4101:8-29-01 Water supply and distribution.

[Comment: When a reference is made within this rule to a federal statutory provision, an industry consensus standard, or any other technical publication, the specific date and title of the publication as well as the name and address of the promulgating agency are listed in rule 4101:8-44-01 of the Administrative Code. The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section 102.5 of rule 4101:8-1-01 of the Administrative Code.]

SECTION 2901

GENERAL

Deleted. See the plumbing code.

SECTION 2902

PROTECTION OF POTABLE WATER SUPPLY.

Deleted. See Section 608 of the plumbing code.

SECTION 2903

WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM.

Deleted. See Section 603 of the plumbing code.

SECTION 2904

DWELLING UNIT FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

2904.1 General. Where installed, residential fire sprinkler systems, or portions thereof, shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, NFPA 13D, NFPA 13R or Section 2904, which shall be considered equivalent to NFPA 13D. Section 2904 shall apply to stand-alone and multipurpose wet-pipe sprinkler systems that do not include the use of antifreeze. A multipurpose fire sprinkler system shall supply domestic water to both fire sprinklers and plumbing fixtures. A stand-alone sprinkler system shall be separate and independent from the water distribution system. A backflow flow preventer shall not be required to separate a stand-alone sprinkler system from the water distribution system.

2904.1.1 Required sprinkler locations. Sprinklers shall be installed to protect all areas of a dwelling unit.

Exceptions:

1 Attics, crawl spaces and normally unoccupied concealed spaces that do not contain fuel-fired appliances do not require sprinklers. In attics, crawl spaces and normally unoccupied concealed spaces that contain fuel-fired equipment, a sprinkler shall be installed above the equipment; however, sprinklers shall not be required in the remainder of the space.

2 Clothes closets, linen closets and pantries not exceeding 24 square feet ( 2.2 m2) in area, with the smallest dimension not greater than 3 feet (915 mm) and having wall and ceiling surfaces of gypsum board.

3 Bathrooms not more than 55 square feet ( 5.1 m2)in area.

4 Garages; carports; exterior porches; unheated entry areas, such as mud rooms, that are adjacent to an exterior door; and similar areas.

2904.2 Sprinklers. Sprinklers shall be new listed residential sprinklers and shall be installed in accordance with the sprinkler manufacturer's installation instructions.

2904.2.1 Temperature rating and separation from heat sources. Except as provided for in Section 2904.2.2, sprinklers shall have a temperature rating of not less than 135°F (57°C) and not more than 170°F (77°C). Sprinklers shall be separated from heat sources as required by the sprinkler manufacturer's installation instructions.

2904.2.2 Intermediate temperature sprinklers. Sprinklers shall have an intermediate temperature rating not less than 175°F (79°C) and not more than 225°F (107°C) where installed in the following locations:

1 Directly under skylights, where the sprinkler is exposed to direct sunlight.

2 In attics.

3 In concealed spaces located directly beneath a roof.

4 Within the distance to a heat source as specified in Table 2904.2.2

2904.2.3 Freezing areas. Piping shall be protected from freezing as required by Section 305.6 of the plumbing code. Where sprinklers are required in areas that are subject to freezing, dry-sidewall or dry-pendent sprinklers extending from a nonfreezing area into a freezing area shall be installed.

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TABLE 2904.2.2

LOCATIONS WHERE INTERMEDIATE TEMPERATURE SPRINKLERS ARE REQUIRED

HEAT SOURCE RANGE OF DISTANCE FROM HEAT SOURCE WITHINWHICH INTERMEDIATE TEMPERATURE SPRINKLERSARE REQUIREDa,b (inches)
Fireplace, side of open or recessed fireplace 12 to 36
Fireplace, front of recessed fireplace 36 to 60
Coal and wood burning stove 12 to 42
Kitchen range top 9 to 18
Oven 9 to 18
Vent connector or chimney connector 9 to 18
Heating duct, not insulated 9 to 18
Hot water pipe, not insulated 6 to 12
Side of ceiling or wall warm air register 12 to 24
Front of wall mounted warm air register 18 to 36
Water heater, furnace or boiler 3 to 6
Luminaire up to 250 watts 3 to 6
Luminaire 250 watts up to 499 watts 6 to 12

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. Sprinklers shall not be located at distances less than the minimum table distance unless the sprinkler listing allows a lesser distance.

b. Distances shall be measured in a straight line from the nearest edge of the heat source to the nearest edge of the sprinkler.

2904.2.4 Sprinkler coverage. Sprinkler coverage requirements and sprinkler obstruction requirements shall be in accordance with Sections 2904.2.4.1 and 2904.2.4.2.

2904.2.4.1 Coverage area limit. The area of coverage of a single sprinkler shall not exceed 400 square feet (37 m2) and shall be based on the sprinkler listing and the sprinkler manufacturer's installation instructions.

2904.2.4.2 Obstructions to coverage. Sprinkler discharge shall not be blocked by obstructions unless additional sprinklers are installed to protect the obstructed area. Sprinkler separation from obstructions shall comply with the minimum distances specified in the sprinkler manufacturer's instructions.

2904.2.4.2.1 Additional requirements for pendent sprinklers. Pendent sprinklers within 3 feet (915 mm) of the center of a ceiling fan, surface-mounted ceiling luminaire or similar object shall be considered to be obstructed, and additional sprinklers shall be installed.

2904.2.4.2.2 Additional requirements for sidewall sprinklers. Sidewall sprinklers within 5 feet (1524 mm) of the center of a ceiling fan, surface-mounted ceiling luminaire or similar object shall be considered to be obstructed, and additional sprinklers shall be installed.

2904.2.5 Sprinkler installation on systems assembled with solvent cement. The solvent cementing of threaded adapter fittings shall be completed and threaded adapters for sprinklers shall be verified as being clear of excess cement prior to the installation of sprinklers on systems assembled with solvent cement.

2904.2.6 Sprinkler modifications prohibited. Painting, caulking or modifying of sprinklers shall be prohibited.

Sprinklers that have been painted, caulked, modified or damaged shall be replaced with new sprinklers.

2904.3 Sprinkler piping system. Sprinkler piping shall be supported in accordance with the requirements for cold water distribution piping. Sprinkler piping shall comply with all requirements for cold water distribution piping. For multipurpose piping systems, the sprinkler piping shall connect to and be a part of the cold water distribution piping system.

2904.3.1 Nonmetallic pipe and tubing. Nonmetallic pipe and tubing, such as CPVC and PEX, shall be listed for use in residential fire sprinkler systems.

2904.3.1.1 Nonmetallic pipe protection. Nonmetallic pipe and tubing systems shall be protected from exposure to the living space by a layer of not less than 3/8 inch ( 9.5 mm) thick gypsum wallboard, 1/2 inch thick plywood (13 mm), or other material having a 15 minute fire rating.

Exceptions:

1 Pipe protection shall not be required in areas that do not require protection with sprinklers as specified in Section 2904.1.1.

2 Pipe protection shall not be required where exposed piping is permitted by the pipe listing.

2904.3.2 Shutoff valves prohibited. With the exception of shutoff valves for the entire water distribution system, valves shall not be installed in any location where the valve would isolate piping serving one or more sprinklers.

2904.3.3 Single dwelling limit. Piping beyond the service valve located at the beginning of the water distribution system shall not serve more than one dwelling.

2904.3.4 Drain. A means to drain the sprinkler system shall be provided on the system side of the water distribution shutoff valve.

2904.4 Determining system design flow. The flow for sizing the sprinkler piping system shall be based on the flow rating of each sprinkler in accordance with Section 2904.4.1 and the calculation in accordance with Section 2904.4.2.

2904.4.1 Determining required flow rate for each sprinkler. The minimum required flow for each sprinkler shall be determined using the sprinkler manufacturer's published data for the specific sprinkler model based on all of the following:

1 The area of coverage.

2 The ceiling configuration.

3 The temperature rating.

4 Any additional conditions specified by the sprinkler manufacturer.

2904.4.2 System design flow rate. The design flow rate for the system shall be based on the following:

1 The design flow rate for a room having only one sprinkler shall be the flow rate required for that sprinkler, as determined by Section 2904.4.1.

2 The design flow rate for a room having two or more sprinklers a shall be determined by identifying the sprinkler in that room with the highest required flow rate, based on Section 2904.4.1, and multiplying that flow rate by 2.

3 Where the sprinkler manufacturer specifies different criteria for ceiling configurations that are not smooth, flat and horizontal, the required flow rate for that room shall comply with the sprinkler manufacturer's instructions.

4 The design flow rate for the sprinkler system shall be the flow required by the room with the largest flow rate, based on Items 1, 2 and 3.

5 For the purpose of this section, it shall be permissible to reduce the design flow rate for a room by subdividing the space into two or more rooms, where each room is evaluated separately with respect to the required design flow rate. Each room shall be bounded by walls and a ceiling. Openings in walls shall have a lintel not less than 8 inches (203 mm) in depth and each lintel shall form a solid barrier between the ceiling and the top of the opening.

2904.5 Water supply. The water supply shall provide not less than the required design flow rate for sprinklers in accordance with Section 2904.4.2 at a pressure not less than that used to comply with Section 2904.6.

2904.5.1 Water supply from individual sources. Where a dwelling unit water supply is from a tank system, a private well system or a combination of these, the available water supply shall be based on the minimum pressure control setting for the pump.

2904.5.2 Required capacity. The water supply shall have the capacity to provide the required design flow rate for sprinklers for a period of time as follows:

1 7 7 minutes for dwelling units one story in height and less than 2,000 square feet (186 m2) in area.

2 10 minutes for dwelling units two or more stories in height or equal to or greater than 2,000 square feet (186 m2) in area.

Where a well system, a water supply tank system or a combination thereof is used, any combination of well capacity and tank storage shall be permitted to meet the capacity requirement.

2904.6 Pipe sizing. The piping to sprinklers shall be sized for the flow required by Section 2904.4.2. The flow required to supply the plumbing fixtures shall not be required to be added to the sprinkler design flow.

2904.6.1 Method of sizing pipe. Piping supplying sprinklers shall be sized using the prescriptive method in Section 2904.6.2 or by hydraulic calculation in accordance with NFPA 13D. The minimum pipe size from the water supply source to any sprinkler shall be 3/4 inch (19 mm) nominal. Threaded adapter fittings at the point where sprinklers are attached to the piping shall be a minimum of 1/2 inch (13 mm) nominal.

2904.6.2 Prescriptive pipe sizing method. Pipe shall be sized by determining the available pressure to offset friction loss in piping and identifying a piping material, diameter and length using the equation in Section 2904.6.2.1 and the procedure in Section 2904.6.2.2.

2904.6.2.1 Available pressure equation. The pressure available to offset friction loss in the interior piping system (Pt) shall be determined in accordance with the Equation 29-1.

Pt = Psup -PLsvc -PLm -PLd -PLe -Psp(Equation 29-1)

where:

Pt = Pressure used in applying Tables 2904.6.2(4) through 2904.6.2(9).

Psup = Pressure available from the water supply source.

PLsvc =Pressure loss in the water-service pipe.

PLm =Pressure loss in the water meter.

PLd = Pressure loss from devices other than the water meter.

PLe = Pressure loss associated with changes in elevation.

Psp = Maximum pressure required by a sprinkler.

2904.6.2.2 Calculation procedure. Determination of the required size for water distribution piping shall be in accordance with the following procedure:

Step 1-Determine Psup Obtain the static supply pressure that will be available from the water main from the water purveyor, or for an individual source, the available supply pressure shall be in accordance with Section 2904.5.1.

Step 2-Determine PLsvc

Use Table 2904.6.2(1) to determine the pressure loss in the water service pipe based on the selected size of the water service.

Step 3-Determine PLm

Use Table 2904.6.2(2) to determine the pressure loss from the water meter, based on the selected water meter size.

Step 4-Determine PLd

Determine the pressure loss from devices other than the water meter installed in the piping system supplying sprinklers, such as pressure-reducing valves, backflow preventers, water softeners or water filters. Device pressure losses shall be based on the device manufacturer's specifications. The flow rate used to determine pressure loss shall be the rate from Section 2904.4.2, except that 5 gpm ( 0.3 L/S) shall be added where the device is installed in a water-service pipe that supplies more than one dwelling. As alternative to deducting pressure loss for a device, an automatic bypass valve shall be installed to divert flow around the device when a sprinkler activates.

Step 5-Determine PLe

Use Table 2904.6.2(3) to determine the pressure loss associated with changes in elevation. The elevation used in applying the table shall be the difference between the elevation where the water source pressure was measured and the elevation of the highest sprinkler.

Step 6-Determine Psp

Determine the maximum pressure required by any individual sprinkler based on the flow rate from Section 2904.4.1. The required pressure is provided in the sprinkler manufacturer's published data for the specific sprinkler model based on the selected flow rate.

Step 7-Calculate Pt

Using Equation 29-1, calculate the pressure available to offset friction loss in water-distribution piping between the service valve and the sprinklers.

Step 8-Determine the maximum allowable pipe length

Use Tables 2904.6.2(4) through 2904.6.2(9) to select a material and size for water distribution piping. The piping material and size shall be acceptable if the developed length of pipe between the service valve and the most remote sprinkler does not exceed the maximum allowable length specified by the applicable table. Interpolation of Pt between the tabular values shall be permitted.

The maximum allowable length of piping in Tables 2904.6.2(4) through 2904.6.2(9) incorporates an adjustment for pipe fittings, and no additional consideration of friction losses associated with pipe fittings shall be required.

2904.7 Instructions and signs. An owner's manual for the fire sprinkler system shall be provided to the owner. A sign or valve tag shall be installed at the main shutoff valve to the water distribution system stating the following: "Warning, the water system for this home supplies fire sprinklers that require certain flows and pressures to fight a fire. Devices that restrict the flow or decrease the pressure or automatically shut off the water to the fire sprinkler system, such as water softeners, filtration systems and automatic shutoff valves, shall not be added to this system without a review of the fire sprinkler system by a fire protection specialist. Do not remove this sign."

2904.8 Inspections. The water distribution system shall be inspected in accordance with Sections 2904.8.1 and 2904.8.2.

2904.8.1 Preconcealment inspection. The following items shall be verified prior to the concealment of any sprinkler system piping:

1 Sprinklers are installed in all areas as required by Section 2904.1.1.

2 Where sprinkler water spray patterns are obstructed by construction features, luminaires or ceiling fans, additional sprinklers are installed as required by Section 2904.2.4.2.

3 Sprinklers are the correct temperature rating and are installed at or beyond the required separation distances from heat sources as required by Sections 2904.2.1 and 2904.2.2.

4 The pipe size equals or exceeds the size used in applying Tables 2904.6.2(4) through 2904.6.2(9) or, if the piping system was hydraulically calculated in accordance with Section 2904.6.1, the size used in the hydraulic calculation.

5 The pipe length does not exceed the length permitted by Tables 2904.6.2(4) through 2904.6.2(9) or, if the piping system was hydraulically calculated in accordance with Section 2904.6.1, pipe lengths and fittings do not exceed those used in the hydraulic calculation.

6 Nonmetallic piping that conveys water to sprinklers is listed for use with fire sprinklers.

7 Piping is supported in accordance with the pipe manufacturer's and sprinkler manufacturer's installation instructions.

8 The piping system is tested in accordance with Section 312.5 of the plumbing code.

2904.8.2 Final inspection. The following items shall be verified upon completion of the system:

1 Sprinkler are not painted, damaged or otherwise hindered from operation.

2 Where a pump is required to provide water to the system, the pump starts automatically upon system water demand.

3 Pressure-reducing valves, water softeners, water filters or other impairments to water flow that were not part of the original design have not been installed.

4 The sign or valve tag required by Section 2904.7 is installed and the owner's manual for the system is present.

TABLE 2904.6.2(1)

WATER SERVICE PRESSURE LOSS (PLsvc)a,b

FLOW RATEc (gpm) 3/4 INCH WATER SERVICE PRESSURE LOSS (psi) 1 INCH WATER SERVICE PRESSURE LOSS (psi) 1 1/4 INCH WATER SERVICE PRESSURE LOSS (psi)
Length of water service pipe (feet) Length of water service pipe (feet) Length of water service pipe (feet)
40 or less 41 to 75 76 to 100 101 to 150 40 or less 41 to 75 76 to 100 101 to 150 40 or less 41 to 75 76 to 100 101 to 150
8 5.1 8.7 11.8 17.4 1.5 2.5 3.4 5.1 0.6 1.0 1.3 1.9
10 7.7 13.1 17.8 26.3 2.3 3.8 5.2 7.7 0.8 1.4 2.0 2.9
12 10.8 18.4 24.9 NP 3.2 5.4 7.3 10.7 1.2 2.0 2.7 4.0
14 14.4 24.5 NP NP 4.2 7.1 9.6 14.3 1.6 2.7 3.6 5.4
16 18.4 NP NP NP 5.4 9.1 12.4 18.3 2.0 3.4 4.7 6.9
18 22.9 NP NP NP 6.7 11.4 15.4 22.7 2.5 4.3 5.8 8.6
20 27.8 NP NP NP 8.1 13.8 18.7 27.6 3.1 5.2 7.0 10.4
22 NP NP NP NP 9.7 16.5 22.3 NP 3.7 6.2 8.4 12.4
24 NP NP NP NP 11.4 19.3 26.2 NP 4.3 7.3 9.9 14.6
26 NP NP NP NP 13.2 22.4 NP NP 5.0 8.5 11.4 16.9
28 NP NP NP NP 15.1 25.7 NP NP 5.7 9.7 13.1 19.4
30 NP NP NP NP 17.2 NP NP NP 6.5 11.0 14.9 22.0
32 NP NP NP NP 19.4 NP NP NP 7.3 12.4 16.8 24.8
34 NP NP NP NP 21.7 NP NP NP 8.2 13.9 18.8 NP
36 NP NP NP NP 24.1 NP NP NP 9.1 15.4 20.9 NP

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 0.063 L/s, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa. NP - Not permitted. Pressure loss exceeds reasonable limits.

a. Values are applicable for underground piping materials listed in Table 2905.4 and are based on an SDR of 11 and a Hazen Williams C Factor of 150.

b. Values include the following length allowances for fittings: 25% length increase for actual lengths up to 100 feet and 15% length increase for actual lengths over 100 feet.

c. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2. Add 5 gpm to the flow rate required by Section 2904.4.2 where the water-service pipe supplies more than one dwelling.

TABLE 2904.6.2(2)

MINIMUM WATER METER PRESSURE LOSS (PLm)a

FLOW RATE (gallons per minute, gpm)b 5/8-INCH METER PRESSURE LOSS (pounds per square inch, psi) 3/4-INCH METER PRESSURE LESS (pounds per square inch, psi) 1-INCH METER PRESSURE LOSS (pounds per square inch, psi)
8 2 1 1
10 3 1 1
12 4 1 1
14 5 2 1
16 7 3 1
18 9 4 1
20 11 4 2
22 NP 5 2
24 NP 5 2
26 NP 6 2
28 NP 6 2
30 NP 7 2
32 NP 7 3
34 NP 8 3
36 NP 8 3

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.063 L/s. NP - Not permitted unless the actual water meter pressure loss is known.

a. Table 2904.6.2(2) establishes conservative values for water meter pressure loss or installations where the water meter loss is unknown. Where the actual water meter pressure loss is known, Pm shall be the actual loss.

b. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2. Add 5 gpm to the flow rate required by Section 2904.4.2 where the water- service pipe supplies more than one dwelling.

TABLE 2904.6.2(3)

ELEVATION LOSS (PLe)

ELEVATION (feet) PRESSURE LOSS (psi)
5 2.2
10 4.4
15 6.5
20 8.7
25 10.9
30 13
35 15.2
40 17.4

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa.

TABLE 2904.6.2(4)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 3/4 INCH TYPE M COPPER WATER TUBING

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 3/4 217 289 361 434 506 578 650 723 795 867
9 3/4 174 232 291 349 407 465 523 581 639 697
10 3/4 143 191 239 287 335 383 430 478 526 574
11 3/4 120 160 200 241 281 321 361 401 441 481
12 3/4 102 137 171 205 239 273 307 341 375 410
13 3/4 88 118 147 177 206 235 265 294 324 353
14 3/4 77 103 128 154 180 205 231 257 282 308
15 3/4 68 90 113 136 158 181 203 226 248 271
16 3/4 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 241
17 3/4 54 72 90 108 125 143 161 179 197 215
18 3/4 48 64 81 97 113 129 145 161 177 193
19 3/4 44 58 73 88 102 117 131 146 160 175
20 3/4 40 53 66 80 93 106 119 133 146 159
21 3/4 36 48 61 73 85 97 109 121 133 145
22 3/4 33 44 56 67 78 89 100 111 122 133
23 3/4 31 41 51 61 72 82 92 102 113 123
24 3/4 28 38 47 57 66 76 85 95 104 114
25 3/4 26 35 44 53 61 70 79 88 97 105
26 3/4 24 33 41 49 57 65 73 82 90 98
27 3/4 23 30 38 46 53 61 69 76 84 91
28 3/4 21 28 36 43 50 57 64 71 78 85
29 3/4 20 27 33 40 47 53 60 67 73 80
30 3/4 19 25 31 38 44 50 56 63 69 75
31 3/4 18 24 29 35 41 47 53 59 65 71
32 3/4 17 22 28 33 39 44 50 56 61 67
33 3/4 16 21 26 32 37 42 47 53 58 63
34 3/4 NP 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
35 3/4 NP 19 24 28 33 38 42 47 52 57
36 3/4 NP 18 22 27 31 36 40 45 49 54
37 3/4 NP 17 21 26 30 34 38 43 47 51
38 3/4 NP 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 49
39 3/4 NP 15 19 23 27 31 35 39 42 46
40 3/4 NP NP 18 22 26 29 33 37 40 44

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.963 L/s.

NP - Not permitted

a. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2.

TABLE 2904.6.2(5)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 1-INCH TYPE M COPPER WATER TUBING

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch) AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 1 806 1075 1343 1612 1881 2149 2418 2687 2955 3224
9 1 648 864 1080 1296 1512 1728 1945 2161 2377 2593
10 1 533 711 889 1067 1245 1422 1600 1778 1956 2134
11 1 447 586 745 894 1043 1192 1341 1491 1640 1789
12 1 381 508 634 761 888 1015 1142 1269 1396 1523
13 1 328 438 547 657 766 875 985 1094 1204 1313
14 1 286 382 477 572 668 763 859 954 1049 1145
15 1 252 336 420 504 588 672 756 840 924 1008
16 1 224 298 373 447 522 596 671 745 820 894
17 1 200 266 333 400 466 533 600 666 733 799
18 1 180 240 300 360 420 479 539 599 659 719
19 1 163 217 271 325 380 434 488 542 597 651
20 1 148 197 247 296 345 395 444 493 543 592
21 1 135 180 225 270 315 360 406 451 496 541
22 1 124 165 207 248 289 331 372 413 455 496
23 1 114 152 190 228 267 305 343 381 419 457
24 1 106 141 176 211 246 282 317 352 387 422
25 1 98 131 163 196 228 261 294 326 359 392
26 1 91 121 152 182 212 243 273 304 334 364
27 1 85 113 142 170 198 226 255 283 311 340
28 1 79 106 132 159 185 212 238 265 291 318
29 1 74 99 124 149 174 198 223 248 273 298
30 1 70 93 116 140 163 186 210 233 256 280
31 1 66 88 110 132 153 175 197 219 241 263
32 1 62 83 103 124 145 165 186 207 227 248
33 1 59 78 98 117 137 156 176 195 215 234
34 1 55 74 92 111 129 148 166 185 203 222
35 1 53 70 88 105 123 140 158 175 193 210
36 1 50 66 83 100 116 133 150 166 183 199
37 1 47 63 79 95 111 126 142 158 174 190
38 1 45 60 75 90 105 120 135 150 165 181
39 1 43 57 72 86 100 115 129 143 158 172
40 1 41 55 68 82 96 109 123 137 150 164

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.963 L/s.

a. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2.

TABLE 2904.6.2(6)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 3/4 INCH CPVC PIPE

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 3/4 348 465 581 697 813 929 1045 1161 1278 1394
9 3/4 280 374 467 560 654 747 841 934 1027 1121
10 3/4 231 307 384 461 538 615 692 769 845 922
11 3/4 193 258 322 387 451 515 580 644 709 773
12 3/4 165 219 274 329 384 439 494 549 603 658
13 3/4 142 189 237 284 331 378 426 473 520 568
14 3/4 124 165 206 247 289 330 371 412 454 495
15 3/4 109 145 182 218 254 290 327 363 399 436
16 3/4 97 129 161 193 226 258 290 322 354 387
17 3/4 86 115 144 173 202 230 259 288 317 346
18 3/4 78 104 130 155 181 207 233 259 285 311
19 3/4 70 94 117 141 164 188 211 234 258 281
20 3/4 64 85 107 128 149 171 192 213 235 256
21 3/4 58 78 97 117 136 156 175 195 214 234
22 3/4 54 71 89 107 125 143 161 179 197 214
23 3/4 49 66 82 99 115 132 148 165 181 198
24 3/4 46 61 76 91 107 122 137 152 167 183
25 3/4 42 56 71 85 99 113 127 141 155 169
26 3/4 39 52 66 79 92 105 118 131 144 157
27 3/4 37 49 61 73 86 98 110 122 135 147
28 3/4 34 46 57 69 80 92 103 114 126 137
29 3/4 32 43 54 64 75 86 96 107 118 129
30 3/4 30 40 50 60 70 81 91 101 111 121
31 3/4 28 38 47 57 66 76 85 95 104 114
32 3/4 27 36 45 54 63 71 80 89 98 107
33 3/4 25 34 42 51 59 68 76 84 93 101
34 3/4 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 96
35 3/4 23 30 38 45 53 61 68 76 83 91
36 3/4 22 29 36 43 50 57 65 72 79 86
37 3/4 20 27 34 41 48 55 61 68 75 82
38 3/4 20 26 33 39 46 52 59 65 72 78
39 3/4 19 25 31 37 43 50 56 62 68 74
40 3/4 18 24 30 35 41 47 53 59 65 71

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.963 L/s.

a. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2.

TABLE 2904.6.2(7)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 1-INCH CPVC PIPE

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch) AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 1 1049 1398 1748 2098 2447 2797 3146 3496 3845 4195
9 1 843 1125 1406 1687 1968 2249 2530 2811 3093 3374
10 1 694 925 1157 1388 1619 1851 2082 2314 2545 2776
11 1 582 776 970 1164 1358 1552 1746 1940 2133 2327
12 1 495 660 826 991 1156 1321 1486 1651 1816 1981
13 1 427 570 712 854 997 1139 1281 1424 1566 1709
14 1 372 497 621 745 869 993 1117 1241 1366 1490
15 1 328 437 546 656 765 874 983 1093 1202 1311
16 1 291 388 485 582 679 776 873 970 1067 1164
17 1 260 347 433 520 607 693 780 867 954 1040
18 1 234 312 390 468 546 624 702 780 858 936
19 1 212 282 353 423 494 565 635 706 776 847
20 1 193 257 321 385 449 513 578 642 706 770
21 1 176 235 293 352 410 469 528 586 645 704
22 1 161 215 269 323 377 430 484 538 592 646
23 1 149 198 248 297 347 396 446 496 545 595
24 1 137 183 229 275 321 366 412 458 504 550
25 1 127 170 212 255 297 340 382 425 467 510
26 1 118 158 197 237 276 316 355 395 434 474
27 1 111 147 184 221 258 295 332 368 405 442
28 1 103 138 172 207 241 275 310 344 379 413
29 1 97 129 161 194 226 258 290 323 355 387
30 1 91 121 152 182 212 242 273 303 333 364
31 1 86 114 143 171 200 228 257 285 314 342
32 1 81 108 134 161 188 215 242 269 296 323
33 1 76 102 127 152 178 203 229 254 280 305
34 1 72 96 120 144 168 192 216 240 265 289
35 1 68 91 114 137 160 182 205 228 251 273
36 1 65 87 108 130 151 173 195 216 238 260
37 1 62 82 103 123 144 165 185 206 226 247
38 1 59 78 98 117 137 157 176 196 215 235
39 1 56 75 93 112 131 149 168 187 205 224
40 1 53 71 89 107 125 142 160 178 196 214

TABLE 2904.6.2(8)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 3/4 INCH PEX TUBING

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch) AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 3/4 93 123 154 185 216 247 278 309 339 370
9 3/4 74 99 124 149 174 199 223 248 273 298
10 3/4 61 82 102 123 143 163 184 204 225 245
11 3/4 51 68 86 103 120 137 154 171 188 205
12 3/4 44 58 73 87 102 117 131 146 160 175
13 3/4 38 50 63 75 88 101 113 126 138 151
14 3/4 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132
15 3/4 29 39 48 58 68 77 87 96 106 116
16 3/4 26 34 43 51 60 68 77 86 94 103
17 3/4 23 31 38 46 54 61 69 77 84 92
18 3/4 21 28 34 41 48 55 62 69 76 83
19 3/4 19 25 31 37 44 50 56 62 69 75
20 3/4 17 23 28 34 40 45 51 57 62 68
21 3/4 16 21 26 31 36 41 47 52 57 62
22 3/4 NP 19 24 28 33 38 43 47 52 57
23 3/4 NP 17 22 26 31 35 39 44 48 52
24 3/4 NP 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 49
25 3/4 NP NP 19 22 26 30 34 37 41 45
26 3/4 NP NP 17 21 24 28 31 35 38 42
27 3/4 NP NP 16 20 23 26 29 33 36 39
28 3/4 NP NP 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36
29 3/4 NP NP NP 17 20 23 26 28 31 34
30 3/4 NP NP NP 16 19 21 24 27 29 32
31 3/4 NP NP NP 15 18 20 23 25 28 30
32 3/4 NP NP NP NP 17 19 21 24 26 28
33 3/4 NP NP NP NP 16 18 20 22 25 27
34 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP 17 19 21 23 25
35 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP 16 18 20 22 24
36 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP 15 17 19 21 23
37 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP NP 16 18 20 22
38 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP NP 16 17 19 21
39 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP NP NP 16 18 20
40 3/4 NP NP NP NP NP NP NP 16 17 19

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.963 L/s.

NP - Not permitted.

a. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2.

TABLE 2904.6.2(9)

ALLOWABLE PIPE LENGTH FOR 1-INCH PEX TUBING

SPRINKLER FLOW RATEa (gpm) WATER DISTRIBUTION SIZE (inch) AVAILABLE PRESSURE -Pt (psi)
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Allowable length of pipe from service valve to farthest sprinkler (feet)
8 1 314 418 523 628 732 837 941 1046 1151 1255
9 1 252 336 421 505 589 673 757 841 925 1009
10 1 208 277 346 415 485 554 623 692 761 831
11 1 174 232 290 348 406 464 522 580 638 696
12 1 148 198 247 296 346 395 445 494 543 593
13 1 128 170 213 256 298 341 383 426 469 511
14 1 111 149 186 223 260 297 334 371 409 446
15 1 98 131 163 196 229 262 294 327 360 392
16 1 87 116 145 174 203 232 261 290 319 348
17 1 78 104 130 156 182 208 233 259 285 311
18 1 70 93 117 140 163 187 210 233 257 280
19 1 63 84 106 127 148 169 190 211 232 253
20 1 58 77 96 115 134 154 173 192 211 230
21 1 53 70 88 105 123 140 158 175 193 211
22 1 48 64 80 97 113 129 145 161 177 193
23 1 44 59 74 89 104 119 133 148 163 178
24 1 41 55 69 82 96 110 123 137 151 164
25 1 38 51 64 76 89 102 114 127 140 152
26 1 35 47 59 71 83 95 106 118 130 142
27 1 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132
28 1 31 41 52 62 72 82 93 103 113 124
29 1 29 39 48 58 68 77 87 97 106 116
30 1 27 36 45 54 63 73 82 91 100 109
31 1 26 34 43 51 60 68 77 85 94 102
32 1 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 89 97
33 1 23 30 38 46 53 61 68 76 84 91
34 1 22 29 36 43 50 58 65 72 79 86
35 1 20 27 34 41 48 55 61 68 75 82
36 1 19 26 32 39 45 52 58 65 71 78
37 1 18 25 31 37 43 49 55 62 68 74
38 1 18 23 29 35 41 47 53 59 64 70
39 1 17 22 28 33 39 45 50 56 61 67
40 1 16 21 27 32 37 43 48 53 59 64

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1 gallon per minute = 0.963 L/s.

a. Flow rate from Section 2904.4.2.

SECTION 2905

MATERIALS, JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS

Deleted. See Section 604 of the plumbing code.

SECTION 2906

CHANGES IN DIRECTION

Deleted. See the plumbing code.

SECTION 2907

SUPPORT

Deleted. See Section 308 of the plumbing code.

SECTION 2908

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT UNITS

Deleted. See Section 611 of the plumbing code.

Effective: 01/01/2013
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 01/01/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3781.10(A) , 4104.43(A)(1)
Rule Amplifies: 3781.01 , 3781.06 , 3781.10 , 3781.11 , 3791.04 , 4740.14