(A) As used in this section:
"Chronic pain" means pain that has persisted after reasonable medical efforts have been made to relieve the pain or cure its cause and that has continued, either continuously or episodically, for longer than three continuous months. "Chronic pain" does not include pain associated with a terminal condition or with a progressive disease that, in the normal course of progression, may reasonably be expected to result in a terminal condition.
(3) "Physician" means an individual authorized under this chapter to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery.
(B) The state medical board shall adopt rules in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code that establish standards and procedures to be followed by physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain, including standards for a physician's consultation with one or more other physicians who specialize in the treatment of the area, system, or organ of the body perceived as the source of pain and managing chronic pain by prescribing, personally furnishing, or administering controlled substances or products containing tramadol.
(C) When a physician diagnoses a patient as having chronic pain, the physician may, subject to division (D) of this section, treat the pain by managing it with controlled substances and products containing tramadol. The physician's diagnosis and treatment decisions shall be made according to accepted and prevailing standards for medical care. For the purpose of assisting with the diagnosis of chronic pain, the physician shall obtain and review all available medical records or detailed written summaries of the patient's treatment for chronic pain or the condition causing the chronic pain. It is recommended that the physician also consider having the patient evaluated by one or more other physicians who specialize in the treatment of the area, system, or organ of the body perceived as the source of the pain.
(D) For each patient a physician diagnoses as having chronic pain, the physician shall maintain a written record of all of the following:
(1) Medical history and physical examination of the patient;
(2) The diagnosis of chronic pain, including signs, symptoms, and causes;
(3) The plan of treatment proposed, the patient's response to treatment, and any modification to the plan of treatment , including all of the following:
(a) Documentation that other medically reasonable treatments for relief of the patient's chronic pain have been offered or attempted without adequate or reasonable success;
(b) Periodic assessment and documentation of the patient's functional status, including the ability to engage in work or other purposeful activities, the pain intensity and its interference with activities of daily living, quality of family life and social activities, and physical activity of the patient;
(c) Periodic assessment and documentation of the patient's progress toward treatment objectives, including the intended role of controlled substances or products containing tramadol within the overall plan of treatment;
(d) Periodic assessment and documentation for indicators of possible addiction, drug abuse, or drug diversion;
(e) Notation of any adverse drug effects.
(4) The dates on which controlled substances or products containing tramadol were prescribed, furnished, or administered, the name and address of the patient to or for whom the controlled substances or products containing tramadol were prescribed, furnished, or administered, and the amounts and dosage forms for the controlled substances or products containing tramadol prescribed, furnished, or administered;
(5) A copy of any record or report made by another physician that was used or consulted for the purpose of diagnosing the patient's chronic pain or treating the patient for chronic pain.
(E) A physician shall not prescribe, personally furnish, or administer to a patient a controlled substance or product containing tramadol without taking into account the potential for abuse of the controlled substance or product, the possibility the controlled substance or product may lead to dependence, the possibility the patient will obtain the controlled substance or product for a nontherapeutic use or distribute it to other persons, and the potential existence of an illicit market for the controlled substance or product. In addition, the physician shall address with the patient the risks associated with protracted treatment with controlled substances or products containing tramadol, including informing the patient of the potential for dependence, tolerance, and addiction and the clinical or monitoring tools the physician may use if signs of addiction, drug abuse, or drug diversion are present.
(F) A physician who treats chronic pain by managing it with controlled substances or products containing tramadol is not subject to disciplinary action by the board under section 4731.22 of the Revised Code solely because the physician treated the chronic pain with controlled substances or products containing tramadol.
Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.
Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.19, HB 93, §1, eff. 5/20/2011.
Effective Date: 07-22-1998 .