Chapter 3748: RADIATION CONTROL PROGRAM

3748.01 Radiation control program definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(A) "Byproduct material" means either of the following:

(1) Any radioactive material, except special nuclear material, yielded in or made radioactive by exposure to radiation incident to the process of producing or utilizing special nuclear material;

(2) The tailings or wastes produced by the extraction or concentration of uranium or thorium from any ore processed primarily for its source material content.

(B) "Certified radiation expert" means an individual who has complied with all of the following:

(1) Applied to the director of health for certification as a radiation expert under section 3748.12 of the Revised Code;

(2) Met minimum education and experience requirements established in rules adopted under division (C) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code;

(3) Been granted a certificate as a radiation expert by the director under section 3748.12 of the Revised Code.

(C) "Closure" or "site closure" refers to a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste or a byproduct material site, as "byproduct material" is defined in division (A)(2) of this section, and means all activities performed at a licensed operation, such as stabilization and contouring, to ensure that the site where the operation occurred is in a stable condition so that only minor custodial care, surveillance, and monitoring are necessary at the site following the termination of the licensed operation.

(D) "Decommissioning" means to safely remove any licensed operation from service and reduce residual radioactivity to a level that permits release of the licensee's property for unrestricted use. With regard to a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste or a byproduct material site, as "byproduct material" is defined in division (A)(2) of this section, "decommissioning" does not include the reduction of residual radioactivity to a level that permits release of the facility for unrestricted use.

(E) "Director of health" includes a designee or authorized representative of the director.

(F) "Disposal," with regard to low-level radioactive waste, means the permanent isolation of that waste in accordance with requirements established by the United States nuclear regulatory commission or the licensing agreement state.

(G) "Disposal site" means that portion of a facility that is used for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste and that consists of disposal units and a buffer zone. "Disposal unit" means a discrete portion of such a facility into which low-level radioactive waste is placed for disposal.

(H)

(1) Except as provided in division (H)(2) of this section, "facility" means the state, any political subdivision, person, public or private institution, or group, or any unit of one of those entities, but does not include the federal government or any of its agencies.

(2) For the purposes of the disposal of low-level radioactive waste, "facility" has the same meaning as in section 3747.01 of the Revised Code.

(I) "Handle" means receive, possess, use, store, transfer, install, service, or dispose of sources of radiation unless possession is solely for the purpose of transportation.

(J) "Handler" means a facility that handles sources of radiation unless possession is solely for the purpose of transportation.

(K) "Inspection" means an official review, examination, or observation, including, without limitation, tests, surveys, and monitoring, that is used to determine compliance with rules, orders, requirements, and conditions of the department of health and that is conducted by the director of health.

(L) "Low-level radioactive waste" has the same meaning as in section 3747.01 of the Revised Code with regard to the disposal of low-level radioactive waste. In regard to regulatory control at locations other than a disposal facility, "low-level radioactive waste" has the same meaning as in 42 U.S.C.A. 2021b.

(M) "Quality assurance program" means a program providing for verification by written procedures such as testing, auditing, and inspection to ensure that deficiencies, deviations, defective equipment, or unsafe practices, or a combination thereof, relating to the use, disposal, management, or manufacture of radiation sources are identified, promptly corrected, and reported to the appropriate regulatory authorities.

(N) "Radiation" means ionizing and nonionizing radiation.

(1) "Ionizing radiation" means gamma rays and X-rays, alpha and beta particles, high-speed electrons, neutrons, protons, and other nuclear particles, but does not include sound or radio waves or visible, infrared, or ultraviolet light.

(2) "Nonionizing radiation" means any electromagnetic radiation, other than ionizing electromagnetic radiation, or any sonic, ultrasonic, or infrasonic wave.

(O) "Radioactive material" means any solid, liquid, or gaseous material that emits ionizing radiation spontaneously. "Radioactive material" includes accelerator-produced and naturally occurring materials and byproduct, source, and special nuclear material.

(P) "Radiation-generating equipment" means any manufactured product or device, or component of such a product or device, or any machine or system that during operation can generate or emit radiation, except those that emit radiation only from radioactive material. "Radiation-generating equipment" does not include either of the following:

(1) Diathermy machines;

(2) Microwave ovens, including food service microwave ovens used for commercial and industrial uses, television receivers, electric lamps, and other household appliances and products that generate very low levels of radiation.

(Q) "Source material" means uranium, thorium, or any combination thereof in any physical or chemical form, or any ores that contain by weight at least one-twentieth of one per cent of uranium, thorium, or any combination thereof. "Source material" does not include special nuclear material.

(R) "Source of radiation" means radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment.

(S) "Special nuclear material" means either of the following:

(1) Plutonium, uranium 233, uranium enriched in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, and any other material that the United States nuclear regulatory commission determines to be special nuclear material, but does not include source material pursuant to section 51 of the "Atomic Energy Act of 1954," 68 Stat. 919, 42 U.S.C.A. 2071.

(2) Except for any source material, any material artificially enriched by any of the materials identified in division (S)(1) of this section.

(T) "Storage" means the retention of radioactive materials, including low-level radioactive waste, prior to disposal in a manner that allows for surveillance, control, and subsequent retrieval.

(U) "Medical practitioner" means a person who is authorized pursuant to Chapter 4715. of the Revised Code to practice dentistry; pursuant to Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code to practice medicine and surgery, osteopathic medicine and surgery, or podiatric medicine and surgery; or pursuant to Chapter 4734. of the Revised Code to practice chiropractic.

(V) "Medical-practitioner group" means a corporation, partnership, or other business entity, other than a hospital as defined in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code, consisting of medical practitioners.

(W) "Naturally occurring radioactive material" means material that contains any nuclide that is radioactive in its natural physical state. "Naturally occurring radioactive material" does not include source material, byproduct material, or special nuclear material.

(X) "Technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material" means naturally occurring radioactive material with radionuclide concentrations that are increased by or as a result of past or present human activities. "Technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material" does not include drill cuttings, natural background radiation, byproduct material, or source material.

(Y) "Drill cuttings" means the soil, rock fragments, and pulverized material that are removed from a borehole and that may include a de minimus amount of fluid that results from a drilling process.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.01

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 7/17/2009.

Effective Date: 09-08-1995; 12-30-2004; 06-27-2005

3748.02 Ohio radiation control agency designation.

(A) The department of health is hereby designated the Ohio radiation control agency.

(B) In accordance with the laws of this state, the director of health may employ, compensate, and prescribe the duties of individuals necessary to implement and administer this chapter and the rules adopted under it.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.02

Effective Date: 09-08-1995; 12-30-2004; 06-27-2005

3748.03 Agreements with nuclear regulatory commission.

(A)

(1) The governor, on behalf of the state, may enter into agreements with the United States nuclear regulatory commission as authorized by section 274(b) of the "Atomic Energy Act of 1954," 68 Stat. 919, 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 , as amended, for the discontinuation of specified licensing and related regulatory authority of the commission with respect to byproduct material, source material, the commercial disposal of low-level radioactive waste, and special nuclear material in quantities not sufficient to form a critical mass and the assumption of that authority by the state.

(2) The governor shall appoint a state liaison officer to the United States nuclear regulatory commission, who shall serve at the pleasure of the governor.

(B) The general assembly hereby designates the department of health as the agency authorized to pursue agreement state status, on behalf of the governor, for the assumption by the state of specified licensing and related regulatory authority from the commission pursuant to division (A) of this section. The department shall enter into negotiations with the commission for that purpose.

(C) Any person who, on the effective date of an agreement entered into by the state and the commission pursuant to divisions (A) and (B) of this section, holds a license issued by the commission for radioactive materials that are subject to the agreement is deemed to hold a license issued under this chapter and rules adopted under it. That license shall expire ninety days after the holder receives a notice of expiration from the department or on the date of expiration specified in the license issued by the commission, whichever is later, provided that no such license shall expire during the ninety days immediately following the effective date of the agreement.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.03

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.04 Director of health rules for requirements, procedures and fees.

The director of health, in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, shall adopt and may amend or rescind rules doing all of the following:

(A) Listing types of radioactive material for which licensure by its handler is required and types of radiation-generating equipment for which registration by its handler is required, and establishing requirements governing them. Rules adopted under division (A) of this section shall be compatible with applicable federal regulations and shall establish all of the following, without limitation:

(1) Requirements governing both of the following:

(a) The licensing and inspection of handlers of radioactive material. Standards established in rules adopted under division (A)(1)(a) of this section regarding byproduct material or any activity that results in the production of that material, to the extent practicable, shall be equivalent to or more stringent than applicable standards established by the United States nuclear regulatory commission.

(b) The registration and inspection of handlers of radiation-generating equipment. Standards established in rules adopted under division (A)(1)(b) of this section, to the extent practicable, shall be equivalent to applicable standards established by the food and drug administration in the United States department of health and human services.

(2) Identification of and requirements governing possession and use of specifically licensed and generally licensed quantities of radioactive material as either sealed sources or unsealed sources;

(3) A procedure for the issuance of and the frequency of renewal of the licenses of handlers of radioactive material, other than a license for a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste, and of the certificates of registration of handlers of radiation-generating equipment;

(4) Procedures for suspending and revoking the licenses of handlers of radioactive material and the certificates of registration of handlers of radiation-generating equipment;

(5) Criteria to be used by the director of health in amending the license of a handler of radioactive material or the certificate of registration of a handler of radiation-generating equipment subsequent to its issuance;

(6) Criteria for achieving and maintaining compliance with this chapter and rules adopted under it by licensees and registrants;

(7) Criteria governing environmental monitoring of licensed and registered activities to assess compliance with this chapter and rules adopted under it;

(8) Fees for both of the following:

(a) The licensing of handlers, other than facilities for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste, of radioactive material;

(b) The registration of handlers, other than facilities that are, or are operated by, medical practitioners or medical-practitioner groups, of radiation-generating equipment.

(9) A fee schedule for both of the following that includes fees for reviews, conducted during an inspection, of shielding plans or the adequacy of shielding:

(a) The inspection of handlers of radioactive material;

(b) The inspection of handlers, other than facilities that are, or are operated by, medical practitioners or medical-practitioner groups, of radiation-generating equipment.

(B)

(1) Identifying sources of radiation, circumstances of possession, use, or disposal of sources of radiation, and levels of radiation that constitute an unreasonable or unnecessary risk to human health or the environment;

(2) Establishing requirements for the achievement and maintenance of compliance with standards for the receipt, possession, use, storage, installation, transfer, servicing, and disposal of sources of radiation to prevent levels of radiation that constitute an unreasonable or unnecessary risk to human health or the environment;

(3) Requiring the maintenance of records on the receipt, use, storage, transfer, and disposal of radioactive material, including technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material, and on the radiological safety aspects of the use and maintenance of radiation-generating equipment. The rules adopted under division (B)(3) of this section shall not require maintenance of records regarding naturally occurring radioactive material.

In adopting rules under divisions (A) and (B) of this section, the director shall use standards no less stringent than the "suggested state regulations for control of radiation" prepared by the conference of radiation control program directors, inc., and regulations adopted by the United States nuclear regulatory commission, the United States environmental protection agency, and the United States department of health and human services and shall consider reports of the national council on radiation protection and measurement and the relevant standards of the American national standards institute.

(C) Establishing fees, procedures, and requirements for certification as a radiation expert, including all of the following, without limitation:

(1) Minimum training and experience requirements;

(2) Procedures for applying for certification;

(3) Procedures for review of applications and issuance of certificates;

(4) Procedures for suspending and revoking certification.

(D) Establishing a schedule for inspection of sources of radiation and their shielding and surroundings;

(E) Establishing the responsibilities of a radiation expert;

(F) Establishing criteria for quality assurance programs for licensees of radioactive material and registrants of radiation-generating equipment;

(G) Establishing fees to be paid by any facility that, on September 8, 1995, holds a license from the United States nuclear regulatory commission in order to provide moneys necessary for the transfer of licensing and other regulatory authority from the commission to the state pursuant to section 3748.03 of the Revised Code. Rules adopted under this division shall stipulate that fees so established do not apply to any functions dealing specifically with a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste. Fees collected under this division shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The fees shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and rules adopted under it.

(H) Establishing fees to be collected annually from generators of low-level radioactive waste, which shall be based upon the volume and radioactivity of the waste generated and the costs of administering low-level radioactive waste management activities under this chapter and rules adopted under it. All fees collected under this division shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The fees shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and rules adopted under it. Any fee required under this division that remains unpaid on the ninety-first day after the original invoice date shall be assessed an additional amount equal to ten per cent of the original fee.

(I) Establishing requirements governing closure, decontamination, decommissioning, reclamation, and long-term surveillance and care of a facility licensed under this chapter and rules adopted under it. Rules adopted under division (I) of this section shall include, without limitation, all of the following:

(1) Standards and procedures to ensure that a licensee prepares a decommissioning funding plan that provides an adequate financial guaranty to permit the completion of all requirements governing the closure, decontamination, decommissioning, and reclamation of sites, structures, and equipment used in conjunction with a licensed activity;

(2) For licensed activities where radioactive material that will require surveillance or care is likely to remain at the site after the licensed activities cease, as indicated in the application for the license submitted under section 3748.07 of the Revised Code, standards and procedures to ensure that the licensee prepares an additional decommissioning funding plan for long-term surveillance and care, before termination of the license, that provides an additional adequate financial guaranty as necessary to provide for that surveillance and care;

(3) For the purposes of the decommissioning funding plans required in rules adopted under divisions (I)(1) and (2) of this section, the types of acceptable financial guaranties, which shall include bonds issued by fidelity or surety companies authorized to do business in the state, certificates of deposit, deposits of government securities, irrevocable letters or lines of credit, trust funds, escrow accounts, or other similar types of arrangements, but shall not include any arrangement that constitutes self-insurance;

(4) A requirement that the decommissioning funding plans required in rules adopted under divisions (I)(1) and (2) of this section contain financial guaranties in amounts sufficient to ensure compliance with any standards established by the United States nuclear regulatory commission, or by the state if it has become an agreement state pursuant to section 3748.03 of the Revised Code, pertaining to closure, decontamination, decommissioning, reclamation, and long-term surveillance and care of licensed activities and sites of licensees.

Standards established in rules adopted under division (I) of this section regarding any activity that resulted in the production of byproduct material, as defined in division (A)(2) of section 3748.01 of the Revised Code, to the extent practicable, shall be equivalent to or more stringent than standards established by the United States nuclear regulatory commission for sites at which ores were processed primarily for their source material content and at which byproduct material, as defined in division (A)(2) of section 3748.01 of the Revised Code, is deposited.

(J) Establishing criteria governing inspections of a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste, including, without limitation, the establishment of a resident inspector program at such a facility;

(K) Establishing requirements and procedures governing the filing of complaints under section 3748.16 of the Revised Code, including, without limitation, those governing intervention in a hearing held under division (B)(3) of that section;

(L) Establishing requirements governing technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material. Rules adopted under this division shall not apply to naturally occurring radioactive material.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.04

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Effective Date: 11-06-1996; 12-30-2004; 06-27-2004

3748.05 Director of health - powers and duties.

(A) The director of health shall do all of the following:

(1) Administer and enforce this chapter and the rules adopted under it;

(2) Collect and make available information relating to sources of radiation;

(3) Ensure the review of plans and specifications, submitted in accordance with rules adopted by the director, for the control of radiation that constitutes an unreasonable or unnecessary risk to human health or the environment;

(4) Review reports of quality assurance audits performed by certified radiation experts under this chapter and the rules adopted under it;

(5) Ensure that programs for the control of sources of radiation are developed with due regard for compatibility with federal programs for the regulation of byproduct, source, and special nuclear materials;

(6) In accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, adopt, and subsequently may amend and rescind, rules providing for the administrative assessment and collection of monetary penalties for failure by any facility licensed under this chapter and rules adopted under it to comply with this chapter and those rules. The director may require the submission of compliance schedules and other related information. Any orders issued or payments or other requirements imposed pursuant to rules adopted under division (A)(6) of this section shall not affect any civil or criminal enforcement proceeding brought under this chapter or any other provision of state or local law. Moneys collected as administrative penalties imposed pursuant to rules adopted under division (A)(6) of this section shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The moneys shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and the rules adopted under it.

(7) Maintain files of both of the following:

(a) All license and registration applications, issuances, denials, amendments, renewals, suspensions, and revocations and any administrative or judicial action pertaining to them;

(b) All rules adopted under this chapter, or proposed to be adopted, relating to the regulation of sources of radiation and proceedings on them.

(B) The director may do any or all of the following:

(1) Advise, consult, and cooperate with other agencies of the state, the federal government, other states, interstate agencies, political subdivisions, industries, and other affected groups in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter and the rules adopted under it;

(2) Accept and administer grants from the federal government and from other sources, public or private, for carrying out any of the director's functions under this chapter and the rules adopted under it;

(3) Encourage, participate in, or conduct studies, investigations, training, research, and demonstrations relating to the detection and control of radiation that constitutes an unreasonable or unnecessary risk to human health or the environment, the measurement of radiation, the evaluation of potential effects on health of cumulative or acute exposure to radiation, the development and improvement of methods to limit and reduce the generation of radioactive waste, and related problems as the director considers necessary or advisable;

(4) In accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, adopt rules establishing criteria under which other agencies of the state or private entities may perform inspections of x-ray equipment at registered dental facilities at the request of the facility or pursuant to contract with the department;

(5) Exercise all incidental powers necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter and the rules adopted under it, including, without limitation, the issuance of orders.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.05

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Effective Date: 06-30-1997; 12-30-2004; 06-27-2005

3748.06 Compliance with licensing provisions and rules.

(A) No facility shall handle radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment for which licensure or registration, respectively, by its handler is required by rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code unless the facility has obtained a license or certificate of registration from the department of health.

(B) No facility shall handle radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment except in accordance with rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.06

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.07 Applying for license or certificate of registration.

(A) Every facility that proposes to handle radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment for which licensure or registration, respectively, by its handler is required shall apply in writing to the director of health on forms prescribed and provided by the director for licensure or registration. Terms and conditions of licenses and certificates of registration may be amended in accordance with rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code or orders issued by the director pursuant to section 3748.05 of the Revised Code.

(B)

(1) An applicant proposing to handle radioactive material shall pay for a license or renewal of a license the appropriate fee specified in rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code and listed on an invoice provided by the director. The applicant shall pay the fee on receipt of the invoice.

(2)

(a) Except as provided in division (B)(2)(b) of this section, until fees are established in rules adopted under division (A)(8)(b) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code, an applicant proposing to handle radiation-generating equipment shall pay for a certificate of registration or renewal of a certificate a biennial registration fee of two hundred sixty-two dollars.

Except as provided in division (B)(2)(b) of this section, on and after the effective date of the rules in which fees are established under division (A)(8)(b) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code, an applicant proposing to handle radiation-generating equipment shall pay for a certificate of registration or renewal of a certificate the appropriate fee established in those rules.

The applicant shall pay the fees described in division (B)(2)(a) of this section at the time of applying for a certificate of registration or renewal of a certificate.

(b) An applicant that is, or is operated by, a medical practitioner or medical-practitioner group and proposes to handle radiation-generating equipment shall pay for a certificate of registration or renewal of a certificate a biennial registration fee of two hundred sixty-two dollars. The applicant shall pay the fee at the time of applying for a certificate of registration or renewal of the certificate.

(C) All fees collected under this section shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The fees shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and rules adopted under it.

(D) Any fee required under this section that remains unpaid on the ninety-first day after the original invoice date shall be assessed an additional amount equal to ten per cent of the original fee.

(E) The director shall grant a license or registration to any applicant who has paid the required fee and is in compliance with this chapter and rules adopted under it.

(F) Except as provided in division (B)(2) of this section, licenses and certificates of registration shall be effective for the applicable period established in rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code. Licenses and certificates of registration shall be renewed in accordance with the renewal procedure established in rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.07

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 7/17/2009.

Effective Date: 06-26-2003; 06-30-2005

3748.09 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 3748.09

Effective Date: 12-30-2004

3748.10 Prohibiting treatment, recycling, storing or disposal of waste except at licensed facility.

(A) As used in this section, "person" means any legal entity defined as a person under section 1.59 of the Revised Code, the state or any agency of the state, any political subdivision or agency of a political subdivision, and the United States or any agency or instrumentality of the United States other than the United States department of energy or the United States nuclear regulatory commission where state regulation of the treatment, recycling, storage, or disposal of low-level radioactive waste by either of those agencies is prohibited by federal law.

(B) No person shall treat, recycle, store, or dispose of any low-level radioactive waste except at a facility that is licensed for treatment, recycling, storage, or disposal of that waste by the director of health under this chapter and rules adopted under it or, until the state becomes an agreement state pursuant to section 3748.03 of the Revised Code, by the United States nuclear regulatory commission under the "Atomic Energy Act of 1954," 68 Stat. 919, 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 , as amended, and regulations adopted under it regardless of whether the waste has been reclassified as "below regulatory concern" by the United States nuclear regulatory commission pursuant to any rule or standard adopted after January 1, 1990.

(C) Division (B) of this section does not apply to either of the following:

(1) Any low-level radioactive waste that on or before January 1, 1990, was authorized under the "Atomic Energy Act of 1954," 68 Stat. 919, 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 , as amended, and regulations adopted under it to be treated, recycled, stored, or disposed of at a facility that has not been licensed under that act and regulations adopted under it;

(2) Any low-level radioactive waste that has received an exemption from the director of health under division (C)(2) of this section. If the United States nuclear regulatory commission declares its intent to institute a policy regarding the reclassification of waste as "below regulatory concern," the director, in consultation with the environmental protection agency, shall adopt rules in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code that govern the granting of such exemptions and that do at least all of the following:

(a) Establish an application procedure to be followed by the generator of a low-level radioactive waste who wishes to obtain an exemption for that waste under division (C)(2) of this section;

(b) Require that in order to receive an exemption, a low-level radioactive waste shall have been reclassified as "below regulatory concern" by the United States nuclear regulatory commission after August 19, 1992. The rules adopted under division (C)(2)(b) of this section shall stipulate that such a reclassification does not automatically qualify a low-level radioactive waste for an exemption under division (C)(2) of this section.

(c) Require an applicant to demonstrate with clear and convincing evidence that the low-level radioactive waste that is the subject of the application does not present a higher radioactive hazard than any low-level radioactive waste to which division (C)(1) of this section applies and that treatment, recycling, storage, or disposal of the waste at a facility that has not been licensed by the director under this chapter and rules adopted under it or, until the state becomes an agreement state pursuant to section 3748.03 of the Revised Code, by the United States nuclear regulatory commission under the "Atomic Energy Act of 1954," 68 Stat. 919, 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 , as amended, and regulations adopted under it, will not harm public health or safety or the environment;

(d) Establish public notification procedures to be followed by the director for any public hearing held under division (C)(2) of this section.

The director shall review an application submitted under division (C)(2) of this section and shall hold a public hearing concerning the application before granting or denying the exemption requested. The director may grant an exemption to the low-level radioactive waste that is the subject of the application after determining that the generator has complied with the rules adopted under division (C)(2)(a) of this section and that the waste satisfies the requirements established in the rules adopted under divisions (C)(2)(b) and (c) of this section. The director shall maintain a list of all low-level radioactive wastes to which the director has granted such an exemption.

Division (C)(2) of this section does not apply to any low-level radioactive waste generated at a nuclear power station.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.10

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.11 Compliance with rules.

(A) A facility that is licensed under this chapter and rules adopted under it, including a facility that is licensed for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste, shall comply with all applicable rules adopted under division (I) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code governing closure, decontamination, decommissioning, reclamation, and long-term surveillance and care of its licensed activity.

(B) Unless there is federal jurisdiction for oversight of closure, decontamination, decommissioning, reclamation, and long-term surveillance and care of a licensed activity, those actions are the responsibility of the state.

(C) When the director of health finds that a licensee has failed to comply with all requirements governing closure, decontamination, decommissioning, and reclamation of its licensed activity, the director shall make a finding of that fact and declare any financial guaranty provided for in the licensee's decommissioning funding plan prepared in accordance with rules adopted under division (I)(1) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code forfeited in the amount established by the director. The director shall certify the total forfeiture to the attorney general, who shall collect the amount.

Except as otherwise provided in this section, moneys collected from forfeitures under this division shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the radiation site closure and reclamation fund, which is hereby created. All investment earnings of the fund shall be credited to the fund. The director shall use moneys in the fund exclusively to complete actions necessary to comply with requirements governing closure, decontamination, decommissioning, and reclamation regarding licensed activities for which financial guaranties have been forfeited under this division. The director may enter into contracts for those purposes.

(D) When the director finds that a licensee to whom standards and procedures established in rules adopted under division (I)(2) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code apply has failed to comply with long-term surveillance and care requirements established in rules adopted under division (I) of that section, the director shall make a finding of that fact and declare any financial guaranty provided for in the licensee's decommissioning funding plan prepared in accordance with rules adopted under division (I)(2) of that section forfeited in the amount established by the director. The director shall certify the total forfeiture to the attorney general, who shall collect the amount.

Except as otherwise provided in this section, moneys collected from forfeitures under this division shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the radiation long-term care fund, which is hereby created. All investment earnings of the fund shall be credited to the fund. The director shall use moneys in the fund exclusively to complete actions necessary to comply with requirements governing long-term surveillance, care, and maintenance regarding licensed activities for which financial guaranties have been forfeited under this division. The director may enter into contracts for those purposes.

(E) Moneys collected from the forfeiture of any financial guaranty under division (C) or (D) of this section by the licensee of a facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the long-term care fund created pursuant to section 3747.01 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.11

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.12 Certifying radiation experts.

The director of health shall certify radiation experts pursuant to rules adopted under division (C) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code. The director shall issue a certificate to each person certified under this section. An individual certified by the director is qualified to develop, provide periodic review of, and conduct audits of the quality assurance program for sources of radiation for which such a program is required under division (A) of section 3748.13 of the Revised Code.

The director shall establish an application fee for applying for certification and a biennial certification renewal fee in rules adopted under division (C) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code. A certificate issued under this section shall expire two years after the date of its issuance. To maintain certification, a radiation expert shall apply to the director for renewal of certification in accordance with the standard renewal procedures established in Chapter 4745. of the Revised Code. The certification renewal fee is not required for initial certification, but shall be paid for every renewal of certification. Fees collected under this section shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The fees shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and rules adopted under it. Any fee required under this section that remains unpaid on the ninety-first day after the original invoice date shall be assessed an additional amount equal to ten per cent of the original fee.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.12

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 7/17/2009.

Effective Date: 09-29-1997

3748.121 Effect of child support default on certificate.

On receipt of a notice pursuant to section 3123.43 of the Revised Code, the director of health shall comply with sections 3123.41 to 3123.50 of the Revised Code and any applicable rules adopted under section 3123.63 of the Revised Code with respect to a certificate issued pursuant to section 3748.12 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.121

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

3748.13 Inspections.

(A) The director of health shall inspect sources of radiation for which licensure or registration by the handler is required, and the sources' shielding and surroundings, according to the schedule established in rules adopted under division (D) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code. In accordance with rules adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code, the director shall inspect all records and operating procedures of handlers that install or service sources of radiation and all sources of radiation for which licensure of radioactive material or registration of radiation-generating equipment by the handler is required. The director may make other inspections upon receiving complaints or other evidence of a violation of this chapter or rules adopted under it.

The director shall require any hospital registered under division (A) of section 3701.07 of the Revised Code to develop and maintain a quality assurance program for all sources of radiation-generating equipment. A certified radiation expert shall conduct oversight and maintenance of the program and shall file a report of audits of the program with the director on forms prescribed by the director. The audit reports shall become part of the inspection record.

(B)

(1) Except as provided in division (B)(2) of this section, a facility shall pay inspection fees for radioactive material and radiation-generating equipment according to the schedule and categories established in rules adopted under division (A)(9) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

(2) A facility that is, or is operated by, a medical practitioner or medical-practitioner group shall pay inspection fees for radiation-generating equipment according to the following schedule and categories:

First dental x-ray tube $ 155.00
Each additional dental x-ray tube at the same location $ 77.00
First medical x-ray tube $ 307.00
Each additional medical x-ray tube at the same location $ 163.00
Each unit of ionizing radiation-generating equipment capable of operating at or above 250 kilovoltage peak $ 610.00
First nonionizing radiation-generating equipment of any kind $ 307.00
Each additional nonionizing radiation-generating equipment of any kind at the same location $ 163.00

(C)

(1) Except as provided in division (C)(2) of this section, the fee for the inspection of a facility that proposes to handle radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment and is not licensed or registered, and for which no license or registration application is pending at the time of inspection, is four hundred seventy-four dollars plus the applicable fee specified in rules adopted under division (A)(9) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

(2) For a facility that is, or is operated by, a medical practitioner or medical-practitioner group and proposes to handle radiation-generating equipment, the fee for an inspection if the facility is not licensed or registered, and no license or registration is pending at the time of inspection, is four hundred seventy-four dollars plus the fee applicable under the schedule in division (B)(2) of this section.

(D)

(1) Except as provided in division (D)(2) of this section, for a facility that handles radioactive material or radiation-generating equipment, the fee for an inspection to determine whether violations cited in a previous inspection have been corrected is the amount specified in rules adopted under division (A)(9) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

(2) For a facility that is, or is operated by, a medical practitioner or medical-practitioner group and handles radiation-generating equipment, the fee for an inspection to determine whether violations cited in a previous inspection have been corrected is fifty per cent of the applicable fee under the schedule in division (B)(2) of this section.

(E) The director may conduct a review of shielding plans or the adequacy of shielding on the request of a licensee or registrant or an applicant for licensure or registration or during an inspection when the director considers a review to be necessary.

(1) Except as provided in division (E)(2) of this section, the fee for the review is the applicable amount specified in rules adopted under division (A)(9) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

(2) For a facility that is, or is operated by, a medical practitioner or medical-practitioner group and handles or proposes to handle radiation-generating equipment, the fee for the review is seven hundred sixty-two dollars for each room where a source of radiation is used and is in addition to any other fee applicable under the schedule in division (B)(2) of this section.

(F) All fees shall be paid to the department of health no later than thirty days after the invoice for the fee is mailed. Fees shall be deposited in the general operations fund created in section 3701.83 of the Revised Code. The fees shall be used solely to administer and enforce this chapter and rules adopted under it.

(G) Any fee required under this section that remains unpaid on the ninety-first day after the original invoice date shall be assessed an additional amount equal to ten per cent of the original fee.

(H) If the director determines that a board of health of a city or general health district is qualified to conduct inspections of radiation-generating equipment, the director may delegate to the board, by contract, the authority to conduct such inspections. In making a determination of the qualifications of a board of health to conduct those inspections, the director shall evaluate the credentials of the individuals who are to conduct the inspections of radiation-generating equipment and the radiation detection and measuring equipment available to them for that purpose. If a contract is entered into, the board shall have the same authority to make inspections of radiation-generating equipment as the director has under this chapter and rules adopted under it. The contract shall stipulate that only individuals approved by the director as qualified shall be permitted to inspect radiation-generating equipment under the contract's provisions. The contract shall provide for such compensation for services as is agreed to by the director and the board of health of the contracting health district. The director may reevaluate the credentials of the inspection personnel and their radiation detecting and measuring equipment as often as the director considers necessary and may terminate any contract with the board of health of any health district that, in the director's opinion, is not satisfactorily performing the terms of the contract.

(I) The director may enter at all reasonable times upon any public or private property to determine compliance with this chapter and rules adopted under it.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.13

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 7/17/2009.

Effective Date: 06-26-2003; 2005 HB66 09-29-2005

3748.14 Excepting diagnostic or therapeutic use of radiation.

This chapter and rules adopted under it shall not be construed to limit the kind and amount of radiation that may be applied intentionally for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes by or under the direction of a licensed physician, dentist, podiatrist, chiropractor, or veterinarian.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.14

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.15 Prohibited acts.

No facility shall violate or fail to comply with any duty imposed by this chapter, fail to pay any administrative penalty assessed in accordance with rules adopted under division (A)(6) of section 3748.05 of the Revised Code, or violate or fail to comply with any valid order issued or rule adopted by the director of health under this chapter. Each day a violation continues is a separate offense.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.15

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.16 Facility inspections.

(A)

(1) The director of health shall conduct regular inspections of the facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in accordance with rules adopted under division (J) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code and, in accordance with those rules, shall provide for at least one resident inspector at the facility.

(2) Concentrations of radioactive materials released into the environment during operation, closure, institutional control, and long-term care of the facility shall be kept as low as are reasonably achievable and shall not exceed levels established in rules adopted under division (A)(7) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code or the standards set forth in 10 C.F.R. 61.41 , whichever are more stringent. The director shall establish a program to monitor concentrations of radioactive materials so released and shall conduct an investigation if monitoring results indicate concentrations of radioactive materials at levels that are greater than the established background for a monitoring point to determine the source of the increased radiation level.

(B)

(1) An officer of an agency of the state or of a political subdivision, acting in the officer's representative capacity, or any person may file a written complaint with the director, in accordance with rules adopted under division (K) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code, regarding the failure or alleged failure of the facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste to comply with health or safety requirements established under this chapter or Chapter 3747. of the Revised Code or rules adopted under them. The complaint shall be verified by an affidavit of the complainant or the complainant's agent or attorney. The affidavit may be made before any person authorized by law to administer oaths and shall be signed by the officer or person who makes it. The person before whom it was taken shall certify that it was sworn to before that person and signed in that person's presence, and the certificate signed officially by that person shall be evidence that the affidavit was made, that the name of the officer or person was written by that officer or person, and that the signer was that officer or person.

(2) Upon receipt of a complaint under division (B)(1) of this section, the director shall cause a prompt investigation to be conducted as is reasonably necessary to determine whether the facility has failed or is failing to comply with the health or safety requirements identified in the complaint. The investigation shall include a discussion of the complaint with the contractor.

(3) The director may hold a hearing on the complaint. Not less than twenty days before the hearing, the director shall cause publication of a notice of the hearing in the county in which the facility is located and shall mail written notice by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the complainant and to the contractor. The hearing shall be conducted before the director or a hearing examiner designated by the director. The department of health and the contractor shall be parties. The complainant may participate as a party by filing with the director, at any time prior to the hearing, a written notice of the complainant's intent to participate. Any other person may be permitted to intervene upon the granting by the director or hearing examiner of a motion to intervene filed in accordance with rules adopted under division (K) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

If the director does not hold a hearing, the director shall provide an opportunity to the complainant and the contractor to attend a conference with the director concerning the complaint.

(4) Following the completion of the investigation under division (B)(2) of this section and the hearing or conference under division (B)(3) of this section, if the director determines that the facility is in compliance with the health or safety requirements identified in the complaint, the director shall dismiss the complaint. If the director determines that the facility is not in compliance with those requirements, the director shall issue an order under division (B)(4) of section 3748.05 of the Revised Code requiring the contractor to bring the facility into compliance and to submit a written discussion of how that will be accomplished. The director also may do any or all of the following:

(a) Suspend or revoke the facility's license in accordance with rules adopted under division (A) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code;

(b) Issue an order assessing an administrative penalty in accordance with rules adopted under division (A)(6) of section 3748.05 of the Revised Code;

(c) Request the attorney general, in writing, to commence appropriate legal proceedings, including a civil action for imposition of a civil penalty under section 3748.19 of the Revised Code and criminal prosecution.

(C) If the director suspends or revokes the license of the facility for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste for any reason in accordance with rules adopted under division (A) or (B) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code, the contractor shall indemnify the state for any loss suffered by the state as a result of the lack of disposal capacity for low-level radioactive waste that otherwise would have been disposed of at the facility.

(D) The provisions of division (A) of this section establishing requirements governing the director and divisions (B) and (C) of this section apply only if the state becomes an agreement state pursuant to section 3748.03 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.16

Effective Date: 09-08-1995; 12-30-2004; 06-27-2005

3748.17 Notice of violation.

(A) Whenever the director of health determines that there has been a violation of this chapter or a rule adopted under it, the director shall give written notice to the alleged violator specifying the section of this chapter or rule violated and specifically describing the violation. The notice also shall include information concerning the applicable penalties established under sections 3748.19 and 3748.99 of the Revised Code.

In addition to giving written notice under this division, the director may issue an order to the violator imposing an administrative penalty in accordance with rules adopted under division (A)(6) of section 3748.05 of the Revised Code.

(B) The director may issue adjudication orders to any facility that remains in violation of this chapter or any rule adopted under it not less than thirty days after that facility's receipt of a written notice of a violation under division (A) of this section. The orders shall specify the section of this chapter or rule violated, specifically describe the violation, specify the action ordered to abate the violation, and order that action to be taken within a specified reasonable time. The director may modify, suspend, or revoke adjudication orders issued under this section.

In addition to the remedies provided and irrespective of whether or not there exists an adequate remedy at law, if a facility to which an adjudication order is issued under this division fails to take the action specified in the order within the specified time, the director may suspend or revoke the facility's license or certificate of registration, as applicable, in accordance with rules adopted under division (A)(4) of section 3748.04 of the Revised Code.

(C) If the director determines that an emergency exists requiring immediate action to protect the public health or safety, he may issue an emergency adjudication order, without notice or hearing, reciting the existence of the emergency and requiring that such action be taken as necessary to meet the emergency. The order shall be effective immediately. Any facility to which the order is issued shall comply immediately, but on application to the director shall be afforded a hearing as soon as possible and not later than thirty days after application. On the basis of the hearing, the director shall continue the order in effect, revoke it, or modify it. No emergency adjudication order shall remain in effect for more than ninety days after its issuance.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, all proceedings of the director under this chapter are subject to and shall be governed by Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(E) The director may impound or order the impounding of sources of radiation that are not stored, used, or disposed of as required by this chapter or rules adopted under it if those sources have been abandoned or if the owner cannot be identified or located.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.17

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.18 Prosecution.

(A) The director of health shall institute proceedings in an appropriate court for any violation of this chapter or rules adopted or orders issued under it, in the manner required by law.

(B) In addition to the remedies provided and irrespective of whether or not there exists an adequate remedy at law, the director may apply to the court of common pleas in the county in which a violation of this chapter or rules adopted or orders issued under it is occurring or appears imminent for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any facility from such a violation or threatened violation. In an action for injunction to enforce any final order of the director brought pursuant to this section, the finding by the director, after hearing, is prima-facie evidence of the facts found therein.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.18

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.19 Civil penalty.

If the director of health determines that any facility has violated, is violating, has failed to comply with, or is failing to comply with this chapter or a rule adopted or order issued under it, the director may request in writing that the attorney general bring an action for civil penalties in the court of common pleas of the county in which the alleged violation or failure to comply has occurred or is occurring. Upon a showing that the person against whom the action is brought has violated, is violating, has failed to comply with, or is failing to comply with this chapter or a rule adopted or order issued under it, the court may impose upon the person a civil penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars for each day of violation or failure to comply.

Any action under this section is a civil action governed by the Rules of Civil Procedure.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.19

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.20 Radiation advisory council - appointment - powers and duties.

(A) The governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint a radiation advisory council, which shall consist of the following members:

(1) One individual who has recognized ability and credentials in the field of medical radiation physics;

(2) One individual who has recognized ability and credentials in the field of health physics;

(3) One individual holding the degree of doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy and licensed to practice medicine or surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery, as applicable, under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code who has recognized ability and credentials in the practice of radiology;

(4) One individual who is licensed to practice dentistry under Chapter 4715. of the Revised Code;

(5) One individual holding the degree of doctor of medicine and licensed to practice medicine or surgery under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code who has recognized ability and credentials in the field of nuclear medicine;

(6) One individual who has recognized ability and credentials in the field of public health or environmental science;

(7) One individual licensed as a podiatrist under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code;

(8) One individual licensed as a chiropractor under Chapter 4734. of the Revised Code;

(9) One individual who is a qualified radiation safety officer or radiation protection manager from a facility in this state that is licensed for the use of radiation materials;

(10) One individual who has recognized ability and credentials in the field of radon measurement, mitigation, or health risk management;

(11) One individual who is a member of a statewide consumer or environmental advocacy organization;

(12) One individual representing the public;

(13) One individual who has recognized ability and experience in the administration and enforcement of federal radiation protection regulations, who shall be a nonvoting member.

The governor shall make the initial appointments to the council not later than December 7, 1995. Of the initial appointments, four shall be for a term of office of three years, four shall be for a term of office of four years, and four shall be for a term of office of five years. Thereafter, terms of office for the members of the council shall be five years with each term ending on the same day of the same month as did the term that it succeeds. Each member shall hold office from the date of the member's appointment until the end of the term for which the member was appointed. Members may be reappointed. Vacancies shall be filled in the manner provided for original appointment. Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which the member's predecessor was appointed shall hold office for the remainder of that term. A member shall continue in office subsequent to the expiration of the member's term or until a period of sixty days has elapsed, whichever occurs first.

The council shall hold four regular quarterly meetings each year. Special meetings may be held at the request of the chairperson of the council or the director of health. The chairperson shall be selected annually by members of the council during the first meeting of the calendar year. Following each meeting, the chairperson shall submit a report to the director summarizing the activities, discussion, and recommendations of the council. Seven voting members of the council constitute a quorum.

Members of the radiation advisory council shall receive a per diem compensation in an amount approved by the director and also shall be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.

The department of health shall provide the council the administrative support necessary to execute its duties.

(B) The radiation advisory council shall do all of the following:

(1) Advise and consult with the director in the development of rules to be adopted under section 3748.04 of the Revised Code;

(2) Advise and consult with the director concerning the administration, implementation, and enforcement of this chapter, including the implementation of the specific responsibilities delineated in section 3748.05 of the Revised Code;

(3) Advise and consult with the director in the development of inspection criteria, procedures, and guidelines to be used in the radiation control program established under this chapter and rules adopted under it;

(4) Prepare and submit to the director an annual report evaluating the department's administration of the radiation control program.

(C) The council shall establish committees to focus on specific components of the radiation control program established under this chapter and rules adopted under it. Chairpersons of the committees shall be appointed by the chairperson of the council and shall be members of the council. Other members of the committees shall be appointed by the chairperson of the council and may include individuals who are not members of the council.

The membership and responsibilities of each committee established under this division shall be subject to the approval of the director. Members of the committees shall be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.

Committee reports shall be presented to the council at each regular meeting of the council.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.20

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Effective Date: 11-06-1996

3748.21 Nuclear regulatory commission regulated entities.

This chapter and rules adopted under it do not apply to any person to the extent that the person is subject to regulation by the United States nuclear regulatory commission.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.21

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.22 Fees to pay all costs of programs.

Fees for administrative, regulatory, and enforcement programs established under this chapter shall be sufficient to pay all costs of those programs.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.22

Effective Date: 09-08-1995

3748.99 Penalty.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, whoever violates section 3748.15 of the Revised Code is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars.

(B)

(1) Except as otherwise provided in division (B)(2) of this section, whoever recklessly violates section 3748.10 of the Revised Code or an order issued under division (B) of section 3748.17 of the Revised Code to enforce that section is guilty of a felony of the fourth degree. Notwithstanding the conventional fines specified for felonies in section 2929.18 of the Revised Code, if the court imposes a fine as a sanction, the fine shall be not less than ten thousand nor more than twenty-five thousand dollars. Each day of violation is a separate offense.

(2) Upon a second or subsequent conviction of a violation of section 3748.10 of the Revised Code or an order issued under division (B) of section 3748.17 of the Revised Code to enforce that section that was committed recklessly, the offender is guilty of a felony of the fourth degree. Notwithstanding the conventional fines specified for felonies in section 2929.18 of the Revised Code, if the court imposes a fine as a sanction, the fine shall be not less than twenty thousand nor more than fifty thousand dollars per day of violation. Each day of violation is a separate offense.

Cite as R.C. § 3748.99

Effective Date: 01-01-2004