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The Legislative Service Commission staff updates the Revised Code on an ongoing basis, as it completes its act review of enacted legislation. Updates may be slower during some times of the year, depending on the volume of enacted legislation.

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Misdemeanor Crimes
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Section 2939.24 | Discharge of indicted person when no indictment returned.

...If a person held in jail charged with an indictable offense is not indicted at the term of court at which he is held to answer, he shall be discharged unless: (A) He was committed on such charge after the discharge of the grand jury. (B) The transcript has not been filed. (C) There is not sufficient time at such term of court to investigate said cause. (D) The grand jury, for good cause, continues the hearing of ...

Section 2939.25 | Attendance of witnesses at foreign grand jury proceedings definitions.

...As used in sections 2939.25 to 2939.29, inclusive, of the Revised Code: (A) "Witness" includes a person whose testimony is desired in any proceeding or investigation by a grand jury or in a criminal action, prosecution, or proceeding. (B) "State" includes any territory of the United States and District of Columbia. (C) "Summons" includes a subpoena, order, or other notice requiring the appearance of a witness.

Section 2939.26 | Compelling witnesses to attend by foreign courts.

...If a judge of a court of record in any state which by its laws has made provision for commanding persons within that state to attend and testify in this state, certifies under the seal of such court that there is a criminal prosecution pending in such court, or that a grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, that a person being within this state is a material witness in such prosecution or gran...

Section 2939.27 | Certificate specifying number of days witness will be required.

...If a person in any state, which by its laws has made provision for commanding persons within its borders to attend and testify in criminal prosecutions or grand jury investigations commenced or about to commence, in this state, is a material witness in a prosecution pending in a court of record in this state, or in a grand jury investigation which has commenced or is about to commence, a judge of such court may issue...

Section 2939.28 | Witness not subject to arrest or the service of process.

...If a person comes into this state in obedience to a summons directing him to attend and testify in this state, while in this state pursuant to such summons he is not subject to arrest or the service of process, civil or criminal, in connection with matters which arose before his entrance into this state under the summons. If a person passes through this state while going to another state in obedience to a summons t...

Section 2939.29 | Construction and interpretation.

...Sections 2939.25 to 2939.28, inclusive, of the Revised Code shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate their general purpose, to make the law of this state uniform with the law of other states which enact similar uniform legislation.

Section 2941.01 | Indictment definitions.

...The definition of "magistrate" set forth in section 2931.01 of the Revised Code applies to Chapter 2941. of the Revised Code.

Section 2941.02 | Indictment processes apply to informations.

...All sections of the Revised Code which apply to prosecutions upon indictments, the process thereon, and the issuing and service thereof, to commitments, bails, motions, pleadings, trials, appeals, and punishments, to the execution of any sentence, and all other proceedings in cases of indictments whether in the court of original or appellate jurisdiction, apply to informations, and all prosecutions and proceedings th...

Section 2941.021 | Offenses prosecuted by information.

...Any criminal offense which is not punishable by death or life imprisonment may be prosecuted by information filed in the common pleas court by the prosecuting attorney if the defendant, after he has been advised by the court of the nature of the charge against him and of his rights under the constitution, is represented by counsel or has affirmatively waived counsel by waiver in writing and in open court, waive...

Section 2941.03 | Sufficiency of indictment or information.

...An indictment or information is sufficient if it can be understood therefrom: (A) That it is entitled in a court having authority to receive it, though the name of the court is not stated; (B) If it is an indictment, that it was found by a grand jury of the county in which the court was held, or if it is an information, that it was subscribed and presented to the court by the prosecuting attorney of the county in w...

Section 2941.04 | Two or more offenses in one indictment or information.

...different offenses of the same class of crimes or offenses, under separate counts, and if two or more indictments or informations are filed in such cases the court may order them to be consolidated. The prosecution is not required to elect between the different offenses or counts set forth in the indictment or information, but the defendant may be convicted of any number of the offenses charged, and each offense upo...

Section 2941.05 | Statement that accused has committed some public offense.

...In an indictment or information charging an offense, each count shall contain, and is sufficient if it contains in substance, a statement that the accused has committed some public offense therein specified. Such statement may be made in ordinary and concise language without any technical averments or any allegations not essential to be proved. It may be in the words of the section of the Revised Code describing the ...

Section 2941.06 | Form of indictment.

... as murder, arson, or the like, or if a misdemeanor having no general name, insert a brief description of it as given by law) contrary to the form of the statute in such case made and provided, and against the peace and dignity of the State of Ohio. ________C.D_________ (Indorsed) A true bill. Prosecuting Attorney E.F., Foreperson of the Grand Jury."

Section 2941.07 | Bill of particulars.

...Upon written request of the defendant made not later than five days prior to the date set for trial, or upon order of the court, the prosecuting attorney shall furnish a bill of particulars setting up specifically the nature of the offense charged and the conduct of the defendant which is alleged to constitute the offense.

Section 2941.08 | Defects which do not affect validity of indictment or information.

...An indictment or information is not made invalid, and the trial, judgment, or other proceedings stayed, arrested, or affected: (A) By the omission of "with force and arms," or words of similar import, or "as appears by the record"; (B) For omitting to state the time at which the offense was committed, in a case in which time is not of the essence of the offense; (C) For stating the time imperfectly; (D) For stati...

Section 2941.09 | Identification of group, association, or corporation.

...In any indictment or information it is sufficient for the purpose of identifying any group or association of persons, not incorporated, to state the proper name of such group or association, to state any name or designation by which the group or association has been or is known, to state the names of all persons in such group or association or of one or more of them, or to state the name of one or more persons in suc...

Section 2941.10 | Indictment failing to negative any exception, excuse, or proviso contained in statute.

...No indictment or information for any offense created or defined by statute is objectionable for the reason that it fails to negative any exception, excuse, or proviso contained in the statute creating or defining the offense. The fact that the charge is made is an allegation that no legal excuse for the doing of the act exists in the particular case.

Section 2941.11 | Allege prior conviction.

...Whenever it is necessary to allege a prior conviction of the accused in an indictment or information, it is sufficient to allege that the accused was, at a certain stated time, in a certain stated court, convicted of a certain stated offense, giving the name of the offense, or stating the substantial elements thereof.

Section 2941.12 | Pleading a statute or right derived therefrom.

...In pleading a statute or right derived therefrom it is sufficient to refer to the statute by its title, or in any other manner which identifies the statute. The court must thereupon take judicial notice of such statute.

Section 2941.13 | Pleading a judgment or other determination.

...In pleading a judgment or other determination of, or a proceeding before, any court or officer, civil or military, it is not necessary to allege the fact conferring jurisdiction on such court or officer. It is sufficient to allege generally that such judgment or determination was given or made or such proceedings had.

Section 2941.14 | Indictment for aggravated murder, murder, or voluntary or involuntary manslaughter - specifications.

...(A) In an indictment for aggravated murder, murder, or voluntary or involuntary manslaughter, the manner in which, or the means by which the death was caused need not be set forth. (B) Imposition of the death penalty for aggravated murder is precluded unless the indictment or count in the indictment charging the offense specifies one or more of the aggravating circumstances listed in division (A) of section 2929.04 ...

Section 2941.141 | Firearm on or about offender's person or under offender's control specification.

...(A) Imposition of a one-year mandatory prison term upon an offender under division (B)(1)(a) (iii) of section 2929.14 of the Revised Code is precluded unless the indictment, count in the indictment, or information charging the offense specifies that the offender had a firearm on or about the offender's person or under the offender's control while committing the offense. The specification shall be stated at the end of...

Section 2941.142 | Criminal gang participation specification.

...(A) Imposition of a mandatory prison term of one, two, or three years pursuant to division (G) of section 2929.14 of the Revised Code upon an offender who committed a felony that is an offense of violence while participating in a criminal gang is precluded unless the indictment, count in the indictment, or information charging the felony specifies that the offender committed the felony that is an offense of vio...

Section 2941.143 | Offense in school safety zone or towards a person in school safety zone specification.

...Imposition of a sentence by a court pursuant to division (H) of section 2929.14 of the Revised Code is precluded unless the indictment, count in the indictment, or information charging aggravated murder, murder, or a felony of the first, second, or third degree that is an offense of violence specifies that the offender committed the offense in a school safety zone or towards a person in a school safety zone. Th...

Section 2941.144 | Automatic firearm or firearm muffler or suppressor specification.

...(A) Imposition of a six-year mandatory prison term upon an offender under division (B)(1)(a)(i) of section 2929.14 of the Revised Code is precluded unless the indictment, count in the indictment, or information charging the offense specifies that the offender had a firearm that is an automatic firearm or that was equipped with a firearm muffler or suppressor on or about the offender's person or under the offender's c...