2981.09 Forfeiture of property as instrumentality where value disproportionate.

(A) Property may not be forfeited as an instrumentality under this chapter to the extent that the amount or value of the property is disproportionate to the severity of the offense. The state or political subdivision shall have the burden of going forward with the evidence and the burden to prove by clear and convincing evidence that the amount or value of the property subject to forfeiture is proportionate to the severity of the offense.

(B) Contraband and any proceeds obtained from the offense are not subject to proportionality review under this section.

(C) In determining the severity of the offense for purposes of forfeiture of an instrumentality, the court shall consider all relevant factors including, but not limited to, the following:

(1) The seriousness of the offense and its impact on the community, including the duration of the activity and the harm caused or intended by the person whose property is subject to forfeiture;

(2) The extent to which the person whose property is subject to forfeiture participated in the offense;

(3) Whether the offense was completed or attempted;

(4) The extent to which the property was used in committing the offense;

(5) The sentence imposed for committing the offense that is the basis of the forfeiture, if applicable.

(D) In determining the value of the property that is an instrumentality and that is subject to forfeiture, the court shall consider relevant factors including, but not limited to, the following:

(1) The fair market value of the property;

(2) The value of the property to the person whose property is subject to forfeiture, including hardship to the person or to innocent persons if the property were forfeited. The burden shall be on the person whose property is subject to forfeiture to show the value of the property to that person and any hardship to that person.

Amended by 131st General Assembly File No. TBD, HB 347, §1, eff. 4/6/2017.

Effective Date: 07-01-2007.