Chapter 3: OFFICER; OATHS; BONDS

3.01 Continuation in office until successor elected or appointed and qualified.

A person holding an office of public trust shall continue therein until his successor is elected or appointed and qualified, unless otherwise provided in the constitution or laws of this state.

Effective Date: 01-23-1963

3.02 Elective office filled by appointment - term of appointee.

(A) When an elective office becomes vacant and is filled by appointment, such appointee shall hold the office until the appointee's successor is elected and qualified; and such successor shall be elected for the unexpired term, at the first general election for the office which is vacant that occurs more than forty days after the vacancy has occurred; provided that when the unexpired term ends within one year immediately following the date of such general election, an election to fill such unexpired term shall not be held and the appointment shall be for such unexpired term.

(B) When an elective office becomes vacant and is filled by appointment, the appointing authority shall, immediately but no later than seven days after making the appointment, certify it to the board of elections and to the secretary of state. The board of elections or, in the case of an appointment to a statewide office, the secretary of state shall issue a certificate of appointment to the appointee. Certificates of appointment shall be in such form as the secretary of state shall prescribe.

(C) When an elected candidate fails to qualify for the office to which the candidate has been elected, the office shall be filled as in the case of a vacancy. Until so filled, the incumbent officer shall continue to hold office. This section does not postpone the time for such election beyond that at which it would have been held had no such vacancy occurred, or affect the official term, or the time for the commencement thereof, of any person elected to such office before the occurrence of such vacancy.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 3, SB 47, §1, eff. 6/21/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.105, SB 295, §1, eff. 8/15/2012.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.40, HB 194, §3 Made subject to referendum in the Nov. 6, 2012 election. The version of this section thus amended was repealed by 129th General AssemblyFile No.105, SB 295, §1, eff. 8/15/2012.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.29, HB 48, §1, eff. 7/2/2010.

Effective Date: 04-15-1986

3.03 Vacancy in office filled by appointment of governor.

When a vacancy in an office filled by appointment of the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, occurs by expiration of term or otherwise during a regular session of the senate, the governor shall appoint a person to fill such vacancy and forthwith report such appointment to the senate. If such vacancy occurs when the senate is not in session, and no appointment has been made and confirmed in anticipation of such vacancy, the governor shall fill the vacancy and report the appointment to the next regular session of the senate, and, if the senate advises and consents thereto, such appointee shall hold the office for the full term, otherwise a new appointment shall be made. A person appointed by the governor when the senate is not in session or on or after the convening of the first regular session and more than ten days before the adjournment sine die of the second regular session to fill an office for which a fixed term expires or a vacancy otherwise occurs is considered qualified to fill such office until the senate before the adjournment sine die of its second regular session acts or fails to act upon such appointment pursuant to section 21 of Article III, Ohio Constitution.

Effective Date: 09-17-1973

3.04 Removal or suspension of appointee by governor.

When not otherwise provided by law, an officer who holds his office by appointment of the governor with the advice and consent of the senate may be removed from office by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate, if it is found that such officer is inEfficient or derelict in the discharge of his duties, if the ethics commission created by section 102.05 of the Revised Code has found, based upon a preponderance of the evidence, that the facts alleged in a complaint under section 102.06 of the Revised Code alleging a violation by the officer constitutes a violation of Chapter 102., section 2921.42 , or section 2921.43 of the Revised Code, if the officer fails to file or falsely files a statement required by section 102.02 of the Revised Code, or if it is found that he has used his office corruptly. If, in the recess of the senate, the governor is satisfied that such officer is inefficient, derelict, committed such violation of Chapter 102., section 2921.42 , or section 2921.43 of the Revised Code, or corrupt, he may suspend such officer from his office and report the facts to the senate at its next session. If in such report the senate advises and consents to the removal, such officer shall be removed, but otherwise he shall be restored to his office.

Effective Date: 09-17-1986

3.05 Suspension by governor - filling vacancy.

In case of the suspension of an officer as provided for in section 3.04 of the Revised Code, the governor shall designate a person to perform the duties of the office during the period of such suspension. The person so designated shall give bond and take the oath of office, and during the time he performs the duties of the office he shall receive the full emoluments thereof, no part of which shall, for such time, go to such suspended officer. If the suspended officer is removed or his term expires before the action of the senate, a new appointment shall be made.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.06 Deputies, clerks - blanket bonds.

(A) A deputy, when duly qualified, may perform any duties of his principal. A deputy or clerk, appointed in pursuance of law, holds the appointment only during the pleasure of the officer appointing him. The principal may take from his deputy or clerk a bond, with sureties, conditioned as set forth in this section. The principal is answerable for the neglect or misconduct in office of his deputy or clerk.

(B) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law requiring an official bond to be conditioned substantially to the Effect that an officer, clerk, or employee will faithfully perform his duties, in lieu thereof, with the consent and approval of the officer or governing body authorized to require the bond, any department or instrumentality of the state or any county, township, municipal corporation, or other subdivision or board of education or department or instrumentality thereof, may procure a blanket bond from any duly authorized corporate surety covering officers, clerks, and employees other than:

(1) Treasurers or tax collectors by whatever title known;

(2) Any officer, clerk, or employee required by law to execute or file an individual official bond to qualify for office or employment.

(C) Such blanket bond shall indemnify against losses through one of the following conditions:

(1) The failure of the officers, clerks, and employees covered thereunder faithfully to perform their duties or to account properly for all moneys or property received by virtue of their positions or employment;

(2) Fraudulent or dishonest acts committed by the officers, clerks, and employees covered thereunder.

Any such blanket bond shall be approved as to its form and sufficiency of the surety by the officer or governing body authorized to require it. The premium of any such blanket bond shall be paid as provided in section 3929.17 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 01-10-1961

3.07 Misconduct in office - forfeiture.

Any person holding office in this state, or in any municipal corporation, county, or subdivision thereof, coming within the official classification in Section 38 of Article II, Ohio Constitution, who willfully and flagrantly exercises authority or power not authorized by law, refuses or willfully neglects to enforce the law or to perform any official duty imposed upon him by law, or is guilty of gross neglect of duty, gross immorality, drunkenness, misfeasance, malfeasance, or nonfeasance is guilty of misconduct in office. Upon complaint and hearing in the manner provided for in sections 3.07 to 3.10 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, such person shall have judgment of forfeiture of said office with all its emoluments entered thereon against him, creating thereby in said office a vacancy to be filled as prescribed by law. The proceedings provided for in such sections are in addition to impeachment and other methods of removal authorized by law, and such sections do not divest the governor or any other authority of the jurisdiction given in removal proceedings.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.08 Removal of public officers.

Proceedings for the removal of public officers on any of the grounds enumerated in section 3.07 of the Revised Code shall be commenced by the filing of a written or printed complaint specifically setting forth the charge and signed by qualified electors of the state or political subdivision whose officer it is sought to remove, not less in number than fifteen per cent of the total vote cast for governor at the most recent election for the office of governor in the state or political subdivision whose officer it is sought to remove, or, if the officer sought to be removed is the sheriff or prosecuting attorney of a county or the mayor of a municipal corporation, the governor may sign and file such written or printed complaint without the signatures of qualified electors. Such complaint shall be filed with the court of common pleas of the county where the officer against whom the complaint is filed resides, except that when the officer against whom the complaint is filed is a judge of the court of common pleas, such complaint shall be filed in the court of appeals of the district where such judge resides, and all complaints against state officers shall be filed with the court of appeals of the district where the officer against whom the complaint is filed resides. The judge or clerk of the court shall cause a copy of such complaint to be served upon the officer, against whom the complaint has been filed, at least ten days before the hearing upon such complaint. Such hearing shall be had within thirty days from the date of the filing of the complaint by said electors, or by the governor. The court may suspend the officer pending the hearing.

The removal proceedings filed in the court of common pleas shall be tried by a judge unless a jury trial is demanded in writing by the officer against whom the complaint has been filed. If a jury is demanded, it shall be composed of twelve persons who satisfy the qualifications of a juror specified in section 2313.17 of the Revised Code. If nine or more persons of that jury find one or more of the charges in the complaint are true, such jury shall return a finding for the removal of the officer, which finding shall be filed with the clerk of the court and be made a matter of public record. If less than nine persons of that jury find that the charges on the complaint are true, the jury shall return a finding that the complaint be dismissed. The proceedings had by a judge upon such removal shall be matters of public record and a full detailed statement of the reasons for such removal shall be filed with the clerk of the court and shall be made a matter of public record.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.81, HB 268, §1, eff. 5/22/2012.

Effective Date: 08-22-1995

3.09 Appeal in removal cases on questions of law by court of appeals.

The decision of the court of common pleas in all cases for the removal of officers may be reviewed on appeal on questions of law by the court of appeals. The transcript of the record and the notice of appeal shall be filed in the court of appeals in not more than thirty days after the decision is rendered and the journal entry made by the court of common pleas. Such notice of appeal may be filed only after leave has been granted by the court of appeals for good cause shown at a hearing of which the attorneys for both the officer and the prosecution have been notified. The court of appeals has jurisdiction to hear such case at any place in the judicial district in which such court may be sitting, and such court shall hear such case in not more than thirty court days after the filing of the notice of appeal. The decision of the court of appeals in refusing to allow a notice of appeal to be filed, or in the passing upon the merits of the case in the appellate proceedings, shall be final. If the court of appeals reviews the proceedings provided for in section 3.08 of the Revised Code in any county within its judicial district other than the county where the officer complained against resides, said court of appeals shall transmit its findings with the reasons therefor to the clerk of the court of common pleas of the county where the officer complained against resides, with instructions to said clerk to make the findings of said court a matter of record upon the journal of said court in the county where the officer complained against resides. In all cases involving the removal of an officer against whom a complaint has been filed in the court of appeals, the officer has the right of review or appeal to the supreme court on leave first obtained, and such court shall hear such case in not more than thirty court days after leave has been granted. In other respects such hearing shall follow the regular procedure in appealable cases which originate in the court of appeals.

If any officer is removed and the law provides no means for filling the vacancy, the board of elections in the county where the removed officer resides shall order a special election to fill such vacancy in the unit of government in which such officer was elected.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.10 Subpoena of witnesses - fees.

In removal proceedings under sections 3.07 to 3.09 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the court of common pleas and the court of appeals may subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance in the same manner as in civil cases. Process shall be served by the sheriff of the county in which the witness resides.

The witness fees and other fees in connection with the removal proceedings shall be the same as in civil cases, and the expenses incurred in any of said removal proceedings shall be paid out of the general revenue fund of the county.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.11 Restrictions on holding more than one office.

No person shall hold at the same time by appointment or election more than one of the following offices: sheriff, county auditor, county treasurer, clerk of the court of common pleas, county recorder, prosecuting attorney, and probate judge.

Effective Date: 01-10-1961

3.12 Personal liability of officer making contract without authority.

An officer or agent of the state or of any county, township, or municipal corporation who is charged or entrusted with the construction, improvement, or keeping in repair of a building or work of any kind, or with the management of or providing for a public institution, shall make no contract binding or purporting to bind the state, or such county, township, or municipal corporation, to pay any sum of money not previously appropriated for the purpose for which such contract is made, and remaining unexpended and applicable thereto, unless such officer or agent has been authorized to make such contract. If such officer or agent makes or participates in making a contract without such appropriation or authority, he is personally liable thereon, and the state, county, township, or municipal corporation in whose name or behalf the contract was made shall not be liable thereon.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.13 Recovery of illegal loans or deposits.

The state or a county, township, municipal corporation, or school board shall not be precluded by the illegal loan or deposit by an officer or agent of public money, funds, bonds, securities, or assets belonging to it from suing for and recovering the same. Such suit shall not be held to be an adoption or satisfaction of such illegal transaction.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.14 Plan for the funding or refunding of indebtedness.

All officers, boards, or commissions created under the constitution or laws of this state which have the power to invest funds in their charge or under their control in bonds issued by any political subdivision of this state, or which have power to sell any such bonds, may, in all cases in which they determine that it is in the interest of the state, the funds under their control and the beneficiaries thereof, and other persons interested in such funds, consent to any plan for the funding or refunding of indebtedness of any such subdivision in whose notes or bonds such funds are invested, and to exchange such notes or bonds, whether matured or unmatured, for refunding bonds, authorized and to be issued under Chapter 133. of the Revised Code, in an amount not less than the principal amount due upon the notes or bonds to be exchanged, which bonds need not bear the same rate of interest as the notes or bonds exchanged. If such plan provides for the cancellation of overdue interest upon notes or bonds to be exchanged, including interest upon any overdue interest upon such notes or bonds, whether represented by coupons or otherwise, such officers, boards, or commissions may waive such interest pursuant to such plan without consideration.

Effective Date: 10-30-1989

3.15 Residency requirements for public officials.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, at all times during one's term of office:

(1) Each member of the general assembly and each elected voting member of the state board of education shall be a resident of the district the member represents.

(2) Each judge and each elected officer of a court shall be a resident of the territory of that court.

(3) Each person holding an elective office of a political subdivision shall be a resident of that political subdivision.

(4) Each member of a municipal legislative authority who represents a ward shall be a resident of the ward the member represents, and each member of a board of education of a city school district who represents a subdistrict shall be a resident of the subdistrict the member represents.

(B) Any person who fails to meet any of the requirements of division (A) of this section that apply to the person shall forfeit the office. Division (A) of this section applies to persons who have been either elected or appointed to an elective office. Division (A) of this section does not apply to a member of the general assembly or the state board of education, to a member of a municipal legislative authority who represents a ward, or to a member of a board of education of a city school district who represents a subdistrict, during the remainder of the member's existing term of office after there is a change in the member's district's, ward's, or subdistrict's boundaries that leaves the member's permanent residence outside the district, ward, or subdistrict.

Effective Date: 10-05-2000

3.16 Suspension of local official charged with felony relating to official conduct.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Prosecuting attorney" means the prosecuting attorney of the county in which a public official who is charged as described in division (B) of this section serves.

(2) "Public official" means any elected officer of a political subdivision as defined in section 2744.01 of the Revised Code. "Public official" does not include a judge of a court of record.

(B)

(1) If a public official is charged with a felony in a state or federal court and if the attorney general, if the attorney general is prosecuting the case, or prosecuting attorney with responsibility to prosecute the case determines that the felony relates to the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the office of the public official, the attorney general, if the attorney general is prosecuting the case, or prosecuting attorney with responsibility to prosecute the case shall transmit a copy of the charging document to the chief justice of the supreme court with a request that the chief justice proceed as provided in division (C) of this section. If the attorney general or the prosecuting attorney transmits a copy of the charging document to the chief justice, a copy also shall be sent to the attorney general if the prosecuting attorney transmits the copy to the chief justice or to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the public official holds office if the attorney general transmits the copy to the chief justice.

(2) Upon transmitting a copy of a charging document and a request to the chief justice of the supreme court under division (B)(1)(a) or (b) of this section, the attorney general or prosecuting attorney shall provide the public official with a written notice that, not later than fourteen days after the date of the notice, the public official may file with the attorney general or prosecuting attorney, whichever sent the notice, a written statement either voluntarily authorizing the attorney general or prosecuting attorney to prepare a judgment entry for the judge presiding in the case to provisionally suspend the public official from office or setting forth the reasons why the public official should not be suspended from office.

If the public official voluntarily authorizes the attorney general or prosecuting attorney to prepare a judgment entry for the judge presiding in the case to provisionally suspend the public official from office as described in this division, the attorney general or prosecuting attorney shall prepare a judgment entry for the judge presiding in the case to provisionally suspend the public official from office immediately upon receipt of the judgment entry and shall notify the chief justice of the supreme court of the provisional suspension. Upon receipt of the judgment entry, the judge presiding in the case shall sign the judgment entry and file the signed judgment entry in the case. The signing and filing of the judgment entry provisionally suspends the public official from office. The attorney general's or prosecuting attorney's request to the chief justice that was made under division (B)(1) of this section remains applicable regarding the public official, and the chief justice shall establish a special commission pursuant to division (C)(1) of this section. A provisional suspension imposed under this division shall remain in effect until the special commission established by the chief justice enters its judgment under division (C)(3) of this section. After the special commission so enters its judgment, divisions (C)(3) and (4) of this section shall govern the continuation of the suspension. Division (E) of this section applies to a provisional suspension imposed under this division.

If the public official files a written statement setting forth the reasons why the public official should not be suspended from office, the public official shall not be provisionally suspended from office, and the attorney general or prosecuting attorney, whichever sent the notice to the public official, shall transmit a copy of the public official's written statement to the chief justice of the supreme court. The attorney general's or prosecuting attorney's request to the chief justice that was made under division (B)(1) of this section remains applicable regarding the public official, and the chief justice shall establish a special commission pursuant to division (C)(1) of this section.

(C)

(1) Not sooner than fourteen days after the chief justice's receipt of the attorney general's or prosecuting attorney's request under division (B)(1) of this section, the chief justice shall establish a special commission composed of three retired justices or judges of a court of record. A special commission established under this division is an administrative agency. The chief justice shall appoint the members of the special commission and shall provide to the special commission all documents and materials pertaining to the matter that were received from the attorney general or prosecuting attorney under division (B)(1) or (2) of this section. At least one member of the special commission shall be of the same political party as the public official. Members of the special commission shall receive compensation for their services, and shall be reimbursed for any expenses incurred in connection with special commission functions, from funds appropriated to the attorney general's office.

(2) Once established under division (C)(1) of this section, a special commission shall review the document that charges the public official with the felony, all other documents and materials pertaining to the matter that were provided by the chief justice under division (C)(1) of this section, and the facts and circumstances related to the offense charged. Within fourteen days after it is established, the special commission shall make a preliminary determination as to whether the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, adversely affects the functioning of that office or adversely affects the rights and interests of the public and, as a result, whether the public official should be suspended from office. Upon making the preliminary determination, the special commission immediately shall provide the public official with notice of the preliminary determination. The notice may be in writing, by telephone, or in another manner. If the preliminary determination is that the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, does not adversely affect the functioning of the office or adversely affect the rights and interests of the public, the preliminary determination automatically shall become the special commission's final determination for purposes of division (C)(3) of this section. If the preliminary determination is that the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, adversely affects the functioning of the office or adversely affects the rights and interests of the public and that the public official should be suspended from office, the notice shall inform the public official that the public official may contest the preliminary determination by filing with the special commission and within fourteen days after the date of the notice to the public official a notice contesting the determination.

If the public official files a notice contesting the preliminary determination within fourteen days after the date of the notice to the public official, the public official may review the reasons and evidence for the determination and may appear at a meeting of the special commission to contest the determination and present the public official's position on the matter. The meeting of the special commission shall be held not later than fourteen days after the public official files the notice contesting the preliminary determination. The public official has a right to be accompanied by an attorney while appearing before the special commission, but the attorney is not entitled to act as counsel or advocate for the public official before the special commission or to present evidence or examine or cross-examine witnesses before the special commission. At the conclusion of the meeting, the special commission shall make a final determination as to whether the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, adversely affects the functioning of the office or adversely affects the rights and interests of the public and, as a result, whether the public official should be suspended from office and shall proceed in accordance with division (C)(3) of this section.

If the public official does not file a notice contesting the determinations within fourteen days after the date of the notice to the public official, the special commission's preliminary determination automatically shall become its final determination for purposes of division (C)(3) of this section.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in section l2l.22 of the Revised Code, all meetings of the special commission shall be closed to the public. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in section 149.43 of the Revised Code, the records of the special commission shall not be made available to the public for inspection or copying until the special commission issues its written report under this division.

(3) Upon making the final determination described in division (C)(2) of this section regarding a public official who is charged with a felony, including, if applicable, conducting a meeting pursuant to that division for the public official to contest the preliminary determination, the special commission shall issue a written report that sets forth its findings and final determination. The special commission shall send the report by certified mail to the public official, the attorney general if the attorney general is prosecuting the case or the prosecuting attorney with responsibility to prosecute the case, whichever is applicable, and any other person that the special commission determines to be appropriate. Upon the issuance of the report, one of the following applies:

(a) If the special commission in its final determination does not determine that the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, adversely affects the functioning of that office or adversely affects the rights and interests of the public, the special commission shall include in the report a statement to that effect, and the public official shall not be suspended from office. If the public official was provisionally suspended from office under division (B)(2) of this section, the provisional suspension shall terminate immediately upon the issuance of the report.

(b) If the special commission in its final determination determines that the public official's administration of, or conduct in the performance of the duties of, the official's office, as covered by the charges, adversely affects the functioning of that office or adversely affects the rights and interests of the public, the special commission shall include in the report a holding that the public official be suspended from office. The holding that the public official be suspended from office and the suspension take effect immediately upon the special commission's issuance of the report. If the public official was provisionally suspended from office under division (B)(2) of this section, the holding that the public official be suspended from office shall continue the suspension immediately upon the special commission's issuance of the report. The report and holding shall have the same force and effect as a judgment of a court of record.

(4) A suspension imposed or continued under division (C)(3) of this section shall continue until one of the following occurs:

(a) The public official is reinstated to office by an appeal as provided in division (D) of this section;

(b) All charges are disposed of by dismissal or by a finding or findings of not guilty;

(c) A successor is elected and qualified to serve the next succeeding term of the public official's office.

(D) If a special commission issues a written report and holding pursuant to division (C)(3)(b) of this section that suspends a public official from office or that continues a provisional suspension imposed under division (B)(2) of this section, the public official may appeal the report and holding to the supreme court. The public official shall take the appeal by filing within thirty days of the date on which the report is issued a notice of appeal with the supreme court and the special commission. Unless waived, notice of the appeal shall be served upon all persons to whom the report was sent under division (C)(3) of this section. The special commission, upon written demand filed by the public official, shall file with the supreme court, within thirty days after the filing of the demand, a certified transcript of the proceedings of the special commission pertaining to the report and the evidence considered by the special commission in making its decision.

The supreme court shall consider an appeal under this division on an expedited basis. If the public official appeals the report and holding, the appeal itself does not stay the operation of the suspension imposed or continued under the report and holding. If, upon hearing and consideration of the record and evidence, the supreme court decides that the determinations and findings of the special commission are reasonable and lawful, the court shall affirm the special commission's report and holding and the suspension and shall enter final judgment in accordance with its decision. If the public official subsequently pleads guilty to or is found guilty of any felony with which the public official was charged, the public official is liable for any amount of compensation paid to the official during the suspension, with the liability relating back to the date of the original suspension under the special commission's report and holding, and the amount of that liability may be recovered as provided in division (E) of this section. If, upon hearing and consideration of the record and evidence, the supreme court decides that the determinations and findings of the special commission are unreasonable or unlawful, the court shall reverse and vacate the special commission's report and holding and the suspension, reinstate the public official, and enter final judgment in accordance with its decision.

The clerk of the supreme court shall certify the judgment of the court to the special commission. Upon receipt of the judgment, the special commission shall certify the judgment to all persons to whom the special commission's report was certified under division (C)(3) of this section and shall certify the judgment to all other public officials or take any other action in connection with the judgment as is required to give effect to it.

(E) Any public official suspended from office under this section shall not exercise any of the rights, powers, or responsibilities of the holder of that office during the period of the suspension. The suspended public official, however, shall retain the title of the holder of that office during the period of the suspension and continue to receive the compensation that the official is entitled to receive for holding that office during the period of the suspension, until the public official pleads guilty to or is found guilty of any felony with which the public official is charged or until one of the conditions in division (C)(4)(a), (b), or (c) of this section occurs. For the duration of the public official's suspension, an interim replacement official shall be appointed by the county central committee of the political party that nominated the suspended public official if the suspended public official is an elected county official, or by the probate judge of the court of common pleas if the suspended public official is an elected official of a municipal corporation, township, school district, or other political subdivision, to perform the suspended public official's duties . The interim replacement official shall have all of the rights, powers, and responsibilities of, and shall be entitled to the same rate of pay as, the suspended public official. The interim replacement official shall give bond and take the oath of office. If the office of the suspended public official becomes vacant during the period of suspension, a public official shall be appointed or elected to fill such vacancy as provided by law. If a regular election is to occur during the period of suspension, a public official shall be elected as provided by law.

A political subdivision may file a civil action in the appropriate court to recover from any former public official of the political subdivision the amount of compensation paid to that former public official in accordance with this division from the date of the former public official's suspension to the date the former public official pleads guilty to or is found guilty of any felony with which the former public official was charged.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 48, SB 68, §1, eff. 12/19/2013.

Effective Date: 05-18-2005

3.17 Failure to attend meetings.

Any member of a board, commission, council, board of trustees of an institution of higher education, or other public body of the state, except a member of the general assembly or a judge of any court in the state, who fails to attend at least three-fifths of the regular and special meetings held by that board, commission, council, board of trustees, or public body during any two-year period forfeits the member's position on that board, commission, council, board of trustees, or public body.

Effective Date: 09-29-1997

3.20 Oath and affirmation.

When an oath is required or authorized by law, an affirmation in lieu thereof may be taken by a person having conscientious scruples against taking an oath. An affirmation has the same effect as an oath.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.21 Form of oath.

Subject to any section of the Revised Code that prescribes the form of an oath, a person may be sworn in any form the person deems binding on the person's conscience.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953; 2006 HB699 03-29-2007

3.22 Oath of office.

Each person chosen or appointed to an office under the constitution or laws of this state, and each deputy or clerk of such officer, shall take an oath of office before entering upon the discharge of his duties. The failure to take such oath shall not affect his liability or the liability of his sureties.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.23 Contents of oath of office.

The oath of office of each judge of a court of record shall be to support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of this state, to administer justice without respect to persons, and faithfully and impartially to discharge and perform all the duties incumbent on the person as such judge, according to the best of the person's ability and understanding. The oath of office of every other officer, deputy, or clerk shall be to support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of this state, and faithfully to discharge the duties of the office.

Except for justices of the supreme court as provided in section 2701.05 of the Revised Code, each judge of a court of record shall take the oath of office on or before the first day of the judge's official term. The judge shall transmit a certificate of oath, signed by the person administering the oath, to the clerk of the respective court and shall transmit a copy of the certificate of oath to the supreme court. The certificate of oath shall state the term of office for that judge, including the beginning and ending dates of that term. If the certificate of oath is not transmitted to the clerk of the court within twenty days from the first day of the judge's official term, the judge is deemed to have refused to accept the office, and that office shall be considered vacant. The clerk of the court forthwith shall certify that fact to the governor and the governor shall fill the vacancy.

The oath of office of a judge under this section shall be taken in a form that is substantially similar to the following:

"I, (name), do solemnly swear that I will support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of Ohio, will administer justice without respect to persons, and will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all of the duties incumbent upon me as (name of office) according to the best of my ability and understanding. [This I do as I shall answer unto God.]"

Effective Date: 10-01-1953; 2006 HB699 03-29-2007

3.24 Administration of oaths.

Every person holding an elected office under the constitution or laws of this state may administer oaths of office to persons elected or appointed to offices under the constitution or laws of this state if those persons are elected or appointed to offices within the geographical limits of the elected officer's constituency, except that members of the general assembly may administer oaths of office to persons elected or appointed to any office under the constitution or laws of this state. Nothing in this section shall forbid the judge of a court established by the constitution of this state or a notary public commissioned in this state from administering an oath to any person.

When an oath of office is required to be certified in writing, the person taking the oath shall write the person's signature immediately under the text of the oath. The person administering the oath under authority of this section shall then write the administering person's signature, the title of the elected office that the administering person holds, and the date; and shall affix the seal of office if a seal is prescribed for, or has been adopted by, the administering person's office.

Effective Date: 06-30-1997

3.30 Failure to give bond of office.

A person elected or appointed to an office who is required by law to give a bond or security previous to the performance of the duties imposed on him by his office, who refuses or neglects to give such bond or furnish such security within the time and in the manner prescribed by law, and in all respects to qualify himself for the performance of such duties, is deemed to have refused to accept the office to which he was elected or appointed. Such office shall be considered vacant and shall be filled as provided by law.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.31 Bond sufficiency.

A bond payable to the state, or other payee as directed by law, reciting the election or appointment of a person to an office or public trust under or in pursuance of the constitution or laws of this state, and conditioned for the faithful performance, by such person, of the duties of the office or trust, is sufficient, notwithstanding any special provision made by law for the condition of such bond.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.32 Annual bond premium.

If an elective or appointive state officer is required by law to furnish bond, a surety company bond may be given and the annual premium in such cases shall be paid from the funds appropriated by the general assembly to the various departments, boards, and commissions for such purpose. This section does not prevent the giving of a personal bond with sureties approved by the officials authorized by law to give such approval.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.33 Deposit of official bonds.

Every officer, on receiving an official bond which by law is required to be filed or deposited with him, shall record it in a book to be kept by him for that purpose. A certified transcript of the record of such bond is conclusive evidence of such record, and prima-facie evidence of the execution and existence of such bond.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3.34 Bonds filled in or left in blank.

All official bonds; bonds of executors, administrators, guardians, and trustees; bonds required or authorized to be taken by or before a court, judge, or public board or officer, judicial or ministerial; bonds of indemnity; and all other bonds conditioned to become void upon the performance by any of the parties thereto of the stipulations contained in such bonds shall bind and render liable thereon both principals and sureties, whether at the time of the signing of the bonds by any of such obligors the amounts of such bonds are filled in or left in blank, if such amounts are filled in before or at the time of the approval or acceptance of such bonds. Such filling in may be done in the absence of any of the obligors, and without any express authority for that purpose from any of them.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953