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This website publishes administrative rules on their effective dates, as designated by the adopting state agencies, colleges, and universities.

Chapter 4730-2 | Physician-Delegated Prescriptive Authority

 
 
 
Rule
Rule 4730-2-01 | Definitions.
 

As used in Chapter 4730-2 of the Administrative Code:

(A) "ARC-PA" means the "Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant."

(B) "CHEA" means the "Council for Higher Education Accreditation."

(C) "AAPA" means the "American Academy of Physician Assistants."

(D) "NCCPA" means the "National Commission on Certification for Physician Assistants."

(E) "CME" means continuing medical education.

(F) "ACCME" means the "Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education."

(G) "Contact hour" means a minimum of fifty minutes of education.

(H) "Licensure registration period" means the period between granting of the initial or renewed license and the next scheduled renewal date for the license.

(I) "Board" means the state medical board of Ohio.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4730.07
Amplifies: 4730.01, 4730.05, 4730.21
Five Year Review Date: 6/18/2025
Prior Effective Dates: 10/31/2007
Rule 4730-2-04 | Period of on-site supervision of physician-delegated prescriptive authority.
 

(A) The following definitions are applicable to this rule:

(1) "Supervision" means the supervising physician maintains oversight of the physician assistant's prescriptive decisions and provides timely review of prescriptions written by the physician assistant.

(2) "On-site supervision" means the supervising physician is required to be physically present within the facility where the physician assistant is practicing and available for consultation. The supervising physician is not necessarily required to personally evaluate a patient to whom a physician assistant is providing service.

(3) "Supervising physician" includes a primary supervising physician in instances where the physician assistant has supervision agreements with multiple supervising physicians and one supervising physician is designated to have primary responsibility for the supervision of the physician assistant's prescribing activities during the on-site supervision period.

(B) Except as provided in division (B) of section 4730.44 of the Revised Code, the first five hundred hours of a physician assistant's exercise of physician-delegated prescriptive authority shall be under the on-site supervision of a supervising physician with whom the physician assistant has a supervision agreement.

(1) The supervising physician shall review and evaluate the physician assistant's competence, knowledge, and skill in pharmacokinetic principles and the application of these principles to the physician assistant's area of practice. The supervising physician shall document the review and evaluation by signing patient charts in a legible manner or documenting the review and evaluation by the use of an electronically generated signature provided that reasonable measures have been taken to prevent the unauthorized use of the electronically generated signature.

(2) The supervising physician shall maintain a record evidencing that the physician assistant has completed at least five hundred hours of on-site supervision and make the record available to the board upon request.

(C) On-site supervision period hours completed may be transferred to an on-site supervision period under a subsequent supervising physician pursuant to the following criteria:

(1) Hours completed may be transferred, not more than one time, when both of the following criteria are met:

(a) The initial supervising physician provides written verification of the activities and number of hours successfully completed by the physician assistant during the period; and

(b) The subsequent supervising physician approves the transfer of the period hours.

(2) Hours completed under the supervision of the subsequent supervising physician may be transferred to an on-site supervision period under a third supervising physician only upon the board's approval when all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The subsequent supervising physician provides both of the following:

(i) Written verification of the activities and number of hours successfully completed during the period to date; and

(ii) Written explanation of why the transfer of hours is being requested;

(b) The third supervising physician approves the transfer of the hours;

(c) The failure to transfer the hours would result in undue hardship to the physician assistant; and

(d) The granting of the transfer would not jeopardize patient care.

(D) Where the exemption of division (B) of section 4730.44 of the Revised Code is claimed, the supervising physician shall maintain documentation establishing that the physician assistant practiced with prescriptive authority in the other jurisdiction for not less than one thousand hours. The documentation may include a letter from one or more physicians who supervised the physician assistant's prescribing in that jurisdiction verifying that the physician assistant practiced with prescriptive authority in that jurisdiction for not less than one thousand hours or a letter from an appropriate facility administrator verifying that the physician assistant practiced with prescriptive authority for not less than one thousand hours based upon documentation in the physician assistant's personnel file.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4730.39, 4730.07
Amplifies: 4730.44
Five Year Review Date: 11/15/2023
Prior Effective Dates: 11/30/2018
Rule 4730-2-05 | Addition of valid prescriber number after initial licensure.
 

(A) All applicants for a prescriber number subsequent to initial licensure shall submit an endorsement application in the manner determined by the board.

(B) An endorsement application shall be considered complete when all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The records of the board establish that the applicant holds a current, valid license to practice as a physician assistant in Ohio;

(2) All information required by section 4730.15 of the Revised Code, including evidence of meeting the educational requirements or practice requirements, as applicable, has been received by the board;

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4730.39, 4730.07
Amplifies: 4730.11
Five Year Review Date: 11/15/2023
Rule 4730-2-07 | Standards for prescribing.
 

(A) A physician assistant who holds a prescriber number and who has been granted physician-delegated prescriptive authority by a supervising physician may prescribe a drug or therapeutic device provided the prescription is in accordance with all of the following:

(1) The extent and conditions of the physician-delegated prescriptive authority, granted by the supervising physician who is supervising the physician assistant in the exercise of the authority;

(2) The requirements of Chapter 4730. of the Revised Code;

(3) The requirements of Chapters 4730-1, 4730-2, 4730-4, and 4731-11 of the Administrative Code; and

(4) The requirements of state and federal law pertaining to the prescription of drugs and therapeutic devices.

(B) A physician assistant who holds a prescriber number who has been granted physician-delegated prescriptive authority by a supervising physician shall prescribe in a valid prescriber-patient relationship. This includes, but is not limited to:

(1) Obtaining a thorough history of the patient;

(2) Conducting a physical examination of the patient;

(3) Rendering or confirming a diagnosis;

(4) Prescribing medication, ruling out the existence of any recognized contraindications;

(5) Consulting with the supervising physician when necessary; and

(6) Properly documenting these steps in the patient's medical record.

(C) The physician assistant's prescriptive authority shall not exceed the prescriptive authority of the supervising physician under whose supervision the prescription is being written, including but not limited to, any restrictions imposed on the physician's practice by action of the United States drug enforcement administration or the state medical board of Ohio.

(D) A physician assistant holding a prescriber number and who has been granted physician-delegated prescriptive authority by a supervising physician to prescribe controlled substances shall apply for and obtain the United States drug enforcement administration registration prior to prescribing any controlled substances.

(E) A physician assistant holding prescriber number and who has been granted physician-delegated prescriptive authority by a supervising physician shall not prescribe any drug or device to perform or induce an abortion.

(F) A physician assistant holding prescriber number and who has been granted physician-delegated prescriptive authority by a supervising physician shall include on each prescription the physician assistant's license number, and, where applicable, shall include the physician assistant's DEA number.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4730.07, 4730.39
Amplifies: 4730.41
Five Year Review Date: 9/30/2025
Prior Effective Dates: 10/31/2007, 6/30/2014, 9/30/2018
Rule 4730-2-10 | Standards and procedures for review of "Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System" (OARRS).
 

(A) For purposes of this rule:

(1) "Delegate" means an authorized representative who is registered with the Ohio board of pharmacy to obtain an OARRS report on behalf of the physician assistant.

(2) "OARRS" means the "Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System" drug database established and maintained pursuant to section 4729.75 of the Revised Code.

(3) "OARRS" report" means a report of information related to a specified patient generated by the drug database established and maintained pursuant to section 4729.75 of the Revised Code.

(4) "Reported drugs" means all the drugs listed in rule 4729:8-2-01 of the Administrative Code that are required to be reported to the drug database established and maintained pursuant to section 4729.75 of the Revised Code, including controlled substances in schedules II, III, IV, and V.

(B) Standards of care:

(1) The accepted and prevailing minimal standards of care require that when prescribing a reported drug, a physician assistant shall take into account all of the following:

(a) The potential for abuse of the reported drug;

(b) The possibility that use of the reported drug may lead to dependence;

(c) The possibility the patient will obtain the reported drug for a nontherapeutic use or distribute it to other persons; and

(d) The potential existence of an illicit market for the reported drug.

(2) In considering whether a prescription for a reported drug is appropriate for the patient, the physician assistant shall use sound clinical judgment and obtain and review an OARRS report consistent with the provisions of this rule.

(C) A physician assistant shall obtain and review an OARRS report to help determine if it is appropriate to prescribe an opioid analgesic, benzodiazepine, or other reported drug to a patient as provided in this paragraph and paragraph (F) of this rule:

(1) A physician assistant shall obtain and review an OARRS report before prescribing an opioid analgesic or benzodiazepine to a patient, unless an exception listed in paragraph (H) of this rule is applicable.

(2) A physician assistant shall obtain and review an OARRS report when a patient's course of treatment with a reported drug other than an opioid analgesic or benzodiazepine has lasted more than ninety days, unless an exception listed in paragraph (H) of this rule is applicable.

(3) A physician assistant shall obtain and review and OARRS report when any of the following red flags pertain to the patient:

(a) Selling prescription drugs;

(b) Forging or altering a prescription;

(c) Stealing or borrowing reported drugs;

(d) Increasing the dosage of reported drugs in amounts that exceed the prescribed amount;

(e) Suffering an overdose, intentional or unintentional;

(f) Having a drug screen result that is inconsistent with the treatment plan or refusing to participate in a drug screen;

(g) Having been arrested, convicted, or received diversion or intervention in lieu of conviction for a drug related offense while under the care of the physician assistant or the physician assistant's supervising physician;

(h) Receiving reported drugs from multiple prescribers, without clinical basis;

(i) Traveling with a group of other patients to the physician assistant's office where all or most of the patients request controlled substance prescriptions;

(j) Traveling an extended distance or from out of state to the physician assistant's office;

(k) Having a family member, friend, law enforcement officer, or health care professional express concern related to the patient's use of illegal or reported drugs;

(l) A known history of chemical abuse or dependency;

(m) Appearing impaired or overly sedated during an office visit or exam;

(n) Requesting reported drugs by street name, color, or identifying marks;

(o) Frequently requesting early refills of reported drugs;

(p) Frequently losing prescriptions for reported drugs;

(q) A history of illegal drug use;

(r) Sharing reported drugs with another person; or

(s) Recurring visits to non-coordinated sites of care, such as emergency departments, urgent care facilities, or walk-in clinics to obtain reported drugs.

(D) A physician assistant who decides to utilize an opioid analgesic, benzodiazepine, or other reported drug in any of the circumstances within paragraphs (C)(2) and (C)(3) of this rule shall take the following steps prior to issuing a prescription for the opioid analgesic, benzodiazepine, or other reported drug:

(1) Review and document in the patient record the reasons why the physician assistant believes or has reason to believe that the patient may be abusing or diverting drugs;

(2) Review and document in the patient's record the patient's progress toward treatment objectives over the course of treatment;

(3) Review and document in the patient record the functional status of the patient, including activities for daily living, adverse effects, analgesia, and aberrant behavior over the course of treatment;

(4) Consider using a patient treatment agreement including more frequent and periodic reviews of OARRS reports and that may also include more frequent office visits, different treatment options, drug screens, use of one pharmacy, use of one provider for the prescription of reported drugs, and consequences for non-compliance with the terms of the agreement. The patient treatment agreement shall be maintained as part of the patient record; and

(5) Consider consulting with or referring the patient to a substance abuse specialist.

(E) Frequency for follow-up OARRS reports:

(1) For a patient whose treatment with an opioid analgesic or benzodiazepine lasts more than ninety days, a physician assistant shall obtain and review an OARRS report for the patient at least every ninety days during the course of treatment, unless an exception listed in paragraph (G) of this rule is applicable.

(2) For a patient who is treated with a reported drug other than an opioid analgesic or benzodiazepine for a period lasting more than ninety days, the physician assistant shall obtain and review an OARRS report for the patient at least annually following the initial OARRS report obtained and reviewed pursuant to paragraph (C)(2) of this rule until the course of treatment utilizing the reported drug has ended, unless an exception in paragraph (H) of this rule is applicable.

(F) When a physician assistant or their delegate requests an OARRS report in compliance with this rule, a physician assistant shall document receipt and review of the OARRS report in the patient record, as follows:

(1) Initial reports requested shall cover at least the twelve months immediately preceding the date of the request;

(2) Subsequent reports requested shall, at a minimum, cover the period from the date of the last report to present;

(3) If the physician assistant practices primarily in a county of this state that adjoins another state, the physician assistant or their delegate shall also request a report of any information available in the drug database that pertains to prescriptions issued or drugs furnished to the patient in the state adjoining that county; and

(4) If an OARRS report regarding the patient is not available, the physician assistant shall document in the patient's record the reason that the report is not available and any efforts made in follow-up to obtain the requested information.

(G) Review of the physician assistants compliance with this rule shall be included as an activity in the quality assurance plan required by division (F) of section 4730.21 of the Revised Code and rule 4730-1-05 of the Administrative Code.

(H) A physician assistant shall not be required to review and assess an OARRS report when prescribing an opioid analgesic, benzodiazepine, or other reported drug under the following circumstances, unless a physician assistant believes or has reason to believe that a patient may be abusing or diverting reported drugs:

(1) The reported drug is prescribed to a hospice patient in a hospice care program as those terms are defined in section 3712.01 of the Revised Code, or any other patient diagnosed as terminally ill;

(2) The reported drug is prescribed for administration in a hospital, nursing home, or residential care facility;

(3) The reported drug is prescribed in an amount indicated for a period not to exceed seven days;

(4) The reported drug is prescribed for the treatment of cancer or another condition associated with cancer.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4730.07, 4730.53
Amplifies: 4730.21, 4730.53
Five Year Review Date: 9/30/2023
Prior Effective Dates: 6/30/2014