Chapter 4101:1-24 Glass and Glazing
[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:1-35-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]
2401.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, construction and quality of glass, light-transmitting ceramic and light-transmitting plastic panels for exterior and interior use in both vertical and sloped applications in buildings and structures.
2401.2 Glazing replacement. The installation of replacement glass shall be as required for new installations.
2402.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.
DALLE GLASS. A decorative composite glazing material made of individual pieces of glass that are embedded in a cast matrix of concrete or epoxy.
DECORATIVE GLASS. A carved, leaded or Dalle glass or glazing material whose purpose is decorative or artistic, not functional; whose coloring, texture or other design qualities or components cannot be removed without destroying the glazing material and whose surface, or assembly into which it is incorporated, is divided into segments.
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GLASS
2403.1 Identification. Each pane shall bear the manufacturer's mark designating the type and thickness of the glass or glazing material. The identification shall not be omitted unless approved and an affidavit is furnished by the glazing contractor certifying that each light is glazed in accordance with approved construction documents that comply with the provisions of this chapter. Safety glazing shall be identified in accordance with Section 2406.2.
Each pane of tempered glass, except tempered spandrel glass, shall be permanently identified by the manufacturer. The identification mark shall be acid etched, sand blasted, ceramic fired, laser etched, embossed or of a type that, once applied, cannot be removed without being destroyed.
Tempered spandrel glass shall be provided with a removable paper marking by the manufacturer.
2403.2 Glass supports. Where one or more sides of any pane of glass are not firmly supported, or are subjected to unusual load conditions, detailed construction documents, detailed shop drawings and analysis or test data assuring safe performance for the specific installation shall be prepared by a registered design professional.
2403.3 Framing. To be considered firmly supported, the framing members for each individual pane of glass shall be designed so the deflection of the edge of the glass perpendicular to the glass pane shall not exceed 1/175 of the glass edge length or 3/4 inch ( 19.1 mm), whichever is less, when subjected to the larger of the positive or negative load where loads are combined as specified in Section 1605.
2403.4 Interior glazed areas. Where interior glazing is installed adjacent to a walking surface, the differential deflection of two adjacent unsupported edges shall not be greater than the thickness of the panels when a force of 50 pounds per linear foot (plf) (730 N/m) is applied horizontally to one panel at any point up to 42 inches (1067 mm) above the walking surface.
2403.5 Louvered windows or jalousies. Float, wired and patterned glass in louvered windows and jalousies shall be no thinner than nominal 3/16 inch ( 4.8 mm) and no longer than 48 inches (1219 mm). Exposed glass edges shall be smooth.
Wired glass with wire exposed on longitudinal edges shall not be used in louvered windows or jalousies.
Where other glass types are used, the design shall be submitted to the building official for approval.
WIND, SNOW, SEISMIC AND DEAD LOADS ON GLASS
2404.1 Vertical glass. Glass sloped 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) or less from vertical in windows, curtain and window walls, doors and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the wind loads in Section 1609 for components and cladding. Glass in glazed curtain walls, glazed storefronts and glazed partitions shall meet the seismic requirements of ASCE 7, Section 13.5.9. The load resistance of glass under uniform load shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E 1300.
The design of vertical glazing shall be based on the following equation:
Fgw<= Fga (Equation 24-1)
Fgw= Wind load on the glass computed in accordance with Section 1609.
Fga= Short duration load on the glass as determined in accordance with ASTM E 1300.
2404.2 Sloped glass. Glass sloped more than 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) from vertical in skylights, sunrooms, sloped roofs and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the most critical of the following combinations of loads.
Fg= Wo-D (Equation 24-2)
Fg= Wi +D+ 0.5S (Equation 24-3)
Fg= 0.5Wi +D+S (Equation 24-4)
D = Glass dead load psf (kN/m2).
For glass sloped 30 degrees ( 0.52 rad) or less from horizontal, = 13 tg(For SI: 0.0245tg).
For glass sloped more than 30 degrees ( 0.52 rad) from horizontal, = 13 tg cos [THETA] (For SI: 0.0245tg cos [THETA]).
Fg = Total load, psf (kN/m2) on glass.
S = Snow load, psf (kN/m2) as determined in Section 1608.
tg = Total glass thickness, inches (mm) of glass panes and plies.
Wi = Inward wind force, psf (kN/m2) as calculated in Section 1609.
Wo = Outward wind force, psf (kN/m2) as calculated in Section 1609.
[THETA] = Angle of slope from horizontal.
Exception: Unit skylights shall be designed in accordance with Section 2405.5.
The design of sloped glazing shall be based on the following equation:
Fg <=Fga (Equation 24-5)
Fg = Total load on the glass determined from the load combinations above.
Fga = Short duration load resistance of the glass as determined according to ASTM E 1300 for Equations 24-2 and 24-3; or the long duration load resistance of the glass as determined according to ASTM E 1300 for Equation 24-4.
2404.3 Wired, patterned and sandblasted glass.
2404.3.1 Vertical wired glass. Wired glass sloped 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) or less from vertical in windows, curtain and window walls, doors and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the wind loads in Section 1609 for components and cladding according to the following equation:
Fgw< 0.5Fge (Equation 24-6)
Fgw= Is the wind load on the glass computed per Section 1609.
Fge= Nonfactored load from ASTM E 1300 using a thickness designation for monolithic glass that is not greater than the thickness of wired glass.
2404.3.2 Sloped wired glass. Wired glass sloped more than 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) from vertical in skylights, sunspaces, sloped roofs and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the most critical of the combinations of loads from Section 2404.2.
For Equations 24-2 and 24-3:
Fg < 0.5Fge (Equation 24-7)
For Equation 24-4:
Fg< 0.3Fge (Equation 24-8)
Fg = Total load on the glass.
Fge = Nonfactored load from ASTM E 1300.
2404.3.3 Vertical patterned glass. Patterned glass sloped 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) or less from vertical in windows, curtain and window walls, doors and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the wind loads in Section 1609 for components and cladding according to the following equation:
Fgw < 1.0Fge (Equation 24-9)
Fgw = Wind load on the glass computed per Section 1609.
Fge = Nonfactored load from ASTM E 1300. The value for patterned glass shall be based on the thinnest part of the glass. Interpolation between nonfactored load charts in ASTM E 1300 shall be permitted.
2404.3.4 Sloped patterned glass. Patterned glass sloped more than 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) from vertical in skylights, sunspaces, sloped roofs and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the most critical of the combinations of loads from Section 2404.2.
For Equations 24-2 and 24-3:
Fg < 1.0Fge (Equation 24-10)
For Equation 24-4:
Fg < 0.6Fge (Equation 24-11 )
Fg = Total load on the glass.
Fge = Nonfactored load from ASTM E 1300. The value for patterned glass shall be based on the thinnest part of the glass. Interpolation between the nonfactored load charts in ASTM E 1300 shall be permitted.
2404.3.5 Vertical sandblasted glass. Sandblasted glass sloped 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) or less from vertical in windows, curtain and window walls, doors, and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the wind loads in Section 1609 for components and cladding according to the following equation:
Fg < 0.5Fge (Equation 24-12)
Fg = Total load on the glass.
Fge = Nonfactored load from ASTM E 1300. The value for sandblasted glass is for moderate levels of sandblasting.
2405.1 Scope. This section applies to the installation of glass and other transparent, translucent or opaque glazing material installed at a slope more than 15 degrees ( 0.26 rad) from the vertical plane, including glazing materials in skylights, roofs and sloped walls.
2405.2 Allowable glazing materials and limitations. Sloped glazing shall be any of the following materials, subject to the listed limitations.
1.For monolithic glazing systems, the glazing material of the single light or layer shall be laminated glass with a minimum 30-mil ( 0.76 mm) polyvinyl butyral (or equivalent) interlayer, wired glass, light-transmitting plastic materials meeting the requirements of Section 2607, heat-strengthened glass or fully tempered glass.
2.For multiple-layer glazing systems, each light or layer shall consist of any of the glazing materials specified in Item 1 above.
Annealed glass is permitted to be used as specified within Exceptions 2 and 3 of Section 2405.3.
For additional requirements for plastic skylights, see Section 2610. Glass-block construction shall conform to the requirements of Section 2101.2.5.
2405.3 Screening. Where used in monolithic glazing systems, heat-strengthened glass and fully tempered glass shall have screens installed below the glazing material. The screens and their fastenings shall:
(1) be capable of supporting twice the weight of the glazing;
(2) be firmly and substantially fastened to the framing members and
(3) be installed within 4 inches (102 mm) of the glass. The screens shall be constructed of a noncombustible material not thinner than No. 12 B&S gage ( 0.0808 inch) with mesh not larger than 1 inch by 1 inch (25 mm by 25 mm). In a corrosive atmosphere, structurally equivalent noncorrosive screen materials shall be used. Heat-strengthened glass, fully tempered glass and wired glass, when used in multiple-layer glazing systems as the bottom glass layer over the walking surface, shall be equipped with screening that conforms to the requirements for monolithic glazing systems.
Exception: In monolithic and multiple-layer sloped glazing systems, the following applies:
1.Fully tempered glass installed without protective screens where glazed between intervening floors at a slope of 30 degrees ( 0.52 rad) or less from the vertical plane shall have the highest point of the glass 10 feet (3048 mm) or less above the walking surface.
2.Screens are not required below any glazing material, including annealed glass, where the walking surface below the glazing material is permanently protected from the risk of falling glass or the area below the glazing material is not a walking surface.
3.Any glazing material, including annealed glass, is permitted to be installed without screens in the sloped glazing systems of commercial or detached noncombustible greenhouses used exclusively for growing plants and not open to the public, provided that the height of the greenhouse at the ridge does not exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) above grade.
4.Screens shall not be required within individual dwelling units in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-4 where fully tempered glass is used as single glazing or as both panes in an insulating glass unit, and the following conditions are met:
4.1Each pane of the glass is 16 square feet ( 1.5 m2) or less in area.
4.2The highest point of the glass is 12 feet (3658 mm) or less above any walking surface or other accessible area.
4.3The glass thickness is 3/16 inch ( 4.8 mm) or less.
5.Screens shall not be required for laminated glass with a 15-mil ( 0.38 mm) polyvinyl butyral (or equivalent) interlayer used within individual dwelling units in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-4 within the following limits:
5.1Each pane of glass is 16 square feet ( 1.5 m2)or less in area.
5.2The highest point of the glass is 12 feet (3658 mm) or less above a walking surface or other accessible area.
2405.4 Framing. In Type I and II construction, sloped glazing and skylight frames shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. In structures where acid fumes deleterious to metal are incidental to the use of the buildings, approved pressure-treated wood or other approved noncorrosive materials are permitted to be used for sash and frames. Framing supporting sloped glazing and skylights shall be designed to resist the tributary roof loads in Chapter 16. Skylights set at an angle of less than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) from the horizontal plane shall be mounted at least 4 inches (102 mm) above the plane of the roof on a curb constructed as required for the frame. Skylights shall not be installed in the plane of the roof where the roof pitch is less than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) from the horizontal.
Exception: Installation of a skylight without a curb shall be permitted on roofs with a minimum slope of 14 degrees (three units vertical in 12 units horizontal) in Group R-3 occupancies. All unit skylights installed in a roof with a pitch flatter than 14 degrees ( 0.25 rad) shall be mounted at least 4 inches (102 mm) above the plane of the roof on a curb constructed as required for the frame unless otherwise specified in the manufacturer's installation instructions.
2405.5 Unit skylights. Unit skylights shall be tested and labeled as complying with AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/ I.S.2/A440. The label shall state the name of the manufacturer, the approved labeling agency, the product designation and the performance grade rating as specified in AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440. If the product manufacturer has chosen to have the performance grade of the skylight rated separately for positive and negative design pressure, then the label shall state both performance grade ratings as specified in AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440 and the skylight shall comply with Section 2405.5.2. If the skylight is not rated separately for positive and negative pressure, then the performance grade rating shown on the label shall be the performance grade rating determined in accordance with AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440 for both positive and negative design pressure and the skylight shall conform to Section 2405.5.1.
2405.5.1 Unit skylights rated for the same performance grade for both positive and negative design pressure. The design of unit skylights shall be based on the following equation:
Fg < PG (Equation 24-13)
Fg = Maximum load on the skylight determined from Equations 24-2 through 24-4 in Section 2404.2.
PG = Performance grade rating of the skylight.
2405.5.2 Unit skylights rated for separate performance grades for positive and negative design pressure. The design of unit skylights rated for performance grade for both positive and negative design pressures shall be based on the following equations:
Fgi < PGPos (Equation 24-14)
Fgo < PGNeg (Equation 24-15)
PGPos= Performance grade rating of the skylight under positive design pressure;
PGNeg= Performance grade rating of the skylight under negative design pressure; and
Fgo are determined in accordance with the following:
For Wo >D,
Wo= Outward wind force, psf (kN/m2) as calculated in Section 1609.
D = The dead weight of the glazing, psf (kN/m2)as determined in Section 2404.2 for glass, or by the weight of the plastic, psf (kN/m2) for plastic glazing.
Fgi = Maximum load on the skylight determined from Equations 24-3 and 24-4 in Section 2404.2.
Fgo = Maximum load on the skylight determined from Equation 24-2.
For Wo < D,
Wo = Is the outward wind force, psf (kN/m2) as calculated in Section 1609.
D = The dead weight of the glazing, psf (kN/m2)as determined in Section 2404.2 for glass, or by the weight of the plastic for plastic glazing.
Fg=Minimum load on the skylight determined from Equations 24-2 through 24-4 in Section 2404.2.
2406.1 Human impact loads. Individual glazed areas, including glass mirrors, in hazardous locations as defined in Section 2406.4 shall comply with Sections 2406.1.1 through 2406.1.4.
2406.1.1 Impact test. Except as provided in Sections 2406.1.2 through 2406.1.4, all glazing shall pass the impact test requirements of Section 2406.2.
2406.1.2 Plastic glazing. Plastic glazing shall meet the weathering requirements of ANSI Z 97.1.
2406.1.3 Glass block. Glass-block walls shall comply with Section 2101.2.5.
2406.1.4 Louvered windows and jalousies. Louvered windows and jalousies shall comply with Section 2403.5.
2406.2 Impact test. Where required by other sections of this code, glazing shall be tested in accordance with CPSC 16 CFR 1201. Glazing shall comply with the test criteria for Category I or II as indicated in Table 2406.2(1).
Exception: Glazing not in doors or enclosures for hot tubs, whirlpools, saunas, steam rooms, bathtubs and showers shall be permitted to be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 97.1. Glazing shall comply with the test criteria for Class A or B as indicated in Table 2406.2(2).
2406.3 Identification of safety glazing. Except as indicated in Section 2406.3.1, each pane of safety glazing installed in hazardous locations shall be identified by a manufacturer's designation specifying who applied the designation, the manufacturer or installer and the safety glazing standard with which it complies, as well as the information specified in Section 2403.1. The designation shall be acid etched, sand blasted, ceramic fired, laser etched, embossed or of a type that once applied, cannot be removed without being destroyed. A label as defined in Section 202.1 and meeting the requirements of this section shall be permitted in lieu of the manufacturer's designation.
1.For other than tempered glass, manufacturer's designations are not required, provided the building official approves the use of a certificate, affidavit or other evidence confirming compliance with this code.2. Tempered spandrel glass is permitted to be identified by the manufacturer with a removable paper designation
TABLE 2406.2 (1)
MINIMUM CATEGORY CLASSIFICATION OF GLAZING USING CPSC 16 CFR 1201
|EXPOSEDSURFACE AREAOF ONE SIDEOF ONE LITE||GLAZING INSTORM ORCOMBINATIONDOORS (Category class)||GLAZINGIN DOORS(Categoryclass)||GLAZEDPANELSREGULATEDBY ITEM 7OF SECTION2406.4(Categoryclass)||GLAZEDPANELSREGULATEDBY ITEM 6OF SECTION2406.4(Categoryclass)||DOORS AND ENCLOSURES REGULATED BY ITEM 5 OF SECTION 2406.4 (Category class)||SLIDINGGLASS DOORSPATIO TYPE(Category class)|
|9 square feet or less||I||I||No requirement||I||II||II|
|More than 9 square feet||II||II||II||II||II||II|
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
MINIMUM CATEGORY CLASSIFICATION OF GLAZING USING ANSI Z 97.1
|EXPOSED SURFACEAREA OF ONE SIDE OFONE LITE||GLAZED PANELSREGULATED BY ITEM 7OF SECTION 2406.4(Category class)||GLAZED PANELSREGULATED BY ITEM 6OF SECTION 2406.4(Category class)||DOORS AND ENCLOSURESREGULATED BY ITEM 5 OFSECTION 2406.4 a (Category class)|
|9 square feet or less||No requirement||B||A|
|More than 9 square feet||A||A||A|
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
a. Use is only permitted by the exception to Section 2406.2.
2406.3.1 Multi-pane assemblies. Multi-pane glazed assemblies having individual panes not exceeding 1 square foot ( 0.09 m2) in exposed areas shall have at least one pane in the assembly marked as indicated in Section 2406.3. Other panes in the assembly shall be marked "CPSC 16 CFR 1201 " or "ANSI Z 97.1," as appropriate.
2406.4 Hazardous locations. The following shall be considered specific hazardous locations requiring safety glazing materials:
1.Glazing in swinging doors except jalousies (see Section 2406.4.1).
2.Glazing in fixed and sliding panels of sliding door assemblies and panels in sliding and bifold closet door assemblies.
3.Glazing in storm doors.
4.Glazing in unframed swinging doors.
5.Glazing in doors and enclosures for hot tubs, whirlpools, saunas, steam rooms, bathtubs and showers. Glazing in any portion of a building wall enclosing these compartments where the bottom exposed edge of the glazing is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above a standing surface.
6.Glazing in an individual fixed or operable panel adjacent to a door where the nearest exposed edge of the glazing is within a 24-inch (610 mm) arc of either vertical edge of the door in a closed position and where the bottom exposed edge of the glazing is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the walking surface.
Panels where there is an intervening wall or other permanent barrier between the door and glazing.
Where access through the door is to a closet or storage area 3 feet (914 mm) or less in depth. Glazing in this application shall comply with Section 2406.4, Item 7.
Glazing in walls perpendicular to the plane of the door in a closed position, other than the wall towards which the door swings when opened, in one-and two-family dwellings or within dwelling units in Group R-2.
7.Glazing in an individual fixed or operable panel, other than in those locations described in preceding Items 5 and 6, which meets all of the following conditions:
Exposed area of an individual pane greater than 9 square feet ( 0.84 m2);
7.2. Exposed bottom edge less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor;
7.3. Exposed top edge greater than 36 inches (914 mm) above the floor; and
7.4. One or more walking surface(s) within 36 inches (914 mm) horizontally of the plane of the glazing.
Exception: Safety glazing for Item 7 is not required for the following installations:
1.A protective bar 1 ½ inches (38 mm) or more in height, capable of withstanding a horizontal load of 50 pounds plf (730 N/m) without contacting the glass, is installed on the accessible sides of the glazing 34 inches to 38 inches (864 mm to 965 mm) above the floor.
2.The outboard pane in insulating glass units or multiple glazing where the bottom exposed edge of the glass is 25 feet (7620 mm) or more above any grade, roof, walking surface or other horizontal or sloped (within 45 degrees of horizontal) ( 0.78 rad) surface adjacent to the glass exterior.
8.Glazing in guards and railings, including structural baluster panels and nonstructural in-fill panels, regardless of area or height above a walking surface.
9.Glazing in walls and fences enclosing indoor and outdoor swimming pools, hot tubs and spas where all of the following conditions are present: 9.1. The bottom edge of the glazing on the pool or spa side is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above a walking surface on the pool or spa side of the glazing; and 9.2. The glazing is within 60 inches (1524 mm) horizontally of the water's edge of a swimming pool or spa.
10.Glazing adjacent to stairways, landings and ramps within 36 inches (914 mm) horizontally of a walking surface; when the exposed surface of the glass is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the plane of the adjacent walking surface.
11.Glazing adjacent to stairways within 60 inches (1524 mm) horizontally of the bottom tread of a stairway in any direction when the exposed surface of the glass is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the nose of the tread.
Exception: Safety glazing for Item 10 or 11 is not required for the following installations where:
1.The side of a stairway, landing or ramp which has a guard or handrail, including balusters or in-fill panels, complying with the provisions of Sections 1013 and 1607.7; and
2.The plane of the glass is greater than 18 inches (457 mm) from the railing.
2406.4.1 Exceptions. The following products, materials and uses shall not be considered specific hazardous locations:
1.Openings in doors through which a 3-inch (76 mm) sphere is unable to pass.
2.Decorative glass in Section 2406.4, Item 1, 6 or 7.
3.Glazing materials used as curved glazed panels in revolving doors.
4.Commercial refrigerated cabinet glazed doors.
5.Glass-block panels complying with Section 2101.2.5.
6.Louvered windows and jalousies complying with the requirements of Section 2403.5.
7.Mirrors and other glass panels mounted or hung on a surface that provides a continuous backing support.
2406.5 Fire department access panels. Fire department glass access panels shall be of tempered glass. For insulating glass units, all panes shall be tempered glass.
GLASS IN HANDRAILS AND GUARDS
2407.1 Materials. Glass used as a handrail assembly or a guard section shall be constructed of either single fully tempered glass, laminated fully tempered glass or laminated heat-strengthened glass. Glazing in railing in-fill panels shall be of an approved safety glazing material that conforms to the provisions of Section 2406.1.1. For all glazing types, the minimum nominal thickness shall be 1/4 inch ( 6.4 mm). Fully tempered glass and laminated glass shall comply with Category II of CPSC 16 CFR 1201 or Class A of ANSI Z 97.1, listed in Chapter 35.
2407.1.1 Loads. The panels and their support system shall be designed to withstand the loads specified in Section 1607.7. A safety factor of four shall be used.
2407.1.2 Support. Each handrail or guard section shall be supported by a minimum of three glass balusters or shall be otherwise supported to remain in place should one baluster panel fail. Glass balusters shall not be installed without an attached handrail or guard.
Exception: A top rail shall not be required where the glass balusters are laminated glass with two or more glass plies of equal thickness and the same glass type. The panels shall be designed to withstand the loads specified in Section 1607.7.
2407.1.3 Parking garages. Glazing materials shall not be installed in handrails or guards in parking garages except for pedestrian areas not exposed to impact from vehicles.
2407.1.4 Glazing in wind-borne debris regions. Glazing installed in in-fill panels or balusters in wind-borne debris regions shall comply with the following:
2407.1.4.1 Ballusters and in-fill panels. Glass installed in exterior railing in-fill panels or balusters shall be laminated glass complying with Category II of CPSC 16 CFR 1201 or Class A of ANSI Z 97.1.
2407.1. 4.2 Glass supporting top rail. When the top rail is supported by glass, the assembly shall be tested according to the impact requirements of Section 1609.1.2. The top rail shall remain in place after impact.
GLAZING IN ATHLETIC FACILITIES
2408.1 General. Glazing in athletic facilities and similar uses subject to impact loads, which forms whole or partial wall sections or which is used as a door or part of a door, shall comply with this section.
2408.2 Racquetball and squash courts.
2408.2.1 Testing. Test methods and loads for individual glazed areas in racquetball and squash courts subject to impact loads shall conform to those of CPSC 16 CFR or ANSI Z 97.1, listed in Chapter 35, with impacts being applied at a height of 59 inches (1499 mm) above the playing surface to an actual or simulated glass wall installation with fixtures, fittings and methods of assembly identical to those used in practice. Glass walls shall comply with the following conditions:
1. A glass wall in a racquetball or squash court, or similar use subject to impact loads, shall remain intact following a test impact.
2. The deflection of such walls shall not be greater than 1½ inches (38 mm) at the point of impact for a drop height of 48 inches (1219 mm).
Glass doors shall comply with the following conditions:
1.Glass doors shall remain intact following a test impact at the prescribed height in the center of the door.
2.The relative deflection between the edge of a glass door and the adjacent wall shall not exceed the thickness of the wall plus ½ inch ( 12.7 mm) for a drop height of 48 inches (1219 mm).
2408.3 Gymnasiums and basketball courts. Glazing in multipurpose gymnasiums, basketball courts and similar athletic facilities subject to human impact loads shall comply with Category II of CPSC 16 CFR 1201 or Class A of ANSI Z 97.1, listed in Chapter 35.
GLASS IN ELEVATOR HOISTWAYS AND ELEVATOR CARS
2409.1 Glass in elevator hoistway enclosures. Glass in elevator hoistway enclosures and hoistway doors shall be laminated glass conforming to ANSI Z 97.1 or CPSC 16 CFR Part 1201.
2409.1.1 Fire-resistance-rated hoistways. Glass installed in hoistways and hoistway doors where the hoistway is required to have a fire-resistance rating shall also comply with Section 715.
2409.1.2 Glass hoistway doors. The glass in glass hoistway doors shall be not less than 60 percent of the total visible door panel surface area as seen from the landing side.
2409.2 Glass visions panels. Glass in vision panels in elevator hoistway doors shall be permitted to be any transparent glazing material not less than 1/4 inches ( 0.64 mm) in thickness conforming to Class A in accordance with ANSI Z 97.1 or Category II in accordance with CPSC 16 CFR Part 1201. The area of any single vision panel shall not be less than 24 square inches (15 484 mm2) and the total area of one or more vision panels in any hoistway door shall be not more than 85 square inches (54 839 mm2).
2409.3 Glass in elevator cars.
2409.3.1 Glass types. Glass in elevator car enclosures, glass elevator car doors and glass used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars shall be laminated glass conforming to Class A in accordance with ANSI Z 97.1 or Category II in accordance with CPSC 16 CFR Part 1201.
Exception: Tempered glass shall be permitted to be used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars provided:
1.The glass is bonded to a nonpolymeric coating, sheeting or film backing having a physical integrity to hold the fragments when the glass breaks.
2.The glass is not subjected to further treatment such as sandblasting; etching; heat treatment or painting that could alter the original properties of the glass.
3.The glass is tested to the acceptance criteria for laminated glass as specified for Class A in accordance with ANSI Z97.l or Category II in accordance with CPSC 16 CFR Part 1201.
2409.3.2 Surface area. The glass in glass elevator car doors shall be not less than 60 percent of the total visible door panel surface area as seen from the car side of the doors.
Rescinded eff 3-1-05
Rescinded eff 3-1-05