens that are located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(1)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced on or after May 27, 2005, such restrictions must be in effect upon initial startup of the bakery oven.

(c) For bakery ovens that are located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced before the effective date of this rule, such restrictions must be in effect no later than twelve months after the effective date of this rule.

(d) For bakery ovens that are located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced on or after the effective date of this rule, such restrictions must be in effect upon initial startup of the bakery oven.

(D) VOC emission control requirements.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (D)(2) of this rule, any owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule shall install and operate a VOC emission control system that reduces the VOC emissions from each bakery oven by at least ninety-five per cent by weight (i.e., an overall control efficiency of at least ninety-five per cent by weight).

(2) Exempted from the requirement of paragraph (D)(1) of this rule is any uncontrolled bakery oven with annual VOC emissions of less than 25.0 tons and average daily VOC emissions of less than one hundred ninety-two pounds. Average daily VOC emissions means the VOC emissions from a bakery oven in a calendar year (annual VOC emissions) divided by the number of days the bakery oven was employed for production during the calendar year.

(E) Compliance dates.

(1) Except where otherwise specified within this rule, any owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of this rule by no later than the following dates:

(a) For any bakery oven which is located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(1)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced before May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the bakery oven is the initial startup of the bakery oven or May 27, 2006, whichever is later.

(b) For any bakery oven which is located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(1)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced on or after May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the bakery oven is the date of initial startup of the bakery oven.

(c) For any bakery oven which is located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced before the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of the bakery oven is the initial startup of the bakery oven or twelve months from the effective date of this rule, whichever is later.

(d) For any bakery oven which is located within a county specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a)(i) of this rule and for which installation commenced on or after the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of the bakery oven is the date of initial startup of the bakery oven.

(2) In the event a commercial bakery oven facility reduces its total uncontrolled potential to emit pursuant to paragraph (A)(1)(c) or paragraph (A)(2)(c) of this rule, the date on which the facility subsequently meets the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1)(a) or paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule is the date the facility becomes subject to this rule.

(3) In the event an uncontrolled bakery oven is exempted under paragraph (D)(2) of this rule and is later equipped with a VOC emission control system, the compliance date of the bakery oven pertaining to paragraph (D)(1) of this rule is the date of first startup of the installed VOC emission control system for the bakery oven. Until the date of first startup of the installed VOC emission control system for the bakery oven, the bakery oven shall continue to comply with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2) of this rule.

(4) The owner or operator of any commercial bakery oven facility subject to this rule shall demonstrate compliance with paragraph (D)(1) of this rule by testing the bakery oven and its VOC emission control system in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule within ninety days after the bakery oven's compliance date.

(5) Additional testing of a bakery oven and its VOC emission control system in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule may be required by the director to ensure continued compliance.

(F) Compliance testing requirements.

For any bakery oven subject to paragraph (D)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator shall demonstrate compliance by conducting compliance testing in accordance with the following requirements:

(1) The general provisions specified under paragraphs (A)(2) to (A)(5) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code shall apply to the compliance testing.

(2) The test methods and procedures of paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code shall be followed, except as specified below:

(a) The concentration of VOC in a gas stream or exhaust vent shall be determined by utilizing any of the methods specified under paragraph (C)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(b) USEPA alternative test method ALT-020 titled "Negative Pressure Enclosure Qualitative Test Method for Bakery Ovens" may be used to demonstrate capture efficiency of a bakery oven. A bakery oven that passes this alternative test method and vents all of its oven exhaust gas streams, other than the purge stack, to a VOC control device has a VOC capture efficiency of one hundred per cent by weight.

(c) USEPA conditional test method CTM-042 titled "Use of Flame Ionization Detector-Methane Cutter Analysis Systems for VOC Compliance Testing of Bakeries" may be used to demonstrate the control efficiency of a VOC control device (thermal oxidizer or catalytic oxidizer) for a bakery oven.

(G) Monitoring and inspection requirements for controlled bakery ovens.

(1) For any bakery oven subject to paragraph (D)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install and operate continuous monitoring and recording devices for the following operational parameters:

(a) The combustion temperature of any thermal incinerator;

(b) The inlet temperature and the temperature rise across the catalyst bed of any catalytic incinerator; and

(c) Any other parameter that the director may require the owner or operator to monitor.

(2) While operating the bakery oven, the owner or operator of the facility shall maintain the parameters listed in paragraphs (C)(1)(a) to (C)(1)(c) of this rule within the baseline operational data established during the most recent compliance test(s) that demonstrated compliance.

(3) The owner or operator shall inspect the VOC emission control system and monitoring equipment to assure that the control system is operating properly, and that no leaks or malfunctions have occurred or are occurring. The inspections shall be made at the frequency defined by the equipment manufacturer, or as otherwise appropriate for each unit, component, or operation, but not less than monthly.

(4) The owner or operator shall record the results of each inspection in a permanent log to be retained on-site for a period of not less than five years and shall make the log available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review during normal business hours.

(H) Recordkeeping and associated reporting requirements.

(1) The owner or operator of each commercial bakery oven facility subject to this rule shall keep the records required under paragraphs (H)(2) to (H)(5) of this rule on site for at least five years following the date of the record and shall make such records available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review during normal business hours.

(2) The owner or operator shall keep monthly production period records of the following operational data for each yeast-leavened product for each bakery oven:

(a) The amount of raw product processed;

(b) The baker's per cent of yeast used (initial yeast and any spike yeast);

(c) The fermentation time (total time and any spiking time);

(d) The type of product baked;

(e) The amount of product baked; and

(f) Any other information that the director may determine to be necessary for determining that the facility is operated in continuous compliance with this rule.

(3) The owner or operator shall calculate monthly VOC emissions for each bakery oven and shall record the emission factor used for each product, including a citation of the source of the emission factor, and the results of the VOC emission calculations.

(4) For any uncontrolled bakery oven exempted under paragraph (D)(2) of this rule, the owner or operator shall record the VOC emissions from that bakery oven for the recent month and rolling twelve-month period within fifteen days after the end of each month. The owner or operator shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency of any record showing the bakery oven exceeded the applicable VOC emissions limit. A copy of such record shall be sent to the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency within forty-five days after the exceedance occurs.

(5) For any bakery oven equipped with a VOC emission control system and subject to the paragraph (D)(1) of this rule, the owner or operator shall collect and record the following information each day of operation of the bakery oven:

(a) A log of operating time for the capture (collection) system, control device, monitoring equipment, and the associated bakery oven.

(b) For any thermal incinerator, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the bakery oven was in compliance.

(c) For any catalytic incinerator, all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature of the process vent stream immediately before the catalyst bed is more than fifty degrees Fahrenheit below the average temperature of the process vent stream during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the source was in compliance, and all three-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than eighty per cent of the average temperature difference during the most recent performance test that demonstrated that the bakery oven was in compliance.

(d) For any VOC emission control equipment, any other information that the director may determine to be necessary for determining that the bakery oven is operating in continuous compliance with this rule.

(6) The owner or operator shall submit to the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency quarterly summaries of the records required by paragraph (H)(5) of this rule. These quarterly reports shall be submitted by April thirtieth, July thirty-first, October thirty-first, and January thirty-first, and shall cover the records for the previous calendar quarters.

(I) Requirements on applicability notification, compliance certification, and permit application.

(1) The owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule pursuant to paragraph (A)(1) of this rule and that has a bakery oven with an initial startup date before May 27, 2005 shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the bakery oven is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than sixty days after May 27, 2005 (or within sixty days after the bakery oven becomes subject to this rule), shall provide the following information:

(a) Name and address of the owner or operator;

(b) Address (i.e., physical location) of the commercial bakery oven facility;

(c) Equipment description and Ohio EPA application number (if assigned) of the bakery oven;

(d) Identification of the VOC emissions requirement, the means of compliance, and the compliance date for the bakery oven; and

(e) Regarding an air pollution permit for the bakery oven, whichever of the following is applicable;

(i) Submission of an application for a permit-to-operate, modification, or renewal of a permit-to-operate in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-35-02 of the Administrative Code; or

(ii) Statement of intent to submit an application for a Title V permit or modification of a Title V permit in accordance with rule 3745-77-02 or rule 3745-77-08 of the Administrative Code, respectively.

(2) The owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule pursuant to paragraph (A)(1) of this rule and that has a bakery oven with an initial startup date on or May 27, 2005 shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the bakery oven is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the bakery oven or sixty days after May 27, 2005 (whichever is later), shall provide the information listed under paragraph (I)(1) of this rule. The application for a permit- to- install under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(3) The owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule pursuant to paragraph (A)(2) of this rule and that has a bakery oven with an initial startup date before the effective date of this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the bakery oven is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than sixty days after the effective date of this rule (or within sixty days after the bakery oven becomes subject to this rule), shall provide the information listed under paragraph (I)(1) of this rule.

(4) The owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule pursuant to paragraph (A)(2) of this rule and that has a bakery oven with an initial startup date on or after the effective date of this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the bakery oven is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the bakery oven or sixty days after the effective date of this rule (whichever is later), shall provide the information listed under paragraph (I)(1) of this rule. The application for a permit-to-install under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(5) Compliance certification.

(a) The owner or operator of a commercial bakery oven facility that is subject to this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing within thirty days following the completion of any of the following requirements:

(i) For an uncontrolled bakery oven subject to the VOC emission requirement in paragraph (D)(2) of this rule, the first documented achievement of compliance with the requirements;

(ii) For a bakery oven subject to the VOC emission control requirement in paragraph (D)(1) of this rule:

(a) The completion of installation and initial use of a VOC emission control system for the bakery oven;

(b) The completion of installation and initial use of any monitoring devices required under paragraph (G) of this rule for the bakery oven; and

(c) The completion of any compliance testing conducted in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule to demonstrate compliance with the applicable control requirement.

(b) The compliance certification under paragraph (I)(3)(a) of this rule shall provide the following, where applicable:

(i) A description of the requirements;

(ii) A description of the VOC emission control system;

(iii) A description of the monitoring devices;

(iv) A description of the records that document continuing compliance;

(v) The results of any compliance tests, including documentation of test data;

(vi) The results of any records that document continuing compliance, including calculations; and

(vii) A statement by the owner or operator of the commercial bakery oven facility as to whether the bakery oven has complied with the requirement(s).

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 5/27/2005, 2/10/2006

3745-21-13 Control of volatile organic compound emissions from reactors and distillation units employed in SOCMI chemical production.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the "Incorporation by Reference" paragraph at the end of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.]

(A) Rule applicability.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(2) of this rule, this rule shall apply to any reactor or distillation unit in a process unit that meets both of the following criteria:

(a) The process unit is located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Summit, or Warren county; and

(b) The process unit produces a SOCMI chemical.

(2) Excluded from the requirements of this rule are the following:

(a) Any reactor or distillation unit that is a batch operation.

(b) Any reactor or distillation unit that is regulated by paragraph (CC) or (EE) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(c) Any reactor or distillation unit included within an "early reduction program," as specified in 40 CFR Part 63, and published in 57 Federal Register 61970 (December 29, 1992), evidenced by a timely enforceable commitment approved by USEPA.

(d) Any reactor regulated by Subpart III or Subpart RRR of 40 CFR Part 60.

(e) Any distillation unit regulated by Subpart NNN of 40 CFR Part 60.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (A)(2) of this rule, a reactor or distillation unit shall be considered regulated by a paragraph, rule or subpart if it is subject to the limits of that paragraph, rule, or subpart. A reactor or distillation unit is not considered regulated by a paragraph, rule, or subpart if it is not subject to the limits of that paragraph, rule, or subpart. For example, if the reactor or distillation unit is covered by an exemption in the paragraph, rule, or subpart, or the applicability criteria of the paragraph or subpart are not met, then the source is not subject to that paragraph, rule, or subpart.

(B) Definitions.

The definitions applicable to this rule are contained in paragraphs (B) and (V) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(C) Overall requirements for reactors and distillation units.

(1) Except where exempted under paragraph (C)(2) of this rule, the owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (L) of this rule.

(2) Exempted from the requirements of paragraph (C)(1) of this rule is any reactor or distillation unit in a process unit with a total design capacity for all chemicals produced within that unit of less than one thousand one hundred tons per year. However, such reactor or distillation unit remains subject to the recordkeeping and reporting requirements contained in paragraphs (J)(1)(f) and (L)(1) of this rule.

(D) Determination of group status and halogen status for process vents of reactors and distillation units.

(1) (Group status) The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit shall determine the group status (i.e., group 1, group 2A, or group 2B) for each process vent based on flow rate, VOC concentration, and TRE index value in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3) through (D)(5) of this rule and the procedures contained in paragraph (E) of this rule. Group 1 process vents require control for VOC, and group 2A and group 2B process vents do not. Group 1 process vents require monitoring of control devices, except for boilers or process heaters specified under paragraphs (F)(1)(b) and (F)(1)(c) of this rule, and require monitoring of bypass lines. Group 2A process vents require monitoring of the associated recovery systems, and group 2B process vents do not require any monitoring.

(2) (Halogen status) The owner or operator of a group 1 process vent which is controlled (or to be controlled) by a combustion device shall determine the halogen status in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (E)(7) of this rule. Group1 process vents that are halogenated process vents being discharged to a combustion device require halogen reduction control (either a pre-combustion or post-combustion).

(3) (Group 1) A process vent shall be group 1 if it meets at least one of the following specifications:

(a) The owner or operator designates the process vent as group 1.

(b) At representative operating conditions expected to yield the lowest TRE index value for the process vent, the TRE index value is less than or equal to 1.0, the flow rate is equal to or greater than 0.30 scfm, and the VOC concentration is equal to or greater than five hundred ppmv.

(4) (Group 2A) A process vent shall be group 2A if it is from a recovery system and if, at representative operating conditions expected to yield the lowest TRE index value for the process vent, the TRE index value is greater than 1.0 and less than or equal to 4.0, the flow rate is equal to or greater than 0.30 scfm, and the VOC concentration is equal to or greater than five hundred ppmv.

(5) (Group 2B) A process vent shall be group 2B if it meets any one of the following specifications.

(a) The process vent has a flow rate less than 0.30 scfm.

(b) The process vent has a VOC concentration less than five hundred ppmv.

(c) The process vent is not from a recovery system and, at representative operating conditions expected to yield the lowest TRE index value for the process vent, the TRE index value is greater than 1.0.

(d) The process vent is from a recovery system and, at representative operating conditions expected to yield the lowest TRE index value for the process vent, the TRE index value is greater than 4.0.

(6) Process changes for group 2A and group 2B process vents.

Whenever process changes are made that could reasonably be expected to change a group 2A or group 2B process vent to a group 1 process vent, the owner or operator shall redetermine the flow rate, VOC concentration, or TRE index value, according to paragraph (D)(6)(a), (D)(6)(b), or (D)(6)(c) of this rule as specified for each process vent as necessary to determine whether the process vent is group 1, group 2A, or group 2B. The owner or operator shall perform the group status determination as soon as practical after the process change and within sixty days after the process change. Examples of process changes include, but are not limited to, changes in production capacity, production rate, feedstock type, or catalyst type, or whenever there is replacement, removal, or addition of recovery equipment. For purposes of paragraph (D)(6) of this rule, process changes do not include process upsets, unintentional, temporary process changes, and changes that are within the range on which the original TRE index value calculation was based.

(a) (Group 2B process vent based on flow rate) The flow rate shall be redetermined by using the measurement procedure in paragraph (E)(9) of this rule or by using an engineering assessment of the effects of the change.

(b) (Group 2B process based on VOC concentration) The VOC concentration shall be redetermined by using the measurement procedure in paragraph (E)(10) of this rule or by using an engineering assessment of the effects of the change.

(c) (Group 2B process vent based on TRE index value or group 2A process vent) The TRE index value shall be redetermined (recalculated) based on measurements of flow rate, net heating value, VOC emission rate, and halogen status as specified in paragraphs (E)(9), (E)(11), (E)(12), and (E)(13) of this rule, or based on an engineering assessment of the effects of the change.

(E) Procedures for process vent determinations.

(1) (General) The provisions under paragraph (E) of this rule provide procedures for the determination of process vent parameters that are used to determine the group status and halogen status for a process vent.

(2) Location within a process vent for determination of group status and halogen status and for sampling.

(a) For the purpose of determining group status of a process vent based on VOC concentration, flow rate, or TRE index value, the location shall be representative of the process vent stream after the last recovery device (if any recovery devices are present) but prior to the inlet of any control device that is present, and prior to release to the atmosphere. The process vent parameters for TRE index value are flow rate, net heating value, VOC emission rate, and halogen status.

(b) The location of the sampling site for measurement of process vent parameters (flow rate, VOC concentration, VOC emission rate, net heating value, and mass emission rate for halogen atoms) shall be selected in accordance with paragraph (E)(2)(a) of this rule and paragraph (C)(3)(f) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. No traverse site selection method is needed for process vents smaller than four inches( 0.10 meter) in nominal inside diameter.

(3) The flow rate of a process vent shall be determined by engineering assessment or by the measurement procedure of paragraph (E)(9) of this rule.

(4) The VOC concentration of a process vent shall be determined by engineering assessment or by the measurement procedure of paragraph (E)(10) of this rule.

(5) The net heating value of a process vent shall be determined by engineering assessment or by the measurement procedure of paragraph (E)(11) of this rule.

(6) The VOC and TOC emission rate of a process vent shall be determined by engineering assessment or by the measurement procedure of paragraph (E)(12) of this rule.

(7) The halogen status of a process vent shall be determined by process knowledge that no halogen or hydrogen halides are present in the process vent, by engineering assessment, or by the measurement procedure of paragraph (E)(13) of this rule. If the mass emission rate of halogen atoms for a process vent is equal to or greater than 0.99 pound per hour, the process vent shall be classified as halogenated.

(8) Procedure for TRE index value.

The TRE index value of the process vent shall be determined as specified in paragraphs (E)(8)(a) to (E)(8)(c) of this rule.

(a) TRE index value for a process vent shall be calculated by the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-13_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

Table A: Coefficients for Total Resource Effectiveness for Nonhalogenated and Halogenated Process Vent Streams

See Table at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-13_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(b) For a nonhalogenated process vent stream, the owner or operator shall use the applicable coefficients in table A to calculate the TRE index values based on a flare, a thermal incinerator with zero heat recovery, and a thermal incinerator with seventy per cent heat recovery, and shall select the lowest TRE index value. For a halogenated process vent stream, the owner or operator shall use the applicable coefficients in table A to calculate the TRE index value based on a thermal incinerator and scrubber.

(c) If the TRE index value, as determined in accordance with paragraphs (E)(8)(a) and (E)(8)(b) of this rule, is less than or equal to 4.0, and such TRE index value is calculated using engineering assessment for process vent flow rate, process vent net heating value, process vent VOC emission rate, or process vent halogen status, then the owner or operator shall either perform the measurement procedures specified in paragraphs (E)(9), (E)(11), (E)(12), and (E)(13) of this rule for the determination of the process vent's group status or designate the process vent as a group 1 process vent.

(9) (Measurement procedure for flow rate) The process vent volumetric flow rate in standard cubic meters per minute shall be measured at a sampling site selected as specified in paragraph (E)(2)(b) of this rule and by the appropriate method specified in paragraph (C)(3)(f) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. If the process vent stream passes through a final steam jet ejector and is not condensed, the volumetric flow rate shall be corrected to 2.3 per cent moisture.

(10) Measurement procedure for VOC concentration.

(a) The sampling site shall be selected as specified in paragraph (E)(2)(b) of this rule.

(b) The methods and procedures under paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code shall to be employed wherein USEPA Method 18 or USEPA Method 25A shall be employed for VOC concentration.

(c) If USEPA Method 18 is employed, the following procedures shall be used:

(i) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be one hour in which either an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at approximately equal intervals in time, such as fifteen-minute intervals during the run.

(ii) The VOC concentration (C) is the sum of the concentrations of the individual components and shall be computed for each run by the following equation:

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-13_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(d) If USEPA Method 25A is employed, the following procedures shall be used:

(i) USEPA Method 25A shall be used only if a single organic compound of VOC is greater than fifty per cent of the total VOC, by volume, in the process vent.

(ii) The process vent composition may be determined by either process knowledge or test data collected using an appropriate USEPA method. Examples of information that could constitute process knowledge include calculations based on material balances, process stoichiometry, or previous test results provided the results are still relevant to the current process vent conditions.

(iii) The organic compound used as the calibration gas for USEPA Method 25A shall be the single organic compound of VOC present at greater than fifty per cent of the total VOC by volume.

(iv) The span value for USEPA Method 25A shall be equal to five hundred ppmv.

(v) Use of USEPA Method 25A is acceptable if the response from the high-level calibration gas is at least twenty times the standard deviation of the response from the zero calibration gas when the instrument is zeroed on the most sensitive scale.

(vi) The owner or operator shall demonstrate that the total organic concentration measured by USEPA Method 25A is below two hundred fifty ppmv in order for the VOC concentration to be considered below five hundred ppmv.

(11) (Measurement procedure for net heating value) The net heating value of a vent stream shall be measured and calculated in accordance with 40 CFR 63.115(d)(2)(ii) and 40 CFR 63.115(d)(2) .

(12) (Measurement procedure for TOC and VOC emission rates) The TOC and VOC emission rates of a process vent shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code and the following:

(a) The sampling site shall be selected as specified in paragraph (E)(2)(b) of this rule.

(b) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be one hour in which either an integrated sample or a minimum of four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at approximately equal intervals in time such as fifteen-minute intervals during the run.

(c) The mass rates of TOC and VOC for each sample shall be calculated in accordance with paragraph (C)(4) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code wherein all organic compounds measured by USEPA Method 18 are used in the calculation of the mass rate of TOC and only those organic compounds that are VOC are used in the calculation of mass rate of VOC. The mass rates of TOC and VOC for each run shall be the average of the mass rates of TOC and VOC of each sample within that run.

(13) (Measurement procedure for mass emission rate of halogen atoms) The mass emission rate of halogen atoms for a process vent shall be measured based upon a sampling site selected as specified in paragraph (E)(2)(b) of this rule, flow rate measured by the appropriate method specified in paragraph (C)(3)(f) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, and the halogen-related measurements and calculations specified in 40 CFR 63.115(d)(2)(v)(A)(3) and 40 CFR 63.115(d)(2)(v)(B) .

(F) Control and operational requirements for process vents.

(1) For any group 1 process vent, the owner or operator shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(1)(a), (F)(1)(b), (F)(1)(c), (F)(1)(d), (F)(1)(e), (F)(1)(f), or (F)(1)(h) of this rule. If the group 1 process vent is a halogenated process vent that is discharged to a combustion device, the owner or operator shall also comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(1)(g) of this rule.

(a) Discharge the group 1 process vent to a flare that is designed and operated to meet the requirements specified under paragraph (DD)(10)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Discharge the group 1 process vent into the flame zone of a boiler or process heater with a heat input capacity equal to or grater than one hundred fifty million Btu per hour.

(c) Discharge the group 1 process vent to a boiler or process heater as the primary fuel or with the primary fuel.

(d) Discharge the group 1 process vent to a control device (boiler, process heater, incinerator or recapture device) or combination of control devices that is designed and operated to reduce VOC emissions from the group 1 process vent by at least ninety-eight per cent or emit VOC at a concentration less than twenty ppmv, dry basis, whichever is less stringent. For a combustion device, the concentration of VOC shall be corrected to three per cent oxygen.

(e) For the group 1 process vent, achieve and maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 at the outlet of the final recovery device, or prior to release from the process vent to atmosphere if no recovery device is present. If the TRE index value is greater than 1.0, the process vent shall meet the requirements for a group 2A or group 2B process vent specified in paragraph (F)(2) or (F)(3) of this rule, whichever is applicable.

(f) (Existing combustion device) Discharge the group 1 process vent to a previously installed combustion device, provided all of the following conditions are met:

(i) The combustion device was installed:

(a) Prior to May 27, 2005 if the facility is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county; or

(b) Prior to the effective date of this rule if the facility is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county.

(ii) The combustion device is not capable of reliably reducing VOC emissions from the process vent in order to meet the requirement of paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule.

(iii) The combustion control shall reduce VOC emissions from the group 1 process vent by at least ninety per cent by weight.

(iv) If the combustion device is replaced with new control equipment for which construction commenced on or after the effective date of this rule, the use of paragraph (F)(1)(f) of this rule shall terminate for the group 1 process vent.

(g) A group 1 process vent that is a halogenated process vent and that is discharged to a combustion device shall be controlled with a halogen reduction device that meets paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i) or (F)(1)(g)(ii) of this rule. However, if the combustion device is a flare, the group 1 process vent shall be controlled with a halogen reduction device that meets paragraph (F)(1)(g)(ii) of this rule.

(i) (Halogen reduction device following combustion) A scrubber or other halogen reduction device that follows combustion shall meet the requirement of paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i)(a) or (F)(1)(g)(i)(b) of this rule, as applicable.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i)(b) of this rule, the scrubber or other halogen reduction device shall reduce overall emissions of hydrogen halides and halogens by ninety-nine per cent or shall reduce the outlet mass of total hydrogen halides and halogens to less than 0.99 pound per hour, whichever is less stringent.

(b) If a scrubber or other halogen reduction device was installed prior to the effective date of this rule, it shall reduce overall emissions of hydrogen halides and halogens by ninety-five per cent or shall reduce the outlet mass of total hydrogen halides and halogens to less than 0.99 pound per hour, whichever is less stringent.

(ii) (Halogen reduction device prior to combustion) A halogen reduction device, such as a scrubber, or other technique shall reduce the process vent's mass emission rate of halogen atoms to less than 0.99 pound per hour prior to the combustion device.

(h) (Off-site control or onsite control not owned or operated by the owner or operator of the source) Transfer the gas stream from group 1 process vent for disposal to an onsite control device (or other compliance equipment) not owned or operated by the owner or operator of the source (reactor or distillation unit) generating the gas stream, or to an off-site control device or other compliance equipment, provided the following conditions are met:

(i) The owner or operator transferring the gas stream shall:

(a) Comply with the provisions specified in paragraph (H)(6) of this rule for each gas stream prior to transfer.

(b) Notify the transferee that the gas stream contains VOC that are to be treated in accordance with the provisions of this rule. The notice shall be submitted to the transferee initially and whenever there is a change in the required control.

(ii) The owner or operator may not transfer the gas stream unless the transferee has submitted to the director a written certification that the transferee will manage and treat any gas stream transferred under paragraph (F)(1)(h) of this rule and received from a source (reactor or distillation unit) subject to this rule in accordance with the requirements of this rule. The certifying entity may revoke the written certification by sending a written statement to the director and the owner or operator giving at least ninety days notice that the certifying entity is rescinding acceptance of responsibility for compliance with the regulatory provisions of this rule. Upon expiration of the notice period, the owner or operator may not transfer the gas stream to the transferee. Records retained by the transferee shall be retained in accordance with paragraph (J)(1) of this rule.

(iii) By providing this written certification to the director, the certifying entity accepts responsibility for compliance with the regulatory provisions listed in paragraph (F)(1)(h)(ii) of this rule with respect to any transfer covered by the written certification. Failure to abide by any of those provisions with respect to such transfers may result in enforcement action by the director against the certifying entity.

(iv) Written certifications and revocation statements to the director from the transferees of such gas streams shall be signed by a responsible official of the certifying entity and provide the name and address of the certifying entity. Such written certifications are not transferable by the transferee.

(2) For any group 2A process vent, the owner or operator shall maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0

(3) For any group 2B process vent, the owner or operator shall maintain a flow rate less than 0.30 scfm, or a VOC concentration less than five hundred ppmv, or a TRE index value greater than 1.0 if the gas stream is not from a recovery system, or a TRE index value greater than 4.0 if the gas stream is from a recovery system, whichever is the basis for the group 2B status for that process vent.

(G) Compliance dates.

(1) Except where otherwise specified within this rule, any owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit that is subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of this rule by no later than the following dates:

(a) For any reactor or distillation unit located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced before May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the reactor or distillation unit is May 27, 2006.

(b) For any reactor or distillation unit located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced on or after May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the reactor or distillation unit is the date of initial startup of the reactor or distillation unit.

(c) For any reactor or distillation unit located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county for which installation commenced before the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of the reactor or distillation unit is twelve months from the effective date of this rule.

(d) For any reactor or distillation unit located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county for which installation commenced on or after the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of the reactor or distillation unit is the date of initial startup of the reactor or distillation unit.

(2) In the event a reactor or distillation unit has a group 1 process vent which is subject to paragraph (F)(1)(f) of this rule and the group 1 process vent is later discharged to a new control device, the compliance date of the process vent pertaining to an applicable requirement under paragraph (F)(1) of this rule is the date of first startup of the discharge of the process vent to the new control device. Until that date of first startup, the group 1 process vent shall continue to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(f) of this rule.

(3) If there is a change in group status due to a process change, the owner or operator shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (G)(3)(a), (G)(3)(b), and (G)(3)(c) of this rule, whichever is applicable.

(a) (Group status change to group 1) Where the process change causes the group status to change to group 1, the owner or operator shall comply with the group 1 process vent requirements in paragraph (F)(1) of this rule upon initial startup after the change and thereafter unless the owner or operator demonstrates to the director that achieving compliance will take longer than making the process change. If this demonstration is made to the director's satisfaction, the owner or operator shall comply as expeditiously as practical, but in no event later than one year after the process vent becomes a group 1 process vent, and shall comply with the following procedures to establish a compliance date:

(i) The owner or operator shall submit to the director for approval a compliance schedule, along with a justification for the schedule.

(ii) The compliance schedule shall be submitted with an application for a permit, or an application for a modification of a permit, or by other means provided by theappropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency.

(iii) The director shall approve the compliance schedule or request changes within ninety calendar days of receipt of the compliance schedule and justification for the schedule.

(b) (Group status change to group 2A) Where the process change causes the process vent group status to change to group 2A, the owner or operator shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(2) of this rule upon completion of the group status determination of the process vent.

(c) (Group status change to group 2B) Where the process change causes the process vent group status to change to group 2B or causes the basis of a group 2B status to change, the owner or operator shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(3) of this rule as soon as practical after the process change.

(4) The owner or operator of any reactor or distillation unit that has a group 1 process vent discharged to a flare that is designed and operated to meet paragraph (F)(1)(a) of this rule, or discharged to a control device or combination of control devices that is designed and operated to meet paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule shall demonstrate compliance by conducting a compliance test of the control and/or recovery devices in accordance with paragraph (I) of this rule within ninety days after the compliance date.

(5) The owner or operator of any reactor or distillation unit that has a group 1 process vent operated to meet paragraph (F)(1)(e) of this rule or a group 2A process vent operated to meet paragraph (F)(2) of this rule shall demonstrate compliance by conducting a TRE determination test in accordance with paragraph (I) of this rule by the compliance date.

(6) Additional testing of the process vent, control device, or recovery device of a reactor or distillation unit in accordance with paragraph (I) of this rule may be required by the director to ensure continued compliance.

(H) Monitoring requirements for group 1 and group 2A process vents.

(1) For any flare used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(a) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring device (including but not limited to a thermocouple, ultra-violet beam sensor, or infrared sensor) capable of continuously detecting the presence of a flame.

(2) For any combustion device (boiler, process heater, incinerator) used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(d) or (F)(1)(g) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The temperature monitoring device shall be located as follows:

(a) Where a thermal incinerator is used, the temperature monitoring device shall be located in the firebox or in the ductwork immediately downstream of the firebox in a position before any substantial heat exchange occurs.

(b) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring devices shall be located in the gas stream immediately before and after the catalyst bed.

(c) Where a boiler or process heater is used, the temperature monitoring device shall be located in the firebox. This requirement does not apply to process vent streams that are introduced with the primary fuel or are used as the primary fuel.

(3) For any recapture device used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule and for any final recovery device within a recovery system used by a group 2A process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(2) of this rule the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate according to manufacturer's specifications, the following monitoring devices:

(a) Where an absorber is used,

(i) A temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the exit temperature of the absorbing liquid; and

(ii) A specific gravity monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the exit specific gravity of the absorbing liquid.

(b) Where a condenser is used, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the exit (product side) temperature.

(c) Where a carbon adsorber is used,

(i) An integrating regeneration stream flow monitoring device, having an accuracy of plus or minus ten per cent or better, shall be employed for recording the total regeneration stream mass or volumetric flow for each regeneration cycle; and

(ii) A carbon bed temperature monitoring device shall be employed for recording the carbon bed temperature after each regeneration and within fifteen minutes of completing any cooling cycle.

(d) Where a recapture or final recovery device other than an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber is used, or as an alternative to the monitoring device specified in paragraphs (H)(2)(a) to (H)(2)(c) of this rule, an organic monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed for monitoring the concentration level or reading at the outlet of the recapture or final recovery device.

(4) For any halogen reduction device used by a halogenated group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(g) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate according to manufacturer's specifications, monitoring devices as specified in paragraph (H)(4)(a) or (H)(4)(b) of this rule.

(a) Where a scrubber is used, the following monitoring devices shall be employed:

(i) A pH monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the pH of the scrubber effluent.

(ii) A flow meter equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the scrubber influent for liquid flow.

(iii) A flow meter equipped with a continuous recorder shall be employed to monitor the gas stream flow, unless an alternative method for gas stream flow as specified in paragraphs (H)(4)(a)(iii)(a) to (H)(4)(a)(iii)(c) is submitted to the director.

(a) The owner or operator may determine gas stream flow using the design blower capacity, with appropriate adjustments for pressure drop.

(b) If the scrubber is subject to an Ohio environmental protection agency or USEPA regulation prior to May 27, 2005 if the facility is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county, or the effective date of this rule if the facility is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, the owner or operator may determine gas stream flow by the method that had been utilized to comply with such regulation. A determination that was conducted prior to the compliance date of such regulation may be utilized to comply with this rule if it is still representative.

(c) The owner or operator may prepare and implement a gas stream flow determination plan that documents an appropriate method that will be used to determine the gas stream flow. The plan shall require determination of gas stream flow by a method that will at least provide a value for either a representative or the highest gas stream flow anticipated in the scrubber during representative operating conditions other than startups, shutdowns, or malfunctions. The plan shall include a description of the methodology to be followed and an explanation of how the selected methodology will reliably determine the gas stream flow and a description of the records that will be maintained to document the determination of gas stream flow.

(b) Where a halogen reduction device other than a scrubber is used, the procedures in paragraph (H)(8) of this rule shall be followed to establish monitoring devices and parameters.

(5) (Alternative parameter monitoring) An owner or operator of a process vent may request approval to employ monitoring devices and monitoring parameters other than those listed in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(4) of this rule. The request shall be submitted according to the procedures specified in paragraph (H)(8) of this rule. Approval shall be requested if the owner or operator uses a combustion, recovery, or recapture device other than those listed in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(4) of this rule or uses one of the combustion or recovery or recapture devices listed in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(4) of this rule, but seeks to monitor a parameter other than those specified in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(4) of this rule.

(6) For any bypass line that could divert a group 1 process vent directly to the atmosphere, the owner or operator shall comply with paragraph (H)(6)(a) or (H)(6)(b) of this rule. Equipment such as low leg drains, high point bleeds, analyzer vents, open-ended valves or lines, and pressure relief valves needed for safety purposes are not subject to this paragraph.

(a) The owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, a flow indicator that takes a reading at least once every fifteen minutes. The flow indicator shall be installed at the entrance to any bypass line that could divert the gas stream to the atmosphere.

(b) The owner or operator shall secure the bypass line valve in the non-diverting position with a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration. The owner or operator shall perform a visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism at least once every month to ensure that the valve is maintained in the non-diverting position and the gas stream is not diverted through the bypass line.

(7) For each parameter monitored under paragraphs (H)(2) to (H)(5) of this rule, the owner or operator shall determine a range that indicates proper operation of the control or recovery device. The ranges shall be determined in accordance with paragraphs (H)(7)(a) to (H)(7)(c) of this rule. In order to establish the range, the information specified under paragraph (K)(2)(c) of this rule shall be submitted as part of the initial compliance status report required under paragraph (K)(2) of this rule.

(a) If a compliance test is conducted pursuant to paragraph (I) of this rule, the range shall be based on the parameter values measured during the compliance test that demonstrated compliance and may be supplemented by engineering assessments and/or manufacturer's recommendations. Compliance testing is not required to be conducted over the entire range of permitted parameter values.

(b) If a TRE determination test is conducted pursuant to paragraph (I) of this rule, the range shall be based on the parameter values measured during the TRE determination test and may be supplemented by engineering assessments and/or manufacturer's recommendations. TRE determination testing or vent stream measurements are not required to be conducted over the entire range of permitted parameter values.

(c) If a compliance test or a TRE determination test has not been conducted, the range may be based solely on engineering assessments and/or manufacturer's recommendations.

(8) Approval of other monitoring devices and parameters.

(a) The owner or operator who has been directed by any paragraph of this rule to establish monitoring devices and parameters or request approval to employ monitoring devices and parameters other than required by this rule shall submit within an application for a permit or modification of a permit, or by other means provided by the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency or local air agency, the following information:

(i) A description of the parameter(s) to be monitored to ensure the process, control technology, or pollution prevention measure is operated in conformance with its design and achieves the specified emission limit, percent reduction, or nominal efficiency, and an explanation of the criteria used to select the parameter(s).

(ii) A description of the methods and procedures that will be used to demonstrate that the parameter indicates proper operation of the control device or recovery device being monitored, the schedule for this demonstration, and a statement that the owner or operator will establish a range for the monitored parameter as part of the initial compliance status report required in paragraph (K)(2) of this rule.

(iii) The frequency and content of monitoring, recording, and reporting if monitoring and recording is not continuous, or if reports of daily average values when the monitored parameter value is outside the range established in the operating permit or initial compliance report will not be included in semiannual reports as specified in paragraph (K)(2) of this rule. The rationale for the proposed monitoring, recording, and reporting system shall be included.

(b) If the monitoring device and parameter are approved by the director, the monitoring device and parameter, including associated records and semiannual reporting, shall be specified in the terms and conditions of a permit or order issued by the director.

(I) Compliance tests and TRE determination tests for group 1 and group 2A process vents.

(1) Where a flare is used to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(a) of this rule, the owner or operator shall conduct compliance tests as follows:

(a) Determine visible emissions from the flare in accordance with paragraph (DD)(10)(d)(i) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Determine the net heating value of the gas being combusted in accordance with paragraph (P)(2) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code.

(c) Determine the actual exit velocity of the flare in accordance with paragraph (P)(3) of rule 3745-21-10.oftheAdministrativeCode

(2) No initial compliance test is required for a boiler or process heater used to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(b) or (F)(1)(c) of this rule.

(3) Except as provided in paragraph (I)(8) of this rule, any owner or operator using a control device (or combination of control devices) to comply with the VOC reduction or VOC concentration requirement in paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule or the VOC reduction requirement in paragraph (F)(1(f) of this rule, shall conduct an initial compliance test as follows:

(a) For determination of compliance with the ninety or ninety-eight per cent reduction of VOC requirement, sampling sites shall be located at the outlet to atmosphere of any control device and at the inlet of the control device (or combination of control devices) as follows:

(i) The control device inlet sampling site shall be located after the final recovery device (if any).

(ii) If a vent stream is introduced with the combustion air or as a secondary fuel into a boiler or process heater with a design capacity less than one hundred fifty million Btu per hour, selection of the location of the inlet sampling sites shall ensure the measurement of VOC concentrations in all vent streams and primary and secondary fuels introduced into the boiler or process heater.

(b) For determination of compliance with the twenty ppmv VOC limit, the sampling site shall be located at the outlet of any control device.

(c) The VOC concentration and mass rate of VOC for each sampling site shall be determined in accordance with the test methods in paragraph (C) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code as follows:

(i) VOC concentration shall be based on USEPA Method 18.

(ii) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be 1 one hour in which either an integrated sample or a minimum of four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at approximately equal intervals in time such as fifteen- minute intervals during the run.

(iii) The mass rate of VOC for each sample shall be calculated in accordance with paragraph (C)(4) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code. The mass rate of VOC for each run shall be the average of the mass rate of VOC of each sample within that run.

(d) The per cent reduction of VOC shall be the per cent reduction in the mass rate of VOC between the outlet of the last recovery device and the outlet to atmosphere from all control devices combined.

(e) If a combustion device is the control device used to comply with the twenty ppmv VOC limit, the concentration of VOC shall be corrected to three per cent oxygen for each run as follows:

(i) The emission rate correction factor or excess air, integrated sampling and analysis procedures of USEPA Method 3B shall be used to determine the oxygen concentration (%O2d). The samples shall be taken during the same time that the VOC samples are taken.

(ii) The concentration corrected to three per cent oxygen (Cc) shall be computed using the following equation: C

See Equation at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-13_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(4) Any owner or operator using a combustion device followed by a scrubber or other halogen reduction device to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i) of this rule shall conduct an initial compliance test to determine compliance with the per cent reduction (control efficiency) requirement or outlet mass limit for total hydrogen halides and halogens as follows:

(a) For determining compliance with the percent reduction requirement, sampling sites shall be located at the inlet and outlet of the scrubber or other halogen reduction device used to reduce halogen emissions.

(b) For determining compliance with outlet mass emission limit, the sampling site shall be located at the outlet of the scrubber or other halogen reduction device and prior to any releases to the atmosphere.

(c) Except as provided in paragraph (I)(4)(f) of this rule, USEPA Method 26 or USEPA Method 26A shall be used to determine the concentration, in milligrams per dry standard cubic meter, of total hydrogen halides and halogens that may be present in the gas stream at each sampling site. The mass emissions of each hydrogen halide and halogen compound shall be calculated from the measured concentrations and the gas stream flow rate.

(d) To demonstrate compliance with the per cent reduction requirement:

(i) The mass emissions for any hydrogen halides and halogens present at the inlet of the scrubber or other halogen reduction device shall be summed together

(ii) The mass emissions for any hydrogen halides and halogens present at the outlet of the scrubber or other halogen reduction device shall be summed together.

(iii) The per cent reduction shall be determined by comparison of the summed inlet and outlet measurements.

(e) To demonstrate compliance with the outlet mass emission limit:

(i) The mass emissions for any hydrogen halides and halogens at the outlet of the scrubber or other halogen reduction device shall be summed together and expressed as a mass emission rate in pounds per hour.

(ii) The resultant mass emission rate of total hydrogen halides and halogens must be less than 0.99 pound per hour.

(f) The owner or operator may use any other method to demonstrate compliance if the method or data has been validated according to the applicable procedures of USEPA Method 301.

(5) An owner or operator using a scrubber or other halogen reduction device to reduce the vent stream halogen atom mass emission rate to less than 0.99 pound per hour prior to a combustion device to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(g)(ii) of this rule shall determine the halogen atom mass emission rate prior to the combustion device according to the measurement procedure in paragraph (E)(13) of this rule.

(6) Except as provided in paragraph (I)(9) of this rule, any owner or operator using a recovery system, process change, or other means to achieve and maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 for a process vent and to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(e) of this rule, shall conduct TRE determination tests to determine the TRE index value of the process vent based on measurements for flow rate, net heating value, VOC emission rate, and mass emission rate of halogen atoms (if needed for halogen status) as specified in the measurement procedures of paragraphs (E)(9), (E)(11), (E)(12), and (E)(13) of this rule.

(7) Except as provided in paragraph (I)(9) of this rule, any owner or operator using a recovery system to maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 for a process vent and comply with paragraph (F)(2) of this rule, shall conduct TRE determination tests to determine the TRE index value of the process vent based on measurements conducted for flow rate, net heating value, VOC emission rate, and mass emission rate of halogen atoms (if needed for halogen status) as specified in the measurement procedures of paragraphs (E)(9), (E)(11), (E)(12), and (E)(13) of this rule.

(8) An initial compliance test is not required for the following:

(a) A control device for which a test was conducted for determining compliance with a regulation promulgated by the Ohio EPA or USEPA and the test was conducted using the same methods specified in this rule and either no process changes have been made since the test, or the owner or operator can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director that the results of the test, with or without adjustments, reliably demonstrate compliance despite process changes.

(b) A boiler or process heater burning hazardous waste for which the owner or operator:

(i) Has been issued a final permit under 40 CFR Part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR Part 266, Subpart H;.

(ii) Has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR Part 266, Subpart H; or

(c) A hazardous waste incinerator for which the owner or operator has been issued a final permit under 40 CFR Part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR Part 264, Subpart O, or has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR Part 265, Subpart O.

(9) An initial TRE determination test is not required for a recovery device for which a test was conducted for determining compliance with a regulation promulgated by the Ohio EPA or USEPA and the test was conducted using the same methods specified in this rule and either no process changes have been made since the test, or the owner or operator can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director that the results of the test, with or without adjustments, reliably demonstrate compliance despite process changes.

(J) Recordkeeping.

(1) (General) All records specified under this paragraph shall be retained by the owner or operator for a period of not less than five years and shall be made available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review during normal business hours. The following types of records are to be maintained by the owner or operator:

(a) Group status determination records for process vents.

(b) Monitoring records for group 1 and group 2A process vents.

(c) Compliance demonstration records for group 1 process vents.

(d) Compliance demonstration records for group 2A process vents.

(e) Compliance demonstration records for group 2B process vents.

(f) Records pertaining to the one thousand one hundred tons per year exemption.

(2) Group status determination records for process vents.

The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit subject to this rule shall maintain records used to determine the group status of each process vent. The following types of records are to be maintained:

(a) (TRE index value records) The owner or operator shall maintain records of measurements, engineering assessments, and calculations performed to determine the TRE index value of the process vent according to the procedures of paragraph (E)(8) of this rule, including those records associated with halogen vent stream determination. Documentation of engineering assessments shall include all data, assumptions, and procedures used for the engineering assessments. For any process vent not classified as group 2B based on flow rate or VOC concentration records specified in paragraphs (J)(2)(b) and (J)(2)(c) of this rule, TRE index value records are needed to document the basis for classifying a process vent as group 1, group 2A, or group 2B.

(b) (Flow rate records) Each owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent is group 2B based on a flow rate less than 0.30 scfm shall record the flow rate as measured using the measurement procedure specified in paragraph (E)(9) of this rule or as determined through engineering assessment.

(c) (VOC concentration records) Each owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent is group 2B based on a VOC concentration less than the five hundred ppmv shall record the VOC concentration as measured using the measurement procedure specified in paragraphs (E)(10) of this rule or as determined through engineering assessment.

(d) (Process change records) The owner or operator shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible records on process changes, as defined in paragraph (D)(6) of this rule, for process vents as follows:

(i) If the process vent is a group 2B process vent on the basis of the flow rate being less than 0.30 scfm, then the owner or operator shall keep records of any process changes that increase the process vent flow rate and any redetermination of the flow rate pursuant to paragraph (D)(6)(a) of this rule.

(ii) If the process vent is a group 2B process vent on the basis of the VOC concentration being less than five hundred ppmv, then the owner or operator shall keep records of any process changes that increase the VOC concentration of the process vent and any redetermination of the concentration pursuant to paragraph (D)(6)(b) of this rule.

(iii) If the process vent is a group 2B process vent on the basis of the TRE index value being greater than 4.0 for a vent stream from a recovery system, then the owner or operator shall keep records of any process changes and any redetermination (recalculation) of the TRE index value pursuant to paragraph (D)(6)(c) of this rule.

(iv) If the process vent is a group 2B process vent on the basis of the TRE index value being greater than 1.0 for a vent stream not from a recovery system, then the owner or operator shall keep records of any process changes and any redetermination (recalculation) of the TRE index value pursuant to paragraph (D)(6)(c) of this rule.

(v) If the process vent is a group 2A process vent (i.e., the TRE index value is greater than 1.0 and less than or equal to 4.0 for a vent stream not from a recovery system), then the owner or operator shall keep records of any process changes and any redetermination (recalculation) of the TRE index value pursuant to paragraph (D)(6)(c) of this rule.

(3) Monitoring records for group 1 and group 2A process vents.

For any group 1 or group 2A process vent subject to paragraph (H) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain monitoring records as follows:

(a) For any flare used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(a) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain the following records for the monitoring device used to continuously detect the presence of a pilot flame.

(i) Hourly records of whether the monitor was continuously operating and whether a pilot flame was continuously present during each hour.

(ii) A record on the presence of a pilot flame over the full period of the compliance test.

(iii) A record of the times and duration of all periods when the pilot flame is absent or the monitoring device is not operating.

(b) For any combustion device (boiler, process heater, or incinerator) used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(d) or (F)(1)(f) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain the following records for the temperature monitoring device:

(i) Where the combustion device is a thermal incinerator, boiler, or process heater:

(a) Continuous records of firebox temperature.

(b) A record of the firebox temperature averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(c) A record of daily average firebox temperature for each operating day.

(d) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when the monitoring device is not working.

(ii) Where the combustion device is a catalytic incinerator:

(a) Continuous records of temperature upstream and downstream of catalyst bed.

(b) A record of the upstream temperature, downstream temperature, and temperature difference across the catalyst bed averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(c) A record of the daily average of the upstream temperature and the temperature difference across the catalyst bed for each operating day.

(d) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when the monitoring device is not working.

(c) For any halogen reduction device used by a halogenated group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain the following monitoring records:

(i) Where a scrubber is employed for a halogenated vent stream following combustion:

(a) Continuous records of pH of scrubber effluent.

(b) A record of pH of the scrubber effluent averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(c) A record of the daily average pH of the scrubber effluent for each operating day.

(d) Continuous records of scrubber liquid flow rate.

(e) A record of the scrubber liquid/gas ratio averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(f) A record of the daily average scrubber liquid/gas ratio for each operating day.

(g) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when either monitoring device is not working.

(ii) Where a halogen reduction device other than a scrubber is employed for a halogenated vent stream following combustion, the owner or operator shall maintain the monitoring records identified pursuant to paragraph (H)(8) of this rule.

(d) For any recapture device used by a group 1 process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule and any final recovery device within a recovery system used by a group 2A process vent to comply with paragraph (F)(2) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain the following monitoring records, as applicable:

(i) Where an absorber is the recapture or final recovery device:

(a) Continuous records of the exit temperature of the absorbing liquid.

(b) A record of the exit temperature of the absorbing liquid averaged over the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or averaged over the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(c) A record of the daily average exit temperature of the absorbing liquid for each operating day.

(d) Continuous records of the exit specific gravity.

(e) A record of the exit specific gravity averaged over the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or averaged over the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(f) A record of the daily average exit specific gravity for each operating day.

(g) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when either monitoring device is not working.

(ii) Where a condenser is the recapture device or final recovery device:

(a) Continuous records of the exit (product side) temperature.

(b) A record of the exit temperature averaged over the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or averaged over the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(c) A record of the daily average exit temperature for each operating day.

(d) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when the monitoring device is not working.

(iii) Where a carbon adsorber is the recapture device or final recovery device:

(a) A record of the total regenerative stream mass or volumetric flow for each carbon bed regeneration cycle.

(b) A record of the total regenerative stream mass or volumetric flow for each carbon bed regeneration cycle during the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or during the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(c) A record of the temperature of the carbon bed after each regeneration cycle [and within fifteen minutes of completing any cooling cycle(s).]

(d) A record of the temperature of the carbon bed after each regeneration cycle [and within fifteen minutes of completing any cooling cycle(s)] during the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or during the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(e) Records of the times and durations of all periods during process or control operation when either monitoring device is not working.

(iv) Where an organic monitoring device is employed for monitoring the concentration level or reading at the outlet of a recapture or final recovery device other than an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber, or where an organic monitoring device is employed as an alternative to the otherwise specified monitoring device for an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber, the owner or operator shall maintain the following monitoring records:

(a) Continuous records of the concentration level or reading of the outlet of the recapture or final recovery device.

(b) A record of the concentration level or reading of the outlet of the recapture or final recovery device averaged over the full period of the compliance test (if group 1) or during the full period of the TRE index value determination (if group 2A).

(c) A record of the daily average concentration level or reading for each operating day.

(d) Records of the times and durations of all periods excluded from the daily average as specified in paragraph (J)(3)(f) of this rule and any other periods during process or control operation when the monitoring device is not working.

(e) For any bypass line that could divert a group 1 process vent directly to the atmosphere, the owner or operator shall maintain the monitoring records specified in paragraph (J)(3)(e)(i) or (J)(3)(e)(ii) of this rule, whichever is applicable.

(i) Where a flow indicator is employed for a bypass line:

(a) Hourly records of whether the flow indicator was operating and whether a diversion of the vent stream to the atmosphere was detected at any time during the hour.

(b) Records of the times and durations of all periods when the flow indicator is not operating or the vent stream is diverted to the atmosphere.

(ii) Where a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration is employed to secure the bypass line valve in the non-diverting position:

(a) A record indicating that a monthly visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism has been done.

(b) Records of the times and durations of all periods when the seal mechanism is broken, the bypass line valve position has changed, the serial number of the broken car-seal has changed, or when the key to unlock the bypass line valve has been checked out.

(f) The daily average value of a monitored parameter shall be calculated as the average of all values recorded during the operating day by the continuous recorder, except for monitoring data recorded during the following periods:

(i) Monitoring system breakdowns, repairs, calibration checks, and zero (low-level) and high-level adjustments.

(ii) Start-ups.

(iii) Shutdowns.

(iv) Malfunctions.

(v) Periods of non-operation of the reactor or distillation unit, resulting in cessation of the emissions to which the monitoring applies.

(4) Compliance demonstration records for group 1 process vents.

Any owner or operator of a group 1 process vent shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of the data specified in paragraphs (J)(4)(a) to (J)(4)(e) of this rule, as applicable, to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (F) of this rule.

(a) When using a flare to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(a) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records on the following:

(i) Flare design (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted, or non-assisted);

(ii) The results of all visible emission readings, heat content determinations (and associated concentration measurements), and exit velocity determinations (and associated flow rate measurements) for a compliance test conducted pursuant to paragraph (I)(1) of this rule; and

(iii) All periods during the compliance test when the pilot flame is absent.

(b) When using a boiler or process heater to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(b) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records on the heat input capacity of the boiler or process heater and a description of the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the boiler or process heater.

(c) When using a boiler or process heater to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(c) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records on the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the boiler or process heater.

(d) When using a control device (boiler, process heater, incinerator, or recapture device) to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records of the following:

(i) The results of compliance tests conducted pursuant to paragraph (I)(3) of this rule.

(ii) The results of parameter monitoring during the compliance test, including results of continuous parameter monitoring averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(iii) For a boiler or process heater, a description of the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the boiler or process heater for the compliance test. For a boiler or process heater, a description of the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the boiler or process heater for the compliance test.

(e) When using a recovery system, process change, or other means to achieve and maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 and to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(e) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records of the TRE determination tests conducted pursuant to paragraph (I)(7) of this rule.

(f) When using a combustion device to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(f) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records of the following:

(i) The date of installation of the combustion device.

(ii) Documentation on why the combustion device is not capable of reliably reducing VOC emissions from the process vent in order to meet the requirement of paragraph (F)(1)(d) of this rule, including the results of any VOC emissions testing.

(iii) Information on the combustion device pertaining to design specifications, good engineering practices, and any requirements under applicable laws, as defined under paragraph (I) of rule 3745-31-01 of the Administrative Code.

(iv) The results of compliance tests conducted pursuant to paragraph (I)(3) of this rule.

(v) The results of parameter monitoring averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(g) When using a scrubber or other halogen reduction device following a combustion device to control a halogenated vent stream to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(g)(i) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records of the following:

(i) The results of compliance tests conducted pursuant to paragraph (I)(4) of this rule.

(ii) The results of parameter monitoring averaged over the full period of the compliance test.

(h) When transferring a group 1 process vent for disposal to comply with paragraph (F)(1)(h) of this rule, the owner or operator shall maintain records on the name and location of the transferee and the identification of the group 1 process vent.

(5) Compliance demonstration records for group 2A process vents.

Any owner or operator of a group 2A process vent shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of the data specified in paragraphs (J)(5)(a) to (J)(5)(b) of this rule to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (F)(2) of this rule.

(a) The results of the TRE determination test (i.e., measurements of vent stream flow rate and vent stream concentrations used in the TRE index value determination, all measured while the vent stream is normally routed and constituted).

(b) The calculations to determine the TRE index value.

(c) The results of parameter monitoring for the final recovery device (absorber, condensers, carbon adsorber, or other recovery device) during the TRE determination test, including results of continuous parameter monitoring averaged over the full period of the TRE determination test.

(6) Compliance demonstration records for group 2B process vents.

Any owner or operator of a group 2B process vent shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of the data specified in paragraph (J)(6)(a), (J)(6)(b), or (J)(6)(c) of this rule, whichever is applicable, to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (F)(3) of this rule.

(a) Any owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent is a group 2B process vent based on a flow rate being less than 0.30 scfm shall maintain a record of the vent stream flow rate as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(3) of this rule, including documentation of any engineering assessments, measurements, and calculations.

(b) Any owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent is a group 2B process vent based on a VOC concentration being less than five hundred ppmv shall maintain a record of the vent stream VOC concentration as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(4) of this rule, including documentation of any engineering assessments, measurements, and calculations.

(c) Any owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent not from a recovery system is a group 2B process vent based on the TRE index value being greater than 1.0 shall maintain records of the following:

(i) A description and identification of the process operation or device preceding the process vent.

(ii) The TRE index value as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(8) of this rule, including documentation of any engineering assessments, measurements, and calculations.

(d) Any owner or operator who elects to demonstrate that a process vent from a recovery system is a group 2B process vent based on the TRE index value being greater than 4.0 shall maintain records of the following:

(i) A description and identification of the final recovery device preceding the process vent.

(ii) The TRE index value as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(8) of this rule, including documentation of any engineering assessments, measurements, and calculations.

(7) Records pertaining to the one thousand one hundred tons per year exemption.

The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit subject to this rule and qualifying for the exemption under paragraph (C)(2) of this rule regarding a process unit with a total design capacity for all chemicals produced within that unit of less than one thousand one hundred tons per year, shall keep up-to-date records detailing the design production capacity of the process unit, including any change in equipment or process operation that affects the total design production capacity.

(K) Reporting requirements.

(1) (General) The provisions under paragraph (K) of this rule describe the contents of reports and identify the reporting dates for the following reports:

(a) Initial compliance status report.

(b) Semiannual compliance status reports.

(c) Process change reports for group 2A and group 2B process vents.

(2) Initial compliance status report.

Each owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit subject to this rule shall submit an initial compliance status report within sixty calendar days after the compliance dates specified in paragraph (G) of this rule as follows:

(a) The initial compliance status report shall include the results of any process vent group determinations, compliance tests, TRE determination tests, inspections, values of monitored parameters established during compliance tests and TRE determination tests, and any other information used to demonstrate compliance and recorded pursuant to paragraphs (J)(4) to (J)(6) of this rule.

(b) For compliance tests, TRE determination tests, and any group determinations based on measurements, the initial compliance status report shall include one complete test report for each test method used for a particular kind of process vent. For additional tests and measurements performed for the same kind of process vent using the same test method, the test results or measurement results shall be submitted, but a complete test report is not required.

(c) A complete test report shall include a brief process description, sampling site description, description of sampling and analysis procedures and any modifications to standard procedures, quality assurance procedures, record of operating conditions during the test, record of preparation of standards, record of calibrations, raw data sheets for field sampling, raw data sheets for field and laboratory analyses, documentation of calculations, and any other information required by the test method.

(d) For each monitored parameter for which a range is required to be established under paragraph (H)(7) of this rule (pertains to group 1 and group 2A process vents), the compliance status report shall include the following information:

(i) The specific range of the monitored parameter(s) for each control device and final recovery device.

(ii) The rationale for the specific range for each parameter for each control device and final recovery device, including any data and calculations used to develop the range and a description of why the range indicates proper operation of the control device or final recovery device.

(3) Semiannual compliance status reports.

The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit subject to this rule shall submit semiannual compliance status reports containing the information in paragraphs (K)(3)(a), (K)(3)(b), and (K)(3)(c) of this rule. The semiannual compliance status reports shall be submitted no later than sixty calendar days after the end of each six-month period to the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency. The first report shall be submitted no later than eight months after the date the initial compliance status report is due and shall cover the six-month period beginning on the date the initial compliance status report is due.

(a) Semiannual reports on parameter monitoring for group 1 process vents.

For a group 1 process vent, the semiannual compliance status reports shall include the following recorded information:

(i) Reports of daily average values of monitored parameters for all operating days when the daily average values recorded under paragraph (J)(3) of this rule were outside the ranges established in the initial compliance status report or permit issued by the director.

(ii) Reports of the times and durations of all periods recorded under paragraph (J)(3) of this rule when the monitoring device is not working or monitoring data is not collected during process operation generating the process vent stream or during operation of the control or recovery device.

(iii) Reports of the times and durations of all periods recorded under paragraph (J)(3)(e)(i)(b) of this rule when the vent stream is diverted to the atmosphere through a bypass line.

(iv) Reports of the duration of all periods recorded under paragraph (J)(3)(e)(ii)(b) of this rule when the seal mechanism is broken, the bypass line valve position has changed, the serial number of the broken car-seal has changed, or the key to unlock the bypass line valve has been checked out.

(v) Reports of the times and durations of all periods recorded under paragraph (J)(3)(a)(iii) of this rule in which all pilot flames of a flare were absent.

(vi) Reports of all carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the parameters recorded under paragraphs (J)(3)(d)(iii)(a) and (J)(3)(d)(iii)(c) of this rule were outside the ranges established in the initial compliance status report or permit issued by the director.

(vii) Reports on monitoring devices and parameters approved by the director pursuant to paragraph (H)(8) of this rule.

(b) Semiannual reports on parameter monitoring for group 2A process vents.

For a group 2A process vent, the semiannual compliance status reports shall include the following recorded information:

(i) Reports of daily average values of monitored parameters for all operating days when the daily average values recorded under paragraph (J)(3) of this rule were outside the ranges established in the initial compliance status report or permit issued by the director.

(ii) Reports of all carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the parameters recorded under paragraphs (J)(3)(d)(iii)(a) and (J)(3)(d)(iii)(c) of this rule were outside the ranges established in the initial compliance status report or permit issued by the director.

(iii) Reports on monitoring devices and parameters approved by the director pursuant to paragraph (H)(8) of this rule.

(c) Semiannual reports on subsequent compliance tests for group 1 process vents or subsequent TRE determination tests for group 2A process vents.

If any subsequent compliance tests or subsequent TRE determination tests are conducted during the semiannual reporting period after the initial compliance status report has been submitted, the semiannual compliance status report shall include the data recorded pursuant to paragraphs (J)(4) and (J)(5) of this rule.

(4) Process change reports for group 2A and group 2B process vents.

Whenever a process change, as defined in paragraph (D)(6) of this rule, is made that causes the process vent group status to change, the owner or operator shall submit a report to the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency within sixty calendar days after the process change. The report shall include the following, whichever is applicable:

(a) For a group 2A or group 2B process vent that becomes a group 1 process vent, the report shall include all of the following:

(i) A description of the process change.

(ii) The results of the redetermination of the flow rate, VOC concentration, and TRE index value required under paragraph (D)(6) of this rule and recorded under paragraph (J)(2)(d) of this rule.

(iii) A statement that the owner or operator will comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(1) of this rule for group 1 process vents by the date specified in paragraph (G)(3)(a) of this rule.

(b) For a group 2B process vent that becomes a group 2A process vent, the report shall include all of the following:

(i) A description of the process change.

(ii) The results of the determination or redetermination of the TRE index value required under paragraph (D)(6) of this rule and recorded under paragraph (J)(2)(d) of this rule.

(iii) A statement that the owner or operator will comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(2) of this rule for group 2A process vents by the date specified in paragraph (G)(3)(b) of this rule.

(c) For a group 2A process vent that becomes a group 2B process, the report shall include all of the following:

(i) A description of the process change.

(ii) The results of the determination or redetermination of the TRE index value required under paragraph (D)(6) of this rule and recorded under paragraph (J)(2)(d) of this rule.

(iii) A statement that the owner or operator will comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(3) of this rule for group 2B process vents by the date specified in paragraph (G)(3)(c) of this rule.

(d) For a group 2B process vent under a specific basis that becomes a group 2A process vent under a different basis, the report shall include all of the following:

(i) A description of the process change.

(ii) The results of the redetermination of the basis for the group 2 process vent under paragraph (D)(6) of this rule and recorded under paragraph (J)(2)(d) of this rule.

(iii) A statement that the owner or operator will comply with the requirements of paragraph (F)(3) of this rule for group 2B process vents by the date specified in paragraph (G)(3)(c) of this rule.

(e) The owner or operator is not required to submit a report of a process change if one of the conditions listed in paragraphs (K)(3)(d)(i) to (K)(3)(d)(v) of this rule is met.

(i) The process change does not meet the definition of a process change in paragraph (D)(6) of this rule; or

(ii) The vent stream flow rate is redetermined for a group 2B process vent that is based on flow rate according to paragraph (D)(6)(a) of this rule and the redetermined value is less than 0.30 scfm; or

(iii) The VOC concentration is redetermined for a group 2B process vent that is based on flow rate according to paragraph (D)(6)(b) of this rule and the redetermined value is less than five hundred ppmv; or

(iv) The TRE index value is redetermined for a group 2B process vent that is based on the TRE index value according to paragraph (D)(6)(c) of this rule and the redetermined value is greater than 1.0 for a process vent not from a recovery system or greater than 4.0 for a process vent from a recovery system; or

(v) The TRE index value is redetermined for a group 2A process vent according to paragraph (D)(6)(c) of this rule and the redetermined TRE index value for a process vent from a recovery system is greater than 1.0 and less than or equal to 4.0.

(L) Requirements on applicability notification and permit application.

(1) The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit that is subject to this rule, is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county, and has an initial startup date before May 27, 2005 shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the reactor or distillation operation is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than July 26, 2005, shall provide the information specified in paragraph (L)(5) of this rule:

(2) The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit that is subject to this rule, is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county, and has an initial startup date on or after May 27, 2005 shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the reactor or distillation unit is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the reactor or distillation unit or July 26, 2005 (whichever is later), shall provide the information specified in paragraph (L)(5) of this rule. The application for a permit-to-install under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(3) The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit that is subject to this rule, is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, and has an initial startup date before the effective date of this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the reactor or distillation operation is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than sixty days after the effective date of this rule, shall provide the information specified in paragraph (L)(5) of this rule.

(4) The owner or operator of a reactor or distillation unit that is subject to this rule, is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, and has an initial startup date on or after the effective date of this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the reactor or distillation unit is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the reactor or distillation unit or sixty days after the effective date of this rule (whichever is later), shall provide the information specified in paragraph (L)(5) of this rule. The application for a permit-to-install under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(5) The notification required in paragraphs (L)(1) to (L)(4) of this rule shall include the following information:

(a) Name and address of the owner or operator;

(b) Address (i.e., physical location) of the facility;

(c) Equipment description and Ohio EPA application number (if assigned) of the reactor or distillation unit;

(d) Identification of the applicable requirements, the means of compliance, and the compliance date for the reactor or distillation unit under this rule; and

(e) Regarding a permit for the reactor or distillation unit, whichever of the following is applicable:

(i) Submission of an application for a permit-to-operate, modification, or renewal of a permit-to-operate in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-35-02 of the Administrative Code; or

(ii) Statement of intent to submit an application for a Title V permit or modification of a Title V permit in accordance with rule 3745-77-02 or rule 3745-77-08 of the Administrative Code, respectively.

Effective: 08/25/2008
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/21/2008 and 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(E) , 3704.03(A)
Prior Effective Dates: 5/27/2005

3745-21-14 Control of volatile organic compound emissions from process vents in batch operations.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see paragraph (HH) at the end of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code entitled"Referenced materials."]

(A) Applicability.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (A)(4) and (A)(5) of this rule, the requirements of paragraph (C) of this rule shall apply to any facility that has a batch process train associated with any of the following SIC codes: 2821, 2833, 2834, 2861, 2865, 2869, or 2879, and meets either the following criteria in paragraphs (A)(1)(a) and (A)(1)(b) of this rule or paragraphs (A)(1)(c) and (A)(1)(d) of this rule:

(a) The facility is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county; and

(b) The facility has a combined total potential to emit for VOC emissions equal to or greater than one hundred tons of VOC per calendar year on or after May 27, 2005 from all of the following:

(i) Process vents in batch operations;

(ii) All non-CTG sources; and

(iii) Unregulated emissions from CTG sources except sources regulated under Subparts BBB, III, NNN, and RRR of 40 CFR Part 60 and sources regulated under Subpart T of 40 CFR Part 63.

(c) The facility is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county; and

(d) The facility has a combined total potential to emit for VOC emissions equal to or greater than one hundred tons of VOC per calendar year on or after August 25, 2008 from any of the following:

(i) Process vents in batch operations;

(ii) All non-CTG sources; and

(iii) Unregulated emissions from CTG sources except sources regulated under Subparts BBB, III, NNN, and RRR of 40 CFR Part 60 and sources regulated under Subpart T of 40 CFR Part 63.

(2) For the purposes of paragraphs (A)(1)(a) to (A)(1)(d) of this rule, a source shall be considered regulated by a paragraph, rule or subpart if it is subject to the limits of that paragraph, rule, or subpart. A source is not considered regulated by a paragraph, rule, or subpart if it is not subject to the limits of that paragraph, rule, or subpart. For example, if the source is covered by an exemption in the paragraph, rule, or subpart, or the applicability criteria of the paragraph or subpart are not met, then the source is not subject to that paragraph, rule, or subpart. A source is also not considered regulated if there is no rule contained in this chapter regulating the source category.

(3) Once a facility has met the applicability requirements of paragraphs (A)(1)(a) and (A)(1)(b) of this rule on or after May 27, 2005, or the applicability requirements of paragraphs (A)(1)(c) and (A)(1)(d) of this rule on or after the effective date of this rule, it is always subject to the requirements of paragraph (C) of this rule, except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (A)(4) and (A)(5) of this rule.

(4) In the event a facility meets the applicability requirements under paragraphs (A)(1)(a) and (A)(1)(b) of this rule, but reduces its potential to emit for volatile organic compounds by means of federally enforceable operational restrictions (e.g., production, hours of operation, or capacity utilization) to less than one hundred tons per year by no later than May 27, 2006, and documents that the actual VOC emissions from the above combined sources have never exceeded one hundred tons per year after the baseline year (1990) of the state implementation plan for ozone, the facility is not subject to the requirements of paragraph (C) of this rule.

(5) In the event a facility meets the applicability requirements under paragraphs (A)(1)(c) and (A)(1)(d) of this rule, but reduces its potential to emit for VOCs by means of federally enforceable operational restriction(s) (e.g., production, hours of operation, or capacity utilization) to less than one hundred tons per year by no later than twelve months after the effective date of this rule, and documents that the actual VOC emissions from the above combined sources have never exceeded one hundred tons per year after the baseline year (2002) of the state implementation plan for ozone, the facility is not subject to the requirements of paragraph (C) of this rule.

(B) Definitions.

The definitions applicable to this rule are contained in paragraph (W) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(C) Applicability for batch process trains and unit operations (batch operations).

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (C)(2) and (C)(3) of this rule, the owner or operator of a batch process train at a facility that meets the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of this rule is subject to the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (K) of this rule.

(2) The requirements of paragraphs (D) to (J) of this rule shall not apply to:

(a) Any emissions unit included within any early reduction program, as specified in 40 CFR part 63, and published in 57 Federal Register 61970 (December 29, 1992), evidenced by a timely enforceable commitment approved by USEPA.

(b) Any unit operation at a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility that is subject to a requirement under paragraph (W)(1) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(3) The following unit operations within a batch process train and batch process trains are exempt from the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule, but are still subject to the requirements in paragraphs (H), (I) and (K) of this rule pertaining to recordkeeping, reporting, applicability notification, and permit application.

(a) Any unit operation with uncontrolled total annual mass emissions of less than or equal to five hundred pounds per year of VOC.

Such unit operations are also excluded from the calculation of the total annual mass emissions for a batch process train. If the uncontrolled total annual mass emissions from such exempt unit operation exceed five hundred pounds per year of VOC in any subsequent year, the owner or operator shall calculate applicability in accordance with paragraph (C)(4) of this rule for both the individual unit operation and the batch process train containing the unit operation.

(b) Any batch process train containing process vents that have, in the aggregate, uncontrolled total annual mass emissions, as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(1) of this rule, of less than thirty thousand pounds per year of VOC for all products manufactured in such batch process train.

(4) The applicability equations in paragraph (C)(5) of this rule, which require the calculation of uncontrolled total annual mass emissions and flow rate value, shall be used to determine whether a unit operation or a batch process train is subject to the control requirements set forth in paragraph (D) of this rule. The applicability equation shall be applied to the following:

(a) Any unit operation with uncontrolled total annual mass emissions that exceed five hundred pounds per year and with a VOC concentration greater than five hundred ppmv. In this individual determination, no applicability analysis shall be performed for any unit operation with a VOC concentration of less than or equal to five hundred ppmv.

(b) Any batch process train containing process vents which, in the aggregate, have uncontrolled total annual mass emissions of thirty thousand pounds per year or more of VOC from all products manufactured in the batch process train. Any unit operation with uncontrolled total annual mass emissions exceeding five hundred pounds per year, regardless of VOC concentration, shall be included in the aggregate applicability analysis.

(5) Applicability equations.

(a) The applicability equations under paragraph (C)(5) of this rule are specific to volatility.

(b) For purposes of paragraph (C)(5) of this rule, the following abbreviations are employed:

(i) FR = calculated applicability flow rate, scfm.

(ii) UTAME = uncontrolled total annual mass emissions of VOC, expressed as pounds per year.

(iii) WAV = weighted average volatility.

(iv) MVOC i = mass of VOC component i.

(v) MWVOC i = molecular weight of VOC component i.

(vi) VP i = vapor pressure of VOC component i.

(vii) i = subscript denoting a specific VOC component.

(viii) n = total number of VOC components.

(c) Weighted average volatility shall be calculated as follows:

See Formula at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-14_PH_FF_A_RU_20090323_0802.pdf

(d) For purposes of determining applicability, calculated applicability flow rate values shall be determined as follows:

(i) Process vents with a WAV that is less than or equal to seventy-five mmHg at twenty degrees Celsius (sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit), shall use the following equation:

FR = [ 0.07(UTAME) ] - 1,821

(ii) Process vents with a WAV that is greater than seventy-five mmHg, but less than or equal to one hundred fifty mmHg at twenty degrees Celsius (sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit), shall use the following equation:

FR = [ 0.031(UTAME) ] - 494

(iii) Process vents a WAV that is greater than one hundred fifty mmHg at twenty degrees Celsius (sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit), shall use the following equation:

FR = [ 0.013(UTAME) ] - 301

(D) Control requirements for VOC emissions from process vents.

The control requirements set forth in paragraph (D) of this rule shall apply to process vents of batch process trains and unit operations within batch process trains (batch operations).

(1) The owner or operator of a unit operation with an average flow rate, as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(2) of this rule, below the flow rate value calculated by the applicability equations contained in paragraph (C)(5) of this rule, shall reduce uncontrolled VOC emissions from such unit operation by an overall efficiency, on average, of at least ninety per cent, or to twenty ppmv, per batch cycle.

(2) The owner or operator of a batch process train with an average flow rate, as determined in accordance with paragraph (E)(2)(b) of this rule, below the flow rate value calculated by the applicability equations contained in paragraph (C)(5) of this rule, shall reduce uncontrolled VOC emissions from such batch process train by an overall efficiency, on average, of at least ninety per cent, or to twenty ppmv, per batch cycle.

(3) If a boiler or process heater is used to comply with paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule, the vent stream shall be introduced into the flame zone of the boiler or process heater.

(4) If a flare is used to comply with paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule, the flare shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (DD)(10)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code. If a process, not subject to this rule, vents an emergency relief discharge into a common flare header of this flare, the requirements of paragraph(DD)(10)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code shall not apply during such emergency relief discharge.

(E) Determination of uncontrolled total annual mass emissions and actual weighted average flow rate values for a batch process train or unit operation.

(1) Uncontrolled total annual mass emissions shall be determined by the following methods:

(a) Direct process vent emissions measurements taken prior to any release to the atmosphere, following any recovery device, prior to mixing with vents from other process trains or unrelated operations, and prior to any control device, provided such measurements conform with the requirements of measuring the mass flow rate of VOC incoming to the control device as set forth in paragraphs (F)(6)(b), (F)(6)(c)(i)(a) and (F)(6)(c)(i)(b) of this rule.

(b) Engineering estimates of the uncontrolled VOC emissions from a process vent or process vents, in the aggregate, within a batch process train, using either the potential or permitted number of batch cycles per year or total production as represented in the permit for the batch process train as follows:

(i) Engineering estimates of the uncontrolled VOC emissions shall be based upon accepted chemical engineering principles, measurable process parameters, or physical or chemical laws and their properties. Examples of methods include, but are not limited to, the following:

(a) Use of material balances based on process stoichiometry to estimate maximum VOC concentrations.

(b) Estimation of maximum flow rate based on physical equipment design such as pump or blower capacities.

(c) Estimation of VOC concentrations based on saturation conditions.

(ii) All data, assumptions and procedures used in any engineering estimate shall be documented.

(2) Average flow rate shall be determined by any of the following methods:

(a) Direct process vent flow rate measurements taken prior to any release to the atmosphere, following any recovery device, prior to mixing with vents from other process trains or unrelated operations, and prior to any control device, provided such measurements conform with the requirements of measuring incoming volumetric flow rate set forth in paragraph (F)(6)(b) of this rule.

(b) Average flow rate for a unit operation having multiple emission events or batch process trains shall be the weighted average flow rate, calculated as follows:

See Formula at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-14_PH_FF_A_RU_20090323_0802.pdf

(c) Engineering estimates calculated in accordance with the requirements in paragraph (E)(1)(b) of this rule.

(3) For purposes of determining the average flow rate for steam vacuuming systems, the steam flow shall be included in the average flow rate calculation.

(F) Compliance testing requirements for a batch process train or unit operation.

(1) Upon the director's request, the owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation within a batch process train shall conduct testing to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (D) this rule. The owner or operator shall, at its own expense, conduct such tests in accordance with the applicable test methods and procedures specified in paragraphs (F)(4), (F)(5), and (F)(6) of this rule.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (F)(1) of this rule, flares and process boilers used to comply with the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule shall be exempt from compliance testing requirements.

(3) When a flare is used to comply with the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule, the flare shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (DD)(10)(d) of rule 3745-21-09 of the Administrative Code.

(4) The owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation within a batch process train that is exempt from the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule due to an average flow rate that is equal to or above the calculated applicability flow rate or due to a VOC concentration of less than or equal to five hundred ppmv (unit operation) shall demonstrate, upon the director's request, the absence of oversized gas moving equipment in any manifold. Gas moving equipment shall be considered oversized if it exceeds the maximum requirements of the exhaust flow rate by more than thirty per cent.

(5) For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with the control requirements in paragraph (D) of this rule, the batch process train or unit operation shall be run at representative operating conditions and flow rates during any compliance test.

(6) The following methods in 40 CFR part 60, appendix A shall be used to demonstrate compliance with the reduction efficiency requirement set forth in paragraph (D) of this rule:

(a) USEPA method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling sites if the flow measuring device is not a rotameter. The control device inlet sampling site for determination of vent stream VOC composition reduction efficiency shall be prior to the control device and after the control device.

(b) USEPA method 2, 2A, 2B, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, for determination of gas stream volumetric flow rate flow measurements, which shall be taken continuously. No traverse is necessary when the flow measuring device is an ultrasonic probe.

(c) USEPA method 25A or USEPA method 18, if applicable, to determine the concentration of VOC in the control device inlet and outlet.

(i) The sampling time for each run shall be as follows:

(a) For batch cycles less than eight hours in length, readings shall be taken continuously over the entire length of the batch cycle with a maximum of fifteen-minute intervals between measurements if using USEPA method 25A. If using USEPA method 18, readings shall be taken continuously with a maximum of fifteen-minute intervals between measurements throughout the batch cycle unless it becomes necessary to change the impinger train, in which case a thirty-minute interval shall not be exceeded.

(b) For batch cycles of eight hours and greater in length, the owner of operator may either test in accordance with the test procedures defined in paragraph (F)(6)(c)(i)(a) of this rule or the owner or operator may elect to perform tests, pursuant to either USEPA method 25A or USEPA method 18, only during those portions of each emission event which define the emission profile of each emission event occurring within the batch cycle. For each emission event of less than four hours in duration, the owner or operator shall test continuously over the entire emission event as set forth in paragraph (F)(6)(c)(i)(a) of this rule. For each emission event of greater than four hours in duration, the owner or operator shall elect either to perform a minimum of three one hour test runs during the emission event or shall test continuously over the entire emission event within each unit operation in the batch process train. To demonstrate that the portion of the emission event to be tested defines the emission profile for the emission event, the owner or operator electing to rely on this option shall develop an emission profile for the entire emission event. Such emission profile shall be based upon either process knowledge or test data collected. Examples of information that could constitute process knowledge include, but are not limited to, calculations based on material balances and process stoichiometry. Previous test results may be used provided such results are still relevant to the current process vent stream conditions.

(ii) The mass emission rate from the process vent or inlet to the control device shall be determined by combining concentration and flow rate measurements taken simultaneously at sampling sites selected in accordance with paragraph (F)(6)(a) of this rule throughout the batch cycle.

(iii) The mass emission rate from the control device outlet shall be obtained by combining concentration and flow rate measurements taken simultaneously at sampling sites selected in accordance with paragraph (F)(6)(a) of this rule throughout the batch cycle.

(iv) The efficiency of the control device shall be determined by integrating the mass emission rates obtained in paragraphs (F)(6)(c)(ii) and (F)(6)(c)(iii) of this rule, over the time of the batch cycle and dividing the difference in inlet and outlet mass flow totals by the inlet mass flow total.

(7) The owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation may propose an alternative test method or procedures to demonstrate compliance with the control requirements set forth in paragraph (D) of this rule. Such method or procedures shall be approved by the director and USEPA in writing and shall be included as federally enforceable permit conditions.

(8) In the absence of a request by the director to conduct compliance testing in accordance with provisions of this rule, the owner or operator may demonstrate compliance by the use of engineering estimates or process stoichiometry.

(9) During the compliance test conducted to demonstrate compliance with the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall establish the operating limits (operating parameter values) for the monitoring devices required under paragraph (G) of this rule.

(G) Monitoring requirements for control devices.

(1) Every owner or operator using an incinerator to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, temperature monitoring devices with an accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 1.8 per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Fahrenheit, each equipped with a continuous recorder as follows:

(a) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring devices shall be installed in the gas stream immediately before and after the catalyst bed.

(b) Where an incinerator other than a catalytic incinerator is used, a temperature monitoring device shall be installed in the combustion chamber.

(2) The owner or operator using a flare to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, a heat sensing device, such as an ultra-violet beam sensor or thermocouple, at the pilot light to indicate continuous presence of a flame.

(3) Every owner or operator using a scrubber to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, the following:

(a) A temperature monitoring device for scrubbant liquid having an accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 1.8 per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Fahrenheit and a specific gravity device for scrubbant liquid, each equipped with a continuous recorder; or

(b) A VOC monitoring device used to indicate the concentration of VOC exiting the control device based on a detection principle such as infra-red photoionization, or thermal conductivity, equipped with a continuous recorder.

(4) Every owner or operator using a condenser to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, the following:

(a) A condenser exit temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder and having an accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 1.8 per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Fahrenheit, equipped with a continuous recorder; or

(b) A VOC monitoring device used to indicate the concentration of VOC such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.

(5) Every owner or operator using a carbon adsorber to comply with paragraph (D). of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, the following equipment:

(a) An integrating regeneration steam flow monitoring device having an accuracy of plus or minus ten per cent, and a carbon bed temperature monitoring device having an accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 1.8 per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Fahrenheit, both equipped with a continuous recorder; or

(b) A VOC monitoring device used to indicate the concentration level of VOC exiting such device based on a detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal conductivity, equipped with a continuous recorder.

(6) Every owner or operator using a boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity less than one hundred fifty million Btu per hour that is to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a temperature monitoring device in the firebox with an accuracy of plus or minus one per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Celsius or plus or minus 1.8 per cent of the temperature being measured expressed in degrees Fahrenheit, equipped with a continuous recorder. Any boiler or process heater in which all process vent streams are introduced with primary fuel is exempt from this requirement.

(7) Every owner or operator of a process vent shall be permitted to monitor by an alternative method or may monitor parameters other than those listed in paragraphs (G)(1) to (G)(6) of this rule, if approved by the director and USEPA in writing. Such alternative method or parameters shall be contained in a permit pertaining to the process vent as federally enforceable permit conditions.

(H) Recordkeeping for a batch process train or unit operation.

(1) Every owner or operator of a unit operation or batch process train that is exempt from the control requirements per paragraph (C)(3)(a) or (C)(3)(b) of this rule shall keep records of the uncontrolled total annual mass emissions for such unit operation or batch process train, as applicable, and documentation verifying these values or measurements. The documentation shall include the engineering calculations, any measurements made in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule, and the potential or permitted number of batch cycles per year, or, in the alternative, total production as represented in the permit pertaining to the unit operation or batch process train.

(2) Every owner or operator of a unit operation or batch process train that is exempt from control requirements per paragraph (C)(4) of this rule shall keep the following records:

(a) The uncontrolled total annual mass emissions and documentation verifying these values or measurements.

The documentation shall include any engineering calculations, any measurements made in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule, and the potential or permitted number of batch cycles per year, or, in the alternative, total production as represented in the permit pertaining to the unit operation or batch process train.

(b) The average flow rate in scfm and documentation verifying this value.

(c) The calculated weighted average volatility and documentation verifying this value.

(d) The calculated applicability flow rate value from paragraph (C)(5)(d) of this rule.

(3) Every owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation subject to the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule shall keep records of the following parameters required to be monitored under paragraph (G) of this rule:

(a) If using a thermal or catalytic incinerator to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, records indicating the average combustion chamber temperature of the incinerator (or the average temperature upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed for a catalytic incinerator), measured continuously and averaged over the same time period as the compliance test that demonstrated compliance.

(b) If using a flare (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted or nonassisted) to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, continuous records of the flare pilot flame monitoring and records of all periods of operations during which the pilot flame is absent.

(c) If using any of the following as a control device, the following records:

(i) Where a scrubber is used, the exit specific gravity (or alternative parameter which is a measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation, if approved by the director) and the average exit temperature of the absorbing liquid, measured continuously and averaged over the same time period as the compliance test that demonstrated compliance (both measured while the vent stream is routed normally).

(ii) Where a condenser is used, the average exit (product side) temperature measured continuously and averaged over the same time period as the compliance test that demonstrated compliance while the vent stream is routed normally.

(iii) Where a carbon adsorber is used, the total steam mass flow measured continuously and averaged over the same time period as the compliance test that demonstrated compliance (full carbon bed cycle), temperature of the carbon bed after regeneration (and within fifteen minutes after completion of any cooling cycle(s)), and duration of the carbon bed steaming cycle (all measured while the vent stream is routed normally).

(iv) As an alternative to paragraph (H)(3)(c)(i), (H)(3)(c)(ii), or (H)(3)(c)(iii) of this rule, at a minimum, records indicating the concentration level or reading indicated by the VOC monitoring device at the outlet of the scrubber, condenser, or carbon adsorber, measured continuously and averaged over the same time period as the compliance test that demonstrated compliance (while the vent stream is routed normally).

(4) Every owner or operator of a unit operation claiming a vent stream concentration exemption level, as set forth in paragraph (C)(4)(a) of this rule, shall maintain records to indicate the vent stream concentration is less than or equal to five hundred ppmv, and shall notify the director in writing if the vent stream concentration at any time equals or exceeds five hundred ppmv, within sixty days after such event. Such notification shall include a copy of all records of such event.

(5) An owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation subject to the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule may maintain alternative records other than those listed in paragraph (C) of this rule. Any alternative recordkeeping shall be approved by the director and USEPA in writing and shall be contained in the permit pertaining to the batch process train or unit operation as federally enforceable permit conditions.

(6) The owner or operator of a unit operation or batch process train that is exempt from the control requirements of paragraph (D) of this rule shall notify the director in writing if the uncontrolled total annual mass emissions from such unit operation or batch process train exceed the threshold in paragraph (C)(3)(a) or (C)(3)(b) of this rule, respectively, within sixty days after the event occurs. Such notification shall include a copy of all records of such event.

(7) Every owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation required to keep records under this rule shall maintain such records at the facility for a minimum period of five years and shall make all such records available to the director upon request.

(I) Reporting requirements.

(1) (General) The provisions under paragraph (I) of this rule describe the contents of reports and identify the reporting dates for the following reports:

(a) Initial compliance status report.

(b) Semiannual compliance status reports.

(2) Initial compliance status report.

Each owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation subject to this rule shall submit an initial compliance status report within sixty calendar days after the compliance dates specified in paragraph (I) of this rule as follows:

(a) The initial compliance status report shall include the results of exemption, process vent determinations, compliance tests, values of monitored parameters established during compliance tests, and any other information used to demonstrate compliance and recorded pursuant to paragraph (H) of this rule.

(b) For compliance tests and process vent determinations based on measurements, the initial compliance status report shall include one complete test report for each test method used for a particular kind of process vent. For additional tests and measurements performed for the same kind of process vent using the same test method, the test results or measurement results shall be submitted, but a complete test report is not required.

(c) A complete test report shall include a brief process description, sampling site description, description of sampling and analysis procedures and any modifications to standard procedures, quality assurance procedures, record of operating conditions during the test, record of preparation of standards, record of calibrations, raw data sheets for field sampling, raw data sheets for field and laboratory analyses, documentation of calculations, and any other information required by the test method.

(d) For each monitored parameter for which a range is required to be established under paragraph (F)(9) of this rule, the compliance status report shall include the following information:

(i) The specific range of the monitored parameter(s) for each control device.

(ii) The rationale for the specific range for each parameter for each control device, including any data and calculations used to develop the range and a description of why the range indicates proper operation of the control device or final recovery device.

(3) Semiannual compliance status reports.

The owner or operator of a batch process train or unit operation subject to this rule shall submit semiannual compliance status reports containing the information in paragraphs (I)(3)(a) and (I)(3)(b) of this rule. The semiannual compliance status report shall be submitted no later than sixty calendar days after the end of each six-month period to the Ohio EPA or its delegated local air agency. The first report shall be submitted no later than eight months after the date the initial compliance status report is due and shall cover the six-month period beginning on the date the initial compliance status report is due.

(a) Semiannual reports on parameter monitoring for controlled process vents.

For a process vent equipped with a control device to meet the requirement of paragraph (D) of this rule, the semiannual compliance status reports shall include the following recorded information:

(i) Reports of monitored parameters for all operating days when the average values recorded under paragraph (H)(3) of this rule were outside the ranges established in the initial compliance status report or permit issued by the director.

(ii) Reports of the times and durations of all periods recorded under paragraph (J)(3) of this rule when the monitoring device is not working or monitoring data is not collected during process operation generating the process vent stream or during operation of the control or recovery device.

(iii) Reports of the times and durations of all periods recorded under paragraph (H)(3)(b) of this rule in which the pilot flame is absent.

(iv) Reports on monitoring devices and parameters approved by the director pursuant to paragraph (H)(5) of this rule.

(b) Semiannual reports on subsequent compliance tests for controlled process vents and subsequent process vent determination tests.

If any subsequent compliance tests or subsequent process vent determination tests are conducted during the semiannual reporting period after the initial compliance status report has been submitted, the semiannual compliance status report shall include the data recorded pursuant to paragraphs (H) of this rule.

(J) Compliance dates.

(1) Except where otherwise specified within this rule, any batch process train that is subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of this rule by no later than the following dates:

(a) For any batch process train located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced before May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the batch process train is May 27, 2006 or the date the facility becomes subject to this rule, whichever is later.

(b) For any batch process train located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced on or after May 27, 2005, the compliance date of the batch process train is the date of initial startup of the batch process train.

(c) For any batch process train located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county for which installation commenced before the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of the batch process train is twelve months from the effective date of this rule or the date the facility becomes subject to this rule, whichever is later.

(d) For any batch process train located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county for which installation commenced on or after the effective date on this rule, the compliance date of the batch process train is the date of initial startup of the batch process train.

(2) In the event a facility reduces its potential to emit pursuant to paragraph (A)(4) or (A)(5) of this rule, the date on which the facility subsequently meets the applicability criteria of paragraph (A)(1) of this rule is the date the facility becomes subject to this rule.

(3) In the event a batch process train or unit operation is exempted under paragraph (C)(3) of this rule or is not required to reduce uncontrolled VOC emissions pursuant to paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) and is subsequently equipped with a control device to meet the VOC reduction requirements of paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule, the compliance date of the batch process train or unit operation is the date of first startup of the installed control device. Until the date of first startup of the installed control device, the batch process train or unit operation shall continue to meet either the exemption level or the criteria pertaining to applicability equations.

(4) For any control device that is used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall demonstrate compliance by testing the control device in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule within ninety days after the compliance date.

(5) Additional testing of the control device or testing of the process vents of a batch process train or unit operation in accordance with paragraph (F) of this rule may be required by the director to ensure continued compliance with paragraph (D) of this rule.

(K) Requirements on applicability notification and permit application.

(1) The owner or operator of a facility that is subject to this rule, is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county, and that has an initial startup of a batch process train before May 27, 2005 shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the batch process train is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than July 26, 2005, shall provide the information specified in paragraph (K)(5) of this rule.

(2) The owner or operator of a facility that is subject to this rule, is located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county, and has an initial startup of a batch process train on or after May 27, 2005, shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the batch process train is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the facility or July 26, 2006 (whichever is later), shall provide the information specified in paragraph (K)(5) of this rule. The application for an installation permit under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(3) The owner or operator of a facility that is subject to this rule, is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, and has an initial startup of a batch process train before the effective date of this rule shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the batch process train is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than sixty days after the effective date of this rule, shall provide the information specified in paragraph (K)(5) of this rule.

(4) The owner or operator of a facility that is subject to this rule, is located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, and has an initial startup of a batch process train on or after the effective date of this rule, shall notify the appropriate Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency in writing that the batch process train is subject to this rule. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than either the date of initial startup of the facility or sixty days after the effective date of this rule (whichever is later), shall provide the information specified in paragraph (K)(5) of this rule. The application for an installation permit under rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code may be used to fulfill the notification requirements of this paragraph.

(5) The notification required in paragraphs (K)(1) to (K)(4) of this rule shall include the following information:

(a) Name and address of the owner or operator;

(b) Address (i.e., physical location) of the facility;

(c) Equipment description and Ohio EPA application number (if assigned) of any batch process train or unit operation;

(d) Identification of the applicable requirements, the means of compliance, and the compliance date for any batch process train; and

(e) Regarding a permit for any batch process train or unit operation, whichever of the following is applicable:

(i) Submission of an application for an operating permit, modification, or renewal of an operating permit in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-31-02 of the Administrative Code; or

[Comment: Applications requiring submittal prior to June 30, 2008, were submitted in accordance with Chapter 3745- 35 of the Administrative Code.]

(ii) Statement of intent to submit an application for a Title V permit or modification of a Title V permit in accordance with rule 3745-77-02 or rule 3745-77-08 of the Administrative Code, respectively.

Effective: 04/02/2009
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/25/2013
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3704.03(E)
Rule Amplifies: 3704.03(A) , 3704.03(E)
Prior Effective Dates: 05/27/05, 08/25/08

3745-21-15 Control of volatile organic compound emissions from wood furniture manufacturing operations.

[Comment: For dates and availability of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see the "Incorporation by Reference" paragraph at the end of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.]

(A) Rule applicability.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (A)(2) of this rule, this rule shall apply to any facility that meets both of the following criteria:

(a) The facility is located in Ashtabula, Butler, Clermont, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Hamilton, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Summit, or Warren county; and

(b) The facility has wood furniture manufacturing operations.

(2) Excluded from the requirements of this rule are the following:

(a) Any facility that has a potential to emit for VOC of less than 25.0 tons per year for all wood furniture manufacturing operations combined.

(b) Any facility that meets all the requirements of paragraphs (A)(2)(b)(i) and (A)(2)(b)(ii) of this rule:

(i) The facility uses no more than six hundred twenty-five gallons per month, for every month, or no more than seven thousand five hundred gallons per rolling twelve-month period, for every twelve-month period, of coating, adhesive, cleaning, and washoff materials, including thinners for such materials, for all wood furniture manufacturing operations combined. A rolling twelve-month period includes the previous twelve months of operation. The owner or operator of the facility shall maintain records of the total gallons of coating, adhesive, cleaning, and washoff materials, including thinners, used each month.

(ii) All records specified under paragraph (A)(2)(b)(i) of this rule shall be retained by the owner or operator for a period of not less than five years and shall be made available to the director or any authorized representative of the director for review during normal business hours.

(B) Definitions.

The definitions applicable to this rule are contained in paragraph (X) of rule 3745-21-01 of the Administrative Code.

(C) Overall requirements for wood furniture manufacturing operations.

The owner or operator of a wood furniture manufacturing operation at a facility that is subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (D) to (N) of this rule.

(D) VOC emission limitations for finishing operations.

For any finishing operation, the owner or operator shall meet the requirements of any one paragraph of paragraphs (D)(1) to (D)(5) of this rule. If the owner or operator elects to use paragraph (D)(4) or (D)(5) of this rule, the owner or operator shall also meet the requirements of paragraph (M) of this rule.

(1) VOC content limit for topcoats only.

(a) The VOC content of any topcoat shall not exceed 0.8 pound of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

(b) There is no VOC content limit for sealers, stains, basecoats, and washcoats.

(2) VOC content limits for topcoats and sealers only.

(a) The VOC content of any topcoat shall not exceed 1.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied, except for acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoats.

(b) The VOC content of any acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoat shall not exceed 2.0 pound of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

(c) The VOC content of any sealer shall not exceed 1.9 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied, except for acid-cured alkyd amino sealers.

(d) The VOC content of any acid-cured alkyd amino sealer shall not exceed 2.3 pound of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

(e) There is no VOC content limit for stains, basecoats, and washcoats.

(3) VOC emission control system for topcoats and/or sealers.

In lieu of a VOC content limit for any topcoat subject to paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule or any sealer subject to paragraph (D(2) of this rule, a VOC emission control system shall be used that achieves for each topcoat or sealer employed and designated for control, an overall reduction of VOC emissions that is equal to or greater than the required overall control efficiency determined in accordance with paragraph (I)(6) of this rule. Also, if the VOC emission control system includes a thermal or catalytic oxidizer, the control efficiency of the thermal or catalytic oxidizer for VOC emissions shall be at least ninety per cent by weight.

(4) Daily VOC emissions limit for topcoats only.

Each topcoat employed in any day shall be subject to either a daily VOC emissions limit or a VOC content limit, as specified in paragraphs (D)(4)(a) and (D)(4)(b) of this rule. There is no VOC limit for sealers, stains, basecoats, and washcoats.

(a) The daily actual VOC emissions (Eday) shall not exceed the daily VOC emissions limit (Lday) in which "Eday" and "Lday" are calculated for topcoats as follows:

See Calculations at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-15_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(b) For any topcoat not selected by the owner or operator for inclusion in the daily VOC emissions limit, the VOC content of the topcoat shall not exceed 0.8 pound of VOC per pound of solids.

(5) Daily VOC emissions limit for topcoats, sealers, and other finishing materials.

Each topcoat and sealer employed in any day shall be subject to either a daily VOC emissions limit or a VOC content limit, as specified in paragraphs (D)(5)(a) and (D)(5)(b) of this rule. Stains, basecoats, and washcoats can be included in the daily VOC emissions limit. There is no VOC limit for stains, basecoats, and washcoats that are not included in the alternative daily VOC emissions limit.

(a) The daily actual VOC emissions (Eday) shall not exceed the daily VOC emissions limit (Lday) in which "Eday" and "Lday" are calculated for finishing materials as follows:

See Calculations at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-15_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(b) For any topcoat or sealer not selected by the owner or operator for inclusion in the daily VOC emissions limit, the VOC content limit shall be the following:

(i) The VOC content of any topcoat shall not exceed 1.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, except for acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoats.

(ii) The VOC content of any acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoat shall not exceed 2.0 pound of VOC per pound of solids.

(iii) The VOC content of any sealer shall not exceed 1.9 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, except for acid-cured alkyd amino sealers.

(iv) The VOC content of any acid-cured alkyd amino sealer shall not exceed 2.3 pounds of VOC per pound of solids.

(E) VOC content limit for strippable spray booth materials.

The VOC content of any strippable spray booth material employed for wood furniture manufacturing operations shall not exceed 0.8 pound of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

(F) Work practice requirements.

The owner or operator of a facility subject to this rule shall prepare and maintain a written work practice implementation plan that defines environmentally desirable work practices for each wood furniture manufacturing operation and addresses each of the work practices contained in paragraphs (b) to (d) and (f) to (k) of 40 CFR 63.803 of and the following:

(1) For any terms pertaining to the work practices that are not defined under paragraph (B) of this rule, the definitions under 40 CFR 63.801 shall be the used;

(2) The wording "Administrator (or delegated State, local, or Tribal authority)" is replaced by the wording "Ohio environmental protection agency district office or local air agency;"

(3) The wording "organic HAP solvent" is replaced by the wording "VOC solvent;" and

(4) The plan shall be developed no more than sixty days after the compliance date.

(G) Compliance dates.

(1) Except where otherwise specified within this rule, any owner or operator of a facility that is subject to this rule shall comply with the requirements of this rule by no later than the following dates:

(a) For a facility located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced before May 27, 2005, the compliance date of any wood furniture manufacturing operation within the facility is either May 27, 2006 or the date of initial startup of the wood furniture manufacturing operation, whichever is later.

(b) For a facility located in Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, or Warren county for which installation commenced on or after May 27, 2005, the compliance date of any wood furniture manufacturing operation within the facility is the date of initial startup of the wood furniture manufacturing operation.

(c) For a facility located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county, for which installation commenced before the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of any wood furniture manufacturing operation within the facility is either twelve months from the effective date of this rule or the date of initial startup of the wood furniture manufacturing operation, whichever is later.

(d) For a facility located in Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, or Summit county for which installation commenced on or after the effective date of this rule, the compliance date of any wood furniture manufacturing operation within the facility is the date of initial startup of the wood furniture manufacturing operation.

(2) For a VOC emission control system that is used for a finishing operation to comply with paragraph (D)(3), (D)(4), or (D)(5) of this rule, the owner or operator shall demonstrate the overall control efficiency of the VOC emission control system by testing the finishing operation and the VOC emission control system in accordance with paragraph (J) of this rule within ninety days after the finishing operation's compliance date.

(3) Additional testing of the finishing operation and the VOC emission control system in accordance with paragraph (J) of this rule may be required by the director to ensure continued compliance.

(H) Monitoring requirements for a VOC emission control system.

(1) For any incinerator used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The temperature monitoring device shall be located as follows:

(a) Where a thermal incinerator is used, the temperature monitoring device shall be located in the firebox or in the duct immediately downstream of the firebox in a position before any substantial heat exchange occurs.

(b) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring devices shall be located in the gas stream immediately before and after the catalyst bed.

(2) For any regenerative carbon adsorber used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate according to manufacturer's specifications the following monitoring devices:

(a) An integrating regeneration steam flow monitoring device, having an accuracy of plus or minus ten per cent or better, shall be employed for recording the total regeneration steam mass or volumetric flow for each regeneration cycle.

(b) A carbon bed temperature monitoring device shall be employed for recording the carbon bed temperature after each regeneration and within fifteen minutes of completing any cooling cycle.

(3) For any concentrator, such as a zeolite wheel or rotary carbon bed concentrator, used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications the following monitoring devices equipped with continuous recorders:

(a) A temperature monitoring device for the desorption gas stream.

(b) A pressure monitoring device to measure pressure drop across the zeolite wheel or rotary carbon bed with an accuracy of at least 0.5 inches of water column or five percent of the measured value, whichever is larger.

(4) Where a control device other than an incinerator, regenerative carbon adsorber, or concentrator is used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, or as an alternative to the monitoring device specified in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(3) of this rule, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, an organic monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder for measuring the concentration level at the outlet of the control device.

(5) For any capture system that is part of a VOC emissions control used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule and that is a permanent total enclosure, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, either one of the following:

(a) A pressure monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure pressure drop across the enclosure with an accuracy of at least 0.5 inch of water column or five per cent of the measured value, whichever is larger.

(b) A monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure the facial velocity of air through any natural draft opening into the enclosure.

(6) For any capture system that is part of a VOC emissions control used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule and that is not a permanent total enclosure, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, either one of the following:

(a) A pressure monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure the static pressure for each capture device with an accuracy of at least 0.5 inch of water column or five per cent of the measured value, whichever is larger.

(b) A flow rate monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure the flow in the duct from each capture device in the capture system to the control device with an accuracy of at least ten per cent of the flow.

(7) Capture system bypass line.

For any capture system that is part of a VOC emissions control used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule and that contains bypass lines which could divert flow (i.e., VOC emissions) away from the control device to the atmosphere, the owner or operator shall for each bypass line meet the requirements of any one paragraph of paragraphs (H)(7)(a) to (H)(7)(e) of this rule.

(a) (Flow control position indicator) The owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to manufacturer's specifications, a flow control position indicator that takes a reading at least once every fifteen minutes and provides a record indicating whether the emissions are directed to the control device or diverted from the control device. The flow control position indicator shall be installed at the entrance to any bypass line that could divert the emissions away from the control device to the atmosphere.

(b) (Car-seal or lock-n-key) The owner or operator shall secure the bypass line valve in the nondiverting position with a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration. The owner or operator shall perform a visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism at least once every month to ensure that the valve is maintained in the non-diverting position and the emissions are not diverted away from the add-on control device to the atmosphere.

(c) (Valve closure monitoring) The owner or operator shall employ a valve closure monitoring system that ensures any bypass line valve is in the closed (nondiverting) position through monitoring of valve position at least once every fifteen minutes. The owner or operator shall inspect the monitoring system at least once every month to verify that the monitor will indicate valve position.

(d) (Automatic shutdown system) The owner or operator shall employ an automatic shutdown system in which the finishing operation is stopped when flow is diverted by the bypass line away from the control device to the atmosphere when the finishing operation is running. The owner or operator shall inspect the automatic shutdown system at least once every month to verify that it will detect diversions of flow and shut down the finishing operation.

(e) (Flow direction indicator) The owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a flow direction indicator that takes a reading at least once every fifteen minutes and provides a record indicating whether the emissions are directed to the control device or diverted from the control device. Each time the flow direction changes, the next reading of the time of occurrence and flow direction must be recorded. The flow direction indicator shall be installed in each bypass line or air makeup supply line that could divert the VOC emissions away from the control device to the atmosphere.

(8) (Alternative control device monitoring) An owner or operator of a control device that is part of a VOC emission control system used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule may request approval to employ monitoring devices and monitoring parameters other than those listed in paragraphs (H)(1) to (H)(4) of this rule. The request shall be submitted according to the procedures specified in paragraph (H)(10) of this rule.

(9) (Alternative capture system monitoring or bypass line monitoring) An owner or operator of a capture system that is part of a VOC emission control system used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule may request approval to employ monitoring devices and monitoring parameters other than those listed in paragraphs (H)(5) to (H)(7) of this rule. The request shall be submitted according to the procedures specified in paragraph (H)(10) of this rule.

(10) Approval of alternative monitoring devices and parameters.

(a) The owner or operator who has been directed by any paragraph of this rule to request approval to employ monitoring devices and parameters other than required by this rule shall submit within an application for a permit or modification of a permit, or by other means provided by the Ohio EPA or its delegated local air agency, the following information:

(i) A description of the parameter(s) to be monitored to ensure the capture system or control device is operated in conformance with its design and achieves the specified emission limit, per cent reduction, or nominal efficiency, and an explanation of the criteria used to select the parameter(s).

(ii) A description of the methods and procedures that will be used to demonstrate that the parameter indicates proper operation of the capture system or control device being monitored, the schedule for this demonstration, and a statement that the owner or operator will establish an operating limit (operating parameter value) for the monitored parameter as part of the initial compliance status report required in paragraph (L)(2) of this rule.

(iii) The frequency and content of monitoring, recording, and reporting if monitoring and recording is not continuous, or if reports of operating values when the monitored parameter value is outside the operating limit established in the permit or initial compliance report will not be included in semiannual compliance status reports as specified in paragraph (L)(3) of this rule. The rationale for the proposed monitoring, recording, and reporting system shall be included.

(b) If the monitoring device and parameter are approved by the director, the monitoring device and parameter, including associated records and semiannual reporting, shall be specified in the terms and conditions of a permit or order issued by the director. If required by USEPA, any director-approved alternative monitoring device and/or monitoring parameter shall be submitted to USEPA for approval as a revision of the state implementation plan.

(11) While operating a VOC emission control system for controlling emissions from a finishing operation, the owner or operator shall not operate any capture or control device within the VOC emission control system at a three-hour block average value greater than or less than (as appropriate) the operating limits (operating parameter values) established during the most recent compliance test(s) that demonstrated compliance, except during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction.

(12) The owner or operator shall inspect the VOC emission control system and monitoring equipment to assure that the VOC emission control system is operating properly, and that no leaks or malfunctions have occurred or are occurring. The inspections shall be made at the frequency defined by the equipment manufacturer, or as otherwise appropriate for each VOC emission control system and monitoring equipment, but not less than monthly.

(I) Procedures for the VOC content and solids content of a coating, the VOC content for continuous coaters, and the determination of required overall control efficiency for controlled topcoats and sealers.

(1) The VOC content and solids content of a coating (finishing material or a strippable spray booth material) shall be determined by the owner or operator in accordance with paragraph (B) of rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code, wherein formulation data or USEPA Method 24 procedures(which include various ASTM measurement methods) may be employed.

(2) For a finishing material containing styrene, the VOC content and VOC emissions associated with styrene shall be based on an estimate of the unreacted styrene, which shall be calculated by multiplying the amount of styrene monomer in the finishing material, when it is applied, by a factor of 0.16.

(3) For a finishing material containing formaldehyde, the VOC content and VOC emissions associated with formaldehyde shall be based on the amount of free formaldehyde present in the finishing material when it is applied. The free formaldehyde content shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D1979-97, D5910-05, D6191-97(2003), or D6902-04e1.

(4) A certified product data sheet that provides data on VOC content and solids content shall be used by the owner or operator provided that any data based on a measurement method shall be a measurement method that meets paragraph (I) of this rule.

(5) VOC content for continuous coaters.

The as-applied VOC content of a finishing material that is applied by a continuous coater shall be determined by the procedures under paragraph (I)(5)(a), (I)(5)(b), or (I)(5)(c) of this rule.

(a) (VOC content for a continuous coater) The as-applied VOC content of a finishing material that is applied by a continuous coater shall be determined by the VOC content of the finishing material in the reservoir and the VOC content as calculated from records.

(b) (VOC content and viscosity measurements for a continuous coater) The as-applied VOC content of a finishing material that is applied by a continuous coater shall be determined by the VOC content of the finishing material in the reservoir, maintaining a viscosity of the finishing material in the reservoir that is no less than the viscosity of the initial finishing material by monitoring the viscosity with a viscosity meter or by testing the viscosity of the initial finishing material and retesting the material in the reservoir each time solvent is added, and maintaining records of solvent additions. In order to use this procedure, the owner or operator shall provide data that demonstrates the correlation between viscosity of the finishing material and the VOC content of the finishing material in the reservoir.

(c) (Rolling thirty-day average VOC content for a dip coater) The as-applied VOC content of a finishing material that is applied by a dip coater shall be determined by a rolling thirty-day average of the VOC content of the finishing material and thinner added to the reservoir of the dip coater. The rolling thirty-day average VOC content (C30), expressed in pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied, shall be calculated for each day of operation of the dip coater as follows:

See Calculations at

http://www.registerofohio.state.oh.us/pdfs/3745/0/21/3745-21-15_PH_FF_A_RU_20080815_0819.pdf

(6) Determination of required overall control efficiency for controlled topcoats and sealers.

For a VOC emission control system that is used to comply with paragraph (D)(3) of this rule, the overall reduction of VOC emissions, that is, the required overall control efficiency (R), expressed in per cent by weight, shall be determined as follows for each topcoat and sealer designated for control:

R = [(C - L)/C](100)

where:

C = the VOC content of the topcoat or sealer designated for control, in pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

L = the VOC content limit under paragraph (D)(1) or (D)(2) of this rule for the topcoat or sealer designated for control, in pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.

(J) Compliance tests for VOC emission control systems.

(1) For a VOC emission control system used to comply with paragraph (D) of this rule, the owner or operator shall conduct an initial compliance test to determine the capture efficiency of the capture system, the control efficiency of the control device (or each control device if a combination of control devices), and the overall control efficiency of the VOC emission control system in accordance with paragraph (C) or rule 3745-21-10 of the Administrative Code wherein USEPA Method 25 or 25A shall be used for determining the concentration of VOC in a gas stream.

(2) During the compliance test described in paragraphs (J)(1) of this rule that demonstrates compliance, the owner or operator shall establish the operating limits (operating parameter values) for the monitoring devices required under paragraph (H) of this rule as follows:

(a) If the control device is a thermal oxidizer, establish the operating limit as follows:

(i) Monitor and record the combustion temperature either in the firebox of the thermal oxidizer or immediately downstream of the firebox before any substantial heat exchange occurs at least once every fifteen minutes during each of the three runs of the compliance test.

(ii) Calculate and record the average combustion temperature maintained during the compliance test. This average combustion temperature is the minimum operating limit for the thermal oxidizer.

(b) If the control device is a catalytic oxidizer, establish the operating limits according to either paragraphs (J)(2)(b)(i) and (J)(2)(b)(ii) or paragraphs (J)(2)(b)(iii) and (J)(2)(b)(iv) of this rule.

(i) Monitor and record the temperature just before the catalyst bed and the temperature difference across the catalyst bed at least once every fifteen minutes during each of the three test runs comprising a compliance test.

(ii) Calculate and record the average temperature just before the catalyst bed and the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed maintained during the compliance test. These are the minimum operating limits for the catalytic oxidizer.

(iii) Monitor and record the temperature just before the catalyst bed at least once every fifteen minutes during each of the three test runs of the compliance test. Use this recorded temperature data to calculate and record the average temperature before the catalyst bed during the performance test. This is the minimum operating limit for the catalytic oxidizer.

(iv) Develop and implement an inspection and maintenance plan for the catalytic oxidizer(s) for which the owner or operator elects to monitor according to paragraph (J)(2)(b)(iii) of this rule. The plan must address, at a minimum, the elements specified in paragraphs (J)(2)(b)(iv)(a) to (J)(2)(b)(iv)(c) of this rule.

(a) Conduct an annual sampling and analysis of the catalyst activity (i.e., conversion efficiency) following the manufacturer's or catalyst supplier's recommended procedures. If problems are found during the catalyst activity test, the owner or operator shall replace the catalyst bed or take other corrective action consistent with the manufacturer's recommendations.

(b) Conduct monthly external inspection of the catalytic oxidizer system, including the burner assembly and fuel supply lines for problems and, as necessary, adjust the equipment to assure proper air-to-fuel mixtures.

(c) Conduct annual internal inspection of the catalyst bed to check for channeling, abrasion, and settling. If problems are found during the annual internal inspection of the catalyst, the owner or operator shall replace the catalyst bed or take other corrective action consistent with the manufacturer's recommendations. If the catalyst bed is replaced and is not of like or better kind and quality as the old catalyst, then the owner or operator shall conduct a new compliance test to determine the control efficiency of the catalytic oxidizer according to paragraph (I)(1) of this rule. If a catalyst bed is replaced and the replacement catalyst is of like or better kind and quality as the old catalyst, then a new compliance test to determine the control efficiency of the catalytic oxidizer is not required and the previously established operating limits for that catalytic oxidizer may be used.

(c) If the control device is a regenerative carbon adsorber, establish the operating limits as follows:

(i) Monitor and record the total regeneration desorbing gas (e.g., steam or nitrogen) mass flow for each regeneration cycle, and the carbon bed temperature after each carbon bed regeneration and cooling cycle for the regeneration cycle either immediately preceding or immediately following the compliance test.

(ii) The operating limits for the regenerative carbon adsorber are the minimum total desorbing gas mass flow recorded during the regeneration cycle and the maximum carbon bed temperature recorded after the cooling cycle.

(d) If the control device includes a concentrator, establish operating limits for the concentrator as follows:

(i) Monitor and record the desorption concentrate stream gas temperature at least once every fifteen minutes during each of the three runs of the compliance test.

(ii) Use the data collected during the compliance test to calculate and record the average temperature. This is the minimum operating limit for the desorption concentrate gas stream temperature.

(iii) Monitor and record the pressure drop of the dilute stream across the concentrator at least once every fifteen minutes during each of the three runs of the performance test.

(iv) Use the data collected during the compliance test to calculate and record the average pressure drop. This is the minimum operating limit for the pressure drop of the dilute stream across the concentrator.

(e) If the capture system is a permanent total enclosure, the operating limit is either one of the following, based on the criteria of a permanent total enclosure:

(i) The pressure drop across the enclosure shall be at least 0.007 inch of water.

(ii) The average facial velocity of air through all natural draft openings shall be at least two hundred feet per minute.

(f) If the capture system is a not a permanent total enclosure, establish an operating limit for each separate capture device in the