Chapter 4101:1-34 Existing structures

4101:1-34-01 Existing buildings and structures.

[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:1-35-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]

SECTION 3401

GENERAL

3401.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall control the maintenance, alteration, repair, addition and change of occupancy of existing structures

3401.2 Maintenance. Buildings, structures, equipment and parts thereof, shall be maintained in a safe and sanitary condition and in accordance with the condition(s) established in current and any previous plan approvals and certificates of occupancy. Devices or safeguards which are required by this code shall be maintained in conformance with the code edition under which installed. The owner or the owner's designated agent shall be responsible for the maintenance of buildings and structures. To determine compliance with this subsection, the building official shall have the authority to require a building or structure to be inspected. The requirements of this chapter shall not provide the basis for removal or abrogation of fire protection and safety systems and devices in existing structures without approval of the building official.

3401.3Fire resistance determination for existing assemblies and materials. When this chapter requires a fire resistive assembly or component, and there is no available evidence matching the assembly or component to a tested, rated assembly or component, the fire resistance rating of the existing assembly or component can be evaluated by using Section 721 or "Resource A, Guidelines on Fire Ratings of Archaic Materials and Assemblies" in the "International Existing Buildings Code".

3401.4 Building materials. Building materials shall comply with the requirements of this section.

3401.4.1 Existing materials. Materials already in use in a building in compliance with requirements or approvals in effect at the time of their erection or installation shall be permitted to remain in use unless determined by the building code official to be dangerous to life, health or safety. Where such conditions are determined to be dangerous to life, health or safety, they shall be mitigated or made safe.

3401.4.2 New and replacement materials. Except as otherwise required or permitted by this code, materials permitted by the applicable code for new construction shall be used. Like materials shall be permitted for repairs and alterations, provided no hazard to life, health or property is created. Hazardous materials shall not be used where the code for new construction would not permit their use in buildings of similar occupancy, purpose and location.

3401.4.3 Used materials and products. The use of used materials and products which meet the requirements of this code for new materials and products is permitted. Used products and materials shall not be reused unless approved by the building official.

3401.5 Seismic Evaluation and Design Procedures. The seismic evaluation and design shall be based on the procedures specified in this code, ASCE 31 or ASCE 41. The procedures contained in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code" shall be permitted to be used as specified in Section 3401.5.2.

3401.5.1 Compliance with seismic forces. Where compliance with the seismic design provisions of this code is required, the procedures shall be in accordance with the following:

This code using one hundred per cent of the prescribed forces. The "R-factor" used for analysis in accordance with chapter 16 shall be the "R-factor" specified for structural systems classified as "Ordinary" in accordance with table 12.2 -1 of ASCE 7, unless it can be demonstrated that the structural system satisfies the proportioning and detailing requirements for systems classified as "Intermediate" or "Special".

3401.5.2 Compliance with reduced seismic forces. Where seismic evaluation and design is permitted to meet reduced seismic force levels, the procedures used shall be in accordance with one of the following:

1. This code using seventy- five per cent of the prescribed forces. Values of R, [OMEGA]o , and Cd used for analysis shall be as specified in Section 3401.5.1 of this code.

2. Structures or portions of structures that comply with the requirements of the applicable chapter in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code" as specified in items 2.1 through 2.5 shall be deemed to comply with this section.

2.1. The seismic evaluation and design of unreinforced masonry bearing wall buildings in occupancy category I or II are permitted to be based on the procedures specified in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code", chapter A1.

2.2. Seismic evaluation and design of the wall anchorage system in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry wall buildings with flexible diaphragms in occupancy category I or II are permitted to be based on the procedures specified in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code", chapter A2.

2.3. Seismic evaluation and design of cripple walls and sill plate anchorage in residential buildings of light-frame wood construction in occupancy category I or II are permitted to be based on the procedures specified in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code", chapter A3.

2.4. Seismic evaluation and design of soft, weak, or open-front wall conditions in multiunit residential buildings of wood construction in occupancy category I or II are permitted to be based on the procedures specified in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Buildings Code", chapter A4.

2.5. Seismic evaluation and design of concrete buildings and concrete with masonry infill buildings in all occupancy categories are permitted to be based on the procedures specified in "Appendix A, Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings" in the "International Existing Building Code", chapter A5.

3. Compliance with ASCE 31 based on the applicable performance level as shown in table 3401.5.2. It shall be permitted to use the "BSE-1" earthquake hazard level as defined in ASCE 41 and subject to the limitations in item 4 below.

4. Compliance with ASCE 41 using the "BSE-1" earthquake hazard level and the performance level shown in table 3401.5.2. The design spectral response acceleration parameters SXS and SX1 specified in ASCE 41 shall not be taken less than seventy-five per cent of the respective design spectral response acceleration parameters SDS and SD1 defined by this code.

TABLE 3401.5.2

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA FOR REDUCED SEISMIC FORCES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORY (BASED ON IBC TABLE 1604.5 ) PERFORMANCE LEVEL FOR USE WITH ASCE 31 PERFORMANCE LEVEL FOR USE WITH ASCE 41 BSE-1 EARTHQUAKE HAZARD LEVEL
I Life safety (LS) Life safety (LS)
II Life safety (LS) Life safety (LS)
III Note a Note b. Note a
IV Immediate occupancy (IO) Immediate occupancy (IO)

a. Acceptance criteria for occupancy category III shall be taken as eighty per cent of the acceptance criteria specified for occupancy category II performance levels but need not be less than the acceptance criteria specified for occupancy category IV performance levels.

b. For occupancy category III, the ASCE 31 screening phase checklists shall be based on the life safety performance level.

SECTION 3402

DEFINITIONS

3402.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in the code, have the meanings shown herein.

CHANGE OF OCCUPANCY. A change in the purpose or level of activity within a structure that involves a change in the application of the requirements of the code.

DANGEROUS. Any building or structure or portion thereof that meets any of the conditions described below shall be deemed dangerous:

1. The building or structure has collapsed, partially collapsed, moved off its foundation or lacks the support of ground necessary to support it.

2. There exists a significant risk of collapse, detachment or dislodgment of any portion, member, appurtenance or ornamentation of the building or structure under service loads.

EXISTING STRUCTURE. A structure regulated by this code that was erected or one for which a plan approval has been issued.

PRIMARY FUNCTION. A primary function is a major activity for which the facility is intended. Areas that contain a primary function include, but are not limited to, the customer service lobby of a bank, the dining area of a cafeteria, the meeting rooms in a conference center, as well as offices and other work areas in which the activities of the public accommodation or other private entity using the facility are carried out. Mechanical rooms, boiler rooms, supply storage rooms, employee lounges or locker rooms, janitorial closets, entrances, corridors and restrooms are not areas containing a primary function.

1. In any story, the vertical elements of the lateral force-resisting system have suffered damage such that the lateral load-carrying capacity of the structure in any horizontal direction has been reduced by more than 20 percent from its pre-damage condition; or

2. The capacity of any vertical gravity load-carrying component, or any group of such components, that supports more than 30 percent of the total area of the structure's floor(s) and roof(s) has been reduced more than 20 percent from its pre-damage condition and the remaining capacity of such affected elements, with respect to all dead and live loads, is less than 75 percent of that required by this code for new buildings of similar structure, purpose and location.

TECHNICALLY INFEASIBLE. An alteration of a building or a facility that has little likelihood of being accomplished because the existing structural conditions require the removal or alteration of a load-bearing member that is an essential part of the structural frame, or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces or features which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.

SECTION 3403

1. An existing stairway shall not be required to comply with the requirements of Section 1009 where the existing space and construction does not allow a reduction in pitch or slope.

2. Handrails otherwise required to comply with Section 1009.12 shall not be required to comply with the requirements of Section 1012.6 regarding full extension of the handrails where such extensions would be hazardous due to plan configuration.

3404.2 Flood hazard areas. For buildings and structures in flood hazard areas established in Section 1612.3, any alteration that constitutes substantial improvement of the existing structure, as defined in Section 1612.2, shall comply with the flood design requirements for new construction, and all aspects of the existing structure shall be brought into compliance with the requirements for new construction for flood design.

For buildings and structures in flood hazard areas established in Section 1612.3, any alterations that do not constitute substantial improvement or substantial damage of the existing structure, as defined in Section 1612.2, are not required to comply with the flood design requirements for new construction.

3404.3 Existing structural elements carrying gravity load. Any existing gravity load-carrying structural element for which an alteration causes an increase in design gravity load of more than 5 percent shall be strengthened, supplemented, replaced or otherwise altered as needed to carry the increased gravity load required by this code for new structures. Any existing gravity load-carrying structural element whose gravity load-carrying capacity is decreased as part of the alteration shall be shown to have the capacity to resist the applicable design gravity loads required by this code for new structures.

3404.3.1 Design live load. Where the alteration does not result in increased design live load, existing gravity load-carrying structural elements shall be permitted to be evaluated and designed for live loads approved prior to the alteration. If the approved live load is less than that required by Section 1607, the area designed for the nonconforming live load shall be posted with placards of approved design indicating the approved live load. Where the alteration does result in increased design live load, the live load required by Section 1607 shall be used.

3404.4 Existing structural elements carrying lateral load.

Except as permitted by Section 3404.5, where the alteration increases design lateral loads in accordance with Section 1609 or 1613, or where the alteration results in a structural irregularity as defined in ASCE 7, or where the alteration decreases the capacity of any existing lateral load-carrying structural element, the structure of the altered building or structure shall be shown to meet the requirements of Sections 3404.4.1 or 3404.4.2.

3404.4.1 Prescriptive Compliance Method. The structure of the altered building or structure shall be shown to meet the requirements of sections 1609 and 1613.

Exception: Any existing lateral load-carrying structural element whose demand-capacity ratio with the alteration considered is no more than 10 percent greater than its demand-capacity ratio with the alteration ignored shall be permitted to remain unaltered. For purposes of calculating demand-capacity ratios, the demand shall consider applicable load combinations with design lateral loads or forces per Sections 1609 and 1613. For purposes of this exception, comparisons of demand-capacity ratios and calculation of design lateral loads, forces, and capacities shall account for the cumulative effects of additions and alterations since original construction.

3404.4.2 Work Area Compliance Method. All structural elements of the lateral-force-resisting system in buildings or structures shall comply with this section.

Exception:

Buildings of Group R occupancy with no more than five dwelling or sleeping units used solely for residential purposes that are altered based on the conventional light-frame construction methods of this code or in compliance with the provisions of the Residential Code of Ohio.

3404.4.2.1 Evaluation and Analysis. An engineering evaluation and analysis that establishes the structural adequacy of the altered structure shall be prepared by a registered design professional and submitted to the code official.

3404.4.2.2 Substantial Structural Alteration. Where more than 30 percent of the total floor and roof areas of the building or structure have been or are proposed to be involved in structural alteration within a three year period, the evaluation and analysis shall demonstrate that the altered building or structure complies with this code for wind loading and with reduced level seismic forces as specified in Section 3401.5.2 for seismic loading. For seismic considerations, the analysis shall be based on one of the procedures specified in Section 3401.5. The areas to be counted toward the 30 percent shall be those areas tributary to the vertical load-carrying components, such as joists, beams, columns, walls and other structural components that have been or will be removed, added or altered, as well as areas such as mezzanines, penthouses, roof structures and in-filled courts and shafts.

3404.4.2.3 Limited Structural Alteration. Where not more than 30 percent of the total floor and roof areas of the building or structure are involved in structural alteration within a three year period, the evaluation and analysis shall demonstrate that the altered building or structure complies with the loads applicable at the time of the original construction or of the most recent substantial structural alteration as defined by Section 3404.4.2.2. Any existing structural element whose seismic demand-capacity ratio with the alteration considered is more than 10 percent greater than its demand-capacity ratio with the alteration or "addition" ignored shall comply with the reduced level seismic forces as specified in Section 3401.5.2.

3404.5 Voluntary seismic improvements. Alterations to existing structural elements or additions of new structural elements that are not otherwise required by this chapter and are initiated for the purpose of improving the performance of the seismic force-resisting system of an existing structure or the performance of seismic bracing or anchorage of existing nonstructural elements shall be permitted, provided that an engineering analysis is submitted demonstrating the following:

1. The altered structure and the altered nonstructural elements are no less in compliance with the provisions of this code with respect to earthquake design than they were prior to the alteration.

2. New structural elements are detailed and connected to the existing structural elements as required by Chapter 16.

3. New or relocated nonstructural elements are detailed and connected to existing or new structural elements as required by Chapter 16.

4. The alterations do not create a structural irregularity as defined in ASCE 7 or make an existing structural irregularity more severe.

3404.6 Means of egress capacity factors. Alterations to any existing building or structure shall not be affected by the egress width factors in Section 1005.1 for new construction in determining the minimum egress widths or the minimum number of exits in an existing building or structure. The minimum egress widths for the components of the means of egress shall be based on the means of egress width factors in the building code under which the building was constructed, and shall be considered as complying means of egress for any alteration if, in the opinion of the building code official, they do not constitute a distinct hazard to life.

SECTION 3405

1. Specific seismic detailing requirements of this code or Section 1613 for a new structure shall not be required to be met where it can be shown that the level of performance and seismic safety is equivalent to that of a new structure. Such analysis shall consider the regularity, over strength, redundancy and ductility of the structure within the context of the existing and retrofit (if any) detailing provided.

2. When a change of use results in a structure being reclassified from Occupancy Category II to Occupancy Category III and the structure is located in a seismic map area where SDS< 0.33, compliance with the seismic requirements of this code and Section 1613 are not required.

SECTION 3409

1. Listed or preliminarily determined to be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places;

2. Determined by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined to qualify as an historic district; or

3. Designated as historic under a state or local historic preservation program that is approved by the Department of Interior.

SECTION 3410

1. At least one accessible building entrance.

2. At least one accessible route from an accessible building entrance to primary function areas.

3. Signage complying with Section 1111.

4. Accessible parking, where parking is being provided.

5. At least one accessible passenger loading zone, when loading zones are provided.

6. At least one accessible route connecting accessible parking and accessible passenger loading zones to an accessible entrance.

Where it is technically infeasible to comply with the new construction standards for any of these requirements for a change of group or occupancy, the above items shall conform to the requirements to the maximum extent technically feasible.

3411.5 Additions. Provisions for new construction shall apply to additions. An addition that affects the accessibility to, or contains an area of, a primary function shall comply with the requirements in Section 3411.7.

3411.6 Alterations. A building, facility or element that is altered shall comply with the applicable provisions in Chapter 11 of this code , unless technically infeasible. Where compliance with this section is technically infeasible, the alteration shall provide access to the maximum extent technically feasible.

1. The altered element or space is not required to be on an accessible route, unless required by Section 3411.7.

2. Accessible means of egress required by Chapter 10 are not required to be provided in existing buildings and facilities.

3. The alteration to Type A individually owned dwelling units within a Group R-2 occupancy shall be permitted tomeet the provision for a Type B dwelling unit .

3411.7 Alterations affecting an area containing a primary function. Where an alteration affects the accessibility to, or contains an area of primary function, the route to the primary function area and the amenities serving the area shall be accessible. The accessible route to the primary function area shall include toilet facilities or drinking fountains serving the area of primary function.

1. The costs of providing the accessible route are not required to exceed 20 percent of the costs of the alterations affecting the area of primary function. The determination of disproportionality and the conditions for applying this exception shall be in accordance with section 3411.7.1.

2. This provision does not apply to alterations limited solely to windows, hardware, operating controls, electrical outlets and signs.

3. This provision does not apply to alterations limited solely to mechanical systems, electrical systems, installation or alteration of fire protection systems and abatement of hazardous materials.

4. This provision does not apply to alterations undertaken for the primary purpose of increasing the accessibility of an existing building, facility or element.

3411.7.1 Disproportionate costs and alternative compliance. Alterations required to be made to provide an accessible path of travel to the altered area will be deemed disproportionate to the overall alteration when the cost exceeds twenty per cent of the cost of the alteration to the primary function area. The determination of disproportionate costs shall be made and applied in accordance with the following:

1. Costs that may be counted as expenditures required to provide an accessible path of travel may include:

1.1 Costs associated with providing an accessible entrance and an accessible route to the altered area, for example, the cost of widening doorways or installing ramps;

1.2 Costs associated with making restrooms accessible, such as installing grab bars, enlarging toilet stalls, insulating pipes, or installing accessible faucet controls;

1.3 Costs associated with providing accessible telephones, such as relocating the telephone to an accessible height, installing amplification devices, or installing a telecommunications device for deaf persons (TDD);

1.4 Costs associated with relocating an inaccessible drinking fountain.

2. Required accessible features in the event of disproportionality.

2.1 When the cost of alterations necessary to make the path travel to the altered area fully accessible is disproportionate to the cost of the overall alteration, the path of travel shall be made accessible to the extent that it can be made accessible without incurring disproportionate costs.

2.2 In choosing which accessible elements to provide, priority should be given to those elements that will provide the greatest access, in the following order:

2.2.1. An accessible entrance;

2.2.2. An accessible route to the altered area

2.2.3. At least one accessible restroom for each sex or a single unisex restroom

2.2.4. Accessible telephones

2.2.5. Accessible drinking fountains

2.2.6. When possible, additional accessible elements such as parking, storage, and alarms

3. Series of smaller alterations. The obligation to provide an accessible path of travel may not be evaded by performing a series of small alterations to the area served by a single path of travel if those alterations could have been performed as a single undertaking.

3.1 If an area containing a primary function has been altered without providing an accessible path of travel to that area, and subsequent alterations of that area, or a different area on the same path of travel, are undertaken within three years of the original alteration, the total cost of alterations to the primary function areas on that path of travel during the preceding three year period shall be considered in determining whether the cost of making that path of travel accessible is disproportionate.

3411.8 Scoping for alterations. The provisions of Sections 3411.8.1 through 3411.8.15shall apply to alterations to existing buildings and facilities.

3411.8.1 Entrances. Accessible entrances shall be provided in accordance with Section 1105.

Exception: Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has an accessible entrance, the altered entrance is not required to be accessible, unless required by Section 3411.7. Signs complying with Section 1111shall be provided.

3411.8.2 Elevators. Altered elements of existing elevators shall comply with ASME A 17.1 and Chapter 11. Such elements shall also be altered in elevators programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator.

3411.8.3 Platform lifts. Platform (wheelchair) lifts complying with Chapter 11and installed in accordance with ASME A 18.1 shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route.

3411.8.4 Stairs and escalators in existing buildings. In alterations, change of occupancy or additions where an escalator or stair is added where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stairs in accordance with Sections 1104.4 and 1104.5.

3411.8.5 Ramps. Where slopes steeper than allowed by Section 1010.2 are necessitated by space limitations, the slope of ramps in or providing access to existing buildings or facilities shall comply with Table 3411.8.5.

TABLE 3411.8.5

RAMPS

SLOPE MAXIMUM RISE
Steeper than 1:10 but not steeper than 1:8 3 inches
Steeper than 1:12 but not steeper than 1:10 6 inches

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

3411.8.6 Performance areas. Where it is technically infeasible to alter performance areas to be on an accessible route, at least one of each type of performance area shall be made accessible.

3411.8.7 Accessible dwelling or sleeping units. Where Group I-1, I-2, I-3, R-1, R-2 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being altered or added, the requirements of Section 1107 for Accessible units apply only to the quantity of spaces being altered or added.

3411.8.8 Type A dwelling or sleeping units. Where more than 20 Group R-2 dwelling or sleeping units are being added, the requirements of Section 1107 for Type A units apply only to the quantity of the spaces being altered or added.

3411.8.9 Type B dwelling or sleeping units. Where four or more Group I-1, I-2, R-1, R-2, R-3 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being added, the requirements of Section 1107 for Type B units apply only to the quantity of the spaces being added.

3411.8.10 Jury boxes and witness stands. In alterations, accessible wheelchair spaces are not required to be located within the defined area of raised jury boxes or witness stands and shall be permitted to be located outside these spaces where the ramp or lift access restricts or projects into the means of egress.

3411.8.11 Toilet rooms. Where it is technically infeasible to alter existing toilet and bathing facilities to be accessible, an accessible family or assisted-use toilet or bathing facility constructed in accordance with Section 1109.2.1 is permitted. The family or assisted-use facility shall be located on the same floor and in the same area as the existing facilities.

3411.8.12 Dressing, fitting and locker rooms. Where it is technically infeasible to provide accessible dressing, fitting or locker rooms at the same location as similar types of rooms, one accessible room on the same level shall be provided. Where separate-sex facilities are provided, accessible rooms for each sex shall be provided. Separate-sex facilities are not required where only unisex rooms are provided.

3411.8.13 Fuel dispensers. Operable parts of replacement fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the vehicular way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.

3411.8.14 Thresholds. The maximum height of thresholds at doorways shall be 3/4 inch ( 19.1 mm). Such thresholds shall have beveled edges on each side.

3411.8.15 Amusement rides. Where the structural or operational characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that the amusement ride's performance differs from that specified by the manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply with requirements for new construction in Section 1110.4.7.

3411.9 Historic buildings. These provisions shall apply to buildings and facilities designated as historic structures that undergo alterations or a change of occupancy, unless technically infeasible. Where compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, as determined by the applicable governing authority, the alternative requirements of Sections 3411.9.1 through 3411.9.4 for that element shall be permitted.

3411.9.1 Site arrival points. At least one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

3411.9.2 Multilevel buildings and facilities. An accessible route from an accessible entrance to public spaces on the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided.

3411.9.3 Entrances. At least one main entrance shall be accessible.

Exceptions:

1. If a main entrance cannot be made accessible, an accessible nonpublic entrance that is unlocked while the building is occupied shall be provided; or

2. If a main entrance cannot be made accessible, a locked accessible entrance with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be provided.

Signs complying with Section 1111shall be provided at the primary entrance and the accessible entrance.

3411.9.4 Toilet and bathing facilities. Where toilet rooms are provided, at least one accessible family or assisted-use toilet room complying with Section 1109.2.1 shall be provided.

SECTION 3412

COMPLIANCE ALTERNATIVES

3412.1 Compliance. The provisions of this section are intended to maintain or increase the current degree of public safety, health and general welfare in existing buildings while permitting repair, alteration, addition and change of occupancy without requiring full compliance with Chapters 2 through 33, or Sections 3401.3, and 3403 through 3409, except where compliance with other provisions of this code is specifically required in this section.

3412.2 Applicability. Structures existing prior to July 1, 1979, in which there is work involving additions, alterations or changes of occupancy shall be made to comply with the requirements of this section or the provisions of Sections 3403 through 3409. The provisions in Sections 3412.2.1 through 3412.2.5 shall apply to existing occupancies that will continue to be, or are proposed to be, in Groups A, B, E, F, M, R, S and U. These provisions shall not apply to buildings with occupancies in Group H or I.

3412.2.1 Change in occupancy. Where an existing building is changed to a new occupancy classification and this section is applicable, the provisions of this section for the new occupancy shall be used to determine compliance with this code.

3412.2.2 Partial change in occupancy. Where a portion of the building is changed to a new occupancy classification, and that portion is separated from the remainder of the building with fire barriers or horizontal assemblies having a fire-resistance rating as required by Table 508.4 for the separate occupancies, or with approved compliance alternatives, the portion changed shall be made to comply with the provisions of this section.

Where a portion of the building is changed to a new occupancy classification, and that portion is not separated from the remainder of the building with fire barriers or horizontal assemblies having a fire-resistance rating as required by Table 508.4 for the separate occupancies, or with approved compliance alternatives, the provisions of this section which apply to each occupancy shall apply to the entire building. Where there are conflicting provisions, those requirements which secure the greater public safety shall apply to the entire building or structure.

3412.2.3 Additions. Additions to existing buildings shall comply with the requirements of this code for new construction. The combined height and area of the existing building and the new addition shall not exceed the height and area allowed by Chapter 5. Where a fire wall that complies with Section 706 is provided between the addition and the existing building, the addition shall be considered a separate building.

3412.2.4 Alterations and repairs. An existing building or portion thereof, which does not comply with the requirements of this code for new construction, shall not be altered or repaired in such a manner that results in the building being less safe or sanitary than such building is currently. If, in the alteration or repair, the current level of safety or sanitation is to be reduced, the portion altered or repaired shall conform to the requirements of Chapters 2 through 12 and Chapters 14 through 33.

3412.2.4.1 Flood hazard areas. For existing buildings located in flood hazard areas established in Section 1612.3, if the alterations and repairs constitute substantial improvement of the existing building, the existing building shall be brought into compliance with the requirements for new construction for flood design.

As used in this section, a substantial improvement shall mean any reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, or other improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50% of the pre-improvement market value.

3412.2.5 Accessibility requirements. All portions of the buildings proposed for change of occupancy shall conform to the accessibility provisions of Section 3411.

3412.3 Acceptance. For repairs, alterations, additions and changes of occupancy to existing buildings that are evaluated in accordance with this section, compliance with this section shall be accepted by the building official.

3412.3.1 Hazards. Where the building official determines that an unsafe condition exists, as provided for in Section 109, such unsafe condition shall be abated in accordance with Section 109.

3412.3.2 Compliance with other codes. Buildings that are evaluated in accordance with this section shall comply with the fire code.

3412.4 Investigation and evaluation. For proposed work covered by this section, the building owner shall cause the existing building to be investigated and evaluated in accordance with the provisions of this section.

3412.4.1 Structural analysis. The owner shall have a structural analysis of the existing building made to determine adequacy of structural systems for the proposed alteration, addition or change of occupancy. The analysis shall demonstrate that the building with the work completed is capable of resisting the loads specified in Chapter 16.

3412.4.2 Submittal. The results of the investigation and evaluation as required in Section 3412.4, along with proposed compliance alternatives, shall be submitted to the building official.

3412.4.3 Determination of compliance. The building official shall determine whether the existing building, with the proposed addition, alteration or change of occupancy, complies with the provisions of this section in accordance with the evaluation process in Sections 3412.5 through 3412.9.

3412.5 Evaluation. The evaluation shall be comprised of three categories: fire safety, means of egress and general safety, as defined in Sections 3412.5.1 through 3412.5.3.

3412.5.1 Fire safety. Included within the fire safety category are the structural fire resistance, automatic fire detection, fire alarm and fire suppression system features of the facility.

3412.5.2 Means of egress. Included within the means of egress category are the configuration, characteristics and support features for means of egress in the facility.

3412.5.3 General safety. Included within the general safety category are the fire safety parameters and the means of egress parameters.

3412.6 Evaluation process. The evaluation process specified herein shall be followed in its entirety to evaluate existing buildings. Table 3412.7 shall be utilized for tabulating the results of the evaluation. References to other sections of this code indicate that compliance with those sections is required in order to gain credit in the evaluation herein outlined. In applying this section to a building with mixed occupancies, where the separation between the mixed occupancies does not qualify for any category indicated in Section 3412.6.16, the score for each occupancy shall be determined and the lower score determined for each section of the evaluation process shall apply to the entire building.

Where the separation between mixed occupancies qualifies for any category indicated in Section 3412.6.16, the score for each occupancy shall apply to each portion of the building based on the occupancy of the space.

3412.6.1 Building height. The value for building height shall be the lesser value determined by the formula in Section 3412.6.1.1. Chapter 5 shall be used to determine the allowable height of the building, including allowable increases due to automatic sprinklers as provided for in Section 504.2. Subtract the actual building height in feet from the allowable and divide by 12 ½ feet. Enter the height value and its sign (positive or negative) in Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.1, Building Height, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety. The maximum score for a building shall be 10.

3412.6.1.1 Height formula. The following formulas shall be used in computing the building height value.

Height value, feet =(AH)-(EBH)/ 12.5 x CF

Height value, stories = (AS - EBS) x CF(Equation 34-1)

where:

AH = Allowable height in feet from Table 503.

EBH = Existing building height in feet.

AS = Allowable height in stories from Table 503.

EBS = Existing building height in stories.

CF = 1 if (AH) - (EBH) is positive.

CF = Construction-type factor shown in Table 3412.6.6(2) if (AH) - (EBH) is negative.

Note: Where mixed occupancies are separated and individually evaluated as indicated in Section 3412.6, the values AH, AS, EBH and EBS shall be based on the height of the occupancy being evaluated.

3412.6.2 Building area. The value for building area shall be determined by the formula in Section 3412.6.2.2. Section 503 and the formula in Section 3412.6.2.1 shall be used to determine the allowable area of the building. This shall include any allowable increases due to frontage and automatic sprinklers as provided for in Section 506. Subtract the actual building area in square feet from the allowable area and divide by 1,200 square feet. Enter the area value and its sign (positive or negative) in Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.2, Building Area, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety. In determining the area value, the maximum permitted positive value for area is 50 percent of the fire safety score as listed in Table 3412.8, Mandatory Safety Scores.

3412.6.2.1 Allowable area formula. The following formula shall be used in computing allowable area:


              image: oh/admin/2014/4101-1-34-01-1.jpg

where:

Aa = Allowable area.

At = Tabular area per story in accordance with Table 503 (square feet)

ls= Area increase factor for sprinklers (Section 506.3 ).

lf= Area increase factor for frontage (Section 506.2 ).

3412.6.2.2 Area formula. The following formula shall be used in computing the area value. Determine the area value for each occupancy floor area on a floor-by-floor basis. For each occupancy, choose the minimum area value of the set of values obtained for the particular occupancy.


              image: oh/admin/2014/4101-1-34-01-2.jpg

where:

i = Value for an individual separated occupancy on a floor.

n = Number of separated occupancies on a floor.

3412.6.3 Compartmentation. Evaluate the compartments created by fire barriers or horizontal assemblies which comply with Sections 3412.6.3.1 and 3412.6.3.2 and which are exclusive of the wall elements considered under Sections 3412.6.4 and 3412.6.5. Conforming compartments shall be figured as the net area and do not include shafts, chases, stairways, walls or columns. Using Table 3412.6.3, determine the appropriate compartmentation value (CV) and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.3, Compartmentation, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

3412.6.3.1 Wall construction. A wall used to create separate compartments shall be a fire barrier conforming to Section 707 with a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours. Where the building is not divided into more than one compartment, the compartment size shall be taken as the total floor area on all floors. Where there is more than one compartment within a story, each compartmented area on such story shall be provided with a horizontal exit conforming to Section 1025. The fire door serving as the horizontal exit between compartments shall be so installed, fitted and gasketed that such fire door will provide a substantial barrier to the passage of smoke.

TABLE 3412.6.3

COMPARTMENTATION VALUES

  CATEGORIESa
OCCUPANCY a Compartment size equal to or greater than 15,000 square feet b Compartment size of 10,000 square feet c Compartment size of 7,500 square feet dCompartment size of 5,000 square feet eCompartment size of 2,500 square feet or less
A-1, A-3 0 6 10 14 18
A-2 0 4 10 14 18
A-4, B, E, S-2 0 5 10 15 20
F, M, R, S-1 0 4 10 16 22

For SI: 1 square foot = 0.093 m2.

a. For areas between categories, the compartmentation value shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

3412.6.3.2 Floor/ceiling construction. A floor/ceiling assembly used to create compartments shall conform to Section 712 and shall have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.

3412.6.4 Tenant and dwelling unit separations. Evaluate the fire-resistance rating of floors and walls separating tenants, including dwelling units, and not evaluated under Sections 3412.6.3 and 3412.6.5. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.4, determine the appropriate value and enter that value in Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.4, Tenant and Dwelling Unit Separations, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.4

SEPARATION VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIESa
a b c d e
A-1 0 0 0 0 1
A-2 -5 -3 0 1 3
A-3, A-4, B, E, F, M, S-1 -4 -3 0 2 4
R -4 -2 0 2 4
S-2 -5 -2 0 2 4

3412.6.4.1 Categories. The categories for tenant and dwelling unit separations are:

1. Category a-No fire partitions; incomplete fire partitions; no doors; doors not self-closing or automatic-closing.

2. Category b-Fire partitions or floor assemblies with less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating or not constructed in accordance with Sections 709 or 712, respectively.

3. Category c-Fire partitions with a 1-hour or greater fire-resistance rating constructed in accordance with Section 709 and floor assemblies with a 1-hour but less than 2-hour fire-resistance rating constructed in accordance with Section 712, or with only one tenant within the floor area.

4. Category d-Fire barriers with a 1-hour but less than 2-hour fire-resistance rating constructed in accordance with Section 707 and floor assemblies with a 2-hour or greater fire-resistance rating constructed in accordance with Section 712.

5. Category e-Fire barriers and floor assemblies with a 2-hour or greater fire-resistance rating and constructed in accordance with Sections 707 and 712, respectively.

3412.6.5 Corridor walls. Evaluate the fire-resistance rating and degree of completeness of walls which create corridors serving the floor, and constructed in accordance with Section 1018. This evaluation shall not include the wall elements considered under Sections 3412.6.3 and 3412.6.4. Under the categories and groups in Table 3412.6.5, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.5, Corridor Walls, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.5

CORRIDOR WALL VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
a b ca da
A-1 -10 -4 0 2
A-2 -30 -12 0 2
A-3, F, M, R, S-1 -7 -3 0 2
A-4, B, E, S-2 -5 -2 0 5

a. Corridors not providing at least one-half the travel distance for all occupants on a floor shall use Category b.

3412.6.5.1 Categories. The categories for Corridor Walls are:

1. Category a-No fire partitions; incomplete fire partitions; no doors; or doors not self-closing.

2. Category b-Less than 1-hour fire-resistance rating or not constructed in accordance with Section 709.4.

3. Category c-1-hour to less than 2-hour fire-resistance rating, with doors conforming to Section 715 or without corridors as permitted by Section 1018.

4. Category d-2-hour or greater fire-resistance rating, with doors conforming to Section 715.

3412.6.6 Vertical openings. Evaluate the fire-resistance rating of exit enclosures, hoistways, escalator openings and other shaft enclosures within the building, and openings between two or more floors. Table 3412.6.6(1) contains the appropriate protection values. Multiply that value by the construction type factor found in Table 3412.6.6(2). Enter the vertical opening value and its sign (positive or negative) in Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.6, Vertical Openings, for fire safety, means of egress, and general safety. If the structure is a one-story building or if all the unenclosed vertical openings within the building conform to the requirements of Section 708, enter a value of 2. The maximum positive value for this requirement shall be 2.

3412.6.6.1 Vertical opening formula. The following formula shall be used in computing vertical opening value.

VO = PV x CF(Equation 34-4)

VO = Vertical opening value.

PV = Protection value [Table 3412.6.6(1)].

CF = Construction type factor [Table 3412.6.6(2)].

TABLE 3412.6.6(1)

VERTICAL OPENING PROTECTION VALUE

PROTECTION VALUE
None (unprotected opening) -2 times number floors connected
Less than 1 hour -1 times number floors connected
1 to less than 2 hours 1
2 hours or more 2

TABLE 3412.6.6(2)

CONSTRUCTION-TYPE FACTOR

FACTOR TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION
IA IB IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IV VA VB
1.2 1.5 2.2 3.5 2.5 3.5 2.3 3.3 7

3412.6.7 HVAC systems. Evaluate the ability of the HVAC system to resist the movement of smoke and fire beyond the point of origin. Under the categories in Section 3412.6.7.1, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.7, HVAC Systems, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

3412.6.7.1 Categories. The categories for HVAC systems are:

1. Category a-Plenums not in accordance with Section 602 of the mechanical code. -10 points.

2. Category b-Air movement in egress elements not in accordance with Section 1018.5. -5 points.

3. Category c-Both categories a and b are applicable. -15 points.

4. Category d-Compliance of the HVAC system with Section 1018.5 and Section 602 of the mechanical code. 0 points.

5. Category e-Systems serving one story; or a central boiler/chiller system without ductwork connecting two or more stories. 5 points.

3412.6.8 Automatic fire detection. Evaluate the smoke detection capability based on the location and operation of automatic fire detectors in accordance with Section 907 and the mechanical code. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.8, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.8, Automatic Fire Detection, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.8

AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
  a b c d e
A-1, A-3, F, M, R, S-1 -10 -5 0 2 6
A-2 -25 -5 0 5 9
A-4, B, E, S-2 -4 -2 0 4 8

3412.6.8.1 Categories. The categories for automatic fire detection are:

1. Category a-None.

2. Category b-Existing smoke detectors in HVAC systems and maintained in accordance with the fire code.

3. Category c-Smoke detectors in HVAC systems. The detectors are installed in accordance with the requirements for new buildings in the mechanical code.

4. Category d-Smoke detectors throughout all floor areas other than individual sleeping units, tenant spaces and dwelling units.

5. Category e-Smoke detectors installed throughout the floor area.

3412.6.9 Fire alarm systems. Evaluate the capability of the fire alarm system in accordance with Section 907. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.9, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.9, Fire Alarm Systems, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.9

FIRE ALARM SYSTEM VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
a ba c d
A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, B, E, R -10 -5 0 5
F, M, S 0 5 10 15

a. For buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, add 2 points for activation by a sprinkler waterflow device.

3412.6.9.1 Categories. The categories for fire alarm systems are:

1. Category a-None.

2. Category b-Fire alarm system with manual fire alarm boxes in accordance with Section 907.3 and alarm notification appliances in accordance with Section 907.9.

3. Category c-Fire alarm system in accordance with Section 907.

4. Category d-Category c plus a required emergency voice/alarm communications system and a fire command center that conforms to Section 403.4.5 and contains the emergency voice/alarm communications system controls, fire department communication system controls and any other controls specified in Section 911 where those systems are provided.

3412.6.10 Smoke control. Evaluate the ability of a natural or mechanical venting, exhaust or pressurization system to control the movement of smoke from a fire. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.10, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.10, Smoke Control, for means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.10

SMOKE CONTROL VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
a b c d e f
A-1, A-2, A-3 0 1 2 3 6 6
A-4, E 0 0 0 1 3 5
B, M, R 0 2a 3a 3a 3a 4a
F, S 0 2a 2a 3a 3a 3a

a. This value shall be 0 if compliance with Category d or e in Section 3412.6.8.1 has not been obtained.

3412.6.10.1 Categories. The categories for smoke control are:

1. Category a-None.

2. Category b-The building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system. Openings are provided in exterior walls at the rate of 20 square feet ( 1.86 m2) per 50 linear feet (15 240 mm) of exterior wall in each story and distributed around the building perimeter at intervals not exceeding 50 feet (15 240 mm). Such openings shall be readily openable from the inside without a key or separate tool and shall be provided with ready access thereto. In lieu of operable openings, clearly and permanently marked tempered glass panels shall be used.

3. Category c-One enclosed exit stairway, with ready access thereto, from each occupied floor of the building. The stairway has operable exterior windows and the building has openings in accordance with Category b.

4. Category d-One smokeproof enclosure and the building has openings in accordance with Category b.

5. Category e-The building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system. Each floor area is provided with a mechanical air-handling system designed to accomplish smoke containment. Return and exhaust air shall be moved directly to the outside without recirculation to other floor areas of the building under fire conditions. The system shall exhaust not less than six air changes per hour from the floor area. Supply air by mechanical means to the floor area is not required. Containment of smoke shall be considered as confining smoke to the fire area involved without migration to other floor areas. Any other tested and approved design which will adequately accomplish smoke containment is permitted.

6. Category f-Each stairway shall be one of the following: a smokeproof enclosure in accordance with Section 1022.9; pressurized in accordance with Section 909.20.5 or shall have operable exterior windows.

3412.6.11 Means of egress capacity and number. Evaluate the means of egress capacity and the number of exits available to the building occupants. In applying this section, the means of egress are required to conform to the following sections of this code: 1003.7, 1004, 1005.1, 1014.2, 1014.3, 1015.2, 1021, 1025.1, 1027.2, 1027.6, 1028.2, 1028.3, 1028.4 and 1029 [except that the minimum width required by this section shall be determined solely by the width for the required capacity in accordance with Table 3412.6.11(1)]. The number of exits credited is the number that is available to each occupant of the area being evaluated. Existing fire escapes shall be accepted as a component in the means of egress when conforming to Section 3406. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.11(2), determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.11, Means of Egress Capacity, for means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.11(2)

MEANS OF EGRESS VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
  aa b c d e
A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, E -10 0 2 8 10
B, F, S -1 0 0 0 0
M -3 0 1 2 4
R -3 0 0 0 0

a. The values indicated are for buildings six stories or less in height. For buildings over six stories above grade plane, add an additional -10 points.

TABLE 3412.6.11(1)

EGRESS WIDTH PER OCCUPANT SERVED

OCCUPANCY WITHOUT SPRINKLER SYSTEM WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEMa
Stairways (inches per occupant) Other egress components (inches per occupant) Stairways (inches per occupant) Other egress components (inches per occupant)
Occupancies other than those listed below 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.15
Hazardous: H-1, H-2, H-3 and H-4 Not Permitted Not Permitted 0.3 0.2
Institutional: I-2 Not Permitted Not Permitted 0.3 0.2

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

3412.6.11.1 Categories. The categories for Means of Egress Capacity and number of exits are:

a. Category a-Compliance with the minimum required means of egress capacity or number of exits is achieved through the use of a fire escape in accordance with Section 3406.

b. Category b-Capacity of the means of egress complies with Section 1004 and the number of exits complies with the minimum number required by Section 1021.

c. Category c-Capacity of the means of egress is equal to or exceeds 125 percent of the required means of egress capacity, the means of egress complies with the minimum required width dimensions specified in the code and the number of exits complies with the minimum number required by Section 1021.

d. Category d-The number of exits provided exceeds the number of exits required by Section 1021. Exits shall be located a distance apart from each other equal to not less than that specified in Section 1015.2.

e. Category e-The area being evaluated meets both Categories c and d.

3412.6.12 Dead ends. In spaces required to be served by more than one means of egress, evaluate the length of the exit access travel path in which the building occupants are confined to a single path of travel. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.12, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.12, Dead Ends, for means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.12

DEAD-END VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIESa
a b c
A-1, A-3, A-4, B, E, F, M, R, S -2 0 2
A-2, E -2 0 2

a. For dead-end distances between categories, the dead-end value shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

3412.6.12.1 Categories. The categories for dead ends are:

1. Category a-Dead end of 35 feet (10 670 mm) in nonsprinklered buildings or 70 feet (21 340 mm) in sprinklered buildings.

2. Category b-Dead end of 20 feet (6096 mm); or 50 feet (15 240 mm) in Group B in accordance with Section 1018.4, exception 2.

3. Category c - No dead ends; or ratio of length to width (l/w) is less than 2.5:1.

3412.6.13 Maximum exit access travel distance. Evaluate the length of exit access travel to an approved exit. Determine the appropriate points in accordance with the following equation and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.13, Maximum Exit Access Travel Distance, for means of egress and general safety. The maximum allowable exit access travel distance shall be determined in accordance with Section 1016.1.

Points = 20 x Maximum allowable travel dis tan ce - Maximum actual travel dis tan ce / Maximum allowable travel dis tan ce

3412.6.14 Elevator control. Evaluate the passenger elevator equipment and controls that are available to the fire department to reach all occupied floors. Elevator recall controls shall be provided in accordance with the fire code. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.14, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.14, Elevator Control, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety. The values shall be zero for a single-story building.

TABLE 3412.6.14

ELEVATOR CONTROL VALUES

ELEVATOR TRAVEL CATEGORIES
a b c d
Less than 25 feet of travel above or below the primary level of elevator access for emergency fire-fighting or rescue personnel -2 0 0 +2
Travel of 25 feet or more above or below the primary level of elevator access for emergency fire-fighting or rescue personnel -4 NP 0 +4

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

3412.6.14.1 Categories. The categories for elevator controls are:

1. Category a-No elevator.

2. Category b-Any elevator without Phase I and II recall.

3. Category c-All elevators with Phase I and II recall as required by the fire code.

4. Category d-All meet Category c; or Category b where permitted to be without recall; and at least one elevator that complies with new construction requirements serves all occupied floors.

3412.6.15 Means of egress emergency lighting. Evaluate the presence of and reliability of means of egress emergency lighting. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.15, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.15, Means of Egress Emergency Lighting, for means of egress and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.15

MEANS OF EGRESS EMERGENCY LIGHTING VALUES

NUMBER OF EXITS REQUIRED BY SECTION 1014 CATEGORIES
a b c
Two or more exits NP 0 4
Minimum of one exit 0 1 1

3412.6.15.1 Categories. The categories for means of egress emergency lighting are:

1. Category a-Means of egress lighting and exit signs not provided with emergency power in accordance with Chapter 27.

2. Category b-Means of egress lighting and exit signs provided with emergency power in accordance with Chapter 27.

3. Category c-Emergency power provided to means of egress lighting and exit signs which provides protection in the event of power failure to the site or building.

3412.6.16 Mixed occupancies. Where a building has two or more occupancies that are not in the same occupancy classification, the separation between the mixed occupancies shall be evaluated in accordance with this section. Where there is no separation between the mixed occupancies or the separation between mixed occupancies does not qualify for any of the categories indicated in Section 3412.6.16.1, the building shall be evaluated as indicated in Section 3412.6 and the value for mixed occupancies shall be zero. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3410.6.16, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.16, Mixed Occupancies, for fire safety and general safety. For buildings without mixed occupancies, the value shall be zero.

TABLE 3412.6.16

MIXED OCCUPANCY VALUESa

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
a b c
A-1, A-2, R -10 0 10
A-3, A-4, B, E, F, M, S -5 0 5

a. For fire-resistance ratings between categories, the value shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

3412.6.16.1 Categories. The categories for mixed occupancies are:

1. Category a-Occupancies separated by minimum 1-hour fire barriers or minimum 1-hour horizontal assemblies, or both.

2. Category b-Separations between occupancies in accordance with Section 508.4.

3. Category c-Separations between occupancies having a fire-resistance rating of not less than twice that required by Section 508.3.3.

3412.6.17 Automatic sprinklers. Evaluate the ability to suppress a fire based on the installation of an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1. "Required sprinklers" shall be based on the requirements of this code. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.17, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.17, Automatic Sprinklers, for fire safety, means of egress divided by 2 and general safety.

TABLE 3412.6.17

SPRINKLER SYSTEM VALUES

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
a b c d e f
A-1, A-3, F, M, R, S-1 -6 -3 0 2 4 6
A-2 -4 -2 0 1 2 4
A-4, B, E, S-2 -12 -6 0 3 6 12

3412.6.17.1 Categories. The categories for automatic sprinkler system protection are:

1. Category a-Sprinklers are required throughout; sprinkler protection is not provided or the sprinkler system design is not adequate for the hazard protected in accordance with Section 903.

2. Category b-Sprinklers are required in a portion of the building; sprinkler protection is not provided or the sprinkler system design is not adequate for the hazard protected in accordance with Section 903.

3. Category c-Sprinklers are not required; none are provided.

4. Category d-Sprinklers are required in a portion of the building; sprinklers are provided in such portion; the system is one which complied with the code at the time of installation and is maintained and supervised in accordance with Section 903.

5. Category e-Sprinklers are required throughout; sprinklers are provided throughout in accordance with Chapter 9.

6. Category f-Sprinklers are not required throughout; sprinklers are provided throughout in accordance with Chapter 9.

3412.6.18 Standpipes. Evaluate the ability to initiate attack on a fire by making a supply of water available readily through the installation of standpipes in accordance with Section 905. Required standpipes shall be based on the requirements of this code. Under the categories and occupancies in Table 3412.6.18, determine the appropriate value and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.18, Standpipes, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety.

3412.6.18

STANDPIPE SYSTEM VALUE

OCCUPANCY CATEGORIES
aa b c d
A-1, A-3, F, M, R, S-1 -6 0 4 6
A-2 -4 0 2 4
A-4, B, E, S-2 -12 0 6 12

a. This option cannot be taken if Category a or b in Section 3412.6.17 isused.

3412.6.18.1 Standpipe. The categories for standpipe systems are:

1. Category a -Standpipes are required; standpipe is not provided or the standpipe system design is not in compliance with Section 905.3.

2. Category b-Standpipes are not required; none are provided.

3. Category c-Standpipes are required; standpipes are provided in accordance with Section 905.

4. Category d-Standpipes are not required; standpipes are provided in accordance with Section 905.

TABLE 3412.6.19

INCIDENTAL ACCESSORY OCCUPANCY AREA VALUESa

PROTECTION REQUIRED BY TABLE 508.2.5 PROTECTION PROVIDED
None 1 Hour AFSS AFSS with SP 1 Hour and AFSS 2 Hours 2 Hours and AFSS
2 Hours and AFSS -4 -3 -2 -2 -1 -2 0
2 Hours, or 1 Hour and AFSS -3 -2 -1 -1 0 0 0
1 Hour and AFSS -3 -2 -1 -1 0 -1 0
1 Hour -1 0 -1 0 0 0 0
1 Hour, or AFSS with SP -1 0 -1 0 0 0 0
AFSS with SP -1 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0
1 Hour or AFSS -1 0 0 0 0 0 0

a. AFSS = Automatic fire suppression system; SP = Smoke partitions (See Section 508.2.5).

Note: For Table 3412.7, see next page.

3412.6.19 Incidental accessory occupancy. Evaluate the protection of incidental accessory occupancies in accordance with Section 508.2.5. Do not include those where this code requires suppression throughout the buildings, including covered mall buildings, high-rise buildings, public garages and unlimited area buildings. Assign the lowest score from Table 3412.6.19 for the building or floor area being evaluated and enter that value into Table 3412.7 under Safety Parameter 3412.6.19, Incidental Accessory Occupancy, for fire safety, means of egress and general safety. If there are no specific occupancy areas in the building or floor area being evaluated, the value shall be zero.

3412.7 Building score. After determining the appropriate data from Section 3412.6, enter those data in Table 3412.7 and total the building score.

3412.8 Safety scores. The values in Table 3412.8 are the required mandatory safety scores for the evaluation process listed in Section 3412.6.

3412.9 Evaluation of building safety. The mandatory safety score in Table 3412.8 shall be subtracted from the building score in Table 3412.7 for each category. Where the final score for any category equals zero or more, the building is in compliance with the requirements of this section for that category. Where the final score for any category is less than zero, the building is not in compliance with the requirements of this section.

TABLE 3412.8

MANDATORY SAFETY SCORESa

OCCUPANCY FIRE SAFETY (MFS) MEANS OF EGRESS (MME) GENERAL SAFETY (MGS)
A-1 16 27 27
A-2 19 30 30
A-3 18 29 29
A-4, E 23 34 34
B 24 34 34
F 20 30 30
M 19 36 36
R 17 34 34
S-1 15 25 25
S-2 23 33 33

a. MFS = Mandatory Fire Safety;

MME = Mandatory Means of Egress;

MGS = Mandatory General Safety.

TABLE 3412.9

EVALUATION FORMULASa

FORMULA T. 3410.7 T. 3410.8 SCORE PASS FAIL
FS-MFS >= 0 (FS) - _____(MFS) = _____ _____ _____
ME-MME >= 0 (ME) - _____ (MME) = _____ _____ _____
GS-MGS >=0 (GS) - _____ (MGS) = _____ _____ _____

a. FS = Fire Safety MFS = Mandatory Fire Safety

ME = Means of Egress MME = Mandatory Means of Egress

GS = General Safety MGS = Mandatory General Safety

3412.9.1 Mixed occupancies. For mixed occupancies, the following provisions shall apply:

1. Where the separation between mixed occupancies does not qualify for any category indicated in Section 3412.6.16, the mandatory safety scores for the occupancy with the lowest general safety score in Table 3412.8 shall be utilized (see Section 3412.6.)

2. Where the separation between mixed occupancies qualifies for any category indicated in Section 3412.6.16, the mandatory safety scores for each occupancy shall be placed against the evaluation scores for the appropriate occupancy.

TABLE 3412.7

SUMMARY SHEET - BUILDING CODE

Existing occupancy: Proposed occupancy: _______________________________________
Year building was constructed: ________________________________ Number of stories: ___________ Height in feet: _________________
Type of construction: _______________________________________ Area per floor:
Percentage of open perimeter increase: ______ %   
Completely suppressed: Yes _______ No _______ Corridor wall rating: _______________________________________
Compartmentation: Yes _______ No Required door closers: Yes No
Fire-resistance rating of vertical opening enclosures: _______________________________________   
Type of HVAC system: _____________________________________ , serving number of floors:
Automatic fire detection: Yes _______ No Type and location: _________________________________________
Fire alarm system: Yes _______ No Type:
Smoke control: Yes _______ No ________ Type:
Adequate exit routes: Yes _______ No ________ Dead ends: Yes ________ No ________
Maximum exit access travel distance: Elevator controls: Yes ________ No ________
Means of egress emergency lighting: Yes _______ No ________ Mixed occupancies: Yes No

SAFETY PARAMETERS FIRE SAFETY (FS) MEANS OF EGRESS (ME) GENERAL SAFETY (GS)
3412.6.1 Building Height      
3412.6.2 Building Area      
3412.6.3 Compartmentation      
3412.6.4 Tenant and Dwelling Unit Separations      
3412.6.5 Corridor Walls      
3412.6.6 Vertical Openings      
3412.6.7 HVAC Systems      
3412.6.8 Automatic Fire Detection      
3412.6.9 Fire Alarm Systems      
3412.6.10 Smoke Control * * * *    
3412.6.11 Means of Egress Capacity * * * *    
3412.6.12 Dead Ends * * * *    
3412.6.13 Maximum Exit Access Travel Distance * * * *    
3412.6.14 Elevator Control      
3412.6.15 Means of Egress Emergency Lighting * * * *    
3412.6.16 Mixed Occupancies   * * * *  
3412.6.17 Automatic Sprinklers   / 2=  
3412.6.18 Standpipes      
3412.6.19 Incidental Accessory Occupancy      
Building score - total value      

Effective: 03/15/2012
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.10 , 3781.11 , 3791.04
Prior Effective Dates: 1/1/02, 1/1/03, 3/1/05, 9/6/05, 7/1/07, 11/1/07, 11/1/11

4101:1-34-01.2 Maintenance. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-01.3 Compliance with other codes. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-02 Definitions. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-02.1 Definitions. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.1 Existing buildings or structures. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.1.1 Additions to buildings of Groups R and I occupancies. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.1.2 Additions to buildings of Groups other than R and I occupancies. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.2.1 Existing live load. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.5 Alterations to other systems, components and materials. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-03.6 Repairs to other systems components and materials. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-04.1.3 New fire escapes. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-06.1 Conformance. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-06.2 Certificate of occupancy. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-08.1 Conformance. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.1 Scope. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.5 Alterations. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.6 Alterations affecting an area containing a primary function. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.6.1 Disproportionate costs and alternative compliance. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.1 Elevators. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.2 Elevators. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.3 Platform lifts. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.4 Ramps. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.7 Dwelling or sleeping units. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.8 Dwelling or sleeping units. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.7.11 Check-out aisles. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.8 Historic buildings. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.8.1 Site arrival points. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.8.3 Entrances. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.8.4 Toilet and bathing facilities. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-09.8.5 Ramps. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.2 Applicability. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.2.3 Additions. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.2.5 Accessibility requirements. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.3.2 Compliance with other codes. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.2 Building area. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.2.1 Allowable area formula. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.2.2 Area formula. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.8.1 Categories. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.11.1 Categories. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.6.18 Incidental use. [Rescinded].

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4101:1-34-10.7 Building score. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05