(A) The purpose of this rule is to state the activity/consumer records requirements that an agency must meet in order to receive alcohol and other drug prevention certification by the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services.
(B) The provisions of this rule are applicable to all alcohol and other drug prevention programs that include a facility or entity where a primary function of the facility/entity is the delivery of alcohol and other drug prevention programming and services. For the purposes of this rule, the words program, facility and/or entity shall be referred to as "agency".
(C) Prevention Standards definitions:
(1) "Alcohol and other drug prevention" focuses on preventing the onset of AOD use, abuse and addiction. AOD prevention includes addressing problems associated with AOD use and abuse up to, but not including assessment and treatment for substance abuse and dependence. AOD prevention is a proactive multifaceted, multi-community sector process involving a continuum of culturally appropriate prevention services which empowers individuals, families and communities to meet the challenges of life events and transitions by creating and reinforcing conditions that impact physical, social, emotional, spiritual, and cognitive well-being and promote safe and healthy behaviors and lifestyles. AOD prevention is a planned sequence of activities that, through the practice and application of evidence based prevention principles, policies, practices, strategies and programs, is intended to inform, educate, develop skills, alter risk behaviors, affect environmental factors and/or provide referrals to other services.
The term Alcohol and Other Drugs (AOD) includes, but is not limited to the following drugs of abuse - alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, inhalants, prescription and over-the-counter medications.
Culturally appropriate means the service delivery systems respond to the needs of the community being served as defined by the community and demonstrated through needs assessment activities, capacity development efforts, policy, strategy and prevention practice implementation, program implementation, evaluation, quality improvement and sustainability activities.
Evidenced Based Prevention means the prevention policies, strategies, programs and practices are consistent with prevention principles found through research to be fundamental in the delivery of prevention services; the prevention policies, strategies, programs and practices have been identified through research to be effective; the service delivery system utilizes evaluation of its policies, strategies, programs and practices to determine effectiveness; the service delivery system utilizes evaluation results to make appropriate adjustments to service delivery policies, strategies, programs and practices to improve outcomes.
(a) Prevention Service Categories by Population Served:
(i) Universal Prevention Services: Services target everyone regardless of level of risk before there is an indication of an AOD problem;
(ii) Selected Prevention Services: Services target persons or groups that can be identified as "at risk" for developing an AOD problem;
(iii) Indicated Prevention Services: Services target individuals identified as experiencing problem behavior related to alcohol and other drug use to prevent the progression of the problem. These services do not include clinical assessment and/or treatment for substance abuse and dependence.
(b) Prevention Service Delivery Strategies:
(i) Information Dissemination is an AOD prevention strategy that focuses on building awareness and knowledge of the nature and extent of alcohol and other drug use, abuse and addiction and the effects on individuals, families and communities, as well as the dissemination of information about prevention, treatment and recovery support services, programs and resources. This strategy is characterized by one-way communication from source to audience, with limited contact between the two;
(ii) Alternatives are AOD prevention strategies that focus on providing opportunities for positive behavior support as a means of reducing risk taking behavior, and reinforcing protective factors. Alternative programs include a wide range of social, recreational, cultural and community service/volunteer activities that appeal to youth and adults;
(iii) Education is an AOD prevention strategy that focuses on the delivery of services to target audiences with the intent of affection knowledge, attitude and/or behavior. Education involves two-way communication and is distinguished from information dissemination by the fact that interaction between educator/facilitator and participants is the basis of the activities. Activities affect critical life and social skills including decision making, refusal skills, critical analysis and systematic judgment abilities;
(iv) Community-Based Process is an AOD prevention strategy that focuses on enhancing the ability of the community to provide prevention services through organizing, training, planning, interagency collaboration, coalition building and/or networking;
(v) Environmental prevention is an AOD prevention strategy that represents a broad range of activities geared toward modifying systems in order to mainstream prevention through policy and law. The environmental strategy establishes or changes written and unwritten community standards, codes and attitudes, thereby influencing incidence and prevalence of alcohol and other drug use/abuse in the general population;
(vi) Problem Identification and Referral is an AOD prevention strategy that refers to intervention oriented prevention services that primarily targets indicated populations to address the earliest indications of an AOD problem. Services by this strategy focus on preventing the progression of the problem. This strategy does not include clinical assessment and/or treatment for substance abuse and dependence.
(2) "Alcohol and other drug prevention program" means an agency that owns and/or has administrative responsibility for the operation and delivery of alcohol and other drug prevention programming and services as a primary function of the agency.
(3) "Consumer" means a person who receives alcohol and/or other drug prevention services.
(4) "Primary Function" means the agency owns and/or has administrative responsibility for the operations and delivery of alcohol and other drug prevention programming and services and the agency's official documents such as but not limited to by-laws, articles of incorporation, policies or mission/purpose documents include statements that reflect the same.
(a) Where the primary function of the agency is in question, the Ohio department of alcohol and drug addiction services certification specialists will determine if an agency meets the definition of program and primary function through the review of the agency's official documents and alcohol and other drug prevention programming and services in consultation with the county Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services or Alcohol Drug Addiction Services Board Executive Director and the executive director of the agency being considered for prevention certification.
(b) Ohio department of alcohol and drug addiction services certified treatment agencies that also provide alcohol and other drug prevention programming and services must apply for prevention certification.
(5) "Volunteer" means an uncompensated individual involved in the on-going provision of prevention services. This definition does not apply to volunteers whose sole purpose is to perform administrative functions or other ancillary activities that may include, but are not limited to, chaperoning a single event, assisting in or serving food at events, performing administrative support duties, etc.
(D) Documentation of Prevention Services:
(1) Each agency shall maintain documentation for prevention services provided, which shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(a) Date the prevention service was provided.
(b) Location where the prevention service was provided.
(c) Approximate number of consumers who received the prevention service.
(d) Types of prevention strategies/services provided.
(e) Description of activities conducted.
(f) Signature of an individual who is qualified to provide prevention services in accordance with this rule.
(E) Consumer Records.
(1) Each agency that maintains individual consumer records shall have written policies and/or procedures for maintaining uniform consumer records that includes, at a minimum, the following:
(a) Confidentiality of consumer records that includes, at a minimum, the following statements:
(i) Staff shall not convey to a person outside of the agency that an individual attends or received services from the agency or disclose any information identifying a consumer as an alcohol or other drug prevention services consumer unless the consumer consents in writing for the release of information, the disclosure is allowed by a court order, or the disclosure is made to a qualified personnel for a medical emergency, research, audit or program evaluation purposes.
(ii) Federal laws and regulations do not protect any threat to commit a crime, any information about a crime committed by a consumer either at the agency or against any person who works for the agency.
(iii) Federal laws and regulations do not protect any information about suspected child abuse or neglect from being reported under state law to appropriate state or local authorities.
(b) Access to consumer records by consumers, staff and others.
(c) Release of consumer information.
(d) Storage of consumer records that requires consumer records be maintained in accordance with 42 C.F.R., part 2, confidentiality of alcohol and drug abuse consumer records.
(2) Destruction of activity/individual consumer records to include the requirement that records be maintained for at least three years from the final date of delivery of prevention services. Consumer records shall be destroyed to maintain consumer confidentiality as required by state and federal law.
(F) To release information on an individual consumer, disclosure of client information forms shall be completed and shall include the following information as required by 42 C.F.R., part 2:
(1) Name of the agency making the disclosure.
(2) Name or title of the individual or the name of the organization to which the disclosure is to be made.
(3) Name of the consumer.
(4) Purpose of the disclosure.
(5) Type and amount of information to be disclosed.
(6) Original signature of the consumer or person authorized to give consent.
(7) Date consumer or other authorized person signed the form.
(8) Statement that the consent is subject to revocation at any time except to the extent the agency or person who is to make the disclosure has already acted in reliance on it.
(9) The date, event or condition upon which the consent will expire, unless revoked before that specified time.
(G) Each disclosure made with the consumer's written consent must be consistent with 42 C.F.R. part 2, by including the following written statement: "This information has been disclosed to you from records protected by federal confidentiality rules. The federal rules prohibit you from making any further disclosure of this information unless further disclosure is expressly permitted by the written consent of the person to whom it pertains or as otherwise permitted by 42 C.F.R., part 2. A general authorization for the release of medical or other information is not sufficient for this purpose. The federal rules restrict any use of information to criminally investigate or prosecute any alcohol or drug abuse client."
(H) If an agency maintains electronic records, the agency must be able to produce hard copies of consumer records upon legally valid requests and have a written policy and procedure indicating how consumer original signatures and staff original signatures are obtained and verified for documentation.
(I) If an agency discontinues operations or is taken over or acquired by another entity, it shall comply with 42 C.F.R., part 2, subsection 2.19 which governs the disposition of records by discontinued programs.