Chapter 5537-2 Operation of Vehicles
No person shall fail to comply with any lawful order, signal or direction of any police officer.
No person shall fail to comply with any traffic-control sign. signal, marking or device, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
(A) No person shall operate a motor vehicle upon the turnpike at a speed which is greater than the posted speed limit or greater than is reasonable or proper, having due regard for the weather, traffic, surface, and any other conditions, and no person shall operate any motor vehicle upon the turnpike at a greater speed than will permit the operator to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead. In no event shall any motor vehicle be driven in excess of the speed limits prescribed by state law or in excess of posted speed limits.
(B) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on the turnpike at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when such reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or when ordered to do so by a police officer.
(C) The commission, in cooperation with police, has the authority to: (1) temporarily reduce speed limits on any part of the turnpike where hazardous conditions warrant the reduction in speed or where the reduction is necessary for construction or maintenance operations; and (2) temporarily stop traffic or reroute traffic off of the turnpike where warranted by hazardous conditions, construction or maintenance operations, vehicle accidents or other obstructions.
(A) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on the turnpike unless such person is duly licensed to operate such vehicle in accordance with law.
(B) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on the turnpike unless such vehicle is registered in accordance with law.
(C) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on the turnpike carelessly or recklessly, without being in reasonable control of the vehicle, or in a manner so as to endanger any person or property, or while the operator is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any, narcotic or habit-forming drug.
(D) No vehicle shall be operated on the turnpike in violation of any noise standards promulgated by the United States or the state of Ohio and applicable to that class of vehicle.
All traffic lanes, deceleration lanes, acceleration lanes, entrance and exit ramps, shoulders, and other travelways on the turnpike are hereby designated as one-way lanes. No person shall operate any vehicle, or otherwise cause it to move, on any of such lanes and travelways in any direction other than forward and generally parallel to, and to the right of, the medial strip.
Upon entering a traffic lane from a service plaza, interchange, shoulder, or entrance ramp, the operator of a motor vehicle shall use the acceleration lane or and the operator shall enter the outer lane with caution so as not to interfere with or endanger traffic. The operator of a vehicle entering a traffic lane shall yield the right of way to vehicles already on the traffic lanes.
The operator of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicle, the traffic upon and the condition of the surface of the turnpike, visibility, and all other conditions.
No operator of a motor vehicle shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of the vehicle without first giving a clearly visible and conventional warning signal to the traffic immediately to the rear.
The operator of a motor vehicle shall drive in the outer and center traffic lanes in the designated direction for traffic, except when lawfully crossing from one lane to another. The operator of a motor vehicle shall use the inner traffic lanes for passing only. Where three traffic lanes are provided for the same direction of travel, heavy commercial vehicles and vehicles operated at a rate of speed below the maximum in effect shall drive in the outer lane and shall use the center lane for passing only.
The operator of a motor vehicle overtaking another vehicle shall signal to the vehicle to be overtaken and shall also signal to any vehicles to the rear in sufficient time in advance of the movement indicated to give ample warning to other users of the turnpike who would or might be affected by such movement. Upon ascertaining that such movement can be made with safety, the operator may gradually pass the overtaken vehicle at a safe distance to the left thereof, whereupon the operator shall return to the outer or center traffic lane, but not until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
No operator of a motor vehicle shall drive their vehicle across or upon the medial strip, including crossovers constructed thereon, except as provided in rule 5537-2-14 of the Administrative Code or unless permission to do so, in writing (which may be subject to all reasonable conditions contained in said writing), shall have been granted by the commission, or its representative thereunto specifically authorized, for purposes incidental to or necessary in connection with the safety, maintenance, or operation of the turnpike, or any construction in connection with the turnpike. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the operator of an emergency vehicle may cross the medial strip at designated crossovers, provided in so doing the operator shall use caution so as not to interfere with or endanger traffic.
No person operating a motor vehicle shall make a U-turn at any point on the turnpike unless directed to do so by a police officer or unless permission to do so, in writing (which may be subject to all reasonable conditions contained in said writing), shall have been granted by the Commission, or its representative thereunto specifically authorized, for purposes incidental to or necessary in connection with the safety, maintenance, or operation of the turnpike, or any construction in connection with the turnpike.
No operator of a motor vehicle, while on a deceleration lane, an acceleration lane, or interchange ramp, shall overtake and pass another vehicle which is in motion thereon, or attempt to do so.
(A) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on the shoulders except in the case of an emergency or when so directed by a police officer.
No person shall stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the traffic lanes, acceleration lanes, deceleration lanes, bridges, entrance or exit ramps, shoulders, medial strip, or at any place where a "No Parking" sign is posted; provided that in case of an emergency, a motor vehicle may be stopped and parked on the shoulder adjacent to the outer traffic lane in the designated direction of traffic, but only if all wheels and projecting parts of the vehicle and its load are completely clear of the traffic lanes and all required warning devices are displayed in accordance with applicable law; and provided further that the Commission or its representative thereunto specifically authorized may grant permission, in writing, for such stopping and parking on the shoulder, subject to the restrictions contained in the preceding provision with respect to the place of stopping or parking and to any other reasonable conditions contained in said written permission, for purposes incidental to or necessary in connection with the administration of justice or the safety, maintenance, or operation of the turnpike, or any construction in connection with the turnpike. A person may not park or leave a vehicle standing on the turnpike for the purpose of demonstrating, striking or other similar purpose.
Any vehicle which is illegally parked or abandoned on any portion of the turnpike, without first obtaining permission from a police officer, shall be towed off the turnpike and impounded at the owner's expense. An impounded vehicle may not be removed from the place where it is impounded until after payment for towing, storage, and other costs and charges has been made.
The operator of a motor vehicle who is issued a toll ticket upon entering and paying for their toll upon exit shall make a complete stop at toll plazas when entering or leaving the turnpike. The operator of a motor vehicle who possesses a valid electronic tolling transponder properly mounted in or on the vehicle shall proceed through the toll plaza with caution at the posted speed limit.
Each vehicle upon the turnpike during the time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and at any other time where there is not sufficient natural light to render discernible vehicles and substantial objects on the turnpike at a distance of 1,000 feet ahead shall display such lighted lights and illuminating devices as are prescribed by the Revised Code of Ohio, applicable federal regulations and of the public utilities commission of Ohio for such class of vehicle.
All operators of vehicles approaching traffic-control signals exhibiting colored lights shall comply with the signals of the lights indicating the following:
(A) Green light-indicates that the traffic lane over which the light is displayed is open to traffic.
(B) Red light-indicates that the traffic lane over which the light is displayed is closed to traffic.
(C) Flashing light-indicates that all traffic shall reduce speed and proceed with caution and in compliance with all supplemental and related traffic signs.
In addition to the requirements of the Ohio Financial Responsibility Law and of any other applicable law, in case of an accident to or collision with persons or property upon the turnpike, due to the operation thereon of any motor vehicle, the person operating such motor vehicle, having knowledge of such accident or collision, shall stop and, upon request of the person injured or any other person, shall give such person his/her name, address (and, if the operator is not the owner, the name and address of the owner of such motor vehicle), driver's license number, the registered number of such motor vehicle, together with proof of financial responsibility, and shall also report such accident to a police officer or to commission personnel at the nearest toll plaza in the direction in which the operator is traveling.
To the extent that the proper discharge of official duties or the meeting of an emergency so requires, the provisions of rules 5537-2-2, 5537-2-3, 5537-2-7, 5537-2-9 to 5537-2-13, and rules 5537-2-15, 5537-2-17 and rule 5537-2-19hereofshallnotapply to any public police officer (other than those authorized to regulate and control traffic on the turnpike) who, while in the performance of his/her official duties, is in hot pursuit of any suspected offender under any criminal statute of the state of Ohio; to any public police officer authorized to control and regulate traffic on the turnpike while in the performance of his/her official duties; or to any emergency vehicle while under the escort of a public police officer authorized to control and regulate traffic on the turnpike and acting in compliance with the direction of said escort. The foregoing shall apply only when such public police officer or operator of a motor vehicle is sounding an audible signal by bell, siren, or exhaust whistle, and is showing a signal, by means of flashing lights, that is clearly visible within a distance of five hundred feet to the front and to the rear of his/her vehicle. Nothing herein contained shall relieve any public police officer operating a motor vehicle on the turnpike or the operator of any emergency vehicle thereon from the duty to drive with the highest degree of care for the safety of others which is compatible, under all attending circumstances, with the proper discharge of his/her duties.