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The Legislative Service Commission staff updates the Revised Code on an ongoing basis, as it completes its act review of enacted legislation. Updates may be slower during some times of the year, depending on the volume of enacted legislation.

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Misdemeanor Crimes
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Section 2945.44 | Witnesses turning state's evidence.

...(A) In any criminal proceeding in this state or in any criminal or civil proceeding brought pursuant to Chapter 2981. of the Revised Code, if a witness refuses to answer or produce information on the basis of the witness's privilege against self-incrimination, the court of common pleas of the county in which the proceeding is being held, unless it finds that to do so would not further the administration of just...

Section 2945.45 | Subpoenas to issue to any county.

...In all criminal cases, the clerk of the court of common pleas, upon a praecipe being filed, shall issue writs of subpoena for the witnesses names therein, directed to the sheriff of such county, or the county where such witnesses reside or are found, which shall be served and returned as in other cases. Such sheriff, by writing indorsed on the writs, may depute a disinterested person to serve and return them. The per...

Section 2945.451 | Employer may not penalize employee for being subpoenaed to criminal proceeding.

...No employer shall discharge or terminate from employment, threaten to discharge or terminate from employment, or otherwise punish or penalize any employee because of time lost from regular employment as a result of the employee's attendance at any proceeding in a criminal case pursuant to a subpoena. This section generally does not require and shall not be construed to require an employer to pay an employee for time ...

Section 2945.46 | Attendance of witness enforced.

...Civil procedure relative to compelling the attendance and testimony of witnesses, their examination, the administering of oaths and affirmations, and proceedings for contempt to enforce the remedies and protect the rights of parties, extend to criminal cases as far as applicable.

Section 2945.47 | Testimony of prisoner.

...(A)(1) As used in this section, "detention facility" has the same meaning as in section 2921.01 of the Revised Code. (2) If it is necessary in a criminal proceeding before the court to procure the testimony of a person who is imprisoned in a detention facility or state correctional institution within this state, or who is in the custody of the department of youth services, the court may require that the person's tes...

Section 2945.48 | Witness may be placed in jail.

...When a witness mentioned in section 2945.47 of the Revised Code is in attendance upon a court he may be placed in the jail of the county. The expenses of the officer in transporting him to and from such court, including compensation for the guard or attendant of such prisoner not exceeding the per diem salary of such guard for the time he is away from said institution, shall be allowed by the court and taxed and pai...

Section 2945.481 | Testimony of child victim.

...(A)(1) As used in this section, "victim" includes any person who was a victim of a violation identified in division (A)(2) of this section or an offense of violence or against whom was directed any conduct that constitutes, or that is an element of, a violation identified in division (A)(2) of this section or an offense of violence. (2)(a) In any proceeding in the prosecution of a charge of a violation of section 2...

Section 2945.482 | Taking testimony of a victim with a developmental disability.

...(A) As used in this section: (1) "Developmental disability" has the same meaning as in section 5123.01 of the Revised Code. (2) "Victim with a developmental disability" includes a person with a developmental disability who was a victim of a violation identified in division (B)(1) of this section or an offense of violence or against whom was directed any conduct that constitutes, or that is an element of, a violat...

Section 2945.483 | Rights when testifying of child or person with developmental disability.

...(A) As used in this section: (1) "Child" means any individual under eighteen years of age. (2) "Developmental disability" has the same meaning as in section 5123.01 of the Revised Code. (B) In any proceeding in which a child or person with a developmental disability testifies in open court, the child or person with a developmental disability shall have the following rights to be enforced sua sponte by the court...

Section 2945.49 | Testimony of witness who dies or cannot be produced - videotape of preliminary hearing testimony of child victim.

...(A)(1) As used in this section, "victim" includes any person who was a victim of a felony violation identified in division (B)(1) of this section or a felony offense of violence or against whom was directed any conduct that constitutes, or that is an element of, a felony violation identified in division (B)(1) of this section or a felony offense of violence. (2) Testimony taken at an examination or a preliminary hea...

Section 2945.491 | Taking testimony of a victim with a developmental disability.

...(A) As used in this section: (1) " Developmental disability" has the same meaning as in section 5123.01 of the Revised Code. (2) " Victim with a developmental disability" includes a person with a developmental disability who was a victim of a felony violation identified in division (B)(1) of this section or a felony offense of violence or against whom was directed any conduct that constitutes, or that is an element...

Section 2945.50 | Application for deposition in criminal cases.

...At any time after an issue of fact is joined upon an indictment, information, or an affidavit, the prosecution or the defendant may apply in writing to the court in which such indictment, information, or affidavit is pending for a commission to take the depositions of any witness. The court or a judge thereof may grant such commission and make an order stating in what manner and for what length of time notice shall ...

Section 2945.51 | When imprisoned defendant may be taken to deposition - expenses.

...When a deposition is to be taken in this state, and a commission is granted under section 2945.50 of the Revised Code while the defendant is confined in jail, the sheriff or deputy or other person having custody of the defendant shall be ordered by the court to take the defendant to the place of the taking of the deposition, and have him before the officer at the time of taking such deposition. Such sheriff or deputy...

Section 2945.52 | Counsel appointed shall represent the defendant.

...Counsel assigned by the court to represent the defendant may attend upon and represent the defendant at the taking of a deposition under section 2945.50 of the Revised Code, and said counsel shall be paid a reasonable fee for his services in taking such deposition, in addition to the compensation allowed for defending such defendant, to be fixed by the court. He shall also be allowed his actual expenses incurred in g...

Section 2945.53 | Right of accused to examine witness.

...In all cases in which depositions are taken by the state or the accused, to be used by or against the accused, as provided in sections 2945.50 to 2945.52, inclusive, of the Revised Code, the court shall by proper order provide and secure to the accused the means and opportunity to be present in person and with counsel at the taking of such deposition, and to examine the witness face to face, as fully and in the same ...

Section 2945.54 | Conduct of examination.

...The examination of witnesses by deposition in criminal cases shall be taken and certified, and the return thereof to the court made as for taking depositions under sections 2319.05 to 2319.31, inclusive, of the Revised Code. The commissioners appointed under section 2945.50 of the Revised Code to take depositions shall receive such compensation as the court directs, to be paid out of the county treasury and taxed as ...

Section 2945.55 | Testimony of previous identification.

...When identification of the defendant is an issue, a witness who has on previous occasion identified such person may testify to such previous identification. Such identification may be proved by other witnesses.

Section 2945.56 | Rebuttal of defendant's character evidence.

...When the defendant offers evidence of his character or reputation, the prosecution may offer, in rebuttal thereof, proof of his previous conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude, in addition to other competent evidence.

Section 2945.57 | Number of witnesses to character.

...The number of witnesses who are expected to testify upon the subject of character or reputation, for whom subpoenas are issued, shall be designated upon the praecipe and, except in cases of murder in the first and second degree, manslaughter, rape, assault with intent to commit rape, or selling intoxicating liquor to a person in the habit of becoming intoxicated, shall not exceed ten upon each side, unless a deposit ...

Section 2945.58 | Alibi.

...Whenever a defendant in a criminal cause proposes to offer in the defendant's defense, testimony to establish an alibi on the defendant's behalf, such defendant shall, not less than seven days before the trial of such cause, file and serve upon the prosecuting attorney a notice in writing of the defendant's intention to claim such alibi. Notice shall include specific information as to the place at which the defendant...

Section 2945.59 | Proof of defendant's motive.

...In any criminal case in which the defendant's motive or intent, the absence of mistake or accident on his part, or the defendant's scheme, plan, or system in doing an act is material, any acts of the defendant which tend to show his motive or intent, the absence of mistake or accident on his part, or the defendant's scheme, plan, or system in doing the act in question may be proved, whether they are contemporaneous w...

Section 2945.63 | Child pornography offered as evidence; custody.

...(A) As used in this section: (1) "Child pornography" means any obscene material involving a juvenile, any sexually oriented matter involving a juvenile, or any material that is harmful to juveniles. (2) "Juvenile," "harmful to juveniles," "material," and "performance" have the same meanings as in section 2907.01 of the Revised Code. (3) "Sexually oriented matter" has the same meaning as in section 2919.22 of th...

Section 2945.64 | Embezzlement prima-facie evidence.

...Failure or refusal to pay over or produce public money by a person charged with the collection, receipt, transfer, disbursement, or safekeeping of such money, whether belonging to this state, a county, township, municipal corporation, or board of education, or other public money, or to account to or make settlement with a legal authority of the official accounts of such person, is prima-facie evidence of the embezzle...

Section 2945.65 | Evidence obtained as part of test to determine pregnancy.

...Evidence of the use of a controlled substance obtained as part of a screening or test performed to determine pregnancy or provide prenatal care is not admissible in a criminal proceeding against the woman who was screened or tested. This section does not prohibit criminal prosecution based on evidence obtained through methods other than the screening or testing described in this section.

Section 2945.67 | Appeal by state by leave of court.

...(A) A prosecuting attorney, village solicitor, city director of law, or the attorney general may appeal as a matter of right any decision of a trial court in a criminal case, or any decision of a juvenile court in a delinquency case, which decision grants a motion to dismiss all or any part of an indictment, complaint, or information, a motion to suppress evidence, or a motion for the return of seized property or gra...