Chapter 705: PLANS OF GOVERNMENT

705.01 Petition for submission of question of organizing municipal corporation under a specific plan.

Whenever electors of any municipal corporation, equal in number to ten per cent of those who voted at the last regular municipal election, file a petition with the board of elections of the county in which such municipal corporation is situated, asking that the question of organizing the municipal corporation under any one of the plans of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 of the Revised Code, be submitted to the electors thereof, such board shall at once certify that fact to the legislative authority of the municipal corporation and the legislative authority shall, within thirty days, provide for submitting such question at a special election, to be held not less than ninety days after the filing of such petition. Any such election shall be conducted in accordance with the general election laws except as otherwise provided in sections 705.01 to 705.92 of the Revised Code, and the legislative authority of any municipal corporation holding such an election shall appropriate whatever money is necessary for the proper conduct of such election.

Cite as R.C. § 705.01

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.29, HB 48, §1, eff. 7/2/2010.

Effective Date: 01-01-1982

705.02 Effect of petition for submission of question of choosing commission to frame charter on petition to adopt optional plan.

The proposition to adopt a plan of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall not be submitted to the electors of any municipal corporation less than ninety days before a regular municipal election. If, in any municipal corporation, a sufficient petition is filed, requiring that the question of choosing a commission to frame a charter be submitted to the electors thereof, the proposition to adopt a plan of government provided in such sections shall not be submitted in that municipal corporation as long as the question of choosing such commission or of adopting a charter framed by such commission is pending therein. While the proposition of adopting any plan of government provided by such sections is pending in any municipal corporation, no other proposition provided for in such sections shall be submitted until the pending proposition is adopted or rejected.

Cite as R.C. § 705.02

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.03 Form of ballot in submitting question of organizing under plan.

In submitting to the electors of any municipal corporation the question of organizing under any one of the plans of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the board of elections shall have printed on the ballots the following question:

"Shall the (name the plan) plan of government, as provided in chapter . . . . . . . . . section . . . . . . . . . of the Revised Code be adopted?" Immediately following such question there shall be printed on the ballots the following propositions in the order here set forth:

"For the adoption of the (. . . . . . . .) plan."

"Against the adoption of the (. . . . . . . .) plan."

When the question is on the adoption of the federal plan of government there shall also be submitted the question: "For councilmen-at-large," and "For councilmen-by-wards."

There shall also be printed on the ballots at any such election the following supplementary proposition:

"For the adoption of the recall;"

"Against the adoption of the recall."

Immediately to the left of each of the propositions shall be placed a square in which the electors may vote for or against any such propositions.

At least thirty days prior to any such election, the board shall mail a copy of the proposed plan of government and the supplementary propositions to each elector of the municipal corporation whose name appears on the pollbooks or registration books of the last general election, and each such copy shall contain, on the front cover thereof, a facsimile ballot and the date and hours of the election.

Any elector may, at least forty days prior to such election, file with such board a written argument of not more than three hundred words, for or against any proposed plan of government or for or against any other proposition submitted, and, upon payment of the cost of printing, the board shall have such written argument printed and a copy thereof mailed with the copy of the proposed plan to each elector, or otherwise distributed to every voter as far as practicable.

Cite as R.C. § 705.03

Effective Date: 08-22-1995

705.04 Adoption of plan.

If, the proposition of adopting a plan of government submitted as provided by sections 705.01 to 705.03 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, is approved by a majority of those voting thereon, such plan, together with any of the supplementary propositions approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon, shall be the charter of such municipal corporation. When so adopted, sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code shall go into effect immediately, insofar as they apply to the nomination and election of officers provided for in such sections, and in all other respects such sections shall go into effect upon the first day of January following the next regular municipal election. All officers of any plan of government superseded by adoption of a plan provided in such sections, except members of the legislative authority, shall continue in office and in the performance of their duties until the legislative authority elected under such sections provides by ordinances for the performance of the duties of such officers, whereupon the terms of all such officers shall expire and their offices be abolished.

Cite as R.C. § 705.04

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.05 Submission of supplementary propositions.

In any municipal corporation in which a plan of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, has been adopted, any of the supplementary propositions not previously adopted may, at any municipal election, be independently submitted to the electors in the manner provided by sections 705.01 to 705.04 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. If the proposition to adopt such a plan is rejected by the electors of a municipal corporation, it shall not again be submitted in that municipal corporation within one year after such rejection.

Cite as R.C. § 705.05

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.06 Board of elections shall file certificate of election results.

Immediately after an election upon the adoption of any plan of government or proposition provided in sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the board of elections shall file a certificate of the results thereof with the secretary of state.

Cite as R.C. § 705.06

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.07 Sections applicable to each plan.

Sections 705.07 to 705.32 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, apply to and are a part of each plan of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. The powers conferred upon municipal corporations by Title VII of the Revised Code so far as applicable, shall govern unless otherwise provided by law. Each such plan may be proposed by the legislative authority of any municipal corporation, or by the electors of such municipal corporation by petition in the manner prescribed by law for the submission of initiative petitions. Such plan shall take effect and be in force when approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon.

Cite as R.C. § 705.07

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.08 Treasurer - duties.

The treasurer shall be the custodian of all moneys of the municipal corporation, and shall keep the moneys in such manner and in such place as is determined by the legislative authority thereof. He shall pay out money only on warrants issued by the auditor.

Cite as R.C. § 705.08

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.09 Auditor - duties.

The legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall choose an auditor, who shall keep an accurate account of all taxes and assessments, and of all money due to, all receipts and disbursements by, and of all assets and liabilities of the municipal corporation, and of all appropriations made by the legislative authority. The auditor shall, at the end of each fiscal year, and more often if required by the legislative authority, audit the accounts of the several departments and officers and shall audit all other accounts in which the municipal corporation is interested. The auditor may prescribe the form of reports to be rendered to his department, and the method of keeping accounts by all other departments, and he shall require daily reports, showing all money received and the disposition thereof, to be made to him by each department. The auditor shall, upon the death, resignation, removal, or expiration of the term of any officer, audit the accounts of the officer, and, if the officer is found indebted to the municipal corporation, the auditor shall immediately give notice thereof to the legislative authority and the village solicitor or city director of law, and the latter shall forthwith proceed to collect the indebtedness.

Cite as R.C. § 705.09

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.10 Clerk - duties.

The legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall choose a clerk and such other officers and employees of its own body as are necessary. The clerk shall keep the records of the legislative authority and perform such other duties as are required by ordinance or resolution. All officers and employees chosen by the legislative authority shall serve during the pleasure thereof.

Cite as R.C. § 705.10

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.11 Village solicitor or city director of law - duties.

The village solicitor or city director of law shall act as the legal advisor to and attorney for the municipal corporation, and for all officers of the municipal corporation in matters relating to their official duties. He shall prepare all contracts, bonds, and other instruments in writing in which the municipal corporation is concerned, and shall indorse on each his approval of the form and the correctness thereof. No contract with the municipal corporation shall take effect until the approval of the village solicitor or city director of law is indorsed thereon. He or his assistants shall be the prosecutor in any police or municipal court, and shall perform such other duties and have such assistants and clerks as are required or provided.

Cite as R.C. § 705.11

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.12 Qualifications of members of legislative authority.

Members of the legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall be electors of the municipal corporation. They shall not hold any other public office or employment, except that of notary public or member of the state militia, or state or county central committeeman of a political party, or state or county executive committeeman of a political party, or state or county officer of a political party, and shall not be interested in the profits or emoluments of any contract, job, work, or service for the municipal corporation. Any member who ceases to possess any of the qualifications required by this section shall forthwith forfeit his office. Any contract in which any such member is or becomes interested may be declared void by the legislative authority.

Cite as R.C. § 705.12

Effective Date: 08-21-1973

705.13 Salaries and attendance of members.

The legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall, by ordinance, fix the salary of its members which shall be paid in equal monthly installments. For each absence from regular meetings of the legislative authority, unless authorized by a two-thirds vote of all members thereof, there shall be deducted a sum equal to two per cent of such annual salary. Absence for ten successive regular meetings shall operate to vacate the seat of a member, unless such absence is authorized by the legislative authority.

Cite as R.C. § 705.13

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.14 Election of chairman and vice-chairman.

Except as otherwise provided in section 705.53 of the Revised Code, at the first meeting following each regular municipal election, the legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall elect one of its members as chairman and one other member as vice-chairman. The chairman shall preside at meetings of the legislative authority and perform such duties as are imposed upon him, as presiding officer, by the legislative authority. In municipal corporations in which a municipal court is not otherwise provided, the chairman shall perform all of the general duties provided in section 733.30 of the Revised Code, shall have such jurisdiction as is provided by section 1905.20 of the Revised Code, and shall be styled "police justice" in the performance of all judicial duties, and in such style he shall sign all processes and judicial records during the time he serves. He shall keep a docket in which he shall enter all cases brought before him. Such docket shall be provided by and be the property of the municipal corporation. At the end of each month, such police justice shall make a report to the legislative authority of all cases brought before him.

When the chairman of the legislative authority or police justice is absent from the municipal corporation, or is unable to perform his duties, or in case of death, resignation, or removal, the vice-chairman shall act as chairman and perform all of the duties provided for chairman and police justice, pending any future meeting of the legislative authority at which it may select one of its members, who has been elected as provided in sections 705.31 and 705.32 of the Revised Code, to become the chairman and police justice for the period of time that such chairman is absent from the municipal corporation, or is incapacitated for any cause, or in the event of his death, resignation, or removal. The member so selected shall become the chairman of the legislative authority and police justice for the unexpired term.

Cite as R.C. § 705.14

Effective Date: 09-19-1985

705.15 Powers of legislative authority.

A majority of all members of the legislative authority of a municipal corporation constitutes a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of absent members. The affirmative vote of a majority of the members of the legislative authority is necessary to adopt any motion, ordinance, or resolution, and on the passage of every ordinance or resolution the vote shall be taken by "yeas" and "nays" and entered upon the journal. Each proposed ordinance or resolution shall be in written or printed form, and shall contain not more than one subject which shall be clearly stated in the title. General appropriation ordinances may contain the various subjects and accounts for which moneys are appropriated. No ordinance, unless it is declared an emergency measure, shall be passed until it has been read on three separate days, the first and second reading of which may be by title only, and if such measure is printed and a copy thereof placed on the desk of each member the third reading may be by title only. The rule requiring every ordinance to be read on three separate days may be suspended by a three-fourths vote of all members elected or appointed to the legislative authority, taken by "yeas" and "nays" on each ordinance and entered on the journal.

Cite as R.C. § 705.15

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.16 Publication of ordinances or resolutions.

(A) All ordinances or resolutions shall be in effect after thirty days from the date of their passage, except as provided in section 705.75 of the Revised Code.

(B) A succinct summary of each ordinance and resolution of a general nature, or providing for public improvements, or assessing property shall, upon passage of the ordinance or resolution, be promptly published one time in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipal corporation. Such publication shall be made in the body type of the paper under headlines in eighteen point type, which headlines shall specify the nature of such legislation. The publication shall contain notice that the complete text of each such ordinance or resolution may be obtained or viewed at the office of the clerk of the legislative authority of the municipal corporation and may be viewed at any other location designated by the legislative authority of the municipal corporation. The city director of law, village solicitor, or other chief legal officer of the municipal corporation shall review the summary of an ordinance or resolution published under this section prior to forwarding it to the clerk for publication, to ensure that the summary is legally accurate and sufficient.

(C) Upon publication of a summary of an ordinance or resolution in accordance with this section, the clerk of the legislative authority shall supply a copy of the complete text of each such ordinance or resolution to any person, upon request, and may charge a reasonable fee, set by the legislative authority, for each copy supplied. The clerk shall post a copy of the text at the clerk's office and at every other location designated by the legislative authority.

(D) No newspaper shall be paid a higher price for the publication of summaries of ordinances than its government rate established under section 7.10 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 705.16

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.28, HB 153, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2011.

Effective Date: 05-22-1986

705.17 Annual tax ordinance.

An annual tax ordinance to determine the amount of the tax levy shall be prepared by the mayor, the chairman of the commission, or the city manager, as the case may be, under the direction of the legislative authority. For the purpose of preparing such ordinances such officer shall require from the head of each office or department for which appropriations are made, a detailed statement, upon uniform blanks furnished by such officer, of the expenses of such office or department for the previous years and the estimated expense for the next year. The tax ordinance prepared by such officer shall set forth in detail the probable revenues of the municipal corporation from every source, in such form as to indicate the means by which it is proposed to provide for the estimated expenditures set forth in such ordinance, and shall also include detailed statements of the contemplated expenditures of the municipal corporation and of each office, department, and functional division thereof. After the tax ordinance is prepared by such officer, opportunity shall be given, after at least one week's notice, for public hearings thereon. The ordinance shall then be submitted to the legislative authority and by it to the county budget commission which shall fix the total maximum tax levy permitted to the municipal corporation for the ensuing year. The legislative authority shall then fix the actual tax levy for the ensuing year, but such levy shall not be higher than the estimate submitted by such officer or exceed the limit fixed by the county budget commission. Such levy shall not be higher than the maximum provided for by law.

Cite as R.C. § 705.17

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.18 Annual appropriation ordinance - supplemental appropriation.

An annual appropriation ordinance shall be prepared by the legislative authority of a municipal corporation from estimates submitted by the mayor, the chairperson of the commission, or the city manager, as the case may be, in the manner provided in section 705.17 of the Revised Code for the annual tax ordinance. The annual appropriation ordinance shall be submitted to the legislative authority at its first meeting after the beginning of the municipal corporation's fiscal year, and the total of any appropriation ordinance passed by such legislative authority shall not exceed the total balances carried over from the previous fiscal year plus the estimated revenue of the current fiscal year. Supplemental appropriations shall not be made during the current fiscal year except from an contingent fund regularly set aside by the legislative authority in the annual appropriation ordinance or unless by an ordinance passed as an emergency measure.

Cite as R.C. § 705.18

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.127, HB 487, §101.01, eff. 9/10/2012.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.19 Limitation on appropriations.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury of a municipal corporation except in pursuance of appropriations made by the legislative authority, and whenever an appropriation is so made the clerk shall forthwith give notice to the auditor and treasurer. Appropriations may be made in furtherance of improvements or other objects or work of the municipal corporation which will not be completed within the current year. At the end of each year all unexpended balances of appropriations shall revert to the respective funds from which they were appropriated and shall then be subject to future appropriations.

Cite as R.C. § 705.19

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.20 Payment of claims - procedure.

No warrant for the payment of any claim shall be issued by the auditor until such claim is approved by the head of the department for which the indebtedness was incurred. Each head of a department and his surety shall be liable to the municipal corporation for all loss or damage sustained by such municipal corporation by reason of the negligence or corrupt approval of any claim against the municipal corporation in his department. Whenever any claim is presented to the auditor he may require evidence that the amount claimed is justly due and is in conformity to law and ordinance, and, for that purpose, he may summon before him any officer, agent, employee of any department of the municipal corporation, or any other person, and examine him upon oath or affirmation relative thereto. Such oath or affirmation may be administered by the auditor.

Cite as R.C. § 705.20

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.21 Investigations by municipal corporation - production of testimony.

The legislative authority of a municipal corporation, or any committee thereof authorized by it, may compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and other evidence at any meeting of such legislative authority or committee, and for that purpose may issue subpoenas or attachments in any case of injury or investigation, to be signed by the presiding officer of such legislative authority or chairman of such committee, which shall be served and executed by any officer authorized to serve subpoenas and other processes. If any witness refuses to testify to any acts within his knowledge, or to produce any papers or books in his possession, or under his control, relating to the matter under inquiry, before the legislative authority or any such committee, the legislative authority may commit the witness to prison for contempt. No witness shall be excused from testifying touching his knowledge or the matter under investigation in any such inquiry, but such testimony shall not be used against him in any criminal prosecution, except for perjury.

Cite as R.C. § 705.21

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.22 Annual report of municipal corporation.

At the end of each year the legislative authority of a municipal corporation shall have an annual report printed, in pamphlet form, giving:

(A) The classified statement of all receipts, expenditures, assets, and liabilities of the municipal corporation;

(B) A detailed comparison of such receipts and expenditures with those of the preceding year;

(C) A summary of the proceedings of the legislative authority and a summary of the operations of the administrative departments for the previous twelve months.

A copy of this report shall be furnished to the auditor of state, the municipal library, and any citizen of the municipal corporation who applies therefor at the office of the clerk. Similar reports may be printed quarterly. All meetings of the legislative authority or committees thereof shall be public, and any citizen of the municipal corporation shall have access to the minutes and records thereof at all reasonable times.

Cite as R.C. § 705.22

Effective Date: 07-01-1985

705.23 Municipal civil service commission - qualifications, term, and vacancies of members.

Within ten days after the first officers assume their duties, in any city adopting a plan of government as provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 inclusive, of the Revised Code, the commission in cities adopting the commission plan, the council in cities adopting the city manager plan, and the mayor in cities adopting the federal plan, shall appoint three persons who shall constitute the municipal civil service commission. Not more than two of such persons shall be of the same political party and they shall serve, one for two years, one for four years, and one for six years. Upon the expiration of the terms of office of such members of the municipal civil service commission, their successors shall be appointed to hold office for a term of six years, by the appointing authority. Any vacancy in the municipal civil service commission shall be filled by the appointing authority for the unexpired term. The appointing authority may, at any time, remove any of the members of such municipal civil service commission from office for misconduct, neglect of duty, or for malfeasance in office. Any such member shall first be given an opportunity to be publicly heard, in person or by counsel, in his own defense. The legislative authority shall provide suitable rooms and all necessary supplies and equipment for the proper conduct of the duties of the municipal civil service commission.

Cite as R.C. § 705.23

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.24 Salaries and duties of commission members.

The salaries of the members of the municipal civil service commission and of their assistants shall be determined by ordinance. The commission shall enforce Chapter 124. of the Revised Code, and shall make rules for the proper performance of its duties.

Cite as R.C. § 705.24

Effective Date: 08-26-1977

705.25 Disposition of fees and perquisites.

The salary of an elective officer shall not be changed during the term for which such officer was elected.

All fees and perquisites appertaining to any municipal office or officer shall be paid into the treasury of the municipal corporation, and shall be credited to the general fund. No officer or employee of the municipal corporation shall receive otherwise than as the representative of the municipal corporation and for the purpose of paying it into such treasury any fee, present, gift, or emolument, or share therein, for official services, other than his regular salary or compensation. Any officer violating this section shall thereby forfeit his office. No member of the legislative authority or other officer or employee thereof shall receive compensation for services rendered in any other department of the municipal corporation, nor shall they or any other officer, clerk, or employee of the municipal corporation act as agent or attorney for any person, company, or corporation, in relation to any matter to be affected by action of the legislative or any other department, or by the action of any officer of the municipal corporation. The violation of this section is cause for removal.

Cite as R.C. § 705.25

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.26 Duties of officers and employees of a municipal corporation.

The duties of all officers and employees of a municipal corporation shall be those prescribed by sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, or by ordinance or resolution of the legislative authority.

Cite as R.C. § 705.26

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.27 Bonds.

The treasurer, auditor, and such other officers or employees of the municipal corporation as the legislative authority directs, shall give a bond to the municipal corporation for the faithful performance of their duties, in such sum as the legislative authority fixes by ordinance or resolution. Premiums on official bonds may be paid by the municipal corporation.

Cite as R.C. § 705.27

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.28 Oath of office.

Every officer of a municipal corporation and every employee holding a position upon an annual salary, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to an oath or affirmation, which shall be filed and kept in the office of the clerk of the municipal corporation, that he will:

(A) Support the constitution of the United States and of this state, and the charter and ordinances of the municipal corporation;

(B) Not be influenced by any consideration except that of merit and fitness in the appointment or discharge of employees;

(C) Not make or authorize the expenditure of public money otherwise than for adequate consideration and efficient service to the municipal corporation;

(D) Faithfully, in all other respects, discharge the duties of his position or office.

Cite as R.C. § 705.28

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.29 Transfer of powers and duties of abolished office or department.

The powers which are conferred and the duties which are imposed upon any office or department of a municipal corporation under the laws of the state, or any ordinance which is in force on August 9, 1913, shall, if such office or department is abolished in pursuance of sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, be thereafter exercised and discharged by the officer, board, or department upon which corresponding functions, powers, and duties are imposed under such sections. This section does not impair or affect the validity of any contract or bond executed or authorized prior to the adoption by any municipal corporation of one of the plans provided for in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. When any such contract or bond contains provisions that it shall be enforced by some officer, board, or department therein named, and where, by the adoption of any plan provided for in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, such office, board, or department is abolished, the powers conferred and the duties imposed with reference to the officer, board, or department shall thereafter be exercised and discharged by the officer, board, or department upon which like powers, functions, or duties are conferred or imposed under sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 705.29

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.30 Abandonment of plan - special election.

Any municipal corporation that has operated for five years under any plan provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 of the Revised Code, may abandon such organization and adopt any organization or form of government provided by such sections and designated in the petition, by proceeding as follows: upon the filing with the board of elections of a petition containing the names of not less than ten per cent of the electors of such municipal corporation, a special election shall be called by the legislative authority at which the following proposition shall be submitted:

"Shall the municipal corporation of (. . . . . . . .) abandon the (. . . . . . . .) plan and adopt the (name) plan as provided in sections (. . . . . . . .) to (. . . . . . . .) of the Revised Code?"

If a majority of the votes cast at such special election are in favor of such proposition, the officers elected at the succeeding regular municipal election shall be those prescribed by the sections of the Revised Code designated in the petition. Upon the qualification of such officers the municipal corporation shall be organized under such sections. Such change shall not affect the property, right, or ability of such municipal corporation, but shall extend merely to such change in its form of government.

The election for such change shall be ordered and conducted and the results declared as provided in section 705.02 of the Revised Code and in the general election laws.

Cite as R.C. § 705.30

Effective Date: 08-22-1995

705.31 Preparation of ballots.

The ballots used in all elections provided for in sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be without party marks or designations. The names of candidates on such ballots shall be printed in rotation as follows:

(A) The ballots shall be printed in as many series as there are candidates for the office for which there is the greatest number of candidates.

(B) The whole number of ballots to be printed shall be divided by the number of series and the quotient so obtained shall be the number of ballots in each series.

(C) In printing the first series of ballots the names of candidates for each office shall be arranged in alphabetical order under the title thereof.

(D) After printing the first series the first name in each list of candidates for the various offices shall be placed last in such list and the next series printed, and the process shall be so repeated until each name in the largest list of candidates has been printed first an equal number of times.

(E) Such ballots shall then be combined in tablets, so as to have the fewest possible ballots having the same order of names printed thereon together in the same tablet.

(F) The ballots shall, in all other respects, conform as nearly as possible to the ballots prescribed by the general election law.

Cite as R.C. § 705.31

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.32 Determination of elected candidates.

The candidates at the regular municipal election, equal in number to the places to be filled in each office, who received the highest number of votes, shall be declared elected. In case it cannot be determined which of two or more candidates shall be declared elected, by reason of the fact that they have received the same number of votes, the election authorities shall determine by lot which of said candidates shall be declared elected.

Cite as R.C. § 705.32

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.41 Commission plan.

The form of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.48 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be known as the "commission plan." In municipal corporations organized under such sections the only elective officers shall be the members of the municipal commission. Three commissioners shall be chosen in municipal corporations having not more than ten thousand inhabitants according to the last preceding federal census, and five commissioners in all other municipal corporations. All such commissioners shall be elected from the municipal corporation at large.

Cite as R.C. § 705.41

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.42 Election - term - vacancies.

At the first election held after the adoption of the commission plan under sections 705.41 to 705.48 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the entire number of commissioners shall be chosen. In municipal corporations having three commissioners, the candidate having the highest number of votes at such first election shall hold office for four years, and the remaining commissioners shall hold office for two years. In municipal corporations choosing five commissioners, the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes at such first election shall serve for four years, and the remaining commissioners shall serve for two years. At all subsequent elections, except where a commissioner is chosen to fill out an unexpired term, commissioners shall be chosen for a term of four years. Vacancies in the commission shall be filled by the commission for the remainder of the unexpired term. If the term of a commissioner whose place becomes vacant does not expire on the first day of January following the next regular municipal election, then the person chosen by the commission to fill such vacancy shall serve only until such regular election, at which time a commissioner shall be elected to fill the remainder of the unexpired term. When a vacancy occurs as the result of a recall election it shall be filled as provided by section 705.92 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 705.42

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.43 Meetings of commission - legislative and administrative sessions.

The commission shall meet at the regular place for holding such meetings, at ten a.m. on the first day of January after its election, at which time the newly elected commissioners shall assume the duties of their office. Thereafter the commission shall meet in legislative session at least twice each month and in administrative session at least once each week, at such times as are prescribed by ordinance or resolution, but no legislative business shall be considered or acted upon at administrative sessions. Upon written request of the chairman or of any two members, special legislative sessions of the commission shall be called by the clerk. Any such request shall state the subjects to be considered at such special meeting, and no other subject shall be considered.

Cite as R.C. § 705.43

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.44 Signing of ordinances under commission plan.

Every ordinance or resolution passed by the commission shall be signed by the chairman or two members, filed with the clerk within two days, and shall be recorded by him.

Cite as R.C. § 705.44

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.45 Powers of commission.

The powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the Ohio Constitution, and any additional powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the general assembly, shall be exercised by the commission or under its direction, unless the exercise of such powers is expressly conferred upon some other authority of the municipal corporation or reserved to the people thereof.

Cite as R.C. § 705.45

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.46 Administrative officers appointed by commission.

The commission shall appoint a clerk, treasurer, and auditor. If the commission is the commission of a village, the commission shall also appoint a solicitor. If the commission is the commission of a city, the commission shall also appoint a city director of law. Provision may be made by ordinance for the performance of the duties of clerk and treasurer by the same person.

Cite as R.C. § 705.46

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.47 Creation and discontinuance of offices under commission plan.

Subject to sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the commission may:

(A) Create and discontinue departments, offices, and employments;

(B) Appoint or provide for the appointment of all officers and employees of the municipal corporation;

(C) Remove any such officers or employees by a majority vote of all members of the commission, and by ordinance or resolution prescribe, limit, or change the compensation of such officers and employees.

Cite as R.C. § 705.47

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.48 Supervision of departments by commissioners.

The commission may assign the direction or supervision of particular departments or branches of the government of a municipal corporation to individual commissioners. Such action shall not release the commission as a whole from responsibility for the condition of any department or branch of government so assigned.

Cite as R.C. § 705.48

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.51 City manager plan.

The form of government provided in sections 705.51 to 705.60 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, to be known as the "city manager plan," shall consist of a council of five or more citizens, according to the population of the municipal corporation as determined by the last preceding federal census, who shall be elected at large. The council shall constitute the governing body of such municipal corporation with power to:

(A) Pass ordinances;

(B) Adopt resolutions;

(C) Appoint a chief administration officer, to be known as the city manager;

(D) Approve all appointments made by the city manager, except as provided in sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code;

(E) Fix all salaries;

(F) Appoint a civil service commission and all boards or commissions created by ordinance.

Cite as R.C. § 705.51

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.52 Size of council - term of councilmen - vacancies.

The number of councilmen of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.51 to 705.60 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be in proportion to the population of the municipal corporation, as determined by the last preceding federal census, as follows:

(A) A municipal corporation having not more than ten thousand inhabitants, five;

(B) More than ten thousand and not more than twenty-five thousand inhabitants, seven;

(C) More than twenty-five thousand inhabitants, nine.

All councilmen shall serve for a term of four years. At the first election in municipal corporations having five councilmen, the three candidates having the highest number of votes shall serve for four years and the two candidates having the next highest number of votes shall serve for two years. In municipal corporations having more than five councilmen, a majority of those elected having the highest number of votes shall serve for a period of four years and the others shall serve for a period of two years. Vacancies in the council shall be filled by the council for the remainder of the unexpired term, but any vacancy resulting from a recall election shall be filled in the manner provided in section 705.92 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 705.52

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.53 Meetings of council.

The council of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.51 to 705.60 of the Revised Code shall meet at the usual place for holding such meetings, at ten a.m. on the first day of January after its election, at which time the newly elected councilmen shall assume the duties of their office. At this meeting the council shall elect one of its members as chairman and one other member as vice-chairman. Thereafter the council shall meet in regular session at least twice each month, at such times and places as are fixed by ordinance. The clerk shall call special sessions of the council upon written request of the chairman or of any two members. Any such requests shall state the subjects to be considered at such special meeting and no other subject shall be considered.

Cite as R.C. § 705.53

Effective Date: 09-19-1985

705.54 Signing of ordinances under city manager plan.

Every ordinance or resolution passed by the council shall be signed by the chairman or two members, filed with the clerk within two days, and shall be recorded by him.

Cite as R.C. § 705.54

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.55 Powers exercised by council.

The powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the Ohio Constitution and any additional powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the general assembly, shall be exercised by the council, unless the exercise of such powers is expressly conferred upon some other authority of the municipal corporation or reserved to the people thereof. In municipal corporations in which a municipal court is not provided by law, each councilman may perform all of the general duties of mayors, as provided in section 733.30 of the Revised Code, and shall have such jurisdiction as is provided by section 1905.20 of the Revised Code. The member of council elected chairman shall perform all judicial functions.

Cite as R.C. § 705.55

Effective Date: 01-01-1976

705.56 Administrative officers appointed by council.

The council shall appoint a clerk, treasurer, and auditor. If the council is created within a village, the council shall also appoint a solicitor. If the council is created within a city, the council shall also appoint a city director of law. Provision may be made by ordinance for the performance of the duties of clerk and treasurer, or clerk and auditor, by the same person. Council may provide that the treasurer or auditor may be employed as cashier in the electric light or water department of the municipal corporation, or both, and as clerk to the city manager and as clerk to the civil service commission of the municipal corporation. Council may provide that a part of the salary of the auditor shall be paid from the income of any publicly-owned utility or cemetery operated by the municipal corporation, the part to be fixed by the council with reference to the proportion of his services devoted to the utility or cemetery. Council may provide that the auditor or treasurer may be employed as cashier of the utility or cemetery, or both, and as clerk to the city manager and as clerk to the civil service commission. The auditor or treasurer may be paid for such services from the funds of the utility or cemetery, in addition to his salary as auditor or treasurer.

Cite as R.C. § 705.56

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.57 Creation and discontinuance of offices under city manager plan.

Subject to sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the council may:

(A) Create and discontinue departments, offices, and employments;

(B) Appoint or provide for the appointment of all officers and employees of the municipal corporation;

(C) Remove any such officer or employee by a majority vote of all members;

(D) By ordinance or resolution prescribe, limit, or change the compensation of such officers and employees.

Cite as R.C. § 705.57

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.58 Appointment and term of city manager - vacancy.

The council shall appoint a city manager who shall be the administrative head of the municipal government under the direction and supervision of the council and who shall hold office at the pleasure of the council.

In the event that the city manager is absent from his office by reason of illness, death, vacation, resignation, or removal, the member of council serving as chairman shall act as city manager and perform all the duties of such office, until such time as the city manager returns to his duties or the council appoints a new city manager to fill the vacancy.

Cite as R.C. § 705.58

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.59 Duties of city manager.

The city manager shall:

(A) See that the laws and ordinances are faithfully executed;

(B) Attend all meetings of the council at which his attendance is required by that body;

(C) Recommend measures for adoption to the council;

(D) Appoint all officers and employees in the classified service of the municipal corporation, subject to Chapters 124. and 705. of the Revised Code;

(E) Prepare and submit to the council such reports as are required by that body, or as he deems advisable;

(F) Keep the council fully advised of the financial condition of the municipal corporation and its future needs;

(G) Prepare and submit to the council a tentative budget for the next fiscal year;

(H) Perform such other duties as the council determines by ordinance or resolution;

(I) Sign all contracts and bond for and on behalf of the municipal corporation.

Cite as R.C. § 705.59

Effective Date: 08-26-1977

705.60 Salary - oath - bond - seal.

The city manager shall receive such salary as is fixed by the council of the municipal corporation. Such part of the salary of the city manager as the council deems proper shall be paid from the income of any publicly owned utility operated by such municipal corporation, or from any public cemetery. The part of the salary of the city manager so paid shall be fixed by the council with reference to the proportion of his time devoted to such utility. Before entering upon the duties of his office, the city manager shall take the oath required by section 705.28 of the Revised Code and shall execute a bond in favor of the municipal corporation for the faithful performance of his duties, in such sum as is fixed by the council. The city manager shall be furnished with the corporate seal of the municipal corporation, in the center of which shall be engraved the coat of arms of the state, as described in section 5.04 of the Revised Code, and around the edge of which shall be the words, "Manager of the city of. . . . . . . . . .," or "Manager of the village of . . . . . . . . . . . ., state of Ohio."

Cite as R.C. § 705.60

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.71 Federal plan - elective officers.

The form of government provided in sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be known as the "federal plan." In municipal corporations adopting such plan the only elective officers shall be the mayor and members of council.

Cite as R.C. § 705.71

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.72 Council - number of members - term.

All legislative power of the municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be vested in a council of not less than five nor more than fifteen members. In municipal corporations of less than ten thousand population, members of the council shall be elected at large; in all others they shall be elected from wards or at large, as determined by the vote provided for in section 705.03 of the Revised Code. The term of office of such members shall be two years when the council is elected by wards, and four years when the council is elected at large. At the first election in municipal corporations having three councilmen, each of whom is elected at large, the candidates having the two highest number of votes shall serve for four years and the other councilman shall serve for two years. In municipal corporations having more than three councilmen, the majority of such councilmen who have the highest number of votes shall serve for a period of four years and the others shall serve for a period of two years.

When the council is elected by wards, the number of councilmen shall be in proportion to the population of the municipal corporation, as determined by the last preceding federal census as follows: a municipal corporation having not more than ten thousand inhabitants, five councilmen; more than ten thousand and not more than twenty-five thousand, seven councilmen; more than twenty-five thousand and not more than fifty thousand, nine councilmen; and for each twenty-five thousand inhabitants in excess of fifty thousand, the number shall be increased by one, but the total number of councilmen shall not exceed fifteen.

When the council is elected at large, the number of councilmen shall be in proportion to the population of the municipal corporation, as determined by the last preceding federal census, as follows: a municipal corporation having not more than ten thousand inhabitants, three councilmen; more than ten thousand and not more than twenty-five thousand, five councilmen; more than twenty-five thousand and not more than fifty thousand, seven councilmen; and for each twenty-five thousand inhabitants in excess of fifty thousand the number shall be increased by one, but the total number of councilmen shall not exceed nine.

Cite as R.C. § 705.72

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.73 Division into wards on basis of population.

For the first election of members of the council of a municipal corporation after the adoption of the federal plan under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, in any municipal corporation having ten thousand inhabitants or more, the municipal corporation shall be divided into wards by the legislative authority existing under the plan of government to be superseded. Immediately after the proclamation by the secretary of state as to the population of the municipal corporations, as determined by the federal census, the council may redivide the municipal corporation into wards upon the basis of its population, which shall be as nearly equal in population as possible and composed of contiguous and compact territory, bounded by natural boundaries or street lines. Any member of the council, elected from wards, who, at the time of his election was a resident of the ward which he represents, shall forfeit his office if he removes from such ward, and the council shall fill the vacancy for the unexpired term.

Cite as R.C. § 705.73

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.74 Meetings of council - special sessions.

The council shall meet at ten a.m. on the first day of January following a regular municipal election at the usual place for holding such meetings, at which time the newly elected councilmen shall assume the duties of their office. Thereafter the council shall meet, at least twice each month, at such times as are prescribed by ordinance or resolution. Special sessions of the council shall be called by the clerk upon the written request of the mayor, the chairman, or any two members of council. Any such report shall state the subjects to be considered at the meeting, and no other subjects shall be considered.

Cite as R.C. § 705.74

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.75 Mayor's veto.

Any ordinance or resolution passed by the council shall be signed by the chairman or two members of council and presented to the mayor. If the mayor approves such ordinance or resolution he shall sign it, but if he does not approve it, he shall return it to the council with his objections within ten days thereafter, or if the council is not then in session such objections shall be returned at the next regular meeting thereof. The council shall cause such objections to be entered in full on its journal. If the mayor does not return an ordinance or resolution within the time specified it shall take effect in the same manner as if he had signed it. The mayor may approve or disapprove the whole or any item or part of any ordinance or resolution appropriating money. When the mayor refuses to sign any ordinance or resolution, or part thereof, and returns it to the council with his objections, the council shall, after the expiration of not less than one week, proceed to reconsider it, and if, upon reconsideration, the resolution or ordinance, or part or item thereof, disapproved by the mayor is approved by the vote of two thirds of all the members elected to the council, it shall then take effect as if it had received the signature of the mayor. In all such cases the votes shall be taken by "yeas" and "nays" and entered on the journal.

Cite as R.C. § 705.75

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.76 Creation and discontinuance of offices under federal plan.

The council of a municipal corporation may create and discontinue departments and offices other than those provided in sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, and may provide for the appointment of all officers of such departments, but the functions and number of subdepartments, and the number and salaries of subordinates and employees shall be fixed by the executive heads of the various departments, all of which provisions shall be subject to the rules and regulations of the civil service commission.

Cite as R.C. § 705.76

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.77 Executive power.

The executive power of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall be vested in the mayor, the heads of the departments of the municipal corporation, and such other executive officers as are provided for in such sections or as provided for by ordinance.

Cite as R.C. § 705.77

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.78 Election of mayor - appointment of department heads.

The mayor of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 of the Revised Code, shall be elected at a regular municipal election for a term of four years, and shall assume office on the first day of January next following his election. He shall appoint a director of public service, a director of public safety, and a treasurer. If the mayor is the mayor of a village, he shall also appoint a solicitor. If the mayor is the mayor of a city, he shall also appoint a director of law. The council may provide by ordinance, for combining the offices and duties of the directors of public service and public safety. The mayor and the heads of the departments of the municipal corporation shall not hold any other federal, state, county, or municipal office, except that of notary public or member of the state militia, nor shall they be employees in any such office.

Cite as R.C. § 705.78

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.79 Powers and duties of mayor.

The mayor of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall:

(A) See that the laws and ordinances are enforced;

(B) Recommend measures to the council for adoption;

(C) Keep the council fully advised of the financial condition and future needs of the municipal corporation;

(D) Prepare and submit to the council such reports as are required by that body;

(E) Appoint competent, disinterested persons, not exceeding three in number, to examine without notice the affairs of any department, officer, or employee, and report the result of such examination to the mayor, and such result shall also be transmitted by him to the council without delay;

(F) Perform such other duties as the council determines by ordinance or resolution.

Cite as R.C. § 705.79

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.80 Appointment and removal of officers.

Subject to sections 705.01 to 705.92 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, all officers, clerks, and employees of the several departments of government of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, and subdivisions thereof, shall be appointed, employed, suspended, or removed by the head of such department. The mayor may, without assignment of reason, remove any department head appointed by him.

Cite as R.C. § 705.80

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.81 Acting mayor - order of succession.

If the mayor is temporarily absent from the municipal corporation, or becomes temporarily disabled by sickness, accident, or for any other cause, the heads of the departments shall, during the absence or disability, perform the duties of the mayor under the designation of acting mayor, in the following order: village solicitor or city director of law, director of public service, director of public safety, auditor, and treasurer. If the mayor dies or removes his residence from the municipal corporation during the term of his office, the succession to the office of mayor shall be from the heads of the departments in the order provided in this section, and the successor shall become the mayor of the municipal corporation for the unexpired term. In the event of any temporary disability or absence on the part of any director or department head, the mayor may, in writing, designate some suitable person to perform his duties until he resumes his office.

Cite as R.C. § 705.81

Effective Date: 11-01-1977

705.82 Director of public service - duties.

The department of public service shall be under the supervision of a director who shall be appointed by the mayor. Such director shall be responsible for the care, management, construction, and improvement of:

(A) All utilities owned or operated by the municipal corporation;

(B) All public ways, grounds, cemeteries, buildings, sewers, and structures of every kind, except buildings and structures used in connection with the work to be performed under the direction of the director of public safety as provided by section 705.83 of the Revised Code;

(C) The making and preserving of survey maps, plans, drawings, and estimates relating to the public work under the supervision of the department;

(D) All matters in any way relative to or affecting the highways, footways, waterways, harbors, wharves, and docks within the municipal corporation. Such director shall exercise the powers formerly vested in the trustee of waterworks, park commissions, platting commissions, street commissions, city engineers, or other board of officers relating to the work committed to the care and management of the director of public service by this section.

Cite as R.C. § 705.82

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.83 Director of public safety - duties.

The department of public safety shall be under the supervision of a director who shall be appointed by the mayor. The director shall have charge of the police, fire, health, charities, corrections, and building inspection of the municipal corporation. All powers and authority over such police, fire, health, charities, corrections, and building inspection are vested in the director. The director shall have charge of the administration of all infirmaries, and all charitable, correctional, and penal institutions. He shall make such rules as are necessary and proper, consistent with the minimum standards for jails in Ohio promulgated by the department of rehabilitation and correction, for the employment, discipline, instructions, education, reformation, and for the conditional release and return of all prisoners confined in any penal institution under his control.

Cite as R.C. § 705.83

Effective Date: 07-06-1982

705.84 Powers and duties of board of control.

In municipal corporations organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, there shall be a board of control composed of the mayor, who shall be the president thereof, the auditor, and the heads of the departments appointed by the mayor. The board of control shall:

(A) Have stated meetings at least twice a week;

(B) Keep a record of its proceedings;

(C) Take its votes by yeas and nays, which votes shall be entered on the record;

(D) Adopt any motion or order only by a majority vote of all the members of the board.

No ordinance or resolution involving any expenditure of money for public improvements shall be passed until it has been approved by the board of control, except upon a two-thirds vote of the council of the municipal corporation.

Cite as R.C. § 705.84

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.85 Mayor and department heads shall have seats in council.

The mayor and the heads of the several departments of a municipal corporation organized under sections 705.71 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall have seats in the council of the municipal corporation. The mayor may introduce ordinances and take part in the proceedings and deliberations of council on all questions, and the heads of departments may take part in its proceedings and deliberations on all questions relating to their departments, subject to such rules as the council prescribes. Neither the mayor nor the heads of the several departments shall have the right to vote in the council.

Cite as R.C. § 705.85

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.86 Powers under federal plan.

In municipal corporations adopting the federal plan of government under sections 705.71 to 705.86, inclusive, of the Revised Code, the powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the Ohio Constitution, and any additional powers conferred upon municipal corporations by the general assembly shall be exercised by the officers and authorities provided for in such sections, unless such powers have been expressly conferred upon some other authority of the municipal corporation or reserved to the people thereof.

Cite as R.C. § 705.86

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.91 Initiative and referendum applicable to each plan.

All laws pertaining to the initiative and referendum in municipal corporations shall apply to and become a part of each plan of government provided in sections 705.41 to 705.86 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. section 705.92 of the Revised Code shall be submitted, with each such plan, to the electors of the municipal corporation as prescribed in section 705.03 of the Revised Code, and shall go into effect and form a part of any such plan of government only to the extent to which such section has been adopted under section 705.03 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 705.91

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

705.92 Procedure for removal of elective officer by recall.

Any elective officer of a municipal corporation may be removed from office by the qualified voters of such municipal corporation. The procedure to effect such removal shall be:

(A) A petition signed by qualified electors equal in number to at least fifteen per cent of the total votes cast at the most recent regular municipal election, and demanding the election of a successor to the person sought to be removed, shall be filed with the board of elections. Such petition shall contain a general statement in not more than two hundred words of the grounds upon which the removal of such person is sought. The form, sufficiency, and regularity of any such petition shall be determined as provided in the general election laws.

(B) If the petition is sufficient, and if the person whose removal is sought does not resign within five days after the sufficiency of the petition has been determined, the legislative authority shall thereupon order and fix a day for holding an election to determine the question of the removal of the elective officer, and for the selection of a successor to each officer named in said petition. Such election shall be held not less than thirty nor more than forty days from the time of the finding of the sufficiency of such petition. The election authorities shall publish notice and make all arrangements for holding such election, which shall be conducted and the result thereof returned and declared in all respects as are the results of regular municipal elections.

(C) The nomination of candidates to succeed each officer sought to be removed shall be made, without the intervention of a primary election, by filing with the election authorities, at least twenty days prior to such special election, a petition proposing a person for each such office, signed by electors equal in number to ten per cent of the total votes cast at the most recent regular municipal election for the head of the ticket.

(D) The ballots at such recall election shall, with respect to each person whose removal is sought, submit the question: "Shall (name of person) be removed from the office of (name of office) by recall?"

Immediately following each such question, there shall be printed on the ballots, the two propositions in the order set forth:

"For the recall of (name of person)."

"Against the recall of (name of person)."

Immediately to the left of the proposition shall be placed a square in which the electors may vote for either of such propositions.

Under each of such questions shall be placed the names of candidates to fill the vacancy. The name of the officer whose removal is sought shall not appear on the ballot as a candidate to succeed the officer's self.

In any such election, if a majority of the votes cast on the question of removal are affirmative, the person whose removal is sought shall be removed from office upon the announcement of the official canvass of that election, and the candidate receiving the plurality of the votes cast for candidates for that office shall be declared elected. The successor of any person so removed shall hold office during the unexpired term of the successor's predecessor. The question of the removal of any officer shall not be submitted to the electors until such officer has served for at least one year of the term during which he is sought to be recalled. The method of removal provided in this section, is in addition to such other methods as are provided by law. If, at any such recall election, the incumbent whose removal is sought is not recalled, the incumbent shall be repaid the incumbent's actual and legitimate expenses for such election from the treasury of the municipal corporation, but such sum shall not exceed fifty per cent of the sum that the incumbent is by law permitted to expend as a candidate at any regular municipal election.

Cite as R.C. § 705.92

Effective Date: 08-22-1995