Chapter 3115: UNIFORM INTERSTATE FAMILY SUPPORT ACT

3115.01 Uniform interstate family support act definitions.

As used in sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code:

(A) "Child" means an individual under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent.

(B) "Child support order" means an order for the support of a child that provides for monetary support, whether current or in arrears, health care, or reimbursements, and may include related costs and fees, interest, income withholding requirements, attorney fees, and other relief. "Child support order" includes:

(1) An order under which the child has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state and amounts for current support are required to be paid, or arrearages are owed, under the order;

(2) An order under which the child has attained the age of majority under the laws of this state but has not attained the age of majority under the laws of the issuing state and amounts for current support are required to be paid, or arrearages are owed, under the order.

(C) "Duty of support" means an obligation imposed or that may be imposed under law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support.

(D) "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately preceding the time of filing of a complaint or comparable pleading for support and, if a child is less than six months old, the state in which the child lived from birth with any of them. A period of temporary absence of any of them is counted as part of the six-month or other period.

(E) "Income" includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state.

(F) "Income withholding order" means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's payor to withhold support from the income of the obligor.

(G) "Initiating state" means a state from which a proceeding is forwarded or in which a proceeding is filed for forwarding to a responding state under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or a law or procedure substantially similar to those sections, the uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, or the revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act.

(H) "Initiating tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in an initiating state.

(I) "Issuing state" means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage.

(J) "Issuing tribunal" means the tribunal that issues a support order or renders a judgment determining the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship.

(K) "Law" includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law.

(L) "Obligee" means any of the following:

(1) An individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order has been issued or a judgment determining parentage has been rendered;

(2) A state or political subdivision to which the rights under a duty of support or support order have been assigned or which has independent claims based on financial assistance provided to an individual obligee;

(3) An individual seeking a judgment determining parentage of the individual's child.

(M) "Obligor" means an individual, or the estate of a decedent to which any of the following applies:

(1) The individual or estate owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;

(2) The individual is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child;

(3) The individual or estate is liable under a support order.

(N) "Payor" has the same meaning as in section 3121.01 of the Revised Code.

(O) "Register" means to file a support order or judgment determining the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship in a registering tribunal.

(P) "Registering tribunal" means a tribunal in which a support order is registered.

(Q) "Responding state" means a state in which a proceeding is filed or to which a proceeding is forwarded for filing from an initiating state under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or a law or procedure substantially similar to those sections, the uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, or the revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act.

(R) "Responding tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in a responding state.

(S) "Revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act" means the act addressing interstate enforcement of support orders adopted in 1968 by the national conference of commissioners on uniform state laws or any law substantially similar to the act adopted by another state.

(T) "Spousal support order" means an order for the support of a spouse or former spouse that provides for monetary support, whether current or in arrears, health care, or reimbursements, and may include related costs and fees, interest, income withholding requirements, attorney fees, and other relief.

(U) "State" has the same meaning as in section 1.59 of the Revised Code, except that it also includes both of the following:

(1) An Indian tribe;

(2) A foreign jurisdiction that has enacted a law or established procedures for issuance and enforcement of support orders that are substantially similar to the procedures under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, the uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, or the revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act.

(V) "Support enforcement agency" means a public official or agency authorized to do any of the following:

(1) Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;

(2) Seek establishment or modification of child support;

(3) Seek determination of the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship;

(4) Locate obligors or their assets.

(W) "Support order" means a spousal support order or child support order.

(X) "Tribunal" means any trial court of record of this state and when the context requires, a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity of any other state authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage.

(Y) "Uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act" means the act addressing interstate enforcement of support orders adopted in 1950 and amended in 1952 and 1958 by the national conference of commissioners on uniform state laws or any law substantially similar to the act adopted by another state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.01

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.02 Remedies cumulative.

Remedies provided by sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code are in addition to, not in substitution for, any other remedies.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.02

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.03 Personal jurisdiction.

In a proceeding to establish, enforce, or modify a support order or to determine the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship, a tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident individual if any of the following is the case:

(A) The individual is personally served with summons within this state;

(B) The individual submits to the jurisdiction of this state by consent, by entering a general appearance, or by filing a responsive pleading or other document having the effect of waiving any contest to personal jurisdiction;

(C) The individual resided with the child in this state;

(D) The individual resided in this state and provided prenatal expenses or support for the child;

(E) The child resides in this state as a result of the acts or directives of the individual;

(F) The individual engaged in sexual intercourse in this state and the child may have been conceived by that act of intercourse;

(G) The individual registered in the putative father registry maintained pursuant to section 3107.062 of the Revised Code;

(H) There is any other basis for the state to exercise personal jurisdiction over the individual.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.03

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.031 Effect of wrongful taking.

(A) A duty of support of an obligor owed to a minor child is not enforceable pursuant to this chapter during any period of time during which both of the following conditions are met:

(1) The obligor has legal custody of the child;

(2) The obligor does not have physical custody of the child because of the wrongful taking or wrongful continuation of physical custody by another person.

(B) If the state or a political subdivision of the state provides support to a minor child, a duty of support is owed to the child by an obligor, and the duty of support is not enforceable pursuant to division (A) of this section, the state or political subdivision may take all actions necessary to return the child to the obligor.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.031

Effective Date: 06-26-1986

3115.04 Obtaining evidence or discovery.

A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state exercising personal jurisdiction over a nonresident under section 3115.03 of the Revised Code may apply section 3115.27 of the Revised Code to obtain evidence from another state and section 3115.29 of the Revised Code to obtain discovery through a tribunal of another state. In all other respects, sections 3115.12 to 3115.52 of the Revised Code are not applicable and the tribunal or support enforcement agency shall apply the procedural and substantive law of this state, including the rules on choice of law other than those established by sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.04

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.05 Initiating and responding tribunal of state.

Under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, a tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal to forward proceedings to another state and as a responding tribunal for proceedings initiated in another state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.05

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.06 Application to nonresident subject to person jurisdiction.

(A) A tribunal of this state may exercise jurisdiction to issue a support order if the complaint or comparable pleading is filed in this state after a complaint or comparable pleading requesting the issuance of a support order is filed in another state only if all of the following apply:

(1) The complaint or comparable pleading is filed in this state before the expiration of the time allowed in the other state for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by the other state;

(2) The contesting party timely challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in the other state;

(3) With respect to actions to issue child support orders, this state is the home state of the child.

(B) A tribunal of this state may not exercise jurisdiction to issue a support order if the complaint or comparable pleading is filed in this state before a complaint or comparable pleading requesting the issuance of a support order is filed in another state if any of the following is the case:

(1) The complaint or comparable pleading is filed in the other state before the expiration of the time allowed in this state for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by this state.

(2) The contesting party timely challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in this state.

(3) With respect to actions to issue child support orders, the other state is the home state of the child.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.06

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.07 Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.

(A) A tribunal of this state has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a child support order it issues as long as the obligor, individual obligee, or child subject to the child support order is a resident of this state, unless all of the parties who are individuals have filed written consents with the tribunal of this state for a tribunal of another state to modify the order and assume continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.

(B) A tribunal of this state may not exercise continuing jurisdiction to modify a child support order it issues if the order is modified by a tribunal of another state pursuant to a law adopted by the other state that is substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

(C) If a child support order issued by a tribunal of this state is modified by a tribunal of another state pursuant to a law adopted by the other state that is substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, the tribunal of this state loses its continuing, exclusive jurisdiction with regard to prospective enforcement of the order, and may do only the following:

(1) Order collection of support amounts accruing before the modification of the order;

(2) Enforce nonmodifiable aspects of that order;

(3) Provide other appropriate relief for violations of the order that occurred before the effective date of the modification.

(D) A tribunal of this state shall recognize the continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of a tribunal of another state that has issued a child support order pursuant to a law adopted by the other state that is substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

(E) A temporary support order issued ex parte or pending resolution of a jurisdictional conflict does not create continuing, exclusive jurisdiction in the issuing tribunal.

(F) A tribunal of this state has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal support order it issues throughout the existence of the support obligation. A tribunal of this state may not modify a spousal support order issued by a tribunal of another state having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over that order under the law of that state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.07

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.08 Continuing jurisdiction to enforce child support order.

(A) A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce or modify a support order issued in that state.

(B) A tribunal of this state having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a support order may act as a responding tribunal to enforce or modify the order. If a party subject to the continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of the tribunal no longer resides in the issuing state, in subsequent proceedings the tribunal may apply section 3115.27 of the Revised Code to obtain evidence from another state and section 3115.29 of the Revised Code to obtain discovery through a tribunal of another state.

(C) A tribunal of this state that lacks continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal support order may not serve as a responding tribunal to modify a spousal support order of another state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.08

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.09 Determination of controlling child support order.

(A) If a proceeding is brought under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, and only one support enforcement agency of this state or tribunal has issued a child support order, the order of that agency or tribunal shall be recognized as controlling.

(B) If a proceeding is brought under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, and two or more child support orders have been issued by tribunals of this state or another state with regard to the same obligor and child, a tribunal of this state shall do the following:

(1) If only one of the tribunals would have continuing, exclusive jurisdiction, recognize the child support order of that tribunal as controlling.

(2) If more than one of the tribunals would have continuing, exclusive jurisdiction, recognize the child support order issued by the tribunal in the current home state of the child as controlling, but if a child support order has not been issued in the current home state of the child, recognize the child support order most recently issued as controlling.

(3) If none of the tribunals would have continuing, exclusive jurisdiction, the tribunal of this state having jurisdiction over the parties shall issue its own child support order which shall be controlling.

(C) If two or more child support orders have been issued for the same obligor and child and the obligor or the individual obligee resides in this state, a party may request a tribunal of this state to determine which order to recognize as controlling pursuant to division (B) of this section. The request must be accompanied by a certified copy of every support order in effect. The requesting party shall give notice of the request to each party whose rights may be affected by the determination.

(D) The tribunal that issued the controlling child support order under division (A), (B), or (C) of this section is the tribunal that has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction under section 3115.07 of the Revised Code.

(E) A tribunal of this state that determines by order the identity of the controlling child support order under division (B)(1) or (2) of this section or that issues a new controlling child support order under division (B)(3) of this section shall state in the order or child support order the basis upon which the tribunal made its determination.

(F) Within thirty days after issuance of an order recognizing the controlling child support order or a new controlling child support order, the party obtaining the order shall file a certified copy of it with each tribunal that issued or registered an earlier child support order. A party who obtains the order and fails to file a certified copy is subject to appropriate sanctions by a tribunal in which the issue of failure to file arises. The failure to file does not affect the validity or enforceability of the controlling order.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.09

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.10 Child support orders for two or more obligees.

In responding to multiple registrations or complaints for enforcement of two or more child support orders in effect at the same time with regard to the same obligor and different individual obligees, at least one of which was issued by a tribunal of another state, a tribunal of this state shall enforce those orders in the same manner as if the multiple orders had been issued by a tribunal of this state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.10

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.11 Credit for payments.

Amounts collected and credited for a particular period pursuant to a support order issued by a tribunal of another state must be credited against the amounts accruing or accrued for the same period under a support order covering the same parties for the same duty of support issued by the tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.11

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.12 Commencing proceedings.

An individual or a support enforcement agency may commence a proceeding authorized under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code by filing a complaint in an initiating tribunal for forwarding to a responding tribunal or by filing a complaint or a comparable pleading directly in a tribunal of another state that has or can obtain personal jurisdiction over the defendant.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.12

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.13 Parties.

A minor parent, or a guardian or other legal representative of a minor parent, may maintain a proceeding on behalf of or for the benefit of the minor's child.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.13

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.14 Application of law of state.

Except as otherwise provided by sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, a responding tribunal of this state shall apply the procedural and substantive law, including the rules on choice of law, generally applicable to similar proceedings originating in this state and may exercise all powers and provide all remedies available in those proceedings and shall determine the duty of support and the amount of support payable in accordance with sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 and Chapters 3119., 3121., 3123., and 3125. of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.14

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.15 Initiating tribunal - duties.

(A) On the filing of a complaint pursuant to section 3115.12 of the Revised Code, an initiating tribunal of this state shall forward three copies of the complaint and its accompanying documents to either of the following:

(1) The responding tribunal or appropriate support enforcement agency in the responding state;

(2) The state information agency of the responding state with a request that they be forwarded to the appropriate tribunal, if the identity of the responding tribunal is unknown, and that receipt be acknowledged.

(B) If a responding state has not enacted a law or procedure substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, a tribunal of this state may issue a certificate or other document and make findings required by the law of the responding state. If the responding state is a foreign jurisdiction, the tribunal may specify the amount of support sought and provide other documents necessary to satisfy the requirements of the responding state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.15

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.16 Responding tribunal - powers and duties.

(A) When a responding tribunal of this state receives a complaint or comparable pleading from an initiating tribunal or directly pursuant to section 3115.12 of the Revised Code, it shall cause the complaint or pleading to be filed and notify the plaintiff where and when it was filed.

(B) A responding tribunal of this state, to the extent otherwise authorized by law, may do one or more of the following consistent with applicable sections of Chapters 3105., 3109., 3111., 3113., 3119., 3121., 3123., and 3125. of the Revised Code:

(1) Issue or enforce a support order, modify a child support order, or determine the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship;

(2) Order an obligor to comply with a support order, specifying the amount and the manner of compliance;

(3) Order income withholding;

(4) Determine the amount of any arrearages, and specify a method of payment;

(5) Enforce orders by civil or criminal contempt, or both;

(6) Set aside property for satisfaction of the support order;

(7) Place liens and order execution on the obligor's property;

(8) Order an obligor to keep the support enforcement agency of this state or the tribunal informed of the obligor's current residential address, telephone number, employer, address of employment, and telephone number at the place of employment;

(9) Issue a bench warrant for an obligor who has failed after proper notice to appear at a hearing ordered by the tribunal and enter the bench warrant in any local and state computer systems for criminal warrants;

(10) Order the obligor to seek appropriate employment by specified methods;

(11) Award reasonable attorney's fees and other fees and costs;

(12) Grant any other available remedy.

(C) A responding tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state shall include in a support order issued under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, or in the documents accompanying the order, the calculations on which the support order is based.

(D) A responding tribunal of this state may not condition the payment of a support order issued under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code upon compliance by a party with provisions for parenting time or visitation.

(E) If a responding tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state issues an order under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, the tribunal or support enforcement agency shall send a copy of the order to the plaintiff and the defendant and to the initiating tribunal, if any.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.16

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.17 Inappropriate tribunal.

If a complaint or comparable pleading is received by an inappropriate tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state, the tribunal or support enforcement agency shall forward the pleading and accompanying documents to an appropriate tribunal or support enforcement agency in this state or the appropriate tribunal of another state and notify the plaintiff where and when the pleading was sent.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.17

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.18 Support enforcement agency - duties.

(A) A support enforcement agency of this state, upon request, shall provide services to a plaintiff in a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

(B) A support enforcement agency that is providing services to the plaintiff, as appropriate, shall do all of the following:

(1) Take all steps necessary to enable an appropriate tribunal in this state or another state to obtain jurisdiction over the defendant;

(2) Request an appropriate tribunal to set a date, time, and place for a hearing;

(3) Make a reasonable effort to obtain all relevant information, including information as to income and property of the parties;

(4) Within two days, not including Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after receipt of a written notice from a tribunal pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, send a copy of the notice to the plaintiff;

(5) Within two days, not including Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after receipt of a written communication from the defendant or the defendant's attorney, send a copy of the communication to the plaintiff;

(6) Notify the plaintiff if jurisdiction over the defendant cannot be obtained.

(C) Sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code do not create or negate a relationship of attorney and client or other fiduciary relationship between a support enforcement agency or the attorney for the agency and the individual being assisted by the agency.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.18

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.19 Duty of attorney general.

If the attorney general determines that the support enforcement agency is neglecting or refusing to provide services to an individual, the attorney general may order the agency to perform its duties pursuant to section 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or may provide those services directly to the individual.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.19

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.20 Private counsel.

An individual may employ private counsel to represent the individual in proceedings authorized by sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.20

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.21 Duties of state information agency.

(A) The department of job and family services is the state information agency under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

(B) The state information agency shall do all of the following:

(1) Compile a list, including addresses, of the tribunals in this state and each support enforcement agency in this state and transmit a copy to the state information agency of every other state that has adopted an act substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code;

(2) Maintain a register of tribunals and support enforcement agencies received from other states;

(3) Forward to the appropriate tribunal in this state that has jurisdiction over the individual obligee or the obligor or the obligor's property, all documents concerning a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code received from an initiating tribunal or the state information agency of the initiating state;

(4) Obtain information concerning the location of the obligor and the obligor's property within this state not exempt from execution, by such means as postal verification and federal or state parent locator services, examination of telephone directories, requests for the obligor's address from employers, and examination of governmental records, including, to the extent not prohibited by other law, those relating to real property, vital statistics, law enforcement, taxation, motor vehicles, drivers' licenses, and social security benefits.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.21

Effective Date: 07-01-2000

3115.22 Pleadings and accompanying documents.

(A) A plaintiff seeking issuance or modification of a support order or a determination of the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code must verify the complaint. Unless otherwise ordered under section 3115.23 of the Revised Code, the complaint or accompanying documents must provide, so far as known, the name, residential address, and social security numbers of the obligor and the obligee, and the name, sex, residential address, social security number, and date of birth of each child for whom support is sought. The complaint must be accompanied by a certified copy of any support order in effect. The complaint may include any other information that may assist in locating or identifying the defendant.

(B) The complaint must specify the relief sought. The complaint and accompanying documents must conform substantially with the requirements imposed by the forms mandated by federal law for use in cases filed by a support enforcement agency.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.22

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.23 Nondisclosure of information in exceptional circumstances.

A tribunal shall order that the address of a child or party or other identifying information not be disclosed in a pleading or other document filed in a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code if a tribunal has made a finding, that may be made ex parte, that the health, safety, or liberty of a party or child would be unreasonably put at risk by the disclosure of identifying information.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.23

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.24 Costs and fees.

(A) The plaintiff under an action filed pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code may not be required to pay a filing fee or other costs.

(B) If an obligee prevails, a responding tribunal may assess against an obligor filing fees, reasonable attorney's fees, other costs, and necessary travel and other reasonable expenses incurred by the obligee and the obligee's witnesses. The tribunal may not assess fees, costs, or expenses against the obligee or the support enforcement agency of either the initiating or the responding state, except as provided by other law. Attorney's fees may be taxed as costs, and may be ordered paid directly to the attorney, who may enforce the order in the attorney's own name. Payment of support owed to the obligee has priority over fees, costs and expenses.

(C) The tribunal shall order the payment of costs and reasonable attorney's fees if it determines that a hearing was requested primarily for delay.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.24

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.25 Limited immunity of petitioner.

(A) Participation by a plaintiff in a proceeding before a responding tribunal pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, whether in person, by private attorney, or through services provided by the support enforcement agency, does not confer personal jurisdiction over the plaintiff in another proceeding.

(B) A plaintiff is not amenable to service of civil process while physically present in this state to participate in a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

(C) The immunity granted by this section does not extend to civil litigation based on acts unrelated to a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code committed by a party while present in this state to participate in the proceeding.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.25

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.26 Nonparentage as defense.

A party who has been previously determined pursuant to law to be the parent of a child may not plead that the party is not the parent of the child as a defense to a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.26

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.27 Special rules of evidence and procedure.

Except as provided in sections 3115.04 and 3115.50 of the Revised Code, in a proceeding under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code all the following apply:

(A) The physical presence of the plaintiff in a responding tribunal of this state is not required for the issuance, enforcement, or modification of a support order or the determination of the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship.

(B) A verified complaint, affidavit, document substantially complying with federally mandated forms, and a document incorporated by reference in any of them, not excluded under the hearsay rule if given in person, is admissible in evidence if given under oath by a party or witness residing in another state.

(C) A copy of the record of child support payments certified as a true copy of the original by the custodian of the record may be forwarded to a responding tribunal. The copy is evidence of facts asserted in it, and is admissible to show whether payments were made.

(D) Copies of bills for testing for parentage, and for prenatal and postnatal health care of the mother and child, furnished to the adverse party at least ten days before trial, are admissible in evidence to prove the amount of the charges billed and that the charges were reasonable, necessary, and customary.

(E) Documentary evidence transmitted from another state to a tribunal of this state by telephone, telecopier, or other means that do not provide an original writing may not be excluded from evidence on an objection based on the means of transmission.

(F) A tribunal of this state may permit a party or witness residing in another state to be deposed or to testify by telephone, audiovisual means, or other electronic means at a designated tribunal or other location in that state. A tribunal of this state shall cooperate with tribunals of other states in designating an appropriate location for the deposition or testimony.

(G) If a party called to testify at a civil hearing refuses to answer a question, the trier of fact may draw an adverse inference from the person's silence.

(H) A privilege against disclosure of communications between spouses does not apply.

(I) The defense of immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or parent and child does not apply.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.27

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.28 Communications between tribunals.

A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may communicate with a tribunal of another state in writing, or by telephone or other means, to obtain information concerning the laws of that state, the legal effect of a judgment, decree, or order of that tribunal, and the status of a proceeding in the other state. A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may furnish similar information by similar means to a tribunal of another state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.28

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.29 Assistance with discovery.

A tribunal of this state may request a tribunal of another state to assist in obtaining discovery and may, on the request of a tribunal of another state, compel a person over whom it has jurisdiction to respond to a discovery order issued by the requesting tribunal.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.29

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.30 Receipt and disbursement of payments.

A support enforcement agency or tribunal of this state shall disburse promptly any amounts received pursuant to a support order, as directed in the order. The agency or tribunal shall furnish to a requesting party or tribunal of another state a certified statement by the custodian of the record of the amounts and dates of all payments received.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.30

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.31 Petition to establish support order.

(A) If a support order entitled to recognition under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code has not been issued, a responding tribunal of this state may issue a support order if either of the following apply:

(1) The individual seeking the order resides in another state;

(2) The support enforcement agency seeking the order is located in another state.

(B) The tribunal may issue a temporary child support order if any of the following apply:

(1) The defendant has signed a verified statement acknowledging that the defendant is the parent of the child;

(2) The defendant has been determined by or pursuant to law to be the parent;

(3) There is other clear and convincing evidence that the defendant is the child's parent.

(C)

(1) If the responding tribunal finds, after giving notice and an opportunity to be heard to the obligor, that the obligor owes a duty of support, it shall issue a support order directed to the obligor and may issue any other order under section 3115.16 of the Revised Code. Support orders made pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code shall require that payments be made to the office of child support in the department of job and family services.

(2) The responding tribunal shall transmit to the initiating tribunal a copy of all orders of support or for reimbursement of support.

(3) Any tribunal that makes or modifies an order for support under this section or former section 3115.22 of the Revised Code on or after April 12, 1990, shall comply with Chapters 3119., 3121., 3123., and 3125. of the Revised Code. If any person required to pay child support under an order made under this section or former section 3115.22 of the Revised Code on or after April 15, 1985, or any person required to pay support under an order made or modified under this section or former section 3115.22 of the Revised Code on or after December 31, 1986, is found in contempt of court for failure to make support payments under the order, the tribunal that makes the finding, in addition to any other penalty or remedy imposed, shall assess all court costs arising out of the contempt proceeding against the person and require the person to pay any reasonable attorney's fees of any adverse party, as determined by the tribunal, that arose in relation to the act of contempt.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.31

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.32 Employer's receipt of income withholding order of another state.

An income withholding order issued in another state may be sent to the obligor's payor without first filing a complaint or comparable pleading or registering the order with a tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.32

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.33 Employer's compliance with income withholding order of another state.

(A) Upon receipt of an income withholding order, the obligor's payor shall immediately provide a copy of the order to the obligor.

(B) The payor shall treat an income withholding order issued in another state which appears regular on its face as if it had been issued by a tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section and section 3115.34 of the Revised Code, the payor shall withhold and distribute the funds as directed in the withholding order by complying with terms of the order that specify:

(1) The duration and amount of periodic payments of support, stated as a sum certain;

(2) The person or agency designated to receive payments and the address to which the payments are to be forwarded;

(3) Medical support, whether in the form of periodic cash payment, stated as a sum certain, or ordering the obligor to provide health insurance coverage under a policy available through the obligor's payor;

(4) The amount of periodic payments of fees and costs for a support enforcement agency, the issuing tribunal, and the obligee's attorney, stated as a sum certain;

(5) The amount of periodic payments of arrearages and interest on arrearages, stated as a sum certain.

(D) A payor shall comply with the law of the state of the obligor's principal place of employment, if the payor is the obligor's employer, or the payor's principal place of business, in all other cases, for withholding from income with respect to all of the following:

(1) The payor's fee for processing an income withholding order;

(2) The maximum amount permitted to be withheld from the obligor's income;

(3) The times within which the payor must implement the withholding order and forward the support payment.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.33

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.34 Employer's compliance with two or more income withholding orders.

If an obligor's payor receives multiple income withholding orders with respect to the earnings of the same obligor, the payor satisfies the terms of the multiple orders if the payor complies with the law of the state of the obligor's principal place of employment, if the payor is the obligor's employer, or the payor's principal place of business, in all other cases, to establish the priorities for withholding and allocating income withheld for multiple support obligees.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.34

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.35 Immunity of payor.

A payor who complies with an income withholding order issued in another state in accordance with sections 3115.32 to 3115.37 of the Revised Code is not subject to civil liability to an individual or agency with regard to the payor's withholding of support from the obligor's income pursuant to the support order.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.35

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.36 Penalties for noncompliance.

A payor who willfully fails to comply with an income withholding order issued by another state and received for enforcement is subject to the same penalties that may be imposed for noncompliance with an order issued by a tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.36

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.37 Contest by obligor.

(A) If a person designated as an obligor under an income withholding order issued in another state and received directly by a payor in this state believes that the person is not subject to a support order or does not have a duty of support under any order issued by any tribunal pursuant to which the income withholding order was issued, the person may contact the office of child support in the department of job and family services and request that the office investigate whether the person is subject to such a support order or has such a duty of support. Not later than fifteen days after the date the request is made, the office shall conduct the investigation and notify the person of its determination. If the office determines that the person is subject to a support order or does have a duty of support under any order issued by any tribunal pursuant to which the income withholding order was issued, the person may contest the validity or enforcement of the income withholding order by filing an action for declaratory judgment pursuant to Chapter 2721. of the Revised Code in the juvenile court or other court with jurisdiction under section 2101.022 or 2301.03 of the Revised Code in the county in which is located the payor's principal place of business requesting that the court determine whether the person is the obligor subject to a support order or has a duty of support under a support order pursuant to which the income withholding order was issued.

(B) The obligor shall give notice of the action initiated pursuant to Chapter 2721. of the Revised Code to all of the following:

(1) A support enforcement agency providing services to the obligee;

(2) Each payor that has directly received an income withholding order;

(3) The person or agency designated to receive payments in the income withholding order or, if no person or agency is designated, the obligee.

(C) Notwithstanding sections 3115.32 to 3115.36 of the Revised Code, if the office determines, or the court issues an order determining, that the person is not an obligor subject to a support order or does not have a duty of support under a support order pursuant to which the income withholding order was issued, the payor shall not enforce the income withholding order against the person.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.37

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.38 Administrative enforcement of orders.

A party seeking to enforce a support order or an income withholding order, or both, issued by a tribunal of another state may send the documents required for registering the order pursuant to sections 3115.39 to 3115.51 of the Revised Code to a support enforcement agency of this state. On receipt of the documents, the support enforcement agency, without initially seeking to register the order, shall consider and, if appropriate, use any administrative procedure authorized by the law of this state to enforce a support order or an income withholding order, or both. If the obligor does not contest administrative enforcement, the order need not be registered. If the obligor contests the validity or administrative enforcement of the order, the support enforcement agency shall register the order pursuant to sections 3115.39 to 3115.51 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.38

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.39 Procedure to register order for enforcement.

(A) A support order or income withholding order of another state may be registered in this state by sending all of the following documents and information to the appropriate tribunal in this state:

(1) A letter of transmittal to the tribunal requesting registration and enforcement;

(2) Two copies, including one certified copy, of all orders to be registered, including any modification of an order;

(3) A sworn statement by the party seeking registration or a certified statement by the custodian of the records showing the amount of any arrearage;

(4) The name of the obligor and all of the following, if known:

(a) The obligor's address and social security number;

(b) The name and address of the obligor's employer and any other source of income of the obligor;

(c) A description and the location of property of the obligor in this state not exempt from execution.

(5) The name and address of the obligee and, if applicable, the agency or person to whom support payments are to be remitted.

(B) On receipt of a request for registration, the registering tribunal shall cause the order to be filed, together with one copy of the documents and information, regardless of their form.

(C) A complaint or comparable pleading seeking a remedy that must be affirmatively sought under other law of this state may be filed at the same time as the request for registration or at a later time. The pleading must specify the grounds for the remedy sought.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.39

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.40 Effect of registration for enforcement.

A support order or income withholding order issued in another state is registered when the order is filed in the registering tribunal of this state pursuant to section 3115.39 of the Revised Code. A registered order issued in another state that is confirmed pursuant to section 3115.43 or 3115.44 of the Revised Code is enforceable in the same manner and is subject to the same procedures as an order issued by a tribunal of this state. Except as provided in sections 3115.39 to 3115.51 of the Revised Code, a tribunal of this state shall recognize and enforce, but may not modify, a registered order that has been confirmed if the issuing tribunal had jurisdiction.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.40

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.41 Choice of law.

The law of the issuing state governs the nature, extent, amount, and duration of current payments and other obligations of support and the payment of arrearages under the order. In a proceeding for arrearages, the statute of limitation under the laws of this state or of the issuing state, whichever is longer, applies.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.41

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.42 Notice of registration of order.

(A) When a support order or income withholding order issued in another state is registered, immediately on registration the registering tribunal shall send notice to the nonregistering party of the registration. The notice must be accompanied by a copy of the registered order and the documents and relevant information described in division (A) of section 3115.39 of the Revised Code.

(B) The notice must inform the nonregistering party of all of the following:

(1) That a registered order that is confirmed pursuant to section 3115.43 or 3115.44 of the Revised Code is enforceable as of the date of registration in the same manner as an order issued by a tribunal of this state;

(2) That a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order must be requested pursuant to section 3115.43 of the Revised Code no later than twenty days after the date of mailing or personal service of the notice;

(3) That failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order in a timely manner will result in confirmation of the order and enforcement of the order and the alleged arrearages and precludes further contest of that order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted;

(4) The amount of any alleged arrearages under the support order.

(C) On registration of an income withholding order for enforcement, the registering tribunal or a support enforcement agency of this state shall issue a withholding notice to the obligor's payor pursuant to Chapter 3121. of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.42

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.43 Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order.

(A) A nonregistering party seeking to contest the validity or enforcement of a registered order in this state shall request a hearing no later than twenty days after the date of mailing or personal service of the notice of the registration by filing a motion with the registering tribunal. The nonregistering party may seek to vacate the registration, to assert any defense to an allegation of noncompliance with the registered order, or to contest the remedies being sought or the amount of any alleged arrearages pursuant to section 3115.44 of the Revised Code.

(B) If the nonregistering party fails to make the request pursuant to division (A) of this section in a timely manner, the order is confirmed by operation of law.

(C) If a nonregistering party makes a request pursuant to division (A) of this section in a timely manner, the registering tribunal shall schedule the matter for hearing and give notice to the parties of the date, time, and place of the hearing. At the hearing, the registering tribunal shall determine whether the registered order is to be confirmed.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.43

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.44 Contest of registration or enforcement.

(A) A party contesting the validity or enforcement of a registered order or seeking to vacate the registration has the burden of proving one or more of the following defenses:

(1) The issuing tribunal lacked personal jurisdiction over the contesting party;

(2) The order was obtained by fraud;

(3) The order has been vacated, suspended, or modified by a later order;

(4) The issuing tribunal has stayed the order pending appeal;

(5) There is a defense under the law of this state to the remedy sought;

(6) Full or partial payment has been made;

(7) The applicable statute of limitation under section 3115.41 of the Revised Code precludes enforcement of some or all of the arrearages.

(B) If a party presents evidence establishing a full or partial defense under division (A) of this section, a tribunal may stay enforcement of the registered order, continue the proceeding to permit production of additional relevant evidence, and issue other appropriate orders. An uncontested portion of the registered order may be enforced by all remedies available under the law of this state.

(C) If the contesting party does not establish a defense under division (A) of this section to the validity or enforcement of the order, the registering tribunal shall issue an order confirming the order.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.44

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.45 Confirmed order.

Confirmation of a registered order, whether by operation of law under section 3115.43 of the Revised Code or after notice and hearing pursuant to section 3115.44 of the Revised Code, precludes further contest of the order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted at the time of registration.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.45

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.46 Procedure to register child support order of another state for modification.

A party or support enforcement agency seeking to modify, or to modify and enforce, a child support order issued in another state shall register that order in this state pursuant to section 3115.39 of the Revised Code. A motion for modification may be filed at the same time as a request for registration, or at a later time. The motion must specify the grounds for modification.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.46

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.47 Effect of registration for modification.

A tribunal of this state may enforce a child support order of another state registered for purposes of modification, in the same manner as if the order had been issued by a tribunal of this state, but the registered order may be modified only if the requirements of section 3115.48 of the Revised Code have been met.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.47

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.48 Modification of child support order of another state.

(A) After a child support order issued in another state has been registered in this state, the responding tribunal of this state may modify that order only if section 3115.50 of the Revised Code does not apply and after notice and hearing it finds either of the following applicable:

(1) The child, the individual obligee, and the obligor subject to the support order do not reside in the issuing state, a petitioner who is a nonresident of this state seeks modification, and the respondent is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this state.

(2) The child, or a party who is an individual, is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this state and all of the parties who are individuals have filed written consents in the issuing tribunal for a tribunal of this state to modify the support order and assume continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over the order. However, if the issuing state is a foreign jurisdiction that has not enacted a law or established procedures substantially similar to the procedures under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, the consent otherwise required of an individual residing in this state is not required for the tribunal to assume jurisdiction to modify the child support order.

(B) Modification of a registered child support order is subject to the same requirements, procedures, and defenses that apply to the modification of an order issued by a tribunal of this state and the order may be enforced and satisfied in the same manner.

(C) A tribunal of this state may not modify any aspect of a child support order that may not be modified under the law of the issuing state. If two or more tribunals have issued child support orders for the same obligor and child, the order that must be recognized as controlling under section 3115.09 of the Revised Code establishes the aspects of the child support order that are nonmodifiable.

(D) On issuance of an order modifying a child support order issued in another state, a tribunal of this state becomes the tribunal having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.48

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.49 Recognition of order modified in another state.

A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state shall recognize a modification of its earlier child support order by a tribunal of another state that assumed jurisdiction pursuant to a law adopted by the other state that is substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code and, upon request, except as otherwise provided in sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, shall do all of the following, as appropriate:

(A) Enforce collection of support amounts accruing before the modification of the order;

(B) Enforce only nonmodifiable aspects of that order;

(C) Provide other appropriate relief only for violations of that order that occurred before the effective date of the modification;

(D) Recognize the modifying order of the other state, upon registration, for the purpose of enforcement.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.49

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.50 Jurisdiction to modify child support order of another state when individual parties reside in this state.

If all of the parties who are individuals reside in this state and the child does not reside in the issuing state, a tribunal of this state has jurisdiction to enforce and to modify the issuing state's child support order in a proceeding to register that order. Sections 3115.01 to 3115.11 and 3115.39 to 3115.51 of the Revised Code and the procedural and substantive laws of this state are applicable, and sections 3115.12 to 3115.38 , 3115.52 to 3115.54 , 3115.58 , and 3115.59 of the Revised Code are not applicable, to a proceeding conducted by a tribunal of this state exercising jurisdiction under this section.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.50

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.51 Notice to issuing tribunal of modification.

No later than thirty days after issuance of a modified child support order, the party obtaining the modification shall file a certified copy of the order with the issuing tribunal that had continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over the earlier order, and in each tribunal in which the party knows the earlier order has been registered. A party who obtains the order and fails to file a certified copy is subject to appropriate sanctions by a tribunal in which the issue of failure to file arises. The failure to file does not affect the validity or enforceability of the modified order of the new tribunal having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.51

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.52 Proceeding to determine parentage.

(A) A tribunal or support enforcement agency of this state may serve as an initiating or responding tribunal in a proceeding brought under sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or a law or procedure substantially similar to those sections, the uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, or the revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act to determine the existence or nonexistence of a parent and child relationship with respect to the parties.

(B) In a proceeding pursuant to division (A) of this section, a responding tribunal of this state shall comply with Chapter 3111. of the Revised Code and the rules of this state on choice of law.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.52

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.53 Grounds for rendition.

(A) For purposes of this article, "governor" includes an individual performing the functions of the executive authority of a state.

(B) The governor of this state may do either of the following:

(1) Demand that the governor of another state surrender an individual found in the other state who is charged criminally in this state with having failed to pay support under a support order;

(2) On the demand by the governor of another state, surrender an individual found in this state who is charged criminally in the other state with having failed to pay support under a support order.

(C) Notwithstanding section 2963.03 of the Revised Code, sections 2963.01 to 2963.29 and 107.04 of the Revised Code apply to the demand even if the individual whose surrender is demanded was not in the demanding state when the crime was allegedly committed and has not fled therefrom.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.53

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.54 Conditions of rendition.

(A) Before making a demand that the governor of another state surrender an individual pursuant to division (B)(1) of section 3115.53 of the Revised Code, the governor of this state may require a prosecutor of this state to demonstrate that at least sixty days previously the obligee had initiated proceedings for support pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or that such proceedings would not be effective in enforcing the support order.

(B) If, under a law adopted by another state that is substantially similar to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code, the uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, or the revised uniform reciprocal enforcement of support act, the governor of the other state makes a demand pursuant to division (B)(2) of section 3115.53 of the Revised Code, the governor of this state may require a prosecutor of this state to investigate the demand and report whether a proceeding for support has been initiated or would be effective in enforcing the support order. If it appears that a proceeding would be effective but has not been initiated, the governor of this state may delay honoring the demand for a reasonable time to permit the initiation of a proceeding.

(C) If a proceeding for support has been initiated and the individual whose surrender is demanded prevails, the governor of this state may decline to honor the demand. If the petitioner prevails and the individual whose surrender is demanded is subject to a support order, the governor of this state may decline to honor the demand if the individual is complying with the support order.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.54

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.55 Applicability of Civil Rules.

(A) Any action or proceeding brought pursuant to sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code is a civil action and shall be governed by the Rules of Civil Procedure unless a different procedure is specifically provided by those sections.

(B) An action under section 3115.31 of the Revised Code to establish a support order, section 3115.37 of the Revised Code to contest direct withholding of support, sections 3115.43 and 3115.44 of the Revised Code to register a support order, section 3115.46 of the Revised Code to register an order for modification, or section 3115.52 of the Revised Code to determine parentage is an original action and shall be governed by the Rules of Civil Procedure. On filing the complaint with the responding tribunal, the clerk of court shall comply with the service of process requirements of the Rules of Civil Procedure.

(C) In any proceeding in which the plaintiff seeks to invoke the continuing jurisdiction of a responding tribunal of this state in order to modify or enforce a support order, notice of the complaint shall be served in the manner provided for service of process under the Rules of Civil Procedure.

(D) If the manner of notice is not specified in this section, or otherwise in this chapter or the Rules of Civil Procedure, notice shall be by first class mail.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.55

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.56 Venue.

(A) If this state is the responding state, a complaint seeking enforcement, collection, or modification of an existing support order originally issued in this state shall be filed with the tribunal or support enforcement agency that issued the original order.

(B) An original action under this chapter shall be filed with the appropriate tribunal of the county pursuant to sections 2151.23 and 2301.03 of the Revised Code in which the respondent resides or is found.

(C) If an obligor contesting the direct withholding of income under section 3115.37 of the Revised Code is not a resident of this state, the complaint shall be filed with the appropriate tribunal located in either of the following:

(1) The county in which the obligor's payor is located, if the order attaches to the income of the obligor paid by the payor;

(2) The county in which an account is located in a financial institution, if the income withholding order attaches the funds in that account.

If venue cannot be determined under division (C)(1) or (2) of this section, the nonresident obligor shall file the complaint with a tribunal located in a county of this state that borders the obligor's county of residence or in Franklin county.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.56

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3115.57 Support orders issued prior to effective date.

An order issued prior to the effective date of this section pursuant to former Chapter 3115. of the Revised Code shall remain in full force and effect as issued, but may be modified or terminated pursuant to Chapter 3115. of the Revised Code as that chapter exists on and after the effective date of this section. The provisions of section 3115.41 of the Revised Code shall not revive any action that could not be filed prior to the effective date of this section under provisions of former section 3115.06 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.57

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.58 Uniformity of application and construction.

Sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states that enact a uniform interstate family support act.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.58

Effective Date: 01-01-1998

3115.59 Severability.

If any provision of sections 3115.01 to 3115.59 of the Revised Code or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of those sections which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of those sections are severable.

Cite as R.C. § 3115.59

Effective Date: 01-01-1998