Chapter 5: STATE INSIGNIA; SEALS; HOLIDAYS

5.01 Ohio state flag.

The flag of the state shall be burgee-shaped. It shall have three red and two white horizontal stripes that represent the roads and waterways of the state. The union of the flag shall be seventeen five-pointed stars, white in a blue triangular field that represents the state's hills and valleys, the base of which shall be the staff end or vertical edge of the flag, and the apex of which shall be the center of the middle red stripe. The stars shall be grouped around a red disc superimposed upon a white circular "O." The thirteen stars grouped around the "O" represent the original states of the United States and the four stars added to the peak of the triangle symbolize that Ohio was the seventeenth state admitted to the union. The "O" represents the "O" in "Ohio" and suggests the state's nickname, the buckeye state. The proportional dimensions of the flag and of its various parts shall be according to the official design on file in the office of the secretary of state. One state flag of uniform dimensions shall be furnished to each company of the organized militia.

Effective Date: 11-01-2002

5.011 Ohio governor's flag.

The flag of the governor of this state will be of scarlet wool bunting, six feet eight inches hoist by ten feet six inches fly. In each of the four corners will be a white five-pointed star with one point upward. The centers of these stars will be twelve inches from the long edges and seventeen inches from the short edges of the flag. In the center of the flag will be a reproduction of the great seal of Ohio in proper colors, three feet in diameter, surrounded by thirteen white stars equally spaced with their centers on an imaginary circle four feet three inches in diameter. All stars shall be of such size that their points would lie on the circumference of an imaginary circle ten inches in diameter.

The official colors of the governor of Ohio will be of scarlet silk, four feet four inches on the pike by five feet six inches fly, of the same design as the flag of the governor of Ohio, with the seal and stars proportionately reduced in size and embroidered. The colors will be trimmed on three edges with a knotted fringe of yellow silk two and one half inches wide. Attached below the head of the pike will be a silk cord of scarlet and white eight feet six inches in length with a tassel at each end.

The naval flag of the governor of Ohio will be of scarlet wool bunting, three feet hoist by four feet fly. The design will be the same as the flag of the governor of Ohio with the seal and the stars proportionately reduced in size.

The automobile flag of the governor of Ohio will be of scarlet silk, or wool bunting, one foot six inches on the staff by two feet six inches on the fly. The design will be the same as the flag of the governor of Ohio with the seal and stars proportionately reduced in size. The flag will be trimmed on three edges with a knotted fringe of silk or wool one and one half inches wide.

Effective Date: 09-30-1963

5.012 Display and maintenance of state flag.

(A) Display of the state flag at all state buildings and public institutions, such as public school buildings and state parks, is encouraged. If the state flag is displayed, it may be flown every day when weather permits and shall be flown from sunrise until sunset on all national and state holidays and on any other days that the governor proclaims. The state flag may be flown at night when properly lighted. When the state flag is displayed outdoors, it shall be flown either from a flagpole or a staff. Any staff from which the state flag is flown shall be at least two and one-half times as long as the state flag.

(B) When the state flag and the United States flag are displayed at the same time, the state flag shall not be larger than the United States flag. When the state flag and the United States flag are displayed together against a wall from crossed staffs, the state flag shall be on the left of the United States flag, and the staff supporting the state flag shall be behind the staff supporting the United States flag. When the state flag is flown from the same halyard as the United States flag, the state flag shall be displayed beneath the United States flag. When the state flag is carried in a procession in which the United States flag is unfurled, the state flag shall be displayed on the marching left of the United States flag.

(C) The state flag shall be washed or dry cleaned when soiled and may be repaired. When the state flag is damaged beyond repair, it shall be destroyed privately either by cutting it into small pieces and burning it until only ashes remain or by sealing it in a plastic bag or box before discarding it in a trash collection.

Effective Date: 11-01-2002

5.013 Pledge to the state flag.

"I salute the flag of the state of Ohio and pledge to the buckeye state respect and loyalty" is hereby adopted as the official pledge to the state flag. The pledge shall not replace, preempt, or be recited before the pledge of allegiance to the United States flag.

Effective Date: 11-01-2002

5.014 Procedure for folding state flag.

The general assembly hereby establishes a recommended procedure for the folding of the state flag by two people. The procedure is as follows:

With the flag unfolded, fold the flag in half lengthwise so that the points of the flag are aligned. Fold the flag in half lengthwise a second time to form a long strip with the red disc facing the ground. Next, fold the pointed end back onto itself to form a rectangle. These steps entail three folds.

Starting on the end formed by the fold of the pointed end back onto itself, fold two inches of the flag onto itself for a flag with a three-foot hoist and a five-foot fly, or another appropriate width of fold for a flag of a different size. Repeat the folds a total of fourteen times, alternating the folds in a fan-like manner.

The result is a total of seventeen folds symbolizing that Ohio was the seventeenth state admitted to the union. Finally, neatly and snugly wrap the remaining length of flag around the fan-folds to form a compact rectangle.

Effective Date: 05-18-2005

5.02 State flower.

The scarlet carnation is hereby adopted as the state flower as a token of love and reverence for the memory of William McKinley.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.021 State wild flower.

The plant trillium grandiflorum, commonly known as the large white trillium, found in every Ohio county, is hereby adopted as the state wild flower.

Effective Date: 03-05-1987

5.03 State bird.

The bird, cardinalis cardinalis, commonly known as the "cardinal," is the official bird of the state.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.031 State reptile.

The snake, Coluber constrictor constrictor, known as the black racer, is the official reptile of the state.

Effective Date: 11-24-1995

5.032 State animal.

The animal, Odocoileus virginianus, commonly known as the white-tailed deer, is the official animal of the state. Naming the white-tailed deer as the official animal of the state does not relieve the division of wildlife of its duty to manage the deer population and its distribution.

Effective Date: 05-11-1988

5.033 State amphibian.

The salamander, Ambystoma maculatum, commonly known as the spotted salamander, is the official amphibian of the state.

Added by 128th General AssemblyFile No.53, HB 393, §1, eff. 6/18/2010.

5.034 State frog.

The frog, Rana catesbeiana, commonly known as the bullfrog, is the official frog of the state.

Added by 128th General AssemblyFile No.53, HB 393, §1, eff. 6/18/2010.

5.04 State coat of arms.

The coat of arms of the state shall consist of the following device: a circular shield; in the right foreground of the shield a full sheaf of wheat bound and standing erect; in the left foreground, a cluster of seventeen arrows bound in the center and resembling in form the sheaf of wheat; in the background, a representation of Mount Logan, Ross county, as viewed from Adena state memorial; over the mount, a rising sun three-quarters exposed and radiating thirteen rays to represent the thirteen original colonies shining over the first state in the northwest territory, the exterior extremities of which rays form a semicircle; and uniting the background and foreground, a representation of the Scioto river and cultivated fields.

The coat of arms of the state shall correspond substantially with the following design:

When the coat of arms of the state is reproduced in color, the colors used shall be substantially the same as the natural color of the terrain and objects shown.

Effective Date: 11-20-1996

5.05 State tree.

The tree, Aesculus globra, commonly known as the "Buckeye" is hereby adopted as the official tree of the state.

Effective Date: 10-02-1953

5.06 State motto.

"With God, All Things Are Possible" shall be adopted as the official motto of the state.

Effective Date: 10-01-1959

5.07 State gem stone.

The gem stone "Ohio Flint," a crypto-crystalline variety of quartz, is hereby adopted as the official gem stone of the state.

Effective Date: 08-24-1965

5.071 State invertebrate fossil.

Isotelus, a genus of extinct marine arthropod of the class trilobita, that lived in the seas that covered Ohio during the ordovician period, about four hundred forty million years ago, and represented by the largest known complete trilobite, collected at Huffman dam in Montgomery county, is hereby adopted as the official invertebrate fossil of the state.

Effective Date: 09-19-1985

5.072 State bicentennial bridge.

The Blaine Hill bridge in Belmont county, which was constructed in 1828 as part of the national road and is the oldest bridge in the state, is hereby designated the bicentennial bridge of the state.

Effective Date: 03-15-2002

5.073 State prehistoric monument.

The Newark earthworks in Licking county, which are geometric earthen enclosures constructed during the prehistoric time period, are hereby designated the official prehistoric monument of the state.

Effective Date: 09-07-2006

5.075 State artifact.

The artifact known as the Adena pipe, which is a prehistoric effigy pipe that was discovered in 1901 by William C. Mills within a burial mound near Chillicothe and that was created by the ancient Adena culture from native Ohio pipestone, is adopted as the official state artifact.

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 11, SB 33, §1, eff. 8/15/2013.

5.08 State beverage.

The canned, processed juice and pulp of the fruit of the herb Lycopersicon esculentum, commonly known as tomato juice, is hereby adopted as the official beverage of the state.

Effective Date: 10-06-1965

5.081 State fruit.

The fruit, Lycopersicon esculentus, commonly known as the tomato, is hereby adopted as the state fruit.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.082 State native fruit.

The fruit, Asimina triloba, commonly known as the pawpaw, is hereby adopted as the state native fruit.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.09 State song.

The song, "Beautiful Ohio," is hereby adopted as the official song of the state, the lyric being written by Ballard MacDonald, with special lyrics by Wilbert B. McBride, and the music being composed by Mary Earl. The special lyrics are as follows:

I sailed away;

Wandered afar;

Crossed the mighty restless sea;

Looked for where I ought to be.

Cities so grand, mountains above,

Led to this land I love.

Chorus

Beautiful Ohio, where the golden grain

Dwarf the lovely flowers in the summer rain.

Cities rising high, silhouette the sky.

Freedom is supreme in this majestic land;

Mighty factories seem to hum a tune, so grand.

Beautiful Ohio, thy wonders are in view,

Land where my dreams all come true!

Effective Date: 11-06-1989

5.091 Ohio a "Purple Heart State".

Ohio is declared to be a "Purple Heart State," honoring our combat wounded veterans for their service and sacrifice by allowing the United States of America to maintain its sovereignty. Ohio is declared to be the first "Purple Heart State" in the United States of America.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.175, HB 459, §1, eff. 3/22/2013.

5.10 State seal.

All official seals shall have engraved thereon the coat of arms of the state, as described in section 5.04 of the Revised Code.

The great seal of the state shall be two and one-half inches in diameter and shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle having a diameter of one and three-fourths inches, surrounded by the words "THE GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF OHIO" in news gothic capitals. The great seal of the state shall correspond substantially with the following design:

The design of the great seal shall not be reproduced, except as required by any provision of the Ohio Constitution and the Revised Code, unless permission to do so is first obtained from the governor. The governor may authorize reproduction of the design of the great seal when the purpose is to:

(A) Permit publication of a reproduction of the great seal of the state of Ohio;

(B) Aid educational or historical programs;

(C) Promote the economic or cultural development of the state in a manner deemed appropriate by the governor.

A permanent record shall be kept in the governor's office of each permit to reproduce the design of the great seal.

No person shall use or permit to be used any reproduction or facsimile of the great seal or a counterfeit or nonofficial version of the great seal for any purpose not authorized by the governor.

The seal of the supreme court shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-half inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of each court of appeals, court of common pleas, and probate court shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter, and each seal shall be surrounded by the words "COURT OF APPEALS, ................ County, Ohio"; "COMMON PLEAS COURT, ................ County, Ohio"; or "PROBATE COURT, ................ County, Ohio."

(Insert the name of the proper county.)

The seals of all other courts of record shall be of the same size as the seal of the court of common pleas, and each shall be surrounded by the proper name of the court.

The seal of the secretary of state shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SEAL OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of the auditor of state shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle of one and one-fourth inches in diameter, and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SEAL OF THE AUDITOR OF STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of the treasurer of state shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter, and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SEAL OF THE TREASURER OF STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of the lieutenant governor shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SEAL OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of the attorney general shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the words "THE SEAL OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF STATE OF OHIO."

The seal of each benevolent institution shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the proper name of the institution.

The seals of all other state, county, and municipal agencies, divisions, boards and commissions shall consist of the coat of arms of the state within a circle one and one-fourth inches in diameter and shall be surrounded by the proper name of the office.

All seals mentioned in this section shall contain the words and devices mentioned in this section and no other.

Effective Date: 11-20-1996; 2006 HB699 03-29-2007

5.101 Compliance with state seal requirements.

Any official seal acquired on or after March 1, 2003, shall contain the official coat of arms of the state as described in section 5.04 of the Revised Code and surrounded by the appropriate words. Prior to that date, any official seal authorized by statute is valid for all purposes.

Effective Date: 11-20-1996

5.11 Affixing state or corporate seal - abolishment of private seals.

If an official or a corporate seal is required to be affixed to an instrument in writing, an impression of such seal upon either wax, wafer, or other adhesive substance, or upon the paper or material on which such instrument is written, shall be valid.

Private seals are abolished, and the affixing of what has been known as a private seal to an instrument shall not give such instrument additional force or effect, or change the construction thereof.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.20 Portion of election day a holiday.

The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each year, between the hours of twelve noon, eastern standard time, and five-thirty p.m., eastern standard time, is a legal holiday.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.21 Labor day - Columbus day - Veterans' day.

The first Monday in September of each year shall be known as "Labor day" and for all purposes shall be considered as the first day of the week.

The second Monday in October of each year shall be known as "Columbus day" and is a legal holiday.

The eleventh day of November of each year shall be known as "Veterans' day" and is a legal holiday. If said day falls on Sunday, the following Monday is the legal holiday.

Effective Date: 07-01-1974

5.22 Arbor day.

The governor shall, by proclamation, designate the last Friday of each April as "Arbor Day."

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.221 World War I day.

The sixth day of April shall be designated as "World War I day."

Effective Date: 10-07-1977

5.222 General Pulaski memorial day.

The eleventh day of October shall be designated as "General Pulaski Memorial Day," in honor of General Casimir Pulaski, Polish patriot and American revolution military commander.

Effective Date: 03-14-1985

5.223 Native American Indian day.

The fourth Saturday in September shall be designated as "Native American Indian Day."

Effective Date: 09-24-1987

5.224 Ohio statehood day.

The first day of March is designated as "Ohio statehood day," in recognition of the date in 1803 when Ohio became a state. In addition to those duties imposed on the Ohio historical society under section 149.30 of the Revised Code, and those duties imposed on the superintendent of public instruction under section 3301.12 of the Revised Code, the society shall, throughout the state, and the superintendent shall, in all school districts, encourage and promote the celebration of "Ohio statehood day."

Effective Date: 05-31-1988

5.225 Workers memorial day.

The twenty-eighth day of April is designated as "workers memorial day," in remembrance of the victims of workplace injuries and disease and in recognition of the need for strong safety and health protections in the workplace.

Effective Date: 07-24-1990

5.226 Ohio braille literacy week.

The first week of January is designated as "Ohio Braille Literacy Week" in honor of Louis Braille, the inventor of the Braille system used, in modified form, for printing, writing, and musical notation for the blind, and who was born on January 4, 1809, and became blind from an accident at the age of three.

Effective Date: 10-28-1992

5.227 Destroyer escort day in Ohio.

The third Saturday in June is designated as "Destroyer Escort Day in Ohio," in honor of the destroyer escort ships and the Ohioans who served on them during World War II, the Korean conflict, and the war in Vietnam.

Effective Date: 03-11-1996

5.228 Korean War Veterans' day.

The twenty-seventh of July is designated as "Korean War Veterans' Day," in honor of those who fought, died, or are still unaccounted for in the Korean war.

Effective Date: 03-11-1996

5.2281 "Better Hearing and Speech Month".

The month of May is designated as "Better Hearing and Speech Month" to increase public awareness of communication disorders and to promote treatment to improve the quality of life of individuals who experience difficulty hearing, understanding, or speaking.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.182, SB 304, §1, eff. 3/22/2013.

5.229 Gold Star Mothers Day.

The last Sunday in September shall be designated "Gold Star Mothers Day," to honor mothers whose sons or daughters have been killed while serving on active duty in the armed forces of the United States.

Effective Date: 08-08-1996

5.2210 Ohio aviation and aerospace history education week.

The week of the seventeenth day of December is designated as "Ohio aviation and aerospace history education week" in honor of the anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight. As used in this section, "the week of the seventeenth day of December" means the seven-day period beginning on a Sunday and ending on a Saturday that includes the seventeenth day of December.

Effective Date: 09-27-1996

5.2211 Child care worker appreciation week in Ohio.

The week of the nineteenth day of April shall be designated as "Child Care Worker Appreciation Week in Ohio," to commemorate those child care workders who lost their lives in the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building on April 19, 1995, and to increase public appreciation of child care workers in Ohio. As used in this section, "the week of the nineteenth day of April" means the seven-day period beginning on Sunday and ending on Saturday that includes the nineteenth day of April.

Effective Date: 03-31-1997

5.2212 School energy conservation day in Ohio.

The third Friday in March is designated as "School Energy Conservation Day in Ohio" to promote awareness in the schools of the need to conserve energy resources through reductions in their use as well as through their reuse and recycling.

Effective Date: 03-10-1998

5.2213 Ohio breast cancer awareness month - Ohio mammography day.

The month of October is designated as "Ohio Breast Cancer Awareness Month," and the third Thursday of each October is designated as "Ohio Mammography Day," to promote the importance of identifying breast cancer in its earliest stages.

Effective Date: 05-21-1998

5.2214 Ohio township day.

The first day of February is designated as "Ohio Township Day," in recognition of township officials and employees and the Ohio township association and its officers. Township officials are encouraged to use this day to visit the schools to explain their duties and qualifications.

Effective Date: 06-01-1998

5.2215 Ohio hepatitis C awareness month.

The month of October is designated as "Ohio hepatitis C awareness month," to increase public awareness of hepatitis C as an emerging health concern.

Effective Date: 07-22-1998

5.2216 Ohio National Guard day.

The twenty-fifth of July is designated as "Ohio National Guard day," in honor of those who have served and contributed to the distinguished service and contributions of the Ohio National Guard to this state and the people of Ohio.

Effective Date: 07-09-1998

5.2217 Prostate cancer awareness month.

The month of June shall be designated as "Prostate Cancer Awareness Month."

Effective Date: 03-22-1999

5.2218 Exemplary adult care provider day.

The eighteenth day of April is designated as "Exemplary Adult Care Provider Day," in recognition of the service and dedication of adult care providers in the state.

Effective Date: 03-22-2001

5.2219 Colorectal cancer awareness month.

The month of March is designated as "Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month."

Effective Date: 07-11-2001

5.2220 Dean Martin day.

The seventh day of June is designated as "Dean Martin Day," in honor of the Steubenville, Ohio native, Dino Paul Crocetti, born on that day in 1917, for his achievements as a nationally and internationally famous singer, actor, and radio and television personality.

Effective Date: 09-26-2001

5.2221 Tartan day.

The sixth day of April shall be designated as "Tartan Day," in honor of the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath, the Scottish declaration of independence, on April 6, 1320.

Effective Date: 03-15-2002

5.2222 Ohio child abuse awareness month.

The month of April is designated as "Ohio Child Abuse Awareness Month" to increase public awareness of the innocent victims of child abuse and to acknowledge child abuse as a serious societal problem to be addressed and eliminated.

Effective Date: 03-15-2002

5.2223 Eye donor month in Ohio.

The month of March is designated as "Eye Donor Month in Ohio."

Effective Date: 10-11-2002

5.2224 School bus drivers appreciation day.

The first Monday in May is designated as "School Bus Drivers Appreciation Day" to increase public recognition of the important function that school bus drivers serve in safely transporting the children of this state to and from school.

Effective Date: 07-23-2002

5.2225 Teacher appreciation day.

The first Tuesday of the first full week in May is designated as "Teacher Appreciation Day."

Effective Date: 08-14-2002

5.2226 Sickle cell anemia awareness month.

The month of September is designated as "Sickle Cell Anemia Awareness Month."

Effective Date: 03-19-2003

5.2227 George Rogers Clark day.

The nineteenth day of November shall be designated as "George Rogers Clark Day," in honor of the hero of early America who was born on that day in 1752.

Effective Date: 03-23-2005

5.2228 Ohio cystic fibrosis awareness month.

The month of May is designated as "Ohio Cystic Fibrosis Awareness Month" to increase public awareness of the disease, including its causes and health effects and to encourage and support research to develop effective medical therapies.

Effective Date: 05-18-2005

5.2229 Parent's week.

The fourth week of September is designated as "Parent's Week" to commend and encourage the work of parents in supporting and caring for their children.

Effective Date: 05-18-2005

5.2230 Leukemia, lymphoma, and melanoma awareness month.

The month of September is designated as "Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma Awareness Month" to enhance the understanding of blood cancers and encourage participation in voluntary activities that support education programs, services to patients, and the funding of research programs to find cures.

Effective Date: 09-30-2005

5.2231 Rosa Parks Day.

The first day of December is designated as "Rosa Parks Day," in honor of the woman who helped usher in the modern civil rights movement on that day in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.

Effective Date: 04-14-2006

5.2232 Multiple sclerosis awareness month.

The month of March is designated as "Multiple Sclerosis Awareness Month" to enhance understanding of the disease, including its causes and health effects, and to support and encourage education programs and research to develop effective therapies and find a cure.

Effective Date: 06-06-2006

5.2233 Ohio public safety employee day.

The eleventh day of September shall be designated as "Ohio Public Safety Employee Day," in honor of the men and women who selflessly place their own lives in danger to protect the lives and property of the people of Ohio.

Effective Date: 04-05-2007

5.2234 Emancipation day.

The twenty-second day of September shall be designated as "Emancipation Day," in honor of the anniversary of the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862.

Effective Date: 09-28-2006

5.2235 Nutrition and physical fitness month.

The month of May is designated as "Nutrition and Physical Fitness Month" to increase public awareness of the paramount roles that nutrition and physical fitness play in promoting a healthy lifestyle for all of the citizens of this state.

Effective Date: 2007 HB119 09-29-2007

5.2236 German heritage month.

The month of October is designated as "German Heritage Month" to honor and recognize Ohioans of German descent and their contributions to this state.

Effective Date: 2007 SB40 01-24-2008

5.2237 Ohio Lyme Disease awareness month.

The month of May is designated as "Ohio lyme disease awareness month" to increase public awareness of lyme disease as a health concern.

Effective Date: 2008 HB297 09-12-2008

5.2238 Heritage and freedom flag of the former republic of Vietnam day.

The twenty-ninth day of April is designated as "Heritage and Freedom Flag of the Former Republic of Vietnam Day" in honor of the heroes who gave the ultimate sacrifice for freedom.

Effective Date: 2008 HB55 08-14-2008

5.2239 Ohio Turfgrass Week.

The last week of May is designated as "Ohio Turfgrass Week," in order to increase awareness of the importance of turfgrass to this state's economy and environment. The General Assembly finds that the turfgrass industry in this state employs thousands of people and generates billions of dollars in revenue each year. The General Assembly also finds that turfgrass acts as an environmental filter absorbing pollutants such as carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide and prevents soil erosion.

As used in this section, "turfgrass" means a natural sod that has multiple uses.

Added by 128th General AssemblyFile No.57, SB 51, §1, eff. 3/24/2011.

5.2240 Crohn's and colitis awareness day.

The twenty-third day of May is designated as "Crohn's and Colitis Awareness Day."

Effective Date: 2008 HB150 09-12-2008

5.2241 Fibromyalgia awareness month.

The month of January is designated as "Fibromyalgia Awareness Month."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2242 Ronald Reagan day.

The sixth day of February is designated as "Ronald Reagan Day," in honor of the birthday of the fortieth president of the United States.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2243 Ohio boy scout week.

The calendar week including the eighth day of February is designated as "Ohio Boy Scout Week."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2244 Black history month.

The month of February is designated as "Black History Month" to honor and recognize the contributions that African Americans have made in the history of this state and the United States.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2245 Nurses month.

The month of May is designated as "Nurses Month" in recognition of the hard work and dedication of nurses and their significant contributions in improving the health care of the citizens of this state.

In enacting this section, it is the intent of the general assembly to acknowledge and celebrate the nurses of this state. Although nurses practice their profession in a wide variety of settings, including hospitals, nursing homes, other health care facilities, physician's offices, schools, and even private homes, the contributions made by the nursing profession in the improvement of the health care system are sometimes overlooked. Therefore, the general assembly feels that it is vitally important that a month be formally designated as "Nurses Month" for the purpose of increasing public awareness of the role nurses play in the health and well-being of all Ohioans.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2246 Melanoma/skin cancer detection and prevention month.

The month of May is designated as "Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2247 Juneteenth national freedom day.

The nineteenth day of June is designated as "Juneteenth National Freedom Day" to acknowledge the freedom, history, and culture that June 19, 1865, the day on which the last slaves in the United States were set free in Texas, has come to symbolize.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2248 Brothers and sisters' day.

The third Saturday in August is designated as "Brothers and Sisters' Day" to honor and recognize siblings.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2249 Lithopolis honeyfest day.

The first Saturday following the first Monday in September is designated as "Lithopolis Honeyfest Day," to honor the annual honey festival held on that day in the village of Lithopolis in Fairfield county.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2250 Mitochondrial disease awareness week.

The third week of September is designated as "Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week" to raise awareness of the existence of mitochondrial disease and its symptoms.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2251 Internet safety day.

The fourth Sunday in September is designated as "Internet Safety Day."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2252 Brain aneurysm awareness month.

The month of September is designated as "Brain Aneurysm Awareness Month" to increase public awareness and understanding of brain aneurysms, including methods of early detection and treatment.

It is the intent of the general assembly in enacting this section to increase public awareness and understanding of brain aneurysms. The general assembly feels that it is vitally important that the state designate September as "Brain Aneurysm Awareness Month." According to the brain aneurysm foundation, brain aneurysms afflict approximately two per cent of Americans, most commonly those aged thirty-five to sixty years. The state encourages and commends private efforts, including those of the brain aneurysm foundation, to enhance funding for aneurysm research, provide educational materials and programs, and create a support network for patients, survivors, and their families.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2253 Ohio preparedness month.

The month of September is hereby designated as "Ohio Preparedness Month" to highlight the importance of preparedness on the part of all Ohioans in the event of an emergency.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2254 Childhood cancer awareness month.

The month of September is designated as "Childhood Cancer Awareness Month" to increase public awareness of childhood cancer.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2255 Ovarian cancer awareness month.

The month of September is designated as "Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2256 U.S.S. Hocking day.

The twenty-second day of October shall be designated "U.S.S. Hocking Day," in honor of the distinguished career of the U.S.S. Hocking, a World War II attack transport ship, the navy crew who served on it, and the marines who were carried into battle on it.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2257 Crime prevention month.

The month of October is designated as "Crime Prevention Month."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2258 Disability employment awareness month.

The month of October is designated as "Disability Employment Awareness Month" to demonstrate continuing support for and to raise the awareness of the need for employment opportunities for people with disabilities.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2259 Adoption day.

The Saturday immediately preceding Thanksgiving day is designated as "Adoption Day."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2260 Epilepsy awareness month.

The month of November is designated as "Epilepsy Awareness Month" to increase public awareness and understanding of epilepsy.

It is the intent of the general assembly in enacting this section to increase public awareness and understanding of epilepsy. The general assembly considers it vitally important that the state join with the epilepsy foundation in formally designating November as "Epilepsy Awareness Month." According to the United States centers for disease control and prevention (CDC), epilepsy currently affects approximately 2.7 million Americans - roughly one of every one hundred individuals - with as many as 180,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Epilepsy afflicts people of all ages, but especially the very young and the elderly. The CDC estimates that about ten per cent of Americans will experience a seizure during their lifetime, and about three per cent will be diagnosed with epilepsy by age eighty.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2261 Omega psi phi month.

The month of November is designated as "Omega Psi Phi Month."

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2262 Homeless persons' memorial day.

The twenty-first of December is designated "Homeless Persons' Memorial Day" to bring attention to the tragedy of homelessness. State and local governments, coalitions, and other entities are encouraged to sponsor events to promote awareness of the plight of the homeless and to identify actions that individuals and organizations may take to address the problem of homelessness.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2263 Year of the veteran.

Calendar year 2008 is designated as the "Year of the Veteran" to recognize the services and sacrifices of veterans.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2264 Ohio save for retirement week.

"Ohio Save for Retirement Week" is designated during the same week as "National Save for Retirement Week" is designated by federal law.

Effective Date: 2008 SB243 04-07-2009

5.2265 Ohio military family month.

The month of August is designated as "Ohio Military Family Month."

Added by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Added by 128th General Assemblych.9, HB 150, §1, eff. 7/15/2009.

5.2266 Ohio agriculture week.

The second full week of March is designated as "Ohio Agriculture Week" in order to increase public recognition of the vitally important role that agriculture plays both in this state and across the nation.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.4, HB 89, §1, eff. 6/10/2011.

5.2267 ALS Awareness Month.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord causing progressive muscle weakness and paralysis, and eventually death, while the patient's mental capacity and awareness of the disease remain unaffected. Because there is no known cause, prevention, or cure for this devastating disease, the general assembly finds that it is vitally important that the month of May be designated as "ALS Awareness Month."

The month of May therefore is designated as "ALS Awareness Month" to increase public awareness and understanding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and to encourage efforts in finding treatments and a cure for ALS.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.50, SB 38, §1, eff. 1/13/2012.

5.2268 Multiple System Atrophy Awareness Month.

The month of March is designated as "Multiple System Atrophy Awareness Month" to increase public awareness of this progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects the autonomic functions of the body.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.197, HB 184, §1, eff. 3/27/2013.

5.2269 Substance Abuse Awareness and Education Month.

The month of May is designated as "Substance Abuse Awareness and Education Month."

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.51, SB 101, §1, eff. 1/13/2012.

5.2270 John Glenn Friendship 7 Day.

The twentieth day of February is designated as "John Glenn Friendship 7 Day" in honor of John Glenn's participation in the first orbital space mission of the United States on February 20, 1962.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.62, SB 155, §1, eff. 12/21/2011.

5.2271 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Awareness Month.

The month of November is designated as "Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Awareness Month" to promote public awareness of complex regional pain syndrome, also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.154, SB 40, §1, eff. 3/13/2013.

5.2272 Ohio Coal Miners Week.

The week in which Labor Day occurs is designated as "Ohio Coal Miners Week" in honor of the citizens of this state who have worked and continue to work in the coal mines of the state.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.116, HB 207, §1, eff. 9/5/2012.

5.2273 Elder Abuse Awareness Day.

The fifteenth day of June is designated as "Elder Abuse Awareness Day" to increase public awareness of the innocent victims of elder abuse.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.80, HB 215, §1, eff. 5/22/2012.

5.2274 Ohio Aggregates and Industrial Minerals Awareness Week.

The third week of July is designated as "Ohio Aggregates and Industrial Minerals Awareness Week" in order to educate the public about, increase public awareness of, and recognize the important contributions of the state's aggregates and industrial minerals industry to construction and transportation and to the state's economic viability and to recognize the industry's environmentally responsible stewardship of the state's resources.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.77, HB 185, §1, eff. 5/22/2012.

5.2275 Pediatric Stroke Awareness Month.

The month of May is designated as "Pediatric Stroke Awareness Month."

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.102, SB 260, §1, eff. 8/6/2012.

5.2276 Macular Degeneration Awareness Month.

The month of March is designated as "Macular Degeneration Awareness Month."

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.84, HB 148, §1, eff. 6/4/2012.

5.2277 Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Day.

The ninth day of July is designated as "Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Day" to increase public awareness of traumatic brain injuries.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.86, SB 247, §1, eff. 6/8/2012.

5.2278 Vietnam Veterans' Day.

The thirtieth day of March is designated as "Vietnam Veterans' Day" in honor of those who fought, died, or are still unaccounted for in the Vietnam war.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.92, SB 134, §1, eff. 3/30/2012.

5.2279 Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day.

The fifteenth day of October is designated as "Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day."

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 10, SB 24, §1, eff. 8/15/2013.

5.2282 Ohio Wines Month.

The month of June is designated as "Ohio Wines Month."

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.118, HB 491, §1, eff. 9/6/2012.

5.2283 Melanoma and Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month.

The month of May is designated as "Melanoma and Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month."

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.159, HB 492, §1, eff. 3/22/2013.

5.2284 Emma "Grandma" Gatewood Day.

The twenty-seventh day of April is designated as "Emma 'Grandma' Gatewood Day," in honor of the legendary hiker who was a founder of the buckeye trail, which was declared the official hiking trail of the state on that day in 1967.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.159, HB 492, §1, eff. 3/22/2013.

5.2285 Ohio Forest Products Awareness Week.

The first week of October is designated as "Ohio Forest Products Awareness Week" in order to educate the public about, increase public awareness of, and recognize the important contributions of the state's forests and forest products industry to the state's economic viability and the quality of life of its citizens and to recognize the forest products industry's environmentally responsible stewardship of the state's forest resources.

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 19, SB 94, §1, eff. 9/27/2013.

5.2286 Ohio Suicide Prevention Day.

The tenth day of September is designated as "Ohio Suicide Prevention Day."

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 23, HB 149, §1, eff. 9/27/2013.

5.2287 Craniofacial Acceptance Month.

The month of September is designated as "Craniofacial Acceptance Month" to increase public awareness of craniofacial conditions and advances in medical treatment of these conditions.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.153, SB 135, §1, eff. 3/13/2013.

5.2289 Nonviolence Week.

The first full week of October is designated "Nonviolence Week."

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 28, SB 38, §1, eff. 10/11/2013.

5.2290 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Awareness Month.

The month of October is designated as "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Awareness Month."

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 63, SB 198, §1, eff. 2/18/2014.

5.2291 Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day.

The thirteenth day of October is designated as "Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day" to raise public awareness and understanding of breast cancer that has spread through the bloodstream to other parts of the body.

Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.151, SB 199, §1, eff. 3/13/2013.

5.2293 Manufacturing Month.

The month of October is designated as "Manufacturing Month" to engage and inform students, parents, educators, media, customers, suppliers, and the general public throughout the region about, and improve the perception of, manufacturing careers and the value of manufacturing to the economy of the United States by increasing awareness, encouraging activities, and introducing real career opportunities, training, and resources throughout the month.

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 21, HB 77, §1, eff. 9/27/2013.

5.2294 Dyslexia Awareness Month.

The month of October is designated as "Dyslexia Awareness Month."

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 40, HB 97, §1, eff. 1/30/2014.

5.2295 Career-Technical Education and Skilled Workforce Development Month.

The month of March is designated as "Career-Technical Education and Skilled Workforce Development Month" to increase public awareness of the importance of career and technical education systems and skilled workforce development programs to the strength and vitality of Ohio's economic future.

Added by 130th General Assembly File No. 44, HB 127, §1, eff. 2/14/2014.

5.23 School holidays.

(A) The twelfth day of February, known as Lincoln's birthday, the twenty-second day of February, known as Washington's birthday, the thirtieth day of May, known as Memorial day, and the eleventh day of November, known as Veterans' day, shall be commemorated in the schools.

(B) The tenth day of November is designated as "veterans educate today's students day" or "V.E.T.S. day." Each elementary and secondary school in this state is encouraged to commemorate and observe this day by inviting veterans, on or about this day, to visit the school and discuss their military experiences with the students of the school.

Effective Date: 06-15-2000

5.24 Ohio hub of innovation and opportunity for aerospace and aviation.

The city of Dayton and county of Montgomery are hereby designated as an Ohio hub of innovation and opportunity for aerospace and aviation.

Added by 128th General Assemblych.151, HB 2, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2009.

5.30 Saturday afternoon is legal holiday.

Every Saturday afternoon is a legal holiday, beginning at twelve noon and ending at twelve midnight. No section of the Revised Code and no decision of any court shall affect the validity of any check, bill of exchange, order, promissory note, due bill, mortgage, or other writing obligatory made, signed, negotiated, transferred, assigned, or paid by any person, corporation, or bank upon said holiday, or any other transaction had thereon.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.40 Financial institutions open on holidays and outside regular hours.

Any financial institution doing business in this state may outside of regular banking hours on any day, or at any time on a day which is in whole or in part a holiday, pay, certify, or accept negotiable or nonnegotiable instruments including a demand instrument dated on the holiday on which it is presented for payment, certification, or acceptance, and transact any other business which would be valid if done on a business day during regular banking hours. This section does not affect any law relative to the time of maturity or presentment of negotiable instruments or the validity of any law relative to transactions by persons or corporations.

This section does not require a financial institution which remains open for business on all or a part of any holiday to perform any act on that day in its capacity as collection agent which would not be required of it if it were closed on such holiday or part holiday.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

5.41 Financial institutions closed on weekdays.

Any bank under the supervision of the division of banks, national bank, federal reserve bank, building and loan association, savings association, federal savings and loan association incorporated pursuant to the "Home Owner's Loan Act of 1933," federal home loan bank, or any branch of any of the foregoing financial institutions may remain closed on any certain week day designated by the board of directors of such financial institution. Not less than fifteen nor more than thirty days before closing on said certain week day, such financial institution shall post a notice in a conspicuous place in the lobby of its principal office and the lobby of each branch affected by such week day closing stating that on and after a day certain and until further notice given in like manner such financial institution will remain closed on a certain week day. Concurrently with the posting of said notice, such financial institution shall publish a notice once a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which such financial institution or a branch thereof and affected thereby is located. Said notice shall set forth the week day on which such financial institution or branch thereof will remain closed and the date when said closing becomes effective. Such publication or posting of a notice shall not be required of financial institutions which have, prior to January 1, 1953, closed on a certain week day. Any certain week day on which such financial institution or branch thereof remains closed is, with respect to such financial institution or a branch thereof, a holiday and not a business day for the purposes of the law relating to negotiable instruments.

Any act authorized, required, or permitted to be performed at, by, or with respect to such financial institution or a branch thereof remaining closed pursuant to this section may be performed on the next succeeding business day, and no liability or loss of rights on the part of any person or financial institution shall result from such delay.

Effective Date: 10-02-1953

5.99 Penalty.

Whoever violates section 5.10 of the Revised Code shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

Effective Date: 12-15-1967