Chapter 2712: INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION

2712.01 International commercial arbitration definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(A) "Arbitral award" means any decisions of the arbitral tribunal on the substance of the dispute submitted to it and includes an interim, interlocutory, or partial arbitral award.

(B) "Arbitral tribunal" means a sole arbitrator or a panel of arbitrators.

(C) "Arbitration" means any arbitration, whether or not administered by a permanent arbitral institution.

(D) "Arbitration agreement" means an agreement by the parties to submit to arbitration all or certain disputes that have arisen or that may arise between them in respect of a defined legal, contractual or other relationship.

(E) "Conciliation" means any conciliation, whether or not administered by a permanent conciliation institution.

(F) "Court" means a body or an organ of the judicial system of a state.

(G) "Court of common pleas" means the court of common pleas of the county of this state described in or selected pursuant to section 2712.11 of the Revised Code.

(H) "Foreign nation" means any nation other than the United States and includes any province, territory, or other political subdivision of that nation.

(I) "Party" means a party to an arbitration or conciliation agreement.

(J) Except as provided in division (L) of this section, "state" means the United States and any foreign nation.

(K) "Supreme court" means the supreme court of this state.

(L) "This state" has the same meaning as in section 1.59 of the Revised Code.

(M) "United States" includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession of the United States and any area subject to the legislative authority of the United States.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.01

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.02 Applicability of chapter.

(A) This chapter applies to international commercial arbitration and conciliation, subject to any agreement that is in force between the United States or any other state or states.

(B) This chapter, except sections 2712.13 to 2712.16 and sections 2712.75 to 2712.79 of the Revised Code, applies only if the place of arbitration or conciliation is in this state.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.02

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.03 Determining when arbitration or conciliation agreement is international.

(A) An arbitration or conciliation agreement is international if any of the following applies:

(1) The parties to an arbitration or conciliation agreement have, at the time of the conclusion of that agreement, their places of business in different states.

(2) One of the following places is situated outside the state in which the parties have their place of business:

(a) The place of arbitration or conciliation as determined in, or pursuant to, the arbitration or conciliation agreement;

(b) Any place where a substantial part of the obligations of the commercial relationship is to be performed;

(c) The place with which the subject matter of the dispute is involved most closely.

(3) The parties expressly have agreed that the subject matter of the arbitration or conciliation agreement relates to commercial interests in more than one state.

(4) The subject matter of the arbitration or conciliation agreement otherwise is related to commercial interests in more than one state.

(B) For purposes of this section, the states, districts, commonwealths, territories, and insular possessions of the United States and the areas subject to the legislative authority of the United States shall be considered one state.

(C) For purposes of this section, if a party has more than one place of business, the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the arbitration or conciliation agreement, and, if a party does not have a place of business, "place of business" shall be construed to mean his habitual residence.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.03

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.04 Determining when arbitration or conciliation agreement is commercial.

An arbitration or conciliation agreement is commercial if it arises out of a relationship of a commercial nature, including any of the following:

(A) A transaction for the supply or exchange of goods or services;

(B) A distribution agreement;

(C) A commercial representation or agency;

(D) An exploitation agreement or concession;

(E) A joint venture or other related form of industrial or business cooperation;

(F) The carriage of goods or passengers by air, sea, rail, or road;

(G) Construction;

(H) Insurance;

(I) Licensing;

(J) Factoring;

(K) Leasing;

(L) Consulting;

(M) Engineering;

(N) Financing;

(O) Banking;

(P) The transfer of data or technology;

(Q) Intellectual or industrial property, including trademarks, patents, copyrights, and software programs;

(R) Professional services.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.04

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.05 General arbitration statutes superseded.

This chapter supersedes Chapter 2711. of the Revised Code with respect only to international commercial arbitration and conciliation. This chapter does not affect any other provisions of the Revised Code by virtue of which certain disputes may not be submitted to arbitration or conciliation or may be submitted to arbitration or conciliation only in accordance with provisions other than those of this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.05

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.06 Freedom to determine issues.

If a provision of this chapter, except sections 2712.53 to 2712.55 of the Revised Code, leaves the parties free to determine a certain issue, that freedom includes the right of the parties to authorize a third party, including an institution, to make that determination.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.06

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.07 Inclusion of arbitration or conciliation rules in agreement.

If a provision of this chapter refers to the fact that the parties have agreed or that they may agree, or in any other way refers to an agreement of the parties, the agreement shall be deemed to include any arbitration or conciliation rules referred to in that agreement.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.07

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.08 Counterclaims or defenses to counterclaims.

If this chapter, other than division (C) of section 2712.44 and division (A) of section 2712.66 of the Revised Code, refers to a claim or defense, it also applies to a counterclaim or a defense to that counterclaim.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.08

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.09 Written communication deemed to have been received.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed to by the parties, any written communication is deemed to have been received if it is delivered to the addressee personally or if it is delivered at his place of business, habitual residence, or mailing address, and the communication is deemed to have been received on the day it is so delivered.

(B) If none of the places referred to in division (A) of this section can be found after making reasonable inquiry, a written communication is deemed to have been received if it is sent to the addressee's last-known place of business, habitual residence, or mailing address by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by any other means that provides a record of the attempt to deliver it.

(C) This section does not apply to written communications in court proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.09

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.10 Waiving right to object to noncompliance.

(A) A party who knows that any provision of this chapter, or any requirement under the arbitration agreement, has not been complied with and who proceeds with the arbitration without stating his objection to the noncompliance without undue delay or, if a time limit is provided for stating that objection, within that period of time, shall be deemed to have waived his right to object.

(B) As used in this section, "any provision of this chapter" means any provision of this chapter in respect of which the parties otherwise may agree.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.10

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.11 Intervention by court.

(A) In matters governed by this chapter, no court shall intervene except as provided in this chapter or in applicable federal law.

(B) The functions of a court referred to in this chapter shall be performed by the court of common pleas of the county in which the arbitration is located, except that the functions referred to in section 2712.13 of the Revised Code shall be performed by the appropriate court of common pleas selected pursuant to the Rules of Civil Procedure.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.11

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.12 Arbitration agreement form.

An arbitration agreement may be in the form of an arbitration clause in a contract or in the form of a separate agreement. An arbitration agreement shall be in writing. An agreement is in writing if it is contained in a document signed by the parties or in an exchange of letters, telex, telegrams, or other means of telecommunications that provide a record of the agreement, or in an exchange of statements of claims and defenses in which the existence of an agreement is alleged by one party and not denied by another. The reference in a contract to a document containing an arbitration clause constitutes an arbitration agreement provided that the contract is in writing and the reference is such as to make that clause part of the contract.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.12

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.13 Application for stay of proceedings and to compel arbitration.

(A) When a party to an international commercial arbitration agreement commences judicial proceedings seeking relief with respect to a matter covered by the agreement to arbitrate, any other party to the agreement may apply to the court of common pleas for an order to stay the proceedings and to compel arbitration.

(B) A timely request for a stay of judicial proceedings made under this section shall be granted.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.13

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.14 Interim measure of protection.

(A) It is not incompatible with an arbitration agreement for a party to request a court of common pleas, before or during arbitral proceedings, to issue an interim measure of protection, or for the court to grant such a measure.

(B) Any party to an arbitration governed by this chapter may request the court of common pleas to enforce an award of an arbitral tribunal rendered pursuant to section 2712.36 of the Revised Code, which award orders a party to take any interim measure of protection. Enforcement shall be granted pursuant to the law applicable to the granting of the type of interim measure of protection requested.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.14

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.15 Granting measures of protection.

In connection with a pending arbitration, the court may grant measures of protection, including the following:

(A) An order of attachment issued to assure that the award to which the applicant may be entitled is not rendered ineffectual by the dissipation of party assets;

(B) A preliminary injunction granted to protect trade secrets or to conserve goods that are the subject matter of the arbitral dispute.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.15

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.16 Considerations in granting measures of protection.

In considering a request for interim measures of protection, both of the following apply:

(A) The court shall give preclusive effect to any findings of fact of the arbitral tribunal, including the probable validity of the claim that is the subject of the award for interim measures, provided the interim award is consistent with public policy and provided division (B) of this section does not apply.

(B) If the arbitral tribunal has not ruled on an objection to its jurisdiction, the court first shall make an independent finding as to the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal. If the court rules that the arbitral tribunal did have jurisdiction, it shall proceed in accordance with division (A) of this section. If the court rules that the arbitral tribunal did not have jurisdiction, the court shall deny the application for interim measures. A ruling by the court that the arbitral tribunal lacks jurisdiction is not binding on the arbitral tribunal or subsequent judicial proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.16

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.17 Composition of arbitration tribunal.

The arbitral tribunal shall consist of one arbitrator, unless the parties agree to another number of arbitrators. A person of any nationality may be an arbitrator, unless the parties agree otherwise.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.17

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.18 Procedure for appointing arbitral tribunal.

(A) The parties may agree on a procedure for appointing the arbitral tribunal.

(B) If the parties fail to agree on an appointment procedure, the arbitral tribunal shall be appointed as follows:

(1) In an arbitration with a single arbitrator, the appointment shall be made by the court of common pleas upon the request of a party.

(2) In an arbitration with more than one arbitrator and two parties, each party shall appoint one arbitrator, and the two appointed arbitrators jointly shall appoint the remaining arbitrators. However, if either party fails to appoint an arbitrator within thirty days after receipt of a request to do so by the other party, or if the two appointed arbitrators fail to agree on the appointment of the remaining arbitrators within thirty days after their appointments, the appointments shall be made by the court of common pleas upon the request of a party.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.18

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.19 Measures to secure the appointment of an arbitrator.

Upon the request of a party, the court of common pleas may take the necessary measures to secure the appointment of an arbitrator, unless the agreement on the appointment procedure provides other means for securing the appointment, where, under an appointment procedure agreed upon by the parties, any of the following occurs:

(A) A party fails to act as required under that procedure.

(B) The parties, or two appointed arbitrators, fail to reach an agreement expected of them under that procedure.

(C) A third party, including an institution, fails to perform any function entrusted to it under that procedure.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.19

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.20 Appointing arbitrators.

In appointing an arbitrator, the court of common pleas shall consider all of the following:

(A) Any qualifications required of the arbitrator by the agreement of the parties;

(B) Other considerations that are likely to secure the appointment of an independent and impartial arbitrator;

(C) In the case of a sole or third arbitrator, the advisability of appointing an arbitrator of a nationality other than those of the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.20

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.21 Finality of decision appointing arbitrators.

A decision by the court of common pleas regarding the appointment of an arbitrator pursuant to sections 2712.18 and 2712.19 of the Revised Code is final and not subject to appeal.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.21

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.22 Potential arbitrators and conciliators to disclose questionable impartiality.

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, all persons whose names are submitted for consideration for appointment or designation as arbitrators or conciliators, or who are appointed or designated as arbitrators or conciliators, within fifteen days of the submission, designation, or appointment, shall disclose to the parties any information that might cause their impartiality to be questioned, including any of the following circumstances:

(A) The person has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party, or personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceedings.

(B) The person served as an attorney in the matter in controversy, the person is or was associated with another who has participated in the matter during such association, or the person has been a material witness concerning it.

(C) The person served as an arbitrator or conciliator in another proceeding involving one or more of the parties to the proceedings.

(D) The person, individually or as a fiduciary, or the person's spouse or minor child residing in his household, has a financial interest in the subject matter in controversy or in a party to the proceedings, or any other interest that could be substantially affected by the outcome of the proceedings.

(E) The person, his spouse, a person within the third degree of relationship to either of them, or the spouse of such a person meets any of the following conditions:

(1) The person is or has been a party to the proceedings, or an officer, director, or trustee of a party.

(2) The person is acting or has acted as an attorney in the proceedings.

(3) The person is known to have an interest that could be substantially affected by the outcome of the proceedings.

(4) The person is likely to be a material witness in the proceedings.

(F) The person has a close personal or professional relationship with a person who meets any of the following conditions:

(1) The person is or has been a party to the proceedings, or an officer, director, or trustee of a party.

(2) The person is acting or has acted as an attorney or representative in the proceedings.

(3) The person is or expects to be nominated as an arbitrator or conciliator in the proceedings.

(4) The person is known to have an interest that could be substantially affected by the outcome of the proceedings.

(5) The person is likely to be a material witness in the proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.22

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.23 Obligation to disclose information.

The obligation to disclose information set forth in section 2712.22 of the Revised Code is mandatory and cannot be waived as to the parties with respect to persons serving either as the sole arbitrator or sole conciliator or as the chief or prevailing arbitrator or conciliator. The parties otherwise may agree to waive the disclosure.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.23

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.24 Continuing duty to disclose questionable impartiality.

From the time of appointment and throughout the arbitral proceedings, an arbitrator immediately shall disclose to the parties any circumstances referred to in section 2712.22 of the Revised Code that previously were not disclosed.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.24

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.25 Challenging an arbitrator.

(A) The parties may agree on a procedure for challenging an arbitrator, and the decision reached pursuant to that procedure shall be final.

(B) Failing any such agreement, a party intending to challenge an arbitrator, within fifteen days after becoming aware of the constitution of the arbitral tribunal or after becoming aware of any circumstances referred to in division (A) or (B) of section 2712.22 of the Revised Code, whichever is later, shall send a written statement of the reasons for the challenge to the arbitral tribunal.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.25

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.26 Circumstances causing challenge.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties or pursuant to the rules governing the arbitration, an arbitrator may be challenged only if circumstances exist that give rise to justifiable doubts as to his independence or impartiality, or as to his possession of the qualifications upon which the parties have agreed.

(B) A party may challenge an arbitrator appointed by it, or in whose appointment it has participated, only for reasons of which the party becomes aware after the appointment has been made.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.26

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.27 Deciding challenges.

Unless the arbitrator challenged under section 2712.25 of the Revised Code withdraws from his office or the other party agrees to the challenge, the arbitral tribunal shall decide on the challenge.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.27

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.28 Court of common pleas to review challenge decisions.

(A) If a challenge following the procedure under section 2712.25 of the Revised Code is not successful, the challenging party may request the court of common pleas, within thirty days after having received notice of the decision rejecting the challenge, to decide on it. If a challenge is based upon the grounds set forth in section 2712.22 of the Revised Code, and the court of common pleas determines that the facts support a finding that any of those grounds fairly exist, then the challenge shall be sustained.

(B) The decision of the court of common pleas under this section is final and is not subject to appeal.

(C) While a request under this section is pending, the arbitral tribunal, including the challenged arbitrator, may continue with the arbitral proceedings and make an arbitral award.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.28

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.29 Mandate of arbitrator terminates.

(A) The mandate of an arbitrator terminates if he becomes de jure or de facto unable to perform his functions or for other reasons fails to act without undue delay, and if he withdraws from his office or the parties agree to the termination of his mandate. The withdrawal or agreement shall not imply acceptance of the validity of any ground referred to in section 2712.22 of the Revised Code.

(B) If a controversy remains concerning any of the grounds referred to in this section, a party may request the court of common pleas to decide on the termination of the mandate. A decision of the court of common pleas under this division is not appealable.

(C) The mandate of an arbitrator also terminates upon his withdrawal from office for any reason, or by or pursuant to agreement of the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.29

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.30 Replacing arbitrator.

(A) If the mandate of an arbitrator terminates, a substitute arbitrator shall be appointed according to the rules applicable to the appointment of the arbitrator being replaced.

(B) Unless otherwise agreed to by the parties, when the substitute arbitrator is appointed:

(1) Any hearings previously held shall be repeated, if the sole or presiding arbitrator is replaced.

(2) Any hearings previously held may be repeated at the discretion of the arbitral tribunal, if an arbitrator other than the sole or presiding arbitrator is replaced.

(C) An order or ruling of the arbitral tribunal made prior to the replacement of an arbitrator under this section is not invalid because there has been a change in the composition of the tribunal.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.30

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.31 Jurisdiction rulings.

The arbitral tribunal may rule on its own jurisdiction, including ruling on any objections with respect to the existence or validity of the arbitration agreement. For that purpose, an arbitration clause that forms part of a contract shall be treated as an agreement independent of the other terms of the contract. A decision by the arbitral tribunal that the contract is void shall not invalidate the arbitration clause.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.31

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.32 Plea of lack of jurisdiction.

A plea that the arbitral tribunal lacks jurisdiction shall be raised not later than the date of the submission of the statement of defense. a party is not precluded from raising that plea by the fact that he has appointed, or participated in the appointment of, an arbitrator.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.32

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.33 Exceeding scope of authority plea.

A plea that the arbitral tribunal is exceeding the scope of its authority shall be raised as soon as the matter alleged to be beyond the scope of its authority is raised during the arbitral proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.33

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.34 Admission of later plea.

In either of the cases referred to in sections 2712.32 and 2712.33 of the Revised Code, the arbitral tribunal may admit a later plea if it considers the delay justified. The arbitral tribunal may rule on a later plea either as a preliminary question or in an award on the merits.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.34

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.35 Court review of ruling on jurisdiction.

(A) If the arbitral tribunal rules as a preliminary question that it has jurisdiction, any party, within thirty days after having received notice of that ruling, shall request the court of common pleas to decide the matter or shall be deemed to have waived objection to that ruling. The decision of the court of common pleas under this section is final and is not appealable.

(B) While a request under division (A) of this section is pending, the arbitral tribunal may continue with the arbitral proceedings and make an arbitral award.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.35

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.36 Requests for interim measure of protection order.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal, at the request of a party, may order a party to take any measure of protection that the arbitral tribunal considers necessary in respect of the subject matter of the dispute. The arbitral tribunal may require a party to provide appropriate security in connection with a measure of protection ordered under this division.

(B) A party may request an interim measure of protection directly from any court with jurisdiction. However, no measure of protection shall be granted by a court of this state unless the party shows that an application to the arbitral tribunal for the measure of protection would prejudice the party's rights and that an interim measure of protection from the court is necessary to protect those rights. The arbitral tribunal shall be deemed to be a party in interest in any action under this division. Any court of this state that issues an order for an interim measure of protection as provided in this division, upon application of the tribunal, shall modify or terminate its order as appropriate.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.36

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.37 Equal opportunity to present case.

The parties shall be treated with equality by, and each party shall be given a full opportunity to present his case before, the arbitral tribunal.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.37

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.38 Agreement for procedure.

Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the parties may agree on the procedure to be followed by the arbitral tribunal in conducting the proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.38

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.39 Tribunal to determine procedure.

(A) Failing any agreement referred to in section 2712.38 of the Revised Code, the arbitral tribunal may conduct the arbitration in the manner it considers appropriate, subject to the provisions of this chapter.

(B) The power of the arbitral tribunal under this section includes the power to determine the admissibility, relevance, materiality, and weight of any evidence.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.39

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.40 Place of arbitration decision.

The parties may agree on the place of arbitration within this state. If the parties do not reach such an agreement, the place of arbitration shall be determined by the arbitral tribunal having regard to the circumstances of the case, including the convenience of the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.40

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.41 Place of meeting of arbitral tribunal.

Notwithstanding section 2712.40 of the Revised Code and unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal may meet at any place it considers appropriate for consultation among its members, for hearing witnesses, experts, or the parties, or for inspection of documents, goods, or other property.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.41

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.42 Language used in proceedings.

The parties may agree upon the language or languages to be used in the arbitral proceedings. If the parties do not reach such an agreement, the arbitral tribunal shall determine the language or languages to be used in the proceedings. Unless otherwise specified, the agreement or determination referred to in this section shall apply to any written statement by a party, any hearing, and any arbitral award, decision, or other communication by the tribunal. The tribunal may order that any documentary evidence be accompanied by a translation into the language or languages chosen pursuant to this section.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.42

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.43 Arbitral proceeding commences on date of request.

Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral proceedings concerning a particular dispute commence on the date on which a request for that dispute to be referred to arbitration is received by the respondent.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.43

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.44 Timely submission of statement of claims.

(A) Within the period of time agreed upon by the parties or determined by the arbitral tribunal, the claimant shall state the facts supporting his claims, the points at issue, and the relief or remedy sought, and the respondent shall state his defenses regarding these particulars, unless the parties otherwise have agreed as to the required elements of those statements.

(B) The parties may submit with their statements all documents they consider to be relevant or may add a reference to the documents or other evidence they plan to submit.

(C) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties and unless the claimant shows sufficient cause for not doing so, if the claimant fails to communicate his statement of claim in accordance with this section, the arbitral tribunal shall terminate the proceedings.

(D) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties and unless the respondent shows sufficient cause for not doing so, if the respondent fails to communicate his statement of defense in accordance with this section, the arbitral tribunal shall continue the proceedings without treating that failure in itself as an admission of the claimant's allegations.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.44

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.45 Amending or supplementing statement of claim or defense.

Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, either party may amend or supplement his statement of claim or defense during the course of the arbitral proceedings, unless the arbitral tribunal considers it inappropriate to allow the amendment or supplement having regard to the delay in making it.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.45

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.46 Oral hearings and meetings.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal shall decide whether to hold oral hearings for the presentation of evidence or for oral argument, or whether the proceedings shall be conducted on the basis of documents and other materials.

(B) Unless the parties have agreed that no oral hearings shall be held, the arbitral tribunal shall hold oral hearings at an appropriate stage of the proceedings, if so requested by a party.

(C) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, all oral hearings and meetings in the proceedings shall be held in chambers.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.46

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.47 Notice of hearings or meetings.

The arbitral tribunal shall give the parties sufficient advance notice of any hearing and of any meeting of the tribunal for the purpose of inspection of documents, goods, or other property.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.47

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.48 Information on which the tribunal may rely to be communicated to all parties.

All statements, documents, or other information supplied to, or applications made to, the arbitral tribunal by one party shall be communicated to the other party, and any expert report or evidentiary document on which the tribunal may rely in making its decision shall be communicated to the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.48

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.49 Party's failure to appear or produce documents.

Unless otherwise agreed by the parties and unless a party shows sufficient cause for not doing so, if a party fails to appear at an oral hearing or to produce documentary evidence, the arbitral tribunal may continue with the proceedings and make the arbitral award on the evidence before it.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.49

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.50 Experts.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal may appoint one or more experts to report to it on specific issues to be determined by the tribunal and may require a party to give the expert any relevant information or to produce, or to provide access to, any relevant documents, goods, or other property for his inspection.

(B) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, if a party so requests or if the arbitral tribunal considers it necessary, the expert, after delivery of his written or oral report, shall participate in an oral hearing at which the parties have the opportunity to question the expert and to present expert witnesses on the points at issue.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.50

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.51 Assistance by court of common pleas.

The arbitral tribunal, or a party with the approval of the tribunal, may request from the court of common pleas assistance in taking evidence, including requests for foreign judicial assistance, and the court shall execute the request within its competence and according to its rules on taking evidence. A subpoena may be issued by the court as provided in the Rules of Civil Procedure, in which case witness compensation shall be as provided by the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.51

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.52 Consolidating arbitration.

(A) If the parties to two or more arbitration agreements have agreed, in their respective arbitration agreements or otherwise, to consolidate the arbitrations arising out of those arbitration agreements, the court of common pleas, on application by one party with the consent of all the other parties to those arbitration agreements, may do one or more of the following:

(1) Order the arbitrations to be consolidated on terms the court considers just and necessary;

(2) If all the parties cannot agree on an arbitral tribunal for the consolidated arbitration, appoint an arbitral tribunal in accordance with section 2712.20 of the Revised Code;

(3) If all the parties cannot agree on any other matter necessary to conduct the consolidated arbitration, make any other order it considers necessary.

(B) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the parties to two or more arbitrations from agreeing to consolidate those arbitrations and taking any steps that are necessary to effect that consolidation.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.52

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.53 Designation of law or legal system.

(A) The arbitral tribunal shall decide the dispute in accordance with the rules of law designated by the parties as applicable to the substance of the dispute. Any designation by the parties of the law or legal system of a given state shall be construed, unless otherwise expressed, as directly referring to the substantive law of that state and not to its conflict of laws rules.

(B) If the parties fail to designate the law applicable to the substance of the dispute, the arbitral tribunal shall apply the rules of law it considers to be appropriate given all the circumstances surrounding the dispute.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.53

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.54 Authorization for decision ex aequo et bono or amiable compositeur.

The arbitral tribunal shall decide ex aequo et bono or as amiable compositeur, only if the parties have expressly authorized it to do so.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.54

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.55 Accordance with contract - usages of trade.

In all cases, the arbitral tribunal shall decide in accordance with the terms of the contract and shall take into account the usages of the trade applicable to the transaction.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.55

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.56 Decision of majority or presider.

Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, in arbitral proceedings with more than one arbitrator, any decision of the arbitral tribunal shall be made by a majority of all of its members. However, if authorized by the parties or all the members of the arbitral tribunal, questions of procedure may be decided by a presiding arbitrator.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.56

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.57 Encouraging settlement.

It is not incompatible with an arbitration agreement for an arbitral tribunal to encourage settlement, and, with the agreement of the parties, the tribunal may use mediation, conciliation, or other procedures at any time during the arbitral proceedings to encourage settlement.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.57

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.58 Record of settlement.

If, during arbitral proceedings, the parties settle the dispute, the arbitral tribunal shall terminate the proceedings and, if requested by the parties and not objected to by the tribunal, record the settlement in the form of an arbitral award on agreed terms. An arbitral award on agreed terms shall be made in accordance with the provisions of sections 2712.59 to 2712.64 of the Revised Code and shall state that it is an arbitral award. An arbitral award on agreed terms has the same status and effect as any other arbitral award on the substance of the dispute.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.58

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.59 Form and delivery of award.

(A) An arbitral award shall be in writing and signed by the members of the arbitral tribunal. In arbitral proceedings with more than one arbitrator, the signatures of the majority of all the members of the tribunal shall be sufficient if the reason for any omitted signature is stated.

(B) The arbitral award shall state the reasons upon which it is based, unless the parties have agreed that no reasons are to be given or unless the award is an arbitral award on agreed terms pursuant to section 2712.58 of the Revised Code.

(C) The arbitral award shall state its date and the place of arbitration as determined in accordance with section 2712.40 of the Revised Code. The award shall be deemed to have been made at the place so determined.

(D) After the arbitral award is made, a signed copy shall be delivered to each party.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.59

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.60 Interim arbitral award.

At any time during the arbitral proceedings, the arbitral tribunal may make an interim arbitral award on any matter with respect to which it may make a final arbitral award. The interim award may be enforced in the same manner as a final award.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.60

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.61 Interest and cost allocation.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal may award interest and costs and may allocate costs among the parties as it considers appropriate. In making an order awarding or allocating costs, the tribunal may include as costs any of the following:

(1) The fees and expenses of the arbitrators and expert witnesses;

(2) Legal fees and expenses;

(3) Any administration fees of the institution supervising the arbitration;

(4) Any other expenses incurred in connection with the arbitral proceedings.

(B) In making an order for costs, the arbitral tribunal may specify any of the following:

(1) The party entitled to costs;

(2) The party who is required to pay the costs;

(3) The amount of the costs or the method of determining that amount;

(4) The manner in which the costs are to be paid.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.61

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.62 Request for correction of errors or interpretation of award.

(A) Within thirty days after receipt of the arbitral award, unless another period of time has been agreed upon by the parties, a party may request the arbitral tribunal to correct any computation, clerical, typographical, or other errors of a similar nature. If agreed by the parties, a party may request the tribunal to give an interpretation of a specific point or part of the award.

(B) Within thirty days after the date of the arbitral award, the arbitral tribunal, on its own initiative, may correct any computation, clerical, typographical, or other errors of a similar nature.

(C) Sections 2712.59 to 2712.61 of the Revised Code apply to a correction or interpretation of the arbitral award made pursuant to this section.

(D) If the arbitral tribunal considers any request made under this section to be justified, it shall make the correction or give the interpretation within thirty days after receipt of the request, and the interpretation shall form part of the arbitral award.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.62

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.63 Request of additional award as to claims presented but not adjudicated.

(A) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, a party may request, within thirty days after receipt of the arbitral award, the arbitral tribunal to make an additional arbitral award as to the claims presented in the arbitral proceedings but omitted from the arbitral award. If the tribunal considers any request made under this section to be justified, it shall make the additional arbitral award within sixty days after receipt of the request.

(B) Sections 2712.59 to 2712.61 of the Revised Code apply to an additional arbitral award made pursuant to this section.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.63

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.64 Time extensions.

The arbitral tribunal may extend the period of time within which it may make a correction, give an interpretation, or make an additional arbitral award under section 2712.62 or 2712.63 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.64

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.65 Terminating proceedings.

The arbitral proceedings are terminated by the final arbitral award or by an order of the arbitral tribunal under section 2712.66 of the Revised Code. The award is final upon the expiration of the applicable periods set forth in sections 2712.62 to 2712.64 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.65

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.66 Termination order.

The arbitral tribunal shall issue an order for the termination of the arbitral proceedings when any of the following occurs:

(A) The claimant withdraws his claim, unless the respondent objects to the order and the tribunal recognizes a legitimate interest of the respondent in obtaining a final settlement of the dispute.

(B) The parties agree on the termination of the proceedings.

(C) The tribunal finds that the continuation of the proceedings has for any other reason become unnecessary or impossible.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.66

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.67 Terminating mandate or arbitrators.

Subject to sections 2712.62 to 2712.65 of the Revised Code, the mandate of the arbitral tribunal terminates with the termination of the arbitral proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.67

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.68 Arbitrators' immunity.

No person who serves as an arbitrator shall be liable in an action for damages resulting from any act or omission in the performance of his duties as an arbitrator in any proceedings subject to this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.68

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.69 Confirmation or vacation of award.

(A) Any party to an arbitration within the scope of this chapter may apply to a court of common pleas in order to confirm or vacate any final award of an arbitral tribunal or to declare that the award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state. The court shall dispose of all such applications as provided in division (B) of this section without regard to the law of the place of arbitration, the law governing the award, or whether a court would apply the law or decisional principles applied by the arbitral tribunal or would grant the relief granted in the award.

(B)

(1) The court of common pleas shall grant an application to confirm the award without regard to the place of arbitration unless one of the grounds set forth in section 2712.70 of the Revised Code is established as an affirmative defense. If such an affirmative defense is established and the conditions of division (B)(2) of this section are met, the court shall vacate the award without regard to any time limit contained in this section. If such an affirmative defense is established and the conditions of division (B)(2) of this section are not met, the court shall issue an order declaring the award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state.

(2) The court of common pleas shall grant an application to vacate the award if the applicant establishes one of the grounds set forth in section 2712.70 of the Revised Code and either the place of arbitration was in this state or the arbitration was subject to the laws of this state.

(3) The court of common pleas shall declare that the award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state if the applicant establishes one or more of the grounds set forth in section 2712.70 of the Revised Code, but the place of arbitration was not in this state or the arbitration was not subject to the laws of this state.

(C) In any action under divisions (A) and (B) of this section, the judgment of a court of a foreign nation determining whether one or more of the grounds established in section 2712.70 of the Revised Code is established shall be accorded the effect normally given the judgment of a court of a foreign nation by the courts of this state.

(D) The applications referred to in divisions (A) and (B) of this section shall be brought within the following time limits:

(1) An application to confirm an award shall be brought within the time provided for in the Revised Code for the enforcement of judgments.

(2) An application to vacate an award or for a declaration that the award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state shall be brought within ninety days of receipt of the final award by the applicant or, in the case of an application based on division (A)(4) or (5) of section 2712.70 of the Revised Code, within ninety days of the date when the circumstances giving rise to the application were discovered or, with the exercise of due diligence, should have been discovered by the applicant.

(E) If any party to an arbitration dies or becomes incompetent, a court may extend the time limits set forth in division (D) of this section.

(F) In considering an application filed under divisions (A) and (B) of this section, a court may modify or correct the award for any evident miscalculation or mistake in the description of any person or property or for any imperfection of form not affecting the merits.

(G) A judgment or decree of a court of this state confirming an award, upon application, may be vacated at any time on the ground set forth in division (A)(4) or (5) of section 2712.70 of the Revised Code, provided the application is made within ninety days of the date when the circumstances giving rise to the application were first discovered or, with the exercise of due diligence, should have been discovered by the applicant.

(H) If a final award has been reduced to judgment or made the subject of official action by any court, tribunal, or other governmental authority outside the United States, the courts of this state, except as provided in division (C) of this section, shall confirm, vacate, or declare the award not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state without regard to any term of the foreign judgment or official action and without regard to whether the award may be deemed merged into the judgment.

(I)

(1) For the purposes of this section and section 2712.70 of the Revised Code, an arbitral award shall be considered a final award unless any of the following applies:

(a) It expressly is designated an interim or interlocutory award or by its terms is not final.

(b) An application to vacate, clarify, correct, or amend the award is pending before the arbitral tribunal.

(c) Under the rules applicable to the arbitration, it is subject to further review by any arbitral authority.

(2) For the purposes of the law of this state, an award that is final as described in division (I)(1) of this section shall be deemed final regardless of whether judicial confirmation or other official action is necessary to render that award final within the contemplation of any foreign law that may be applicable to the arbitration.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.69

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.70 Grounds for confirmation or vacation of award.

(A) A final award shall be vacated or declared not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state only if one or more of the following grounds are established:

(1) There was no written undertaking to arbitrate, there was fraud in the inducement of an undertaking to arbitrate, or an arbitral tribunal impaneled in accordance with the undertaking previously had determined that the dispute was nonarbitrable or that the undertaking was invalid or unenforceable, unless the party challenging the award participated on the merits in the arbitral proceedings leading to the award without first having submitted such questions to the arbitral tribunal.

(2) The party challenging the award was not given notice of the appointment of the arbitral tribunal or of the arbitral proceedings, unless notice proved impossible after efforts reasonably designed to give actual notice or that party waived notice or participated in those proceedings on the merits of the dispute.

(3) The arbitral tribunal conducted its proceedings so unfairly as to substantially prejudice the rights of the party challenging the award.

(4) The award was obtained by corruption, fraud, or undue influence or is contrary to the public policy of the United States or of this state.

(5) Any neutral arbitrator had a material conflict of interest with the party challenging the award, unless that party had timely notice of the conflict and proceeded without objection to arbitrate the dispute.

(6) The award resolves a dispute that the parties did not agree to refer to the arbitral tribunal, unless the party objecting arbitrated the dispute without objection, and the decision of the tribunal that the dispute was referred to it for arbitration clearly was erroneous, provided that a court may determine instead to vacate or declare not entitled to confirmation only that portion of the award dealing with the excluded dispute.

(7) The arbitral tribunal was not constituted in accordance with the agreement of the parties, unless the party challenging the award waived the irregularity or participated in the arbitral proceedings without first objecting to them.

(B) The courts of this state shall not make an independent factual determination concerning whether the grounds described in division (A)(3), (6), or (7) of this section are present if the arbitration leading to the award was conducted under the rules of, or was subject to supervision by, an arbitral authority and those grounds were submitted to the authority as a basis for challenging the validity of the award or the conduct of the arbitration. In such a case, the determination of the arbitral authority concerning those grounds shall be final. If, under the rules applicable to an arbitration, the grounds described in division (A)(3), (6), or (7) of this section could have been, but were not, submitted to an arbitral authority as a basis for challenging the validity of the award or the conduct of the arbitration, the courts of this state shall not declare an award not entitled to confirmation or vacate that award or deny its confirmation on those grounds.

(C) A court that issues an order to vacate an award or to declare that an award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state also may order that all or part of the dispute between the parties be resubmitted to the same or a new arbitral tribunal as it finds appropriate.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.70

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.71 Relief granted in foreign currency.

The courts of this state shall confirm a final award, notwithstanding the fact that it grants relief in a currency other than United States dollars. In such a case, the court, in addition to entering the order in a foreign currency designated by the award, upon application by a party also shall enter that order in United States dollars determined by reference to the market rate of exchange prevailing in this state on the date the award was issued, unless the award itself fixes some other date. If no such market rate of exchange is available, the court shall fix the rate it determines to be appropriate.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.71

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.72 Entering judgment or decree.

After an order confirming or vacating an award or declaring that an award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state has been rendered, a judgment or decree shall be entered in conformity with that order to be enforced in the same manner as any other judgment or decree. Upon entry of a judgment or decree, the court, in its discretion, also may award costs and disbursements.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.72

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.73 Appeal from court of common pleas.

(A) An appeal may be taken from any of the following decisions rendered by the court of common pleas:

(1) An order granting or denying an application to compel or to stay arbitration;

(2) An order granting or denying an application for assistance in obtaining evidence or an application for interim measure of protection;

(3) An order confirming or vacating a final award or declaring that an award is not entitled to confirmation by the courts of this state.

(B) Appeals shall be taken in the same manner and be subject to the same review as appeals from orders or judgments in civil actions. All appeals shall be confined to questions within the competence conferred by this chapter upon the court from which the appeal is taken or to the question of whether that court exceeded that competence.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.73

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.74 Policy of state to encourage arbitration or conciliation.

It is the policy of this state to encourage parties to an international commercial agreement or transaction that qualifies for arbitration or conciliation pursuant to section 2712.03 of the Revised Code, to resolve disputes arising from the agreement or transaction through conciliation. The parties may select or permit an arbitral tribunal or other third party to select one or more persons to serve as the conciliator or conciliators who shall assist the parties in an independent and impartial manner in their attempt to reach an amicable settlement of their dispute.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.74

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.75 Guiding principles.

The conciliator or conciliators shall be guided by principles of objectivity, fairness, and justice, giving consideration to, among other things, the rights and obligations of the parties, the usages of the trade concerned, and the circumstances surrounding the dispute, including any previous practices between the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.75

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.76 Proceedings of conciliation.

The conciliator or conciliators may conduct the conciliation proceedings in a manner that they consider appropriate, taking into account the circumstances of the case, the wishes of the parties, and the desirability of a speedy settlement of the dispute. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, other provisions of the Revised Code, the Rules of Evidence, and the Ohio rules of court shall not apply to conciliation proceedings brought under this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.76

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.77 Representation or assistance.

The parties may appear in person or be represented or assisted by any person of their choice. A person assisting or representing a party need not be an attorney or licensed to practice law in this state.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.77

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.78 Draft conciliation statement.

At any time during the proceedings, the conciliator or conciliators may prepare a draft conciliation settlement that may include the assessment and apportionment of costs between the parties, and send copies to the parties, specifying the time within which they must signify their approval.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.78

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.79 Acceptance of settlement.

No party is required to accept any settlement proposed by the conciliator or conciliators.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.79

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.80 Evidence and documents admissibility and disclosure.

When persons agree to participate in conciliation under this chapter, all of the following apply:

(A) Evidence of anything said or of any admission made in the course of the conciliation is not admissible in evidence, and disclosure of any such evidence shall not be compelled, in any arbitration or civil action in which, pursuant to law, testimony may be compelled to be given. However, this division does not limit the admissibility of evidence if all parties participating in conciliation consent to its disclosure.

(B) If any such evidence is offered in contravention of this section, the arbitral tribunal or the court shall make any order that it considers to be appropriate to deal with the matter, including orders restricting the introduction of evidence, or dismissing the case without prejudice.

(C) Unless the document provides otherwise, no document prepared for the purpose of, in the course of, or pursuant to the conciliation or any copy of it, is admissible in evidence, and disclosure of the document shall not be compelled, in any arbitration or civil action in which, pursuant to law, testimony may be compelled to be given.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.80

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.81 Stay of judicial and arbitral proceedings.

The agreement of the parties to submit a dispute to conciliation shall be deemed an agreement between or among those parties to stay all judicial or arbitral proceedings from the commencement of conciliation until the termination of conciliation proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.81

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.82 Conciliation tolls statute of limitations.

All applicable limitation periods including periods of prescription shall be tolled or extended upon the commencement of conciliation proceedings to conciliate a dispute under this chapter, and all limitation periods shall remain tolled and periods of prescription extended as to all parties to the conciliation proceedings until the tenth day following the termination of the proceedings. For purposes of this chapter, conciliation proceedings are deemed to have commenced as soon as a party has requested conciliation of a particular dispute or disputes and the other party or parties agree to participate in the proceedings.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.82

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.83 Terminating conciliation proceedings.

The conciliation proceedings may be terminated as to all parties by any of the following at the time specified:

(A) A written declaration of the conciliator or conciliators, after consultation with the parties, to the effect that further efforts at conciliation no longer are justified, on the date of the declaration;

(B) A written declaration of the parties addressed to the conciliator or conciliators to the effect that the conciliation proceedings are terminated, on the date of the declaration;

(C) The signing of a settlement agreement by all of the parties, on the date of the agreement.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.83

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.84 Terminating as to particular parties.

The conciliation proceedings may be terminated as to particular parties by a written declaration of a party to the other party and the conciliator or conciliators, if appointed, to the effect that the conciliation proceedings are terminated as to that particular party, on the date of the declaration or by the signing of a settlement agreement by some of the parties, on the date of the agreement.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.84

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.85 Participation of conciliator in other proceedings involving same dispute.

No person who has served as conciliator may be appointed as an arbitrator for, or take part in any arbitral or judicial proceedings in, the same dispute, unless all parties manifest their consent to the participation or the rules adopted for conciliation or arbitration otherwise provide.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.85

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.86 Waiving rights and remedies.

By submitting to conciliation, no party shall be deemed to have waived any rights or remedies that the party would have had if conciliation had not been initiated, other than those set forth in any settlement agreement that results from the conciliation.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.86

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.87 Written conciliation agreement treated as arbitral award.

If the conciliation succeeds in settling the dispute, and the result of the conciliation is reduced to writing and signed by the conciliator or conciliators and the parties or their representatives, the written agreement shall be treated as an arbitral award rendered by an arbitral tribunal duly constituted in and pursuant to the laws of this state, and shall have the same force and effect as a final award in arbitration.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.87

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.88 Conciliation costs.

Upon termination of the conciliation proceedings, the conciliator shall fix the costs of the conciliation and give written notice of the costs to the parties. As used in sections 2712.74 to 2712.90 of the Revised Code, "costs" includes only the following:

(A) A reasonable fee to be paid to the conciliator or conciliators;

(B) The travel and other reasonable expenses of the conciliator or conciliators;

(C) The travel and other reasonable expenses of witnesses requested by the conciliator or conciliators with the consent of the parties;

(D) The cost of any expert advice requested by the conciliator or conciliators with the consent of the parties;

(E) The cost of any court.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.88

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.89 Cost apportionment - immunity of conciliator.

(A) The costs of the conciliation referred to in section 2712.88 of the Revised Code shall be borne equally by the parties unless the settlement agreement provides for a different apportionment. All other expenses incurred by a party shall be borne by that party.

(B) No person who serves as a conciliator shall be held liable in an action for damages resulting from any act or omission in the performance of his duties as a conciliator in any proceedings subject to this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.89

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.90 State court jurisdiction.

Neither the request for conciliation, the consent to participate in the conciliation proceedings, the participation in the proceedings, nor the entering into a conciliation agreement or settlement shall be deemed as a consent to the jurisdiction of any court in this state if conciliation fails.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.90

Effective Date: 10-23-1991

2712.91 Chapter provisions classified as substantive.

If, in any arbitral, judicial, or other official proceeding within or without this state, it becomes necessary to classify any provision of this chapter as substantive or procedural within the meanings of those terms in the conflict of laws, all provisions of this chapter relating to the obligation of the parties to arbitrate, to the conduct of arbitral proceedings, and to the validity of arbitral awards shall be classified as substantive.

Cite as R.C. § 2712.91

Effective Date: 10-23-1991