2133.22 Immunities.

(A)

(1) None of the following are subject to criminal prosecution, to liability in damages in a tort or other civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or to professional disciplinary action arising out of or relating to the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from a person after DNR identification is discovered in the person's possession and reasonable efforts have been made to determine that the person in possession of the DNR identification is the person named on the DNR identification:

(a) A physician who causes the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person possessing the DNR identification;

(b) A person who participates under the direction of or with the authorization of a physician in the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person possessing the DNR identification;

(c) Any emergency medical services personnel who cause or participate in the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person possessing the DNR identification.

(2) None of the following are subject to criminal prosecution, to liability in damages in a tort or other civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or to professional disciplinary action arising out of or relating to the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from a person in a health care facility after DNR identification is discovered in the person's possession and reasonable efforts have been made to determine that the person in possession of the DNR identification is the person named on the DNR identification or a do-not-resuscitate order is issued for the person:

(a) The health care facility or the administrator of the health care facility;

(b) A physician who causes the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person possessing the DNR identification or for whom the do-not-resuscitate order has been issued;

(c) Any person who works for the health care facility as an employee, contractor, or volunteer and who participates under the direction of or with the authorization of a physician in the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person possessing the DNR identification;

(d) Any person who works for the health care facility as an employee, contractor, or volunteer and who participates under the direction of or with the authorization of a physician in the withholding or withdrawal of CPR from the person for whom the do-not-resuscitate order has been issued.

(3) If, after DNR identification is discovered in the possession of a person, the person makes an oral or written request to receive CPR, any person who provides CPR pursuant to the request, any health care facility in which CPR is provided, and the administrator of any health care facility in which CPR is provided are not subject to criminal prosecution as a result of the provision of the CPR, are not liable in damages in a tort or other civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property that arises out of or is related to the provision of the CPR, and are not subject to professional disciplinary action as a result of the provision of the CPR.

(B) Divisions (A)(1), (A)(2), and (C) of this section do not apply when CPR is withheld or withdrawn from a person who possesses DNR identification or for whom a do-not-resuscitate order has been issued unless the withholding or withdrawal is in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol.

(C) Any emergency medical services personnel who comply with a do-not-resuscitate order issued by a physician and any individuals who work for a health care facility as employees, contractors, or volunteers and who comply with a do-not-resuscitate order issued by a physician are not subject to liability in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property that arises out of or is related to compliance with the order, are not subject to criminal prosecution as a result of compliance with the order, and are not subject to professional disciplinary action as a result of compliance with the order.

In an emergency situation, emergency medical services personnel and emergency department personnel are not required to search a person to determine if the person possesses DNR identification. If a person possesses DNR identification, if emergency medical services personnel or emergency department personnel provide CPR to the person in an emergency situation, and if, at that time, the personnel do not know and do not have reasonable cause to believe that the person possesses DNR identification, the emergency medical services personnel and emergency department personnel are not subject to criminal prosecution as a result of the provision of the CPR, are not liable in damages in a tort or other civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property that arises out of or is related to the provision of the CPR, and are not subject to professional disciplinary action as a result of the provision of the CPR.

(D) Nothing in sections 2133.21 to 2133.26 of the Revised Code or the do-not-resuscitate protocol grants immunity to a physician for issuing a do-not-resuscitate order that is contrary to reasonable medical standards or that the physician knows or has reason to know is contrary to the wishes of the patient or of a person who is lawfully authorized to make informed medical decisions on the patient's behalf.

Cite as R.C. § 2133.22

History. Effective Date: 07-09-1998