Chapter 4101:3-11 Storm sewer drainage

4101:3-11-01 Storm drainage.

[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:3-15-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]

SECTION 1101

GENERAL

1101.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, construction and installation of storm drainage.

1101.2 Disposal. Rainwater from roofs and storm water from paved areas, yards, courts and courtyards in buildings shall drain to an approved place of disposal. For one-, two-, and three- family dwellings, and where approved, storm water is permitted to discharge onto flat areas, such as streets or lawns, provided that the storm water flows away from the building.

1101.3 Prohibited drainage. Storm water shall not be drained into sewers intended for sewage only.

1101.4 Tests. The conductors and the building storm drain shall be tested in accordance with Section 312.

1101.5 Change in size. The size of a drainage pipe shall not be reduced in the direction of flow.

1101.6 Fittings and connections. All connections and changes in direction of the storm drainage system shall be made with approved drainage-type fittings in accordance with Table 706.3. The fittings shall not obstruct or retard flow in the system.

1101.7 Roof design. Roofs shall be designed for the maximum possible depth of water that will pond thereon as determined by the relative levels of roof deck and overflow weirs, scuppers, edges or serviceable drains in combination with the deflected structural elements. In determining the maximum possible depth of water, all primary roof drainage means shall be assumed to be blocked. The maximum possible depth of water on the roof shall include the height of the water required above the inlet of the secondary roof drainage means to achieve the required flow rate of the secondary drainage means to accommodate the design rainfall rate as required by Section 1106.

1101.8 Cleanouts required. Cleanouts shall be installed in the storm drainage system and shall comply with the provisions of this code for sanitary drainage pipe cleanouts.

Exception: Subsurface drainage system.

1101.9 Backwater valves. Storm drainage systems shall be provided with backwater valves as required for sanitary drainage systems in accordance with Section 715.

SECTION 1102

MATERIALS

1102.1 General. The materials and methods utilized for the construction and installation of storm drainage systems shall comply with this section and the applicable provisions of Chapter 7.

1102.2 Inside storm drainage conductors. Inside storm drainage conductors installed above ground shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 702.1.

1102.3 Underground building storm drain pipe. Underground building storm drain pipe shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 702.2.

1102.4 Building storm sewer pipe. Deleted.

TABLE 1102.4 BUILDING STORM SEWER PIPE Deleted.

1102.5 Subsoil drain pipe. Subsoil drains shall be open jointed, horizontally split or perforated pipe conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.5.

TABLE 1102.5

SUBSOIL DRAIN PIPE

MATERIAL

STANDARD

Cast-iron pipe

ASTM A 74; ASTM A 888; CISPI 301

Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe

ASTM F 405; CSA B 182.1; CSA B 182.6; CSA B 182.8

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Plastic pipe (type sewer pipe, SDR35, PS25, PS50 or PS100)

ASTM D 2729; ASTM D 3034, ASTM F 891; CSA B 182.2; CSA B 182.4

Stainless steel drainage systems, Type 316L

ASME A 112.3.1

Vitrified clay pipe

ASTM C 4; ASTM C 700

1102.6 Roof Drains. Roof drains shall conform to ASME A112.6.4 or ASME A112.3.1.

1102.7 Fittings. Pipe fittings shall be approved for installation with the piping material installed, and shall conform to the respective pipe standards or one of the standards listed in Table 1102.7. The fittings shall not have ledges, shoulders or reductions capable of retarding or obstructing flow in the piping. Threaded drainage pipe fittings shall be of the recessed drainage type.

TABLE 1102.7 PIPE FITTING

MATERIAL

STANDARD

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic

ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 3311; CSA B 181.1

Cast-iron

ASME B 16.4; ASME B 16.12; ASTM A 888; CISPI 301; ASTM A 74

Coextruded composite ABS and drain DR-PS in PS35, PS50, PS100, PS140, PS200

ASTM D 2751

Coextruded composite ABS DWV Schedule 40 IPS pipe (solid or cellular core)

ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 628

Coextruded composite PVC DWV Schedule 40 IPS-DR, PS140, PS200 (solid or cellular core)

ASTM D 2665; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 891

Coextruded composite PVC sewer and drain DR-PS in PS35, PS50, PS100, PS140, PS200

ASTM D 3034

Copper or copper alloy

ASME B 16.15; ASME B 16.18; ASME B 16.22; ASME B 16.23; ASME B 16.26; ASME B 16.29

Gray iron and ductile iron

AWWA C110/A 21.10

Malleable iron

ASME B 16.3

Plastic, general

ASTM F 409

Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe

ASTM F 2306/F 2306M

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic

ASTM D 2665; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 1866

Steel

ASME B 16.9; ASME B 16.11; ASME B 16.28

Stainless steel drainage systems, Type 316L

ASME A112.3.1

SECTION 1103

TRAPS

1103.1 Main trap. Leaders and storm drains connected to a combined sewer shall be trapped. Individual storm water traps shall be installed on the storm water drain branch serving each conductor, or a single trap shall be installed in the main storm drain just before its connection with the combined building sewer or the public sewer. Leaders and storm drains connected to a building storm sewer shall not be required to be trapped.

1103.2 Material. Storm water traps shall be of the same material as the piping system to which they are attached.

1103.3 Size. Traps for individual conductors shall be the same size as the horizontal drain to which they are connected.

1103.4 Cleanout. An accessible cleanout shall be installed on the building side of the trap.

SECTION 1104

CONDUCTORS AND CONNECTIONS

1104.1 Prohibited use. Conductor pipes shall not be used as soil, waste or vent pipes, and soil, waste or vent pipes shall not be used as conductors.

1104.2 Floor drains. Floor drains shall not be connected to a storm drain.

SECTION 1105

ROOF DRAINS

1105.1 General. Roof drains shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The inside opening for the roof drain shall not be obstructed by the roofing membrane material.

1105.2 Roof drain flow rate. The published roof drain flow rate, based on the head of water above the roof drain, shall be used to size the storm drainage system in accordance with Section 1106. The flow rate used for sizing the storm drainage piping shall be based on the maximum anticipated ponding at the roof drain.

SECTION 1106

SIZE OF CONDUCTORS, LEADERS AND STORM DRAINS

1106.1 General. The size of the vertical conductors and leaders, building storm drains, and any horizontal branches of such drains shall be based on the 100-year hourly rainfall rate indicated in Figure 1106.1 or on other rainfall rates determined from approved local weather data.


                image: oh/admin/2017/4101_3_11_01_ph_ff_n_ru_20170526_1437_1.jpg

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.

FIGURE 1106.1

100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) EASTERN UNITED STATES


                image: oh/admin/2017/4101_3_11_01_ph_ff_n_ru_20170526_1437_2.jpg

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.

FIGURE 1106.1 (ENLARGED)

100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) EASTERN UNITED STATES

1106.2 Size of storm drain piping. Vertical and horizontal storm drain piping shall be sized based on the flow rate through the roof drain. The flow rate in storm drain piping shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.2.

1106.3 Vertical leader sizing. Vertical leaders shall be sized based on the flow rate from horizontal gutters or the maximum flow rate through roof drains. The flow rate through vertical leaders shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.3.

1106.4 Vertical walls. In sizing roof drains and storm drainage piping, one-half of the area of any vertical wall that diverts rainwater to the roof shall be added to the projected roof area for inclusion in calculating the required size of vertical conductors, leaders and horizontal storm drainage piping.

1106.5 Parapet wall scupper location. Parapet wall roof drainage scupper and overflow scupper location shall comply with the requirements of Section 1503.4 of the building code.

1106.6 Size of roof gutters. Horizontal gutters shall be sized based on the flow rate from the roof surface. The flow rate in horizontal gutters shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.6.

SECTION 1107

SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEMS

1107.1 General. Siphonic roof drains and drainage systems shall be designed in accordance with ASME A112.6.9 and ASPE 45.

SECTION 1108

SECONDARY (EMERGENCY) ROOF DRAINS

1108.1 Secondary (emergency overflow) drains or scuppers. Where roof drains are required, secondary (emergency overflow) roof drains or scuppers shall be provided where the roof perimeter construction extends above the roof in such a manner that water will be entrapped if the primary drains allow buildup for any reason. Where primary and secondary roof drains are manufactured as a single assembly, the inlet and outlet for each drain shall be independent.

1108.2 Separate systems required. Secondary roof drain systems shall have the end point of discharge separate from the primary system. Discharge shall be above grade, in a location that would normally be observed by the building occupants or maintenance personnel.

TABLE 1106.3

VERTICAL LEADER SIZING

SIZE OF LEADER (inches)

CAPACITY (gpm)

2

30

2 × 2

30

1½ x 2½

30

54

2½ 2½

54

3

92

2 × 4

92

2½ x 3

92

4

192

3 × 4¼

192

3½ x 4

192

55

360

4 × 5

360

4½ x 4½

360

6

563

5 × 6

563

5½ x 5½

563

8

1208

6 × 8

1208

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m.

TABLE 1106.2

STORM DRAIN PIPE SIZING

PIPE SIZE (inches)

CAPACITY (gpm)

VERTICAL DRAIN

SLOPE OF HORIZONTAL DRAIN

1 /16 inch per foot

1 /8 inch per foot

¼ inch per foot

½ inch per foot

2

34

15

22

31

44

3

87

39

55

79

111

4

180

81

115

163

231

5

311

117

165

234

331

6

538

243

344

487

689

8

1,117

505

714

1,010

1,429

10

2,050

927

1,311

1,855

2,623

12

3,272

1,480

2,093

2,960

4,187

15

5,543

2,508

3,546

5,016

7,093

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m.

1108.3 Sizing of secondary drains. Secondary (emergency) roof drain systems shall be sized in accordance with Section 1106 based on the rainfall rate for which the primary system is sized. Scuppers shall be sized to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1101.7. Scuppers shall have an opening dimension of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). The flow through the primary system shall not be considered when sizing the secondary roof drain system.

SECTION 1109

COMBINED SANITARY AND STORM PUBLIC SEWER

1109.1 General. Deleted.

SECTION 1110

CONTROLLED FLOW ROOF DRAIN SYSTEMS

1110.1 General. The roof of a structure shall be designed for the storage of water where the storm drainage system is engineered for controlled flow. The controlled flow roof drain system shall be an engineered system in accordance with this section and the design, submittal, approval, inspection and testing requirements of Sections 106.5, 107, and 108 of the building code and Section 312 of this code. The controlled flow system shall be designed based on the required rainfall rate in accordance with Section 1106.1.

1110.2 Control devices. The control devices shall be installed so that the rate of discharge of water per minute shall not exceed the values for continuous flow as indicated in Section 1110.1.

1110.3 Installation. Runoff control shall be by control devices. Control devices shall be protected by strainers.

1110.4 Minimum number of roof drains. Not less than two roof drains shall be installed in roof areas 10,000 square feet (929 m2) or less and not less than four roof drains shall be installed in roofs over 10,000 square feet (929 m2) in area.

SECTION 1111

SUBSOIL DRAINS

1111.1 Subsoil drains. Subsoil drains shall be open-jointed, horizontally split or perforated pipe conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.5. Such drains shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter. Where the building is subject to backwater, the subsoil drain shall be protected by an accessibly located backwater valve. Subsoil drains shall discharge to a trapped area drain, sump, dry well or approved location above ground. The subsoil sump shall not be required to have either a gas-tight cover or a vent. The sump and pumping system shall comply with Section 1113.1.

TABLE 1106.6

HORIZONTAL GUTTER SIZING

GUTTER DIMENSIONSa (inches)

SLOPE (inch per foot)

CAPACITY (gpm)

1½ x 2½

¼

26

1½ x 2½

½

40

4

1/8

39

2¼ x 3

¼

55

2¼ x 3

½

87

5

1/8

74

4 × 2½

¼

106

3 × 3½

½

156

6

1/8

110

3 × 5

¼

157

3 × 5

½

225

8

1/16

172

8

1/8

247

4½× 6

¼

348

4½× 6

½

494

10

1/16

331

10

1/8

472

5 × 8

¼

651

4 × 10

½

1055

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m, 1 inch per foot = 83.3 mm/m.

a. Dimensions are width by depth for rectangular shapes. Single dimensions are diameters of a semicircle.

SECTION 1112

BUILDING SUBDRAINS

1112.1 Building subdrains. Building subdrains located below the public sewer level shall discharge into a sump or receiving tank, the contents of which shall be automatically lifted and discharged into the drainage system as required for building sumps. The sump and pumping equipment shall comply with Section 1113.1.

SECTION 1113

SUMPS AND PUMPING SYSTEMS

1113.1 Pumping system. The sump pump, pit and discharge piping shall conform to Sections 1113.1.1 through 1113.1.4.

1113.1.1 Pump capacity and head. The sump pump shall be of a capacity and head appropriate to anticipated use requirements.

1113.1.2 Sump pit. The sump pit shall be not less than 18 inches (457 mm) in diameter and not less than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth, unless otherwise approved. The pit shall be accessible and located such that all drainage flows into the pit by gravity. The sump pit shall be constructed of tile, steel, plastic, cast iron, concrete or other approved material, with a removable cover adequate to support anticipated loads in the area of use. The pit floor shall be solid and provide permanent support for the pump.

1113.1.3 Electrical. Electrical service outlets, when required, shall meet the requirements of NFPA 70.

1113.1.4 Piping. Discharge piping shall meet the requirements of Section 1102.2or 1102.3 and shall include a full open gate valve and a full flow check valve. Pipe and fittings shall be the same size as, or larger than, the pump discharge tapping.

Exception: In buildings where the "Residential Code of Ohio" applies, only a check valve shall be required, located on the discharge piping from the pump or ejector.

1113.1.5 Water-powered sump pumps. Water-powered sump pumps are only to be used as a secondary back-up pump for the subsoil drainage system and only with appropriate backflow protection in place as required by Section 608.

Replaces: 4101:3-11-01

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 4101:3-11-01

Effective: 11/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 11/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A), 4104.43(A)(1)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.03(D), 3781.10 , 3781.11, 3791.04
Prior Effective Dates: 3/1/98, 1/1/02, 7/1/07, 11/1/11

4101:3-11-01.2 Where required. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07

4101:3-11-02.4 Building storm sewer pipe. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-02.5 Subsoil drain pipe. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-02.7 Fittings. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-04.2 Combining storm with sanitary drainage. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07

4101:3-11-07.2 Separate systems required. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-07.3 Sizing of secondary drains. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-08.1 Size of combined drains and sewers. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07

4101:3-11-10.1 General. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07

4101:3-11-11.1 Subsoil drains. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 3-1-05

4101:3-11-13.1.3 Electrical. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07

4101:3-11-13.1.4 Piping. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 7-1-07