Chapter 4101:8-24 Appliances

4101:8-24-01 Fuel gas.

[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:8-44-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:8-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]

SECTION 2401 GENERAL

2401.1 Application. This chapter covers those fuel gas piping systems, fuel-gas appliances and related accessories, venting systems and combustion air configurations most commonly encountered in the construction of one-, two-, and three-family dwellings and structures regulated by this code.

Coverage of piping systems shall extend from the point of delivery to the outlet of the appliance shutoff valves (see definition of "Point of delivery"). Piping systems requirements shall include design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation and maintenance. Requirements for gas appliances and related accessories shall include installation, combustion and ventilation air and venting and connections to piping systems.

The omission from this chapter of any material or method of installation provided for in the "International Fuel Gas Code" shall not be construed as prohibiting the use of such material or method of installation. Fuel-gas piping systems, fuel-gas appliances and related accessories, venting systems and combustion air configurations not specifically covered in these chapters shall comply with the applicable provisions of the "International Fuel Gas Code".

Gaseous hydrogen systems shall be regulated by Chapter 7 of the "International Fuel Gas Code".

This chapter shall not apply to the following:

1. Liquified natural gas (LNG) installations.

2. Temporary LP-gas piping for buildings under construction or renovation that is not to become part of the permanent piping system.

3. Except as provided in Section G2412.1.1, gas piping, meters, gas pressure regulators, and other appurtenances used by the serving gas supplier in the distribution of gas, other than undiluted LP-gas.

4. Portable LP-gas appliances and equipment of all types that is not connected to a fixed fuel piping system.

5. Portable fuel cell appliances that are neither connected to a fixed piping system nor interconnected to a power grid.

6. Installation of hydrogen gas, LP-gas and compressed natural gas (CNG) systems on vehicles.

7. Existing fuel-gas piping systems, fuel-gas appliances and related accessories provided no serious hazard exists.

SECTION 2402 GENERAL

2402.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter, have the meanings indicated in this chapter.

2402.2 Interchangeability. Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.

2402.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the "Ohio Building Code", fire code, mechanical code or plumbing code, such terms shall have meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.

SECTION 2403 GENERAL DEFINITIONS

AIR CONDITIONING, GAS FIRED. A gas-burning, automatically operated appliance for supplying cooled and/or dehumidified air or chilled liquid.

AIR, EXHAUST. Air being removed from any space or piece of equipment or appliance and conveyed directly to the atmosphere by means of openings or ducts.

AIR-HANDLING UNIT. A blower or fan used for the purpose of distributing supply air to a room, space or area.

AIR, MAKEUP. Air that is provided to replace air being exhausted.

ALTERATION.The construction or renovation to an existing structure other than repair or addition

ALTERATION. A change in a system that involves an extension, addition or change to the arrangement, type or purpose of the existing installation.

ANODELESS RISER. A transition assembly in which plastic piping is installed and terminated above ground outside of a building.

APPLIANCE. Any apparatus or device that uses gas as a fuel or raw material to produce light, heat, power, refrigeration or air conditioning.

APPLIANCE, AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED. Appliances equipped with an automatic burner ignition and safety shut-off device and other automatic devices, which accomplish complete turn-on and shut-off of the gas to the main burner or burners, and graduate the gas supply to the burner or burners, but do not affect complete shut-off of the gas.

APPLIANCE, FAN-ASSISTED COMBUSTION. An appliance equipped with an integral mechanical means to either draw or force products of combustion through the combustion chamber or heat exchanger.

APPLIANCE, UNVENTED. An appliance designed or installed in such a manner that the products of combustion are not conveyed by a vent or chimney directly to the outside atmosphere.

APPLIANCE, VENTED. An appliance designed and installed in such a manner that all of the products of combustion are conveyed directly from the appliance to the outside atmosphere through an approved chimney or vent system.

APPROVED.Refers to approval by the building official as the result of review, investigation, inspection and testing in accordance with the provisions of this code.

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE. The pressure of the weight of air and water vapor on the surface of the earth, approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch (psia) (101 kPa absolute) at sea level.

AUTOMATIC IGNITION. Ignition of gas at the burner(s) when the gas controlling device is turned on, including reignition if the flames on the burner(s) have been extinguished by means other than by the closing of the gas controlling device.

BAROMETRIC DRAFT REGULATOR. A balanced damper device attached to a chimney, vent connector, breeching or flue gas manifold to protect combustion appliances by controlling chimney draft. A double-acting barometric draft regulator is one whose balancing damper is free to move in either direction to protect combustion appliances from both excessive draft and backdraft.

BOILER, LOW-PRESSURE.A steam boiler operating at pressures not exceeding fifteen psig, or a hot water heating boiler operating at pressures not exceeding one hundred sixty psig or temperatures not exceeding two hundred fifty degrees.

Hot water heating boiler. A boiler in which no steam is generated, from which hot water is circulated for heating purposes and then returned to the boiler, and that operates at water pressures not exceeding 160 psig (1100 kPa gauge) and at water temperatures not exceeding 250°F (121°C) at or near the boiler outlet.

Hot water supply boiler. A boiler, completely filled with water, which furnishes hot water to be used externally to itself, and that operates at water pressures not exceeding 160 psig (1100 kPa gauge) and at water temperatures not exceeding 250°F (121°C) at or near the boiler outlet.

Steam heating boiler. A boiler in which steam is generated and that operates at a steam pressure not exceeding 15 psig (100 kPa gauge).

BONDING JUMPER. A conductor installed to electrically connect metallic gas piping to the grounding electrode system.

BRAZING. A metal joining process wherein coalescence is produced by the use of a nonferrous filler metal having a melting point above 1,000°F (538°C), but lower than that of the base metal being joined. The filler material is distributed between the closely fitted surfaces of the joint by capillary action.

BTU. Abbreviation for British thermal unit, which is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound (454 g) of water 1°F ( 0.56 °C) (1 Btu = 1055 J).

BUILDING OFFICIAL.An individual who has received and maintains a certification of "Residential Building Official" in accordance with rules of the board of building standards.

BURNER. A device for the final conveyance of the gas, or a mixture of gas and air, to the combustion zone.

Induced-draft. A burner that depends on draft induced by a fan that is an integral part of the appliance and is located downstream from the burner.

Power. A burner in which gas, air or both are supplied at pressures exceeding, for gas, the line pressure, and for air, atmospheric pressure, with this added pressure being applied at the burner.

CHIMNEY. A primarily vertical structure containing one or more flues, for the purpose of carrying gaseous products of combustion and air from an appliance to the outside atmosphere.

Factory-built chimney. A listed and labeled chimney composed of factory-made components, assembled in the field in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and the conditions of the listing.

Masonry chimney. A field-constructed chimney composed of solid masonry units, bricks, stones or concrete.

CLEARANCE. The minimum distance through air measured between the heat-producing surface of the mechanical appliance, device or equipment and the surface of the combustible material or assembly.

CLOTHES DRYER. An appliance used to dry wet laundry by means of heated air.

Type 1. Factory-built package, multiple production. Primarily used in the family living environment. Usually the smallest unit physically and in function output.

CODE.The Residential Code of Ohio.

COMBUSTION. In the context of this code, refers to the rapid oxidation of fuel accompanied by the production of heat or heat and light.

COMBUSTION AIR. Air necessary for complete combustion of a fuel, including theoretical air and excess air.

COMBUSTION CHAMBER. The portion of an appliance within which combustion occurs.

COMBUSTION PRODUCTS. Constituents resulting from the combustion of a fuel with the oxygen of the air, including the inert gases, but excluding excess air.

CONCEALED LOCATION. A location that cannot be accessed without damaging permanent parts of the building structure or finish surface. Spaces above, below or behind readily removable panels or doors shall not be considered as concealed.

CONCEALED PIPING. Piping that is located in a concealed location (see "Concealed location").

CONDENSATE. The liquid that condenses from a gas (including flue gas) caused by a reduction in temperature or increase in pressure.

CONNECTOR, APPLIANCE (Fuel). Rigid metallic pipe and fittings, semirigid metallic tubing and fittings or a listed and labeled device that connects an appliance to the gas piping system.

CONNECTOR, CHIMNEY OR VENT. The pipe that connects an appliance to a chimney or vent.

CONTROL. A manual or automatic device designed to regulate the gas, air, water or electrical supply to, or operation of, a mechanical system.

CONVERSION BURNER. A unit consisting of a burner and its controls for installation in an appliance originally utilizing another fuel.

CUBIC FOOT. The amount of gas that occupies 1 cubic foot ( 0.02832 m3) when at a temperature of 60°F (16°C), saturated with water vapor and under a pressure equivalent to that of 30 inches of mercury (101 kPa).

DAMPER. A manually or automatically controlled device to regulate draft or the rate of flow of air or combustion gases.

DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCE, VENTED. A vented appliance wherein the primary function lies in the aesthetic effect of the flames.

DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN VENTED FIREPLACES. A vented appliance designed for installation within the fire chamber of a vented fireplace, wherein the primary function lies in the aesthetic effect of the flames.

DEMAND. The maximum amount of gas input required per unit of time, usually expressed in cubic feet per hour, or Btu/h (1 Btu/h = 0.2931 W).

DESIGN FLOOD ELEVATION. The elevation of the "design flood," including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the community's legally designated flood hazard map.

DILUTION AIR. Air that is introduced into a draft hood and is mixed with the flue gases.

DIRECT-VENT APPLIANCES.Fuel-burning appliance with a sealed combustion system that draws all air for combustion from the outside atmosphere and discharges all flue gases to the outside atmosphere.

DRAFT. The pressure difference existing between the appliance or any component part and the atmosphere, that causes a continuous flow of air and products of combustion through the gas passages of the appliance to the atmosphere.

Mechanical or induced draft. The pressure difference created by the action of a fan, blower or ejector that is located between the appliance and the chimney or vent termination.

Natural draft. The pressure difference created by a vent or chimney because of its height, and the temperature difference between the flue gases and the atmosphere.

DRAFT HOOD. A nonadjustable device built into an appliance, or made as part of the vent connector from an appliance, that is designed to (1) provide for ready escape of the flue gases from the appliance in the event of no draft, backdraft, or stoppage beyond the draft hood, (2) prevent a backdraft from entering the appliance, and (3) neutralize the effect of stack action of the chimney or gas vent upon operation of the appliance.

DRAFT REGULATOR. A device that functions to maintain a desired draft in the appliance by automatically reducing the draft to the desired value.

DRIP. The container placed at a low point in a system of piping to collect condensate and from which the condensate is removable.

DUCT FURNACE. A warm-air furnace normally installed in an air-distribution duct to supply warm air for heating. This definition shall apply only to a warm-air heating appliance that depends for air circulation on a blower not furnished as part of the furnace.

DWELLING UNIT. A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. . The unit may include any accessory space intended for the exclusive use of the occupants of an individual dwelling unit such as a private garage, greenhouse, etc.

EQUIPMENT (OR FIXTURE). Any plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilating, air conditioning, refrigerating and fire protection devices and components of systems other than appliances, and elevators, dumb waiters, and other mechanical facilities or installations that are related to building services.

EXTERIOR MASONRY CHIMNEYS. Masonry chimneys exposed to the outdoors on one or more sides below the roof line.

FIREPLACE. A fire chamber and hearth constructed of noncombustible material for use with solid fuels and provided with a chimney.

Masonry fireplace.A field-constructed fireplace composed of solid masonry units, bricks, stones or concrete.

Factory-built fireplace. A fireplace composed of listed factory-built components assembled in accordance with the terms of listing to form the completed fireplace.

FLAME SAFEGUARD. A device that will automatically shut off the fuel supply to a main burner or group of burners when the means of ignition of such burners becomes inoperative, and when flame failure occurs on the burner or group of burners.

FLOOD HAZARD AREA. The greater of the following two areas:

1. The area within a floodplain subject to a 1 percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.

2. This area designated as a flood hazard area on a community's flood hazard map, or otherwise legally designated.

FLOOR FURNACE. A completely self-contained furnace suspended from the floor of the space being heated, taking air for combustion from outside such space and with means for observing flames and lighting the appliance from such space.

FLUE, APPLIANCE. The passage(s) within an appliance through which combustion products pass from the combustion chamber of the appliance to the draft hood inlet opening on an appliance equipped with a draft hood or to the outlet of the appliance on an appliance not equipped with a draft hood.

FLUE COLLAR. That portion of an appliance designed for the attachment of a draft hood, vent connector or venting system.

FLUE GASES. Products of combustion plus excess air in appliance flues or heat exchangers.

FLUE LINER (LINING). A system or material used to form the inside surface of a flue in a chimney or vent, for the purpose of protecting the surrounding structure from the effects of combustion products and for conveying combustion products without leakage to the atmosphere.

FUEL GAS. A natural gas, manufactured gas, liquefied petroleum gas or mixtures of these gases.

FUEL GAS UTILIZATION EQUIPMENT. See "Appliance."

FURNACE. A completely self-contained heating unit that is designed to supply heated air to spaces remote from or adjacent to the appliance location.

FURNACE, CENTRAL. A self-contained appliance for heating air by transfer of heat of combustion through metal to the air, and designed to supply heated air through ducts to spaces remote from or adjacent to the appliance location.

FURNACE PLENUM. An air compartment or chamber to which one or more ducts are connected and which forms part of an air distribution system.

GAS CONVENIENCE OUTLET. A permanently mounted, manually operated device that provides the means for connecting an appliance to, and disconnecting an appliance from, the gas supply piping. The device includes an integral, manually operated valve with a nondisplaceable valve member and is designed so that disconnection of an appliance only occurs when the manually operated valve is in the closed position.

GAS PIPING. An installation of pipe, valves or fittings installed on a premises or in a building and utilized to convey fuel gas.

HAZARDOUS LOCATION. Any location considered to be a fire hazard for flammable vapors, dust, combustible fibers or other highly combustible substances.

HOUSE PIPING. See "Piping system."

IGNITION PILOT. A pilot that operates during the lighting cycle and discontinues during main burner operation.

IGNITION SOURCE. A flame spark or hot surface capable of igniting flammable vapors or fumes. Such sources include appliance burners, burner ignitors and electrical switching devices.

INFRARED RADIANT HEATER. A heater which directs a substantial amount of its energy output in the form of infrared radiant energy into the area to be heated. Such heaters are of either the vented or unvented type.

JOINT, FLARED. A metal-to-metal compression joint in which a conical spread is made on the end of a tube that is compressed by a flare nut against a mating flare.

JOINT, MECHANICAL. A general form of gas-tight joints obtained by the joining of metal parts through a positive-holding mechanical construction, such as flanged joint, threaded joint, flared joint or compression joint.

JOINT, PLASTIC ADHESIVE. A joint made in thermoset plastic piping by the use of an adhesive substance which forms a continuous bond between the mating surfaces without dissolving either one of them.

LEAK CHECK. An operation performed on a gas piping system to verify that the system does not leak.

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS or LPG (LP-GAS). Liquefied petroleum gas composed predominately of propane, propylene, butanes or butylenes, or mixtures thereof that is gaseous under normal atmospheric conditions, but is capable of being liquefied under moderate pressure at normal temperatures.

LIVING SPACE. Space within a dwelling unit utilized for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, bathing, washing and sanitation purposes.

LOG LIGHTER, GAS-FIRED. A manually operated solid-fuel ignition appliance for installation in a vented solid-fuel-burning fireplace.

MAIN BURNER. A device or group of devices essentially forming an integral unit for the final conveyance of gas or a mixture of gas and air to the combustion zone, and on which combustion takes place to accomplish the function for which the appliance is designed.

METER. The instrument installed to measure the volume of gas delivered through it.

MODULATING. Modulating or throttling is the action of a control from its maximum to minimum position in either predetermined steps or increments of movement as caused by its actuating medium.

OFFSET (VENT). A combination of approved bends that make two changes in direction bringing one section of the vent out of line, but into a line parallel with the other section.

OUTLET. The point at which a gas-fired appliance connects to the gas piping system.

OXYGEN DEPLETION SAFETY SHUTOFF SYSTEM (ODS). A system designed to act to shut off the gas supply to the main and pilot burners if the oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere is reduced below a predetermined level.

PILOT. A small flame that is utilized to ignite the gas at the main burner or burners.

PIPING. Where used in this code, "piping" refers to either pipe or tubing, or both.

Pipe. A rigid conduit of iron, steel, copper, brass or plastic.

Tubing. Semirigid conduit of copper, aluminum, plastic or steel.

PIPING SYSTEM. All fuel piping, valves and fittings from the outlet of the point of delivery to the outlets of the appliance shutoff valves.

PLASTIC, THERMOPLASTIC. A plastic that is capable of being repeatedly softened by increase of temperature and hardened by decrease of temperature.

POINT OF DELIVERY. For natural gas systems, the point of delivery is the outlet of the service meter assembly or the outlet of the service regulator or service shutoff valve where a meter is not provided. Where a valve is provided at the outlet of the service meter assembly, such valve shall be considered to be downstream of the point of delivery. For undiluted liquefied petroleum gas systems, the point of delivery shall be considered to be the outlet of the first regulator that reduces pressure to 2 psig ( 13.8 kPa) or less.

PRESSURE DROP. The loss in pressure due to friction or obstruction in pipes, valves, fittings, regulators and burners.

PRESSURE TEST. An operation performed to verify the gas-tight integrity of gas piping following its installation or modification.

READY ACCESS (TO). That which enables a device, appliance or equipment to be directly reached, without requiring the removal or movement of any panel, door or similar obstruction. (See "Access.")

REGULATOR. A device for controlling and maintaining a uniform gas supply pressure, either pounds-to-inches water column (MP regulator) or inches-to-inches water column (appliance regulator).

REGULATOR, GAS APPLIANCE. A pressure regulator for controlling pressure to the manifold of the gas appliance.

REGULATOR, LINE GAS PRESSURE. A device placed in a gas line between the service pressure regulator and the appliance for controlling, maintaining or reducing the pressure in that portion of the piping system downstream of the device.

REGULATOR, MEDIUM-PRESSURE (MP Regulator). A line pressure regulator that reduces gas pressure from the range of greater than 0.5 psig ( 3.4 kPa) and less than or equal to 5 psig ( 34.5 kPa) to a lower pressure.

REGULATOR, PRESSURE. A device placed in a gas line for reducing, controlling and maintaining the pressure in that portion of the piping system downstream of the device.

REGULATOR, SERVICE PRESSURE. A device installed by the serving gas supplier to reduce and limit the service line gas pressure to delivery pressure.

RELIEF OPENING. The opening provided in a draft hood to permit the ready escape to the atmosphere of the flue products from the draft hood in the event of no draft, backdraft or stoppage beyond the draft hood, and to permit air into the draft hood in the event of a strong chimney updraft.

RELIEF VALVE (DEVICE). A safety valve designed to forestall the development of a dangerous condition by relieving either pressure, temperature or vacuum in the hot water supply system.

RELIEF VALVE, PRESSURE. An automatic valve which opens and closes a relief vent, depending on whether the pressure is above or below a predetermined value.

RELIEF VALVE, TEMPERATURE.

Manual reset type. A valve which automatically opens a relief vent at a predetermined temperature and which must be manually returned to the closed position.

Reseating or self-closing type. An automatic valve which opens and closes a relief vent, depending on whether the temperature is above or below a predetermined value.

RELIEF VALVE, VACUUM. A valve that automatically opens and closes a vent for relieving a vacuum within the hot water supply system, depending on whether the vacuum is above or below a predetermined value.

RISER, GAS. A vertical pipe supplying fuel gas.

ROOM HEATER, UNVENTED. See "Unvented room heater."

ROOM HEATER, VENTED. A free-standing gas-fired heating unit used for direct heating of the space in and adjacent to that in which the unit is located. (See also "Vented room heater.")

SAFETY SHUTOFF DEVICE. See "Flame safeguard."

SHAFT. An enclosed space extending through one or more stories of a building, connecting vertical openings in successive floors, or floors and the roof.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY. As applied to gas, specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a given volume to that of the same volume of air, both measured under the same condition.

THERMOSTAT.

Electric switch type. A device that senses changes in temperature and controls electrically, by means of separate components, the flow of gas to the burner(s) to maintain selected temperatures.

Integral gas valve type. An automatic device, actuated by temperature changes, designed to control the gas supply to the burner(s) in order to maintain temperatures between predetermined limits, and in which the thermal actuating element is an integral part of the device.

1. Graduating thermostat. A thermostat in which the motion of the valve is approximately in direct proportion to the effective motion of the thermal element induced by temperature change.

2. Snap-acting thermostat. A thermostat in which the thermostatic valve travels instantly from the closed to the open position, and vice versa.

TRANSITION FITTINGS, PLASTIC TO STEEL. An adapter for joining plastic pipe to steel pipe. The purpose of this fitting is to provide a permanent, pressure-tight connection between two materials that cannot be joined directly one to another.

UNIT HEATER.

High-static pressure type. A self-contained, automatically controlled, vented appliance having integral means for circulation of air against 0.2 inch w.c. (50 Pa) or greater static pressure. Such appliance is equipped with provisions for attaching an outlet air duct and, where the appliance is for indoor installation remote from the space to be heated, is also equipped with provisions for attaching an inlet air duct.

Low-static pressure type. A self-contained, automatically controlled, vented appliance, intended for installation in the space to be heated without the use of ducts, having integral means for circulation of air. Such units are allowed to be equipped with louvers or face extensions made in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.

UNVENTED ROOM HEATER. An unvented heating appliance designed for stationary installation and utilized to provide comfort heating. Such appliances provide radiant heat or convection heat by gravity or fan circulation directly from the heater and do not utilize ducts.

VALVE. A device used in piping to control the gas supply to any section of a system of piping or to an appliance.

Appliance shutoff. A valve located in the piping system, used to isolate individual appliances for purposes such as service or replacement.

Automatic. An automatic or semiautomatic device consisting essentially of a valve and an operator that control the gas supply to the burner(s) during operation of an appliance. The operator shall be actuated by application of gas pressure on a flexible diaphragm, by electrical means, by mechanical means or by other approved means.

Automatic gas shutoff. A valve used in conjunction with an automatic gas shutoff device to shut off the gas supply to a water heating system. It shall be constructed integrally with the gas shutoff device or shall be a separate assembly.

Individual main burner. A valve that controls the gas supply to an individual main burner.

Main burner control. A valve that controls the gas supply to the main burner manifold.

Manual main gas-control. A manually operated valve in the gas line for the purpose of completely turning on or shutting off the gas supply to the appliance, except to a pilot or pilots that have independent shutoff.

Manual reset. An automatic shutoff valve installed in the gas supply piping and set to shut off when unsafe conditions occur. The device remains closed until manually reopened.

Service shutoff. A valve, installed by the serving gas supplier between the service meter or source of supply and the customer piping system, to shut off the entire piping system.

VENT. A pipe or other conduit composed of factory-made components, containing a passageway for conveying combustion products and air to the atmosphere, listed and labeled for use with a specific type or class of appliance.

Special gas vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with listed Category II, III and IV gas appliances.

Type B vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with appliances with draft hoods and other Category I appliances that are listed for use with Type B vents.

Type BW vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with wall furnaces.

Type L vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with appliances that are listed for use with Type L or Type B vents.

VENT CONNECTOR. See "Connector."

VENT PIPING.

Breather. Piping run from a pressure-regulating device to the outdoors, designed to provide a reference to atmospheric pressure. If the device incorporates an integral pressure relief mechanism, a breather vent can also serve as a relief vent.

Relief. Piping run from a pressure-regulating or pressure-limiting device to the outdoors, designed to provide for the safe venting of gas in the event of excessive pressure in the gas piping system.

VENTED GAS APPLIANCE CATEGORIES. Appliances that are categorized for the purpose of vent selection are classified into the following four categories:

Category I. An appliance that operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category II. An appliance that operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category III. An appliance that operates with a positive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category IV. An appliance that operates with a positive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent.

VENTED ROOM HEATER. A vented self-contained, free-standing, nonrecessed appliance for furnishing warm air to the space in which it is installed, directly from the heater without duct connections.

VENTED WALL FURNACE. A self-contained vented appliance complete with grilles or equivalent, designed for incorporation in or permanent attachment to the structure of a building, mobile home or travel trailer, and furnishing heated air circulated by gravity or by a fan directly into the space to be heated through openings in the casing. This definition shall exclude floor furnaces, unit heaters and central furnaces as herein defined.

VENTING SYSTEM. A continuous open passageway from the flue collar or draft hood of an appliance to the outside atmosphere for the purpose of removing flue or vent gases. A venting system is usually composed of a vent or a chimney and vent connector, if used, assembled to form the open passageway.

WALL HEATER, UNVENTED TYPE. A room heater of the type designed for insertion in or attachment to a wall or partition. Such heater does not incorporate concealed venting arrangements in its construction and discharges all products of combustion through the front into the room being heated.

WATER HEATER. Any heating appliance or equipment that heats potable water and supplies such water to the potable hot water distribution system.

SECTION 2404 GENERAL

2404.1 Scope. This section shall govern the approval and installation of all equipment and appliances that comprise parts of the installations regulated by this code in accordance with Section 2401.

2404.2 Other fuels. The requirements for combustion and dilution air for gas-fired appliances shall be governed by Section 2407. The requirements for combustion and dilution air for appliances operating with fuels other than fuel gas shall be regulated by Chapter 17.

2404.3 Listed and labeled. Appliances regulated by this code shall be listed and labeled for the application in which they are used unless otherwise approved in accordance with Section 106.4 and 106.5 . The approval of unlisted appliances in accordance with Section 106.4 and 106.5 shall be based upon approved engineering evaluation.

2404.4 Vibration isolation. Where means for isolation of vibration of an appliance is installed, an approved means for support and restraint of that appliance shall be provided.

2404.5 Repair. Defective material or parts shall be replaced or repaired in such a manner so as to preserve the original approval or listing.

2404.6 Wind resistance. Appliances and supports that are exposed to wind shall be designed and installed to resist the wind pressures determined in accordance with this code.

2404.7 Flood hazard. For structures located in flood hazard areas, the appliance, equipment and system installations regulated by this code shall be located at or above the design flood elevation and shall comply with the flood-resistant construction requirements of Section 322.

Exception: The appliance, equipment and system installations regulated by this code are permitted to be located below the design flood elevation provided that they are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components and to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to the design flood elevation and shall comply with the flood-resistant construction requirements of Section R322.

2404.8 Seismic resistance. When earthquake loads are applicable in accordance with this code, the supports shall be designed and installed for the seismic forces in accordance with this code.

2404.9 Rodentproofing. Buildings or structures and the walls enclosing habitable or occupiable rooms and spaces in which persons live, sleep or work, or in which feed, food or foodstuffs are stored, prepared, processed, served or sold, shall be constructed to protect against the entry of rodents.

2404.10 Auxiliary drain pan. Category IV condensing appliances shall be provided with an auxiliary drain pan where damage to any building component will occur as a result of stoppage in the condensate drainage system. Such pan shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section M1411.

Exception: An auxiliary drain pan shall not be required for appliances that automatically shut down operation in the event of a stoppage in the condensate drainage system.

SECTION 2405 STRUCTURAL SAFETY

2405.1 Structural safety. The building shall not be weakened by the installation of any gas piping. In the process of installing or repairing any gas piping, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises which are required to be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements of this code.

2405.2 Alterations to trusses. Truss members and components shall not be cut, drilled, notched, spliced or otherwise altered in any way without the written concurrence and approval of a registered design professional. Alterations resulting in the addition of loads to any member (e.g., HVAC equipment, water heaters) shall not be permitted without verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading.

2405.3 Engineered wood products. Cuts, notches and holes bored in trusses, structural composite lumber, structural glued-laminated members and I-joists are prohibited except where permitted by the manufacturer's recommendations or where the effects of such alterations are specifically considered in the design of the member by a registered design professional.

SECTION 2406 APPLIANCE LOCATION

2406.1 General. Appliances shall be located as required by this section, specific requirements elsewhere in this code and the conditions of the equipment and appliance listing.

2406.2 Prohibited locations. Appliances shall not be located in sleeping rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms, storage closets or surgical rooms, or in a space that opens only into such rooms or spaces, except where the installation complies with one of the following:

1. The appliance is a direct-vent appliance installed in accordance with the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's instructions.

2. Vented room heaters, wall furnaces, vented decorative appliances, vented gas fireplaces, vented gas fireplace heaters and decorative appliances for installation in vented solid fuel-burning fireplaces are installed in rooms that meet the required volume criteria of Section 2407.5.

3. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bathroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in Section 2445.6 and has an input rating not greater than 6,000 Btu/h ( 1.76 kW). The bathroom shall meet the required volume criteria of Section 2407.5.

4. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bedroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in Section 2445.6 and has an input rating not greater than 10,000 Btu/h ( 2.93 kW). The bedroom shall meet the required volume criteria of Section 2407.5.

5. The appliance is installed in a room or space that opens only into a bedroom or bathroom, and such room or space is used for no other purpose and is provided with a solid weather-stripped door equipped with an approved self-closing device. All combustion air shall be taken directly from the outdoors in accordance with Section 2407.6.

2406.3 Outdoor locations. Appliances installed in outdoor locations shall be either listed for outdoor installation or provided with protection from outdoor environmental factors that influence the operability, durability and safety of the appliance.

SECTION 2407 COMBUSTION, VENTILATION AND DILUTION AIR

2407.1 General. Air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases for appliances installed in buildings shall be provided by application of one of the methods prescribed in Sections 2407.5 through 2407.9. Where the requirements of Section 2407.5 are not met, outdoor air shall be introduced in accordance with one of the methods prescribed in Sections 2407.6 through 2407.9. Direct-vent appliances, gas appliances of other than natural draft design and vented gas appliances other than Category I shall be provided with combustion, ventilation and dilution air in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions.

Exception: Type 1 clothes dryers that are provided with makeup air in accordance with Section 2439.4.

2407.2 Appliance location. Appliances shall be located so as not to interfere with proper circulation of combustion, ventilation and dilution air.

2407.3 Draft hood/regulator location. Where used, a draft hood or a barometric draft regulator shall be installed in the same room or enclosure as the appliance served so as to prevent any difference in pressure between the hood or regulator and the combustion air supply.

2407.4 Makeup air provisions. Where exhaust fans, clothes dryers and kitchen ventilation systems interfere with the operation of appliances, makeup air shall be provided.

2407.5 Indoor combustion air. The required volume of indoor air shall be determined in accordance with Section 2407.5.1 or 2407.5.2, except that where the air infiltration rate is known to be less than 0.40 air changes per hour (ACH),

Section 2407.5.2 shall be used. The total required volume shall be the sum of the required volume calculated for all appliances located within the space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed through openings not furnished with doors, and through combustion air openings sized and located in accordance with Section 2407.5.3, are considered to be part of the required volume.

2407.5.1 Standard method. The minimum required volume shall be 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/h ( 4.8 m3/kW).

2407.5.2 Known air-infiltration-rate method. Where the air infiltration rate of a structure is known, the minimum required volume shall be determined as follows:

For appliances other than fan assisted, calculate volume using Equation 24-1.


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For fan-assisted appliances, calculate volume using Equation 24-2.


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where:

Iother = All appliances other than fan assisted (input in Btu/h).

Ifan = Fan-assisted appliance (input in Btu/h).

ACH = Air change per hour (percent of volume of space exchanged per hour, expressed as a decimal).

For purposes of this calculation, an infiltration rate greater than 0.60 ACH shall not be used in Equations 24-1 and 24-2.

2407.5.3 Indoor opening size and location. Openings used to connect indoor spaces shall be sized and located in accordance with Sections 2407.5.3.1 and 2407.5.3.2 (see Figure 2407.5.3).

2407.5.3.1 Combining spaces on the same story. Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 1,000 Btu/h (2,200 mm2/kW) of the total input rating of all appliances in the space, but not less than 100 square inches ( 0.06 m2). One opening shall commence within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top and one opening shall commence within 12 inches (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).

2407.5.3.2 Combining spaces in different stories. The volumes of spaces in different stories shall be considered as communicating spaces where such spaces are connected by one or more openings in doors or floors having a total minimum free area of 2 square inches per 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances.

2407.6 Outdoor combustion air. Outdoor combustion air shall be provided through opening(s) to the outdoors in accordance with Section 2407.6.1 or 2407.6.2. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).

2407.6.1 Two-permanent-openings method. Two permanent openings, one commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top and one commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure, shall be provided. The openings shall communicate directly, or by ducts, with the outdoors or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.

Where directly communicating with the outdoors, or where communicating with the outdoors through vertical ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu/h (550 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances in the enclosure [see Figures 2407.6.1(1) and 2407.6.1(2)].

Where communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of not less than 1 square inch per 2,000 Btu/h (1,100 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances in the enclosure [see Figure 2407.6.1(3)].


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FIGURE 2407.5.3

ALL AIR FROM INSIDE THE BUILDING (see Section 2407.5.3)


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FIGURE 2407.6.2

SINGLE COMBUSTION AIR OPENING, ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS (see Section 2407.6.2)

2407.6.2 One-permanent-opening method. One permanent opening, commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be provided. The appliance shall have clearances of at least 1 inch (25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 inches (152 mm) from the front of the appliance. The opening shall directly communicate with the outdoors or through a vertical or horizontal duct to the outdoors, or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors (see Figure 2407.6.2) and shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 3,000 Btu/h (734 mm2/kW) of the total input rating of all appliances located in the enclosure and not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in the space.

2407.7 Combination indoor and outdoor combustion air. The use of a combination of indoor and outdoor combustion air shall be in accordance with Sections 2407.7.1 through 2407.7.3.

2407.7.1 Indoor openings. Where used, openings connecting the interior spaces shall comply with Section 2407.5.3.

2407.7.2 Outdoor opening location. Outdoor opening(s) shall be located in accordance with Section 2407.6.

2407.7.3 Outdoor opening(s) size. The outdoor opening(s) size shall be calculated in accordance with the following:

1. The ratio of interior spaces shall be the available volume of all communicating spaces divided by the required volume.

2. The outdoor size reduction factor shall be one minus the ratio of interior spaces.

3. The minimum size of outdoor opening(s) shall be the full size of outdoor opening(s) calculated in accordance with Section 2407.6, multiplied by the reduction factor. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).

2407.8 Engineered installations. Engineered combustion air installations shall provide an adequate supply of combustion, ventilation and dilution air and shall be approved.

2407.9 Mechanical combustion air supply. Where all combustion air is provided by a mechanical air supply system, the combustion air shall be supplied from the outdoors at a rate not less than 0.35 cubic feet per minute per 1,000 Btu/h ( 0.034 m3/min per kW) of total input rating of all appliances located within the space.

2407.9.1 Makeup air. Where exhaust fans are installed, makeup air shall be provided to replace the exhausted air.

2407.9.2 Appliance interlock. Each of the appliances served shall be interlocked with the mechanical air supply system to prevent main burner operation when the mechanical air supply system is not in operation.


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FIGURE 2407.6.1(1)

ALL AIR FROM OUTDOOR-INLET AIR FROM VENTILATED CRAWL SPACE AND OUTLET AIR TO VENTILATED ATTIC (see Section 2407.6.1)


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FIGURE 2407.6.1(2)

ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS THROUGH VENTILATED ATTIC

(see Section 2407.6.1)


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FIGURE 2407.6.1(3)

ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS

(see Section 2407.6.1)

2407.9.3 Combined combustion air and ventilation air system. Where combustion air is provided by the building's mechanical ventilation system, the system shall provide the specified combustion air rate in addition to the required ventilation air.

2407.10 Louvers and grilles. The required size of openings for combustion, ventilation and dilution air shall be based on the net free area of each opening. Where the free area through a design of louver, grille or screen is known, it shall be used in calculating the size opening required to provide the free area specified. Where the design and free area of louvers and grilles are not known, it shall be assumed that wood louvers will have 25-percent free area and metal louvers and grilles will have 75-percent free area. Screens shall have a mesh size not smaller than ¼ inch ( 6.4 mm). Nonmotorized louvers and grilles shall be fixed in the open position. Motorized louvers shall be interlocked with the appliance so that they are proven to be in the full open position prior to main burner ignition and during main burner operation. Means shall be provided to prevent the main burner from igniting if the louvers fail to open during burner start-up and to shut down the main burner if the louvers close during operation.

2407.11 Combustion air ducts. Combustion air ducts shall comply with all of the following:

1. Ducts shall be constructed of galvanized steel complying with Chapter 16 or of a material having equivalent corrosion resistance, strength and rigidity.

Exception: Within dwellings units, unobstructed stud and joist spaces shall not be prohibited from conveying combustion air, provided that not more than one required fireblock is removed.

2. Ducts shall terminate in an unobstructed space allowing free movement of combustion air to the appliances.

3. Ducts shall serve a single enclosure.

4. Ducts shall not serve both upper and lower combustion air openings where both such openings are used. The separation between ducts serving upper and lower combustion air openings shall be maintained to the source of combustion air.

5. Ducts shall not be screened where terminating in an attic space.

6. Horizontal upper combustion air ducts shall not slope downward toward the source of combustion air.

7. The remaining space surrounding a chimney liner, gas vent, special gas vent or plastic piping installed within a masonry, metal or factory-built chimney shall not be used to supply combustion air.

Exception: Direct-vent gas-fired appliances designed for installation in a solid fuel-burning fireplace where installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

8. Combustion air intake openings located on the exterior of a building shall have the lowest side of such openings located not less than 12 inches (305 mm) vertically from the adjoining finished ground level.

2407.12 Protection from fumes and gases. Where corrosive or flammable process fumes or gases, other than products of combustion, are present, means for the disposal of such fumes or gases shall be provided. Such fumes or gases include carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, chlorine and halogenated hydrocarbons.

In barbershops, beauty shops and other facilities where chemicals that generate corrosive or flammable products, such as aerosol sprays, are routinely used, nondirect vent-type appliances shall be located in a mechanical room separated or partitioned off from other areas with provisions for combustion air and dilution air from the outdoors. Direct-vent appliances shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2408 INSTALLATION

2408.1 General. Equipment and appliances shall be installed as required by the terms of their approval, in accordance with the conditions of listing, the manufacturer's instructions and this code. Manufacturers' installation instructions shall be available on the job site at the time of inspection. Where a code provision is less restrictive than the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance or the manufacturer's installation instructions, the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply.

Unlisted appliances approved in accordance with Section 2404.3 shall be limited to uses recommended by the manufacturer and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the provisions of this code and the requirements determined by the building official.

2408.2 Elevation of ignition source. Equipment and appliances having an ignition source shall be elevated such that the source of ignition is not less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor in hazardous locations and public garages, private garages, repair garages, motor fuel-dispensing facilities and parking garages. For the purpose of this section, rooms or spaces that are not part of the living space of a dwelling unit and that communicate directly with a private garage through openings shall be considered to be part of the private garage.

Exception: Elevation of the ignition source is not required for appliances that are listed as flammable vapor ignition resistant.

2408.2.1 Installation in residential garages. In residential garages where appliances are installed in a separate, enclosed space having access only from outside of the garage, such appliances shall be permitted to be installed at floor level, provided that the required combustion air is taken from the exterior of the garage.

2408.3 Private garages. Appliances located in private garages shall be installed with a minimum clearance of 6 feet (1829 mm) above the floor.

Exception: The requirements of this section shall not apply where the appliances are protected from motor vehicle impact and installed in accordance with Section 2408.2.

2408.4 Clearances from grade. Equipment and appliances installed at grade level shall be supported on a level concrete slab or other approved material extending not less than 3 inches (76 mm) above adjoining grade or shall be suspended not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above adjoining grade. Such supports shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2408.5 Clearances to combustible construction. Heat-producing equipment and appliances shall be installed to maintain the required clearances to combustible construction as specified in the listing and manufacturer's instructions. Such clearances shall be reduced only in accordance with Section 2409. Clearances to combustibles shall include such considerations as door swing, drawer pull, overhead projections or shelving and window swing. Devices, such as door stops or limits and closers, shall not be used to provide the required clearances.

2408.6 Avoid strain on gas piping. Appliances shall be supported and connected to the piping so as not to exert undue strain on the connections.

SECTION 2409 CLEARANCE REDUCTION

2409.1 Scope. This section shall govern the reduction in required clearances to combustible materials and combustible assemblies for chimneys, vents, appliances, devices and equipment.

2409.2 Reduction table. The allowable clearance reduction shall be based on one of the methods specified in Table 2409.2 or shall utilize an assembly listed for such application. Where required clearances are not listed in Table 2409.2, the reduced clearances shall be determined by linear interpolation between the distances listed in the table. Reduced clearances shall not be derived by extrapolation below the range of the table. The reduction of the required clearances to combustibles for listed and labeled appliances and equipment shall be in accordance with the requirements of this section except that such clearances shall not be reduced where reduction is specifically prohibited by the terms of the appliance or equipment listing [see Figures 2409.2(1), 2409.2(2) and 2409.2(3) ].

2409.3 Clearances for indoor air-conditioning appliances. Clearance requirements for indoor air-conditioning appliances shall comply with Sections 2409.3.1 through 2409.3.5.

2409.3.1 Appliances installed in rooms that are large in comparison with the size of the appliances. Air-conditioning appliances installed in rooms that are large in comparison with the size of the appliance shall be installed with


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clearances in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

NOTES:

"A" equals the clearance with no protection.

"B" equals the reduced clearance permitted in accordance with Table 2409.2. The protection applied to the construction using combustible material shall extend far enough in each direction to make "C" equal to "A."

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

FIGURE 2409.2(1)

EXTENT OF PROTECTION NECESSARY TO REDUCE CLEARANCES FROM GAS EQUIPMENT OR VENT CONNECTORS


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FIGURE 2409.2(2)

WALL PROTECTOR CLEARANCE REDUCTION SYSTEM FUEL GAS


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FIGURE 2409.2(3)

MASONRY CLEARANCE REDUCTION SYSTEM

2409.3.2 Appliances installed in rooms that are not large in comparison with the size of the appliances. Air-conditioning appliances installed in rooms that are not large in comparison with the size of the appliance, such as alcoves and closets, shall be listed for such installations and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Listed clearances shall not be reduced by the protection methods described in Table 2409.2, regardless of whether the enclosure is of combustible or noncombustible material.

2409.3.3 Clearance reduction. Air-conditioning appliances installed in rooms that are large in comparison with the size of the appliance shall be permitted to be installed with reduced clearances to combustible material, provided that the combustible material or appliance is protected as described in Table 2409.2.

2409.3.4 Plenum clearances. Where the furnace plenum is adjacent to plaster on metal lath or noncombustible material attached to combustible material, the clearance shall be measured to the surface of the plaster or other noncombustible finish where the clearance specified is 2 inches (51 mm) or less.

2409.3.5 Clearance from supply ducts. Air-conditioning appliances shall have the clearance from supply ducts within 3 feet (914 mm) of the furnace plenum be not less than that specified from the furnace plenum. Clearance is not necessary beyond this distance.

2409.4 Central heating boilers and furnaces. Clearance requirements for central-heating boilers and furnaces shall comply with Sections 2409.4.1 through 2409.4.6. The clearance to these appliances shall not interfere with combustion air; draft hood clearance and relief; and accessibility for servicing.

2409.4.1 Appliances installed in rooms that are large in comparison with the size of the appliances. Central-heating furnaces and low-pressure boilers installed in rooms large in comparison with the size of the appliance shall be installed with clearances in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

2409.4.2 Appliances installed in rooms that are not large in comparison with the size of the appliances. Central-heating furnaces and low-pressure boilers installed in rooms that are not large in comparison with the size of the appliance, such as alcoves and closets, shall be listed for such installations. Listed clearances shall not be reduced by the protection methods described in Table 2409.2 and illustrated in Figures 2409.2(1) through 2409.2(3), regardless of whether the enclosure is of combustible or noncombustible material.

2409.4.3 Clearance reduction. Central heating furnaces and low-pressure boilers installed in rooms that are large in comparison with the size of the appliance shall be permitted to be installed with reduced clearances to combustible material provided the combustible material or equipment is protected as described in Table 2409.2.

2409.4.4 Plenum clearances. Where the furnace plenum is adjacent to plaster on metal lath or noncombustible material attached to combustible material, the clearance shall be measured to the surface of the plaster or other noncombustible finish where the clearance specified is 2 inches (51 mm) or less.

2409.4.5 Clearance from supply ducts. Central-heating furnaces shall have the clearance from supply ducts within 3 feet (914 mm) of the furnace plenum be not less than that specified from the furnace plenum. No clearance is necessary beyond this distance.

2409.4.6 Clearance for servicing appliances. Front clearance shall be sufficient for servicing the burner and the furnace or boiler.

SECTION 2410 ELECTRICAL

2410.1 Grounding. Gas piping shall not be used as a grounding electrode.

2410.2 Connections. Electrical connections between appliances and the building wiring, including the grounding of the appliances, shall conform to NFPA 70.

SECTION 2411 ELECTRICAL BONDING

2411.1 Pipe and tubing other than CSST. Each above-ground portion of a gas piping system other than corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST), that is likely to become energized shall be electrically continuous and bonded to an effective ground-fault current path. Gas piping, other than CSST, shall be considered to be bonded where it is connected to appliances that are connected to the equipment grounding conductor of the circuit supplying that appliance.

2411.1.1 CSST. Corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST) gas piping systems and piping systems containing one or more segments of CSST shall be bonded to the electrical service grounding electrode system or, where provided, the lightning protection electrode system.

2411.1.1.1 Point of Connection.The bonding jumper shall connect to a metallic pipe, pipe fitting or CSST fitting.

2411.1.1.2 Size and Material of jumper.The bondins jumper shall be shall be not smaller than 6AWG copper wire or equivalent.

2411.1.1.3 Bondins jumper length.The length of the bonding jumper between the connection to a gas piping system and the connection to a grounding electrode system shall not exceed 75 feet (22 860 mm). Any additional grounding electrode used shall be bonded to the electrical service grounding electrode system or, where provided, the lightning protection grounding electrode system.

2411.1.1.4 Bondins connections.Bondins connections shall be in accordance with NFPA 70.

2411.1.1.5 Connection devices.Devices used for making the bonding connections shall be listed for the application in accordance with UL 467.

TABLE 2409.2a through kREDUCTION OF CLEARANCES WITH SPECIFIED FORMS OF PROTECTION

TYPE OF PROTECTION APPLIED TO AND COVERING ALL SURFACES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL WITHIN THE DISTANCE SPECIFIED AS THE REQUIRED CLEARANCE WITH NO PROTECTION [see Figures 2409.2(1), 2409.2(2), and 2409.2(3) ]

WHERE THE REQUIRED CLEARANCE WITH NO PROTECTION FROM APPLIANCE, VENT CONNECTOR, OR SINGLE-WALL METAL PIPE IS: (inches)

36

18

12

9

6

Allowable clearances with specified protection (inches)

Use Column 1 for clearances above appliance or horizontal connector. Use Column 2 for clearances from appliance, vertical connector and single-wall metal pipe.

Above Col. 1

Sides and rear Col 2

Above Col. 1

Sides and rear Col 2

Above Col 1

Sides and rear Col. 2

Above Col 1

Sides and rear Col 2

Above Col. 1

Sides and rear Col. 2

1 3½-inch-thick masonry wall without ventilated airspace

-

24

-

12

-

9

-

6

-

5

2 ½-inch insulation board over 1-inch glass fiber or mineral wool batts

24

18

12

9

9

6

6

5

4

3

3. 0.024 -inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal over 1-inch glass fiber or mineral wool batts reinforced with wire on rear face with ventilated airspace

18

12

9

6

6

4

5

3

3

3

4. 3½-inch-thick masonry wall with ventilated airspace

-

12

-

6

-

6

-

6

-

6

5. 0.024 -inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated airspace

18

12

9

6

6

4

5

3

3

2

6. ½-inch-thick insulation board with ventilated airspace

18

12

9

6

6

4

5

3

3

3

7. 0.024 -inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated airspace over 0.024 -inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated airspace

18

12

9

6

6

4

5

3

3

3

8. 1-inch glass fiber or mineral wool batts sandwiched between two sheets 0.024 -inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated airspace

18

12

9

6

6

4

5

3

3

3

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, °C = [(°F - 32)/ 1.8 ], 1 pound per cubic foot = 16.02 kg/m3, 1 Btu per inch per square foot per hour per °F = 0.144 W/m2 . . K.

a. Reduction of clearances from combustible materials shall not interfere with combustion air, draft hood clearance and relief, and accessibility of servicing.

b. All clearances shall be measured from the outer surface of the combustible material to the nearest point on the surface of the appliance, disregarding any intervening protection applied to the combustible material.

c. Spacers and ties shall be of noncombustible material. No spacer or tie shall be used directly opposite an appliance or connector.

d. For all clearance reduction systems using a ventilated airspace, adequate provision for air circulation shall be provided as described [see Figures 2409.2(2) and 2409.2(3) ].

e. There shall be at least 1 inch between clearance reduction systems and combustible walls and ceilings for reduction systems using ventilated airspace.

f. Where a wall protector is mounted on a single flat wall away from corners, it shall have a minimum 1-inch air gap. To provide air circulation, the bottom and top edges, or only the side and top edges, or all edges shall be left open.

g. Mineral wool batts (blanket or board) shall have a minimum density of 8 pounds per cubic foot and a minimum melting point of 1500°F.

h. Insulation material used as part of a clearance reduction system shall have a thermal conductivity of 1.0 Btu per inch per square foot per hour per °F or less.

i. There shall be at least 1 inch between the appliance and the protector. In no case shall the clearance between the appliance and the combustible surface be reduced below that allowed in this table.

j. All clearances and thicknesses are minimum; larger clearances and thicknesses are acceptable.

k. Listed single-wall connectors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2412 GENERAL

2412.1 Scope. This section shall govern the design, installation, modification and maintenance of piping systems. The applicability of this code to piping systems extends from the point of delivery to the connections with the appliances and includes the design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation and maintenance of such piping systems.

2412.1.1 Utility piping systems located within buildings. Utility service piping located within buildings shall be installed in accordance with the structural safety and fire protection provisions of this code.

2412.2 Liquefied petroleum gas storage. The storage system for liquefied petroleum gas shall be designed and installed in accordance with the fire code and NFPA 58.

2412.3 Modifications to existing systems. In modifying or adding to existing piping systems, sizes shall be maintained in accordance with this chapter.

2412.4 Additional appliances. Where an additional appliance is to be served, the existing piping shall be checked to determine if it has adequate capacity for all appliances served. If inadequate, the existing system shall be enlarged as required or separate piping of adequate capacity shall be provided.

2412.5 Identification. For other than steel pipe, exposed piping shall be identified by a yellow label marked "Gas" in black letters. The marking shall be spaced at intervals not exceeding 5 feet (1524 mm). The marking shall not be required on pipe located in the same room as the appliance served.

2412.6 Interconnections. Where two or more meters are installed on the same premises, but supply separate consumers, the piping systems shall not be interconnected on the outlet side of the meters.

2412.7 Piping meter identification. Piping from multiple meter installations shall be marked with an approved permanent identification by the installer so that the piping system supplied by each meter is readily identifiable.

2412.8 Minimum sizes. All pipe utilized for the installation, extension and alteration of any piping system shall be sized to supply the full number of outlets for the intended purpose and shall be sized in accordance with Section 2413.

SECTION 2413 PIPE SIZING

2413.1 General considerations. Piping systems shall be of such size and so installed as to provide a supply of gas sufficient to meet the maximum demand and supply gas to each appliance inlet at not less than the minimum supply pressure required by the appliance.

2413.2 Maximum gas demand. The volume of gas to be provided, in cubic feet per hour, shall be determined directly from the manufacturer's input ratings of the appliances served. Where an input rating is not indicated, the gas supplier, appliance manufacturer or a qualified agency shall be contacted, or the rating from Table 2413.2 shall be used for estimating the volume of gas to be supplied.

The total connected hourly load shall be used as the basis for pipe sizing, assuming that all appliances could be operating at full capacity simultaneously. Where a diversity of load can be established, pipe sizing shall be permitted to be based on such loads.

TABLE 2413.2

APPROXIMATE GAS INPUT FOR TYPICAL APPLIANCES

APPLIANCE

INPUT BTU/H

(Approx.)

Space Heating Units

  

Hydronic boiler

  

Single family

100,000

Multifamily, per unit

60,000

Warm-air furnace

  

Single family

100,000

Multifamily, per unit

60,000

Space and Water Heating Units

  

Hydronic boiler

  

Single family

120,000

Multifamily, per unit

75,000

Water Heating Appliances

  

Water heater, automatic instantaneous

142,800

Capacity at 2 gal./minute

285,000

Capacity at 4 gal./minute

428,400

Capacity at 6 gal./minute

  

Water heater, automatic storage, 30- to 40-gal. tank

35,000

Water heater, automatic storage, 50-gal. tank

50,000

Water heater, domestic, circulating or side-arm

35,000

Cooking Appliances

  

Built-in oven or broiler unit, domestic

25,000

Built-in top unit, domestic

40,000

Range, free-standing, domestic

65,000

Other Appliances

  

Barbecue

40,000

Clothes dryer, Type 1 (domestic)

35,000

Gas fireplace, direct-vent

40,000

Gas light

2,500

Gas log

80,000

Refrigerator

3,000

For SI: 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.293 W, 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m.

2413.3 Sizing. Gas piping shall be sized in accordance with one of the following:

1. Pipe sizing tables or sizing equations in accordance with Section 2413.4.

2. The sizing tables included in a listed piping system's manufacturer's installation instructions.

3. Other approved engineering methods.

2413.4 Sizing tables and equations. Where Tables 2413.4(1) through 2413.4(21) are used to size piping or tubing, the pipe length shall be determined in accordance with Section 2413.4.1, 2413.4.2 or 2413.4.3.

Where Equations 24-3 and 24-4 are used to size piping or tubing, the pipe or tubing shall have smooth inside walls and the pipe length shall be determined in accordance with Section 2413.4.1, 2413.4.2 or 2413.4.3.

1. Low-pressure gas equation [Less than 1.5 pounds per square inch (psi) ( 10.3 kPa)]:


                image: oh/admin/2016/4101$8-24-01_ph_ff_a_ru_20151207_1403-11.png

(Equation 24-3)

2. High-pressure gas equation [ 1.5 psi ( 10.3 kPa) and above]:


                image: oh/admin/2016/4101$8-24-01_ph_ff_a_ru_20151207_1403-12.png

(Equation 24-4)

where:

D = Inside diameter of pipe, inches (mm).

Q = Input rate appliance(s), cubic feet per hour at 60°F (16°C) and 30-inch mercury column.

P1 = Upstream pressure, psia (P1 + 14.7 ).

P2 = Downstream pressure, psia (P2 + 14.7 ).

L = Equivalent length of pipe, feet.

[DELTA] H = Pressure drop, inch water column ( 27.7 inch water column = 1 psi).

TABLE 2413.4

CrAND Y VALUES FOR NATURAL GAS AND UNDILUTED PROPANE AT STANDARD CONDITIONS

GAS

EQUATION FACTORS

Cr

Y

Natural gas

0.6094

0.9992

Undiluted propane

1.2462

0.9910

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.028 m3, 1 foot = 305 mm, 1 inch water column = 0.249 kPa, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.293 W.

2413.4.1 Longest length method. The pipe size of each section of gas piping shall be determined using the longest length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet and the load of the section.

2413.4.2 Branch length method. Pipe shall be sized as follows:

1. Pipe size of each section of the longest pipe run from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet shall be determined using the longest run of piping and the load of the section.

2. The pipe size of each section of branch piping not previously sized shall be determined using the length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet in each branch and the load of the section.

2413.4.3 Hybrid pressure. The pipe size for each section of higher pressure gas piping shall be determined using the longest length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote line pressure regulator. The pipe size from the line pressure regulator to each outlet shall be determined using the length of piping from the regulator to the most remote outlet served by the regulator.

2413.5 Allowable pressure drop. The design pressure loss in any piping system under maximum probable flow conditions, from the point of delivery to the inlet connection of the appliance, shall be such that the supply pressure at the appliance is greater than or equal to the minimum pressure required by the appliance.

2413.6 Maximum design operating pressure. The maximum design operating pressure for piping systems located inside buildings shall not exceed 5 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (34 kPa gauge) except where one or more of the following conditions are met:

1. The piping system is welded.

2. The piping is located in a ventilated chase or otherwise enclosed for protection against accidental gas accumulation.

3. The piping is a temporary installation for buildings under construction.

2413.6.1 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. LP-gas systems designed to operate below -5°F (-21°C) or with butane or a propane-butane mix shall be designed to either accommodate liquid LP-gas or prevent LP-gas vapor from condensing into a liquid.

TABLE 2413.4(1)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

Less than 2 psi

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

0.60

PIPE SIZE (inch)

Nominal

½

¾

1

11/2

2

3

4

5

6

8

10

12

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

5.047

6.065

7.981

10.020

11.938

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

172

360

678

1,390

2,090

4,020

6,400

11,300

23,100

41,800

67,600

139,000

252,000

399,000

20

118

247

466

957

1,430

2,760

4,400

7,780

15,900

28,700

46,500

95,500

173,000

275,000

30

95

199

374

768

1,150

2,220

3,530

6,250

12,700

23,000

37,300

76,700

139,000

220,000

40

81

170

320

657

985

1,900

3,020

5,350

10,900

19,700

31,900

65,600

119,000

189,000

50

72

151

284

583

873

1,680

2,680

4,740

9,660

17,500

28,300

58,200

106,000

167,000

60

65

137

257

528

791

1,520

2,430

4,290

8,760

15,800

25,600

52,700

95,700

152,000

70

60

126

237

486

728

1,400

2,230

3,950

8,050

14,600

23,600

48,500

88,100

139,000

80

56

117

220

452

677

1,300

2,080

3,670

7,490

13,600

22,000

45,100

81,900

130,000

90

52

110

207

424

635

1,220

1,950

3,450

7,030

12,700

20,600

42,300

76,900

122,000

100

50

104

195

400

600

1,160

1,840

3,260

6,640

12,000

19,500

40,000

72,600

115,000

125

44

92

173

355

532

1,020

1,630

2,890

5,890

10,600

17,200

35,400

64,300

102,000

150

40

83

157

322

482

928

1,480

2,610

5,330

9,650

15,600

32,100

58,300

92,300

175

37

77

144

296

443

854

1,360

2,410

4,910

8,880

14,400

29,500

53,600

84,900

200

34

71

134

275

412

794

1,270

2,240

4,560

8,260

13,400

27,500

49,900

79,000

250

30

63

119

244

366

704

1,120

1,980

4,050

7,320

11,900

24,300

44,200

70,000

300

27

57

108

221

331

638

1,020

1,800

3,670

6,630

10,700

22,100

40,100

63,400

350

25

53

99

203

305

587

935

1,650

3,370

6,100

9,880

20,300

36,900

58,400

400

23

49

92

189

283

546

870

1,540

3,140

5,680

9,190

18,900

34,300

54,300

450

22

46

86

177

266

512

816

1,440

2,940

5,330

8,620

17,700

32,200

50,900

500

21

43

82

168

251

484

771

1,360

2,780

5,030

8,150

16,700

30,400

48,100

550

20

41

78

159

239

459

732

1,290

2,640

4,780

7,740

15,900

28,900

45,700

600

19

39

74

152

228

438

699

1,240

2,520

4,560

7,380

15,200

27,500

43,600

650

18

38

71

145

218

420

669

1,180

2,410

4,360

7,070

14,500

26,400

41,800

700

17

36

68

140

209

403

643

1,140

2,320

4,190

6,790

14,000

25,300

40,100

750

17

35

66

135

202

389

619

1,090

2,230

4,040

6,540

13,400

24,400

38,600

800

16

34

63

130

195

375

598

1,060

2,160

3,900

6,320

13,000

23,600

37,300

850

16

33

61

126

189

363

579

1,020

2,090

3,780

6,110

12,600

22,800

36,100

900

15

32

59

122

183

352

561

992

2,020

3,660

5,930

12,200

22,100

35,000

950

15

31

58

118

178

342

545

963

1,960

3,550

5,760

11,800

21,500

34,000

1,000

14

30

56

115

173

333

530

937

1,910

3,460

5,600

11,500

20,900

33,100

1,100

14

28

53

109

164

316

503

890

1,810

3,280

5,320

10,900

19,800

31,400

1,200

13

27

51

104

156

301

480

849

1,730

3,130

5,070

10,400

18,900

30,000

1,300

12

26

49

100

150

289

460

813

1,660

3,000

4,860

9,980

18,100

28,700

1,400

12

25

47

96

144

277

442

781

1,590

2,880

4,670

9,590

17,400

27,600

1,500

11

24

45

93

139

267

426

752

1,530

2,780

4,500

9,240

16,800

26,600

1,600

11

23

44

89

134

258

411

727

1,480

2,680

4,340

8,920

16,200

25,600

1,700

11

22

42

86

130

250

398

703

1,430

2,590

4,200

8,630

15,700

24,800

1,800

10

22

41

84

126

242

386

682

1,390

2,520

4,070

8,370

15,200

24,100

1,900

10

21

40

81

122

235

375

662

1,350

2,440

3,960

8,130

14,800

23,400

2,000

NA

20

39

79

119

229

364

644

1,310

2,380

3,850

7,910

14,400

22,700

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 NA means a flow of less than 10 cfh.

2 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(2)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

0.60

PIPE SIZE (inch)

Nominal

½

¾

1

2

3

4

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

1,510

3,040

5,560

11,400

17,100

32,900

52,500

92,800

189,000

20

1,070

2,150

3,930

8,070

12,100

23,300

37,100

65,600

134,000

30

869

1,760

3,210

6,590

9,880

19,000

30,300

53,600

109,000

40

753

1,520

2,780

5,710

8,550

16,500

26,300

46,400

94,700

50

673

1,360

2,490

5,110

7,650

14,700

23,500

41,500

84,700

60

615

1,240

2,270

4,660

6,980

13,500

21,400

37,900

77,300

70

569

1,150

2,100

4,320

6,470

12,500

19,900

35,100

71,600

80

532

1,080

1,970

4,040

6,050

11,700

18,600

32,800

67,000

90

502

1,010

1,850

3,810

5,700

11,000

17,500

30,900

63,100

100

462

934

1,710

3,510

5,260

10,100

16,100

28,500

58,200

125

414

836

1,530

3,140

4,700

9,060

14,400

25,500

52,100

150

372

751

1,370

2,820

4,220

8,130

13,000

22,900

46,700

175

344

695

1,270

2,601

3,910

7,530

12,000

21,200

43,300

200

318

642

1,170

2,410

3,610

6,960

11,100

19,600

40,000

250

279

583

1,040

2,140

3,210

6,180

9,850

17,400

35,500

300

253

528

945

1,940

2,910

5,600

8,920

15,800

32,200

350

232

486

869

1,790

2,670

5,150

8,210

14,500

29,600

400

216

452

809

1,660

2,490

4,790

7,640

13,500

27,500

450

203

424

759

1,560

2,330

4,500

7,170

12,700

25,800

500

192

401

717

1,470

2,210

4,250

6,770

12,000

24,400

550

182

381

681

1,400

2,090

4,030

6,430

11,400

23,200

600

174

363

650

1,330

2,000

3,850

6,130

10,800

22,100

650

166

348

622

1,280

1,910

3,680

5,870

10,400

21,200

700

160

334

598

1,230

1,840

3,540

5,640

9,970

20,300

750

154

322

576

1,180

1,770

3,410

5,440

9,610

19,600

800

149

311

556

1,140

1,710

3,290

5,250

9,280

18,900

850

144

301

538

1,100

1,650

3,190

5,080

8,980

18,300

900

139

292

522

1,070

1,600

3,090

4,930

8,710

17,800

950

135

283

507

1,040

1,560

3,000

4,780

8,460

17,200

1,000

132

275

493

1,010

1,520

2,920

4,650

8,220

16,800

1,100

125

262

468

960

1,440

2,770

4,420

7,810

15,900

1,200

119

250

446

917

1,370

2,640

4,220

7,450

15,200

1,300

114

239

427

878

1,320

2,530

4,040

7,140

14,600

1,400

110

230

411

843

1,260

2,430

3,880

6,860

14,000

1,500

106

221

396

812

1,220

2,340

3,740

6,600

13,500

1,600

102

214

382

784

1,180

2,260

3,610

6,380

13,000

1,700

99

207

370

759

1,140

2,190

3,490

6,170

12,600

1,800

96

200

358

736

1,100

2,120

3,390

5,980

12,200

1,900

93

195

348

715

1,070

2,060

3,290

5,810

11,900

2,000

91

189

339

695

1,040

2,010

3,200

5,650

11,500

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(3)

SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

Less than 2 psi

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

0.60

TUBE SIZE (inch)

Nominal

K & L

¼

3/8

½

5/8

¾

1

2

ACR

3/8

½

5/8

¾

7/8

11/8

13/8

-

-

Outside

0.375

0.500

0.625

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.375

1.625

2.125

Inside

0.305

0.402

0.527

0.652

0.745

0.995

1.245

1.481

1.959

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

27

55

111

195

276

590

1,060

1,680

3,490

20

18

38

77

134

190

406

730

1,150

2,400

30

15

30

61

107

152

326

586

925

1,930

40

13

26

53

92

131

279

502

791

1,650

50

11

23

47

82

116

247

445

701

1,460

60

10

21

42

74

105

224

403

635

1,320

70

NA

19

39

68

96

206

371

585

1,220

80

NA

18

36

63

90

192

345

544

1,130

90

NA

17

34

59

84

180

324

510

1,060

100

NA

16

32

56

79

170

306

482

1,000

125

NA

14

28

50

70

151

271

427

890

150

NA

13

26

45

64

136

245

387

806

175

NA

12

24

41

59

125

226

356

742

200

NA

11

22

39

55

117

210

331

690

250

NA

NA

20

34

48

103

186

294

612

300

NA

NA

18

31

44

94

169

266

554

350

NA

NA

16

28

40

86

155

245

510

400

NA

NA

15

26

38

80

144

228

474

450

NA

NA

14

25

35

75

135

214

445

500

NA

NA

13

23

33

71

128

202

420

550

NA

NA

13

22

32

68

122

192

399

600

NA

NA

12

21

30

64

116

183

381

650

NA

NA

12

20

29

62

111

175

365

700

NA

NA

11

20

28

59

107

168

350

750

NA

NA

11

19

27

57

103

162

338

800

NA

NA

10

18

26

55

99

156

326

850

NA

NA

10

18

25

53

96

151

315

900

NA

NA

NA

17

24

52

93

147

306

950

NA

NA

NA

17

24

50

90

143

297

1,000

NA

NA

NA

16

23

49

88

139

289

1,100

NA

NA

NA

15

22

46

84

132

274

1,200

NA

NA

NA

15

21

44

80

126

262

1,300

NA

NA

NA

14

20

42

76

120

251

1,400

NA

NA

NA

13

19

41

73

116

241

1,500

NA

NA

NA

13

18

39

71

111

232

1,600

NA

NA

NA

13

18

38

68

108

224

1,700

NA

NA

NA

12

17

37

66

104

217

1,800

NA

NA

NA

12

17

36

64

101

210

1,900

NA

NA

NA

11

16

35

62

98

204

2,000

NA

NA

NA

11

16

34

60

95

199

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.

2 NA means a flow of less than 10 cfh.

3 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(4)

SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

0.60

TUBE SIZE (inch)

Nominal

K & L

¼

3/8

½

5/8

¾

1

2

ACR

3/8

½

5/8

¾

7/8

11/8

13/8

-

-

Outside

0.375

0.500

0.625

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.375

1.625

2.125

Inside

0.305

0.402

0.527

0.652

0.745

0.995

1.245

1.481

1.959

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

245

506

1,030

1,800

2,550

5,450

9,820

15,500

32,200

20

169

348

708

1,240

1,760

3,750

6,750

10,600

22,200

30

135

279

568

993

1,410

3,010

5,420

8,550

17,800

40

116

239

486

850

1,210

2,580

4,640

7,310

15,200

50

103

212

431

754

1,070

2,280

4,110

6,480

13,500

60

93

192

391

683

969

2,070

3,730

5,870

12,200

70

86

177

359

628

891

1,900

3,430

5,400

11,300

80

80

164

334

584

829

1,770

3,190

5,030

10,500

90

75

154

314

548

778

1,660

2,990

4,720

9,820

100

71

146

296

518

735

1,570

2,830

4,450

9,280

125

63

129

263

459

651

1,390

2,500

3,950

8,220

150

57

117

238

416

590

1,260

2,270

3,580

7,450

175

52

108

219

383

543

1,160

2,090

3,290

6,850

200

49

100

204

356

505

1,080

1,940

3,060

6,380

250

43

89

181

315

448

956

1,720

2,710

5,650

300

39

80

164

286

406

866

1,560

2,460

5,120

350

36

74

150

263

373

797

1,430

2,260

4,710

400

33

69

140

245

347

741

1,330

2,100

4,380

450

31

65

131

230

326

696

1,250

1,970

4,110

500

30

61

124

217

308

657

1,180

1,870

3,880

550

28

58

118

206

292

624

1,120

1,770

3,690

600

27

55

112

196

279

595

1,070

1,690

3,520

650

26

53

108

188

267

570

1,030

1,620

3,370

700

25

51

103

181

256

548

986

1,550

3,240

750

24

49

100

174

247

528

950

1,500

3,120

800

23

47

96

168

239

510

917

1,450

3,010

850

22

46

93

163

231

493

888

1,400

2,920

900

22

44

90

158

224

478

861

1,360

2,830

950

21

43

88

153

217

464

836

1,320

2,740

1,000

20

42

85

149

211

452

813

1,280

2,670

1,100

19

40

81

142

201

429

772

1,220

2,540

1,200

18

38

77

135

192

409

737

1,160

2,420

1,300

18

36

74

129

183

392

705

1,110

2,320

1,400

17

35

71

124

176

376

678

1,070

2,230

1,500

16

34

68

120

170

363

653

1,030

2,140

1,600

16

33

66

116

164

350

630

994

2,070

1,700

15

31

64

112

159

339

610

962

2,000

1,800

15

30

62

108

154

329

592

933

1,940

1,900

14

30

60

105

149

319

575

906

1,890

2,000

14

29

59

102

145

310

559

881

1,830

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.

2 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(5)

CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

Less than 2 psi

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

0.60

TUBE SIZE (EHD)

Flow Designation

13

15

18

19

23

25

30

31

37

39

46

48

60

62

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

5

46

63

115

134

225

270

471

546

895

1,037

1,790

2,070

3,660

4,140

10

32

44

82

95

161

192

330

383

639

746

1,260

1,470

2,600

2,930

15

25

35

66

77

132

157

267

310

524

615

1,030

1,200

2,140

2,400

20

22

31

58

67

116

137

231

269

456

536

888

1,050

1,850

2,080

25

19

27

52

60

104

122

206

240

409

482

793

936

1,660

1,860

30

18

25

47

55

96

112

188

218

374

442

723

856

1,520

1,700

40

15

21

41

47

83

97

162

188

325

386

625

742

1,320

1,470

50

13

19

37

42

75

87

144

168

292

347

559

665

1,180

1,320

60

12

17

34

38

68

80

131

153

267

318

509

608

1,080

1,200

70

11

16

31

36

63

74

121

141

248

295

471

563

1,000

1,110

80

10

15

29

33

60

69

113

132

232

277

440

527

940

1,040

90

10

14

28

32

57

65

107

125

219

262

415

498

887

983

100

9

13

26

30

54

62

101

118

208

249

393

472

843

933

150

7

10

20

23

42

48

78

91

171

205

320

387

691

762

200

6

9

18

21

38

44

71

82

148

179

277

336

600

661

250

5

8

16

19

34

39

63

74

133

161

247

301

538

591

300

5

7

15

17

32

36

57

67

95

148

226

275

492

540

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends and/or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n, where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings and/or bends.

2 EHD-Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.

3 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(6)

CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

0.60

TUBE SIZE (EHD)

Flow Designation

13

15

18

19

23

25

30

31

37

39

46

48

60

62

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas Per Hour

10

270

353

587

700

1,100

1,370

2,590

2,990

4,510

5,037

9,600

10,700

18,600

21,600

25

166

220

374

444

709

876

1,620

1,870

2,890

3,258

6,040

6,780

11,900

13,700

30

151

200

342

405

650

801

1,480

1,700

2,640

2,987

5,510

6,200

10,900

12,500

40

129

172

297

351

567

696

1,270

1,470

2,300

2,605

4,760

5,380

9,440

10,900

50

115

154

266

314

510

624

1,140

1,310

2,060

2,343

4,260

4,820

8,470

9,720

75

93

124

218

257

420

512

922

1,070

1,690

1,932

3,470

3,950

6,940

7,940

80

89

120

211

249

407

496

892

1,030

1,640

1,874

3,360

3,820

6,730

7,690

100

79

107

189

222

366

445

795

920

1,470

1,685

3,000

3,420

6,030

6,880

150

64

87

155

182

302

364

646

748

1,210

1,389

2,440

2,800

4,940

5,620

200

55

75

135

157

263

317

557

645

1,050

1,212

2,110

2,430

4,290

4,870

250

49

67

121

141

236

284

497

576

941

1,090

1,890

2,180

3,850

4,360

300

44

61

110

129

217

260

453

525

862

999

1,720

1,990

3,520

3,980

400

38

52

96

111

189

225

390

453

749

871

1,490

1,730

3,060

3,450

500

34

46

86

100

170

202

348

404

552

783

1,330

1,550

2,740

3,090

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table does not include effect of pressure drop across the line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds ¾ psi, DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drops across a regulator can vary with flow rate.

2 CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity for a selected regulator. Consult with the regulator or tubing manufacturer for guidance.

3 Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends and/or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3 n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings and/or bends.

4 EHD-Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.

5 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(7)

POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

Less than 2 psi

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

0.60

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal OD

½

¾

1

2

Designation

SDR 9.33

SDR 11.0

SDR 11.00

SDR 10.00

SDR 11.00

SDR 11.00

Actual ID

0.660

0.860

1.077

1.328

1.554

1.943

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

201

403

726

1,260

1,900

3,410

20

138

277

499

865

1,310

2,350

30

111

222

401

695

1,050

1,880

40

95

190

343

594

898

1,610

50

84

169

304

527

796

1,430

60

76

153

276

477

721

1,300

70

70

140

254

439

663

1,190

80

65

131

236

409

617

1,110

90

61

123

221

383

579

1,040

100

58

116

209

362

547

983

125

51

103

185

321

485

871

150

46

93

168

291

439

789

175

43

86

154

268

404

726

200

40

80

144

249

376

675

250

35

71

127

221

333

598

300

32

64

115

200

302

542

350

29

59

106

184

278

499

400

27

55

99

171

258

464

450

26

51

93

160

242

435

500

24

48

88

152

229

411

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(8)

POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas

Natural

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

0.60

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal OD

½

¾

1

2

Designation

SDR 9.33

SDR 11.0

SDR 11.00

SDR 10.00

SDR 11.00

SDR 11.00

Actual ID

0.660

0.860

1.077

1.328

1.554

1.943

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

1,860

3,720

6,710

11,600

17,600

31,600

20

1,280

2,560

4,610

7,990

12,100

21,700

30

1,030

2,050

3,710

6,420

9,690

17,400

40

878

1,760

3,170

5,490

8,300

14,900

50

778

1,560

2,810

4,870

7,350

13,200

60

705

1,410

2,550

4,410

6,660

12,000

70

649

1,300

2,340

4,060

6,130

11,000

80

603

1,210

2,180

3,780

5,700

10,200

90

566

1,130

2,050

3,540

5,350

9,610

100

535

1,070

1,930

3,350

5,050

9,080

125

474

949

1,710

2,970

4,480

8,050

150

429

860

1,550

2,690

4,060

7,290

175

395

791

1,430

2,470

3,730

6,710

200

368

736

1,330

2,300

3,470

6,240

250

326

652

1,180

2,040

3,080

5,530

300

295

591

1,070

1,850

2,790

5,010

350

272

544

981

1,700

2,570

4,610

400

253

506

913

1,580

2,390

4,290

450

237

475

856

1,480

2,240

4,020

500

224

448

809

1,400

2,120

3,800

550

213

426

768

1,330

2,010

3,610

600

203

406

733

1,270

1,920

3,440

650

194

389

702

1,220

1,840

3,300

700

187

374

674

1,170

1,760

3,170

750

180

360

649

1,130

1,700

3,050

800

174

348

627

1,090

1,640

2,950

850

168

336

607

1,050

1,590

2,850

900

163

326

588

1,020

1,540

2,770

950

158

317

572

990

1,500

2,690

1,000

154

308

556

963

1,450

2,610

1,100

146

293

528

915

1,380

2,480

1,200

139

279

504

873

1,320

2,370

1,300

134

267

482

836

1,260

2,270

1,400

128

257

463

803

1,210

2,180

1,500

124

247

446

773

1,170

2,100

1,600

119

239

431

747

1,130

2,030

1,700

115

231

417

723

1,090

1,960

1,800

112

224

404

701

1,060

1,900

1,900

109

218

393

680

1,030

1,850

2,000

106

212

382

662

1,000

1,800

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

TABLE 2413.4(9)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

10.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Pipe sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

½

¾

1

2

3

4

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

3,320

6,950

13,100

26,900

40,300

77,600

124,000

219,000

446,000

20

2,280

4,780

9,000

18,500

27,700

53,300

85,000

150,000

306,000

30

1,830

3,840

7,220

14,800

22,200

42,800

68,200

121,000

246,000

40

1,570

3,280

6,180

12,700

19,000

36,600

58,400

103,000

211,000

50

1,390

2,910

5,480

11,300

16,900

32,500

51,700

91,500

187,000

60

1,260

2,640

4,970

10,200

15,300

29,400

46,900

82,900

169,000

70

1,160

2,430

4,570

9,380

14,100

27,100

43,100

76,300

156,000

80

1,080

2,260

4,250

8,730

13,100

25,200

40,100

70,900

145,000

90

1,010

2,120

3,990

8,190

12,300

23,600

37,700

66,600

136,000

100

956

2,000

3,770

7,730

11,600

22,300

35,600

62,900

128,000

125

848

1,770

3,340

6,850

10,300

19,800

31,500

55,700

114,000

150

768

1,610

3,020

6,210

9,300

17,900

28,600

50,500

103,000

175

706

1,480

2,780

5,710

8,560

16,500

26,300

46,500

94,700

200

657

1,370

2,590

5,320

7,960

15,300

24,400

43,200

88,100

250

582

1,220

2,290

4,710

7,060

13,600

21,700

38,300

78,100

300

528

1,100

2,080

4,270

6,400

12,300

19,600

34,700

70,800

350

486

1,020

1,910

3,930

5,880

11,300

18,100

31,900

65,100

400

452

945

1,780

3,650

5,470

10,500

16,800

29,700

60,600

450

424

886

1,670

3,430

5,140

9,890

15,800

27,900

56,800

500

400

837

1,580

3,240

4,850

9,340

14,900

26,300

53,700

550

380

795

1,500

3,070

4,610

8,870

14,100

25,000

51,000

600

363

759

1,430

2,930

4,400

8,460

13,500

23,900

48,600

650

347

726

1,370

2,810

4,210

8,110

12,900

22,800

46,600

700

334

698

1,310

2,700

4,040

7,790

12,400

21,900

44,800

750

321

672

1,270

2,600

3,900

7,500

12,000

21,100

43,100

800

310

649

1,220

2,510

3,760

7,240

11,500

20,400

41,600

850

300

628

1,180

2,430

3,640

7,010

11,200

19,800

40,300

900

291

609

1,150

2,360

3,530

6,800

10,800

19,200

39,100

950

283

592

1,110

2,290

3,430

6,600

10,500

18,600

37,900

1,000

275

575

1,080

2,230

3,330

6,420

10,200

18,100

36,900

1,100

261

546

1,030

2,110

3,170

6,100

9,720

17,200

35,000

1,200

249

521

982

2,020

3,020

5,820

9,270

16,400

33,400

1,300

239

499

940

1,930

2,890

5,570

8,880

15,700

32,000

1,400

229

480

903

1,850

2,780

5,350

8,530

15,100

30,800

1,500

221

462

870

1,790

2,680

5,160

8,220

14,500

29,600

1,600

213

446

840

1,730

2,590

4,980

7,940

14,000

28,600

1,700

206

432

813

1,670

2,500

4,820

7,680

13,600

27,700

1,800

200

419

789

1,620

2,430

4,670

7,450

13,200

26,900

1,900

194

407

766

1,570

2,360

4,540

7,230

12,800

26,100

2,000

189

395

745

1,530

2,290

4,410

7,030

12,400

25,400

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(10)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

10.0 psi

Pressure Drop

3.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Pipe sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).

PIPE SIZE (in)

Nominal

½

¾

1

2

3

4

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

5,890

12,300

23,200

47,600

71,300

137,000

219,000

387,000

789,000

20

4,050

8,460

15,900

32,700

49,000

94,400

150,000

266,000

543,000

30

3,250

6,790

12,800

26,300

39,400

75,800

121,000

214,000

436,000

40

2,780

5,810

11,000

22,500

33,700

64,900

103,000

183,000

373,000

50

2,460

5,150

9,710

19,900

29,900

57,500

91,600

162,000

330,000

60

2,230

4,670

8,790

18,100

27,100

52,100

83,000

147,000

299,000

70

2,050

4,300

8,090

16,600

24,900

47,900

76,400

135,000

275,000

80

1,910

4,000

7,530

15,500

23,200

44,600

71,100

126,000

256,000

90

1,790

3,750

7,060

14,500

21,700

41,800

66,700

118,000

240,000

100

1,690

3,540

6,670

13,700

20,500

39,500

63,000

111,000

227,000

125

1,500

3,140

5,910

12,100

18,200

35,000

55,800

98,700

201,000

150

1,360

2,840

5,360

11,000

16,500

31,700

50,600

89,400

182,000

175

1,250

2,620

4,930

10,100

15,200

29,200

46,500

82,300

167,800

200

1,160

2,430

4,580

9,410

14,100

27,200

43,300

76,500

156,100

250

1,030

2,160

4,060

8,340

12,500

24,100

38,400

67,800

138,400

300

935

1,950

3,680

7,560

11,300

21,800

34,800

61,500

125,400

350

860

1,800

3,390

6,950

10,400

20,100

32,000

56,500

115,300

400

800

1,670

3,150

6,470

9,690

18,700

29,800

52,600

107,300

450

751

1,570

2,960

6,070

9,090

17,500

27,900

49,400

100,700

500

709

1,480

2,790

5,730

8,590

16,500

26,400

46,600

95,100

550

673

1,410

2,650

5,450

8,160

15,700

25,000

44,300

90,300

600

642

1,340

2,530

5,200

7,780

15,000

23,900

42,200

86,200

650

615

1,290

2,420

4,980

7,450

14,400

22,900

40,500

82,500

700

591

1,240

2,330

4,780

7,160

13,800

22,000

38,900

79,300

750

569

1,190

2,240

4,600

6,900

13,300

21,200

37,400

76,400

800

550

1,150

2,170

4,450

6,660

12,800

20,500

36,200

73,700

850

532

1,110

2,100

4,300

6,450

12,400

19,800

35,000

71,400

900

516

1,080

2,030

4,170

6,250

12,000

19,200

33,900

69,200

950

501

1,050

1,970

4,050

6,070

11,700

18,600

32,900

67,200

1,000

487

1,020

1,920

3,940

5,900

11,400

18,100

32,000

65,400

1,100

463

968

1,820

3,740

5,610

10,800

17,200

30,400

62,100

1,200

442

923

1,740

3,570

5,350

10,300

16,400

29,000

59,200

1,300

423

884

1,670

3,420

5,120

9,870

15,700

27,800

56,700

1,400

406

849

1,600

3,280

4,920

9,480

15,100

26,700

54,500

1,500

391

818

1,540

3,160

4,740

9,130

14,600

25,700

52,500

1,600

378

790

1,490

3,060

4,580

8,820

14,100

24,800

50,700

1,700

366

765

1,440

2,960

4,430

8,530

13,600

24,000

49,000

1,800

355

741

1,400

2,870

4,300

8,270

13,200

23,300

47,600

1,900

344

720

1,360

2,780

4,170

8,040

12,800

22,600

46,200

2,000

335

700

1,320

2,710

4,060

7,820

12,500

22,000

44,900

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(11)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Pipe sizing between 2 psig service and line pressure regulator.

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

½

¾

1

2

2½

3

4

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

2,680

5,590

10,500

21,600

32,400

62,400

99,500

176,000

359,000

20

1,840

3,850

7,240

14,900

22,300

42,900

68,400

121,000

247,000

30

1,480

3,090

5,820

11,900

17,900

34,500

54,900

97,100

198,000

40

1,260

2,640

4,980

10,200

15,300

29,500

47,000

83,100

170,000

50

1,120

2,340

4,410

9,060

13,600

26,100

41,700

73,700

150,000

60

1,010

2,120

4,000

8,210

12,300

23,700

37,700

66,700

136,000

70

934

1,950

3,680

7,550

11,300

21,800

34,700

61,400

125,000

80

869

1,820

3,420

7,020

10,500

20,300

32,300

57,100

116,000

90

815

1,700

3,210

6,590

9,880

19,000

30,300

53,600

109,000

100

770

1,610

3,030

6,230

9,330

18,000

28,600

50,600

103,000

125

682

1,430

2,690

5,520

8,270

15,900

25,400

44,900

91,500

150

618

1,290

2,440

5,000

7,490

14,400

23,000

40,700

82,900

175

569

1,190

2,240

4,600

6,890

13,300

21,200

37,400

76,300

200

529

1,110

2,080

4,280

6,410

12,300

19,700

34,800

71,000

250

469

981

1,850

3,790

5,680

10,900

17,400

30,800

62,900

300

425

889

1,670

3,440

5,150

9,920

15,800

27,900

57,000

350

391

817

1,540

3,160

4,740

9,120

14,500

25,700

52,400

400

364

760

1,430

2,940

4,410

8,490

13,500

23,900

48,800

450

341

714

1,340

2,760

4,130

7,960

12,700

22,400

45,800

500

322

674

1,270

2,610

3,910

7,520

12,000

21,200

43,200

550

306

640

1,210

2,480

3,710

7,140

11,400

20,100

41,100

600

292

611

1,150

2,360

3,540

6,820

10,900

19,200

39,200

650

280

585

1,100

2,260

3,390

6,530

10,400

18,400

37,500

700

269

562

1,060

2,170

3,260

6,270

9,990

17,700

36,000

750

259

541

1,020

2,090

3,140

6,040

9,630

17,000

34,700

800

250

523

985

2,020

3,030

5,830

9,300

16,400

33,500

850

242

506

953

1,960

2,930

5,640

9,000

15,900

32,400

900

235

490

924

1,900

2,840

5,470

8,720

15,400

31,500

950

228

476

897

1,840

2,760

5,310

8,470

15,000

30,500

1,000

222

463

873

1,790

2,680

5,170

8,240

14,600

29,700

1,100

210

440

829

1,700

2,550

4,910

7,830

13,800

28,200

1,200

201

420

791

1,620

2,430

4,680

7,470

13,200

26,900

1,300

192

402

757

1,550

2,330

4,490

7,150

12,600

25,800

1,400

185

386

727

1,490

2,240

4,310

6,870

12,100

24,800

1,500

178

372

701

1,440

2,160

4,150

6,620

11,700

23,900

1,600

172

359

677

1,390

2,080

4,010

6,390

11,300

23,000

1,700

166

348

655

1,340

2,010

3,880

6,180

10,900

22,300

1,800

161

337

635

1,300

1,950

3,760

6,000

10,600

21,600

1,900

157

327

617

1,270

1,900

3,650

5,820

10,300

21,000

2,000

152

318

600

1,230

1,840

3,550

5,660

10,000

20,400

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(12)

SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

11.0 in. w.c.

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Pipe sizing between single- or second-stage (low pressure) regulator and appliance.

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

½

¾

1

2

3

4

Actual ID

0.622

0.824

1.049

1.380

1.610

2.067

2.469

3.068

4.026

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

291

608

1,150

2,350

3,520

6,790

10,800

19,100

39,000

20

200

418

787

1,620

2,420

4,660

7,430

13,100

26,800

30

160

336

632

1,300

1,940

3,750

5,970

10,600

21,500

40

137

287

541

1,110

1,660

3,210

5,110

9,030

18,400

50

122

255

480

985

1,480

2,840

4,530

8,000

16,300

60

110

231

434

892

1,340

2,570

4,100

7,250

14,800

80

101

212

400

821

1,230

2,370

3,770

6,670

13,600

100

94

197

372

763

1,140

2,200

3,510

6,210

12,700

125

89

185

349

716

1,070

2,070

3,290

5,820

11,900

150

84

175

330

677

1,010

1,950

3,110

5,500

11,200

175

74

155

292

600

899

1,730

2,760

4,880

9,950

200

67

140

265

543

814

1,570

2,500

4,420

9,010

250

62

129

243

500

749

1,440

2,300

4,060

8,290

300

58

120

227

465

697

1,340

2,140

3,780

7,710

350

51

107

201

412

618

1,190

1,900

3,350

6,840

400

46

97

182

373

560

1,080

1,720

3,040

6,190

450

42

89

167

344

515

991

1,580

2,790

5,700

500

40

83

156

320

479

922

1,470

2,600

5,300

550

37

78

146

300

449

865

1,380

2,440

4,970

600

35

73

138

283

424

817

1,300

2,300

4,700

650

33

70

131

269

403

776

1,240

2,190

4,460

700

32

66

125

257

385

741

1,180

2,090

4,260

750

30

64

120

246

368

709

1,130

2,000

4,080

800

29

61

115

236

354

681

1,090

1,920

3,920

850

28

59

111

227

341

656

1,050

1,850

3,770

900

27

57

107

220

329

634

1,010

1,790

3,640

950

26

55

104

213

319

613

978

1,730

3,530

1,000

25

53

100

206

309

595

948

1,680

3,420

1,100

25

52

97

200

300

578

921

1,630

3,320

1,200

24

50

95

195

292

562

895

1,580

3,230

1,300

23

48

90

185

277

534

850

1,500

3,070

1,400

22

46

86

176

264

509

811

1,430

2,930

1,500

21

44

82

169

253

487

777

1,370

2,800

1,600

20

42

79

162

243

468

746

1,320

2,690

1,700

19

40

76

156

234

451

719

1,270

2,590

1,800

19

39

74

151

226

436

694

1,230

2,500

1,900

18

38

71

146

219

422

672

1,190

2,420

2,000

18

37

69

142

212

409

652

1,150

2,350

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

TABLE 2413.4(13)

SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

10.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).

TUBE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

K & L

¼

3/8

½

5/8

¾

1

2

ACR

3/8

½

5/8

¾

7/8

11/8

13/8

-

-

Outside

0.375

0.500

0.625

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.375

1.625

2.125

Inside

0.305

0.402

0.527

0.652

0.745

0.995

1.245

1.481

1.959

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

513

1,060

2,150

3,760

5,330

11,400

20,500

32,300

67,400

20

352

727

1,480

2,580

3,670

7,830

14,100

22,200

46,300

30

283

584

1,190

2,080

2,940

6,290

11,300

17,900

37,200

40

242

500

1,020

1,780

2,520

5,380

9,690

15,300

31,800

50

215

443

901

1,570

2,230

4,770

8,590

13,500

28,200

60

194

401

816

1,430

2,020

4,320

7,780

12,300

25,600

70

179

369

751

1,310

1,860

3,980

7,160

11,300

23,500

80

166

343

699

1,220

1,730

3,700

6,660

10,500

21,900

90

156

322

655

1,150

1,630

3,470

6,250

9,850

20,500

100

147

304

619

1,080

1,540

3,280

5,900

9,310

19,400

125

131

270

549

959

1,360

2,910

5,230

8,250

17,200

150

118

244

497

869

1,230

2,630

4,740

7,470

15,600

175

109

225

457

799

1,130

2,420

4,360

6,880

14,300

200

101

209

426

744

1,060

2,250

4,060

6,400

13,300

250

90

185

377

659

935

2,000

3,600

5,670

11,800

300

81

168

342

597

847

1,810

3,260

5,140

10,700

350

75

155

314

549

779

1,660

3,000

4,730

9,840

400

70

144

292

511

725

1,550

2,790

4,400

9,160

450

65

135

274

480

680

1,450

2,620

4,130

8,590

500

62

127

259

453

643

1,370

2,470

3,900

8,120

550

59

121

246

430

610

1,300

2,350

3,700

7,710

600

56

115

235

410

582

1,240

2,240

3,530

7,350

650

54

111

225

393

558

1,190

2,140

3,380

7,040

700

51

106

216

378

536

1,140

2,060

3,250

6,770

750

50

102

208

364

516

1,100

1,980

3,130

6,520

800

48

99

201

351

498

1,060

1,920

3,020

6,290

850

46

96

195

340

482

1,030

1,850

2,920

6,090

900

45

93

189

330

468

1,000

1,800

2,840

5,910

950

44

90

183

320

454

970

1,750

2,750

5,730

1,000

42

88

178

311

442

944

1,700

2,680

5,580

1,100

40

83

169

296

420

896

1,610

2,540

5,300

1,200

38

79

161

282

400

855

1,540

2,430

5,050

1,300

37

76

155

270

383

819

1,470

2,320

4,840

1,400

35

73

148

260

368

787

1,420

2,230

4,650

1,500

34

70

143

250

355

758

1,360

2,150

4,480

1,600

33

68

138

241

343

732

1,320

2,080

4,330

1,700

32

66

134

234

331

708

1,270

2,010

4,190

1,800

31

64

130

227

321

687

1,240

1,950

4,060

1,900

30

62

126

220

312

667

1,200

1,890

3,940

2,000

29

60

122

214

304

648

1,170

1,840

3,830

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.

2 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(14)

SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

11.0 in. w.c.

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Sizing between single- or second-stage (low-pressure regulator) and appliance.

TUBE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

K & L

¼

3/8

½

5/8

¾

1

2

ACR

3/8

½

5/8

¾

7/8

11/8

13/8

-

-

Outside

0.375

0.500

0.625

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.375

1.625

2.125

Inside

0.305

0.402

0.527

0.652

0.745

0.995

1.245

1.481

1.959

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

45

93

188

329

467

997

1,800

2,830

5,890

20

31

64

129

226

321

685

1,230

1,950

4,050

30

25

51

104

182

258

550

991

1,560

3,250

40

21

44

89

155

220

471

848

1,340

2,780

50

19

39

79

138

195

417

752

1,180

2,470

60

17

35

71

125

177

378

681

1,070

2,240

70

16

32

66

115

163

348

626

988

2,060

80

15

30

61

107

152

324

583

919

1,910

90

14

28

57

100

142

304

547

862

1,800

100

13

27

54

95

134

287

517

814

1,700

125

11

24

48

84

119

254

458

722

1,500

150

10

21

44

76

108

230

415

654

1,360

175

NA

20

40

70

99

212

382

602

1,250

200

NA

18

37

65

92

197

355

560

1,170

250

NA

16

33

58

82

175

315

496

1,030

300

NA

15

30

52

74

158

285

449

936

350

NA

14

28

48

68

146

262

414

861

400

NA

13

26

45

63

136

244

385

801

450

NA

12

24

42

60

127

229

361

752

500

NA

11

23

40

56

120

216

341

710

550

NA

11

22

38

53

114

205

324

674

600

NA

10

21

36

51

109

196

309

643

650

NA

NA

20

34

49

104

188

296

616

700

NA

NA

19

33

47

100

180

284

592

750

NA

NA

18

32

45

96

174

274

570

800

NA

NA

18

31

44

93

168

264

551

850

NA

NA

17

30

42

90

162

256

533

900

NA

NA

17

29

41

87

157

248

517

950

NA

NA

16

28

40

85

153

241

502

1,000

NA

NA

16

27

39

83

149

234

488

1,100

NA

NA

15

26

37

78

141

223

464

1,200

NA

NA

14

25

35

75

135

212

442

1,300

NA

NA

14

24

34

72

129

203

423

1,400

NA

NA

13

23

32

69

124

195

407

1,500

NA

NA

13

22

31

66

119

188

392

1,600

NA

NA

12

21

30

64

115

182

378

1,700

NA

NA

12

20

29

62

112

176

366

1,800

NA

NA

11

20

28

60

108

170

355

1,900

NA

NA

11

19

27

58

105

166

345

2,000

NA

NA

11

19

27

57

102

161

335

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.

2 NA means a flow of less than 10,000 Btu/hr.

3 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(15)

SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Tube sizing between 2 psig service and line pressure regulator.

TUBE SIZE (in.)

Nominal

K & L

¼

3/8

½

5/8

¾

1

2

ACR

3/8

½

5/8

¾

7/8

11/8

13/8

-

-

Outside

0.375

0.500

0.625

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.375

1.625

2.125

Inside

0.305

0.402

0.527

0.652

0.745

0.995

1.245

1.481

1.959

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

413

852

1,730

3,030

4,300

9,170

16,500

26,000

54,200

20

284

585

1,190

2,080

2,950

6,310

11,400

17,900

37,300

30

228

470

956

1,670

2,370

5,060

9,120

14,400

29,900

40

195

402

818

1,430

2,030

4,330

7,800

12,300

25,600

50

173

356

725

1,270

1,800

3,840

6,920

10,900

22,700

60

157

323

657

1,150

1,630

3,480

6,270

9,880

20,600

70

144

297

605

1,060

1,500

3,200

5,760

9,090

18,900

80

134

276

562

983

1,390

2,980

5,360

8,450

17,600

90

126

259

528

922

1,310

2,790

5,030

7,930

16,500

100

119

245

498

871

1,240

2,640

4,750

7,490

15,600

125

105

217

442

772

1,100

2,340

4,210

6,640

13,800

150

95

197

400

700

992

2,120

3,820

6,020

12,500

175

88

181

368

644

913

1,950

3,510

5,540

11,500

200

82

168

343

599

849

1,810

3,270

5,150

10,700

250

72

149

304

531

753

1,610

2,900

4,560

9,510

300

66

135

275

481

682

1,460

2,620

4,140

8,610

350

60

124

253

442

628

1,340

2,410

3,800

7,920

400

56

116

235

411

584

1,250

2,250

3,540

7,370

450

53

109

221

386

548

1,170

2,110

3,320

6,920

500

50

103

209

365

517

1,110

1,990

3,140

6,530

550

47

97

198

346

491

1,050

1,890

2,980

6,210

600

45

93

189

330

469

1,000

1,800

2,840

5,920

650

43

89

181

316

449

959

1,730

2,720

5,670

700

41

86

174

304

431

921

1,660

2,620

5,450

750

40

82

168

293

415

888

1,600

2,520

5,250

800

39

80

162

283

401

857

1,540

2,430

5,070

850

37

77

157

274

388

829

1,490

2,350

4,900

900

36

75

152

265

376

804

1,450

2,280

4,750

950

35

72

147

258

366

781

1,410

2,220

4,620

1,000

34

71

143

251

356

760

1,370

2,160

4,490

1,100

32

67

136

238

338

721

1,300

2,050

4,270

1,200

31

64

130

227

322

688

1,240

1,950

4,070

1,300

30

61

124

217

309

659

1,190

1,870

3,900

1,400

28

59

120

209

296

633

1,140

1,800

3,740

1,500

27

57

115

201

286

610

1,100

1,730

3,610

1,600

26

55

111

194

276

589

1,060

1,670

3,480

1,700

26

53

108

188

267

570

1,030

1,620

3,370

1,800

25

51

104

182

259

553

1,000

1,570

3,270

1,900

24

50

101

177

251

537

966

1,520

3,170

2,000

23

48

99

172

244

522

940

1,480

3,090

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.

2 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(16)

CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

11.0 in. w.c.

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Sizing between single or second stage (low pressure) regulator and the appliance shutoff valve.

TUBE SIZE (EHD)

Flow Designation

13

15

18

19

23

25

30

31

37

39

46

48

60

62

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

5

72

99

181

211

355

426

744

863

1,420

1,638

2,830

3,270

5,780

6,550

10

50

69

129

150

254

303

521

605

971

1,179

1,990

2,320

4,110

4,640

15

39

55

104

121

208

248

422

490

775

972

1,620

1,900

3,370

3,790

20

34

49

91

106

183

216

365

425

661

847

1,400

1,650

2,930

3,290

25

30

42

82

94

164

192

325

379

583

762

1,250

1,480

2,630

2,940

30

28

39

74

87

151

177

297

344

528

698

1,140

1,350

2,400

2,680

40

23

33

64

74

131

153

256

297

449

610

988

1,170

2,090

2,330

50

20

30

58

66

118

137

227

265

397

548

884

1,050

1,870

2,080

60

19

26

53

60

107

126

207

241

359

502

805

961

1,710

1,900

70

17

25

49

57

99

117

191

222

330

466

745

890

1,590

1,760

80

15

23

45

52

94

109

178

208

307

438

696

833

1,490

1,650

90

15

22

44

50

90

102

169

197

286

414

656

787

1,400

1,550

100

14

20

41

47

85

98

159

186

270

393

621

746

1,330

1,480

150

11

15

31

36

66

75

123

143

217

324

506

611

1,090

1,210

200

9

14

28

33

60

69

112

129

183

283

438

531

948

1,050

250

8

12

25

30

53

61

99

117

163

254

390

476

850

934

300

8

11

23

26

50

57

90

107

147

234

357

434

777

854

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends and/or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length

(feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings and/or bends.

2 EHD-Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.

3 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(17)

CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

Sizing between 2 psi service and the line pressure regulator.

TUBE SIZE (EHD)

Flow Designation

13

15

18

19

23

25

30

31

37

39

46

48

60

62

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

426

558

927

1,110

1,740

2,170

4,100

4,720

7,130

7,958

15,200

16,800

29,400

34,200

25

262

347

591

701

1,120

1,380

2,560

2,950

4,560

5,147

9,550

10,700

18,800

21,700

30

238

316

540

640

1,030

1,270

2,330

2,690

4,180

4,719

8,710

9,790

17,200

19,800

40

203

271

469

554

896

1,100

2,010

2,320

3,630

4,116

7,530

8,500

14,900

17,200

50

181

243

420

496

806

986

1,790

2,070

3,260

3,702

6,730

7,610

13,400

15,400

75

147

196

344

406

663

809

1,460

1,690

2,680

3,053

5,480

6,230

11,000

12,600

80

140

189

333

393

643

768

1,410

1,630

2,590

2,961

5,300

6,040

10,600

12,200

100

124

169

298

350

578

703

1,260

1,450

2,330

2,662

4,740

5,410

9,530

10,900

150

101

137

245

287

477

575

1,020

1,180

1,910

2,195

3,860

4,430

7,810

8,890

200

86

118

213

248

415

501

880

1,020

1,660

1,915

3,340

3,840

6,780

7,710

250

77

105

191

222

373

448

785

910

1,490

1,722

2,980

3,440

6,080

6,900

300

69

96

173

203

343

411

716

829

1,360

1,578

2,720

3,150

5,560

6,300

400

60

82

151

175

298

355

616

716

1,160

1,376

2,350

2,730

4,830

5,460

500

53

72

135

158

268

319

550

638

1,030

1,237

2,100

2,450

4,330

4,880

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table does not include effect of pressure drop across the line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds ½ psi (based on 13 in. w.c. outlet pressure), DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drops across a regulator can vary with flow rate.

2 CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity for a selected regulator. Consult with the regulator or tubing manufacturer for guidance.

3 Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends and/or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings and/or bends.

4 EHD-Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.

5 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(18)

CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

5.0 psi

Pressure Drop

3.5 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

TUBE SIZE (EHD)

Flow Designation

13

15

18

19

23

25

30

31

37

39

46

48

60

62

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

826

1,070

1,710

2,060

3,150

4,000

7,830

8,950

13,100

14,441

28,600

31,200

54,400

63,800

25

509

664

1,090

1,310

2,040

2,550

4,860

5,600

8,400

9,339

18,000

19,900

34,700

40,400

30

461

603

999

1,190

1,870

2,340

4,430

5,100

7,680

8,564

16,400

18,200

31,700

36,900

40

396

520

867

1,030

1,630

2,030

3,820

4,400

6,680

7,469

14,200

15,800

27,600

32,000

50

352

463

777

926

1,460

1,820

3,410

3,930

5,990

6,717

12,700

14,100

24,700

28,600

75

284

376

637

757

1,210

1,490

2,770

3,190

4,920

5,539

10,300

11,600

20,300

23,400

80

275

363

618

731

1,170

1,450

2,680

3,090

4,770

5,372

9,990

11,200

19,600

22,700

100

243

324

553

656

1,050

1,300

2,390

2,760

4,280

4,830

8,930

10,000

17,600

20,300

150

196

262

453

535

866

1,060

1,940

2,240

3,510

3,983

7,270

8,210

14,400

16,600

200

169

226

393

464

755

923

1,680

1,930

3,050

3,474

6,290

7,130

12,500

14,400

250

150

202

352

415

679

828

1,490

1,730

2,740

3,124

5,620

6,390

11,200

12,900

300

136

183

322

379

622

757

1,360

1,570

2,510

2,865

5,120

5,840

10,300

11,700

400

117

158

279

328

542

657

1,170

1,360

2,180

2,498

4,430

5,070

8,920

10,200

500

104

140

251

294

488

589

1,050

1,210

1,950

2,247

3,960

4,540

8,000

9,110

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Notes:

1 Table does not include effect of pressure drop across line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds 1 psi, DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drop across regulator can vary with the flow rate.

2 CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity of selected regulator. Consult with the tubing manufacturer for guidance.

3 Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends and/or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings and/or bends.

4 EHD- Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.

5 All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(19)

POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

11.0 in. w.c.

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

PE pipe sizing between integral 2-stage regulator at tank or second stage (low pressure regulator) and building.

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal OD

½

¾

1

2

Designation

SDR 9.33

SDR 11.0

SDR 11.00

SDR 10.00

SDR 11.00

SDR 11.00

Actual ID

0.660

0.860

1.077

1.328

1.554

1.943

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

340

680

1,230

2,130

3,210

5,770

20

233

468

844

1,460

2,210

3,970

30

187

375

677

1,170

1,770

3,180

40

160

321

580

1,000

1,520

2,730

50

142

285

514

890

1,340

2,420

60

129

258

466

807

1,220

2,190

70

119

237

428

742

1,120

2,010

80

110

221

398

690

1,040

1,870

90

103

207

374

648

978

1,760

100

98

196

353

612

924

1,660

125

87

173

313

542

819

1,470

150

78

157

284

491

742

1,330

175

72

145

261

452

683

1,230

200

67

135

243

420

635

1,140

250

60

119

215

373

563

1,010

300

54

108

195

338

510

916

350

50

99

179

311

469

843

400

46

92

167

289

436

784

450

43

87

157

271

409

736

500

41

82

148

256

387

695

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(20)

POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

2.0 psi

Pressure Drop

1.0 psi

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

PE pipe sizing between 2 psig service regulator and line pressure regulator.

PIPE SIZE (in.)

Nominal OD

½

¾

1

2

Designation

SDR 9.33

SDR 11.0

SDR 11.00

SDR 10.00

SDR 11.00

SDR 11.00

Actual ID

0.660

0.860

1.077

1.328

1.554

1.943

Length (ft)

Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour

10

3,130

6,260

11,300

19,600

29,500

53,100

20

2,150

4,300

7,760

13,400

20,300

36,500

30

1,730

3,450

6,230

10,800

16,300

29,300

40

1,480

2,960

5,330

9,240

14,000

25,100

50

1,310

2,620

4,730

8,190

12,400

22,200

60

1,190

2,370

4,280

7,420

11,200

20,100

70

1,090

2,180

3,940

6,830

10,300

18,500

80

1,010

2,030

3,670

6,350

9,590

17,200

90

952

1,910

3,440

5,960

9,000

16,200

100

899

1,800

3,250

5,630

8,500

15,300

125

797

1,600

2,880

4,990

7,530

13,500

150

722

1,450

2,610

4,520

6,830

12,300

175

664

1,330

2,400

4,160

6,280

11,300

200

618

1,240

2,230

3,870

5,840

10,500

250

548

1,100

1,980

3,430

5,180

9,300

300

496

994

1,790

3,110

4,690

8,430

350

457

914

1,650

2,860

4,320

7,760

400

425

851

1,530

2,660

4,020

7,220

450

399

798

1,440

2,500

3,770

6,770

500

377

754

1,360

2,360

3,560

6,390

550

358

716

1,290

2,240

3,380

6,070

600

341

683

1,230

2,140

3,220

5,790

650

327

654

1,180

2,040

3,090

5,550

700

314

628

1,130

1,960

2,970

5,330

750

302

605

1,090

1,890

2,860

5,140

800

292

585

1,050

1,830

2,760

4,960

850

283

566

1,020

1,770

2,670

4,800

900

274

549

990

1,710

2,590

4,650

950

266

533

961

1,670

2,520

4,520

1,000

259

518

935

1,620

2,450

4,400

1,100

246

492

888

1,540

2,320

4,170

1,200

234

470

847

1,470

2,220

3,980

1,300

225

450

811

1,410

2,120

3,810

1,400

216

432

779

1,350

2,040

3,660

1,500

208

416

751

1,300

1,960

3,530

1,600

201

402

725

1,260

1,900

3,410

1,700

194

389

702

1,220

1,840

3,300

1,800

188

377

680

1,180

1,780

3,200

1,900

183

366

661

1,140

1,730

3,110

2,000

178

356

643

1,110

1,680

3,020

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad. Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

TABLE 2413.4(21)

POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC TUBING

Gas

Undiluted Propane

Inlet Pressure

11.0 in. w.c.

Pressure Drop

0.5 in. w.c.

Specific Gravity

1.50

INTENDED USE

PE pipe sizing between integral 2-stage regulator at tank or second stage (low pressure regulator) and building.

Plastic Tubing Size (CTS) (in.)

Nominal OD

½

1

Designation

SDR 7.00

SDR 11.00

Actual ID

0.445

0.927

Length (ft)

Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour

10

121

828

20

83

569

30

67

457

40

57

391

50

51

347

60

46

314

70

42

289

80

39

269

90

37

252

100

35

238

125

31

211

150

28

191

175

26

176

200

24

164

225

22

154

250

21

145

275

20

138

300

19

132

350

18

121

400

16

113

450

15

106

500

15

100

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.

Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.

SECTION 2414 PIPING MATERIALS

2414.1 General. Materials used for piping systems shall comply with the requirements of this chapter or shall be approved.

2414.2 Used materials. Pipe, fittings, valves or other materials shall not be used again unless they are free of foreign materials and have been ascertained to be adequate for the service intended.

2414.3 Other materials. Material not covered by the standards specifications listed herein shall be investigated and tested to determine that it is safe and suitable for the proposed service, and, in addition, shall be recommended for that service by the manufacturer and shall be approved by the building official.

2414.4 Metallic pipe. Metallic pipe shall comply with Sections 2414.4.1 and 2414.4.2.

2414.4.1 Cast iron. Cast-iron pipe shall not be used.

2414.4.2 Steel. Steel and wrought-iron pipe shall be at least of standard weight (Schedule 40) and shall comply with one of the following:

1. ASME B 36.10, 10M;

2. ASTM A 53/A 53M; or

3. ASTM A 106.

2414.5 Metallic tubing. Seamless copper, aluminum alloy or steel tubing shall be permitted to be used with gases not corrosive to such material.

2414.5.1 Steel tubing. Steel tubing shall comply with ASTM A 254.

2414.5.2 Copper tubing. Copper tubing shall comply with standard Type K or L of ASTM B 88 or ASTM B 280.

Copper and brass tubing shall not be used if the gas contains more than an average of 0.3 grains of hydrogen sulfide per 100 standard cubic feet of gas ( 0.7 milligrams per 100 liters).

2414.5.3 Corrugated stainless steel tubing. Corrugated stainless steel tubing shall be listed in accordance with ANSI LC 1/CSA 6.26.

2414.6 Plastic pipe, tubing and fittings. Plastic pipe, tubing and fittings used to supply fuel gas shall conform to ASTM D 2513. Pipe shall be marked "Gas" and "ASTM D 2513."

2414.6.1 Anodeless risers. Anodeless risers shall comply with the following:

1. Factory-assembled anodeless risers shall be recommended by the manufacturer for the gas used and shall be leak-tested by the manufacturer in accordance with written procedures.

2. Service head adapters and field-assembled anodeless risers incorporating service head adapters shall be recommended by the manufacturer for the gas used by the manufacturer and shall be designed certified to meet the requirements of Category I of ASTM D 2513, and U.S. Department of Transportation, Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Part 192.281(e). The manufacturer shall provide the user qualified installation instructions as prescribed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Part 192.283(b).

2414.6.2 LP-gas systems. The use of plastic pipe, tubing and fittings in undiluted liquefied petroleum gas piping systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 58.

2414.6.3 Regulator vent piping. Plastic pipe, tubing and fittings used to connect regulator vents to remote vent terminations shall be of PVC conforming to ANSI/UL 651. PVC vent piping shall not be installed indoors.

2414.7 Workmanship and defects. Pipe or tubing and fittings shall be clear and free from cutting burrs and defects in structure or threading, and shall be thoroughly brushed, and chip and scale blown.

Defects in pipe or tubing or fittings shall not be repaired. Defective pipe, tubing or fittings shall be replaced. (See Section 2417.1.2.)

2414.8 Protective coating. Where in contact with material or atmosphere exerting a corrosive action, metallic piping and fittings coated with a corrosion-resistant material shall be used. External or internal coatings or linings used on piping or components shall not be considered as adding strength.

2414.9 Metallic pipe threads. Metallic pipe and fitting threads shall be taper pipe threads and shall comply with ASME B1.20.1.

2414.9.1 Damaged threads. Pipe with threads that are stripped, chipped, corroded or otherwise damaged shall not be used. If a weld opens during the operation of cutting or threading, that portion of the pipe shall not be used.

2414.9.2 Number of threads. Field threading of metallic pipe shall be in accordance with Table 2414.9.2.

TABLE 2414.9.2

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THREADING METALLIC PIPE

IRON PIPE SIZE (inches)

APPROXIMATE LENGTH OF THREADED PORTION(inches)

APPROXIMATE NO. OF THREADS TO BE CUT

½

¾

10

¾

¾

10

1

7/8

10

1

11

1

11

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

2414.9.3 Thread compounds. Thread (joint) compounds (pipe dope) shall be resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum gas or to any other chemical constituents of the gases to be conducted through the piping.

2414.10 Metallic piping joints and fittings. The type of piping joint used shall be suitable for the pressure-temperature conditions and shall be selected giving consideration to joint tightness and mechanical strength under the service conditions. The joint shall be able to sustain the maximum end force due to the internal pressure and any additional forces due to temperature expansion or contraction, vibration, fatigue, or to the weight of the pipe and its contents.

2414.10.1 Pipe joints. Pipe joints shall be threaded, flanged, brazed or welded. Where nonferrous pipe is brazed, the brazing materials shall have a melting point in excess of 1,000°F (538°C). Brazing alloys shall not contain more than 0.05 -percent phosphorus.

2414.10.2 Tubing joints. Tubing joints shall be made with approved gas tubing fittings or be brazed with a material having a melting point in excess of 1,000°F (538°C) or made with press-connect fittings complying with ANSI LC-4. Brazing alloys shall not contain more than 0.05 -percent phosphorus.

2414.10.3 Flared joints. Flared joints shall be used only in systems constructed from nonferrous pipe and tubing where experience or tests have demonstrated that the joint is suitable for the conditions and where provisions are made in the design to prevent separation of the joints.

2414.10.4 Metallic fittings. Metallic fittings, including valves, strainers and filters shall comply with the following:

1. Fittings used with steel or wrought-iron pipe shall be steel, brass, bronze, malleable iron, ductile iron or cast iron.

2. Fittings used with copper or brass pipe shall be copper, brass or bronze.

3. Cast-iron bushings shall be prohibited.

4. Special fittings. Fittings such as couplings, proprietary-type joints, saddle tees, gland-type compression fittings, and flared, flareless or compression-type tubing fittings shall be: used within the fitting manufacturer's pressure-temperature recommendations; used within the service conditions anticipated with respect to vibration, fatigue, thermal expansion or contraction; installed or braced to prevent separation of the joint by gas pressure or external physical damage; and shall be approved.

2414.11 Plastic piping, joints and fittings. Plastic pipe, tubing and fittings shall be joined in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions. Such joints shall comply with the following:

1. The joints shall be designed and installed so that the longitudinal pull-out resistance of the joints will be at least equal to the tensile strength of the plastic piping material.

2. Heat-fusion joints shall be made in accordance with qualified procedures that have been established and proven by test to produce gas-tight joints at least as strong as the pipe or tubing being joined. Joints shall be made with the joining method recommended by the pipe manufacturer. Heat fusion fittings shall be marked "ASTM D 2513."

3. Where compression-type mechanical joints are used, the gasket material in the fitting shall be compatible with the plastic piping and with the gas distributed by the system. An internal tubular rigid stiffener shall be used in conjunction with the fitting. The stiffener shall be flush with the end of the pipe or tubing and shall extend at least to the outside end of the compression fitting when installed. The stiffener shall be free of rough or sharp edges and shall not be a force fit in the plastic. Split tubular stiffeners shall not be used.

4. Plastic piping joints and fittings for use in liquefied petroleum gas piping systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 58.

SECTION 2415 PIPING SYSTEM INSTALLATION

2415.1 Installation of materials.All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved. In the absence of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's instructions shall be followed. Where the requirements of referenced standards or manufacturer's instructions do not conform to minimum provisions of this code, the provisions of this code shall apply.

2415.1.1 CSST.CSST piping systems shall be installed in accordance with the terms of their approval, the conditions of listing, the manufactuerer's instructions and this code.

2415.1.2 Prohibited locations. Piping shall not be installed in or through a ducted supply, return or exhaust, or a clothes chute, chimney or gas vent, dumbwaiter or elevator shaft. Piping installed downstream of the point of delivery shall not extend through any townhouse unit other than the unit served by such piping.

2415.2 Piping in solid partitions and walls. Concealed piping shall not be located in solid partitions and solid walls, unless installed in a chase or casing.

2415.3 Piping in concealed locations. Portions of a piping system installed in concealed locations shall not have unions, tubing fittings, right and left couplings, bushings, compression couplings, and swing joints made by combinations of fittings.

Exceptions:

1. Tubing joined by brazing.

2. Fittings listed for use in concealed locations.

2415.4 Underground penetrations prohibited. Gas piping shall not penetrate building foundation walls at any point below grade. Gas piping shall enter and exit a building at a point above grade and the annular space between the pipe and the wall shall be sealed.

2415.5 Protection against physical damage. In concealed locations, where piping other than black or galvanized steel is installed through holes or notches in wood studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 1½ inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the pipe shall be protected by shield plates. Protective steel shield plates having a minimum thickness of 0.0575 -inch ( 1.463 mm) (No. 16 Gage) shall cover the area of the pipe where the member is notched or bored and shall extend a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) above sole plates, below top plates and to each side of a stud, joist or rafter.

2415.6 Piping in solid floors. Piping in solid floors shall be laid in channels in the floor and covered in a manner that will allow access to the piping with a minimum amount of damage to the building. Where such piping is subject to exposure to excessive moisture or corrosive substances, the piping shall be protected in an approved manner. As an alternative to installation in channels, the piping shall be installed in a conduit of Schedule 40 steel, wrought iron, PVC or ABS pipe in accordance with Section 2415.6.1 or 2415.6.2.

2415.6.1 Conduit with one end terminating outdoors. The conduit shall extend into an occupiable portion of the building and, at the point where the conduit terminates in the building, the space between the conduit and the gas piping shall be sealed to prevent the possible entrance of any gas leakage. The conduit shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) beyond the point where the pipe emerges from the floor. If the end sealing is capable of withstanding the full pressure of the gas pipe, the conduit shall be designed for the same pressure as the pipe. Such conduit shall extend not less than 4 inches (102 mm) outside of the building, shall be vented above grade to the outdoors and shall be installed to prevent the entrance of water and insects.

2415.6.2 Conduit with both ends terminating indoors. Where the conduit originates and terminates within the same building, the conduit shall originate and terminate in an accessible portion of the building and shall not be sealed. The conduit shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) beyond the point where the pipe emerges from the floor.

2415.7 Above-ground piping outdoors. All piping installed outdoors shall be elevated not less than 3½ inches (152 mm) above ground and where installed across roof surfaces, shall be elevated not less than 3½ inches (152 mm) above the roof surface. Piping installed above ground, outdoors, and installed across the surface of roofs shall be securely supported and located where it will be protected from physical damage. Where passing through an outside wall, the piping shall also be protected against corrosion by coating or wrapping with an inert material. Where piping is encased in a protective pipe sleeve, the annular space between the piping and the sleeve shall be sealed.

2415.8 Isolation. Metallic piping and metallic tubing that conveys fuel gas from an LP-gas storage container shall be provided with an approved dielectric fitting to electrically isolate the underground portion of the pipe or tube from the above ground portion that enters a building. Such dielectric fitting shall be installed aboveground outdoors.

2415.9 Protection against corrosion. Metallic pipe or tubing exposed to corrosive action, such as soil condition or moisture, shall be protected in an approved manner. Zinc coatings (galvanizing) shall not be deemed adequate protection for gas piping underground. Where dissimilar metals are joined underground, an insulating coupling or fitting shall be used. Piping shall not be laid in contact with cinders.

2415.9.1 Prohibited use. Uncoated threaded or socket welded joints shall not be used in piping in contact with soil or where internal or external crevice corrosion is known to occur.

2415.9.2 Protective coatings and wrapping. Pipe protective coatings and wrappings shall be approved for the application and shall be factory applied.

Exception: Where installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions, field application of coatings and wrappings shall be permitted for pipe nipples, fittings and locations where the factory coating or wrapping has been damaged or necessarily removed at joints.

2415.10 Minimum burial depth. Underground piping systems shall be installed a minimum depth of 12 inches (305 mm) below grade, except as provided for in Section 2415.10.1.

2415.10.1 Individual outside appliances. Individual lines to outside lights, grills or other appliances shall be installed a minimum of 8 inches (203 mm) below finished grade, provided that such installation is approved and is installed in locations not susceptible to physical damage.

2415.11 Trenches. The trench shall be graded so that the pipe has a firm, substantially continuous bearing on the bottom of the trench.

2415.12 Piping underground beneath buildings. Piping installed underground beneath buildings is prohibited except where the piping is encased in a conduit of wrought iron, plastic pipe, steel pipe or other approved conduit material designed to withstand the superimposed loads. The conduit shall be protected from corrosion in accordance with Section 2415.9 and shall be installed in accordance with Section 2415.12.1 or 2415.12.2.

2415.12.1 Conduit with one end terminating outdoors. The conduit shall extend into an occupiable portion of the building and, at the point where the conduit terminates in the building, the space between the conduit and the gas piping shall be sealed to prevent the possible entrance of any gas leakage. The conduit shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) beyond the point where the pipe emerges from the floor. Where the end sealing is capable of withstanding the full pressure of the gas pipe, the conduit shall be designed for the same pressure as the pipe. Such conduit shall extend not less than 4 inches (102 mm) outside the building, shall be vented above grade to the outdoors and shall be installed so as to prevent the entrance of water and insects.

2415.12.2 Conduit with both ends terminating indoors. Where the conduit originates and terminates within the same building, the conduit shall originate and terminate in an accessible portion of the building and shall not be sealed. The conduit shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) beyond the point where the pipe emerges from the floor.

2415.13 Outlet closures. Gas outlets that do not connect to appliances shall be capped gas tight.

Exception: Listed and labeled flush-mounted-type quick-disconnect devices and listed and labeled gas convenience outlets shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2415.14 Location of outlets. The unthreaded portion of piping outlets shall extend not less than l inch (25 mm) through finished ceilings and walls and where extending through floors, outdoor patios and slabs, shall not be less than 2 inches (51 mm) above them. The outlet fitting or piping shall be securely supported. Outlets shall not be placed behind doors. Outlets shall be located in the room or space where the appliance is installed.

Exception: Listed and labeled flush-mounted-type quick-disconnect devices and listed and labeled gas convenience outlets shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2415.15 Plastic pipe. The installation of plastic pipe shall comply with Sections 2415.15.1 through 2415.15.3.

2415.15.1 Limitations. Plastic pipe shall be installed outdoors underground only. Plastic pipe shall not be used within or under any building or slab or be operated at pressures greater than 100 psig (689 kPa) for natural gas or 30 psig (207 kPa) for LP-gas.

Exceptions:

1. Plastic pipe shall be permitted to terminate above ground outside of buildings where installed in premanufactured anodeless risers or service head adapter risers that are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2. Plastic pipe shall be permitted to terminate with a wall head adapter within buildings where the plastic pipe is inserted in a piping material for fuel gas use in buildings.

3. Plastic pipe shall be permitted under outdoor patio, walkway and driveway slabs provided that the burial depth complies with Section 2415.10.

2415.15.2 Connections. Connections outdoors and underground between metallic and plastic piping shall be made only with transition fittings conforming to ASTM D 2513 Category I or ASTM F 1973.

2415.15.3 Tracer. A yellow insulated copper tracer wire or other approved conductor shall be installed adjacent to underground nonmetallic piping. Access shall be provided to the tracer wire or the tracer wire shall terminate above ground at each end of the nonmetallic piping. The tracer wire size shall not be less than 18 AWG and the insulation type shall be suitable for direct burial.

2415.16 Prohibited devices. A device shall not be placed inside the piping or fittings that will reduce the cross-sectional area or otherwise obstruct the free flow of gas.

Exception: Approved gas filters.

2415.17 Testing of piping. Before any system of piping is put in service or concealed, it shall be tested to ensure that it is gas tight. Testing, inspection and purging of piping systems shall comply with Section 2417.

SECTION 2416 PIPING BENDS AND CHANGES IN DIRECTION

2416.1 General. Changes in direction of pipe shall be permitted to be made by the use of fittings, factory bends or field bends.

2416.2 Metallic pipe. Metallic pipe bends shall comply with the following:

1. Bends shall be made only with bending tools and procedures intended for that purpose.

2. All bends shall be smooth and free from buckling, cracks or other evidence of mechanical damage.

3. The longitudinal weld of the pipe shall be near the neutral axis of the bend.

4. Pipe shall not be bent through an arc of more than 90 degrees ( 1.6 rad).

5. The inside radius of a bend shall be not less than six times the outside diameter of the pipe.

2416.3 Plastic pipe. Plastic pipe bends shall comply with the following:

1. The pipe shall not be damaged and the internal diameter of the pipe shall not be effectively reduced.

2. Joints shall not be located in pipe bends.

3. The radius of the inner curve of such bends shall not be less than 25 times the inside diameter of the pipe.

4. Where the piping manufacturer specifies the use of special bending tools or procedures, such tools or procedures shall be used.

SECTION 2417 INSPECTION, TESTING AND PURGING

2417.1 General. Prior to acceptance and initial operation, all piping installations shall be inspected and pressure tested to determine that the materials, design, fabrication, and installation practices comply with the requirements of this code.

2417.1.1 Inspections. Inspection shall consist of visual examination, during or after manufacture, fabrication, assembly or pressure tests as appropriate.

2417.1.2 Repairs and additions. In the event repairs or additions are made after the pressure test, the affected piping shall be tested.

Minor repairs and additions are not required to be pressure tested provided that the work is inspected and connections are tested with a noncorrosive leak-detecting fluid or other approved leak-detecting methods.

2417.1.3 New branches. Where new branches are installed to new appliances, only the newly installed branches shall be required to be pressure tested. Connections between the new piping and the existing piping shall be tested with a noncorrosive leak-detecting fluid or other approved leak-detecting methods.

2417.1.4 Section testing. A piping system shall be permitted to be tested as a complete unit or in sections. Under no circumstances shall a valve in a line be used as a bulkhead between gas in one section of the piping system and test medium in an adjacent section, unless two valves are installed in series with a valved "tell-tale" located between these valves. A valve shall not be subjected to the test pressure unless it can be determined that the valve, including the valve closing mechanism, is designed to safely withstand the test pressure.

2417.1.5 Regulators and valve assemblies. Regulator and valve assemblies fabricated independently of the piping system in which they are to be installed shall be permitted to be tested with inert gas or air at the time of fabrication.

2417.2 Test medium. The test medium shall be air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide or an inert gas. Oxygen shall not be used.

2417.3 Test preparation. Pipe joints, including welds, shall be left exposed for examination during the test.

Exception: Covered or concealed pipe end joints that have been previously tested in accordance with this code.

2417.3.1 Expansion joints. Expansion joints shall be provided with temporary restraints, if required, for the additional thrust load under test.

2417.3.2 Equipment isolation. Equipment that is not to be included in the test shall be either disconnected from the piping or isolated by blanks, blind flanges or caps.

2417.3.3 Appliance and equipment disconnection. Where the piping system is connected to appliances or equipment designed for operating pressures of less than the test pressure, such appliances or equipment shall be isolated from the piping system by disconnecting them and capping the outlet(s).

2417.3.4 Valve isolation. Where the piping system is connected to appliances or equipment designed for operating pressures equal to or greater than the test pressure, such appliances or equipment shall be isolated from the piping system by closing the individual appliance or equipment shutoff valve(s).

2417.3.5 Testing precautions. All testing of piping systems shall be done with due regard for the safety of employees and the public during the test. Prior to testing, the interior of the pipe shall be cleared of all foreign material.

2417.4 Test pressure measurement. Test pressure shall be measured with a manometer or with a pressure-measuring device designed and calibrated to read, record, or indicate a pressure loss caused by leakage during the pressure test period. The source of pressure shall be isolated before the pressure tests are made. Mechanical gauges used to measure test pressures shall have a range such that the highest end of the scale is not greater than five times the test pressure.

2417.4.1 Test pressure. The test pressure to be used shall be not less than one and one-half times the proposed maximum working pressure, but not less than 3 psig (20 kPa gauge), irrespective of design pressure. Where the test pressure exceeds 125 psig (862 kPa gauge), the test pressure shall not exceed a value that produces a hoop stress in the piping greater than 50 percent of the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe.

2417.4.2 Test duration. The test duration shall be not less than 10 minutes.

2417.5 Detection of leaks and defects. The piping system shall withstand the test pressure specified without showing any evidence of leakage or other defects. Any reduction of test pressures as indicated by pressure gauges shall be deemed to indicate the presence of a leak unless such reduction can be readily attributed to some other cause.

2417.5.1 Detection methods. The leakage shall be located by means of an approved combustible gas detector, a noncorrosive leak detection fluid or an equivalent nonflammable solution. Matches, candles, open flames or other methods that could provide a source of ignition shall not be used.

2417.5.2 Corrections. Where leakage or other defects are located, the affected portion of the piping system shall be repaired or replaced and retested.

2417.6 Piping system and equipment leakage check. Leakage checking of systems and equipment shall be in accordance with Sections 2417.6.1 through 2417.6.4.

2417.6.1 Test gases. Fuel gas shall be permitted to be used for leak checks in piping systems that have been tested in accordance with Section 2417.

2417.6.2 Turning gas on. During the process of turning gas on into a system of new gas piping, the entire system shall be inspected to determine that there are no open fittings or ends and that all valves at unused outlets are closed and plugged or capped.

2417.6.3 Leak check. Immediately after the gas is turned on into a new system or into a system that has been initially restored after an interruption of service, the piping system shall be checked for leakage. Where leakage is indicated, the gas supply shall be shut off until the necessary repairs have been made.

2417.6.4 Placing appliances and equipment in operation. Appliances and equipment shall not be placed in operation until after the piping system has been checked for leakage and determined to be free of leakage and purged in accordance with Section 2417.7.2.

2417.7 Purging requirements.The purging of piping shall be in accordance with Sections 2417.7.1 through 2417.7.3

2417.7.1 Piping systems required to be purged outdoors.The purging of piping systems shall be in accordance with the provisions of Sections 2417.7.1.1 through 2417.7.1.4 where the piping system meets either of the following:

1. The design operating gas pressure is greater than 2 psig.

2. The piping being purged contains one or more sections of pie or tubing greater than 2 inches in nominal size and exceeding the lengths in Table 2417.7.1.1.

2417.7.1.1 Removal from service.Where existing gas piping is opened, the section that is opened shall be isolated from the gas supply and the line pressure vented in accordance with Section 2417.7.1.3. Where gas piping meeting the criteria of Table 2417.7.1.1 is removed from service, the residual fuel gas in the piping shall be displaced with an inert gas.

TABLE 2417.7.1.1

SIZE AND LENGTH OF PIPING

Nominal Pipe Size (inches)

Length of Piping (feet)

2.5

>50

3

>30

4

>15

6

>10

8 or larger

Any length

For SI units: 1 inch = 25.4 mm; 1 ft = 304.8 mm.

2417.7.1.2 Placing in operation.Where gas piping containing air and meeting the criteria of Table 2417.7.1.1 is placed in operation, the air in the piping shall first be displaced with an inert gas. The inert gas shall then be displaced with fuel gas in accordance with Section 2417.7.1.3.

2417.7.1.3 Outdoor discharge of purged gases.The open end of a piping system being pressure vented or purged shall discharge directly to an outdoor location. Purging operations shall comply with all of the following requirements.

1. The point of discharge shall be controlled with a shutoff valve.

2. The point of discharge shall be located at least 10 feet from sources of ignition, at least 10 feet from building openings and at least 25 feet from mechanical air intake openings.

3. During discharge, the open point of discharge shall be continuously attended and monitored with a combustible gas indicator that complies with Section 2417.7.1.4.

4. Purging operations introducing fuel gas shall be stopped when 90% fuel gas by volume is detected within the pipe.

5. Persons not involved in the purging operations shall be evacuated from all areas within 10 ft of the point of discharge.

2417.7.1.4 Combustible gas indicator.The combustible gas indicator used during purging operations shall be listed and shall be calibrated in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and recommended schedule. The combustible gas indicator used for pipe discharge monitoring shall numerically display a volume scale from 0% to 100% with a resolution of not greater than 1% increments.

2417.7.2 Piping systems allowed to be purged indoors or outdoors.The purging of piping systems shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section 2417.7.2.1 where the piping system meets both of the following:

1. The design operating gas pressure is 2 psig or less.

2. The piping being purged is constructed entirely from pipe or tubing of 2 inch nominal size or smaller, or larger size pipe or tubing with lengths shorter than specified in Table 2417.7.1.1.

2417.7.2.1 Purging procedure. The piping system shall be purged in accordance with one or more of the following:

1. The piping shall be purged with fuel gas and shall discharge to the outdoors.

2. The piping shall be purged with fuel gas and shall discharge to the indoors or outdoors through an appliance burner not located in a combustion chamber. Such burner shall be provided with a continuous source of ignition.

3. The piping shall be purged with fuel gas and shall discharge to the indoors or outdoors through a burner that has a continuous source of ignition and that is designed for such purpose.

4. The piping shall be purged with fuel gas that is discharged to the indoors or outdoors, and the point of discharge shall be monitored with a listed combustible gas detector in accordance with 2417.7.2.2. Purging shall be stopped when fuel gas is detected.

5. The piping shall be purged by the gas supplier in accordance with written procedures.

2417.7.2.2 Combustible gas detector.The combustible gas detector used during purging operations shall be listed and shall be calibrated or tested in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and recommended schedule. The combustible gas detector used for pipe discharge monitoring shall indicate the presence of fuel gas.

2417.7.3 Purging appliances and equipment.After the piping system has been placed in operation, appliances and equipment shall be purged before being placed into operation.

SECTION 2418 PIPING SUPPORT

2418.1 General. Piping shall be provided with support in accordance with Section 2418.2.

2418.2 Design and installation. Piping shall be supported with metal pipe hooks, metal pipe straps, metal bands, metal brackets, metal hangers or building structural components suitable for the size of piping, of adequate strength and quality, and located at intervals so as to prevent or damp out excessive vibration. Piping shall be anchored to prevent undue strains on connected appliances and shall not be supported by other piping. Pipe hangers and supports shall conform to the requirements of MSS SP-58 and shall be spaced in accordance with Section 2424. Supports, hangers and anchors shall be installed so as not to interfere with the free expansion and contraction of the piping between anchors. All parts of the supporting equipment shall be designed and installed so that they will not be disengaged by movement of the supported piping.

SECTION 2419 DRIPS AND SLOPED PIPING

2419.1 Slopes. Piping for other than dry gas conditions shall be sloped not less than 0.25 inch in 15 feet ( 6.4 mm in 4572 mm) to prevent traps.

2419.2 Drips. Where wet gas exists, a drip shall be provided at any point in the line of pipe where condensate could collect. A drip shall also be provided at the outlet of the meter and shall be installed so as to constitute a trap wherein an accumulation of condensate will shut off the flow of gas before the condensate will run back into the meter.

2419.3 Location of drips. Drips shall be provided with ready access to permit cleaning or emptying. A drip shall not be located where the condensate is subject to freezing.

2419.4 Sediment trap. Where a sediment trap is not incorporated as part of the appliance, a sediment trap shall be installed downstream of the appliance shutoff valve as close to the inlet of the appliance as practical. The sediment trap shall be either a tee fitting having a capped nipple of any length installed vertically in the bottom-most opening of the tee or other device approved as an effective sediment trap. Illuminating appliances, ranges, clothes dryers and outdoor grills need not be so equipped.

SECTION 2420 GAS SHUTOFF VALVES

2420.1 General. Piping systems shall be provided with shutoff valves in accordance with this section.

2420.1.1 Valve approval. Shutoff valves shall be of an approved type; shall be constructed of materials compatible with the piping; and shall comply with the standard that is applicable for the pressure and application, in accordance with Table 2420.1.1.

2420.1.2 Prohibited locations. Shutoff valves shall be prohibited in concealed locations and furnace plenums.

2420.1.3 Access to shutoff valves. Shutoff valves shall be located in places so as to provide access for operation and shall be installed so as to be protected from damage.

2420.2 Meter valve. Every meter shall be equipped with a shutoff valve located on the supply side of the meter.

2420.3 Individual buildings. In a common system serving more than one building, shutoff valves shall be installed outdoors at each building.

2420.4 MP regulator valves. A listed shutoff valve shall be installed immediately ahead of each MP regulator.

2420.5 Appliance shutoff valve. Each appliance shall be provided with a shutoff valve in accordance with Section 2420.5.1, 2420.5.2 or 2420.5.3.

2420.5.1 Located within same room. The shutoff valve shall be located in the same room as the appliance. The shutoff valve shall be within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the appliance, and shall be installed upstream of the union, connector or quick disconnect device it serves. Such shutoff valves shall be provided with access. Appliance shutoff valves located in the firebox of a fireplace shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions.

2420.5.2 Vented decorative appliances and room heaters. Shutoff valves for vented decorative appliances, room heaters and decorative appliances for installation in vented fireplaces shall be permitted to be installed in an area remote from the appliances where such valves are provided with ready access. Such valves shall be permanently identified and shall serve no other appliance. The piping from the shutoff valve to within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the appliance shall be designed, sized and installed in accordance with Sections 2412 through 2419.

2420.5.3 Located at manifold. Where the appliance shutoff valve is installed at a manifold, such shutoff valve shall be located within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the appliance served and shall be readily accessible and permanently identified. The piping from the manifold to within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the appliance shall be designed, sized and installed in accordance with Sections 2412 through 2419.

SECTION 2421 FLOW CONTROLS

2421.1 Pressure regulators. A line pressure regulator shall be installed where the appliance is designed to operate at a lower pressure than the supply pressure. Line gas pressure regulators shall be listed as complying with ANSI Z 21.80. Access shall be provided to pressure regulators. Pressure regulators shall be protected from physical damage. Regulators installed on the exterior of the building shall be approved for outdoor installation.

2421.2 MP regulators. MP pressure regulators shall comply with the following:

1. The MP regulator shall be approved and shall be suitable for the inlet and outlet gas pressures for the application.

2. The MP regulator shall maintain a reduced outlet pressure under lockup (no-flow) conditions.

3. The capacity of the MP regulator, determined by published ratings of its manufacturer, shall be adequate to supply the appliances served.

4. The MP pressure regulator shall be provided with access. Where located indoors, the regulator shall be vented to the outdoors or shall be equipped with a leak-limiting device, in either case complying with Section 2421.3.

5. A tee fitting with one opening capped or plugged shall be installed between the MP regulator and its upstream shutoff valve. Such tee fitting shall be positioned to allow connection of a pressure measuring instrument and to serve as a sediment trap.

6. A tee fitting with one opening capped or plugged shall be installed not less than 10 pipe diameters downstream of the MP regulator outlet. Such tee fitting shall be positioned to allow connection of a pressure measuring instrument.

TABLE 2420.1.1

MANUAL GAS VALVE STANDARDS

VALVE STANDARDS

APPLIANCE SHUTOFF VALVE APPLICATION UP TO ½ psig PRESSURE

OTHER VALVE APPLICATIONS

UP TO ½ psig PRESSURE

UP TO 2 psig PRESSURE

UP TO 5 psig PRESSURE

UP TO 125 psig PRESSURE

ANSI Z 21.15

X

-

-

-

-

CSA Requirement 3-88

X

X

Xa

Xb

-

ASME B 16.44

X

X

Xa

Xb

-

ASME B 16.33

X

X

X

X

X

For SI: 1 pound per square inch gauge = 6.895 kPa.

a. If labeled 2G.

b. If labeled 5G.

2421.3 Venting of regulators. Pressure regulators that require a vent shall be vented directly to the outdoors. The vent shall be designed to prevent the entry of insects, water and foreign objects.

Exception: A vent to the outdoors is not required for regulators equipped with and labeled for utilization with an approved vent-limiting device installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

2421.3.1 Vent piping. Vent piping for relief vents and breather vents shall be constructed of materials allowed for gas piping in accordance with Section 2414. Vent piping shall be not smaller than the vent connection on the pressure regulating device. Vent piping serving relief vents and combination relief and breather vents shall be run independently to the outdoors and shall serve only a single device vent. Vent piping serving only breather vents is permitted to be connected in a manifold arrangement where sized in accordance with an approved design that minimizes back pressure in the event of diaphragm rupture. Regulator vent piping shall not exceed the length specified in the regulator manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2422 APPLIANCE CONNECTIONS

2422.1 Connecting appliances. Appliances shall be connected to the piping system by one of the following:

1. Rigid metallic pipe and fittings.

2. Corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST) where installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

3. Listed and labeled appliance connectors in compliance with ANSI Z 21.24 and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and located entirely in the same room as the appliance.

4. Listed and labeled quick-disconnect devices used in conjunction with listed and labeled appliance connectors.

5. Listed and labeled convenience outlets used in conjunction with listed and labeled appliance connectors.

6. Listed and labeled outdoor appliance connectors in compliance with ANSI Z 21.75 /CSA 6.27 and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2422.1.1 Protection from damage. Connectors and tubing shall be installed so as to be protected against physical damage.

2422.1.2 Connector installation. Appliance fuel connectors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and Sections 24221.2.1 through 2422.1.2.4.

2422.1.2.1 Maximum length. Connectors shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) in overall length. Measurement shall be made along the centerline of the connector. Only one connector shall be used for each appliance.

Exception: Rigid metallic piping used to connect an appliance to the piping system shall be permitted to have a total length greater than 6 feet (1829 mm) provided that the connecting pipe is sized as part of the piping system in accordance with Section 2413 and the location of the appliance shutoff valve complies with Section 2420.5.

2422.1.2.2 Minimum size. Connectors shall have the capacity for the total demand of the connected appliance.

2422.1.2.3 Prohibited locations and penetrations. Connectors shall not be concealed within, or extended through, walls, floors, partitions, ceilings or appliance housings.

Exceptions:

1. Connectors constructed of materials allowed for piping systems in accordance with Section 2414 shall be permitted to pass through walls, floors, partitions and ceilings where installed in accordance with Section 2420.5.2 or 2420.5.3.

2. Rigid steel pipe connectors shall be permitted to extend through openings in appliance housings.

3. Fireplace inserts that are factory equipped with grommets, sleeves or other means of protection in accordance with the listing of the appliance.

4. Semirigid tubing and listed connectors shall be permitted to extend through an opening in an appliance housing, cabinet or casing where the tubing or connector is protected against damage.

2422.1.2.4 Shutoff valve. A shutoff valve not less than the nominal size of the connector shall be installed ahead of the connector in accordance with Section 2420.5.

2422.1.3 Connection of gas engine-powered equipment and appliances. Internal combustion engines shall not be rigidly connected to the gas supply piping.

2422.1.4 Unions. A union fitting shall be provided for appliances connected by rigid metallic pipe. Such unions shall be accessible and located within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the appliance.

2422.1.5 Movable appliances. Where appliances are equipped with casters or are otherwise subject to periodic movement or relocation for purposes such as routine cleaning and maintenance, such appliances shall be connected to the supply system piping by means of an approved flexible connector designed and labeled for the application. Such flexible connectors shall be installed and protected against physical damage in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2422.2 Suspended low-intensity infrared tube heaters. Suspended low-intensity infrared tube heaters shall be connected to the building piping system with a connector listed for the application complying with ANSI Z 21.24 /CGA 6.10. The connector shall be installed as specified by the tube heater manufacturer's instructions.

SECTION 2423 CNG GAS-DISPENSING SYSTEMS

2423.1 General. Motor fuel-dispensing facilities for CNG fuel shall be in accordance with Section 413 of the International Fuel Gas Code.

SECTION 2424 PIPING SUPPORT INTERVALS

2424.1 Interval of support. Piping shall be supported at intervals not exceeding the spacing specified in Table 2424.1. Spacing of supports for CSST shall be in accordance with the CSST manufacturer's instructions.

TABLE 2424.1

SUPPORT OF PIPING

STEEL PIPE, NOMINAL SIZE OF PIPE (inches)

SPACING OF SUPPORTS (feet)

NOMINAL SIZE OF TUBING SMOOTH-WALL (inch O.D.)

SPACING OF SUPPORTS (feet)

½

6

½

4

¾ or 1

8

5/8 or ¾

6

1¼ or larger (horizontal)

10

7/8 or 1 (horizontal)

8

1¼ or larger (vertical)

Every floor level

1 or larger (vertical)

Every floor level

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

SECTION 2425 GENERAL

2425.1 Scope. This section shall govern the installation, maintenance, repair and approval of factory-built and masonry chimneys, chimney liners, vents and connectors serving gas-fired appliances.

2425.2 General. Every appliance shall discharge the products of combustion to the outdoors, except for appliances exempted by Section 2425.8.

2425.3 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys shall be constructed in accordance with Section 2427.5 and Chapter 10.

2425.4 Minimum size of chimney or vent. Chimneys and vents shall be sized in accordance with Sections 2427 and 2428.

2425.5 Abandoned inlet openings. Abandoned inlet openings in chimneys and vents shall be closed by an approved method.

2425.6 Positive pressure. Where an appliance equipped with a mechanical forced draft system creates a positive pressure in the venting system, the venting system shall be designed for positive pressure applications.

2425.7 Connection to fireplace. Connection of appliances to chimney flues serving fireplaces shall be in accordance with Sections 2425.7.1 through 2425.7.3.

2425.7.1 Closure and access. A noncombustible seal shall be provided below the point of connection to prevent entry of room air into the flue. Means shall be provided for access to the flue for inspection and cleaning.

2425.7.2 Connection to factory-built fireplace flue. An appliance shall not be connected to a flue serving a factory-built fireplace unless the appliance is specifically listed for such installation. The connection shall be made in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions.

2425.7.3 Connection to masonry fireplace flue. A connector shall extend from the appliance to the flue serving a masonry fireplace such that the flue gases are exhausted directly into the flue. The connector shall be accessible or removable for inspection and cleaning of both the connector and the flue. Listed direct connection devices shall be installed in accordance with their listing.

2425.8 Appliances not required to be vented. The following appliances shall not be required to be vented:

1. Ranges.

2. Built-in domestic cooking units listed and marked for optional venting.

3. Hot plates and laundry stoves.

4. Type 1 clothes dryers (Type 1 clothes dryers shall be exhausted in accordance with the requirements of Section 2439).

5. Refrigerators.

6. Counter appliances.

7. Room heaters listed for unvented use.

Where the appliances listed in Items 5 through 7 above are installed so that the aggregate input rating exceeds 20 Btu per hour per cubic foot (207 W/m3) of volume of the room or space in which such appliances are installed, one or more shall be provided with venting systems or other approved means for conveying the vent gases to the outdoor atmosphere so that the aggregate input rating of the remaining unvented appliances does not exceed 20 Btu per hour per cubic foot (207 W/m3). Where the room or space in which the appliance is installed is directly connected to another room or space by a doorway, archway or other opening of comparable size that cannot be closed, the volume of such adjacent room or space shall be permitted to be included in the calculations.

2425.9 Chimney entrance. Connectors shall connect to a masonry chimney flue at a point not less than 12 inches (305 mm) above the lowest portion of the interior of the chimney flue.

2425.10 Connections to exhauster. Appliance connections to a chimney or vent equipped with a power exhauster shall be made on the inlet side of the exhauster. Joints on the positive pressure side of the exhauster shall be sealed to prevent flue-gas leakage as specified by the manufacturer's installation instructions for the exhauster.

2425.11 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys utilized to vent appliances shall be located, constructed and sized as specified in the manufacturer's installation instructions for the appliances being vented and Section 2427.

2425.12 Residential and low-heat appliances flue lining systems. Flue lining systems for use with residential-type and low-heat appliances shall be limited to the following:

1. Clay flue lining complying with the requirements of ASTM C 315 or equivalent. Clay flue lining shall be installed in accordance with Chapter 10.

2. Listed chimney lining systems complying with UL 1777.

3. Other approved materials that will resist, without cracking, softening or corrosion, flue gases and condensate at temperatures up to 1,800°F (982°C).

2425.13 Category I appliance flue lining systems. Flue lining systems for use with Category I appliances shall be limited to the following:

1. Flue lining systems complying with Section 2425.12.

2. Chimney lining systems listed and labeled for use with appliances with draft hoods and other Category I gas appliances listed and labeled for use with Type B vents.

2425.14 Category II, III and IV appliance venting systems. The design, sizing and installation of vents for Category II, III and IV appliances shall be in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions.

2425.15 Existing chimneys and vents. Where an appliance is permanently disconnected from an existing chimney or vent, or where an appliance is connected to an existing chimney or vent during the process of a new installation, the chimney or vent shall comply with Sections 2425.15.1 through 2425.15.4.

2425.15.1 Size. The chimney or vent shall be resized as necessary to control flue gas condensation in the interior of the chimney or vent and to provide the appliance or appliances served with the required draft. For Category I appliances, the resizing shall be in accordance with Section 2426.

2425.15.2 Flue passageways. The flue gas passageway shall be free of obstructions and combustible deposits and shall be cleaned if previously used for venting a solid or liquid fuel-burning appliance or fireplace. The flue liner, chimney inner wall or vent inner wall shall be continuous and shall be free of cracks, gaps, perforations, or other damage or deterioration that would allow the escape of combustion products, including gases, moisture and creosote.

2425.15.3 Cleanout. Masonry chimney flues shall be provided with a cleanout opening having a minimum height of 6 inches (152 mm). The upper edge of the opening shall be located not less than 6 inches (152 mm) below the lowest chimney inlet opening. The cleanout shall be provided with a tight-fitting, noncombustible cover.

2425.15.4 Clearances. Chimneys and vents shall have airspace clearance to combustibles in accordance with Chapter 10 and the chimney or vent manufacturer's installation instructions.

Exception: Masonry chimneys without the required air-space clearances shall be permitted to be used if lined or relined with a chimney lining system listed for use in chimneys with reduced clearances in accordance with UL 1777. The chimney clearance shall be not less than that permitted by the terms of the chimney liner listing and the manufacturer's instructions.

2425.15.4.1 Fireblocking. Noncombustible fireblocking shall be provided in accordance with Chapter 10.

SECTION 2426 VENTS

2426.1 General. All vents, except as provided in Section 2427.7, shall be listed and labeled. Type B and BW vents shall be tested in accordance with UL 441. Type L vents shall be tested in accordance with UL 641. Vents for Category II and III appliances shall be tested in accordance with UL 1738. Plastic vents for Category IV appliances shall not be required to be listed and labeled where such vents are as specified by the appliance manufacturer and are installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions.

2426.2 Connectors required. Connectors shall be used to connect appliances to the vertical chimney or vent, except where the chimney or vent is attached directly to the appliance. Vent connector size, material, construction and installation shall be in accordance with Section 2427.

2426.3 Vent application. The application of vents shall be in accordance with Table 2427.4.

2426.4 Insulation shield. Where vents pass through insulated assemblies, an insulation shield constructed of steel having a minimum thickness of 0.0187 inch ( 0.4712 mm) (26 gage) shall be installed to provide clearance between the vent and the insulation material. The clearance shall not be less than the clearance to combustibles specified by the vent manufacturer's installation instructions. Where vents pass through attic space, the shield shall terminate not less than 2 inches (51 mm) above the insulation materials and shall be secured in place to prevent displacement. Insulation shields provided as part of a listed vent system shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2426.5 Installation. Vent systems shall be sized, installed and terminated in accordance with the vent and appliance manufacturer's installation instructions and Section 2427.

2426.6 Support of vents. All portions of vents shall be adequately supported for the design and weight of the materials employed.

2426.7 Protection against physical damage. In concealed locations, where a vent is installed through holes or notches in studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 1½ inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the vent shall be protected by shield plates. Protective steel shield plates having a minimum thickness of 0.0575 -inch ( 1.463 mm) (16 gage) shall cover the area of the vent where the member is notched or bored and shall extend a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) above sole plates, below top plates and to each side of a stud, joist or rafter.

SECTION 2427 VENTING OF APPLIANCES

2427.1 General. This section recognizes that the choice of venting materials and the methods of installation of venting systems are dependent on the operating characteristics of the appliance being vented. The operating characteristics of vented appliances can be categorized with respect to:

(1) positive or negative pressure within the venting system; and

(2) whether or not the appliance generates flue or vent gases that might condense in the venting system. See Section 2403 for the definitions of these vented appliance categories.

2427.2 Venting systems required. Except as permitted in Sections 2427.2.1, 2427.2.2 and 2425.8, all appliances shall be connected to venting systems.

2427.2.1 Direct-vent appliances. Listed direct-vent appliances shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and Section 2427.8, Item 3.

2427.2.2 Appliances with integral vents. Appliances incorporating integral venting means shall be considered properly vented where installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and Section 2427.8, Items 1 and 2.

2427.3 Design and construction. A venting system shall be designed and constructed so as to develop a positive flow adequate to convey flue or vent gases to the outdoors.

2427.3.1 Appliance draft requirements. A venting system shall satisfy the draft requirements of the appliance in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

2427.3.2 Design and construction. Appliances required to be vented shall be connected to a venting system designed and installed in accordance with the provisions of Sections 2427.4 through 2427.16.

2427.3.3 Mechanical draft systems. Mechanical draft systems shall comply with the following:

1. Mechanical draft systems shall be listed and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions for both the appliance and the mechanical draft system.

2. Appliances, except incinerators, requiring venting shall be permitted to be vented by means of mechanical draft systems of either forced or induced draft design.

3. Forced draft systems and all portions of induced draft systems under positive pressure during operation shall be designed and installed so as to prevent leakage of flue or vent gases into a building.

4. Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural draft shall not be connected into any portion of mechanical draft systems operating under positive pressure.

5. Where a mechanical draft system is employed, provisions shall be made to prevent the flow of gas to the main burners when the draft system is not performing so as to satisfy the operating requirements of the appliance for safe performance.

6. The exit terminals of mechanical draft systems shall be not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above finished ground level where located adjacent to public walkways and shall be located as specified in Section 2427.8, Items 1 and 2.

2427.3.4 Air ducts and furnace plenums. Venting systems shall not extend into or pass through any fabricated air duct or furnace plenum

2427.3.5 Above-ceiling air-handling spaces. Where a venting system passes through an above-ceiling air-handling space or other nonducted portion of an air-handling system, the venting system shall conform to one of the following requirements:

1. The venting system shall be a listed special gas vent; other venting system serving a Category III or Category IV appliance; or other positive pressure vent, with joints sealed in accordance with the appliance or vent manufacturer's instructions.

2. The venting system shall be installed such that fittings and joints between sections are not installed in the above-ceiling space.

3. The venting system shall be installed in a conduit or enclosure with sealed joints separating the interior of the conduit or enclosure from the ceiling space.

2427.4 Type of venting system to be used. The type of venting system to be used shall be in accordance with Table 2427.4.

2427.4.1 Plastic piping. Plastic piping used for venting appliances listed for use with such venting materials shall be approved.

2427.4.1.1 (IFGS) Plastic vent joints. Plastic pipe and fittings used to vent appliances shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions. Where a primer is required, it shall be of a contrasting color.

2427.4.2 Special gas vent. Special gas vent shall be listed and installed in accordance with the special gas vent manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.5 Masonry, metal and factory-built chimneys. Masonry, metal and factory-built chimneys shall comply with Sections 2427.5.1 through 2427.5.9.

2427.5.1 Factory-built chimneys. Factory-built chimneys shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Factory-built chimneys used to vent appliances that operate at a positive vent pressure shall be listed for such application.

2427.5.2 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys shall be built and installed in accordance with NFPA 211 and shall be lined with approved clay flue lining, a listed chimney lining system or other approved material that will resist corrosion, erosion, softening or cracking from vent gases at temperatures up to 1,800°F (982°C).

Exception: Masonry chimney flues serving listed gas appliances with draft hoods, Category I appliances and other gas appliances listed for use with Type B vents shall be permitted to be lined with a chimney lining system specifically listed for use only with such appliances. The liner shall be installed in accordance with the liner manufacturer's installation instructions. A permanent identifying label shall be attached at the point where the connection is to be made to the liner. The label shall read: "This chimney liner is for appliances that burn gas only. Do not connect to solid or liquid fuel-burning appliances or incinerators."

TABLE 2427.4

TYPE OF VENTING SYSTEM TO BE USED

APPLIANCES

TYPE OF VENTING SYSTEM

Listed Category I appliances Listed appliances equipped with draft hood Appliances listed for use with Type B gas vent

Type B gas vent (Section 2427.6 ) Chimney (Section 2427.5 ) Single-wall metal pipe (Section 2427.7 ) Listed chimney lining system for gas venting (Section 2427.5.2) Special gas vent listed for these appliances (Section 2427.4.2)

Listed vented wall furnaces

Type B-W gas vent (Sections 2427.6, 2436)

Category II appliances

As specified or furnished by manufacturers of listed appliances (Sections 2427.4.1, 2427.4.2)

Category III appliances

As specified or furnished by manufacturers of listed appliances (Sections 2427.4.1, 2427.4.2)

Category IV appliances

As specified or furnished by manufacturers of listed appliances (Sections 2427.4.1, 2427.4.2)

Unlisted appliances

Chimney (Section 2427.5 )

Decorative appliances in vented fireplaces

Chimney

Direct-vent appliances

See Section 2427.2.1

Appliances with integral vent

See Section 2427.2.2

2427.5.3 Chimney termination. Chimneys for residential-type or low-heat appliances shall extend at least 3 feet (914 mm) above the highest point where they pass through a roof of a building and at least 2 feet (610 mm) higher than any portion of a building within a horizontal distance of 10 feet (3048 mm) (see Figure 2427.5.3). Chimneys for medium-heat appliances shall extend at least 10 feet (3048 mm) higher than any portion of any building within 25 feet (7620 mm). Chimneys shall extend at least 5 feet (1524 mm) above the highest connected appliance draft hood outlet or flue collar. Decorative shrouds shall not be installed at the termination of factory-built chimneys except where such shrouds are listed and labeled for use with the specific factory-built chimney system and are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.5.4 Size of chimneys. The effective area of a chimney venting system serving listed appliances with draft hoods, Category I appliances, and other appliances listed for use with Type B vents shall be determined in accordance with one of the following methods:

1. The provisions of Section 2428.

2. For sizing an individual chimney venting system for a single appliance with a draft hood, the effective areas of the vent connector and chimney flue shall be not less than the area of the appliance flue collar or draft hood outlet, nor greater than seven times the draft hood outlet area.

3. For sizing a chimney venting system connected to two appliances with draft hoods, the effective area of the chimney flue shall be not less than the area of the larger draft hood outlet plus 50 percent of the area of the smaller draft hood outlet, nor greater than seven times the smallest draft hood outlet area.

4. Chimney venting systems using mechanical draft shall be sized in accordance with approved engineering methods.

5. Other approved engineering methods.

2427.5.5 Inspection of chimneys. Before replacing an existing appliance or connecting a vent connector to a chimney, the chimney passageway shall be examined to ascertain that it is clear and free of obstructions and it shall be cleaned if previously used for venting solid or liquid fuel-burning appliances or fireplaces.

2427.5.5.1 Chimney lining. Chimneys shall be lined in accordance with NFPA 211.

Exception: Where an existing chimney complies with Sections 2427.5.5 through 2427.5.5.3 and its sizing is in accordance with Section 2427.5.4, its continued use shall be allowed where the appliance vented by that chimney is replaced by an appliance of similar type, input rating and efficiency.


                image: oh/admin/2016/4101$8-24-01_ph_ff_a_ru_20151207_1403-13.jpg


                image: oh/admin/2016/4101$8-24-01_ph_ff_a_ru_20151207_1403-14.jpg

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

NOTES:

a. No height above parapet required when distance from walls or parapet is more than 10 feet.

b. Height above any roof surface within 10 feet horizontally.

FIGURE 2427.5.3

TYPICAL TERMINATION LOCATIONS FOR CHIMNEYS AND SINGLE-WALL METAL PIPES SERVING RESIDENTIAL-TYPE AND LOW-HEAT APPLIANCES

2427.5.5.2 Cleanouts. Cleanouts shall be examined to determine that they will remain tightly closed when not in use.

2427.5.5.3 Unsafe chimneys. Where inspection reveals that an existing chimney is not safe for the intended application, it shall be repaired, rebuilt, lined, relined or replaced with a vent or chimney to conform to NFPA 211 and it shall be suitable for the appliances to be vented.

2427.5.6 Chimneys serving appliances burning other fuels. Chimneys serving appliances burning other fuels shall comply with Sections 2427.5.6.1 through 2427.5.6.4.

2427.5.6.1 Solid fuel-burning appliances. An appliance shall not be connected to a chimney flue serving a separate appliance designed to burn solid fuel.

2427.5.6.2 Liquid fuel-burning appliances. Where one chimney flue serves gas appliances and liquid fuel-burning appliances, the appliances shall be connected through separate openings or shall be connected through a single opening where joined by a suitable fitting located as close as practical to the chimney. Where two or more openings are provided into one chimney flue, they shall be at different levels. Where the appliances are automatically controlled, they shall be equipped with safety shutoff devices.

2427.5.6.3 Combination gas-and solid fuel-burning appliances. A combination gas-and solid fuel-burning appliance equipped with a manual reset device to shut off gas to the main burner in the event of sustained backdraft or flue gas spillage shall be permitted to be connected to a single chimney flue. The chimney flue shall be sized to properly vent the appliance.

2427.5.6.4 Combination gas-and oil fuel-burning appliances. A listed combination gas-and oil fuel-burning appliance shall be permitted to be connected to a single chimney flue. The chimney flue shall be sized to properly vent the appliance.

2427.5.7 Support of chimneys. All portions of chimneys shall be supported for the design and weight of the materials employed. Factory-built chimneys shall be supported and spaced in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.5.8 Cleanouts. Where a chimney that formerly carried flue products from liquid or solid fuel-burning appliances is used with an appliance using fuel gas, an accessible cleanout shall be provided. The cleanout shall have a tight-fitting cover and be installed so its upper edge is at least 6 inches (152 mm) below the lower edge of the lowest chimney inlet opening.

2427.5.9 Space surrounding lining or vent. The remaining space surrounding a chimney liner, gas vent, special gas vent or plastic piping installed within a masonry chimney flue shall not be used to vent another appliance. The insertion of another liner or vent within the chimney as provided in this code and the liner or vent manufacturer's instructions shall not be prohibited.

The remaining space surrounding a chimney liner, gas vent, special gas vent or plastic piping installed within a masonry, metal or factory-built chimney shall not be used to supply combustion air. Such space shall not be prohibited from supplying combustion air to direct-vent appliances designed for installation in a solid fuel-burning fireplace and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.6 Gas vents. Gas vents shall comply with Sections 2427.6.1 through 2427.6.11. (See Section 2403, Definitions.)

2427.6.1 Installation, general. Gas vents shall be installed in accordance with the terms of their listings and the manufacturer's instructions.

2427.6.2 Type B-W vent capacity. A Type B-W gas vent shall have a listed capacity not less than that of the listed vented wall furnace to which it is connected.

2427.6.3 Gas vent termination. A gas vent shall terminate in accordance with one of the following:

1. Gas vents that are 12 inches (305 mm) or less in size and located not less than 8 feet (2438 mm) from a vertical wall or similar obstruction shall terminate above the roof in accordance with Figure 2427.6.3.

2. Gas vents that are over 12 inches (305 mm) in size or are located less than 8 feet (2438 mm) from a vertical wall or similar obstruction shall terminate not less than 2 feet (610 mm) above the highest point where they pass through the roof and not less than 2 feet (610 mm) above any portion of a building within 10 feet (3048 mm) horizontally.

3. As provided for direct-vent systems in Section 2427.2.1.

4. As provided for appliances with integral vents in Section 2427.2.2.

5. As provided for mechanical draft systems in Section 2427.3.3.

2427.6.3.1 Decorative shrouds. Decorative shrouds shall not be installed at the termination of gas vents except where such shrouds are listed for use with the specific gas venting system and are installed in accordance with manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.6.4 Minimum height. A Type B or L gas vent shall terminate at least 5 feet (1524 mm) in vertical height above the highest connected appliance draft hood or flue collar. A Type B-W gas vent shall terminate at least 12 feet (3658 mm) in vertical height above the bottom of the wall furnace.

2427.6.5 Roof terminations. Gas vents shall extend through the roof flashing, roof jack or roof thimble and terminate with a listed cap or listed roof assembly.

2427.6.6 Forced air inlets. Gas vents shall terminate not less than 3 feet (914 mm) above any forced air inlet located within 10 feet (3048 mm).

2427.6.7 Exterior wall penetrations. A gas vent extending through an exterior wall shall not terminate adjacent to the wall or below eaves or parapets, except as provided in Sections 2427.2.1 and 2427.3.3.

2427.6.8 Size of gas vents. Venting systems shall be sized and constructed in accordance with Section 2428 or other approved engineering methods and the gas vent and appliance manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.6.8.1 Category I appliances. The sizing of natural draft venting systems serving one or more listed appliances equipped with a draft hood or appliances listed for use with Type B gas vent, installed in a single story of a building, shall be in accordance with one of the following methods:

1. The provisions of Section 2428.

2. For sizing an individual gas vent for a single, draft-hood-equipped appliance, the effective area of the vent connector and the gas vent shall be not less than the area of the appliance draft hood outlet, nor greater than seven times the draft hood outlet area.

3. For sizing a gas vent connected to two appliances with draft hoods, the effective area of the vent shall be not less than the area of the larger draft hood outlet plus 50 percent of the area of the smaller draft hood outlet, nor greater than seven times the smaller draft hood outlet area.

4. Approved engineering practices.

2427.6.8.2 Vent offsets. Type B and L vents sized in accordance with Item 2 or 3 of Section 2427.6.8.1 shall extend in a generally vertical direction with offsets not exceeding 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad), except that a vent system having not more than one 60-degree ( 1.04 rad) offset shall be permitted. Any angle greater than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) from the vertical is considered horizontal. The total horizontal distance of a vent plus the horizontal vent connector serving draft hood-equipped appliances shall be not greater than 75 percent of the vertical height of the vent.

2427.6.8.3 Category II, III and IV appliances. The sizing of gas vents for Category II, III and IV appliances shall be in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions.

2427.6.8.4 Mechanical draft. Chimney venting systems using mechanical draft shall be sized in accordance with approved engineering methods.


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Flat to 6/12

1.0

Over 6/12 to 7/12

1.25

Over 7/12 to 8/12

1.5

Over 8/12 to 9/12

2.0

Over 9/12 to 10/12

2.5

Over 10/12 to 11/12

3.25

Over 11/12 to 12/12

4.0

Over 12/12 to 14/12

5.0

Over 14/12 to 16/12

6.0

Over 16/12 to 18/12

7.0

Over 18/12 to 20/12

7.5

Over 20/12 to 21/12

8.0

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

FIGURE 2427.6.3

GAS VENT TERMINATION LOCATIONS FOR LISTED CAPS 12 INCHES OR LESS IN SIZE AT LEAST 8 FEET FROM A VERTICAL WALL

2427.6.9 Support of gas vents. Gas vents shall be supported and spaced in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.6.10 Marking. In those localities where solid and liquid fuels are used extensively, gas vents shall be permanently identified by a label attached to the wall or ceiling at a point where the vent connector enters the gas vent. The determination of where such localities exist shall be made by the building official. The label shall read:

"This gas vent is for appliances that burn gas. Do not connect to solid or liquid fuel-burning appliances or incinerators."

2427.6.11 Fastener penetrations. Screws, rivets and other fasteners shall not penetrate the inner wall of double-wall gas vents, except at the transition from an appliance draft hood outlet, a flue collar or a single-wall metal connector to a double-wall vent.

2427.7 Single-wall metal pipe. Single-wall metal pipe vents shall comply with Sections 2427.7.1 through 2427.7.13.

2427.7.1 Construction. Single-wall metal pipe shall be constructed of galvanized sheet steel not less than 0.0304 inch ( 0.7 mm) thick, or other approved, noncombustible, corrosion-resistant material.

2427.7.2 Cold climate. Uninsulated single-wall metal pipe shall not be used outdoors for venting appliances in regions where the 99-percent winter design temperature is below 32ºF (0ºC).

2427.7.3 Termination. Single-wall metal pipe shall terminate at least 5 feet (1524 mm) in vertical height above the highest connected appliance draft hood outlet or flue collar. Single-wall metal pipe shall extend at least 2 feet (610 mm) above the highest point where it passes through a roof of a building and at least 2 feet (610 mm) higher than any portion of a building within a horizontal distance of 10 feet (3048 mm) (see Figure 2427.5.3). An approved cap or roof assembly shall be attached to the terminus of a single-wall metal pipe (see also Section 2427.7.9, Item 3).

2427.7.4 Limitations of use. Single-wall metal pipe shall be used only for runs directly from the space in which the appliance is located through the roof or exterior wall to the outdoor atmosphere.

2427.7.5 Roof penetrations. A pipe passing through a roof shall extend without interruption through the roof flashing, roof jack, or roof thimble. Where a single-wall metal pipe passes through a roof constructed of combustible material, a noncombustible, nonventilating thimble shall be used at the point of passage. The thimble shall extend at least 18 inches (457 mm) above and 6 inches (152 mm) below the roof with the annular space open at the bottom and closed only at the top. The thimble shall be sized in accordance with Section 2427.7.7.

2427.7.6 Installation. Single-wall metal pipe shall not originate in any unoccupied attic or concealed space and shall not pass through any attic, inside wall, concealed space, or floor. The installation of a single-wall metal pipe through an exterior combustible wall shall comply with Section 2427.7.7. Single-wall metal pipe used for venting an incinerator shall be exposed and readily examinable for its full length and shall have suitable clearances maintained.

2427.7.7 Single-wall penetrations of combustible walls. Single-wall metal pipe shall not pass through a combustible exterior wall unless guarded at the point of passage by a ventilated metal thimble not smaller than the following:

1. For listed appliances equipped with draft hoods and appliances listed for use with Type B gas vents, the thimble shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm) larger in diameter than the metal pipe. Where there is a run of not less than 6 feet (1829 mm) of metal pipe in the open between the draft hood outlet and the thimble, the thimble shall be permitted to be not less than 2 inches (51 mm) larger in diameter than the metal pipe.

2. For unlisted appliances having draft hoods, the thimble shall be not less than 6 inches (152 mm) larger in diameter than the metal pipe.

3. For residential and low-heat appliances, the thimble shall be not less than 12 inches (305 mm) larger in diameter than the metal pipe.

Exception: In lieu of thimble protection, all combustible material in the wall shall be removed a sufficient distance from the metal pipe to provide the specified clearance from such metal pipe to combustible material. Any material used to close up such opening shall be noncombustible.

2427.7.8 Clearances. Minimum clearances from single-wall metal pipe to combustible material shall be in accordance with Table 2427.10.5. The clearance from single-wall metal pipe to combustible material shall be permitted to be reduced where the combustible material is protected as specified for vent connectors in Table 2409.2.

2427.7.9 Size of single-wall metal pipe. A venting system constructed of single-wall metal pipe shall be sized in accordance with one of the following methods and the appliance manufacturer's instructions:

1. For a draft-hood-equipped appliance, in accordance with Section 2428.

2. For a venting system for a single appliance with a draft hood, the areas of the connector and the pipe each shall be not less than the area of the appliance flue collar or draft hood outlet, whichever is smaller. The vent area shall not be greater than seven times the draft hood outlet area.

3. Other approved engineering methods.

2427.7.10 Pipe geometry. Any shaped single-wall metal pipe shall be permitted to be used, provided that its equivalent effective area is equal to the effective area of the round pipe for which it is substituted, and provided that the minimum internal dimension of the pipe is not less than 2 inches (51 mm).

2427.7.11 Termination capacity. The vent cap or a roof assembly shall have a venting capacity not less than that of the pipe to which it is attached.

2427.7.12 Support of single-wall metal pipe. All portions of single-wall metal pipe shall be supported for the design and weight of the material employed.

2427.7.13 Marking. Single-wall metal pipe shall comply with the marking provisions of Section 2427.6.10.

2427.8 Venting system termination location. The location of venting system terminations shall comply with the following (see Appendix C):

1. A mechanical draft venting system shall terminate at least 3 feet (914 mm) above any forced-air inlet located within 10 feet (3048 mm).

Exceptions:

1. This provision shall not apply to the combustion air intake of a direct-vent appliance.

2. This provision shall not apply to the separation of the integral outdoor air inlet and flue gas discharge of listed outdoor appliances.

2. A mechanical draft venting system, excluding direct-vent appliances, shall terminate at least 4 feet (1219 mm) below, 4 feet (1219 mm) horizontally from, or 1 foot (305 mm) above any door, operable window, or gravity air inlet into any building. The bottom of the vent terminal shall be located at least 12 inches (305 mm) above finished ground level.

3. The vent terminal of a direct-vent appliance with an input of 10,000 Btu per hour (3 kW) or less shall be located at least 6 inches (152 mm) from any air opening into a building, and such an appliance with an input over 10,000 Btu per hour (3 kW) but not over 50,000 Btu per hour ( 14.7 kW) shall be installed with a 9-inch (230 mm) vent termination clearance, and an appliance with an input over 50,000 Btu/h ( 14.7 kW) shall have at least a 12-inch (305 mm) vent termination clearance. The bottom of the vent terminal and the air intake shall be located at least 12 inches (305 mm) above finished ground level.

4. Through-the-wall vents for Category II and IV appliances and noncategorized condensing appliances shall not terminate over public walkways or over an area where condensate or vapor could create a nuisance or hazard or could be detrimental to the operation of regulators, relief valves, or other equipment. Where local experience indicates that condensate is a problem with Category I and III appliances, this provision shall also apply. Drains for condensate shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.9 Condensation drainage. Provisions shall be made to collect and dispose of condensate from venting systems serving Category II and IV appliances and noncategorized condensing appliances in accordance with Section 2427.8, Item 4. Where local experience indicates that condensation is a problem, provision shall be made to drain off and dispose of condensate from venting systems serving Category I and III appliances in accordance with Section 2427.8, Item 4.

2427.10 Vent connectors for Category I appliances. Vent connectors for Category I appliances shall comply with Sections 2427.10.1 through 2427.10.14.

2427.10.1 Where required. A vent connector shall be used to connect an appliance to a gas vent, chimney or single-wall metal pipe, except where the gas vent, chimney or single-wall metal pipe is directly connected to the appliance.

2427.10.2 Materials. Vent connectors shall be constructed in accordance with Sections 2427.10.2.1 through 2427.10.2.4.

2427.10.2.1 General. A vent connector shall be made of noncombustible corrosion-resistant material capable of withstanding the vent gas temperature produced by the appliance and of sufficient thickness to withstand physical damage.

2427.10.2.2 Vent connectors located in unconditioned areas. Where the vent connector used for an appliance having a draft hood or a Category I appliance is located in or passes through attics, crawl spaces or other unconditioned spaces, that portion of the vent connector shall be listed Type B, Type L or listed vent material having equivalent insulation properties.

Exception: Single-wall metal pipe located within the exterior walls of the building in areas having a local 99-percent winter design temperature of 5°F (-15°C) or higher shall be permitted to be used in unconditioned spaces other than attics and crawl spaces.

2427.10.2.3 Residential-type appliance connectors. Where vent connectors for residential-type appliances are not installed in attics or other unconditioned spaces, connectors for listed appliances having draft hoods, appliances having draft hoods and equipped with listed conversion burners and Category I appliances shall be one of the following:

1. Type B or L vent material;

2. Galvanized sheet steel not less than 0.018 inch ( 0.46 mm) thick;

3. Aluminum (1100 or 3003 alloy or equivalent) sheet not less than 0.027 inch ( 0.69 mm) thick;

4. Stainless steel sheet not less than 0.012 inch ( 0.31 mm) thick;

5. Smooth interior wall metal pipe having resistance to heat and corrosion equal to or greater than that of Item 2, 3 or 4 above; or

6. A listed vent connector.

Vent connectors shall not be covered with insulation.

Exception: Listed insulated vent connectors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2427.10.2.4 Low-heat appliance. A vent connector for a nonresidential, low-heat appliance shall be a factory-built chimney section or steel pipe having resistance to heat and corrosion equivalent to that for the appropriate galvanized pipe as specified in Table 2427.10.2.4. Factory-built chimney sections shall be joined together in accordance with the chimney manufacturer's instructions.

TABLE 2427.10.2.4

MINIMUM THICKNESS FOR GALVANIZED STEEL VENT CONNECTORS FOR LOW-HEAT APPLIANCES

DIAMETER OF CONNECTOR (inches)

MINIMUM THICKNESS (inch)

Less than 6

0.019

6 to less than 10

0.023

10 to 12 inclusive

0.029

14 to 16 inclusive

0.034

Over 16

0.056

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

2427.10.3 Size of vent connector. Vent connectors shall be sized in accordance with Sections 2427.10.3.1 through 2427.3.5.

2427.10.3.1 Single draft hood and fan-assisted. A vent connector for an appliance with a single draft hood or for a Category I fan-assisted combustion system appliance shall be sized and installed in accordance with Section 2428 or other approved engineering methods.

2427.10.3.2 Multiple draft hood. For a single appliance having more than one draft hood outlet or flue collar, the manifold shall be constructed according to the instructions of the appliance manufacturer. Where there are no instructions, the manifold shall be designed and constructed in accordance with approved engineering practices. As an alternate method, the effective area of the manifold shall equal the combined area of the flue collars or draft hood outlets and the vent connectors shall have a minimum 1-foot (305 mm) rise.

2427.10.3.3 Multiple appliances. Where two or more appliances are connected to a common vent or chimney, each vent connector shall be sized in accordance with Section 2428 or other approved engineering methods. As an alternative method applicable only when all of the appliances are draft hood equipped, each vent connector shall have an effective area not less than the area of the draft hood outlet of the appliance to which it is connected.

2427.10.3.4 Common connector/manifold. Where two or more appliances are vented through a common vent connector or vent manifold, the common vent connector or vent manifold shall be located at the highest level consistent with available headroom and the required clearance to combustible materials and shall be sized in accordance with Section 2428 or other approved engineering methods.

As an alternate method applicable only where there are two draft hood-equipped appliances, the effective area of the common vent connector or vent manifold and all junction fittings shall be not less than the area of the larger vent connector plus 50 percent of the area of the smaller flue collar outlet.

2427.10.3.5 Size increase. Where the size of a vent connector is increased to overcome installation limitations and obtain connector capacity equal to the appliance input, the size increase shall be made at the appliance draft hood outlet.

2427.10.4 Two or more appliances connected to a single vent or chimney. Where two or more vent connectors enter a common gas vent, chimney flue, or single-wall metal pipe, the smaller connector shall enter at the highest level consistent with the available headroom or clearance to combustible material. Vent connectors serving Category I appliances shall not be connected to any portion of a mechanical draft system operating under positive static pressure, such as those serving Category III or IV appliances.

2427.10.4.1 Two or more openings. Where two or more openings are provided into one chimney flue or vent, the openings shall be at different levels, or the connectors shall be attached to the vertical portion of the chimney or vent at an angle of 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) or less relative to the vertical.

2427.10.5 Clearance. Minimum clearances from vent connectors to combustible material shall be in accordance with Table 2427.10.5.

Exception: The clearance between a vent connector and combustible material shall be permitted to be reduced where the combustible material is protected as specified for vent connectors in Table 2409.2.

2427.10.6 Flow resistance. A vent connector shall be installed so as to avoid turns or other construction features that create excessive resistance to flow of vent gases.

TABLE 2427.10.5a

CLEARANCES FOR CONNECTORS

APPLIANCE

MINIMUM DISTANCE FROM COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL

Listed Type B gas vent material

Listed Type L vent material

Single-wall metal pipe

Factory-built chimney sections

Listed appliances with draft hoods and appliances listed for use with Type B gas vents

As listed

As listed

6 inches

As listed

Residential boilers and furnaces with listed gas conversion burner and with draft hood

6 inches

6 inches

9 inches

As listed

Residential appliances listed for use with Type L vents

Not permitted

As listed

9 inches

As listed

Listed gas-fired toilets

Not permitted

As listed

As listed

As listed

Unlisted residential appliances with draft hood

Not permitted

6 inches

9 inches

As listed

Residential and low-heat appliances other than above

Not permitted

9 mches

18 inches

As listed

Medium-heat appliances

Not permitted

Not permitted

36 inches

As listed

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. These clearances shall apply unless the manufacturer's installation instructions for a listed appliance or connector specify different clearances, in which case the listed clearances shall apply.

2427.10.7 Joints. Joints between sections of connector piping and connections to flue collars and draft hood outlets shall be fastened by one of the following methods:

1. Sheet metal screws.

2. Vent connectors of listed vent material assembled and connected to flue collars or draft hood outlets in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions.

3. Other approved means.

2427.10.8 Slope. A vent connector shall be installed without dips or sags and shall slope upward toward the vent or chimney at least 1/4 inch per foot (21 mm/m).

Exception: Vent connectors attached to a mechanical draft system installed in accordance with the appliance and draft system manufacturers' instructions.

2427.10.9 Length of vent connector. A vent connector shall be as short as practical and the appliance located as close as practical to the chimney or vent. The maximum horizontal length of a single-wall connector shall be 75 percent of the height of the chimney or vent except for engineered systems. The maximum horizontal length of a Type B double-wall connector shall be 100 percent of the height of the chimney or vent except for engineered systems.

2427.10.10 Support. A vent connector shall be supported for the design and weight of the material employed to maintain clearances and prevent physical damage and separation of joints.

2427.10.11 Chimney connection. Where entering a flue in a masonry or metal chimney, the vent connector shall be installed above the extreme bottom to avoid stoppage. Where a thimble or slip joint is used to facilitate removal of the connector, the connector shall be firmly attached to or inserted into the thimble or slip joint to prevent the connector from falling out. Means shall be employed to prevent the connector from entering so far as to restrict the space between its end and the opposite wall of the chimney flue (see Section 2425.9 ).

2427.10.12 Inspection. The entire length of a vent connector shall be provided with ready access for inspection, cleaning, and replacement.

2427.10.13 Fireplaces. A vent connector shall not be connected to a chimney flue serving a fireplace unless the fireplace flue opening is permanently sealed.

2427.10.14 Passage through ceilings, floors or walls. Single-wall metal pipe connectors shall not pass through any wall, floor or ceiling except as permitted by Section 2427.7.4.

2427.11 Vent connectors for Category II, III and IV appliances. Vent connectors for Category II, III and IV appliances shall be as specified for the venting systems in accordance with Section 2427.4.

2427.12 Draft hoods and draft controls. The installation of draft hoods and draft controls shall comply with Sections 2427.12.1 through 2427.12.7.

2427.12.1 Appliances requiring draft hoods. Vented appliances shall be installed with draft hoods.

Exception: Dual oven-type combination ranges; incinerators; direct-vent appliances; fan-assisted combustion system appliances; appliances requiring chimney draft for operation; single firebox boilers equipped with conversion burners with inputs greater than 400,000 Btu per hour (117 kW); appliances equipped with blast, power or pressure burners that are not listed for use with draft hoods; and appliances designed for forced venting.

2427.12.2 Installation. A draft hood supplied with or forming a part of a listed vented appliance shall be installed without alteration, exactly as furnished and specified by the appliance manufacturer.

2427.12.2.1 Draft hood required. If a draft hood is not supplied by the appliance manufacturer where one is required, a draft hood shall be installed, shall be of a listed or approved type and, in the absence of other instructions, shall be of the same size as the appliance flue collar. Where a draft hood is required with a conversion burner, it shall be of a listed or approved type.

2427.12.2.2 Special design draft hood. Where it is determined that a draft hood of special design is needed or preferable for a particular installation, the installation shall be in accordance with the recommendations of the appliance manufacturer and shall be approved.

2427.12.3 Draft control devices. Where a draft control device is part of the appliance or is supplied by the appliance manufacturer, it shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. In the absence of manufacturer's instructions, the device shall be attached to the flue collar of the appliance or as near to the appliance as practical.

2427.12.4 Additional devices. Appliances (except incinerators) requiring a controlled chimney draft shall be permitted to be equipped with a listed double-acting barometric-draft regulator installed and adjusted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

2427.12.5 Location. Draft hoods and barometric draft regulators shall be installed in the same room or enclosure as the appliance in such a manner as to prevent any difference in pressure between the hood or regulator and the combustion air supply.

2427.12.6 Positioning. Draft hoods and draft regulators shall be installed in the position for which they were designed with reference to the horizontal and vertical planes and shall be located so that the relief opening is not obstructed by any part of the appliance or adjacent construction. The appliance and its draft hood shall be located so that the relief opening is accessible for checking vent operation.

2427.12.7 Clearance. A draft hood shall be located so its relief opening is not less than 6 inches (152 mm) from any surface except that of the appliance it serves and the venting system to which the draft hood is connected. Where a greater or lesser clearance is indicated on the appliance label, the clearance shall be not less than that specified on the label. Such clearances shall not be reduced.

2427.13 Manually operated dampers. A manually operated damper shall not be placed in the vent connector for any appliance. Fixed baffles shall not be classified as manually operated dampers.

2427.14 Automatically operated vent dampers. An automatically operated vent damper shall be of a listed type.

2427.15 Obstructions. Devices that retard the flow of vent gases shall not be installed in a vent connector, chimney, or vent. The following shall not be considered as obstructions:

1. Draft regulators and safety controls specifically listed for installation in venting systems and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2. Approved draft regulators and safety controls that are designed and installed in accordance with approved engineering methods.

3. Listed heat reclaimers and automatically operated vent dampers installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

4. Approved economizers, heat reclaimers, and recuperators installed in venting systems of appliances not required to be equipped with draft hoods, provided that the appliance manufacturer's instructions cover the installation of such a device in the venting system and performance in accordance with Sections 2427.3 and 2427.3.1 is obtained.

5. Vent dampers serving listed appliances installed in accordance with Sections 2428.2.1 and 2428.3.1 or other approved engineering methods.

2427.16 (IFGS) Outside wall penetrations. Where vents, including those for direct-vent appliances, penetrate outside walls of buildings, the annular spaces around such penetrations shall be permanently sealed using approved materials to prevent entry of combustion products into the building.

SECTION 2428 SIZING OF CATEGORY I APPLIANCE VENTING SYSTEMS

2428.1 Definitions. The following definitions apply to tables in this section.

APPLIANCE CATEGORIZED VENT DIAMETER/AREA. The minimum vent area/diameter permissible for Category I appliances to maintain a nonpositive vent static pressure when tested in accordance with nationally recognized standards.

FAN-ASSISTED COMBUSTION SYSTEM. An appliance equipped with an integral mechanical means to either draw or force products of combustion through the combustion chamber or heat exchanger.

FAN MIN. The minimum input rating of a Category I fan-assisted appliance attached to a vent or connector.

FAN MAX. The maximum input rating of a Category I fan-assisted appliance attached to a vent or connector.

NAT MAX. The maximum input rating of a Category I draft-hood-equipped appliance attached to a vent or connector.

FAN + FAN. The maximum combined appliance input rating of two or more Category I fan-assisted appliances attached to the common vent.

FAN + NAT. The maximum combined appliance input rating of one or more Category I fan-assisted appliances and one or more Category I draft-hood-equipped appliances attached to the common vent.

NA. Vent configuration is not permitted due to potential for condensate formation or pressurization of the venting system, or not applicable due to physical or geometric restraints.

NAT + NAT. The maximum combined appliance input rating of two or more Category I draft-hood-equipped appliances attached to the common vent.

2428.2 Application of single appliance vent Tables 2428.2(1) and 2428.2(2).

The application of Tables 2428.2(1) and 2428.2(2) shall be subject to the requirements of Sections 2428.2.1 through 2428.2.16.

2428.2.1 Vent obstructions. These venting tables shall not be used where obstructions, as described in Section 2427.15, are installed in the venting system. The installation of vents serving listed appliances with vent dampers shall be in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions or in accordance with the following:

1. The maximum capacity of the vent system shall be determined using the "NAT Max" column.

2. The minimum capacity shall be determined as if the appliance were a fan-assisted appliance, using the "FAN Min" column to determine the minimum capacity of the vent system. Where the corresponding "FAN Min" is "NA," the vent configuration shall not be permitted and an alternative venting configuration shall be utilized.

2428.2.2 Minimum size. Where the vent size determined from the tables is smaller than the appliance draft hood outlet or flue collar, the smaller size shall be permitted to be used provided all of the following are met:

1. The total vent height (H) is at least 10 feet (3048 mm).

2. Vents for appliance draft hood outlets or flue collars 12 inches (305 mm) in diameter or smaller are not reduced more than one table size.

3. Vents for appliance draft hood outlets or flue collars larger than 12 inches (305 mm) in diameter are not reduced more than two table sizes.

4. The maximum capacity listed in the tables for a fan-assisted appliance is reduced by 10 percent ( 0.90 by maximum table capacity).

5. The draft hood outlet is greater than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter. Do not connect a 3-inch-diameter (76 mm) vent to a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) draft hood outlet. This provision shall not apply to fan-assisted appliances.

TABLE 2428.2(1)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL GAS VENT

Number of Appliances

Single

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Connected directly to vent

HEI GHT (H)(feet)

LAT ERA L (L)(feet)

VENT DIAMETER-(D) inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

6

0

0

78

46

0

152

86

0

251

141

0

375

205

0

524

285

0

698

370

0

897

470

2

13

51

36

18

97

67

27

157

105

32

232

157

44

321

217

53

425

285

63

543

370

4

21

49

34

30

94

64

39

153

103

50

227

153

66

316

211

79

419

279

93

536

362

6

25

46

32

36

91

61

47

149

100

59

223

149

78

310

205

93

413

273

110

530

354

8

0

0

84

50

0

165

94

0

276

155

0

415

235

0

583

320

0

780

415

0

1,006

537

2

12

57

40

16

109

75

25

178

120

28

263

180

42

365

247

50

483

322

60

619

418

5

23

53

38

32

103

71

42

171

115

53

255

173

70

356

237

83

473

313

99

607

407

8

28

49

35

39

98

66

51

164

109

64

247

165

84

347

227

99

463

303

117

596

396

10

0

0

88

53

0

175

100

0

295

166

0

447

255

0

631

345

0

847

450

0

1,096

585

2

12

61

42

17

118

81

23

194

129

26

289

195

40

402

273

48

533

355

57

684

457

5

23

57

40

32

113

77

41

187

124

52

280

188

68

392

263

81

522

346

95

671

446

10

30

51

36

41

104

70

54

176

115

67

267

175

88

376

245

104

504

330

122

651

427

15

0

0

94

58

0

191

112

0

327

187

0

502

285

0

716

390

0

970

525

0

1,263

682

2

11

69

48

15

136

93

20

226

150

22

339

225

38

475

316

45

633

414

53

815

544

5

22

65

45

30

130

87

39

219

142

49

330

217

64

463

300

76

620

403

90

800

529

10

29

59

41

40

121

82

51

206

135

64

315

208

84

445

288

99

600

386

116

777

507

15

35

53

37

48

112

76

61

195

128

76

301

198

98

429

275

115

580

373

134

755

491

20

0

0

97

61

0

202

119

0

349

202

0

540

307

0

776

430

0

1,057

575

0

1,384

752

2

10

75

51

14

149

100

18

250

166

20

377

249

33

531

346

41

711

470

50

917

612

5

21

71

48

29

143

96

38

242

160

47

367

241

62

519

337

73

697

460

86

902

599

10

28

64

44

38

133

89

50

229

150

62

351

228

81

499

321

95

675

443

112

877

576

15

34

58

40

46

124

84

59

217

142

73

337

217

94

481

308

111

654

427

129

853

557

20

48

52

35

55

116

78

69

206

134

84

322

206

107

464

295

125

634

410

145

830

537

30

0

0

100

64

0

213

128

0

374

220

0

587

336

0

853

475

0

1,173

650

0

1,548

855

2

9

81

56

13

166

112

14

283

185

18

432

280

27

613

394

33

826

535

42

1,072

700

5

21

77

54

28

160

108

36

275

176

45

421

273

58

600

385

69

811

524

82

1,055

688

10

27

70

50

37

150

102

48

262

171

59

405

261

77

580

371

91

788

507

107

1,028

668

15

33

64

NA

44

141

96

57

249

163

70

389

249

90

560

357

105

765

490

124

1,002

648

20

56

58

NA

53

132

90

66

237

154

80

374

237

102

542

343

119

743

473

139

977

628

30

NA

NA

NA

73

113

NA

88

214

NA

104

346

219

131

507

321

149

702

444

171

929

594

50

0

0

101

67

0

216

134

0

397

232

0

633

363

0

932

518

0

1,297

708

0

1,730

952

2

8

86

61

11

183

122

14

320

206

15

497

314

22

715

445

26

975

615

33

1,276

813

5

20

82

NA

27

177

119

35

312

200

43

487

308

55

702

438

65

960

605

77

1,259

798

10

26

76

NA

35

168

114

45

299

190

56

471

298

73

681

426

86

935

589

101

1,230

773

15

59

70

NA

42

158

NA

54

287

180

66

455

288

85

662

413

100

911

572

117

1,203

747

20

NA

NA

NA

50

149

NA

63

275

169

76

440

278

97

642

401

113

888

556

131

1,176

722

30

NA

NA

NA

69

131

NA

84

250

NA

99

410

259

123

605

376

141

844

522

161

1,125

670

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

TABLE 2428.2(2)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL GAS VENT

Number of Appliances

Single

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Single-wall metal connector

HEI GHT (H) (feet)

LAT ERAL (L) (feet)

VENT DIAMETER - (D) inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

6

0

38

77

45

59

151

85

85

249

140

126

373

204

165

522

284

211

695

369

267

894

469

371

1,118

569

537

1,639

849

2

39

51

36

60

96

66

85

156

104

123

231

156

159

320

213

201

423

284

251

541

368

347

673

453

498

979

648

4

NA

NA

33

74

92

63

102

152

102

146

225

152

187

313

208

237

416

277

295

533

360

409

664

443

584

971

638

6

NA

NA

31

83

89

60

114

147

99

163

220

148

207

307

203

263

409

271

327

526

352

449

656

433

638

962

627

8

0

37

83

50

58

164

93

83

273

154

123

412

234

161

580

319

206

777

414

258

1,002

536

360

1,257

658

521

1,852

967

2

39

56

39

59

108

75

83

176

119

121

261

179

155

363

246

197

482

321

246

617

417

339

768

513

486

1,120

743

5

NA

NA

37

77

102

69

107

168

114

151

252

171

193

352

235

245

470

311

305

604

404

418

754

500

598

1,104

730

8

NA

NA

33

90

95

64

122

161

107

175

243

163

223

342

225

280

458

300

344

591

392

470

740

486

665

1,089

715

10

0

37

87

53

57

174

99

82

293

165

120

444

254

158

628

344

202

844

449

253

1,093

584

351

1,373

718

507

2,031

1,05 7

2

39

61

41

59

117

80

82

193

128

119

287

194

153

400

272

193

531

354

242

681

456

332

849

559

475

1,242

848

5

52

56

39

76

111

76

105

185

122

148

277

186

190

388

261

241

518

344

299

667

443

409

834

544

584

1,224

825

10

NA

NA

34

97

100

68

132

171

112

188

261

171

237

369

241

296

497

325

363

643

423

492

808

520

688

1,194

788

15

0

36

93

57

56

190

111

80

325

186

116

499

283

153

713

388

195

966

523

244

1,259

681

336

1,591

838

488

2,374

1,23 7

2

38

69

47

57

136

93

80

225

149

115

337

224

148

473

314

187

631

413

232

812

543

319

1,015

673

457

1,491

983

5

51

63

44

75

128

86

102

216

140

144

326

217

182

459

298

231

616

400

287

795

526

392

997

657

562

1,469

963

10

NA

NA

39

95

116

79

128

201

131

182

308

203

228

438

284

284

592

381

349

768

501

470

966

628

664

1,433

928

 

15

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

72

158

186

124

220

290

192

272

418

269

334

568

367

404

742

484

540

937

601

750

1,399

894

20

0

35

96

60

54

200

118

78

346

201

114

537

306

149

772

428

190

1,053

573

238

1,379

750

326

1,751

927

473

2,631

1,34 6

2

37

74

50

56

148

99

78

248

165

113

375

248

144

528

344

182

708

468

227

914

611

309

1,146

754

443

1,689

1,09 8

5

50

68

47

73

140

94

100

239

158

141

363

239

178

514

334

224

692

457

279

896

596

381

1,126

734

547

1,665

1,07 4

10

NA

NA

41

93

129

86

125

223

146

177

344

224

222

491

316

277

666

437

339

866

570

457

1,092

702

646

1,626

1,03 7

15

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

80

155

208

136

216

325

210

264

469

301

325

640

419

393

838

549

526

1,060

677

730

1,587

1,00 5

20

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

186

192

126

254

306

196

309

448

285

374

616

400

448

810

526

592

1,028

651

808

1,550

973

30

0

34

99

63

53

211

127

76

372

219

110

584

334

144

849

472

184

1,168

647

229

1,542

852

312

1,971

1,056

454

2,996

1,545

2

37

80

56

55

164

111

76

281

183

109

429

279

139

610

392

175

823

533

219

1,069

698

296

1,346

863

424

1,999

1,308

5

49

74

52

72

157

106

98

271

173

136

417

271

171

595

382

215

806

521

269

1,049

684

366

1,324

846

524

1,971

1,283

10

NA

NA

NA

91

144

98

122

255

168

171

397

257

213

570

367

265

777

501

327

1,017

662

440

1,287

821

620

1,927

1,234

15

NA

NA

NA

115

131

NA

151

239

157

208

377

242

255

547

349

312

750

481

379

985

638

507

1,251

794

702

1,884

1,205

20

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

181

223

NA

246

357

228

298

524

333

360

723

461

433

955

615

570

1,216

768

780

1,841

1,166

30

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

389

477

305

461

670

426

541

895

574

704

1,147

720

937

1,759

1,101

50

0

33

99

66

51

213

133

73

394

230

105

629

361

138

928

515

176

1,292

704

220

1,724

948

295

2,223

1,189

428

3,432

1,818

2

36

84

61

53

181

121

73

318

205

104

495

312

133

712

443

168

971

613

209

1,273

811

280

1,615

1,007

401

2,426

1,509

5

48

80

NA

70

174

117

94

308

198

131

482

305

164

696

435

204

953

602

257

1,252

795

347

1,591

991

496

2,396

1,490

10

NA

NA

NA

89

160

NA

118

292

186

162

461

292

203

671

420

253

923

583

313

1,217

765

418

1,551

963

589

2,347

1,455

15

NA

NA

NA

112

148

NA

145

275

174

199

441

280

244

646

405

299

894

562

363

1,183

736

481

1,512

934

668

2,299

1,421

20

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

176

257

NA

236

420

267

285

622

389

345

866

543

415

1,150

708

544

1,473

906

741

2,251

1,387

30

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

315

376

NA

373

573

NA

442

809

502

521

1,086

649

674

1,399

848

892

2,159

1,318

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

2428.2.3 Vent offsets. Single-appliance venting configurations with zero (0) lateral lengths in Tables 2428.2(1) and 2428.2(2) shall not have elbows in the venting system. Single-appliance venting configurations with lateral lengths include two 90-degree ( 1.57 rad) elbows. For each additional elbow up to and including 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad), the maximum capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 5 percent. For each additional elbow greater than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) up to and including 90 degrees ( 1.57 rad), the maximum capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 10 percent. Where multiple offsets occur in a vent, the total lateral length of all offsets combined shall not exceed that specified in Tables 2428.2(1) and 2428.2(2).

2428.2.4 Zero lateral. Zero (0) lateral (L) shall apply only to a straight vertical vent attached to a top outlet draft hood or flue collar.

2428.2.5 High altitude installations. Sea level input ratings shall be used when determining maximum capacity for high altitude installation. Actual input, derated for altitude, shall be used for determining minimum capacity for high altitude installation.

2428.2.6 Multiple input rate appliances. For appliances with more than one input rate, the minimum vent capacity (FAN Min) determined from the tables shall be less than the lowest appliance input rating, and the maximum vent capacity (FAN Max/NAT Max) determined from the tables shall be greater than the highest appliance rating input.

2428.2.7 Liner system sizing and connections. Listed corrugated metallic chimney liner systems in masonry chimneys shall be sized by using Table 2428.2(1) or 2428.2(2) for Type B vents with the maximum capacity reduced by 20 percent ( 0.80 x maximum capacity) and the minimum capacity as shown in Table 2428.2(1) or 2428.2(2). Corrugated metallic liner systems installed with bends or offsets shall have their maximum capacity further reduced in accordance with Section 2428.2.3. The 20-percent reduction for corrugated metallic chimney liner systems includes an allowance for one long-radius 90-degree ( 1.57 rad) turn at the bottom of the liner.

Connections between chimney liners and listed double-wall connectors shall be made with listed adapters designed for such purpose.

2428.2.8 Vent area and diameter. Where the vertical vent has a larger diameter than the vent connector, the vertical vent diameter shall be used to determine the minimum vent capacity, and the connector diameter shall be used to determine the maximum vent capacity. The flow area of the vertical vent shall not exceed seven times the flow area of the listed appliance categorized vent area, flue collar area, or draft hood outlet area unless designed in accordance with approved engineering methods.

2428.2.9 Chimney and vent locations. Tables 2428.2(1) and 2428.2(2) shall be used only for chimneys and vents not exposed to the outdoors below the roof line. A Type B vent or listed chimney lining system passing through an unused masonry chimney flue shall not be considered to be exposed to the outdoors. A Type B vent shall not be considered to be exposed to the outdoors where it passes through an unventilated enclosure or chase insulated to a value of not less than R-8.

2428.2.10 Corrugated vent connector size. Corrugated vent connectors shall be not smaller than the listed appliance categorized vent diameter, flue collar diameter, or draft hood outlet diameter.

2428.2.11 Vent connector size limitation. Vent connectors shall not be increased in size more than two sizes greater than the listed appliance categorized vent diameter, flue collar diameter or draft hood outlet diameter.

2428.2.12 Component commingling. In a single run of vent or vent connector, different diameters and types of vent and connector components shall be permitted to be used, provided that all such sizes and types are permitted by the tables.

2428.2.13 Draft hood conversion accessories. Draft hood conversion accessories for use with masonry chimneys venting listed Category I fan-assisted appliances shall be listed and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions for such listed accessories.

2428.2.14 Table interpolation. Interpolation shall be permitted in calculating capacities for vent dimensions that fall between the table entries (see Example 3, Appendix B).

2428.2.15 Extrapolation prohibited. Extrapolation beyond the table entries shall not be permitted.

2428.2.16 Engineering calculations. For vent heights less than 6 feet (1829 mm) and greater than shown in the tables, engineering methods shall be used to calculate vent capacities.

2428.3 Application of multiple appliance vent Tables 2428.3(1) through 2428.3(4). The application of Tables 2428.3(1) through 2428.3(4) shall be subject to the requirements of Sections 2428.3.1

Number of Appliances

Two or more

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Type B double-wall connector

TABLE 2428.3(1)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT

VENT CONNECTOR CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

CONNECTOR RISE (R) (feet)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT AND CONNECTOR DIAMETER-(D) inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING LIMITS IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

6

1

22

37

26

35

66

46

46

106

72

58

164

104

77

225

142

92

296

185

109

376

237

128

466

289

2

23

41

31

37

75

55

48

121

86

60

183

124

79

253

168

95

333

220

112

424

282

131

526

345

3

24

44

35

38

81

62

49

132

96

62

199

139

82

275

189

97

363

248

114

463

317

134

575

386

8

1

22

40

27

35

72

48

49

114

76

64

176

109

84

243

148

100

320

194

118

408

248

138

507

303

2

23

44

32

36

80

57

51

128

90

66

195

129

86

269

175

103

356

230

121

454

294

141

564

358

3

24

47

36

37

87

64

53

139

101

67

210

145

88

290

198

105

384

258

123

492

330

143

612

402

10

1

22

43

28

34

78

50

49

123

78

65

189

113

89

257

154

106

341

200

125

436

257

146

542

314

2

23

47

33

36

86

59

51

136

93

67

206

134

91

282

182

109

374

238

128

479

305

149

596

372

3

24

50

37

37

92

67

52

146

104

69

220

150

94

303

205

111

402

268

131

515

342

152

642

417

15

1

21

50

30

33

89

53

47

142

83

64

220

120

88

298

163

110

389

214

134

493

273

162

609

333

2

22

53

35

35

96

63

49

153

99

66

235

142

91

320

193

112

419

253

137

532

323

165

658

394

3

24

55

40

36

102

71

51

163

111

68

248

160

93

339

218

115

445

286

140

565

365

167

700

444

20

1

21

54

31

33

99

56

46

157

87

62

246

125

86

334

171

107

436

224

131

552

285

158

681

347

2

22

57

37

34

105

66

48

167

104

64

259

149

89

354

202

110

463

265

134

587

339

161

725

414

3

23

60

42

35

110

74

50

176

116

66

271

168

91

371

228

113

486

300

137

618

383

164

764

466

30

1

20

62

33

31

113

59

45

181

93

60

288

134

83

391

182

103

512

238

125

649

305

151

802

372

2

21

64

39

33

118

70

47

190

110

62

299

158

85

408

215

105

535

282

129

679

360

155

840

439

3

22

66

44

34

123

79

48

198

124

64

309

178

88

423

242

108

555

317

132

706

405

158

874

494

COMMON VENT CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL COMMON VENT DIAMETER (D)-inches

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

COMBINED APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

6

92

81

65

140

116

103

204

161

147

309

248

200

404

314

260

547

434

335

672

520

410

8

101

90

73

155

129

114

224

178

163

339

275

223

444

348

290

602

480

378

740

577

465

10

110

97

79

169

141

124

243

194

178

367

299

242

477

377

315

649

522

405

800

627

495

15

125

112

91

195

164

144

283

228

206

427

352

280

556

444

365

753

612

465

924

733

565

20

136

123

102

215

183

160

314

255

229

475

394

310

621

499

405

842

688

523

1,035

826

640

30

152

138

118

244

210

185

361

297

266

547

459

360

720

585

470

979

808

605

1,209

975

740

50

167

153

134

279

244

214

421

353

310

641

547

423

854

706

550

1,164

977

705

1,451

1,188

860

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

TABLE 2428.3(2)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT

VENT CONNECTOR CAPACITY

Number of Appliances

Two or more

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Single-wall metal connector

VENT CONNECTOR CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

CONNECTOR RISE (R) (feet)

SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTOR DIAMETER-(D) inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING LIMITS IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

Max

6

1

NA

NA

26

NA

NA

46

NA

NA

71

NA

NA

102

207

223

140

262

293

183

325

373

234

447

463

286

2

NA

NA

31

NA

NA

55

NA

NA

85

168

182

123

215

251

167

271

331

219

334

422

281

458

524

344

3

NA

NA

34

NA

NA

62

121

131

95

175

198

138

222

273

188

279

361

247

344

462

316

468

574

385

8

1

NA

NA

27

NA

NA

48

NA

NA

75

NA

NA

106

226

240

145

285

316

191

352

403

244

481

502

299

2

NA

NA

32

NA

NA

57

125

126

89

184

193

127

234

266

173

293

353

228

360

450

292

492

560

355

3

NA

NA

35

NA

NA

64

130

138

100

191

208

144

241

287

197

302

381

256

370

489

328

501

609

400

10

1

NA

NA

28

NA

NA

50

119

121

77

182

186

110

240

253

150

302

335

196

372

429

252

506

534

308

2

NA

NA

33

84

85

59

124

134

91

189

203

132

248

278

183

311

369

235

381

473

302

517

589

368

3

NA

NA

36

89

91

67

129

144

102

197

217

148

257

299

203

320

398

265

391

511

339

528

637

413

15

1

NA

NA

29

79

87

52

116

138

81

177

214

116

238

291

158

312

380

208

397

482

266

556

596

324

2

NA

NA

34

83

94

62

121

150

97

185

230

138

246

314

189

321

411

248

407

522

317

568

646

387

3

NA

NA

39

87

100

70

127

160

109

193

243

157

255

333

215

331

438

281

418

557

360

579

690

437

20

1

49

56

30

78

97

54

115

152

84

175

238

120

233

325

165

306

425

217

390

538

276

546

664

336

2

52

59

36

82

103

64

120

163

101

182

252

144

243

346

197

317

453

259

400

574

331

558

709

403

3

55

62

40

87

107

72

125

172

113

190

264

164

252

363

223

326

476

294

412

607

375

570

750

457

30

1

47

60

31

77

110

57

112

175

89

169

278

129

226

380

175

296

497

230

378

630

294

528

779

358

2

51

62

37

81

115

67

117

185

106

177

290

152

236

397

208

307

521

274

389

662

349

541

819

425

3

54

64

42

85

119

76

122

193

120

185

300

172

244

412

235

316

542

309

400

690

394

555

855

482

COMMON VENT CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL COMMON VENT DIAMETER-(D) inches

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

COMBINED APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

6

NA

78

64

NA

113

99

200

158

144

304

244

196

398

310

257

541

429

332

665

515

407

8

NA

87

71

NA

126

111

218

173

159

331

269

218

436

342

285

592

473

373

730

569

460

10

NA

94

76

163

137

120

237

189

174

357

292

236

467

369

309

638

512

398

787

617

487

15

121

108

88

189

159

140

275

221

200

416

343

274

544

434

357

738

599

456

905

718

553

20

131

118

98

208

177

156

305

247

223

463

383

302

606

487

395

824

673

512

1,013

808

626

30

145

132

113

236

202

180

350

286

257

533

446

349

703

570

459

958

790

593

1,183

952

723

50

159

145

128

268

233

208

406

337

296

622

529

410

833

686

535

1,139

954

689

1,418

1,157

838

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

TABLE 2428.3(3)

MASONRY CHIMNEY

Number of Appliances

Two or more

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Type B double-wall connector

VENT CONNECTOR CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

CONNECTOR RISE (R) (feet)

TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT CONNECTOR DIAMETER-(D) inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING LIMITS IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

6

1

24

33

21

39

62

40

52

106

67

65

194

101

87

274

141

104

370

201

124

479

253

145

599

319

2

26

43

28

41

79

52

53

133

85

67

230

124

89

324

173

107

436

232

127

562

300

148

694

378

3

27

49

34

42

92

61

55

155

97

69

262

143

91

369

203

109

491

270

129

633

349

151

795

439

8

1

24

39

22

39

72

41

55

117

69

71

213

105

94

304

148

113

414

210

134

539

267

156

682

335

2

26

47

29

40

87

53

57

140

86

73

246

127

97

350

179

116

473

240

137

615

311

160

776

394

3

27

52

34

42

97

62

59

159

98

75

269

145

99

383

206

119

517

276

139

672

358

163

848

452

10

1

24

42

22

38

80

42

55

130

71

74

232

108

101

324

153

120

444

216

142

582

277

165

739

348

2

26

50

29

40

93

54

57

153

87

76

261

129

103

366

184

123

498

247

145

652

321

168

825

407

3

27

55

35

41

105

63

58

170

100

78

284

148

106

397

209

126

540

281

147

705

366

171

893

463

15

1

24

48

23

38

93

44

54

154

74

72

277

114

100

384

164

125

511

229

153

658

297

184

824

375

2

25

55

31

39

105

55

56

174

89

74

299

134

103

419

192

128

558

260

156

718

339

187

900

432

3

26

59

35

41

115

64

57

189

102

76

319

153

105

448

215

131

597

292

159

760

382

190

960

486

20

1

24

52

24

37

102

46

53

172

77

71

313

119

98

437

173

123

584

239

150

752

312

180

943

397

2

25

58

31

39

114

56

55

190

91

73

335

138

101

467

199

126

625

270

153

805

354

184

1,0 11

452

3

26

63

35

40

123

65

57

204

104

75

353

157

104

493

222

129

661

301

156

851

396

187

1,067

505

COMMON VENT CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

MINIMUM INTERNAL AREA OF MASONRY CHIMNEY FLUE (square inches)

12

19

28

38

50

63

78

113

COMBINED APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN +FAN

NAT +NAT

FAN +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

6

NA

74

25

NA

11 9

46

NA

178

71

NA

257

103

NA

351

143

NA

458

188

NA

582

246

1,041

853

NA

8

NA

80

28

NA

13 0

53

NA

193

82

NA

279

119

NA

384

163

NA

501

218

724

636

278

1,144

937

408

10

NA

84

31

NA

13 8

56

NA

207

90

NA

299

131

NA

409

177

606

538

236

776

686

302

1,226

1,010

454

15

NA

NA

36

NA

15 2

67

NA

233

106

NA

334

152

523

467

212

682

611

283

874

781

365

1,374

1,156

546

20

NA

NA

41

NA

NA

75

NA

250

122

NA

368

172

565

508

243

742

668

325

955

858

419

1,513

1,286

648

30

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

270

137

NA

404

198

615

564

278

816

747

381

1,06 2

969

496

1,702

1,473

749

50

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

620

328

879

831

461

1,16 5

1,089

606

1,905

1,692

922

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square inch = 645.16 mm2, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

TABLE 2428.3(4)

MASONRY CHIMNEY

Number of Appliances

Two or more

Appliance Type

Category I

Appliance Vent Connection

Single-wall metal connector

VENT CONNECTOR CAPACITY

VENT

HEIGHT (H) (feet)

CONNECTOR RISE (R) (feet)

SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTOR DIAMETER (D)-inches

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

APPLIANCE INPUT RATING LIMITS IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

FAN

NAT

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

Min

Max

Max

6

1

NA

NA

21

NA

NA

39

NA

NA

66

179

191

100

231

271

140

292

366

200

362

474

252

499

594

316

2

NA

NA

28

NA

NA

52

NA

NA

84

186

227

123

239

321

172

301

432

231

373

557

299

509

696

376

3

NA

NA

34

NA

NA

61

134

153

97

193

258

142

247

365

202

309

491

269

381

634

348

519

793

437

8

1

NA

NA

21

NA

NA

40

NA

NA

68

195

208

103

250

298

146

313

407

207

387

530

263

529

672

331

2

NA

NA

28

NA

NA

52

137

139

85

202

240

125

258

343

177

323

465

238

397

607

309

540

766

391

3

NA

NA

34

NA

NA

62

143

156

98

210

264

145

266

376

205

332

509

274

407

663

356

551

838

450

10

1

NA

NA

22

NA

NA

41

130

151

70

202

225

106

267

316

151

333

434

213

410

571

273

558

727

343

2

NA

NA

29

NA

NA

53

136

150

86

210

255

128

276

358

181

343

489

244

420

640

317

569

813

403

3

NA

NA

34

97

102

62

143

166

99

217

277

147

284

389

207

352

530

279

430

694

363

580

880

459

15

1

NA

NA

23

NA

NA

43

129

151

73

199

271

112

268

376

161

349

502

225

445

646

291

623

808

366

2

NA

NA

30

92

103

54

135

170

88

207

295

132

277

411

189

359

548

256

456

706

334

634

884

424

3

NA

NA

34

96

112

63

141

185

101

215

315

151

286

439

213

368

586

289

466

755

378

646

945

479

20

1

NA

NA

23

87

99

45

128

167

76

197

303

117

265

425

169

345

569

235

439

734

306

614

921

347

2

NA

NA

30

91

111

55

134

185

90

205

325

136

274

455

195

355

610

266

450

787

348

627

986

443

3

NA

NA

35

96

119

64

140

199

103

213

343

154

282

481

219

365

644

298

461

831

391

639

1,042

496

COMMON VENT CAPACITY

VENT HEIGHT (H) (feet)

MINIMUM INTERNAL AREA OF MASONRY CHIMNEY FLUE (square inches)

12

19

28

38

50

63

78

113

COMBINED APPLIANCE INPUT RATING IN THOUSANDS OF BTU/H

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

FAN +FAN

FAN +NAT

NAT +NAT

6

NA

NA

25

NA

118

45

NA

176

71

NA

255

102

NA

348

142

NA

455

187

NA

579

245

NA

846

NA

8

NA

NA

28

NA

128

52

NA

190

81

NA

276

118

NA

380

162

NA

497

217

NA

633

277

1,136

928

405

10

NA

NA

31

NA

136

56

NA

205

89

NA

295

129

NA

405

175

NA

532

234

171

680

300

1,216

1,000

450

15

NA

NA

36

NA

NA

66

NA

230

105

NA

335

150

NA

400

210

677

602

280

866

772

360

1,359

1,139

540

20

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

74

NA

247

120

NA

362

170

NA

503

240

765

661

321

947

849

415

1,495

1,264

640

30

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

135

NA

398

195

NA

558

275

808

739

377

1,052

957

490

1,682

1,447

740

50

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

612

325

NA

821

456

1,152

1,076

600

1,879

1,672

910

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square inch = 645.16 mm2, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.

2428.3.1 Vent obstructions. These venting tables shall not be used where obstructions, as described in Section 2427.15, are installed in the venting system. The installation of vents serving listed appliances with vent dampers shall be in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions or in accordance with the following:

1. The maximum capacity of the vent connector shall be determined using the NAT Max column.

2. The maximum capacity of the vertical vent or chimney shall be determined using the FAN+NAT column when the second appliance is a fan-assisted appliance, or the NAT+NAT column when the second appliance is equipped with a draft hood.

3. The minimum capacity shall be determined as if the appliance were a fan-assisted appliance.

3.1. The minimum capacity of the vent connector shall be determined using the FAN Min column.

3.2. The FAN+FAN column shall be used when the second appliance is a fan-assisted appliance, and the FAN+NAT column shall be used when the second appliance is equipped with a draft hood, to determine whether the vertical vent or chimney configuration is not permitted (NA). Where the vent configuration is NA, the vent configuration shall not be permitted and an alternative venting configuration shall be utilized.

2428.3.2 Connector length limit. The vent connector shall be routed to the vent utilizing the shortest possible route. Except as provided in Section 2428.3.3, the maximum vent connector horizontal length shall be 1.5 feet (457 mm) for each inch (18 mm per mm) of connector diameter as shown in Table 2428.3.2.

TABLE 2428.3.2

MAXIMUM VENT CONNECTOR LENGTH

CONNECTOR DIAMETER

CONNECTOR HORIZONTAL

Maximum (inches)

Length (feet)

3

4.5

4

6

5

7.5

6

9

7

10.5

8

12

9

13.5

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

2428.3.3 Connectors with longer lengths. Connectors with longer horizontal lengths than those listed in Section 2428.3.2 are permitted under the following conditions:

1. The maximum capacity (FAN Max or NAT Max) of the vent connector shall be reduced 10 percent for each additional multiple of the length listed above. For example, the maximum length listed above for a 4-inch (102 mm) connector is 6 feet (1829 mm). With a connector length greater than 6 feet (1829 mm), but not exceeding 12 feet (3658 mm), the maximum capacity must be reduced by 10 percent ( 0.90 × maximum vent connector capacity). With a connector length greater than 12 feet (3658 mm), but not exceeding 18 feet (5486 mm), the maximum capacity must be reduced by 20 percent ( 0.80 x maximum vent capacity).

2. For a connector serving a fan-assisted appliance, the minimum capacity (FAN Min) of the connector shall be determined by referring to the corresponding single appliance table. For Type B double-wall connectors, Table 2428.2(1) shall be used. For single-wall connectors, Table 2428.2(2) shall be used. The height (H) and lateral (L) shall be measured according to the procedures for a single appliance vent, as if the other appliances were not present.

2428.3.4 Vent connector manifold. Where the vent connectors are combined prior to entering the vertical portion of the common vent to form a common vent manifold, the size of the common vent manifold and the common vent shall be determined by applying a 10-percent reduction ( 0.90 x maximum common vent capacity) to the common vent capacity part of the common vent tables. The length of the common vent connector manifold (LM) shall not exceed 1½ feet for each inch (18 mm per mm) of common vent connector manifold diameter (D)

2428.3.5 Common vertical vent offset. Where the common vertical vent is offset, the maximum capacity of the common vent shall be reduced in accordance with Section 2428.3.6. The horizontal length of the common vent offset (Lo) shall not exceed 1½ feet for each inch (18 mm per mm) of common vent diameter (D). Where multiple offsets occur in a common vent, the total horizontal length of all offsets combined shall not exceed 1½ feet for each inch (18 mm/mm per) of the common vent diameter (D).

2428.3.6 Elbows in vents. For each elbow up to and including 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) in the common vent, the maximum common vent capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 5 percent. For each elbow greater than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) up to and including 90 degrees ( 1.57 rad), the maximum common vent capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 10 percent.

2428.3.7 Elbows in connectors. The vent connector capacities listed in the common vent sizing tables include allowance for two 90-degree ( 1.57 rad) elbows. For each additional elbow up to and including 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad), the maximum vent connector capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 5 percent. For each elbow greater than 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) up to and including 90 degrees ( 1.57 rad), the maximum vent connector capacity listed in the venting tables shall be reduced by 10 percent.

2428.3.8 Common vent minimum size. The cross-sectional area of the common vent shall be equal to or greater than the cross-sectional area of the largest connector.

2428.3.9 Common vent fittings. At the point where tee or wye fittings connect to a common vent, the opening size of the fitting shall be equal to the size of the common vent. Such fittings shall not be prohibited from having reduced-size openings at the point of connection of appliance vent connectors.

2428.3.9.1 Tee and wye fittings. Tee and wye fittings connected to a common gas vent shall be considered as part of the common gas vent and shall be constructed of materials consistent with that of the common gas vent.

2428.3.10 High altitude installations. Sea-level input ratings shall be used when determining maximum capacity for high altitude installation. Actual input, derated for altitude, shall be used for determining minimum capacity for high altitude installation.

2428.3.11 Connector rise measurement. Connector rise (R) for each appliance connector shall be measured from the draft hood outlet or flue collar to the centerline where the vent gas streams come together.

2428.3.12 Vent height measurement. For multiple appliances all located on one floor, available total height (H) shall be measured from the highest draft hood outlet or flue collar up to the level of the outlet of the common vent.

2428.3.13 Vertical vent maximum size. Where two or more appliances are connected to a vertical vent or chimney, the flow area of the largest section of vertical vent or chimney shall not exceed seven times the smallest listed appliance categorized vent areas, flue collar area, or draft hood outlet area unless designed in accordance with approved engineering methods.

2428.3.14 Multiple input rate appliances. For appliances with more than one input rate, the minimum vent connector capacity (FAN Min) determined from the tables shall be less than the lowest appliance input rating, and the maximum vent connector capacity (FAN Max or NAT Max) determined from the tables shall be greater than the highest appliance input rating.

2428.3.15 Liner system sizing and connections. Listed, corrugated metallic chimney liner systems in masonry chimneys shall be sized by using Table 2428.3(1) or 2428.3(2) for Type B vents, with the maximum capacity reduced by 20 percent ( 0.80 x maximum capacity) and the minimum capacity as shown in Table 2428.3(1) or 2428.3(2). Corrugated metallic liner systems installed with bends or offsets shall have their maximum capacity further reduced in accordance with Sections 2428.3.5 and 2428.3.6. The 20-percent reduction for corrugated metallic chimney liner systems includes an allowance for one long-radius 90-degree ( 1.57 rad) turn at the bottom of the liner. Where double-wall connectors are required, tee and wye fittings used to connect to the common vent chimney liner shall be listed double-wall fittings. Connections between chimney liners and listed double-wall fittings shall be made with listed adapter fittings designed for such purpose.

2428.3.16 Chimney and vent location. Tables 2428.3(1), 2428.3(2), 2428.3(3) and 2428.3(4) shall be used only for chimneys and vents not exposed to the outdoors below the roof line. A Type B vent or listed chimney lining system passing through an unused masonry chimney flue shall not be considered to be exposed to the outdoors. A Type B vent shall not be considered to be exposed to the outdoors where it passes through an unventilated enclosure or chase insulated to a value of not less than R-8.

2428.3.17 Connector maximum and minimum size. Vent connectors shall not be increased in size more than two sizes greater than the listed appliance categorized vent diameter, flue collar diameter, or draft hood outlet diameter. Vent connectors for draft-hood-equipped appliances shall not be smaller than the draft hood outlet diameter. Where a vent connector size(s) determined from the tables for a fan-assisted appliance(s) is smaller than the flue collar diameter, the use of the smaller size(s) shall be permitted provided that the installation complies with all of the following conditions:

1. Vent connectors for fan-assisted appliance flue collars 12 inches (305 mm) in diameter or smaller are not reduced by more than one table size [e.g., 12 inches to 10 inches (305 mm to 254 mm) is a one-size reduction] and those larger than 12 inches (305 mm) in diameter are not reduced more than two table sizes [e.g., 24 inches to 20 inches (610 mm to 508 mm) is a two-size reduction].

2. The fan-assisted appliance(s) is common vented with a draft-hood-equipped appliance(s).

3. The vent connector has a smooth interior wall.

2428.3.18 Component commingling. All combinations of pipe sizes, single-wall, and double-wall metal pipe shall be allowed within any connector run(s) or within the common vent, provided all of the appropriate tables permit all of the desired sizes and types of pipe, as if they were used for the entire length of the subject connector or vent. Where single-wall and Type B double-wall metal pipes are used for vent connectors within the same venting system, the common vent must be sized using Table 2428.3(2) or 2428.3(4), as appropriate.

2428.3.19 Draft hood conversion accessories. Draft hood conversion accessories for use with masonry chimneys venting listed Category I fan-assisted appliances shall be listed and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions for such listed accessories.

2428.3.20 Multiple sizes permitted. Where a table permits more than one diameter of pipe to be used for a connector or vent, all the permitted sizes shall be permitted to be used.

2428.3.21 Table interpolation. Interpolation shall be permitted in calculating capacities for vent dimensions that fall between table entries.

2428.3.22 Extrapolation prohibited. Extrapolation beyond the table entries shall not be permitted.

2428.3.23 Engineering calculations. For vent heights less than 6 feet (1829 mm) and greater than shown in the tables, engineering methods shall be used to calculate vent capacities.

SECTION 2429 DIRECT-VENT, INTEGRAL VENT, MECHANICAL VENT AND VENTILATION/EXHAUST HOOD VENTING

2429.1 General. The installation of direct-vent and integral vent appliances shall be in accordance with Section 2427. Mechanical venting systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section 2427.

SECTION 2430 FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEYS

2430.1 Listing. Factory-built chimneys for building heating appliances producing flue gases having a temperature not greater than 1,000°F (538°C), measured at the entrance to the chimney, shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 103 and shall be installed and terminated in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2430.2 Support. Where factory-built chimneys are supported by structural members, such as joists and rafters, such members shall be designed to support the additional load.

SECTION 2431 GENERAL

2431.1 Scope. Sections 2432 through 2453 shall govern the approval, design, installation, construction, maintenance, alteration and repair of the appliances and equipment specifically identified herein.

SECTION 2432 DECORATIVE APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN FIREPLACES

2432.1 General. Decorative appliances for installation in approved solid fuel burning fireplaces shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.60 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Manually lighted natural gas decorative appliances shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.84.

2432.2 Flame safeguard device. Decorative appliances for installation in approved solid fuel-burning fireplaces, with the exception of those tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.84, shall utilize a direct ignition device, an ignitor or a pilot flame to ignite the fuel at the main burner, and shall be equipped with a flame safeguard device. The flame safeguard device shall automatically shut off the fuel supply to a main burner or group of burners when the means of ignition of such burners becomes inoperative.

2432.3 Prohibited installations. Decorative appliances for installation in fireplaces shall not be installed where prohibited by Section 2406.2.

SECTION 2433 LOG LIGHTERS

2433.1 General. Log lighters shall be tested in accordance with CSA 8 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2434 VENTED GAS FIREPLACES (DECORATIVE APPLIANCES)

2434.1 General. Vented gas fireplaces shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.50, shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and shall be designed and equipped as specified in Section 2432.2.

2434.2 Access. Panels, grilles, and access doors that are required to be removed for normal servicing operations shall not be attached to the building.

SECTION 2435 VENTED GAS FIREPLACE HEATERS

2435.1 General. Vented gas fireplace heaters shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions, shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.88 and shall be designed and equipped as specified in Section 2432.2.

SECTION 2436 VENTED WALL FURNACES

2436.1 General. Vented wall furnaces shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.86 /CSA 2.32 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2436.2 Venting. Vented wall furnaces shall be vented in accordance with Section 2427.

2436.3 Location. Vented wall furnaces shall be located so as not to cause a fire hazard to walls, floors, combustible furnishings or doors. Vented wall furnaces installed between bathrooms and adjoining rooms shall not circulate air from bathrooms to other parts of the building.

2436.4 Door swing. Vented wall furnaces shall be located so that a door cannot swing within 12 inches (305 mm) of an air inlet or air outlet of such furnace measured at right angles to the opening. Doorstops or door closers shall not be installed to obtain this clearance.

2436.5 Ducts prohibited. Ducts shall not be attached to wall furnaces. Casing extension boots shall not be installed unless listed as part of the appliance.

2436.6 Access. Vented wall furnaces shall be provided with access for cleaning of heating surfaces, removal of burners, replacement of sections, motors, controls, filters and other working parts, and for adjustments and lubrication of parts requiring such attention. Panels, grilles and access doors that are required to be removed for normal servicing operations shall not be attached to the building construction.

SECTION 2437 FLOOR FURNACES

2437.1 General. Floor furnaces shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.86 /CSA 2.32 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2437.2 Placement. The following provisions apply to floor furnaces:

1. Floors. Floor furnaces shall not be installed in the floor of any doorway, stairway landing, aisle or passageway of any enclosure, public or private, or in an exitway from any such room or space.

2. Walls and corners. The register of a floor furnace with a horizontal warm air outlet shall not be placed closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to the nearest wall. A distance of at least 18 inches (457 mm) from two adjoining sides of the floor furnace register to walls shall be provided to eliminate the necessity of occupants walking over the warm air discharge. The remaining sides shall be permitted to be placed not closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to a wall. Wall-register models shall not be placed closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to a corner.

3. Draperies. The furnace shall be placed so that a door, drapery, or similar object cannot be nearer than 12 inches (305 mm) to any portion of the register of the furnace.

4. Floor construction. Floor furnaces shall not be installed in concrete floor construction built on grade.

5. Thermostat. The controlling thermostat for a floor furnace shall be located within the same room or space as the floor furnace or shall be located in an adjacent room or space that is permanently open to the room or space containing the floor furnace.

2437.3 Bracing. The floor around the furnace shall be braced and headed with a support framework designed in accordance with Chapter 5.

2437.4 Clearance. The lowest portion of the floor furnace shall have not less than a 6-inch (152 mm) clearance from the grade level; except where the lower 6-inch (152 mm) portion of the floor furnace is sealed by the manufacturer to prevent entrance of water, the minimum clearance shall be reduced to not less than 2 inches (51 mm). Where these clearances cannot be provided, the ground below and to the sides shall be excavated to form a pit under the furnace so that the required clearance is provided beneath the lowest portion of the furnace. A 12-inch (305 mm) minimum clearance shall be provided on all sides except the control side, which shall have an 18-inch (457 mm) minimum clearance.

2437.5 First floor installation. Where the basement story level below the floor in which a floor furnace is installed is utilized as habitable space, such floor furnaces shall be enclosed as specified in Section 2437.6 and shall project into a nonhabitable space.

2437.6 Upper floor installations. Floor furnaces installed in upper stories of buildings shall project below into nonhabitable space and shall be separated from the nonhabitable space by an enclosure constructed of noncombustible materials. The floor furnace shall be provided with access, clearance to all sides and bottom of not less than 6 inches (152 mm) and combustion air in accordance with Section 2407.

SECTION 2438 CLOTHES DRYERS

2438.1 General. Clothes dryers shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z21.5.1 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2439 CLOTHES DRYER EXHAUST

2439.1 Installation. Clothes dryers shall be exhausted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Dryer exhaust systems shall be independent of all other systems and shall convey the moisture and any products of combustion to the outside of the building.

2439.2 Duct penetrations. Ducts that exhaust clothes dryers shall not penetrate or be located within any fireblocking, draftstopping or any wall, floor/ceiling or other assembly required by this code to be fire-resistance rated, unless such duct is constructed of galvanized steel or aluminum of the thickness specified in the mechanical provisions of this code and the fire-resistance rating is maintained in accordance with this code. Fire dampers shall not be installed in clothes dryer exhaust duct systems.

2439.3 Exhaust installation. Dryer exhaust ducts for clothes dryers shall terminate on the outside of the building and shall be equipped with a backdraft damper. Screens shall not be installed at the duct termination. Ducts shall not be connected or installed with sheet metal screws or other fasteners that will obstruct the flow. Clothes dryer exhaust ducts shall not be connected to a vent connector, vent or chimney. Clothes dryer exhaust ducts shall not extend into or through ducts or plenums.

2439.4 Makeup air. Installations exhausting more than 200 cfm ( 0.09 m3/s) shall be provided with makeup air. Where a closet is designed for the installation of a clothes dryer, an opening having an area of not less than 100 square inches ( 0.0645 m2) for makeup air shall be provided in the closet enclosure, or makeup air shall be provided by other approved means.

2439.5 Domestic clothes dryer exhaust ducts. Exhaust ducts for domestic clothes dryers shall conform to the requirements of Sections 2439.5.1 through 2439.5.7.

2439.5.1 Material and size. Exhaust ducts shall have a smooth interior finish and shall be constructed of metal a minimum 0.016 -inch ( 0.4 mm) thick. The exhaust duct size shall be 4 inches (102 mm) nominal in diameter.

2439.5.2 Duct installation. Exhaust ducts shall be supported at 4 foot (1219 mm) intervals and secured in place. The insert end of the duct shall extend into the adjoining duct or fitting in the direction of airflow. Ducts shall not be joined with screws or similar fasteners that protrude into the inside of the duct.

2439.5.3 Protection required. Protective shield plates shall be placed where nails or screws from finish or other work are likely to penetrate the clothes dryer exhaust duct. Shield plates shall be placed on the finished face of all framing members where there is less than 11/4 inches (32 mm) between the duct and the finished face of the framing member. Protective shield plates shall be constructed of steel, shall have a minimum thickness of 0.062 inch ( 1.6 mm)

2439.5.4 Transition ducts. Transition ducts used to connect the dryer to the exhaust duct system shall be a single length that is listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2158A. Transition ducts shall be a maximum of 8 feet (2438 mm) in length and shall not be concealed within construction.

2439.5.5 Duct length. The maximum allowable exhaust duct length shall be determined by one of the methods specified in Section 2439.5.5.1 or 2439.5.5.2.

2439.5.5.1 Specified length. The maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) from the connection to the transition duct from the dryer to the outlet terminal. Where fittings are used, the maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be reduced in accordance with Table 2439.5.5.1.

2439.5.5.2 Manufacturer's instructions. The maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be determined by the dryer manufacturer's installation instructions. The building official shall be provided with a copy of the installation instructions for the make and model of the dryer. Where the exhaust duct is to be concealed, the installation instructions shall be provided to the building official prior to the concealment inspection. In the absence of fitting equivalent length calculations from the clothes dryer manufacturer, Table 2439.5.5.1 shall be used.

2439.5.6 Length identification. Where the exhaust duct is concealed within the building construction, and only if the equivalent length exceeds 25 feet (7620 mm), the equivalent length of the exhaust duct shall be identified on a permanent label or tag. The label or tag shall be located within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the exhaust duct connection or at the electrical panel.

2439.5.7 Exhaust duct required. Where space for a clothes dryer is provided, an exhaust duct system shall be installed. Where the clothes dryer is not installed at the time of occupancy, the exhaust duct shall be capped at location of the future dryer.

Exception: Where a listed condensing clothes dryer is installed prior to occupancy of the structure.

SECTION 2440 SAUNA HEATERS

2440.1 General. Sauna heaters shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2440.2 Location and protection. Sauna heaters shall be located so as to minimize the possibility of accidental contact by a person in the room.

2440.2.1 Guards. Sauna heaters shall be protected from accidental contact by an approved guard or barrier of material having a low coefficient of thermal conductivity. The guard shall not substantially affect the transfer of heat from the heater to the room.

2440.3 Access. Panels, grilles and access doors that are required to be removed for normal servicing operations, shall not be attached to the building.

2440.4 Combustion and dilution air intakes. Sauna heaters of other than the direct-vent type shall be installed with the draft hood and combustion air intake located outside the sauna room. Where the combustion air inlet and the draft hood are in a dressing room adjacent to the sauna room, there shall be provisions to prevent physically blocking the combustion air inlet and the draft hood inlet, and to prevent physical contact with the draft hood and vent assembly, or warning notices shall be posted to avoid such contact. Any warning notice shall be easily readable, shall contrast with its background, and the wording shall be in letters not less than 0.25 inch ( 6.4 mm) high.

TABLE 2439.5.5.1

DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING EQUIVALENT LENGTH

DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING TYPE

EQUIVALENT LENGTH

4 inch radius mitered 45 degree elbow

2 feet 6 inches

4 inch radius mitered 90 degree elbow

5 feet

6 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow

1 foot

6 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow

1 foot 9 inches

8 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow

1 foot

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 degree = 0.0175 rad.

2440.5 Combustion and ventilation air. Combustion air shall not be taken from inside the sauna room. Combustion and ventilation air for a sauna heater not of the direct-vent type shall be provided to the area in which the combustion air inlet and draft hood are located in accordance with Section 2407.

2440.6 Heat and time controls. Sauna heaters shall be equipped with a thermostat which will limit room temperature to 194°F (90°C). If the thermostat is not an integral part of the sauna heater, the heat-sensing element shall be located within 6 inches (152 mm) of the ceiling. If the heat-sensing element is a capillary tube and bulb, the assembly shall be attached to the wall or other support, and shall be protected against physical damage.

2440.6.1 Timers. A timer, if provided to control main burner operation, shall have a maximum operating time of 1 hour. The control for the timer shall be located outside the sauna room.

2440.7 Sauna room. A ventilation opening into the sauna room shall be provided. The opening shall be not less than 4 inches by 8 inches (102 mm by 203 mm) located near the top of the door into the sauna room.

SECTION 2441 POOL AND SPA HEATERS

2441.1 General.Where regulations are adopted and enforced by the local jurisdiction, heaters for residential swimming pools and spas shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.56 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2442 FORCED-AIR WARM-AIR FURNACES

2442.1 General. Forced-air warm-air furnaces shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.47 or UL 795 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

8 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow

1 foot 7 inches

10 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow

9 inches

10 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow

1 foot 6 inches

2442.2 Forced-air furnaces. The minimum unobstructed total area of the outside and return air ducts or openings to a forced-air warm-air furnace shall be not less than 2 square inches for each 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/W) output rating capacity of the furnace and not less than that specified in the furnace manufacturer's installation instructions. The minimum unobstructed total area of supply ducts from a forced-air warm-air furnace shall be not less than 2 square inches for each 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/W) output rating capacity of the furnace and not less than that specified in the furnace manufacturer's installation instructions.

Exception: The total area of the supply air ducts and outside and return air ducts shall not be required to be larger than the minimum size required by the furnace manufacturer's installation instructions.

2442.3 Dampers. Volume dampers shall not be placed in the air inlet to a furnace in a manner that will reduce the required air to the furnace.

2442.4 Circulating air ducts for forced-air warm-air furnaces. Circulating air for forced-air-type, warm-air furnaces shall be conducted into the blower housing from outside the furnace enclosure by continuous air-tight ducts.

2442.5 Prohibited sources. Outside or return air for a forced-air heating system shall not be taken from the following locations:

1. Closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from an appliance vent outlet, a vent opening from a plumbing drainage system or the discharge outlet of an exhaust fan, unless the outlet is 3 feet (914 mm) above the outside air inlet.

2. Where objectionable odors, fumes or flammable vapors are present; or where located less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the surface of any abutting public way or driveway; or where located at grade level by a sidewalk, street, alley or driveway.

3. A hazardous or insanitary location or a refrigeration machinery room as defined in the Ohio Mechanical Code.

4. A room or space, the volume of which is less than 25 percent of the entire volume served by such system. Where connected by a permanent opening having an area sized in accordance with Section 2442.2, adjoining rooms or spaces shall be considered as a single room or space for the purpose of determining the volume of such rooms or spaces.

Exception: The minimum volume requirement shall not apply where the amount of return air taken from a room or space is less than or equal to the amount of supply air delivered to that room or space.

5. A room or space containing an appliance where such a room or space serves as the sole source of return air.

Exception: This shall not apply where:

1. The appliance is a direct-vent appliance or an appliance not requiring a vent in accordance with Section 2425.8.

2. The room or space complies with the following requirements:

2.1. The return air shall be taken from a room or space having a volume exceeding 1 cubic foot for each 10 Btu/h ( 9.6 L/W) of combined input rating of all fuel-burning appliances therein.

2.2. The volume of supply air discharged back into the same space shall be approximately equal to the volume of return air taken from the space.

2.3. Return-air inlets shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of any appliance firebox or draft hood in the same room or space.

3. Rooms or spaces containing solid-fuel-burning appliances, provided that return-air inlets are located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the firebox of such appliances.

6. A closet, bathroom, toilet room, kitchen, garage, mechanical room, boiler room, furnace room or attic.

Exception: Where return air intakes are located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from cooking appliances, and serve only the kitchen area, taking return air from a kitchen area shall not be prohibited.

7. A crawl space by means of direct connection to the return side of a forced air system. Transfer openings in the crawl space enclosure shall not be prohibited.

2442.6 Screen. Required outdoor air inlets shall be covered with a screen having ¼-inch ( 6.4 mm) openings. Required outdoor air inlets serving a nonresidential portion of a building shall be covered with screen having openings larger than ¼ inch ( 6.4 mm) and not larger than 1 inch (25 mm).

2442.7 Return-air limitation. Return air from one dwelling unit shall not be discharged into another dwelling unit.

2442.8 Furnace plenums and air ducts. Where a furnace is installed so that supply ducts carry air circulated by the furnace to areas outside of the space containing the furnace, the return air shall also be handled by a duct(s) sealed to the furnace casing and terminating outside of the space containing the furnace.

SECTION 2443 CONVERSION BURNERS

2443.1 Conversion burners. The installation of conversion burners shall conform to ANSI Z 21.8.

SECTION 2444 UNIT HEATERS

2444.1 General. Unit heaters shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 83.8 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2444.2 Support. Suspended-type unit heaters shall be supported by elements that are designed and constructed to accommodate the weight and dynamic loads. Hangers and brackets shall be of noncombustible material.

2444.3 Ductwork. Ducts shall not be connected to a unit heater unless the heater is listed for such installation.

2444.4 Clearance. Suspended-type unit heaters shall be installed with clearances to combustible materials of not less than 18 inches (457 mm) at the sides, 12 inches (305 mm) at the bottom and 6 inches (152 mm) above the top where the unit heater has an internal draft hood or 1 inch (25 mm) above the top of the sloping side of the vertical draft hood.

Floor-mounted-type unit heaters shall be installed with clearances to combustible materials at the back and one side only of not less than 6 inches (152 mm). Where the flue gases are vented horizontally, the 6-inch (152 mm) clearance shall be measured from the draft hood or vent instead of the rear wall of the unit heater. Floor-mounted-type unit heaters shall not be installed on combustible floors unless listed for such installation.

Clearance for servicing all unit heaters shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

Exception: Unit heaters listed for reduced clearance shall be permitted to be installed with such clearances in accordance with their listing and the manufacturer's instructions.

SECTION 2445 UNVENTED ROOM HEATERS

2445.1 General. Unvented room heaters shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.11.2 and shall be installed in accordance with the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2445.2 Prohibited use. One or more unvented room heaters shall not be used as the sole source of comfort heating in a dwelling unit.

2445.3 Input rating. Unvented room heaters shall not have an input rating in excess of 40,000 Btu/h ( 11.7 kW).

2445.4 Prohibited locations. The location of unvented room heaters shall comply with Section 2406.2.

2445.5 Room or space volume. The aggregate input rating of all unvented appliances installed in a room or space shall not exceed 20 Btu/h per cubic foot ( 0.21 kW/m3) of volume of such room or space. Where the room or space in which the appliance is installed is directly connected to another room or space by a doorway, archway or other opening of comparable size that cannot be closed, the volume of such adjacent room or space shall be permitted to be included in the calculations.

2445.6 Oxygen-depletion safety system. Unvented room heaters shall be equipped with an oxygen-depletion-sensitive safety shutoff system. The system shall shut off the gas supply to the main and pilot burners when the oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere is depleted to the percent concentration specified by the manufacturer, but not lower than 18 percent. The system shall not incorporate field adjustment means capable of changing the set point at which the system acts to shut off the gas supply to the room heater.

2445.7 Unvented decorative room heaters. An unvented decorative room heater shall not be installed in a factory-built fireplace unless the fireplace system has been specifically tested, listed and labeled for such use in accordance with UL 127.

2445.7.1 Ventless firebox enclosures. Ventless firebox enclosures used with unvented decorative room heaters shall be listed as complying with ANSI Z 21.91.

SECTION 2446 VENTED ROOM HEATERS

2446.1 General. Vented room heaters shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.86 /CSA 2.32, shall be designed and equipped as specified in Section 2432.2 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

SECTION 2447 COOKING APPLIANCES

2447.1 Cooking appliances. Cooking appliances that are designed for permanent installation, including ranges, ovens, stoves, broilers, grills, fryers, griddles, hot plates and barbecues, shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.1 or ANSI Z 21.58 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

G 2447.2 Prohibited location. Cooking appliances designed, tested, listed and labeled for use in commercial occupancies shall not be installed within dwelling units or within any area where domestic cooking operations occur.

G 2447.3 Domestic appliances. Cooking appliances installed within dwelling units and within areas where domestic cooking operations occur shall be listed and labeled as household-type appliances for domestic use.

2447.4 Range installation. Ranges installed on combustible floors shall be set on their own bases or legs and shall be installed with clearances of not less than that shown on the label.

2447.5 Vertical clearance above cooking top. Household cooking appliances shall have a vertical clearance above the cooking top of not less than 30 inches (760 mm) to combustible material and metal cabinets. A minimum clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) is permitted where one of the following is installed:

1. The underside of the combustible material or metal cabinet above the cooking top is protected with not less than ¼ inch (6 mm) thick insulating millboard covered with sheet metal not less than 0.0122 inch ( 0.3 mm) thick.

2. A metal ventilating hood constructed of sheet metal not less than 0.0122 inch ( 0.3 mm) thick is installed above the cooking top with a clearance of not less than ¼ inch (6 mm) between the hood and the underside of the combustible material or metal cabinet. The hood shall have a width not less than the width of the appliance and shall be centered over the appliance.

3. A listed cooking appliance or microwave oven is installed over a listed cooking appliance and in compliance with the terms of the manufacturer's installation instructions for the upper appliance.

SECTION 2448 WATER HEATERS

2448.1 General. Water heaters shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.10.1 and ANSI Z 21.10.3 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2448.1.1 Installation requirements. The requirements for water heaters relative to sizing, relief valves, drain pans and scald protection shall be in accordance with this code.

2448.2 Water heaters utilized for space heating. Water heaters utilized both to supply potable hot water and provide hot water for space-heating applications shall be listed and labeled for such applications by the manufacturer and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and this code.

SECTION 2449 AIR CONDITIONING APPLIANCES

2449.1 General. Air conditioning appliances shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z21.40.1 or ANSI Z21.40.2 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2449.2 Independent piping. Gas piping serving heating appliances shall be permitted to also serve cooling appliances where such heating and cooling appliances cannot be operated simultaneously. (See Section 2413.)

2449.3 Connection of gas engine-powered air conditioners. To protect against the effects of normal vibration in service, gas engines shall not be rigidly connected to the gas supply piping.

2449.4 Installation. Air conditioning appliances shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Unless the appliance is listed for installation on a combustible surface such as a floor or roof, or unless the surface is protected in an approved manner, the appliance shall be installed on a surface of noncombustible construction with noncombustible material and surface finish and with no combustible material against the underside thereof.

SECTION 2450 ILLUMINATING APPLIANCES

2450.1 General. Illuminating appliances shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 21.42 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2450.2 Mounting on buildings. Illuminating appliances designed for wall or ceiling mounting shall be securely attached to substantial structures in such a manner that they are not dependent on the gas piping for support.

2450.3 Mounting on posts. Illuminating appliances designed for post mounting shall be securely and rigidly attached to a post. Posts shall be rigidly mounted. The strength and rigidity of posts greater than 3 feet (914 mm) in height shall be at least equivalent to that of a 2.5 -inch-diameter (64 mm) post constructed of 0.064 -inch-thick ( 1.6 mm) steel or a 1-inch (25 mm) Schedule 40 steel pipe. Posts 3 feet (914 mm) or less in height shall not be smaller than ¾-inch ( 19.1 mm) Schedule 40 steel pipe. Drain openings shall be provided near the base of posts where there is a possibility of water collecting inside them.

2450.4 Appliance pressure regulators. Where an appliance pressure regulator is not supplied with an illuminating appliance and the service line is not equipped with a service pressure regulator, an appliance pressure regulator shall be installed in the line to the illuminating appliance. For multiple installations, one regulator of adequate capacity shall be permitted to serve more than one illuminating appliance.

SECTION 2451 INFRARED RADIANT HEATERS

2451.1 General. Infrared radiant heaters shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z 83.6 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

2451.2 Support. Infrared radiant heaters shall be fixed in a position independent of gas and electric supply lines. Hangers and brackets shall be of noncombustible material.

SECTION 2452 BOILERS

2452.1 Standards. Boilers shall be listed in accordance with the requirements of ANSI Z 21.13 or UL 795. If applicable, the boiler shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of ASME CSD-1 and as applicable, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Sections I, II, IV, V and IX and NFPA 85.

2452.2 Installation. In addition to the requirements of this code, the installation of boilers shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and this code. Operating instructions of a permanent type shall be attached to the boiler. Boilers shall have all controls set, adjusted and tested by the installer. A complete control diagram together with complete boiler operating instructions shall be furnished by the installer. The manufacturer's rating data and the nameplate shall be attached to the boiler.

2452.3 Clearance to combustible material. Clearances to combustible materials shall be in accordance with Section 2409.4.

SECTION 2453 CHIMNEY DAMPER OPENING AREA

2453.1 Free opening area of chimney dampers. Where an unlisted decorative appliance for installation in a vented fireplace is installed, the fireplace damper shall have a permanent free opening equal to or greater than specified in Table 2453.1.

TABLE 2453.1

FREE OPENING AREA OF CHIMNEY DAMPER FOR VENTING FLUE GASES FROM UNLISTED DECORATIVE APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN VENTED FIREPLACES

CHIMNEY HEIGHT (feet)

MINIMUM PERMANENT FREE OPENING (square inches)a

8

13

20

29

39

51

64

Appliance input rating (Btu per hour)

6

7,800

14,000

23,200

34,000

46,400

62,400

80,000

8

8,400

15,200

25,200

37,000

50,400

68,000

86,000

10

9,000

16,800

27,600

40,400

55,800

74,400

96,400

15

9,800

18,200

30,200

44,600

62,400

84,000

108,800

20

10,600

20,200

32,600

50,400

68,400

94,000

122,200

30

11,200

21,600

36,600

55,200

76,800

105,800

138,600

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square inch = 645.16 mm2, 1,000 Btu per hour = 0.293 kW.

a. The first six minimum permanent free openings (8 square inches to 51 square inches) correspond approximately to the cross-sectional areas of chimneys having diameters of 3 inches through 8 inches, respectively. The 64-square inch opening corresponds to the cross-sectional area of standard 8-inch by 8-inch chimney tile.

Effective: 1/1/2016
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 01/01/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.01, 3781.06, 3781.10 , 3781.11, 3791.04, 4740.14
Prior Effective Dates: 5/27/06, 1/1/13

4101:8-24-03 [Rescinded] General definitions.

Effective: 01/01/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 03/22/2012
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.10 , 3781.11, 3791.04
Prior Effective Dates: 5/27/06

4101:8-24-06.2 [Rescinded] Prohibited locations.

Effective: 01/01/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 03/22/2012
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.10 , 3781.11, 3791.04
Prior Effective Dates: 5/27/06