Chapter 5577: LOAD LIMITS ON HIGHWAYS

5577.01 Load limits on highways definitions.

(A) As used in sections 5577.01 to 5577.14 of the Revised Code:

(1) "Axle" means one or more load-carrying wheels mounted in a single transverse vertical plane.

(2) "Spacing between axles" means the distance between any two successive such planes.

(3) "Maximum axle load" means the gross weight of vehicle and load imposed by any axle upon the road surface.

(4) "Maximum wheel load" means the proportionate gross weight of vehicle and load imposed by any wheel upon the road surface.

(5) "Automobile transporter" means any vehicle combination designed and used expressly for the transport of assembled motor vehicles.

(6) "Stinger-steered automobile transporter" means any automobile transporter configured as a semitrailer combination in which the fifth wheel is located on a drop frame located behind and below the rearmost axle of the power unit.

(7) "Boat transporter" means any vehicle combination, including a straight truck towing a trailer typically using a ball and socket connection, designed and used specifically for the transport of boat hulls and boats, whether the hulls or boats are assembled or partially disassembled to facilitate transportation.

(8) "Stinger-steered boat transporter" means a boat transporter configured as a semitrailer combination in which the fifth wheel is located on a drop frame located behind and below the rearmost axle of the power unit.

(9) "Assembled" means, in regard to motor vehicles, capable of being driven.

(10) "B-train assembly" means any rigid frame extension that is attached to the rear frame of one semitrailer and provides a fifth wheel connection point for a second semitrailer.

(11) "Saddlemount vehicle transporter combination" means any combination of vehicles in which a straight truck or commercial tractor tows one or more straight trucks or commercial tractors, each connected by a saddle to the frame or fifth wheel of the straight truck or commercial tractor in front of it. Such a combination may include a fullmount, in which a smaller vehicle is mounted completely on the frame of either the first or last straight truck or commercial tractor in the saddlemount combination.

(B) "Vehicle," as used in section 5577.04 of the Revised Code, means any single vehicle when not in combination, or any combination of vehicles, as defined in section 4501.01 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 06-30-1993

5577.02 Operation of vehicle on highways in excess of prescribed weights forbidden.

No trackless trolley, traction engine, steam roller, or other vehicle, load, object, or structure, whether propelled by muscular or motor power, not including vehicles run upon stationary rails or tracks, fire engines, fire trucks, or other vehicles or apparatus belonging to or used by any municipal or volunteer fire department in the discharge of its functions, shall be operated or moved over or upon the improved public streets, highways, bridges, or culverts in this state, upon wheels, rollers, or otherwise, weighing in excess of the weights prescribed in sections 5577.01 to 5577.14 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, including the weight of vehicle, object, structure, or contrivance and load, except upon special permission, granted as provided by section 4513.34 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5577.03 Weight of load - width of tire.

No person, firm, or corporation shall transport over the improved public streets, alleys, intercounty highways, state highways, bridges, or culverts, in any vehicle propelled by muscular, motor, or other power, any burden, including weight of vehicle and load, greater than the following:

(A)

(1) In vehicles having metal tires three inches or less in width, a load of five hundred pounds for each inch of the total width of tire on all wheels;

(2) When the tires on such vehicles exceed three inches in width, an additional load of eight hundred pounds shall be permitted for each inch by which the total width of the tires on all wheels exceeds twelve inches.

(B) In vehicles having tires of rubber or other similar substances, for each inch of the total width of tires on all wheels, as follows:

(1) For tires three inches in width, a load of four hundred fifty pounds;

(2) For tires three and one-half inches in width, a load of four hundred fifty pounds;

(3) For tires four inches in width, a load of five hundred pounds;

(4) For tires five inches in width, a load of six hundred pounds;

(5) For tires six inches and over in width, a load of six hundred fifty pounds.

The total width of tires on all wheels shall be, in case of solid tires of rubber or other similar substance, the actual width in inches of all such tires between the flanges at the base of the tires, but in no event shall that portion of the tire coming in contact with the road surface be less than two thirds the width so measured between the flanges.

In the case of pneumatic tires, of rubber or other similar substance, the total width of tires on all wheels shall be the actual width of all such tires, measured at the widest portion thereof when inflated and not bearing a load.

In no event shall the load, including the proportionate weight of vehicle that can be concentrated on any wheel, exceed six hundred fifty pounds to each inch in width of the tread as defined in this section for solid tires, or each inch in the actual diameter of pneumatic tires measured when inflated and not bearing a load.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5577.04 Maximum axle load, wheel load, gross weights, for pneumatic tired vehicles.

(A) The maximum wheel load of any one wheel of any vehicle, trackless trolley, load, object, or structure operated or moved upon improved public highways, streets, bridges, or culverts shall not exceed six hundred fifty pounds per inch width of pneumatic tire, measured as prescribed by section 5577.03 of the Revised Code.

(B) The weight of vehicle and load imposed upon a road surface that is part of the interstate system by vehicles with pneumatic tires shall not exceed any of the following weight limitations:

(1) On any one axle, twenty thousand pounds;

(2) On any tandem axle, thirty-four thousand pounds;

(3) On any two or more consecutive axles, the maximum weight as determined by application of the formula provided in division (C) of this section.

(C) For purposes of division (B)(3) of this section, the maximum gross weight on any two or more consecutive axles shall be determined by application of the following formula:

W = 500((LN/N-1) + 12N + 36).

In this formula, W equals the overall gross weight on any group of two or more consecutive axles to the nearest five hundred pounds, L equals the distance in rounded whole feet between the extreme of any group of two or more consecutive axles, and N equals the number of axles in the group under consideration. However, two consecutive sets of tandem axles may carry a gross load of thirty-four thousand pounds each, provided the overall distance between the first and last axles of such consecutive sets of tandem axles is thirty-six feet or more.

(D) Except as provided in division (I) of this section, the weight of vehicle and load imposed upon a road surface that is not part of the interstate system by vehicles with pneumatic tires shall not exceed any of the following weight limitations:

(1) On any one axle, twenty thousand pounds;

(2) On any two successive axles:

(a) Spaced four feet or less apart, and weighed simultaneously, twenty-four thousand pounds;

(b) Spaced more than four feet apart, and weighed simultaneously, thirty-four thousand pounds, plus one thousand pounds per foot or fraction thereof, over four feet, not to exceed forty thousand pounds.

(3) On any three successive load-bearing axles designed to equalize the load between such axles and spaced so that each such axle of the three-axle group is more than four feet from the next axle in the three-axle group and so that the spacing between the first axle and the third axle of the three-axle group is no more than nine feet, and with such load-bearing three-axle group weighed simultaneously as a unit:

(a) Forty-eight thousand pounds, with the total weight of vehicle and load not exceeding thirty-eight thousand pounds plus an additional nine hundred pounds for each foot of spacing between the front axle and the rearmost axle of the vehicle;

(b) As an alternative to division (D)(3)(a) of this section, forty-two thousand five hundred pounds, if part of a six-axle vehicle combination with at least twenty feet of spacing between the front axle and rearmost axle, with the total weight of vehicle and load not exceeding fifty-four thousand pounds plus an additional six hundred pounds for each foot of spacing between the front axle and the rearmost axle of the vehicle.

(4) The total weight of vehicle and load utilizing any combination of axles, other than as provided for three-axle groups in division (D) of this section, shall not exceed thirty-eight thousand pounds plus an additional nine hundred pounds for each foot of spacing between the front axle and rearmost axle of the vehicle.

(E) Notwithstanding divisions (B) and (D) of this section, the maximum overall gross weight of vehicle and load imposed upon the road surface shall not exceed eighty thousand pounds.

(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when a vehicle is towing another vehicle, such drawbar or other connection shall be of a length such as will limit the spacing between nearest axles of the respective vehicles to a distance not in excess of twelve feet and six inches.

(G) As used in division (B) of this section, "tandem axle" means two or more consecutive axles whose centers may be included between parallel transverse vertical planes spaced more than forty inches but not more than ninety-six inches apart, extending across the full width of the vehicle.

(H) This section does not apply to passenger bus type vehicles operated by a regional transit authority pursuant to sections 306.30 to 306.54 of the Revised Code.

(I) Either division (B) or (D) of this section applies to the weight of a vehicle and its load imposed upon any road surface that is not a part of the interstate system by vehicles with pneumatic tires. As between divisions (B) and (D) of this section, only the division that yields the highest total gross vehicle weight limit shall be applied to any such vehicle. Once that division is determined, only the limits contained in the subdivisions of that division shall apply to that vehicle.

Effective Date: 06-29-2001

5577.041 Maximum axle load, wheel load, and gross weights for solid-tired vehicles.

No vehicle, trackless trolley, load, object, or structure having a maximum axle load greater than sixteen thousand pounds when such vehicle is equipped with solid rubber tires shall be operated or moved upon the improved public highways, streets, bridges, or culverts. The maximum wheel load of any one wheel of any such vehicle shall not exceed six hundred fifty pounds per inch width of tire, measured as prescribed by section 5577.03 of the Revised Code, nor shall any solid tire of rubber or other resilient material, on any wheel of any such vehicle, be less than one inch thick when measured from the top of the flanges of the tire channel.

The weight of vehicle and load imposed upon the road surface by any two successive axles, spaced four feet or less apart, shall not exceed nineteen thousand pounds for solid tires, or by any two successive axles spaced more than four feet but less than eight feet apart shall not exceed twenty-four thousand pounds for solid tires; or by and two successive axles, spaced eight feet or more apart, shall not exceed twenty-eight thousand pounds for solid tires; nor shall the total weight of vehicle and load exceed, for solid rubber tires, twenty-eight thousand pounds plus an additional six hundred pounds for each foot or fraction thereof of spacing between the front axle and the rearmost axle of the vehicle; nor shall the weight of vehicle and load imposed upon the road surface by any vehicle equipped with solid rubber tires, exceed eighty per cent of the permissible weight of vehicle and load as provided for pneumatic tires.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when a vehicle is towing another vehicle, such drawbar or other connection shall be of a length such as will limit the spacing between nearest axles of the respective vehicles to a distance not in excess of twelve feet and six inches. If the provisions of this section are held to exceed the weight limitations or other provisions set forth in the "Federal Aid Highway Act of 1958," 72 Stat. 902, 23 U.S.C. 127 , this section shall become null and void to the extent of such inconsistency.

Effective Date: 11-21-1967

5577.042 Weight provisions for farm, log and coal trucks and farm machinery.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Farm machinery" has the same meaning as in section 4501.01 of the Revised Code.

(2) "Farm commodities" includes livestock, bulk milk, corn, soybeans, tobacco, and wheat.

(3) "Farm truck" means a truck used in the transportation from a farm of farm commodities when the truck is operated in accordance with this section.

(4) "Log truck" means a truck used in the transportation of timber from the site of its cutting when the truck is operated in accordance with this section.

(5) "Coal truck" means a truck transporting coal from the site where it is mined when the truck is operated in accordance with this section.

(6) "Solid waste" has the same meaning as in section 3734.01 of the Revised Code.

(7) "Solid waste haul vehicle" means a vehicle hauling solid waste for which a bill of lading has not been issued.

(B)

(1) Notwithstanding sections 5577.02 and 5577.04 of the Revised Code, the following vehicles under the described conditions may exceed by no more than seven and one-half per cent the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code and no penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code shall be imposed:

(a) A coal truck transporting coal, from the place of production to the first point of delivery where title to the coal is transferred;

(b) A farm truck or farm machinery transporting farm commodities, from the place of production to the first point of delivery where the commodities are weighed and title to the commodities is transferred;

(c) A log truck transporting timber, from the site of its cutting to the first point of delivery where the timber is transferred;

(d) A solid waste haul vehicle hauling solid waste, from the place of production to the first point of delivery where the solid waste is disposed of or title to the solid waste is transferred.

(2) In addition, if any of the vehicles listed in division (B)(1) of this section and operated under the conditions described in that division does not exceed by more than seven and one-half per cent the gross vehicle weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code and does not exceed the wheel or axle-load limits of those sections by more than seven and one-half per cent, no penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code for a wheel or axle overload shall be imposed.

(C) If any of the vehicles listed in division (B)(1) of this section and operated under the conditions described in that division exceeds the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code by more than the percentage allowance of either division (B)(1) or (2) of this section, both of the following apply without regard to the allowance provided by division (B)(1) or (2) of this section:

(1) The applicable penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code;

(2) The civil liability imposed by section 5577.12 of the Revised Code.

(D)

(1) Division (B) of this section does not apply to the operation of a farm truck, log truck, or farm machinery transporting farm commodities during the months of February and March.

(2) Regardless of when the operation occurs, division (B) of this section does not apply to the operation of a vehicle on either of the following:

(a) A highway that is part of the interstate system;

(b) A highway, road, or bridge that is subject to reduced maximum weights under section 4513.33 , 5577.07 , 5577.071 , 5577.08 , 5577.09 , or 5591.42 of the Revised Code.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.47, SB 187, §1, eff. 7/27/2011.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.7, HB 114, §101.01, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 03-31-2003; 09-16-2004

5577.043 Permissible weight variations for certain vehicles.

(A) Notwithstanding sections 5577.02 and 5577.04 of the Revised Code, the following vehicles under the described conditions may exceed by no more than seven and one-half per cent the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code and no penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code shall be imposed:

(1) A surface mining truck transporting minerals from the place where the minerals are loaded to any of the following:

(a) The construction site where the minerals are discharged;

(b) The place where title to the minerals is transferred;

(c) The place of processing.

(2) A vehicle transporting hot mix asphalt material from the place where the material is first mixed to the paving site where the material is discharged;

(3) A vehicle transporting concrete from the place where the material is first mixed to the site where the material is discharged;

(4) A vehicle transporting manure, turf, sod, or silage from the site where the material is first produced to the first place of delivery;

(5) A vehicle transporting chips, sawdust, mulch, bark, pulpwood, biomass, or firewood from the site where the product is first produced or harvested to the first point where the product is transferred.

(B) In addition, if any of the vehicles listed in division (A) of this section and operated under the conditions described in that division do not exceed by more than seven and one-half per cent the gross vehicle weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code and do not exceed the wheel or axle load limits of those sections by more than seven and one-half per cent, no penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code for a wheel or axle overload shall be imposed.

(C) If any of the vehicles listed in division (A) of this section and operated under the conditions described in that division exceed the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code by more than the percentage allowance of either division (A) or (B) of this section, both of the following apply without regard to the allowance provided by division (A) or (B) of this section:

(1) The applicable penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code;

(2) The civil liability imposed by section 5577.12 of the Revised Code.

(D) Divisions (A) and (B) of this section do not apply to the operation of a vehicle listed in division (A) of this section on either of the following:

(1) A highway that is part of the interstate system;

(2) A highway, road, or bridge that is subject to reduced maximum weights under section 4513.33 , 5577.07 , 5577.071 , 5577.08 , 5577.09 , or 5591.42 of the Revised Code.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.47, SB 187, §1, eff. 7/27/2011.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.7, HB 114, §101.01, eff. 6/29/2011.

5577.044 Weight restrictions for vehicles fueled by natural gas.

(A) Notwithstanding sections 5577.02 and 5577.04 of the Revised Code, a vehicle fueled solely by compressed natural gas may exceed by not more than two thousand pounds the gross vehicle weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code or the axle load limits of those sections.

(B) If a vehicle described in division (A) of this section exceeds the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code by more than the allowance provided for in division (A) of this section, both of the following apply:

(1) The applicable penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code;

(2) The civil liability imposed by section 5577.12 of the Revised Code.

(C) Division (A) of this section does not apply to the operation of a vehicle on either of the following:

(1) A highway that is part of the interstate system;

(2) A highway, road, or bridge that is subject to reduced maximum weights under section 4513.33, 5577.07, 5577.071, 5577.08, 5577.09, or 5591.42 of the Revised Code.

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 7, HB 51, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2013.

5577.05 Prohibition against violation.

(A) No vehicle shall be operated upon the public highways, streets, bridges, and culverts within the state, whose dimensions exceed those specified in this section.

(B) No such vehicle shall have a width in excess of:

(1) One hundred four inches for passenger bus type vehicles operated exclusively within municipal corporations;

(2) One hundred two inches, excluding such safety devices as are required by law, for passenger bus type vehicles operated over freeways, and such other state roads with minimum pavement widths of twenty-two feet, except those roads or portions of roads over which operation of one hundred two-inch buses is prohibited by order of the director of transportation;

(3) One hundred thirty-two inches for traction engines;

(4) One hundred two inches for recreational vehicles, excluding safety devices and retracted awnings and other appurtenances of six inches or less in width and except that the director may prohibit the operation of one hundred two inch recreational vehicles on designated state highways or portions of highways;

(5) One hundred two inches, including load, for all other vehicles, except that the director may prohibit the operation of one hundred two-inch vehicles on such state highways or portions of state highways as the director designates.

(C) No such vehicle shall have a length in excess of:

(1) Sixty-six feet for passenger bus type vehicles and articulated passenger bus type vehicles operated by a regional transit authority pursuant to sections 306.30 to 306.54 of the Revised Code;

(2) Forty-five feet for all other passenger bus type vehicles;

(3) Fifty-three feet for any semitrailer when operated in a commercial tractor-semitrailer combination, with or without load, except that the director may prohibit the operation of any such commercial tractor-semitrailer combination on such state highways or portions of state highways as the director designates.

(4) Twenty-eight and one-half feet for any semitrailer or trailer when operated in a commercial tractor-semitrailer-trailer or commercial tractor-semitrailer-semitrailer combination, except that the director may prohibit the operation of any such commercial tractor-semitrailer-trailer or commercial tractor-semitrailer-semitrailer combination on such state highways or portions of state highways as the director designates;

(5)

(a) Ninety-seven feet for drive-away saddlemount vehicle transporter combinations and drive-away saddlemount with fullmount vehicle transporter combinations when operated on any interstate, United States route, or state route, including reasonable access travel on all other roadways for a distance not to exceed one road mile from any interstate, United States route, or state route, not to exceed three saddlemounted vehicles, but which may include one fullmount;

(b) Seventy-five feet for drive-away saddlemount vehicle transporter combinations and drive-away saddlemount with fullmount vehicle transporter combinations, when operated on any roadway not designated as an interstate, United States route, or state route, not to exceed three saddlemounted vehicles, but which may include one fullmount;

(6) Sixty-five feet for any other combination of vehicles coupled together, with or without load, except as provided in divisions (C)(3) and (4), and in division (E) of this section;

(7) Forty-five feet for recreational vehicles;

(8) Fifty feet for all other vehicles except trailers and semitrailers, with or without load.

(D) No such vehicle shall have a height in excess of thirteen feet six inches, with or without load.

(E) An automobile transporter or boat transporter shall be allowed a length of sixty-five feet and a stinger-steered automobile transporter or stinger-steered boat transporter shall be allowed a length of seventy-five feet, except that the load thereon may extend no more than four feet beyond the rear of such vehicles and may extend no more than three feet beyond the front of such vehicles, and except further that the director may prohibit the operation of a stinger-steered automobile transporter, stinger-steered boat transporter, or a B-train assembly on any state highway or portion of any state highway that the director designates.

(F) The widths prescribed in division (B) of this section shall not include side mirrors, turn signal lamps, marker lamps, handholds for cab entry and egress, flexible fender extensions, mud flaps, splash and spray suppressant devices, and load-induced tire bulge.

The width prescribed in division (B)(5) of this section shall not include automatic covering devices, tarp and tarp hardware, and tiedown assemblies, provided these safety devices do not extend more than three inches from each side of the vehicle.

The lengths prescribed in divisions (C)(2) to (8) of this section shall not include safety devices, bumpers attached to the front or rear of such bus or combination, nonproperty carrying devices or components that do not extend more than twenty-four inches beyond the rear of the vehicle and are needed for loading or unloading, B-train assembly used between the first and second semitrailer of a commercial tractor-semitrailer-semitrailer combination, energy conservation devices as provided in any regulations adopted by the secretary of the United States department of transportation, or any noncargo-carrying refrigeration equipment attached to the front of trailers and semitrailers. In special cases, vehicles whose dimensions exceed those prescribed by this section may operate in accordance with rules adopted by the director.

(G) This section does not apply to fire engines, fire trucks, or other vehicles or apparatus belonging to any municipal corporation or to the volunteer fire department of any municipal corporation or used by such department in the discharge of its functions. This section does not apply to vehicles and pole trailers used in the transportation of wooden and metal poles, nor to the transportation of pipes or well-drilling equipment, nor to farm machinery and equipment.

The owner or operator of any vehicle, machinery, or equipment not specifically enumerated in this section but the dimensions of which exceed the dimensions provided by this section, when operating the same on the highways and streets of this state, shall comply with the rules of the director governing such movement that the director may adopt. Sections 119.01 to 119.13 of the Revised Code apply to any rules the director adopts under this section, or the amendment or rescission of the rules, and any person adversely affected shall have the same right of appeal as provided in those sections.

This section does not require the state, a municipal corporation, county, township, or any railroad or other private corporation to provide sufficient vertical clearance to permit the operation of such vehicle, or to make any changes in or about existing structures now crossing streets, roads, and other public thoroughfares in this state.

(H) As used in this section, "recreational vehicle" has the same meaning as in section 4501.01 of the Revised Code.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 7, HB 51, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.71, HB 337, §1, eff. 1/27/2012.

Effective Date: 09-01-2000; 09-16-2004; 2007 HB67 07-03-2007

5577.06 Prohibition against violation.

No person shall violate any rule or regulation promulgated by the director of transportation in accordance with section 5577.05 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 09-28-1973

5577.07 Reduction of weight and speed during times of thaws and moisture.

When thaws or excessive moisture render the improved highways of this state or any sections of them insufficient to bear the traffic thereon, or when such highways would be damaged or destroyed by heavy traffic during the period of thawing or excessive moisture, the maximum weight of vehicle and load, or the maximum speed, or both, for motor vehicles, as prescribed by law shall be reduced in the following manner:

(A) On state highways, the director of transportation shall prescribe such reduction which shall not be more than twenty-five per cent;

(B) On improved highways and all other roads in the county, other than state highways, the board of county commissioners shall prescribe such reduction as the condition of the road or highway justifies, but in no case shall the reduction be more than fifty per cent.

The schedule of the reduction of maximum weights and speeds shall be filed, for the information of the public, in the office of the board of each county in which the schedule is operative and in the office of the director. The director or board, at least one day before such reduction becomes effective, shall cause to be placed and retained on such highways, at both ends and at the points of intersections by principal roads, during the period of such reduced limitation of weight, speed, or both, signs, of substantial construction, which will conspicuously indicate the limitations of weight and speed, which are allowed on the highway and the date on which such limitations shall go into effect. No person shall operate upon any such highway, a motor vehicle whose maximum weight or speed is in excess of the limitations prescribed. The expense of the purchase and erection of signs, provided for in this section, shall be paid from funds for the maintenance and repair of roads.

Effective Date: 09-28-1973

5577.071 Reduction of weight of vehicle or load or speed on deteriorated or vulnerable bridge.

(A) When deterioration renders any bridge or section of a bridge in a county insufficient to bear the traffic thereon, or when the bridge or section of a bridge would be damaged or destroyed by heavy traffic, the board of county commissioners may reduce the maximum weight of vehicle and load, or the maximum speed, or both, for motor vehicles, as prescribed by law, and prescribe whatever reduction the condition of the bridge or section of the bridge justifies. This section does not apply to bridges on state highways.

(B) A schedule of any reductions made pursuant to division (A) of this section shall be filed, for the information of the public, in the office of the board of county commissioners in each county in which the schedule is operative. A board of county commissioners that makes a reduction pursuant to division (A) of this section shall, at least one day before a reduction becomes effective, cause to be placed and retained on any bridge on which a reduction is made, at both ends of the bridge, during the period of a reduced limitation of weight, speed, or both, signs of substantial construction conspicuously indicating the limitations of weight or speed or both which are permitted on the bridge and the date on which these limitations go into effect. No person shall operate upon any such bridge a motor vehicle whose maximum weight or speed is in excess of the limitations prescribed. The cost of purchasing and erecting the signs provided for in this division shall be paid from any fund for the maintenance and repair of bridges and culverts.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in this division, no reduction shall be made pursuant to division (A) of this section on a joint bridge as provided in section 5591.25 of the Revised Code unless the board of county commissioners of every county sharing the joint bridge agrees to the reduction, the amount of the reduction, and how the cost of purchasing and erecting signs indicating the limitations of weight and speed is to be borne. A board of county commissioners may make a reduction pursuant to division (A) of this section on a section of a joint bridge, without the agreement [of] any other county sharing the bridge, if the section of the bridge on which the reduction is to be made is located solely in that county.

Effective Date: 05-31-1988

5577.08 Classification of roads and bridges by board of county commissioners.

The board of county commissioners may classify the county and township roads and bridges and all other roads and bridges within their respective counties, except state highways and bridges on state highways, with reference to the maximum weights and speeds permitted on such roads and bridges.

The classifications made by the board under this section shall not apply to vehicles of a weight of five tons or less for vehicle and load.

In making the classifications, the board shall take into consideration the nature of the roadbed, construction, and any other factors which are material in the proper classification of such roads and bridges.

The board shall make rules governing the weight of vehicle and load and the speed permitted on the several classes of roads and bridges.

Effective Date: 05-31-1988

5577.081 Surface mining vehicles over load limit to use designated roads.

(A) Except when transferring unfinished aggregate material between facilities that are under the control of the same owner or operator that is subject to Chapter 1514. of the Revised Code or when unloading or loading finished aggregate product within a ten-mile radius of a surface mining operation that is permitted and regulated under that chapter, all vehicles entering or leaving such an operation that have a gross vehicle weight as defined in division (JJ) of section 4501.01 of the Revised Code that is in excess of sixty-six thousand pounds shall use the specific roads designated pursuant to sections 303.14 and 303.141 or 519.14 and 519.141 of the Revised Code as the primary means of ingress to and egress from the facilities or operation.

(B) The owner or operator of a surface mining operation that is permitted under Chapter 1514. of the Revised Code and that is subject to the use of specific roads as the primary means of ingress to and egress from the operation pursuant to sections 303.14 and 303.141 or 519.14 and 519.141 of the Revised Code shall post a sign in a conspicuous location to inform the drivers of trucks entering and leaving the operation of the roads to use as the primary means of ingress to and egress from the operation.

(C)

(1) Whoever violates this section shall receive a written warning in such a manner that it becomes a part of the person's permanent record that is maintained by the bureau of motor vehicles and assists in monitoring violations of this section.

(2) A person who commits a second offense within one year after committing the first offense is guilty of a minor misdemeanor.

(3) A person who commits a third or subsequent offense within one year after committing the first offense is guilty of a misdemeanor of the fourth degree.

(D) Fine money that is collected under division (C) of this section shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the surface mining fund created in section 1514.06 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 04-06-2007

5577.09 Rules - signs.

All rules as provided by section 5577.08 of the Revised Code shall be made by the board of county commissioners, at regular meetings, by a majority vote. Such rules shall be kept on file in the office of the board and open for inspection by the public.

At least two days before such rules become effective the board shall cause to be placed and retained on county and township highways classified under section 5577.08 of the Revised Code or sections thereof, and on any bridge classified under section 5577.08 of the Revised Code, at both ends and at any points of intersection, signs, of substantial construction, which will conspicuously indicate the limitations of weight of vehicle and load or speed which will be allowed on such highways or bridges.

It shall be unlawful to operate upon such highway or bridge a vehicle whose maximum weight or speed is in excess of the limitations prescribed. The expense of the purchase and erection of signs provided for in this section shall be paid from the county funds for the maintenance and repair of highways, bridges, and culverts.

Effective Date: 05-31-1988

5577.10 Statement of gross vehicle weight.

No person shall issue or aid in issuing any bill of lading or other document of like nature in lieu thereof, which bill or document is to accompany a shipment of goods or property by truck, trailer, semitrailer, commercial tractor, or any other commercial vehicle used for the transportation of property, the gross weight of which, with load, exceeds three tons, with intent to defraud by misrepresenting thereon the weight of such goods or property to be so transported.

Any driver or operator of a commercial car, trailer, or semitrailer may obtain from any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or association, including the owner, lessee, or operator of such commercial car, trailer, or semitrailer, owning and operating sealed scales in this state, a written "statement of gross vehicle weight" showing the gross weight of the vehicle including the cargo on the vehicle, the name and address of the person issuing the statement, and the date and place where the vehicle and its cargo were weighed. The driver or operator of the commercial car, trailer, or semitrailer shall retain such statement of gross vehicle weight on his person, and any law enforcement officer of this state may request that such driver or operator exhibit it to him. If, upon examining the statement of gross vehicle weight, the law enforcement officer has reason to believe that the information contained therein is correct in every respect, he shall indorse it with his name and the date and place where it was exhibited to him. The law enforcement officer may then permit such driver or operator to proceed without weighing by a law enforcement officer of this state. No person shall willfully issue a written statement of gross vehicle weight and knowingly give any false information in such statement.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5577.11 Wheel protectors.

No person shall drive or operate, or cause to be driven or operated, any commercial car, trailer, or semitrailer, used for the transportation of goods or property, the gross weight of which, with load, exceeds three tons, upon the public highways, streets, bridges, and culverts within this state, unless such vehicle is equipped with suitable metal protectors or substantial flexible flaps on the rearmost wheels of such vehicle or combination of vehicles to prevent, as far as practicable, the wheels from throwing dirt, water, or other materials on the windshields of following vehicles. Such protectors or flaps shall have a ground clearance of not more than one third of the distance from the center of the rearmost axle to the center of the flaps under any conditions of loading of the vehicle, and they shall be at least as wide as the tires they are protecting. If the vehicle is so designed and constructed that such requirements are accomplished by means of fenders, body construction, or other means of enclosure, then no such protectors or flaps are required. Rear wheels not covered at the top by fenders, bodies, or other parts of the vehicle shall be covered at the top by protective means extending at least to the center line of the rearmost axle.

Effective Date: 09-01-2000

5577.12 Liability for damages - prosecution - application of moneys.

Any person violating any law relating to or regulating the use of the improved public roads shall be liable for all damage resulting to any such street, highway, bridge, or culvert by reason of such violation. In case of any injury to such a street, highway, bridge, or culvert, such damages shall be collected by civil action, brought in the name of the state, on the relation of the director of transportation with respect to highways under his jurisdiction, and the attorney general or prosecuting attorney of any county shall institute such action, when requested by the director and prosecute it to final judgment. In case of any injury to an improved public road, bridge, or culvert of a county, by reason of the violations of any of the rules or regulations made by the board of county commissioners, the damages shall be recovered by a civil action prosecuted by the board; in case of an injury to an improved public street, highway, bridge, or culvert of a municipal corporation, it shall be the duty of the proper authorities of such municipal corporation to institute an action for the recovery of such damages; and in the case of an injury to an improved public street, road, bridge, or culvert of a township, the damages shall be recovered by a civil action prosecuted by the board of township trustees. All damages collected under this section shall be paid into the treasury of the state or proper political subdivision, and credited to any fund for the repair of streets, highways, roads, bridges, or culverts.

Effective Date: 09-28-1973

5577.13 Enforcement by deputies.

In those counties having forty miles or more of improved intercounty or state highways, the sheriff of each such county shall, and in all other counties may, detail one or more deputies for the work of enforcing sections 5577.01 to 5577.14 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. The board of county commissioners shall appropriate such amount of money annually, from the road fund of the county, as is necessary to equip and compensate such deputy. The patrolmen of the county highways may be deputized by the sheriffs of the counties in which they are employed, as deputy sheriffs, but shall receive no extra compensation.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5577.14 Notice of arrest.

Whenever the driver or operator of any truck, trailer, semitrailer, commercial tractor, or any other commercial vehicle used for the transportation of goods or property, the gross weight of which, with load, exceeds three tons, has been arrested for a violation of any provision of sections 4511.01 to 4511.76 , inclusive, and 4513.01 to 4513.40, inclusive, or sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the officer making such arrest shall immediately notify, in writing, the person, firm, association, or corporation holding the certificate of public convenience and necessity or permit under which such vehicle is being driven or operated, and in whose name the vehicle is registered with and licensed by the bureau of motor vehicles, of the fact of such arrest. Such notification shall describe the vehicle involved, the name of the driver or operator thereof, and the time, place, and nature of the offense committed. Copies of such notification shall be immediately transmitted by the arresting officer to the public utilities commission and to the superintendent of the state highway patrol.

Effective Date: 01-10-1961

5577.15 Application of size and weight provisions of chapter.

(A) The size and weight provisions of this chapter do not apply to a person who is engaged in the initial towing or removal of a wrecked or disabled motor vehicle from the site of an emergency on a public highway where the vehicle became wrecked or disabled to the nearest site where the vehicle can be brought into conformance with the requirements of this chapter or to the nearest qualified repair facility.

(B) Any subsequent towing of a wrecked or disabled vehicle shall comply with the size and weight provisions of this chapter.

(C) No court shall impose any penalty prescribed in section 5577.99 of the Revised Code or the civil liability established in section 5577.12 of the Revised Code upon a person towing or removing a vehicle in the manner described in division (A) of this section.

Effective Date: 09-16-2004

5577.99 Penalty.

(A) Whoever violates the weight provisions of sections 5577.01 to 5577.07 or the weight provisions in regard to highways under section 5577.04 of the Revised Code shall be fined eighty dollars for the first two thousand pounds, or fraction thereof, of overload; for overloads in excess of two thousand pounds, but not in excess of five thousand pounds, such person shall be fined one hundred dollars, and in addition thereto one dollar per one hundred pounds of overload; for overloads in excess of five thousand pounds, but not in excess of ten thousand pounds, such person shall be fined one hundred thirty dollars and in addition thereto two dollars per one hundred pounds of overload, or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. For all overloads in excess of ten thousand pounds such person shall be fined one hundred sixty dollars, and in addition thereto three dollars per one hundred pounds of overload, or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. Whoever violates the weight provisions of vehicle and load relating to gross load limits shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars. No penalty prescribed in this division shall be imposed on any vehicle combination if the overload on any axle does not exceed one thousand pounds, and if the immediately preceding or following axle, excepting the front axle of the vehicle combination, is underloaded by the same or a greater amount. For purposes of this division, two axles on one vehicle less than eight feet apart, shall be considered as one axle.

(B) Whoever violates the weight provisions of section 5577.071 or 5577.08 or the weight provisions in regard to bridges under section 5577.09 , and whoever exceeds the carrying capacity specified under section 5591.42 of the Revised Code, shall be fined eighty dollars for the first two thousand pounds, or fraction thereof, of overload; for overloads in excess of two thousand pounds, but not in excess of five thousand pounds, the person shall be fined one hundred dollars, and in addition thereto one dollar per one hundred pounds of overload; for overloads in excess of five thousand pounds, but not in excess of ten thousand pounds, the person shall be fined one hundred thirty dollars, and in addition thereto two dollars per one hundred pounds of overload, or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. For all overloads in excess of ten thousand pounds, the person shall be fined one hundred sixty dollars, and in addition thereto three dollars per one hundred pounds of overload, or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

Notwithstanding any other provision of the Revised Code that specifies a procedure for the distribution of fines, all fines collected pursuant to division (B) of this section shall be paid into the treasury of the county and credited to any fund for the maintenance and repair of roads, highways, bridges, or culverts.

(C) Whoever violates any other provision of sections 5577.01 to 5577.09 of the Revised Code is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on a first offense; on a second or subsequent offense, such person is guilty of a misdemeanor of the fourth degree.

(D) Whoever violates section 5577.10 of the Revised Code shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned for not less than thirty days nor more than six months, or both.

(E) Whoever violates section 5577.11 of the Revised Code shall be fined not more than twenty-five dollars.

Effective Date: 05-31-1988; 09-16-2004; 03-30-2006