Chapter 4701: ACCOUNTANCY BOARD LAW

4701.01 Accountancy board law definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(A) "Practice of public accounting" means performing or offering to perform any engagement that will result in the issuance of an attest report and, with respect to a person who holds a CPA certificate, PA registration, foreign certificate, or firm registration, any other services involving the use of accounting or auditing skills as established by rules adopted by the accountancy board.

(B) "Public accounting firm" means a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a limited liability company, a professional association, a corporation-for-profit, or any other business organization that is engaged in the practice of public accounting in this state.

(C) "Opinion report" means any opinion on a financial statement that is expressed in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards as to the fairness of presentation of information and that is used for guidance in financial transactions, for accounting, or for assessing the status or performance of commercial and noncommercial enterprises, whether public, private, or governmental.

(D) "Peer review" means a study, appraisal, or review of one or more aspects of the professional work of a public accounting firm that meets the standards and requirements set forth by the accountancy board.

(E) "Review report" means either of the following:

(1) Any review report on a financial statement that is issued with respect to any of the following:

(a) Interim financial information in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards;

(b) The financial information of a nonpublic entity in accordance with statements on standards for accounting and review services;

(c) The reliability of another party's written assertion in accordance with statements on standards for attestation engagements.

(2) Any other review report on a financial statement that is not described in division (E)(1) of this section and that is issued in accordance with standards promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants.

(F) "Compilation report" means any compilation report on a financial statement that is issued with respect to financial information of a nonpublic entity in accordance with statements on standards for accounting and review services as promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants.

(G) "Examination report" means any examination report on a financial statement that is issued with respect to another party's written assertion in accordance with statements on standards for attestation engagements as promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants.

(H) "Agreed-upon procedures report" means any report that is on a financial statement and that is based on agreed-upon procedures issued with respect to another party's written assertion in accordance with statements on standards for attestation engagements as promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants.

(I) "Qualified firm" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization in which the individuals who own a majority of the business organization interests in the business organization and control the business organization hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate.

(J) "Own" means any direct or indirect ownership of an equity interest in a public accounting firm or qualified firm.

(K) "Control" or "controlled" means the right to exercise the majority of the voting equity interests in a public accounting firm or qualified firm with respect to any matter.

(L) "Equity interest" means any capital interest or profit interest in a sole proprietorship, partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization.

(M) "Ohio permit" means a permit to practice public accounting issued under division (A) of section 4701.10 of the Revised Code that is not revoked or suspended.

(N) "Ohio registration" means the registration under division (B) of section 4701.10 of the Revised Code of a holder of a CPA certificate or PA registration who is not in the practice of public accounting in this state.

(O) "Firm registration" or "registered firm" means registration as a public accounting firm under section 4701.04 of the Revised Code.

(P) "PA registration" means registration as a public accountant under section 4701.07 of the Revised Code that is not revoked or suspended.

(Q) "CPA certificate" means a certificate issued under section 4701.06 or 4701.061 of the Revised Code that is not revoked or suspended.

(R) "Foreign certificate" means a license, permit, certificate , or registration issued to a certified public accountant under the laws of another state that authorizes the holder to practice public accounting in that state, is valid, is in good standing, and has not expired.

(S) "Attest report" means an opinion report, review report, compilation report, examination report, agreed-upon procedures report, or any similar report prepared in accordance with standards established by the American institute of certified public accountants with respect to a financial statement or other financial information.

(T) "Person" means any individual, corporation-for-profit, business trust, estate, partnership, limited liability company, professional association, or other business organization.

(U) Technical terms that define specific public accounting engagements have the same meanings as in the professional standards promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants.

(V)

(1) "Good moral character" means the combination of personal traits of honesty, integrity, attention to duty, forthrightness, and self-restraint that enables a person to discharge the duties of the accounting profession fully and faithfully.

(2) A history of dishonest acts or felonious acts or convictions is sufficient to prove lack of good moral character if that history demonstrates by a preponderance of the evidence that the person lacks one or more of the personal traits referred to in division (V)(1) of this section. A person who has a felony conviction related to one or more of those personal traits bears the burden of establishing the person's present good moral character, including the person's full and complete rehabilitation subsequent to the conviction. If less than one year has passed since the completion of the person's sentence on a felony conviction, including any period under a community control sanction or post-release control, the board may delay any determination of the person's good moral character until one year has passed from the time of the completion of that sentence.

(3) In determining whether a person who has a felony conviction has met the person's burden of proof described in division (V)(2) of this section, the accountancy board may consider the following factors:

(a) The person's path toward professional licensing following completion of the person's sentence;

(b) The nature and degree of the person's academic achievements;

(c) The nature and degree of the person's employment following completion of the person's sentence;

(d) The person's degree of self-sufficiency following completion of the person's sentence;

(e) The nature and degree of the person's other responsibilities following completion of the person's sentence;

(f) The person's conviction for any other criminal offense since completion of the person's sentence for the person's first felony conviction;

(g) Whether the person's application or presentation contains any inconsistencies or misleading explanations that convince the board that either the person or the person's attorney is trying to keep the board from acquiring a true, though damaging, representation of the person's character;

(h) The nature and circumstances of the dishonest acts or felonious acts or convictions of the person;

(i) Any other specifically identifiable information that the board determines to be relevant to the person's ability to discharge the duties of the accounting profession fully and faithfully.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.01

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.117, HB 508, §1, eff. 9/6/2012.

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.02 Accountancy board.

There is hereby created the accountancy board, consisting of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate. Eight of the members shall be certified public accountants of whom:

(A) At least two shall be in active public accounting practice in public accounting firms having offices only in this state;

(B) At least two shall be in active public accounting practice in public accounting firms having offices in at least one-half of the states;

(C) At least two shall not be engaged in the public practice of accounting. One member of the board shall be a representative of the general public who has never had any direct relationship with the accounting profession except as a user of the services of accountants from time to time. Not more than one member shall be affiliated with the same accounting firm, and all members of the board shall be citizens of the United States and residents of the state. Terms of office shall be for seven years, each term commencing on the twenty-first day of October and ending on the twentieth day of October. Each member shall hold office from the date of his appointment until the end of the term for which he was appointed. Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall hold office for the remainder of such term. Any member shall continue in office subsequent to the expiration date of his term until his successor takes office, or until a period of sixty days has elapsed, whichever occurs first. No person who has served one complete seven-year term shall be eligible for reappointment. The governor may, after hearing, remove any member of the board for neglect of duty or other just cause.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.02

Effective Date: 04-16-1993

4701.03 Enforcement powers of board - compensation - bond.

(A) The accountancy board annually shall elect a president, secretary, and treasurer from its members. The board may adopt and amend rules for the orderly conduct of its affairs and for the administration of this chapter. The board may adopt and amend rules defining the practice of public accounting, rules of professional conduct appropriate to establish and maintain a high standard of integrity and dignity in registrants and certificate holders under this chapter, and rules regulating the sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, professional association, corporation-for-profit, or other legal entity practice of public accounting. A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

(B) The board shall keep and hold open for public inspection all records of its proceedings.

(C) The board may employ any clerks that are necessary to assist it in the performance of its duties and the keeping of its records. If the board employs an executive director, the board shall pay the executive director in accordance with section 124.152 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.03

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 06-29-2004

4701.04 Registration.

(A) No public accounting firm located in this state shall engage in the practice of public accounting in this state unless it registers with the accountancy board and pays a registration fee set by the board.

(B) Public accounting firms shall apply for initial registration within ninety days after formation or within ninety days after the commencement of practicing public accounting in this state. All public accounting firms shall renew their registration triennially. All public accounting firms shall submit with their initial and renewal registration applications all of the following:

(1) A list of the names, addresses, and certificate or registration numbers of all individuals who hold an Ohio permit and who own an equity interest in the public accounting firm or are employed by the public accounting firm;

(2) A list of the names and addresses of each person who does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate and who owns an equity interest in the public accounting firm if the person's principal place of business is located in this state;

(3) A statement that the public accounting firm and each person who owns an equity interest in the public accounting firm or is employed by the public accounting firm and who does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate is in compliance with divisions (C) and (D) of this section.

(C) A public accounting firm shall satisfy all of the following requirements in order to register:

(1) Except as provided in division (C)(5) of this section, each partner, shareholder, member, or other person who owns an equity interest in the public accounting firm shall hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate.

(2) The public accounting firm shall designate an individual who holds an Ohio permit who shall be responsible for the proper registration of the firm. The public accounting firm shall identify this individual to the board.

(3) Each individual in a public accounting firm who signs any attest report issued from an office of the public accounting firm located in this state shall hold an Ohio permit.

(4) An individual who owns an equity interest in the public accounting firm or is employed by the public accounting firm and who holds an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate, or a qualified firm that owns an equity interest in the public accounting firm, shall assume ultimate responsibility for any attest report issued from an office of the public accounting firm located in this state.

(5) Any person who does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate and who holds an equity interest in the public accounting firm shall satisfy the conditions set forth in division (D) of this section.

(6) The public accounting firm shall provide for the transfer of the equity interest owned by persons who do not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate to either the public accounting firm or to another person who owns an equity interest in the firm if a person who does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate withdraws from or ceases to be employed by the public accounting firm. The public accounting firm may make payments in connection with the person's withdrawal from the firm to that person or, if that person is deceased or dissolved, to the person's estate or successor in interest.

(D) A person who does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate may own an equity interest in a public accounting firm if all of the following conditions are met:

(1) All of the individuals who hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate and who own equity interests in the public accounting firm, and qualified firms that own equity interests in the public accounting firm, own, in the aggregate, a majority of the equity interests in the public accounting firm and control the public accounting firm.

(2) The person does not assume or use any titles or designations specified in division (A) of section 4701.14 of the Revised Code. The person may designate or refer to the person as a shareholder, partner, member, principal, owner, or officer of the public accounting firm and also may use any other title that the board authorizes by rule.

(3) The person is not in violation of any standard regarding the character or conduct of that person that the board establishes by rule.

(4) The person's participation in the business of the public accounting firm is the person's principal occupation and consists of providing services to or on behalf of the public accounting firm, and the person is not functioning solely or predominately as a passive investor in the public accounting firm.

(5)

The person meets or exceeds the continuing education requirements that the board establishes by rule.

(6) A person who holds a professional license, registration, or certification issued by this state or another state complies with the requirements of that license, registration, or certification.

(7) The person abides by the code of conduct of the American institute of certified public accountants or a comparable code of professional conduct that the board adopts by rule.

(8) The person complies with all applicable provisions of this chapter and the rules adopted by the board.

(E) A person who owns a voting equity interest in a public accounting firm may not delegate, by proxy or otherwise, the duty to exercise any voting rights to a person that does not hold an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate or to a person that is not a qualified firm.

(F) As a condition for initial or renewal registration of a public accounting firm on and after January 1, 1993, the board, by rule, shall require that each public accounting firm undergo a peer review to determine the public accounting firm's degree of compliance in the practice of public accounting with generally accepted accounting principles, generally accepted auditing standards, and other generally accepted technical standards as defined by the board in rule, unless the public accounting firm meets one of the exceptions in division (J) of this section.

(G) The board shall adopt rules establishing guidelines for peer reviews, and may authorize an agent to administer all or part of the board's peer review program and to assess a reasonable fee to firms to cover the costs incurred by the agent for program administration. The rules shall do all of the following:

(1) Designate a peer review committee consisting of accounting professionals to serve as advisors to the board and to ensure that the board's guidelines are followed.

(2) Require that the peer review be conducted by a reviewer that is both independent of the public accounting firm reviewed and qualified pursuant to board rules;

(3) Require that the standards and practices applied by the reviewer be at least as stringent as those applied by the American institute of certified public accountants;

(4) Prohibit the use or disclosure of information obtained by members of the board or a committee of peer reviewers during or in connection with the peer review process for purposes other than those related to determining the degree of compliance by the public accounting firm with generally accepted accounting principles, generally accepted auditing standards, and other generally accepted technical standards as defined by the board in rule. Division (G)(4) of this section does not apply to the use or disclosure of information that is described in division (K)(3) of this section or that is necessary to comply with any provision of law.

(H)

(1) If a peer review report indicates that a public accounting firm does not comply with standards and practices set forth in the rules adopted by the board , the board, in its discretion, may review the results of the peer review report. If the board, or its authorized peer review program administrator, determines that the public accounting firm does not comply with the standards and practices, it may require both of the following:

(a) Remedial action, which may include any of the following:

(i) Requiring employees of the public accounting firm to complete general or specific continuing professional education courses;

(ii) Requiring the public accounting firm to undergo peer review more frequently than triennially and peer review that is conducted in whole or part under the direct supervision of the board or its designee;

(iii) Any other remedial action specified by the board

.

(b) An affidavit and supporting documentation from the public accounting firm submitted within the time specified by the board indicating completion of required remedial actions.

(2) If the board, or its authorized peer review program administrator, determines that a public accounting firm has not complied with any requirement ordered under division (H) of this section, or if the board determines, after the review of a peer review report, that the public accounting firm has a history of noncompliance with standards and practices set forth in board rules, the board may hold a hearing to determine the extent of the firm's noncompliance. If the board, after conducting the hearing, determines that the public accounting firm does not comply with appropriate standards and practices, the board may issue an order that imposes any disciplinary measure set forth in division (B) of section 4701.16 of the Revised Code.

(3) Notwithstanding divisions (K)(1) and (2) of this section, all matters relating to the procedures for determining compliance with the standards and practices under division (H) (2) of this section are subject to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, including the notice and conduct of any hearing and the issuance and appeal of any order. Remedial orders made under division (H)(1) of this section are not subject to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(I) The public accounting firm reviewed shall pay for any peer review performed.

(J) The board may exempt a public accounting firm from the requirement to undergo a peer review if the public accounting firm submits to the board a written and notarized statement that the public accounting firm meets at least one of the following grounds for exemption identified in the statement:

(1) Within three years of the date of application for initial or renewal registration, the public accounting firm has completed a peer review acceptable to the board and conducted pursuant to standards not less stringent than the peer review standards promulgated by the American institute of certified public accountants. A peer review that does not comply with standards and practices set forth in the rules adopted by the board and that may subject a public accounting firm to remedial or disciplinary action pursuant to division (H) of this section, does not qualify as an acceptable peer review. The public accounting firm shall submit to the board a copy of the results of the peer review and any additional documentation required by the board. The board shall not require submittal of the working papers related to the peer review process.

(2) Within three years of the date of application for initial or renewal registration, the public accounting firm has completed a peer review acceptable to the board that was conducted in another state or foreign country. The public accounting firm shall submit to the board a copy of the results of the peer review and any additional documentation required by the board, including a detailed report of the procedures and standards applied by the reviewer.

(3) The public accounting firm has never practiced public accounting in this state or any other state or foreign country , will complete a peer review acceptable to the board within eighteen months of initial registration, and will review its registration with the board two years after initial registration as specified in rules the board adopts.

(4) The public accounting firm, on a schedule as required by rule adopted by the board, submits a report to the board that states all of the following:

(a) The public accounting firm does not undertake any engagement that will result in the issuance of an attest report or other engagement that is subject to peer review in accordance with division (F) of this section.

(b)

The public accounting firm agrees to notify the board within ninety days after accepting any engagement that will result in the issuance of any attest report or other engagement that is subject to peer review in accordance with division (F) of this section and will complete a peer review acceptable to the board within one year after the acceptance of an engagement of that nature.

(5) Subject to the board's approval and for good cause as defined in rules the board adopts, the public accounting firm is entitled to an exemption.

(K) In any civil action, arbitration, or administrative proceeding involving a public accounting firm, all of the following shall apply:

(1) The proceedings, records, and work papers of any reviewer, including board members and review committee members, involved in the peer review process are privileged and not subject to discovery, subpoena, or other means of legal process and may not be introduced into evidence.

(2) No reviewer, including board members and review committee members, involved in the peer review process shall be permitted or required to testify as to any matters produced, presented, disclosed, or discussed during or in connection with the peer review process or shall be required to testify to any finding, recommendation, evaluation, opinion, or other actions of those committees or their members.

(3) No privilege exists under this section for either of the following:

(a) Information presented or considered in the peer review process that was otherwise available to the public;

(b) Materials prepared in connection with a particular engagement merely because they subsequently are presented or considered as part of the peer review process.

(L)

(1) If a peer review report indicates that a public accounting firm complies with standards and practices set forth in rules adopted by the board , the board shall destroy all documents and reports related to the peer review within thirty days after the board completes its review of the report.

(2) If a peer review report indicates that a public accounting firm does not comply with those standards and practices set forth in rules adopted by the board, the board shall retain all documents and reports related to the peer review until completion of the next peer review that complies with standards and practices set forth in rules adopted by the board pursuant to division (G) of this section. The board also may use these documents to determine a history of noncompliance with standards and practices in any proceeding held under division (H)(2) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.04

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.117, HB 508, §1, eff. 9/6/2012.

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.05 Compensation and expenses of board.

Each member of the accountancy board shall be paid an amount fixed pursuant to division (J) of section 124.15 of the Revised Code for each day or portion thereof spent in the discharge of his official duties and shall be reimbursed for his actual and necessary expenses incurred in the discharge of such duties.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.05

Effective Date: 10-22-1980

4701.06 Requirements for CPA certificate.

The accountancy board shall grant the certificate of "certified public accountant" to any person who satisfies the following requirements:

(A) The person is a resident of this state or has a place of business in this state or, as an employee, is regularly employed in this state. The board may determine by rule circumstances under which the residency requirement may be waived.

(B) The person has attained the age of eighteen years.

(C) The person is of good moral character.

(D) The person meets the following requirements of education and experience:

(1)

(a) Prior to January 1, 2000, graduation with a baccalaureate degree conferred by a college or university recognized by the board, with a concentration in accounting that includes related courses in other areas of business administration, or what the board determines to be substantially the equivalent of the foregoing;

(b) On and after January 1, 2000, graduation with a baccalaureate or higher degree that includes successful completion of one hundred fifty semester hours of undergraduate or graduate education. The board by rule shall specify graduate degrees that satisfy this requirement and also by rule shall require any subjects that it considers appropriate. The total educational program shall include an accounting concentration with related courses in other areas of business administration, as defined by board rule.

(2)

(a) The experience requirement for candidates meeting the educational requirements set forth in division (D)(1)(a) or (b) of this section is one year of experience satisfactory to the board in any of the following:

(i) A public accounting firm;

(ii) Government;

(iii) Business;

(iv) Academia.

(b) Except as provided in division (D)(2)(c) of this section, the experience requirement for any candidate who, on and after January 1, 2000, does not meet the educational requirement set forth in division (D)(1)(b) of this section is four years of experience described in division (D)(2)(a) of this section. The experience requirement for any candidate who, prior to January 1, 2000, does not meet the educational requirement set forth in division (D)(1)(a) of this section is two years of experience described in division (D)(2)(a) of this section.

(c) On and after January 1, 2000, the experience requirement for any candidate who, subsequent to obtaining a baccalaureate or higher degree, other than a baccalaureate or higher degree described in division (D)(1)(b) of this section, successfully completes coursework that meets the educational requirement set forth in division (D)(1)(b) of this section is two years of experience described in division (D)(2)(a) of this section.

(E) The person has passed an examination that is administered in the manner and that covers the subjects that the board prescribes by rule. In adopting the relevant rules, the board shall ensure to the extent possible that the examination, the examination process, and the examination's passing standard are uniform with the examinations, examination processes, and examination passing standards of all other states and may provide for the use of all or parts of the uniform certified public accountant examination and advisory grading service of the American institute of certified public accountants. The board may contract with third parties to perform administrative services that relate to the examination and that the board determines are appropriate in order to assist the board in performing its duties in relation to the examination. None of the educational requirements specified in division (D) of this section apply to a candidate who has a PA registration, but the experience requirement for the candidate who does not meet those educational requirements is four years of the experience described in division (D)(2)(a) of this section. Prior to January 1, 2000, the board shall waive the educational requirement set forth in division (D)(1)(a) of this section for any candidate if it finds that the candidate has attained the equivalent education by attendance at a business school, by self-study, or otherwise, and if it is satisfied from the results of special examinations that the board gives the candidate to test the candidate's educational qualifications that the candidate is as well equipped, educationally, as if the candidate met the applicable educational requirement specified in division (D)(1)(a) of this section. On and after January 1, 2000, the board shall waive the educational requirement set forth in division (D)(1)(b) of this section for any candidate if the board finds that the candidate has obtained from an accredited college or university approved by the board, either an associate degree or a baccalaureate degree, other than a baccalaureate degree described in division (D)(1)(b) of this section, with a concentration in accounting that includes related courses in other areas of business administration, and if the board is satisfied from the results of special examinations that the board gives the candidate to test the candidate's educational qualification that the candidate is as well equipped, educationally, as if the candidate met the applicable educational requirement specified in division (D)(1)(b) of this section. The board shall provide by rule for the general scope of any special examinations for a waiver of the educational requirements under division (D)(1)(a) or (b) of this section and may obtain any advice and assistance that it considers appropriate to assist it in preparing and grading those special examinations. The board may use any existing examinations or may prepare any number of new examinations to assist in determining the equivalent training of a candidate. The board by rule shall prescribe any special examinations for a waiver of the educational requirements under division (D)(1)(a) or (b) of this section and the passing score required for each examination. The board shall hold the examination referred to in division (E) of this section and the special examinations for a waiver of the educational requirements under division (D)(1)(a) or (b) of this section as often as the board determines to be desirable, but the examination referred to in division (E) of this section shall be held not less frequently than once each year. The board by rule may provide for granting credit to a candidate for satisfactory completion of an examination that a licensing authority of another state gave in one or more of the subjects referred to in division (E) of this section. A candidate who has met the educational requirements, or with respect to whom they either do not apply or have been waived, is eligible to take the examination referred to in division (E) of this section without waiting until the candidate meets the experience requirements, provided the candidate also meets the requirements of divisions (A) and (C) of this section. A candidate for the certificate of certified public accountant who has successfully completed the examination under division (E) of this section has no status as a certified public accountant, unless and until the candidate has the requisite experience and has received a certificate as a certified public accountant. The board shall determine and charge a fee for issuing the certificate that is adequate to cover the expense. The board by rule may prescribe the terms and conditions under which a candidate who passes part but not all of the examination may retake the examination. It also may provide by rule for a reasonable waiting period for a candidate's reexamination. The applicable educational and experience requirements under division (D) of this section shall be those in effect on the date on which the candidate first sits for the examination. The board shall charge a candidate a reasonable fee, to be determined by the board, that is adequate to cover all rentals, compensation for proctors, and other administrative expenses of the board related to examination or reexamination, including the expenses of procuring and grading the examination provided for in division (E) of this section and for any special examinations for a waiver of the educational requirements under division (D)(1)(a) or (b) of this section. Fees for reexamination under division (E) of this section shall be charged by the board in amounts determined by it. The applicable fees shall be paid by the candidate at the time the candidate applies for examination or reexamination. Any person who has received from the board a certificate as a certified public accountant and who holds an Ohio permit shall be styled and known as a "certified public accountant" and also may use the abbreviation "CPA." The board shall maintain a list of certified public accountants. Any certified public accountant also may be known as a "public accountant."

Persons who, on the effective date of an amendment of this section, held certified public accountant certificates previously issued under the laws of this state shall not be required to obtain additional certificates under this section but shall otherwise be subject to all provisions of this section, and those previously issued certificates, for all purposes, shall be considered certificates issued under this section and subject to its provisions. The board may waive the examination under division (E) of this section and, upon payment of a fee determined by it, may issue a certificate as a "certified public accountant" to any person who possesses the qualifications specified in divisions (A), (B), and (C) of this section and what the board determines to be substantially the equivalent of the applicable qualifications under division (D) of this section and who is the holder of a certificate as a certified public accountant, then in full force and effect, issued under the laws of any state, or is the holder of a certificate, license, or degree in a foreign country that constitutes a recognized qualification for the practice of public accounting in that country, that is comparable to that of a certified public accountant of this state, and that is then in full force and effect.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.06

Effective Date: 09-29-1999

4701.061 Alternative requirements for CPA certificate.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in section 4701.06 of the Revised Code, the accountancy board shall grant a certificate of "certified public accountant" to any public accountant who meets all the following requirements:

(A) The public accountant applies to the board for the certificate under this section.

(B) At the time of application and the time that the certificate is granted, the public accountant holds an Ohio permit.

(C) At the time of application, any public accounting firm that employs the public accountant or in which the public accountant has an interest is registered and meets the applicable peer review requirements of the board under section 4701.04 of the Revised Code.

(D) For not less than one hundred twenty months, the public accountant has held an Ohio permit and has completed and reported to the board all applicable continuing education hours required by section 4701.11 of the Revised Code and the rules adopted pursuant to that section.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.061

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.07 Requirements for public accountant registration.

The accountancy board shall register as a public accountant any person who meets all the following requirements:

(A) The person is a resident of this state or has a place of business in this state.

(B) The person has attained the age of eighteen years.

(C) The person is of good moral character.

(D) The person holds a baccalaureate or higher degree conferred by a college or university recognized by the board, with a concentration in accounting, or with what the board determines to be substantially the equivalent of the foregoing; or with a nonaccounting concentration supplemented by what the board determines to be substantially the equivalent of an accounting concentration, including related courses in other areas of business administration. The board may waive the educational requirement for any candidate if it finds that the candidate has attained the equivalent education by attendance at a business school or two-year college, by self-study, or otherwise, and if it is satisfied from the result of a special written examination that the board gives the candidate to test the candidate's educational qualifications that the candidate is as well equipped, educationally, as if the candidate met the applicable educational requirement specified in this division. The board may provide by rule for the general scope of these examinations and may obtain any advice and assistance that it considers appropriate to assist it in preparing and grading the special examinations. The board may use any existing examinations or may prepare any number of new examinations to assist it in determining the equivalent training of a candidate. The board by rule may prescribe the special examinations and the passing score required for each examination.

(E) The person has completed two years of public accounting experience, satisfactory to the board, in any state in practice as a public accountant or in any state in employment as a staff accountant by anyone practicing public accounting, or other experience in private or governmental accounting that, in the opinion of the board, will be the equivalent of that public accounting practice, or any combination of those types of experience, except that the experience requirement is only one year of the experience described in this division for any candidate holding a master's degree in accounting or business administration from a college or university recognized by the board, if the candidate has satisfactorily completed the number of credit hours in accounting, business administration, economics, and any related subjects that the board determines to be appropriate and if either of the following applies:

(1) The person has passed the uniform national society of public accountants examination or a comparable examination approved by the public accountant members of the accountancy board.

(2) The person has passed the accounting practice and auditing sections of the uniform CPA examination. The examination described in division (E)(1) of this section shall be held by the board and shall take place as often as the board determines but shall not be held less frequently than once each year. The board shall charge a candidate an application fee, to be determined by the board, that is adequate to cover all rentals, compensation for proctors, and other expenses of the board related to examination or reexamination except the expenses of procuring and grading the examination. In addition, the board shall charge the candidate an examination fee to be determined by the board, that is adequate to cover the expense of procuring and grading the examination. Fees for reexamination under division (E) of this section also shall be charged by the board in amounts determined by it to be adequate to cover the expenses of procuring and grading the examinations. The applicable fees shall be paid by the candidate at the time the candidate applies for examination or reexamination.

(F) The person applied, on or before April 16, 1993, for registration as a public accountant. The board shall determine and charge a fee for registration under this section that is adequate to cover the expense. The board in each case shall determine whether the applicant is eligible for registration. Any individual who is so registered and who holds an Ohio permit shall be styled and known as a "public accountant" and may use the abbreviation "PA."

A person who, on the effective date of an amendment of this section, holds a valid registration as a public accountant issued under the laws of this state shall not be required to obtain additional registration under this section but shall otherwise be subject to all provisions of this section. That registration, for all purposes, shall be considered a registration issued under this section and subject to its provisions.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.07

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.08 License applicant to comply with RC Chapter 4776.

(A) As used in this section, "license" and "applicant for an initial license" have the same meanings as in section 4776.01 of the Revised Code, except that "license" as used in both of those terms refers to the types of authorizations otherwise issued or conferred under this chapter.

(B) In addition to any other eligibility requirement set forth in this chapter, each applicant for an initial license shall comply with sections 4776.01 to 4776.04 of the Revised Code. The accountancy board shall not grant a license to an applicant for an initial license unless the applicant complies with sections 4776.01 to 4776.04 of the Revised Code and the board, in its discretion, decides that the results of the criminal records check do not make the applicant ineligible for a license issued pursuant to section 4701.06 , 4701.061 , 4701.07 , 4701.09 , or 4701.10 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.08

Effective Date: 04-16-1993; 2007 HB104 03-24-2008

4701.09 Foreign applicants.

The accountancy board may, in its discretion, upon the payment of a fee not to exceed seventy-five dollars, permit the registration of any person of good moral character who is the holder of a certificate, license, or degree in a foreign country constituting a recognized qualification for the practice of public accounting in such country. A person so registered shall use only the title under which he is generally known in his own country, followed by the name of the country from which he received his certificate, license, or degree.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.09

Effective Date: 09-30-1974

4701.10 Issuing permits to practice.

(A) The accountancy board, upon application, shall issue Ohio permits to practice public accounting to holders of the CPA certificate or the PA registration. Subject to division (H)(1) of this section, there shall be a triennial Ohio permit fee in an amount to be determined by the board not to exceed one hundred fifty dollars. All Ohio permits shall expire on the last day of December of the year assigned by the board and, subject to division (H)(1) of this section, shall be renewed triennially for a period of three years by certificate holders and registrants in good standing upon payment of a triennial renewal fee not to exceed one hundred fifty dollars.

(B) The accountancy board may issue Ohio registrations to holders of the CPA certificate and the PA registration who are not engaged in the practice of public accounting. Such persons shall not convey to the general public that they are actively engaged in the practice of public accounting in this state. Subject to division (H)(1) of this section, there shall be a triennial Ohio registration fee in an amount to be determined by the board but not exceeding fifty-five dollars. All Ohio registrations shall expire on the last day of December of the year assigned by the board and, subject to division (H)(1) of this section, shall be renewed triennially for a period of three years upon payment by certificate holders and registrants in good standing of a renewal fee not to exceed fifty-five dollars.

(C) Any person who receives a CPA certificate and who applies for an initial Ohio permit or Ohio registration more than sixty days after issuance of the CPA certificate may, at the board's discretion, be subject to a late filing fee not exceeding one hundred dollars.

(D) Any person to whom the board has issued an Ohio permit who is engaged in the practice of public accounting and who fails to renew the permit by the expiration date shall be subject to a late filing fee not exceeding one hundred dollars for each full month or part of a month after the expiration date in which such person did not possess a permit, up to a maximum of one thousand two hundred dollars. The board may waive or reduce the late filing fee for just cause upon receipt of a written request from such person.

(E) Any person to whom the board has issued an Ohio permit or Ohio registration who is not engaged in the practice of public accounting and who fails to renew the permit or registration by the expiration date shall be subject to a late filing fee not exceeding fifty dollars for each full month or part of a month after the expiration date in which such person did not possess a permit or registration, up to a maximum of three hundred dollars. The board may waive or reduce the late filing fee for just cause upon receipt of a written request from such person.

(F) Failure of a CPA certificate holder or PA registration holder to apply for either an Ohio permit or an Ohio registration within one year from the expiration date of the Ohio permit or Ohio registration last obtained or renewed, or one year from the date upon which the CPA certificate holder was granted a CPA certificate, shall result in suspension of the CPA certificate or PA registration until all fees required under divisions (D) and (E) of this section have been paid, unless the board determines the failure to have been due to excusable neglect. In that case, the fee for the issuance or renewal of the Ohio permit or Ohio registration, as the case may be, shall be the amount that the board shall determine, but not in excess of fifty dollars plus the fee for each triennial period or part of a period the certificate holder or registrant did not have either an Ohio permit or an Ohio registration.

(G) The board by rule may exempt persons from the requirement of holding an Ohio permit or Ohio registration for specified reasons, including, but not limited to, retirement, health reasons, military service, foreign residency, or other just cause.

(H)

(1) The board by rule:

(a) May provide for the issuance of Ohio permits and Ohio registrations for less than three years' duration at prorated fees;

(b) Shall add a surcharge to the Ohio permit and Ohio registration fee imposed pursuant to this section of at least fifteen dollars but no more than thirty dollars for a three-year Ohio permit or Ohio registration, at least ten dollars but no more than twenty dollars for a two-year Ohio permit or Ohio registration, and at least five dollars but no more than ten dollars for a one-year Ohio permit or Ohio registration.

(2) Each quarter, the board, for the purpose provided in section 4743.05 of the Revised Code, shall certify to the director of budget and management the number of Ohio permits and Ohio registrations issued or renewed under this chapter during the preceding quarter and the amount equal to that number times the amount of the surcharge added to each Ohio permit and Ohio registration fee by the board under division (H)(1) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.10

Effective Date: 09-05-2001

4701.11 Continuing education.

The accountancy board may adopt rules requiring that each applicant for an Ohio permit shall have demonstrated to the satisfaction of the board that the applicant has maintained a high level of professional competence by the completion of programs of continuing education satisfactory to the board during the period immediately prior to the application for the permit. The board shall not require more than one hundred twenty hours of those programs over any three-year period for applicants possessing an Ohio permit. For purposes of this section, the board shall not approve any continuing education courses for which fees are charged and that are sponsored by an accounting association in this state unless those courses are open to all persons registered or certified under this chapter and unless the fees charged are reasonable for all persons desiring to take the courses. The board may issue an Ohio permit for less than three years to any person who is unable to complete continuing education hours required for renewal of a triennial Ohio permit for good cause, as established by rule. The Ohio permit shall be conditioned upon the completion of all required continuing education hours during the period for which the Ohio permit is issued.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.11

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.12 Advertisements.

The display or uttering by a person of a card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, bearing a person's name in conjunction with the words "certified public accountant" or any abbreviation of those words, or "public accountant" or any abbreviation of those words, shall be prima-facie evidence in any action brought under section 4701.18 or 4701.99 of the Revised Code that the person whose name is so displayed caused or procured the display or uttering of that card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, and that the person is holding self out to be a certified public accountant or a public accountant holding an Ohio permit. In any action, evidence of the commission of a single act prohibited by this section shall be sufficient to justify an injunction or a conviction without evidence of a general course of conduct.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.12

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.13 Publication of annual register.

The accountancy board shall publish annually a printed register. The printed register shall contain in separate lists the names and business addresses of all certified public accountants and public accountants holding Ohio permits as of the date of preparation of the register.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.13

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.14 Unauthorized practice.

(A) Except as permitted by rules adopted by the accountancy board, no individual shall assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," "certified accountant," "chartered accountant," "enrolled accountant," "licensed accountant," or "registered accountant," or any other title or designation likely to be confused with "certified public accountant," or any of the abbreviations "CPA," "PA," "CA," "EA," "LA," or "RA," or similar abbreviations likely to be confused with "CPA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the individual is a certified public accountant, unless the individual holds a CPA certificate and holds an Ohio permit. However, an individual who possesses a foreign certificate, has registered under section 4701.09 of the Revised Code, and holds an Ohio permit may use the title permitted under the laws of the individual's other licensing jurisdiction, followed by the name of the jurisdiction.

(B) Except as permitted by rules adopted by the board, no individual shall assume or use the title or designation "public accountant," "certified public accountant," "certified accountant," "chartered accountant," "enrolled accountant," "registered accountant," or "licensed accountant," or any other title or designation likely to be confused with "public accountant," or any of the abbreviations "PA," "CPA," "CA," "EA," "LA," or "RA," or similar abbreviations likely to be confused with "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the individual is a public accountant, unless the individual holds a PA registration and holds an Ohio permit, or unless the individual holds a CPA certificate. An individual who holds a PA registration and an Ohio permit may hold self out to the public as an "accountant" or "auditor."

(C) Except as provided in divisions (C)(1), (2), (3), and (4) of this section, no partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization not addressed in this section that is practicing public accounting in this state shall assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," "public accountant," "certified accountant," "chartered accountant," "enrolled accountant," "licensed accountant," "registered accountant," or any other title or designation likely to be confused with "certified public accountant" or "public accountant," or any of the abbreviations "CPA," "PA," "CA," "EA," "RA," or "LA," or similar abbreviations likely to be confused with "CPA" or "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the business organization is a public accounting firm.

(1)

(a) A partnership may assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," the abbreviation "CPA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the partnership is composed of certified public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its partners who are individuals hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a partner hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate.

(b) A partnership may assume or use the title or designation "public accountant," the abbreviation "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the partnership is composed of public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its partners who are individuals hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a partner hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate.

(2)

(a) A professional association incorporated under Chapter 1785. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," the abbreviation "CPA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the professional association is composed of certified public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its shareholders who are individuals hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a shareholder hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate.

(b) A professional association incorporated under Chapter 1785. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "public accountant," the abbreviation "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the professional association is composed of public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its shareholders who are individuals hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a shareholder hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate.

(3)

(a) A corporation-for-profit incorporated under Chapter 1701. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," the abbreviation "CPA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the corporation is composed of certified public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its shareholders who are individuals hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a shareholder hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate.

(b) A corporation incorporated under Chapter 1701. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "public accountant," the abbreviation "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the corporation is composed of public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of the shareholders who are individuals hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a shareholder hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate.

(4)

(a) A limited liability company organized under Chapter 1705. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant," the abbreviation "CPA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the limited liability company is composed of certified public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of its members who are individuals hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a member hold a CPA certificate or a foreign certificate.

(b) A limited liability company organized under Chapter 1705. of the Revised Code may assume or use the title or designation "public accountant," the abbreviation "PA," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the limited liability company is composed of public accountants if it is a registered firm, if a majority of the members who are individuals hold a PA registration, CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate, and if a majority of the owners of any qualified firm that is a member hold a PA registration, a CPA certificate, or a foreign certificate.

(D) No individual shall sign, affix, or associate the individual's name or any trade or assumed name used by the individual in the individual's profession or business to any attest report with any wording indicating that the individual is an accountant or auditor, or with any wording accompanying or contained in the attest report that indicates that the individual has expert knowledge in accounting or auditing or expert knowledge regarding compliance with conditions established by law or contract, including, but not limited to, statutes, ordinances, regulations, grants, loans, and appropriations, unless the individual holds an Ohio permit. However, this division does not prohibit any officer, employee, partner, or principal of any organization from affixing the officer's, employee's, partner's, or principal's signature to any statement or report in reference to the financial affairs of that organization with any wording designating the position, title, or office that the individual holds in that organization. This division also does not prohibit any act of a public official or public employee in the performance of the public official's or public employee's duties.

(E) No person shall sign, affix, or associate the name of a partnership, limited liability company, professional association, corporation-for-profit, or other business organization not addressed in this section to any attest report with any wording accompanying or contained in the attest report that indicates that the partnership, limited liability company, professional association, corporation-for-profit, or other business organization is composed of or employs accountants or auditors or persons having expert knowledge in accounting or auditing or expert knowledge regarding compliance with conditions established by law or contract, including, but not limited to, statutes, ordinances, regulations, grants, loans, and appropriations, unless the partnership, limited liability company, professional association, corporation-for-profit, or other business organization is a registered firm.

(F) No individual who does not hold an Ohio permit shall hold self out to the public as an "accountant" or "auditor" by use of either or both of those words on any sign, card, or letterhead, in any advertisement or directory, or otherwise, without indicating on the sign, card, or letterhead, in the advertisement or directory, or in the other manner of holding out that the person does not hold an Ohio permit. An individual who holds a CPA certificate and an Ohio permit may hold self out to the public as an "accountant" or "auditor." However, this division does not prohibit any officer, employee, partner, or principal of any organization from describing self by the position, title, or office the person holds in that organization. This division also does not prohibit any act of a public official or public employee in the performance of the public official's or public employee's duties.

(G) No partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization not addressed in this section that is not entitled to assume or use the title "certified public accountant" or "public accountant" under division (C) of this section shall hold itself out to the public as a partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization not addressed in this section as being composed of or employing "accountants" or "auditors" by use of either or both of those words on any sign, card, or letterhead, in any advertisement or directory, or otherwise, without indicating on the sign, card, or letterhead, in the advertisement or directory, or in the other manner of holding out that the partnership, professional association, corporation-for-profit, limited liability company, or other business organization is not a registered firm and is not permitted by law to practice as a public accounting firm.

(H) No person shall assume or use the title or designation "certified public accountant" or "public accountant" in conjunction with names indicating or implying that there is a partnership or in conjunction with the designation "and Company" or "and Co." or a similar designation if, in any of those cases, there is in fact no bona fide partnership entitled to designate itself as a partnership of certified public accountants under division (C)(1)(a) of this section or as a partnership of public accountants under division (C)(1)(b) of this section. However, a sole proprietor or partnership that was on October 22, 1959, or a corporation that on or after September 30, 1974, has been, lawfully using a title or designation of those types in conjunction with names or designations of those types, may continue to do so if the sole proprietor, partnership, or corporation otherwise complies with this section.

(I)

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, an individual whose principal place of business is not in this state and who holds a valid foreign certificate as a certified public accountant shall be presumed to have qualifications substantially equivalent to this state's CPA requirements and shall have all of the privileges of a holder of a CPA certificate and an Ohio permit without the need to obtain a CPA certificate and an Ohio permit if the accountancy board has found and has specified in its rules adopted pursuant to division (A) of section 4701.03 of the Revised Code that the CPA requirements of the state that issued the individual's foreign certificate are substantially equivalent to this state's CPA requirements.

(2) Any individual exercising the privilege afforded under division (I)(1) of this section hereby consents and is subject, as a condition of the grant of the privilege, to all of the following:

(a) The personal and subject matter jurisdiction of the accountancy board;

(b) All practice and disciplinary provisions of this chapter and the accountancy board's rules;

(c) The appointment of the board that issued the individual's foreign certificate as the individual's agent upon whom process may be served in any action or proceeding by the accountancy board against the individual.

(3) The holder of a CPA certificate and an Ohio permit who offers or renders attest services or uses the holder's CPA title in another state shall be subject to disciplinary action in this state for an act committed in the other state for which the holder of a foreign certificate issued by the other state would be subject to discipline in the other state.

(4) The holder of a foreign certificate who offers or renders attest services or uses a CPA title or designation in this state pursuant to the privilege afforded by division (I)(1) of this section shall be subject to disciplinary action in this state for any act that would subject the holder of a CPA certificate and an Ohio permit to disciplinary action in this state.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.14

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.15 Employees.

Nothing contained in sections 4701.01 to 4701.19 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall prohibit any person not a certified public accountant or public accountant from serving as an employee of, or an assistant to, a certified public accountant or public accountant or partnership composed of certified public accountants or public accountants or a foreign accountant registered under section 4701.09 of the Revised Code; provided that such employee or assistant does not issue any accounting or financial statement over his name. Nothing contained in sections 4701.01 to 4701.19 , inclusive of the Revised Code, shall prohibit a certified public accountant or a registered public accountant of another state, or any accountant who holds a certificate, degree, or license in a foreign country, constituting a recognized qualification for the practice of public accounting in such country, from temporarily practicing in this state on professional business incident to his regular practice outside the state; provided, that such temporary practice is conducted in conformity with the regulations and rules of professional conduct promulgated by the accountancy board.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.15

Effective Date: 01-10-1961

4701.16 Disciplinary actions.

(A) After notice and hearing as provided in Chapter 119. of the Revised Code, the accountancy board may discipline as described in division (B) of this section a person holding an Ohio permit, an Ohio registration, a firm registration, a CPA certificate, or a PA registration or any other person whose activities are regulated by the board for any one or any combination of the following causes:

(1) Fraud or deceit in obtaining a firm registration or in obtaining a CPA certificate, a PA registration, an Ohio permit, or an Ohio registration;

(2) Dishonesty, fraud, or gross negligence in the practice of public accounting;

(3) Violation of any of the provisions of section 4701.14 of the Revised Code;

(4) Violation of a rule of professional conduct promulgated by the board under the authority granted by this chapter;

(5) Conviction of a felony under the laws of any state or of the United States;

(6) Conviction of any crime, an element of which is dishonesty or fraud, under the laws of any state or of the United States;

(7) Cancellation, revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew authority to practice as a certified public accountant, a public accountant, or a public accounting firm by any other state, for any cause other than failure to pay registration fees in that other state;

(8) Suspension or revocation of the right to practice before any state or federal agency;

(9) Failure of a holder of a CPA certificate or PA registration to obtain an Ohio permit or an Ohio registration, or the failure of a public accounting firm to obtain a firm registration;

(10) Conduct discreditable to the public accounting profession or to the holder of an Ohio permit, Ohio registration, or foreign certificate;

(11) Failure of a public accounting firm to comply with section 4701.04 of the Revised Code.

(B) For any of the reasons specified in division (A) of this section, the board may do any of the following:

(1) Revoke, suspend, or refuse to renew any CPA certificate or PA registration or any Ohio permit, Ohio registration, or firm registration;

(2) Disqualify a person who is not a holder of an Ohio permit or a foreign certificate from owning an equity interest in a public accounting firm or qualified firm;

(3) Publicly censure a registered firm or a holder of a CPA certificate, a PA registration, an Ohio permit, or an Ohio registration;

(4) Levy against a registered firm or a holder of a CPA certificate, a PA registration, an Ohio permit, or an Ohio registration a penalty or fine not to exceed five thousand dollars for each offense. Any fine shall be reasonable and in relation to the severity of the offense.

(5) In the case of violations of division (A)(2) or (4) of this section, require completion of remedial continuing education programs prescribed by the board in addition to those required by section 4701.11 of the Revised Code;

(6) In the case of violations of division (A)(2) or (4) of this section, require the holder of a CPA certificate, PA registration, or firm registration to submit to a peer review by a professional committee designated by the board, which committee shall report to the board concerning that holder's compliance with generally accepted accounting principles, generally accepted auditing standards, or other generally accepted technical standards;

(7) Revoke or suspend the privileges to offer or render attest services in this state or to use a CPA title or designation in this state of an individual who holds a foreign certificate.

(C) If the board levies a fine against or suspends the certificate of a person or registration of a person or firm for a violation of division (A)(2) or (4) of this section, it may waive all or any portion of the fine or suspension if the holder of the CPA certificate, PA registration, or firm registration complies fully with division (B)(5) or (6) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.16

Effective Date: 09-05-2001

4701.17 Reissuance of revoked certificate.

Upon application in writing and after hearing pursuant to notice, the accountancy board may reissue or reinstate a certificate to a certified public accountant whose certificate has been revoked or suspended or reregister anyone whose registration has been revoked or suspended. The board may require a reasonable waiting period, commensurate with the offense, before a certificate holder or registrant whose certificate or registration has been revoked or suspended may apply to have the certificate or registration reissued or reinstated. The board may require compliance with any or all requirements of section 4701.06 of the Revised Code, including the taking of any examination described in division (E) of that section as a prerequisite for recertification. The board may require compliance with any or all of the requirements of section 4701.07 of the Revised Code, including the taking of any examination described in division (E) of that section as a prerequisite for reregistration.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.17

Effective Date: 10-22-1980

4701.18 Injunctions.

Whenever in the judgment of the accountancy board any person has engaged, or is about to engage, in any acts or practices which constitute, or will constitute, a violation of section 4701.14 of the Revised Code, the board may make application to the appropriate court for an order enjoining such acts or practices, and upon a showing by the board that such person has engaged, or is about to engage, in any such acts or practices, an injunction, restraining order, or such other order as may be appropriate shall be granted by such court without bond.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.18

Effective Date: 01-10-1961

4701.19 Records.

(A) All statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda made by a certified public accountant or public accountant incident to or in the course of professional service to clients by the accountant, except reports submitted by a certified public accountant or public accountant to a client, shall be and remain the property of the accountant in the absence of an express agreement between the accountant and the client to the contrary. No statement, record, schedule, working paper, or memorandum of that nature shall be sold, transferred, or bequeathed without the consent of the client or the client's personal representative or assignee to any person other than one or more surviving partners or new partners of the accountant.

(B) The statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda made by a certified public accountant or public accountant incident to or in the course of performing an audit of a public office or private entity, except reports submitted by the accountant to the client, are not a public record. Statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda that are so made in an audit by a certified public accountant or public accountant and that are in the possession of the auditor of state also are not a public record. As used in this division, "public record" has the same meaning as in section 149.43 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.19

Effective Date: 03-30-1999

4701.20 Depositing receipts.

All receipts of the accountancy board shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the occupational licensing and regulatory fund, except that any payment made to the board in connection with an application for examination or for a permit, registration, or certificate shall be deposited only after the board approves the application. In the event the application is not approved, the board shall return the payment to the applicant. All vouchers of the board shall be approved by the board president or executive secretary, or both, as authorized by the board.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.20

Effective Date: 09-16-1998

4701.21 Fees in excess of statutory amounts.

The accountancy board, subject to the approval of the controlling board and except for fees required to be established by the board at amounts "adequate" to cover designated expenses, may establish fees in excess of the amounts provided in sections 4701.01 to 4701.99 of the Revised Code, provided that such fees do not exceed the amounts permitted by these sections by more than fifty per cent.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.21

Effective Date: 07-01-1982

4701.22 Written examination designed to determine competency.

Whenever any statute, regulation or rule requires that any report, financial statement, or document for any department, division, board, commission, or agency of this state or any political subdivision thereof be prepared by a certified public accountant, such requirement shall be construed to mean public accountant or certified public accountant. Except that to certify financial statements for qualification of contractors for the department of transportation, a public accountant holding a valid registration issued in this state must have certified a financial statement submitted to the department of transportation by an applicant contractor for the previous year, or furnish evidence that he has received a passing score as the result of a written examination designed to determine competency, prescribed and administered by the accountancy board of Ohio.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.22

Effective Date: 09-30-1974

4701.26 Certified public accountant education assistance program - fund.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Accounting education program" means a course of study that satisfies the requirements set forth in rules adopted by the accountancy board.

(2) "Enrolls" or "enrolled" means that the scholarship applicant has registered for classes and has paid at least a portion of the tuition or fees.

(3) "Fifth year" means any time after an applicant's completion of a minimum number of semester or quarter hours as prescribed by the board by rule.

(4) "Other students" means students who demonstrate a financial need as determined by the certified public accountant education assistance advisory committee.

(B) The accountancy board shall establish the certified public accountant education assistance program, the purpose of which is to provide, on and after January 1, 1998, scholarships to minority and other students enrolled in their fifth year of an accounting education program at institutions approved by the board by rule adopted in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(C) There is hereby created in the state treasury the certified public accountant education assistance fund, which shall consist of all money transferred to it pursuant to section 4743.05 of the Revised Code and all investment earnings of the fund. The fund shall be used by the board to provide scholarships and to pay costs related to the administration of the program in accordance with division (B) of this section.

(D) The board shall adopt rules in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code to establish all of the following:

(1) Eligibility criteria for receipt of a scholarship;

(2) Scholarship application procedures;

(3) The amounts in which scholarships may be provided and the total amount that may be provided to an individual;

(4) The total amount of scholarships that can be made each year;

(5) The percentage of the money in the fund that must remain in the fund at all times as a fund balance;

(6) The means by which the program may be used to recruit individuals, including high school students, who are members of minority groups to enter an accounting education program or the accounting profession;

(7) The means by which other matters incidental to the operation of the program may be approved, including the authorization of necessary expenses incurred in the operation of the program.

(E) The receipt of a scholarship under this section shall not affect a student's eligibility for any other assistance, or the amount of that assistance, but the rules of the board may provide for taking other assistance received into consideration when determining a student's eligibility for a scholarship under this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.26

Effective Date: 12-02-1996

4701.27 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4701.27

Effective Date: 12-02-1996

4701.28 Effect of child support default on certificate or permit.

On receipt of a notice pursuant to section 3123.43 of the Revised Code, the accountancy board shall comply with sections 3123.41 to 3123.50 of the Revised Code and any applicable rules adopted under section 3123.63 of the Revised Code with respect to a certificate or permit issued pursuant to this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.28

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

4701.29 Conduct of investigations.

(A) The accountancy board may investigate whether a person has violated any provision of this chapter or rule adopted under it before commencing a disciplinary proceeding pursuant to section 4701.16 of the Revised Code or taking legal action pursuant to section 4701.18 of the Revised Code. An investigation under this section is not subject to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code. The board may appoint a committee of board members or staff employed by the board to conduct an investigation. notwithstanding any statute or rule to the contrary, a board member who participates in an investigation may participate actively in any hearing or proceeding to the same extent as a board member who did not participate in the investigation.

(B) During an investigation, the board may administer oaths, order the taking of depositions, issue subpoenas, compel the attendance and testimony of a person at a deposition, and compel the production of any form of documentary evidence or record. Subpoenas and orders to compel under this section may be served by a designee of the board or by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the residence or place of business of the individual, professional association, firm, corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, limited liability company, or other business organization named in the subpoena or order.

(C)

(1) Any witness who appears in response to a subpoena of the board may request, and shall receive within a reasonable time after making the request, the fees and mileage provided for under section 119.094 of the Revised Code.

(2) If a person fails to comply with a subpoena or order issued by the board under this section, the board may apply to the Franklin county court of common pleas for an order compelling compliance with the board's subpoena or order. Upon application by the board and upon evidence of the person's failure to comply, the court shall compel the appearance of the persons or the production of the documents named in the board's subpoena or order in accordance with the Rules of Civil Procedure. The court also may issue any contempt citation and sanction the court deems appropriate.

(D) The investigative proceedings of the board under this section are not a public record under section 149.43 of the Revised Code, are confidential, and are not subject to discovery in any civil or administrative action or proceeding.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.29

Effective Date: 03-30-1999; 2008 HB525 07-01-2009

4701.30 Compliance with law regarding sanctions for human trafficking.

The accountancy board shall comply with section 4776.20 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.30

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.169, HB 247, §1, eff. 3/22/2013.

4701.99 Penalty.

Whoever violates section 4701.14 of the Revised Code is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

Cite as R.C. § 4701.99

Effective Date: 09-30-1974