Article XII, Section 2a | Authority to classify real estate for taxation, two classes; procedures
(A) Except as expressly authorized in this section, land and improvements thereon shall, in all other respects, be taxed as provided in section 36, Article II and Section 2 of this article.
(B) This section does not apply to any of the following:
(1) Taxes levied at whatever rate is required to produce a specified amount of tax money or an amount to pay debt charges;
(2) Taxes levied within the one per cent limitation imposed by section 2 of this article;
(3) Taxes provided for by the charter of a municipal corporation.
(C) Notwithstanding Section 2 of this article, laws may be passed that provide all of the following:
(1) Land and improvements thereon in each taxing district shall be placed into one of two classes solely for the purpose of separately reducing the taxes charged against all land andimprovements in each of the two classes as provided in division(C)(2) of this section. The classes shall be:
(a) Residential and agricultural land and improvements;
(b) All other land and improvements.
(2) With respect to each voted tax authorized to be levied by each taxing district, the amount of taxes imposed by such tax against all land and improvements thereon in each class shall be reduced in order that the amount charged for collection against all land and improvements in that class in the current year, exclusive of land and improvements not taxed by the district in both the preceding year and in the current year and those not taxed in that class in the preceding year, equals the amount charged for collection against such land and improvements in the preceding year.
(D) Laws may be passed to provide that the reductions made under this section in the amounts of taxes charged for the current expenses of cities, townships, school districts, counties, or other taxing districts are subject to the limitation that the sum of the amounts of all taxes charged for current expenses against the land and improvements thereon in each of the two classes of property subject to taxation in cities, townships, school districts, counties, or other types of taxing districts, shall not be less than a uniform per cent of the taxable value of the property in the districts to which the limitation applies. Different but uniform percentage limitations may be established for cities, townships, school districts, counties, and other types of taxing districts.