Chapter 3321: SCHOOL ATTENDANCE

3321.01 Compulsory school age - requirements for admission to kindergarten or first grade - pupil personnel services committee.

(A)

(1) As used in this chapter, "parent," "guardian," or "other person having charge or care of a child" means either parent unless the parents are separated or divorced or their marriage has been dissolved or annulled, in which case "parent" means the parent who is the residential parent and legal custodian of the child. If the child is in the legal or permanent custody of a person or government agency, "parent" means that person or government agency. When a child is a resident of a home, as defined in section 3313.64 of the Revised Code, and the child's parent is not a resident of this state, "parent," "guardian," or "other person having charge or care of a child" means the head of the home.

A child between six and eighteen years of age is "of compulsory school age" for the purpose of sections 3321.01 to 3321.13 of the Revised Code. A child under six years of age who has been enrolled in kindergarten also shall be considered "of compulsory school age" for the purpose of sections 3321.01 to 3321.13 of the Revised Code unless at any time the child's parent or guardian, at the parent's or guardian's discretion and in consultation with the child's teacher and principal, formally withdraws the child from kindergarten. The compulsory school age of a child shall not commence until the beginning of the term of such schools, or other time in the school year fixed by the rules of the board of the district in which the child resides.

(2) In a district in which all children are admitted to kindergarten and the first grade in August or September , a child shall be admitted if the child is five or six years of age, respectively, by the thirtieth day of September of the year of admittance, or by the first day of a term or semester other than one beginning in August or September in school districts granting admittance at the beginning of such term or semester. A child who does not meet the age requirements of this section for admittance to kindergarten or first grade, but who will be five or six years old, respective, prior to the first day of January of the school year in which admission is requested, shall be evaluated for early admittance in accordance with district policy upon referral by the child's parent or guardian, an educator employed by the district, a preschool educator who knows the child, or a pediatrician or psychologist who knows the child. Following an evaluation in accordance with a referral under this section, the district board shall decide whether to admit the child. If a child for whom admission to kindergarten or first grade is requested will not be five or six years of age, respectively, prior to the first day of January of the school year in which admission is requested, the child shall be admitted only in accordance with the district's acceleration policy adopted under section 3324.10 of the Revised Code.

(3) Notwithstanding division (A)(2) of this section, beginning with the school year that starts in 2001 and continuing thereafter the board of education of any district may adopt a resolution establishing the first day of August in lieu of the thirtieth day of September as the required date by which students must have attained the age specified in that division.

(4) After a student has been admitted to kindergarten in a school district or chartered nonpublic school, no board of education of a school district to which the student transfers shall deny that student admission based on the student's age.

(B) As used in division (C) of this section, "successfully completed kindergarten" means that the child has completed the kindergarten requirements at one of the following:

(1) A public or chartered nonpublic school;

(2) A kindergarten class that is both of the following:

(a) Offered by a day-care provider licensed under Chapter 5104. of the Revised Code;

(b) If offered after July 1, 1991, is directly taught by a teacher who holds one of the following:

(i) A valid educator license issued under section 3319.22 of the Revised Code;

(ii) A Montessori preprimary credential or age-appropriate diploma granted by the American Montessori society or the association Montessori internationale;

(iii) Certification determined under division (F) of this section to be equivalent to that described in division (B)(2)(b)(ii) of this section;

(iv) Certification for teachers in nontax-supported schools pursuant to section 3301.071 of the Revised Code.

(C)

(1) Except as provided in division (A)(2) of this section, no school district shall admit to the first grade any child who has not successfully completed kindergarten.

(2) Notwithstanding division (A)(2) of this section, any student who has successfully completed kindergarten in accordance with section (B) of this section shall be admitted to first grade.

(D) The scheduling of times for kindergarten classes and length of the school day for kindergarten shall be determined by the board of education of a city, exempted village, or local school district.

(E) Any kindergarten class offered by a day-care provider or school described by division (B)(1) or (B)(2)(a) of this section shall be developmentally appropriate.

(F) Upon written request of a day-care provider described by division (B)(2)(a) of this section, the department of education shall determine whether certification held by a teacher employed by the provider meets the requirement of division (B)(2)(b)(iii) of this section and, if so, shall furnish the provider a statement to that effect.

(G) As used in this division, "all-day kindergarten" has the same meaning as in section 3321.05 of the Revised Code.

(1) A school district that is offering all-day kindergarten for the first time or that charged fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten in the 2012-2013 school year may charge fees or tuition for a student enrolled in all-day kindergarten in any school year following the 2012-2013 school year. The department shall adjust the district's average daily membership certification under section 3317.03 of the Revised Code by one-half of the full-time equivalency for each student charged fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten under this division. If a district charges fees or tuition for all-day kindergarten under this division, the district shall develop a sliding fee scale based on family incomes.

(2) The department of education shall conduct an annual survey of each school district described in division (G)(1) of this section to determine the following:

(a) Whether the district charges fees or tuition for students enrolled in all-day kindergarten;

(b) The amount of the fees or tuition charged;

(c) How many of the students for whom tuition is charged are eligible for free lunches under the "National School Lunch Act," 60 Stat. 230 (1946), 42 U.S.C. 1751, as amended, and the "Child Nutrition Act of 1966," 80 Stat. 885, 42 U.S.C. 1771, as amended, and how many of the students for whom tuition is charged are eligible for reduced price lunches under those acts;

(d) How many students are enrolled in traditional half-day kindergarten rather than all-day kindergarten.

Each district shall report to the department, in the manner prescribed by the department, the information described in divisions (G)(2)(a) to (d) of this section.

The department shall issue an annual report on the results of the survey and shall post the report on its web site. The department shall issue the first report not later than April 30, 2008, and shall issue a report not later than the thirtieth day of April each year thereafter.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.128, SB 316, §101.01, eff. 9/24/2012.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.8, HB 30, §1, eff. 7/1/2011.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Effective Date: 09-05-2001; 2007 HB190 11-14-2007

3321.02 Children amenable to compulsory education laws.

Every child actually resident in the state shall be amenable to the laws relating to compulsory education, and neither he nor the person in charge of him shall be excused from the operation of said sections or the penalties under them on the ground that the child's residence is seasonal, that the parent of the child is a resident of another state, or that the child has attended school for the legal period in another state.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3321.03 Parent's obligation to see that child receives instruction.

As used in this section and section 3321.04 of the Revised Code, "special education program" means a school or the educational agency that provides special education and related services to children with disabilities in accordance with Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code. Except as provided in this section, the parent of a child of compulsory school age shall cause such child to attend a school in the school district in which the child is entitled to attend school under division (B) or (F) of section 3313.64 or section 3313.65 of the Revised Code, to participate in a special education program under Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code, or to otherwise cause the child to be instructed in accordance with law. Every child of compulsory school age shall attend a school or participate in a special education program that conforms to the minimum standards prescribed by the state board of education until the child:

(A) Receives a diploma granted by the board of education or other governing authority, successfully completes the curriculum of any high school, or successfully completes the individualized education program developed for the student by any high school pursuant to Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code;

(B) Receives an age and schooling certificate as provided in section 3331.01 of the Revised Code; or

(C) Is excused from school under standards adopted by the state board of education pursuant to section 3321.04 of the Revised Code, or if in need of special education, the child is excused from such programs pursuant to section 3321.04 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 06-30-1992; 2007 HB119 09-29-2007

3321.04 Scope of obligation.

Notwithstanding division (D) of section 3311.19 and division (D) of section 3311.52 of the Revised Code, this section does not apply to any joint vocational or cooperative education school district or its superintendent.

Every parent of any child of compulsory school age who is not employed under an age and schooling certificate must send such child to a school or a special education program that conforms to the minimum standards prescribed by the state board of education, for the full time the school or program attended is in session, which shall not be for less than thirty-two weeks per school year. Such attendance must begin within the first week of the school term or program or within one week of the date on which the child begins to reside in the district or within one week after the child's withdrawal from employment.

For the purpose of operating a school or program on a trimester plan, "full time the school attended is in session," as used in this section means the two trimesters to which the child is assigned by the board of education. For the purpose of operating a school or program on a quarterly plan, "full time the school attended is in session," as used in this section, means the three quarters to which the child is assigned by the board of education. For the purpose of operating a school or program on a pentamester plan, "full time the school is in session," as used in this section, means the four pentamesters to which the child is assigned by the board of education.

Excuses from future attendance at or past absence from school or a special education program may be granted for the causes, by the authorities, and under the following conditions:

(A) The superintendent of the school district in which the child resides may excuse the child from attendance for any part of the remainder of the current school year upon satisfactory showing of either of the following facts:

(1) That the child's bodily or mental condition does not permit attendance at school or a special education program during such period; this fact is certified in writing by a licensed physician or, in the case of a mental condition, by a licensed physician, a licensed psychologist, licensed school psychologist or a certificated school psychologist; and provision is made for appropriate instruction of the child, in accordance with Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code;

(2) That the child is being instructed at home by a person qualified to teach the branches in which instruction is required, and such additional branches, as the advancement and needs of the child may, in the opinion of such superintendent, require. In each such case the issuing superintendent shall file in the superintendent's office, with a copy of the excuse, papers showing how the inability of the child to attend school or a special education program or the qualifications of the person instructing the child at home were determined. All such excuses shall become void and subject to recall upon the removal of the disability of the child or the cessation of proper home instruction; and thereupon the child or the child's parents may be proceeded against after due notice whether such excuse be recalled or not.

(B) The state board of education may adopt rules authorizing the superintendent of schools of the district in which the child resides to excuse a child over fourteen years of age from attendance for a future limited period for the purpose of performing necessary work directly and exclusively for the child's parents or legal guardians.

All excuses provided for in divisions (A) and (B) of this section shall be in writing and shall show the reason for excusing the child. A copy thereof shall be sent to the person in charge of the child.

(C) The board of education of the school district or the governing authorities of a private or parochial school may in the rules governing the discipline in such schools, prescribe the authority by which and the manner in which any child may be excused for absence from such school for good and sufficient reasons.

The state board of education may by rule prescribe conditions governing the issuance of excuses, which shall be binding upon the authorities empowered to issue them.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 09-29-1995

3321.041 Excused absences for certain extracurricular activities.

(A) As used in this section, "extracurricular activity" means a pupil activity program that a school or school district operates and is not included in the school district's graded course of study, including an interscholastic extracurricular activity that a school or school district sponsors or participates in and that has participants from more than one school or school district.

(B) Beginning in the 2009-2010 school year, if a student enrolled in a school district is absent from school for the sole purpose of traveling out of the state to participate in an enrichment activity approved by the district board of education or in an extracurricular activity, the district shall count that absence as an excused absence, up to a maximum of four days per school year. The district shall require any such student to complete any classroom assignments that the student misses because of the absence.

(C) If a student will be absent from school for four or more consecutive school days for a purpose described in division (B) of this section, a classroom teacher employed by the school district shall accompany the student during the travel period to provide the student with instructional assistance.

Added by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

3321.05 All-day or extended kindergarten.

(A) As used in this section, "all-day kindergarten" means a kindergarten class that is in session for not less than the same number of clock hours each week as for students in grades one through six.

(B) Any school district may operate all-day kindergarten or extended kindergarten, but no district shall require any student to attend kindergarten for more than the number of clock hours required each day for traditional kindergarten by the minimum standards adopted under division (D) of section 3301.07 of the Revised Code. Each school district that operates all-day or extended kindergarten shall accommodate kindergarten students whose parents or guardians elect to enroll them for the minimum number of hours.

(C) A school district may use space in child day-care centers licensed under Chapter 5104. of the Revised Code to provide all-day kindergarten under this section.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2014.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.8, HB 30, §1, eff. 7/1/2011.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Effective Date: 07-01-1998

3321.06 [Repealed].

Effective Date: 08-01-1965

3321.07 Requirements for child instructed at other than public school.

If any child attends upon instruction elsewhere than in a public school such instruction shall be in a school which conforms to the minimum standards prescribed by the state board of education. The hours and term of attendance exacted shall be equivalent to the hours and term of attendance required of children in the public schools of the district. This section does not require a child to attend a high school instead of a vocational, commercial, or other special type of school, provided the instruction therein is for a term and for hours equivalent to those of the high school, and provided his attendance at such school will not interfere with a continuous program of education for the child to the age of sixteen.

Effective Date: 01-03-1956

3321.08 Part-time school - definition.

Every child who has been granted an age and schooling certificate shall, until the age at which such certificate is no longer required, attend a part-time school or class for the number of hours not over eight per week that such school or class is in session, provided the board of education of the school district in which the child resides or is employed has made such school or class available. Such attendance shall be for the full term such school or class is in session, and shall begin with the first week of the school term or within one week after issuance of the age and schooling certificate. This section does not apply to children who are employed under vacation and part-time certificates only. The superintendent of schools may excuse a child from such attendance for one of the reasons provided in section 3321.10 of the Revised Code. A part-time school or class is one which shall offer to those minors who have entered industry, instruction supplemental to their daily occupations or which will increase their civic and vocational competence or both and which are taught between the hours of seven in the morning and six in the afternoon of any day except a legal holiday, Saturday, or Sunday, or between the hours of seven in the morning and twelve noon of Saturday.

Effective Date: 08-27-1976

3321.09 Part-time schooling not provided by board of education.

Attendance at a part-time school or class provided by an employer, by a partnership, corporation, or individual, by a private or parochial school, by a college, or by a philanthropic or similar agency shall serve in lieu of attendance at a part-time school or class provided by a board of education in case the given school or class is conducted for substantially a term and hours equivalent to those of the part-time schools or classes provided by the local board, and in case the school or class is approved by the state board of education. When such school or class is conducted within or in connection with the establishment in which the child is working the obligation of attendance at part-time school or class indicated in section 3321.08 of the Revised Code, shall apply to the children holding age and schooling certificates who are employed in the given establishment regardless of the accessibility of public part-time schools or classes.

Effective Date: 01-03-1956

3321.10 Supervision of children employed on age and schooling certificates.

All parents, guardians, and other persons who have the care of children who are employed under age and schooling certificates shall cause them to attend a part-time day school or class for the full time that the school or class is in session whenever such part-time school or class has been established and is accessible to the child in the district where the child resides or is employed, unless the superintendent of schools determines that the child has already completed the same work as or work equivalent to that taken up in such part-time schools or classes as are available for the child to attend or that the bodily or mental condition of the child does not permit his attendance at such school or class. Such attendance shall begin within the first week of the school term or within one week after an age and schooling certificate is issued to a child. If a child resides in one school district and is employed in another he shall be under the jurisdiction of the district in which he is employed for the purpose of this section and the section 3321.08 of the Revised Code, unless by written excuse the superintendent of schools releases him to the jurisdiction of the district in which he resides.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3321.11 Availability or accessibility of part-time schools.

The superintendent of schools shall be the judge of the availability or accessibility of part-time schools for children who are holders of age and schooling certificates.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3321.12 Report to treasurer of board.

Notwithstanding division (D) of section 3311.19 and division (D) of section 3311.52 of the Revised Code, the provisions of this section that require reporting to the treasurer of a city school district do not require reporting to the treasurer of any joint vocational or cooperative education school district. The principal or teacher in charge of any public, private, or parochial school, shall report to the treasurer of the board of education of the city, local, or exempted village school district in which the school is situated, the names, ages, and places of residence of all pupils below eighteen years of age in attendance at their schools together with such other facts as said treasurer requires to facilitate the carrying out of the laws relating to compulsory education and the employment of minors. Such report shall be made within the first two weeks of the beginning of school in each school year, and shall be corrected with the entry of such items as are prescribed by the state board of education within the first week of each subsequent school month of the year. Nothing in this section shall require any person to release, or to permit access to, public school records in violation of section 3319.321 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 04-16-1993

3321.13 Duties of teacher and superintendent upon withdrawal or habitual absence of child from school - forms.

(A) Whenever any child of compulsory school age withdraws from school the teacher of that child shall ascertain the reason for withdrawal. The fact of the withdrawal and the reason for it shall be immediately transmitted by the teacher to the superintendent of the city, local, or exempted village school district . If the child who has withdrawn from school has done so because of change of residence, the next residence shall be ascertained and shall be included in the notice thus transmitted. The superintendent shall thereupon forward a card showing the essential facts regarding the child and stating the place of the child's new residence to the superintendent of schools of the district to which the child has moved.

The superintendent of public instruction may prescribe the forms to be used in the operation of this division.

(B)

(1) Upon receipt of information that a child of compulsory school age has withdrawn from school for a reason other than because of change of residence and is not enrolled in and attending in accordance with school policy an approved program to obtain a diploma or its equivalent, the superintendent shall notify the registrar of motor vehicles and the juvenile judge of the county in which the district is located of the withdrawal and failure to enroll in and attend an approved program to obtain a diploma or its equivalent. A notification to the registrar required by this division shall be given in the manner the registrar by rule requires and a notification to the juvenile judge required by this division shall be given in writing. Each notification shall be given within two weeks after the withdrawal and failure to enroll in and attend an approved program or its equivalent.

(2) The board of education of a school district may adopt a resolution providing that the provisions of division (B)(2) of this section apply within the district. The provisions of division (B)(2) of this section do not apply within any school district, and no superintendent of a school district shall send a notification of the type described in division (B)(2) of this section to the registrar of motor vehicles or the juvenile judge of the county in which the district is located, unless the board of education of the district has adopted such a resolution. If the board of education of a school district adopts a resolution providing that the provisions of division (B)(2) of this section apply within the district, and if the superintendent of schools of that district receives information that, during any semester or term, a child of compulsory school age has been absent without legitimate excuse from the school the child is supposed to attend for more than ten consecutive school days or for at least fifteen total school days, the superintendent shall notify the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian, in writing, that the information has been provided to the superintendent, that as a result of that information the child's temporary instruction permit or driver's license will be suspended or the opportunity to obtain such a permit or license will be denied, and that the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian may appear in person at a scheduled date, time, and place before the superintendent or a designee to challenge the information provided to the superintendent.

The notification to the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian required by division (B)(2) of this section shall set forth the information received by the superintendent and shall inform the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian of the scheduled date, time, and place of the appearance that they may have before the superintendent or a designee. The date scheduled for the appearance shall be no earlier than three and no later than five days after the notification is given, provided that an extension may be granted upon request of the child or the child's parent, guardian, or custodian. If an extension is granted, the superintendent shall schedule a new date, time, and place for the appearance and shall inform the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian of the new date, time, and place.

If the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian do not appear before the superintendent or a designee on the scheduled date and at the scheduled time and place, or if the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian appear before the superintendent or a designee on the scheduled date and at the scheduled time and place but the superintendent or a designee determines that the information the superintendent received indicating that, during the semester or term, the child had been absent without legitimate excuse from the school the child was supposed to attend for more than ten consecutive school days or for at least fifteen total school days, the superintendent shall notify the registrar of motor vehicles and the juvenile judge of the county in which the district is located that the child has been absent for that period of time and that the child does not have any legitimate excuse for the habitual absence. A notification to the registrar required by this division shall be given in the manner the registrar by rule requires and a notification to the juvenile judge required by this division shall be given in writing. Each notification shall be given within two weeks after the receipt of the information of the habitual absence from school without legitimate excuse, or, if the child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian appear before the superintendent or a designee to challenge the information, within two weeks after the appearance.

For purposes of division (B)(2) of this section, a legitimate excuse for absence from school includes, but is not limited to, the fact that the child in question has enrolled in another school or school district in this or another state, the fact that the child in question was excused from attendance for any of the reasons specified in section 3321.04 of the Revised Code, or the fact that the child in question has received an age and schooling certificate in accordance with section 3331.01 of the Revised Code.

(3) Whenever a pupil is suspended or expelled from school pursuant to section 3313.66 of the Revised Code and the reason for the suspension or expulsion is the use or possession of alcohol, a drug of abuse, or alcohol and a drug of abuse, the superintendent of schools of that district may notify the registrar and the juvenile judge of the county in which the district is located of such suspension or expulsion. Any such notification of suspension or expulsion shall be given to the registrar, in the manner the registrar by rule requires and shall be given to the juvenile judge in writing. The notifications shall be given within two weeks after the suspension or expulsion.

(4) Whenever a pupil is suspended, expelled, removed, or permanently excluded from a school for misconduct included in a policy that the board of education of a city, exempted village, or local school district has adopted under division (A) of section 3313.661 of the Revised Code, and the misconduct involves a firearm or a knife or other weapon as defined in that policy, the superintendent of schools of that district shall notify the registrar and the juvenile judge of the county in which the district is located of the suspension, expulsion, removal, or permanent exclusion. The notification shall be given to the registrar in the manner the registrar, by rule, requires and shall be given to the juvenile judge in writing. The notifications shall be given within two weeks after the suspension, expulsion, removal, or permanent exclusion.

(C) A notification of withdrawal, habitual absence without legitimate excuse, suspension, or expulsion given to the registrar or a juvenile judge under division (B)(1), (2), (3), or (4) of this section shall contain the name, address, date of birth, school, and school district of the child. If the superintendent finds, after giving a notification of withdrawal, habitual absence without legitimate excuse, suspension, or expulsion to the registrar and the juvenile judge under division (B)(1), (2), (3), or (4) of this section, that the notification was given in error, the superintendent immediately shall notify the registrar and the juvenile judge of that fact.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 08-06-1999

3321.14 Attendance officer - pupil-personnel workers.

Notwithstanding division (D) of section 3311.19 and division (D) of section 3311.52 of the Revised Code, the provisions of this section and sections 3321.15 to 3321.21 of the Revised Code that apply to a city school district or its superintendent do not apply to any joint vocational or cooperative education school district or its superintendent unless otherwise specified.

The board of education of every city , exempted village, or local school district shall either employ an attendance officer, and may employ or appoint any assistants that the board deems advisable, or shall obtain such services from the educational service center with which the district has entered into an agreement under section 3313.843 or 3313.845 of the Revised Code, in accordance with the terms prescribed in that agreement.

In cities of one hundred thousand population or over, the board may appoint, subject to the nomination of the district superintendent , one or more pupil-personnel workers and make provision for the traveling expenses within the school district of those employees.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 09-04-2000

3321.15 Educational service center attendance officer and assistants.

Every governing board of an educational service center may employ an educational service center attendance officer, and may employ or appoint such assistants as the board deems advisable. The decision to employ an attendance officer shall be based on consultation with the districts that have entered into agreements with the educational service center under section 3313.843 or 3313.845 of the Revised Code and the services outlined in the agreements. The compensation and necessary traveling expenses of such attendance officer and assistants shall be paid out of the educational service center governing board fund. With the consent and approval of the judge of the juvenile court, a probation officer of the court may be designated as the service center attendance officer or as an assistant. The compensation of the probation officers of the juvenile court so designated shall be fixed and paid in the same manner as salaries of other probation officers of the juvenile court; their traveling expenses as attendance officers which would not be incurred as probation officers shall be paid out of the educational service center governing board fund. In addition to the compensation provided in this section the board may pay such additional compensation as it deems advisable, to any probation officer designated as attendance officer and such additional amount shall be paid from the educational service center governing board fund. The attendance officer and assistants shall work under the direction of the educational service center superintendent. The authority of such attendance officer and assistants may extend to all the school districts served by the service center pursuant to any agreements entered into under section 3313.843 or 3313.845 of the Revised Code. This section does not confine their authority to investigate attendance to that within the territory of the service center.

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Effective Date: 09-29-1995

3321.16 Investigation of nonattendance.

An attendance officer or assistant provided for by section 3321.14 or 3321.15 of the Revised Code may investigate any case of nonattendance at school or part-time school of a child under eighteen years of age or supposed to be under eighteen years of age resident in the district for which such attendance officer or assistant is employed, or of any such child found in the district or enrolled in any school within the district and of any child above eighteen years of age if enrolled in any school within the district, and may take such action as the superintendent of schools directs or as such attendance officer or assistant deems proper in the absence of specific direction.

Effective Date: 03-17-1955

3321.17 Attendance officer and assistants - powers.

The attendance officer and assistants provided for by section 3321.14 or 3321.15 of the Revised Code shall be vested with police powers, may serve warrants, and may enter workshops, factories, stores, and all other places where children are employed and do whatever is necessary in the way of investigation or otherwise to enforce the laws relating to compulsory education and the employment of minors. The attendance officer or assistant may also take into custody any youth of compulsory school age not legally employed on an age and schooling certificate who is not attending school and shall conduct such youth to the school he has been attending or should rightfully attend.

Effective Date: 03-17-1955

3321.18 Enforcement proceedings.

The attendance officer provided for by section 3321.14 or 3321.15 of the Revised Code shall institute proceedings against any officer, parent, guardian, or other person violating laws relating to compulsory education and the employment of minors, and otherwise discharge the duties described in sections 3321.14 to 3321.21 of the Revised Code, and perform any other service that the superintendent of schools or board of education of the district by which the attendance officer is employed considers necessary to preserve the morals and secure the good conduct of school children, and to enforce those laws. The attendance officer shall be furnished with copies of the enumeration in each school district in which the attendance officer serves and of the lists of pupils enrolled in the schools and shall report to the superintendent discrepancies between these lists and the enumeration. The attendance officer and assistants shall cooperate with the director of commerce in enforcing the laws relating to the employment of minors. The attendance officer shall furnish upon request any data that the attendance officer and the attendance officer's assistants have collected in their reports of children from six to eighteen years of age and also concerning employers to the director and upon request to the state board of education. The attendance officer shall keep a record of the attendance officer's transactions for the inspection and information of the superintendent of schools and the board of education; and shall make reports to the superintendent of schools as often as required by the superintendent. The state board of education may prescribe forms for the use of attendance officers in the performance of their duties. The blank forms and record books or indexes shall be furnished to the attendance officers by the boards of education by which they are employed.

Effective Date: 09-04-2000

3321.19 Examination into cases of truancy - failure of parent, guardian or responsible person to cause child's attendance at school.

(A) As used in this section and section 3321.191 of the Revised Code:

(1) "Habitual truant" has the same meaning as in section 2151.011 of the Revised Code.

(2) "Chronic truant" has the same meaning as in section 2152.02 of the Revised Code.

(B) When a board of education of any city, exempted village, local, joint vocational, or cooperative education school district or the governing board of any educational service center determines that a student in its district has been truant and the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child has failed to cause the student's attendance at school, the board may require the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child pursuant to division (B) of this section to attend an educational program established pursuant to rules adopted by the state board of education for the purpose of encouraging parental involvement in compelling the attendance of the child at school. No parent, guardian, or other person having care of a child shall fail without good cause to attend an educational program described in this division if the parent, guardian, or other person has been served notice pursuant to division (C) of this section.

(C) On the request of the superintendent of schools, the superintendent of any educational service center, the board of education of any city, exempted village, local, joint vocational, or cooperative education school district, or the governing board of any educational service center or when it otherwise comes to the notice of the attendance officer or other appropriate officer of the school district, the attendance officer or other appropriate officer shall examine into any case of supposed truancy within the district and shall warn the child, if found truant, and the child's parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child, in writing, of the legal consequences of being an habitual or chronic truant. When any child of compulsory school age, in violation of law, is not attending school, the attendance or other appropriate officer shall notify the parent, guardian, or other person having care of that child of the fact, and require the parent, guardian, or other person to cause the child to attend school immediately. The parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child shall cause the child's attendance at school. Upon the failure of the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child to do so, the attendance officer or other appropriate officer, if so directed by the superintendent, the district board, or the educational service center governing board, shall send notice requiring the attendance of that parent, guardian, or other person at a parental education program established pursuant to division (B) of this section and, subject to divisions (D) and (E) of this section, may file a complaint against the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(D) Upon the failure of the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child to cause the child's attendance at school, if the child is considered an habitual truant, the board of education of the school district or the governing board of the educational service center shall do either or both of the following:

(1) Take any appropriate action as an intervention strategy contained in the policy developed by the board pursuant to section 3321.191 of the Revised Code;

(2) File a complaint in the juvenile court of the county in which the child has a residence or legal settlement or in which the child is supposed to attend school jointly against the child and the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child. A complaint filed in the juvenile court under this division shall allege that the child is an unruly child for being an habitual truant or is a delinquent child for being an habitual truant who previously has been adjudicated an unruly child for being an habitual truant and that the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child has violated section 3321.38 of the Revised Code.

(E) Upon the failure of the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child to cause the child's attendance at school, if the child is considered a chronic truant, the board of education of the school district or the governing board of the educational service center shall file a complaint in the juvenile court of the county in which the child has a residence or legal settlement or in which the child is supposed to attend school jointly against the child and the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child. A complaint filed in the juvenile court under this division shall allege that the child is a delinquent child for being a chronic truant and that the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child has violated section 3321.38 of the Revised Code.

Effective Date: 01-01-2002

3321.191 Board to adopt policy regarding habitual truancy - intervention strategies.

(A) No later than August 31, 2000, the board of education of each city, exempted village, local, joint vocational, and cooperative education school district and the governing board of each educational service center shall adopt a policy to guide employees of the school district or service center in addressing and ameliorating the attendance practice of any pupil who is an habitual truant. In developing the policy, the appropriate board shall consult with the judge of the juvenile court of the county or counties in which the district or service center is located, with the parents, guardians, or other persons having care of the pupils attending school in the district, and with appropriate state and local agencies. The board shall incorporate into the policy as an intervention strategy the assignment of an habitual truant to an alternative school pursuant to section 3313.533 of the Revised Code if an alternative school has been established by the board under that section.

(B) The policy developed under division (A) of this section may include as an intervention strategy any of the following actions, if appropriate:

(1) Providing a truancy intervention program for an habitual truant;

(2) Providing counseling for an habitual truant;

(3) Requesting or requiring a parent, guardian, or other person having care of an habitual truant to attend parental involvement programs, including programs adopted under section 3313.472 or 3313.663 of the Revised Code;

(4) Requesting or requiring a parent, guardian, or other person having care of an habitual truant to attend truancy prevention mediation programs;

(5) Notification of the registrar of motor vehicles under section 3321.13 of the Revised Code;

(6) Taking legal action under section 2919.222 , 3321.20 , or 3321.38 of the Revised Code.

(C) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the duty or authority of a district board of education or governing body of an educational service center to develop other policies related to truancy or to limit the duty or authority of any employee of the school district or service center to respond to pupil truancy.

Effective Date: 09-04-2000

3321.20 Warning of legal consequences of truancy - complaint.

When any child, in violation of section 3321.08 or 3321.09 of the Revised Code, is not attending a part-time school or class, the attendance officer shall warn the child and the child's parent, guardian, or other person in charge of the child in writing of the legal consequences of the child's failure to attend the part-time school or class. If the parent, guardian, or other person in charge of that child fails to cause the child's attendance at the part-time school or class, the attendance officer shall make complaint against the parent, guardian, or other person in charge of the child in the juvenile court of the county in which the child has a residence or legal settlement or in which the child is supposed to attend the part-time school or class.

Effective Date: 09-04-2000

3321.21 Notice.

A notice under section 3321.19 or 3321.20 of the Revised Code, sent by registered mail, is a legal notice.

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

3321.22 Juvenile court proceedings.

(A) Except as provided in division (B) of this section, if a complaint is filed against the parent, guardian, or other person in charge of a child for a failure to cause the child to attend school or a part-time school or class and if the parent, guardian, or other person proves an inability to do so, then the parent, guardian, or other person in charge of a child shall be discharged. Upon the discharge, the attendance officer shall file a complaint before the judge of the juvenile court of the county alleging that the child is a delinquent child, unruly child, or dependent child within the meaning of section 2151.022 , 2151.04 , or 2152.02 of the Revised Code. The judge shall hear the complaint and if the judge determines that the child is a delinquent, unruly, or dependent child within one of those sections the judge shall deal with the child according to section 2151.35 or 2151.36 of the Revised Code.

(B) Division (A) of this section does not apply regarding a complaint filed under division (D) or (E) of section 3321.19 of the Revised Code or otherwise filed and alleging that a child is an habitual truant or chronic truant.

Effective Date: 01-01-2002

3321.23 [Repealed].

Effective Date: 08-21-1978

3321.24 to 3321.37 [Repealed].

Effective Date: 11-14-1967

3321.38 Prohibiting failure to send child to school.

(A) No parent, guardian, or other person having care of a child of compulsory school age shall violate any provision of section 3321.01 , 3321.03 , 3321.04 , 3321.07 , 3321.10 , 3321.19 , 3321.20 , or 3331.14 of the Revised Code. The juvenile court, which has exclusive original jurisdiction over any violation of this section pursuant to section 2151.23 of the Revised Code, may require a person convicted of violating this division to give bond in a sum of not more than five hundred dollars with sureties to the approval of the court, conditioned that the person will cause the child under the person's charge to attend upon instruction as provided by law, and remain as a pupil in the school or class during the term prescribed by law. If the juvenile court adjudicates the child as an unruly or delinquent child for being an habitual or chronic truant pursuant to section 2151.35 of the Revised Code, the court shall warn the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child that any subsequent adjudication of that nature involving the child may result in a criminal charge against the parent, guardian, or other person having care of the child for a violation of division (C) of section 2919.21 or section 2919.24 of the Revised Code.

(B) This section does not relieve from prosecution and conviction any parent, guardian, or other person upon further violation of any provision in any of the sections specified in division (A) of this section, any provision of section 2919.222 or 2919.24 of the Revised Code, or division (C) of section 2919.21 of the Revised Code. A forfeiture of the bond shall not relieve that parent, guardian, or other person from prosecution and conviction upon further violation of any provision in any of those sections or that division.

(C) Section 4109.13 of the Revised Code applies to this section.

(D) No parent, guardian, or other person having care of a child of compulsary school age shall fail to give bond as required by division (A) of this section in the sum of one hundred dollars with sureties as required by the court.

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

3321.99 Penalty.

Whoever violates division (A) of section 3321.38 of the Revised Code may be fined not more than five hundred dollars or may be ordered to perform not more than seventy hours of community service work.

Effective Date: 09-04-2000