(A) Drugs shall be dispensed by a pharmacist for inpatients pursuant to an original patient specific order issued by a prescriber.
(1) Drug orders for inpatients of an institutional facility transmitted to a pharmacist by use of an electronic drug record keeping system may be considered an original order for the dispensing of drugs. Access to such system for entering and transmitting original orders shall be restricted to licensed health care professionals using positive identification. If the licensed health care professional entering the order into the system is not the prescriber, there shall be a system in place requiring the positive identification of the prescriber for each order within a reasonable period of time which shall be available in a readily retrievable fashion.
(2) Oral orders issued by a prescriber for inpatients of an institutional facility may be transmitted to a pharmacist by personnel authorized by, and in accordance with, written policies and procedures of the facility. Such orders shall be recorded by the pharmacist, noting the full name(s) of the authorized personnel transmitting the order. Oral orders issued by a prescriber and transmitted by authorized personnel shall be verified by the prescriber using positive identification within a reasonable time and as required by the written policies and procedures of the facility.
(3) Drug orders for inpatients of an institutional facility transmitted to a pharmacist by use of a facsimile machine to facsimile machine transfer shall be transmitted by personnel authorized by, and in accordance with, written policies and procedures of the facility. The pharmacist receiving the facsimile shall have in place written policies and procedures allowing only authorized personnel access to the drug order facsimile. The pharmacist shall maintain the facsimile showing the origin of the order as a part of the drug order record. This facsimile must be maintained if it is the only record showing the pharmacist responsible for dispensing the drug.
(B) All orders for drugs for inpatients shall include, but are not limited to, at least the following:
(1) Name of patient;
(2) Name, strength, and dosage form of drug;
(3) Directions for use, including route of administration;
(4) Date prescribed; and
(5) Prescriber's positive identification.
(C) Drugs shall be dispensed for outpatients pursuant to an original order of a prescriber. All orders for the dispensing of drugs to outpatients shall, at a minimum, conform to rule 4729-5-30 of the Administrative Code, shall be labeled in accordance with rule 4729-5-16 of the Administrative Code, and the records shall be maintained in accordance with rule 4729-5-27 of the Administrative Code.
(D) An original signed prescription for a schedule II controlled substance prepared in accordance with federal and state requirements and issued for a resident in a long term care facility may be transmitted by the prescriber or the prescriber's agent to the dispensing pharmacy by facsimile. The facsimile shall serve as the original written prescription and shall be received and maintained pursuant to rules 4729-5-21 and 4729-5-30 of the Administrative Code. The original signed prescription must remain with the patient's records at either the prescriber's office or the long term care facility.
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 01/21/2016 and 09/01/2021
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 3719.28, 4729.26
Rule Amplifies: 3719.05, 3719.06, 3719.07, 4729.28, 4729.37, 4729.55
Prior Effective Dates: 9/10/76, 9/1/85, 7/1/90, 7/1/91, 11/25/94, 1/10/96, 2/1/98, 3/1/99, 2/1/05, 1/1/06, 1/1/11