Chapter 5816: OHIO LEGACY TRUST ACT

5816.01 Short title.

This chapter may be cited as the Ohio legacy trust act.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.01

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.02 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

(A)

(1) "Advisor" means a person to whom both of the following apply:

(a) The person satisfies the eligibility criteria specified in division (A) of section 5816.11 of the Revised Code.

(b) The person is given the authority by the terms of a legacy trust to remove or appoint one or more trustees of the trust or to direct, consent to, or disapprove a trustee's actual or proposed investment, distribution, or other decisions.

(2) Any person to whom division (A)(1) of this section applies is considered an advisor even if that person is denominated by another title, such as protector.

(B) "Asset" means property of a transferor but does not include any of the following:

(1) Property to the extent it is encumbered by a valid lien;

(2) Property to the extent it is exempt at the time of a qualified disposition under any applicable nonbankruptcy law, including, but not limited to, section 2329.66 of the Revised Code;

(3) Property held in the form of a tenancy by the entireties to the extent that, under the law governing the entireties estate at the time of a qualified disposition, it is not subject to process by a creditor holding a claim against only one tenant;

(4) Any property transferred from a nonlegacy trust to a legacy trust to the extent that the property would not be subject to attachment under the applicable nonbankruptcy law governing that nonlegacy trust.

(C) "Bankruptcy Code" means the United States Bankruptcy Code, 11 U.S.C. Chapter 11, as amended.

(D) "Beneficiary" has the same meaning as in section 5801.01 of the Revised Code.

(E) "Claim" means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment or is liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured.

(F) "Creditor" means a person who has a claim against a transferor and any transferee or assignee of, or successor to, that claim.

(G) "Debt" means a liability on a claim.

(H) "Disposition" means a transfer, conveyance, or assignment of property, including, but not limited to, a partial, contingent, undivided, or co-ownership interest in property. "Disposition" includes the exercise of a general power so as to cause a transfer of property to a trustee or trustees but does not include any of the following:

(1) The release or relinquishment of an interest in property that, until the release or relinquishment, was the subject of a qualified disposition;

(2) The exercise of a limited power so as to cause a transfer of property to a trustee or trustees;

(3) A disclaimer of an interest in a trust, bequest, devise, or inheritance.

(I) "Internal Revenue Code" means the "Internal Revenue Code of 1986," 100 Stat. 2085, 26 U.S.C. 1 et seq., as amended.

(J) "Investment decision" means any participation in any decision regarding the retention, purchase, sale, exchange, tender, or other transaction affecting the ownership of or rights in investments.

(K)

(1) "Legacy trust" means a trust evidenced by a written trust instrument to which all of the following apply:

(a) The trust has, names, or appoints at least one qualified trustee for or in connection with the property that is the subject of a qualified disposition.

(b) The trust expressly incorporates the laws of this state to wholly or partially govern its validity, construction, and administration.

(c) The trust expressly states that it is irrevocable.

(d) The trust has a spendthrift provision applicable to the interests of any beneficiary in the trust property, including any interests of a transferor in the trust property.

(2) A trust that satisfies the criteria specified in division (K)(1) of this section is considered a legacy trust even if the trust instrument also allows for one or more nonqualified trustees and regardless of the language used to satisfy those criteria.

(L) "Lien" has the same meaning as in section 1336.01 of the Revised Code.

(M) "Nonlegacy trust" means any trust other than a legacy trust.

(N) "Nonqualified trustee" means any trustee other than a qualified trustee.

(O) "Person" has the same meaning as in section 5801.01 of the Revised Code.

(P) "Property" has the same meaning as in section 5801.01 of the Revised Code.

(Q) "Qualified affidavit" means an affidavit that meets the requirements of section 5816.06 of the Revised Code.

(R) "Qualified disposition" means a disposition by or from a transferor to any trustee of a trust that is, was, or becomes a legacy trust.

(S) "Qualified trustee" means a person who is not a transferor and to whom both of the following apply:

(1)

(a) The person, if a natural person, is a resident of this state.

(b) The person, if not a natural person, is authorized by the law of this state or by a court of competent jurisdiction of this state to act as a trustee and whose activities are subject to supervision by the Ohio superintendent of banks, the federal deposit insurance corporation, the comptroller of the currency, or the office of thrift supervision or a successor of any of them.

(2) The person maintains or arranges for custody in this state of some or all of the property that is the subject of the qualified disposition, maintains records for the legacy trust on an exclusive or nonexclusive basis, prepares or arranges for the preparation of required income tax returns for the legacy trust, or otherwise materially participates in the administration of the legacy trust.

(T) "Spendthrift provision" has the same meaning as in section 5801.01 of the Revised Code.

(U) "Spouse" and "former spouse" means only the person to whom a transferor was married on or before a qualified disposition is made.

(V) "Transferor" means a person who directly or indirectly makes a disposition.

(W) "Valid lien" has the same meaning as in section 1336.01 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.02

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.03 Spendthrift Provisions.

(A) In addition to any other method allowed by law, the spendthrift provision of a legacy trust may be stated as provided in division (B) of section 5805.01 of the Revised Code.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the spendthrift provisions of a legacy trust shall restrain both voluntary and involuntary transfer of a transferor's interest in that trust. Any spendthrift provision in a legacy trust is enforceable under any applicable nonbankruptcy law within the meaning of section 541(c)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code regardless of whether or not the relevant legacy trust instrument makes any reference to that enforceability. In addition to the restraints required by this division, a legacy trust and its spendthrift provisions may provide for any other restraints on alienation that are permitted by any law of this state.

(C) Notwithstanding division (B) of this section or the terms of any spendthrift provision, but subject to divisions (D), (E), and (F) of this section, a transferor's interest in property that is the subject of a qualified disposition may be attached or otherwise involuntarily alienated in connection with any debt that the transferor owes pursuant to an agreement or court order for either of the following:

(1) The payment of child or spousal support or alimony to or for the transferor's spouse, former spouse, child, or children, or to any governmental agency that is designated by statute, rule, or regulation to be the payee of that child or spousal support or alimony;

(2) The division or distribution of property in favor of the transferor's spouse or former spouse.

(D) A transferor's interest in property that is transferred pursuant to a qualified disposition and the transferor's beneficial interest in a legacy trust shall not be subject to any claim for forced heirship or legitime.

(E) A transferor's interest in property that is transferred pursuant to a qualified disposition and the transferor's beneficial interest in a legacy trust shall not be subject to a distributive award under section 3105.171 of the Revised Code or to any similar award under the law of another jurisdiction, to any person other than the transferor's spouse or former spouse. A court shall liberally construe and apply this provision in finding that such similarity exists.

(F) Nothing in this section shall deprive any beneficiary of any exemption rights that the beneficiary may have under any applicable law after the trust property is received by that beneficiary.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.03

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.04 Limits to transferor's authority.

To the extent conferred by the governing legacy trust instrument, a transferor to a legacy trust may have any or all of the rights, powers, and interests described in section 5816.05 of the Revised Code. A transferor shall have no rights, powers, or interests in, over, to, or regarding the corpus or income of a legacy trust unless those rights, powers, or interests are granted, permitted, or recognized by both section 5816.05 of the Revised Code and the governing legacy trust instrument. Any written, verbal, tacit, express, or implied agreement or understanding or any other agreement or understanding purporting to grant, permit, or recognize any greater rights, powers, or interests than are provided in this section or the governing legacy trust instrument is void. Any portion of a legacy trust instrument that is not voided under this section shall remain valid and effective.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.04

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.05 Permissible retained rights of a transferor.

A legacy trust may allow or provide for any or all of the following rights, powers, interests, or provisions, none of which grants, or is considered to be, either alone or in any combination, a right or power to revoke a trust or to voluntarily or involuntarily transfer an interest in that trust:

(A) A provision that, upon the happening of a defined event, results in the termination of a transferor's right to mandatory income or principal;

(B) The power of a transferor to veto a distribution from the trust;

(C) A power of appointment, other than a power to appoint to a transferor, a creditor of the transferor, the estate of the transferor, or a creditor of the transferor's estate, that is exercisable by will or by other written instrument of a transferor effective upon the death of the transferor or during the lifetime of the transferor;

(D) The right of a transferor to receive trust income as set forth in the trust instrument.

(E) Both of the following:

(1) A transferor's potential or actual receipt of income or principal from a charitable remainder unitrust or charitable remainder annuity trust as those terms are defined in section 664 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) The transferor's right, at any time and from time to time by written instrument delivered to the trustee, to release the transferor's retained interest in that unitrust or annuity trust, in whole or in part, in favor of one or more charitable organizations that have a succeeding beneficial interest in that unitrust or annuity trust;

(F) The power of a transferor to consume, invade, or appropriate property of the trust, but only if limited in each calendar year to five per cent of the value of the trust principal at the time of the exercise of the power;

(G) A transferor's potential or actual receipt or use of principal or income of the trust if the potential or actual receipt or use is or would be the result of any of the following that applies with respect to one or more of the qualified trustees:

(1) A qualified trustee's acting in the trustee's discretion. For purposes of division (G)(1) of this section, a qualified trustee shall have discretion with respect to the distribution or use of principal or income unless the discretion is expressly denied to the trustee by the terms of the trust instrument.

(2) A qualified trustee's acting pursuant to a standard in the trust instrument that governs the distribution or use of principal or income;

(3) A qualified trustee's acting at the direction of an advisor who is acting in the advisor's discretion or pursuant to a standard in the trust instrument that governs the distribution or use of principal or income. If an advisor is authorized to direct that distribution or use, the advisor's authority shall be discretionary unless otherwise expressly stated in the trust instrument.

(H) The right of a transferor to remove any advisor and appoint a new advisor who satisfies the eligibility criteria set forth in division (A) of section 5816.11 of the Revised Code;

(I) The right of a transferor to remove any trustee and appoint a new trustee;

(J) A transferor's potential or actual use of real property or tangible personal property, including, but not limited to, property held under a qualified personal residence trust as described in section 2702(c) of the Internal Revenue Code and regulations promulgated under that section, or a transferor's possession and enjoyment of a qualified interest as defined in section 2702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(K) Any provision requiring or permitting the potential or actual use of trust income or principal to pay, in whole or in part, income taxes due on the income of the trust, including, but not limited to, any provision permitting that use in the discretion of any one or more of the qualified trustees acting in the qualified trustee's discretion or at the direction of an advisor who is acting in the advisor's discretion;

(L) The ability of a qualified trustee, whether pursuant to the qualified trustee's discretion or the terms of the legacy trust instrument or at the direction of an advisor, to pay after the death of a transferor all or any part of the debts of the transferor outstanding on or before the transferor's death, the expenses of administering the transferor's estate, or any estate, gift, generation skipping transfer, or inheritance tax;

(M) Any provision that pours back after the death of a transferor all or part of the trust property to the transferor's estate or any trust;

(N) Any other rights, powers, interests, or provisions permitted or allowed by any other section of this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.05

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.06 Qualified affidavits and related rules.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a transferor shall sign a qualified affidavit before or substantially contemporaneously with making a qualified disposition.

(B) A qualified affidavit shall be notarized and shall contain all of the following statements under oath:

(1) The property being transferred to the trust was not derived from unlawful activities.

(2) The transferor has full right, title, and authority to transfer the property to the legacy trust.

(3) The transferor will not be rendered insolvent immediately after the transfer of the property to the legacy trust.

(4) The transferor does not intend to defraud any creditor by transferring the property to the legacy trust.

(5) There are no pending or threatened court actions against the transferor, except for any court action identified by the affidavit or an attachment to the affidavit.

(6) The transferor is not involved in any administrative proceeding, except for any proceeding identified by the affidavit or an attachment to the affidavit.

(7) The transferor does not contemplate at the time of the transfer the filing for relief under the Bankruptcy Code.

(C) A qualified affidavit is considered defective if it materially fails to meet the requirements set forth in division (B) of this section, but a qualified affidavit is not considered defective due to any one or more of the following:

(1) Any nonsubstantive variances from the language set forth in division (B) of this section;

(2) Any statements or representations in addition to those set forth in division (B) of this section if the statements or representations do not materially contradict the statements or representations required by that division;

(3) Any technical errors in the form, substance, or method of administering an oath if those errors were not the fault of the affiant, and the affiant reasonably relied upon another person to prepare or administer the oath.

(D)

(1) A qualified affidavit is not required from a transferor who is not a beneficiary of the legacy trust that receives the disposition.

(2) A subsequent qualified affidavit is not required in connection with any qualified disposition made after the execution of an earlier qualified affidavit if that disposition is a part of, is required by, or is the direct result of, a prior qualified disposition that was made in connection with that earlier qualified affidavit.

(E) If a qualified affidavit is required by this section and a transferor fails to timely sign a qualified affidavit or signs a defective qualified affidavit, subject to the normal rules of evidence, that failure or defect may be considered as evidence in any proceeding commenced pursuant to section 5816.07 of the Revised Code, but the legacy trust or the validity of any attempted qualified disposition shall not be affected in any other way due to that failure or defect.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.06

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.07 Restrictions on actions, remedies, and claims.

(A) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary but subject to division (G) of section 5816.10 of the Revised Code, no creditor may bring an action of any kind, including, but not limited to, an action to enforce a judgment entered by a court or other body having adjudicative authority, an action at law or in equity, or an action for an attachment or other final or provisional remedy, against any person who made or received a qualified disposition, against or involving any property that is the subject of a qualified disposition or is otherwise held by or for any trustee as part of a legacy trust, or against any trustee of a legacy trust, except that a creditor, subject to this section and section 5816.08 of the Revised Code, may bring an action to avoid any qualified disposition of an asset on the ground that a transferor made the qualified disposition with the specific intent to defraud the specific creditor bringing the action.

(B) A creditor's cause of action or claim for relief under division (A) of this section to avoid any qualified disposition of an asset is extinguished unless that action is brought by a creditor of a transferor who meets one of the following requirements:

(1) The creditor is a creditor of the transferor before the relevant qualified disposition, and the action is brought within the later of the following periods:

(a) Eighteen months after the qualified disposition;

(b) Six months after the qualified disposition is or reasonably could have been discovered by the creditor if the creditor files a suit against the transferor, other than an action under division (A) of this section to avoid the qualified disposition, or makes a written demand for payment on the transferor that in either case asserts a claim based on an act or omission of the transferor that occurred before the qualified disposition, and that suit is filed, or the written demand is delivered to the transferor, within three years after the qualified disposition.

(2) The creditor becomes a creditor after the qualified disposition, and the action under division (A) of this section to avoid the qualified disposition is brought within eighteen months after the qualified disposition.

(C) In any action to avoid the qualified disposition under this section, the burden is upon the creditor to prove the matter by clear and convincing evidence. This division is construed as providing a substantive rather than a procedural rule or right under the law of this state.

(D) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary but subject to division (G) of section 5816.10 of the Revised Code, a creditor or any other person shall have only the rights and remedies with respect to a qualified disposition that are provided in this section and section 5816.08 of the Revised Code, and the creditor or other person shall have no claim or cause of action against any trustee or advisor of a legacy trust or against any person involved in the counseling in connection with, or the drafting, preparation, execution, administration, or funding of, a legacy trust.

(E) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary but subject to division (G) of section 5816.10 of the Revised Code, and in addition to any other limitations, restrictions, or bars imposed by this section, no action of any kind, including, but not limited to, an action to enforce a judgment entered by a court or other body having adjudicative authority, shall be brought at law or in equity against a trustee or an advisor of a legacy trust or against any person involved in the counseling in connection with, or the drafting, preparation, execution, administration, or funding of, a legacy trust if and to the extent that, in connection with the qualified disposition that forms the basis of that action, the time in which a creditor could sue to avoid that qualified disposition would have expired under this section.

(F) If more than one qualified disposition is made in connection with the same legacy trust, all of the following apply:

(1) Each qualified disposition will be separately evaluated, without regard to any subsequent qualified disposition, to determine whether a creditor's claim regarding that particular qualified disposition is extinguished as provided in division (B) of this section.

(2) The following apply when determining the order in which property is paid, applied, or distributed from a legacy trust:

(a) Any payment, application, or distribution of money is considered to have been made from or with the money most recently received or acquired by any trustee of a legacy trust except to the extent that it is proven otherwise beyond a reasonable doubt. As used in division (F)(2)(a) of this section:

(i) "Money" means cash or cash equivalents.

(ii) "Cash" means the coins or currency of the United States or any other nation.

(iii) "Cash equivalent" includes certified or uncertified checks; money orders; bank drafts; any electronic transfer of funds; negotiable instruments; instruments indorsed in blank or in bearer form; securities issued or guaranteed by the United States, any state of the United States, or any state or federal agency; funds on deposit in any savings or checking account or any similar account; funds on deposit in any money market account or similar account; any demand deposit account, time deposit account, or savings deposit account at any bank, savings and loan association, brokerage house, or similar institution; or any other monetary instrument or device that is commonly or routinely accepted as a cash equivalent. Division (F)(2)(a)(iii) of this section shall be liberally construed and applied.

(b) Any payment, application, or distribution of fungible assets other than money is considered to have been made from or with the fungible assets most recently received or acquired by any trustee of a legacy trust except to the extent that it is proven otherwise by clear and convincing evidence. For purposes of division (F)(2)(b) of this section:

(i) Any asset that can be classified as either money or a fungible asset shall be classified as money.

(ii) "Fungible assets" means any assets, other than money, that are interchangeable for commercial purposes and the properties of which are essentially identical. Division (F)(2)(b)(ii) of this section shall be liberally construed and applied.

(c) Division (F)(2) of this section is construed as providing a substantive rather than a procedural rule or right under the law of this state.

(G) For purposes of this section, the counseling in connection with, or the drafting, preparation, execution, administration, or funding of, a legacy trust includes the counseling in connection with, or the drafting, preparation, execution, administration, or funding of, any limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or similar or comparable entity if the limited partnership interests, limited liability company interests, stock, or other similar or comparable ownership interests in the relevant entity are subsequently transferred to any trustee of any trust that is, was, or becomes a legacy trust.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.07

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.08 Avoidance of qualified dispositions.

All of the following apply in connection with any action brought pursuant to this section or division (A) of section 5816.07 of the Revised Code:

(A) If a qualified disposition is wholly or partially avoided, all of the following apply:

(1) That specific qualified disposition shall be avoided only to the extent necessary to satisfy a transferor's debt to the creditor who brought the action pursuant to division (A) of section 5816.07 of the Revised Code, and any part of the qualified disposition that is not used to satisfy that debt shall remain subject to the legacy trust in question.

(2) All other qualified dispositions to any trustee of the legacy trust in question, including, but not limited to, any qualified disposition of a partial, co-ownership, or undivided interest in property by a transferor other than the transferor whose qualified disposition is avoided, together with the legacy trust itself, shall remain valid and effective.

(3) If the court is satisfied that a trustee has not acted in bad faith in accepting or administering the property that is the subject of the avoided qualified disposition, all of the following apply:

(a) The trustee shall have a first and paramount lien against the property that is the subject of the qualified disposition in an amount equal to the entire cost, including attorney's fees, properly incurred by the trustee in the defense of the action or proceedings to avoid the qualified disposition.

(b) The qualified disposition shall be avoided subject to the proper fees, costs, and pre-existing rights, claims, and interests of the trustee and of any predecessor trustee that has not acted in bad faith.

(c) For purposes of division (A)(3) of this section, no trustee shall be considered to have acted in bad faith merely because the trustee accepted the property that is the subject of the qualified disposition.

(4) If the court is satisfied that a beneficiary of a legacy trust has not acted in bad faith in receiving a distribution from that trust, the avoidance of the qualified disposition shall be subject to the right of the beneficiary to retain that distribution if the distribution was made upon the exercise of a trust power or discretion vested in a trustee or advisor and that power or discretion was exercised prior to the creditor's commencement of the action to avoid the qualified disposition. For purposes of division (A)(4) of this section, no beneficiary, including a beneficiary who is also a transferor of the trust, shall be considered to have acted in bad faith merely because the beneficiary accepted a distribution made in accordance with the terms of the trust instrument.

(5) A creditor has the burden of proving by clear and convincing evidence that a trustee or a beneficiary acted in bad faith under division (A)(3) or (4) of this section. Division (A)(5) of this section is construed as providing a substantive rather than a procedural rule or right under the law of this state.

(B) The court shall award reasonable attorney's fees and costs to any prevailing party in any final judgment rendered in any action wholly or partially brought under this section or division (A) of section 5816.07 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.08

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.09 Automatic removal of trustees; general rules on successor.

Any successor or replacement trustees of a legacy trust shall be determined or selected in the following manners:

(A)

(1) Division (A)(2) of this section applies if in any action involving a legacy trust or any trustee of the legacy trust a court takes an action in which the court declines to apply the law of this state in determining any of the following matters:

(a) The validity, construction, or administration of the trust;

(b) The effect of any term or condition of the trust, including, but not limited to, a spendthrift provision;

(c) The rights and remedies of any creditor or other suitor in connection with a qualified disposition.

(2) Immediately upon the court's action under division (A)(1) of this section and without the need for any order of any court, any qualified trustee who is a party to that action shall cease in all respects to be a trustee of the legacy trust, and the position of trustee shall be occupied in accordance with the terms of the trust instrument that governed the legacy trust immediately before that cessation, or, if the terms of the trust instrument do not provide for another trustee and the trust would otherwise be without a trustee, any court of this state, upon the application of any beneficiary of the legacy trust, shall appoint a successor qualified trustee upon the terms and conditions that it determines to be consistent with the purposes of the trust and this chapter. Upon a qualified trustee ceasing to be a trustee pursuant to division (A)(2) of this section, that qualified trustee shall have no power or authority other than to convey trust property to any other trustee that is appointed, installed, or serving in accordance with that division.

(3) For purposes of division (A) of this section, "court" includes a judicial tribunal, an administrative tribunal, or other adjudicative body or panel.

(B) In all cases other than the situation described in division (A) of this section, both of the following apply:

(1) If a legacy trust ceases to have at least one qualified trustee, the vacancy in the qualified trusteeship shall be filled pursuant to section 5807.04 of the Revised Code except to the extent that the legacy trust expressly provides otherwise.

(2) If a legacy trust ceases to have at least one trustee, the vacancy in the trusteeship shall be filled pursuant to section 5807.04 of the Revised Code, and the successor trustee shall be a qualified trustee unless the legacy trust instrument expressly provides otherwise.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.09

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.10 Miscellaneous rules; conflicts, tacking, savings, migration.

(A) In the event of any conflict between any provision of this chapter and any provision of Chapter 1336. of the Revised Code or any other provision of law similar to any provision of Chapter 1336. of the Revised Code, the provision of this chapter shall control and prevail.

(B) A statement in a trust instrument stating that it "shall be governed by the laws of Ohio" or other statement to similar effect or of similar import is considered to expressly incorporate the laws of this state to govern the validity, construction, and administration of that trust instrument and to satisfy division (K)(1)(b) of section 5816.02 of the Revised Code.

(C) A disposition by a nonqualified trustee to a qualified trustee shall not be treated as other than a qualified disposition solely because the nonqualified trustee is a trustee of a nonlegacy trust.

(D) A disposition to any nonqualified trustee of a legacy trust shall be treated as a qualified disposition if at the time of the disposition any of the following applies:

(1) There is at least one qualified trustee serving pursuant to the terms of that legacy trust.

(2) There is no qualified trustee serving but the circumstances require the appointment or installation of a qualified trustee pursuant to division (A)(2) of section 5816.09 of the Revised Code.

(3) There is no qualified trustee serving but within one hundred eighty days after the date of disposition a qualified trustee fills the vacancy in the qualified trusteeship or an application to appoint a qualified trustee is filed pursuant to division (B) of section 5816.09 of the Revised Code.

(E) If a disposition is made by a trustee of a nonlegacy trust to a trustee of a legacy trust, both of the following apply:

(1) Except to the extent expressly stated otherwise by the terms of that disposition, the disposition shall be considered a qualified disposition for the benefit of all of the persons who are the beneficiaries of both the nonlegacy trust and the legacy trust.

(2) The date of the disposition to the legacy trust shall be considered to be the date on which the property that was part of the nonlegacy trust was first continuously subject to any law of a jurisdiction other than this state that is similar to this chapter. A court shall liberally construe and apply division (E)(2) of this section in finding that such continuity and similarity exist.

(F) A legacy trust may contain any terms or conditions that provide for changes in or to the place of administration, situs, governing law, trustees or advisors, or the terms or conditions of the legacy trust or for other changes permitted by law.

(G) Any valid lien attaching to property before a disposition of that property to a trustee of a legacy trust shall survive the disposition, and the trustee shall take title to the property subject to the valid lien and subject to any agreements that created or perfected the valid lien. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to authorize any disposition that is prohibited by the terms of any agreements, notes, guaranties, mortgages, indentures, instruments, undertakings, or other documents. In the event of any conflict between this division and any other provision of this chapter, this division shall control.

(H) To the maximum extent permitted by the Ohio Constitution and the United States Constitution, the courts of this state shall exercise jurisdiction over any legacy trust or any qualified disposition and shall adjudicate any case or controversy brought before them regarding, arising out of, or related to, any legacy trust or any qualified disposition if that case or controversy is otherwise within the subject matter jurisdiction of the court. Subject to the Ohio Constitution and the United States Constitution, no court of this state shall dismiss or otherwise decline to adjudicate any case or controversy described in this division on the ground that a court of another jurisdiction has acquired or may acquire proper jurisdiction over, or may provide proper venue for, that case or controversy or the parties to the case or controversy. Nothing in this division shall be construed to do either of the following:

(1) Prohibit a transfer or other reassignment of any case or controversy from one court of this state to another court of this state;

(2) Expand or limit the subject matter jurisdiction of any court of this state.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.10

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.11 Trust advisors; eligibility; default fiduciary status.

(A) Any person may serve as an advisor of a legacy trust except that a transferor may act as an advisor only in connection with investment decisions.

(B) An advisor shall be considered a fiduciary unless the terms of a legacy trust instrument expressly provide otherwise.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.11

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.12 Rules regarding discretion.

Except to the extent expressly provided otherwise by the terms of a legacy trust instrument, each trustee and each advisor of a legacy trust shall have the greatest discretion permitted by law in connection with all matters of trust administration, all trust distributions, and all other trustee or advisor decisions.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.12

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.13 Discretionary interests not property of a beneficiary.

No beneficiary or other person shall be considered to have a property interest in any property of a legacy trust to the extent that the distribution of that property is subject to the discretion of one or more qualified trustees or advisors, either acting alone or in conjunction with any other person, including any person authorized to veto any distributions from the legacy trust.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.13

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5816.14 Applicability of chapter.

This chapter applies to qualified dispositions made on or after the effective date of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 5816.14

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.201, HB 479, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.