[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:3-13-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]
401.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the materials, design and installation of plumbing fixtures, faucets and fixture fittings in accordance with the type of occupancy, and shall provide for the minimum number of fixtures for various types of occupancies.
401.2 Prohibited fixtures and connections. Water closets having a concealed trap seal or an unventilated space or having walls that are not thoroughly washed at each discharge in accordance with ASME A 112.19.2M shall be prohibited. Any water closet that permits siphonage of the contents of the bowl back into the tank shall be prohibited. Trough urinals shall be prohibited.
401.3 Water conservation. The maximum water flow rates and flush volume for plumbing fixtures and fixture fittings shall comply with Section 604.4.
402.1 Quality of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be constructed of approved materials, with smooth, impervious surfaces, free from defects and concealed fouling surfaces, and shall conform to standards cited in this code. All porcelain enameled surfaces on plumbing fixtures shall be acid resistant.
402.2 Materials for specialty fixtures. Materials for specialty fixtures not otherwise covered in this code shall be of stainless steel, soapstone, chemical stoneware or plastic, or shall be lined with lead, copper-base alloy, nickel-copper alloy, corrosion-resistant steel or other material especially suited to the application for which the fixture is intended.
402.3 Sheet copper. Sheet copper for general applications shall conform to ASTM B 152 and shall not weigh less than 12 ounces per square foot ( 3.7 kg/m2).
402.4 Sheet lead. Sheet lead for pans shall not weigh less than 4 pounds persquare foot ( 19.5 kg/m2) coated with an asphalt paint or other approved coating.
MINIMUM PLUMBING FACILITIES
403.1 Minimum number of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be provided for the type of occupancy and in the minimum number shown in Table 403.1. Types of occupancies not shown in Table 403.1 shall be considered individually by the building official. The number of occupants shall be determined by the building code. Occupancy classification shall be determined in accordance with the building code. When the actual occupant load will be significantly different than that determined by section 1004 of the building code, the building official may establish an alternate basis for determining the occupant load. This alternate basis shall be included in the special stipulations and conditions section of the certificate of occupancy issued for that structure pursuant to section 110 of the building code. For accessibility requirements, see "Chapter 11, Accessibility" of the building code.
Exception: Facilities are not required in buildings less than 100 square feet in area if fixtures are available within 500 feet of the building.
MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURESa
(See Sections 403.2 and 403.3 )
|NO.||CLASSIFICATION||OCCUPANCY||DESCRIPTION||WATER CLOSETS(URINALSSEE footnote h)||LAVATORIES||BATHTUBS/ SHOWERS||DRINKING FOUNTAINe, f(SEESECTION410.1 )||OTHER|
|1||Assembly||A-1d||Theaters and other buildings for theperforming arts and motion pictures||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||-||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|A-2d||Nightclubs, bars, taverns, dance halls and buildings for similar purposes||1 per 40||1 per 40||1 per 75||-||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Restaurants, banquet halls and food courts||1 per 75||1 per 75||1 per 200||-||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|A-3d||Auditoriums without permanent seating, art galleries, exhibit-tion halls, museums,lecture halls, libraries, arcades and gymnasiums||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||-||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Passenger terminalsand transportationfacilities||1 per 500||1 per 500||1 per 750||-||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Places of worshipand other religiousservices.||1 per 150||1 per 75||1 per 200||-||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|A-4||Coliseums, arenas, skating rinks, pools and tennis courts for indoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remain der exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 200||1 per 150||-||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|A-5||Stadiums, amusement parks, bleachers and grandstands for outdoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 200||1 per 150||-||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|2||Business||B||Buildings for the transaction of business, professional services, other services involving merchandise, office buildings, banks, light industrial and similar uses||1 per 50||1 per 80||-||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|3||Educational||E||Educational facilities||1 per 50||1 per 50||-||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|4||Factory and industrial||F-1 and F-2||Structures in which occupants are engaged in work fabricating, assembly or processing of products or materials||1 per 100||1 per 100||(see Section 411)||1 per 400||1 service sink|
|5||Institutional||I-1||Residential care||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|I-2||Hospitals, ambulatory nursing home patientsb||1 per room c||1 per room c||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 servicesink perfloor|
|Employees, other than residential careb||1 per 25||1 per 35||-||1 per 100||-|
|Visitors, other than residential care||1 per 75||1 per 100||-||1 per 500||-|
|I-3||Prisonsb||1 per cell||1 per cell||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Reformitories, detention centers, and correctional centersb||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Employeesb||1 per 25||1 per 35||-||1 per 100||-|
|I-4||Adult day care and child care||1 per 15||1 per 15||-||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|6||Mercantilee||M||Retail stores, service stations, shops, salesrooms, markets and shopping centers||1 per 500||1 per 750||-||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|7||Residential||R-1||Hotels, motels, boarding houses (transient)||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||-||1 service sink|
|R-2||Dormitories, fraternities, sororities and boarding houses (not transient)||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|R-2||Apartment house||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 perdwellingunit||-||1 kitchensink perdwellingunit; 1automaticclotheswasherconnectionper 20dwellingunits|
|R-3||Multiple single -family dwellings||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 perdwellingunit||-||1 kitchensink perdwellingunit; 1automaticclotheswasherconnectionperdwellingunit|
|R-3||Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer persons and other R-3 occupancies||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|R-4||Residential care/assisted living facilities||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|8||Storage||S-1||Structures for the storage of goods, warehouses, storehouse and freight depots. Low and Moderate Hazard.||1 per 100||1 per 100||See Section 411||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
a. The fixtures shown are based on one fixture being the minimum required for the number of persons indicated or any fraction of the number of persons indicated. The number of occupants shall be determined by the building code.
b. Toilet facilities for employees shall be separate from facilities for inmates or patients.
c. A single-occupant toilet room with one water closet and one lavatory serving not more than two adjacent patient sleeping units shall be permitted where such room is provided with direct access from each patient sleeping unit and with provisions for privacy.
d. The occupant load for seasonal outdoor seating and entertainment areas shall be included when determining the minimum number of facilities required.
e. The minimum number of required drinking fountains shall comply with Table 403.1 and Chapter 11 of the building code.
f. Drinking fountains are not required for an occupant load of 15 or fewer.
g. Mercantile occupancies are not required to provide customer facilities when the occupant load is 50 or less.
h. In each bathroom or toilet room, urinals shall not be substituted for more than 67 percent of the required water closets in assembly and educational occupancies. Urinals shall not be substituted for more than 50 percent of the required water closets in all other occupancies.
403.1.1 Fixture calculations. To determine the occupant load of each sex, the total occupant load shall be divided in half. To determine the required number of fixtures, the fixture ratio or ratios for each fixture type shall be applied to the occupant load of each sex in accordance with Table 403.1. Fractional numbers resulting from applying the fixture ratios of Table 403.1 shall be rounded up to the next whole number. For calculations involving multiple occupancies, such fractional numbers for each occupancy shall first be summed and then rounded up to the next whole number.
Exception: The total occupant load shall not be required to be divided in half where approved statistical data indicates a distribution of the sexes of other than 50 percent of each sex.
403.1.2 Family or assisted-use toilet and bath fixtures. Fixtures located within family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms required by Section 1109.2.1 of the building code are permitted to be included in the number of required fixtures for either the male or female occupants in assembly and mercantile occupancies.
403.2 Separate facilities. Where plumbing fixtures are required, separate facilities shall be provided for each sex.
1. Separate facilities shall not be required for dwelling units and sleeping units.
2. Separate facilities shall not be required in structures or tenant spaces with a total occupant load, including both employees and customers, of 15 or less.
3. Separate facilities shall not be required in mercantile occupancies in which the maximum occupant load is 50 or less.
403.3 Required public toilet facilities. Customers, patrons and visitors shall be provided with public toilet facilities in structures and tenant spaces intended for public utilization. The number of plumbing fixtures located within the required toilet facilities shall be provided in accordance with Section 403 for all users. Employees shall be provided with toilet facilities in all occupancies. Employee toilet facilities shall be either separate or combined employee and public toilet facilities.
403.3.1 Access. The route to the public toilet facilities required by Section 403.3 shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, closets, or similar spaces not available to the public. Access to the required facilities shall be from within the building or from the exterior of the building. All routes shall comply with the accessibility requirements of the building code. The public shall have access to the required toilet facilities at all times that the building is occupied. The building owner is permitted to control access to the toilet facilities. Where such access is controlled, a sign shall be posted indicating how access is to be obtained.
403.3.2 Location of toilet facilities in occupancies other than covered malls. In occupancies other than covered mall buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet (152 m).
Exception: The location and maximum travel distances to required employee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are permitted to exceed that required by this section, provided that the location and maximum travel distance are approved.
403.3.3 Location of toilet facilities in covered malls. In covered mall buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 300 feet (91 440 mm). In covered mall buildings, the required facilities shall be based on total square footage, and facilities shall be installed in each individual store or in a central toilet area located in accordance with this section. The maximum travel distance to central toilet facilities in covered mall buildings shall be measured from the main entrance of any store or tenant space. In covered mall buildings, where employees' toilet facilities are not provided in the individual store, the maximum travel distance shall be measured from the employees' work area of the store or tenant space.
403.3.4 Pay facilities. Where pay facilities are installed, such facilities shall be in excess of the required minimum facilities. Required facilities shall be free of charge.
403.4 Signage. Required public facilities shall be designated by a legible sign for each sex. Signs shall be readily visible and located near the entrance to each toilet facility.
403.4.1 Directional signage. Directional signage indicating the route to the public facilities shall be posted in accordance with Section 3107 of the building code. Such signage shall be located in a corridor or aisle, at the entrance to the facilities for customers and visitors.
403.5 Enforcement. This section is identical to section 2902 of the building code. It is provided in this code for reference only. Enforcement of the provisions of section 2902 of the building code and this section is the responsibility of the certified building official of the certified municipal, county, or township building department having jurisdiction or the superintendent of the division of industrial compliance.
ACCESSIBLE PLUMBING FACILITIES
404.1 Where required. Accessible plumbing facilities and fixtures shall be provided in accordance with the building code. The provisions of "Chapter 11, Accessibility" of the building code shall control the design and construction of facilities for accessibility to physically disabled persons.
404.2 Enforcement. Enforcement of the provisions of this section is the responsibility of the certified building official of the certified municipal, county, or township building department having jurisdiction or the superintendent of the division of industrial compliance.
INSTALLATION OF FIXTURES
405.1 Water supply protection. The supply lines and fittings for every plumbing fixture shall be installed so as to prevent backflow.
405.2 Access for cleaning. Plumbing fixtures shall be installed so as to afford easy access for cleaning both the fixture and the area around the fixture.
405.3 Setting. Fixtures shall be set level and in proper alignment with reference to adjacent walls.
405.3.1 Water closets, urinals, lavatories and bidets. A water closet, urinal, lavatory or bidet shall not be set closer than 15 inches (381 mm) from its center to any side wall, partition, vanity or other obstruction, or closer than 30 inches (762 mm) center-to-center between adjacent fixtures. There shall be at least a 21-inch (533 mm) clearance in front of the water closet, urinal, lavatory or bidet to any wall, fixture or door. Water closet compartments shall not be less than 30 inches (762 mm) wide and 60 inches (1524 mm) deep (see Figure 405.3.1). See Chapter 11 of the building code for the minimum required dimensions for accessible fixtures.
405.3.2 Public lavatories. In employee and public toilet rooms, the required lavatory shall be located in the same room as the required water closet.
405.4 Floor and wall drainage connections. Connections between the drain and floor outlet plumbing fixtures shall be made with a floor flange. The flange shall be attached to the drain and anchored to the structure. Connections between the drain and wall-hung water closets shall be made with an approved extension nipple or horn adaptor. The water closet shall be bolted to the hanger with corrosion-resistant bolts or screws. Joints shall be sealed with an approved elastomeric gasket, flange-to-fixture connection complying with ASME A 112.4.3 or an approved setting compound.
405.4.1 Floor flanges. Floor flanges for water closets or similar fixtures shall not be less than 0.125 inch ( 3.2 mm) thick for brass, 0.25 inch ( 6.4 mm) thick for plastic, and 0.25 inch ( 6.4 mm) thick and not less than a 2-inch (51 mm) caulking depth for cast-iron or galvanized malleable iron. Floor flanges of hard lead shall weigh not less than 1 pound, 9 ounces ( 0.7 kg) and shall be composed of lead alloy with not less than 7.75 -percent antimony by weight. Closet screws and bolts shall be of brass. Flanges shall be secured to the building structure with corrosion-resistant screws or bolts.
405.4.2 Securing floor outlet fixtures. Floor outlet fixtures shall be secured to the floor or floor flanges by screws or bolts of corrosion-resistant material.
405.4.3 Securing wall-hung water closet bowls.
Wall-hung water closet bowls shall be supported by a concealed metal carrier that is attached to the building structural members so that strain is not transmitted to the closet connector or any other part of the plumbing system. The carrier shall conform to ASME A 112.6.1M or ASME A 112.6.2.
405.5 Water-tight joints. Joints formed where fixtures come in contact with walls or floors shall be sealed.
405.6 Plumbing in mental health centers. Deleted.
405.7 Design of overflows. Where any fixture is provided with an overflow, the waste shall be designed and installed so that standing water in the fixture will not rise in the overflow when the stopper is closed, and no water will remain in the overflow when the fixture is empty.
405.7.1 Connection of overflows. The overflow from any fixture shall discharge into the drainage system on the inlet or fixture side of the trap.
Exception: The overflow from a flush tank serving a water closet or urinal shall discharge into the fixture served.
405.8 Slip joint connections. Slip joints shall be made with an approved elastomeric gasket and shall only be installed on the trap outlet, trap inlet and within the trap seal. Fixtures with concealed slip-joint connections shall be provided with an access panel or utility space at least 12 inches (305 mm) in its smallest dimension or other approved arrangement so as to provide access to the slip joint connections for inspection and repair.
405.9 Design and installation of plumbing fixtures. Integral fixture fitting mounting surfaces on manufactured plumbing fixtures or plumbing fixtures constructed on site, shall meet the design requirements of ASME A 112.19.2M or ASME A 112.19.3M.
AUTOMATIC CLOTHES WASHERS
406.1 Approval. Domestic automatic clothes washers shall conform to ASSE 1007.
406.2 Water connection. The water supply to an automatic clothes washer shall be protected against backflow by an air gap installed integrally within the machine conforming to ASSE 1007 or with the installation of a backflow preventer in accordance with Section 608.
406.3 Waste connection. The waste from an automatic clothes washer shall discharge through an air break into a standpipe in accordance with Section 802.4 or into a laundry sink. The trap and fixture drain for an automatic clothes washer standpipe shall be a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) in diameter. The automatic clothes washer fixture drain shall connect to a branch drain or drainage stack a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter. Automatic clothes washers that discharge by gravity shall be permitted to drain to a waste receptor or an approved trench drain.
407.1 Approval. Bathtubs shall conform to ANSI Z 124.1.2, ASME A 112.19.1M, ASME A 112.19.4M, ASME A 112.19.9M, CSA B 45.2, CSA B 45.3 or CSA B 45.5.
407.2 Bathtub waste outlets. Bathtubs shall have waste outlets a minimum of 1½ inches (38 mm) in diameter. The waste outlet shall be equipped with an approved stopper.
407.3 Glazing. Windows and doors within a bathtub enclosure shall conform to the safety glazing requirements of the building code.
407.4 Bathtub enclosure. Doors within a bathtub enclosure shall conform to ASME A 112.19.15.
408.1 Approval. Bidets shall conform to ASME A 112.19.2M, ASME A 112.19.9M or CSA B 45.1.
408.2 Water connection. The water supply to a bidet shall be protected against backflow by an air gap or backflow preventer in accordance with Section 608.13.1, 608.13.2, 608.13.3, 608.13.5, 608.13.6 or 608.13.8.
408.3 Bidet water temperature. The discharge water temperature from a bidet fitting shall be limited to a maximum temperature of 110°F (43°C) by a water temperature limiting device conforming to ASSE 1070.
409.1 Approval. Domestic dishwashing machines shall conform to ASSE 1006. Commercial dishwashing machines shall conform to ASSE 1004 and NSF 3.
409.2 Water connection. The water supply to a dishwashing machine shall be protected against backflow by an air gap or backflow preventer in accordance with Section 608.
409.3 Waste connection. The waste connection of a dishwashing machine shall comply with Section 802.1.6 or 802.1.7, as applicable.
410.1 Approval. Drinking fountains shall conform to ASME A 112.19.1M, ASME A 112.19.2M or ASME A 112.19.9M and water coolers shall conform to ARI 1010. Drinking fountains and water coolers shall conform to NSF 61, Section 9. Where water is served in restaurants, or where bottled water coolers are provided in other occupancies, drinking fountains shall not be required.
410.2 Prohibited location. Drinking fountains, water coolers and bottled water dispensers shall not be installed in public restrooms.
EMERGENCY SHOWERS AND EYEWASH STATIONS
411.1 Approval. Emergency showers and eyewash stations shall conform to ISEA Z 358.1.
411.2 Waste connection. Waste connections shall not be required for emergency showers and eyewash stations.
FLOOR AND TRENCH DRAINS
412.1 Approval. Floor drains shall conform to ASME A 112.3.1, ASME A 112.6.3 or CSA B79. Trench drains shall comply with ASME A 112.6.3.
412.2 Floor drains. Floor drains shall have removable strainers. The floor drain shall be constructed so that the drain is capable of being cleaned. Access shall be provided to the drain inlet. Ready access shall be provided to floor drains.
Exception: Floor drains serving refrigerated display cases shall be provided with access.
412.3 Size of floor drains. Floor drains shall have a minimum 2-inch-diameter (51 mm) drain outlet.
412.4 Public laundries and central washing facilities. In public coin-operated laundries and in the central washing facilities of multiple-family dwellings, the rooms containing automatic clothes washers shall be provided with floor drains located to readily drain the entire floor area. Such drains shall have a minimum outlet of not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter.
FOOD WASTE GRINDER UNITS
413.1 Approval. Domestic food waste grinders shall conform to ASSE 1008. Commercial food waste grinders shall conform to ASSE 1009. Food waste grinders shall not increase the drainage fixture unit load on the sanitary drainage system.
413.2 Domestic food waste grinder waste outlets. Domestic food waste grinders shall be connected to a drain of not less than 1 ½ inches (38 mm) in diameter.
413.3 Commercial food waste grinder waste outlets. Commercial food waste grinders shall be connected to a drain not less than 1 ½ inches (38 mm) in diameter. Commercial food waste grinders shall be connected and trapped separately from any other fixtures or sink compartments.
413.4 Water supply required. All food waste grinders shall be provided with a supply of cold water. The water supply shall be protected against backflow by an air gap or backflow preventer in accordance with Section 608.
GARBAGE CAN WASHERS
414.1 Water connection. The water supply to a garbage can washer shall be protected against backflow by an air gap or a backflow preventer in accordance with Section 608.13.1, 608.13.2, 608.13.3, 608.13.5, 608.13.6 or 608.13.8.
414.2 Waste connection. Garbage can washers shall be trapped separately. The receptacle receiving the waste from the washer shall have a removable basket or strainer to prevent the discharge of large particles into the drainage system.
415.1 Approval. Laundry trays shall conform to ANSI Z 124.6, ASME A 112.19.1M, ASME A 112.19.3M, ASME A 112.19.9M, CSA B 45.2 or CSA B 45.4.
415.2 Waste outlet. Each compartment of a laundry tray shall be provided with a waste outlet a minimum of 1 ½ inches (38 mm) in diameter and a strainer or crossbar to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
416.1 Approval. Lavatories shall conform to ANSI Z 124.3, ASME A 112.19.1M, ASME A 112.19.2M, ASME A 112.19.3M, ASME A 112.19.4M, ASME A 112.19.9M, CSA B 45.1, CSA B 45.2, CSA B 45.3 or CSA B 45.4. Group wash-up equipment shall conform to the requirements of Section 402. Every 20 inches (508 mm) of rim space shall be considered as one lavatory.
416.2 Cultured marble lavatories. Cultured marble vanity tops with an integral lavatory shall conform to ANSI Z 124.3 or CSA B 45.5.
416.3 Lavatory waste outlets. Lavatories shall have waste outlets not less than 11/4 inches (32 mm) in diameter. A strainer, pop-up stopper, crossbar or other device shall be provided to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
416.4 Movable lavatory systems. Movable lavatory systems shall comply with ASME A 112.19.12.
416.5 Tempered water for public hand-washing facilities. Tempered water shall be delivered from public hand-washing facilities. Tempered water shall be delivered through an approved water-temperature limiting device that conforms to ASSE 1070 or CSA B 125.3.
417.1 Approval. Prefabricated showers and shower compartments shall conform to ANSI Z 124.1.2, ASME A 112.19.9M or CSA B 45.5. Shower valves for individual showers shall conform to the requirements of Section 424.3.
417.2 Water supply riser. Water supply risers from the shower valve to the shower head outlet, whether exposed or concealed, shall be attached to the structure. The attachment to the structure shall be made by the use of support devices designed for use with the specific piping material or by fittings anchored with screws.
417.3 Shower waste outlet. Waste outlets serving showers shall be at least 1 ½ inches (38 mm) in diameter and, for other than waste outlets in bathtubs, shall have removable strainers not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter with strainer openings not less than 1/4 inch ( 6.4 mm) in minimum dimension. Where each shower space is not provided with an individual waste outlet, the waste outlet shall be located and the floor pitched so that waste from one shower does not flow over the floor area serving another shower. Waste outlets shall be fastened to the waste pipe in an approved manner.
417.4 Shower compartments. All shower compartments shall have a minimumof 900 square inches ( 0.58 m2) of interior cross-sectional area. Shower compartments shall not be less than 30 inches (762 mm) in minimum dimension measured from the finished interior dimension of the compartment, exclusive of fixture valves, showerheads, soap dishes, and safety grab bars or rails. Except as required in Section 404, the minimum required area and dimension shall be measured from the finished interior dimension at a height equal to the top of the threshold and at a point tangent to its centerline and shall be continued to a height not less than 70 inches (1778 mm) above the shower drain outlet.
Exception: Shower compartments having not less than 25 inches (635 mm) in minimum dimension measured from the finished interior dimension of the compartment, provided that the shower compartment has a minimum of 1,300 square inches (.838 m2) of cross-sectional area.
417.4.1 Wall area. The wall area above built-in tubs with installed shower heads and in shower compartments shall be constructed of smooth, noncorrosive and nonabsorbent waterproof materials to a height not less than 6 feet (1829 mm) above the room floor level, and not less than 70 inches (1778 mm) where measured from the compartment floor at the drain. Such walls shall form a water-tight joint with each other and with either the tub, receptor or shower floor.
417.4.2 Access. The shower compartment access and egress opening shall have a minimum clear and unobstructed finished width of 22 inches (559 mm). Shower compartments required to be designed in conformance to accessibility provisions shall comply with Section 404.1.
417.5 Shower floors or receptors. Floor surfaces shall be constructed of impervious, noncorrosive, nonabsorbent and waterproof materials.
417.5.1 Support. Floors or receptors under shower compartments shall be laid on, and supported by, a smooth and structurally sound base.
417.5.2 Shower lining. Floors under shower compartments, except where prefabricated receptors have been provided, shall be lined and made water tight utilizing material complying with Sections 417.5. 2.1 through 417.5. 2.5. Such liners shall turn up on all sides at least 2 inches (51 mm) above the finished threshold level. Liners shall be recessed and fastened to an approved backing so as not to occupy the space required for wall covering, and shall not be nailed or perforated at any point less than 1 inch (25 mm) above the finished threshold. Liners shall be pitched one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) and shall be sloped toward the fixture drains and be securely fastened to the waste outlet at the seepage entrance, making a water-tight joint between the liner and the outlet. The completed liner shall be tested in accordance with Section 312.9.
1. Floor surfaces under shower heads provided for rinsing laid directly on the ground are not required to comply with this section.
2. Where a sheet-applied, load-bearing, bonded, waterproof membrane is installed as the shower lining, the membrane shall not be required to be recessed.
417.5. 2.1 PVC sheets. Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sheets shall be a minimum of 0.040 inch ( 1.02 mm) thick, and shall meet the requirements of ASTM D 4551. Sheets shall be joined by solvent welding in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
417.5. 2.2 Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) sheets.
Nonplasticized chlorinated polyethylene sheet shall be a minimum 0.040 inch ( 1.02 mm) thick, and shall meet the requirements of ASTM D 4068. The liner shall be joined in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
417.5. 2.3 Sheet lead. Sheet lead shall not weigh less than 4 pounds per squarefoot ( 19.5 kg/m2) coated with an asphalt paint or other approved coating. The lead sheet shall be insulated from conducting substances other than the connecting drain by 15-pound ( 6.80 kg) asphalt felt or its equivalent. Sheet lead shall be joined by burning.
417.5. 2.4 Sheet copper. Sheet copper shall conform to ASTM B 152 and shall not weigh less than 12 ounces per square foot ( 3.7 kg/m2). The copper sheet shall be insulated from conducting substances other than the connecting drain by 15-pound ( 6.80 kg) asphalt felt or its equivalent. Sheet copper shall be joined by brazing or soldering.
417.5. 2.5 Sheet-applied, load-bearing, bonded, waterproof membranes. Sheet-applied, load-bearing, bonded, waterproof membranes shall meet requirements of ANSI A 118.10 and shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
417.6 Glazing. Windows and doors within a shower enclosure shall conform to the safety glazing requirements of the building code.
418.1 Approval. Sinks shall conform to ANSI Z 124.6, ASME A 112.19.1M, ASME A 112.19.2M, ASME A 112.19.3M, ASME A 112.19.4M, ASME A 112.19.9M, CSA B 45.1, CSA B 45.2, CSA B 45.3 or CSA B 45.4.
418.2 Sink waste outlets. Sinks shall be provided with waste outlets a minimumof 1½ inches (38 mm) in diameter. A strainer or crossbar shall be provided to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
418.3 Movable sink systems. Movable sink systems shall comply with ASME A 112.19.12.
419.1 Approval. Urinals shall conform to ANSI Z 124.9, ASME A 112.19.2M, ASME A 112.19.19, CSA B 45.1 or CSA B 45.5. Urinals shall conform to the water consumption requirements of Section 604.4. Water-supplied urinals shall conform to the hydraulic performance requirements of ASME A 112.19.6, CSA B 45.1 or CSA B 45.5.
419.2 Substitution for water closets. Deleted.
419.3 Surrounding material. Wall and floor space to a point 2 feet (610 mm) in front of a urinal lip and 4 feet (1219 mm) above the floor and at least 2 feet (610 mm) to each side of the urinal shall be waterproofed with a smooth, readily cleanable, nonabsorbent material.
420.1 Approval. Water closets shall conform to the water consumption requirements of Section 604.4 and shall conform to ANSI Z 124.4, ASME A 112.19.2M, CSA B 45.1, CSA B 45.4 or CSA B 45.5. Water closets shall conform to the hydraulic performance requirements of ASME A 112.19.6. Water closet tanks shall conform to ANSI Z 124.4, ASME A 112.19.2, ASME A 112.19.9M, CSA B 45.1, CSA B 45.4 or CSA B 45.5. Electro-hydraulic water closets shall comply with ASME A 112.19.13.
420.2 Water closets for public or employee toilet facilities.
Water closet bowls for public or employee toilet facilities shall be of the elongated type.
420.3 Water closet seats. Water closets shall be equipped with seats of smooth, nonabsorbent material. All seats of water closets provided for public or employee toilet facilities shall be of the hinged open-front type. Integral water closet seats shall be of the same material as the fixture. Water closet seats shall be sized for the water closet bowl type.
420.4 Water closet connections. A 4-inch by 3-inch (102 mm by 76 mm) closet bend shall be acceptable. Where a 3-inch (76 mm) bend is utilized on water closets, a 4-inch by 3-inch (102 mm by 76 mm) flange shall be installed to receive the fixture horn.
421.1 Approval. Whirlpool bathtubs shall comply with ASME A 112.19.7M or with CSA B 45.5 and CSA B45 (Supplement 1).
421.2 Installation. Whirlpool bathtubs shall be installed and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. The pump shall be located above the weir of the fixture trap.
421.3 Drain. The pump drain and circulation piping shall be sloped to drain the water in the volute and the circulation piping when the whirlpool bathtub is empty.
421.4 Suction fittings. Suction fittings for whirlpool bathtubs shall comply with ASME A 112.19.8M.
421.5 Access to pump. Access shall be provided to circulation pumps in accordance with the fixture or pump manufacturer's installation instructions. Where the manufacturer's instructions do not specify the location and minimum size of field-fabricated access openings, a 12-inch by 12-inch (305 mm by 305 mm) minimum sized opening shall be installed to provide access to the circulation pump. Where pumps are located more than 2 feet (609 mm) from the access opening, an 18-inch by 18-inch (457 mm by 457 mm) minimum sized opening shall be installed. A door or panel shall be permitted to close the opening. In all cases, the access opening shall be unobstructed and of the size necessary to permit the removal and replacement of the circulation pump.
421.6 Whirlpool enclosure. Doors within a whirlpool enclosure shall conform to ASME A 112.19.15.
HEALTH CARE FIXTURES AND EQUIPMENT
422.1 Scope. This section shall govern those aspects of health care plumbing systems that differ from plumbing systems in other structures. Health care plumbing systems shall conform to the requirements of this section in addition to the other requirements of this code. The provisions of this section shall apply to the special devices and equipment installed and maintained in the following occupancies: nursing homes, homes for the aged, orphanages, infirmaries, first aid stations, psychiatric facilities, clinics, professional offices of dentists and doctors, mortuaries, educational facilities, surgery, dentistry, research and testing laboratories, establishments manufacturing pharmaceutical drugs and medicines, and other structures with similar apparatus and equipment classified as plumbing.
422.2 Approval. All special plumbing fixtures, equipment, devices and apparatus shall be of an approved type.
422.3 Protection. All devices, appurtenances, appliances and apparatus intended to serve some special function, such as sterilization, distillation, processing, cooling, or storage of ice or foods, and that connect to either the water supply or drainage system, shall be provided with protection against backflow, flooding, fouling, contamination of the water supply system and stoppage of the drain.
422.4 Materials. Fixtures designed for therapy, special cleansing or disposal of waste materials, combinations of such purposes, or any other special purpose, shall be of smooth, impervious, corrosion-resistant materials and, where subjected to temperatures in excess of 180°F (82°C), shall be capable of withstanding, without damage, higher temperatures.
422.5 Access. Access shall be provided to concealed piping in connection with special fixtures where such piping contains steam traps, valves, relief valves, check valves, vacuum breakers or other similar items that require periodic inspection, servicing, maintenance or repair. Access shall be provided to concealed piping that requires periodic inspection, maintenance or repair.
422.6 Clinical sink. A clinical sink shall have an integral trap in which the upper portion of a visible trap seal provides a water surface. The fixture shall be designed so as to permit complete removal of the contents by siphonic or blowout action and to reseal the trap. A flushing rim shall provide water to cleanse the interior surface. The fixture shall have the flushing and cleansing characteristics of a water closet.
422.7 Prohibited usage of clinical sinks and service sinks. A clinical sink serving a soiled utility room shall not be considered as a substitute for, or be utilized as, a service sink. A service sink shall not be utilized for the disposal of urine, fecal matter or other human waste.
422.8 Ice prohibited in soiled utility room. Machines for manufacturing ice, or any device for the handling or storage of ice, shall not be located in a soiled utility room.
422.9 Sterilizer equipment requirements. The approval and installation of all sterilizers shall conform to the requirements of the mechanical code.
422.9.1 Sterilizer piping. Access for the purposes of inspection and maintenance shall be provided to all sterilizer piping and devices necessary for the operation of sterilizers.
422.9.2 Steam supply. Steam supplies to sterilizers, including those connected by pipes from overhead mains or branches, shall be drained to prevent any moisture from reaching the sterilizer. The condensate drainage from the steam supply shall be discharged by gravity.
422.9.3 Steam condensate return. Steam condensate returns from sterilizers shall be a gravity return system.
422.9.4 Condensers. Pressure sterilizers shall be equipped with a means of condensing and cooling the exhaust steam vapors. Nonpressure sterilizers shall be equipped with a device that will automatically control the vapor, confining the vapors within the vessel.
422.10 Special elevations. Control valves, vacuum outlets and devices protruding from a wall of an operating, emergency, recovery, examining or delivery room, or in a corridor or other location where patients are transported on a wheeled stretcher, shall be located at an elevation that prevents bumping the patient or stretcher against the device.
SPECIALTY PLUMBING FIXTURES
423.1 Water connections. Baptisteries, ornamental and lily pools, aquariums, ornamental fountain basins, swimming pools, and similar constructions, where provided with water supplies, shall be protected against backflow in accordance with Section 608.
423.2 Approval. Specialties requiring water and waste connections shall be submitted for approval.
FAUCETS AND OTHER FIXTURE FITTINGS
424.1 Approval. Faucets and fixture fittings shall conform to ASME A 112.18.1/CSA B 125.1. Faucets and fixture fittings that supply drinking water for human ingestion shall conform to the requirements of NSF 61, Section 9. Flexible water connectors exposed to continuous pressure shall conform to the requirements of Section 605.6.
424.1.1 Faucets and supply fittings. Faucets and supply fittings shall conform to the water consumption requirements of Section 604.4.
424.1.2 Waste fittings. Waste fittings shall conform to ASME A 112.18.2/CSA B 125.2, ASTM F 409 or to one of the standards listed in Tables 702.1 and 702.4 for above-ground drainage and vent pipe and fittings.
424.2 Hand showers. Hand-held showers shall conform to ASME A 112.18.1 or CSA B 125.1. Hand-held showers shall provide backflow protection in accordance with ASME A 112.18.1 or CSA B 125.1 or shall be protected against backflow by a device complying with ASME A 112.18.3.
424.3 Individual shower valves. Individual shower and tub-shower combination valves shall be balanced-pressure, thermostatic or combination balanced-pressure/thermostatic valves that conform to the requirements of ASSE 1016 or ASME A 112.18.1/CSA B 125.1 and shall be installed at the point of use. Shower and tub-shower combination valves required by this section shall be equipped with a means to limit the maximum setting of the valve to 120°F (49°C), which shall be field adjusted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. In-line thermostatic valves shall not be utilized for compliance with this section.
424.4 Multiple (gang) showers. Multiple (gang) showers supplied with a single-tempered water supply pipe shall have the water supply for such showers controlled by an approved automatic temperature control mixing valve that conforms to ASSE 1069 or CSA B125, or each shower head shall be individually controlled by a balanced-pressure, thermostatic or combination balanced-pressure/thermostatic valve that conforms to ASSE 1016 or CSA B125 and is installed at the point of use. Such valves shall be equipped with a means to limit the maximum setting of the valve to 120°F (49°C), which shall be field adjusted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
424.5 Bathtub and whirlpool bathtub valves. The hot water supplied to bathtubs and whirlpool bathtubs shall be limited to a maximum temperature of 120°F (49°C) by a water-temperature limiting device that conforms to ASSE 1070 or CSA B 125.3, except where such protection is otherwise provided by a combination tub/shower valve in accordance with Section 424.3.
424.6 Hose-connected outlets. Faucets and fixture fittings with hose-connected outlets shall conform to ASME A 112.18.3M or CSA B125.
424.7 Temperature-actuated, flow reduction valves for individual fixture fittings. Temperature-actuated, flow reduction devices, where installed for individual fixture fittings, shall conform to ASSE 1062. Such valves shall not be used alone as a substitute for the balanced pressure, thermostatic or combination shower valves required in Section 424.3.
424.8 Transfer valves. Deck-mounted bath/shower transfer valves containing an integral atmospheric vacuum breaker shall conform to the requirements of ASME A 112.18.7.
FLUSHING DEVICES FOR WATER CLOSETS AND URINALS
425.1 Flushing devices required. Each water closet, urinal, clinical sink and any plumbing fixture that depends on trap siphonage to discharge the fixture contents to the drainage system shall be provided with a flushometer valve, flushometer tank or a flush tank designed and installed to supply water in quantity and rate of flow to flush the contents of the fixture, cleanse the fixture and refill the fixture trap.
425.1.1 Separate for each fixture. A flushing device shall not serve more than one fixture.
425.2 Flushometer valves and tanks. Flushometer valves and tanks shall comply with ASSE 1037. Vacuum breakers on flushometer valves shall conform to the performance requirements of ASSE 1001 or CAN/CSA B 64.1.1. Access shall be provided to vacuum breakers. Flushometer valves shall be of the water-conservation type and shall not be utilized where the water pressure is lower than the minimum required for normal operation. When operated, the valve shall automatically complete the cycle of operation, opening fully and closing positively under the water supply pressure. Each flushometer valve shall be provided with a means for regulating the flow through the valve. The trap seal to the fixture shall be automatically refilled after each valve flushing cycle.
425.3 Flush tanks. Flush tanks equipped for manual flushing shall be controlled by a device designed to refill the tank after each discharge and to shut off completely the water flow to the tank when the tank is filled to operational capacity. The trap seal to the fixture shall be automatically refilled after each flushing. The water supply to flush tanks equipped for automatic flushing shall be controlled with a timing device or sensor control devices.
425.3.1 Fill valves. All flush tanks shall be equipped with an antisiphon fill valve conforming to ASSE 1002 or CSA B 125.3. The fill valve backflow preventer shall be located at least 1 inch (25 mm) above the full opening of the overflow pipe.
425.3.2 Overflows in flush tanks. Flush tanks shall be provided with overflows discharging to the water closet or urinal connected thereto and shall be sized to prevent flooding the tank at the maximum rate at which the tanks are supplied with water according to the manufacturer's design conditions. The opening of the overflow pipe shall be located above the flood level rim of the water closet or urinal or above a secondary overflow in the flush tank.
425.3.3 Sheet copper. Sheet copper utilized for flush tank linings shall conform to ASTM B 152 and shall not weigh less than 10 ounces per square foot ( 0.03 kg/m2).
425.3.4 Access required. All parts in a flush tank shall be accessible for repair and replacement.
425.4 Flush pipes and fittings. Flush pipes and fittings shall be of nonferrous material and shall conform to ASME A 112.19.5 or CSA B125.
MANUAL FOOD AND BEVERAGE DISPENSING EQUIPMENT
426.1 Approval. Manual food and beverage dispensing equipment shall conform to the requirements of NSF 18.
427.1 Approval. Sanitary floor sinks shall conform to the requirements of ASME A 112.6.7.
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 11/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A), 3781.109(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.10, 3781.11, 3791.04
Prior Effective Dates: 3/1/98, 4/1/99, 1/1/02, 1/1/03, 8/15/03, 3/1/05, 9/6/05, 3/1/06, 7/1/07, 11/1/07, 1/1/09