(A) Child care staff members assigned to supervise a child or group of children shall be responsible for their guidance and management.
(B) Child guidance and management measures must be developmentally appropriate for the child, shall be consistent, shall be explained to the child and shall take place at the time of the incident as soon as the issue can be safely addressed.
(C) The child care staff member shall:
(1) Use developmentally appropriate techniques suitable to the children's ages and relevant to the circumstances such as, but not limited to:
(a) Setting clear limits.
(b) Redirecting the child to an appropriate activity.
(c) Showing children positive alternatives.
(d) Modeling the desired behavior.
(e) Reinforcing appropriate behavior.
(f) Encouraging children to control their own behavior, cooperating with others and solving problems by talking things out.
(2) Intervene, when needed, as quickly as possible to ensure the safety of all children.
(3) If centers use developmentally appropriate separation from the situation the separation shall last no more than one minute for each year of age of the child and shall not be used with infants. When the child is to return to the activity child care staff members must review the reason for the separation and discuss with the child what behavior is expected.
(4) Communicate and consult with parents or guardians prior to implementing any specific behavior management plan. This plan must be in writing and signed by the parent/guardian and must be consistent with the requirements of this rule.
(D) All employees and child care staff members shall not:
(1) Abuse, endanger or neglect children.
(2) Utilize cruel, harsh, unusual, or extreme techniques.
(3) Utilize any form of corporal punishment.
(4) Delegate children to manage or discipline other children.
(5) Use physical restraints on a child.
(6) Restrain a child by any means other than holding children for a short period of time, such as in a protective hug, so that the children may regain control.
(a) Prone restraint of a child is prohibited. Prone restraint is defined as all items or measures used to limit or control the movement or normal functioning of any portion, or all, of a child's body while the child is in a face-down position.
(b) Prone restraint includes physical or mechanical restraint.
(7) Place children in a locked room or confine children in any enclosed area.
(8) Confine children to equipment such as cribs or high chairs.
(9) Humiliate, threaten or frighten children.
(10) Subject children to profane language or verbal abuse.
(11) Make derogatory or sarcastic remarks about children or their families.
(12) Punish children for failure to eat or sleep or for toileting accidents.
(13) Withhold any food, including snacks and treats, rest or toilet use.
(14) Punish an entire group of children due to the unacceptable behavior of one or a few.
(15) Isolate and restrict children from all activities for an extended period of time.
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 08/09/2011 and 09/01/2016
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5104.011
Rule Amplifies: 5104.011
Prior Effective Dates: 3/1/81, 9/1/86, 1/2/92 (Emer.), 4/1/92, 4/1/95, 4/1/03, 1/1/07, 7/1/10