Chapter 5310: REGISTRATION OF LAND TITLES

5310.01 Acceptance of fees and employment by county recorder prohibited.

No county recorder or deputy, while in office, shall directly or indirectly accept any employment, or be interested in fees arising from such employment, as attorney, agent, or otherwise, from an applicant to register land, or other person connected with or concerned in the registration of land, or any lien, or charge thereon, or other matter in any way connected with the registration of land.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.01

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.02 Priority of persons entering claims on registered certificate of title.

Every transferee, mortgagee, lessee, and encumbrancer of registered land or any part thereof, or any interest therein, holds his title or lien subject to the interests and estates, mortgages, encumbrances, and all liens and memorials which have been entered upon the registered certificate of title prior to such transfer of the land or mortgage, lease, or encumbrance thereof, unless it is expressly otherwise provided in the instrument of transfer, mortgage, lease, or encumbrance.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.02

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.03 Certificates of title and copies shall be received in evidence.

The original certificate of title in the register of titles, any copy of it certified under the signature of the county recorder, and the owner's duplicate of the original certificate of title shall be received as evidence in all the courts of the state and shall be conclusive as to all matters contained in it, except as provided in this chapter or Chapter 5309. of the Revised Code. All subsequent certificates of title and memorials on them shall be conclusive in favor of bona fide owners and holders except subsequent certificates and memorials on them procured by forgery.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.03

Effective Date: 10-29-2003

5310.04 Powers of courts.

The county recorder and the probate court and the court of common pleas on the application of any party in interest, in any matter, suit, or proceeding in any way relating to registered land, or to any estate or interest therein, or lien or charge thereon, may compel by punishment as for a contempt the production and delivery to said recorder or courts of any duplicate or owner's certificate of title, duplicate or original mortgage, lease, or other paper pertaining to such land, or any estate therein, or lien or charge thereon. Said recorder and courts may by like means compel the release and discharge by the proper party of any lien or charge upon such land, or any part thereof, and may compel the performance of any act or thing required by sections 5309.02 to 5310.21 , inclusive, of the Revised Code to be performed by any person.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.04

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.05 Assurance fund rate.

Upon the original registration of land, the clerk of the probate court or the clerk of the court of common pleas shall be paid one-tenth of one per cent of the assessed value of the land, on the basis of the last assessment for general taxation, for the purposes of an assurance fund.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.05

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.06 Monthly payments of money to treasurer of state - investment of funds.

All money received by the clerk of the probate court or the clerk of the court of common pleas under section 5310.05 of the Revised Code shall be paid at least once a month to the treasurer of state, who shall, with the advice and approval of the secretary of state, and the auditor of state, invest, reinvest, and keep invested such funds in bonds and securities of the United States, or of this state, or of any county, township, district, or municipal corporation of this state, or in approved mortgages on income producing lands that are registered, provided that no loan shall be made by mortgage on any land which is not assessed, at the latest general assessment, for at least twice the amount of the loan, exclusive of improvements.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.06

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.07 Right of action by registered owners for loss or damage by fraud, mistake, or error.

A person who, without negligence on the person's part, sustains loss or damage or is deprived of land or of any interest in land, after the original registration of land, by the registration of another person as owner of the land or of any interest in the land, through fraud, or in consequence of any error, omission, mistake, or misdescription in any certificate of title or in any entry or memorandum in the register of titles, may bring an action in the court of common pleas of the county in which the land is situated against the treasurer of state for the recovery of compensation for that loss or damage, or for that land or interest in land, from the assurance fund. If the person who is deprived of land or of any interest in land in the manner stated in this section has a right of action or another remedy for the recovery of the land or the interest in land, the person shall exhaust that remedy before resorting to the action of contract provided in this section. This section does not deprive the plaintiff of any action in tort that the plaintiff may have against any person for the loss or damage or the deprivation of any land or of any interest in land.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.07

Effective Date: 10-29-2003

5310.08 Against whom actions shall be brought.

If the action provided for in section 5310.07 of the Revised Code is brought to recover for loss or damage, or for deprivation of land or of any interest therein which arises wholly through any actionable fraud, negligence, omission, mistake, or misfeasance of the county recorder or his deputies, or of any examiner of titles, in the performance of executive or ministerial duties, or of any of the assistants or clerks of the recorder, in the performance of their respective duties, the action shall be brought against the treasurer of state and such officers and the sureties on their bonds as are within the jurisdiction of the court of common pleas as defendants. If such action is brought to recover for loss or damage, or deprivation of land, or of any interest therein which arises wholly through any actionable fraud, negligence, omission, mistake, or misfeasance of some person other than the recorder or his deputies, or the other officers and their deputies or assistants named in this section, or which arises jointly through the actionable fraud, negligence, omission, mistake, or misfeasance of such other person and the recorder, deputy recorder, or other officers and assistants named in this section, such action shall be brought against both the treasurer of state and such officers and their sureties, and such other persons only, as are within the jurisdiction of the court.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.08

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.09 Amount of damages shall be paid from assurance fund.

In all actions provided for in section 5310.07 of the Revised Code in which there are defendants other than the treasurer of state, and damages have been recovered, no final judgment may be entered against the treasurer of state until execution against the other defendants is returned unsatisfied in whole or in part, and the officer returning the execution certifies that the amount still due upon the execution cannot be collected except by application to the indemnity fund. Thereupon, the court of common pleas, being satisfied as to the truth of such return, shall order final judgment against the treasurer of state for the amount of the execution and costs, or so much thereof as remains unpaid. The treasurer of state shall upon such order of the court and final judgment, pay the amount of such judgment out of the assurance fund.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.09

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.10 Attorney general shall defend actions.

The attorney general shall appear and defend all actions provided for in section 5310.07 of the Revised Code. If the funds in the assurance fund at any time are insufficient to pay any judgment in full, the balance unpaid shall draw interest at the legal rate of interest, and be paid with such interest out of the first funds coming into the fund.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.10

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.11 Assurance fund not liable for loss or damage occasioned by breach of trust.

The assurance fund provided for in section 5310.05 of the Revised Code shall not be liable in any action to pay for any loss, damage, or deprivation occasioned by a breach of trust, whether express, implied, or constructive, by any registered owner who is a trustee.

Final judgment shall not be entered against the treasurer of state in any action to recover from the assurance fund more than the fair market value of the real estate at the time the plaintiff suffered the loss, damage, or deprivation thereof.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.11

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.12 Limitation of actions.

As used in this section, "incompetent person" means a person who is so mentally impaired as a result of a mental or physical illness or disability, or mental retardation, or as a result of chronic substance abuse, that the person is incapable of taking proper care of the person's self or property or fails to provide for the person's family or other persons for whom the person is charged by law to provide.

No action or proceeding for compensation from the assurance fund provided for in section 5310.05 of the Revised Code for, or by reason of, any deprivation, loss, or damage shall be made, brought or taken, except within a period of six years from the time when the right to bring such action or proceeding first accrued. If at the time when such right of action first accrues the person entitled to bring such action or take such proceedings is within the age of eighteen years, an incompetent person, imprisoned, or absent from the United States in the service of the United States or of this state, such person or anyone claiming from, by, or under the person, may bring the action at any time within two years after such disability is removed.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.12

Effective Date: 01-01-1974; 2007 HB53 08-07-2007

5310.13 Subrogation.

In every case in which payment has been made from the assurance fund provided for in section 5310.05 of the Revised Code by the treasurer of state, the state shall be subrogated to all rights of the plaintiff against any other parties or securities, and the treasurer of state and attorney general shall enforce such rights in behalf of the state. Amounts so recovered by the state shall be paid into the treasury of the state to the account of the assurance fund.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.13

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.14 Application of income of assurance fund.

The income of the assurance fund provided for in section 5310.05 of the Revised Code shall be added to the principal and invested, until such fund amounts to three hundred thousand dollars, and thereafter the income of such fund shall be used to defray the expense of the administration of sections 5309.02 to 5310.21 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, instead of being added to the fund and accumulated.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.14

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.15 Fees.

On filing an application for registration, the applicant shall pay to the clerk of the probate court or the clerk of the court of common pleas ten dollars, which is full payment for all clerk's fees and charges in such proceeding on behalf of the applicant. Any defendant, except a guardian ad litem, on entering an appearance by filing a pleading of any kind, shall pay to the clerk five dollars, which is full payment for all clerk's fees on behalf of such defendant. When any number of defendants enter their appearance at the same time in one pleading by filing a pleading of any kind, one fee shall be paid.

Every required publication in a newspaper shall be paid for by the party on whose application the order of publication is made, in addition to the fees prescribed in the first paragraph of this section. The party at whose request, or on whose behalf, any notice is issued, shall pay for the service of such notice except when such notice is sent by mail by the clerk or the county recorder.

Examiners of titles shall receive for examining title or original reference, and making report on all matters arising under the application, including final certificate as to all necessary parties being made and properly brought before the probate court or the court of common pleas, and as to the proceedings being regular and legal, one half of one per cent of the appraised tax value, the fee in no case to be less than seventy-five or more than two hundred fifty dollars, for each separate and distinct parcel of land included in the application although made up of more than one tract.

Upon a reference to an examiner of titles or to any other person upon a hearing to take evidence and make report to the court, the fee of the referee shall be fixed by the court at not more than fifteen dollars per day for the time actually employed.

For a certificate of an examiner of titles that all necessary parties are before the court, and the proceedings are regular and legal in a suit for partition, foreclosure of mortgage, marshalling of liens, or other suit or proceeding affecting the title of any interest in, or lien or charge upon registered lands, the fees shall be fixed by the court, and shall not be more than twenty-five dollars for each separate and distinct parcel of land included in the petition or application although such parcel is made up of more than one tract.

Guardians for the suit in original registration shall receive three dollars when there is no contest in which the guardian participates. In other cases such guardians shall receive such fees as the court fixes, but not more than twenty-five dollars.

For certifying pending suits, judgments, liens, attachments, executions, or levies, the officers certifying them to the recorder shall receive a fee of twenty-five cents to be paid by the party interested and taxed in the costs of the case.

For serving summons, notice, or other paper provided for in sections 5309.02 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code, the sheriff or other officer shall receive the same fees as in other similar cases.

The recorder shall receive the following fees, to include base fees for services and housing trust fund fees pursuant to section 317.36 of the Revised Code:

(A) For original registration of title, issuing duplicate certificate, entering memorials and memorandums, as directed by the decree, and indexing it, a base fee of thirty dollars and a housing trust fund fee of thirty dollars;

(B) For examining and registering each transfer of registered land, including the filing of all papers therewith, entering memorials, issuing new duplicate certificate of title and indexing it, a base fee of thirty dollars and a housing trust fund fee of thirty dollars for the first distinct body or parcel of land contained in such certificate, and a base fee of two dollars and a housing trust fund fee of two dollars for each additional distinct body or parcel of land contained in such certificate;

(C) For filing, examining, and entering a memorial of each mortgage or lease, upon registered land, and indexing it, for each separately registered parcel, a base fee of ten dollars and a housing trust fund fee of ten dollars;

(D) For filing, examining, and entering a memorial of each lien, charge, or demand upon registered land, and indexing it, for each separately registered parcel of land, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars;

(E) For cancellation of any memorial or memorandum, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars; for entry of change of address, or notice of dower, for each separately registered parcel, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars;

(F) For each certified copy of a registered certificate, or issuing a mortgagee's duplicate certificate, or issuing a new owner's duplicate certificate to replace one which has been lost or destroyed, a base fee of fifteen dollars and a housing trust fund fee of fifteen dollars;

(G) For filing, examining, and entering a memorial of each release, assignment, or waiver of priority of a mortgage, lease, lien, charge, or demand upon registered land and indexing it, for each separately registered parcel, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars;

(H) For filing, examining, and entering a memorial of each official certificate of pending suit, judgment, lien, attachment, execution, or levy, upon registered land and indexing it, for each separately registered parcel, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars;

(I) For continuing an owner's duplicate certificate, or mortgagee's duplicate certificate and entering and certifying memorials and notations thereon, a base fee of five dollars and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars;

(J) For certificate as to taxes and special assessments, for each separately registered parcel, a base fee of ten dollars and a housing trust fund fee of ten dollars;

(K) For filing, recording, and indexing any papers or instruments other than those provided in this section, any certified copy of record, or of any instrument on file in the recorder's office, the same fees allowed by law for like services;

(L) For issuing subpoenas and notices and swearing witnesses, the same fees allowed the clerk for like services.

Costs as provided in this section may be taxed and by the court ordered to be paid by the parties in such manner as is just.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.15

Effective Date: 08-01-2003

5310.16 Conviction no bar to civil action.

No proceedings or conviction for any crime relating to the administration of Chapters 5309. and 5310. of the Revised Code, shall affect any remedy which any person aggrieved or injured by such act has at law or in equity against the person who has committed such act, or against his estate, or against the county recorder, or examiner of titles, or the sureties on their official bonds.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.16

Effective Date: 05-25-1976

5310.17 to 5310.20 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 5310.17 to 5310.20

Effective Date: 01-01-1974

5310.21 Construction.

Sections 5309.02 to 5310.21, inclusive, of the Revised Code shall be construed liberally for the purpose of effecting its general intent.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.21

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5310.31 Abolition of registration definitions.

As used in sections 5310.31 to 5310.54 of the Revised Code:

(A) "Conclusive effect" means the conclusive effect of the notations on a certificate of title with regard to conveyances or encumbrances affecting registered land, as provided in sections 5309.06 , 5309.24 , 5309.28 , 5309.34 , 5309.93 , 5310.02 , and 5310.03 of the Revised Code or in any other statute having a similar effect.

(B) "Date of implementation" means the date, set by the county recorder under section 5310.38 of the Revised Code, as the date upon which implementation of a resolution of abolition is to begin.

(C) "Land registration" and "land registration system" mean the system of registering titles and conveyances and encumbrances of land provided for in Chapter 5309. and sections 5310.01 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code.

(D) "Nonabolishing county" means, in the case of a parcel of registered land that lies partly in two or more counties, one of which counties has abolished land registration, the county or counties that have not abolished land registration.

(E) "Resolution of abolition" means a resolution, adopted by a board of county commissioners under section 5310.36 of the Revised Code, that requires abolition of land registration in the county.

(F) "Traditional recordation" and "traditional recordation system" mean the system of recording deeds and other instruments for the conveyance or encumbrance of land contemplated by sections 317.08 and 5301.25 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.31

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.32 County resolution to consider merits of abolishment of land registration.

A board of county commissioners may adopt a resolution to consider the merits of abolishing land registration in the county. When a resolution of abolition has previously failed of adoption, it is not in order for the board to adopt a resolution under this section unless two years have elapsed since the date on which the last resolution of abolition failed of adoption.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.32

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.33 Costs and benefits of maintaining land registration system.

After adopting a resolution to consider the merits of abolishing land registration, the board of county commissioners shall collect evidence with regard to the costs and benefits of maintaining a land registration system in the county. The board shall collect the evidence by means of a public hearing, and by means of independent studies, investigations, interviews, surveys, and other research that it conducts or causes to be conducted. The board shall conduct the public hearing as provided in section 5310.35 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.33

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.34 Relevant evidence of costs and benefits of maintaining land registration system.

Evidence relevant to the costs and benefits of maintaining a land registration system in a county includes, but is not limited to, evidence with regard to the following:

(A) The monetary cost to a landowner of initially registering land in the county;

(B) The monetary cost to a landowner or other person of registering subsequent conveyances and encumbrances in the county, as compared to the monetary cost to a landowner or other person of traditionally recording a conveyance or encumbrance in the county;

(C) The monetary cost to the county of maintaining separate sets of records, one for land registration and one for traditional recordation;

(D) The monetary cost to the county of winding up land registration if a resolution of abolition were implemented;

(E) The frequency with which land registration is used in the county, as compared to the frequency with which traditional recordation is used in the county;

(F) The time and steps required to initially register land in the county;

(G) The time and steps required to register a subsequent conveyance or encumbrance under the land registration system, as compared to the time and steps required to record a conveyance or encumbrance under the traditional recordation system;

(H) The number of officers and employees required to administer both the land registration system and the traditional recordation system in the county, and the number of officers and employees that would be needed if the land registration system were abolished in the county;

(I) The degree to which the county's officers and employees who process land conveyances are familiar with, and knowledgeable about, the land registration system, and the degree to which the county's officers and employees who process land conveyances are familiar with, and knowledgeable about, the traditional recordation system;

(J) The county recorder's ability, as an officer having duties that are principally ministerial in nature, to properly carry out his duties under Chapter 5309. and sections 5310.01 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code;

(K) Instances of misfilings as between the land registration and traditional recordation systems;

(L) Liabilities for fraud, negligence, omission, mistake, or misfeasance that have been incurred by the county recorder or his deputies, any examiner of titles, or any of the recorder's assistants or clerks in connection with the land registration and traditional recordation systems;

(M) The advantages commonly cited by proponents of land registration, and the degree to which operation of the county's land registration system has achieved those advantages;

(N) The disadvantages commonly cited by opponents of land registration, and the degree to which operation of the county's land registration system has borne out those disadvantages;

(O) The degree to which other devices, such as quiet title actions, marketable title statutes, and title insurance, have tended to make the claimed advantages of land registration superfluous in the county;

(P) The level of popular support among the county's landowners for the county's land registration system, and reasons such landowners state for supporting or opposing the county's land registration system;

(Q) The importance to the county's landowners of the conclusive effect of a certificate of title, and of the conclusive right to possession afforded by land registration, as opposed to risk of ouster and risk of acquisition of rights by prescription or adverse possession under the traditional recordation system;

(R) The degree to which the land registration and traditional recordation systems respectively lend themselves to microfilming and data processing.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.34

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.35 Public hearing.

The board of county commissioners shall conduct the public hearing required by section 5310.33 of the Revised Code in accordance with this section.

(A)

(1) The board shall prepare a notice of the hearing that includes each of the following:

(a) A statement that the board is considering abolishing land registration in the county, that abolition would require the deregistration of all registered land in the county, and that after abolition all land in the county would have to be dealt with as nonregistered land;

(b) A statement that the board seeks evidence with regard to the matters listed in section 5310.34 of the Revised Code;

(c) The date, time, and place of the hearing, which shall be not earlier than two nor later than three months after the resolution to consider the merits of abolishing land registration was adopted by the board;

(d) A statement that any person affected by the proposed abolition of land registration may appear at the hearing and present evidence as provided in division (B) of this section.

(2) The board shall serve the notice by

publication twice a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county or as provided in section 7.16 of the Revised Code. Publication of the notice shall be completed at least one month prior to the date set for the hearing.

(B) At the date, time, and place specified in the notice, the board shall conduct a hearing, which may be adjourned from day to day until complete, at which any person affected by the proposed abolition of land registration may appear in person, by attorney, or both, and present evidence, orally or in writing, with regard to the costs and benefits of maintaining land registration in the county. Any person who presents evidence may also present evidence refuting any evidence offered in opposition to the person's evidence.

The board shall cause a stenographic record to be made of the hearing. The president of the board, or a member the president designates, shall preside at the hearing.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.35

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 41, HB 72, §1, eff. 1/30/2014.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.28, HB 153, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2011.

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.36 Determination to abolish land registration system.

Within one month after conclusion of the public hearing required by section 5310.33 of the Revised Code, the board of county commissioners shall review and assess the evidence presented at the public hearing, as well as any other evidence that has been obtained by the board as a result of its independent studies, investigations, interviews, surveys, and other research.

The board shall determine, as a result of this review and assessment, whether the costs exceed the benefits of maintaining a land registration system in the county. If the board so finds, it may adopt a resolution of abolition that makes specific findings with regard to the costs and benefits and requires abolition of land registration in the county. If such a resolution of abolition is adopted, abolition of land registration shall be implemented as provided in section 5310.38 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.36

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.37 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 5310.37

Repealed by 130th General Assembly File No. 41, HB 72, §2, eff. 1/30/2014.

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.38 Implementation of resolution of abolition.

(A) A resolution of abolition shall not be implemented later than one month following its adoption.

(B) Within ten days after adoption of the resolution by the board of county commissioners, the recorder shall notify the board, the clerk of the court of common pleas, and the clerk of the probate court in writing of the adoption of the resolution of abolition and set the date upon which implementation of abolition of land registration in the county is to begin. The date thus set, which is the "date of implementation," shall be not later than one month after the day upon which the resolution was adopted.

If one or more parcels of land registered in the county lie partly in another county or counties, the recorder shall send a copy of the notice required by the preceding paragraph to the recorder, clerk of the court of common pleas, and clerk of the probate court of each such other county.

(C) Beginning on the date of implementation, winding up of land registration shall proceed to completion in the county, and to the extent required in any nonabolishing county, as provided in sections 5310.41 to 5310.54 of the Revised Code. Except as necessary for the winding up of land registration, Chapter 5309. and sections 5310.01 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code do not apply in the county on and after the date of implementation.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.38

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 41, HB 72, §1, eff. 1/30/2014.

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.41 Registered land after abolition of system.

Subject to sections 5310.44 and 5310.47 of the Revised Code, on and after the date of implementation, registered land in a county that has abolished land registration shall be dealt with the same as if it were not registered land, and instruments for its conveyance or encumbrance shall be recorded in the traditional recordation system, not in the land registration system. Until there has been a conveyance of the entire fee of such land, in preparing the prior instrument reference of each such instrument of conveyance or encumbrance, the certificate of title that pertains to the land shall be identified as the prior instrument.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.41

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.42 Certificate of title of registered land effect after abolition.

A certificate of title that is transcribed or bound in the register of titles on the date of implementation in a county that has abolished land registration has the following effects on and after such date:

(A) Conclusive effect as to conveyances and encumbrances occurring before the date of implementation and noted on the certificate;

(B) Conclusive effect as to conveyances and encumbrances occurring before the date of implementation that, as of the date of implementation were not noted on the certificate, but the instruments for which had been filed for such notation;

(C) No conclusive effect with regard to conveyances or encumbrances occurring on or after the date of implementation.

The period of limitations prescribed in section 2305.04 of the Revised Code begins to run on the date of implementation with regard to any registered land in a county that has abolished land registration, the title to which land would, prior to the date of implementation, have been subject to acquisition by prescription or adverse possession but for section 5309.89 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.42

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.43 Pending cases involving application for registration effect after abolition.

No case involving an application for the registration of land that is pending on the date of implementation, including, but not limited to, cases arising under section 5309.05 , 5309.29 , 5309.45 , 5309.46 , 5309.60 , or 5309.66 of the Revised Code, is affected by the abolition of land registration in the county. The case shall proceed, in the same manner, and with the same effects, as if land registration had not been abolished, to the entry of either a decree requiring registration or a decree dismissing the application for registration. A party aggrieved by the decree in such a case may appeal as provided in section 5309.84 of the Revised Code.

A certificate of title issued pursuant to a decree requiring registration relates back to and takes effect from the date of the decree, as provided in section 5309.26 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.43

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.44 Pending proceeding relating to registered land effect after abolition.

No proceeding relating to registered land that is pending before any court, the county recorder, or an examiner of titles on the date of implementation, including, but not limited to, proceedings arising under section 5309.27 , 5309.43 , 5309.44 , 5309.52 , 5309.61 , 5309.69 , 5309.71 , 5309.76 , 5309.81 , 5309.83 , or 5309.84 of the Revised Code, is affected by the abolition of land registration in the county. The proceeding shall be carried through to completion in the same manner, with the same effects, and with the same rights of appeal, as if land registration had not been abolished in the county.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.44

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.45 Certificates of title resulting from pending proceedings.

On and after the effective date of a certificate of title issued as the result of any proceeding contemplated by section 5310.43 or 5310.44 of the Revised Code, land registered under the certificate shall be dealt with the same as if it were not registered land, and instruments for its conveyance or encumbrance shall be recorded in the traditional recordation system, not in the land registration system. Until there has been a conveyance of the entire fee of such land, in preparing the prior instrument reference on each such instrument of conveyance or encumbrance, the certificate of title that pertains to the land shall be identified as the prior instrument.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.45

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.46 Effects of certificate of title.

A certificate of title issued as the result of any proceeding contemplated by section 5310.43 or 5310.44 of the Revised Code has the following effects:

(A) Conclusive effect as to conveyances and encumbrances occurring before the effective date of the certificate;

(B) No conclusive effect with regard to any conveyance or encumbrance occurring on or after the effective date of the certificate.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.46

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.47 Abolition of land registration does not bar certai actions.

Abolition of land registration in a county does not bar either of the following:

(A) A person who is deprived of land, any interest therein, or any encumbrance thereon as the result of a decree obtained by fraud in a case relating to registered land or to the initial registration of land from filing a complaint to open up and review the case as provided in section 5309.23 or 5309.81 of the Revised Code;

(B) A person who has a cause of action under section 5310.07 of the Revised Code from commencing and prosecuting an action as provided in that section, subject to the period of limitation provided in section 5310.12 of the Revised Code. If judgment is rendered for the plaintiff in such an action, recovery shall be had as provided in sections 5310.09 to 5310.11 and 5310.13 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.47

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.48 Duplicate certificate of title.

On and after the date of implementation, with regard to registered land in a county that has abolished land registration:

(A) A duplicate certificate of title has no use other than as a copy of the certificate that is transcribed or bound in the register of titles;

(B) No person shall present, and the county recorder shall not accept, the duplicate as the instrument of any conveyance or encumbrance of the land to which it pertains.

The holder of a duplicate certificate of title that pertains to land in a county that has abolished land registration may present the duplicate to the county recorder with a request for its continuation. Upon receiving such a presentation and request, the recorder shall continue the certificate by entering thereon all notations that appear on the registered title but not on the duplicate, as well as notations of all conveyances or encumbrances occurring before the date of implementation, the instruments for which, as of the date of implementation, had been filed for notation, but as of receipt of the request for continuation, have not been noted on the registered title.

The recorder shall issue a replacement duplicate certificate of title, as provided in section 5309.31 of the Revised Code, for any certificate of title that is recorded in the traditional recordation system under section 5310.50 or 5310.51 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.48

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.49 Jurisdiction after abolition of land registration system.

Except to the extent necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 5310.43 , 5310.44 , and 5310.47 of the Revised Code, on and after the date of implementation in a county that has abolished land registration:

(A) The court of common pleas and probate court of the county have no jurisdiction under Chapter 5309. or sections 5310.01 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code;

(B) No person shall file, and the clerk of the court of common pleas or clerk of the probate court of the county shall not accept, any application, pleading, or other paper commencing any action or proceeding arising under Chapter 5309. or sections 5310.01 to 5310.21 of the Revised Code except as contemplated by section 5310.44 or 5310.47 of the Revised Code.

On and after the date of implementation, the court of common pleas of the county shall phase out the office of examiner of titles. The court shall continue examiners in their positions only insofar as their services are required in matters contemplated by sections 5310.43 , 5310.46 , and 5310.47 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.49

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.50 County recorder duties.

Beginning on the date of implementation in a county that has abolished land registration, the county recorder shall:

(A) Continue all certificates of title that, on the date of implementation, were transcribed or bound in the register of titles, to reflect both of the following:

(1) Conveyances and encumbrances occurring prior to the date of implementation that, as of the date of implementation were not noted on the certificate, but the instruments for which had been filed for such notation;

(2) Matters subject to determination as the result of proceedings contemplated by section 5310.44 of the Revised Code.

(B) When the continuation of a certificate of title is complete, duplicate the certificate and record the duplicate as a muniment of title in the traditional recordation system. A duplicate certificate of title, filed in the traditional recordation system under this division, has the same effects under section 5310.42 of the Revised Code as the identical certificate bound or transcribed in the register of titles.

(C) Archive, in a safe, secure, and readily accessible place, the register of titles and the several other files, books, indexes, and other records that pertain to registered land;

(D) Record, as muniments of title in the traditional recordation system, instruments for the conveyance or encumbrance of registered land that, on and after the date of implementation, are filed for recordation in the traditional recordation system as provided in sections 5310.41 and 5310.45 of the Revised Code, rather than issuing a new certificate of title or entering a notation upon the certificate of title that pertains to the land.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.50

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.51 Certificates of title resulting from pending actions.

The county recorder, with regard to a certificate of title issued as the result of any proceeding contemplated by section 5310.43 or 5310.44 of the Revised Code, shall do both of the following:

(A) Transcribe or bind the certificate in the register of titles, the same as if land registration had not been abolished in the county. The recorder shall issue duplicates of such a certificate of title as provided in sections 5309.25 to 5309.27 of the Revised Code.

(B) Duplicate the certificate of title and record the duplicate as a muniment of title in the traditional recordation system. A duplicate certificate of title, filed in the traditional recordation system under this division, has the same effects under section 5310.46 of the Revised Code as the identical certificate bound or transcribed in the register of titles.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.51

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.52 Parcel lying partly in nonabolishing county.

If a parcel of registered land lies partly in two or more counties, and one of the counties abolishes land registration, the portion lying in the nonabolishing county is subject to the following on and after the date of implementation:

(A) The portion shall be dealt with, and instruments for its conveyance or encumbrance recorded, as provided in sections 317.14 and 5310.41 of the Revised Code;

(B) The certificate of title pertaining to the portion has the effects stated in section 5310.42 of the Revised Code;

(C) Any proceedings pertaining to the portion as contemplated by section 5310.44 of the Revised Code that are pending on the date of implementation shall be carried through to completion as provided in that section. Upon conclusion of such proceedings, the portion shall be dealt with, and instruments for its conveyance or encumbrance recorded, as provided in section 5310.45 of the Revised Code. Any certificate of title that results from such proceedings has the effects stated in section 5310.46 of the Revised Code.

(D) Any person who has a cause of action with regard to the portion as contemplated by section 5310.47 of the Revised Code may commence and prosecute an action as provided in that section;

(E) Section 5310.48 of the Revised Code applies to any duplicate certificate of title that pertains to the portion;

(F) The court of common pleas and probate court of the nonabolishing county have jurisdiction with regard to the portion only as provided in section 5310.49 of the Revised Code;

(G) Subject to section 5310.54 of the Revised Code, the county recorder of the nonabolishing county shall proceed to deregister the portion in his county in the manner prescribed in sections 5310.50 and 5310.51 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.52

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.53 Portion lying partly in nonabolishing county.

If, as the result of a proceeding contemplated by section 5310.43 of the Revised Code, a decree is entered requiring registration of a parcel of land that lies partly in two or more counties, the portion lying in each county shall be registered as provided in section 5309.25 and division (A) of section 5310.51 of the Revised Code, except that the portion lying in the nonabolishing county is subject to the following on and after its initial registration:

(A) The portion shall be dealt with, and instruments for its conveyance or encumbrance recorded, as provided in sections 317.14 and 5310.45 of the Revised Code;

(B) The certificate of title pertaining to the portion has the effect stated in section 5310.46 of the Revised Code;

(C) Any person who has a cause of action with regard to the portion as contemplated by section 5310.47 of the Revised Code may commence and prosecute an action as provided in that section;

(D) Section 5310.48 of the Revised Code applies to any duplicate certificate of title that pertains to the portion;

(E) The court of common pleas and probate court of the nonabolishing county have jurisdiction with regard to the portion only as provided in section 5310.49 of the Revised Code;

(F) Subject to section 5310.54 of the Revised Code, the county recorder of the nonabolishing county shall proceed to deregister the portion in the manner prescribed in section 5310.51 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.53

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.54 Nonabolishing county's land registration system.

A nonabolishing county's land registration system, except insofar as required to carry out sections 5310.52 and 5310.53 of the Revised Code, shall remain intact and fully operational.

Cite as R.C. § 5310.54

Effective Date: 02-28-1991

5310.99 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 5310.99

Effective Date: 01-01-1974