Chapter 4509: FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

4509.01 Financial responsibility definitions.

As used in sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code:

(A) "Person" includes every natural person, firm, partnership, association, or corporation.

(B) "Driver" means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle.

(C) "License" includes any license, permit, or privilege to operate a motor vehicle issued under the laws of this state including:

(1) Any temporary instruction permit or examiner's driving permit;

(2) The privilege of any person to drive a motor vehicle whether or not such person holds a valid license;

(3) Any nonresident's operating privilege.

(D) "Owner" means a person who holds the legal title of a motor vehicle. If a motor vehicle is the subject of a lease with an immediate right of possession vested in the lessee, the lessee is the owner. A person listed as the owner on a certificate of title on which there is a notation of a security interest is the owner. A buyer or other transferee of a motor vehicle who receives the certificate of title from the seller or transferor listing the seller or transferor thereon as the owner with an assignment of title to the buyer or transferee nonetheless is the owner even though a subsequent certificate of title has not been issued listing the buyer or transferee as the owner.

(E) "Registration" means registration certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of motor vehicles.

(F) "Nonresident" means every person who is not a resident of this state.

(G) "Nonresident's operating privilege" means the privilege conferred upon a nonresident by the laws of this state pertaining to the operation by such person of a motor vehicle, or the use of a motor vehicle owned by such person, in this state.

(H) "Vehicle" means every device by which any person or property may be transported upon a highway, except electric personal assistive mobility devices, devices moved by power collected from overhead electric trolley wires, or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, and except devices other than bicycles moved by human power.

(I) "Motor vehicle" means every vehicle propelled by power other than muscular power or power collected from overhead electric trolley wires, except motorized bicycles, road rollers, traction engines, power shovels, power cranes and other equipment used in construction work and not designed for or employed in general highway transportation, hole-digging machinery, well-drilling machinery, ditch-digging machinery, farm machinery, threshing machinery, hay baling machinery, and agricultural tractors and machinery used in the production of horticultural, floricultural, agricultural, and vegetable products.

(J) "Accident" or "motor vehicle accident" means any accident involving a motor vehicle which results in bodily injury to or death of any person, or damage to the property of any person in excess of four hundred dollars.

(K) "Proof of financial responsibility" means proof of ability to respond in damages for liability, on account of accidents occurring subsequent to the effective date of such proof, arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of a motor vehicle in the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident, in the amount of fifty thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident, and in the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars because of injury to property of others in any one accident.

(L) "Motor-vehicle liability policy" means an "owner's policy" or an "operator's policy" of liability insurance, certified as provided in section 4509.46 or 4509.47 of the Revised Code as proof of financial responsibility, and issued, except as provided in section 4509.47 of the Revised Code, by an insurance carrier authorized to do business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.01

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.181, HB 278, §1, eff. 12/22/2013.

Effective Date: 10-24-2002

4509.011 Financial responsibility of minor drivers.

Sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code apply to minor drivers in the same manner as they apply to adult drivers.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.011

Effective Date: 10-04-1977

4509.02 Judgment, state definitions.

As used in sections 4509.291 to 4509.67 of the Revised Code:

(A) "Judgment" means any judgment which has become final by expiration without appeal of the time within which an appeal might have been perfected, or by final affirmation on appeal, rendered by a court of competent jurisdiction of any state or of the United States, upon a cause of action arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of any motor vehicle for damages, including damages for care and loss of services because of bodily injury to or death of any person, or for damages because of injury to or destruction of property, including the loss of use thereof, or upon a cause of action on an agreement of settlement for such damages.

(B) "State" means any state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any province of the Dominion of Canada.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.02

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.03 Registrar of motor vehicles - powers and duties.

(A) The registrar of motor vehicles shall administer and enforce sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code. He may make rules necessary for such administration and shall provide for hearings upon request of persons aggrieved by his orders or acts in accordance with sections 119.01 to 119.13 of the Revised Code except as otherwise provided under section 4509.101 or any other section of the Revised Code.

(B) The registrar, with the approval of the director of public safety, shall provide suitable forms for the purposes of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.03

Effective Date: 11-12-1992

4509.04 Review of registrar's orders.

Any order or act, including the adoption of the form of accident report, of the registrar of motor vehicles under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code is subject to the provisions of sections 119.01 to 119.13 of the Revised Code, except as otherwise provided under section 4509.101 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.04

Effective Date: 01-01-1984

4509.05 Information furnished by registrar - fee.

(A) Upon request, the registrar of motor vehicles shall search and furnish a certified abstract of the following information with respect to any person:

(1) An enumeration of the motor vehicle accidents in which such person has been involved except accidents certified as described in division (D) of section 3937.41 of the Revised Code;

(2) Such person's record of convictions for violation of the motor vehicle laws.

(B) The registrar shall collect for each abstract a fee of five dollars.

(C) The registrar may permit deputy registrars to perform a search and furnish a certified abstract under this section. A deputy registrar performing this function shall comply with section 4501.27 of the Revised Code concerning the disclosure of personal information, shall collect and transmit to the registrar the five-dollar fee established under division (B) of this section, and may collect and retain a service fee of three dollars and fifty cents.

Of each five-dollar fee the registrar collects under this division, the registrar shall pay two dollars into the state treasury to the credit of the state bureau of motor vehicles fund established in section 4501.25 of the Revised Code, sixty cents into the state treasury to the credit of the trauma and emergency medical services fund established in section 4513.263 of the Revised Code, sixty cents into the state treasury to the credit of the homeland security fund established in section 5502.03 of the Revised Code, thirty cents into the state treasury to the credit of the investigations fund established in section 5502.131 of the Revised Code, one dollar and twenty-five cents into the state treasury to the credit of the emergency management agency service and reimbursement fund established in section 5502.39 of the Revised Code, and twenty-five cents into the state treasury to the credit of the justice program services fund established in section 5502.67 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.05

Amended by 128th General Assemblych.181, HB 2, §101.01, eff. 7/1/2009.

Effective Date: 03-01-1990; 09-16-2004

4509.06 Accident report alleging uninsured driver or owner.

(A) The driver of any motor vehicle which is in any manner involved in a motor vehicle accident within six months of the accident may forward a written report of the accident to the registrar of motor vehicles on a form prescribed by the registrar alleging that a driver or owner of any other vehicle involved in the accident was uninsured at the time of the accident.

(B) Upon receipt of the accident report, the registrar shall send a notice by regular mail to the driver and owner alleged to be uninsured requiring the person to give evidence that the person had proof of financial responsibility in effect at the time of the accident.

(C) Within thirty days after the mailing of the notice by the registrar, the driver of the vehicle alleged to be uninsured shall forward a report together with acceptable proof of financial responsibility to the registrar in a form prescribed by the registrar. The forwarding of the report by the owner of the motor vehicle involved in the accident is deemed compliance with this section by the driver. This section does not change or modify the duties of the driver or operator of a motor vehicle as set forth in section 4549.02 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.06

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.131, SB 337, §1, eff. 9/28/2012.

Effective Date: 03-31-1997

4509.07 Contents of accident report.

The report prescribed by the registrar of motor vehicles shall request only information sufficient to enable the registrar to administer and enforce the provisions of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive of the Revised Code.

The driver or owner of a motor vehicle involved in an accident shall furnish such additional relevant information as the registrar requires.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.07

Effective Date: 10-15-1953

4509.08 Exception to report requirement.

A driver involved in a motor vehicle accident is not subject to section 4509.06 of the Revised Code if, during the time provided in such section, the driver is physically incapable of making a report, but in such event, the owner, if he were not the driver of the motor vehicle involved in the accident, shall within thirty days after learning of the accident make the report.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.08

Effective Date: 07-25-1969

4509.09 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.09

Effective Date: 03-31-1997

4509.10 Use of report.

The accident reports submitted pursuant to sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, shall be without prejudice to the person reporting and shall be for the confidential use of the registrar of motor vehicles, except that the registrar shall furnish a copy of such report to any person claiming to have been injured or damaged in a motor vehicle accident, or to his attorney, upon the receipt of a fee of one dollar and fifty cents for each search or report.

Motor vehicle accident reports shall not be subject to subpoena or be used as evidence in any trial, civil or criminal, arising out of the accident, except that in order to prove compliance or failure to comply with the accident reporting requirement the registrar shall furnish, upon demand of a court or any person who claims to have made an accident report, a certificate stating that a specified accident report has or has not been made to the registrar.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.10

Effective Date: 07-01-1981

4509.101 Operating of motor vehicle without proof of financial responsibility.

(A)

(1) No person shall operate, or permit the operation of, a motor vehicle in this state, unless proof of financial responsibility is maintained continuously throughout the registration period with respect to that vehicle, or, in the case of a driver who is not the owner, with respect to that driver's operation of that vehicle.

(2) Whoever violates division (A)(1) of this section shall be subject to the following civil penalties:

(a) Subject to divisions (A)(2)(b) and (c) of this section, a class (F) suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B) (6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code and impoundment of the person's license.

(b) If, within five years of the violation, the person's operating privileges are again suspended and the person's license again is impounded for a violation of division (A)(1) of this section, a class C suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(3) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code. The court may grant limited driving privileges to the person only if the person presents proof of financial responsibility and has complied with division (A)(5) of this section, and no court may grant limited driving privileges for the first fifteen days of the suspension.

(c) If, within five years of the violation, the person's operating privileges are suspended and the person's license is impounded two or more times for a violation of division (A)(1) of this section, a class B suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(2) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code. The court may grant limited driving privileges to the person only if the person presents proof of financial responsibility and has complied with division (A)(5) of this section, except that no court may grant limited driving privileges for the first thirty days of the suspension.

(d) In addition to the suspension of an owner's license under division (A)(2)(a), (b), or (c) of this section, the suspension of the rights of the owner to register the motor vehicle and the impoundment of the owner's certificate of registration and license plates until the owner complies with division (A)(5) of this section.

(3) A person to whom this state has issued a certificate of registration for a motor vehicle or a license to operate a motor vehicle or who is determined to have operated any motor vehicle or permitted the operation in this state of a motor vehicle owned by the person shall be required to verify the existence of proof of financial responsibility covering the operation of the motor vehicle or the person's operation of the motor vehicle under any of the following circumstances:

(a) The person or a motor vehicle owned by the person is involved in a traffic accident that requires the filing of an accident report under section 4509.06 of the Revised Code.

(b) The person receives a traffic ticket indicating that proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility was not produced upon the request of a peace officer or state highway patrol trooper made in accordance with division (D)(2) of this section.

(c) Whenever, in accordance with rules adopted by the registrar, the person is randomly selected by the registrar and requested to provide such verification.

(4) An order of the registrar that suspends and impounds a license or registration, or both, shall state the date on or before which the person is required to surrender the person's license or certificate of registration and license plates. The person is deemed to have surrendered the license or certificate of registration and license plates, in compliance with the order, if the person does either of the following:

(a) On or before the date specified in the order, personally delivers the license or certificate of registration and license plates, or causes the delivery of the items, to the registrar;

(b) Mails the license or certificate of registration and license plates to the registrar in an envelope or container bearing a postmark showing a date no later than the date specified in the order.

(5) Except as provided in division (A)(6) or (L) of this section, the registrar shall not restore any operating privileges or registration rights suspended under this section, return any license, certificate of registration, or license plates impounded under this section, or reissue license plates under section 4503.232 of the Revised Code, if the registrar destroyed the impounded license plates under that section, or reissue a license under section 4510.52 of the Revised Code, if the registrar destroyed the suspended license under that section, unless the rights are not subject to suspension or revocation under any other law and unless the person, in addition to complying with all other conditions required by law for reinstatement of the operating privileges or registration rights, complies with all of the following:

(a) Pays to the registrar or an eligible deputy registrar a financial responsibility reinstatement fee of one hundred dollars for the first violation of division (A)(1) of this section, three hundred dollars for a second violation of that division, and six hundred dollars for a third or subsequent violation of that division;

(b) If the person has not voluntarily surrendered the license, certificate, or license plates in compliance with the order, pays to the registrar or an eligible deputy registrar a financial responsibility nonvoluntary compliance fee in an amount, not to exceed fifty dollars, determined by the registrar;

(c) Files and continuously maintains proof of financial responsibility under sections 4509.44 to 4509.65 of the Revised Code;

(d) Pays a deputy registrar a service fee of ten dollars to compensate the deputy registrar for services performed under this section. The deputy registrar shall retain eight dollars of the service fee and shall transmit the reinstatement fee, any nonvoluntary compliance fee, and two dollars of the service fee to the registrar in the manner the registrar shall determine.

(6) If the registrar issues an order under division (A)(2) of this section resulting from the failure of a person to respond to a financial responsibility random verification request under division (A)(3)(c) of this section and the person successfully maintains an affirmative defense to a violation of section 4510.16 of the Revised Code or is determined by the registrar or a deputy registrar to have been in compliance with division (A)(1) of this section at the time of the initial financial responsibility random verification request, the registrar shall do both of the following:

(a) Terminate the order of suspension or impoundment;

(b) Restore the operating privileges and registration rights of the person without payment of the fees established in divisions (A)(5)(a) and (b) of this section and without a requirement to file proof of financial responsibility.

(B)

(1) Every party required to file an accident report under section 4509.06 of the Revised Code also shall include with the report a document described in division (G)(1) of this section.

If the registrar determines, within forty-five days after the report is filed, that an operator or owner has violated division (A)(1) of this section, the registrar shall do all of the following:

(a) Order the impoundment, with respect to the motor vehicle involved, required under division (A)(2)(d) of this section, of the certificate of registration and license plates of any owner who has violated division (A)(1) of this section;

(b) Order the suspension required under division (A)(2)(a), (b), or (c) of this section of the license of any operator or owner who has violated division (A)(1) of this section;

(c) Record the name and address of the person whose certificate of registration and license plates have been impounded or are under an order of impoundment, or whose license has been suspended or is under an order of suspension; the serial number of the person's license; the serial numbers of the person's certificate of registration and license plates; and the person's social security account number, if assigned, or, where the motor vehicle is used for hire or principally in connection with any established business, the person's federal taxpayer identification number. The information shall be recorded in such a manner that it becomes a part of the person's permanent record, and assists the registrar in monitoring compliance with the orders of suspension or impoundment.

(d) Send written notification to every person to whom the order pertains, at the person's last known address as shown on the records of the bureau. The person, within ten days after the date of the mailing of the notification, shall surrender to the registrar, in a manner set forth in division (A)(4) of this section, any certificate of registration and registration plates under an order of impoundment, or any license under an order of suspension.

(2) The registrar shall issue any order under division (B)(1) of this section without a hearing. Any person adversely affected by the order, within ten days after the issuance of the order, may request an administrative hearing before the registrar, who shall provide the person with an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with this paragraph. A request for a hearing does not operate as a suspension of the order. The scope of the hearing shall be limited to whether the person in fact demonstrated to the registrar proof of financial responsibility in accordance with this section. The registrar shall determine the date, time, and place of any hearing, provided that the hearing shall be held, and an order issued or findings made, within thirty days after the registrar receives a request for a hearing. If requested by the person in writing, the registrar may designate as the place of hearing the county seat of the county in which the person resides or a place within fifty miles of the person's residence. The person shall pay the cost of the hearing before the registrar, if the registrar's order of suspension or impoundment is upheld.

(C) Any order of suspension or impoundment issued under this section or division (B) of section 4509.37 of the Revised Code may be terminated at any time if the registrar determines upon a showing of proof of financial responsibility that the operator or owner of the motor vehicle was in compliance with division (A)(1) of this section at the time of the traffic offense, motor vehicle inspection, or accident that resulted in the order against the person. A determination may be made without a hearing. This division does not apply unless the person shows good cause for the person's failure to present satisfactory proof of financial responsibility to the registrar prior to the issuance of the order.

(D)

(1) For the purpose of enforcing this section, every peace officer is deemed an agent of the registrar.

(a) Except as provided in division (D)(1)(b) of this section, any peace officer who, in the performance of the peace officer's duties as authorized by law, becomes aware of a person whose license is under an order of suspension, or whose certificate of registration and license plates are under an order of impoundment, pursuant to this section, may confiscate the license, certificate of registration, and license plates, and return them to the registrar.

(b) Any peace officer who, in the performance of the peace officer's duties as authorized by law, becomes aware of a person whose license is under an order of suspension, or whose certificate of registration and license plates are under an order of impoundment resulting from failure to respond to a financial responsibility random verification, shall not, for that reason, arrest the owner or operator or seize the vehicle or license plates. Instead, the peace officer shall issue a citation for a violation of section 4510.16 of the Revised Code specifying the circumstances as failure to respond to a financial responsibility random verification.

(2) A peace officer shall request the owner or operator of a motor vehicle to produce proof of financial responsibility in a manner described in division (G) of this section at the time the peace officer acts to enforce the traffic laws of this state and during motor vehicle inspections conducted pursuant to section 4513.02 of the Revised Code.

(3) A peace officer shall indicate on every traffic ticket whether the person receiving the traffic ticket produced proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility in response to the officer's request under division (D)(2) of this section. The peace officer shall inform every person who receives a traffic ticket and who has failed to produce proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility that the person must submit proof to the traffic violations bureau with any payment of a fine and costs for the ticketed violation or, if the person is to appear in court for the violation, the person must submit proof to the court.

(4)

(a) If a person who has failed to produce proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility appears in court for a ticketed violation, the court may permit the defendant to present evidence of proof of financial responsibility to the court at such time and in such manner as the court determines to be necessary or appropriate. In a manner prescribed by the registrar, the clerk of courts shall provide the registrar with the identity of any person who fails to submit proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility pursuant to division (D)(3) of this section.

(b) If a person who has failed to produce proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility also fails to submit that proof to the traffic violations bureau with payment of a fine and costs for the ticketed violation, the traffic violations bureau, in a manner prescribed by the registrar, shall notify the registrar of the identity of that person.

(5)

(a) Upon receiving notice from a clerk of courts or traffic violations bureau pursuant to division (D)(4) of this section, the registrar shall order the suspension of the license of the person required under division (A)(2)(a), (b), or (c) of this section and the impoundment of the person's certificate of registration and license plates required under division (A)(2)(d) of this section, effective thirty days after the date of the mailing of notification. The registrar also shall notify the person that the person must present the registrar with proof of financial responsibility in accordance with this section, surrender to the registrar the person's certificate of registration, license plates, and license, or submit a statement subject to section 2921.13 of the Revised Code that the person did not operate or permit the operation of the motor vehicle at the time of the offense. Notification shall be in writing and shall be sent to the person at the person's last known address as shown on the records of the bureau of motor vehicles. The person, within fifteen days after the date of the mailing of notification, shall present proof of financial responsibility, surrender the certificate of registration, license plates, and license to the registrar in a manner set forth in division (A)(4) of this section, or submit the statement required under this section together with other information the person considers appropriate.

If the registrar does not receive proof or the person does not surrender the certificate of registration, license plates, and license, in accordance with this division, the registrar shall permit the order for the suspension of the license of the person and the impoundment of the person's certificate of registration and license plates to take effect.

(b) In the case of a person who presents, within the fifteen-day period, documents to show proof of financial responsibility, the registrar shall terminate the order of suspension and the impoundment of the registration and license plates required under division (A)(2)(d) of this section and shall send written notification to the person, at the person's last known address as shown on the records of the bureau.

(c) Any person adversely affected by the order of the registrar under division (D)(5)(a) or (b) of this section, within ten days after the issuance of the order, may request an administrative hearing before the registrar, who shall provide the person with an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with this paragraph. A request for a hearing does not operate as a suspension of the order. The scope of the hearing shall be limited to whether, at the time of the hearing, the person presents proof of financial responsibility covering the vehicle and whether the person is eligible for an exemption in accordance with this section or any rule adopted under it. The registrar shall determine the date, time, and place of any hearing; provided, that the hearing shall be held, and an order issued or findings made, within thirty days after the registrar receives a request for a hearing. If requested by the person in writing, the registrar may designate as the place of hearing the county seat of the county in which the person resides or a place within fifty miles of the person's residence. Such person shall pay the cost of the hearing before the registrar, if the registrar's order of suspension or impoundment under division (D)(5)(a) or (b) of this section is upheld.

(6) A peace officer may charge an owner or operator of a motor vehicle with a violation of section 4510.16 of the Revised Code when the owner or operator fails to show proof of the maintenance of financial responsibility pursuant to a peace officer's request under division (D)(2) of this section, if a check of the owner or operator's driving record indicates that the owner or operator, at the time of the operation of the motor vehicle, is required to file and maintain proof of financial responsibility under section 4509.45 of the Revised Code for a previous violation of this chapter.

(7) Any forms used by law enforcement agencies in administering this section shall be prescribed, supplied, and paid for by the registrar.

(8) No peace officer, law enforcement agency employing a peace officer, or political subdivision or governmental agency that employs a peace officer shall be liable in a civil action for damages or loss to persons arising out of the performance of any duty required or authorized by this section.

(9) As used in this division and divisions (E) and (G) of this section, "peace officer" has the meaning set forth in section 2935.01 of the Revised Code.

(E) All fees, except court costs, fees paid to a deputy registrar, and those portions of the financial responsibility reinstatement fees as otherwise specified in this division, collected under this section shall be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the financial responsibility compliance fund. The financial responsibility compliance fund shall be used exclusively to cover costs incurred by the bureau in the administration of this section and sections 4503.20 , 4507.212 , and 4509.81 of the Revised Code, and by any law enforcement agency employing any peace officer who returns any license, certificate of registration, and license plates to the registrar pursuant to division (C) of this section, except that the director of budget and management may transfer excess money from the financial responsibility compliance fund to the state bureau of motor vehicles fund if the registrar determines that the amount of money in the financial responsibility compliance fund exceeds the amount required to cover such costs incurred by the bureau or a law enforcement agency and requests the director to make the transfer.

Of each financial responsibility reinstatement fee the registrar collects pursuant to division (A)(5)(a) of this section or receives from a deputy registrar under division (A)(5)(d) of this section, the registrar shall deposit twenty-five dollars of each one-hundred-dollar reinstatement fee, fifty dollars of each three-hundred-dollar reinstatement fee, and one hundred dollars of each six-hundred-dollar reinstatement fee into the state treasury to the credit of the indigent defense support fund created by section 120.08 of the Revised Code.

All investment earnings of the financial responsibility compliance fund shall be credited to the fund.

(F) Chapter 119. of the Revised Code applies to this section only to the extent that any provision in that chapter is not clearly inconsistent with this section.

(G)

(1) The registrar, court, traffic violations bureau, or peace officer may require proof of financial responsibility to be demonstrated by use of a standard form prescribed by the registrar. If the use of a standard form is not required, a person may demonstrate proof of financial responsibility under this section by presenting to the traffic violations bureau, court, registrar, or peace officer any of the following documents or a copy of the documents:

(a) A financial responsibility identification card as provided in section 4509.103 of the Revised Code;

(b) A certificate of proof of financial responsibility on a form provided and approved by the registrar for the filing of an accident report required to be filed under section 4509.06 of the Revised Code;

(c) A policy of liability insurance, a declaration page of a policy of liability insurance, or liability bond, if the policy or bond complies with section 4509.20 or sections 4509.49 to 4509.61 of the Revised Code;

(d) A bond or certification of the issuance of a bond as provided in section 4509.59 of the Revised Code;

(e) A certificate of deposit of money or securities as provided in section 4509.62 of the Revised Code;

(f) A certificate of self-insurance as provided in section 4509.72 of the Revised Code.

(2) If a person fails to demonstrate proof of financial responsibility in a manner described in division (G)(1) of this section, the person may demonstrate proof of financial responsibility under this section by any other method that the court or the bureau, by reason of circumstances in a particular case, may consider appropriate.

(3) A motor carrier certificated by the interstate commerce commission or by the public utilities commission may demonstrate proof of financial responsibility by providing a statement designating the motor carrier's operating authority and averring that the insurance coverage required by the certificating authority is in full force and effect.

(4)

(a) A finding by the registrar or court that a person is covered by proof of financial responsibility in the form of an insurance policy or surety bond is not binding upon the named insurer or surety or any of its officers, employees, agents, or representatives and has no legal effect except for the purpose of administering this section.

(b) The preparation and delivery of a financial responsibility identification card or any other document authorized to be used as proof of financial responsibility under this division does not do any of the following:

(i) Create any liability or estoppel against an insurer or surety, or any of its officers, employees, agents, or representatives;

(ii) Constitute an admission of the existence of, or of any liability or coverage under, any policy or bond;

(iii) Waive any defenses or counterclaims available to an insurer, surety, agent, employee, or representative in an action commenced by an insured or third-party claimant upon a cause of action alleged to have arisen under an insurance policy or surety bond or by reason of the preparation and delivery of a document for use as proof of financial responsibility.

(c) Whenever it is determined by a final judgment in a judicial proceeding that an insurer or surety, which has been named on a document accepted by a court or the registrar as proof of financial responsibility covering the operation of a motor vehicle at the time of an accident or offense, is not liable to pay a judgment for injuries or damages resulting from such operation, the registrar, notwithstanding any previous contrary finding, shall forthwith suspend the operating privileges and registration rights of the person against whom the judgment was rendered as provided in division (A)(2) of this section.

(H) In order for any document described in division (G)(1)(b) of this section to be used for the demonstration of proof of financial responsibility under this section, the document shall state the name of the insured or obligor, the name of the insurer or surety company, and the effective and expiration dates of the financial responsibility, and designate by explicit description or by appropriate reference all motor vehicles covered which may include a reference to fleet insurance coverage.

(I) For purposes of this section, "owner" does not include a licensed motor vehicle leasing dealer as defined in section 4517.01 of the Revised Code, but does include a motor vehicle renting dealer as defined in section 4549.65 of the Revised Code. Nothing in this section or in section 4509.51 of the Revised Code shall be construed to prohibit a motor vehicle renting dealer from entering into a contractual agreement with a person whereby the person renting the motor vehicle agrees to be solely responsible for maintaining proof of financial responsibility, in accordance with this section, with respect to the operation, maintenance, or use of the motor vehicle during the period of the motor vehicle's rental.

(J) The purpose of this section is to require the maintenance of proof of financial responsibility with respect to the operation of motor vehicles on the highways of this state, so as to minimize those situations in which persons are not compensated for injuries and damages sustained in motor vehicle accidents. The general assembly finds that this section contains reasonable civil penalties and procedures for achieving this purpose.

(K) Nothing in this section shall be construed to be subject to section 4509.78 of the Revised Code.

(L)

(1) The registrar may terminate any suspension imposed under this section and not require the owner to comply with divisions (A)(5)(a), (b), and (c) of this section if the registrar with or without a hearing determines that the owner of the vehicle has established by clear and convincing evidence that all of the following apply:

(a) The owner customarily maintains proof of financial responsibility.

(b) Proof of financial responsibility was not in effect for the vehicle on the date in question for one of the following reasons:

(i) The vehicle was inoperable.

(ii) The vehicle is operated only seasonally, and the date in question was outside the season of operation.

(iii) A person other than the vehicle owner or driver was at fault for the lapse of proof of financial responsibility through no fault of the owner or driver.

(iv) The lapse of proof of financial responsibility was caused by excusable neglect under circumstances that are not likely to recur and do not suggest a purpose to evade the requirements of this chapter.

(2) The registrar may grant an owner or driver relief for a reason specified in division (L)(1)(b)(i) or (ii) of this section whenever the owner or driver is randomly selected to verify the existence of proof of financial responsibility for such a vehicle. However, the registrar may grant an owner or driver relief for a reason specified in division (L)(1)(b)(iii) or (iv) of this section only if the owner or driver has not previously been granted relief under division (L)(1)(b)(iii) or (iv) of this section.

(M) The registrar shall adopt rules in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code that are necessary to administer and enforce this section. The rules shall include procedures for the surrender of license plates upon failure to maintain proof of financial responsibility and provisions relating to reinstatement of registration rights, acceptable forms of proof of financial responsibility, and verification of the existence of financial responsibility during the period of registration.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.101

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.131, SB 337, §1, eff. 9/28/2012.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.7, HB 114, §101.01, eff. 6/29/2011.

Amended by 128th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 1, §101.01, eff. 10/16/2009.

Effective Date: 01-01-2004; 09-16-2004

4509.102 Falsification.

No person who has knowingly failed to maintain proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.101 of the Revised Code shall produce any document with the purpose to mislead a peace officer upon the request of a peace officer for proof of financial responsibility made in accordance with division (D)(2) of section 4509.101 of the Revised Code. Any person who violates this division is guilty of falsification under section 2921.13 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.102

Effective Date: 07-01-1997

4509.103 Insurer to provide financial responsibility identification cards.

(A) Each insurer writing motor vehicle liability insurance in this state shall provide financial responsibility identification cards to every policyholder in this state to whom it has delivered or issued for delivery a motor vehicle liability insurance policy. A minimum of one financial responsibility identification card shall be issued for every motor vehicle insured under a motor vehicle liability insurance policy.

(B) A financial responsibility identification card shall be valid only for the policy period. The card shall be in a form prescribed by the registrar of motor vehicles. It shall disclose the policy period and shall contain such other information as required by the registrar.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.103

Effective Date: 10-20-1995

4509.104 Conspicuous warning that policy does not meet minimum amounts.

Any automobile insurance policy that does not provide liability coverage at the time of issuance of at least the minimum amounts provided under division (K) of section 4509.01 of the Revised Code for proof of financial responsibility shall contain a clear and conspicuous warning on the face of the policy stating the policy does not constitute proof of financial responsibility as required for the operation of a motor vehicle under division (A)(1) of section 4509.101 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.104

Effective Date: 04-20-1995

4509.105 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.105

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.11 Application of security requirements.

Sections 4509.12 to 4509.30 , inclusive, of the Revised Code apply to the driver and owner of any motor vehicle which is in any manner involved in a motor vehicle accident within this state.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.11

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.12 Security deposit.

(A) The registrar of motor vehicles upon the expiration of twenty days after the receipt of a motor vehicle accident report, required under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, shall determine the amount of security which is sufficient to satisfy any judgments for damages resulting from the accident as may be recovered against each driver or owner involved in the accident; provided that in any accident resulting in personal injury such amount shall in no case be less than five hundred dollars. This determination shall not be made with respect to drivers or owners who are exempt under sections 4509.14 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code from the requirements as to security and suspension.

(B) The registrar shall determine the amount of security deposit required of any person upon the basis of the reports and other evidence submitted. If a person involved in a motor vehicle accident fails to make a report indicating the extent of his injuries or the damage to his property within thirty days after being requested to furnish additional information and the registrar does not have sufficient evidence on which to base an evaluation of such injuries or damage, then the registrar after reasonable notice to such person, if it is possible to give such notice, otherwise without notice, shall not require any deposit of security for the benefit or protection of such person. However, if the registrar finds that during the time provided in this section it was impossible to determine the extent of such injuries or damage, then such report or information must be furnished by the individual within thirty days after such injuries or damages have been determined.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.12

Effective Date: 07-01-1960

4509.13 Notice of required security deposit.

The registrar of motor vehicles, within fifty days after receipt of report of any motor vehicle accident, or after receipt of additional evidence as may be requested by the registrar, and upon determining the amount of security to be required of any person involved in such accident or to be required of the owner of any motor vehicle involved in such accident, shall give written notice to such person of the amount of security required to be deposited by him. Such notice shall inform the person of his right to a hearing if written request is made within thirty days of the mailing of the notice.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.13

Effective Date: 11-16-1973

4509.14 Reduction of excessive security - return of excess deposit.

The registrar of motor vehicles may reduce the amount of security ordered if, in his judgment, the amount ordered is excessive; provided that in any accident resulting in personal injury, the amount shall in no case be reduced to an amount less than five hundred dollars. If the security originally ordered has been deposited, the excess deposit over the reduced amount ordered shall be returned to the depositor or his personal representative forthwith.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.14

Effective Date: 07-01-1960

4509.15 Form and amount of security.

The security required under section 4509.12 of the Revised Code shall be in the form of money, or bonds of the United States, or of this state, or a political subdivision of this state, at their par or face value, or a corporate surety bond of a surety licensed to do business in this state, in such amount as the registrar of motor vehicles may require, but in no case involving personal injury in an amount less than five hundred dollars, or in excess of the limits specified in section 4509.20 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.15

Effective Date: 09-16-1963

4509.16 Designation for whom security deposit made.

Every person depositing security shall specify in writing whether the deposit is made on behalf of himself, another person, or both himself and another person required to deposit security. Such designation may at any time be changed, but any single deposit of security shall be applicable only on behalf of persons required to furnish security because of the same accident.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.16

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.17 License suspension upon failure to request hearing or deposit security.

Except as provided in sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, upon failure of any person to request a hearing as provided for in section 4509.13 of the Revised Code or to deposit the security required under section 4509.12 of the Revised Code within thirty days after the registrar of motor vehicles has sent the notice provided for in section 4509.13 of the Revised Code, the registrar shall impose a class F suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code on the person and the registrations of all motor vehicles owned by the person. If the person is a nonresident, the suspension shall include the privilege of operating any motor vehicle within this state or permitting the operation within this state of any motor vehicle owned by the nonresident.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.17

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.18 License or registration denied until security deposited.

When a person failing to deposit security as required has no license or registration in this state, he shall not be issued a license or be allowed to register any motor vehicle until he has complied with section 4509.12 of the Revised Code to the same extent that would be necessary if at the time of the accident he had held a license or been the owner of a motor vehicle registered in this state.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.18

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.19 Exceptions to security deposit and suspension.

(A) The requirements as to security and suspension in sections 4509.12 and 4509.17 of the Revised Code do not apply:

(1) To the driver or the owner of a motor vehicle involved in an accident in which no injury or damage was caused to the person or property of anyone other than such driver or owner;

(2) To the driver or owner of a motor vehicle which at the time of the accident was parked, unless such motor vehicle was parked at a place where parking was at the time of the accident prohibited under any applicable law or ordinance;

(3) To the owner of a motor vehicle if at the time of the accident the motor vehicle was operated without his permission, express or implied, or was parked by a person who had been operating such motor vehicle without such permission;

(4) To any police officer who while responding to an emergency call assumes custody of a motor vehicle and is the driver thereof at the time of the accident;

(5) To the driver or owner if the owner had in effect at the time of the accident an automobile liability policy or bond with respect to the motor vehicle in the accident, except that a driver shall not be exempt under this division of this section if at the time of the accident the motor vehicle was being operated without the owner's permission, express or implied;

(6) To the driver, if not the owner of the motor vehicle involved in the accident, if there was in effect at the time of the accident an automobile liability policy or bond with respect to his driving of motor vehicles not owned by him;

(7) To a driver or owner whose liability for damages resulting from the accident is, in the judgment of the registrar of motor vehicles, covered by any other form of liability insurance policy or bond;

(8) To the driver or owner of a motor vehicle involved in an accident to the extent that the owner of the motor vehicle at the time of the accident was a self-insurer as defined in section 4509.72 of the Revised Code, except that a driver shall not be exempt under this division of this section if at the time of the accident the motor vehicle was being operated without the owner's permission, express or implied;

(9) To the owner of a motor vehicle where such owner is the United States, this state, any political subdivision of this state, any municipal corporation therein or any private volunteer fire company serving a political subdivision of this state.

(B) Whenever the registrar has taken any action or has failed to take any action under section 4509.17 of the Revised Code by reason of having received erroneous information or by reason of having received no information, then upon receiving correct information within six months after the date of a motor vehicle accident the registrar shall take appropriate action to carry out the purposes of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code. This division of this section does not require the registrar to reevaluate the amount of any deposit required under section 4509.12 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.19

Effective Date: 11-16-1973

4509.20 Requirements of insurance or bond necessary to excuse deposit of security.

(A) A policy or bond does not comply with divisions (A)(5), (A)(6), and (A)(7) of section 4509.19 of the Revised Code unless issued by an insurance company or surety company authorized to do business in this state, except as provided in division (B) of this section, or unless such policy or bond is subject, if the accident has resulted in bodily injury or death, to a limit, exclusive of interest and costs, of not less than twenty-five thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident, and, subject to said limit for one person, to a limit of not less than fifty thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in one accident, and, if the accident has resulted in injury to, or destruction of property, to a limit of not less than twenty-five thousand dollars because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any one accident.

(B) A policy or bond does not comply with divisions (A) (5), (A) (6), and (A) (7) of section 4509.19 of the Revised Code with respect to any motor vehicle which was not registered in this state or was a motor vehicle which was registered elsewhere than in this state at the effective date of the policy or bond or the most recent renewal thereof, unless the insurance company or surety company issuing such policy or bond is authorized to do business in this state, or if said company is not authorized to do business in this state unless it executes a power of attorney authorizing the registrar of motor vehicles to accept service on its behalf of notice or process in any action upon such policy or bond arising out of such accident.

The registrar may rely upon the accuracy of the information in the required report of a motor vehicle accident as to the existence of insurance or a bond unless the registrar has reason to believe that the information is erroneous.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.20

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.181, HB 278, §1, eff. 12/22/2013.

Effective Date: 01-01-1970

4509.21 Release or covenant not to sue - minors.

A person is relieved from the requirement for deposit of security if he is fully released from liability for any property damage and personal injury by all persons injured or damaged in the accident. When an injury or damage claim has been subrogated to an insurance company and a copy of such subrogated claim has been filed with the bureau of motor vehicles, a release shall be required from that insurance company. For this purpose a covenant not to sue has the same effect as a release.

If the registrar of motor vehicles has evaluated the injuries or damages to a minor in an amount not more than two hundred dollars the registrar may accept, for the purpose of this section only, evidence of a full release from all liability for personal injury and property damage executed by a natural guardian or a legal guardian on behalf of such minor without the approval of any court.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.21

Effective Date: 10-22-1969

4509.22 Adjudication of nonliability.

A person may be relieved from the security requirements of section 4509.12 of the Revised Code upon final adjudication of nonliability with respect to such person as to all claims arising out of the accident.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.22

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.23 Payment of judgment.

The payment in full of a judgment or payment on a judgment of an amount equivalent to the maximum which could be required for deposit under section 4509.15 of the Revised Code has the same effect as a release from liability under section 4509.21 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.23

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.24 Agreement by parties - effect of breach.

(A) The persons involved in or affected by a motor vehicle accident may at any time enter into a written agreement for the payment of an agreed amount with respect to all claims for bodily injury to or death of any person or property damage arising from the accident which may provide for payment in installments. A signed copy of the agreement may be filed with the registrar of motor vehicles.

(B) The registrar, upon filing of any such written agreement, shall not require the deposit of security by any party to the agreement for the benefit or protection of any party to the agreement. The registrar shall modify appropriately any prior order of suspension with reference to such persons, or if security has been deposited, the registrar immediately shall return to the depositor or the depositor's personal representative any deposit for the benefit or protection of any party to the agreement.

(C) If the registrar receives satisfactory evidence that any person obliged to make payment under any such agreement has defaulted in payment, the registrar shall impose a class F suspension of the offender's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code on the person as provided in section 4509.17 of the Revised Code. Such an order of suspension remains in effect until any of the following occurs:

(1) Security is deposited by the person to whom the suspension applies in such amount as the registrar may then determine;

(2) The registrar receives satisfactory evidence that the entire obligation has been paid or released;

(3) A period of two years has elapsed following the breach of agreement and satisfactory evidence is filed with the registrar that no action has been instituted on the agreement during that period.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.24

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.25 Registrar shall not require security deposit of relieved person or shall return security deposit.

The registrar of motor vehicles, if satisfied as to any fact which under sections 4509.21 to 4509.23 of the Revised Code would entitle a person to relief from sections 4509.12 and 4509.17 of the Revised Code, shall not require the deposit of security by the person so relieved and shall terminate any prior order of suspension with respect to that person, or if security previously has been deposited, the registrar immediately shall return the deposit to the depositor or to the depositor's personal representative.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.25

Effective Date: 09-17-1996

4509.26 Termination of suspension.

Unless a suspension is terminated under other provisions of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, any order of suspension by the registrar of motor vehicles under such sections shall remain in effect and no license shall be renewed for or issued to any person whose license is suspended and no registration shall be renewed for or issued to any person whose motor vehicle registration is suspended until either of the following happens:

(A) There is deposited on his behalf the security required under section 4509.12 of the Revised Code.

(B) Two years have elapsed following the date of the accident and satisfactory evidence has been filed with the registrar of motor vehicles that during such period no action for damages arising out of the accident resulting in the suspension has been instituted.

An affidavit of the applicant that no action for damages arising out of the accident has been filed against him or, if filed, that it is not still pending shall be prima-facie evidence of that fact. The registrar may take whatever steps are necessary to verify the statement set forth in the affidavit.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.26

Effective Date: 10-30-1965

4509.27 Security deposit fund.

There is hereby created in the state treasury the security deposit fund. All security deposits that the registrar of motor vehicles requires to be paid under section 4509.12 of the Revised Code and that the registrar receives shall be deposited into the fund. Moneys in the fund shall be applied only to the payment of a judgment for damages arising out of an accident as provided in section 4509.28 of the Revised Code and to the return of security deposits as provided in sections 4509.25 and 4509.29 of the Revised Code. All investment earnings of the fund shall be credited to the roadwork development fund created by section 122.14 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.27

Effective Date: 03-30-2001; 07-01-2005

4509.28 Application of security deposit funds.

(A) Security deposited with the registrar of motor vehicles shall be applicable only to the payment of judgments for damages arising out of the accident in question in an action against the person on whose behalf the deposit was made which action was begun within two years after the date of the accident, or upon assignment by the depositor for the settlement of claims arising out of such accident.

(B) Every distribution of funds from the security deposit shall be subject to the limits of the registrar's evaluation on behalf of the claimant.

(C) If a judgment is rendered against the principal named in a corporate surety bond a certified copy of the judgment entry shall be forwarded to the bonding company, who shall forward to the clerk of the court where the judgment was rendered the amount of the judgment up to the limits of the accepted surety bond. This action must be taken by the bonding company within thirty days from receipt of notice of such judgment.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.28

Effective Date: 10-22-1969

4509.29 Return of deposit.

Upon the expiration of two years from the date of any accident for which a security deposit has been made, any security remaining on deposit shall be returned to the depositor or to his personal representative if an affidavit or other evidence satisfactory to the registrar of motor vehicles has been filed:

(A) That no action for damages arising out of the accident for which deposit was made, begun within two years after the date of the accident, is pending against the person on whose behalf the deposit was made;

(B) That there does not exist any unpaid judgment rendered against any such person in such an action.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.29

Effective Date: 01-14-1972

4509.291 Cooperation with other states.

(A) When a nonresident's operating privilege is suspended pursuant to section 4509.101 , 4509.17 , or 4509.24 of the Revised Code for a violation of any provision of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, the registrar of motor vehicles shall transmit a certified copy of the record of such action to the official in charge of the issuance of licenses and registration certificates in the state in which such nonresident resides, if the law of such other state provides for action in relation thereto similar to the provision set forth in division (B) of this section.

(B) Upon receipt of a certification that the operating privilege of a resident of this state has been suspended or revoked in any other state pursuant to a law providing for its suspension or revocation for failure to deposit security for the payment of judgments arising out of a motor vehicle accident or failure to give proof of financial responsibility, under circumstances which would require the registrar to suspend a nonresident's operating privilege had the accident occurred in this state, the registrar shall impose a class F suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code on the person and all registrations of such resident. Such suspension shall continue until such resident furnishes evidence of the person's compliance with the law of such other state relating to the deposit of such security or to the giving of proof of financial responsibility.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.291

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.30 Accident report and findings of registrar prohibited at trial.

The report required following a motor vehicle accident, the action taken by the registrar of motor vehicles pursuant to sections 4509.11 to 4509.291 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, the findings of the registrar upon which such action is based, and the security filed as provided in such sections, shall not be referred to in any way and shall not be evidence of the negligence or due care of either party at the trial of any action to recover damages.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.30

Effective Date: 07-01-1960

4509.31 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.31

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.32 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.32

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.33 Suspension of nonresidents' operating privilege and registration.

If a nonresident by final order or judgment of a court of record or mayor's court is convicted of, or forfeits bail or collateral deposited to secure an appearance for trial for, any offense for which the suspension of a license is provided, the registrar of motor vehicles shall impose a suspension of the privilege of the nonresident to operate a motor vehicle for the same period for which suspension of a license by a court of record is authorized by the applicable section of the Revised Code. The suspension shall remain in effect until the expiration of the period so ordered and thereafter until the nonresident gives and thereafter maintains proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

The registrar shall also suspend the privilege of the use in this state of every motor vehicle owned by the nonresident, except that the registrar shall not suspend the privilege if the owner has given or immediately gives and thereafter maintains proof of financial responsibility with respect to all motor vehicles owned by the nonresident. The registrar shall restore such privilege of a nonresident owner when the owner gives and thereafter maintains proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.33

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.34 Suspension of license withdrawn.

(A) The suspension of a license referred to in section 4509.291 of the Revised Code shall remain in effect and the registrar of motor vehicles shall not issue to any person whose license is so suspended any new or renewal license until permitted under the motor vehicle laws, and not then until such person gives and thereafter maintains proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

(B) The suspension of registration referred to in such sections shall remain in effect and the registrar shall not register or reregister in the name of any person whose registration is so suspended as owner of any motor vehicle, nor return or re-issue license plates for such vehicle, until such person gives and thereafter maintains proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.34

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.35 Registrar to receive copies of judgments, conviction of nonresident or order forfeiture of bail.

Whenever any person fails within thirty days to satisfy a judgment rendered within this state, upon the written request of the judgment creditor or the judgment creditor's attorney, the clerk of the court which rendered the judgment, or the judge of the court or mayor of the mayor's court if the court has no clerk, immediately shall forward a certified copy of the judgment to the registrar of motor vehicles.

Whenever any nonresident has been convicted of an offense for which the court is required to impose a license suspension under any provision of the Revised Code or has forfeited bail given to secure the nonresident's appearance for trial upon a charge of any offense for which the court is required to impose a license suspension under any provision of the Revised Code, the clerk of every court of record and the mayor of every mayor's court immediately shall forward to the registrar a certified copy or transcript of the conviction or order forfeiture of bail.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.35

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.36 Copies of judgments sent to other states.

If the defendant named in any certified copy of a judgment, conviction, or order of bail forfeiture reported to the registrar of motor vehicles is a nonresident, the registrar shall transmit a certified copy of the judgment, conviction, or order of bail forfeiture to the official in charge of the issuance of licenses and registration of the state of which the defendant is a resident.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.36

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.37 Suspension of license and registration, and nonresident's operating privilege - civil penalties.

(A) The registrar of motor vehicles upon receipt of a certified copy of a judgment, shall impose a class F suspension for the period of time specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code of the license and registration and any nonresident's operating privilege of any person against whom such judgment was rendered, except as provided in sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code.

Such certified copy of a judgment shall include the last known address, the social security number, if known, and the operator's license number, of the judgment debtor.

(B) The registrar shall also impose the civil penalties specified in division (A)(2) of section 4509.101 of the Revised Code unless either of the following applies:

(1) The judgment debtor presents proof of financial responsibility to the registrar proving that the judgment debtor was covered, at the time of the motor vehicle accident out of which the cause of action arose, by proof of financial responsibility in compliance with section 4509.101 of the Revised Code.

(2) The judgment debtor proves to the registrar that the judgment debtor's registration and license have been previously suspended under section 4509.101 of the Revised Code by reason of the judgment debtor's failure to prove that the judgment debtor was covered, at the time of the motor vehicle accident out of which the cause of action arose, by proof of financial responsibility.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.37

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.38 Waiver by judgment creditor of suspension provision.

If the judgment creditor consents in writing, in such form as the registrar of motor vehicles prescribes, that the judgment debtor be allowed license and registration or nonresident's operating privilege, the same may be allowed by the registrar for six months from the date of the consent and thereafter until the consent is revoked in writing, notwithstanding default in the payment of such judgment, or of any installments thereof prescribed in section 4509.42 of the Revised Code, provided the judgment debtor furnishes proof of financial responsibility and thereafter maintains it in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.38

Effective Date: 10-30-1965

4509.39 No suspension when insurer obligated.

No license, registration, or nonresident's operating privilege shall be suspended for nonpayment of a judgment under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, if the registrar of motor vehicles finds that an insurer is obligated to pay such judgment, at least to the extent and for the amounts required in such sections, but has not paid such judgment. A finding by the registrar that an insurer is obligated to pay a judgment is not binding upon the insurer and has no legal effect except for the purpose of administering this section. Whenever in any judicial proceeding it is determined by final judgment, decree, or order that an insurer is not obligated to pay such judgment, the registrar, notwithstanding any previous contrary finding, shall forthwith suspend the license and registration and nonresident's operating privilege of any person against whom such judgment was rendered, as provided in section 4509.37 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.39

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.40 Suspension continues until settlement of judgment.

The registrar of motor vehicles shall impose a class F suspension of the person's driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of time specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code for nonpayment of a judgment, and while such order is in force no license, registration, or permit to operate a motor vehicle shall be issued in the name of such person, including any such person not previously licensed. The registrar shall vacate the order of suspension upon proof that such judgment is stayed, or satisfied in full or to the extent provided in section 4509.41 of the Revised Code, subject to the exemptions stated in sections 4509.37 , 4509.38 , 4509.39 , and 4509.42 of the Revised Code, and upon such person's filing with the registrar of motor vehicles evidence of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.40

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.41 Satisfaction of judgments.

(A) Judgments are satisfied for the purpose of sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, in each of the following cases:

(1) When twenty-five thousand dollars has been credited upon any judgments in excess of that amount because of bodily injury to or death of one person as a result of any one accident;

(2) When the sum of fifty thousand dollars has been credited upon any judgments in excess of that amount because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons as the result of any one accident;

(3) When twenty-five thousand dollars has been credited upon any judgments rendered in excess of that amount because of injury to property of others as a result of any one accident.

(B) Payments made in settlements of any claims because of bodily injury, death, or property damage arising from such accident shall be credited in reduction of the amounts provided for in this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.41

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.181, HB 278, §1, eff. 12/22/2013.

Effective Date: 01-01-1970

4509.42 Payment of judgment in installments.

(A) A judgment debtor upon due notice to the judgment creditor may apply to the court in which the judgment was rendered for the privilege of paying the judgment in installments and the court, in its discretion and without prejudice to any other legal remedies which the judgment creditor has, may order and fix the amounts and times of payment of the installments.

(B) The registrar of motor vehicles shall not suspend for nonpayment of a judgment, a license, registration, or nonresident's operating privilege, and shall restore the license, registration, or nonresident's operating privilege suspended for nonpayment, when the judgment debtor gives proof of financial responsibility and maintains it in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code, and obtains an order permitting the payment of the judgment in installments, and while the payment of any installment is not in default.

(C) If the judgment debtor fails to pay any installment as specified by such order, then upon notice of default the registrar shall impose a class F suspension of the license, registration, or nonresident's operating privilege of the judgment debtor until such judgment is satisfied as specified in division (B)(6) of section 4510.02 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.42

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.43 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.43

Effective Date: 11-16-1973

4509.44 Proof of financial responsibility required for registration.

No motor vehicle shall be or continue to be registered in the name of any person required to file proof of financial responsibility unless such proof is furnished and maintained in accordance with section 4509.45 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.44

Effective Date: 10-30-1965

4509.45 Filing of proof of financial responsibility.

(A) Proof of financial responsibility when required under section 4509.101 , 4509.33 , 4509.34 , 4509.38 , 4509.40 , 4509.42 , 4509.44 , or 4510.038 of the Revised Code may be given by filing any of the following:

(1) A financial responsibility identification card as provided in section 4509.104 of the Revised Code;

(2) A certificate of insurance as provided in section 4509.46 or 4509.47 of the Revised Code;

(3) A bond as provided in section 4509.59 of the Revised Code;

(4) A certificate of deposit of money or securities as provided in section 4509.62 of the Revised Code;

(5) A certificate of self-insurance, as provided in section 4509.72 of the Revised Code, supplemented by an agreement by the self-insurer that, with respect to accidents occurring while the certificate is in force, the self-insurer will pay the same amounts that an insurer would have been obligated to pay under an owner's motor vehicle liability policy if it had issued such a policy to the self-insurer.

(B) Proof under division (A) of this section shall be filed and maintained for five years from the date of the registrar's imposition of a class A, B, or C suspension of operating privileges and shall be filed and maintained for three years from the date of the registrar's imposition of a class D, E, or F suspension of operating privileges.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.45

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.46 Certificate of domestic insurer as proof.

Proof of financial responsibility may be furnished by filing with the registrar of motor vehicles the written certificate of any insurance carrier authorized to do business in this state certifying that there is in effect a motor-vehicle liability policy for the benefit of the person to furnish proof of financial responsibility. The certificate either shall state the expiration date of the policy, which date shall be not less than one year from the effective of the certificate, or if no expiration date is stated in the certificate, then such policy shall not expire until canceled or terminated as provided in section 4509.57 of the Revised Code. The certificate shall also designate by explicit description or by appropriate reference all motor vehicles covered, unless the policy is issued to a person who is not the owner of a motor vehicle.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.46

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.47 Proof of financial responsibility by nonresident.

A nonresident may give proof of financial responsibility by filing with the registrar of motor vehicles a written certificate of an insurance carrier authorized to transact business in the state in which motor vehicles, owned by such nonresident, are registered, or in the state in which such nonresident resides if he does not own a motor vehicle, provided such certificate otherwise conforms with sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. The registrar shall accept such certificate upon condition that the insurance carrier complies with the following provisions with respect to the policies so certified:

(A) The insurance carrier shall execute a power of attorney authorizing the registrar to accept service on its behalf of notice or process in any action arising out of a motor-vehicle accident in this state;

(B) The insurance carrier shall agree in writing that such policies shall be deemed to conform with the laws of this state relating to the terms of motor-vehicle liability policies issued in this state.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.47

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.48 Default by insurance carrier.

If any insurance carrier not authorized to transact business in this state, which has qualified to furnish proof of financial responsibility, defaults in any such undertakings or agreements, the registrar of motor vehicles shall not thereafter accept as proof any certificate of such carrier whether theretofore filed or thereafter tendered as proof, so long as such default continues.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.48

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.49 Requirements for motor-vehicle liability policy.

Every motor-vehicle liability policy shall set forth the name and address of the insured, the coverage afforded by the policy, the premium charged, the policy period, the limits of liability, and shall contain an agreement or be indorsed that insurance is provided in accordance with the coverage defined in sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, with respect to bodily injury and death or property damage, or both, and is subject to such sections.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.49

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.50 Requirements may be met by one or more policies.

The requirements for a motor-vehicle liability policy may be fulfilled by the policies of one or more insurance carriers which policies together meet such requirements.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.50

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.51 Requirements for owner's liability insurance.

Subject to the terms and conditions of an owner's policy, every owner's policy of liability insurance:

(A) Shall designate by explicit description or by appropriate reference all motor vehicles with respect to which coverage is thereby granted;

(B) Shall insure the person named therein and any other person, as insured, using any such motor vehicles with the express or implied permission of the insured, against loss from the liability imposed by law for damages arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of such vehicles within the United States or Canada, subject to monetary limits exclusive of interest and costs, with respect to each such motor vehicle, as follows:

(1) Twenty-five thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident;

(2) Fifty thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident;

(3) Twenty-five thousand dollars because of injury to property of others in any one accident.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.51

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.181, HB 278, §1, eff. 12/22/2013.

Effective Date: 02-12-2004

4509.52 Requirements for operator's insurance.

Every operator's policy of liability insurance shall insure the person named as insured against loss from the liability imposed upon him by law for damages arising out of the use by him of any motor vehicle not owned by him, within the same territorial limits and subject to the same limits of liability as are set forth with respect to an owner's policy or liability insurance.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.52

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.53 Provisions incorporated into policy by law.

Every motor-vehicle liability policy is subject to the following provisions which need not be contained therein:

(A) Subject to the terms and conditions of the policy, the liability of the insurance carrier with respect to the insurance required by sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, shall become conclusive whenever injury or damage covered by the policy occurs; the policy shall not be canceled or annulled as to such liability by any agreement between the insurance carrier and the insured after the occurrence of the injury; no statement made by the insured or on the insured's behalf shall defeat or void the policy.

(B) The satisfaction by the insured of a judgment for such injury or damage shall not be a condition precedent to the right or duty of the insurance carrier to make payment on account of such injury or damage.

(C) The insurance carrier may settle any claim covered by the policy, and if such settlement is made in good faith, the amount thereof shall be deductible from the limits of liability specified in division (B) of section 4509.51 of the Revised Code.

(D) The policy, the written application therefor, and any rider or indorsement which does not conflict with sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, shall constitute the entire contract between the parties.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.53

Effective Date: 02-12-2004

4509.54 Permissible exclusions of liability policies.

A motor-vehicle liability policy need not insure any liability under any workers' compensation law, or any liability on account of bodily injury to or death of an employee of the insured while engaged in the employment, other than domestic, of the insured, or while engaged in the operation, maintenance, or repair of any such motor vehicle, or any liability for damage to property owned by, rented to, in charge of, or transported by the insured.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.54

Effective Date: 01-17-1977

4509.55 Permissible liability provisions in policy.

(A) Any policy which grants the coverage required for a motor-vehicle liability policy may also grant any lawful coverage in excess of or in addition to the coverage specified for a motor-vehicle liability policy and such excess or additional coverage shall not be subject to sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code. With respect to a policy which grants such excess or additional coverage the term "motor-vehicle liability policy" shall apply only to that part of the coverage which is required by such sections.

(B) Any motor-vehicle liability policy may provide that the insured shall reimburse the insurance carrier for any payment the insurance carrier would not have been obligated to make under the terms of the policy except for such sections.

(C) Any motor-vehicle liability policy may provide for the prorating of the insurance thereunder with other valid and collectible insurance.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.55

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.56 Binder fulfills requirements.

Any binder issued pending the issuance of a motor-vehicle liability policy fulfills the requirements for such a policy.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.56

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.57 Notice required to terminate insurance certification.

When an insurance carrier has certified a motor-vehicle liability policy under section 4509.46 or 4509.47 of the Revised Code, the insurance so certified shall not be canceled or terminated until at least ten days after a notice of cancellation or termination is filed in the office of the registrar of motor vehicles, except that such a policy subsequently procured and certified shall, on the effective date of its certification, terminate the insurance previously certified with respect to any vehicle designated in both certificates. If an expiration date is stated in the certificate provided for in section 4509.46 of the Revised Code, no notice of expiration is required.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.57

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.58 Policies affected.

(A) Sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code do not apply to policies of automobile insurance against liability which may be required by any other law of this state, but if such policies contain an agreement or are indorsed to conform with such section they may be certified as proof of financial responsibility under such sections.

(B) Such sections do not apply to policies insuring solely the named insured against liability resulting from the maintenance or use, by persons in the insured's employ or on his behalf, of motor vehicles not owned by the insured.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.58

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.59 Proof of financial responsibility evidenced by bond.

Proof of financial responsibility may be evidenced by the bond of a surety company duly authorized to transact business within this state, or a bond with at least two individual sureties each owning real estate within this state, and together having equities equal in value to at least twice the amount of such bond; the real estate shall be scheduled in the bond approved by a judge of a court of record and the bond shall be conditioned for payment of the amount specified in section 4509.62 of the Revised Code. Such bond shall be filed with the registrar and shall not be cancelable except after ten days written notice to the registrar of motor vehicles.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.59

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.60 Filing of bond constitutes lien.

Upon acceptance of a bond with individual sureties, the registrar of motor vehicles shall forward to the county recorder of the county in which the sureties' real estate is located a notice of such deposit and pay the recorder a base fee of five dollars for filing and indexing the notice and a housing trust fund fee of five dollars pursuant to section 317.36 of the Revised Code. The recorder shall receive and file such notice and keep and index the same. Such bond shall constitute a lien in favor of the state upon the real estate so scheduled or any surety, and the lien shall exist in favor of any holder of a final judgment against the person who has filed the bond, for damages, including damages for care and loss of services, because of bodily injury to or death of any person, or for damage because of injury to property, including the loss of use thereof, resulting from the ownership, maintenance, or use of a motor vehicle after such bond was filed, upon the filing of notice to that effect by the registrar with the county recorder as provided in this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.60

Effective Date: 08-01-2003

4509.61 Judgment creditor may bring action against bond.

If a judgment against a principal on a bond filed as proof of financial responsibility is not satisfied within thirty days after it has become final, the judgment creditor may, for his own benefit and at his sole expense, bring an action in the name of the state against the company or persons executing such bond, including an action to foreclose this lien upon the sureties' real estate.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.61

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.62 Proof of financial responsibility evidenced by certificate of treasurer of state.

Proof of financial responsibility may be evidenced by the certificate of the treasurer of state that the person named therein has deposited with him thirty thousand dollars in money or bonds of the United States, of this state, or of a political subdivision of this state at their par or face value. The treasurer of state shall not accept any such deposit and issue a certificate therefor and the registrar shall not accept such certificate unless it is accompanied by evidence that there are no unsatisfied judgments against the depositor in the county where the depositor resides.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.62

Effective Date: 01-01-1970

4509.63 Security to satisfy certain judgments.

The deposit provided for in section 4509.62 of the Revised Code shall be held by the treasurer of state to satisfy, in accordance with sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, any execution on a judgment, against the person making the deposit, for damages, including damages for care and loss of services, because of bodily injury to or death of any person, or for damages because of injury to property, including the loss of use thereof, resulting from the ownership, maintenance, or use of a motor vehicle after such deposit was made. Money or securities so deposited shall not be subject to attachment or execution unless such attachment or execution arises out of a suit for damages as described in this section.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.63

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.64 Proof of financial responsibility given by another.

Whenever any person required to give proof of financial responsibility under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, is or becomes an employee of any owner, or is or becomes a member of the immediate family or household of the owner, the registrar of motor vehicles shall accept proof given by such owner in lieu of proof by such other person to permit such other person to operate a motor vehicle for which the owner has given proof. The registrar shall designate the restrictions imposed by this section on the face of such person's license or may issue a new license containing such restrictions.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.64

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.65 Substitution of other adequate proof of financial responsibility.

The registrar of motor vehicles shall consent to the cancellation of any bond or certificate of insurance or the registrar shall direct and the treasurer of state shall return any money or securities to the person entitled thereto upon the substitution and acceptance of other adequate proof of financial responsibility in accordance with sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.65

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.66 Suspension for inadequate proof of financial responsibility.

Whenever any proof of financial responsibility filed under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, no longer fulfills the purposes for which required, the registrar of motor vehicles shall require other proof and shall suspend the license and registration or the nonresident's operating privilege pending the filing of such other proof.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.66

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.67 Cancellation of bond or certificate - waiver of requirement of filing proof.

(A) The registrar of motor vehicles shall, upon request, consent to the immediate cancellation of any bond or certificate of insurance, or shall direct and the treasurer of state shall return to the person entitled any money or securities deposited under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code, as proof of financial responsibility, or the registrar shall waive the requirement of filing proof, in any of the following events:

(1) At any time after three years from the date such proof was required when, during the three years preceding the request, the registrar has not received record of a conviction or bail forfeiture which would require or permit the suspension or revocation of the license, registration, or nonresident's operating privilege of the person by or for whom such proof was furnished and the person's motor vehicle registration has not been suspended for a violation of section 4509.101 of the Revised Code;

(2) In the event of the death of the person on whose behalf such proof was filed or the permanent incapacity of such person to operate a motor vehicle;

(3) In the event the person who has given proof surrenders his license and registration to the registrar.

(B) The registrar shall not consent to the cancellation of any bond or the return of any money or securities if any action for damages upon a liability covered by such proof is pending, or any judgment upon any such liability is unsatisfied, or in the event the person who has filed such bond or deposited such money or securities has within two years immediately preceding such request been involved as a driver or owner in any motor-vehicle accident resulting in injury to the person or property of others. An affidavit of the applicant as to the nonexistence of such facts, or that he has been released from all liability, or has been finally adjudicated not liable, for such injury may be accepted as evidence thereof in the absence of evidence to the contrary in the records of the registrar.

(C) Whenever any person whose proof has been canceled or returned under division (A)(3) of this section applies for a license or registration within a period of three years from the date proof was originally required, any such application shall be refused unless the applicant re-establishes proof of financial responsibility for the remainder of the three-year period.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.67

Effective Date: 08-01-1984

4509.68 Transfer of registration not permitted - exception.

If an owner's registration has been suspended under sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, such registration shall not be transferred nor the motor vehicle registered in any other name unless the registrar of motor vehicles is satisfied that such transfer of registration is proposed in good faith and not for the purpose or with the effect of defeating the purposes of such sections. This section does not affect the rights of any chattel mortgagee, conditional vendor, or lessor of a motor vehicle registered in the name of another as owner who becomes subject to sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.68

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.69 Registration and plates to be returned to registrar.

Any person whose license or registration has been suspended, or whose policy of insurance or bond has been canceled or terminated, or who neglects to furnish other proof of financial responsibility upon request of the registrar of motor vehicles, shall immediately return his license and registration including the registration plates to the registrar.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.69

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.70 Plan for apportionment of applicants for insurance.

After consultation with the insurance companies authorized to issue automobile liability or physical damage policies, or both, in this state, the superintendent of insurance shall approve a reasonable plan, fair and equitable to the insurers and to their policyholders, for the apportionment among such companies of applicants for such policies and for motor-vehicle liability policies who are in good faith entitled to but are unable to procure such policies through ordinary methods. When any such plan has been approved by the superintendent, all such insurance companies shall subscribe and participate. Any applicant for such policy, any person insured under such plan, and any insurance company affected, may appeal to the superintendent of insurance from any ruling or decision of the manager or committee designated to operate such plan. Any order or act of the superintendent under this section is subject to review as provided in sections 119.01 to 119.13 , inclusive, of the Revised Code, at the instance of any party in interest.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.70

Effective Date: 09-14-1970

4509.71 Exemption of certain owners of motor vehicles.

Sections 4509.01 to 4509.79 , except section 4509.06 , of the Revised Code do not apply to any motor vehicle owned and operated by the United States, this state, any political subdivision of this state, any municipal corporation therein or any private volunteer fire company serving a political subdivision of the state. Section 4509.06 of the Revised Code does not apply to any vehicle owned and operated by any publicly owned urban transportation system.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.71

Effective Date: 05-21-1982

4509.72 Requirements for self-insurer.

(A) Any person in whose name more than twenty-five motor vehicles are registered in this state may qualify as a self-insurer by obtaining a certificate of self-insurance issued by the registrar of motor vehicles as provided in division (B) of this section.

(B) The registrar shall issue a certificate of self-insurance upon the application of any such person who is of sufficient financial ability to pay judgments against him.

A certificate may be issued authorizing a person to act as a self-insurer for either property damage or bodily injury liability, or both.

(C) Upon not less than five days' notice and a hearing pursuant to such notice, the registrar may cancel a certificate of self-insurance upon failure to pay any judgment within thirty days after such judgment has become final or upon other proof that such person is no longer of sufficient financial ability to pay judgments against him.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.72

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.73 Other relief not prevented.

Sections 4509.01 to 4509.78 , inclusive, of the Revised Code do not prevent the plaintiff in any action at law from relying upon other processes provided by law.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.73

Effective Date: 10-01-1953

4509.74 Prohibition against failure to report accident.

(A) No person shall fail to report a motor vehicle accident as required under the laws of this state.

(B) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.74

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.75 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.75

Effective Date: 07-01-1996

4509.76 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.76

Effective Date: 09-24-1986

4509.77 Prohibition against failure to return license.

(A) No person shall willfully fail to return a license or registration as required in section 4509.69 of the Revised Code.

(B) Whoever violates this section shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, imprisoned for not more than thirty days, or both.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.77

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.78 General prohibition.

(A) No person shall violate section 4509.01 to 4509.78 of the Revised Code for which no penalty is otherwise provided.

(B) Whoever violates this section shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, imprisoned not more than ninety days, or both.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.78

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.79 Liability insurance for motor vehicles used in ridesharing arrangement.

(A) As used in this section, "ridesharing arrangement" means the transportation of persons in a motor vehicle where such transportation is incidental to another purpose of a volunteer driver and includes ridesharing arrangements known as carpools, vanpools, and buspools.

(B) Every owner registering as a passenger car a motor vehicle designed and used for carrying more than nine but not more than fifteen passengers or registering a bus under division (G) of section 4503.04 of the Revised Code shall have in effect, whenever the motor vehicle is used in a ridesharing arrangement, a policy of liability insurance with respect to the motor vehicle in amounts and coverage no less than:

(1) One hundred thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident;

(2) Three hundred thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident;

(3) Fifty thousand dollars because of injury to property of others in any one accident.

(C) Whoever violates this section shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.79

Effective Date: 01-01-2004; 09-16-2004

4509.80 Chauffeured limousines.

(A) Every owner registering a chauffeured limousine shall furnish and maintain proof of financial responsibility with respect to the limousine by filing with the registrar of motor vehicles any of the following:

(1) A certificate of insurance as provided in section 4509.46 or 4509.47 of the Revised Code;

(2) A policy of liability insurance, a declaration page of a policy of liability insurance, or liability bond, if the policy or bond provides coverage in accordance with division (B) of this section and otherwise complies with sections 4509.49 to 4509.61 of the Revised Code, and if the policy or bond provides that such policy or bond shall not be canceled or terminated prior to not less than ten days after a written notice of cancellation or termination is filed with the registrar;

(3) A bond or certification of the issuance of a bond if the bond provides coverage in the amount of three hundred thousand dollars and otherwise complies with section 4509.59 of the Revised Code;

(4) A certificate of deposit of money or securities if the certificate of deposit provides coverage in the amount of three hundred thousand dollars and otherwise complies with section 4509.62 of the Revised Code;

(5) A certificate of self-insurance as provided in section 4509.72 of the Revised Code.

(B) As used in this section and section 4509.81 of the Revised Code, "proof of financial responsibility" means proof of ability to respond in damages for liability, on account of accidents occurring subsequent to the effective date of such proof, arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of a chauffeured limousine in the amount of one hundred thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident, three hundred thousand dollars because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident, and fifty thousand dollars because of injury to property of others in any one accident.

(C) Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, the operator of any chauffeured limousine shall produce proof of compliance with this section. The law enforcement officer requesting such proof shall notify the registrar of any violation of this section. The notice to the registrar shall be on a form prescribed by the registrar and supplied by the registrar at the registrar's expense, and shall include the license plate number of the chauffeured limousine and any other information the registrar requires.

(D) The owner, or the owner's designee, shall provide written notice to the registrar of cancellation or termination of the coverage required by this section not less than ten days prior to the effective date of cancellation, and, on or before the effective date of cancellation, shall voluntarily surrender the livery license plate sticker for the vehicle or vehicles for which the cancellation is effective. If the livery license plate sticker is timely and voluntarily surrendered, the registrar shall, upon the filing of proof of financial responsibility as required by this section, reinstate the livery registration of the vehicle and issue a current livery license plate sticker for the vehicle.

(E) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.80

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.81 Suspension of rights of owner of chauffeured limousine - request for administrative hearing.

(A) Upon receipt of a notification of violation as provided in division (C) of section 4509.80 of the Revised Code; upon failure of a timely surrender of the livery license plate sticker as required by division (D) of section 4509.80 of the Revised Code; or if the registrar of motor vehicles, upon receipt of notification from an insurer of the imminent cancellation or termination of coverage required by section 4509.80 of the Revised Code, fails to receive evidence of a continuation or substitution of coverage prior to the cancellation or termination date, the registrar shall order the immediate suspension of the rights of the owner of the chauffeured limousine described in the notice to register the limousine and the impoundment of the certificate of registration and registration plates for the limousine. The registrar shall notify the owner that the owner must surrender the certificate of registration and registration plates to the registrar. The notification shall be in writing and sent to the owner at the owner's last known address as shown in the records of the bureau of motor vehicles. Proceedings under this section are deemed special, summary statutory proceedings.

(B) The order of suspension and impoundment of a registration shall state the date on or before which the owner of the chauffeured limousine involved is required to surrender the certificate of registration and registration plates to the registrar. The owner shall be deemed to have surrendered the certificate of registration and registration plates if the owner causes the items to be delivered to the registrar on or before the date specified in the order or mails the items to the registrar in an envelope or container bearing a postmark showing a date no later than the date specified in the order.

(C) The registrar shall not restore any registration rights suspended under this section, return any certificate of registration or registration plates impounded under this section, or reissue registration plates under section 4503.232 of the Revised Code, if the registrar destroyed the impounded registration plates under that section, unless those rights are not subject to suspension under any other law and unless the owner complies with both of the following:

(1) Pays to the registrar or an eligible deputy registrar a financial responsibility reinstatement fee of thirty dollars. The reinstatement fee may be increased, upon approval of the controlling board, up to an amount not exceeding fifty dollars. In addition, pays a service fee of ten dollars to each deputy registrar to compensate the deputy registrar for services performed under this section. The deputy registrar shall retain eight dollars of the service fee and shall transmit the reinstatement fee and two dollars of the service fee to the registrar in the manner the registrar shall determine.

(2) Files and maintains proof of financial responsibility under section 4509.80 of the Revised Code.

(D) Any owner adversely affected by the order of the registrar under this section may, within ten days after the issuance of the order, request an administrative hearing before the registrar, who shall provide the owner with an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with this division. A request for a hearing does not operate as a suspension of the order unless the owner establishes to the satisfaction of the registrar that the operation of the owner's chauffeured limousine will be covered by proof of financial responsibility during the pendency of the appeal. The scope of the hearing shall be limited to whether the owner in fact demonstrated to the registrar proof of financial responsibility in accordance with section 4509.80 of the Revised Code. The registrar shall determine the date, time, and place of any hearing, provided that the hearing shall be held and an order issued or findings made within thirty days after the registrar receives a request for a hearing. If requested by the owner in writing, the registrar may designate as the place of hearing the county seat of the county in which the owner resides or a place within fifty miles of the owner's residence. The owner shall pay the cost of the hearing before the registrar, if the registrar's order of suspension or impoundment is upheld.

(E) Any order of suspension or impoundment issued under this section may be terminated at any time if the registrar determines upon a showing of proof of financial responsibility that the owner of the limousine was in compliance with section 4509.80 of the Revised Code at the time of the incident that resulted in the order against the owner. Such a determination may be made without a hearing.

(F) All fees except the two dollar service fee transmitted to the registrar by a deputy registrar, that are collected by the registrar or transmitted to the registrar under this section shall be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the financial responsibility compliance fund created by section 4509.101 of the Revised Code.

(G) Chapter 119. of the Revised Code applies to this section only to the extent that any provision in that chapter is not clearly inconsistent with this section.

(H)

(1) Proof of financial responsibility may be demonstrated by any of the methods authorized in section 4509.80 of the Revised Code.

(2) Divisions (G)(4)(a) and (b) of section 4509.101 of the Revised Code apply to any finding by the registrar under this section that an owner is covered by proof of financial responsibility.

Cite as R.C. § 4509.81

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.7, HB 114, §101.01, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 01-01-2004

4509.99 [Repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 4509.99

Effective Date: 01-01-2004