Chapter 5160-56 Medicaid Hospice Program

5160-56-01 Hospice services: definitions.

This rule set forth terms used throughout Chapter 5160-56 of the Administrative Code.

(A) "Advance directive" refers to written instructions recognized under state law that are related to the provisions of health care when the individual is incapacitated. Samples of advance directive documents include a living will, a declaration as defined in Chapter 2133. of the Revised Code, and a durable power of attorney for health care as defined in Chapter 1337. of the Revised Code.

(B) "Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN)" refers to a registered nurse (RN) authorized to practice as a clinical nurse specialist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, certified nurse midwife or certified nurse practitioner in accordance with section 4723.43 of the Revised Code.

(C) "Attending physician" refers to a health professional identified by the individual at the time of the election of hospice, as having primary responsibility in the determination and delivery of the individual's medical care while under hospice, and one who is:

(1) A doctor of medicine or osteopathy licensed and legally authorized under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery; or

(2) A "nurse practitioner" who meets the training, education, and experience requirements of a certified, advanced practice nurse in accordance with section 4723.43 of the Revised Code. APRNs are prohibited from certifying or recertifying a terminal diagnosis.

(D) "Authorized representative" has the same meaning as a person, in accordance with rule 5160:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code, who is at least eighteen years old, or a legal entity who stands in place of the individual as defined in this rule. If an individual has designated an authorized representative, all references to "individual" in regards to an individual's responsibilities shall include the individual's authorized representative. Actions or failures of an authorized representative will be accepted as the action or failure of the individual. An authorized representative may make health care decisions on behalf of the individual who is mentally or physically incapacitated, or at the request of the terminally ill individual. These decisions may include the termination of medical care, the election of the hospice benefit, or the revocation of election of the hospice benefit on behalf of a terminally ill individual. Documentation of the authorization must be maintained in the individual's hospice record.

(E) "Beginning date of service" means the first billable date on which a designated hospice provider delivers hospice services to an individual.

(F) "Benefit period" or "election benefit period" refers to a span for which the individual is enrolled in the hospice benefit. Benefit periods consist of two ninety day benefit periods, followed by an unlimited number of sixty day benefit periods. The benefit periods may be used consecutively or at intervals. The election benefit period is subject to the conditions set forth in this chapter to include revocation, and must be utilized in sequential order:

(1) An initial ninety-day period (limited to one during the individual's lifetime);

(2) A second subsequent ninety-day period (limited to one during the individual's lifetime);

(3) An unlimited number of subsequent sixty-day periods.

(G) "Bereavement counseling" refers to counseling services furnished to the individual's immediate family or caregiver before and after the individual's death, to assist the family with issues related to grief, loss, and adjustment. Bereavement counseling must be made available by the designated hospice for a period up to one year following the individual's death.

(H) "Certification of the terminal illness" refers to the clinical judgment made by a medical director or physician member of the interdisciplinary group (IDG) and the individual's attending physician about the life expectancy of an individual should a terminal illness run its normal course. As a requirement pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 418.22 (October 1, 2017), in order to receive hospice care, the individual must be certified by a hospice medical director or physician member of the IDG and the individual's attending physician as being terminally ill with a medical prognosis that the individual's life expectancy is six months or less.

(I) "Concurrent care for children" refers to a federal provision which allows for curative treatment and hospice care to be covered simultaneously for individuals under age twenty-one.

(J) "Continuous home care" is a level of hospice care covered by medicaid in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.302 (October 1, 2017). A continuous home care day is one on which an individual who has elected to receive hospice care is at home and not in an inpatient facility, and when the care provided in the home consists predominantly of nursing care. Continuous home care may involve a home health aide (also known as a hospice aide) or homemaker services, or both. Continuous home care is only furnished during brief periods of crisis and only as necessary to maintain the terminally ill individual at home.

(K) "Core hospice services" are nursing care, medical social services, counseling services, and physician services that must routinely be afforded and/or provided directly to the individual by employees of the hospice.

(L) "Corresponding federal fiscal year" refers to the annual period from October first to September thirtieth, as set by the federal government for accounting and budgeting purposes.

(M) "Counseling services" are services provided to the terminally ill individual and the family members or other persons caring for the individual at home, including dietary counseling, training the individual's family or other caregiver to provide care, and for the purpose of helping the individual and the family members and/or caregiver with adjustment to the approaching death.

(N) "Designated hospice provider" refers to the hospice responsible for the professional management of care provided to the individual while enrolled in hospice.

(O) "Dietary counseling" means intervention and education regarding appropriate nutritional intake that is provided to the individual and/or the individual's family by a qualified professional including, but not limited to, a registered nurse, a dietitian and/or a physician.

(P) "Dietitian" means a person licensed to practice dietetics who meets the criteria set forth in Chapter 4759. of the Revised Code.

(Q) "Election statement," "election of hospice statement" and the "hospice election statement" refer to the required, written acknowledgment of the individual's decision to receive hospice care in lieu of curative care or treatment of the terminal illness.

(R) "Ending date of service" means the date on which a designated hospice stops delivering hospice services to the individual because of revocation of the medicaid hospice benefit, discharge from the hospice benefit, change by the individual of the designated hospice, or death of the individual in accordance with Chapter 5160-56 of the Administrative Code.

(S) "Episode of Care" or "Hospice Episode of Care" is a hospice election period or series of election periods separated by no more than a sixty day gap. Each episode is initiated by a start of care and is ended by a discharge to death or a gap in hospice services of more than sixty days. An episode of care may include multiple election benefit periods; however, a benefit period cannot span more than one episode of care.

(T) "General inpatient care" is a level of hospice care covered in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.302 (October 1, 2017). A general inpatient care day is a day on which an individual who has elected hospice care receives care in an inpatient facility for pain control or acute or chronic symptom management which cannot be managed in other settings.

(U) "Home and community based services (HCBS) waivers" refers to medicaid programs operated in accordance with Section 1915 (c) of the Social Security Act (the Act), 42 U.S.C. 1396n(c) (as in effect January 1, 2017) that allow individuals to receive covered services in their own home or community rather than institutions or other isolated settings. The HCBS waiver programs include those waivers administered by the Ohio department of medicaid (ODM), the Ohio department of aging (ODA), and the Ohio department of developmental disabilities (DODD).

(V) "Hospice" refers to a public agency, a private organization, or a subdivision of either, subject to the conditions of participation pursuant to 42 C.F.R. Part 418 (October 1, 2017), that is licensed in the state of Ohio and approved by the ODM to engaged in providing care to terminally ill individuals.

(W) "Hospice aide" refers to one who has successfully completed a training and competency evaluation program for hospice aide services, who meets the conditions of participation prescribed in 42 C.F.R. 418.76 (October 1, 2017), and who provides home care services pursuant to rule 3701-19-16 of the Administrative Code. For purposes of this chapter, hospice aide is interchangeable with the term, "home health aide".

(X) "Hospice care" refers to a comprehensive set of home based, inpatient and/or outpatient services coordinated by an interdisciplinary group of health professionals and volunteers as part of a written plan of care, to provide for the physical, psychosocial, spiritual, and emotional needs of a terminally ill individual and/or the individual's family members. Hospice stresses palliative care as opposed to curative care.

(Y) "Hospice enrollment" refers to the process of entering hospice data, such as benefit periods pursuant to rule 5160-56- 03.3 of the Administrative Code, into the Ohio medicaid information technology system (MITS) for an individual in receipt of hospice care.

(Z) "Hospice quality reporting program" refers to a federal mandate pursuant to the Section 3004 of Affordable Care Act of 2010 (as in effect January 1, 2017). HQRP requires all Medicare-certified hospice providers to comply with data reporting requirements prescribed by the centers for medicare and medicaid services (CMS). Annually, by October 1, CMS publishes the quality measures a hospice must report. The act of submitting data is what determines compliance with HQRP requirements. If the required quality data is not reported by each designated submission deadline, the hospice will be subject to a two percentage point reduction in their annual payment update.

(AA) "Hospice provider span" refers to the date range (begin date to end date) that a valid provider is considered the designated hospice provider. It is an assignment in MITS that refers to the period of time during which an individual receives hospice services from the designated hospice.

(BB) "Individual" refers to the beneficiary eligible for medicaid, who is in need of, or under the care of the designated hospice, and who is considering and/or who has elected the hospice benefit. For decision making purposes, an individual may designate an authorized representative to act on his or her behalf, in place of the individual.

(CC) "Inpatient facility" refers to a facility that is either operated by or under contract with a hospice for the purpose of providing general inpatient and/or respite care to the individual.

(DD) "Inpatient respite care" is a level of hospice care covered in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.302 (October 1, 2017). An inpatient respite care day is a day on which the individual who has elected hospice care receives care in an approved facility on a short-term basis for the purpose of providing relief and respite for caregivers.

(EE) "Interdisciplinary group (IDG)" refers to a group of professionals and volunteer staff who provide or supervise the care and the services offered by the hospice in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.56 (October 1, 2017).

(FF) "Intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities" has the same meaning as in rule 5123:2-7-01 of the Administrative Code.

(GG) "Licensed occupational therapist" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4755. of the Revised Code as an occupational therapist.

(HH) "Licensed occupational therapy assistant" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4755. of the Revised Code as an occupational therapy assistant (OTA).

(II) "Licensed physical therapist" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4755. of the Revised Code as a physical therapist.

(JJ) "Licensed physical therapy assistant" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4755. of the Revised Code as a physical therapist assistant (PTA).

(KK) "Licensed speech-language pathologist" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4753. of the Revised Code as a speech-language pathologist and who is eligible for or meets the educational requirements for a certificate of clinical competence in speech language pathology granted by the "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association."

(LL) "Licensed speech-language pathology aide" means a person holding a valid license under Chapter 4753. of the Revised Code as a speech-language pathology aide.

(MM) "Long Term Care Facility (LTCF)" as defined in section 3721.21 of the Revised Code is a term used interchangeably in the Ohio medicaid information technology system to refer to a nursing home, a facility or part of a facility that is certified as a skilled nursing facility or a nursing facility under Title XVIII or XIX of the "Social Security Act.

(NN) "Medicaid Information Technology System (MITS)" refers to the information management system utilized by ODM, hospice and other providers, and state agencies for medicaid billing and data management purposes. The "MITS Hospice Portal" refers to the functionality in MITS maintained by ODM that gives authorized entities access to data such as medicaid eligibility, hospice enrollment status, claim and payment status, election and hospice service spans, benefit periods, and payer and provider information.

(OO) "Medicaid Managed Care Plan" or a "Managed Care Plan" has the same meaning as in rule 5160-26-01 of the Administrative Code.

(PP) "Medical director" refers to the doctor of medicine or osteopathy employed by the designated hospice to assume overall responsibility for the medical component of the individual's plan of care, including consulting with other members of the interdisciplinary team and collaborating with the individual's attending physician if any.

(QQ) "Medicare" is the federally financed medical assistance program operated under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (as in effect January 1, 2017).

(RR) "Non-core hospice services" are hospice services that are the responsibility of the hospice to ensure are provided directly to the individual by hospice employees or under a contractual arrangement made by the hospice.

(SS) "Nursing facility" (NF) has the same meaning as in section 5165.01 of the Revised Code.

(TT) "Nursing services" are services that require the skills of a RN, or a LPN under the supervision of an RN. Services provided by an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) who is not the individual's attending physician or are not provided by a physician in the absence of an APRN are included under nursing services.

(UU) "Oral Physician Certification Date" refers to the date the verbal certification of the individual's terminally ill is obtained by the hospice medical director (or physician member of the IDG), and the patient's attending physician, if he/she has one.

(VV) "Palliative care" refers to patient and family-centered care that optimizes quality of life by anticipating, preventing, and treating suffering. Palliative care is at the core of hospice philosophy and care practices, and is a critical component of the medicaid hospice benefit.

(WW) "Physician" means an individual who is currently licensed and authorized under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code to practice as a doctor of medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery. An unlicensed individual who is authorized to practice under the laws of the state in which the services are performed is not a physician, even if the individual holds a staff or faculty appointment.

(XX) "Physician services" refers to services as defined in Chapter 5160-4 of the Administrative Code. Physician services may be provided by a physician, or an advanced practice registered nurse acting within his or her scope of practice as defined in section 4723.01 of the Revised Code, or a physician assistant acting within his or her scope of practice under the supervision, control, and direction of one or more physicians as defined in section 4730.01 of the Revised Code.

(YY) "Plan of Care" refers to an individualized written plan established at the start of hospice care by the hospice interdisciplinary group in collaboration with the attending physician (if any), the individual and the primary caregiver (when feasible). The plan of care must specify the hospice care and services necessary to meet the individual and family-specific needs identified in the comprehensive assessment as such needs relate to the terminal illness and related conditions.

(ZZ) "Registered nurse" (RN) refers to a person licensed to practice as a RN in accordance with the criteria set forth in Chapter 4723. of the Revised Code.

(AAA) "Routine Home Care" is a level of hospice care covered in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.302 (as in effect January 1, 2016). Routine home care shall be afforded to an individual in the individual's residence when the individual is not receiving continuous home care.

(BBB) "Social worker" means a person registered under Chapter 4757. of the Revised Code to practice as a social worker or independent social worker.

(CCC) "Terminally ill" means that a physician has certified that the individual has a medical prognosis that his or her life expectancy is six months or less if the illness runs its normal course.

(DDD) "Written Physician Certification Date" refers to the date the completed certification of the individual's terminally ill is signed by the hospice medical director (or physician member of the IDG, and the patient's attending physician, if he or she has one.

Replaces: 5160-56-01

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-01

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 4/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 2/16/04, 3/2/08, 4/1/15.

5160-56-02 Hospice services: eligibility and election requirements.

This rule sets forth the criteria that must be met for an individual eligible for medicaid to receive the Ohio medicaid hospice benefit.

(A) To be covered under Ohio medicaid, the designated hospice must ensure the following criteria are met prior to furnishing hospice care:

(1) The designated hospice has a certification of the terminal illness on behalf of the individual, obtained in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.22 (October 1, 2017);

(2) A hospice election statement, completed by the individual, has been obtained by the designated hospice pursuant to paragraphs (B) and (C) of this rule;

(3) The individual has a hospice plan of care initiated, pursuant to paragraph (F) of this rule;

(4) Other applicable criteria are met which pertain to the individual and the election of hospice:

(a) The designated hospice shall ensure an individual eligible for both medicare and medicaid hospice elects the hospice benefit under both programs. Hospice services furnished to individuals who are dual eligible shall be billed to medicare first.

(b) If the individual has or later obtains third-party coverage of hospice, the individual must elect the third-party coverage of hospice to cover the same days the medicaid hospice benefit covers in order to ensure medicaid is the secondary payor. If the individual revokes his or her third-party coverage of hospice, the medicaid hospice benefit must be revoked at the same time.

(c) If the individual is a participant in the program of all-inclusive care for the elderly (PACE), the individual must access hospice services through the PACE site's network of providers.

(d) If the individual is enrolled in a medicaid managed care plan (MCP), the individual must access hospice services through the MCP's network of providers.

(e) If the individual is enrolled in a home and community based services (HCBS) waiver, the designated hospice shall assist the individual in coordinating concurrent care and waiver services in accordance with rule 5160-56-04 of the Administrative Code.

(B) At the time hospice is elected, the designated hospice must:

(1) Assist the individual with the election process; and

(2) Provide the individual with the following materials and written information:

(a) A copy of the agency's grievance procedures;

(b) Information regarding advance directives in accordance with Chapter 2133. of the Revised Code; and

(c) Any policies the hospice has regarding the implementation of advance directives, including ensuring the individual's right to formulate an advance directive, and the right to request a "do not resuscitate" order. The hospice must maintain the individual's advance directive in an accessible part of the individual's current hospice record and include a notation in the individual's plan of care.

(C) The designated hospice shall maintain a record of the election statement completed by the individual.

(1) The election statement shall be in writing and a notice of the election filed by the designated hospice in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.24 (October 1, 2017). The medicaid election statement may be combined with the medicare election statement or on a separate form, provided it is clear the form denotes medicaid hospice has been elected.

(2) The election statement shall contain the following:

(a) Documentation that the individual elected the medicaid hospice benefit;

(b) The identity of the designated hospice responsible for providing hospice care to the individual;

(c) The individual's acknowledgment that he or she has been given a full explanation of the palliative rather than curative nature of hospice care as it relates to the individual's terminal illness and the provisions and limitations of services as specified in this chapter;

(d) Acknowledgment that the individual understands that certain medicaid services are waived by the election, except when the individual is under age twenty-one;

(e) The identification of the individual's attending physician (if any) with an acknowledgment that the identified attending physician was the individual's own choice;

(f) The individual's acknowledgment that the attending physician was the individual's choice;

(g) The effective date of the election which may be the first day of hospice care or a later date, but shall be no earlier than the date of the election statement;

(h) The individual's signature; and

(i) The date the election statement was signed.

(3) A copy of the completed election statement shall be scanned and uploaded to the medicaid information technology system (MITS) pursuant to rule 5160-56-03.3 of the Administrative Code. The original form as completed, shall remain on file with the designated hospice.

(4) The election statement shall remain in effect as long as the individual continues to meet all eligibility requirements of this rule.

(D) While a hospice election is in effect, the designated hospice shall commence hospice care to the individual, beginning with enrolling the individual in the appropriate benefit period as defined in rule 5160-56-01 of the Administrative Code and pursuant to the remainder of this rule.

(1) The initial benefit period shall commence with hospice care on or after the date of election and end on the ninetieth day, unless a discharge pursuant to rule 5160-56-03 of the Administrative Code disrupts hospice care.

(2) If at the end of the initial ninety day period, the individual is recertified as terminally ill, the designated hospice shall ensure the individual is enrolled in the second subsequent ninety-day benefit period, continuing hospice services uninterrupted until the end the second ninety-period, to the one-hundred eightieth day, unless a discharge pursuant to rule 5160-56-03 of the Administrative Code disrupts hospice care.

(3) If at the end of the subsequent ninety day period, the individual is recertified as terminally ill, the designated hospice shall ensure the individual is enrolled in a subsequent sixty day benefit period, and shall continue hospice services uninterrupted for increments of sixty additional days as recertifications occur, unless a discharge pursuant to rule 5160-56-03 of the Administrative Code disrupts hospice care.

(E) For the duration of the election of hospice care, the individual must waive medicaid services if the services:

(1) Are provided by a hospice other than the hospice designated by the individual, unless provided under arrangement made by the designated hospice;

(2) Are related to the curative treatment of the terminal condition for which hospice care was elected or a related condition, except for the individual under age twenty-one; or

(3) Are equivalent to hospice care such as non-waiver services provided through home health and private duty nursing services.

(F) The designated hospice shall follow the requirements as prescribed in this rule for an individual previously discharged from hospice, who has subsequently re-elected hospice care in accordance with paragraph (A)(3) of rule 5160-56-03 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 5160-56-02

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-02

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 5/15/90, 5/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 1/1/04, 4/1/05, 3/2/08, 2/1/11, 4/1/15.

5160-56-03 Hospice services: discharge requirements.

This rule sets forth the requirements for discharging an individual from the designated hospice's care and/or the hospice benefit.

(A) Discharge refers to the end the hospice benefit and/or the designated hospice's care:

(1) Discharge from the designated hospice's care shall occur when the individual:

(a) Dies/expires;

(b) No longer meets the hospice enrollment or eligibility criteria;

(c) No longer is terminally ill, e.g., physician discharges or does not recertify the individual;

(d) Moves out of the service area;

(e) Enters a facility where the designated hospice has no access and/or cannot enter to provide care;

(f) Revokes the hospice benefit in accordance with paragraph (B) of this rule;

(g) Transfers to another hospice in accordance with paragraph (D) of this rule; or

(h) Is discharged for cause, such as compromising the safety of self or the safety of the hospice staff.

(2) The hospice provider must notify the Ohio department of medicaid (ODM) through the medicaid information technology system (MITS) or its designee of the individual's discharge from the designated hospice's care so that the designated hospice's services and billings coincide with the date of the individual's discharge and/or so that hospice services may continue with the new hospice when applicable, e.g., following a transfer.

(3) Except for the reason cited in paragraph (A)(1)(a) of this rule, the designated hospice shall complete a written summary statement which clearly states the reason(s) for the individual's discharge from the designated hospice's care. The original statement of discharge shall be retained by the hospice for its records, with a copy provided to the individual. As a reason for discharge, a hospice provider may not automatically or routinely discharge an individual at its "discretion" or request or demand that the individual revoke his or her election.

(4) With the exception of paragraph (A)(1)(g) of this rule, when an individual is discharged from a designated hospice's care, the current election period (as defined in rule 5160-56-01 of the Administrative Code) shall end and the individual shall be discharged from the hospice benefit entirely, making him or her no longer eligible to receive medicaid hospice services.

(B) The designated provider shall respect the right of the individual to revoke the election of the hospice benefit at any time during any given election period.

(1) Upon notice of the individual's intent to revoke, the designated hospice shall:

(a) Obtain a written statement, signed and dated by the individual, which states that the election of hospice care has been revoked by the individual for the remainder of the applicable benefit period. The designated hospice shall not accept a verbal revocation of the hospice benefit;

(b) Discharge the individual from hospice care, such that hospice coverage for the remaining days in that election period is forfeited and medicaid coverage of the benefits waived when hospice care was elected may resume; and

(c) Provide the individual with a copy of the written revocation statement and maintain the original for its record.

(2) An individual shall be permitted to re-elect the medicaid hospice benefit at any time after revocation pursuant to paragraph (C) of this rule, provided the individual meets all hospice eligibility requirements.

(C) If the individual remains eligible for hospice, a designated hospice may enroll an individual at any time after the re-election.

(1) The individual discharged from hospice care during the initial ninety-day period, who re-elects the hospice benefit, shall be enrolled in the second ninety-day benefit period; or

(2) The individual who revoked the hospice benefit or who was discharged from hospice care during the second ninety-day benefit period, or any subsequent sixty-day benefit period, who re-elects the hospice benefit, shall be enrolled in a subsequent sixty-day benefit period.

(D) The following requirements apply when an individual is discharged from the designated hospice's care due to individual's transfer to another hospice:

(1) The individual may change the designation of the hospice from which care is received once during each benefit period. The change of the designated hospice is not considered a revocation of the election from the period in which it is made.

(2) To change the designated hospice, the individual must file, with the hospice from which the individual has received care and the newly designated hospice, a signed statement which includes the following information:

(a) The name of the hospice from which the individual has received care;

(b) The name of the hospice from which the individual plans to receive care; and

(c) The date the change is to be effective.

(3) When an individual transfers from one hospice to another, his or her medicaid hospice benefit shall continue without interruption of care.

(E) The individual who has elected the hospice benefit and decided to revoke, terminate, or transfer his or her hospice benefit must do so on the same effective date for both the third-party covered or medicare hospice benefit and the medicaid hospice benefit. When the dual eligible individual revokes his or her medicare hospice benefit, the provider shall ensure the medicaid hospice benefit is revoked by the individual at the same time.

(F) Any denial or termination of hospice care which is the result of an Ohio department of medicaid (ODM) decision shall be subject to the notice and hearing rights contained in Chapters 5101:6-1 to 5101:6-9 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 5160-56-03

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-03

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 5/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 1/1/04, 3/2/08, 4/1/15.

5160-56-03.3 Hospice services: reporting requirements.

This rule sets forth the requirement for recording the hospice provider span for individuals receiving medicaid hospice care in accordance with Chapter 5160-56 of the Administrative Code, including individuals who may be covered by third-party insurance, such as medicare, for which the hospice seeks reimbursement.

(A) The designated hospice shall report the required enrollment information to the Ohio department of medicaid using the medicaid information technology system (MITS) for the following:

(1) Individuals in fee-for-service (FFS) medicaid hospice under the designated hospice's care on the effective date of this rule; and

(2) Individuals in which the hospice seeks to file an original or adjusted claim to ODM for medicaid hospice services rendered under codes T2042 and T2046, including:

(a) All individuals with FFS claims for routine home care, code T2042, for the dates of service on or after January 1, 2016, whether or not the claim has previously been submitted and paid.

(b) Individuals in the care of hospice prior to the effective date of this rule, if the provider is submitting an original FFS claim for hospice services other than the services specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule.

(c) Individuals in the care of hospice prior to the effective date of this rule, if the provider is submitting an adjusted FFS claim or if ODM must adjust a FFS claim for hospice services other than the services specified in paragraph (A)(2)(a) of this rule.

(B) The designated hospice shall ensure the following information is entered into MITS prior to submitting a claim for reimbursement:

(1) The individual's recipient identification number (also referred to as the medicaid billing number) as shown on the individual's medicaid card;

(2) The date the individual elected hospice;

(3) The begin date and end date of every benefit period recognized under paragraph (D) of rule 5160-56-02 of the Administrative Code. For each benefit period, the designated hospice shall identify the benefit period as either the initial one time ninety-day period, the subsequent one time ninety-day period, or one of the subsequent unlimited sixty-day periods as applicable;

(4) The national provider identifier for the medical doctor who serves on the hospice interdisciplinary group (IDG) for each benefit period;

(5) The national provider identifier for the attending physician or the advanced practice registered nurse for each benefit period;

(6) The oral certification date(s), if applicable;

(7) The written physician certification date(s);

(8) The hospice terminal illness diagnosis code(s);

(a) At least one but not more than three terminal diagnosis codes for the individual;

(b) The effective dates (begin and ending date) that apply to the terminal diagnosis code(s) shall be entered in MITS by the designated hospice;

(9) The county (or counties if more than one) where hospice services were or will be provided during the benefit period;

(10) The national provider identifier of the long term care facility (LTFC) and the corresponding effective date and end date, if the individual resides in a LTCF and provider will be billing for hospice room and board services;

(11) Supporting documentation, as required to be attached to the claim, including:

(a) Copy of the current certification of the terminal illness;

(b) Copy of the individual's election statement;

(12) The date of death, when applicable; and

(13) Any updates or changes to be made to the benefit period as a result of a discharge pursuant to rule 5160-56-03 of the Administrative Code.

(C) The information specified in paragraph (B) of this rule shall be submitted to ODM only through the system in accordance with the requirements of the MITS system.

Replaces: 5160-56- 03.3

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-03.3

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 9/1/07, 4/1/15.

5160-56-04 Hospice services: provider requirements.

This rule sets forth the responsibilities, including the conditions of participation for a hospice engaged in the provision of medicaid hospice services. To be eligible to provide and to request reimbursement for hospice services, a designated hospice must:

(A) Be eligible to participate in the Ohio medicaid program upon execution of a provider agreement in accordance with rule 5160-1-17.2 of the Administrative Code.

(B) Meet the medicare guidelines in accordance with 42 C.F.R. part 418 (October 1, 2017).

(C) Be licensed under Ohio law in accordance with Chapter 3712. of the Revised Code by the Ohio department of health.

(D) Comply with all requirements for medicaid providers in Chapter 5160-1 of the Administrative Code.

(E) Ensure that all hospice employees, volunteers, and contracted staff who provide direct services to hospice individuals are trained, licensed, certified, and/or registered in accordance with applicable federal and state law.

(F) Not discontinue or diminish the hospice care provided to the individual because of the inability of the individual to pay or receipt of medicaid reimbursement for such care pursuant to the medicare requirements outlined in Section 1861 (dd)(2)(D) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1395x(dd)(2)(D) (as in effect January 1, 2017).

(G) Arrange for another individual or entity to furnish services to the individual in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.56 (October 1, 2017) when the designated hospice cannot provide services to the individual. This arrangement must include a signed agreement which shall remain on file at the hospice agency.

(H) Assume responsibility for the professional management of the individual's hospice care. Professional management involves the assessment, planning, monitoring, directing and evaluation of the individual's hospice care across all settings. The designated hospice must provide for and ensure the ongoing sharing of information between all disciplines providing care and services in all settings, whether the care and services are provided directly or under arrangement.

(I) Facilitate concurrent care and services with other medicaid providers for which the individual under age twenty-one is eligible. As a responsibility for the professional management of the individual's hospice care, the designated hospice shall:

(1) Ensure hospice services are maintained and coordinated with concurrent care services;

(2) Document the delineation in which services and the assessment process are coordinated between medicaid hospice and non-hospice providers to avoid the duplication of equivalent or similar scope of services; and

(3) Maintain up-to-date contact information for providers of concurrent care and services.

(J) Have a signed agreement with the nursing facility, the intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF-IID), the general inpatient facility, and/or the inpatient respite care facility in which the individual resides and/or receives services. The terms of the agreement must not violate the medicaid provider agreement as set forth in rule 5160-1-17.2 of the Administrative Code and must not violate the individual's freedom of choice of providers. This agreement must remain on file at the hospice agency and contain, at a minimum, the following:

(1) A stipulation that the designated hospice maintains responsibility for the professional management of the individual's hospice care;

(2) A delineation of the manner in which contracted services are coordinated and supervised by the hospice;

(3) A delineation of the role of the hospice and the facility in the admissions process, patient/family assessments, and the interdisciplinary group conferences; and

(4) A stipulation that the facility must have a valid medicaid provider agreement in accordance with rule 5160-1-17.2 of the Administrative Code and accept the payment from the hospice as payment in full as negotiated.

(K) Ensure all necessary care and services set forth in this chapter are furnished to the individual and that such care and services are specified in the individual's plan of care in accordance with the standards set forth in 42 C.F.R. 418.56 (October 1, 2017) for:

(1) Approaching service delivery;

(2) Care planning;

(3) Contents of the plan of care;

(4) Reviewing and revising the plan; and

(5) Coordinating hospice and non-hospice services.

(L) Designate a registered nurse who is a member of the interdisciplinary group to provide coordination of care and to ensure continuous assessment of each individual's and family's needs and implementation of the plan of care.

(M) Ensure hospice care is coordinated for an individual enrolled in a home and community based waiver program. A collaborative effort must occur between the designated hospice and the waiver case manager or the service and support administrator (SSA) as applicable to maintain a continuum of the overall care provided to the individual.

(1) Case management of hospice services shall be provided by the designated hospice in accordance with this chapter;

(2) Case management of waiver services shall be provided by the waiver case manager; and

(3) The hospice must provide services to a waiver individual in accordance with a comprehensive plan for the concurrent provision of waiver services by waiver and hospice providers. The administrating agency of the waiver or its designee shall assist in the coordination of care by:

(a) Reviewing and approving the comprehensive plan for the concurrent provision of waiver services by waiver and hospice providers;

(b) Resolving any issues resulting from the comprehensive plan for the concurrent provision of waiver services by waiver and hospice providers;

(c) Resolving any issues of interpretation when implementing the requirements in this chapter; and

(d) Applying any exceptions to the requirements of this chapter on a case-by- case basis.

Replaces: 5160-56-04

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-04

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.02
Prior Effective Dates: 5/1/90, 5/15/90, 5/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 2/3/05, 4/1/05, 3/2/08, 2/1/11, 4/1/15.

5160-56-05 Hospice services: covered services.

This rule sets forth medicaid covered services that hospice providers may or must furnish to individuals to the extent specified by the individual's plan of care.

(A) The designated hospice shall ensure the hospice services furnished to an individual in accordance with this rule are reasonable and necessary for the palliation and management of the terminal illness and related conditions.

(B) Unless otherwise specified, covered services shall be furnished to the individual in his or her residence, including the individual's home, a relative's home or any other type of living arrangement, a skilled nursing facility (SNF), a nursing facility (NF), an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF-IID), or a hospice inpatient unit.

(C) The designated hospice shall ensure covered services provided to the individual are furnished by qualified personnel pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 418.114 (October 1, 2017), who are employed by the hospice, under an individual contract, or under arrangement with another provider.

(D) The following services are covered by medicaid when furnished or arranged by the designated hospice based on the individual's needs, appropriate level of care, and plan of care:

(1) Core hospice services:

(a) Nursing care;

(b) Medical social services, provided by a social worker under the direction of a physician or attending provider;

(c) Physicians' services, including attending physician services, and services rendered by advance nurse practitioners acting as attending physicians; and

(d) Counseling services, including but not limited to dietary counseling, bereavement counseling and spiritual counseling.

(2) Non-core hospice services:

(a) Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology provided for symptom control or to enable the individual to maintain activities of daily living and basic functional skills;

(b) Hospice aide, home health aide and homemaker services that enable the individual to carry out the plan of care;

(c) Volunteers;

(d) Medical appliances and supplies, including drugs and biologicals;

(e) Short-term inpatient care provided in hospital, hospice inpatient unit, or a participating SNF or NF on an intermittent, non routine basis for relief of the individual's caregivers, and/or general inpatient care for the purpose of respite, pain control and acute or chronic symptom management that cannot feasibly be provided in other settings; and

(f) Any other item or service provided in relation to the terminal condition, when medically indicated, included in the plan of care and for which payment may otherwise be made under medicaid.

(3) Ambulance transports or an individual that are related to the terminal illness and that occur after the effective date of election, are covered to the extent specified by the individual's plan of care, when deemed the responsibility of the hospice as specified in section 40.1.9 of the "medicare benefit policy manual, chapter nine: coverage of hospice services under hospital insurance" under hospital insurance, www.cms.gov (revised May 08, 2015).

(a) Transports to an individual's home which occur on the effective date of the hospice election, the date of admission, prior to the initial assessment or prior to establishing the plan of care are not covered under the hospice benefit.

(b) If the hospice determines that the individual's need for transportation is for any reason other than receiving care related to the terminal illness, the hospice may make arrangements pursuant to paragraph (G) of this rule for the appropriate level or type of transportation and the service to be covered under the ambulance benefit for medicaid in accordance with Chapter 5160-15 of the Administrative Code.

(E) Coverage for individuals who reside in a NF or ICF-IID:

(1) Pursuant to rule 5160-56-06 of the Administrative Code, the room and board shall be covered for the individual when all of the following applies:

(a) The individual has elected hospice and is receiving hospice care;

(b) The individual resides in a NF, SNF or ICF-IID; and

(c) All other payments for room and board have been exhausted, making medicaid the payer of last resort.

(2) The designated hospice shall pay the facility per diem reimbursed to the designated hospice by the Ohio department of medicaid in accordance with rule 5160-56-06 of the Administrative Code. The following room and board services are covered pursuant to section 20.3 of the "medicare benefit policy manual, chapter nine: coverage of hospice services under hospital insurance" under hospital insurance, www.cms.gov (revised May 08, 2015):

(a) Performing personal care services;

(b) Assisting with ADLs;

(c) Administering medication;

(d) Socializing activities;

(e) Maintaining the cleanliness of the individual's room; and

(f) Supervising and assisting in the use of durable medical equipment and prescribed therapies.

(F) Hospice care for individuals enrolled in a home and community based services (HCBS) waiver program:

(1) Waiver services are provided by approved waiver providers in the amount and scope approved on the individual's plan of care.

(2) The designated hospice has the responsibility to cover hospice services pursuant to paragraph (M) of rule 5160-56-04 of the Administrative Code.

(G) For any medicaid services that are unrelated to the treatment of the terminal condition for which hospice care was elected, non-designated hospices and/or non-hospice providers must:

(1) Follow all applicable medicaid authorization policies and procedures; and

(2) Contact the designated hospice to coordinate the individual's care and to clarify provider payment responsibility.

Replaces: 5160-56-05

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-05

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5162.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 5/15/90, 5/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 1/1/04, 4/1/05, 3/2/08, 4/1/15.

5160-56-06 Hospice services: reimbursement.

This rule sets forth the Ohio department of medicaid (ODM) payment for hospice services and care.

(A) ODM will directly pay the designated hospice to care for an individual enrolled in medicaid hospice. Payment to the designated hospice shall cover the array of services listed in rule 5160-56-05 of the Administrative Code, except for:

(1) Services pursuant to paragraph (E) of this rule which are paid directly to the physician; and

(2) Services furnished by a non-hospice provider pursuant to paragraph (I) of this rule for the concurrent care of an individual under the age of twenty-one.

(B) Reimbursement rates paid by ODM to the designated hospice shall be based on the level of care that is appropriate for the individual for each day while receiving hospice care. Based on the methodology set forth in 42 C.F.R. 418.302 (as in effect January 1, 2016), the medicaid payment for hospice care is made at predetermined rates in accordance with paragraph (C) of this rule for levels of care as defined in rule 5160-56-01 of the Administrative Code.

(1) The medicaid payment for hospice covers the cost of services rendered by the hospice either directly or under contractual arrangement.

(2) For designated hospices that are compliant with the hospice quality reporting program in accordance with 42 C.F.R. 418.312 (as in effect January 1, 2016), ODM will reimburse the full medicaid payment rate for hospice services, up to the maximum payment rate prescribed for the county where services were provided.

(3) For designated hospices that fail to comply with the hospice quality reporting program as federally mandated, ODM will reimburse the payment amount minus a two percentage point reduction, as prescribed by CMS for the corresponding federal fiscal year.

(C) The designated hospice shall bill ODM the appropriate code and unit(s) for the appropriate level of care:

(1) Hospice providers must use code T2042 for one unit per day to bill for routine home care afforded to an individual in his or her home, who is not receiving continuous home care.

(a) Routine home care days shall be paid using a two-tiered system in accordance with 42 C.F.R 418.302 (as in effect January 1, 2016), where the per diem for the first sixty days of hospice care is paid at a higher rate and days sixty-one and thereafter are paid at a lower rate for the duration of the individual's hospice episode of care. A minimum of a sixty day gap in hospice services is required to reset the counter that determines which per diem to apply.

(b) In accordance with 42 C.F.R 418.302 (as in effect January 1, 2016), routine home care may be eligible for an add-on payment for services provided by a registered nurse (RN) authorized to practice under Chapter 4723. of the Revised Code, and/or a social worker licensed to practice under Chapter 4757. of the Revised Code during the last seven days of an individual's life, when the discharge from hospice care is due to death.

The service intensity add-on (SIA) payment shall be billed using code G0299 for the direct care provided in an in-person visit completed by an RN. The SIA payment shall be billed using code G0155 for the direct care provided during an in-person visit completed by a social worker.

The reimbursement rate for the SIA payment shall be equal to the continuous home care hourly rate converted into fifteen minute increments, up to a maximum of four hours (sixteen units) combined total per day for RN and social worker visits. Visits solely for the pronouncement of death shall not be counted for the service intensity add-on payment.

(2) Hospice providers must use code T2043 for one unit per hour, with a minimum of eight hours per day, to bill for continuous home care.

(3) Hospice providers must use code T2044 for one unit per day to bill for inpatient respite care.

(4) Hospice providers must use code T2045 for one unit per day to bill for general inpatient care.

(D) When the individual is a resident of a nursing facility (NF) or an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF-IID), the hospice may be reimbursed for room and board. This additional per diem amount is reimbursable at ninety-five per cent of the rate established for the long-term care facility, as reported to ODM for the individual pursuant to rule 5160-56-06 of the Administrative Code, and only on days where the individual receives routine home care or continuous home care. To receive reimbursement, the hospice:

(1) Must bill for room and bill using code T2046.

(2) Must bill patient liability until consumed to zero dollars.

(3) Must bill only for days that the individual is in the NF or ICF-IID overnight and is medicaid eligible.

(4) Must bill for individuals who are medicare and medicaid eligible, medicare for services provided under the medicare hospice benefit and medicaid for the individual's room and board.

(E) Separate payment may be made to a physician for services involving direct patient care. The physician may be an employee of the hospice, a practitioner under contractual arrangement with the hospice, or an attending practitioner who is not an employee of the hospice but is an eligible medicaid provider. Separate payment cannot be made, however, for the following services:

(1) A physician service furnished on a volunteer basis or on an administrative basis;

(2) A procedure classified as a technical service; or

(3) Laboratory or radiography services performed in connection with the physician service.

(F) After receipt of all third-party resources, including private insurance, and taking into account patient liability for room and board, ODM may be billed for the balance owed to the designated hospice, except for services covered by individuals receiving hospice through managed care. For each day the medicaid eligible individual is enrolled in hospice, the total reimbursement for hospice services cannot exceed the medicaid per diem reimbursement rate.

(G) Medicaid eligible residents of NFs or ICF-IIDs who are enrolled in a medicare or medicaid hospice program are not entitled to medicaid-covered bed-hold days. It is the hospice's responsibility to contract with and pay the NF in accordance with rule 5160-3-16.4 of the Administrative Code. It is the hospice's responsibility to contract with and pay the ICF-IID in accordance with rule 5123:2-7-08 of the Administrative Code.

(H) Pursuant to Section 1861(dd)(2)(A)(iii) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1395x(dd) (2)(A)(iii) (as in effect January 1, 2017) there shall be a limitation on reimbursement for inpatient care during the hospice cap period.

(I) For any services related to the terminal illness, non-hospice providers must bill the designated hospice provider directly unless the services were for concurrent care of the terminal illness for individuals under age twenty-one. Providers billing for concurrent care must comply with, and will only be reimbursed according to, all the requirements for medicaid providers in Chapter 5160-1 of the Administrative Code.

Replaces: 5160-56-06

Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 5160-56-06

Effective: 10/1/2017
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 10/01/2022
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 5164.02
Rule Amplifies: 5162.03
Prior Effective Dates: 5/1/90, 5/15/90, 5/16/90, 12/1/91, 4/1/94, 9/26/02, 1/1/04, 4/1/05, 3/2/08, 2/1/11, 4/1/15.