Chapter 5728: FUEL USE TAX

5728.01 Fuel use tax definitions.

As used in sections 5728.02 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code:

(A) "Motor vehicle" means everything on wheels that is self-propelled, other than by muscular power or power collected from electric trolley wires and other than vehicles or machinery not designed for or employed in general highway transportation, used to transport or propel persons or property over a public highway.

(B) "Commercial car" means any motor vehicle used for transporting persons or property, wholly on its own structure on a public highway.

(C) "Commercial tractor" means any motor vehicle designed and used to propel or draw a trailer or semi-trailer or both on a public highway without having any provision for carrying loads independently of such trailer or semi-trailer.

(D) "Trailer" means everything on wheels that is not self-propelled, except vehicles or machinery not designed for or employed in general highway transportation, used for carrying property wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle on a public highway, including any such vehicle when formed by or operated as a combination of a semi-trailer and a vehicle of the dolly type such as that commonly known as a trailer dolly. "Trailer" does not include manufactured homes as defined in division (C)(4) of section 3781.06 of the Revised Code or mobile homes as defined in division (O) of section 4501.01 of the Revised Code.

(E) "Semi-trailer" means everything on wheels that is not self-propelled, except vehicles or machinery not designed for or employed in general highway transportation, designed and used for carrying property on a public highway when being propelled or drawn by a commercial tractor when part of its own weight or the weight of its load, or both, rest upon and is carried by a commercial tractor.

(F) "Commercial tandem" means any commercial car and trailer or any commercial tractor, semi-trailer, and trailer when fastened together and used as one unit.

(G) "Commercial tractor combination" means any commercial tractor and semi-trailer when fastened together and used as one unit.

(H) "Axle" means two or more load carrying wheels mounted in a single transverse vertical plane.

(I) "Public highway" means any highway, road, or street dedicated to public use, including a highway under the control and jurisdiction of the Ohio turnpike and infrastructure commission created by the provisions of section 5537.02 of the Revised Code and land and lots over which the public, either as user or owner, generally has a right to pass even though such land or lots are closed temporarily by public authorities for the purpose of construction, reconstruction, maintenance, or repair.

(J) "Jurisdiction" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a province or territory of Canada.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 7, HB 51, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002; 06-30-2005

5728.02 Fuel use permit and identification device.

(A) Except as provided in section 5728.03 of the Revised Code, every person who is liable for the tax imposed by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code on the operation of a commercial car or a commercial tractor that is, or is to be, operated or driven upon a public highway in two or more jurisdictions shall cause to be filed annually with the tax commissioner an application for a fuel use permit to be furnished by the commissioner for that purpose.

Each application for a fuel use permit for a commercial car or a commercial tractor shall contain any information the tax commissioner prescribes.

(B) Upon receipt of the application, the tax commissioner shall issue to the person making the application a fuel use permit and any identification device that the commissioner considers necessary for the proper administration of this chapter. The permit and the identification device shall be of a design and contain any information the commissioner considers necessary. The identification device shall be displayed on the commercial car or commercial tractor for which it was issued at all times in the manner the commissioner prescribes. The fuel use permits and the identification device shall not be transferable. In case of the loss of a fuel use permit or identification device, the commissioner shall issue a duplicate of the permit or device.

The fuel use permit shall be valid until it expires or is suspended or surrendered.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002; 06-30-2005

5728.03 Application for single-trip fuel use permit.

(A) In lieu of filing an application for an annual fuel use permit under section 5728.02 of the Revised Code and in lieu of filing returns under section 5728.08 of the Revised Code, a person who is the owner of a commercial car or a commercial tractor that would otherwise be liable for the tax imposed by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, that is, or is to be, operated or driven upon a public highway, may file an application with the tax commissioner for a single-trip fuel use permit. The application shall be based on rules adopted by the tax commissioner and shall include an amount estimated to be substantially equivalent to the fuel use tax liability that the applicant will incur by driving on the highways of this state during the period covered by the single-trip permit. The amount so estimated shall be considered to be the fuel use tax liability so incurred.

The commissioner may authorize independent permit services or other persons to issue single-trip fuel use permits.

(B) The tax commissioner shall adopt rules establishing all of the following:

(1) Procedures for the issuance of single-trip permits;

(2) The length of time the permits are effective;

(3) Requirements that independent permit services or other persons must meet to be authorized to issue single-trip fuel use permits and procedures for obtaining that authorization;

(4) Estimates of the amount substantially equivalent to the fuel use tax liability that an applicant will incur by driving on the highways of this state during the period covered by the permit.

(C) No person whose fuel use permit issued under section 5728.02 of the Revised Code is currently under suspension in accordance with section 5728.11 of the Revised Code shall be issued a single-trip fuel use permit under this section.

(D) All moneys collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the state treasury in accordance with section 5728.08 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002; 06-30-2005

5728.04 Operation without permit prohibited.

(A) It is unlawful for any person to operate a commercial car or a commercial tractor that is subject to the tax imposed by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code on a public highway in two or more jurisdictions under either of the following circumstances:

(1) Without a fuel use permit or single trip fuel use permit for such commercial car or commercial tractor.

(2) With a suspended or surrendered fuel use permit for such commercial car or commercial tractor.

(B) The judge or magistrate of any court finding any person guilty of unlawfully operating a commercial car or commercial tractor as provided for in this section shall immediately notify the tax commissioner of such violation and shall transmit to the tax commissioner the name and the permanent address of the owner of the commercial car or commercial tractor operated in violation of this section, the registration number, the state of registration, and the certificate of title number of the commercial car or commercial tractor. The commercial car or commercial tractor involved in a violation of division (A)(1) or (2) of this section may be detained until a valid fuel use permit is obtained or reinstated.

Effective Date: 09-26-2003; 06-30-2005

5728.05 Cooperative reciprocal fuel use tax agreement.

The tax commissioner may enter into cooperative reciprocal agreements providing for the imposition of fuel use taxes on an apportionment or allocation basis with the proper authority of any state, any commonwealth, the District of Columbia, a state or province of a foreign country, or a territory or possession of the United States or of a foreign country. The agreement may provide for determining the base state for fuel users, users' records requirements, audit procedures, exchange of information, the definition of qualified motor vehicles, bonding requirements, reporting requirements, reporting periods, specifying uniform penalty and interest for late reporting or payment, determining methods of collecting and remitting fuel use taxes to member jurisdictions, and such other provisions as will facilitate the administration of the agreement.

To any extent provisions of the Revised Code governing the administration of the tax levied by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code are irreconcilable with provisions of a reciprocal agreement entered into pursuant to this section, the provisions of the reciprocal agreement prevail.

The agreement may provide for the commissioner to audit the records of persons based in this state for purposes of the agreement in order to determine whether the fuel use taxes due each member jurisdiction are properly reported and paid. If any person based in this state fails to properly report and pay fuel use taxes as required by the agreement, the commissioner may issue an assessment against that person pursuant to the provisions of the agreement and section 5728.10 of the Revised Code.

The commissioner may exchange with the proper officers of other member jurisdictions and with the repository of the agreement any information in the commissioner's possession relative to the administration and enforcement of the agreement. The exchange of information under this section is not a violation of section 5703.21 or 5715.50 of the Revised Code. For purposes of this section, "proper officers of other member jurisdictions" includes officers of any agency, department, or instrumentality of another member jurisdiction with authority under the laws of that jurisdiction to administer or enforce motor vehicle or taxation laws.

The commissioner may adopt rules for the administration and enforcement of the agreement entered into pursuant to this section, and shall prescribe and supply necessary forms.

The commissioner may provide information necessary for the administration and enforcement of this chapter to persons who collect such information for the purpose of providing it to other persons that are responsible for the administration and enforcement of motor vehicle or tax laws. The information provided by the commissioner shall identify the taxpayer and the status of the taxpayer's account obtained from the filings required under sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code. Providing such information under this section is not a violation of section 5703.21 or 5715.50 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.06 Excise tax on use of motor fuel.

(A) For the following purposes, an excise tax is hereby imposed on the use of motor fuel to operate on the public highways of this state a commercial car with three or more axles, regardless of weight, operated alone or as part of a commercial tandem, a commercial car with two axles having a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight exceeding twenty-six thousand pounds operated alone or as part of a commercial tandem, or a commercial tractor operated alone or as part of a commercial tractor combination or commercial tandem: to provide revenue for maintaining the state highway system, to widen existing surfaces on such highways, to resurface such highways, to enable the counties of the state properly to plan for, maintain, and repair their roads, to enable the municipal corporations to plan, construct, reconstruct, repave, widen, maintain, repair, clear, and clean public highways, roads, and streets; to pay that portion of the construction cost of a highway project that a county, township, or municipal corporation normally would be required to pay, but that the director of transportation, pursuant to division (B) of section 5531.08 of the Revised Code, determines instead will be paid from moneys in the highway operating fund; to maintain and repair bridges and viaducts; to purchase, erect, and maintain street and traffic signs and markers; to purchase, erect, and maintain traffic lights and signals; to pay the costs apportioned to the public under section 4907.47 of the Revised Code; and to supplement revenue already available for such purposes, to distribute equitably among those persons using the privilege of driving motor vehicles upon such highways and streets the cost of maintaining and repairing the same, and to pay the interest, principal, and charges on bonds and other obligations issued pursuant to Section 2i of Article VIII, Ohio Constitution, and sections 5528.30 and 5528.31 of the Revised Code. The tax is imposed in the same amount as the motor fuel tax imposed under Chapter 5735. of the Revised Code plus an additional tax of three cents per gallon of motor fuel used before July 1, 2004, provided that the additional tax shall be reduced to two cents per gallon of motor fuel used from July 1, 2004 through June 30, 2005, as determined by the gallons consumed while operated on the public highways of this state. Subject to section 5735.292 of the Revised Code, on and after July 1, 2005, the tax shall be imposed in the same amount as the motor fuel tax imposed under Chapter 5735. of the Revised Code. Payment of the fuel use tax shall be made by the purchase within Ohio of such gallons of motor fuel, for which the tax imposed under Chapter 5735. of the Revised Code has been paid, as is equivalent to the gallons consumed while operating such a motor vehicle on the public highways of this state, or by direct remittance to the treasurer of state with the fuel use tax return filed pursuant to section 5728.08 of the Revised Code.

Any person subject to the tax imposed under this section who purchases motor fuel in this state for use in another state in excess of the amount consumed while operating such motor vehicle on the public highways of this state shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this section or a refund equal to the motor fuel tax paid to this state on such excess. No such credit or refund shall be allowed for taxes paid to any state that imposes a tax on motor fuel purchased or obtained in this state and used on the highways of such other state but does not allow a similar credit or refund for the tax paid to this state on motor fuel purchased or acquired in the other state and used on the public highways of this state.

The tax commissioner is authorized to determine whether such credits or refunds are available and to prescribe such rules as are required for the purpose of administering this chapter.

(B) Within sixty days after the last day of each month, the tax commissioner shall determine the amount of motor fuel tax allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this section. The commissioner shall certify the amount to the director of budget and management and the treasurer of state, who shall credit the amount in accordance with section 5728.08 of the Revised Code from current revenue arising from the tax levied by section 5735.05 of the Revised Code.

(C) The owner of each commercial car and commercial tractor subject to sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code is liable for the payment of the full amount of the taxes imposed by this section.

An owner who is a person regularly engaged, for compensation, in the business of leasing or renting motor vehicles without furnishing drivers may designate that the lessee of a motor vehicle leased for a period of thirty days or more shall report and pay the tax incurred during the duration of the lease. An owner who is an independent contractor that furnishes both the driver and motor vehicle, may designate that the person so furnished with the driver and motor vehicle for a period of thirty days or more shall report and pay the tax incurred during that period. An independent contractor that is not an owner, but that furnishes both the driver and motor vehicle and that has been designated by the owner of the motor vehicle to report and pay the tax, may designate that the person so furnished with driver and motor vehicle for a period of thirty days or more shall report and pay the tax incurred during that period.

Effective Date: 09-26-2003; 06-30-2005

5728.061 Overpaid or illegally or erroneously paid taxes.

The treasurer of state shall refund the amount of fuel use taxes overpaid, paid illegally or erroneously, or paid on any illegal or erroneous assessment. Applications for refund shall be filed with the tax commissioner, on the form prescribed by the commissioner, within four years from the date of the overpayment, the illegal or erroneous payment of the tax, or the payment of the illegal or erroneous assessment. An application shall be filed by the person who made payment of the tax for which the refund is claimed. When a refund is granted for payment of an illegal or erroneous assessment issued by the commissioner, the refund shall include interest on the amount of the refund from the date of the payment. The interest shall be computed at the rate per annum prescribed by section 5703.47 of the Revised Code.

On the filing of the application, the commissioner shall determine the amount of refund to which the applicant is entitled. If the amount is not less than that claimed, the commissioner shall certify the amount to the director of budget and management and treasurer of state for payment from the tax refund fund created by section 5703.052 of the Revised Code. If the amount is less than that claimed, the commissioner shall proceed in accordance with section 5703.70 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.07 Maintenance of distance and fuel records.

Every person who is or becomes liable for the payment of the tax levied in section 5728.06 of the Revised Code shall maintain detailed distance and fuel records for each commercial car and commercial tractor owned, leased, rented, or otherwise operated by such person. Such records shall be available at any time, during normal business hours, for the inspection of the tax commissioner or the commissioner's duly authorized agents and shall be preserved for a period of four years from the date the return required to be filed under section 5728.08 of the Revised Code was due or filed, whichever is later.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.08 Fuel use tax return and payment.

Except as provided in section 5728.03 of the Revised Code and except as otherwise provided in division (A) of section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, whoever is liable for the payment of the tax levied by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, on or before the last day of each January, April, July, and October, shall file with the tax commissioner, on forms prescribed by the commissioner, a fuel use tax return and make payment of the full amount of the tax due for the operation of each commercial car and commercial tractor for the preceding three calendar months.

The commissioner shall immediately forward to the treasurer of state all money received from the tax levied by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code.

The treasurer of state shall place to the credit of the tax refund fund created by section 5703.052 of the Revised Code, out of receipts from the taxes levied by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, amounts equal to the refund certified by the tax commissioner pursuant to section 5728.061 of the Revised Code. Receipts from the tax shall be used by the commissioner to defray expenses incurred by the department of taxation in administering sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code.

All moneys received in the state treasury from taxes levied by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code and fees assessed under section 5728.03 of the Revised Code that are not required to be placed to the credit of the tax refund fund as provided by this section shall, during each calendar year, be credited to the highway improvement bond retirement fund created by section 5528.12 of the Revised Code until the commissioners of the sinking fund certify to the treasurer of state, as required by section 5528.17 of the Revised Code, that there are sufficient moneys to the credit of the highway improvement bond retirement fund to meet in full all payments of interest, principal, and charges for the retirement of bonds and other obligations issued pursuant to Section 2g of Article VIII, Ohio Constitution, and sections 5528.10 and 5528.11 of the Revised Code due and payable during the current calendar year and during the following calendar year. From the date of the receipt of the certification required by section 5528.17 of the Revised Code by the treasurer of state until the thirty-first day of December of the calendar year in which the certification is made, all moneys received in the state treasury from taxes levied under section 5728.06 of the Revised Code and fees assessed under section 5728.03 of the Revised Code that are not required to be placed to the credit of the tax refund fund as provided by this section shall be credited to the highway obligations bond retirement fund created by section 5528.32 of the Revised Code until the commissioners of the sinking fund certify to the treasurer of state, as required by section 5528.38 of the Revised Code, that there are sufficient moneys to the credit of the highway obligations bond retirement fund to meet in full all payments of interest, principal, and charges for the retirement of bonds and other obligations issued pursuant to Section 2i of Article VIII, Ohio Constitution, and sections 5528.30 and 5528.31 of the Revised Code due and payable during the current calendar year and during the following calendar year. From the date of the receipt of the certification required by section 5528.38 of the Revised Code by the treasurer of state until the thirty-first day of December of the calendar year in which the certification is made, all moneys received in the state treasury from taxes levied under section 5728.06 of the Revised Code and fees assessed under section 5728.03 of the Revised Code that are not required to be placed to the credit of the tax refund fund as provided by this section shall be credited to the highway operating fund created by section 5735.291 of the Revised Code, except as provided by the following paragraph of this section.

From the date of the receipt by the treasurer of state of certifications from the commissioners of the sinking fund, as required by sections 5528.18 and 5528.39 of the Revised Code, certifying that the moneys to the credit of the highway improvement bond retirement fund are sufficient to meet in full all payments of interest, principal, and charges for the retirement of all bonds and other obligations that may be issued pursuant to Section 2g of Article VIII, Ohio Constitution, and sections 5528.10 and 5528.11 of the Revised Code, and to the credit of the highway obligations bond retirement fund are sufficient to meet in full all payments of interest, principal, and charges for the retirement of all obligations issued pursuant to Section 2i of Article VIII, Ohio Constitution, and sections 5528.30 and 5528.31 of the Revised Code, all moneys received in the state treasury from the taxes levied under section 5728.06 and fees assessed under section 5728.03 of the Revised Code that are not required to be placed to the credit of the tax refund fund as provided by this section, shall be deposited to the credit of the highway operating fund.

Effective Date: 01-01-2003; 06-30-2005

5728.09 Late filing of return.

(A) Any person who fails to file timely the return required by section 5728.08 of the Revised Code may be required to pay an additional charge equal to the greater of fifty dollars or ten per cent of the tax due. The tax commissioner may adopt rules providing for the imposition and remission of the additional charges. Any additional charge imposed under this section may be collected through an assessment as provided in section 5728.10 of the Revised Code.

(B) If the tax imposed by this chapter, or any portion of that tax, whether determined by the tax commissioner or the taxpayer, is not paid on or before the date prescribed in section 5728.08 of the Revised Code, interest shall be collected and paid in the same manner as the tax, upon that unpaid amount at the rate per annum prescribed by section 5703.47 of the Revised Code from the date prescribed for payment of the tax until it is paid or until the day an assessment is issued under section 5728.10 of the Revised Code, whichever occurs first. Any interest imposed under this chapter may be collected through an assessment as provided in section 5728.10 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.10 Failure to file or pay.

(A) If any person required to file a fuel use tax return by sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code, fails to file the return within the time prescribed by those sections, files an incomplete return, files an incorrect return, or fails to remit the full amount of the tax due for the period covered by the return, the tax commissioner may make an assessment against the person, based upon any information in the commissioner's possession, for the period for which the tax was due.

No assessment shall be made against any person for any tax imposed by this chapter more than four years after the return date for the period for which the tax was due or more than four years after the return for the period was filed, whichever is later. This section does not bar an assessment against any person who fails to file a fuel use tax return as required by this chapter, or who files a fraudulent fuel use tax return.

A penalty of up to fifteen per cent may be added to the amount of every assessment made pursuant to this section. The commissioner may adopt rules providing for the imposition and remission of penalties added to assessments made under this section.

The commissioner shall give the party assessed written notice of the assessment in the manner provided in section 5703.37 of the Revised Code. With the notice, the commissioner shall provide instructions on how to petition for reassessment and request a hearing on the petition.

(B) Unless the party assessed files with the tax commissioner within sixty days after service of the notice of assessment, either personally or by certified mail, a written petition for reassessment, signed by the party assessed, or by the party's authorized agent having knowledge of the facts, the assessment becomes final and the amount of the assessment is due and payable from the party assessed to the treasurer of state. The petition shall indicate the objections of the party assessed, but additional objections may be raised in writing if received by the commissioner prior to the date shown on the final determination. If the petition has been properly filed, the commissioner shall proceed under section 5703.60 of the Revised Code.

(C) After an assessment becomes final, if any portion of the assessment remains unpaid, including accrued interest, a certified copy of the tax commissioner's entry making the assessment final may be filed in the office of the clerk of the court of common pleas in the county in which the party's place of business is located or the county in which the party assessed resides. If the party maintains no office in this state and is not a resident of this state, the certified copy of the entry may be filed in the office of the clerk of the court of common pleas of Franklin county.

Immediately upon the filing of the entry, the clerk shall enter a judgment for the state of Ohio against the party assessed in the amount shown on the entry. The judgment may be filed by the clerk in a loose-leaf book entitled "special judgments for state fuel use tax," and shall have the same effect as other judgments. Execution shall issue upon the judgment upon the request of the commissioner, and all laws applicable to sales on execution shall apply to sales made under the judgment.

If the assessment is not paid within sixty days after the day the assessment was issued, the portion of the assessment consisting of tax due shall bear interest at the rate per annum prescribed by section 5703.47 of the Revised Code from the day the commissioner issues the assessment until it is paid or until it is certified to the attorney general for collection under section 131.02 of the Revised Code, whichever comes first. If the unpaid portion of the assessment is certified to the attorney general for collection, the entire unpaid portion of the assessment shall bear interest at the rate per annum prescribed by section 5703.47 of the Revised Code from the date of certification until the date it is paid in its entirety. Interest shall be paid in the same manner as the tax and may be collected by the issuance of an assessment under this section.

(D) All money collected by the tax commissioner under this section shall be paid into the state treasury in the same manner as the revenues deriving from the taxes imposed by section 5728.06 of the Revised Code.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.11 Suspending permit.

(A) Sixty days after service of an assessment under section 5728.10 of the Revised Code, or when the tax commissioner files a certified copy of an entry making an assessment as provided in that section, the commissioner shall suspend all fuel use permits issued to the person against whom the assessment was made, provided that no fuel use permit shall be suspended while an appeal is pending, except in those cases in which no return has been filed, or where it is alleged a fraudulent return has been filed.

Upon suspension of a fuel use permit, the commissioner may require that the permit holder surrender to the commissioner the permit and identification device.

Upon payment in full of the assessment and interest, the commissioner shall immediately reinstate all fuel use permits issued to the person against whom the assessment was made which have been suspended.

(B) If no returns have been filed within the time prescribed for the filing of returns, or within any extension of time for filing as the tax commissioner may grant in accordance with section 5728.14 of the Revised Code, the commissioner, after giving written notice of the commissioner's intention so to do, immediately may suspend all fuel use permits held by the person failing to file a return. The notice shall be sent to the last known address of the person. No permit which has been suspended for failure to file a return shall be reinstated until the person files complete and correct returns for all periods in which no return has been filed and paid the full amount of the tax, interest, and additional charges due.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.12 Secretary of state agent for service on non-resident.

Any non-resident of this state who accepts the privilege extended by the laws of this state to non-residents of operating a commercial car or commercial tractor, which is subject to the tax levied in section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, or of having the same operated within this state, and any resident of this state who operates a commercial car or commercial tractor, which is subject to the tax levied in section 5728.06 of the Revised Code, or has the same operated within this state and subsequently becomes a non-resident or conceals the person's whereabouts, makes the secretary of state of the state of Ohio the person's agent for the service of process or notice in any assessment, action or proceeding instituted in this state against such person out of the failure to pay the taxes imposed by the provisions of section 5728.06 of the Revised Code.

Such process or notice shall be served as provided under section 5703.37 of the Revised Code.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Effective Date: 09-30-1955

5728.13 Exemptions.

Sections 5728.02 to 5728.12 of the Revised Code do not apply to motor vehicles, commercial cars, or commercial tractors owned and operated by the United States, by this state or any political subdivisions thereof, or by any other state or its political subdivisions if that state extends a similar exemption to motor vehicles, commercial cars, or commercial tractors owned and operated by this state or its political subdivisions.

Effective Date: 09-06-2002

5728.14 Tax commissioner - additional powers.

In addition to any other powers conferred upon him by law the tax commissioner shall have the following powers:

(A) To prescribe all forms required to be filed with the treasurer of state or the tax commissioner pursuant to sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code;

(B) To appoint and employ such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the duties imposed upon him by sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code;

(C) To adopt and promulgate such rules pertaining to the levy and collection of the tax imposed by sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code as he may deem necessary;

(D) To release any property from the lien of any fees, taxes, penalties, or interest imposed by sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code upon application, provided payment be made to the treasurer of state for the full amount of all taxes and penalties due;

(E) To extend, for cause shown, the time of filing any return required to be filed by sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code for such period as he may deem reasonable.

Effective Date: 12-23-1986

5728.15 Law enforcement agency or peace officer - immunity.

(A) As used in this section, "peace officer" has the same meaning as in section 2935.01 of the Revised Code.

(B) A peace officer, law enforcement agency employing a peace officer, and the state or any political subdivision associated with a peace officer are not liable in damages in a civil action for any injury, death, or loss to person or property allegedly caused by conduct of a peace officer in the course of his performance of any duty required or authorized by this chapter. This section does not affect, and shall not be construed as affecting, any immunity or defense that a peace officer, law enforcement agency employing a peace officer, and the state or any political subdivision associated with a peace officer may be entitled to under another section of the Revised Code or the common law of this state, including, but not limited to, sections 9.86 , 2744.02 , and 2744.03 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 01-01-1990

5728.16 Amended and Renumbered RC 5735.30.

Effective Date: 07-01-1981

5728.17 [Repealed].

Effective Date: 11-23-1977

5728.99 Penalty.

(A)

(1) Except as provided in division (A)(2) of this section, whoever violates any provision of sections 5728.01 to 5728.14 of the Revised Code, or any rule promulgated by the tax commissioner under the authority of any provision of those sections, for the violation of which no penalty is provided elsewhere, shall be fined not less than twenty-five nor more than one hundred dollars.

(2) Division (A)(1) of this section does not apply to the filing of any false or fraudulent return, application, or permit under section 5728.02 , 5728.03 , or 5728.08 of the Revised Code. The filing of any false or fraudulent return, application, or permit under any of those sections is a violation of section 2921.13 of the Revised Code.

(B)

(1) Whoever violates division (A)(1) of section 5728.04 of the Revised Code is guilty of a misdemeanor of the fourth degree.

(2) Whoever violates division (A)(2) of section 5728.04 of the Revised Code is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

Effective Date: 09-26-2003