Rule 4729:6-5-01 | Wholesale Distributors - General Operations.
The following requirements shall apply to all persons licensed as a wholesale distributor of dangerous drugs:
(A) All facilities shall:
(1) Be of suitable size and construction to facilitate cleaning, maintenance, and proper operations;
(2) Have storage areas designed to provide adequate lighting, ventilation, temperature, sanitation, humidity, space, equipment, and security conditions;
(3) Have a quarantine area for storage of dangerous drugs that are damaged, deteriorated, misbranded, or adulterated, or that are in immediate or sealed secondary containers that have been opened. Such drugs shall be stored in accordance with paragraph (B) of this rule;
(4) Be maintained in a clean and orderly condition;
(5) Be free from infestation by insects, rodents, birds, or vermin of any kind;
(6) Shall be registered as a business entity with the appropriate state or local authority(s) and must operate out of a location that is zoned for commercial use and not out of a residence or personal dwelling.
(B) Adulterated drugs shall be stored in a separate and secure area apart from the storage of drugs used for distribution and sale.
(1) Adulterated drugs shall be stored no longer than two years from the date of adulteration or expiration. Adulterated drugs shall be stored in a manner that prohibits access by unauthorized persons.
(2) Dangerous drugs, other than controlled substances, may be destroyed utilizing proper methods of disposal and following the record keeping requirements noted in paragraph (B)(2) (a) of this rule, or may be donated to a pharmacy school pursuant to sections 3715.88 to 3715.92 of the Revised Code. Methods of disposal of non-controlled dangerous drugs shall prevent the possession or use of the drugs by unauthorized persons.
(a) Records of dangerous drug destructions, other than controlled substances, shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the dangerous drug destroyed, the date destroyed, the method of destruction, the positive identification of the responsible person that performed the destruction, and the positive identification of the person that witnessed the destruction.
(3) Dangerous drugs that are controlled substances shall be disposed of pursuant to rule 4729:6-3-01 of the Administrative Code.
(C) All facilities used for wholesale drug distribution shall be secure from unauthorized entry.
(1) Access from outside the premises shall be kept to a minimum and be well controlled.
(2) The outside perimeter of the premises shall be well lit.
(3) Entry into areas where dangerous drugs are stored shall be limited to authorized personnel.
(4) All facilities where dangerous drugs are stored shall be equipped with an alarm system to detect unauthorized entry after hours.
(5) All facilities shall be equipped with a security system that will provide suitable protection against theft and diversion. The security system shall provide protection against theft or diversion that is facilitated or hidden by tampering with computers or electronic records.
(D) All dangerous drugs shall be stored at appropriate temperatures and under appropriate conditions in accordance with requirements, if any, in the labeling of such drugs, or with requirements in the current edition of an official compendium, such as the United States pharmacopoeia/national formulary (USP/NF).
(1) If no storage requirements are established for a dangerous drug, the drug may be held at "controlled" room temperature, as defined in an official compendium, to help ensure that its strength, quality, and purity are not adversely affected.
(2) Appropriate manual, electromechanical, or electronic temperature and humidity recording equipment, devices, and/or logs shall be utilized to regularly document proper storage of dangerous drugs. Temperature and humidity documentation shall be made readily retrievable and maintained for a period of not less than three years from the last documented temperature and humidity reading.
(E) All shipments of dangerous drugs shall be examined in accordance with the following:
(1) Upon receipt, each outside shipping container shall be visually examined for identity and to prevent the acceptance of contaminated dangerous drugs or dangerous drugs that are otherwise unfit for distribution. This examination shall be adequate to reveal container damage that would suggest possible contamination or other damage to the contents.
(2) Each outgoing shipment shall be carefully inspected for identity of the dangerous drug products and to ensure that there is no delivery of dangerous drugs that have been damaged in storage or held under improper conditions.
(F) All returned, damaged, and expired dangerous drugs shall be handled in the following manner:
(1) Dangerous drugs that are expired, damaged, deteriorated, misbranded, or adulterated shall be quarantined and physically separated from other dangerous drugs until they are destroyed or returned to the supplier.
(2) Any dangerous drugs whose immediate or sealed outer or sealed secondary containers have been opened or used shall be identified as such, and shall be quarantined and physically separated from other dangerous drugs until they are either destroyed or returned to the supplier.
(3) If the conditions under which a dangerous drug has been returned cast doubt on the drug's safety, identify, strength, quality, or purity, then the drug shall be destroyed, or returned to the supplier, unless examination, testing, or other investigation proves that the drug meets appropriate standards of safety, identity, strength, quality, and purity. In determining whether the conditions under which a drug has been returned cast doubt on the drug's safety, identity, strength, quality, or purity, the drug distributor shall consider, among other things, the conditions under which the drug has been held, stored, or shipped before or during its return and the condition of the drug and its container, carton, or labeling, as a result of storage or shipping.
(G) Wholesale drug distributors shall establish, maintain, and adhere to written policies and procedures which shall be followed for the receipt, security, storage, inventory, and distribution of dangerous drugs, including policies and procedures for identifying, recording, and reporting losses or thefts in accordance with rule 4729:6-3-02 of the Administrative Code, and for correcting all errors and inaccuracies in inventories. Wholesale drug distributors shall include in their written policies and procedures with all the following:
(1) A procedure to be followed for handling recalls and withdrawals of dangerous drugs. Such procedure shall be appropriate to deal with recalls and withdrawals due to:
(a) Any action initiated at the request of the food and drug administration or other federal, state, or local law enforcement or other government agency, including the state board of pharmacy;
(b) Any voluntary action by the manufacturer to remove defective or potentially defective drugs from the market;
(c) Any action undertaken to promote public health and safety by replacing of existing merchandise with an improved product or new package design.
(2) A procedure to ensure that wholesale distributors prepare for, protect against, and handle any crisis that affects security or operation of any facility in the event of strike, fire, flood, or other natural disaster, or other situations of local, state, or national emergency.
(3) A procedure to ensure that any adulterated dangerous drugs shall be segregated from other drugs and either returned to the manufacturer or destroyed. This procedure shall provide for written documentation of the disposition of adulterated dangerous drugs. This documentation shall be maintained for three years after disposition of the adulterated drugs.
(H) Personnel employed in the wholesale distribution of dangerous drugs shall be required to have appropriate education, experience and training to assume responsibility for positions related to compliance with the requirements of this division of the Administrative Code.
(I) Wholesale drug distributors shall operate in compliance with applicable federal, state, and local laws, rules and regulations. This shall include, but is not limited to, all applicable laws, regulations and standards set forth by the United States food and drug administration and the United States drug enforcement administration.
(J) Wholesale drug distributors shall permit properly identified and authorized state board of pharmacy agents and federal, state, and local law enforcement officials to enter and inspect their premises and delivery vehicles, and to audit records and written operating procedures.
(K) Wholesale drug distributors shall be subject to the provisions of any applicable federal, state, or local laws, rules or regulations that relate to dangerous drug salvaging or reprocessing.
(L) The state board of pharmacy shall be notified, in a manner specified by the Board, of any new facilities, work or storage areas to be constructed or utilized for dangerous drugs in this state.
(M) The following minimum standards shall apply to the storage and transportation methods utilized by a wholesale distributor of dangerous drugs for the storage, transportation and delivery of dangerous drugs:
(1) A licensee is responsible for selecting common or contract carriers which provide adequate security to guard against in-transit losses.
(2) When storing dangerous drugs in a public warehouse, a licensee is responsible for selecting a facility which will provide adequate security to guard against storage losses. The licensee shall store controlled substances in a public warehouse which complies with the requirements set forth in section 1301.72 of the code of federal regulations (2/28/2018). In addition, the licensee shall employ precautions (e.g., assuring that shipping containers do not indicate that contents are controlled substances) to guard against storage or in- transit losses.
(3) When distributing dangerous drugs through agents, a licensee is responsible for providing and requiring adequate security to guard against theft and diversion while the substances are being stored or handled by the agent or agents.