Chapter 901:12-5 Veal
As used in Chapter 901:12-5 of the Administrative Code, unless otherwise specified,
"Veal" is a young bovine animal sold for slaughter at or under seven hundred fifty pounds, and raised for the purpose of veal meat production including:
(A) "Special fed veal" is fed a milk-based liquid diet throughout the feeding period;
(B) "Grain fed veal" is raised on a feed program beginning with a milk-based liquid diet and may include hay, pasture or other processed feeds; and,
(C) "Bob veal" is fed a milk-based liquid diet and generally marketed at less than three weeks old and weighing less than one hundred fifty pounds.
Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 901:12-5-01
(A) Veal calves must receive feed and water of sufficient quantity and quality on a daily basis so as to help ensure growth and maintenance of normal body condition.
(B) Drinking water and water for feed mixtures must be drinkable, fresh and free from harmful contamination.
(C) If not provided ad libitum access, special fed and bob veal calves must be fed two or more times per day following a regular routine.
(D) The responsible party must provide assistance for any veal calf unable to feed or drink on its own accord.
(E) The responsible party on all farms that house special fed and bob veal calves must have access to hot water for the purpose of sanitation and mixing milk-based liquid diet or milk replacer.
(F) The responsible party must provide clean feed storage areas and have adequate storage space for different classes of feed.
(G) All liquid mixing equipment must be inspected daily and properly cleaned and maintained.
Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 901:12-5-02
(A) Housing must provide a clean and safe environment that promotes the health, welfare and performance of veal calves at all stages of their lives.
(B) Lighting must be adequate to observe all calves during inspection; and if natural light is not available, artificial light must be provided for eight hours in every twenty-four hour period of sufficient intensity that calves can observe each other.
(C) Individual pens for veal calves may be used under the following conditions:
(1) Must allow for quality air circulation, permit opportunity for socialization between veal calves, with consideration given to ensuring the calf's health is maintained, allow the calves to stand without impediment, provide for normal resting postures, groom, eat, lie down and rest;
(2) Veal calves will be permitted to be tethered or non-tethered in stalls of a minimum twenty-four inches wide and sixty-six inches long until December 31, 2017;
(3) After December 31, 2017, tethering may only be used in accordance with paragraph (E) of this rule; and an individual pen must permit a calf's movement as described in paragraph (C)(1) of this rule and in addition the calf must be able to turn around; and;
(4) After December 31, 2017, veal calves must be housed in group pens by ten weeks of age.
(D) Group pens for veal calves may be used under the following conditions:
(1) Must allow for quality air circulation, permit opportunity for socialization between veal calves, with consideration given to ensuring the calfs health is maintained, allow the calves to stand without impediment, provide for normal resting postures, groom, eat, turn around, lie down and rest;
(2) A minimum of two veal calves in an area of a minimum of fourteen square feet per veal calf;
(3) Calves of substantially different sizes must be separated from one another; and,
(4) Veal calves must be monitored on a daily basis for naval and cross sucking and be provided with intervention, such as movement to individual pens.
(E) Tethering of veal calves may be used under the following conditions:
(1) To prevent naval and cross sucking and restraint for examinations, treatments and transit;
(2) Tether must be long enough to allow the veal calf to stand, groom, eat, lie down comfortably and rest in a natural posture;
(3) The tether's length and collar size must be checked every other week and adjusted as necessary; and,
Cite as Ohio Admin. Code 901:12-5-03