Evaporated milk is the liquid food obtained by the partial removal of water only from milk. It contains not less than 6.5 per cent by weight of milkfat, not less than 16.5 per cent by weight of milk solids not fat, and not less than 23 per cent by weight of total milk solids. Evaporated milk contains added vitamin D as prescribed in paragraph (B) of this rule. It is homogenized. It is sealed in a container and so processed by heat, either before or after sealing, as to prevent spoilage.
(B) Vitamin addition:
(1) Vitamin D shall be present in such quantity that each fluid ounce of the food contains 25 international units thereof within limits of good manufacturing practice.
(2) Addition of vitamin A is optional. If added, vitamin A shall be present in such quantity that each fluid ounce of the food contains not less than one hundred twenty-five international units thereof within limits of good manufacturing practice.
(C) Optional ingredients:
The following safe and suitable ingredients may be used:
(1) Carriers for vitamins A and D;
(3) Stabilizers, with or without dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (when permitted by, and complying with the provisions of 21 CFR172.810(2013)) as a solubilizing agent;
(4) Characterizing flavoring ingredients, with or without coloring and nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners, as follows:
(a) Fruit and fruit juice, including concentrated fruit and fruit juice; or,
(b) Natural and artificial food flavoring.
(D) Methods of analysis:
The following referenced methods are from "Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Official Analytical Chemists ," 17th chapter which can be found at http://www.aoac.org/:
(1) Milkfat content- appropriate tests methods as specified in chapter 33;
(2) Total milk solids- appropriate tests methods as specified in chapter 33; and,
(3) Vitamin D content - appropriate tests methods as specified in chapter 45.
The name of the food is "Evaporated milk." The phrase "vitamin D" or "vitamin D added," or "vitamin A and D" or "vitamin A and D added," as is appropriate, shall immediately precede or follow the name of the food wherever it appears on the principal display panel or panels of the label in letters not less than one-half the height of the letters used in such name. The name of the food shall include a declaration of a the presence of any characterizing flavoring, as specified in Title 21 CFR 101.22(April 2000).
(F) Label declaration:
Each of the ingredients used in the food, shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of Title 21 CFR 101(2011) and 21 CFR 130 (2011).
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates: 11/24/2015 and 02/21/2021
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 917.02
Rule Amplifies: 917.02; 917.05 ; 3715.02
Prior Effective Dates: 12/16/1976, 07/22/2005