4141-3-05 Definition of employment.

(A) Except as specifically provided in division (B)(2)(k) of section 4141.01 and section 4141.39 of the Revised Code, a worker is in employment when an "employer-employee" relationship exists between the worker and the person for whom the individual performs services and the director determines that:

(1) The person for whom services are performed has the right to direct or control the performance of such services; and

(2) Remuneration is received by the worker for services performed.

(B) As an aid to determining whether there is sufficient direction or control present, the common law rules identify twenty factors or elements. When present, each of these factors serves to indicate some degree of direction or control. The degree of importance of each factor varies depending on the occupation and the factual context in which the services are performed. The twenty factors set forth belowin paragraphs (B)(1) to (B)(20) of this rule are designed only as guides for determining whether sufficient direction or control exists and must be considered in totality:

(1) The worker is required to comply with the instructions of the person for whom services are being performed, regarding when, where, and how the worker is to perform the services;

(2) The person for whom services are being performed requires particular training for the worker performing services;

(3) The services provided are part of the regular business of the person for whom services are being performed;

(4) The person for whom services are being performed requires that services be provided by a particular worker;

(5) The person for whom services are being performed hires, supervises or pays the wages of the worker performing services;

(6) A continuing relationship exists between the person for whom services are being performed and the worker performing services that contemplates continuing or recurring work, even if not full time;

(7) The person for whom services are being performed requires set hours during which services are to be performed;

(8) The person for whom services are being performed requires the worker to devote himself or herself full time to the business of the person for whom services are being performed;

(9) The person for whom services are being performed requires that work be performed on its premises;

(10) The person for whom services are being performed requires that the worker follow the order of work set by the person for whom services are being performed;

(11) The person for whom services are being performed requires the worker to make oral or written progress reports;

(12) The person for whom services are being performed pays the worker on a regular basis such as hourly, weekly or monthly;

(13) The person for whom services are being performed pays expenses for the worker performing services;

(14) The person for whom services are being performed furnishes tools, instrumentalities, and other materials for use by the worker in performing services;

(15) There is a lack of investment by the worker in the facilities used to perform services;

(16) There is a lack of profit or loss to the worker performing services as a result of the performance of such services;

(17) The worker performing services is not performing services for a number of persons at the same time;

(18) The worker performing services does not make such services available to the general public;

(19) The person for whom services are being performed has a right to discharge the worker performing services;

(20) The worker performing services has the right to end the relationship with the person for whom services are being performed without incurring liability pursuant to an employment contract or agreement. The director shall make a determination, based on the factors listed in this rule, as to whether or not an employment relationship exists for purposes of Chapter 4141. of the Revised Code.

R.C. 119.032 review dates: 05/20/2013 and 05/01/2018
Promulgated Under: 4141.14
Statutory Authority: 4141.13
Rule Amplifies: 4141.01(B)
Prior Effective Dates: 12/30/91, 1/15/01