1705.29 Managers - powers and duties.

(A) If the operating agreement of a limited liability company provides for managers, then the business of the company shall be exercised by or under the direction of its managers, except to the extent applicable law or the operating agreement provides otherwise.

(B) If a manager's duties are not governed by division (B) of section 1705.282 of the Revised Code, then the only fiduciary duties a manager owes to the limited liability company are the duties to act in good faith, in a manner the manager reasonably believes to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the company, and with the care that an ordinarily prudent person in a similar position would use under similar circumstances.

(C) For purposes of division (B) of this section:

(1) A manager of a limited liability company shall not be found to have violated division (B) of this section unless it is proved, by clear and convincing evidence, in any action brought against the manager, including, but not limited to, an action involving or affecting a termination or potential termination of service to the company as a manager or service in any other position or relationship with the company, that the manager has not acted in good faith, in a manner the manager reasonably believes to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the company, or with the care that an ordinarily prudent person in a similar position would use under similar circumstances.

(2) A manager shall not be considered to be acting in good faith if the manager has knowledge concerning a particular matter that would cause reliance on information, opinions, reports, or statements that are prepared or presented by the persons described in section 1705.30 of the Revised Code to be unwarranted.

(3) Nothing in division (C) of this section limits relief available under section 1705.31 of the Revised Code.

(D) A manager of a limited liability company is liable in damages for any action that the manager takes or fails to take as a manager only if it is proved, by clear and convincing evidence, in a court with jurisdiction that the manager's action or failure to act involved an act or omission undertaken with deliberate intent to cause injury to the company or undertaken with reckless disregard for the best interests of the company. Nothing contained in this division limits the relief available under section 1705.31 of the Revised Code. This division does not apply if and only to the extent that, at the time of the act or omission of a manager that is the subject of complaint, the articles of organization or the operating agreement of the company state by specific reference to this division that its provisions do not apply to the company.

Cite as R.C. § 1705.29

History. Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.72, HB 48, §1, eff. 5/4/2012.

Effective Date: 07-01-1994

Note:

Committee Comment (2012)*

The modifications to Division (B) clarify that the only fiduciary duties of a manager who is not subject to § 1705.282(B) are the duties set forth in Division (B) of this section. The other modification is to be clear that the standard of § 1705.29(B) only applies when the manager is not subject to the standard of § 1705.282(B) . This change makes this section part of a set of provisions that define, by statute, all the fiduciary duties owed by members and managers. See§§ 1705.281 , 1705.282 . If done in writing, the duties of this section may be modified within the limits set out in § 1705.081(B) .

*Comments on 129th General Assembly, HB 48, from the Ohio State Bar Association Corporation Law Committee