3745-266-112 Regulation of residues.

A residue derived from the burning or processing of hazardous waste in a boiler or industrial furnace is not excluded from the definition of a hazardous waste under paragraph (B)(4), (B)(7), or (B)(8) of rule 3745-51-04 of the Administrative Code unless the device and the owner or operator meet the following requirements:

(A) The device meets the following criteria:

(1) Boilers. Boilers must burn at least fifty per cent coal on a total heat input or mass input basis, whichever results in the greater mass feed rate of coal;

(2) Ore or mineral furnaces. Industrial furnaces subject to paragraph (B)(7) of rule 3745-51-04 of the Administrative Code must process at least fifty per cent by weight normal, nonhazardous raw materials;

(3) Cement kilns. Cement kilns must process at least fifty per cent by weight normal cement-production raw materials;

(B) The owner or operator demonstrates that the hazardous waste does not significantly affect the residue by demonstrating conformance with either of the following criteria:

(1) Comparison of waste-derived residue with normal residue. The waste-derived residue must not contain constituents in the appendix to rule 3745-51-11 of the Administrative Code(toxic constituents) that could reasonably be attributable to the hazardous waste at concentrations significantly higher than in residue generated without burning or processing of hazardous waste, using the following procedure. Toxic compounds that could reasonably be attributable to burning or processing the hazardous waste (constituents of concern) include toxic constituents in the hazardous waste, and the organic compounds listed in appendix II to this rule that may be generated as products of incomplete combustion. For polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzo-furans, analyses must be performed to determine specific congeners and homologues, and the results converted to 2,3,7,8-TCDD equivalent values using the procedure specified in section 4.0 of the appendix to rule 3745-266-103 of the Administrative Code.

(a) Normal residue. Concentrations of toxic constituents of concern in normal residue must be determined based on analyses of a minimum of ten samples representing a minimum of ten days of operation. Composite samples may be used to develop a sample for analysis provided that the compositing period does not exceed twenty-four hours. The upper tolerance limit (at ninety-five per cent confidence with a ninety-five per cent proportion of the sample distribution) of the concentration in the normal residue must be considered the statistically-derived concentration in the normal residue. If changes in raw materials or fuels reduce the statistically-derived concentrations of the toxic constituents of concern in the normal residue, the statistically-derived concentrations must be revised or statistically-derived concentrations of toxic constituents in normal residue must be established for a new mode of operation with the new raw material or fuel. To determine the upper tolerance limit in the normal residue, the owner or operator must use statistical procedures prescribed in "Statistical Methodology for Bevill Residue Determinations" in the appendix to rule 3745-266-103 of the Administrative Code.

(b) Waste-derived residue. Waste-derived residue must be sampled and analyzed as often as necessary to determine whether the residue generated during each twenty-four-hour period has concentrations of toxic constituents that are higher than the concentrations established for the normal residue under paragraph (B)(1)(a) of this rule. If so, hazardous waste burning has significantly affected the residue and the residue must not be excluded from the definition of a hazardous waste. Concentrations of toxic constituents of concern in the waste-derived residue must be determined based on analysis of one or more samples obtained over a twenty-four-hour period. Multiple samples may be analyzed, and multiple samples may be taken to form a composite sample for analysis provided that the sampling period does not exceed twenty-four hours. If more than one sample is analyzed to characterize waste-derived residues generated over a twenty-four-hour period, the concentration of each toxic constituent must be the arithmetic mean of the concentrations in the samples. No results may be disregarded; or

(2) Comparison of waste-derived residue concentrations with health-based limits.

(a) Nonmetal constituents. The concentration of each nonmetal toxic constituent of concern [specified in paragraph (B)(1) of this rule] in the waste-derived residue must not exceed the health-based level specified in appendix I to this rule, or the level of detection (using analytical procedures prescribed in SW-846), whichever is higher. If a health-based limit for a constituent of concern is not listed in appendix I to this rule, then a limit of 0.002 micrograms per kilogram or the level of detection (which must be determined by using appropriate analytical procedures), whichever is higher, must be used.

[Note: The levels specified in appendix I to this rule (and the default level of 0.002 micrograms per kilogram or the level of detection for constituents as identified in note 1 of appendix I to this rule) have been administratively stayed by U.S. EPA under the condition, for the constituents specified in paragraph (B)(1) of this rule, that the owner or operator complies with alternate levels defined as the land disposal restriction limits specified in rule 3745-270-40 of the Administrative Code for F039 nonwastewaters. Ohio EPA will interpret this rule consistent with U.S. EPA's administrative stay.]

(b) Metal constituents. The concentration of metals in an extract obtained using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure of rule 3745-51-24 of the Administrative Code must not exceed the levels specified in appendix I to this rule; and

(c) Sampling and analysis. Waste-derived residue must be sampled and analyzed as often as necessary to determine whether the residue generated during each twenty-four-hour period has concentrations of toxic constituents that are higher than the health-based levels. Concentrations of toxic constituents of concern in the waste-derived residue must be determined based on analysis of one or more samples obtained over a twenty-four-hour period. Multiple samples may be analyzed, and multiple samples may be taken to form a composite sample for analysis provided that the sampling period does not exceed twenty-four hours. If more than one sample is analyzed to characterize waste-derived residues generated over a twenty-four-hour period, the concentration of each toxic constituent must be the arithmetic mean of the concentrations in the samples. No results may be disregarded; and

(C) Records sufficient to document compliance with the provisions of this rule must be retained until closure of the boiler or industrial furnace unit. At a minimum, the following must be recorded.

(1) Levels of constituents in the appendix to rule 3745-51-11 of the Administrative Code that are present in waste-derived residues;

(2) If the waste-derived residue is compared with normal residue under paragraph (B)(1) of this rule:

(a) The levels of constituents in the appendix to rule 3745-51-11 of the Administrative Code that are present in normal residues; and

(b) Data and information, including analyses of samples as necessary, obtained to determine if changes in raw materials or fuels would reduce the concentration of toxic constituents of concern in the normal residue.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see rule 3745-50-11 of the Administrative Code titled"Incorporated by reference."]

Appendix I to rule 3745-266-112 of the Administrative Code

Health-Based Limits for Exclusion of Waste-Derived Residues *

Metals- TCLP Extract Concentration Limits

Constituent CAS Number Concentration limits (mg/L)

Antimony 7440-36-0 1xE+00

Arsenic 7440-38-2 5xE+00

Barium 7440-39-3 1xE+02

Beryllium 7440-41-7 7xE-03

Cadmium 7440-43-9 1xE+00

Chromium 7440-47-3 5xE+00

Lead 7439-92-1 5xE+00

Mercury 7439-97-6 2xE-01

Nickel 7440-02-0 7xE+01

Selenium 7782-49-2 1xE+00

Silver 7440-22-4 5xE+00

Thallium 7440-28-0 7xE+00

Nonmetals- Residue Concentration Limits

Constituent CAS Number Concentration limits for residues (mg/kg)

Acetonitrile 75-05-8 2xE-01

Acetophenone 98-86-2 4xE+00

Acrolein 107-02-8 5xE-01

Acrylamide 79-06-1 2xE-04

Acrylonitrile 107-13-1 7xE-04

Aldrin 309-00-2 2xE-05

Allyl alcohol 107-18-6 2xE-01

Aluminum phosphide 20859-73-8 1xE-02

Aniline 62-53-3 6xE-02

Barium cyanide 542-62-1 1xE+00

Benz(a)anthracene 56-55-3 1xE-04

Benzene 71-43-2 5xE-03

Benzidine 92-87-5 1xE-06

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether 111-44-4 3xE-04

Bis(chloromethyl) ether 542-88-1 2xE-06

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 117-81-7 3xE+01

Bromoform 75-25-2 7xE-01

Calcium cyanide 592-01-8 1xE-06

Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 4xE+00

Carbon tetrachloride 56-23-5 5xE-03

Chlordane 57-74-9 3xE-04

Chlorobenzene 108-90-7 1xE+00

Chloroform 67-66-3 6xE-02

Copper cyanide 544-92-3 2xE-01

Cresols (Cresylic acid) 1319-77-3 2xE+00

Cyanogen 460-19-5 1xE+00

DDT 50-29-3 1xE-03

Dibenz(a, h)-anthracene 53-70-3 7xE-06

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 96-12-8 2xE-05

p-Dichlorobenzene 106-46-7 7.5 xE-02

Dichlorodifluoromethane 75-71-8 7xE+00

1,1-Dichloroethylene 75-35-4 5xE-03

2,4-Dichlorophenol 120-83-2 1xE-01

1,3-Dichloropropene 542-75-6 1xE-03

Dieldrin 60-57-1 2xE-05

Diethyl phthalate 84-66-2 3xE+01

Diethylstilbesterol 56-53-1 7xE-07

Dimethoate 60-51-5 3xE-02

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 121-14-2 5xE-04

Diphenylamine 122-39-4 9xE-01

1,2-Diphenylhydrazine 122-66-7 5xE-04

Endosulfan 115-29-7 2xE-03

Endrin 72-20-8 2xE-04

Epichlorohydrin 106-89-8 4xE-02

Ethylene dibromide 106-93-4 4xE-07

Ethylene oxide 75-21-8 3xE-04

Fluorine 7782-41-4 4xE+00

Formic acid 64-18-6 7xE+01

Heptachlor 76-44-8 8xE-05

Heptachlor epoxide 1024-57-3 4xE-05

Hexachlorobenzene 118-74-1 2xE-04

Hexachlorobutadiene 87-68-3 5xE-03

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 77-47-4 2xE-01

Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins 19408-74-3 6xE-08

Hexachloroethane 67-72-1 3xE-02

Hydrazine 302-01-1 1xE-04

Hydrogen cyanide 74-90-8 7xE-05

Hydrogen sulfide 7783-06-4 1xE-06

Isobutyl alcohol 78-83-1 1xE+01

Methomyl 16752-77-5 1xE+00

Methoxychlor 72-43-5 1xE-01

3-Methylcholanthrene 56-49-5 4xE-05

4,4'-Methylenebis (2-chloroaniline) 101-14-4 2xE-03

Methylene chloride 75-09-2 5xE-02

Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 78-93-3 2xE+00

Methyl hydrazine 60-34-4 3xE-04

Methyl parathion 298-00-0 2xE-02

Naphthalene 91-20-3 1xE+01

Nickel cyanide 557-19-7 7xE-01

Nitric oxide 10102-43-9 4xE+00

Nitrobenzene 98-95-3 2xE-02

N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine 924-16-3 6xE-05

N-Nitrosodiethylamine 55-18-5 2xE-06

N-Nitroso-N-methylurea 684-93-5 1xE-07

N-Nitrosopyrrolidine 930-55-2 2xE-04

Pentachlorobenzene 608-93-5 3xE-02

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) 82-68-8 1xE-01

Pentachlorophenol 87-86-5 1xE+00

Phenol 108-95-2 1xE+00

Phenylmercury acetate 62-38-4 3xE-03

Phosphine 7803-51-2 1xE-02

Polychlorinated biphenyls, N.O.S 1336-36-3 5xE-05

Potassium cyanide 151-50-8 2xE+00

Potassium silver cyanide 506-61-6 7xE+00

Pronamide 23950-58-5 3xE+00

Pyridine 110-86-1 4xE-02

Reserpine 50-55-5 3xE-05

Selenourea 630-10-4 2xE-01

Silver cyanide 506-64-9 4xE+00

Sodium cyanide 143-33-9 1xE+00

Strychnine 57-24-9 1xE-02

1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 95-94-3 1xE-02

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 79-34-5 2xE-03

Tetrachloroethylene 127-18-4 7xE-01

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 58-90-2 1xE-02

Tetraethyl lead 78-00-2 4xE-06

Thiourea 62-56-6 2xE-04

Toluene 108-88-3 1xE+01

Toxaphene 8001-35-2 5xE-03

1,1,2-Trichloroethane 79-00-5 6xE-03

Trichloroethylene 79-01-6 5xE-03

Trichloromonofluoromethane 75-69-4 1xE+01

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 95-95-4 4xE+00

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 88-06-2 4xE+00

Vanadium pentoxide 1314-62-1 7xE-01

Vinyl chloride 75-01-4 2xE-03

Note 1: The health-based concentration limits for constituents found in the appendix to rule 3745-51-11 of the Administrative Code for which a health-based concentration is not provided here is 2xE-06 mg/kg.

Note 2: The levels specified in this appendix and the default level of 0.002 mg/kg or the level of detection for constituents as identified in Note 1 of this appendix are administratively stayed by U.S. EPA under the condition, for those constituents specified in paragraph (B)(1) of rule 3745-266-112 of the Administrative Code, that the owner or operator complies with alternative levels defined as the land disposal restriction limits specified in rule 3745-270-40 of the Administrative Code for F039 nonwastewaters. See paragraph (B)(2)(a)[Note] of this rule.

[Comment: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see rule 3745-50-11 of the Administrative Code titled"Incorporated by reference."]

Appendix II to rule 3745-266-112 of the Administrative Code

Potential PICs for Determination of Exclusion of Waste-Derived Residues

PICs Found in Stack Effluents

Volatiles

Benzene

Toluene

Carbon tetrachloride

Chloroform

Methylene chloride

Trichloroethylene

Tetrachloroethylene

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Chlorobenzene

cis-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene

Bromochloromethane

Bromodichloromethane

Bromoform

Bromomethane

Methylene bromide

Methyl ethyl ketone

Semivolatiles

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

Naphthalene

Phenol

Diethyl phthalate

Butyl benzyl phthalate

2,4-Dimethylphenol

o-Dichlorobenzene

m-Dichlorobenzene

p-Dichlorobenzene

Hexachlorobenzene

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

Fluoranthene

o-Nitrophenol

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

o-Chlorophenol

Pentachlorophenol

Pyrene

Dimethyl phthalate

Mononitrobenzene

2,6-Toluene diisocyanate

Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins *

Polychlorinated dibenzo-furans *

* Analyses for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzo-furans are required only for residues collected from areas downstream of the combustion chamber (e.g., ductwork, boiler tubes, heat exchange surfaces, air pollution control devices, etc.).

[Note 1: Analysis is not required for those compounds that do not have an established F039 nonwastewater concentration limit.]

[Note 2: For dates of non-regulatory government publications, publications of recognized organizations and associations, federal rules, and federal statutory provisions referenced in this rule, see rule 3745-50-11 of the Administrative Code titled"Incorporated by reference."]

Effective: 02/16/2009
R.C. 119.032 review dates: Exempt
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3734.12
Rule Amplifies: 3734.12
Prior Effective Dates: 12/07/2004