Chapter 2103: DOWER

2103.01 Property construed.

As used in sections 2103.01 to 2103.09 of the Revised Code, unless the context shows that another sense is intended, "property" includes real property and money, choses in action, evidences of debt, and other personal property.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.01

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.52, SB 124, §1, eff. 1/13/2012.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.02 Dower.

A spouse who has not relinquished or been barred from it shall be endowed of an estate for life in one third of the real property of which the consort was seized as an estate of inheritance at any time during the marriage. Such dower interest shall terminate upon the death of the consort except:

(A) To the extent that any such real property was conveyed by the deceased consort during the marriage, the surviving spouse not having relinquished or been barred from dower therein;

(B) To the extent that any such real property during the marriage was encumbered by the deceased consort by mortgage, judgment, lien, except tax lien, or otherwise or aliened by involuntary sale, the surviving spouse not having relinquished or been barred from dower therein. If such real property was encumbered or aliened prior to decease, the dower interest of the surviving spouse therein shall be computed on the basis of the amount of the encumbrance at the time of the death of such consort or at the time of such alienation, but not upon an amount exceeding the sale price of such property.

In lieu of such dower interest which terminates pursuant to this section, a surviving spouse shall be entitled to the distributive share provided by section 2105.06 of the Revised Code.

Dower interest shall terminate upon the granting of an absolute divorce in favor of or against such spouse by a court of competent jurisdiction within or without this state.

Wherever dower is referred to in Chapters 2101. to 2131., inclusive, of the Revised Code, it means the dower to which a spouse is entitled by this section.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.02

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.021 When affidavit required to preserve dower.

Whenever "trustee," "as trustee," or "agent" follows the name of the grantee in any deed of conveyance of land recorded in this state and no other instrument containing a description of such land has been recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which such land is situated which puts upon inquiry any person dealing with such land that a spouse of such grantee would have a dower interest in such land, a conveyance of such land by such grantee to a bona fide purchaser conveys a title free from the claims of any spouse of such grantee in such land, for dower, inchoate, or otherwise, unless such spouse, prior to the recording of such conveyance by such grantee to said purchaser, has recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the land is situated an affidavit describing such land and setting forth the nature of such spouse's interest in such land.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.021

Effective Date: 10-17-1961

2103.03 Conveyance in lieu of dower.

If accepted by the grantee, the conveyance of an estate or interest in real property in lieu of dower, to take effect on the death of the grantor, will bar such grantee's right of dower in the real property of the grantor. If the conveyance was made when the grantee was a minor or during the marriage, the grantee may waive title to such real property and demand dower.

When a conveyance which is intended to be in lieu of dower fails through any defect to be a bar thereto, and the widow or widower availing of such defect demands dower, the estate or interest conveyed to such widow or widower shall cease.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.03

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.04 Eviction from premises conveyed in lieu of dower.

A widow or widower lawfully evicted from real property conveyed in lieu of dower, or any part thereof, shall be endowed with as much of the residue of the real property of the deceased consort as will equal that from which such widow or widower is evicted.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.04

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.041 Judicial sale of dower interest without consent of spouse.

In any action involving the judicial sale of real property for the purpose of satisfying the claims of creditors of an owner of an interest in the property, the spouse of the owner may be made a party to the action, and the dower interest of the spouse, whether inchoate or otherwise, may be subjected to the sale without the consent of the spouse. The court shall determine the present value and priority of the dower interest in accordance with section 2131.01 of the Revised Code and shall award the spouse a sum of money equal to the present value of the dower interest, to be paid out of the proceeds of the sale according to the priority of the interest. To the extent that the owner and the owner's spouse are both liable for the indebtedness, the dower interest of the spouse is subordinate to the claims of their common creditors.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.041

Effective Date: 10-29-1999

2103.05 Adultery a bar to dower.

A husband or wife who leaves the other and dwells in adultery will be barred from dower in the real property of the other, unless the offense is condoned by the injured consort.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.05

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.06 Lands given up by fraud.

If a husband or wife gives up real property by collusion or fraud, or loses it by default, the widow or widower may recover dower therein.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.06

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.07 Dower is forfeited by waste.

A tenant in dower in real property who commits or suffers waste thereto will forfeit that part of the property to which such waste is committed or suffered to the person having the immediate estate in reversion or remainder and will be liable in damages to such person for the waste committed or suffered thereto.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.07

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.08 Assignment of dower.

Sections 5305.01 to 5305.22 , inclusive, of the Revised Code apply to the assignment of the dower of a husband.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.08

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

2103.09 Estate by curtesy abolished.

The estate by the curtesy is abolished; but sections 2103.01 to 2103.09, inclusive, of the Revised Code shall not affect vested rights nor any section of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 2103.09

Effective Date: 10-01-1953