Chapter 4701-9 Accounting Standards

4701-9-01 Integrity and objectivity.

(A) An Ohio permit holder shall maintain integrity and objectivity, shall not knowingly misrepresent facts, shall be free of conflicts of interest and shall not subordinate to others any professional judgment.

(B) Notwithstanding rule 4701-11-01 of the Administrative Code, if an Ohio permit holder has a conflict of interest between the interest of a client or employer and another person, but the Ohio permit holder believes that professional services can be performed with integrity and objectivity, this rule shall not prohibit the performance of professional services by the Ohio permit holder if the conflict of interest is disclosed to, and consent is obtained from, such client or employer and the other person.

(C) Disagreements over the application of acceptable alternatives permitted by the professional standards defined in Chapter 4701-9 of the Administrative Code do not result in any subordination of professional judgment.

Effective: 12/14/2012
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 09/25/2012 and 12/14/2017
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 1/17/75, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04, 8/25/05

4701-9-02 General standards.

(A) An Ohio permit holder shall only perform professional services that can reasonably be expected by the Ohio permit holder or the Ohio permit holder's registered firm to be completed with professional competence.

(B) An Ohio permit holder shall exercise due professional care in the performance of professional services, including adequate planning and supervision of all professional activities for which the Ohio permit holder is responsible.

(C) An Ohio permit holder shall obtain sufficient relevant data to afford a reasonable basis for conclusions or recommendations in relation to any professional services performed.

(D) The provisions of this rule apply to a certified public accountant or public accountant who is engaged in the practice of public accounting or the performance of regulated services as defined by rule 4701-7-04 of the Administrative Code.

Effective: 04/28/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/10/2011 and 04/28/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 1/17/75, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04

4701-9-03 Generally accepted auditing standards.

(A) An Ohio permit holder shall be associated with audited financial statements only if the Ohio permit holder has complied with the applicable generally accepted auditing standards defined in paragraph (B), (C), or (D) of this rule, as applicable.

(B) Generally accepted auditing standards applicable to audits of public companies required to register with the "Securities and Exchange Commission" are defined as "Auditing and Related Professional Practice Standards" issued by the "Public Company Accounting Oversight Board" and published on that agency's website (www.pcaobus.org).

(C) Generally accepted auditing standards for federal agencies or entities receiving significant federal financial assistance are defined as "Government Auditing Standards" issued by the "Comptroller General of the United States" and published on the "Government Accountability Office" website (www.gao.gov).

(D) Generally accepted auditing standards for all entities except those specified in paragraph (B) or (C) of this rule are defined as "Statements on Auditing Standards" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants" and published on that organization's website (www.aicpa.org).

(E) An Ohio permit holder may comply with one or more of the "International Standards on Auditing" issued by the "International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board" and published on the "International Federation of Accountants" website (www.ifac.org) in the following cases:

(1) The standards in paragraph (B) or (C) of this rule, as applicable to the specific audit engagement, do not prohibit the use of those standards.

(2) The parent company of the entity being audited is located in a foreign country and requires the use of those standards.

Effective: 04/28/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/10/2011 and 04/28/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 1/17/75, 9/1/78, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04, 8/25/05

4701-9-04 Generally accepted accounting principles.

(A) An Ohio permit holder shall not express an opinion or state affirmatively that financial statements or associated financial data of any entity are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, or express any negative assurance that such statements or data are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in all material respects, unless the financial statements and data are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles applicable to both the entity under examination and to the particular engagement. Generally accepted accounting principles, including the pronouncements defined in paragraph (D), (E), or (F) of this rule, and the hierarchy of their application, are defined in the "FASB Accounting Standards Codification" published by the "Financial Accounting Standards Board" as of October 31, 2010.

(B) If the financial statements or associated data in paragraph (A) of this rule contain any departure from the pronouncements defined in paragraph (D), (E), or (F) of this rule, as applicable, that has a material effect on the financial statements and data, taken as a whole, then the Ohio permit holder cannot express an opinion on the financial statements and data unless the Ohio permit holder follows the procedure defined in paragraph (C) of this rule.

(C) If the Ohio permit holder can demonstrate that adherence to the pronouncements defined in paragraph (D), (E), or (F) of this rule, as applicable, would result in misleading financial statements or data due to unusual circumstances, the Ohio permit holder's report must describe the departure from the pronouncements, the approximate effects thereof if practicable, and the reasons why compliance with the pronouncements would result in misleading financial statements or data.

(D) The primary authoritative source of generally accepted accounting principles for non-governmental entities are defined as "FASB Accounting Standards Codification" published by the "Financial Accounting Standards Board" as of October 31, 2010.

(E) The primary authoritative source of generally accepted accounting principles for state and local government entities are defined as "Original Pronouncements: Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting Standards" and "Codification of Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting Standards" published by the "Governmental Accounting Standards Board" as of June 30, 2010.

(F) The primary authoritative source of generally accepted accounting principles for federal government entities are defined as "Original Pronouncements: Statements of Federal Financial Accounting Concepts and Standards" and "Current Text: Statements of Federal Financial Accounting Standards" issued by the "Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board" and published on that agency's website (www.fasab.gov).

(G) An Ohio permit holder may comply with one or more of the "International Financial Reporting Standards" issued by the "International Accounting Standards Board" and published on the "IFRS Foundation" website (www.ifrs.org).

Effective: 07/21/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 05/05/2011 and 07/21/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 1/17/75, 9/1/78, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04, 8/25/05, 7/27/06, 9/14/07, 7/16/09, 4/28/11

4701-9-05 Attestation standards.

(A) The term "attest engagement," for the purposes of this rule, is defined as one in which an Ohio permit holder is engaged to issue or does issue an examination report, a review report, or an agreed-upon procedures report on subject matter, or an assertion about the subject matter that is the responsibility of another party.

(B) An Ohio permit holder shall not be associated with any attest engagement, defined in paragraph (A) of this rule, unless the Ohio permit holder has complied with the applicable standards for attestation engagements defined in paragraph (C) or (D) of this rule, as applicable.

(C) Attestation standards for government agencies or entities receiving significant federal financial assistance are defined in the "Government Auditing Standards" issued by the "Comptroller General of the United States" and published on the "Government Accountability Office" website (www.gao.gov) as of December 2011.

(D) Attestation standards for all entities except those specified in paragraph (C) of this rule are defined as "Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants" and published in "AICPA Professional Standards, Volume 2" as of June 1, 2012.

(E) Examples of attest engagements include financial forecasts and projections, reports on pro forma financial information, reports on an entity's internal control over financial reporting, compliance attestations, "WebTrust" examinations, "SysTrust" examinations, and examinations or reviews of a management's discussion and analysis presentation prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations adopted by the "Securities and Exchange Commission." The above examples are not intended to be all-inclusive.

Effective: 12/14/2012
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 09/25/2012 and 12/14/2017
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 1/17/75, 4/26/96, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04, 8/25/05

4701-9-06 Accounting and review services standards.

(A) An Ohio permit holder who is in the practice of public accounting shall be associated with unaudited financial statements only if the Ohio permit holder has complied with the applicable accounting and review services standards defined in paragraph (B) of this rule.

(B) Accounting and review services standards are defined as "Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants" and published on that organization's website (www.aicpa.org).

R.C. 119.032 review dates: 10/24/2013 and 08/28/2018
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 11/17/86, 1/1/99, 8/5/99, 10/22/04, 7/27/06

4701-9-07 Government accounting and auditing standards. [Rescinded].

Rescinded eff 10-22-04

4701-9-08 Consulting standards.

(A) An Ohio permit holder shall be associated with a consulting engagement only if the Ohio permit holder has complied with the applicable standards for consulting services defined in paragraph (B) of this rule.

(B) Consulting services standards are defined as "Statements on Standards for Consulting Services" and "Statements on Standards for Valuation Services" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)," and published on that organization's website (www.aicpa.org).

Effective: 04/28/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/10/2011 and 04/28/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 6/1/04, 10/22/04, 7/27/06, 9/14/07

4701-9-09 Tax services standards.

(A) An Ohio permit holder who prepares a tax return, signs a tax return, or recommends a tax return position for a client, employer, or other third-party recipient of tax services shall comply with the applicable standards for tax services defined in paragraph (B) of this rule.

(B) Tax services standards are defined as "Statements on Standards for Tax Services" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants" and published on that organization's website (www.aicpa.org).

Effective: 04/28/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/10/2011 and 04/28/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 6/1/04, 10/22/04, 8/25/05

4701-9-10 Quality control standards.

(A) A registered firm that performs accounting and auditing services in accordance with the professional standards defined in Chapter 4701-9 of the Administrative Code shall comply with the applicable standards for quality control defined in paragraph (B) of this rule.

(B) Quality control standards are defined as "Statements on Quality Control Standards" issued by the "American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)," and published on that organization's website (www.aicpa.org).

(C) An Ohio permit holder may comply with one or more of the "International Standards on Quality Control" issued by the "International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board" and published on the "International Federation of Accountants" website (www.ifac.org) if the standards in paragraph (B) of this rule, as applicable to the specific accounting or auditing engagement, permit the use of those standards.

Effective: 04/28/2011
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 02/10/2011 and 04/28/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4701.03
Rule Amplifies: 4701.03
Prior Effective Dates: 6/1/04, 10/22/04, 8/25/05